Copyright

Dedication

Effective Date of Local Laws

Chapter 1 Administration

Chapter 2 Definitions

Chapter 3 General Precautions Against Fire

Chapter 4 Emergency Planning and Preparedness

Chapter 5 Fire Operations Features

Chapter 6 Building Services and Systems

Chapter 7 Fire-Resistance-Rated Construction

Chapter 8 Interior Furnishings, Decorations and Scenery

Chapter 9 Fire Protection Systems

Chapter 10 Means of Egress

Chapter 11 Aviation Facilities and Operations

Chapter 12 Dry Cleaning

Chapter 13 Combustible Dust-Producing Operations

Chapter 14 Fire Safety During Construction, Alteration and Demolition

Chapter 15 Flammable Finishes

Chapter 16 Fruit and Crop Ripening

Chapter 17 Fumigation and Insecticidal Fogging

Chapter 18 Semiconductor Fabrication Facilities

Chapter 19 Lumber Yards and Wood Waste Materials

Chapter 20 Manufacture of Organic Coatings

Chapter 21 Industrial Furnaces

Chapter 22 Motor Fuel-Dispensing Facilities and Repair Garages

Chapter 23 High-Piled Combustible Storage

Chapter 24 Tents and Other Membrane Structures

Chapter 25 Tire Rebuilding and Tire Storage

Chapter 26 Welding and Other Hot Work

Chapter 27 HAZARDOUS MATERIALS—GENERAL PROVISIONS

Chapter 28 Aerosols

Chapter 29 Combustible Fibers

Chapter 30 Compressed Gases

Chapter 31 Corrosive Materials

Chapter 32 Cryogenic Fluids

Chapter 33 Explosives, Fireworks and Special Effects

Chapter 34 Flammable and Combustible Liquids

Chapter 35 Flammable Gases

Chapter 36 Flammable Solids

Chapter 37 Highly Toxic and Toxic Materials

Chapter 38 Liquefied Petroleum Gases

Chapter 39 Organic Peroxides

Chapter 40 Oxidizers, Oxidizing Gases and Oxidizing Cryogenic Fluids

Chapter 41 Pyrophoric Materials

Chapter 42 Pyroxylin Plastics

Chapter 43 Unstable (Reactive) Materials

Chapter 44 Water-Reactive Solids and Liquids

Chapter 45 Referenced Standards

Appendix A Fees

Appendix B Referenced Standard Modifications

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The provisions of the following National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) standards are modified as follows:

NFPA 11-2005. The provisions of NFPA 11-2005, Low-, Medium- and High-Expansion Foam, are modified as follows:

1. Delete the language of Section 2.2 and replace with "As required by the Fire Code."

2. Delete Chapter 9 in its entirety.

NFPA 12-2008. The provisions of NFPA 12-2008, Carbon Dioxide Extinguishing Systems, are modified as follows:

1. Delete Section 3.3.9.

2. Delete Section 3.3.10.1.

3. Delete Section 4.4.4.3.1 and 4.4.4.3.2.

4. Delete Sections 4.5.2(2) and 4.5.2(3).

5. In Section 4.5.4.8.2 delete "not more than 4 ft (1.2 m)" and replace with "42 to 48 inches (1067 to 1219 mm)," and add "at its center" at the end of the sentence.

6. In Section 4.5.5.5, replace "NFPA 72" with "NFPA 72, as modified by FC Appendix B."

7. Delete Section 4.6.1.1.

8. In Section 4.8.3.2(8), replace "NFPA 72" with "NFPA 72, as modified by FC Appendix B."

9. Delete Chapter 7 in its entirety.

10. Delete Chapter 8 in its entirety.

11. Delete Chapter 9 in its entirety.

12. In Section 2.2, replace "NFPA 70, National Electrical Code, 2008 edition" with "Electrical Code;" replace "NFPA 72, National Fire Alarm Code, 2007 edition" with "NFPA 72, as modified by FC Appendix B."

NFPA 13-2007. The provisions of NFPA 13-2007, Installation of Sprinkler Systems, with respect to the design and installation of sprinkler systems, are modified to incorporate the "Modified Standards for Automatic Sprinkler, Standpipe and Fire Alarm Systems" as set forth in Appendix Q to the Building Code.

NFPA 13R-2007. The provisions of NFPA 13R-2007, Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems in Residential Occupancies up to and Including Four Stories in Height, with respect to the design and installation of sprinkler systems, are modified to incorporate the "Modified Standards for Automatic Sprinkler, Standpipe and Fire Alarm Systems" as set forth in Appendix Q to the Building Code.

NFPA 16-2007. The provisions of NFPA 16-2007, Installation of Foam-Water Sprinkler and Foam-Water Spray Systems, are modified as follows:

1. Delete the language of Section 2.2 and replace with "As required by the Fire Code."

2. Delete the language of Section 4.4.1 and replace with "A reserve supply of foam concentrate equal to that required for operation of the system for the required duration shall be available on site."

3. In Section 5.8.1, replace "NFPA 13, Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems" with "NFPA 13, as modified by FC Appendix B."

4. In Section 5.10, replace "NFPA 13, Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems" with "NFPA 13, as modified by FC Appendix B."

5. In Section 5.13.2, replace "NFPA 72, National Fire Alarm Code" with "NFPA 72, as modified by FC Appendix B."

6. Delete items (1) through and including (10) of Section 7.3.1 and replace with "As required by this code, the Building Code and the Electrical Code, as applicable."

NFPA 17-2002. The provisions of NFPA 17-2002, Dry Chemical Extinguishing Systems, are modified as follows:

1. In Section 2.2, replace "NFPA 70, National Electrical Code, 2002 Edition" with "Electrical Code," and replace "NFPA 72" with "NFPA 72, as modified by FC Appendix B."

2. In Section 3.2.4, replace "authority having jurisdiction" with "Fire Department."

3. Delete Section 3.4.3.

4. Delete Section 4.2.

5. In Section 5.7.1.7.1, replace "no more than 48 in. (1200 mm), nor less than 42 in. (1067 mm) above the floor" with "42 to 48 inches (1067 to 1219 mm) above the floor at its center."

6. In Section 5.7.4, replace "NFPA 72, National Fire Alarm Code" with "NFPA 72, as modified by FC Appendix B" and add a new sentence to the end of the section to read "The fire extinguishing system shall report alarm and trouble signals."

7. Delete the language of Section 5.8.3.6 and replace with "The dry chemical container and expellant gas assemblies shall be located where they will be readily accessible for manual activation during an emergency, and for inspection, servicing and other maintenance."

8. Delete Chapter 8 in its entirety.

9. Delete Section 9.10.

10. Add a new sentence to the end of Section 10.2, to read "10.2 Before any work is commenced the applicant shall submit plans to the Department of Buildings and the Fire Department for approval."

11. Add a new section, 10.4.3.6, to read "The completed system shall be tested by the installer, at his own risk, as required by other provisions of the Fire Code before any approval shall be issued."

12. Add a new sentence to the end of Section 10.5, to read "A durable sign setting forth clear and concise operating instructions for the system shall be conspicuously posted at the entrance to the protected area."

NFPA 17A-2002. The provisions of NFPA 17A-2002, Wet Chemical Extinguishing Systems, are modified as follows:

1. In Section 2.2, replace "NFPA 70, National Electrical Code, 2002 edition" with "Electrical Code," and replace "NFPA 72, National Fire Alarm Code, 2002 edition" with "NFPA 72, as modified by FC Appendix B."

2. In Section 3.2.3, replace "authority having jurisdiction" with "Fire Department."

3. In Section 4.7, replace "NFPA 70, National Electrical Code" with "Electrical Code."

4. In Section 5.2.1.9, replace "NFPA 72, National Fire Alarm Code" with "NFPA 72, as modified by FC Appendix B."

5. In the second sentence of Section 5.2.1.10, replace "no more than 48 in. (1200 mm), nor less than 42 in. (1067 mm) above the floor" with "42 to 48 inches (1067 to 1219 mm) above the floor at its center."

6. Add a new sentence to the end of Section 6.1, to read "Before any work is commenced, the applicant shall submit plans to the Department of Buildings and the Fire Department for approval."

7. Add a new sentence to the end of Section 6.4.4, to read "A durable sign setting forth clear and concise operating instructions for the system shall be conspicuously posted at the entrance to the protected area."

NFPA 72-2010. The provisions of NFPA 72-2010, National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code, with respect to the design and installation of fire alarm systems, are modified to incorporate the "Modified Standards for Automatic Sprinkler, Standpipe and Fire Alarm Systems" as set forth in Appendix Q to the Building Code.

NFPA 110-2005. The provisions of NFPA 110-2005, Emergency and Standby Power Systems, are modified as follows:

1. Delete Section 7.13.3.

2. Add a new sentence to the end of Section 7.13.4(5), to read "Time to initial load transfer shall not exceed 10 seconds unless a longer time is allowed by the Building Code and the Electrical Code."

3. Delete Section 7.13.4.1(11) and replace with "7.13.4.1(11) The load test with building load or other loads that simulate intended load shall continue for 2 hours observing and recording load changes and the resultant effect on voltage and frequency."

4. Delete Section 7.13.10.2 and replace with "7.13.10.2 The complete crank/rest cycle shall consist of 3-15 second crank cycles with 15 second rest periods between cranks."

5. Add a new section, 7.13.13, to read "7.13.13 Transfer switches shall be tested in accordance with 8.4.6."

6. Delete Section 8.1.2.

7. Delete Section 8.2.

8. Delete from the end of Section 8.3.1 the following language: "for the type and for the time duration specified for the class."

9. Delete Section 8.3.4 and replace with "8.3.4 A written record of the EPSS inspection, tests, exercising, operation, and repairs shall be maintained in accordance with FC107.7. Records shall be inclusive of the transfer switches and storage batteries."

10. Add a new section, 8.4.4.1, to read "8.4.4.1 Inspection shall consist of observation of all EPSS components for leaks, abnormal device position and status of all alarm/trouble indicators."

11. Delete Section 8.4.5.

12. In Section 8.4.6, replace "monthly" with "semiannually."

13. In Section 8.4.6.1, replace "monthly" with "semiannually."

NFPA 130-2010. The provisions of NFPA 130-2010, Standard on Fixed Guideway Transit and Passenger Rail Systems, are modified as follows:

1. Add a new sentence to the end of Section 3.3.14, to read "If required by the Fire Department the analysis shall include the timed fire simulation, input data and output data of the computational fluid dynamics analysis."

2. Add a new section, 3.3.44.1.1, to read "3.3.44.1.1 Deep Tunnel Stations. Stations where the lowest track is 60 feet (18 288 mm) or more below grade."

3. Delete Section 4.2.1 and replace with "4.2.1 The goal of this standard shall be to provide an environment that, in the event of a fire or non-fire emergency, protects to the maximum extent practicable occupants of fixed guideway transit and passenger rail systems, including personnel present during the construction of such systems, and firefighters and other personnel responding to the fire or non-fire emergency. This goal includes the following objectives:

(1) protecting occupants not intimate with the initial fire development.

(2) maximizing the survivability of occupants intimate with the initial fire development.

(3) facilitating short term and long term firefighting operations."

4. Add a new section, 4.3.1.1, to read "4.3.1.1 Emergency responder protection. Systems shall be designed, constructed and maintained to protect emergency responders during the fire or fire-related emergencies."

5. Add a new section, 4.3.2.1, to read "4.3.2.1 Structural integrity. Structural integrity shall be maintained to protect emergency responders during the fire or fire-related emergencies."

6. Add a new section, 4.7, to read "4.7 Terrorist protection. Rail systems shall be designed and operated to protect against potential terrorist attacks. The design and operational criteria to protect against terrorist attacks shall be approved."

7. In Section 4.5, insert "by the Fire Department" at the end of the sentence.

8. In the first sentence of Section 5.2.2.3, insert "and in all enclosed stations and open stations greater than 10,000 square feet (929 m2)" after the word "restricted."

9. Add a new item to the end of Section 5.4.11.4, to read "(5) Emergency ventilation fans."

10. In Section 5.5.2.1(3), insert "automatically upon transmission of a fire alarm signal" between the words "stopped" and "locally," and add a new sentence after Section 5.5.2.1.3(b), to read "Deceleration shall be in accordance with Section 5.5.2.1(4)(b)."

11. Delete the first sentence of Section 5.5.2.1(4) and replace with "Where provision is made to stop escalators counted as a means of egress, one of the following shall apply:"

12. Add a new sentence to the end of Section 5.5.2.2, to read "For deep tunnel stations, 5.5.6.3.2.3 shall apply."

13. At the end of Section 5.5.3.1, insert "or automatically upon transmission of a fire alarm signal.

14. Add two new subdivisions to Section 5.5.4, to read:

"(4) Devices operable by a citywide standard key shall be installed so the door can be held in the open position.

(5) Access for emergency responders from the platform side at regular intervals by use of a citywide standard key or other approved means."

15. Add two new sentences to the end of Section 5.5.6.1, to read "Calculations to determine egress time shall take into consideration the impact of products of combustion, but need not take into account delays in egress caused by potential accumulations of rubbish or individuals that are not capable of self evacuation."

16. In Section 5.5.6.3.2.1, replace "1120 mm (44 in.)" with "72 inches (1829 mm)."

17. Add a new sentence to the end of Section 5.5.6.3.2.3, to read "For deep tunnel stations, an area of rescue assistance shall be provided to accommodate persons with an infirmity, disability or other special need in the course of exiting a deep tunnel station by means of a stair or escalator, as set forth in A 5.5.6.3.2.3, A 5.5.6.3.2.3 (2) and the referenced literature."

18. Delete the introductory language in Section 5.5.6.3.2.5, and replace with: "Escalators shall not be allowed to account for more than one-half of the required means of egress capacity at any one level. Escalators shall meet the following criteria:" In Section 5.5.6.3.2.5(1), insert "being brought to a stop upon transmission of a fire alarm signal, or" between the words "of" and "being."

19. Delete Section 5.5.6.3.3.1 and replace with "5.5.6.3.3.1 Elevators shall be installed for the possible use in the evacuation of persons with infirmities, disabilities or other special need. Elevators shall not be allowed to be used in the calculation of means of egress capacity."

20. Delete Section 5.5.6.3.3.2.

21. In Section 5.5.6.3.3.3, delete "counted as contributing to the means of egress capacity," and replace "that" with "and".

22. In Section 5.5.6.3.3.4, delete "counted as contributing to the means of egress capacity," delete "means of egress or" from Section 5.5.6.3.3.4(3), and add two new subdivisions to the end of Section 5.5.6.3.3.4, to read:

"(7) Elevators shall be designed to accommodate an ambulance stretcher in accordance with Section 3002.4 of the Building Code.

(8) A Fire Department-approved city-wide standard key shall be provided for elevator control."

23. Add a new sentence to the end of Section 5.5.6.3.4.4, to read "Gate type exits shall have a Fire Department-approved key, for access by Fire Department personnel."

24. In Section 5.7.3.1, delete ", except trainways" at the end of the sentence. Add a new sentence to the end of Section 5.7.3.1, to read "Automatic sprinkler protection shall be provided in all areas of deep tunnel stations."

25. Delete Section 5.7.3.2 and replace with "5.7.3.2 Sprinkler systems shall be installed and acceptance tested in accordance with the Building Code and the Fire Code. Sprinkler systems shall be approved by the Fire Department"

26. Add a new section, 5.7.3.6, to read "5.7.3.6 A fire department connection shall be provided for all sprinkler systems, regardless of the number of sprinkler heads in such system. The design of fire department connections shall be in accordance with the Building Code and the Fire Code."

27. In Section 5.7.4.1, delete "or Class III" and insert "the Building Code, the Fire Code and" between the words "with" and "NFPA 14."

28. In Section 5.7.4.1.1(2), replace "245 m (800 ft)" with "600 feet (182 880 mm)."

29. Add a new sentence to the end of Section 5.7.4.2, to read "The location of fire department connections shall be approved by the Fire Department."

30. In Section 5.7.4.4, insert ", the Building Code and the Fire Code" at the end of the sentence.

31. Add a new section, 5.7.4.5, to read "5.7.4.5 The system shall be designed for a flow of 750 gpm (2839 L/min) (three hose streams) and with a residual pressure of not less than 100 psi (690 kPa) available at all hose outlets. Dry standpipe systems shall be capable of being completely filled with water in not more than 10 minutes at a flow rate of 750 gpm (2839 L/min)."

32. Add a new section, 5.7.4.6, to read "5.7.4.6 Standpipe hose outlets shall be installed throughout the station so that all areas within the station are within 150 feet (45 720 mm) of a hose outlet.

33. Add a new section, 5.7.4.7, to read "5.7.4.7 Standpipe systems shall be supplied by not less than two fire department connections complying with the Building Code and FC 912. Each fire department connection shall have signage indicating the type of system and a description of the area it protects. The fire department connection shall be suitable for the Fire Department operations."

34. Add a new section, 5.7.4.8, to read "5.7.4.8 Standpipe system riser diagrams shall be conspicuously posted at the fire command center, firefighting ingress locations and other Fire Department-approved locations."

35. Add a new sentence to the end of Section 5.7.5 to read "In addition, portable fire extinguishers shall be provided in each staffed fare and information booth."

36. Delete Section 5.7.6.1 and replace with "5.7.6.1 The fire command center shall be in a separate room with hardened security features in accordance with United States Department of Homeland Security standards. The location of the fire command center shall be approved by the Fire Department."

37. Delete Section 5.7.6.2 and replace with "5.7.6.2 The fire command center shall be provided with controls for the ventilation system of the station and the tunnels serving such station."

38. Add a new section 5.7.6.3, to read "The fire command center shall be provided with voice communication capability throughout the station."

39. In Section 6.2.2.2.1, replace "762 m (2500 ft)" with "1,000 feet (304 800 mm)."

40. In Section 6.2.2.2.2, replace "not be required to exceed 1120 mm (44 in.)" with "be a minimum of 44 inches (1120 mm)."

41. Add two new sentences to the end of Section 6.2.2.5.3, to read "Exit hatches shall be capable of being opened from the discharge side to permit access by authorized personnel. They shall be marked on the inside with the exit number and the tracks they provide access to."

42. Add a new section, 6.2.7.4, to read "6.2.7.4 The path of travel distance between blue light stations shall not exceed 600 feet (182 880 mm)."

43. Add a new section, 6.2.7.5, to read "6.2.7.5 No path of travel between blue light stations shall require crossing of rail tracks or a traction power rail."

44. Add a new section, 6.2.7.6, to read "6.2.7.6 Blue light stations shall not be adjacent to the traction power rail or on the same side of the track bed as the traction power rail."

45. Add a new section, 6.2.7.7, to read "6.2.7.7 Blue light stations shall be provided with a blue light and reflective signage having alternating white and blue stripes on each side of the blue light station. The signage shall be readily visible from the trainway."

46. Add a new section, 6.2.7.8, to read "6.2.7.8 A public address system with coded access shall be provided at each blue light station."

47. In Section 6.3.2, replace "Except as described in 6.3.2.1 and 6.3.2.2, emergency" with "Emergency."

48. Delete Sections 6.3.2.1 and 6.3.2.2 in their entirety.

49. Add a new item to the end of Section 6.3.3.2.11.1, to read "(5) Emergency ventilation system."

50. Add a new sentence to the end of Section 6.5.1.1, to read "Heat detectors shall be provided in underground trainways when required by the Fire Department."

51. Add a new section, 6.5.1.3, to read "6.5.1.3 An approved fire extinguishing system shall be provided in signal bungalows."

52. In Section 6.5.2.1.1, delete "or Class III," and insert "the Building Code, the Fire Code and" between the words "with" and "NFPA 14.", and add two sentences to the end, to read "Standpipe hose outlets shall be installed throughout the trainway so that all areas are within 150 feet (45 720 mm) of a hose outlet. Additionally, a hose outlet shall be located at a Fire Department-approved location accessible from each emergency exit (hatch). Hose outlet areas shall be lighted."

53. In Section 6.5.2.1.2(2), replace "244 m (800 ft)" with "600 feet (182 880 mm)."

54. Add a new section, 6.5.2.6, to read "6.5.2.6 Standpipe systems shall be installed, initially tested and maintained in accordance with the Fire Code and the Building Code."

55. Add a new section, 6.5.2.7, to read "6.5.2.7 The system shall be designed for a flow of not less than 750 gpm (2839 L/min) (three hose streams) and a pressure of not less than 100 psi (690 kPa) shall be available at the hydraulically most remote hose outlets. A durable sign conspicuously posted at the fire department connection shall read: "Do not pressurize system above_____psi."

56. Add a new section, 6.5.2.8, to read "6.5.2.8 Standpipes shall be supplied by a minimum of two fire department connections at an approved location at street level and remote from each other. Each fire department connection shall have signage indicating the type of system and a description of the area being protected."

57. Add a new section, 6.5.2.9, to read "6.5.2.9 Dry standpipe systems shall be capable of being completely filled with water in not more than 10 minutes from either fire department pumping apparatus or a fixed pump operating at 750 gpm (2839 L/min). Design flow rate shall not be less than 750 gpm (2839 L/min) and the design pressure at the most remote hose outlet shall not be less than 100 psi (690 kPa)."

58. Add a new section, 6.5.2.10, to read "6.5.2.10 Standpipe system riser diagrams shall be conspicuously posted at all trainway fire department ingress points and at the fire command center."

59. Add a new section, 6.5.2.11, to read "6.5.2.11 The standpipe system shall be approved by the Fire Department."

60. In Section 6.5.3.1.1, replace "61 m (200 ft)" with "150 feet (45 720 mm)."

61. Add a new section, 6.5.3.1.3, to read "6.5.3.1.3 Outlet valves shall be readily visible with conspicuously posted Fire-Department approved signage."

62. Add a new section, 6.5.5, to read "6.5.5 Fire extinguishing system."

63. Add a new section, 6.5.5.1, to read "6.5.5.1 A Fire Department-approved manual or automatic fire extinguishing system shall be provided in tunnels."

64. Add a new section, 6.5.5.2, to read "6.5.5.2 A Fire Department-approved fire extinguishing system shall be provided in underground diesel locomotive yards."

65. Add a new section, 6.6.5.4, to read "6.6.5.4 Flammable liquids, combustible liquids and flammable gases shall not be stored or dispensed in trainways. Flammable liquids, combustible liquids and flammable gases shall be stored or dispensed in stations in accordance with the Fire Code and the Fire Department Rules."

66. Add a new section, 6.6.5.5, to read "6.6.5.5 Flammable liquids and combustible liquids shall not be stored or dispensed within 20 feet (6096 mm) of any tunnel vent grate or any station entrance or exit."

67. In Section 7.2.1(5), delete "for a minimum of 1 hour but not less than the required time of tenability."

68. In Section 7.2.1.1, replace "during the design incident for the duration determined as per 7.2.1(5)" with "as per the computational fluid dynamics analysis for the design incident" and add a new sentence to the end, to read "The system shall be designed to function in extreme conditions consistent with the computational fluid dynamics analysis."

69. Add a new item to the end of Section 7.2.3, to read "(8) Capability to monitor the system operation and performance during a fire or non-fire emergency."

70. Add a new section, 7.2.4.2, to read "7.2.4.2 Terrorist event, including an explosion. This analysis shall be submitted to the Fire Department."

71. In Section 7.3.2, replace "in an ambient atmosphere of 250°C (482°F) for a minimum of 1 hour but not less than the required time of tenability" with "for the temperature expected based on the computational fluid dynamics analysis."

72. In Section 7.4.2, replace "in an ambient atmosphere of 250°C (482°F) for a minimum of 1 hour but not less than the required time of tenability" with "for the temperature expected based on the computational fluid dynamics analysis."

73. Add a new sentence after the first sentence of Section 7.4.4, to read "The plenum shall be rated for the highest temperature expected based on the computational fluid dynamics analysis."

74. In Section 7.6.1.1, insert "and have the capability to monitor system operation and performance during fire and non-fire emergencies" at the end of the sentence.

75. Add a new sentence to the end of Section 7.7.7.2, to read "In areas where this exception applies, signs shall be conspicuously posted at entrances or other Fire Department-approved locations to warn of the electrical hazard."

76. Add a new section, 9.1.4, to read "9.1.4 It is the responsibility of the rail authority to control overcrowding in the station. A protocol shall be developed where during periods of significant delay or disruption of service, the rail authority will dispatch representatives to monitor for overcrowding within the station. When overcrowding is present, the Fire Department may assist in restricting access to the station and assist in taking action to alleviate the overcrowding situation."

77. Add a new section, 9.2.6, to read "9.2.6 Accurate system and track maps, along with station diagram showing both public and non-public spaces, shall be made available to firefighting and other emergency response personnel responding to a fire or non-fire emergency."

78. Add a new section, 9.2.7, to read "9.2.7 A system of signage or other means of measuring distance within the station and associated tunnels shall be implemented, to enable emergency response personnel to establish the location of an incident in the trainway and/or its distance from the station."

79. Add a new section, 9.7.4, to read "The listing shall include the name and contact information of the station manager or other trained and knowledgeable personnel designated to respond to the command post in the event of any fire or non-fire emergency, to act as a liaison to the incident commander."

80. Add a new section, 9.8.7, to read "9.8.7 The rail authority shall establish a procedure by which the station manager or other trained and knowledgeable personnel will immediately respond to the command post in the event of a fire or non-fire emergency to act as a liaison to the incident commander."

81. Add a new section, 9.8.8, to read "The fire command center shall be readily accessible from the command post, unless otherwise approved by the Fire Department. A fire command post, if constructed, shall be approved by the Fire Department prior to installation."

82. Add a new sentence to the end of Section 9.10.2, to read "Station staff whose duties require that they operate or be familiar with station equipment, shall be trained in the proper operation of any new equipment that is installed in the station. Training shall be provided whenever there is a change in station design or operation that would affect emergency response procedures."

83. Add a new section, 9.13, to read "9.13 Emergency Equipment."

84. Add a new section, 9.13.1, to read "9.13.1 Devices to aid in the discharge of passengers from a train to the railroad or from a train to a rescue train shall be positioned at stations and along the trainway at 800 feet (243 840 mm) intervals, preferably at blue light stations."

85. Add a new section, 9.13.2, to read "9.13.2 Rail carts shall be provided at stations for use by emergency response personnel."

86. Add a new section, 9.13.3, to read "9.13.3 Couplers or other devices necessary to allow one train to attach to and tow a disabled train shall be positioned in sufficient quantities and at locations that provide ready access in the event of a fire or non-fire emergency."

87. Add a new sentence to the end of Section 10.1, to read "A Fire Department-approved communication system shall be provided during the construction phase of underground projects."

88. Add two new sentences before the first sentence of Section 10.3.2, to read "A separate radio network capable of two way portable radio communication shall be provided for on-scene fire personnel to communicate with other on-scene fire personnel throughout the station and associated tunnels, and on trains located therein. Such network shall be of approved design and shall cover the entire station and associated tunnels, and provide street coverage, for a reasonable distance, around stations and emergency exits."

89. Add a new sentence to the end of Section 10.4.1, to read "Such emergency telephone system shall be connected to an emergency power supply."

90. Delete Section 10.4.3, and replace with "Emergency telephones shall be installed along the trainway at locations not more than 600 feet apart, except as otherwise approved by the Fire Department."

91. Add a new section, 10.4.6, to read "10.4.6 A listing of telephone locations and phone numbers shall be kept at the fire command center and made available to emergency response personnel."

92. In Section 10.6.1, insert "and blue light stations" after the word "stations."

93. Add a new sentence at the end of Section 11.3.1, to read "Submit to the Fire Department any plan or analysis addressing the functionality, reliability, and availability of control systems and communication systems under fire conditions."

94. In Section 11.3.2, replace "single points of failure" with "multiple failure points."

NFPA 502-2011. The provisions of NFPA 502-2011, Road Tunnels, Bridges, and Other Limited Access Highways, are modified as follows:

1. Add two new sentences at the end of Section 4.3, to read "The goal of this standard shall be to provide an environment that, in the event of a fire or non-fire emergency, protects to the maximum extent practicable occupants of road tunnels, bridges and other limited access highways, including personnel present during the construction of such facilities, and firefighters and other personnel responding to the fire or non-fire emergency. This goal includes the following objectives:

(1) protecting occupants not intimate with the initial fire development.

(2) maximizing the survivability of occupants intimate with the initial fire development.

(3) facilitating short term and long term firefighting operations."

2. Add a new item to the end of Section 4.3.1(8), to read "(f) Sprinkler systems."

3. In Section 4.4.1, delete "carry out a complete and" and replace with "prepare a Fire Department-approved."

4. Add a new sentence to the end of Section 4.4.2, to read "A written protocol shall be established with all agencies involved in an emergency response, including the Fire Department."

5. Delete in item (1) of Section 4.5 "lights or," and replace with "blue lights and."

6. In Section 5.2.1, replace "squads" with "personnel."

7. In Section 5.3, replace "(Reserved)" with "A fire hydrant shall be located not more than 300 feet (91 440 mm) from each fire department connection."

8. In Section 6.3.3, insert "and terrorism" between the words "collapse" and "scenarios."

9. Add a new section, 6.3.4, to read "6.3.4 Access shall be available for Fire Department apparatus and fire boats such that all parts of the underside of the bridge are accessible for firefighting operations."

10. Add a new section, 6.3.5, to read "6.3.5 Fireproofing of structural members, when provided, shall be periodically inspected by the bridge engineer. Fireproofing shall be maintained in good condition."

11. In Section 6.4.1.2 replace "AHJ" with "the Fire Department and other authorities having jurisdiction."

12. In Section 6.4.2.1, insert "or elevated highway and shall be linked to the Fire Department's Operations Center" at the end of the sentence.

13. Add a new section, 6.6.3, to read "6.6.3 A fire hydrant shall be located not more than 300 feet (91 440 mm) from any fire department connection."

14. In Section 6.7.1, replace "3.2 km (2 miles)" with "1.5 miles (2.4 km)."

15. Delete Table 7.2 and replace with the following:

16. In Section 7.4.1.1, insert at the end of the sentence "and shall be linked to the Fire Department's Operations Center."

17. In Section 7.5.1, replace "to the fire department communication center" with "to communicate from person to the command center, and from person to person."

18. Add a new section, 7.5.1.1, to read "7.5.1.1 Emergency communication devices shall be installed at cross passageways and emergency exits, with spacing between devices not to exceed 150 feet (45 720 mm)."

19. Add a new section, 7.9.4, to read "7.9.4 The location of portable fire extinguishers shall be conspicuously marked."

20. Add a new sentence to the end of Section 7.15.1.1, to read "If required by the Fire Department, an engineering analysis shall be carried out to meet the requirements of Section 4.3."

21. In Section 7.15.1.2, insert at the end of the sentence ", and within 15 feet (4572 mm) of an emergency exit."

22. In Section 7.15.5.2, insert "shall be approved by the Fire Department" between the words "doors" and "shall."

23. Add a new section, 7.15.5.7, to read "7.15.5.7 If emergency exit doors are provided with locks, such locks shall be operable from both sides of the door with a citywide standard key."

24. In the first sentence of Section 7.15.6.2, replace "300 m (1000 ft)" with "500 feet (152 400 mm)."

25. In Section 8.10.1, replace "NFPA 14 or other equivalent international standards and performance specified in Chapter 10" with "the Building Code, the Fire Code and NFPA 14, as modified by the Building Code and Fire Code, including the system performance requirements specified in Chapter 11 of NFPA 14."

26. Add a new section, 8.11, to read "8.11 Inspection, testing and other maintenance of standpipe systems shall be in accordance with the Building Code and the Fire Code."

27. In Section 9.1.1, replace "permitted" with "required."

28. In Section 9.1.2, insert "the Building Code and the Fire Code, and, as applicable," between "with" and "NFPA 11", and delete "or other equivalent international standards."

29. In Section 10.1.1, replace "NFPA 14, except as modified by this standard" with "the Building Code, the Fire Code and NFPA 14 as modified by the Building Code and Fire Code."

30. In Section 10.1.2, replace "NFPA 25" with "the Fire Code and the Building Code."

31. Delete the language of Section 10.1.3 and replace with "The standpipe system shall be designed as a dry system, connected to a manual fire pump. The standpipe system shall be maintained filled with water during the summer months."

32. Add a new section, 10.1.3.1, to read "10.1.3.1 The bridge standpipe system shall be capable of flowing 3,000 gpm (11 355 L/min) through hose outlets located on the bridge with hose valves in the open position. Each hose outlet shall be designed to flow not less than 250 gpm (846 L/min) at a pressure of not less than 100 psi (690 kPa), and capable of supplying 1,000 gpm (3785 L/min) to a tower ladder through hose connections required by Section 10.1.3.4. For standpipe systems on other structures, the design parameters shall be approved by the Fire Department."

33. Add a new section, 10.1.3.2, to read "10.1.3.2 Standpipe system hose connections shall be provided on the bridge approach from the point at which the road surface becomes elevated."

34. Add a new section, 10.1.3.3, to read "10.1.3.3 Standpipe system hose connections and valves shall be readily accessible, and shall be kept unobstructed."

35. Add a new section, 10.1.3.4, to read "10.1.3.4. Fire Department hose connections shall be installed at approved locations and have a 41/2-inch (114-mm) diameter and Fire Department approved threads."

36. Add a new section, 10.1.3.5, to read "10.1.3.5 Standpipe systems shall be securely braced to prevent movement under normal use conditions."

37. In Section 10.1.5, replace "10 minutes or less" with "8 minutes or less at the design flow."

38. In Section 10.2.3(3), replace "NFPA 22" with "the Building Code and the Fire Code."

39. In Section 10.3.1, delete "or shall consist of a minimum 100 mm (4 in) quick connect coupling that is accessible."

40. Add a new section, 10.3.5, to read "10.3.5 Fire department connections for use by Fire Department fire boats shall be provided when required by the Fire Department."

41. Add a new section, 10.3.6, to read "10.3.6 A durable, weather-resistant diagram of the bridge's standpipe system riser, including the location of valves, shall be kept in a Fire Department-approved emergency responder box openable by a citywide standard key. Such emergency responder box shall be located at or near the fire department connections."

42. In Section 10.4.2, replace "85 m (275 ft)" with 200 feet (45 720 mm)."

43. In Section 10.4.4, replace "external threads in accordance with NFPA 1963 and the authority having jurisdiction" with "and shall be suitable for Fire Department operations."

44. In Section 10.5, replace "NFPA 20" with "the Building Code and the Fire Code."

45. In Section 11.1, insert "to assist in evacuation and firefighting operations" at the end of the sentence, and add a new sentence to the end, to read "The emergency ventilation system shall be approved by the Fire Department."

46. In Section 11.6.1, replace "for a minimum of 1 hour in" with "for the temperature expected in the computational fluid dynamics analysis for the design fire, but not less than".

47. In Section 11.6.2, replace "considered expendable" with "designed so that temperature in the tunnel, based on the design fire, does not exceed the temperature that would cause the exhaust fans to fail."

48. In Section 11.7.1, insert "at the temperature expected in the computational fluid dynamics analysis for the design fire, but not less than" before "in an airstream temperature of 250°C (482°F), and delete "for at least 1 hour".

49. Delete the language of Section 11.9.1 and replace with "The exhaust fans may be designed to operate automatically and/or manually. Controls shall be provided locally and at a remote location. Each set of controls shall be capable of overriding the other and any automatic controls.

50. Add a new section, 11.10.4, to read "11.10.4 Flammable and combustible liquids shall not be stored in limited access highways, road tunnels, bridges, and other limited access highways, including roadways that are located beneath air-right structures."

51. In Section 12.2.1, replace "NFPA 70" with "the Electrical Code."

52. In Section 12.5.1, delete "in excess of 1000 m (3280 ft) in length."

53. In Section 12.6.1, replace "NFPA 70" with "the Electrical Code, NFPA 110, as modified by FC Appendix B, and NFPA 111."

54. Add a new sentence to the end of Section 12.6.8.1, to read "The exit signs shall be reflective."

55. Add a new section, 13.5.4.1, to read "13.5.4.1 Road tunnels shall have thermal imaging cameras designed to operate in heavy smoke conditions."

56. Add a new section, 13.5.9, to read "13.5.9 The OCC shall be protected from acts of terrorism and natural disasters in accordance with the United States Department of Homeland Security guidelines."

57. Add a new sentence to the end of Section 13.8.2, to read "Such personnel shall be the holder of a certificate of fitness where required by the Fire Code or the rules."

58. In Section 14.1.2, insert "and acts of terrorism" after "14.1.1."

59. In Section 15.1.2, replace "five years" with "one year."

60. In Section A.3.3.19, delete "is submitted to the authority having jurisdiction" and insert "shall be filed with and approved by the Fire Department. If required by the Department, a computational fluid dynamics analysis shall be conducted in accordance with the Fire Code."

NFPA 750-2006.
The provisions of NFPA 750-2006, Standard on Water Mist Fire Protection Systems, shall be modified as follows:

1. In Section 5.10.2.1, delete "NFPA 72, National Fire Alarm Code" and replace with "NFPA 72, as modified by FC Appendix B" and add "and tied-in to the building fire alarm system for monitoring of alarm, trouble and supervisory signals" to the end of the section.

2. In Section 5.10.3.6.5, replace "not more than 1.2 m (4 ft) above the floor" with "42 to 48 inches (1067 to 1219 mm) above the floor at its center and located at egress."

3. Delete Chapter 14 in its entirety.

NFPA 2001-2008.
The provisions of NFPA 2001-2008, Clean Agent Fire Extinguishing Systems, shall be modified as follows:

1. In Section 1.5.2.1, delete "NFPA 70" and replace with "Electrical Code."

2. In Section 2.2, delete "NFPA 70-National Electrical Code, 2008 edition" and replace with "Electrical Code" and delete "NFPA 72, 2007 edition" and replace with "NFPA 72, as modified by FC Appendix B."

3. In Section 4.3.3.7, replace "not more than 4 ft (1.2 m) above the floor" with "42 to 48 inches (1067 to 1219 mm) above the floor at its center."

4. Delete Chapter 8 in its entirety.

NFPA 2010-2010.
The provisions of NFPA 2010-2010, Fixed Aerosol Fire-Extinguishing Systems, shall be modified as follows:

1. In Section 2.2, delete "NFPA 70-National Electrical Code, 2008 edition" and replace with "Electrical Code" and delete "NFPA 72, 2010 edition" and replace with "NFPA 72, as modified by FC Appendix B."

2. Delete Section 3.1.

3. In Section 5.3.1.1, delete "NFPA 70" and replace with "Electrical Code."

4. In Section 6.4.3.7.2, replace "not more than 1.2 m (4 ft) above the floor" with "42 to 48 inches (1067 to 1219 mm) above the floor at its center."

5. In Section 8.1.10.1, delete "NFPA 72, National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code" and replace with "NFPA 72, as modified by FC Appendix B."

6. In Section 8.1.10.2.4, delete "NFPA 72, National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code" and replace with "NFPA 72, as modified by FC Appendix B."

7. Delete Chapter 10 in its entirety.

TABLE 7.2 ROAD TUNNEL FIRE PROTECTION SUMMARY

FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS NFPA 502
SECTIONS
TUNNEL CATEGORIES
X A B C D
Fire Detection
Detection, identification, and location of fire in tunnel
Manual fire alarm boxes
CCTV systems
Automatic fire detection systems
Fire alarm control panel
7.4.1
7.4.1.3
7.4.1.1
7.4.1.4
7.4.2


CMR
CMR
CMR
CMR
CMR


CMR
CMR
CMR
CMR
CMR


MR
MR
MR
MR
MR


MR
MR
MR
MR
MR


MR
MR
MR
MR
MR
Communication systems
Radio
Telephone

7.5
4.5

CMR
CMR

CMR
CMR

MR
MR

MR
MR

MR
MR
Traffic control
Stop traffic approaching tunnel portal
Stop traffic from entering tunnels direct approaches

7.6.1
7.6.2

MR

MR

MR
MR

MR
MR

MR
MR


(continued)

TABLE 7.2‒continued ROAD TUNNEL FIRE PROTECTION SUMMARY

Fire protection
Fire apparatusa
Fire standpipe
Water supply
Fire department connections
Hose connections
Fire pumpsb
Portable fire extinguishers
Water based fire-fighting systemc
Emergency ventilation systemd
Tunnel drainage systemd
Hydrocarbon detector

7.7
7.8
10.2
10.3
10.4
10.5
7.9
Chapter 9
Chapter 11
7.12
7.12.7

NMR
CMR
CMR
CMR
CMR
CMR
CMR
CMR
CMR
MR
CMR

NMR
MR
MR
MR
MR
CMR
CMR
CMR
CMR
MR
CMR

NMR
MR
MR
MR
MR
CMR
MR
CMR
CMR
MR
MR

NMR
MR
MR
MR
MR
CMR
MR
MR
MR
MR
MR

NMR
MR
MR
MR
MR
CMR
MR
MR
MR
MR
MR
Means of egress
Emergency egress
Exit identification
Tenable environment
Emergency exits (includes cross passageways)e

Electrical systems
General
Emergency power
Emergency lighting
Exit signs
Security plan

7.15.1.1
7.15.1.2
7.15.2
7.15.6 /7.15.7


12.1
12.4
12.6
12.6.8
12.7

CMR
CMR
MR
CMR


CMR
MR
MR
MR
MR

MR
MR
MR
MR


CMR
MR
MR
MR
MR

MR
MR
MR
MR


MR
MR
MR
MR
MR

MR
MR
MR
MR


MR
MR
MR
MR
MR

MR
MR
MR
MR


MR
MR
MR
MR
MR
Emergency response plan
Emergency response plan

13.3

MR

MR

MR

MR

MR

MR: Mandatory requirement. CMR: Conditional mandatory requirement. NMR: Nonmandatory requirement.
Note: The purpose of Table 7.2 is to provide assistance in locating road tunnel fire protection requirements contained within this standard. If there is any conflict between the requirements defined in the standard text and this table, the standard text shall govern.
a. Not mandatory to be at tunnel, however, they must be nearby to minimize response time.
b. If required, comply with Section 10.5.
c. If installed, comply with Chapter 9.
d. Allows engineering analysis to determine requirements.
e. Emergency exit spacing shall be substantiated by an egress analysis.
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