Copyright

Dedication

Effective Date of Local Laws

Chapter 1 Administration

Chapter 2 Definitions

Chapter 3 General Precautions Against Fire

Chapter 4 Emergency Planning and Preparedness

Chapter 5 Fire Operations Features

Chapter 6 Building Services and Systems

Chapter 7 Fire-Resistance-Rated Construction

Chapter 8 Interior Furnishings, Decorations and Scenery

Chapter 9 Fire Protection Systems

Chapter 10 Means of Egress

Chapter 11 Aviation Facilities and Operations

Chapter 12 Dry Cleaning

Chapter 13 Combustible Dust-Producing Operations

Chapter 14 Fire Safety During Construction, Alteration and Demolition

Chapter 15 Flammable Finishes

Chapter 16 Fruit and Crop Ripening

Chapter 17 Fumigation and Insecticidal Fogging

Chapter 18 Semiconductor Fabrication Facilities

Chapter 19 Lumber Yards and Wood Waste Materials

Chapter 20 Manufacture of Organic Coatings

Chapter 21 Industrial Furnaces

Chapter 22 Motor Fuel-Dispensing Facilities and Repair Garages

Chapter 23 High-Piled Combustible Storage

Chapter 24 Tents and Other Membrane Structures

Chapter 25 Tire Rebuilding and Tire Storage

Chapter 26 Welding and Other Hot Work

Chapter 27 HAZARDOUS MATERIALS—GENERAL PROVISIONS

Chapter 28 Aerosols

Chapter 29 Combustible Fibers

Chapter 30 Compressed Gases

Chapter 31 Corrosive Materials

Chapter 32 Cryogenic Fluids

Chapter 33 Explosives, Fireworks and Special Effects

Chapter 34 Flammable and Combustible Liquids

Chapter 35 Flammable Gases

Chapter 36 Flammable Solids

Chapter 37 Highly Toxic and Toxic Materials

Chapter 38 Liquefied Petroleum Gases

Chapter 39 Organic Peroxides

Chapter 40 Oxidizers, Oxidizing Gases and Oxidizing Cryogenic Fluids

Chapter 41 Pyrophoric Materials

Chapter 42 Pyroxylin Plastics

Chapter 43 Unstable (Reactive) Materials

Chapter 44 Water-Reactive Solids and Liquids

Chapter 45 Referenced Standards

Appendix A Fees

Appendix B Referenced Standard Modifications

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This chapter shall govern the manufacture, storage, handling and use of solid and liquid oxidizers, oxidizing gases and oxidizing cryogenic fluids.

Exceptions:

1. Display and storage in Group M and storage in Group S occupancies in accordance with FC2703.11.

2. Storage, handling and use of liquid oxygen in a residential or residential health care setting in a Group I-1, I-4 or R occupancy in accordance with FC 4006.
Permits shall be required as set forth in FC105.6.
Oxidizers shall be manufactured, stored, handled and used in accordance with this chapter and FC Chapter 27.
Oxidizing gases shall additionally comply with the requirements of FC Chapter 30.
Oxidizers containing ammonium nitrate shall additionally comply with the requirements of NFPA 490.
Bulk oxygen systems at industrial and institutional consumer sites shall additionally comply with the requirements of NFPA 55.
Bulk nitrous oxide systems at industrial and institutional consumer sites shall additionally comply with the requirements of CGA G-8.1.
Oxidizing cryogenic fluids shall additionally comply with the requirements of FC Chapter 32.
The handling and use of oxidizers in quantities requiring a permit shall be under the personal supervision of a certificate of fitness holder. The storage of oxidizers in quantities requiring a permit shall be under the general supervision of a certificate of fitness holder.
The following terms shall, for the purposes of this chapter and as used elsewhere in this code, have the meanings shown herein.

BULK NITROUS OXIDE SYSTEM. A system comprised of stationary or portable nitrous oxide storage containers, pressure regulators, safety devices, vaporizers, manifolds, interconnecting piping and/or other devices or equipment, up to the point where nitrous oxide at service pressure first enters the supply line, that has a storage capacity of more than 28,000 SCF (793 m3) of nitrous oxide in liquid or gaseous state, including unconnected reserves in or at the same building, structure or premises.

BULK OXYGEN SYSTEM. A system comprised of stationary or portable oxygen storage containers, pressure regulators, safety devices, vaporizers, manifolds, interconnecting piping and/or other devices or equipment, up to the point where oxygen at service pressure first enters the supply line, that has a storage capacity of more than 20,000 SCF (566 m3) of oxygen in liquid or gaseous state, including unconnected reserves in or at the same building, structure or premises.

LIQUID OXYGEN AMBULATORY CONTAINER. A liquid oxygen container with a capacity not exceeding 0.396 gallons (1.5 liters) that constitutes a medical device, as that term is defined in Chapter 9 of Title 21 of the United States Code § 321, that is designed to be filled from a liquid oxygen home care container, and that is designed for portable use to supply oxygen for medical purposes, and that is used for such purpose.

LIQUID OXYGEN HOME CARE CONTAINER. A liquid oxygen container with a capacity not exceeding 15.8 gallons (60 liters) that constitutes a medical device, as that term is defined in Chapter 9 of Title 21 of the United States Code § 321, and that is designed and used for medical purposes in a residential or resident health care setting in a Group I-1, I-4 or R occupancy.

OXIDIZER. A material that readily yields oxygen or other oxidizing gas, or that readily reacts to promote or initiate combustion of combustible materials and, if heated or contaminated, can result in vigorous self-sustained decomposition, classified as follows:

Class 1. An oxidizer that causes a readily measurable increase in the burning rate of combustible materials with which it comes in contact, but less than a moderate increase.

Class 2. An oxidizer that causes a moderate increase in the burning rate of combustible materials with which it comes in contact.

Class 3. An oxidizer that causes a severe increase in the burning rate of combustible materials with which it comes in contact.

Class 4. An oxidizer that can undergo an explosive reaction due to contamination or exposure to thermal or physical shock and causes a severe increase in the burning rate of combustible materials with which it comes in contact.

OXIDIZING CRYOGENIC FLUID. An oxidizing gas in the cryogenic state.

OXIDIZING GAS. A gas that can support and accelerate combustion of other materials more than air does.
The storage, handling and use of oxidizers in amounts not exceeding the maximum allowable quantity per control area indicated in FC2703.1 shall be in accordance with FC 2701, 2703, 4001, 4003, and 4007 and with FC Chapters 30 and 32, as applicable.
It shall be unlawful to store, handle or use:

1. Class 4 oxidizers in Group A, E, I, R or U occupancies.

2. Class 4 liquid and solid oxidizers in offices in Group B, F, M or S occupancies, and any areas of such occupancies that are accessible to the public.

3. Oxidizing gases in portable containers exceeding an individual capacity of 250 SCF (7 m3) for maintenance purposes, patient care or operation of equipment in Group A and E occupancies; Group B occupancy offices; and Group I and R occupancies, except as authorized by FC4006.
Oxidizing gas piping systems shall be provided with approved manual or automatic emergency shutoff valves that can be activated at each point of use and each source.
A manual or automatic fail-safe emergency shutoff valve shall be installed on supply piping at the container or other source of supply. Manual or automatic valves on the containers supplying the oxidizing gas may serve as the emergency shutoff valve when the containers are the sole source of supply and are not manifolded.
A manual or automatic emergency shutoff valve shall be installed on the supply piping at the point of use or at a point where the equipment using the gas is connected to the supply system.
Ignition sources in areas containing oxidizing gases shall be controlled in accordance with FC2703.7.
The storage, handling and use of oxidizers in amounts exceeding the maximum allowable quantity per control area indicated in FC2703.1 shall be in accordance with FC Chapter 27 and this chapter.
Where more than one class of oxidizer is stored in immediate proximity to one another, such area shall be provided with hazard identification signs pursuant to FC Chapter 27 for the most severe class present.
Except as otherwise specifically provided in this code, where more than one class of oxidizer is stored in the same control area, the maximum quantity allowed of each oxidizer shall be limited as follows: the maximum quantity shall be reduced by multiplying the maximum allowable quantity for each such material by the proportional amount that such material bears to the total quantity of oxidizer stored in the control area. The total of the proportional amounts shall not exceed 100 percent.
Portable containers of oxidizing gases shall be filled at a compressed gas dispensing facility, except that:

1. liquid oxygen home care containers alternatively may be filled outdoors from a cargo tank designed to supply such containers. When a liquid oxygen home care container is filled from a cargo tank on an asphalt or combustible surface, a drip pan compatible with liquid oxygen shall be provided under home care container fill and vent connections during the filling process to minimize the risk of ignition of the combustible surface; and

2. liquid oxygen ambulatory containers alternatively may be filled in the residence or residential health care setting from the liquid oxygen home care container designed for such purpose, in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.
Smoking shall be prohibited in rooms or areas where liquid oxygen containers are filled.
Indoor storage of oxidizers in amounts exceeding the maximum allowable quantity per control area indicated in FC Table 2703.1.1(1) shall be in accordance with FC 2701, 2703, 2704 and this chapter.
Storage of liquid and solid oxidizers shall be in a detached building when required by FC2703.8.2.
In addition to the requirements of the construction codes, including the Building Code, detached storage buildings shall be located in accordance with FC Table 4004.1.2.

FC TABLE 4004.1.2 OXIDIZER (LIQUIDS AND SOLIDS)—DISTANCE FROM DETACHED STORAGE BUILDINGS AND OUTDOOR STORAGE AREAS TO EXPOSURES

OXIDIZER
CLASS
WEIGHT
(pounds)
MINIMUM DISTANCE
TO BUILDINGS, LOT
LINES, PUBLIC
STREETS, PRIVATE
ROADS OR BUILDING
EXITS (feet)
1 Note a Not Required
2 Note a 35
3 Note a 50
4 Up to 10 50
greater than 10 up to 100 75
greater than 100 up to 500 100
greater than 500 up to 1,000 125
greater than 1,000 up to 3,000 200
greater than 3,000 up to 5,000 300
greater than 5,000 up to 10,000 400
over 10,000 As required by the
commissioner

For SI: 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 pound = 0.454 kg.
a. Any quantity over the amount required for detached storage in accordance with FC2703.8.2, or over the outdoor maximum allowable quantity for outdoor control areas.
Any room or other area in which Class 4 liquid or solid oxidizers are stored shall be provided with explosion control in accordance with FC911 and the construction codes, including the Building Code.
Solid and liquid oxidizer storage areas shall be protected by a sprinkler system in accordance with NFPA 430.
In addition to FC2704.12, floors of storage areas for liquid and solid oxidizers shall be of liquid-tight construction.
An approved supervised smoke detection system in accordance with the construction codes, including the Building Code shall be installed in liquid and solid oxidizer storage areas. Such smoke detection system shall be monitored by an approved central station.

Exception: Detached storage buildings protected by a fire extinguishing system.
Smoke and heat venting shall be provided in accordance with FC910 and the construction codes, including the Building Code.
The maximum quantity of oxidizers that may be stored in a detached storage buildings shall not exceed the quantities set forth in FC Tables 4004.1.7(1) through 4004.1.7(4).

FC TABLE 4004.1.7(1) STORAGE REQUIREMENTS FOR CLASS 1 OXIDIZER (LIQUIDS AND SOLIDS) IN COMBUSTIBLE CONTAINERSa

STORAGE CONFIGURATION LIMITS (feet)
Piles
Maximum length
Maximum width
Maximum height
Minimum distance to next pile
Minimum distance to walls

No Limit
50
20
3
2
Maximum quantity per pile No Limit
Maximum quantity per building No Limit

For SI: 1 foot = 304.8 mm.
a. Storage in noncombustible containers or in bulk in detached storage buildings is not limited as to quantity or arrangement.


FC TABLE 4004.1.7(2) STORAGE REQUIREMENTS FOR CLASS 2 OXIDIZER (LIQUIDS AND SOLIDS)a,b

STORAGE
CONFIGURATION
LIMITS
Segregated
storage
Cutoff
storage
roomsc
Detached
building
Piles
Maximum width
Maximum height
Minimum distance to next pile
Minimum distance to walls

16 feet
10 feet
Note d
2 feet

25 feet
12 feet
Note d
2 feet

25 feet
12 feet
Note d
2 feet
Maximum quantity per pile 20 tons 50 tons 200 tons
Maximum quantity per building 200 tons 500 tons No Limit

For SI: 1 foot = 204.8 mm, 1 ton = 0.907185 metric ton.
a. Storage in noncombustible containers is not limited as to quantity or arrangement, except that piles shall be at least 2 feet from walls in buildings protected throughout by a sprinkler system and 4 feet from walls in buildings not protected throughout by a sprinkler system; the distance between piles shall not be less than the pile height.
b. Quantity limits shall be reduced by 50 percent in buildings or portions of buildings used for retail sales.
c. Cutoff storage rooms shall be separated from the remainder of the building by 2-hour fire barriers.
d. Aisle width shall not be less than the pile height.


FC TABLE 4004.1.7(3) STORAGE REQUIREMENTS FOR CLASS 3 OXIDIZER (LIQUIDS AND SOLIDS)a,b

STORAGE
CONFIGURATION
LIMITS
Segregated
storage
Cutoff
storage
roomsc
Detached
building
Piles
Maximum width
Maximum height
Minimum distance to next pile
Minimum distance to walls

12 feet
8 feet
Note d
4 feet

16 feet
10 feet
Note d
4 feet

20 feet
10 feet
Note d
4 feet
Maximum quantity per pile 20 tons 30 tons 150 tons
Maximum quantity per building 100 tons 500 tons No Limit

For SI: 1 foot = 204.8 mm, 1 ton = 0.907185 metric ton.
a. Storage in noncombustible containers is not limited as to quantity or arrangement, except that piles shall be at least 2 feet from walls in sprinklered buildings and 4 feet from walls in nonsprinklered buildings; the distance between piles shall not be less than the pile height.
b. Quantity limits shall be reduced by 50 percent in buildings or portions of buildings used for retail sales.
c. Cutoff storage rooms shall be separated from the remainder of the building by 2-hour fire barriers.
d. Aisle width shall not be less than the pile height.


FC TABLE 4004.1.7(4) STORAGE REQUIREMENTS FOR CLASS 4 OXIDIZER (LIQUIDS AND SOLIDS)

STORAGE CONFIGURATION LIMITS (feet)
Piles
Maximum length
Maximum width
Maximum height
Minimum distance to next pile

10
4
8
8
Maximum quantity per building No Limit

For SI: 1 foot = 304.8 mm.
The storage configuration for liquid and solid oxidizers shall be as set forth in FC Tables 4004.1.7(1) through 4004.1.7(4).
Class 2 oxidizers shall not be stored in basements, cellars or other areas below grade, except when such storage is in stationary tanks.
Class 3 and 4 oxidizers in amounts exceeding the maximum allowable quantity per control area set forth in FC2703.1 shall be stored on the ground floor only.
In addition to the requirements in FC2703.9.8, Class 4 oxidizer liquids and solids shall be separated from other hazardous materials by not less than a 1-hour fire barrier or stored in hazardous materials storage cabinets. Detached storage buildings for Class 4 oxidizer liquids and solids shall be located a minimum of 50 feet (15 240 mm) from other hazardous materials storage.
Liquid and solid oxidizers shall not be stored on or against combustible surfaces. Liquid and solid oxidizers shall be stored in a manner to prevent contamination.
Outdoor storage of oxidizers in amounts exceeding the maximum allowable quantities per control area set forth in FC Table 2703.1.1(3) shall be in accordance with FC 2701, 2703, 2704 and this chapter.
Outdoor storage areas for liquid and solid oxidizers shall be located in accordance with FC Table 4004.1.2.
Outdoor storage areas for oxidizing gases shall be located in accordance with FC Table 4004.2.2.

FC TABLE 4004.2.2 OXIDIZING GASES—DISTANCE FROM STORAGE TO EXPOSURESa

QUANTITY
OF GAS
STORED
SCF
DISTANCE TO A BUILDING NOT
ASSOCIATED WITH THE
MANUFACTURE OR
DISTRIBUTION OF OXIDIZING
GASES OR PUBLIC STREET,
PRIVATE ROAD OR LOT LINE
(feet)
DISTANCE
BETWEEN
STORAGE
AREAS
(feet)
greater than 3,000
up to 50,000
5 5
greater than 50,000
up to 100,000
10 10
greater than 100,000 15 15

For SI: 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 cubic foot = 0.02832 m3.
a. The distances do not apply when protective structures having a minimum fire-resistance rating of 2 hours interrupt the line of sight between the storage container and the exposure. The protective structure shall be at least 5 feet from the exposure. The configuration of the protective structure shall be designed to allow natural ventilation to prevent the accumulation of hazardous gas concentrations.
Outdoor storage areas for oxidizing cryogenic fluids shall be located in accordance with FC Chapter 32.
Storage configuration for liquid and solid oxidizers shall be in accordance with FC Tables 4004.1.7(1) through 4004.1.7(4).
Storage configuration for oxidizing gases shall be in accordance with FC Table 4004.2.2.
Oxidizers in amounts exceeding the maximum allowable quantity per control area indicated in FC Table 2703.1.1(1) or 2703.1.1(3) shall be handled and used in accordance with FC 2701, 2703, 2705 and this chapter.
Liquid oxygen home care containers and liquid oxygen ambulatory containers used for medical purposes in residential health care settings in Group I-1, I-4 and R occupancies shall be stored, handled and used in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions and labeling and in compliance with the requirements of this section. Storage, handling and use of liquid oxygen, including liquid oxygen home care containers and liquid oxygen ambulatory containers, in Group I-1, I-4 and R occupancies, other than in dwelling units and sleeping rooms, shall be in accordance with FC 4001 through 4005 and FC Chapter 27.
Persons engaged in the business of supplying liquid oxygen home care containers and liquid oxygen ambulatory containers shall provide to the person who will be using the liquid oxygen:

1. the manufacturer’s instructions, and informational materials detailing the safe storage, handling and use of the containers in accordance with this section, including the prohibition set forth in FC4006.3.4 relating to LPG storage, handling and use;

2. unless the person who will be using the liquid oxygen is already in possession of such a device suitable for the container being supplied, a base, hand truck or other device or devices designed to support the container in an upright or other approved position, to secure the container from movement, and to enable the container to be safely handled; and

3. two signs that read, "OXYGEN—NO SMOKING," and instruct the person who will be using the liquid oxygen to conspicuously post one sign in the living area of the dwelling unit and one in the person’s sleeping room, to remind all occupants of the dwelling unit and all visitors of the danger of fire associated with smoking near an oxygen supply.
Liquid oxygen home care containers and liquid oxygen ambulatory containers shall be stored, handled and used in residential dwelling units and residential health care dwelling units or sleeping rooms in Group I-1, I-4 and R occupancies in compliance with the requirements of FC 4006.3.1 through 4006.3.4.
The maximum aggregate quantity of liquid oxygen that may be stored, handled and used in a residential dwelling unit or residential health care dwelling unit or sleeping room shall be limited to 31.6 gallons (120 L).
Containers shall not be stored or used in any location in the dwelling unit or sleeping room where they obstruct egress from the room; can be struck by a door or falling object; are exposed to a heat source, including a radiator, baseboard heater, steam pipe, portable electric heater, or halogen lamp; or are exposed to any open flame or other ignition source, including a stove or torch.
Liquid oxygen home care containers and liquid oxygen ambulatory containers shall be kept in an upright or other approved position, secured from movement, and handled in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions, using the base, hand truck or other device or devices supplied for such purpose or other suitable device. Liquid oxygen ambulatory containers may be hand carried.
LPG containers shall not be stored, handled or used in any room in the dwelling unit or sleeping room in which liquid oxygen home care containers and liquid oxygen ambulatory containers are being stored or are in use.
Liquid oxygen home care containers and liquid oxygen ambulatory containers shall be filled in accordance with FC4003.5.
Smoking shall be prohibited in rooms or areas where liquid oxygen is in use.
Where required by the department, an approved sign shall be affixed to a lower quadrant of the public corridor side of the door, within 12 inches (305 mm) from the bottom of the door, indicating the presence of liquid oxygen home care containers within the dwelling unit or sleeping room.
Oxidizers classified as a Class IV material as defined in Section 42-272 of the Zoning Resolution may be utilized in manufacturing processes or other production in manufacturing districts only when authorized by a special permit pursuant to Section 42-276 of the Zoning Resolution.
It shall be unlawful to manufacture oxidizers classified as a Class IV material as defined in Section 42-272 of the Zoning Resolution.
It shall be unlawful to store oxidizers classified as a Class IV material as defined in Section 42-272 of the Zoning Resolution, except that accessory storage authorized by a special permit pursuant to Section 42-276 of the Zoning Resolution shall be allowed.
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