Copyright

Dedication

Effective Date of Local Laws

Chapter 1 Administration

Chapter 2 Definitions

Chapter 3 General Precautions Against Fire

Chapter 4 Emergency Planning and Preparedness

Chapter 5 Fire Operations Features

Chapter 6 Building Services and Systems

Chapter 7 Fire-Resistance-Rated Construction

Chapter 8 Interior Furnishings, Decorations and Scenery

Chapter 9 Fire Protection Systems

Chapter 10 Means of Egress

Chapter 11 Aviation Facilities and Operations

Chapter 12 Dry Cleaning

Chapter 13 Combustible Dust-Producing Operations

Chapter 14 Fire Safety During Construction, Alteration and Demolition

Chapter 15 Flammable Finishes

Chapter 16 Fruit and Crop Ripening

Chapter 17 Fumigation and Insecticidal Fogging

Chapter 18 Semiconductor Fabrication Facilities

Chapter 19 Lumber Yards and Wood Waste Materials

Chapter 20 Manufacture of Organic Coatings

Chapter 21 Industrial Furnaces

Chapter 22 Motor Fuel-Dispensing Facilities and Repair Garages

Chapter 23 High-Piled Combustible Storage

Chapter 24 Tents and Other Membrane Structures

Chapter 25 Tire Rebuilding and Tire Storage

Chapter 26 Welding and Other Hot Work

Chapter 27 HAZARDOUS MATERIALS—GENERAL PROVISIONS

Chapter 28 Aerosols

Chapter 29 Combustible Fibers

Chapter 30 Compressed Gases

Chapter 31 Corrosive Materials

Chapter 32 Cryogenic Fluids

Chapter 33 Explosives, Fireworks and Special Effects

Chapter 34 Flammable and Combustible Liquids

Chapter 35 Flammable Gases

Chapter 36 Flammable Solids

Chapter 37 Highly Toxic and Toxic Materials

Chapter 38 Liquefied Petroleum Gases

Chapter 39 Organic Peroxides

Chapter 40 Oxidizers, Oxidizing Gases and Oxidizing Cryogenic Fluids

Chapter 41 Pyrophoric Materials

Chapter 42 Pyroxylin Plastics

Chapter 43 Unstable (Reactive) Materials

Chapter 44 Water-Reactive Solids and Liquids

Chapter 45 Referenced Standards

Appendix A Fees

Appendix B Referenced Standard Modifications

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Unless otherwise expressly stated, the following terms shall, for the purposes of this code, have the meanings set forth in this chapter.
Words stated in the present tense include the future; words stated in the masculine gender include the feminine and neuter; the singular number includes the plural and the plural the singular.
Where terms are not defined in this code and are defined in the construction codes or Electrical Code, such terms shall have the meanings ascribed to them as in those codes. Any reference to any of the construction codes shall be deemed to include any related or other applicable provisions of any of the construction codes.
Where terms are not defined through the methods authorized by this section, such terms shall have the ordinarily accepted meanings as the context implies.
AEROSOL. See FC2802.1.

Level 1. See FC2802.1.

Level 2. See FC2802.1.

Level 3. See FC2802.1.

AEROSOL CONTAINER. See FC2802.1.

AEROSOL WAREHOUSE. See FC2802.1.

AIRBLAST. See FC3302.1.

AIRCRAFT LANDING SITE. See FC1102.1.

AIRCRAFT OPERATION AREA. See FC1102.1.

AIR-INFLATED STRUCTURE. See FC2402.1.

AIRPORT. See FC1102.1.

AIR-SUPPORTED STRUCTURE. See FC2402.1.

ALARM NOTIFICATION APPLIANCE. See FC902.1.

ALARM SIGNAL. See FC902.1.

ALCOHOL-BASED HAND RUB. See FC3402.1.

ALCOHOL-BLENDED MOTOR FUEL. See FC2202.1.

ALTERATION. Any addition to, or modification of, an existing installation or facility, other than any repair made in the ordinary course of maintenance.

AMMONIUM NITRATE. See FC3302.1.

ANNUNCIATOR. See FC902.1.

APPLICATION. An application submitted to the commissioner for a permit, certificate or other approval or determination issued or made by the commissioner pursuant to this code or other law, rule or regulation, including documents and oral representations submitted in connection with such application.

APPROVED. Acceptable to the commissioner.

ARRAY. See FC2302.1.

ARRAY, CLOSED. See FC2302.1.

ASPHALT MELTER. See FC302.1.

ASSEMBLY AREA. See FC402.1.

ASSISTANT BLASTER. See FC3302.1.

AUTOMATED RACK STORAGE. See FC2302.1.

AUTOMATIC. See FC902.1.

AUTOMOTIVE SALVAGE AND WRECKING FACILITY. See FC302.1.

AVIATION FACILITY. See FC1102.1.

BALED COTTON. See FC2902.1

BALED COTTON, DENSELY PACKED. See FC2902.1.

BARRICADE. See FC3302.1.

Artificial barricade. See FC3302.1.

Natural barricade. See FC3302.1.

BARRICADED. See FC3302.1.

BATTERY TYPES. See FC602.1.

Lithium-ion battery. See FC602.1.

Lithium metal polymer battery. See FC602.1.

Nickel cadmium (Ni-Cd) battery. See FC602.1.

Nonrecombinant battery. See FC602.1.

Recombinant battery. See FC602.1.

Stationary storage battery. See FC602.1.

Valve-regulated lead acid (VRLA) battery. See FC602.1.

Vented (Flooded) lead acid battery. See FC602.1.

BIN BOX. See FC2302.1.

BLAST AREA. See FC3302.1.

BLAST SITE. See FC3302.1.

BLASTER. See FC3302.1.

BLASTING AGENT. See FC3302.1.

BLASTING CONTRACTOR CERTIFICATE. See FC3302.1.

BLASTING CREW. See FC3302.1.

BLASTING OPERATION. See FC3302.1.

BOILING POINT. See FC2702.1.

BRITISH THERMAL UNIT (BTU). The heat necessary to raise the temperature of 1 pound (0.454 kg) of water by 1°F (0.5565°C).

BUILDING. An enclosed structure designed or occupied to house any use or occupancy.

BUILDING CODE. The 2008 New York City Building Code in effect on and after July 1, 2008, and as amended thereafter.

BUILDING OCCUPANTS. See FC402.1.

BULK NITROUS OXIDE SYSTEM. See FC4002.1.

BULK OXYGEN SYSTEM. See FC4002.1.

BULK PLANT OR TERMINAL. See FC3402.1.

BULK TRANSFER. See FC3402.1.

BULLET RESISTANT. See FC3302.1.

CARGO TANK. See FC2702.1.

CARTON. A cardboard or fiberboard box enclosing a product.

CEILING LIMIT. See FC2702.1.

CENTRAL STATION. See FC902.1.

CERTIFICATE OF APPROVAL. A written statement issued by the commissioner, certifying that an article, device or equipment, or type, class or kind thereof, has been examined, tested and approved for a specific purpose or use in conformity with the requirements of the construction codes, this code or the rules.

CERTIFICATE OF FITNESS. A written statement issued by the commissioner certifying that the person to whom it is issued has passed an examination as to his or her qualifications or is otherwise deemed qualified to perform one or more of the following duties, for which such certificate is required by this code or the rules: supervise a facility; conduct or supervise an operation; supervise the storage, handling and/or use of a material; or conduct or supervise emergency planning and preparedness activities.

CERTIFICATE OF LICENSE. A written statement issued by the commissioner authorizing the operation of a business to install, alter, test or repair liquid motor fuel storage and dispensing equipment and systems or flammable or combustible liquid storage systems, for which such certificate is required by this code or the rules.

CERTIFICATE OF OPERATION. See FC902.1.

CERTIFICATE OF QUALIFICATION. See FC602.1.

CERTIFIED ATTENDANT. See FC2202.1.

CHEMICAL. See FC2702.1.

CHEMICAL NAME. See FC2702.1.

CITYWIDE STANDARD KEY. See FC502.1.

CLEAN AGENT. See FC902.1.

CLOSED CONTAINER. See FC2702.1.

CLOSED SYSTEM. The use of any compressed gas, and the use of a solid or liquid hazardous material in equipment or a vessel or system that remains closed during normal operation, such that vapors emitted during the operation of such equipment, vessel, or system are not liberated outside of the equipment, vessel or system and the gas or hazardous material is not exposed to the atmosphere during such operation. Examples of closed systems include hazardous materials conveyed through a piping system into closed equipment or a closed vessel or system.

CNG. See FC2202.1.

CNG MOTOR FUEL SYSTEM. See FC2202.1.

COKE. See FC302.1.

COKE-FUELED SALAMANDER. See FC302.1.

COMBUSTIBLE DUST. See FC1302.1.

COMBUSTIBLE FIBERS. See FC2902.1.

COMBUSTIBLE LIQUID. See FC3402.1.

COMBUSTIBLE WASTE. Any substance, item or other organic or inorganic matter that presents a fire hazard and is a byproduct or residue of the construction, use or occupancy of any premises, or any activity conducted thereon, that has no economic value in connection with such use or occupancy. A combustible waste that has economic value in connection with the use and occupancy of such premises shall be deemed to be a combustible material.

COMMERCIAL COOKING APPLIANCES. See FC602.1.

COMMERCIAL COOKING EXHAUST SYSTEM SERVICING COMPANY CERTIFICATE. See FC902.1.

COMMERCIAL COOKING SYSTEM. See FC902.1.

COMMISSIONER. Fire Commissioner of the City of New York or his or her duly authorized representative.

COMMODITY. See FC2302.1.

COMPRESSED GAS. See FC3002.1.

Compressed gases in solution. See FC3002.1.

Compressed gas mixtures. See FC3002.1.

Liquefied compressed gases. See FC3002.1.

Nonliquefied compressed gases. See FC3002.1.

COMPRESSED GAS CONTAINER. See FC3002.1.

COMPRESSED GAS SYSTEM. See FC3002.1.

COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS ANALYSIS. See FC302.1.

CONIFER. See FC802.1.

CONSTRUCTION CODES. The 2008 New York City construction codes, consisting of the New York City Building, Fuel Gas, Mechanical and Plumbing Codes in effect on and after July 1, 2008, and as amended thereafter.

CONSTRUCTION SITE. See FC1402.1.

CONTAINER. See FC2702.1.

CONTAINMENT SYSTEM. See FC3702.1.

CONTAINMENT VESSEL. See FC3702.1.

CONTINUOUS GAS DETECTION SYSTEM. See FC1802.1.

CONTROL AREA. See FC2702.1.

CORROSIVE MATERIAL. See FC3102.1.

COVERED MALL. See FC402.1.

CRYOGENIC CONTAINER. See FC3202.1.

CRYOGENIC FLUID. See FC3202.1.

DANGER ZONE. See FC3302.1.

DECORATION. See FC802.1.

DEFLAGRATION. See FC2702.1.

DEPARTMENT. The Fire Department of the City of New York.

DEPARTMENT OF BUILDINGS. New York City Department of Buildings.

DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION. New York City Department of Environmental Protection.

DESIGN AND INSTALLATION DOCUMENTS. Plans and specifications, or other written, graphic and pictorial documents or submissions, setting forth the location, design, arrangement and physical characteristics of the device, equipment, system, operation or facility for which approval by the commissioner is sought.

DESIGN PRESSURE. See FC2702.1.

DETACHED BUILDING. See FC2702.1.

DETEARING. See FC1502.1.

DETONATING CORD. See FC3302.1.

DETONATION. See FC3302.1.

DETONATOR. See FC3302.1.

DIP TANK. See FC1502.1.

DISCHARGE AREA. See FC1102.1.

DISCHARGE SITE. See FC3302.1.

DISPENSING. See FC2702.1.

DISPENSING DEVICE, OVERHEAD TYPE. See FC2202.1.

DISPLAY SITE. See FC3302.1.

DOTn. United States Department of Transportation.

DOTy. United States Department of Treasury.

DRAFT CURTAIN. See FC2302.1.

DRY CLEANING. See FC1202.1.

DRY CLEANING FACILITY. See FC1202.1.

DRY CLEANING ROOM. See FC1202.1.

DRY CLEANING SYSTEM. See FC1202.1.

EARLY SUPPRESSION FAST-RESPONSE (ESFR) SPRINKLER. See FC2302.1.

ELECTRIC BARBECUE. See FC302.1.

ELECTRICAL CODE. The 2007 New York City Electrical Code in effect on July 1, 2008, and as amended thereafter.

ELECTROSTATIC FLUIDIZED BED. See FC1502.1.

EMERGENCY ALARM SYSTEM. See FC902.1.

EMERGENCY CONTROL STATION. See FC1802.1.

EMERGENCY ESCAPE AND RESCUE OPENING. See FC1002.1.

EMERGENCY SHELTER. See FC402.1.

EMERGENCY SHUTOFF VALVE. A valve designed to shut off the flow of gases or liquids.

EMERGENCY SHUTOFF VALVE, AUTOMATIC. A fail-safe self-closing valve designed to shut off the flow of liquids or gases upon activation of the valve's control system by automatic means.

EMERGENCY SHUTOFF VALVE, MANUAL. A manually operated valve designed to shut off the flow of liquids or gases.

EVACUATION. See FC402.1.

EXCESS FLOW CONTROL. See FC2702.1.

EXCESS FLOW VALVE. See FC3702.1.

EXHAUSTED ENCLOSURE. See FC2702.1.

EXIT. See FC1002.1.

EXIT ACCESS. See FC1002.1.

EXIT DISCHARGE. See FC1002.1.

EXIT DISCHARGE, LEVEL OF. See FC1002.1.

EXPANDED PLASTIC. See FC2302.1.

EXPLOSION. See FC2702.1.

EXPLOSIVE. See FC3302.1.

High Explosive. See FC3302.1.

Low Explosive. See FC3302.1.

Mass-detonating Explosives. See FC3302.1.

UN/DOTn Class 1 Explosives. See FC3302.1.

EXTERNAL LOAD. See FC1102.1.

EXTRA-HIGH-RACK COMBUSTIBLE STORAGE. See FC2302.1.

FABRICATION AREA. See FC1802.1.

FACILITY. Any premises subject to a design or installation requirement of this code, or at, in or upon which a material regulated by this code is manufactured, stored, handled, used or transported, or an operation regulated by this code is conducted.

FAIL-SAFE. A feature of the design of a device, equipment or system that automatically counteracts the effect of an anticipated possible source of failure, or prevents or mitigates a hazardous condition by automatically compensating for a failure or malfunction of the device, equipment or system.

FALLOUT AREA. See FC3302.1.

FEP. See FC402.1.

FEP STAFF. See FC402.1.

FINISHED PYROXYLIN PLASTIC PRODUCTS. See FC4202.1.

FIRE. A rapid, persistent chemical reaction that releases heat and light, especially the burning of a combustible substance in the presence of oxygen. For purposes of this code, a flame used in any lawful, properly operating device, equipment or system or other controlled setting shall not be considered a fire.

FIRE ALARM BOX, MANUAL. See FC902.1.

FIRE ALARM SIGNAL. See FC902.1.

FIRE ALARM SYSTEM. See FC902.1.

FIRE APPARATUS ACCESS ROAD. See FC502.1.

FIRE AREA. The aggregate floor area enclosed and bounded by fire walls, fire barriers, exterior walls and/or horizontal assemblies of a building. Areas of the building not provided with surrounding walls shall be included in the fire area if such areas are included within the horizontal projection of the roof or floor next above.

FIRE COMMAND CENTER. The principal attended or unattended location where the status of the detection, alarm communications and control systems is displayed, and from which the system(s) can be manually controlled.

FIRE DEPARTMENT STANDARD KEY. See FC502.1.

FIRE DETECTOR, AUTOMATIC. See FC902.1.

FIRE DOOR ASSEMBLY. Any combination of a fire door, frame, hardware, and other components.

FIRE DRILL. See FC402.1.

FIRE EXTINGUISHING SYSTEM. See FC902.1.

FIRE GUARD. A person holding a certificate of fitness for such purpose, who is trained in and responsible for maintaining a fire watch.

FIRE LANE. See FC502.1.

FIRE PARTITION. A vertical assembly of materials designed to restrict the spread of fire.

FIRE POINT. See FC3402.1.

FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEM. See FC902.1.

FIRE-RETARDANT COATING. See FC802.1.

FIRE WATCH. A temporary measure intended to ensure continuous and systematic surveillance of a building or portion thereof by one or more qualified individuals for the purposes of identifying and controlling fire hazards, including detecting early signs of fire, raising an alarm of fire, notifying the department, and performing such other fire safety duties as may be prescribed by the commissioner.

FIREWORKS. See FC3302.1.

Fireworks, 1.3G. See FC3302.1.

Fireworks, 1.4G. See FC3302.1.

FIREWORKS CONTRACTOR CERTIFICATE. See FC3302.1.

FIREWORKS DISPLAY. See FC3302.1.

FLAME-RESISTANT MATERIAL. See FC802.1.

FLAME-RETARDANT TREATMENT. See FC802.1.

FLAME SPREAD. See FC802.1.

FLAMMABLE AND COMBUSTIBLE LIQUID STORAGE SYSTEM. See FC3402.1.

FLAMMABLE CRYOGENIC FLUID. See FC3202.1.

FLAMMABLE FINISHES. See FC1502.1.

FLAMMABLE GAS. See FC3502.1.

FLAMMABLE LIQUEFIED GAS. See FC3502.1.

FLAMMABLE LIQUID. See FC3402.1.

FLAMMABLE LIQUID MOTOR FUEL. See FC2202.1.

FLAMMABLE MATERIAL. A material capable of being readily ignited from common sources of heat or at a temperature of 600°F (316°C) or less.

FLAMMABLE SOLID. See FC3602.1.

FLAMMABLE VAPOR AREA. See FC1502.1.

FLAMMABLE VAPORS OR FUMES. See FC2702.1.

FLASH POINT. See FC3402.1.

FLEET MOTOR FUEL-DISPENSING FACILITY. See FC2202.

FLOAT. See FC302.1.

FLOOR FINISHING OPERATION. See FC1502.1.

FLS. See FC402.1.

FLS STAFF. See FC402.1

FLUIDIZED BED. See FC1502.1.

FRONTAGE SPACE. See FC502.1.

FUEL GAS CODE. The 2008 New York City Fuel Gas Code in effect on July 1, 2008, and as amended thereafter.

FULL-SERVICE MOTOR FUEL-DISPENSING FACILITY. See FC2202.

FUME CLASS 1. See FC3302.1.

FUMIGANT. See FC1702.1.

FUMIGATION. See FC1702.1.

FUMIGATION AND INSECTICIDAL FOGGING OPERATION COMPANY CERTIFICATE. See FC1702.1.

FURNACE. See FC2102.1.

CLASS A. See FC2102.1.

CLASS B. See FC2102.1.

CLASS C. See FC2102.1.

CLASS D. See FC2102.1.

FURNISHING. See FC802.1.

GAS CABINET. See FC2702.1.

GAS ROOM. See FC2702.1.

GENERAL SUPERVISION. Except as otherwise provided in this code, supervision by the holder of any department certificate who is responsible for performing the duties set forth in FC113.2 but need not be personally present on the premises at all times.

HANDLING. See FC2702.1.

HAZARDOUS MATERIALS. See FC2702.1.

HAZARDOUS PRODUCTION MATERIAL (HPM). See FC1802.1.

HEALTH HAZARD. See FC2702.1.

HELICOPTER LIFT OPERATION. See FC1102.1.

HELIPORT. See FC1102.1.

HELISTOP. See FC1102.1.

HI-BOY. See FC302.1.

HIGH-PILED COMBUSTIBLE STORAGE. See FC2302.1.

HIGH-PILED STORAGE AREA. See FC2302.1.

HIGH-RISE BUILDING. See FC402.1.

HIGH-RISE FLOOR. See FC402.1.

HIGH-VOLTAGE TRANSMISSION LINE. See FC302.1.

HIGHLY TOXIC MATERIAL. See FC3702.1.

HIGHWAY. See FC3302.1.

HOOD. See FC602.1.

Type I. See FC602.1.

HOT AIR BALLOON OPERATION. See FC1102.1.

HOT WORK. See FC2602.1.

HOT WORK AREA. See FC2602.1.

HOT WORK EQUIPMENT. See FC2602.1.

HOT WORK PROGRAM. See FC2602.1.

HOT WORK PROGRAM AUTHORIZATIONS. See FC2602.1.

HPM FLAMMABLE LIQUID. See FC1802.1.

HPM ROOM. See FC1802.1.

HYDRANT-FUELING VEHICLE. See FC1102.1.

IMMEDIATELY DANGEROUS TO LIFE AND HEALTH (IDLH). See FC2702.1.

IMPAIRMENT COORDINATOR. See FC902.1.

IN-BUILDING RELOCATION. See FC402.1.

IN-BUILDING RELOCATION AREA. See FC402.1.

INCOMPATIBLE MATERIALS. See FC2702.1.

INERT GAS. Argon, helium, krypton, neon, nitrogen, xenon or other gas that does not react with other materials under atmospheric pressures and other conditions ordinarily encountered in common use.

INHABITED BUILDING. See FC3302.1.

INITIATING DEVICE. See FC902.1.

INSECTICIDAL FOGGING. See FC1702.1.

INTERIOR FINISH. See FC802.1.

IRRITANT. A material which is not corrosive, but which causes a reversible inflammatory effect on living tissue by chemical action at the site of contact. A material shall be classified a skin irritant if, when tested in accordance with the regulations of the United States Consumer Product Safety Commission, as set forth in 16 CFR Section 1500.41, it results in an empirical score of 5 or more. A material shall be classified as an eye irritant in accordance with the regulations of the United States Consumer Product Safety Commission, as set forth in 16 CFR Section 1500.42.

JOB SITE. See FC3302.1.

KEY BOX. See FC502.1.

LABELED. A listed material, device, equipment or system to which has been attached a label, symbol or other identifying mark of a nationally recognized testing laboratory or other approved organization, and whose labeling indicates compliance with nationally recognized standards and designates suitable usage.

LABORATORY CHEMICAL. See FC2702.1.

LABORATORY UNIT. See FC2702.1.

LARGE-AREA BUILDING. See FC402.1.

LIMITED-SPRAYING SPACE. See FC1502.1.

LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS (LNG). See FC2202.1.

LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS (LPG). See FC3802.1.

LIQUID. See FC2702.1.

LIQUID MOTOR FUEL. See FC2202.1.

LIQUID MOTOR FUEL STORAGE AND DISPENSING SYSTEM. See FC2202.1.

LIQUID OXYGEN AMBULATORY CONTAINER. See FC4002.1.

LIQUID OXYGEN HOME CARE CONTAINER. See FC4002.1.

LIQUID STORAGE ROOM. See FC3402.1.

LIQUID STORAGE WAREHOUSE. See FC3402.1.

LIQUID-TIGHT CONSTRUCTION. Construction designed to prevent a liquid manufactured, stored, handled or used in a room or other area from escaping from such room or other area by means of penetration through a surface.

LISTED. A material, device, equipment or system included on a list published by a nationally recognized testing laboratory or other approved organization performing product evaluations that maintains periodic inspection of production of such listed material, device, equipment or system, and whose listing indicates compliance with nationally recognized standards and designates suitable usage.

LOADER. See FC3302.1.

LONGITUDINAL FLUE SPACE. See FC2302.1.

LOW-PRESSURE CONTAINER. See FC3202.1.

LOWER EXPLOSIVE LIMIT (LEL). See FC2702.1.

LOWER FLAMMABLE LIMIT (LFL). See FC2702.1.

MAGAZINE. See FC3302.1.

MAGAZINE KEEPER. See FC3302.1.

MANUAL STOCKING METHODS. See FC2302.1.

MARINA. See FC302.1.

MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET (MSDS). See FC2702.1.

MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE QUANTITY PER CONTROL AREA. See FC2702.1.

MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE WORKING PRESSURE (MAWP). See FC3202.1.

MEANS OF EGRESS. See FC1002.1.

MECHANICAL CODE. The 2008 New York City Mechanical Code in effect on July 1, 2008, and as amended thereafter.

MECHANICAL STOCKING METHODS. See FC2302.1.

MEMBRANE STRUCTURE. See FC2402.1.

METAL HYDRIDE. See FC3502.1.

METAL HYDRIDE HYDROGEN STORAGE SYSTEM. See FC3502.1.

MICROTURBINE. See FC3502.1.

MINIMUM SECURED RADIUS. See FC3302.1.

MIXED-OCCUPANCY BUILDING. See FC402.1.

MORTAR. See FC3302.1.

MOTOR VEHICLE. See FC2202.1.

MUCKING. See FC3302.1.

MULTI-FLOOR DWELLING UNIT. See FC502.1.

MULTIPLE-STATION ALARM DEVICE. See FC902.1.

NATURAL DECORATIVE GREEN. See FC802.1.

NATURAL GAS. A mixture of hydrocarbon gases and vapors, consisting principally of methane in gaseous form.

NATURAL TREE. See FC802.1.

NESTING. See Section 3002.1.

NET EXPLOSIVE WEIGHT (net weight). See FC3302.1.

NON-FIRE EMERGENCY. See FC402.1.

NON-FIRE EMERGENCY DRILL. See FC402.1.

NON-PRODUCTION LABORATORY. See FC2702.1.

NORMAL TEMPERATURE AND PRESSURE (NTP). See FC2702.1.

OCCUPANCY. The purpose or activity for which a building or space is used or designed to be used. References to occupancy classification shall be deemed to include the equivalent occupancy classifications under the 1968 Building Code and all prior Building Codes or other applicable laws, rules and regulations. The occupancy classifications used in this code are defined as follows:

Group A. An assembly occupancy, including Groups A-1, A-2, A-3, A-4 and A-5, as defined in Section 303 of the Building Code.

Group B. A business occupancy, as defined in Section 304 of the Building Code.

Group E. An educational occupancy, as defined in Section 305 of the Building Code.

Group F. A factory and industrial occupancy, including Groups F-1 and F-2, as defined in Section 306 of the Building Code.

Group H. A high-hazard occupancy, including H-1, H-2, H-3, H-4 and H-5, as defined in Section 307 of the Building Code.

Group I. An institutional occupancy, including Groups I-1, I-2, I-3 and I-4, as defined in Section 308 of the Building Code.

Group M. A mercantile occupancy, as defined in Section 309 of the Building Code.

Group R. A residential occupancy, including Groups R-1, R-2 and R-3, as defined in Section 310 of the Building Code.

Group S. A storage occupancy, including Groups S-1 and S-2, as defined in Section 311 of the Building Code.

Group U. A utility and miscellaneous occupancy, as defined in Section 312 of the Building Code.

OFFICE BUILDING. See FC402.1.

OPEN FIRES. See FC302.1.

OPEN FLAME. See FC302.1.

OPEN-FLAME DEVICE. See FC302.1.

OPEN SYSTEM. The use of a solid or liquid hazardous material in equipment or a vessel, or system that remains open during normal operation, such that vapors are emitted during the operation of such equipment, vessel or system and the material is exposed to the atmosphere during such operation. Examples of open systems for solids and liquids include dispensing from or into open beakers or containers, dip tank and plating tank operations.

OPERATING PRESSURE. The pressure at which a device, equipment or system operates.

ORGANIC COATING. See FC2002.1.

ORGANIC PEROXIDE. See FC3902.1.

Class I. See FC3902.1.

Class II. See FC3902.1.

Class III. See FC3902.1.

Class IV. See FC3902.1.

Class V. See FC3902.1.

Unclassified detonable. See FC3902.1.

OUTDOOR CONTROL AREA. See FC2702.1.

OUT-OF-SERVICE SYSTEM. See FC902.1.

OVERCROWDING. A condition that exists when: (1) the number of occupants present in any premises or part thereof exceeds (a) the maximum number of occupants specified for such premises or part thereof by the certificate of occupancy or other authorization issued by the Department of Buildings; or (b) in the absence of such certificate or authorization, the maximum number of occupants established by using the applicable occupant-area allowances set forth in Section 1004.1 of the Building Code; or (c) with respect to a rooftop place of assembly or place of public gathering, the number of occupants present in any such place exceeds one person per 10 square feet (0.929 m2) of the rooftop area to be used for such purpose; or (2) the commissioner determines that a threat exists to the safety of the occupants of any premises or part thereof by reason of the number of persons on the premises and/or the presence of persons sitting and/or standing in locations that may obstruct or impede access to means of egress, including obstructing or impeding access to aisles, passages, corridors, stairways or exits.

OWNER. The owner of the freehold of any real property (as defined in section two of the Real Property Law), or of a lesser estate therein, a mortgagee or vendee in possession, assignee of rents, receiver, executor, trustee, lessee, agent, or any other person, firm or corporation, directly or indirectly in control of real property. Any reference in this code to the owner of any building, structure or premises shall be deemed to designate collectively any and all of the foregoing, including, but not limited to, the owner of the freehold or lesser estate therein and a managing agent designated by such owner pursuant to Section 27-2098 of the New York City Administrative Code.

OXIDIZER. See FC4002.1.

Class 1. See FC4002.1.

Class 2. See FC4002.1.

Class 3. See FC4002.1.

Class 4. See FC4002.1.

OXIDIZING CRYOGENIC FLUID. See FC4002.1.

OXIDIZING GAS. See FC4002.1.

OZONE GAS GENERATOR. See FC3702.1.

PASS-THROUGH. See FC1802.1.

PERMISSIBLE EXPOSURE LIMIT (PEL). See FC2702.1.

PERMIT. A written statement issued by the commissioner authorizing the manufacture, storage, handling, use or transportation of a hazardous material, or other material, or to conduct an operation or to maintain a facility, for which a permit is required by this code.

PERSONAL SUPERVISION. Except as otherwise provided in this code, supervision by the holder of any department certificate who is required to be personally present on the premises, or other proximate location acceptable to the department, while performing the duties for which the certificate is required.

PESTICIDE. See FC2702.1.

PIER. See FC302.1.

PIPED NATURAL GAS. Natural gas supplied by means of piping connected to a distribution system operated by a public utility.

PLUMBER. A licensed master plumber, as that term is defined by the Building Code, or a person working under the direct and continuing supervision of a licensed master plumber, as authorized by said code.

PLUMBING CODE. The 2008 New York City Plumbing Code in effect on July 1, 2008, and as amended thereafter.

PORTABLE COOKING EQUIPMENT. See FC902.1.

PORTABLE FIRE EXTINGUISHER SALES COMPANY CERTIFICATE. See FC902.1.

PORTABLE FIRE EXTINGUISHER SERVICING COMPANY CERTIFICATE. See FC902.1.

PORTABLE FUELED EQUIPMENT. See FC302.1.

PORTABLE SPACE HEATER. See FC302.1.

POWERED INDUSTRIAL EQUIPMENT. See FC302.1.

POWERED INDUSTRIAL TRUCK. See FC302.1.

PREMISES. Any real property, including buildings and structures thereon, or any part thereof.

PRESIGNAL SYSTEM. See FC902.1.

PRESSURE VESSEL. See FC2702.1.

PRIMARY CONTAINMENT. The first level of containment, consisting of the inside portion of that container which comes into immediate contact on its inner surface with the material being contained.

PRIMER. See FC3302.1.

PRIVATE ROAD. See FC502.1.

PRIVATE STREET. See FC502.1.

PROCESS TRANSFER. See FC3402.1.

PROCESSING VESSEL. See FC3402.1.

PROPELLANT. See FC2802.1.

PROTECTED EXPOSURE. See FC3302.1.

PROTECTED PREMISES. See FC902.1.

PROXIMATE AUDIENCE. See FC3302.1.

PUBLIC STREET. See FC502.1.

PYROPHORIC MATERIAL. See FC4102.1.

PYROTECHNIC ARTICLE OR DEVICE. See FC3302.1.

PYROTECHNIC MATERIAL. See FC3302.1.

PYROTECHNIC SUPPLIER CERTIFICATE. See FC3302.1.

PYROXYLIN PLASTIC. See FC4202.1.

RACK STORAGE. See FC2302.1.

RAILWAY. See FC3302.1.

RAW PYROXYLIN PLASTIC. See FC4202.1.

READY BOX. See FC3302.1.

REDUCED FLOW VALVE. See FC3702.1.

REFINERY. See FC3402.1.

REFRIGERANT. See FC602.1.

REFRIGERATING SYSTEM. See FC602.1.

REGISTERED DESIGN PROFESSIONAL. An architect registered to practice the profession of architecture, or an engineer licensed to practice the profession of engineering, as set forth in the laws, rules and regulations of the State of New York.

REGULAR BUSINESS HOURS. See FC402.1.

REMOTE SOLVENT RESERVOIR. See FC3402.1.

REPAIR GARAGE. See FC2202.1.

RESIN APPLICATION AREA. See FC1502.1.

RESPONSIBLE PERSON. See FC2602.1.

RETAIL DISPLAY AREA. See FC2802.1.

ROLL COATING. See FC1502.1.

RUBBISH. Combustible and noncombustible waste materials, including dust, dirt, ashes, rags, paper, cartons, cans, plastic and glass containers, and discarded appliances.

RULES. Rules of the commissioner, promulgated pursuant to the authority granted by the New York City Charter, this code, or other law, rule or regulation.

SAFETY CAN. See FC2702.1.

SCENERY. See FC802.1.

SEAPLANE BASE. See FC1102.1.

SECONDARY CONTAINMENT. See FC2702.1.

SEED COTTON. See FC2902.1.

SELF-SERVICE MOTOR FUEL-DISPENSING FACILITY. See FC2202.

SEMICONDUCTOR FABRICATION FACILITY. See FC1802.1.

SEPARATION DISTANCE. See FC3302.1.

SERVICE CORRIDOR. See FC1802.1.

SHELF STORAGE. See FC2302.1.

SHELTER IN PLACE. See FC402.1.

SINGLE-STATION SMOKE ALARM. See FC902.1.

SMALL ARMS AMMUNITION. See FC3302.1.

SMALL ARMS AMMUNITION PRIMERS. See FC3302.1.

SMOKE ALARM. See FC902.1.

SMOKE DETECTOR. See FC902.1.

SMOKE DETECTOR MAINTENANCE COMPANY CERTIFICATE. See FC902.1.

SMOKELESS PROPELLANTS. See FC3302.1.

SOLID. See FC2702.1.

SOLID SHELVING. See FC2302.1.

SOLVENT DISTILLATION UNIT. See FC3402.1.

SPECIAL AMUSEMENT BUILDING. A building that is temporary, permanent or mobile that contains a device or system that conveys passengers or provides a walkway along, around or over a course in any direction as a form of amusement arranged so that the egress path is not readily apparent due to visual or audio distractions or an intentionally confounded egress path, or is not readily available because of the mode of conveyance through the building or structure.

SPECIAL EFFECT. See FC3302.1.

SPECIAL INDUSTRIAL EXPLOSIVE DEVICE. See FC3302.1.

SPEED BUMP. See FC502.1.

SPONSOR. See FC3302.1.

SPRAY BOOTH. See FC1502.1.

SPRAY ROOM. See FC1502.1.

SPRAYING SPACE. See FC1502.1.

SPRINKLER SYSTEM. See FC902.1.

STAGING AREA. See FC1102.1.

STANDARD CUBIC FEET (SCF). See FC2702.1.

STANDPIPE, MULTI-ZONE. See FC902.1.

STANDPIPE SYSTEM. See FC902.1.

STEEL. Hot- or cold-rolled as defined by the Building Code.

STRUCTURE. Any construction on, above or below real property, including buildings, enclosures, sheds and tents.

SUPERVISORY SIGNAL. See FC902.1.

SUPERVISORY SIGNAL-INITIATING DEVICE. See FC902.1.

SYSTEM. See FC2702.1.

TANK. A vessel containing more than 60 gallons (227 L).

TANK, ATMOSPHERIC. See FC2702.1.

TANK, PORTABLE. See FC2702.1.

TANK, PRIMARY. See FC3402.1.

TANK, PROTECTED ABOVEGROUND. An atmospheric aboveground tank listed in accordance with UL 2085, including the design requirements of integral secondary containment, protection from physical damage, and an insulation system designed to reduce the heat transferred to the primary tank when the tank is exposed to a high-intensity liquid pool fire.

TANK, STATIONARY. See FC2702.1.

TAR KETTLE. See FC302.1.

TENT. See FC2402.1.

THEFT RESISTANT. See FC3302.1.

TNT EQUIVALENT. See FC3302.1.

TOOL. See FC1802.1.

TORCH-APPLIED ROOF SYSTEM. See FC2602.1.

TOXIC MATERIAL. See FC3702.1.

TRANSVERSE FLUE SPACE. See FC2302.1.

TROUBLE SIGNAL. See FC902.1.

TUBE TRAILER. See FC3002.1.

UNNECESSARY ALARM. See FC902.1.

UNSTABLE (REACTIVE) MATERIAL. See FC4302.1.

Class 1. See FC4302.1.

Class 2. See FC4302.1.

Class 3. See FC4302.1.

Class 4. See FC4302.1.

UNWARRANTED ALARM. See FC902.1.

VAPOR PRESSURE. See FC2702.1.

VENDOR. See FC3302.1.

VESSEL. See FC302.1.

VIEWING AREA. See FC3302.1.

VOICE COMMUNICATION CAPABILITY. See FC402.1.

WATER-REACTIVE MATERIAL. See FC4402.1.

Class 1. See FC4402.1.

Class 2. See FC4402.1.

Class 3. See FC4402.1.

WHARF. See FC302.1.

WORKSTATION. See FC1802.1.

ZONING RESOLUTION. The New York City Zoning Resolution.
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