Copyright

Preface

Dedications

Acknowledgements

Chapter 1 Administration

Chapter 2 Definitions

Chapter 3 Use and Occupancy Classification

Chapter 4 Special Detailed Requirements Based on Use and Occupancy

Chapter 5 General Building Heights and Areas; Separation of Occupancies

Chapter 6 Types of Construction

Chapter 7 Fire and Smoke Protection Features

Chapter 8 Interior Finishes

Chapter 9 Fire Protection Systems

Chapter 10 Means of Egress

Chapter 11 Accessibility

Chapter 12 Interior Environment

Chapter 13 Energy Efficiency

Chapter 14 Exterior Walls

Chapter 15 Roof Assemblies and Rooftop Structures

Chapter 16 Structural Design

Chapter 17 Structural Tests and Special Inspections

Chapter 18 Soils and Foundations

Chapter 19 Concrete

Chapter 20 Aluminum

Chapter 21 Masonry

Chapter 22 Steel

Chapter 23 Wood

Chapter 24 Glass and Glazing

Chapter 25 Gypsum Board and Plaster

Chapter 26 Plastic

Chapter 27 Electrical

Chapter 28 Mechanical Systems

Chapter 29 Plumbing Systems

Chapter 30 Elevators and Conveying Systems

Chapter 31 Special Construction

Chapter 32 Encroachments Into the Public Right-Of-Way

Chapter 33 Safeguards During Construction or Demolition

Chapter 34 Reserved

Chapter 35 Referenced Standards

Appendix A Reserved

Appendix B Reserved

Appendix C Reserved

Appendix D Fire Districts

Appendix E Supplementary Accessibility Requirements

Appendix F Rodentproofing

Appendix G Flood-Resistant Construction

Appendix H Outdoor Signs

Appendix I Reserved

Appendix J Reserved

Appendix K Modified Industry Standards for Elevators and Conveying Systems

Appendix L Reserved

Appendix M Supplementary Requirements for One- And Two-Family Dwellings

Appendix N Assistive Listening Systems Performance Standards

Appendix O Reserved

Appendix P Type B+NYC Unit Toilet and Bathing Rooms Requirements

Appendix Q Modified National Standards for Automatic Sprinkler, Standpipe, Fire Pump and Fire Alarm Systems

Appendix R Acoustical Tile and Lay-In Panelceiling Suspension Systems

Appendix S Supplementary Figures for Luminous Egress Path Markings

Get access to the 127 NYC DOB linked resources for NYC Building Code 2014 that we've compiled so far.
LEARN MORE
Continue without linked resources
This chapter establishes the minimum safety requirements for and governs the design, construction, installation, alteration, maintenance, inspection, test and operation of elevators, dumbwaiters, escalators, moving walks, industrial lifts and loading ramps, mechanical parking equipment, console or stage lifts, power-operated scaffolds, amusement devices, and special hoisting and conveying equipment. This chapter and all the provisions of this code for new installations shall also apply to elevators in existing buildings moved to new hoistways. High-rise building elevators shall also conform to the provisions of Section 403 of this code.

Exception: Personnel and material hoists used for construction operations subject to the requirements of Chapter 33.
Except as otherwise provided for in this code, the design, construction, installation, alteration, repair and maintenance of elevators and other conveying systems and their components shall conform to ASME A17.1 as modified by Appendix K, Chapter K1, ASME A17.2, ASME A18.1, ASME A17.3 as modified by Appendix K, Chapter K3, ASME A17.5, ASME A17.1S as modified by Appendix K, Chapter K4, ASME A90.1, ASME B20.1 as modified by Appendix K, Chapter K2, ALI ALCTV, and for construction in areas of special flood hazard, Appendix G.
The following elevators and lifts shall conform to ICC A117.1:

1. Passenger elevators, including destination-oriented elevators, required to be accessible by Chapter 11;

2. Limited-Use/Limited-Application (LULA) elevators permitted to be installed on an accessible route pursuant to Section 1109.6.1;

3. Platform lifts permitted to be installed on an accessible route pursuant to Section 1109.7; and

4. Private residence elevators serving within an individual dwelling unit in Groups R-2 and R-3 occupancies on an accessible route.
A change in use of an elevator from freight to passenger, passenger to freight, or from one freight class to another freight class shall comply with Section 8.7 of ASME A17.1.
No piping or ductwork of any kind shall be permitted within hoistway or elevator enclosures except:

1. As required for the elevator installation; and

2. Low-voltage wiring less than 50 volts required for fire alarm systems required by this code.
A mirror shall be installed in each self-service passenger elevator in multiple dwellings. Such mirror shall be affixed and maintained in a manner sufficient to enable persons entering such elevator to view the inside thereof prior to entry to determine whether any person is in the elevator.
Elevators with car switch operation (manual operation) shall be provided with a signal system by means of which signals can be given from any landing whenever the elevator is desired at that landing.
The following devices shall be prohibited:
The installation of manlifts is prohibited.
The installation of sidewalk elevators located outside the street line is prohibited.
All equipment listed in ASME A17.1 , Section 8.3 as modified by New York City Building Code, Appendix K, Chapter K1, shall be approved by the commissioner.
Applications for elevator, escalator, moving walkway and stairway, dumbwaiter, and similar equipment shall contain construction documents that include the following:

1. The location of all machinery, switchboards, junction boxes, and reaction points, with loads indicated;

2. The details of all hoistway conditions including bracket spacing;

3. The estimated maximum vertical forces on the guide rails on application of the safety device;

4. In the case of freight elevators for Class B or C loading, the horizontal forces on the guide-rail faces during loading and unloading; and the estimated maximum horizontal forces in a postwise direction on the guide-rail faces on application of the safety device;

5. The size and weight per foot of any rail reinforcements where provided;

6. Compliance with the accessibility features of this code;

7. The details of capability of the withstanding forces (impact) on door entrance assembly and retaining devices;

8. The withstanding hourly fire rating of the hoistway and the hoistway door assembly;

9. The impact loads imposed on machinery and sheave beams, supports and floors or foundations;

10. The impact load on buffer supports due to buffer engagement at the maximum permissible speed and load;

11. Where compensation tie down is applied, the load on the compensation tie down supports; and

12. The total static and dynamic loads from the governor, buffer and tension system.
Prior code buildings shall be permitted to comply with Section 3001.11.1.
Elevator cabs installed in existing shafts shall be permitted to be smaller than that required by this chapter where necessary to fit in the existing shaft, unless a larger cab size is otherwise mandated pursuant to Section 1101.3.
Elevator, dumbwaiter and other hoistway enclosures shall be shaft enclosures complying with Section 708.
Openings in hoistway enclosures shall be protected as required in Chapter 7.

Exception: The elevator car doors and the associated hoistway enclosure doors at the floor level designated for recall in accordance with Section 3003.2 shall be permitted to remain open during Phase I Emergency Recall Operation in accordance with ASME A17.1, as modified by Appendix K, Chapter K1.
Hardware on opening protectives shall be of an approved type installed as tested, except that approved interlocks, mechanical locks and electric contacts, door and gate electric contacts and door-operating mechanisms shall be exempt from the fire test requirements.
Where four or more elevator cars serve all or the same portion of a building, the elevators shall be located in at least two separate hoistways. Not more than four elevator cars shall be located in any single hoistway enclosure. Elevators that service different risers shall be located in separate hoistways.
A sign shall be posted and maintained on every floor at the elevator landing. The sign shall read‒"IN FIRE EMERGENCY, DO NOT USE ELEVATOR. USE THE EXIT STAIRS." The lettering shall be at least 1/2 (13 mm) inch block letters in red with white background or as otherwise approved by the commissioner. Such lettering shall be properly spaced to provide good legibility. The sign shall also contain a diagram showing the location where it is posted and the location and letter identification of the stairs on the floor. The sign shall be at least 10 inches by 12 inches (255 mm by 305 mm) , located directly above a call button and securely attached to the wall or partition. The top of such sign shall be above 6 feet (1829 mm) from the floor level. The diagram on such sign may be omitted provided that signs containing such diagram are posted in conspicuous places on the respective floor. In such case, the sign at the elevator landing shall be at least 21/2 inches by 10 inches (64 by 254 mm) and the diagram signs shall be at least eight inches by twelve inches (304 mm) .
Each stair and each bank of elevators shall be identified by an alphabetic letter. A sign indicating the letter of identification for the elevator bank shall be posted and maintained at each elevator landing directly above or as part of the sign specified in Section 3002.3. The stair identification sign shall be posted and maintained on the occupancy side of the stair door. The letter on the sign shall be at least 3 inches (76 mm) high, of bold type and of contrasting color from the background. Such signs shall be securely attached.

Exceptions:

1. The emergency sign shall not be required for elevators that are part of an accessible means of egress complying with Section 1007.4.

2. The emergency sign shall not be required for elevators that are used for occupant self-evacuation in accordance with Section 3008.
In buildings five stories in height or more, at least one elevator shall provide access to all floors.
Standby power shall be provided to elevators in the following categories:

1. Elevator(s) in high-rise buildings covered by Section 403.1, other than R-2 occupancies, as required by Section 403.4.8.1;

2. Elevator(s) in high-rise buildings in R-2 occupancies more than 125 feet (38 100 mm) in height, as required by Section 403.4.8.2;

3. Elevator(s) in underground buildings, as required by Section 405.4.3;

4. Elevator(s) in Groups B, E, and R-1 occupancies that are subject to Section 2702.2.20; and

5. Elevator(s) serving as accessible means of egress pursuant to Section 1007.4.
Where elevators are provided in buildings five stories in height or more, or underground buildings as described in Section 405.1, at least one elevator subject to Section 3003.3 shall be provided with an elevator car of such a size and arrangement to accommodate an ambulance stretcher 24-inches by 84 inches (610 mm by 2134 mm), with not less than 5-inch (127 mm) radius corners, in the horizontal, open position and shall be identified by the international symbol for emergency medical services (star of life). The symbol shall not be less than 3 inches (76 mm) high and shall be placed on both jambs of the hoistway entrances on each floor. Standby power shall be required for such an elevator if it serves a building subject to Section 3002.4.1.

Exceptions:

1. An elevator serving not more than one individual dwelling unit in a building, regardless of height and number of stories of such a building.

2. Limited-Use/Limited-Application (LULA) elevators (25 feet maximum rise).
Where an elevator is installed in a single blind hoistway or on the outside of a building, there shall be installed in the blind portion of the hoistway or blank face of the building, an emergency door in accordance with ASME A17.1.
Doors, other than hoistway doors and the elevator car door, shall be prohibited at the point of access to an elevator car unless such doors are readily openable from the car side without a key, tool, special knowledge or effort.
Elevators shall not be in a common shaft enclosure with a stairway.

Exception: Open parking garages.
Glass in elevator enclosures shall comply with Section 2409.1 and ASME A17.1.
In buildings and structures where standby power is required or furnished to operate an elevator, the operation shall be in accordance with Sections 3002.4.1 and 3003.1.1 through 3003.1.4.
Standby power shall be manually transferable to all elevators in each bank.
Where only one elevator is installed, the elevator shall automatically transfer to standby power within 60 seconds after failure of normal power.
Where two or more elevators are controlled by a common operating system, all elevators shall automatically transfer to standby power within 60 seconds after failure of normal power where the standby power source is of sufficient capacity to operate all elevators at the same time. Where the standby power source is not of sufficient capacity to operate all elevators at the same time, all elevators shall transfer to standby power in sequence, return to the designated landing and disconnect from the standby power source. After all elevators have been returned to the designated level, at least three elevators shall remain operable from the standby power source.
Where standby power is connected to elevators, the machine room ventilation or air conditioning shall be connected to the standby power source.
Elevators shall be provided with Phase I emergency recall operation and Phase II emergency in-car operation in accordance with ASME A17.1 as modified by Appendix K.
Requirements for elevator in readiness shall be as defined in Sections 3003.3.1 through 3003.3.2.
Except as provided in Section 3003.3.2, in buildings five stories in height or more, underground buildings as described in Section 405.1, and high-rise buildings, all floors shall be served by at least one elevator that shall be kept available for immediate use by the Fire Department during all hours of the night and day, including holidays, Saturdays and Sundays. There shall be available at all times a person competent to operate the elevator. However, an attendant shall not be required for buildings with occupied floors of 150 feet (45 720 mm) or less above the lowest level of the Fire Department vehicle access that have elevators with automatic or continuous pressure operation with keyed switches meeting the requirements of ASME A17.1 as modified by Appendix K so as to permit sole use of the elevators by the Fire Department.
A number of elevators shall be kept available at every floor for the sole use of the Fire Department as required by Sections 3003.3.2.1 and 3003.3.2.2. This requirement shall apply to the following types of buildings:

1. High-rise buildings with occupancies classified in Groups A, B, E, I, F, H, M and S;

2. Buildings with Group B occupancies with a gross area of 200,000 square feet (18 581 m2); and

3. Buildings with a main use or dominant occupancy in Group R-1 or R-2.

Exception: In buildings that are five stories or more in height but are not one of the types of buildings described in Items 1 through 3 in Section 3003.3.2, at least one elevator car in such buildings shall be kept available for sole use by the Fire Department.
Where a floor is serviced by three or fewer elevator cars, every car shall be kept available for sole use by the Fire Department.
Where a floor is serviced by more than three elevator cars, at least three elevator cars with a total rated load capacity of not less than 6,000 pounds (2722 kg) shall be kept available for the sole use of the Fire Department. Such cars shall include not more than two cars that service all floors and at least one other car in another bank servicing that floor. If the total load capacity of all cars servicing the floor is less than 6,000 pounds (2722 kg), all such cars shall be kept available for sole use of the Fire Department.
Elevators that are kept for the sole use of the Fire Department and that have automatic or continuous pressure operation shall be controlled by keyed switches meeting the requirements of ASME 17.1.
In high-rise buildings classified in Occupancy Groups A, B, E, F, H, I, M and S, in low-rise buildings classified in Occupancy Group B with a gross area of 200,000 square feet (18581 m2) or more and in buildings classified in Occupancy Group R-1 or R-2, all other automatically operated cars shall have manual operation capability.
Plumbing and mechanical systems shall not be located in an elevator shaft.

Exception: Floor drains sumps and sump pumps shall be permitted at the base of the shaft provided they are indirectly connected to the plumbing system.
Hoistways of elevators shall be provided with any one of the following means to prevent the accumulation of smoke and hot gases in case of fire in accordance with Sections 3004.5.1 through 3004.5.4.
Hoistway enclosures may be vented in accordance with the following:

1. Location of vents.

1.1. The vents in the side of the hoistway enclosure below the elevator machine room floor or in the roof of the hoistway shall open either directly to the outer air or through noncombustible ducts to the outer air.

1.2. The vents in the wall or roof of an overhead elevator machine room through the smoke hole in the top of the elevator hoistway shall be vented to the outer air through noncombustible ducts.

2. Area of vents. The area of vents in the hoistway or the elevator machine room and the smoke hole shall be not less than 31/2 percent of the area of the hoistway nor less than 3 square feet (0.28 m2) for each elevator car, whichever is greater. Such vents shall comply with the following requirements:

2.1. Open vents. Of the total required vent area, not less than one-third shall be permanently open or equipped with an openable hinged damper. The smoke hole shall be permanently open.

2.2. Closed vents. The two-thirds closed portion of the required vent area either in the hoistway enclosure or in the elevator machine room may consist of windows or skylights glazed with annealed glass not more than 1/8-inch (3.2 mm) thick. A closed damper that opens upon the activation of a smoke detector placed at the top of the hoistway shall be considered closed.

Exception: The total required open vent area shall not be required to be permanently open where all of the vent openings automatically open upon detection of smoke in the elevator lobbies or hoistway, upon power failure (except when provided with a code compliant standby power supply from an approved standby power source) or upon activation of a manual override control. The manual override control shall be capable of opening and closing the vents and shall be located in an approved location.
Hoistway enclosures may be mechanically vented. The system of mechanical ventilation shall be of sufficient capacity to exhaust at least 12 air changes per hour of the volume of such hoistways through a roof or an approved location on an exterior wall other than the lot line wall. Such system shall comply with the following requirements:

1. The smoke detector shall be placed at the top of the hoistway and shall activate the mechanical ventilation system.

2. Such mechanical ventilation system shall not pass through the overnight sleeping areas of a hotel, multiple dwelling, hospital or similar buildings.

3. Such mechanical ventilation system shall be equipped with a manual shut-off in or near the elevator control panel at the designated level.
Hoistways may be air pressurized. Where such system is utilized, the air shall not cause erratic operation of the landing or car door equipment, traveling cables, selector tapes, governor ropes, compensating ropes, or any other components sensitive to excess movement or deflection.
The commissioner may accept alternate means to prevent the accumulation of smoke and hot gases in the hoistways and machine rooms in case of fire.
Conveying systems shall comply with the provisions of this section.
Escalators and moving walks shall be constructed of approved noncombustible and fire-retardant materials. This requirement shall not apply to electrical equipment, wiring, wheels, handrails and the use of 1/28-inch (0.9 mm) wood veneers on balustrades backed up with noncombustible materials.
Escalator floor openings shall be enclosed with shaft enclosures complying with Section 708.
Where provided in below-grade transportation stations, escalators shall have a clear width of 32 inches (813 mm) minimum.

Exception: The clear width is not required in existing facilities undergoing alterations.
Conveyors and related equipment shall comply with ASME B20.1.
Conveyors and related equipment connecting successive floors or levels shall be enclosed with shaft enclosures complying with the requirements of Section 708.
Power-operated conveyors, belts, and other material-moving devices shall be equipped with automatic limit switches, which will shut off the power in an emergency and automatically stop all operation of the device.
Amusement devices shall also comply with rules of the department.
An approved means of access shall be provided to elevator machine rooms and overhead machinery spaces.
Elevator machine rooms that contain solid-state equipment for elevator operation shall be provided with an independent ventilation or air-conditioning system to protect against the overheating of the electrical equipment. The system shall be capable of maintaining temperatures within the range established for the elevator equipment.
The elevator machine room serving a pressurized elevator hoistway shall be pressurized upon activation of a heat or smoke detector located in the elevator machine room.
Elevator machine rooms and machinery spaces shall be enclosed with fire barriers constructed in accordance with Section 707 or horizontal assemblies constructed in accordance with Section 712, or both. The fire-resistance rating shall not be less than the required rating of the hoistway enclosure served by the machinery. Openings in the fire barriers shall be protected with assemblies having a fire protection rating not less than that required for the hoistway enclosure doors.

Exception: Where machine rooms and machinery spaces do not abut and have no openings to the hoistway enclosure they serve, the fire barriers constructed in accordance with Section 707 or horizontal assemblies constructed in accordance with Section 712, or both, shall be permitted to be reduced to a 2-hour fire-resistance rating.
Sprinklers are not permitted in elevator machine rooms.
Plumbing systems not related to elevator machinery shall not be located in elevator equipment rooms.
Gear-driven machinery, gearless machinery, and motor generators located in an elevator machinery room or shaft on a roof, or on a floor other than a floor on grade, shall be supported on vibration isolator pads having a minimum thickness of 1/2 inch (12.7 mm).
Where required by Section 403.6.1, every floor of the building shall be served by a fire service access elevator complying with Sections 3007.1 through 3007.8. Except as modified in this section, the fire service access elevator shall be installed in accordance with this chapter and rules of the department.
The building shall be equipped throughout by an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1, except as otherwise permitted by Section 903.3.1.1.1 and as prohibited by Section 3007.2.1.
Automatic sprinklers shall not be installed in elevator machine rooms, machinery spaces, control rooms, control spaces, and elevator hoistways of fire service access elevators.
The sprinkler system shall have a sprinkler control valve supervisory switch and waterflow-initiating device provided for each floor that is monitored by the building's fire alarm system.
An approved method to prevent water from infiltrating into the hoistway enclosure from the operation of the automatic sprinkler system shall be provided:

1. Where an elevator lobby is provided in accordance with Section 3007.6, with respect to the automatic sprinkler system outside of the enclosed elevator lobby.

2. Where a corridor is provided in accordance with Section 3007.6, Exception 2, with respect to the automatic sprinkler system outside of the corridor and with respect to the automatic sprinklers inside the corridor that are beyond 10 feet (3048 mm) of the entrance to the hoistway enclosure of the fire service access elevator.

3. Where neither an enclosed elevator lobby nor a corridor is provided in accordance with Section 3007.6, Exception 3, with respect to the automatic sprinklers that are located beyond 10 feet (3048 mm) of the entrance to the hoistway enclosure of the fire service access elevator.
The fire service access elevator hoistway shall be located in a shaft enclosure complying with Section 708.
The fire service access elevator hoistway enclosure shall comply with Sections 403.2.3.1 through 403.2.3.4.
When firefighters' emergency operation is active, the entire height of the hoistway shall be illuminated at not less than 1 foot-candle (11 lux) as measured from the top of the car of each fire service access elevator.
The fire service access elevator shall open into a fire service access elevator lobby in accordance with Sections 3007.6.1 through 3007.6.5. Egress is permitted through the elevator lobby in accordance with Section 708.14.1.

Exceptions:

1. Where a fire service access elevator has two entrances onto a floor, the second entrance shall be permitted to open into an elevator lobby in accordance with Section 708.14.1.

2. A fire service access elevator lobby shall not be required on stories where the elevator opens to a corridor enclosed with a fire barrier, provided all doors opening onto such corridor are smoke and draft controlled doors complying with Section 715.4.3.1 with the UL 1784 test conducted without the artificial bottom seal.

3. A fire service access elevator lobby shall not be required on stories that are that are less than 3,000 square feet (279 m2) containing only R-2 occupancies.
The fire service access elevator lobby shall be enclosed with a smoke barrier having a fire-resistance rating of not less than 1 hour, except that lobby doorways shall comply with Section 3007.6.3.

Exception: Enclosed fire service access elevator lobbies are not required at the levels of exit discharge.
Other than doors to the hoistway, elevator control room, or elevator control space, each doorway to a fire service access elevator lobby shall be provided with a 3/4-hour fire door assembly complying with Section 715.4. The fire door assembly shall also comply with the smoke and draft control door assembly requirements of Section 715.4.3.1 with the UL 1784 test conducted without the artificial bottom seal.
The enclosed fire service access elevator lobby shall be not less than 120 square feet (11 m2) in an area with a minimum dimension of 6 feet (1828 mm).
A pictorial symbol of a standardized design designating which elevators are fire service access elevators shall be installed on each side of the hoistway door frame on the portion of the frame at right angles to the fire service access elevator lobby. The fire service access elevator symbol shall be designed as shown in Figure 3007.6.5 and shall comply with the following:

1. The fire service access elevator symbol shall be not less than 3 inches (76 mm) in height.

2. The helmet shall contrast with the background, with either a light helmet on a dark background or a dark helmet on a light background.

3. The vertical center line of the fire service access elevator symbol shall be centered on the hoistway door frame. Each symbol shall not be less than 78 inches (1981 mm), and not more than 84 inches (2134 mm) above the finished floor at the threshold.


FIGURE 3007.6.5 FIRE SERVICE ACCESS ELEVATOR SYMBOL
The fire service access elevator shall be continuously monitored at the fire command center by a standard emergency service interface system meeting the requirements of NFPA 72.
The following features serving each fire service access elevator shall be supplied by both normal power and Type 60/Class 6/Level 1 standby power:

1. Elevator equipment.

2. Elevator hoistway lighting.

3. Ventilation and cooling equipment for elevator machine/control rooms, and machinery/control spaces.

4. Elevator car lighting.

Exception: Standby power relying on natural gas as a fuel source need not be Class 6.
Wires or cables that are located outside of the elevator hoistway and machine room and that provide normal or standby power, control signals, communication with the car, lighting, heating, air conditioning, ventilation and fire-detecting systems to fire service access elevators shall be protected by construction having a fire-resistance rating of not less than 2 hours, shall be a circuit integrity cable having a fire-resistance rating of not less than 2 hours, or shall be protected by a listed electrical circuit protective system having a fire-resistance rating of not less than 2 hours.

Exception: Wiring and cables to control signals are not required to be protected provided that wiring and cables do not serve Phase II emergency in-car operation.
Where elevators are to be used for occupant self-evacuation during fires, all passenger elevators for general public use shall comply with Sections 3008.1 through 3008.11. Where other elevators are used for occupant self-evacuation, they shall also comply with these sections.
Where an additional means of egress is required in accordance with Section 403.5.2, an additional exit stairway shall not be required to be installed in buildings provided with occupant evacuation elevators complying with Section 3008.1.
The building shall have approved fire safety and emergency action plans in accordance with the applicable requirements of the New York City Fire Code. The fire safety and emergency action plans shall incorporate specific procedures for the occupants using evacuation elevators.
The occupant evacuation elevators shall be used for occupant self-evacuation in accordance with occupant evacuation operation requirements set forth in rules of the department and the building's fire safety and emergency action plans.
The building shall be protected throughout by an approved, electrically-supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1, except as otherwise permitted by Section 903.3.1.1.1 and as prohibited by Section 3008.3.1.
Automatic sprinklers shall not be installed in elevator machine rooms, machinery spaces, control rooms, control spaces, and elevator hoistways of occupant evacuation elevators.
The sprinkler system shall have a sprinkler control valve supervisory switch and water flow initiating device provided for each floor that is monitored by the building's fire alarm system.
An approved method to prevent water from infiltrating into the hoistway enclosure from the operation of the automatic sprinkler system outside the enclosed occupant evacuation elevator lobby shall be provided.
Occupant evacuation elevator hoistways shall be located in shaft enclosures complying with Section 708.
Occupant evacuation elevator hoistway enclosures shall comply with Sections 403.2.3.1 through 403.2.3.4.
The occupant evacuation elevators shall open into an elevator lobby in accordance with Sections 3008.7.1 through 3008.7.6. Egress is permitted through the elevator lobby in accordance with Section 708.14.1.
The occupant evacuation elevator lobby shall have direct access from the enclosed elevator lobby to an interior exit stairway or ramp.

Exception: Access to an interior exit stairway or ramp shall be permitted to be through a protected path of travel protected with smoke partitions complying with Section 711. The protected path shall be separated from the enclosed elevator lobby through an opening protected by a smoke and draft control assembly in accordance with Section 711.5.2.
The occupant evacuation elevator lobby shall be enclosed with a smoke barrier having a fire-resistance rating of not less than 1 hour, except that lobby doorways shall comply with Section 3008.7.3.

Exception: Enclosed occupant evacuation elevator lobbies are not required at the levels of exit discharge.
Other than doors to the hoistway, and elevator machine rooms, machinery spaces, control rooms, and control spaces within the lobby enclosure smoke barrier, each doorway to an occupant evacuation elevator lobby shall comply with the smoke and draft control assembly requirements of Section 711.5.2 with the UL 1784 test conducted without the artificial bottom seal. Such doorway shall not be required to have a fire-resistance rating.
A vision panel shall be installed in each door assembly protecting the lobby doorway. The vision panel shall consist of glazing and shall be located to furnish clear vision of the occupant evacuation elevator lobby.
Each door assembly protecting the lobby doorway shall be automatic closing upon receipt of any fire alarm signal from the emergency voice/alarm communication system serving the building.
Each occupant evacuation elevator lobby shall have minimum floor area as follows:

1. The occupant evacuation elevator lobby floor area shall accommodate, at 3 square feet (0.28 m2) per person, not less than 25 percent of the occupant load of the floor area served by the lobby.

2. The occupant evacuation elevator lobby floor area also shall accommodate one wheelchair space of 30 inches by 48 inches (760 mm by 1220 mm) for each 50 persons, or portion thereof, of the occupant load of the floor area served by the lobby.

Exception: The size of lobbies serving multiple banks of elevators shall have the minimum floor area approved on an individual basis and shall be consistent with the building's fire safety and emergency action plans.
An approved sign indicating elevators are suitable for occupant self-evacuation shall be posted on all floors adjacent to each elevator call station serving occupant evacuation elevators.
A two-way communication system shall be provided in each occupant evacuation elevator lobby for the purpose of initiating communication with the fire command center or an alternate location approved by the Fire Department.
The two-way communication system shall be designed and installed in accordance with Sections 1007.8.1 and 1007.8.2.
The occupant evacuation elevators shall be continuously monitored at the fire command center or a central control point approved by the Fire Department and arranged to display all of the following information:

1. Floor location of each elevator car.

2. Direction of travel of each elevator car.

3. Status of each elevator car with respect to whether it is occupied.

4. Status of normal power to the elevator equipment, elevator machinery and electrical apparatus cooling equipment where provided, elevator machine room, control room and control space ventilation and cooling equipment.

5. Status of emergency or standby power system that provides backup power to the elevator equipment, elevator machinery and electrical cooling equipment where provided, elevator machine room, control room and control space ventilation and cooling equipment.

6. Activation of any fire alarm initiating device in any elevator lobby, elevator machine room, machine space containing a motor controller or electric driving machine, control space, control room or elevator hoistway.
The fire command center or an alternate location approved by the Fire Department shall be provided with the means to manually initiate a Phase I Emergency Recall of the occupant evacuation elevators in accordance with rules of the department.
The following features serving each occupant evacuation elevator shall be supplied by both normal power and Type 60/Class 6/Level 1 standby power:

1. Elevator equipment.

2. Ventilation and cooling equipment for elevator machine/control rooms, and machinery/control spaces.

3. Elevator car lighting.

Exceptions:

1. Standby power relying on natural gas as a fuel source need not be Class 6.

2. Where Exception 2 of Section 403.5.2 is utilized, the standby power generating equipment need only be sized to satisfy the loads required to simultaneously operate those elevators identified in the timed egress analysis described in Exception 2.2.
Wires or cables that are located outside of the elevator hoistway, machine room, control room and control space and that provide normal or standby power, control signals, communication with the car, lighting, heating, air conditioning, ventilation and fire-detecting systems to fire service access elevators shall be protected by construction having a fire-resistance rating of not less than 2 hours, or shall be circuit integrity cable having a fire-resistance rating of not less than 2 hours, or shall be protected by a listed electrical circuit protective system having a fire-resistance rating of not less than 2 hours.

Exception: Wiring and cables to control signals are not required to be protected provided that wiring and cables do not serve Phase II emergency in-car operation.
The building shall be provided with an emergency voice/alarm communication system. The emergency voice/alarm communication system shall be accessible to the Fire Department. The system shall be provided in accordance with Section 907.5.2.2.
No fewer than one audible and one visible notification appliance shall be installed within each occupant evacuation elevator lobby.
No building areas shall contain hazardous materials exceeding the maximum allowable quantities per control area as addressed in Section 414.2.
No service equipment shall be placed in operation until a service equipment certificate of compliance has been obtained in accordance with the provisions of this code.
At the time a service equipment Certificate of Compliance is issued, an inspection certificate issued by the commissioner shall be posted. No such inspection certificate shall be issued for elevators that are not subject to periodic inspections pursuant to this code. The inspection certificate shall be in such form as the commissioner shall determine by rule and shall be posted in a frame with a transparent cover in the car of every passenger and freight elevator and on or near every escalator and moving walk and power-operated scaffold.
In lieu of posting the inspection certificate in those locations specified in this section, the inspection certificate may be kept in the on-site building manager's office. In such case, the building manager's office must be open during normal business hours. In addition, notice must be posted in each location listed in Section 3009.2 and kept in a frame with a transparent cover, or a plaque or on the car operating panel, with an indelible inscription, stating that the inspection certificate is located in the building manager's office and identifying the location of such office.
The commissioner may issue temporary use certificates for any equipment or device regulated by this code, except power-operated scaffolds, provided that such partial use and operation may be made safely and without endangering public health, safety, and welfare and provided further that such temporary use certificate shall not be issued for a period of more than 30 calendar days, subject to renewal for additional 30-day periods at the discretion of the commissioner. Temporary use certificates for elevators shall also be conditioned upon compliance with the following:

1. The class of service to be permitted shall be designated on the temporary use certificate.

2. The hoistway shall be enclosed throughout in an enclosure complying with ASME A17.1 or with a temporary enclosure in accordance with the requirements for workers' elevators (temporary elevators) of the Industrial Code of the State of New York, No. 23.
The temporary use certificate shall be posted in a conspicuous location on, or adjacent to, the device covered by the certificate and shall state that the device has not been finally approved by the commissioner.
With the exception of automatic operation, continuous pressure elevators and sidewalk elevators, every passenger and freight elevator with a rise of more than one story shall be in the charge of a designated competent operator, who shall be at least 18 years old and selected with consideration of his or her abilities to perform his or her duties in a careful and competent manner. Such designated competent operator shall be instructed in the safe and proper operation of the equipment.
Operators of amusement devices shall meet the requirements of rules of the department.
Other devices regulated by this code shall, when deemed necessary by the commissioner to protect public safety, be in the charge of a designated competent operator conforming to such qualifications as the commissioner may prescribe, except that operators for workers' hoists shall be assigned as required by the applicable provisions of ANSI A10.4.
If the commissioner finds that any person engaged in operating an elevator, amusement, or other device is not competent to operate the elevator, amusement or other device, the owner, agent or lessee of such elevator, amusement, or other device shall, upon notice from the commissioner, discontinue the operation of such device by such operator.
When an existing or new automatic passenger elevator in any building or structure is being serviced, repaired, inspected or tested by an elevator company, or elevator personnel, and there are no elevator personnel available to remain in the elevator car, "CAUTION" sign tapes shall be placed across the car door jamb. One strip of "CAUTION" sign tape shall be placed at a height of 18 inches (457 mm) above the car floor and another strip of "CAUTION" sign tape shall be placed at a height of 54 inches (1372 mm) above the car floor.
The "CAUTION" sign tape shall be 3 inches (76 mm) in width with the words "CAUTION ‒ DO NOT ENTER" repeated every 6 inches (152 mm). The lettering shall be black on yellow background. The letters shall be at least 2 inches (51 mm) high. Caution tape may be replaced with OSHA approved elevator barricades.
When an elevator is out of service with the car door open at a landing prior to the elevator personnel arriving, Sections 3011.1 and 3011.1.1 shall apply.
The owner of any device regulated by this chapter shall promptly notify the commissioner of every accident involving injury to any person requiring the services of a physician or damage to property or to apparatus exceeding $1,000 on, about, or in connection with such equipment, before commencing any repairs and shall afford the commissioner every facility for investigating such accident or damage. The commissioner shall make an investigation immediately thereafter, and shall prepare a full and complete report of such investigation. Such report shall give in detail all material facts and information available and the cause or causes as far as they can be determined. Such report shall be a public record. When an accident involves the failure or destruction of any part of the construction or operating mechanism of such equipment, no such equipment shall be used until it has been made safe, and re-inspected by the commissioner. The commissioner may order the discontinuance of such equipment until a new service equipment certificate has been issued by him or her for its use. No part shall be removed from the premises of the damaged construction or operating mechanism until permission to do so has been granted by the commissioner.
Existing installations shall be modified in accordance with Appendix K, Chapter K3.
Inspection and testing of elevators and conveying systems shall be in accordance with Appendix K. Refer to Chapter 3 of Title 28 of the Administrative Code for additional requirements.
Inspection and testing of amusement devices shall comply with rules of the department. Refer to Chapter 3 of Title 28 of the Administrative Code for additional requirements.
Resources