Chapter 1 Administration

Chapter 2 Definitions

Chapter 3 General Precautions Against Fire

Chapter 4 Emergency Planning and Preparedness

Chapter 5 Fire Operations Features

Chapter 6 Building Services and Systems

Chapter 7 Fire-Resistant Rated Construction

Chapter 8 Interior Furnishings, Decorations and Scenery

Chapter 9 Fire Protection Systems

Chapter 10 Means of Egress

Chapter 12 Dry Cleaning

Chapter 13 Combustible Dust-Producing Operations

Chapter 14 Fire Safety During Construction, Alteration and Demolition

Chapter 15 Flammable Finishes

Chapter 16 Fruit and Crop Ripening

Chapter 17 Fumigation and Insecticidal Fogging

Chapter 18 Semiconductor Fabrication Facilities

Chapter 19 Lumber Yards and Wood Waste Materials

Chapter 20 Manufacture of Organic Coatings

Chapter 21 Industrial Furnaces

Chapter 22 Motor Fuel-Dispensing Facilities and Repair Garages

Chapter 23 High-Piled Combustible Storage

Chapter 24 Tents and Other Membrane Structures

Chapter 25 Tire Rebuilding and Tire Storage

Chapter 26 Welding and Other Hot Work

Chapter 27 Hazardous Materials--General Provisions

Chapter 28 Aerosols

Chapter 29 Combustible Fibers

Chapter 30 Compressed Gases

Chapter 31 Corrosive Materials

Chapter 32 Cryogenic Fluids

Chapter 34 Flammable and Combustible Liquids

Chapter 35 Flammable Gases

Chapter 36 Flammable Solids

Chapter 38 Liquefied Petroleum Gases

Chapter 39 Organic Peroxides

Chapter 40 Oxidizers

Chapter 41 Pyrophoric Materials

Chapter 42 Pyroxylin Plastics

Chapter 43 Unstable (Reactive) Materials

Chapter 44 Water-Reactive Solids and Liquids

Chapter 45 Referenced Standards

Chapter 46 Fees

Chapter 47 Referenced Standard Modifications

Chapter 48 Pre-Existing Facilities

Chapter 49 Miscellaneous

   (a)   Scope. This section sets forth requirements for the operation and maintenance of self-service automotive liquid motor fuel-dispensing facilities.
   (b)   General Provisions.
      (1)   Facility operation and maintenance. All self-service automotive liquid motor fuel-dispensing facilities shall be operated and maintained in accordance with FC Chapter 22 and this section.
   (c)   Operational and Maintenance Requirements.
      (1)   Movement of motor vehicles. The facility shall be operated so that movement of motor vehicles is orderly and consistent with the safe operation of the facility.
      (2)   Repairs. Motor vehicles shall not be repaired in dispensing areas.
      (3)   Control booth requirements.
            (A)   Housekeeping. The control booth shall be kept clean and orderly. The glass panels of the control booth shall be kept clean and unobstructed at all times. Access to the controls in the booth shall be kept unobstructed by equipment, merchandise or litter.
            (B)   Operating manual. An operating manual consisting of a copy of this section, emergency procedures, and facility operating procedures (including the operation of the fire extinguishing system) shall be maintained in the control booth.
            (C)   Portable fire extinguisher requirements. In addition to the portable fire extinguishers required by FC2205.5 to be provided in the dispensing area, two (2) portable fire extinguishers with at least a 40-B:C rating shall be provided within the control booth.
      (4)   Daily inspections. The certified attendant shall conduct an inspection of the facility on at least a daily basis, and document such inspection in the log book required by R2204-01(c)(5). The inspection shall verify that:
            (A)   The fire extinguishing system is properly pressurized, nozzles are clear and unobstructed, and heat detectors are undamaged and unobstructed.
            (B)   Portable fire extinguishers have been serviced and have adequate pressure.
            (C)   The fire extinguishing system remote manual pull station and the pump shutdown are clear of obstructions.
            (D)   Leak detection systems and other alarms are in good working order.
            (E)   Emergency procedures signage is posted, unobstructed and legible.
            (F)   Required lighting is in good working order.
            (G)   Any mirrors and/or approved closed-circuit television used to monitor dispensing operations are in good working order.
            (H)   The voice communications system is in good working order.
      (5)   Maintenance log book. A maintenance log shall be kept on the premises for inspection by any Department representative. Such log shall list all certified attendants and other persons on the premises who hold certificates of fitness, with their numbers and expiration dates. Entries shall be made in such log book of the daily inspections required by this section, any maintenance or repair of any system, and any fires, spills or other unusual occurrences.
      (6)   Fuel Dispensing.
            (A)   The certified attendant shall not dispense liquid motor fuel into a portable container in quantities requiring a permit unless the certified attendant verifies that the customer possesses all such permits.
            (B)   Persons dispensing motor fuel at a self-service motor fuel-dispensing facility shall hold a valid driver's license or be at least 18 years of age. The certified attendant or other facility personnel may require any member of the public to produce evidence of same.
   (a)   Scope. This section sets forth standards, requirements and procedures for the maintenance of underground motor fuel storage tanks at liquid motor fuel-dispensing facilities.
   (b)   General Provisions. Underground storage tanks for liquid motor fuel at liquid motor fuel-dispensing facilities shall be periodically inspected, tested and otherwise maintained in accordance with FC2205 and this section.
   (c)   Periodic Maintenance Requirements. Underground storage tanks at liquid motor fuel dispensing facilities shall be maintained in accordance with the following procedures:
      (1)   Overfill prevention devices. The overfill prevention devices required by FC2206.10(18) shall be inspected for proper operation at least once every two (2) years by a person holding a certificate of license. Records of such inspection shall be maintained on the premises as set forth in FC107.7.
      (2)   Cathodic protection systems. Tanks and piping systems provided with cathodic protection systems shall be inspected, tested and otherwise maintained to ensure continuous corrosion protection. Cathodic protection systems shall be inspected for proper operation by a trained person knowledgeable of the requirements of the United States Environmental Protection Agency for such systems. Cathodic protection systems other than impressed current cathodic protection systems shall be inspected within six (6) months of installation and at least once a year thereafter. Impressed current cathodic protection systems shall be inspected at least once every 60 days.
      (3)   Leak detection systems. Leak detection systems shall be inspected for proper operation at least once a month by a certificate of fitness holder responsible for the supervision of the motor fuel-dispensing facility.
   (a)   Scope. This section sets forth standards, requirements and procedures for the design, installation, and installation acceptance testing of the following devices, equipment and systems at liquid motor fuel-dispensing facilities:
      (1)   cathodic protection systems and coatings for underground storage tanks and piping; and
      (2)   liquid motor fuel dispensers and pumps.
   (b)   General Provisions. Cathodic protection systems and motor fuel dispensers and pumps at liquid motor fuel-dispensing facilities shall be designed and installed in accordance with FC Chapter 22 and this section.
   (c)   Cathodic Protection Systems. Cathodic protection systems for underground storage tanks and piping for liquid motor fuel at liquid motor fuel-dispensing facilities shall be designed and installed in compliance with the following requirements:
      (1)   Steel storage tanks and piping systems shall be protected against exterior corrosion by either a sacrificial anode or an impressed current cathodic protection system designed in accordance with the applicable National Association of Corrosion Engineers (NACE) standard or other approved standard. Such system shall be designed to provide corrosion protection for not less than 30 years.
      (2)   Tanks protected by sacrificial anodes shall be electrically isolated from the piping system.
      (3)   Cathodic protection systems shall be designed by a trained person knowledgeable of the requirements of the United States Environmental Protection Agency for such systems. Such person shall first inspect the site and test the site for soil resistivity and the presence of stray currents. Such cathodic protection systems shall be installed under the personal supervision of such person.
      (4)   Cathodic protection systems shall be inspected and tested in the presence of a representative of the Department at the time of installation in compliance with the applicable National Association of Corrosion Engineers standard and the following procedures:
            (A)   All piping shall be subjected to a holiday test and tanks and associated piping shall be subjected to an electrical continuity test. Any holiday located during a spark test shall be repaired as per coating specifications before the tank or piping excavation is backfilled.
            (B)   Upon completion of the underground motor fuel storage tank installation, the following information and documentation shall be submitted to the Department:
(1)  An "as-built" drawing showing number, size (weight) and location of all anodes and test stations.
(2)  An affidavit in a form satisfactory to the Department, executed by the person who designed and supervised the installation of the cathodic protection system, setting forth the type of cathodic protection system installed, a description of the system and its location, the date of final inspection of the installed system, and such person's certification that the system has been installed and is functioning properly and that the system is designed to provide corrosion protection for at least 30 years.
   (d)   Coatings. Coatings steel underground storage tanks and piping at motor fuel-dispensing facilities shall be designed and installed in compliance with the following requirements:
      (1)   Types of coatings. Steel tanks shall be factory-coated with a dielectric material acceptable to the Department. The coating's coefficient of thermal expansion must be compatible with steel so that stresses due to temperature changes do not affect the soundness of the coating and the permanent bond which exists between the coating and the steel. The coating must be of sufficient density and strength so that it will not crack, wear, soften or disbond under normal service conditions. The coating must be stable under adverse underground electrolytic conditions and shall be chemically resistant to the products stored. The coating shall have been factory inspected for air pockets, cracks, blisters and electrically tested with a holiday detector at a minimum of 10,000 volts for coating defects such as pinholes.
      (2)   Site inspection. All coated tanks shall be inspected on site for coating defects prior to installation. An affidavit attesting to the integrity of the tank coating shall be submitted by a certificate of license holder upon the request of the Department.
   (e)   Dispensers and Pumps. Upon completion of the installation of a motor fuel dispenser or motor fuel-dispensing pump, such dispenser and pump shall be tested for proper operation by a certificate of license holder. All readily accessible piping shall be inspected for any evidence of leaks. An affidavit executed by such installer attesting to compliance with this requirement shall be submitted to the Bulk Fuel Unit of the Bureau of Fire Prevention.
   (a)   Scope. This section sets forth standards, requirements and procedures for the periodic testing of underground liquid motor fuel storage and dispensing systems leak detection systems pursuant to FC2206.9.3.
   (b)   General Provisions.
      (1)   Frequency. Pursuant to FC2206.9.3, a functionality test of the leak detection system shall be conducted, at the owner's risk, before a representative of the Department at least once every two (2) years.
      (2)   Supervision. The leak detection system functionality test shall be conducted by a holder of a certificate of license for liquid motor fuel storage and dispensing systems, or a person employed and supervised by such certificate of license holder. The individual conducting the test shall remain on the premises while such test is being conducted and until the system has been returned to normal operation in accordance with R2206-02(c)(5). The Department may require individuals performing such leak detection test to be trained and/or certified by the manufacturer to conduct such test. Upon request, proof satisfactory to the Department shall be submitted attesting to the individual's training/certification for such leak detection system.
      (3)   Scheduling. A leak detection system functionality test shall be scheduled with the Bulk Fuel Unit of the Bureau of Fire Prevention.
      (4)   Fire extinguishing system operational. No leak detection system functionality test shall be conducted if the fire extinguishing system required to protect the dispensers is out-of-service or not in good working order.
      (5)   Smoking and ignition sources. All sources of ignition in the test area shall be eliminated from the area in which a leak detection system functionality test is to be conducted. Signs reading "NO SMOKING – NO OPEN FLAMES" shall be conspicuously posted in such area.
      (6)   Testing area security. The areas surrounding the dispensers, tanks or other equipment or systems tested shall be cordoned off by portable barricades or signs, rope or tape to prevent unauthorized persons or motor vehicles from entering the area.
      (7)   Electrical equipment. All electrical equipment used for testing shall be of a type listed as intrinsically safe or suitable for use in hazardous locations. Interlocks shall be provided to ensure that grounding is made prior to electrical contact. Power to electrical equipment shall not be turned on until all electrical connections are made. Connection to power source shall be the final connection made.
   (c)   Leak Detection System Testing Requirements. Functionality tests of leak detection systems shall be conducted in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions and the following standards and procedures:
      (1)   Testing of probes. Except as provided in R2206-02(c)(2), leak detection probes shall be removed from their installed location, and manually tested by exposing such probes to liquid motor fuel. Probes capable of discriminating liquid motor fuel from water shall also be exposed to water. Leak detection probes which cannot be removed from their installed location may be tested by a method recommended by the manufacturer and acceptable to the Department.
      (2)   Testing of discharge line leak detectors. Discharge line leak detectors shall be tested by withdrawing liquid motor fuel from the impact valve port. Liquid motor fuel shall be withdrawn at a rate equal to the minimum rate that the line leak detector is required to activate.
      (3)   Dispensing of fuel for testing purposes. The liquid motor fuel to be used for testing purposes shall be dispensed from the liquid motor fuel storage system into a metal safety can of a capacity not exceeding 21/2 gallons. Except as provided in R2206-02(c)(2), such liquid motor fuel shall be withdrawn through the storage system dispenser. Liquid motor fuel withdrawn from the storage system shall be returned to the storage system through the fill connection.
      (4)   Standard for successful test. A leak detection system test shall be deemed successful if:
            (A)   each tank-interstitial leak detection probe in the system, when exposed to liquid motor fuel and, if designed for such purpose, water, causes the activation of the audible and visible alarm.
            (B)   each pump sump leak detection probe in the system, when exposed to liquid motor fuel and, if designed for such purpose, water, causes:
(1)  the activation of the audible and visible alarm, and
(2)  the shutdown of the liquid motor fuel pump.
            (C)   each dispenser pan leak detection probe in the system, when exposed to liquid motor fuel and, if designed for such purpose, water, causes:
(1)  the activation of the audible and visible alarm, and
(2)  the shutdown of the affected dispenser or liquid motor fuel pump.
            (D)   each electronic line leak detector in the system, upon detection of liquid motor fuel leak, causes:
(1)  the activation of the audible and visible alarm, and
(2)  the shutdown of the liquid motor fuel pump or a significant restriction of liquid motor fuel flow.
            (E)   each mechanical line leak detector in the system, upon detection of a liquid motor fuel leak, causes the shutdown of the liquid motor fuel pump or the stopping of liquid motor fuel flow at any rate exceeding three (3) gallons per hour.
      (5)   Restoration of system. Upon successful completion of a leak detection system functionality test, liquid motor fuel storage and dispensing system, including the leak detection system, shall be returned to normal operation and checked to ensure that it is in good working order.
   (d)   Portable Fire Extinguisher Requirements. A portable fire extinguisher having at least a 40-B:C rating shall be readily available for use.
   (a)   Scope. This section sets forth requirements for the design, installation, operation and maintenance of mobile CNG motor fuel systems and mobile CNG cascades.
   (b)   Definitions. The following terms shall, for purposes of this section and as used elsewhere in the rules, have the meaning shown herein:
Mobile CNG motor fuel system. A CNG motor fuel system mounted on a vehicle chassis, intended to be driven to different sites for the purpose of dispensing CNG into portable containers, storage systems or motor vehicle-mounted containers.
Mobile CNG cascade. Multiple CNG containers connected together by rigid steel pipe or tubing, mounted on a trailer or motor vehicle chassis, and intended to be driven or towed to different sites for the purpose of dispensing CNG into portable or motor vehicle-mounted containers.
   (c)   Mobile CNG Motor Fuel-Dispensing Systems. Mobile CNG motor fuel systems shall comply with the following requirements:
      (1)   Design and installation requirements. The design and installation of mobile CNG motor fuel systems shall comply with the requirements of FC2208 and the following:
            (A)   Natural gas connections for the gas supply shall be designed and installed in compliance with the requirements of the natural gas utility and the Fuel Gas Code.
            (B)   Ventilation openings shall be approved by the Department.
            (C)   Labels reading "MANUAL CYLINDER SHUT OFF VALVE" in lettering a minimum of 1/2" high shall be placed on the appropriate access doors.
      (2)   Fire safety precautions. The following fire safety precautions shall be observed at all times during operation of mobile CNG motor fuel systems:
            (A)   Mobile CNG motor fuel systems may only be operated outdoors.
            (B)   The engine and ignition system of the mobile CNG motor fuel system and the motor vehicle into which CNG is being dispensed shall be off during dispensing operations.
            (C)   The wheels of such mobile systems shall be chocked during compressing and/or dispensing operations.
            (D)   Motor vehicles into which CNG is being dispensed shall be electrically grounded to the mobile CNG motor fuel system.
            (E)   A cellular telephone by which fires or other emergencies may be reported to the Department shall be provided to the certificate of fitness holder responsible for the operation of the mobile CNG motor system.
   (d)   Mobile CNG Cascades. Mobile CNG cascades shall comply with the following requirements:
      (1)   Design and installation requirements. The design and installation of mobile CNG cascades shall comply with the requirements of FC2208 and the following:
            (A)   A manual shut-off valve shall be provided. Such valve shall be accessible and shall be installed in a protected location to minimize damage from vibration and unsecured objects. Labels with a minimum of 1/2" letters indicating the location of the manual shut-off valve shall be affixed to the mobile CNG cascade at the valve or other conspicuous location.
            (B)   CNG containers and shut-off valves shall be color-coded as follows, and the pressure of each bank clearly indicated on the unit:
(1)  High pressure – black
(2)  Medium pressure – green
(3)  Low pressure – orange
            (C)   Labels reading "COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS" in red lettering a minimum of six (6) inches high shall be placed on each side and the rear of the mobile CNG cascade.
      (2)   Fire safety precautions. The following fire safety precautions shall be observed at all times during operation of mobile CNG cascades:
            (A)   Mobile CNG cascades may only be operated outdoors.
            (B)   The wheels of such mobile cascade shall be chocked during operation.
            (C)   If attached to a motor vehicle, the engine and ignition system of the motor vehicle and the motor vehicle into which CNG is being dispensed shall be off during dispensing operations.
            (D)   When the mobile CNG cascade is used as a replacement for a dispenser, the cascade shall be located in an approved dispensing area and the Department shall be notified of the use of the cascade as a replacement and its location.
   (e)   Portable Fire Extinguisher Requirements. Each mobile CNG motor fuel system and each mobile CNG cascade shall be provided with a portable fire extinguisher having at least a 20-B:C rating.
   (a)   Scope. This section sets forth requirements for the operation and maintenance of self-service CNG motor fuel-dispensing facilities.
   (b)   General Provisions.
      (1)   Facility operation and maintenance. All self-service CNG motor fuel-dispensing facilities shall be operated and maintained in accordance with FC Chapter 22 and this section.
   (c)   Operational and Maintenance Requirements.
      (1)   Movement of motor vehicles. The facility shall be operated so that movement of motor vehicles is orderly and consistent with the safe operation of the facility.
      (2)   Repairs. Motor vehicles shall not be repaired in dispensing areas.
      (3)   Control booth requirements.
            (A)   Housekeeping. The control booth shall be kept clean and orderly. The glass panels of the control booth shall be kept clean and unobstructed at all times. Access to the controls in the booth shall be kept unobstructed by equipment, merchandise or litter.
            (B)   Operating manual. An operating manual consisting of a copy of this section, emergency procedures, and facility operating procedures shall be maintained in the control booth.
            (C)   Portable fire extinguisher requirements. In addition to the portable fire extinguishers required by FC2208.7.4.2 to be provided in dispensing areas, two (2) portable fire extinguishers with at least a 40-B:C rating shall be provided within the control booth.
      (4)   Daily inspections. The certified attendant shall conduct an inspection of the facility on at least a daily basis, and document such inspection in the log book required by R2208-02(c)(5). The inspection shall verify that:
            (A)   The heat detectors are undamaged and unobstructed.
            (B)   Portable fire extinguishers have been serviced and have adequate pressure.
            (C)   The remote manual release (shutdown) is clear of obstructions.
            (D)   Audible and visible alarms are in good working order.
            (E)   Emergency procedures signage is posted, unobstructed and legible.
            (F)   Required lighting is in good working order.
            (G)   Any mirrors and/or approved closed-circuit television used to monitor dispensing operations are in good working order.
            (H)   The voice communications system is in good working order.
      (5)   Maintenance log book. A maintenance log shall be kept on the premises for inspection by any Department representative. Such log shall list all certified attendants and other persons on the premises who hold certificates of fitness with their numbers and expiration dates. Entries shall be made in such log book of the daily inspections required by this section, any maintenance or repair of any system, and any unusual occurrences.
      (6)   Fuel Dispensing. Persons dispensing CNG at a self-service CNG motor fuel-dispensing facility shall hold a valid driver's license or be at least 18 years of age. The certified attendant on other facility personnel may require any members of the public to produce evidence of same.
   (a)   Scope. This section sets forth standards, requirements and procedures for the issuance of permits to repair garages that repair and/or convert CNG, LNG, hydrogen and/or other vehicles fueled by lighter-than-air fuels.
   (b)   General Provisions. Pursuant to FC105.6, a permit must be obtained for the operation of any repair garage.
   (c)   Permit issuance. No original or renewal permit shall be issued to any repair garage that repairs and/or converts vehicles fueled by CNG, LNG, hydrogen or other lighter-than-air fuels, including facilities formerly permitted by the Department as a motor vehicle repair shop, unless such repair garage is in compliance with the requirements of FC2211.7, or documentation is submitted to the Department confirming that such repair garage was approved for the repair or conversion of such vehicles by the Department of Buildings pursuant to the 1968 Building Code.
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