Copyright

Preface

Dedications

Acknowledgements

Chapter 1 Administration

Chapter 2 Definitions

Chapter 3 Use and Occupancy Classification

Chapter 4 Special Detailed Requirements Based on Use and Occupancy

Chapter 5 General Building Heights and Areas; Separation of Occupancies

Chapter 6 Types of Construction

Chapter 7 Fire and Smoke Protection Features

Chapter 8 Interior Finishes

Chapter 9 Fire Protection Systems

Chapter 10 Means of Egress

Chapter 11 Accessibility

Chapter 12 Interior Environment

Chapter 13 Energy Efficiency

Chapter 14 Exterior Walls

Chapter 15 Roof Assemblies and Rooftop Structures

Chapter 16 Structural Design

Chapter 17 Structural Tests and Special Inspections

Chapter 18 Soils and Foundations

Chapter 19 Concrete

Chapter 20 Aluminum

Chapter 21 Masonry

Chapter 22 Steel

Chapter 23 Wood

Chapter 24 Glass and Glazing

Chapter 25 Gypsum Board and Plaster

Chapter 26 Plastic

Chapter 27 Electrical

Chapter 28 Mechanical Systems

Chapter 29 Plumbing Systems

Chapter 30 Elevators and Conveying Systems

Chapter 31 Special Construction

Chapter 32 Encroachments Into the Public Right-Of-Way

Chapter 33 Safeguards During Construction or Demolition

Chapter 34 Reserved

Chapter 35 Referenced Standards

Appendix A Reserved

Appendix B Reserved

Appendix C Reserved

Appendix D Fire Districts

Appendix E Supplementary Accessibility Requirements

Appendix F Rodentproofing

Appendix G Flood-Resistant Construction

Appendix H Outdoor Signs

Appendix I Reserved

Appendix J Reserved

Appendix K Modified Industry Standards for Elevators and Conveying Systems

Appendix L Reserved

Appendix M Supplementary Requirements for One- And Two-Family Dwellings

Appendix N Assistive Listening Systems Performance Standards

Appendix O Reserved

Appendix P Type B+nyc Unit Toilet and Bathing Rooms Requirements

Appendix Q Modified National Standards for Automatic Sprinkler, Standpipe, Fire Pump and Fire Alarm Systems

Appendix R Acoustical Tile and Lay-In Panelceiling Suspension Systems

Appendix S Supplementary Figures for Luminous Egress Path Markings

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The provisions of this chapter shall govern the encroachment of structures into the public right-of-way.
All encroachments permitted beyond the street line by the provisions of this chapter shall be constructed so that they may be removed at any time without endangering the structural safety or fire safety of the building except that footings as permitted under Section 3202.1.1 of this code need not be removable.
The projection of any structure or portion thereof shall be the distance measured horizontally from the lot line to the outermost point of the projection.
The provisions of this chapter shall not be construed to permit the violation of other laws regulating the use and occupancy of public property.
Not withstanding the provisions of this chapter, it shall be unlawful to build, erect, or make areaways, steps or other encroachments or projections prohibited by Sections 19-131, 19-132, 19-135, 18-109, 18-112 and 18-113 of the Administrative Code.
Drainage water collected from a roof, awning, canopy or marquee, other than canvas and flexible material, and condensate from mechanical equipment shall not flow over a public walking surface.
Any permission, expressed or implied, permitting the construction of encroachments within the area of the street under the provisions of this chapter shall be revocable, except footings as permitted under Section 3202.1.1.
Any part of a building that projects beyond a street line on January 1, 1938, may be maintained as constructed until its removal is directed in accordance with applicable law.
Alterations to existing encroachments beyond the street line may be permitted in whole or in part, provided that such alterations conform with the requirements of this chapter.
As used in this chapter, the following terms shall have the following meanings:

AREAWAY. A space below grade adjacent to a building open to the outer air and enclosed by walls.

CURB LINE. The line coincident with the face of the street curb adjacent to the roadway.

FOOTING. A foundation element consisting of an enlargement of a foundation pier or foundation wall, wherein the soil materials along the side of and underlying the element may be visually inspected prior to and during its construction.

PROJECTING SIGN. A sign other than a wall sign, which projects from and is supported by a wall of a building or structure.

SIGN. Any letter, figure, character, mark, plane, point, marquee sign, design, poster, pictorial, picture, stroke, stripe, line, trademark, reading matter or illuminated service, which shall be constructed, placed, attached, painted, erected, fastened or manufactured in any manner whatsoever, so that the same shall be used for the attraction of the public to anyplace, subject, person, firm, corporation, public performance, article, machine or merchandise, whatsoever, which is displayed in any manner outdoors. Every sign shall be classified and conform to the requirements of that classification as set forth in this chapter.

STREET. A thoroughfare, including sidewalks and roadways, dedicated or devoted to public use by legal mapping or other lawful means, or a public way.

STREET LINE. A lot line separating a street from other land.

VAULT. Any space below the surface of a street, that is covered over, except those openings that are used exclusively as places for descending, by means of steps, to the cellar or basement of any building.
Any encroachment into the public right-of-way that exceeds the limitation provided for in this chapter shall require the approval of the Department of Transportation.
Encroachments below grade shall comply with Sections 3202.1.1 through 3202.1.4.
Exterior wall and column footings may be constructed to project beyond the street line not more than 12 inches (305 mm), provided that the top of the footing is not less than 8 feet (2438 mm) below the ground or sidewalk level. Foundation walls required to support permitted projections may be constructed to project not more than the permitted projection beyond the street line.
In areas of special flood hazard or shaded X-Zones, continuous footings for the support and attachment of temporary, removable dry floodproofing barriers or shields may be constructed to project beyond the street line not more than 12 inches (305 mm) both at grade and below grade.
Vaults may be permitted in accordance with the New York City Charter and Chapter 19 of the Administrative Code. Such vaults shall comply with the provisions of this code and other applicable laws and rules.
Areaways shall be protected by grates, guards or other approved means, subject to approval by the Commissioner of the Department of Transportation.
Tunnels connecting buildings and projecting beyond street lines may be constructed subject to the approval of the Commissioner of the Department of Transportation. Such tunnels shall comply with the provisions of this code and other applicable laws and regulations.
Exterior foundation walls are permitted to be constructed with a ledge that projects beyond the street line not more than 4 inches (102 mm) to support sidewalk construction, provided that:

1. the top of the ledge is not more than 8 inches (203 mm) below the ground or sidewalk level; and

2. bottom of the ledge is not more than 24 inches (610 mm) below the ground or sidewalk level.
Encroachments into the public right-of-way above grade shall be prohibited except as provided for in Sections 3202.2.1 through 3202.2.3.
Encroachments that are subject to area limitations are those elements listed in Sections 3202.2.1.1 through 3202.2.1.9, generally of an architectural character, that form an integral part of the building facade. The aggregate area of all such elements constructed to extend beyond the street line shall not exceed 10 square feet (0.93 m2) within any 10 feet (3048 mm) by 10 feet (3048 mm) square area of wall, except that a veneer may be applied to the entire facade of a building erected before December 6, 1968, if such veneer does not project more than 4 inches (102 mm) beyond the street line. The area of any such projection shall be measured at that vertical plane, parallel to the wall, in which the area of the projection is greatest. This plane of measurement may be at the street line, the line of maximum projection or any point in between. For the purpose of measuring the projected area of a balcony, air spaces of less than 6 inches (152 mm) between closely spaced railing or guards elements shall contribute to the area of the projection.

Exception: The aggregate area of all elements subject to area limitations that includes a balcony or associated railings and brackets shall not exceed 24 square feet (2.2 m2) in any 240 square foot (22.3 m2) area on a given story.
Entrance details, including steps and doors when fully open, may be constructed to project beyond the street line not more than 18 inches (457 mm). Entrance steps that project beyond the street line shall be guarded at each end by railings at least 3 feet (914 mm) high or by other members of the entrance detail providing equivalent protection.
Details such as cornices, eaves, bases, sills, headers, band course, opening frames, rustications, applied ornament or sculpture, grilles, windows when fully open, air conditioning units, and other similar elements may be constructed:

1. To project not more than 4 inches (102 mm) beyond the street line when less than 10 feet (3048 mm) above the ground or sidewalk level.

2. To project not more than 10 inches (254 mm) beyond the street line when more than 10 feet (3048 mm) above the ground or sidewalk level.

Exceptions:

1. Replacement or restoration of historical architectural details that are, or were, located more than 10 feet (3048 mm) above the sidewalk and that project more than 10 inches (254 mm), on existing buildings or structures designated by the Landmarks Preservation Commission, may be permitted provided they do not exceed the historic projections and provided that they are approved by the Landmarks Preservation Commission.

2. New architectural details on new or existing buildings, additions or structures subject to the jurisdiction of the Landmarks Preservation Commission, that are more than 10 feet (3048 mm) above the sidewalk and that project more than 10 inches (254 mm) and no more than 3 feet (914 mm), may be permitted provided that the Landmarks Preservation Commission finds that the proposed detail is appropriate to the historic character of the historic district or landmarked building, structure or site.
Balconies, including railings and supporting brackets, no parts of which are less than 10 feet (3048 mm) above the ground or sidewalk level, may be constructed to project not more than 2 feet 6 inches (762 mm) beyond the street line. When permitted by the provisions of this code, fire escapes that are part of a required exit may be constructed to project not more than 4 feet 6 inches (1372 mm) beyond the street line provided no part, including any movable ladder or stair, is lower than 10 feet (3048 mm) above the ground or sidewalk level when not in use.
Marquees may be constructed to project beyond the street line provided that they comply with Section 3106 and Sections 3202.2.1.4.1 through 3202.2.1.4.5.
Marquees shall receive structural support only from the building and shall be at least 10 feet (3048 mm) above the ground level or sidewalk.
Marquees shall project no closer to the curb line than 2 feet (610 mm).
Marquees shall be no thicker nor shall the fascia be higher than 3 feet (914 mm) when measured vertically from its lowest to its highest point.
Dimensions shall include all decoration but shall exclude any tension supports suspending the marquee from the wall.
Marquees may be erected on:

1. Buildings of an essentially public nature, including but not limited to the following:

1.1. Public buildings, including schools.

1.2. Theatres.

1.3. Hotels.

1.4. Terminals.

1.5. Large department stores.

1.6. Supermarkets.

1.7. Multiple dwellings.

1.8. Office buildings

2. Warehouses or markets in one of the following established market areas:

2.1. Bronx.

2.1.1. Edgewater Road and Halleck Street between Lafayette Avenue and East Bay Avenue.

2.1.2. Lafayette Avenue between Edgewater Road and the Bronx River.

2.1.3. East Bay Avenue between Halleck Street and the Bronx River.

2.1.4. Hunt’s Point Avenue between East Bay Avenue and the Bronx River.

2.1.5. Exterior Street between East 149th Street and East 157th Street.

2.1.6. Cromwell Avenue between East 150th Street and East 153rd‡ Street.

2.1.7. East 150th Street between Exterior Street and River Avenue.

2.1.8. Westchester Avenue between St. Ann’s Avenue and Bergen Avenue.

2.1.9. Brook Avenue between East 150th Street and East 156th Street.

2.1.10. Bergen Avenue between East 149th Street and East 156th Street.

2.1.11. East 152nd Street between Bergen Avenue and Brook Avenue.

2.1.12. East 153rd‡ Street between Bergen Avenue and Brook Avenue.

2.2. Brooklyn.

2.2.1. North 6th Street between Berry Street and Wythe Avenue.

2.3. Manhattan.

2.3.1. John Street to Fulton Street between South Street and Front Street.

2.3.2. Fulton Street to Dover Street between South Street and Water Street.

2.3.3. South Street and Front Street between John Street and Dover Street.

2.3.4. Water Street between Fulton Street and Dover Street.

2.3.5. Horatio Street to West 14th Street between West Street and 9th Avenue.

2.3.6. West Street, Washington Street, Greenwich Street.

2.3.7. 9th Avenue and 10th Avenue between Horatio Street and West 14th Street.

2.3.8. West 16th Street, north side, and West 17th Street, south side, between 10th Avenue and 11th Avenue.

2.3.9. West 24th Street to West 26th Street, south side, between 11th Avenue and 12th Avenue.

2.3.10. West 27th Street, north side, to West 28th Street between 11th Avenue and 12th Avenue.

2.3.11. 12th Avenue and St. Claire Place between 125th Street and 132nd Street.

2.3.12. 12th Avenue, west side, between 132nd Street and 133rd Street.

2.4. Queens.

2.4.1. 95th Avenue, north side, between Sutphin Boulevard and 148th Street.
When the occupancy or use of a building with a marquee is changed to an occupancy or use for which a projecting marquee is not permitted, the marquee shall be removed.

Exception: For buildings subject to the jurisdiction of the Landmarks Preservation Commission, Section‡ 3202.2.1.4.6 shall not apply when the Landmarks Preservation Commission makes a determination that the removal of the marquee would be inappropriate to the architectural character of the building or historic district.
An applicant wishing to erect a marquee shall provide proof that the Commissioners of the Departments of Transportation, Consumer Affairs, and Environmental Protection have not permitted the use of a space or structure on or under the sidewalk beneath the proposed marquee in such a manner that the construction of the proposed marquee shall interfere with the removal or repair of any such permitted use or structure.
Light fixtures that are supported entirely from the building may be constructed to project not more than 2 feet (610 mm) beyond the street line, provided no part of the fixture is less than 8 feet (2438 mm) above the ground or sidewalk level.
Flagpoles that are supported entirely from the building may be constructed to project not more than 18 feet (5486 mm) beyond the street line, but not closer than 2 feet (610 mm) to the curb line, provided that no part of the flagpole is less than 15 feet (4572 mm) above the ground or sidewalk level.
Wall signs may be constructed to project not more than 12 inches (305 mm) beyond the street line when conforming to the requirements of this code and Section H111 of Appendix H.
All permitted projecting signs may be constructed to project not more than 10 feet (3048 mm) beyond the street line, but not closer to the curb line than 2 feet (610 mm), when conforming to the requirements of this code and Section H112 of Appendix H, and provided that no part of the sign is less than 10 feet (3048 mm) above the ground or sidewalk level.

Exceptions: Permanent projecting signs are prohibited on buildings in the areas indicated below:

1. Borough of Manhattan.

1.1. Projecting signs. No permanent projecting sign shall be erected on any building on:

1.1.1. 5th Avenue between Washington Square north and 110th Street;

1.1.2. 34th Street between Park Avenue and 7th Avenue;

1.1.3. Madison Avenue between 23rd Street and 96th Street;

1.1.4. 57th Street between Lexington Avenue and Broadway;

1.1.5. Vanderbilt Avenue between 42nd Street and 47th Street;

1.1.6. Park Avenue between 32nd Street and 40th Street;

1.1.7. Park Avenue between 45th Street and 96th Street;

1.1.8. 33rd Street between Lexington Avenue and 5th Avenue;

1.1.9. 35th through 41st Streets between Lexington Avenue and 5th Avenue;

1.1.10. 43rd through 56th Streets between Lexington Avenue and 5th Avenue;

1.1.11. 58th Street between Lexington Avenue and 5th Avenue;

1.1.12. 60th Street between Lexington Avenue and 5th Avenue;

1.1.13. Nassau Street between Wall Street and Frankfort Street; or

1.1.14. John Street between Broadway and William Street.

1.2. Illuminated projecting signs. No permanent illuminated projecting sign shall be erected on any building on:

1.2.1. 72nd Street between Central Park West and River Drive.

2. Borough of Brooklyn.

2.1. Projecting signs. No permanent projecting sign shall be erected on any building on:

2.1.1. Fulton Street between Flatbush Avenue and Joralemon Street and Willoughby Street.

2.2. Illuminated projecting signs. No permanent illuminated projecting sign shall be erected on any building on:

2.2.1. Fulton Street between Flatbush Avenue and Prospect Street and Henry Street;

2.2.2. Washington Street between Myrtle Avenue and Prospect Street;

2.2.3. Court Street between Fulton Street and Livingston Street;

2.2.4. Pierrepont Street between Fulton Street and Clinton Street;

2.2.5. Montague Street between Court Street and Clinton Street;

2.2.6. Remsen Street between Court Street and Clinton Street; or

2.2.7. Joralemon Street between Court Street and Clinton Street.
Sun control devices constructed in accordance with Section 3105 and supported entirely from the building may project beyond the street line not more than 2 feet 6 inches (762 mm), provided that no part of the sun control device is less than 8 feet (2438 mm) above the ground or sidewalk level. Any portion of a sun control device that is located over a sidewalk vault and is more than 10 inches (254 mm) beyond the street line and less than 40 feet above the ground or sidewalk shall be removable or retractable to less than 10 inches (254 mm) beyond the street line.
When a building erected prior to December 6, 1969, is altered to provide access to individuals who use wheelchairs, ramps constructed to provide such access may, with the approval of the commissioner, project beyond the street line for a distance of not more than 44 inches (1118 mm). Ramps shall comply with the applicable provisions of Chapter 11.
Bridges connecting buildings and projecting beyond street lines may be permitted in accordance with applicable law. Such bridges shall be of a construction class that is at least equal to the higher class of the two buildings connected and shall otherwise comply with the provisions of this code and other applicable laws and rules.
In areas of special flood hazard or shaded X-Zones, permanent attachments to building façades necessary for the support and attachment of temporary, removable dry floodproofing barriers or shields may be constructed to project beyond the street line for a distance of not more than 6 inches (152 mm).
The lowering of any curb or the change of grade of any sidewalk for the purpose of providing a driveway across such curb or sidewalk shall be constructed in accordance with the specifications prescribed in Sections 406.7.6 and 406.7.7. All sidewalks and driveways or portions thereof that are structurally supported shall be designed for loads prescribed in Chapter 16.
Vehicular access curb cuts that can no longer serve as vehicular access across a curb or sidewalk shall be removed and the curb and sidewalk shall be restored in accordance with standards of the Department of Transportation. The commissioner may order such removal and restoration. The commissioner shall limit the length of any curb cut for the purpose of providing a driveway across such curb or sidewalk, when in the opinion of the commissioner the actual use or intended use of such driveway would endanger the public. Where the vehicular use of such driveway, in the opinion of the commissioner is dangerous to the public, the commissioner shall order the owner to discontinue use of such driveway and restore the curb and sidewalk in accordance with standards of the Department of Transportation. Upon the failure of the owner to comply with any of the orders provided for in Section 3202.2.2.4, in such cases where the restoration of such curb cuts are needed to facilitate department of transportation work, the commissioner may inform the commissioner of transportation of such failure to comply and may request the cooperation of the commissioner of transportation acting under his or her authority pursuant to Section‡ 2903(b)(7) of the New York City Charter in the enforcement of this section.
Awnings constructed in accordance with Section 3105 and supported entirely from the building may project beyond the street line as follows:
Store front awnings may project beyond the street line not more than 8 feet (2438 mm), provided no part of the awning is less than 8 feet (2438 mm) above the ground or sidewalk level, except for a flexible valance which may be not less than 7 feet (2134 mm) above the ground or sidewalk level, and provided that the awning box or cover does not project more than 12 inches (305 mm).
Awnings over windows or doors may project beyond the street line not more than 5 feet (1524 mm), provided that no part of the awning is less than 8 feet (2438 mm) above the ground or sidewalk level.
Fire department connection swivels, caps and plugs shall be permitted to project beyond the street line as provided for in NFPA 14, as amended by Appendix Q of this code.
Encroachments of temporary nature shall comply with Sections 3202.4.1 and 3202.4.3.
Enclosures for sidewalk cafés, where permitted by the Commissioner of the Department of Consumer Affairs pursuant to applicable law and constructed in compliance with Section 3111, may be constructed beyond the street line.
Storm enclosures projecting not more than 18 inches (457 mm) beyond the street line may be permitted during the period between November 15 and the following April 15. Such enclosures shall be removed at the end of this period. Construction of storm enclosures must comply with the requirements of this code including the fire-resistance rating of the building to which it is appurtenant and Chapter 11 of this code.
In areas of special flood hazard and shaded X-Zones, temporary flood shields, stairs and ramps shall comply with Sections G308.6 and G308.7 of Appendix G of the New York City Building Code and shall be permitted in accordance with plans approved by the department subject to the following conditions:

1. Such flood shields, stairs and ramps shall project no more than one foot (305 mm) beyond the street line.

2. Such flood shields, stairs and ramps shall be removed in a timely manner after a flood event.
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