(a) Scope. This section sets forth requirements relating to the operation of construction sites.
(b) Cooperation with Department Inspections.
(1) Construction sites are subject to regular inspection by the Department. Such inspections may include enforcement of Construction Code requirements pursuant to the authority granted to the Department by Administrative Code §28-103.1. Inspection frequency will be determined by the Department based on an assessment of the risks associated with the construction, alteration and/or demolition work being conducted. Construction sites at which a building more than 35 feet in height or with a footprint of more than 7,500 square feet is being constructed or demolished will be inspected by the Department at least once every 30 days when construction or demolition operations are in progress, unless the Department's risk assessment of the specific construction site indicates a heightened or diminished risk warranting a different inspection frequency.
(2) The owner of every premises upon which construction, alteration or demolition operations are being conducted, the construction manager, project manager, general contractor and any other person in charge of such construction site, shall cooperate with the Department in its inspections of the construction site, including providing or arranging for access to and around the construction site, inspection of records, and communication with the owner or his or her design professionals, managers or contractors, as necessary or appropriate. The fire safety manager, where required pursuant to FC1408, shall provide such assistance; or, where no fire safety manager is required, such assistance shall be provided by the liaison required by FC2703.9.1.1 in connection with the storage, handling or use of hazardous materials or other appropriate representative of the owner, construction manager, project manager or general contractor.
(c) General Requirements. The owner shall ensure fire safety on the construction site by monitoring and enforcing compliance with all applicable code and rule provisions, including but not limited to the following requirements:
(1) obtaining and maintaining on the site all required permits, certificates and recordkeeping, including the Building Department work permit and Fire Department permits, in accordance with Administrative Code §§28-105.1 and 28-105.11, FC Chapter 1 and other applicable provisions of the code and rules;
(2) provision and maintenance of elevators in readiness, in accordance with FC1411.3 and BC3303.12;
(3) provision and maintenance of standpipe systems, in accordance with FC1413 and BC3303.8;
(4) provision and maintenance of sprinkler systems, in accordance with FC1414 and BC3306.9.6;
(5) provision and maintenance of stairways and other required means of egress, in accordance with FC1027 and BC3303.11;
(6) provision and maintenance of an approved water supply for fire protection purposes prior to delivery of hazardous materials or combustible materials at the construction site, in accordance with FC1412;
(7) storage, handling and use of compressed gases, including LPG and CNG, in accordance with FC 1406, 3504.2, 3804.10* and 3809.12;
(8) storage, handling and use of flammable liquids and combustible liquids, including gasoline, diesel fuel, paint, varnishes and lacquers, and cargo tank vehicle fueling, in accordance with FC 1405 and 3406.2;
(9) storage, handling and use of small arms ammunition for powder-actuated tools, including nail and rivet guns, in accordance with FC1418;
(10) storage, handling and use of heating, drying and curing devices, including portable fueled space heaters, in accordance with FC1403, and the enforcement of the prohibition against open fires, in accordance with FC1404;
(11) conduct of hot work operations, including the provision of a fire watch, in accordance with FC 1404 and 2604;
(12) provision, maintenance and ready availability of portable fire extinguishers, in accordance with FC906;
(13) provision and maintenance of fire apparatus access, in accordance with FC1410;
(14) provision and maintenance of an emergency telephone, in accordance with FC1409;
(15) storage and removal of combustible waste from the construction site, in accordance with FC1404.2;
(16) enforcement of the prohibition against smoking on the construction site, in accordance with FC1404; and
(17) provision of a watchperson familiar with the location and use of firefighting equipment and location of emergency telephone and fire alarm boxes, when construction or demolition operations are not in progress, in accordance with BC3307.5.1 and FC1409.
(a) Scope. This section sets forth design, installation, operation and maintenance requirements for the storage, handling and use, at construction sites, of portable space heaters fueled by piped natural gas.
(b) General Provisions.
(1) Prohibited operations. It shall be unlawful to store or use a portable space heater fueled by piped natural gas at a construction site:
(A) for human comfort or any purpose other than construction-related curing and drying;
(B) for construction-related curing and drying, without a Department permit;
(C) in any part of the building under construction that is occupied;
(D) in any part of the building under construction that is located within ten (10) feet of any opening in a wall of an occupied adjacent structure or building, or within 50 feet of any building occupied for educational, health care or religious purposes, place of public assembly or other place of public gathering;
(E) at any construction site at which there is no shut-off valve for the piped natural gas service installed outside of the building under construction in accordance with the requirements of the Construction Codes; or
(F) where pressure of supply to piped natural gas to the building under construction is more than one-half (1/2) psig.
(A) Pursuant to FC1404.1, it shall be unlawful to smoke at any construction site.
(B) It shall be unlawful under any circumstance to smoke within ten (10) feet of any portable space heater fueled by piped natural gas.
(1) Permit required. A permit shall be obtained from the Department pursuant to FC105.6 prior to any storage or use of portable space heaters fueled by piped natural gas at a construction site.
(2) Permit applications. Permit applications shall be filed by the owner, or by a registered design professional or contractor on the owner's behalf, with the District Office of the Bureau of Fire Prevention. The permit application shall include such information and documentation as the Department may require, including a completed application form and a copy of the work permit issued by the Department of Buildings (or other form of approval acceptable to the Department) authorizing the installation of temporary natural gas piping.
(1) Use. Portable space heaters fueled by piped natural gas at a construction site shall be under the personal supervision of a certificate of fitness holder, whenever such heaters are in use.
(2) General. At all times other than when they are in use, portable space heaters fueled by piped natural gas at a construction site shall be under the general supervision of a certificate of fitness holder.
(3) Plumbers. Supervision of portable space heaters fueled by piped natural gas may be provided by a plumber, who shall perform all the duties required of the certificate of fitness holder by this section.
(1) Frequency. The certificate of fitness holder shall periodically inspect all portable space heaters fueled by piped natural gas at a construction site. Such inspections shall be conducted as frequently as needed to ensure the safe operation of the heaters, considering the nature and location of the curing or drying operation and surrounding activities at the construction site, but in no event less than once every four (4) hours. All portable space heaters fueled by piped natural gas that are connected for use but not in use, and all natural gas piping and equipment installed at the construction site, including the outdoor gas service line shut-off valve, shall be inspected at least once every work day.
(2) Purpose. The certificate of fitness holder or plumber shall ensure that all such appliances, piping and equipment are in a safe condition and proper working order and are otherwise installed, maintained and operated in compliance with the requirements of this section. Any appliance, piping or equipment that is not in a safe condition or proper working order shall be immediately disconnected, promptly removed from the premises, and not returned to service unless restored to a safe condition or good working order.
(3) Recordkeeping. A record of all inspections required by this subdivision, including any corrective action taken, shall be entered in a bound log book kept at the construction site and made available for inspection by any Department representative.
(f) Design and Installation Requirements.
(1) Natural gas piping and control valves. In connection with the use of portable space heaters fueled by piped natural gas at construction sites:
(A) Temporary natural gas piping shall comply with all requirements of the construction codes.
(B) Temporary natural gas piping shall be installed in such a manner and at such locations as will minimize the risk of damage from the construction activity occurring at the construction site.
(C) Temporary natural gas piping shall be clearly marked "Natural Gas" at least once every 30 feet, and at least once in each room or other separate area.
(D) A shut-off valve shall be installed at each natural gas pipe outlet that is to be used for a portable space heaters fueled by piped natural gas with a flexible hose connection. A maximum of four (4) heaters may be connected to each such shut-off valve.
(E) All shut-off valves required by this section shall be hand operable and of the quarter-turn type.
(F) All valves required by this section shall be installed in unobstructed locations where they are clearly visible and readily accessible. Access shall be provided to any valve located more than seven (7) feet above floor level by means of a fixed or otherwise stable stair, ladder or platform.
(G) The outdoor gas service line shut-off valve shall be clearly marked with metal tags or in another permanent manner.
(H) Defective gas piping, tubing and fittings (including valves, strainers, filters) shall be replaced and not repaired. An adequate supply of spare parts and material shall be available on the premises for replacement.
(2) Portable space heaters fueled by piped natural gas. In connection with the use of portable space heaters fueled by piped natural gas at construction sites:
(A) Portable space heaters fueled by piped natural gas shall be listed and labeled as set forth in FC313.5.1.
(B) All electrical wiring and equipment associated with the use of portable space heaters shall be installed in conformance with the Electrical Code.
(C) Flexible hoses used for connecting portable space heaters fueled by piped natural gas to natural gas pipe outlets:
(1) shall be suitable for natural gas service and of a type designed for a working pressure of not less than 350 psi;
(2) shall not exceed 20 feet in length;
(3) shall be installed with a shut-off valve between the end of the hose and the heater;
(4) shall not pass through any walls, partitions, ceilings or floors, or any other concealed location;
(5) shall not extend from one room to another, except through an opening where the door has been removed or secured from movement, and shall not be installed in such other manner or at such other locations as would expose the hose to crimping, wear or damage or constitute a falling or tripping hazard;
(6) shall not be used for any other purpose; and
(7) shall be maintained in a safe condition.
(g) Operational Requirements. In connection with the use of portable space heaters fueled by piped natural gas at construction sites:
(1) Portable space heaters fueled by piped natural gas shall be:
(A) used only in well-ventilated areas;
(B) placed on a noncombustible foundation; and
(C) placed at a safe distance from combustible materials, including combustible building construction, in accordance with the approved use of the portable space heaters set forth in the acceptance of the Department of Buildings or the approval of the New York City Board of Standards and Appeals, the listing, and in accordance with the manufacturer's operating instructions; and
(D) placed at least 20 feet from flammable liquids, combustible liquids and compressed gas containers.
(2) When the curing or drying is to take place within a temporary enclosure, only noncombustible panels, flame-resistant tarpaulins or similar fire-retardant materials shall be used for such enclosure. The enclosure shall be secured from movement by wind or other causes. Portable space heaters fueled by piped natural gas shall not be placed closer than ten (10) feet from any surface of the enclosure.
(3) Temporary lighting used in connection with curing or drying operations shall be equipped with heavy duty electrical cords and guards to prevent accidental contact with the bulb. Such lighting shall be removed from the area as soon as they are no longer needed.
(4) A portable combustible gas leak detector shall be readily available on the premises.
(5) At least one (1) copy of the manufacturer's operating and maintenance instructions for the portable space heaters fueled by piped natural gas shall be readily available at the construction site.
(h) Portable Fire Extinguisher Requirements. A portable fire extinguisher with at least a 20-B:C rating shall be provided on each floor of the construction site at a location not more than 30 feet from where a heater is in use or connected for use. A travel distance of up to 50 feet is allowed if a portable fire extinguisher with at least a 40-B:C rating is provided.
(a) Scope. This section sets forth requirements for the aerial fueling of cranes with diesel fuel or other combustible liquids at construction sites and other locations.
(b) General Provisions.
(1) Permit. Pursuant to FC105.6, a permit is required for the storage, handling and use of combustible liquids, including the storage and handling of such liquids in connection with aerial fueling of cranes.
(c) Prohibitions. It shall be unlawful to:
(1) fuel a crane aerially with a flammable liquid.
(2) perform aerial fueling of a crane at a construction site while construction operations are being conducted.
(3) perform aerial fueling of a crane at a construction site when weather conditions such as wind speed or lightning make such operation unsafe.
(1) Aerial fueling operations. Aerial fueling of cranes at a construction site shall be under the personal supervision of a certificate of fitness holder.
(2) Portable tanks. Portable tanks used for aerial fueling shall be under the general supervision of a certificate of fitness holder prior to each use for aerial fueling, to ensure that the portable tank is in a safe condition and ready for such use.
(e) Portable Tanks. The portable tank and tank assembly shall be designed and installed in compliance with the following requirements:
(1) Capacity. The capacity of the portable tank for fueling shall not exceed 550 gallons.
(2) Construction. The tank shall be of approved, steel construction, and be designed with sufficient structural strength to allow it to be repeatedly lifted for aerial fueling operations.
(3) Lifting. The portable tank assembly shall be provided with a sufficient number of lifting lugs capable of safely supporting the weight of the tank and stored fuel when full, and allow the tank to be maintained in a level position during lifting and fueling operations.
(4) Hose. The connecting hose of the portable tank shall be of a braided flexible steel type, and provided with a breakaway coupling capable of retaining fuel on both sides of the shear section. The length of the hose shall not exceed 30 feet.
(5) Shut-off valves. The connecting hose of the portable tank shall be provided with shut-off valves at the tank and at the nozzle. The shut-off valve at the nozzle side of the hose, used for the final control of the flow, shall be of a self-closing type and shall be manually held open during dispensing operation.
(6) Nozzles. The end of the nozzle shall be threaded and provided with a liquid-tight cap while hoisting.
(f) Operational Requirements.
(1) Inspection of fueling equipment. Prior to aerial fueling operations, the portable tank, hose, valves and all other devices and equipment used to conduct the operation shall be inspected at the construction site to ensure that they are in good working order.
(2) Method of discharge. The aerial fueling operation shall be conducted under gravity discharge by hoisting a portable tank to an elevation above the crane's fuel tank.
(3) Weather conditions. Reliable means for monitoring weather conditions, including wind speed and approaching storms, shall be readily available.
(4) Communication. Radio and/or other two-way wireless communication shall be maintained between the crane operator and all other personnel involved in the aerial fueling operation.
(5) Fueling of crane. After the portable tank is lifted to the elevation required, and prior to commencing the crane aerial fueling:
(A) The engine of the crane being fueled shall be shut off.
(B) The portable tank shall be grounded to the crane structure.
(C) The portable tank shall be secured to the crane structure with a chain shorter than the hose length that is capable of restraining the portable tank during the aerial fueling operation.
(a) Scope. This section sets forth standards, requirements and procedures for the supervision of fire safety at a construction site by a fire safety manager designated pursuant to FC1408.1.
(b) General Provisions.
(1) Designation of fire safety manager. Pursuant to FC1408.1, a fire safety manager shall be designated by the owner at any construction site for which the Building Code requires a site safety manager or site safety coordinator pursuant to BC3310.5. The fire safety manager shall perform the duties and responsibilities set forth in FC1408.1 and this section. The name and certificate of fitness number of the fire safety manager (and any alternate fire safety managers) shall be entered in the logbook required by FC1408.1 to be maintained at the construction site.
(2) Certificate of fitness. The fire safety manager at a construction site shall hold a certificate of fitness for such purpose.
(c) Supervision of Construction Site Fire Safety.
(1) Fire safety manager duties and responsibilities. Pursuant to FC1408.1, the fire safety manager is responsible for ensuring that the construction, alteration and demolition work at a construction site is conducted in compliance with the requirements of the Fire Code and the rules. Such supervision shall include, but is not limited to:
(A) authorizing, supervising and/or monitoring materials, operations and facilities regulated by the Fire Code;
(B) in accordance with FC1408.1, regularly inspecting the construction site for fire safety purposes, including compliance with the code and rule provisions set forth in R1401-01(c), 1403-01 and 1405-01;
(C) performing the duties of the impairment coordinator required by FC901.7, the responsible person required by FC2603.2.2, and the Fire Department liaison required by FC2703.9.1.1, or ensuring that such persons are designated and monitoring the performance of their duties;
(D) providing or arranging Department access to the construction site, inspection of the logbook and other records, and communication with the owner or his or her design professionals, managers or contractors, in accordance with R1401-01(b)(2); and
(E) taking all other actions that a prudent person trained and knowledgeable in construction site fire safety would take to ensure that fire safety is maintained at the construction site, given site conditions.
(2) Presence at construction site. The fire safety manager shall be present at the construction site at all times when construction, alteration and demolition work is being conducted. The fire safety manager shall sign in the logbook required by FC1408.1 at the beginning and end of each workday. An alternate fire safety manager shall assume the duties and responsibilities of the fire safety manager whenever the fire safety manager is required to be present at the construction site but is absent.
(d) Obligations of Construction Site Personnel. All persons present on a construction site, including contractors, subcontractors and their employees, shall cooperate with, and comply with the directions of, the fire safety manager in authorizing, supervising and/or monitoring materials, operations and facilities regulated by the Fire Code, or otherwise carrying out the duties and responsibilities of a fire safety manager, as set forth in FC1408 and this section.
(e) Recordkeeping. A record of the periodic inspection of the construction site required by FC1408.1, and other duties and responsibilities performed each day by the fire safety manager, shall be maintained in accordance with the provisions of that section. Entries shall be made for any conditions not in compliance with the applicable code and rule requirements, when such conditions could not be timely corrected, and the notifications made. The logbook required by FC1408.1 used to maintain such records shall be separate and distinct from the any log required to be maintained by the Building Code, including BC 3310.7 and 3310.8.4.