Heads up: There are no suggested sections in this chapter.
Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.

The maximum height of buildings or other structures shall be regulated by the special controls set forth in this Chapter established pursuant to the authority conferred under Article 14 of the General Municipal Law, in order to prevent the construction of obstructions to air navigation in the vicinity of major airports, and thus to protect the lives and property of persons residing within such vicinity and of persons in airplanes which are approaching, taking off from, or circling such airports, thereby promoting public health, safety, and general welfare.

The definitions applicable to this Chapter are set forth in Section 61-30.

The major airports are hereby designated to include John F. Kennedy International, LaGuardia, and U.S. Naval Air Station (Floyd Bennett Field).  For the purposes of this Chapter, the runways for such airports shall be the runways as shown in the diagrams in Section 61-42 (Runways for Major Airports).

A flight obstruction area is hereby established in the vicinity of any such major airport.

Each flight obstruction area shall be divided into two parts, the Airport Approach District and the Airport Circling District, as described in this Section (and as shown, for convenient reference only, in the flight obstruction area maps available on request at the offices of the City Planning Commission).

The Airport Approach District comprises those parts of the flight obstruction area of any major airport which lie generally below the flight path of aircraft approaching or taking off from the runways of such airport, and, more specifically, below the following airport referenced imaginary surfaces:  the approach surfaces, the transitional surfaces and those parts of the horizontal surface and the conical surface which coincide with such approach surfaces and transitional surfaces.

The Airport Circling District comprises those parts of the flight obstruction area of any major airport which lie generally below the flight path of aircraft circling such airport and, more specifically, below the following airport referenced imaginary surfaces: those parts of the horizontal surface and the conical surface which do not coincide with the approach surfaces and the transitional surfaces.

Notwithstanding any other provisions of this Resolution, except as provided in Section 61-22 (Permitted Projection within any Flight Obstruction Area), the highest projection of any building or other structure hereafter constructed or of any existing building or other structure hereafter relocated, enlarged or reconstructed shall not penetrate:

(a)        the approach surfaces, the transitional surfaces, the horizontal surface, or the conical surface, whichever is more restrictive, within the Airport Approach District of the flight obstruction area; and

(b)        the horizontal surface or the conical surface within the Airport Circling District of the flight obstruction area.

However, within a flight obstruction area, the highest projection of any such building or other structure may, in any event, extend to a height of 30 feet above curb level.

Airport reference point (or points)

The "airport reference point" (or "points") is a point (or points) within the boundaries of each major airport, as indicated on the flight obstruction area maps for each such major airport.  The point or points applicable to each major airport are set forth in Section 61-41 (Airport Reference Point, Established Elevation and Specified Radii).

Airport referenced imaginary surfaces

"Airport referenced imaginary surfaces" include the horizontal surface, the conical surface, the approach surfaces and the transitional surfaces.

Approach surfaces

The "approach surfaces" are imaginary inclined planes, trapezoidal in shape and located symmetrically with respect to the extended center line of any runway.  Such approach surfaces, extending from both ends of any runway, consist of contiguous inner and outer sections whose dimensions are as follows:

(a)        The plane of the inner section:

(1)        begins at a line drawn parallel to, and at the same elevation as, the end of the runway, and at a distance, measured horizontally along the extended runway centerline, of 200 feet from the end of the runway;

(2)        extends for a distance of 10,000 feet, measured horizontally along the extended runway centerline;

(3)        has a width of 1,000 feet measured along the line described in paragraph (a)(1) of this Section, which increases uniformly (with respect to the extended runway centerline) to a width of 4,000 feet at the outer edge of such inner section, as described in paragraph (a)(2) of this Section; and

(4)        rises at a slope of one foot in height for every 50 feet of horizontal distance.

(b)        The plane of the outer section:

(1)        begins at the outer edge of the inner section;

(2)        extends for a distance of 15,000 feet, measured horizontally along the extended runway centerline;

(3)        has a width of 4,000 feet commencing at the outer edge of the inner section, which increases uniformly (with respect to the extended runway center line) to a width of 8,500 feet at the outer edge of such outer section; and

(4)        rises at a slope of one foot in height for every 40 feet of horizontal distance.

DESCRIPTION OF APPROACH SURFACE

Conical surface

The "conical surface" is an imaginary inclined surface extending upward and outward from the periphery of the horizontal surface, which:

(a)        rises at a slope, measured in an imaginary vertical plane passing through the airport reference point (or points), of one foot for every 20 feet in horizontal distance; and

(b)        is measured on a horizontal radius from the airport reference point (or points), and extends for a distance set forth in Section 61-41 (Airport Reference Point, Established Elevation and Specified Radii).

Established airport elevation

The "established airport elevation" is the elevation above mean sea level of the highest point of the usable airport landing area for any major airport.  The elevation applicable to each major airport is set forth in Section 61-41 (Airport Reference Point, Established Elevation and Specified Radii).

Flight obstruction area

The "flight obstruction area" comprises all areas of land or water below the airport referenced imaginary surfaces for each airport.

Horizontal surface

The "horizontal surface" is an imaginary horizontal plane, circular or elliptical in shape, which:

(a)        is located at a height of 150 feet above the established airport elevation for any major airport; and

(b)        is measured on a horizontal radius from the airport reference point (or points), and extends for a distance set forth in Section 61-41 (Airport Reference Point, Established Elevation and Specified Radii).

Transitional surfaces

The "transitional surfaces" are imaginary inclined planes extending upward and outward from the side edges of all approach surfaces, and from lines parallel to, 500 feet from, and at the same level as the center line of each runway, which:

(a)        rise at a slope of one foot in height for every seven feet of horizontal distance measured in a vertical plane at right angles to the center line of the runway; and

(b)        extend to the point of intersection with the horizontal surface or the conical surface.

The airport reference point (or points), established airport elevation, and radii for the horizontal and conical surfaces for each such major airport shall be established as set forth in the following table:

APPLICATION TO MAJOR AIRPORTS

Airport Reference Points(s)

LaGuardia

John F. Kennedy International

U.S. Naval Air Station (Floyd Bennett Field)

Primary point:

    North Latitude

40° 46'29.0"

40° 38'19.4"

40° 35'33.0"

    West Longitude

73° 52'20.0"

73° 46'21.8"

73° 53'27.5"

Secondary Point:

    North Latitude

-

40° 38'57.9"

-

    West Longitude

-

73° 47'47.9"

-

Established airport elevation (feet above mean sea level)

20

12

15

Horizontal surface radius, measured in feet from airport reference point(s)

10,000

13,000

11,500

Conical surface radius, measured in feet from airport reference point(s)

15,000

20,000

18,500

The runways for each such major airport shall be the runways set forth in the following diagrams:

LaGUARDIA AIRPORT

Note: Coordinates shown refer to the U.S. coast and geodetic 10th Avenue base line. Elevations are above mean sea level.

J. F. KENNEDY INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT

Note: Coordinates shown refer to the U.S. coast and geodetic 10th Avenue base line. Elevations are above mean sea level.

U. S. NAVAL AIR STATION

(FLOYD BENNETT FIELD)

Note: Coordinates shown refer to the U.S. coast and geodetic 10th Avenue base line. Elevations are above mean sea level.

The provisions of this Chapter establish special regulations which are designed to guide development along the City's waterfront and in so doing to promote and protect public health, safety and general welfare. These general goals include, among others, the following purposes:

(a)        to maintain and reestablish physical and visual public access to and along the waterfront;

(b)        to promote a greater mix of uses in waterfront developments in order to attract the public and enliven the waterfront;

(c)        to encourage water-dependent (WD) uses along the City's waterfront;

(d)        to create a desirable relationship between waterfront development and the water's edge, public access areas and adjoining upland communities;

(e)        to preserve historic resources along the City's waterfront; and

(f)        to protect natural resources in environmentally sensitive areas along the shore.

Definitions specially applicable to this Chapter are set forth in this Section. The definitions of other defined terms are set forth in Section 12-10 (DEFINITIONS).

Development

For the purposes of this Chapter, a "development" shall also include:

(a)        an enlargement;

(b)        any alteration that increases the height or coverage of an existing building or other structure;

(c)        an extension; or

(d)        a change of use from one Use Group to another, or from one use to another in the same Use Group, or from oneuselisted in Section 62-21 (Classification of Uses in the Waterfront Area) to another such use.

Floating structure

A "floating structure" is any vessel, barge or other water-supported structure, other than a floating dock accessory to a WD use, which is bounded by either open water, a dock or the lot lines of a zoning lot, and that is permanently moored or otherwise attached to a pier, wharf, dock, platform, bulkhead or flotation system for a period of more than 180 consecutive days. Support by means of a cradle or as a result of natural siltation shall not exempt a normally water-supported structure from this definition.

Any water-supported structure, other than a navigational vessel, docked for not more than 180 consecutive days for a purpose other than navigation or accessory to a WD use, shall be deemed to be a "temporary floating structure." Such temporary floating structures shall only be permitted subject to the approval of the Commissioner of Buildings or Business Services, as applicable.

Pier

A "pier" is a structure at the water's edge, not otherwise defined as a platform, that is:

(a)        a pile-supported overwater structure, or a portion thereof, that projects from a shoreline, bulkhead or platform; or

(b)        a solid-core structure, or a portion thereof, constructed for the docking of water-borne vessels, that projects from the land or from a platform.

Projections from platforms shall be considered piers if their length, measured from the portion of the platform from which they project, exceeds 50 percent of their width at such portion. Any further extensions from such projections shall be considered piers regardless of their configuration.

(62 - 11.1)

Pier, existing

An "existing pier" is a pier where at least 75 percent of its surface is visible in the April 1988 Lockwood, Kessler and Bartlett aerial photographs of New York City.

Pier, new

A "new pier" is any pier other than an existing pier.

Platform

A "platform" is a pile-supported or solid-core structure at the water's edge, or a portion thereof, that:

(a)        is permanently connected to the land; and

(b)        has a seaward dimension that does not exceed 50 percent of its dimension along the land to which it is connected.

(62 - 11.2)

(62 - 11.3)

Platform, existing

An "existing platform" is a platform where at least 75 percent of its surface is visible in the April 1988 Lockwood, Kessler and Bartlett aerial photographs of New York City.

Platform, new

A "new platform" is any platform other than an existing platform.

Predominant or predominantly

"Predominant" or "predominantly" shall mean that a use or a group of uses comprises at least 75 percent of the total floor area of the building or on the zoning lot or, in the case of open uses, the lot area or pier water coverage, as applicable.

Seaward lot

A "seaward lot" is the portion of a waterfront zoning lot located seaward of the bulkhead line, except for any land above water included as part of the upland lot.

SEAWARD/UPLAND LOTS
(62 - 11.4)

Shore public walkway

A "shore public walkway" is a linear public access area running alongside the shore or water edges of a platform on a waterfront zoning lot.

Supplemental public access area

A "supplemental public access area" is a public access area provided on a waterfront zoning lot, in addition to other required public access areas, in order to fulfill the required waterfront public access area requirements.A supplemental public access area shall not include a shore public walkway or an upland connection.

Upland connection

An "upland connection" is a pedestrian way which provides a public access route from a shore public walkway to a public sidewalk within an open and accessible street, public park or other accessible public place.

Upland lot

An "upland lot" is the portion of a waterfront zoning lot located landward of the bulkhead line. Where a portion of the shoreline projects seaward of the bulkhead line, such land above water shall be included as part of the upland lot (see illustration of Seaward/Upland Lots).

Visual corridor

A "visual corridor" is a public street or open area within one or more zoning lots that provides a direct and unobstructed view to the water from a vantage point within a public street, public park or other public place.

Water coverage

"Water coverage" is the portion of a zoning lot seaward of the shoreline that, when viewed directly from above, would be covered by a pier, platform or floating structure, including portions of buildings or other structures projecting over the water from such structures. Water coverage shall not include docking or navigational appurtenances which may project from the aforementioned structures.

Waterfront block or waterfront zoning lot

A "waterfront block" or "waterfront zoning lot" is a block or zoning lot in the waterfront area having a boundary at grade coincident with or seaward of the shoreline. For the purposes of this Chapter:

(a)        a block within the waterfront area shall include the land within a street that is not improved or open to the public, and such street shall not form the boundary of a block;

(b)        a block within the waterfront area that abuts a public park along the waterfront shall be deemed to be part of a waterfront block; and

(c)        a zoning lot shall include the land within any street that is not improved or open to the public and which is in the same ownership as that of any contiguous land.

However, any block or zoning lot in the waterfront area having a boundary within or coincident with the boundaries of the Gowanus Canal, as shown on the City Map, shall be a waterfront block or waterfront zoning lot, respectively.

Any zoning lot, the boundaries of which were established prior to November 1, 1993, and which is not closer than 1,200 feet from the shoreline at any point and which does not abut a public park along the waterfront, shall be deemed outside of the waterfront block.

Waterfront public access area

A "waterfront public access area" is the portion of a zoning lot improved for public access. It may include any of the following: a shore public walkway, upland connection, supplemental public access area or public access area on a pier or floating structure.

Waterfront yard

A "waterfront yard" is that portion of a waterfront zoning lot extending open and unobstructed from the lowest level to the sky along the entire length of the shoreline, stabilized natural shore, bulkhead or water edge of a platform, as applicable, for a depth or width as set forth in this Chapter.

Within the waterfront area, all developments on zoning lots within waterfront blocks shall be subject to all provisions of this Chapter, unless stated otherwise. Developments on other zoning lots within the waterfront area shall be subject to the regulations of this Chapter only when part of a large-scale development, any portion of which is within a waterfront block, or when on zoning lots located in an area designated as part of a Waterfront Access Plan in accordance with Section 62-90 (WATERFRONT ACCESS PLANS). The provisions of this Chapter shall not be deemed to supersede or modify the regulations of any State or Federal agency having jurisdiction on affected properties.

(a)        Any development approved by special permit or authorization of the City Planning Commission or any zoning lot subject to a restrictive declaration in conjunction with a land use action by the Commission and City Council, or former Board of Estimate, as applicable, prior to October 25, 1993, may be started or continued pursuant to such special permit, authorization or the terms of such restrictive declaration.

Notwithstanding the provisions of this Chapter except as set forth in paragraphs (a)(1) through (a)(6) of this Section, the Commission may authorize modifications of such special permit or authorization, or the terms of a restrictive declaration may be modified by the Commission and, if applicable, the City Council, provided such modifications do not:

(1)        increase the height or lot coverage of any building in a waterfront block beyond the maximum set forth in Section 62-30 (SPECIAL BULK REGULATIONS);

(2)        extend the location of the exterior walls of any building within a waterfront block above the maximum base height for the district as set forth in Section 62-34 (Height and Setback Regulations on Waterfront Blocks);

(3)        increase the total floor area on any zoning lot within a waterfront block beyond the amount approved prior to October 25, 1993;

(4)        result in the obstruction of a required visual corridor or increase any existing obstruction of such visual corridor;

(5)        increase the size of a pier or platform or the size of any building or other structure on a pier or platform approved prior to October 25, 1993; or

(6)        involve a change that would create a requirement for public access or visual corridors without providing such public access or visual corridors in accordance with the provisions of Section 62-50 (GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR VISUAL CORRIDORS AND WATERFRONT PUBLIC ACCESS AREAS).

(b)        Developments for which an application for certification pursuant to this Chapter was filed prior to April 22, 2009 may be continued pursuant to the regulations of this Chapter in effect at the time of such filing.

(c)        Design changes to a previously certified application, including applications certified pursuant to paragraph (b) of this Section, may be made only upon further certification by the Chairperson of the Commission that such changes would not increase the degree of non-compliance or would result in a greater level of compliance with this Chapter.

(d)        Developments for which an application for authorization or special permit pursuant to this Chapter was filed prior to April 22, 2009 may be continued pursuant to the regulations of this Chapter in effect at the time of such filing.

(e)        Developments for which an application for an authorization or special permit, other than an authorization or special permit pursuant to this Chapter, was filed prior to April 22, 2009, may be continued pursuant to the terms of such authorization or special permit and, to the extent not modified under the terms of such authorization or special permit, shall be subject to the regulations of this Resolution that were in effect at the time such authorization or special permit was granted.

Note: All zoning regulations pertaining to the Special Inwood District Rezoning, which amended the Zoning Resolution (N 180205A ZRM) and Zoning Map (C 180204A ZMM), and which have been in effect since 8/8/18, are no longer in effect as of 12/19/19 per court order. For the applicable zoning designations currently in effect, please see zoning maps 1b, 1d, 3a, and 3c.

The regulations of all other Chapters of this Resolution are applicable, except as superseded, supplemented or modified by the provisions of this Chapter. In the event of a conflict between the provisions of this Chapter and other regulations of this Resolution, the provisions of this Chapter shall control.However, in the event of a conflict between the provisions of this Chapter and the provisions of Article VI, Chapter 4, the provisions of Article VI, Chapter 4, shall control.

In the event a Special Purpose District imposes a restriction on the height of a building or other structure that is lower than the height limit set forth in this Chapter, the lower height shall control. However, all heights shall be measured from the base plane.

The provisions of this Chapter shall not apply to the following Special Purpose Districts unless expressly stated otherwise in the special district provisions:

Special Battery Park City District

Special Governors Island District

Special Southern Roosevelt Island District

Special Stapleton Waterfront District.

The regulations of this Chapter shall not apply in the Special Sheepshead Bay District, except that Section 94-061 (Permitted residential, community facility and commercial uses) shall be modified to permit all WD uses listed in Section 62-211 from Use Groups 6, 7, 9 and 14 in accordance with the underlying district regulations.

The regulations of this Chapter shall apply in the following Special Purpose Districts, except as specifically modified within the Special Purpose District provisions:

Special Inwood District

Special St. George District.

The following special permits by the Board of Standards and Appeals shall not be applicable within waterfront blocks:

Section 73-64 (Modifications for Community Facility Uses)

Section 73-68 (Height and Setback and Yard Modifications).

The following special permits by the Board of Standards and Appeals shall be applicable on waterfront blocks only as modified in the following Sections:

Section 73-12 (Community Facility Uses in R1, R2, R3-1, R3A, R3X, R4-1, R4A or R4B Districts) shall be applicable, except that:

(a)        all references to floor area ratio and open space ratio shall be modified in accordance with the provisions of Section 62-32 pertaining to floor area ratio and lot coverage, which provisions the Board may modify pursuant to Section 73-12; and

(b)        all findings involving the amount and distribution of open space shall be made using the open area of the lot resulting from the maximum lot coverage set forth in Section 62-32; and

Section 73-45 (Modification of Off-site Parking Provisions); and

Section 73-49 (Roof Parking) shall be applicable, except for those provisions expressly modified by Section 62-40 (SPECIAL PARKING AND LOADING REGULATIONS).

The following special permits by the City Planning Commission shall not be applicable on waterfront blocks:

Section 74-72 (Bulk Modification)

Section 74-75 (Educational Construction Fund Projects)

Section 74-82 (Through Block Arcades)

Section 74-84 (Developments with Existing Buildings)

Section 74-85 (Special Height and Setback Regulations)

Section 74-87 (Covered Pedestrian Space).

The following special permits by the City Planning Commission shall be applicable on waterfront blocks only as modified in the following Sections:

Section 74-51 (Public Parking Garages or Public Parking Lots Outside High Density Central Areas); and

Section 74-52 (Parking Garages or Public Parking Lots in High Density Central Areas) shall be applicable, subject to the provisions of Section 62-26 (Special Use Regulations for Public Parking Facilities) and the special permit provisions of Section 62-836 (Public parking facilities on waterfront blocks);

Section 74-531 (Additional parking spaces or roof parking for accessory group parking facilities) shall be applicable, except that finding (d), relating to roof parking, shall not apply. In lieu thereof, the provisions of Sections 62-411 (Accessory residential roof parking) and 62-421 (Accessory non-residential roof parking) shall apply;

Section 74-711 (Landmark preservation in all districts) shall be applicable, except that bulk modification shall also include modification of public access or visual corridor requirements. However, in no event shall modification of paragraph (a) of Section 62-31 (Bulk Computations on Waterfront Zoning Lots) be permitted;

Section 74-74 (Large-scale General Development);

Section 74-79 (Transfer of Development Rights From Landmark Sites) shall be applicable, except that permissible modifications shall also include all bulk regulations set forth in Section 62-30 (SPECIAL BULK REGULATIONS), except for paragraph (a) of Section 62-31 and maximum floor area ratio for the applicable district set forth in Section 62-32. Modifications may also include public access and visual corridor requirements set forth in Sections 62-50 and 62-60;

Section 74-922 (Certain large retail establishments) shall be applicable except that, on existing piers, the provisions of Section 62-241 (Uses on existing piers and platforms) shall also be applicable;

Section 78-00 (SPECIAL REGULATIONS APPLYING TO LARGE-SCALE RESIDENTIAL DEVELOPMENTS); and

Section 79-00 (SPECIAL REGULATIONS APPLYING TO LARGE-SCALE COMMUNITY FACILITY DEVELOPMENTS).

The large-scale development provisions of Section 74-74 and Article VII, Chapters 8 and 9, shall be applicable, except that:

(a)        In the event a large-scale development consists of a portion within a waterfront block and a portion within a non-waterfront block, all zoning lots within the development shall be subject to the bulk regulations of Section 62-30 (SPECIAL BULK REGULATIONS).

(b)        In the event a large-scale development is located partially within and partially beyond the waterfront area, the landward boundary of the waterfront area shall be relocated so as to encompass all zoning lots within the development and such development shall be deemed to be located entirely within the waterfront area.

(c)        Any height and setback modifications within a waterfront block shall be subject to an additional finding that such modifications would result in a site plan with visual and, where required, physical public access to the waterfront in a way that is superior to that which would be possible by strict adherence to the regulations of Section 62-341 (Developments on land and platforms).

For the purposes of modifying the height and setback regulations of Section 62-341, the term "periphery" shall include all portions of a large-scale development within 100 feet of a peripheral street or lot line. The term "wholly within" shall therefore mean any area of a large-scale development which is not within the area designated as periphery. Large-scale residential developments within R3, R4 or R5 Districts shall continue to be subject to the periphery provisions of Section 78-31 (Location of Buildings, Distribution of Bulk and Open Space and Modification of Height and Setbacks).

(d)        No distribution of bulk shall result in an increase in floor area ratio on a zoning lot within a waterfront block beyond 20 percent of the amount otherwise allowed by Section 62-32. In the event such zoning lot to which bulk is distributed is a waterfront zoning lot, such bulk may only be distributed to the upland lot and the computation of maximum floor area ratio for such upland lot shall include any bulk distribution from the seaward lot. Such limitation on bulk distribution shall not apply to zoning lots within non-waterfront blocks.

(e)        Modification of public access and visual corridor requirements shall be subject to the authorization provisions of Section 62-822. In lieu of making the findings in paragraphs (a) or (b) of this Section, the Commission may find that the proposed site plan would result in better achievement of the goals set forth in Section 62-00 than would otherwise be possible by strict adherence to the regulations of Sections 62-50 and 62-60.

(f)        In Community District 1, in the Borough of Queens, where the Commission has approved a large-scale general development, and a lot line within such large-scale general development coincides with the boundary of a mapped public park, such lot line shall be considered to be a street line of a wide street for the purposes of applying the requirements of Section 23-86 (Minimum Distance Between Legally Required Windows and Walls or Lot Lines).

(a)        In R6, R7, R8, R9 and R10 Districts with a letter suffix, and in any C1 or C2 District mapped within such Districts, and in any other Commercial District with a letter suffix, any zoning lot within a waterfront block with buildings containing residences shall comply with the applicable district bulk regulations as set forth in this Chapter, and shall also comply with the requirements of Article II, Chapter 8 (Quality Housing Program), except as modified in this Section.

(b)        In R6, R7, R8, R9 and R10 Districts, and in any C1 or C2 District mapped within such Districts, and in Commercial Districts with R6 through R10 residential equivalents, any building containing residences on a zoning lot on a waterfront block shall comply with the applicable district bulk regulations as set forth in this Chapter. The bulk regulations in Article II, Chapter 3, applicable to Quality Housing developments shall not apply. However, all other requirements of the Quality Housing Program set forth in Article II, Chapter 8, shall apply.

Developments that provide a shore public walkway, in accordance with the requirements of Section 62-60 (DESIGN REQUIREMENTS FOR WATERFRONT PUBLIC ACCESS AREAS), shall be deemed to have met the requirements for recreation space specified in Section 28-20 (RECREATION SPACE AND PLANTING AREAS). Also, for the purposes of Section 28-23 (Planting Areas), the boundary of an upland connection located within a private drive shall be considered a street line.

The provisions of Article VII, Chapter 7 (Special Provisions for Zoning Lots Divided by District Boundaries), shall be applicable on waterfront blocks, as modified in the following Section:

Section 77-28 (Height and Setback Regulations) shall be applicable, except that all references to street frontage shall be inapplicable. In lieu thereof, the percentage of the zoning lot in each district shall be used to determine the quantitative requirements. The provisions in such Section for Quality Housing buildings shall be inapplicable. Furthermore, the height and setback regulations applicable to the district in which more than 50 percent of the lot area on the zoning lot is located, may apply to the entire zoning lot provided that the greatest distance from the mapped district boundary to any lot line of the zoning lot in the district in which less than 50 percent of the area is located does not exceed 25 feet. Such distance shall be measured perpendicular to the mapped district boundary.

For buildings containing long-term care facilities, the applicable provisions of Sections 24-013, 33-012 and 35-012 shall apply. Where a building containing a long-term care facility is required to utilize the bulk regulations applicable to affordable independent residences for seniors in Article II, Chapter 3, such provisions shall be modified by the bulk regulations applicable to affordable independent residences for seniors set forth in Section 62-30 (SPECIAL BULK REGULATIONS), inclusive, except that:

(a)        in R6A Districts or R6 Districts without a letter suffix, in C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R6A or R6 Districts without a letter suffix, or in Commercial Districts with a residential equivalent of an R6A or R6 District without a letter suffix, the maximum floor area ratio for long-term care facilities shall be 3.6;

(b)        in R7A Districts or R7 Districts without a letter suffix, in C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R7A or R7 Districts without a letter suffix, or in Commercial Districts with a residential equivalent of an R7A or R7 District without a letter suffix, the maximum floor area ratio for long-term care facilities shall be 4.6; and

(c)        the minimum size of dwelling unit provisions of Section 23-23 shall not apply.

Waterfront Access Plans shall be set forth in Section 62-90 of this Chapter. Such plans shall supersede, supplement or modify certain provisions of this Chapter. Except as expressly stated otherwise in the plan, all provisions of this Chapter remain in effect in the area subject to such plan.

The following uses shall be classified in accordance with their relationship to the water: Water-Dependent (WD) or Waterfront-Enhancing (WE). Such uses are listed in this Section only in the lowest numbered Use Group in which they appear. Where a WD or WE use appears in more than one Use Group, its additional listing is noted by a cross-reference.

Uses listed shall only be permitted in accordance with applicable district use regulations, unless expressly stated otherwise in this Chapter.

WD uses require direct access to a body of water in order to function or use waterways for transport of materials or products. WD uses shall be limited to the following:

From Use Group 4:

Non-profit private beach clubs

Non-profit private boat clubs

From Use Group 6:

*Docks for ferries, other than gambling vessels, limited as to passenger load (also listed in Use Group 14)

*Docks for water taxis (also listed in Use Group 14)

Docks or mooring facilities for non-commercial pleasure boats (also listed in Use Group 14)

Terminal facilities at river crossings for access to electric, gas or steam lines

From Use Group 7:

Boatels, provided that the units are predominantly occupied by persons with boats docked at the facility

From Use Group 9:

*Docks for sightseeing, excursion or sport fishing vessels, other than gambling vessels, limited as to dock capacity per zoning lot (also listed in Use Group 14)

From Use Group 10:

Docks for ferries, other than gambling vessels, with no restriction on passenger load

From Use Group 13:

Boat fuel sales establishments, open or enclosed, without restriction as to location

Commercial beaches

From Use Group 14:

Boat fuel sales establishments, open or enclosed, restricted to location within 10 feet of a boat dock berth

Boat launching facilities for non-commercial pleasure boats

Boat rental establishments, open or enclosed

*Boat storage, repair or painting establishments with size and location restrictions

From Use Group 16:

Boat sales establishments, open or enclosed

*Public transit yards, *trucking terminals, warehouses and *wholesale establishments, provided such uses ship or receive materials or products by water as evidenced by operational docking facilities on the zoning lot

From Use Group 17:

*Boat building or repair establishments, open or enclosed, for boats less than 200 feet in length

Docks for passenger ocean vessels, other than gambling vessels

Docks for sightseeing, excursion or sport fishing vessels, other than gambling vessels, with no restriction on vessel or dock capacity

Docks for vessels not otherwise listed, other than docks for gambling vessels

All other uses in Use Group 17 that ship or receive materials or products by water as evidenced by operational docking facilities on the zoning lot

From Use Group 18:

Marine transfer stations for garbage

Sewage disposal plants

Ship or boat building establishments or repair yards, for vessels 200 feet in length or over

All other uses in Use Group 18 that ship or receive materials or products by water as evidenced by operational docking facilities on the zoning lot

Other Uses:

Airports

Heliports

Seaplane bases

Uses accessory to the preceding listed uses

*        Refer to Use Group for detailed description of this use

WE uses comprise a group of primarily recreational, cultural, entertainment or retail shopping uses that, when located at the water's edge, add to the public use and enjoyment of the waterfront. WE uses shall be limited to the following:

From Use Group 3:

Art galleries, non-commercial

*Colleges or universities

Libraries

Museums

Schools

From Use Group 4:

Community centers

Houses of worship

*Ice skating rinks, outdoor

*Non-commercial clubs, with restrictions

**Playgrounds or private parks

Recreation centers, non-commercial

*Philanthropic or non-profit institutions without sleeping accommodations, excluding ambulatory diagnostic or treatment health care facilities listed in Use Group 4

Golf courses

*Tennis courts, outdoor

From Use Group 5:

Transient hotels

From Use Group 6:

All uses in Use Groups 6A and 6C, not otherwise listed as WD uses (some uses also listed in Use Groups 12 and 14)

*Non-commercial clubs, without restrictions (also listed in Use Group 14)

From Use Group 7:

Bicycle rental or repair shops (also listed in Use Group 14)

*Motels or tourist cabins

Refreshment stands, drive-in (also listed in Use Group 13)

Sailmaking establishments

From Use Group 8:

*Ice vending machines, coin-operated (also listed in Use Group 14)

*Theaters

From Use Group 9:

*Boat showrooms or sales establishments

Catering establishments (also listed in Use Group 13)

Gymnasiums used exclusively for basketball, handball, paddleball, racketball, squash and tennis

Wedding chapels or banquet halls (also listed in Use Group 13)

From Use Group 10:

Eating or drinking places, without restrictions on entertainment or dancing but limited to location in hotels

From Use Group 12:

Arenas, auditoriums or stadiums, with capacity limited to 2,500 seats

*Eating or drinking establishments, with entertainment or dancing

*Historical exhibits

Indoor golf recreation centers

Skating rinks, enclosed

From Use Group 13:

Camps, overnight or outdoor day

*Children's amusement parks, limited to a 10,000 square foot zoning lot

Circuses, carnivals or fairs of a temporary nature

Commercial swimming pools

Golf driving ranges

Miniature golf courses

Outdoor ice or roller skating rinks

*Outdoor skateboard parks

From Use Group 14:

*Boat showrooms or sales establishments, restricted to boats less than 100 feet in length

Fishing tackle or equipment, rental or sales

*Sporting goods sales or rental establishments

From Use Group 15:

All uses listed

From Use Group 16:

Riding academies, open or enclosed

Stables for horses

Uses accessory to the preceding listed uses

*        Refer to Use Group for detailed description of this use

**        Open to the sky except for seasonal enclosures not more than 30 feet high or greater than 200 feet in any other dimension

Commercial docking facilities are listed in Use Groups 6, 9, 10, 14 and 17 in Sections 32-10 and 42-10. Such uses are permitted as-of-right in all districts set forth in the Use Groups and are subject to the accessory off-street parking and passenger loading requirements of Sections 62-43 and 62-462 of this Chapter.

The definition of accessory use in Section 12-10 (DEFINITIONS) is modified in accordance with the provisions of this Section.

Berths or moorings for non-commercial pleasure boats provided as an accessory use to a residential use may be rented to persons who are not occupants of the residences to which such berths or moorings are accessory, for the accommodation of the non-commercial pleasure boats used by such non-residents, provided that:

(a)        not more than 40 percent of such berths or moorings are so occupied by non-residents;

(b)        except in Manhattan Community Boards 1 through 8, an additional off-street parking space, in a location adjacent to the docking facility, or off-site in accordance with the provisions of Section 62-412 (Accessory residential off-site parking), is provided for each berth or mooring so occupied;

(c)        such off-street parking spaces comply with all other provisions of this Resolution for the district in which they are located; and

(d)        the total number of accessory berths or moorings does not exceed the total number of dwelling units to which they are accessory.

Accessory berths or moorings may be provided on a zoning lot other than the same zoning lot as the residences to which such berths or moorings are accessory, provided that:

(a)        both zoning lots are contiguous or would be contiguous except for their separation by a street or street intersection; and

(b)        both zoning lots are in common ownership (single fee ownership or alternative ownership arrangements of the zoning lot definition in Section 12-10).

Uses on existing piers or existing platforms shall be subject to the provisions of Section 62-241. Uses on new piers or new platforms shall be subject to the provisions of Section 62-242.

The use of an existing platform may be continued or such use may be changed, enlarged or extended in accordance with the use regulations of the applicable district.

The use of an existing pier may be continued or such use may be changed, enlarged or extended in accordance with the use regulations of the applicable district provided that any use within a building or other structure on the pier meets one of the following requirements:

(a)        such use is a WD use; or

(b)        the building or other structure within which such use is located existed on October 25, 1993; or

(c)        the building or other structure within which such use is located complies with the height and setback regulations of Section 62-342 (Developments on piers).

In addition, the following use regulations shall apply on piers:

(d)        the following uses, not otherwise limited in size by their Use Group listing, shall be limited to 20,000 square feet of floor area per establishment:

(1)        all uses in Use Groups 6A and 6C;

(2)        the following uses in Use Group 9A;

(i)        clothing or costume rental establishments;

(ii)        typewriter or other small business machine sales, rental or repairs;

(3)        all uses in Use Group 10 with parking categories "B" or "B1";

(4)        the preceding uses, when listed in other Use Groups;

(5)        wholesale establishments or warehouses that provide accessory retail sales areas; and

(e)        no residential use shall be permitted within a building on a pier unless 50 percent or more of the floor area of the story at the level of public access is allocated for occupancy by WE uses, subject to the size limitations set forth in paragraph (d) of this Section.

Any use on an existing pier not permitted by the foregoing provisions of this Section shall only be allowed by special permit of the City Planning Commission pursuant to Section 62-835 (Developments on piers or platforms).

New piers and new platforms shall be limited to WD uses or to the following WE uses: playgrounds or publicly accessible private parks. Changes of use to any other WE use are permitted only by special permit, pursuant to Section 62-835 (Developments on piers or platforms).

(a)        WD uses shall be permitted on floating structures in accordance with the applicable district regulations.

The following WE uses shall be permitted on a floating structure, in accordance with the applicable district regulations, only if the water coverage of the floating structure does not exceed 5,000 square feet:

(1)        eating or drinking establishments as listed in Use Groups 6 or 12;

(2)        theaters as listed in Use Group 8; and

(3)        any other WE use, provided such use is open to the sky except for minor accessory structures of less than 150 square feet.

(b)        Other uses shall be permitted on floating structures only by special permit pursuant to Section 62-834.

The applicable district sign regulations are modified as follows:

(1)        no advertising signs shall be permitted in any district;

(2)        no flashing signs shall be permitted in any district;

(3)        the regulations pertaining to roof signs shall be inapplicable;

(4)        the maximum height of a sign shall be measured from water level in lieu of curb level;

(5)        the maximum dimension of the floating structure on each side shall be used in lieu of street frontage of the zoning lot to determine the permitted area of signs; and

(6)        each side of the floating structure shall be deemed to be a street frontage for the purposes of maximum size of sign computations and the maximum area of signs for each side shall be as set forth for each street frontage of a corner lot.

Public parking lots and public parking garages shall be permitted within waterfront blocks only as provided in this Section.

In C8 Districts and Manufacturing Districts, public parking facilities shall be permitted in accordance with the applicable district regulations. In other districts, public parking facilities shall be permitted within waterfront blocks only by special permit pursuant to Section 62-836. The requirement for such special permit shall be in addition to any special permit or authorization requirements of the applicable district.

Playgrounds and private parks shall be a permitted use in M2 and M3 Districts within the waterfront area in Community Districts 1, 2 and 4 in the Borough of Manhattan.

Within a waterfront block, no flashing sign permitted in accordance with the applicable district regulations shall exceed 50 square feet in surface area and no more than one such sign shall be permitted for each establishment located on a zoning lot, except that no flashing sign shall be permitted on any pier or platform.

R6 R7 R8 R9 R10

In the districts indicated, any Use Group 6 or 9 use, listed in Section 62-212 (Waterfront-enhancing (WE) uses), shall be a permitted use anywhere on the zoning lot, provided such zoning lot is partially located within a Commercial District, and further provided that:

(a)        such uses have a public entrance fronting on a waterfront public access area or a street that provides public access to a shore public walkway;

(b)        such uses are limited to not more than 10,000 square feet of floor area per establishment;

(c)        the total amount of floor area used for such uses does not exceed two percent of the total amount of floor area permitted on such zoning lot; and

(d)        such uses are located below the level of the first story ceiling of a building, on a pier or platform, or in a kiosk within a waterfront public access area in accordance with the provisions for kiosks set forth in Section 62-611 (Permitted obstructions).

Docks for water taxis and docks or mooring facilities for non-commercial pleasure boats, listed in Section 32-15 (Use Group 6), shall be permitted uses on any parcel identified in Waterfront Access Plan BK-1.

All zoning lots within waterfront blocks shall comply with the bulk regulations of this Section. For the purposes of this Section, non-waterfront blocks included in Waterfront Access Plan BK-1 shall be considered to be waterfront blocks. Existing non-complying buildings or other structures shall be subject to the provisions of Article V (Non-conforming Uses and Non-complying Buildings).

A change of use involving a building or other structure lawfully existing on October 25, 1993, shall be permitted in accordance with the applicable district use regulations, as modified by the provisions of this Chapter. Any non-compliances created with respect to the provisions of this Section due solely to the change of use shall be deemed to be existing non-compliances. However, no enlargement or other alteration of such buildings or other structures may be made which would either create a new non-compliance or increase the degree of non-compliance with respect to the provisions of this Section.

Modification of the bulk regulations of Sections 62-31, 62-32, 62-33 or 62-341 shall only be allowed by authorization or special permit of the City Planning Commission pursuant to Sections 62-837, 74-711, 74-74, 74-79, 78-00 or 79-00.

Provisions for modification of the bulk regulations on piers and floating structures are set forth in Sections 62-342 and 62-343 .

In no event shall any bulk modification include modification of the provisions of paragraph (a) of Section 62-31 or the maximum floor area ratio for the applicable district set forth in Section 62-322 .

On waterfront zoning lots, the areas of the upland lot and the seaward lot shall be computed separately.

(a)        Upland lot

All bulk regulations pertaining to the upland lot shall be satisfied entirely on such portion of the zoning lot. All floor area, dwelling units or rooming units generated by such portion shall be located within the upland lot and all lot coverage computations shall be based solely on the area of the upland lot.

(b)        Seaward lot

Within the seaward lot, only the water coverage of piers or platforms that are structurally sound and physically accessible directly from the shore, with a surface that is capable of lawful occupancy, shall be deemed to be lot area for the purposes of determining allowable floor area, dwelling units or rooming units, or to satisfy any other bulk regulations, unless expressly stated otherwise. In no event shall the water coverage of a building or other structure projecting over the water from a pier or platform be included in lot area. Lot coverage provisions shall not apply to the seaward lot.

Except where all piers, platforms or floating structures are occupied predominantly by WD uses, the maximum water coverage permitted on a zoning lot shall not exceed 50 percent and the water coverage of an existing pier or platform may not be increased by more than 10 percent.

(c)        Special provisions for bulk distribution

Floor area, dwelling units or rooming units generated by existing piers or platforms within the seaward lot may be located anywhere on the zoning lot provided the amount on the upland lot does not exceed the maximum for the district on such portion of the zoning lot by more than 20 percent. No bulk distribution from the seaward lot shall be permitted for new piers or platforms, except within Waterfront Access Plan BK-1. Such bulk distribution shall be permitted for new portions of piers located within Waterfront Access Plan BK-1, provided that such new portion of the pier is accessed from a portion of an existing pier containing not less than 25 percent of the water coverage of such existing pier and that the water coverage of the new and existing portions of the pier does not exceed the water coverage of the existing pier.

The maximum floor area ratio and lot coverage for residential buildings or residential portions of buildings in R3, R4 and R5 Districts shall be in accordance with the applicable district regulations, except as provided in Section 62-323 (Affordable independent residences for seniors).

For residential buildings or residential portions of buildings in R1, R2, R6, R7, R8, R9 and R10 Districts, the applicable regulations of Section 23-14 (Open Space and Floor Area Regulations in R1 Through R5 Districts) or Section 23-15 (Open Space and Floor Area Regulations in R6 Through R10 Districts), inclusive, shall not apply. In lieu thereof, the maximum floor area ratio and lot coverage on a zoning lot shall be as specified in the table below, except as provided for in Sections 23-154 (Inclusionary Housing), 62-323 (Affordable independent residences for seniors) and 62-35 (Special Bulk Regulations in Certain Areas Within Community District 1, Brooklyn):

MAXIMUM FLOOR AREA RATIO AND MAXIMUM LOT COVERAGE FOR RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS OR RESIDENTIAL PORTIONS OF BUILDINGS

District

Maximum Floor Area Ratio1

Maximum Lot Coverage
(in percent)

R1 R2

.50

35

R6B

2.00

60

R6

2.43

65

R6A R7B

3.00

65

R7-1 R7-2

3.44

65

R7A R8B

4.00

70

R7D

4.20

70

R7-3 R7X

5.00

70

R8 R8A R8X

6.02

70

R9 R9A

7.52

70

R9-1 R9X

9.00

70

R10

10.002

70

1        In Inclusionary Housing designated areasand in Mandatory Inclusionary Housing areas, the floor area ratio has been modified, pursuant to Section 23-154 or Section 62-35, inclusive

2        In R10 Districts, the floor area ratio may be increased to a maximum of 12.0, pursuant to Section 23-154

In the districts indicated in the following table, the maximum floor area ratio for affordable independent residences for seniors shall be as set forth in Sections 23-144 and 23-155, as applicable, and the maximum lot coverage shall be as specified in the following table.

MAXIMUM LOT COVERAGE FOR AFFORDABLE INDEPENDENT RESIDENCES FOR SENIORS

District

Maximum Lot Coverage
(in percent)

R3

55

R4

55

R5

60

R5D R6B

60

R6 R6A R7B

65

R7 R7A R7D R7X

70

R8 R9 R10

70

Where different maximum percentages of lot coverage apply to residential and community facility uses, the higher lot coverage shall be applied to any level containing both such uses. Furthermore, the maximum percent of lot coverage for community facility uses located below the level of residential uses need not be lower than the maximum percent of lot coverage permitted for such residential uses.

In Residence Districts, for any community facility building or community facility portion of a building on a zoning lot, the following regulations shall apply:

(a)        The maximum floor area ratio shall be in accordance with the applicable district regulations, except that no floor area bonuses shall apply. In R7-3 and R9-1 Districts, the maximum floor area ratio shall be the maximum permitted for residential buildings pursuant to Section 62-322 (Residential uses in R1, R2, R6, R7, R8, R9 and R10 Districts).

(b)        The maximum percent of lot coverage specified in Section 24-11 (Maximum Floor Area Ratio and Percentage of Lot Coverage) shall not apply. In lieu thereof, the following lot coverage regulations shall apply to community facility buildings or to that portion of a building used for a community facility use:

MAXIMUM LOT COVERAGE FOR COMMUNITY FACILITIES

District

Maximum Lot Coverage
(in percent)

R1 R2 R3 R4 R5

60

R6B

65

R6 R6A R7B R7-1

70

R7-2 R7-3 R7A R7D R7X R8 R9A

75

R9 R9-1 R9X R10

80

Any portion of a building at any height up to but not exceeding 23 feet above the base plane may be excluded in determining the percent of lot coverage set forth in the table in this Section.

In Special Mixed Use Districts, lot coverage requirements shall not apply to community facility uses.

In Residence Districts, when permitted, commercial buildings or buildings used partly for commercial use, shall comply with the regulations for residential buildings as set forth in Sections 62-321 and 62-322.

The maximum floor area ratio permitted for a community facility use shall be in accordance with the applicable district regulations, and the maximum floor area ratio permitted for a residential use shall be as set forth in this Section, provided the total of all such floor area ratios does not exceed the greatest floor area ratio permitted for any such use on the zoning lot.

Where different maximum percentages of lot coverage apply to residential and community facility uses, the higher lot coverage shall be applied to any level containing both such uses. Furthermore, the maximum percent of lot coverage for community facility uses located below the level of residential uses need not be lower than the maximum percent of lot coverage permitted for such residential uses.

In Commercial Districts, for any commercial or community facility uses on a zoning lot, the maximum floor area ratio shall be in accordance with the applicable district regulations, except:

(a)        no floor area bonuses shall be permitted; and

(b)        the floor area ratio on a zoning lot shall not exceed 10.0.

For residential buildings and residential portions of mixed buildings, the maximum floor area ratio and lot coverage applicable to residential buildings set forth in Sections 62-321 through 62-323 shall apply as set forth for the applicable Residence District and its corresponding Commercial District in Section 35-23 (Residential Bulk Regulations in Other C1 or C2 Districts or in C3, C4, C5 or C6 Districts).

In Manufacturing Districts, for any zoning lot, the maximum floor area ratio shall be in accordance with the applicable district regulations, except that no floor area bonuses shall be permitted.

The maximum floor area ratio for zoning lots containing a mixed use building in a Special Mixed Use District shall be in accordance with the provisions of Section 123-64 (Maximum Floor Area Ratio and Lot Coverage Requirements for Zoning Lots Containing Mixed Use Buildings).

Yard regulations for zoning lots shall be governed by the provisions of this Section. For developments containing WD uses or, in C8 or Manufacturing Districts, developments comprised predominantly of uses in Use Groups 16, 17 or 18, or for developments on zoning lots that are not waterfront zoning lots, yards shall be provided in accordance with the applicable district regulations. For all other developments, yards shall be provided in accordance with the provisions of Sections 62-331 (Front yards and side yards) and 62-332 (Rear yards and waterfront yards), except that no yard regulations shall be applicable on piers or floating structures nor may piers or floating structures be used to satisfy any yard requirements.

Front yards and side yards shall be provided on zoning lots within waterfront blocks in accordance with applicable district regulations, except that:

(a)        any rear lot line of a waterfront zoning lot that intersects the shoreline shall be deemed to be a side lot line and be subject to side yard regulations; and

(b)        side yard regulations shall be inapplicable along side lot lines that are coincident with or seaward of the shoreline. In lieu thereof, a waterfront yard shall be provided in accordance with the provisions of Section 62-332.

Rear yard regulations shall be inapplicable on waterfront zoning lots. In lieu thereof, a waterfront yard shall be provided along the entire length of the shoreline, bulkhead or stabilized natural shore, whichever is furthest landward, with a depth as set forth in the following table. The minimum depth shall be measured from the landward edge of the bulkhead, landward edge of stabilized natural shore or, in the case of natural shorelines, the mean high water line.

Where a platform projects from the shoreline, stabilized natural shore, or bulkhead, such waterfront yard shall, in lieu of following the shore at that portion, continue along the water edge of such platform until it again intersects the shoreline, stabilized natural shore, or bulkhead, at which point it shall resume following the shoreline, stabilized natural shore, or bulkhead.

The level of a waterfront yard shall not be higher than the elevation of the top of the adjoining existing bulkhead, existing stabilized natural shore or mean high water line, as applicable, except that natural grade level need not be disturbed in order to comply with this requirement. The level of the portion of a waterfront yard on a platform shall not be higher than the abutting level of the non-platformed portion of the waterfront yard, of which it is the continuation, except that the level of a platform existing on October 25, 1993 need not be altered in order to comply with this requirement.

No building or other structure shall be erected above the lowest level of a waterfront yard. Permitted obstructions in waterfront yards in all districts shall include permitted obstructions as listed in Sections 23-44 (Permitted Obstructions in Required Yards or Rear Yard Equivalents) and 62-611, except thatenclosed accessory off-street parking spaces and walls exceeding four feet in height shall not be permitted.

In addition, the following rear yard obstructions shall not be permitted except when accessory to single- or two-family residences in detached, semi-detached or zero lot line buildings:

Balconies, unenclosed;

Greenhouses, non-commercial, accessory;

Parking spaces, off-street, open or enclosed, accessory;

Swimming pools, accessory;

Terraces or porches, open.

WATERFRONT YARD DEPTH FOR ALL DISTRICTS

Column A

Column B

Districts with 30 Foot Requirement

Districts with 40 Foot Requirement

R1 R2 R3 R4 R5

R6 R7 R8 R9 R10

C1 C2 mapped in R1 R2 R3 R4 R5

C1 C2 mapped in R6 R7 R8 R9 R10

C3

C1-6 C1-7 C1-8 C1-9
C2-6 C2-7 C2-8
C4 C5 C6 C7 C8
M1 M2 M3

The minimum depth set forth in the preceding table may be reduced at the following locations provided no waterfront yard is reduced to less than 10 feet:

(a)        Along those portions of the landward edge of stabilized shore, bulkhead, natural shoreline or along those portions of the water edge of a platform, having a lot dimension, measured perpendicular and landward from such edge, that is less than 70 feet in the case of districts in Column A or 80 feet in the case of districts in Column B.

For such shallow portions of lots, the minimum depth may be reduced by one foot for each foot that the lot dimension measured from such edge is less than 70 or 80 feet, as applicable.

(b)        Along those portions of the water edge of a platform having a dimension, measured perpendicular from such water edge to an opposite water edge that is less than 100 feet in the case of districts in Column A or 120 feet in the case of districts in Column B.

For such narrow portions of platforms, the minimum depth along each opposite edge may be reduced by one-half foot for each foot that the platform dimension is less than 100 or 120 feet, as applicable.

WATERFRONT YARD AT STABILIZED SHORELINE
(62-332b.1)

WATERFRONT YARD
(62-332b.2)

Height and setback regulations for zoning lots within waterfront blocks shall be governed by the provisions of this Section. However, airports, heliports, seaplane bases and, in C8 or Manufacturing Districts, developments comprised predominantly of WD uses or uses in Use Group 16, 17 or 18 shall be exempt from the requirements of this Section.

All developments on portions of a zoning lot landward of the shoreline or on platforms shall be subject to the height and setback provisions of this Section. However, when the seaward view from all points along the shoreline of a zoning lot is entirely obstructed by existing elevated roads, bridges or similar structures which are less than 50 feet above mean high water and within 200 feet of the shoreline, developments shall be exempt from the requirements of this Section. Height and setback regulations for developments on piers and floating structures are set forth in Sections 62-342 and 62-343.

(a)        For the purposes of applying the height and setback regulations of this Section, the following provisions shall apply:

(1)        Street lines

For the purposes of paragraphs (c) and (d) of this Section and of paragraph (h) of Section 62-354, a shore public walkway, visual corridor, upland connection or supplemental public access area shall be considered a street and its boundary shall be treated as a street line. Any visual corridor or upland connection that measures at least 75 feet in width, or any shore public walkway or supplemental public access area, shall be considered a wide street. Any other visual corridor or upland connection shall be considered a narrow street.

(2)        Initial setback distance

For the purposes of paragraph (c) of this Section, an initial setback distance shall be a horizontal distance measured for a depth of 15 feet from a narrow street line and 10 feet from a wide street line. However, an initial setback distance shall have a depth of 30 feet from the boundary of a shore public walkway. Wherever a supplemental public access area is provided as a widened shore public walkway, such widened area shall be included in the initial setback distance.

(3)        Measurement of height

The height of all buildings or other structures on waterfront blocks shall be measured from the base plane,except where modified by the provisions of Article VI, Chapter 4. For buildings with pitched roofs, maximum building height shall be measured to the midpoint of such pitched roof, except for buildings subject to Section 23-631 (General provisions).

(4)        Permitted obstructions

The obstructions permitted pursuant to Sections 23-62, 24-51, 33-42 or 43-42 and, where applicable, Sections 64-331, 64-332 or 64-432, shall apply. In addition, the following regulations regarding permitted obstructions shall apply:

(i)        Within an initial setback distance, a dormer may exceed a maximum base height specified in Table A of this Section or penetrate a required setback area above a maximum base height specified in paragraph (d) of this Section, provided that such dormer complies with the provisions of paragraph (c)(1) of Section 23-621.

(ii)        A penthouse portion of a building shall be permitted to exceed the applicable maximum building height, specified in Table A, by not more than 40 feet, only if the gross area of any story within such portion has a lot coverage of at least 50 percent and not more than 85 percent of the highest story that is located entirely below the maximum building height. Such reduced lot coverage shall be achieved by one or more setbacks on each face of the penthouse portion, where at least one setback on each face has a depth of at least four feet and a width that, individually or in the aggregate, is equal to at least 10 percent of the width of such respective face. For the purposes of this paragraph, (a)(4)(ii), the penthouse portion shall have four faces, with each face being the side of the rectangle within which the outermost walls of the highest story located entirely below the maximum building height have been inscribed. The required setbacks shall be measured from the outermost walls of the building facing each penthouse portion face. Required setback areas may overlap.

(iii)        Wind energy systems

Regulations governing wind energy systems are modified pursuant to this paragraph, (a)(4)(iii).

In R6 through R10 Districts, Commercial Districts, other than C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R1 through R5 Districts and C4-1, C7 and C8-1 Districts, and Manufacturing Districts, other than M1-1 Districts, wind energy systems located on a roof of a building shall not exceed a height equivalent to 50 percent of the height of such portion of the building or 55 feet, whichever is less, as measured from the roof to the highest point of the wind turbine assembly.

In C4-1, C7, C8-1 and M1-1 Districts, for buildings containing commercial or community facility uses, wind energy systems shall not exceed a height of 55 feet when located above a roof of the building as measured to the highest point of the wind turbine assembly.

In all districts, no portion of a wind energy system may be closer than 10 feet to a waterfront public access area boundary or a zoning lot line.

(b)        Lower density districts

R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 C3 C4-1 C7 C8-1 M1-1

In the districts indicated, and in C1 and C2 Districts mapped within such Residence Districts, the underlying district height and setback regulations are applicable or modified as follows:

(1)        Buildings containing residences

(i)        In R1 and R2 Districts, and in Commercial Districts governed by the bulk regulations of such Residence Districts, the underlying height and setback regulations shall not apply. In lieu thereof, no building containing residences, except for a predominantly community facility building, shall exceed a height of 35 feet.

(ii)        In R3, R4 and R5 Districts, and in Commercial Districts governed by the bulk regulations of such Residence Districts, the underlying height and setback regulations for buildings containing residences shall apply, except for predominantly community facility buildings.

(2)        Predominantly community facility buildings

The underlying height and setback regulations shall not apply. In lieu thereof, any portion of a predominantly community facility building that exceeds a height of 35 feet shall be set back at least 25 feet from a front yard line or street line, where applicable, and no portion of such building shall exceed a height of 60 feet. However, within a large-scale community facility development, for portions of a building that are located at least 100 feet from a street line and, on a waterfront zoning lot, 100 feet from a waterfront yard, the maximum height shall not exceed 100 feet.

(3)        Buildings containing commercial uses

The underlying height and setback regulations for commercial uses are modified as follows: no building containing commercial uses shall exceed a height of 30 feet, except for mixed buildings as set forth in paragraph (b)(1) of this Section or predominantly community facility buildings as set forth in paragraph (b)(2) of this Section.

(4)        Other structures

All structures other than buildings shall be limited to a height of 35 feet,except that in C4-1, C7, C8-1 and M1-1 Districts, freestanding wind energy systems shall be permitted to a height of 85 feet, as measured from the base plane to the highest point of the wind turbine assembly.

(c)        Medium and high density non-contextual districts

R6 R7 R8 R9 R10

C1-6 C1-7 C1-8 C1-9 C2-6 C2-7 C2-8 C4-2 C4-3 C4-4 C4-5 C4-6 C4-7 C5 C6 C7 C8-2 C8-3 C8-4

M1-2 M1-3 M1-4 M1-5 M1-6 M2 M3

Except for medium and high density contextual districts listed in paragraph (d) of this Section, in the districts indicated, and in C1 and C2 Districts mapped within such Residence Districts, the underlying height and setback regulations shall not apply. In lieu thereof, the height and setback regulations set forth in this Section shall apply.

(1)        Maximum base height

Except for dormers permitted in accordance with paragraph (a)(4)(i) of this Section, the height of a building or other structure or portion thereof located within an initial setback distance may not exceed the maximum base height specified in Table A of this Section.

(2)        Maximum building height

Except for penthouses permitted in accordance with paragraph (a)(4)(ii) of this Section, the height of a building or other structure or portion thereof may not exceed the maximum building height specified in Table A.

(3)        Floor area distribution

Zoning lots with buildings that exceed the maximum base height listed in Table A shall have a minimum floor area coverage comprising at least 30 percent of the lot area at a height of 20 feet. For the purposes of determining this requirement, the lot area of waterfront zoning lots shall be deemed to be the area of the zoning lot landward of the shoreline. In the event the site plan involves construction on only a portion of the zoning lot, sufficient calculations shall be provided to show that such partial construction does not preclude compliance with the minimum floor area coverage requirements of this Section at the time the site is fully developed.

(4)        Maximum residential tower size

Each residential story of a building located entirely above the maximum base height specified in Table A shall not exceed a gross area of 7,000 square feet on zoning lots less than 1.5 acres, and 8,100 square feet on larger zoning lots. On all zoning lots, dormers permitted within an initial setback distance in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (a)(4)(i) of this Section shall not be included in such gross area.

(5)        Maximum width of walls facing shoreline

The maximum width of any story of a building that faces a shoreline and is entirely above the maximum base height specified in Table A shall not exceed 100 feet. Such width shall be measured by inscribing within a rectangle the outermost walls at the level of each story entirely above the maximum base height. Any side of such rectangle from which perpendicular lines may be drawn to a shoreline, regardless of any intervening structures, properties or streets, shall not exceed 100 feet. (See illustration).

(6)        Ground floor streetscape provisions

For the purposes of this Section, "ground floor level" shall mean the floor of a building, the level of which is located within five feet of the finished level of the adjacent sidewalk.

For street walls that are more than 50 feet in width and within 50 feet of a waterfront public access area or street, the following rules shall apply:

(i)        at least 50 percent of the width of such street walls shall be occupied by floor area at the ground floor level; and

(ii)        where such street walls do not contain windows with sill levels lower than four feet above the adjacent sidewalk for a continuous distance of at least 30 feet, such street walls shall be articulated with rustication or decorative grills, or screened with plant material, to a minimum height of four feet.

Parking garages that occupy the ground floor frontage along any street or private drive which is also an upland connection shall be screened in accordance with the planting requirements of paragraph (a)(7)(iii) of Section 62-655.

TABLE A

HEIGHT AND SETBACK FOR ALL BUILDINGS AND OTHER STRUCTURES IN MEDIUM AND HIGH DENSITY NON-CONTEXTUAL DISTRICTS*

Maximum Height
(in feet)

District

Maximum Base Height

Maximum Height of Buildings or other Structures

R6

C1 or C2 mapped within R6
C7 C8-2 C8-3
M1-2 M1-4 M2-1 M2-3 M3

60

110

R7-1 R7-2
C1 or C2 mapped within R7-1 or R7-2
C1-6 C2-6 C4-2 C4-3 C4-4 C4-5

60

135

R7-3
C1 or C2 mapped within R7-3 C8-4
M1-3 M1-5 M2-2 M2-4

65

185

R8
C1 or C2 mapped within R8
C1-7 C6-1 C6-2

70

210

R9
C1 or C2 mapped within R9
C1-8 C2-7 C6-3

80

225

R9-1
C1 or C2 mapped within R9-1

90

280

R10
C1 or C2 mapped within R10
C1-9 C2-8 C4-6 C4-7
C5-1 C5-2 C5-3 C5-4 C5-5 C6-4 C6-5 C6-6 C6-7 C6-8 C6-9
M1-6

110

350

------

*        For predominantly community facility buildings, the applicable regulations shall be determined from Table B of this Section

TABLE B

APPLICABLE HEIGHT AND SETBACK REGULATIONS FOR PREDOMINANTLY COMMUNITY FACILITY BUILDINGS

District in which Predominantly Community Facility Building is Located

Applicable Regulations from Table A

R6 R7-1 R7-3
C1 or C2 mapped within R6,R7-1 or R7-3
C4-2 C4-3 C8-2
M1-2

R7-3

R7-2 R8

C1 or C2 mapped within R7-2 or R8

C1-6 C1-7 C2-6 C4-4 C4-5 C6-1 C6-2

C8-3 C8-4

M1-3 M1-4 M1-5

R9

R9-1

C1 or C2 mapped within R9-1

R9-1

R9 R10

C1 or C2 mapped within R9 or R10

C1-8 C1-9 C2-7 C2-8 C4-6 C4-7

C5-1 C5-2 C5-3 C5-4 C5-5

C6-4 C6-5 C6-6 C6-7 C6-8 C6-9

M1-6

R10

(d)        Medium and high density contextual districts

R6A R6B R7A R7B R7D R7X R8A R8B R8X R9A R9X R10A

C1-6A C1-7A C1-8A C1-8X C1-9A C2-6A C2-7A C2-7X C2-8A C4-2A C4-3A C4-4A C4-4L C4-5A C4-5D C4-5X C4-6A C4-7A C5-1A C5-2A C6-2A C6-3A C6-4A

In the districts indicated, and in C1 and C2 Districts mapped within such Residence Districts, the height and setback regulations of Section 23-662 shall apply. For Commercial Districts, the applicable Residence District within which such Commercial District is mapped, or the applicable residential equivalent set forth in the tables in Section 35-23 (Residential Bulk Regulations in Other C1 or C2 Districts or in C3, C4, C5 or C6 Districts) shall be used in applying such provisions. In addition, in all applicable districts, for buildings meeting the criteria set forth in paragraph (a) of Section 23-664 (Modified height and setback regulations for certain Inclusionary Housing buildings or affordable independent residences for seniors), the height and setback provisions of paragraph (b) of Section 23-664 shall apply. Separate maximum building heights are set forth in Sections 23-662 and 23-664 for Quality Housing buildings with qualifying ground floors and for those with non-qualifying ground floors.

MAXIMUM WIDTH OF BUILDING WALL FACING SHORELINE
(62-341d.1)

DORMER
(62-341d.2)

In all districts, the underlying height and setback regulations shall be inapplicable to developments on piers. In lieu thereof, the provisions of this Section shall apply.

The base plane of a pier shall be the elevation of the finished surface of the pier, below which no portion of a building or other structure penetrates, except for the supporting structure, plumbing or utility lines. In the event portions of a pier have different surface elevations, the surface elevation of at least 50 percent of the pier shall be used to establish the base plane.

The height of all buildings or other structures on piers shall be measured from the base plane. For buildings with pitched roofs, maximum building height shall be measured to the midpoint of such pitched roof.

The obstructions permitted pursuant to Sections 23-62, 24-51, 33-42 or 43-42 shall apply. In addition, a dormer may penetrate a required setback area above a height of 30 feet provided the aggregate width of dormers on any given building wall does not exceed 50 percent of the width of such building wall.

(a)        Height and setback regulations on piers

The height of a building or other structure on a pier shall not exceed 30 feet. However, where a setback at least 15 feet deep is provided, the maximum height of a building or other structure shall be 40 feet. Such required setback shall be provided at a minimum height of 25 feet and a maximum height of 30 feet, and may be reduced to 10 feet in depth along any portion of the building or other structure fronting on an open area of the pier having a dimension of at least 40 feet measured perpendicular to such fronting portion. In addition, wind energy systems shall be allowed, provided such a system does not exceed a height of 85 feet, as measured from the base plane to the highest point of the wind turbine assembly or, when located above a roof of the building, a height of 55 feet, as measured to the highest point of the wind turbine assembly, whichever is higher.

(b)        Building width and spacing regulations on piers

The maximum length or width of any building or other structure on a pier shall be 200 feet. The provisions of Section 23-70 (MINIMUM REQUIRED DISTANCE BETWEEN TWO OR MORE BUILDINGS ON A SINGLE ZONING LOT) shall be inapplicable on piers. In lieu thereof, the minimum distance on a pier between any two buildings or other structures that do not abut shall be 100 feet. However, such limitations shall not apply to any building or other structure, no portion of which exceeds 30 feet in height.

Permitted obstructions above the base plane within such required open areas between buildings or other structures shall be limited to those allowed above the lowest level of a visual corridor pursuant to Section 62-513 (Permitted obstructions in visual corridors), except that freestanding accessory buildings or other structures shall also be permitted provided they do not exceed a height of 30 feet and a total area, in aggregate, of 900 square feet. A minimum spacing of 15 feet shall be provided between such accessory buildings or other structures and any other building or other structure on the pier.

(c)        Modification of pier bulk regulations

Modification of the regulations of this Section involving the height and setback or width and spacing of buildings or other structures on piers shall only be allowed by special permit of the City Planning Commission pursuant to Section 62-835 (Developments on piers or platforms), 74-711 (Landmark preservation in all districts) or 74-79 (Transfer of Development Rights From Landmark Sites).

In all districts, the underlying height and setback regulations shall be inapplicable to developments on floating structures, except for WD uses in C8 and Manufacturing Districts. In lieu thereof, the provisions of this Section shall apply.

Base plane shall be inapplicable for floating structures. Height shall be measured from the water line of the floating structure to the highest point of the roof or uppermost open deck. However, the following obstructions are permitted to penetrate a height limit:

Chimneys, flues or stacks;

Flagpoles, aerials or masts;

Parapet walls or safety enclosures, not more than four feet high; and

Wire, chain link or other transparent fences.

Developments permitted as-of-right pursuant to Section 62-25 shall not exceed a height of 23 feet. Developments on floating structures pursuant to the special permit provisions of Section 62-834 shall not exceed the height limits set forth in Column A of the table in this Section, except for navigational vessels being repurposed as floating structures in accordance with such special permit provisions. Such repurposed vessels shall be subject to the height limits set forth in Column B of the table.

HEIGHT LIMITS FOR FLOATING STRUCTURES

Column A

Column B

Residential District

Commercial District

Manufacturing  District

Maximum Structure Height

Maximum Height of Repurposed Vessels

R1 thru R5

C1 or C2 mapped in R1 thru R5

C3

-

23 ft.

40 ft.

R6

C1 or C2 mapped in R6

C4-1

C7

C8-1 C8-2 C8-3

M1-1 M1-2

M1-4

M2-1 M2-3

M3-1 M3-2

40 ft.

60 ft.

R7 R8

C1 or C2 mapped in R7 or R8

 C1-6 C1-7

C2-6

C4-2 C4-3 C4-4 C4-5

C6-1 C6-2

C8-4

M1-3 M1-5

M2-2 M2-4

50 ft.

70 ft.

R9 R10

C1 or C2 mapped in R9 or R10

 C1-8 C1-9

C2-7 C2-8

 C4-6 C4-7

C5

C6-3 C6-4 C6-5 C6-6 C6-7 C6-8 C6-9

M1-6

60 ft.

150 ft.

On waterfront blocks in Inclusionary Housing designated areas in Community District 1, Borough of Brooklyn, the special bulk regulations of this Chapter are further modified as set forth in this Section, inclusive.

(a)        Maximum permitted floor area ratio

In R6 Districts, the maximum permitted floor area ratio for any zoning lot containing residences shall be 2.43.

In R7-3 Districts, the maximum permitted floor area ratio for any zoning lot containing residences shall be 3.75.

In R8 Districts, the maximum permitted floor area ratio for any zoning lot containing residences shall be 4.88.

In R6, R7-3 and R8 Districts, the maximum permitted floor area ratio for any zoning lot containing residences may be increased for developments and enlargements that provide affordable housing pursuant to Section 62-352 (Inclusionary Housing).

(b)        Buildings used for accessory off-street parking spaces

Within Waterfront Access Plan BK-1, the floor area of a building shall not include floor space used for accessory off-street parking spaces provided in any story located not more than 33 feet above the height of the base plane.

(c)        Special regulations for Parcels 4 and 5e within Waterfront Access Plan BK-1

On Parcels 4 and 5e within Waterfront Access Plan BK-1, in the event that a property is developed as a public park, such property shall continue to be considered part of a zoning lot for the purposes of generating residential floor area based on the residential floor area ratio applicable to the property prior to its development as a public park. In no event shall the floor area generated by the property developed as a public park be utilized within the public park, but may be utilized pursuant to Section 62-353 (Special floor area, lot coverage and residential density distribution regulations). Floor space within any structure constructed pursuant to an agreement with the Department of Parks and Recreation within such public park shall be exempt from the definition of floor area.

(d)        Special regulations for Parcel 5d within Waterfront Access Plan BK-1

On Parcel 5d within Waterfront Access Plan BK-1, up to 120,000 square feet of floor space within a public school, constructed in whole or in part pursuant to agreement with the New York City School Construction Authority and subject to the jurisdiction of the New York City Department of Education, shall be exempt from the definition of floor area and from lot coverage requirements for the purposes of calculating the permitted floor area ratio and lot coverage for community facility uses and the maximum floor area ratio and total permitted lot coverage of the zoning lot.

The provisions of Section 23-90 (INCLUSIONARY HOUSING), inclusive, shall apply in Inclusionary Housing designated areas on waterfront blocks in Community District 1, Borough of Brooklyn, as modified in this Section.

(a)        Definitions

For the purposes of this Section, matter in italics is defined in Sections 12-10 or 23-911 (General definitions).

(b)        Floor area compensation

(1)        For zoning lots located in R8 Districts, or located partially in R8 Districts and partially in R6 Districts, the maximum permitted floor area ratio on such zoning lots may be increased in R6 Districts from 2.43 to 2.75, and in R8 Districts from 4.88 to 6.5; and for zoning lots located in R7-3 Districts, the maximum permitted floor area ratio on such zoning lots may be increased from 3.75 to 5.0, provided that:

(i)        the amount of low income floor area is equal to at least 20 percent of the total floor area, exclusive of ground floor non-residential floor area, on the zoning lot; or

(ii)        the amount of low income floor area is equal to at least 10 percent of the total floor area, exclusive of ground floor non-residential floor area, on the zoning lot, and the moderate income floor area is equal to at least 15 percent of the total floor area, exclusive of ground floor non-residential floor area, on the zoning lot.

(2)        For zoning lots located entirely within R6 Districts, the maximum permitted floor area ratio may be increased from 2.43 to 2.75, provided that:

(i)        the amount of low income floor area is equal to at least 7.5 percent of the total floor area,exclusive of ground floor non-residential floor area, on the zoning lot; or

(ii)        the amount of low income floor area is equal to at least five percent of the total floor area, exclusive of ground floor non-residential floor area, on the zoning lot, and the amount of moderate income floor area is equal to at least five percent of the total floor area, exclusive of ground floor non-residential floor area, on the zoning lot.

(3)        For zoning lots containing residences in R8 or C6-2 Districts, within a large-scale general development that is located in or partially within a C6 District, the floor area of a zoning lot may not exceed the base floor area ratio of 4.88, except that such floor area may be increased on a compensated zoning lot by 1.25 square feet for each square foot of low income floor area provided, or by 0.833 square feet for each square foot of moderate income floor area provided, up to a maximum floor area ratio of 6.5, provided that for each square foot of floor area compensation for moderate income floor area, there is one square foot of floor area compensation for low income floor area.

However, to receive such floor area increase, the amount of low income floor area plus two-thirds of the amount of moderate income floor area need not exceed 20 percent of the total floor area on all zoning lots in R8 or C6-2 Districts within the large-scale general development, exclusive of ground floor non-residential floor area, floor area within a school and floor area within a non-residential building that is vacant above the ground floor.

For the purposes of the calculations in this paragraph (b)(3), inclusive, an amount of moderate income floor area not exceeding 50,000 square feet may be considered low income floor area.

For the purposes of this paragraph (b), inclusive, low income floor area may be considered moderate income floor area.

Any zoning lot located entirely within an R6 District that, in conjunction with a zoning lot located partially or entirely within an R8 District, utilizes a distribution of floor area, lot coverage or residential density without regard to zoning lot lines or district boundaries pursuant to Section 62-353 (Special floor area, lot coverage and residential density distribution regulations), shall comply with the provisions of paragraph (b)(1) of this Section.

(c)        Permits and certificates of occupancy

The requirements of paragraphs (a) and (b) of Section 23-953 (Additional requirements for compensated developments and MIH developments) shall be modified as follows:

No building permit for any portion of the compensated development that utilizes floor area compensation pursuant to paragraph (b) of this Section, or is located on any story that utilizes the increased height for developments that provide Inclusionary Housing as set forth in paragraph (b)(2) of Section 62-354 (Special height and setback regulations) shall be issued until HPD has issued a permit notice with respect to the affordable housing that generates such floor area compensation.

No temporary or permanent certificate of occupancy shall be issued for any portion of the compensated development that utilizes floor area compensation pursuant to paragraph (b) of this Section, or is located on any story that utilizes the increased height for developments that provide Inclusionary Housing as set forth in paragraph (b)(2) of Section 62-354, until HPD has issued a completion notice with respect to the affordable housing.

Within any parcel identified in Section 62-931 (Waterfront Access Plan BK1: Greenpoint-Williamsburg), and with respect to any such parcels that are adjacent to each other and that are under single-fee ownership and with respect to which each party having any interest therein is a party in interest (as defined in paragraph (e) of the definition of a zoning lot in Section 12-10) or with respect to which each party in interest (as defined in paragraph (f)(4) of the definition of a zoning lot in Section 12-10) has executed a declaration declaring that the properties are to be developed as a single parcel or has waived its right to execute such declaration, the total lot coverage permitted pursuant to Section 62-322, the total floor area permitted pursuant to Sections 62-351 or 62-352 and the residential density permitted pursuant to Section 23-22, may be located anywhere within such parcel or between such parcels without regard to zoning lot lines or district boundaries provided that such location of floor area, lot coverage or residential density complies with Sections 62-31 (Bulk Computations on Waterfront Lots) and 62-34 (Height and Setback Regulations on Waterfront Blocks), as modified by Section 62-354 (Special height and setback regulations).

Within Waterfront Access Plan BK-1, the provisions of Section 62-341 (Developments on land and platforms) are modified, as follows:

(a)        Paragraph (c)(1) (Maximum base height) shall be modified in R6 Districts to permit a maximum base height of 65 feet or six stories, whichever is less. However, for buildings or other structures located on a zoning lot with more than 100 feet of frontage on a street in an R6 District, at least 20 percent of such frontage shall not exceed a maximum base height of 55 feet or five stories, whichever is less.

(b)        Paragraph (c)(2) (Maximum building height) shall not apply. In lieu thereof, the provisions of this paragraph, (b), shall apply:

(1)        The maximum building height in an R6 District shall be 65 feet or six stories, whichever is less, within 100 feet of Commercial Street, West Street, Dupont Street, Franklin Street and Kent Avenue. Beyond 100 feet of such streets and any other portions of an R6 District, the maximum building height shall be 110 feet. In R8 Districts, the maximum building height shall be 190 feet, except that for zoning lots developed with multiple buildings or portions of buildings that exceed a height of 180 feet, not more than half of such buildings or portions of buildings may exceed a height of 190 feet, to a maximum building height of 290 feet. Such maximum building heights of 110 feet, 190 feet and 290 feet may be exceeded by a penthouse portion of a building, pursuant to the provisions of paragraph (b)(3) of this Section.

(2)        For developments that provide affordable housing pursuant to Section 62-352 (Inclusionary Housing), the increased floor area permitted for such developments may exceed the height limits of an R8 District set forth in paragraph (b) of this Section, provided that the maximum building height shall be 260 feet, except that for zoning lots developed with multiple buildings or portions of buildings that exceed a height of 200 feet, not more than half of such buildings or portions of buildings may exceed a height of 260 feet to a maximum building height of 360 feet. Such maximum building heights of 260 feet and 360 feet may be exceeded by a penthouse portion of a building, pursuant to the provisions of paragraph (b)(3) of this Section.

(3)        The maximum building height may be exceeded by a penthouse portion of a building with a height of not more than 40 feet, only if the gross area of any story within such portion has a lot coverage of at least 50 percent and not more than 85 percent of the highest story that is located entirely below the applicable maximum building height. Such reduced lot coverage shall be achieved by one or more setbacks on each face of the penthouse portion, where at least one setback on each face has a depth of at least four feet and a width that, individually or in the aggregate, is equal to at least 10 percent of the width of such respective face. For the purposes of paragraphs (b)(1) and (b)(2) of this Section, the penthouse portion shall have four faces, with each face being the side of the rectangle within which the outermost walls of the highest story located entirely below the maximum building height have been inscribed. The required setbacks shall be measured from the outermost walls of the building facing each penthouse portion face. Required setback areas may overlap.

(c)        Paragraph (c)(3) (Floor area distribution) shall not apply.

(d)        Paragraph (c)(4) (Maximum residential tower size) shall not apply. In lieu thereof, each residential story of a building located entirely above a height of 85 feet shall not exceed a gross area of 8,100 square feet in an R6 District and 11,000 square feet in an R8 District. However, in R8 Districts, for buildings where at least 20 percent of the total floor area is comprised of affordable housing pursuant to Section 62-352, each residential story of such building located entirely above a height of 100 feet shall not exceed a gross area of 11,000 square feet. If such residential story of a building is located partially in an R6 District and partially in an R8 District, it shall not exceed a gross area of 11,000 square feet and any portion located in an R6 District shall not exceed a gross area of 8,100 square feet.

(e)        Paragraph (c)(5) (Maximum width of walls facing shoreline) shall not apply. In lieu thereof, the outermost walls of each story located entirely above a height of 85 feet shall be inscribed within a rectangle. The maximum length of any side of such rectangle that is parallel or within 45 degrees of being parallel to Kent Avenue, West Street or Commercial Street, whichever is closest, shall not exceed 110 feet. The maximum length of any other side of such rectangle shall not exceed 170 feet, except that for buildings where at least 20 percent of the total floor area is comprised of affordable housing pursuant to Section 62-352, such maximum length of 170 feet shall apply above a height of 100 feet.

(f)        Paragraph (c)(6) (Ground floor streetscape provisions) shall not apply. In lieu thereof, all off-street parking spaces located within 50 feet of a street, a visual corridor containing a private road and a shore public walkway, upland connection or supplemental public access area and which are located on a story that is above the base plane, shall be within facilities that are located behind commercial, community facility or residential floor space so that no portion of such parking facility, other than entrances and exits, is visible from such streets, visual corridors or publicly accessible open spaces. Such floor space shall have a minimum depth of 25 feet. Up to five percent of such floor space may be used for mechanical equipment provided that no floor space used for mechanical equipment is located within 15 feet of the street wall of the building below a height of 15 feet above the base plane, and that no exhaust vents are located on the street wall of the building below a height of 15 feet above the base plane. The remainder of such floor space shall be used for commercial, community facility or residential floor area. Seventy percent of the surface area of the facade of a facility containing parking spaces, which are not otherwise required to be behind such floor area, shall be composed of the same materials as the facade of the building in which it is located.

(g)        Any roof of a facility containing off-street parking spaces, not otherwise covered by a building, which is larger than 400 square feet, shall be landscaped. Up to five percent of such roof area may be used for mechanical equipment, provided that such mechanical equipment is screened from view by a fence which is at least 75 percent opaque or by at least three feet of dense planting. Up to 25 percent of such roof area may be accessible solely from an adjacent dwelling unit and the remaining roof area shall be accessible for the recreational use of the occupants of the building in which it is located. Hard surfaced areas shall not cover more than 60 percent of such roof area.

(h)        At least 70 percent of the width of the street wall of a building or buildings fronting on a portion of a street, upland connection or visual corridor that is not adjacent to a shore public walkway or supplemental public access area shall be located within eight feet of such street line and extend to a minimum height of 30 feet.

(i)        In addition to the applicable underlying street tree planting requirements, all extensions which increase the existing floor area by more than 10 percent, shall provide street trees in accordance with Section 26-41.

(j)        On Parcel 5d, the provisions of paragraphs (c)(1) and (c)(2) shall be modified for public schools constructed in whole or in part pursuant to an agreement with the New York City School Construction Authority and subject to the jurisdiction of the New York City Department of Education, as follows:

(1)        the maximum base height provisions of paragraph (c)(1) shall not apply; and

(2)        the maximum building height provisions of paragraph (c)(2) shall be modified to permit a maximum building height of 100 feet or six stories, whichever is less.

On Parcel 5d within Waterfront Access Plan BK-1, the yard provisions of Section 24-36 (Minimum Required Rear Yards) shall not apply to public schools constructed in whole or in part pursuant to an agreement with the New York City School Construction Authority and subject to the jurisdiction of the New York City Department of Education.

On Parcel 12b within Waterfront Access Plan BK-1 in Section 62-931, any lot line that coincides with the boundary of a public park shall be considered to be a street line of a wide street for the purposes of applying all bulk regulations of this Resolution, except that the provisions of paragraphs (g) and (h) of Section 62-354 (Special height and setback regulations) shall not apply.

In lieu thereof, the street wall of any building fronting on a lot line that coincides with the boundary of a public park shall be located at least eight feet from such lot line, except that any portion of a building containing a legally required window shall be located at least 28 feet from such lot line. No balconies shall be permitted on any street wall of such building facing a public park.

In addition, a wall, or if a wall is prohibited by the New York City Building Code, a fence, shall be provided along the lot line that coincides with the boundary of a public park. Such wall or fence shall be a minimum of six feet in height, except that any portion of such wall or fence facing a ground floor level commercial use in a building shall be a minimum of 10 feet in height. However, if the Commissioner of Buildings determines that such wall or fence located in a Residence District is subject to the provisions of Building Code Section 3112.1, exceptions (2) or (3), such wall or fence shall be a minimum of eight feet in height along the boundary of a public park.

At least 90 percent of the width of the street wall of a building or buildings fronting on Kent Street shall be located within eight feet of the street line and extend to a minimum height of 30 feet.

The applicable district regulations pertaining to permitted or required off-street parking facilities accessory to residential uses shall apply to all developments on waterfront blocks except as modified in this Section or in Section 62-45 (Supplementary Regulations for All Parking Facilities).

On waterfront blocks, parking spaces accessory to residential uses may be located on the roof of a building, or portion thereof, that does not contain dwelling units or rooming units, provided that:

(a)        the roof level is not higher than 23 feet above the base plane;

(b)        the perimeter of the roof is enclosed by a four foot high parapet wall or other enclosure at least 50 percent opaque;

(c)        trees are provided in accordance with Section 62-655 (Planting and trees) at the rate of one tree for each 10 parking spaces for parking areas at grade;

(d)        if on the roof of a portion of a building containing dwelling units or rooming units, the sill level of any dwelling unit or rooming unit windows opening onto such roof area is at least 10 feet above the roof and no parking spaces or vehicular aisles are located within 10 feet of a wall with dwelling unit or rooming unit windows; and

(e)        no flood lighting shall be permitted and any lighting shall be directed away from any residential windows on the same or an adjacent zoning lot.

For developments on waterfront blocks, the provisions of Sections 25-52 and 36-42 (Off-site Spaces for Residences) shall be modified so as to permit all permitted or required accessory spaces to be located on a separate zoning lot, provided that:

(a)        such off-site facility is not located in an R1, R2, R2X, R3-1, R3A, R3X, R4-1, R4A or R4B District;

(b)        if such off-site facility is located in other R3, R4 or R5 Districts, such off-site facility is contiguous or would be contiguous except for its separation by a street or street intersection to the zoning lot occupied by the residences to which the spaces are accessory;

(c)        if such off-site facility is located in other than a R3, R4 or R5 District, all parking spaces shall not be further than 1,000 feet from the nearest boundary of the zoning lot occupied by the residences to which they are accessory;

(d)        in R3, R4 and R5 Districts, such off-site facility shall be an open lot not exceeding 12,000 square feet. In other districts, parking structures shall be permitted and the maximum size of the facility shall be governed by the provisions of Sections 25-12 and 36-12 (Maximum Size of Accessory Group Parking Facilities);

(e)        in Residence Districts, no parking spaces are located within a required front yard or within four feet of any lot line. Front yards shall be planted and screening shall be provided along any lot lines in accordance with Section 62-655 (Planting and trees);

(f)        in all districts, lighting shall be directed away from adjoining buildings containing residences. In no event shall flood lighting be permitted for off-site facilities in Residence Districts; and

(g)        in all districts, trees shall be provided in accordance with Section 62-655 at the rate of one tree for each 10 parking spaces for on-site facilities within a waterfront block.

The applicable district regulations pertaining to permitted or required off-street parking facilities accessory to non-residential uses shall apply to all developments on waterfront blocks except as modified in this Section or in Section 62-45.

On waterfront blocks, parking spaces accessory to non-residential uses may be located on the roof of a non-residential building or a non-residential portion of a building containing residential use, provided that they comply with Section 62-411 (Accessory residential roof parking), paragraphs (a) through (e).

For developments on waterfront blocks, the provisions of Sections 36-43 (Off-site Spaces for Commercial or Community Facility Uses) and 44-32 (Off-site Spaces for All Permitted Uses) shall be modified to permit such spaces to be within 1,000 feet of the zoning lot to which they are accessory.

Accessory off-street parking spaces, open or enclosed, shall be provided in conformity with the requirements set forth in the table in this Section for all developments involving the commercial docking facilities listed. For the purposes of this Section, the term development shall also include, in the case of an existing docking facility, an increase in any unit of measurement used in computing parking requirements.

In addition, passenger drop-off and pick-up areas shall be provided as set forth in Section 62-462.

Accessory off-street parking or drop-off and pick-up area requirements for docking facilities serving ferries or sightseeing, excursion or sport fishing vessels may be modified by City Planning Commission authorization pursuant to the provisions of Section 62-821.

REQUIRED PARKING SPACES FOR DOCKING FACILITIES

Docking Facilities Serving

Districts

Number of Required Parking Spaces

Non-commercial pleasure boats

Rental boats

C1 thru C8

M1 M2 M3

1 per 2 berths or moorings

Ferries

Sightseeing, excursion or sport fishing vessels

R3** thru R5**

C1-1 C2-1 C3 C4-1

0.30 x p*

R6** R7-1** R7A** R7B** R7D**

C1-2 C2-2 C4-2 C8-1 M1-1 M1-2

M2-1 M2-2 M3-1

0.20 x p*

R7-2** R7-3** R7X** C1-3 C2-3 C4-3 C7 C8-2

M1-3

0.15 x p*

R8** R9**

C1-4 C2-4 C4-4 C8-3

0.10 x p*

R10**

C1-5 thru C1-9

C2-5 thru C2-8

C4-4A C4-5 C4-6

C5 C6 C8-4

M1-4 M1-5 M1-6

M2-3 M2-4 M3-2

None required

Passenger ocean vessels

C6**

0.15 x p*

M1-1 M1-2 M1-3

M2-1 M2-2

M3-1

1 per 2,000 sq. ft. of lot area or 1 per 3 employees, whichever is less

M1-4 M1-5 M1-6

M2-3 M2-4

M3-2

None required

Vessels not otherwise listed

M1-1 M1-2 M1-3

M2-1 M2-2 M3-1

1 per 2,000 sq. ft. of lot area or 1 per 3 employees whichever is less

M1-4 M1-5 M1-6

M2-3 M2-4

M3-2

None required

*        For sightseeing, excursion, sport fishing or passenger ocean vessels, "p" is the sum of the maximum capacities of all such vessels using a dock. The maximum capacity of each vessel is its U.S. Coast Guard certified capacity

For ferries, "p" is the total ferry passenger load of a dock on weekdays between the hours of 6:00 a.m. and 9:00 a.m., as determined by the N.Y.C. Department of Transportation

For docks serving both above categories of vessels, the number of parking spaces required shall be the sum of the number of spaces required for each category

**        By City Planning Commission special permit only for ferries or passenger ocean vessels in districts indicated

Accessory off-street parking spaces and loading berths shall be provided for all developments on floating structures in accordance with applicable district regulations unless specifically modified by this Chapter.

Where floor area is the unit of measurement for a use, the floor area shall be deemed to be the area of all floors or decks, both open and enclosed, on all levels of the floating structure. Floor or deck space occupied permanently and exclusively by mechanical equipment or that is normally inaccessible for human occupancy may be excluded.

Where lot area is the unit of measurement for a use, the water coverage of the floating structure shall be deemed to be lot area.

The applicable district regulations for developments with accessory or public parking facilities are further modified by this Section.

No accessory parking spaces shall be located on a floating structure except in conjunction with a special permit pursuant to Section 62-834 (Uses on floating structures).

Notwithstanding the provisions of Section 12-10 (DEFINITIONS), a public parking garage or public parking lot may include permitted or required accessory off-street parking spaces which are accessory to uses on a separate zoning lot, provided that:

(a)        the uses to which they are accessory are on a zoning lot within a waterfront block;

(b)        the entrance to the facility is not further than 1,000 feet from the nearest boundary of the zoning lot occupied by the uses to which it is accessory; and

(c)        the ownership requirement for such accessory off-street parking spaces is satisfied by an interest commensurate with the interest of the principal use.

Whenever accessory parking spaces are provided off-site within a public parking facility, the number of spaces and the use to which they are accessory shall be recorded on the certificates of occupancy for both the principal use and the public parking facility.

(a)        Open parking areas on waterfront blocks shall be screened from all adjoining zoning lots pursuant to Section 62-655 (Planting and trees), paragraph (a)(7)(iii), or from a street or an upland connection pursuant to Section 37-921 (Perimeter landscaping). Screening may be interrupted only by vehicular or pedestrian entrances.

(b)        All parking garages that occupy the ground floor frontage along any street or upland connection shall be screened in accordance with the planting requirements of Section 62-655.

(c)        For parking garages on piers, at least 50 percent of the perimeter wall area on all sides fronting on public access areas, up to a height of 15 feet, shall consist of clear or lightly tinted transparent material or latticework.

(d)        The screening requirements shall not apply to accessory parking for WD uses or other uses in Use Groups 16, 17 or 18, when located in C8 or Manufacturing Districts, except as set forth in the applicable district regulations.

For large-scale general developments within the Hallets Point Peninsula in Community District 1, in the Borough of Queens, floor area shall not include floor space used for off-street parking spaces provided in any story located not more than 33 feet above the base plane, provided that where such facilities front upon streets and waterfront public access areas, such spaces are within facilities that are located behind commercial, community facility or residential floor space so that no portion of such parking facility, other than entrances and exits, is visible from such street or waterfront public access areas. Such floor space shall have a minimum depth of 18 feet.

The applicable district regulations pertaining to permitted or required accessory off-street loading facilities shall apply to all developments, except as modified in this Section.

All open off-street loading berths on waterfront blocks shall be screened from all adjoining zoning lots, including such zoning lots situated across a street and from all public access areas on the zoning lot pursuant to Section 62-655 (Planting and trees). Screening may be interrupted only by vehicular or pedestrian entrances.

The screening requirement shall not apply to accessory loading berths for WD uses or other uses in Use Groups 16, 17 or 18, when located in C8 or Manufacturing Districts, except as set forth in the applicable district regulations.

All developments providing new docking facilities serving ferries, sightseeing, excursion, sport fishing or passenger ocean vessels, shall provide an area for the drop-off and pick-up of passengers by car, taxi, van and bus as shown in the table in this Section. Such area shall be located on the zoning lot or on another zoning lot in the same or an adjoining Commercial or Manufacturing District, which is contiguous to the zoning lot occupied by the docking facility, or would be contiguous except for its separation by a street or street intersection.

Such area shall be accessed by a one-way driveway at least 15 feet wide with separate entranceways and exits located at least 50 feet apart on the same street or located on separate streets, provided that no entrance or exit is less than 50 feet from a street intersection.

Such area, which may include the driveway on the zoning lot, shall be large enough to accommodate the number of vehicles required by the following table, based on a dimensional allowance of 10 feet by 20 feet for cars, taxis and vans and 12 feet by 50 feet for buses.

The Commissioners of Buildings or Business Services, as applicable, may accept an equivalent lay-by area on a portion of a street adjoining the zoning lot, if such street treatment and drop-off area is approved by the Department of Transportation.

REQUIRED DROP-OFF AND PICK-UP SPACES FOR VARIOUS DOCKING FACILITIES

Docks Serving

Maximum Vessel Capacity*

Number of Car Spaces**

Number of Bus Spaces

Ferries

100 or more

1 for each 50 passengers over100; maximum requirement 10

None Required

Sightseeing, excursion, or sport fishing vessels

Up to 200

None Required

None Required

Over 200

1 for each 50 passengers over 200; maximum requirement 15

1 for each 50 passengers over 200; maximum requirement 2

Any commercial vessels

Over 2,500

20

3

*        Capacity of the largest vessel using a dock. Capacity of a vessel is its U.S. Coast Guard certified capacity. For ferries, the N.Y.C. Department of Transportation operating permit capacity may be used as the vessel capacity

**        Includes cars, taxis and vans

Within Waterfront Access Plan BK-1, the special parking and loading regulations of this Section are further modified as follows:

(a)        The provisions of Sections 62-411 and 62-421 shall not be applicable.

(b)        Accessory off-street parking spaces for uses permitted pursuant to Section 62-29 shall be provided in conformity with the regulations of Sections 36-21, 36-22 and 36-232 for C2-4 Districts.

(c)        Any required accessory off-street parking spaces provided for uses located on a parcel identified in Waterfront Access Plan BK-1 may be located anywhere within such parcel.

All zoning lots developed within waterfront blocks shall be subject to the provisions of this Section and Section 62-81 (Certifications by the Chairperson of the City Planning Commission).

For the purpose of determining requirements for waterfront public access areas, the lot area of waterfront zoning lots shall be deemed to be the area of the upland lot and water coverage of structurally sound piers and platforms within the seaward lot.

All waterfront public access areas, including those required pursuant to paragraph (b) of Section 62-52 (Applicability of Waterfront Public Access Area Requirements), shall comply with the provisions of Section 62-60 (DESIGN REQUIREMENTS FOR WATERFRONT PUBLIC ACCESS AREAS), except as modified by:

(a)        authorization of the City Planning Commission, pursuant to Section 62-822 (Modification of waterfront public access area and visual corridor requirements);

(b)        special permit of the City Planning Commission, pursuant to Sections 62-834 (Uses on floating structures), 62-835 (Developments on piers or platforms) or 74-79 (Transfer of Development Rights from Landmark Sites); or

(c)        the establishment of a Waterfront Access Plan, pursuant to Section 62-90.

However, the design of portions of waterfront public access areas located within New York State-designated wetlands or their adjacent regulated areas, shall be in accordance with an approval from the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation.

In the event of a conflict between the provisions of this Section and a Waterfront Access Plan, the Plan shall control.

Visual corridors shall be provided for zoning lots developed within waterfront blocks in accordance with the provisions of this Section.

However, the following shall be exempt from the provisions of this Section:

airports, heliports and seaplane bases

developments in C8 or Manufacturing Districts comprised predominantly of uses in Use Groups 16, 17 or 18, except for docking facilities serving passenger ocean vessels or sightseeing, excursion or sport fishing vessels

developments in R1 or R2 Districts

developments comprised of single- or two-family residences within detached, semi-detached or zero lot line buildings on zoning lots less than 10,000 square feet in any district

extensions

changes of use within existing buildings or other structures.

In the event the visual corridor requirement imposed on the zoning lot exceeds 50 percent of the lot width or there is no way to provide a visual corridor in compliance with Section 62-511, no visual corridors shall be required.

Visual corridors shall be provided through the zoning lot using the following methodology:

(a)        the street lines of a street shown on the City Map which extend seaward of the first upland street bounding a waterfront block and terminate at a waterfront block shall be prolonged as a visual corridor through all intervening zoning lots to the water if the prolonged street would intersect the shoreline at an angle of 45 degrees or more and there are no existing obstructions blocking 50 percent or more of the width of the visual corridor that would result;

(b)        a visual corridor designated in a Waterfront Access Plan that traverses the zoning lot shall be maintained through the zoning lot in accordance with the provisions of such plan; and

(c)        the street lines of a street shown on the City Map which terminate at the first upland street bounding a waterfront block, and which street would, if prolonged, traverse the zoning lot and intersect the shoreline at an angle of 45 degrees or more without traversing an intervening zoning lot, shall be prolonged as a visual corridor if there are no existing obstructions blocking 50 percent or more of the width of the visual corridor that would result.

Such visual corridor pursuant to paragraph (c) of this Section shall not be required if any of the following conditions exist within 400 feet, as measured along the street line of the first upland street bounding the waterfront block, and its elimination does not result in a condition whereby visual corridors through the zoning lot or to either side of the zoning lot are more than 600 feet apart:

(1)        there is an existing mapped street extending to the water that intersects the shoreline at an angle of 45 degrees or more;

(2)        there is a required visual corridor pursuant to paragraph (a) of this Section;

(3)        there is an existing designated visual corridor either previously recorded by another property owner or mandated in a Waterfront Access Plan; or

(4)        the property owner is currently designating another visual corridor through the zoning lot pursuant to paragraph (c) of this Section which is equal to or greater in width than the visual corridor that would be eliminated.

For the purposes of paragraphs (a) and (c) of this Section, the angle of intersection of a street with the shoreline shall be determined from the intersection of the centerline of the street, or its prolongation, with the shoreline. The line connecting the two points of intersection of the street lines, or their prolongation, with the shoreline shall be deemed to be the shoreline (see illustration of Visual Corridor).

No existing street, or its prolongation, shall be considered currently blocked due to the presence of elevated roadways, elevated railways, or pedestrian or vehicular bridges existing on October 25, 1993.

In the event the methodology of this Section results in a condition whereby visual corridors through the zoning lot or to either side of the zoning lot are more than 600 feet apart, as measured along the street line of the first upland street bounding the waterfront block, additional visual corridors shall be provided at locations that would maintain a maximum spacing of 600 feet without traversing an intervening zoning lot. Such spacing may be increased only where an intervening zoning lot or an existing building or other structure on the zoning lot prevents compliance and only to the minimum dimension necessary to clear the intervening zoning lot or existing building or other structure. However, no visual corridor shall be required where such increased spacing would place it within 200 feet of another visual corridor. In order to determine the location of the nearest visual corridors, the methodology of paragraphs (a), (b) and (c) of this Section shall be applied to the adjoining portions of the block frontage to either side of the zoning lot.

VISUAL CORRIDOR LOCATIONS
(62-511.1)

VISUAL CORRIDOR (ANGLE OF SHORELINE INTERSECTION)
(62-511.2)

The width of a visual corridor shall be determined by the width of the street of which it is the prolongation but in no event less than 50 feet. Visual corridors that are not the prolongations of streets shall be at least 50 feet wide. For the purposes of establishing the width, vehicular turnarounds at the terminations of such streets, including curved or flanged treatments at intersections, shall be omitted.

The lowest level of a visual corridor shall be determined by establishing a plane connecting the two points along the street lines from which the visual corridor emanates at curb elevation with the two points where the prolonged street lines intersect the shoreline, stabilized natural shore, bulkhead or the base plane of a pier or platform, whichever intersection occurs first. Such plane shall then continue horizontally seaward from the line of intersection. Visual corridors that are not prolongations of mapped streets shall be determined by establishing a plane connecting the curb elevation at the two points along the lot line from which the visual corridor emanates with the two points of intersection at the shoreline, stabilized natural shore, bulkhead or the base plane of a pier or platform, whichever intersection occurs first.

No obstructions are permitted within a visual corridor, except as set forth in Sections 62-513 and 62-60 (DESIGN REQUIREMENTS FOR WATERFRONT PUBLIC ACCESS AREAS), inclusive, when a visual corridor coincides with an upland connection.

LEVEL OF VISUAL CORRIDOR

(62—512)

No building or other structure shall be erected within the width of a visual corridor above its lowest level, as established pursuant to Section 62-512 (Dimensions of visual corridors), except as provided in this Section. Permitted obstructions within visual corridors in all districts shall include:

(a)        permitted obstructions listed in Section 62-611, provided that no shade trees shall be planted within 15 feet of the centerline of a visual corridor, except when provided within an open parking lot;

(b)        permitted obstructions listed in Section 23-44 (Permitted Obstructions in Required Yards or Rear Yard Equivalents), as modified for waterfront yards in Section 62-332;

(c)        boats, ships or other vessels, and floating structures permitted by paragraph (a) of Section 62-25;

(d)        any moving or parked vehicles;

(e)        street furniture, including but not limited to, carts and open display booths; and

(f)        swimming pools, provided no portion projects more than 18 inches above the lowest level of a visual corridor.

Waterfront public access shall be provided for all waterfront zoning lots with a lot area of at least 10,000 square feet and a shoreline of at least 100 feet that are developed, and for all developments on floating structures, in accordance with the provisions of the following Sections:

Section 62-53 (Requirements for Shore Public Walkways)

Section 62-54 (Requirements for Public Access on Piers)

Section 62-55 (Requirements for Public Access on Floating Structures)

Section 62-56 (Requirements for Upland Connections)

Section 62-57 (Requirements for Supplemental Public Access Areas).

However, zoning lots with developments listed in paragraph (a) of this Section shall be exempted from waterfront public access area requirements; zoning lots with developments listed in paragraph (b) of this Section shall provide a waterfront public access area only as referenced therein.

(a)        The following shall be exempted from waterfront public access area requirements:

airports, heliports, seaplane bases;

developments comprised of predominantly WD uses, except as set forth in paragraph (b)(1) of this Section;

developments in C8 or Manufacturing Districts, comprised of predominantly Use Group 16, 17 or 18 uses, as listed in Article III, Chapter 2, and Article IV, Chapter 2, except as set forth in paragraph (b)(2) of this Section;

developments in R1 or R2 Districts;

developments comprised of single- or two-family residences within detached, semi-detached or zero lot line buildings in any district;

developments in R3, R4, R5, C3 or C4-1 Districts and in C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R1 through R5 Districts, comprised of predominantly residential uses;

enlargements which in the aggregate involve an increase in floor area (or for open uses, lot area) of less than 50 percent of the amount existing on the zoning lot on October 25, 1993, and not more than 20,000 square feet;

extensions which in the aggregate involve an increase in the amount of floor area occupied by such existing uses of less than 50 percent of the amount existing on October 25, 1993, and not more than 20,000 square feet;

changes of use, from exempt uses, as listed in this Section, to non-exempt uses, where the aggregate amount of floor area or lot area involved is less than 50 percent of the amount existing on October 25, 1993, and not more than 20,000 square feet;

(b)        Waterfront public access areas required in conjunction with the following developments shall be subject to the minimum waterfront public access area set forth in the table in Section 62-57 and the requirements of Section 62-58 (Requirements for Water-Dependent Uses and Other Developments):

(1)        developments comprised predominantly of the following WD uses: docks for non-commercial pleasure boats, ferries, sightseeing, excursion or sport fishing vessels, boatels or commercial beaches;

(2)        developments on piers or platforms that involve existing buildings or other structures that are either New York City-designated landmarks or have been calendared for consideration, or are listed or eligible to be listed in the National or New York State Registers of Historic Places; or

(3)        changes of use or extensions within buildings existing on October 25, 1993, which involve, in aggregate, an amount of floor area that is less than 30 percent of the maximum floor area permitted on the zoning lot for either commercial or residential use, whichever is greater.

In Community District 1 in the Borough of Brooklyn, on zoning lots with developments comprised exclusively of docks for ferries with a vessel capacity of up to 399 passengers, and accessory amenities for such docking facilities, such zoning lots shall be exempt from the waterfront public access area requirements of this Section, provided that such docking facilities are certified by the Chairperson of the City Planning Commission, pursuant to Section 62-813 (Docking facilities for ferries or water taxis in certain waterfront areas). However, for any subsequent development on such zoning lot that is not comprised exclusively of docks for ferries, the public access requirements of this Section shall apply, and any public access exemptions for such docks for ferries shall no longer apply.  

(a)        All waterfront zoning lots meeting the criteria set forth in Section 62-52 (Applicability of Waterfront Public Access Area Requirements), or floating structures, shall provide a shore public walkway, which shall comply with the following requirements:

(1)        Such shore public walkway shall have a seaward edge contiguous with the seaward edge of the waterfront yard as established in Section 62-332 (Rear yards and waterfront yards) with a minimum width measured from such edge as set forth in paragraph (a)(2) of this Section, or for floating structures, as set forth in Section 62-55, unless relocation or modification of width is permitted pursuant to this Section;

(2)        Such shore public walkway shall have a minimum width of 30 feet for zoning lots developed with predominantly community facility or commercial uses in R3, R4, R5 and C3 Districts, and such uses in C1 and C2 Districts mapped within R1 through R5 Districts. The minimum width for a shore public walkway provided for a zoning lot developed with any use in all other districts, other than R1 and R2 Districts, shall be 40 feet.

(3)        The minimum width of the shore public walkway set forth in paragraph (a)(2) of this Section may be reduced at the following locations provided no shore public walkway is reduced to less than 10 feet:

(i)        on shallow portions of zoning lots that are less than 150 feet in depth, the minimum width of a shore public walkway may be reduced by one foot for every two feet that the lot dimension, measured from such edge, is less than 150 feet;

(ii)        on narrow portions of platforms that are less than 150 feet in depth between the water edges located perpendicular to the landward edge of such platform, the minimum width of such shore public walkway along each opposite edge may be reduced by one foot for every two feet that the platform dimension is less than 150 feet.

(b)        In the case of a natural shoreline within New York State-designated wetlands, the shore public walkway shall be permitted to be relocated using either of the following methods:

(1)        further landward within the designated wetlands or its adjacent regulated area in accordance with an approval from the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, in which case its width and design shall be determined by such agency; or

(2)        immediately adjacent and contiguous to the landward boundary of the wetlands area and any State-regulated adjacent area at the same elevation, in which case its width shall be measured from the seaward edge, as relocated.

(c)        Shore public walkways shall be accessible from a public sidewalk within a street, public park or other accessible open public place, according to the provisions of Section 62-56 (Requirements for Upland Connections). Shore public walkways shall connect with shore public walkways on adjoining zoning lots.

(d)        Whenever a zoning lot is divided by a boundary between districts, each portion of the shore public walkway shall be governed by the width requirement specified for the district in which it is located. However, the total area of required shore public walkway, in square feet, may be distributed anywhere in the waterfront yard, provided that the shore public walkway is at no point narrower than the lesser of the widths required by each district.

(a)        All developments on zoning lots containing piers shall provide waterfront public access areas that meet the provisions of this Section.

Waterfront public access areas on piers shall consist of:

(1)        an area along the seaward edge of the pier having a depth measured from such seaward edge equal to at least 25 percent of the overall length of the pier. Portions of buildings may project into the required waterfront public access area, provided that the aggregate width of all such projections at the level of any story does not exceed 50 percent of the aggregate width of the building. For the purposes of this paragraph, abutting buildings on a single zoning lot shall be considered a single building. The depth of the required waterfront public access area may be reduced by no more than 20 percent; such projections shall not be included in the computation of waterfront public access area provided on the pier. In no event shall the depth of the public access area be less than 15 feet;

(2)        an area along the landward portion of the pier, having a depth of 40 feet, measured seaward from the bulkhead, stabilized or natural shoreline, or platform edge from which the pier projects. The depth of such area, however, need not exceed 25 percent of the length of the pier. In no event shall the depth of such area be reduced to less than 15 feet; or

(3)        an area along all other water edges of the pier, having a depth of 15 feet measured from such edges. For portions of piers wider than 80 feet, the depth along the edges of such portion shall be increased by three inches for each additional foot of pier width over 80 feet, but need not exceed a total of 60 feet, in aggregate, for all other edges. Such areas along water edges which are directly opposite each other may be aggregated so that the entire area is along one edge. Alternatively, the required area may also be allocated to such opposite edges so that the total aggregate depth is maintained with a minimum 15 foot depth along any edge.

(b)        Notwithstanding the requirements of paragraph (a) of this Section, when a pier is developed predominantly with a playground or private park, the waterfront public access area requirement on the pier, pursuant to Sections 62-52 (Applicability of Waterfront Public Access Area Requirements) and 62-60 (DESIGN REQUIREMENTS FOR WATERFRONT PUBLIC ACCESS AREAS), inclusive, shall be deemed to be satisfied by such use.

Pier public access areas shall be directly accessible from a waterfront public access area, public sidewalk within an open street, public park or other accessible public place, or other public access area. For piers developed predominantly with a playground or private park, the minimum width of such connection shall be equal to at least 50 percent of the width of a pier where it projects from the bulkhead, stabilized or natural shoreline, or platform edge.

PUBLIC ACCESS REQUIREMENTS ON PIERS

(62—54)

All developments on floating structures permitted as-of-right, pursuant to Section 62-25, shall provide waterfront public access areas in accordance with the provisions of this Section. Developments subject to a special permit pursuant to Section 62-834 shall provide public access in accordance with a plan established pursuant to such special permit.

(a)        Public access in conjunction with a development on a floating structure shall consist of a 30 foot wide shore public walkway along the entire length of the shoreline, including the water edge perimeter of a platform projecting from any portion of the shoreline in accordance with the provisions of Section 62-53. In the event that there is additional development on the zoning lot requiring a 40 foot width, the greater width shall be provided.

(b)        When the primary entrance to a floating structure is located on a pier, and there is no other development on the pier that would require pier public access, a 15 foot wide public access area shall be provided in addition to the shore public walkway, along the full length of one of the longer water edges of the pier. Such public access area shall be directly connected to the shore public walkway.

All waterfront public access areas provided pursuant to Sections 62-53 (Requirements for Shore Public Walkways), 62-54 (Requirements for Public Access on Piers) or 62-55 (Requirements for Public Access on Floating Structures) shall be accessible from an open street, public park or other public place at intervals along the shore public walkway not to exceed 600 feet by means of either a direct connection or, where no direct connection exists, an upland connection between the shore public walkway and an adjoining public sidewalk within an open street, public park or other public place.

Where there is an intervening zoning lot that would prevent compliance with the maximum interval, such interval may be increased to the minimum necessary to clear the intervening zoning lot. In the event there is no way to provide the upland connection without encroaching on an intervening zoning lot, the upland connection shall not be required.

Upland connections shall be provided as a single pedestrian walkway pursuant to paragraph (a) of this Section or as two pedestrian walkways pursuant to paragraph (b) of this Section.

(a)        Single pedestrian walkway (Type 1)

(1)        The minimum width of an upland connection provided in the form of a single pedestrian walkway (hereinafter referred to as "Type 1") shall be as set forth in the table in this Section. Such widths shall be increased by 20 feet within 15 feet of a street, public park or other public place, hereinafter referred to as an "entry area".

Such widths may be reduced on zoning lots having a lot width less than 150 feet; the minimum width of a single pedestrian walkway may be reduced by an amount equal to one foot for each two feet that the lot is less than 150 feet. However, in no event shall the width be less than the reduced minimum width specified in the table.

MINIMUM WIDTH FOR TYPE 1 UPLAND CONNECTIONS

Districts

Minimum width

(in feet)

Reduced minimum width

(in feet)

R3 R4 R5

C1 C2 mapped in R1-R5 C3

20

12

R6 R7 R8 R9 R10

C1 C2 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

M1 M2 M3

30

16

(2)        Where an upland connection does not coincide with a visual corridor, a 20 foot wide open area shall be required seaward of the entry area, and shall extend along the entire remaining length of the upland connection but need not be publicly accessible. This open area may be located on either side of the upland connection or aggregated in any combination, so that the total width of the open area, at any point along the upland connection, is 20 feet. Such increased widths may be modified in accordance with the reduced minimum width provisions in paragraph (a)(1) of this Section.

(3)        Where an upland connection traverses portions of a zoning lot located in districts in which different width requirements apply, the width of the upland connection shall be computed as the weighted average based on the length of the upland connection in each district.

(b)        Two pedestrian walkways (Type 2)

(1)        The minimum width of an upland connection provided in the form of two pedestrian walkways, one on each side of the roadbed of a private driveway (hereinafter referred to as "Type 2"), shall be 13 feet for each such walkway. However, where a private driveway terminates in a vehicular turnaround, the minimum width of the upland connection abutting such turnaround shall be 10 feet.

(2)        In addition, a "transition area" shall be provided which shall have a width equal to the combined width of the Type 2 upland connection and the roadbed, and shall extend for a distance of 40 feet measured from the termination of such roadbed in the direction of the shore public walkway, as shown in Illustrations 1 and 2 in this Section, for roadbeds that turn and roadbeds that terminate in a turnaround, respectively.

Illustration 1: Upland Connection with Roadbed Turn

(62-561b2.1)

Illustration 2: Upland Connection with Vehicular Turnaround

(62-561b2.2)

(3)        Such transition area is not required for roadbeds that turn and are located within 15 feet of a shore public walkway, or for waterfront zoning lots that are less than 255 feet in depth and 260 feet in width. However, for waterfront zoning lots that are less than 255 feet in depth and 260 feet in width, an area of at least 10 feet in width shall be provided between the edge of the roadbed and the upland boundary of the shore public walkway, as shown in illustration 3.

Illustration 3: Maximum Zoning Lot Dimensions to Waive Transition Area

(62-561b3)

(a)        If the aggregate area of the required shore public walkways, upland connections, public access areas on piers, and public access areas in conjunction with floating structures on the zoning lot, is less by 750 square feet or more than the amount of waterfront public access area required by the table in this Section, then supplemental public access areas shall be provided in order to meet the total amount of waterfront public access area required by the table. However, when a zoning lot is developed predominantly as a playground or publicly accessible private park, the requirements of this Section shall be deemed to be satisfied by such use.

(b)        Where supplemental public access areas are required within New York State-designated wetlands or adjacent State-regulated areas, the area requirements and the design standards for such supplemental public access areas may be reduced or modified by the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation.

Supplemental public access areas shall not be required where the total area of such designated wetlands and adjacent State-regulated areas on the zoning lot is equal to or greater than the total supplemental public access area requirement and the Department of Environmental Conservation determines that public access to such areas is not permitted.

(c)        Whenever a zoning lot is divided by a boundary between districts in which different thresholds apply pursuant to the tablein this Section, the waterfront public access area requirement shall be met for the entire zoning lot, provided that:

(1)        the lot area or length of shoreline in either district is less than the minimum threshold for which there is a total waterfront public access area requirement; and

(2)        the total lot area or length of shoreline for the entire zoning lot is greater than the lowest threshold in either district for which there is a total waterfront public access area requirement.

Each portion of the zoning lot shall generate a total waterfront public access area requirement based on the percentage required in the table for the district in which it is located.

WATERFRONT PUBLIC ACCESS AREA REQUIREMENTS

Districts

Zoning Lot Threshold

Total Waterfront Public Access Area Requirement as a Percentage of Lot Area

R3, R4, R5,

C1 or C2 in R1-R5

C3, C4-1

Lot area: 65,340 sq. ft.

Shoreline length: 600 ft.

15

R6, R7-1, R7-2, R7A, R7B, R7D, R8B

and Commercial Districts governed by the bulk regulations of such Residence Districts

All other Commercial or Manufacturing Districts with a permitted commercial FAR of 4.0 or less

Lot area:  20,000 sq. ft.

Shoreline length: 100 ft.

15

Other R7, R8, R9, R10 Districts and Commercial Districts governed by the bulk regulations of such Residence Districts

All other Commercial or Manufacturing Districts with a permitted commercial FAR above 4.0

Lot area: 20,000 sq. ft.

Shoreline length: 100 ft.

20

A supplemental public access area shall also be subject to the provisions of Section 62-62 (Design Requirements for Shore Public Walkways and Supplemental Public Access Areas).

Supplemental public access areas shall adjoin a shore public walkway in accordance with the requirements of this Section, except as modified by paragraphs (a) and (b) of Section 62-57, and the provisions of this Section:

(a)        The minimum area of the supplemental public access area:

(1)        when located at the intersection of a shore public walkway and an upland connection or street, shall be 750 square feet, have a minimum width to depth ratio of 1:1 and a maximum width to depth ratio of 3:1. The longest side shall adjoin the shore public walkway; or

(2)        when located adjoining a shore public walkway without adjoining an upland connection or street, shall be 1,875 square feet and have a minimum width to depth ratio of 3:1. The minimum depth perpendicular to the shore public walkway, as a weighted average, shall be 25 feet.

The width to depth requirements of paragraphs (a)(1) and (a)(2) of this Section may be satisfied with weighted average dimensions. The minimum angle between the two boundary lines of a supplemental public access area coinciding with the private portion of the zoning lot shall be 90 degrees.

(b)        A supplemental public access area may be provided:

(1)        to widen the shore public walkway, with a minimum width of 10 feet running continuously along the shore public walkway between any two of the following: an upland connection, open street, public park or other public place;

(2)        as a pedestrian sidewalk area abutting a roadbed running along the shoreline, provided such sidewalk has a minimum width of 13 feet and complies with the provisions for a Type 2 upland connection pursuant to Section 62-64. Any additional supplemental public access area shall comply with the requirements of this Section; or

(3)        as a dedicated bicycle path if such path connects at each end to an open street. The minimum width of a bicycle path shall be 10 feet, with an additional two foot clearance on each side along the entire length of the path. There shall be a planted area between a bicycle path and a paved area for pedestrian use, pursuant to the requirements of paragraph (c) of Section 62-62.

Waterfront zoning lots that are developed with uses listed in paragraph (b) of Section 62-52 (Applicability of Waterfront Public Access Area Requirements) shall provide a minimum amount of waterfront public access area in accordance with the table in Section 62-57 (Requirements for Supplemental Public Access Areas).

The total waterfront public access area requirement in such table shall be provided in any manner that will enable the public to access a waterfront viewing area on the zoning lot from a public sidewalk within a street, public park or other public place. Such viewing area shall provide an unobstructed view of the water and comprise at least 50 percent of the total waterfront public access area required on the zoning lot. One linear foot of seating shall be provided for every 100 square feet of viewing area.

Waterfront public access areas improved in accordance with this Section shall comply with the provisions of Sections 62-61 (General Provisions Applying to Waterfront Public Access Areas) and 62-65 (Public Access Design Reference Standards).

For developments listed in paragraph (b)(1) of Section 62-52, on zoning lots containing a public access area established prior to October 25, 1993, by restrictive declaration, lease agreement, maintenance and operation agreement, or other agreement with a public entity, which public access area is required to be provided for the life of the development, subject to such agreement, the requirements for the waterfront public access area shall have been met if the established public access area is substantially in compliance with the provisions of this Section.

(a)        In M2 and M3 Districts pursuant to Section 62-27 (Special Use Regulations for Playgrounds or Private Parks), where a zoning lot or adjoining zoning lots are predominantly developed as a park, the requirements of Sections 62-50, inclusive, and 62-60, inclusive, shall be deemed satisfied for that portion of the zoning lots occupied by such park use, provided that:

(1)        such park is comprised of a minimum of nine acres of land above water and the water coverage of piers or platforms, located on the zoning lot or the zoning lot and adjoining zoning lots, having at least 600 feet of shoreline;

(2)        such park provides a continuous paved walkway along the entire portion of the zoning lots occupied by such use with a minimum clear width of no less than 12 feet, within 40 feet of the shoreline for at least 75 percent of those portions of the park that abut the shoreline;

(3)        such walkway connects with all other shore public walkways on the zoning lot and adjoining zoning lots and any adjoining public sidewalks or other pedestrian areas within pier public access areas, a public street, public park, other public place or park;

(4)        such walkway shall be open and accessible from pier public access areas, a public street, park or other public place at intervals over the length of the park, not exceeding 1,000 feet with an average of 600 feet, by a continuous paved walkway with a minimum clear width of not less than 10 feet;

(5)        such park is open and accessible to the public from dawn to dusk, except when hazardous conditions are present that would affect public safety;

(6)        a maintenance and operation agreement providing for the maintenance and operation of the park in good condition is entered into with the Department of Parks and Recreation (DPR), except that no such maintenance and operation agreement shall be required for a park developed and maintained by the State or the City of New York, any subdivision or agency of the State or the City, or any public authority or other entity created pursuant to State or local statute for the purpose of operating such a park; and

(7)        visual corridors shall be provided in accordance with Section 62-51 (Applicability of Visual Corridor Requirements).

Any maintenance and operation agreement required pursuant to paragraph (a)(6) of this Section shall include a requirement that prior to obtaining any building permit or opening any portion of the park to the public, the property owner or operator of the park shall post with DPR security in the form of a maintenance bond, letter of credit or other security acceptable to DPR, in an amount certified by a registered architect or landscape architect to be sufficient to cover 125 percent of the cost of maintaining the park for a 12 month period following its final completion, and that such security shall be replaced every five years with new security in an amount sufficient to cover 125 percent of the then current annual cost of maintaining the park, as certified by a registered architect or landscape architect, for the life of the park. Any maintenance and operation agreement shall be attached to or included within a duly recorded, signed declaration of restrictions, indexed against the zoning lot, binding the owners and any lessees, tenants, successors and assigns to maintain and operate the park in conformance with this Section and with the maintenance and operation agreement for the life of the park. The filing of such declaration, where required, shall be a precondition to certification pursuant to paragraph (e) of Section 62-811.

Any portion of a zoning lot that is not developed for a park use shall be subject to all of the requirements of Sections 62-50 and 62-60. For purposes of determining obligations pursuant to this Section, such portions of a zoning lot not used for park purposes shall be treated as a separate zoning lot or separate zoning lots, except that the entire zoning lot, including the portion used for park purposes, shall be considered in determining lot area for purposes of Section 62-53 (Requirements for Shore Public Walkways).

(b)        In order to implement the East River Waterfront Esplanade and Piers Project described in the Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS) dated May 18, 2007, of the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation and the record of decision (ROD) adopted by such corporation on November 7, 2007 (the ERW Project), in C2-8, C4-6, C6-4 and M1-4 Districts located in Manhattan Community Districts 1 and 3, for zoning lots predominantly developed as publicly accessible open space under the ERW Project, the Chairperson of the City Planning Commission shall allow for the phased implementation of such publicly accessible open space, and the requirements of Sections 62-50 (GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR VISUAL CORRIDORS AND WATERFRONT PUBLIC ACCESS AREAS), inclusive, and 62-60 (DESIGN REQUIREMENTS FOR WATERFRONT PUBLIC ACCESS AREAS), inclusive, shall be deemed satisfied, provided that:

(1)        the application for certification pursuant to Section 62-811 for any such phase(s) includes a report demonstrating that:

(i)        a site plan of the design of the publicly accessible open space in such phase(s) has been shown by the applicant to the affected Community Boards and Council Member(s) and such Community Boards and Council Member(s) have had at least 45 days to review such plan;

(ii)        any comments and recommendations of the affected Community Boards and Council Member(s) have been considered by the applicant, and such report includes a response to such comments or recommendations. Where design modifications have been made in response to such recommendations, the report shall address how the design has been modified;

(iii)        the publicly accessible open space in such phase(s) will be open and accessible to the public at a minimum from dawn to dusk, except when hazardous conditions are present that would affect public safety; and

(iv)        a maintenance and operation agreement providing for the maintenance and operation of the publicly accessible open space in such phase(s) in good condition is entered into with the DPR, except that no such maintenance and operation agreement shall be required for a publicly accessible open space developed and maintained by the State or the City of New York, any subdivision or agency of the State or the City, or any public authority or other entity created pursuant to State or local statute for the purpose of operating such publicly accessible open space; and

(2)        the site plan of the design for the publicly accessible open space phase(s) in such application is determined by the Chairperson to be in substantial compliance with the ERW Project as described in the FEIS and ROD.

No excavation or building permit shall be issued for development under any phase for publicly accessible open space under the ERW Project certified pursuant to Section 62-811 in accordance with this paragraph, (b), until all applicable Federal, State and local permits and approvals have been received with respect to such phase, including, without limitation, permits and approvals of the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation.

(c)        In order to implement a portion of the East Side Coastal Resiliency Project described in the Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS) dated September 13, 2019, located in a marginal street, wharf or place used as a park, in an M1-1 District located in Manhattan Community District 6, for zoning lots predominantly developed as a park, the requirements of Section 62-50 (GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR VISUAL CORRIDORS AND WATERFRONT PUBLIC ACCESS AREAS), inclusive, and Section 62-60 (DESIGN REQUIREMENTS FOR WATERFRONT PUBLIC ACCESS AREAS), inclusive, shall be deemed satisfied, and the certification pursuant to Section 62-811 (Waterfront public access and visual corridors) shall not be required, provided that:

(1)        the park will be open and accessible to the public at a minimum from dawn to dusk, except when hazardous conditions are present that would affect public safety; and

(2)        a maintenance and operation agreement providing for the maintenance and operation of the park in good condition is entered into with the City of New York, except that no such maintenance and operation agreement shall be required for a park developed and maintained by the State or the City of New York, any subdivision or agency of the State or the City, or any public authority or other entity created pursuant to State or local statute for the purpose of operating such park.


No excavation or building permit shall be issued within such zoning lot predominantly developed as a park, for the portion of the East Side Coastal Resiliency Project implemented pursuant to this paragraph (c), until all applicable Federal, State and local permits and approvals have been received, including, without limitation, permits and approvals of the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation.

Waterfront public access areas required pursuant to Section 62-52 (Applicability of Waterfront Public Access Area Requirements) shall comply with the provisions of this Section, inclusive.

(a)        All waterfront public access areas shall be unobstructed from their lowest level to the sky, except as set forth in Section 62-611 (Permitted obstructions). The lowest level of any portion of a waterfront public access area shall be determined by the elevation of the adjoining portion on the same or an adjoining zoning lot or the public sidewalk to which it connects. Reference elevations shall be established from the public sidewalks, waterfront yard levels and the elevations previously established by adjoining zoning lots at lot line intersections of a waterfront public access network, as applicable.

(b)        The minimum required circulation path shall be connected and continuous through all waterfront public access areas on adjacent zoning lots.

(c)        Waterfront public access areas shall be accessible to persons with physical disabilities in accordance with the Americans with Disabilities Act and the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) design guidelines.

(d)        All waterfront public access areas improved for public access shall meet the following regulations for site grading:

(1)        In required circulation paths:

(i)        for cross-sectional grading regulations (perpendicular to the general direction of pedestrian movement), the minimum slope of a required circulation path shall be one and one-half percent to allow for positive drainage and the maximum slope shall be three percent. Steps and stairways accommodating a cross-sectional grade change are only permitted outside of the required circulation path(s).

(ii)        for longitudinal grading controls (parallel to the general direction of pedestrian movement), grade changes shall be permitted along the length of a required circulation path by means of steps or ramps in compliance with the requirements for handicapped accessibility.

(2)        In required planting areas, including screening buffers:

Within five feet of the edge of any planting area, the grade level of such planting area shall be no more than 18 inches higher or lower than the adjoining level of the pedestrian circulation path.

(e)        Vehicle and emergency access

Vehicular access is prohibited within waterfront public access areas except for emergency and maintenance vehicular access. Parking areas, passenger drop-offs, driveways, loading berths and building trash storage facilities are not permitted within, or allowed to be accessed or serviced through, a waterfront public access area, except for vehicular access to drop-offs and other required services accessory to docking facilities or to development on a pier or floating structure.

Such vehicular ways shall be used only to provide access across the shore public walkway. No single driveway shall exceed a width of 25 feet. Bollards shall be installed in accordance with Section 62-651. A minimum 12 inch paved border shall be installed along the driveway boundaries and shall have a color distinct from the paving of the adjoining paved surface.

Vehicular roadways are permitted as part of an upland connection in accordance with the regulations of Section 62-56.

Any vehicular roadway crossing a required waterfront public access area shall comply with the requirements for paving in Section 62-656.

Waterfront public access areas shall be unobstructed from their lowest level to the sky except that the obstructions listed in this Section shall be permitted, as applicable. However, no obstructions of any kind shall be permitted within a required circulation path.

(a)        In all areas

(1)        Trees and other plant materials, including grasses, vines, shrubs and flowers, watering equipment, arbors, trellises, observation decks, retaining walls;

(2)        Seating, litter receptacles, drinking fountains, other outdoor furniture;

(3)        Fountains, reflecting pools, waterfalls, sculptures and other works of art, temporary exhibitions;

(4)        Guardrails, bollards, gates and other protective barriers, in accordance with Section 62-651;

(5)        Lights and lighting stanchions, flag poles, exercise and other recreational equipment;

(6)        Kiosks and open air cafes

Where a kiosk is provided, it shall occupy an area no greater than 150 square feet, including roofed areas. A kiosk may be freestanding or attached on only one side to a building wall. Any area occupied by a kiosk shall be excluded from the definition of floor area, and may only be occupied by news or magazine stands, food stands, flower stands, bicycle rental stands, information booths or uses accessory to permitted WD uses, as permitted by the applicable district use regulations or as modified by Section 62-29.

Open air cafes shall be permanently unenclosed except that they may have a temporary fabric roof. No kitchen equipment shall be installed within an open air cafe. Kitchen equipment may be contained in a kiosk adjoining the open air cafe.

Notwithstanding the provisions of Section 32-41 (Enclosure Within Buildings), outdoor eating services or uses occupying kiosks may serve customers on a waterfront public access area through open windows.

(b)        In screening buffers

(1)        Paved entrances to buildings fronting upon a screening buffer, including awnings and canopies over such entrances, seating located within 42 inches of an adjacent paved area, bicycle racks within six feet of the sidewalk of an open accessible street or within 10 feet of an upland connection;

(2)        Service equipment necessary for maintenance of waterfront public access areas or the functioning of adjacent structures such as watering equipment, sheds for tool storage, electrical transformers or other mechanical or electrical service devices, provided all such equipment covers no more than 100 square feet in any location and has a maximum height of 10 feet. Such obstructions shall be screened in accordance with Section 62-655 (Planting and trees);

(3)        Exhaust vents located on building walls fronting on the screening buffer, only if the bottom of such vent is a minimum of 10 feet above the adjacent ground level and projects no more than four inches from the building wall.

(c)        Beyond 20 feet of the shoreline

Tot-lots, playgrounds, dog runs, public telephones, toilets, bicycle racks.

(d)        In Community District 1 in the Borough of Brooklyn

Any amenity accessory to docking facilities for ferries or water taxis shall be considered a permitted obstruction only where such amenity is certified by the Chairperson of the City Planning Commission in conjunction with the docking facility, pursuant to Section 62-813 (Docking facilities for ferries or water taxis in certain waterfront areas).

The design requirements of this Section shall apply to shore public walkways and supplemental public access areas, except as modified by Section 62-57 (Requirements for Supplemental Public Access Areas).

(a)        Circulation and access

(1)        In all districts, a shore public walkway shall provide a circulation path with a minimum clear width of 12 feet, except that in R3, R4, R5, C1, C2 and C3 Districts, and in C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R1 through R5 Districts, the minimum clear width shall be 10 feet.

Such path shall be located within 10 feet of the shoreline for at least 20 percent of the length of such shoreline, and the remainder of the path may be located anywhere within the shore public walkway or supplemental public access area. Secondary paths, when provided, shall be at least six feet wide. When two circulation paths are parallel to each other, they shall be connected by other paths or accessible lawn at intervals not to exceed 200 feet. In order to facilitate the future connection of pedestrian circulation paths, where a shore public walkway is on a zoning lot that is adjacent to a zoning lot without a shore public walkway, the portion of the circulation path that terminates at the common zoning lot line shall be located within 30 feet of the shoreline.

(2)        A supplemental public access area shall provide at least one circulation path with a minimum clear width of six feet that provides access throughout the supplemental public access area. This requirement may be met by a circulation path of the shore public walkway that traverses the supplemental public access area;

(b)        Seating

One linear foot of seating shall be provided for every 75 square feet of shore public walkway and supplemental public access area. Such seating may be located anywhere within such public access areas and shall comply with the standards of Section 62-652.

In addition, up to 25 percent of required seating may be located seaward of the shore public walkway and shall be subject to the provisions of Section 62-652, paragraph (h).

(c)        Planting

(1)        Planting areas

An area equal to at least 50 percent of the area of the shore public walkway and supplemental public access area shall be planted, except that in R3, R4, R5, C1, C2 and C3 Districts, and in C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R1 through R5 Districts, for zoning lots occupied by predominantly commercial or community facility uses, such area shall be equal to at least 40 percent.

In addition, the following conditions shall apply:

(i)        Where a supplemental public access area is greater than 1,875 square feet, at least 25 percent of the required planting area of the shore public walkway and supplemental public access area, combined, shall be provided as lawn;

(ii)        Up to 15 percent of the required planting area may be located seaward of a shore public walkway and shall be measured in plan view and not along the planted slope; or

(iii)        When a dedicated bicycle path is provided within a supplemental public access area, a planting area with a width of at least five feet shall be provided between the bicycle path and any paved area for pedestrian use. For the purpose of calculating planting requirements, the area of the bicycle path may be deducted from the combined area of the shore public walkway or supplemental public access area.

Such planting areas in this paragraph, (c), may be located anywhere within the shore public walkway or supplemental public access area and shall comply with the standards of Section 62-655.

(2)        Screening buffer

(i)        A screening buffer shall be provided within the shore public walkway or the supplemental public access area, running along the entire upland boundary of such area where it abuts non-publicly accessible areas of the zoning lot, except as waived pursuant to paragraph (c)(2)(iii) of this Section. Any screening buffer provided pursuant to this Section may be used to meet the planting requirements of paragraph (c)(1) of this Section.

(ii)        The minimum width of the screening buffer shall be 10 feet. On shallow lots where the width of the shore public walkway may be reduced pursuant to Section 62-53, the width of the screening buffer may be reduced proportionally but shall not be less than four feet.

(iii)        No screening buffer shall be required:

(a)        adjacent to a private drive, a street or at the entrances to buildings; or

(b)        for a commercial or community facility use within a distance of 15 feet from the sidewalk or waterfront public access area, that is glazed with windows, transoms or glazed portions of doors in accordance with the provisions of Section 37-34 (Minimum Transparency Requirements).

(3)        Trees and additional planting

(i)        A minimum of one canopy tree shall be provided for every 2,000 square feet of shore public walkway and supplemental public access area. In no event may a shore public walkway have less than two canopy trees for every 100 feet of shoreline.

(ii)        In addition to the trees required pursuant to paragraph (c)(3)(i) of this Section, for every 1,250 square feet of shore public walkway and supplemental public access area, one of the following must be provided: a canopy tree, an ornamental tree or a multi-stemmed equivalent, 60 square feet of planting beds or 110 square feet of accessible lawn.

Trees and additional planting areas may be located anywhere within the shore public walkway or supplemental public access area and shall comply with the standards of Section 62-655.

(4)        Reduction in minimum required planting area

The minimum planting area, required by paragraph (c)(1) of this Section, may be reduced by 10 square feet for every linear foot of:

(i)        shoreline improved for boat launching or mooring or designed with architectural features to facilitate direct access to the water, such as steps or other forms of "get-downs," except that rip-rap used as stabilized shore shall not qualify for a planting reduction; or

(ii)        WE uses with frontage adjoining, and having a public entrance on, the shore public walkway or supplemental public access area, provided that the screening buffer for such shore public walkway or supplemental public access area is waived pursuant to the conditions of paragraph (c)(2)(iii) of this Section.

However, where a supplemental public access area having an area of least 7,500 square feet containing a playground of at least 3,500 square feet in area and improved in accordance with the standards of the Department of Parks and Recreation is provided, the required minimum planting area may be reduced by one square foot for every five square feet of playground area. The playground area may be located anywhere within the waterfront public access area that is beyond 20 feet of the shoreline.

In no event shall the reduced planting area be less than 25 percent of the combined area of the shore public walkway and supplemental public access area.

(d)        Bicycle parking

Bicycle racks sufficient to provide at least four bicycle parking spaces shall be provided within a waterfront public access area.

Furthermore, when the combined area of the shore public walkway and supplemental public access area is greater than 8,000 square feet, two additional bicycle parking spaces shall be provided for every additional 2,000 square feet of shore public walkway or supplemental public access area.

Bicycle racks shall be adjacent to a circulation path and at least 20 feet from the shoreline. Such bicycle racks may be located in public sidewalks adjacent to the zoning lot. All bicycle racks shall comply with the standards of Section 62-657.

(e)        Trash receptacles

One trash receptacle shall be provided for every 4,000 square feet of shore public walkway and supplemental public access area, and all trash receptacles shall be located in visible and convenient locations. All trash receptacles shall comply with the standards of Section 62-658.

The design requirements of this Section shall apply to waterfront public access areas on piers, pursuant to Section 62-54.

(a)        Circulation and access

At least one circulation path having a minimum clear width of 10 feet shall be provided throughout the public access area required on the pier.

(b)        Permitted obstructions

In addition to permitted obstructions pursuant to Section 62-611, pier public access areas may include one freestanding open or enclosed public pavilion, provided such structure does not exceed one story, is no taller than 30 feet and has an area no larger than 1,600 square feet. At least 50 percent of the perimeter wall area on all sides, up to a height of 15 feet, shall consist of clear or glazed materials which may include show windows, glazed transoms, glazed portions of doors or latticework. Such structures shall be exempt from building spacing requirements on piers provided they maintain a spacing of at least 12 feet from other buildings and from any water edge of the pier, except that when a pier is 30 feet or less in width, a pavilion may abut one water edge.

In Community District 1 in the Borough of Brooklyn, any amenity accessory to docking facilities for ferries or water taxis shall be considered a permitted obstruction only where such amenity is certified by the Chairperson of the City Planning Commission in conjunction with the docking facility, pursuant to Section 62-813 (Docking facilities for ferries or water taxis in certain waterfront areas).

(c)        Seating

At least one linear foot of seating is required for every 100 square feet of pier public access area, subject to the provisions of paragraphs (a) through (d) of Section 62-652.

The design requirements of this Section shall apply to shore public walkways provided in conjunction with as-of-right development on floating structures, pursuant to Section 62-55.

(a)        Circulation and access

A circulation path shall be provided with a minimum clear width of 10 feet. On shallow portions of zoning lots where the width of the shore public walkway may be reduced in accordance with Section 62-53, the minimum clear width of the path may be reduced to a minimum of six feet when the shore public walkway is less than 16 feet.

(b)        Seating

At least one linear foot of seating is required for every 100 square feet of public access area, subject to the provisions of paragraphs (a) through (d) of Section 62-652.

(c)        Screening

Any service areas, such as that used for equipment storage or similar purposes, shall be screened from the circulation path in accordance with the standards for screening in Section 62-655 (Planting and trees).

Upland connections shall be improved in accordance with the provisions of this Section.

(a)        Circulation and access

(1)        For Type 1 upland connections provided in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (a) of Section 62-561, there shall be at least one circulation path linking an open street, public park or other public place with a shore public walkway. Such path shall have a minimum clear width of 12 feet. Any secondary paths shall have a minimum clear width of six feet.

(2)        For Type 2 upland connections provided in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (b) of Section 62-561, each pedestrian walkway shall have a circulation path with a minimum clear width of eight feet linking an open street, public park or other public place with a shore public walkway. However, when a turnaround is provided, the entire required area shall be provided as a circulation path.

(3)        For transition areas, a circulation path with a width of at least 12 feet shall connect each circulation path of the Type 2 upland connection with a circulation path of a shore public walkway, supplemental public access area or Type 1 upland connection, whichever is applicable.

(b)        Paving

(1)        For Type 1 upland connections, at least 40 percent but not more than 65 percent of the entry area shall be paved. Such paving shall include a five foot wide area along at least 70 percent of the frontage adjoining a public sidewalk.

(2)        Where any upland connection is interrupted by a private driveway, the full width of the required upland connection shall traverse the roadbed without a drop in level, and be paved with materials distinct from the roadbed. Such portion of the upland connection shall not count towards fulfilling a minimum required amount of waterfront public access area.

In addition, for Type 2 upland connections, the area of the roadbed between both circulation paths, within which lines perpendicular to the upland connection traversing the roadbed can be drawn or the portion of the roadbed within a vehicular turnaround, shall be raised to be flush with the level of such adjoining upland connections.

Type 2 Upland Connection

(62—64)

(3)        The roadbed paving material of a private driveway leading to a vehicular turnaround may be extended into the turnaround provided the area of the turnaround paved with such material is not wider than the roadbed leading to the turnaround. The remaining portions of the turnaround shall be paved with distinct materials to facilitate pedestrian usage. In addition, the level of the area within the turnaround shall be raised to be flush with the level of adjoining circulation paths.

(c)        Planting

(1)        For Type 1 upland connections, at least 40 percent of the area of the upland connection shall be planted in accordance with the provisions set forth in Section 62-655 (Planting and trees).

In addition, the following rules shall apply:

(i)        where such upland connections do not abut open parking lots or private driveways, six caliper inches of ornamental trees or their equivalent in multi-stemmed plants shall be required for every 100 linear feet of upland connection.

(ii)        where such upland connections abut an open parking lot, screening shall be provided within the upland connection along the curb of such parking lot in accordance with Section 37-921 (Perimeter landscaping).

(iii)        where such upland connections abut a private driveway, a continuous tree pit shall be provided within the upland connection along the curb of the driveway. Such tree pit shall meet the minimum planting requirements set forth in Section 62-655, and in addition, shall be planted with one tree for every 25 feet of private driveway frontage.

(iv)        where such upland connections do not coincide with a visual corridor, at least 30 percent of the required open area along the length of the upland connection shall be planted, and the requirements of Section 62-513 (Permitted obstructions in visual corridors) shall apply within such open areas.

(2)        For Type 2 upland connections, a continuous tree pit shall be provided within the upland connection along the curb of the private driveway. Such tree pit shall meet the minimum planting requirements set forth in Section 62-655, and in addition, shall be planted with one tree for every 25 feet of private driveway frontage. Portions of the continuous tree pit may be paved with permeable paving such as Belgian block or similar unit pavers in order to accommodate any required amenities, such as benches or bicycle racks, or other permitted obstructions in accordance with the provisions of Section 62-611. However, no continuous tree pit shall be required where an upland connection abuts a portion of a roadbed that is required to be raised pursuant to paragraphs (b)(2) or (b)(3) of this Section.

(3)        For transition areas, at least 40 percent of such area shall be planted. In addition, a minimum of two canopy trees or their equivalent in caliper inches of ornamental trees or multi-stemmed plants are required.

(d)        Seating

At least 12 linear feet of seating shall be provided for every 100 linear feet of upland connection, excluding the length of any entry or transition areas and the first 50 feet of a Type 2 upland connection. Such excluded areas shall have at least 24 linear feet of seating.

(e)        Trash receptacles

One trash receptacle shall be provided within 15 feet of a street, public park or other public place and one receptacle shall be provided where the upland connection adjoins a shore public walkway or supplemental public access area, pursuant to Section 62-658.

The standards of this Section, inclusive, shall be applicable to all waterfront public access areas and visual corridors.

No hollow plastic material, such as PVC (polyvinyl chloride) or similar material shall be permitted in guardrails, fences, seating, trash receptacles or other similar furniture within a waterfront public access area. However, high-density polyethylene shall be permitted.

(a)        Guardrails

For the purposes of this paragraph, (a), the term "guardrail" shall refer only to fencing or similar structures provided along a bulkhead, stabilized shore or the water edges of a pier or platform.

When a guardrail is provided, it shall have a maximum height of 42 inches measured from the adjoining grade level, and shall be at least 70 percent open. Guardrails may be mounted on a solid curb not higher than six inches.

A guardrail may be substituted for a wall, pursuant to paragraph (c)(3) of this Section.

(b)        Bollards

(1)        Bollards shall be limited to the following locations:

(i)        along the bulkhead, stabilized shore or the water edges of a pier or platform;

(ii)        along a zoning lot line adjacent to, and limiting access from an upland street; and

(iii)        along the boundaries of a roadway within an upland connection.

(2)        Bollards shall not exceed 30 inches in height and shall be between six and 15 inches in width. The top of bollards shall not consist of any sharp edges. The minimum clearance between two bollards shall be five feet.

(c)        Fences and walls

(1)        Fences and walls, when provided, shall be limited to the following locations:

(i)        along the boundary of a waterfront public access area and an adjoining private area on the zoning lot;

(ii)        around the perimeter of a playground, tot-lot or dog-run;

(iii)        adjoining WD uses;

(iv)        within a visual corridor; and

(v)        along any grade level change of 30 inches or greater.

(2)        Fences shall have a maximum height of 36 inches measured from the adjoining grade level, and be at least 70 percent open. Fences may be mounted on a solid curb not higher than six inches.

(3)        Walls shall not exceed a height of 21 inches, and may be fully opaque.

(4)        Chain link fencing or barbed or razor wire shall not be permitted.

(d)        Gates

Gates attached to fences and walls that limit physical access to waterfront public access areas from streets, public parks or other public ways, or from adjacent waterfront public access areas on adjoining zoning lots, shall comply with the provisions of this paragraph (d). Such gates shall be permitted only at the boundaries of waterfront public access areas and such adjacent publicly accessible areas, except that in Type 1 upland connections gates may be located at the seaward boundary of the entry area. Gates shall not intrude into any planting area. Gates may be closed only pursuant to Section 62-71 (Operational Requirements).

The maximum height of a gate shall be four feet above the adjoining grade level. Gates shall be no more than 30 percent opaque.

When opened for access, 70 percent of the total width, in aggregate, of the waterfront public access area shall be free of obstructions associated with the gate, and there shall be a minimum clear distance of at least 16 feet between any two obstructions of the gate.

In addition, in its open position, the gate and its support structures shall not obstruct:

(1)        any circulation path;

(2)        25 percent of the width of the entry area of an upland connection along each side of the centerline of such entry area; and

(3)        at least 50 percent of the width of the shore public walkway closest to the shoreline.

All required seating shall comply with the following standards:

(a)        Seating with backs

At least 50 percent of the required seating shall have backs, and at least 50 percent of such seating shall face in the general direction of the water. Seat backs shall be at least 14 inches high. Walls located adjacent to a seating surface shall not count as seat backs. All seat backs must either be contoured in form for comfort or shall be reclined from the vertical between 10 to 15 degrees.

(b)        Depth

Seating with or without backs shall have a depth of not less than 18 inches, and for seating with backs, such depth shall not be greater than 20 inches. Seating with a depth of at least 36 inches, and accessible from both sides, may be credited as double seating. When seating is provided on a planter ledge, such ledge must have a minimum depth of 22 inches.

(c)        Height

At least 75 percent of the required seating shall have a height not less than 16 inches nor greater than 20 inches above the level of the adjacent grade. Seating higher than 36 inches or lower than 12 inches shall not qualify toward the seating requirements.Seating may be mounted on a solid curb not higher than six inches.

(d)        Clearance

Seating shall be located a minimum of 22 inches from any circulation path or permitted obstruction along the accessible side of such seating, except that seating without backs may be as close to a guardrail as 12 inches.

(e)        Types of seating

In shore public walkways and supplemental public access areas, at least two of the following types of seating are required: moveable seating, fixed individual seats, fixed benches with backs, fixed benches without backs, lounging chairs and design feature seating.

(1)        Design feature seating

Planter ledges, seating walls, and seating steps may be provided, and shall be limited to 25 percent of the required seating. Walls and planter ledges shall be flat and smooth with at least one inch radius rounded edges.

(2)        Moveable seating

Moveable chairs, excluding those in open air cafes, may be credited as 18 inches of linear seating per chair; however, not more than 50 percent of required linear seating may be in moveable chairs. Moveable chairs may be placed in storage outside of the required hours of operation, pursuant to Section 62-71, paragraph (a). All moveable chairs must have backs. Moveable chairs shall not be chained, fixed, or otherwise secured while the waterfront public access area is open to the public.

(3)        Seating steps

Seating steps shall not include any steps intended for circulation and must have a height not less than 12 inches nor greater than 30 inches and a depth not less than 18 inches.

(4)        Lounge chairs

Lounge chairs shall allow for a reclined position supporting the back as well as the legs. Lounge chairs may be credited as 36 inches of linear seating per chair.

(f)        Social seating and tables

At least 25 percent of required seating shall be social seating, consisting of seats that are placed in close proximity and at angles to one another or in facing configurations that facilitate social interaction. A minimum of two square feet of tables shall be required for every three linear feet of social seating. However, any requirement for tables that, in total, is less than 10 square feet shall be waived, and no more than 150 square feet of tables shall be required in any site.

(g)        Shaded seating

At least 20 percent of required seating shall be shaded. Seating shall be considered shaded if it is located under a canopy tree or shade structure, or on the eastern side and within 45 feet of the trunk of a canopy tree or of a shade structure.

(h)        Seaward seating

Up to 25 percent of required seating may be located seaward of the shore public walkway provided it is designed as:

(1)        a generally smooth and flat surface within a stabilized natural shoreline, in the form of rock, stone, wood or other solid material that measures at least 15 inches in width and depth and is between 12 and 30 inches high measured from the adjoining accessible surface; or

(2)        steps, with a depth and height between 12 and 30 inches, that facilitate access to the water.

Seaward seating shall not be subject to the provisions of paragraphs (a) through (g) of this Section.

Seating in open air cafes or stairs shall not qualify towards seating requirements. All seating located within a planting area shall be on permeable pavement and secured for stability.

All waterfront public access areas shall provide lighting in accordance with the following requirements:

An average maintained level of illumination of not less than one horizontal foot candle (lumens per foot) throughout all walkable areas, and a minimum level of illumination of not less than 0.2 horizontal foot candles (lumens per foot) throughout all other areas, shall be required. Such level of illumination shall be maintained from one-half hour before sunset to one-half hour after sunrise.

The average illumination to minimum foot candle uniformity ratio shall be no greater than 10:1 within a waterfront public access area.

Glare shall be controlled to a semi-cutoff standard (not more than five percent of peak foot candle intensity radiating above 90 degrees and 20 percent of peak intensity above 80 degrees). The luminaire shall be equipped with lamps with a color temperature range of 3000 K to 4100 K with a minimum color rendering index of 65.

All lenses and globes shall be polycarbonate or equivalent.

All lighting sources that illuminate a waterfront public access area and are mounted on or located within buildings adjacent to the waterfront public access area shall be shielded from direct view. In addition, all lighting within the waterfront public access area shall be shielded to minimize any adverse effect on surrounding buildings containing residences.

The provisions of this Section shall apply to signs required in waterfront public access areas. All such signs shall be located in directly visible locations, without any obstruction at any time. Such signs shall be fully opaque, non-reflective and constructed of permanent, highly durable materials, such as metal or stone. All lettering shall be in a clear, sans-serif, non-narrow font such as Arial, Helvetica, or Verdana, solid in color with a minimum height of one-quarter inch, unless otherwise specified in this Section, and shall highly contrast with the background color.

Drawings documenting the size, format, and orientation of all required signs shall be included in the application for certification, pursuant to Section 62-80. Such drawings shall include detailed information about dimensions of the sign, lettering size, color and materials.

(a)        Entry signage

All waterfront public access areas shall contain an entry sign mounted on a permanent structure. Such sign shall be located within five feet of the boundary of the entrance from a street, public park or other public way. Required signage shall contain:

(1)        the New York City waterfront symbol, 12 inches square in dimension, as provided in the Required Signage Symbols file at the Department of City Planning website and the "The New York Waterfront Symbol Standards and Specifications" (published by the Department of City Planning, April 1989, and as modified from time to time);

(62—654)

(2)        lettering at least one-and one-half inches in height, stating "OPEN TO PUBLIC" in bold type;

(3)        lettering at least one-half inch in height stating the approved hours of operation as required pursuant to Section 62-71 (Operational Requirements), paragraph (a);

(4)        lettering at least one-half inch in height stating "Do not enter outside of hours of operation";

(5)        the International Symbol of Access for persons with physical disabilities, at least three inches square, or the statement: "This public access area is accessible to persons with physical disabilities";

(6)        the address of the property where the waterfront public access area is located;

(7)        the name of the current owner and the name, phone number and email address of the person designated to maintain the waterfront public access area;

(8)        the statement: "For complaints or questions: call 311";

(9)        the statement: "For more information go to http://nyc.gov/planning"; and

(10)        rules of conduct as specified in Section 62-71, paragraph (b).

Information in paragraphs (a)(1) and (a)(2) may be inscribed in pavement or on any permitted appropriate amenity, such as a seating wall or sculpture.

All information required in this paragraph, (a), shall be included on signs with a maximum dimension in one direction of 16 inches. The maximum height of a sign above the adjoining grade shall be three feet for a horizontal sign and five feet for a vertical sign. The bottom of all signs shall be at least eighteen inches above adjoining grade, except for signs angled 45 degrees or less as measured from adjacent grade. However, the waterfront symbol required pursuant to paragraph (a)(1) need not be included in such signage if such symbol is inscribed nearby in pavement or any appropriate amenity.

(b)        Signage at zoning lot line

A sign shall be required to be located within five feet of any zoning lot line adjacent to another zoning lot within a shore public walkway and at a distance no greater than five feet from the required circulation path. All information required in paragraph (a) of this Section shall be included on signs with a maximum dimension in one direction of 16 inches. The maximum height of a sign above adjoining grade shall be three feet. The bottom of all signs shall be at least 18 inches above adjoining grade, except for signs angled 45 degrees or less, as measured from adjacent grade. However, the waterfront symbol required pursuant to paragraph (a)(1) of this Section need not be included in such signage if such symbol is inscribed nearby in pavement or any appropriate amenity, such as a seating wall or sculpture.

However, the waterfront symbol required pursuant to paragraph (a)(1) shall be no larger than four inches square, or 12 inches square if inscribed in pavement or any appropriate amenity, and the information required in paragraph (a)(2) of this Section shall be one inch high.

The information required in paragraphs (a)(1) and (a)(2) may be inscribed in pavement or on any permitted appropriate amenity.

(c)        Other signage

Seating areas within waterfront public access areas allowed pursuant to paragraph (b) of Section 62-62 (Design Requirements for Shore Public Walkways and Supplemental Public Access Areas) shall be identified by a sign with the words "SEATING OPEN TO PUBLIC" in lettering at least one inch high. Such sign shall be clearly visible from the waterfront public access area. In addition, such sign shall be no greater than 60 square inches, no higher than 18 inches above adjacent grade, and angled for visibility. The required sign may be freestanding or attached to a permitted amenity within the waterfront public access area.

No advertising signs may be located within a waterfront public access area.

Within waterfront public access areas and parking areas where planting or screening is required, the design standards of this Section shall apply.

A detailed landscape plan prepared by a registered landscape architect shall be submitted to the Department of Parks and Recreation prior to seeking certification by the Chairperson of the City Planning Commission, pursuant to the requirements of Section 62-80. Such plans shall include plants suited for waterfront conditions and include a diversity of species with emphasis on native plants, salt tolerance and the facilitation of sustainable wildlife habitats, where appropriate. No species listed on quarantine or as a host species for any disease listed by the Department of Parks and Recreation at the time of application shall be included.

All landscaped areas shall contain a built-in irrigation system or contain hose bibs within 100 feet of all planting areas.

(a)        Planting areas

Wherever a minimum percentage of planting area is specified for a waterfront public access area, such requirements shall be met only through the provisions of the types of planting areas listed in paragraphs (a)(1) through (a)(7) of this Section. A curb with a maximum height of six inches is permitted along the perimeter of any planting area. Any edging higher than six inches above adjacent grade shall be considered a retaining wall. Retaining walls shall not exceed 60 percent of the perimeter of a planting area or a maximum height of 18 inches measured from the adjacent grade. At least one continuous length, equal to 40 percent of the planting area's perimeter, shall have a grade level within six inches of the adjacent grade level. Where not specifically indicated, the minimum planting standard for required planting areas shall be turf grass, other natural grasses or groundcover. All planting areas shall be located on undisturbed subsoil or clean fill.

(1)        Single tree pits

A single tree pit shall have a minimum dimension of five feet with a minimum area of 30 square feet and a minimum depth of 3 feet, 6 inches. Only tree pits planted with ground cover shall count towards meeting a minimum planting area requirement.

(2)        Continuous tree pits

A continuous tree pit is a planting area containing two or more trees. Continuous tree pits shall have a minimum width of five feet and a minimum depth of 3 feet, 6 inches, and a length as required to meet a minimum of five feet from the trunk of the tree to the end of the tree pit.

(3)        Planting beds

Planting beds for turf grass or groundcovers shall have minimum dimensions of two feet in any direction and a minimum depth of two feet. Planting beds for shrubs shall have minimum dimensions of three feet by three feet for each shrub and a minimum depth of 2 feet, 6 inches. Planting beds containing trees shall have a minimum dimension of five feet and a minimum area of 30 square feet for each tree, with a minimum depth of 3 feet, 6 inches. Trees, shrubs or groundcovers may be combined in a single planting bed only if such bed meets the minimum depth required for the largest plant.

Retaining walls are permitted along the perimeter of a planting bed in accordance with the regulations for planting areas in paragraph (a) of this Section.

(4)        Raised planting beds

A "raised planting bed" is a planting area with retaining walls along more than 60 percent of its perimeter or a height along any portion greater than 18 inches. A raised planting bed shall comply with the dimensional standards for a planting bed except that the height from the adjacent grade to the top of the retaining wall of a raised planting bed shall be a maximum of 36 inches.

(5)        Berms

A "berm" is a planting area with sloped grade stabilized primarily by plant materials rather than retaining walls or other similar built structures. A berm shall comply with the dimensional standards for a planting bed except that the height from the adjacent grade to the top of the berm shall not exceed 60 inches.

(6)        Lawns

A "lawn" is an area planted with turf grass having a minimum soil depth of 2 feet, 6 inches. Along at least 60 percent of the perimeter, a lawn shall have a grade level within six inches of the adjacent grade providing unobstructed pedestrian access. Any required lawn shall have a minimum area of 500 square feet and no dimension less than 18 feet.  

(7)        Screening

Screening is intended to create a landscaped buffer between the waterfront public access areas and adjoining non-public uses to protect the privacy or minimize the visual impact of blank walls, equipment, loading and parking areas or similar conditions.

(i)        Screening buffers

Screening buffers required pursuant to paragraph (c)(2) of Section 62-62 (Design Requirements for Shore Public Walkways and Supplemental Public Access Areas) shall consist of densely planted shrubs or multi-stemmed screening plants, with at least 50 percent being evergreen species. Shrubs shall have a height of at least four feet at the time of planting. The requirements of this paragraph, (a)(7)(i), may also be satisfied by the requirements of paragraph (a)(7)(ii) of this Section.

(ii)        Blank walls and service areas

Blank walls higher than four feet measured from an adjacent grade level and service areas anywhere within a waterfront public access area shall be screened with any combination of evergreen trees, vines or espaliered trees or shrubs, and an architectural treatment such as a pergola, stone rustication, grills or sculptural features.

(iii)        Parking garage screening

Open parking areas on any zoning lot fronting on an upland connection or street on any waterfront block, notwithstanding the use on such lot, shall require screening pursuant to Section 37-921 (Perimeter landscaping). Screening required pursuant to Section 62-453 shall consist of a planting strip at least four feet wide. Plants shall be at least four feet high at the time of planting and 50 percent of them shall be evergreen shrubs.

All required screening may be interrupted by vehicular or pedestrian entrances.

(b)        Trees

(1)        Tree caliper

At time of planting, canopy trees shall be a minimum of three inches caliper and ornamental trees shall be a minimum of two inches caliper.

(2)        Trees in single tree pits

One of the procedures in this paragraph, (b)(2), shall be employed to protect trees planted at grade:

(i)        granite or cast concrete block pavers with a minimum four inch depth shall be installed in accordance with New York City Department of Parks and Recreation (DPR) standards for street trees;

(ii)        a grate shall be installed over the root zone, supported at its edges and set flush with the adjacent pavement for pedestrian safety, in accordance with DPR standards for street trees for grate size; or

(iii)        the root zone shall be surrounded with barrier hedge planting.

Paving in waterfront public access areas shall comply with the following:

(a)        Locational requirements

(1)        Within required circulation paths

All paving material for a required circulation path shall be permanent, durable, accessible to persons with physical disabilities, and shall consist of one or a combination of the following:

(i)        Unit pavers constituted of stone, concrete, granite, asphalt or a mix of these materials with other aggregates;

(ii)        Concrete, prefabricated, poured or permeable;

(iii)        Wood planks for boardwalk or decking, except that tropical hardwood shall not be permitted;

(iv)        Solid plastic, such as "plastic lumber," high density polyethylene, wood composite plastic or fiber-reinforced plastic.

(2)        Other than within required circulation paths

In addition to the permitted paving materials of paragraph (a)(1) of this Section, the following materials shall be permitted anywhere in a waterfront public access area:

(i)        Blocks such as Belgian blocks, cobble stones, concrete cobbles or Eurocobble;

(ii)        Gravel, loose, installed over a solid surface or glued with resin;

(iii)        Wood chips or other similar material;

(iv)        Metal grating, limited to locations that require drainage and for platforms;

(v)        Asphalt, impermeable or porous, which may be imprinted with thermoplastic patterns.

(3)        Special regulations for Type 2 upland connections

Paving for driveways and pedestrian paths shall be subject to the standards of the New York City Department of Transportation for roadbeds and sidewalks.

(b)        Dimensional requirements

(1)        All unit pavers shall have a minimum thickness dimension of two inches for pedestrian use and three inches for vehicular use and shall not exceed a maximum of four square feet in area.

(2)        Wood planks or plastic lumber for boardwalk or decking shall be a minimum of three inches thick (nominal dimension). The direction of planks shall not be parallel to the direction of traffic.

(3)        Concrete slabs, other than in upland connections, shall be a maximum of two feet in any one dimension.

All the above materials may be installed to facilitate storm water management appropriate for specific site conditions.

Each bicycle rack shall allow for the bicycle frame and one wheel to be locked to the rack. If bicycles can be locked to each side of the rack, each side may be counted as a required space. Thirty inches of maneuverable space shall be provided between parallel bicycle racks and an eight foot wide aisle shall be provided between bicycle rack areas.

Trash receptacles shall be placed within 50 feet of a seating area, have a minimum capacity of 25 gallons and have either top openings that measure at least 12 inches wide or side openings that inscribe a rectangle measuring at least 12 inches wide and six inches high. Trash receptacles shall be able to use standard bags used to collect trash.

(a)        Hours of operation

All waterfront public access areas shall be open to the public at the times indicated in the table in this Section, except when required to be closed for repairs, and for no more than one day each year in order to preserve the private ownership of such area, as set forth in the maintenance and operation agreement required pursuant to Section 62-74 (Requirements for Recordation).

HOURS OF OPERATION FOR WATERFRONT PUBLIC ACCESS AREAS

Districts

April 15 to October 31

November 1 to April 14

Zoning lots containing predominantly community facility uses in:

R3 R4 R5

C1 or C2 in R3 thru R5

C3 C4-1 C8

M1 M2 M3

Dawn to dusk*

Dawn to dusk*

Zoning lots containing predominantly commercial uses in all districts

Dawn to dusk or business closing, whichever is later**

Dawn to dusk or

business closing, whichever is later**

All other zoning lots providing waterfront public access areas

6:00 A.M. to 10:00 P.M.

7:00 A.M. to 8:00 P.M.

*        Dawn shall be defined as one half hour before sunrise, and dusk shall be defined as one half hour after sunset

**        Waterfront public access areas on zoning lots containing predominantly commercial uses shall not be required to be open to the public beyond 10 P.M. from April 15th to October 31st and 8 P.M. from November 1st to April 14th

(b)        Rules of conduct

Rules of conduct for the waterfront public access area shall be established with the Department of Parks and Recreation and set forth in the maintenance and operation agreement as required pursuant to Section 62-74. Such rules of conduct shall not prohibit typical promenade activities consistent with public enjoyment of the waterfront, such as walking, jogging, sitting or reclining, gathering in small groups, or consumption of food or non-alcoholic beverages.

(a)        Performance and maintenance

(1)        The property owner shall be responsible for the completion and maintenance of all required waterfront public access areas on the zoning lot. No certificate of occupancy shall be issued until all required waterfront public access area improvements are completed except as otherwise provided in a phasing plan pursuant to Sections 62-811 (Waterfront public access and visual corridors) or 62-822 (Modification of waterfront public access area and visual corridor requirements).

(2)        To ensure the maintenance of the waterfront public access areas, prior to obtaining any certificate of occupancy, the property owner shall post security in the form of a maintenance bond, letter of credit or other security acceptable to the Department of Parks and Recreation (DPR), with the DPR in an amount certified by a registered architect or landscape architect to be sufficient to cover 125 percent of the cost of maintaining the waterfront public access areas for a 12 month period following final completion of such waterfront public access areas. The security shall be replaced every five years with a new security in an amount sufficient to cover 125 percent of the current annual cost of maintaining the waterfront public access areas, as certified by a registered architect or landscape architect. The security shall be in effect for the life of the development.

(b)        Maintenance and liability

Any declaration by the owner, its successor or assigns, or agreement between the owner, its successor or assigns, and the City of New York, provided in accordance with Section 62-74 (Requirements for Recordation) regarding the maintenance and operation of a required waterfront public access area as established in Section 62-52 (Applicability of Waterfront Public Access Area Requirements), shall provide that:

(1)        the owner, its successor or assigns, will construct and be responsible for ordinary maintenance and repair of all such areas;

(2)        the City will indemnify and defend the owner, its successor or assigns, for judgments resulting from litigation of claims of personal injury on such areas in accordance with reasonable provisions and procedures in the declaration and the maintenance and operation agreement, provided that the owner, its successor or assigns, has fully complied with the design and maintenance requirements set forth in this Resolution and the maintenance and operation agreement; and

(3)        in the event such areas are destroyed or substantially damaged as a result of flood, storm, fire or other acts of God, reconstruction shall be the responsibility of the City, provided that such destruction or damage is not the result of the negligence of the owner, or of the owner's failure to construct or maintain such areas in accordance with the provisions of this Resolution and the maintenance and operation agreement.

(a)        The owner of a zoning lot on a waterfront block may, at the owner's option, and prior to commencement of design and construction of waterfront public access areas, make a request directed to the Office of the Mayor (Request) to transfer to the City of New York its fee simple absolute interest, free and clear of any encumbrances that are not deemed acceptable by the City, in the waterfront public access area on such zoning lot.

(1)        The City may accept the Request, provided that transfer will be made in a manner acceptable to the Chairperson of the City Planning Commission and the Commissioner of Parks and Recreation, who may specify conditions for transfer including, without limitation, establishment by the owner of an account for the funding of ordinary maintenance of the waterfront public access area and a capital reserve or funding mechanism for future capital repair, and adequate guarantees of access to the waterfront public access area and, provided further, that transfer is made pursuant to such instruments, which shall be a condition of certification pursuant to Section 62-811 (Waterfront public access and visual corridors), paragraphs (b) and (c), as are necessary for implementation. Where the Request is for transfer of a phase of the waterfront public access area pursuant to a phased implementation of required public access areas certified by the Chairperson pursuant to Section 62-811 or authorized by the City Planning Commission pursuant to Section 62-822 (Modification of waterfront public access area and visual corridor requirements), the City shall consider, in determining whether to accept such Request, such factors as the size, location and access for purposes of maintenance, repair and reconstruction, of the phase which is the subject of the Request, and may require as a condition of acceptance that the owner make binding commitments to the transfer of subsequent phases.

(2)        The Department of Parks and Recreation (DPR) shall review and approve the design and construction specifications for the waterfront public access areas proposed for transfer, and transfer of such areas shall be made prior to the issuance of any temporary or permanent certificate of occupancy for any part of the development for which such areas are required to be constructed, upon determination by the DPR that construction of such areas is complete, as required pursuant to Sections 62-50 (GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR VISUAL CORRIDORS AND WATERFRONT PUBLIC ACCESS AREAS) and 62-60 (DESIGN REQUIREMENTS FOR WATERFRONT PUBLIC ACCESS AREAS), and is in accordance with the previously approved design and construction specifications, except that signage required pursuant to Section 62-654 may be replaced by DPR signage.

(3)        The provisions of Section 62-72 (Performance and Maintenance Requirements), paragraphs (a)(2) and (b), shall not apply to any waterfront public access area transferred pursuant to this Section.

In the event of a transfer under this paragraph, (a), the bulk and parking computations for the zoning lot shall include the transferred property. Such transfer shall not be deemed to have created a non-compliance.

(b)        For parcels identified in Waterfront Access Plan BK-1, the owners of two or more parcels may, either for purposes of certification pursuant to Section 62-811 or at any time thereafter, submit an alternate plan to the Chairperson for the joint maintenance and operation of waterfront public access areas on such parcels, through an association or other entity established for this purpose or by other method. Such plan may include, in addition to provisions for maintenance and operation, alternate provisions with respect to security, liability and any other matters set forth in Section 62-72, as well as special provisions for reporting and monitoring of compliance with obligations for maintenance and operation of the waterfront public access areas. Such plan and any instruments as are necessary for its implementation may be approved by the Chairperson and the Commissioner of Parks and Recreation upon a determination that:

(1)        implementation of the plan would enhance maintenance and operation of the waterfront public access areas consistent with the purposes of this Chapter; and

(2)        participation in the plan is available to owners of contiguous parcels identified in Waterfront Access Plan BK-1 on an equal basis.

All required visual corridors and waterfront public access areas other than those provided in parks developed pursuant to Section 62-59 (Special Regulations for Zoning Lots That Include Parks), once certified in accordance with the provisions of Section 62-811 (Waterfront public access and visual corridors), paragraphs (b) or (c), shall be duly recorded in the form of a signed declaration of restrictions, including a maintenance and operation agreement with the Department of Parks and Recreation when a waterfront public access area is provided, indexed against the property, binding the owners, successors and assigns to provide visual corridors and to construct and maintain the waterfront public access areas, except as provided in the provisions of Section 62-70, inclusive, and provide public access thereto in accordance with the plans certified by the Chairperson of the City Planning Commission. Such declaration or maintenance and operation agreement shall require that a bond be posted that would ensure that the waterfront public access areas are maintained in accordance with the declaration or maintenance and operation agreement and are closed only at authorized times, and shall set forth rules of conduct consistent with the provisions of paragraph (b) of Section 62-71 (Operational Requirements). The filing of such declaration in the Borough Office of the Register of the City of New York shall be a precondition for the issuance of a building permit.

In addition, the preceding waterfront public access areas elements shall be recorded on the certificate of occupancy by the Departments of Buildings or Business Services, as applicable, and shall be a condition of issuance of such certificate of occupancy.

For parcels identified in Waterfront Access Plan BK-1 for which an alternate plan for joint maintenance and operation has been approved, or for parcels for which a transfer to the City is proposed pursuant to paragraph (b) of Section 62-73 (Request to Transfer Title to Certain Waterfront Public Access Areas), the provisions of such instruments as are necessary to effectuate such paragraph shall supersede those of the maintenance and operation agreement described in this Section.

An application to the Department of Buildings, Department of City Planning or Department of Business Services, involving a zoning lot subject to the provisions of this Chapter, shall include a survey of the zoning lot showing the following elements, as applicable, and documentation showing compliance with all requirements for waterfront public access areas:

(a)        pierhead line;

(b)        bulkhead line;

(c)        shoreline, including its length;

(d)        upland lot, including its area;

(e)        seaward lot, including its area;

(f)        area of the portion of the zoning lot seaward of the shoreline;

(g)        existing piers, platforms or floating structures, including water coverage and surface elevation or height, as applicable;

(h)        previously established and recorded visual corridors and waterfront public access areas or any other public access area on the zoning lot or on adjoining zoning lots;

(i)        visual corridors or waterfront public access areas required on the zoning lot by a Waterfront Access Plan set forth in Section 62-90; and

(j)        existing bulkheads and stabilized portions of natural shore showing seaward and landward edges, as well as their top elevations.

The provisions of Sections 62-811 and 62-812, relating to certifications for waterfront public access areas, visual corridors and zoning lot subdivisions, shall apply to all zoning lots within waterfront blocks and any other blocks included within a Waterfront Access Plan, except that the following shall not be subject to the provisions of Section 62-811:

airports, heliports and seaplane bases;

in any district, existing zoning lots of less than 10,000 square feet developed predominantly with single- or two-family residences within detached, semi-detached or zero lot line buildings, provided such zoning lots are not included within an area subject to a Waterfront Access Plan pursuant to Section 62-90;

zoning lots in R1 and R2 Districts; and

zoning lots in C8 and Manufacturing Districts, containing predominantly Use Group 16, 17 or 18 uses, except for docking facilities serving passenger ocean vessels or sightseeing, excursion or sport fishing vessels.

No excavation or building permit shall be issued for any development on a waterfront block, or any other block included within a Waterfront Access Plan, until the Chairperson of the City Planning Commission certifies to the Department of Buildings or Department of Business Services, as applicable, that:

(a)        there is no waterfront public access area or visual corridor requirement for the zoning lot containing such development due to the following:

(1)        the development is exempt pursuant to Sections 62-52 (Applicability of Waterfront Public Access Area Requirements) or 62-51 (Applicability of Visual Corridor Requirements); or

(2)        the waterfront public access area or visual corridor requirement has been waived pursuant to Section 62-90 (WATERFRONT ACCESS PLANS);

(b)        a site plan has been submitted showing compliance with the provisions of Sections 62-50 (GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR VISUAL CORRIDORS AND WATERFRONT PUBLIC ACCESS AREAS) and 62-60 (DESIGN REQUIREMENTS FOR WATERFRONT PUBLIC ACCESS AREAS);

(c)        a site plan has been submitted showing compliance with the provisions of Section 62-90;

(d)        for developments listed in Section 62-52, paragraph (b), on a zoning lot containing a public access area established prior to October 25, 1993, meeting the terms of Section 62-58 (Requirements for Water-Dependent Uses and Other Developments), by restrictive declaration, lease agreement, maintenance and operation agreement or other agreement with a public entity, which public access area is required to be provided for the life of the development subject to such agreement, a copy of such restrictive declaration or agreement and a site plan indicating the location, area and design of the required public access area and showing substantial compliance with the provisions of Section 62-58 have been submitted; or

(e)        for the development of a park, a site plan and all other applicable data have been submitted showing compliance with the provisions of Section 62-59 (Special Regulations for Zoning Lots That Include Parks).

For any parcel identified in Waterfront Access Plan BK-1, the Chairperson shall allow for the phased implementation of all required waterfront public access areas upon certification to the Commissioner of Buildings that a plan has been submitted that provides for an amount of waterfront public access area proportionate to the amount of floor area being developed in each phase. Additionally, for any development located within 240 feet of a shoreline, the initial phase and each subsequent phase shall provide a minimum of 200 linear feet of shore public walkway and any adjacent supplemental public access area located between such development and such shore public walkway, one upland connection through or adjacent to the entire parcel leading to the shore public walkway, and at least one other connection from the shore public walkway to an adjacent shore public walkway, street or other upland connection. For any development located entirely beyond 240 feet of a shoreline, the initial phase and each subsequent phase shall also provide a minimum of 100 linear feet of shore public walkway and one upland connection through or adjacent to the entire parcel leading to the shore public walkway. However, no waterfront public access area need be provided for a phase consisting of a development in which all residences in such phase are affordable residences for lower income households as defined in Section 23-93, or moderate income households as defined in Section 62-352, provided that such exemption shall only apply where 25 percent or less of the total residential floor area, including any applicable floor area bonuses, on the parcel has been developed.

A certification pursuant to paragraphs (b) or (c) of this Section shall be granted on condition that an acceptable restrictive declaration is executed and filed pursuant to Section 62-74 (Requirements for Recordation).

Within 45 days of receipt of a complete application, the Chairperson shall either certify that the proposed development complies with the requirements of this Section or disapprove such application, citing the nature of any failure to comply. Failure to certify or disapprove such application within the 45 day period will release the Department of Buildings or the Department of Business Services from any obligation to withhold the excavation or building permit and authorize such agency to determine compliance with the provisions of this Section.

An existing zoning lot within a waterfront block, or within any other block included in a Waterfront Access Plan, may be subdivided into two or more zoning lots, or reconfigured in a manner that would reduce its area or any dimension, only in accordance with the provisions of this Section or as modified pursuant to Section 62-822 (Modification of waterfront public access area and visual corridor requirements).

Such zoning lot may be subdivided or reconfigured provided that the Chairperson of the City Planning Commission certifies that:

(a)        there are no requirements in this Chapter for a waterfront public access area or visual corridors on such zoning lotfor any use permitted on such zoning lot; or

(b)        a restrictive declaration shall be recorded against each subdivided or reconfigured zoning lot, binding all such zoning lots to provide waterfront public access areas or visual corridors at the time of a development, other than an exempt development, as set forth in Section 62-52. Such restrictive declaration shall include a site plan that sets forth the amount and location of the required waterfront public access areas and visual corridors on all resulting zoning lots. Such waterfront public access area or visual corridor shall be provided as required for the original zoning lot at the time of development of a non-exempt use; or

(c)        there are existing publicly accessible waterfront open areas on the zoning lot constructed as part of a previously approved site plan providing physical and visual access to and along the waterfront, and such open areas are no smaller in square footage than that required under the provisions of this Chapter for waterfront public access areas and visual corridors, and restrictions have been recorded against the property requiring such existing open area to remain accessible to the public for the life of the development.

In Community District 1 in the Borough of Brooklyn, docking facilities for ferries or water taxis set forth in paragraph (a) of this Section shall be permitted, provided that the Chairperson of the City Planning Commission certifies to the Commissioner of the Department of Buildings that such docking facilities comply with the standards for required amenities set forth in paragraph (b) of this Section and, where provided, the standards for permitted amenities set forth in paragraph (c) of this Section. In conjunction with such certification, parking and drop-off and pick-up area requirements for docking facilities with a vessel capacity of up to 399 passengers shall be waived, as applicable. Where such docking facilities are proposed within a waterfront public access area, such docking facilities shall also comply with the provisions of paragraph (d) of this Section. Where modifications to a docking facility certified pursuant this Section are made, including the amount or configuration of docking facility amenities, establishment of, or modification to, waterfront public access areas on the same waterfront zoning lot, or the cessation of ferry or water taxi service to such docking facility, the provisions of paragraph (e) of this Section shall apply.

The amount of amenities permitted or required pursuant to paragraphs (b) and (c) of this Section shall be calculated for each docking facility on the waterfront zoning lot and not according to the number of vessels a single docking facility can accommodate.

(a)        Docking facilities

The following docking facilities are subject to the certification provisions of this Section:

(1)        docks for water taxis, with a vessel capacity of up to 99 passengers, as listed in Use Group 6C, when located within R6 through R10 Districts, or C1, C2, C4, C5, C6 or C8 Districts, and as listed in Use Group 14A, when located in C2, C3, C7 or C8 Districts and Manufacturing Districts;

(2)        docks for ferries, other than gambling vessels, with a vessel capacity of up to 399 passengers, as listed in Use Group 6C, when located within R6 through R10 Districts or C1, C2, C4, C5, C6 or C8 Districts, and as listed in Use Group 14A, when located in C2, C3, C7 or C8 Districts and Manufacturing Districts; and

(3)        docks for ferries with an unlimited capacity, as listed in Use Group 10A, in C4, C5, C6, C8 Districts and Manufacturing Districts.

(b)        Required amenities

Passenger queuing space, bicycle parking and a trash receptacle shall be provided in accordance with the applicable provisions of this paragraph (b), inclusive. All applications shall include a site plan denoting the location of each required amenity, dimensioned plans and elevations of individual amenities, as applicable, as well as any other material required to demonstrate compliance with such provisions.

(1)        Passenger queuing space

Passenger queuing space shall be provided in accordance with the provisions of this paragraph (b)(1), inclusive.

(i)        Amount

A minimum of four square feet of queuing space per passenger shall be provided on the waterfront zoning lot for 40 percent of the U. S. Coast Guard certified passenger capacity of the largest vessel proposed to dock at such facility. Queuing space may be either standing space or seating space, and may be either open to the sky or provided within a sheltered space for passengers in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (c)(1), inclusive, of this Section.

(ii)        Standing space

All standing queuing space shall be contiguous and clear of obstructions, except for any interruption by circulation paths required for access to docking facilities through a gangway, or pier access thereto.  However, such standing queuing space may be non-contiguous and temporary dividers may be permitted as obstructions within such queuing space where the applicant signs an affidavit, or provides materials demonstrating in a manner that is satisfactory to the Chairperson, that an attendant will manage queues whenever such measures are implemented.

(iii)        Seating space

A minimum of 10 percent of required queuing space shall be provided as seating, and up to 50 percent of required queuing space may be provided as seating. However, no seating shall be required within a previously approved waterfront public access area. For the purpose of applying seating towards the queuing requirement, one linear foot of seating shall equal one square foot of queuing space.

All seating provided for queuing space shall comply with the applicable dimensional criteria of Section 62-652 (Seating), but  need not comply with the percentage requirements for different types of seating required pursuant to such Section. However, moveable chairs shall not constitute seating for queuing.

Any seating space provided pursuant to this Section within an existing or proposed waterfront public access area shall not count towards the maximum amount of seating permitted to be located seaward of the shore public walkway pursuant to paragraph (b) of Section 62-62 (Design Requirements for Shore Public Walkways and Supplemental Public Access Areas).

(iv)        Location

Queuing space shall be provided on the waterfront zoning lot within 150 feet of the landward terminus of the gangway leading to the docking facility.

(2)        Bicycle parking

Bicycle racks sufficient to provide at least four bicycle parking spaces shall be provided on the waterfront zoning lot. Such bicycle racks shall comply with the standards of Section 62-657.

(3)        Trash receptacle

One trash receptacle shall be provided on the waterfront zoning lot within 25 feet of the landward terminus of the gangway leading to the docking facility. Such trash receptacle shall comply with the standards of Section 62-658.

(c)        Permitted amenities

Passenger queuing shelters and ticketing machines may be provided only in accordance with the applicable standards of this paragraph (c), or, where applicable, the authorization provisions set forth in Section 62-824 (Modifications to passenger queuing shelters for ferry or water taxi docking facilities).

All applications shall include a site plan denoting the location of such amenities, dimensioned plans and elevations of individual amenities, as well as any other material required to demonstrate compliance with the following standards:

(1)        Passenger queueing shelter

Where provided, passenger queueing shelters shall comply with the provisions of this paragraph (c)(1), inclusive. All heights are measured from adjoining grade.

(i)        Maximum dimensions and permitted enclosing walls

The maximum height of a shelter shall be 10 feet. Below a height of seven feet, the maximum width shall be four feet, and above a height of seven feet, the maximum width shall be eight feet. The maximum length of a shelter shall not exceed 16 feet, except that where a ticketing machine provided pursuant to paragraph (c)(2) of this Section is located within such shelter, such maximum length may be increased to 20 feet.

Shelters shall be permitted a total of three enclosing walls, one along the long dimension of the shelter, and one along each narrow end.

(ii)        Support structures below the roof

A maximum of two vertical columns may support the enclosing walls and the roof of a shelter, except that where a ticketing machine provided pursuant to paragraph (c)(2) of this Section is located within such shelter, an additional column shall be permitted. The maximum width and depth of such columns shall not exceed 12 inches. All such columns shall be aligned so that when viewed in elevation view along the narrow end of the shelter, only one column shall be visible.

Below a height of 30 inches, one horizontal structural element shall be permitted along the long dimension of the shelter. The maximum depth and height of such structural element shall not exceed 12 inches. Between a height of 30 inches and seven feet no horizontal structural elements shall be permitted, and above a height of seven feet, horizontal structural elements shall be considered part of the roof structure.

Additional support structures needed to support glazing in the enclosing walls are permitted, provided that such structures are to the minimum amount necessary.

(iii)        Roof structure

The roof of the shelter, including all associated structural elements and materials, shall be located above a height of seven feet.

The maximum depth of the roof, including all associated structural elements and materials, shall not exceed 12 inches, as measured perpendicular to the roof surface. In addition, within six inches of the edge of any portion of the roof that cantilevers over passenger queuing space, as viewed in elevation along the narrow end of the shelter, the depth of the roof shall be limited to three inches.

No slopes or curves shall be permitted in the roof along the long dimension of the shelter. Along the narrow end of the shelter, slopes not to exceed 15 degrees and curves with a radius of at least 10 feet shall be permitted. Where two slopes are provided, in no event shall both portions of the roof angle downward from the same point.

(iv)        Materials, lighting and permitted signage

On each narrow end of the shelter, the enclosing wall or associated vertical support column may accommodate up to six square feet of way-finding ferry signs, with a width not to exceed 12 inches. In addition, the enclosing wall on the long end of the shelter or a face of a ticketing machine provided in accordance with paragraph (c)(2) of this Section may accommodate up to six square feet of materials related to ferry operations, including maps and schedules of ferry service. No advertising signs shall be permitted.

All structural elements shall be composed of unpainted, metallic materials. The entire surface area of all enclosing walls shall be composed of untinted, transparent materials, except for transparency distraction markers and any support structures or signage permitted pursuant to this paragraph (c)(1). A minimum of 50 percent of the surface area of the roof shall be composed of translucent materials, except that any portion occupied by solar panels shall be excluded from such calculation. Benches provided within a shelter shall either match or complement such shelter materials.

Where lighting is provided within a shelter, the luminaire shall be shielded so the light source is not visible.

(v)        Location and orientation

Shelters shall be provided on the waterfront zoning lot within 100 feet of the landward terminus of the gangway leading to the docking facility.

The long dimension of the shelter shall be oriented so as to be within 15 degrees of being perpendicular to the shoreline or, where located on a pier, within 15 degrees of being parallel to such pier.

Where a shelter is provided within a previously approved waterfront public access area, the Chairperson may modify the location and orientation provisions of this Section, to the minimum extent necessary, where site limitations would make compliance with such provisions infeasible.

(2)        Ticketing machines

Ticketing machines provided in conjunction with a docking facility shall comply with the provisions of this paragraph (c)(2).

(i)        Maximum square footage

The maximum area of all ticket machines, as measured in plan around the furthest extent of such machines, shall not exceed 12 square feet.

(ii)        Location

Ticketing machines shall be provided on the waterfront zoning lot within 100 feet of the landward terminus of the gangway leading to the docking facility.

Where a passenger queuing shelter is provided in conjunction with the ferry or water taxi docking facility pursuant to paragraph (c)(1) of this Section, ticketing machines shall be located either within, or immediately adjacent to the upland portion of such shelter.

Any ticketing machine not placed within a passenger queuing shelter shall be placed in a location open to the sky.

Ticketing machines shall either front directly upon a required circulation path or shall be connected thereto by a walkway with an unobstructed minimum clear width of at least five feet.

Where a ticketing machine is provided within a previously approved waterfront public access area, the Chairperson may modify the location provisions of this Section, to the minimum extent necessary, where site limitations would make compliance with such provisions infeasible.

(d)        Provisions for adding amenities for docking facilities to a waterfront public access area

Docking facilities proposed within a previously approved waterfront public access area or in conjunction with a certification for such approval, pursuant to Section 62-811 (Waterfront public access areas and visual corridors), shall comply with the applicable provisions of this paragraph (d).

(1)        Permitted obstructions

In no event shall amenities provided pursuant to paragraphs (b) or (c) of this Section be permitted to encroach upon the minimum circulation paths required pursuant to the applicable provisions of Sections 62-62 (Design Requirements for Shore Public Walkways and Supplemental Public Access Areas), 62-63 (Design Requirements for Public Access on Piers and Floating Structures) and 62-64 (Design Requirements for Upland Connections).

(2)        Providing amenities in previously approved waterfront public access areas

All seating, bicycle parking and trash receptacles provided for docking facilities in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (b) of this Section, within a previously approved waterfront public access area, shall be provided in addition to the amount of seating, bicycle parking, or trash receptacles required for such waterfront public access area pursuant to the applicable provisions of Section 62-60 (DESIGN REQUIREMENTS FOR WATERFRONT PUBLIC ACCESS AREAS). Where excess seating, bicycle parking or trash receptacles have been provided within such previously approved waterfront public access areas, such additional amenities may be applied towards compliance with the provisions for docking facilities of this Section, provided that such amenities comply with the applicable provisions of paragraph (b) of this Section. Where previously approved waterfront public access areas are non-complying as to the provision of required amenities, in no event shall the minimum amount of amenity provided for docking facilities pursuant to paragraph (b) reduce the degree of non-compliance of such waterfront public access area.

All seating, bicycle parking and trash receptacles provided in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (b) of this Section in an existing waterfront public access area shall either match or shall be comparable with such existing amenities, with regard to quality, materials, finishes and form.

Modifications to a previously approved waterfront public access area in order to accommodate amenities to be provided for a docking facility in accordance with paragraphs (b) or (c) of this Section shall not constitute a design change to such waterfront public access area, and shall not necessitate a new certification pursuant to Section 62-811, provided that the applicant demonstrates to the Chairperson of the City Planning Commission that such modifications are to the minimum extent necessary in order to accommodate the amenities being provided for such docking facility.

(3)        Providing amenities in conjunction with a new waterfront public access area

All amenities provided for docking facilities in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (b) of this Section shall be provided in addition to all required seating, bicycle parking, or trash receptacles for a waterfront public access area being developed in conjunction with the provision of a docking facility. All such proposed amenities for the docking facility shall complement the proposed amenities for such waterfront public access area.

(e)        Modifications of certified docking facilities

Any modification to a docking facility certified pursuant to this Section, shall comply with the applicable provisions of this paragraph (e).

(1)        Modification of amenities

Any modification of the required or permitted amenities for a docking facility certified pursuant to this Section, including the configuration of such amenities, shall be subject to a new certification pursuant to this Section.

Any ferry or water taxi service modification resulting in a reduction of passenger capacity of the largest vessel docking at such facility shall not be subject to a new certification provided that the amount of queuing space required at the time of approval, pursuant to paragraph (b) of this Section, is not diminished.

(2)        Establishment of or modifications to waterfront public access areas

Any establishment of a waterfront public access area or modification to a previously approved waterfront public access area where a docking facility certified pursuant to this Section is located, shall require a new certification, pursuant to this Section, in conjunction with the certification set forth in Section 62-811.

(3)        Cessation of ferry or water taxi service

Where ferry or water taxi service ceases operations to a docking facility certified pursuant to this Section, and ferry docking infrastructure is removed from the waterfront zoning lot which would preclude further service, the following shall apply:

(i)        Passenger queuing shelters and ticketing machines provided pursuant to paragraph (c) of this Section shall be removed from the waterfront public access area;

(ii)        Seating, bicycle racks, and litter receptacles provided pursuant to paragraph (b) of this Section need not be removed; and

(iii)        any breach in a guardrail along a pier or along the shore public walkway to accommodate a gangway to a docking facility shall be repaired and shall match the adjacent guardrail.  

(a)        In C1, C2, C3 and C7 Districts, the City Planning Commission may authorize modification of the use regulations of Section 32-10 (USES PERMITTED AS-OF-RIGHT) in order to allow docks for ferries with an operational passenger load greater than 150 passengers per half hour, or in Community District 1 in the Borough of Brooklyn, a vessel capacity larger than 399 passengers, provided the Commission finds that:

(1)        such facility will not create serious pedestrian or vehicular traffic congestion that would adversely affect the surrounding area;

(2)        the streets providing access to such facility will be adequate to handle the traffic generated thereby; and

(3)        such use is so located as to draw a minimum of vehicular traffic to and through local streets in adjoining residential areas.

(b)        In all districts, the Commission may authorize a reduction or waiver of the parking requirements of Section 62-43 for docks serving ferries, or sightseeing, excursion or sport fishing vessels, provided the applicant submits a report that enables the Commission to make one or more of the following findings:

(1)        that there is or would be adequate public or private transit in close proximity to the facility and that there is or would be a consistent pattern of usage by a significant percentage of passengers;

(2)        that there is or would be a consistent pattern of passenger drop-off and pick-up by private cars, taxis or vans by a significant percentage of passengers;

(3)        that there is or would be a consistent pattern of arrivals and departures on foot or by bicycle by a significant percentage of passengers;

(4)        that there is a consistent pattern of underutilization of existing accessory parking spaces; or

(5)        that the dock serves or would serve vessels operating at different times during the day or week and that there is or would be shared usage of common parking spaces at mutually exclusive time periods.

(c)        In all districts, the Commission may authorize modification of the passenger drop-off and pick-up area requirements of Section 62-462, including a reduction in the number of required spaces, for docks serving ferries, or sightseeing, excursion or sport fishing vessels, provided the Commission finds that:

(1)        due to the configuration of the zoning lot, strict adherence to the regulations would not be possible to achieve;

(2)        there is no practical possibility of locating such area on another zoning lot that would be contiguous, except for its separation by a street or street intersection, because appropriate sites are occupied by substantial improvements;

(3)        there is no practical possibility of providing a lay-by area on an adjoining street that would be acceptable to the New York City Department of Transportation; and

(4)        such modifications would not create serious vehicular traffic congestion that would adversely affect the surrounding area.

The Commission may impose appropriate conditions and safeguards to assure that such modifications will not adversely affect the surrounding area.

(a)        Authorization to modify requirements for location, area and minimum dimensions of waterfront public access areas and visual corridors

The City Planning Commission may modify the requirements of Section 62-50 (GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR VISUAL CORRIDORS AND WATERFRONT PUBLIC ACCESS AREAS) and, in conjunction therewith, Section 62-332 (Rear yards and waterfront yards). The Commission may also authorize a portion or all of the required waterfront public access area to be provided off-site on an adjoining public property.

The Commission shall file any such authorization, pursuant to this paragraph (a), with the City Council. The Council, within 20 days of such filing, may resolve by majority vote to review such authorization. If the Council so resolves, within 50 days of the filing of the Commission's authorization, the Council shall hold a public hearing and may approve such authorization in whole or in part, with additional or modified restrictions or conditions, or disapprove such authorization. If, within the time periods provided for in this Section, the Council fails to act on the Commission's authorization, the Council shall be deemed to have approved such authorization.

(1)        In order to modify the location of waterfront public access areas and visual corridors, the Commission shall find that such areas, provided either on the zoning lot or off-site adjacent to the zoning lot, shall:

(i)        comply with the required minimum dimensions and equal the required total area, in aggregate; and

(ii)        due to their alternative location and design, provide equivalent public use and enjoyment of the waterfront and views to the water from upland streets and other public areas; or

(2)        In the event the Commission determines that there is no feasible way to provide equal alternative waterfront public access areas either on the zoning lot or off-site on an adjoining public property or to provide equal alternative visual corridors, the Commission may authorize a reduction in minimum dimensions or area, or may waive such requirements, provided that:

(i)        such development would be impracticable, physically or programmatically, due to site planning constraints such as the presence of existing buildings or other structures or elements having environmental, historic or aesthetic value to the public; and

(ii)        that the reduction or waiver of requirements is the minimum necessary.

(b)        Authorization to modify requirements within waterfront public access areas

The City Planning Commission may modify the requirements within the waterfront public access area provisions of Sections 62-513 (Permitted obstructions in visual corridors), 62-58 (Requirements for Water-Dependant Uses and Other Developments), 62-60 (DESIGN REQUIREMENTS FOR WATERFRONT PUBLIC ACCESS AREAS), inclusive, and 62-90 (WATERFRONT ACCESS PLANS), inclusive.

In order to grant such authorization, the Commission shall find that such modifications:

(1)        are necessary to accommodate modifications pursuant to paragraph (a) of this Section; or

(2)        would result in a design of waterfront public access areas that is functionally equivalent or superior to the design prescribed by strict adherence to the applicable provisions.

(c)        Authorization for phased development of waterfront public access areas

The City Planning Commission may authorize a phasing plan to implement waterfront public access area improvements on zoning lots undergoing partial development or zoning lots subdivided or reconfigured, pursuant to Section 62-812.

In order to grant such authorization, the Commission shall find that:        

(1)        the amount of waterfront public access area developed in any phase is proportionate to the lot area being developed in such phase; or

(2)        physical or programmatic constraints make it infeasible to provide the waterfront public access area on a proportional basis as the zoning lot is improved, and the maximum feasible amount of waterfront public access area is developed in each phase.

A phasing plan shall be submitted that sets forth the amount and location of waterfront public access area that will be provided at the time each phase is developed.

(d)        Authorization to modify minimum hours of operation and to install gates

The City Planning Commission may authorize, for a period not to exceed 10 years, modifications of the requirements for hours of operation set forth in Section 62-71, paragraph (a), or the installation of gates in predominantly residential developments in accordance with the provisions of Section 62-651, paragraph (c)(2).

The Commission shall find that any modification of the hours of operation and the installation of gates in predominantly residential developments are warranted due to the remote location of the waterfront public access areas, and that such modified hours of operation or gates will not thereby unduly restrict public access to the waterfront.

As a condition of granting such authorization, the Commission shall find that all gates comply with the design requirements set forth in Section 62-651.

Public access to the waterfront public access areas shall be assured by appropriate legal instruments. Signage setting forth hours of operation shall be affixed to the gate which shall indicate the hours of public access authorized pursuant to this paragraph (d).

The Commission may impose appropriate conditions and safeguards to assure that such modifications will achieve comparable physical and visual access to the waterfront or to assure that an approved phasing plan will be properly implemented. Such conditions may include, but are not limited to, deed restrictions, easements or performance bonds.

In C3 Districts, the City Planning Commission may authorize modification of use regulations to allow a WE use not otherwise allowed as-of-right or by special permit. In conjunction with such authorization, the Commission may also allow the sign regulations of a C1 District to apply to the zoning lot.

As a condition to the granting of such authorization the Commission shall find:

(a)        that such WE use is a use listed in Use Groups 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 12 or 13;

(b)        that the zoning lot also includes a WD use that is either permitted in the district as-of-right or has been permitted by special permit;

(c)        that such WE use will not create serious pedestrian or vehicular traffic congestion that would adversely affect surrounding residential streets;

(d)        that the entrances and exits for accessory parking or loading facilities are so located as to not adversely affect residential properties fronting on the same street; and

(e)        that such WE use will not impair the character or future use or development of the surrounding area.

The Commission may prescribe additional appropriate conditions and safeguards to minimize adverse effects on the character of the surrounding area. Such conditions and safeguards may include limitations on the size of the establishment, limitations on lighting and signage or screening requirements.

In Community District 1 in the Borough of Brooklyn, the City Planning Commission may authorize a ferry passenger queueing shelter exceeding the dimensions set forth in paragraph (c)(1) of Section 62-813 (Docking facilities for ferries or water taxis in certain waterfront areas), provided that the Commission finds that:

(a)        the public benefit derived from the proposed shelter merits the larger dimensions authorized;

(b)        the proposed shelter utilizes the design standards set forth in paragraph (c)(1) of Section 62-813 regarding permitted support structures, materials, signage and roof construction to the greatest extent feasible;

(c)        any modification to such provisions of Section 62-813 will not unduly limit views from the waterfront public access area; and

(d)        the design of the proposed shelter will result in a quality structure that complements the waterfront public access area or the publicly accessible area of a waterfront zoning lot accommodating the ferry or water taxi docking facility.

Where a special permit application would allow a significant increase in residential floor area and the special floor area requirements in Mandatory Inclusionary Housing areas of paragraph (d) of Section 23-154 (Inclusionary Housing) are not otherwise applicable, the City Planning Commission, in establishing the appropriate terms and conditions for the granting of such special permit, shall apply such requirements where consistent with the objectives of the Mandatory Inclusionary Housing program as set forth in Section 23-92 (General Provisions). However, where the Commission finds that such special permit application would facilitate significant public infrastructure or public facilities addressing needs that are not created by the proposed development, enlargement or conversion, the Commission may modify the requirements of such paragraph (d).  

In C6 Districts, the City Planning Commission may permit docks for passenger ocean vessels, other than gambling vessels.

As a condition for granting a special permit, the Commission shall find that:

(a)        such facility will not create serious pedestrian or vehicular traffic congestion that would unduly inhibit surface traffic and pedestrian flow in the surrounding area;

(b)        the streets providing access to such facility will be adequate to handle the traffic generated thereby;

(c)        an area will be provided for the drop-off and pick-up of passengers by private car, taxi, van and bus that, at a minimum, meets the requirements of Section 62-462 (Passenger drop-off and pick-up areas for docking facilities), and which is so designed as to avoid traffic or pedestrian conflict on the streets providing access to the facility; and

(d)        such use will not be incompatible with or adversely affect the essential character, use or future growth of the surrounding area.

The Commission may prescribe additional appropriate conditions and safeguards to minimize adverse effects on the character of the surrounding area, including the provision of accessory off-street parking spaces, accessory off-street loading berths or additional area for the temporary parking of vehicles or buses for drop-off and pick-up of passengers.

In all Residence Districts, except R1 and R2 Districts, and except within Community District 1 in the Borough of Brooklyn, where the certification provisions of Section 62-813 (Docking facilities for ferries or water taxis in certain waterfront areas) shall apply, the City Planning Commission may permit docks for ferries or water taxis as listed in Use Group 6, provided that:

(a)        such facility will not create serious pedestrian or vehicular traffic congestion that would adversely affect surrounding residential streets;

(b)        such use is so located as to draw a minimum of vehicular traffic to and through local streets in the adjoining residential area;

(c)        there is appropriate landscaping along lot lines to enable such use to blend harmoniously with the adjoining residential area;

(d)        accessory off-street parking spaces are provided in accordance with Section 62-43 (Parking Requirements for Commercial Docking Facilities) and the entrances and exits for such accessory parking facilities are so located as to not adversely affect residential properties fronting on the same street; and

(e)        such use will not impair the character or the future use or development of the surrounding residential area.

The Commission may prescribe additional appropriate conditions and safeguards to minimize adverse effects on the character of the surrounding area and to protect residential properties which are adjoining or across the street from the facility. Such additional conditions and safeguards may include provisions for temporary parking of vehicles for passenger drop-off and pick-up, additional accessory off-street parking spaces and limitations on lighting and signage.

In all districts, the City Planning Commission may permit a use not otherwise allowed as-of-right by Section 62-25 to be located on a floating structure provided the use is permitted by the applicable district regulations and the floating structure complies with the height and setback regulations of Section 62-343.

An application for a use on a floating structure pursuant to this Section shall be made jointly by the property owner and the owner of the floating structure, if they are separate entities. In addition, the application shall include copies of all Federal and State permit applications that are required to be filed in conjunction with the proposed use.

As a condition for granting a special permit, the Commission shall find that:

(a)        the proposed use is a WE use or is either a power plant or government-owned and operated facility that requires such a location due to the absence of a reasonable way to site the facility without use of a floating structure;

(b)        a plan for public access on the floating structure, elsewhere on the zoning lot, or off-site on public property adjacent to the zoning lot, is provided that is appropriate to the size and intensity of use on the floating structure;

(c)        except for power plants or government-owned and operated facilities, the location of such use on a floating structure will enhance public access to and use of the waterfront; and

(d)        the location of such use on a floating structure will not adversely affect the essential character, use or future growth of the waterfront and the surrounding area.

However, the Commission may waive the public access requirement for a power plant or government-owned and operated facility either where such access would conflict with the operation of the facility or be detrimental to the public welfare.

The Commission may also permit modification of the visual corridor requirements of Section 62-51, inclusive, provided it makes the additional finding that the location and configuration of the floating structure minimizes any adverse effects on significant views to the water from upland public streets or other public places.

The Commission may prescribe additional appropriate conditions and safeguards to minimize adverse effects on the character of the waterfront and the surrounding area, including requirements for setbacks from lot lines, spacing from other floating structures on the same or adjoining zoning lots and limitations on lighting or signage.

In all districts, the City Planning Commission may permit:

(a)        a change of use on a new pier or new platform from a WD use or playground or publicly accessible private park, to any other WE use permitted by the applicable district regulations and, in conjunction with such change of use, modification of the bulk regulations of Section 62-30 for an existing building, except for Section 62-31, paragraph (a), or the maximum floor area ratio, provided the Commission finds that:

(1)        existing permitted WD uses and open WE uses on the pier or platform have been discontinued for a continuous period of at least two years immediately prior to the date of application;

(2)        the proposed WE use will significantly enhance public use and enjoyment of the waterfront;

(3)        there is no increase in water coverage; and

(4)        in the case of modification of bulk regulations for an existing building, findings (b)(3) through (b)(6) of this Section are also met. Finding (b)(4) shall also include platforms within the seaward lot.

(b)        for an existing pier, any use permitted by the applicable district regulations and modifications of the provisions of Sections 62-332 (Rear yards and waterfront yards) and 62-342 (Developments on piers), provided the Commission finds that:

(1)        the facility is so designed as to significantly enhance public use and enjoyment of the waterfront;

(2)        accessory parking or loading facilities provided in conjunction with such uses are arranged and designed so as to not adversely impact public access areas anywhere on the zoning lot;

(3)        the proposed development does not violate the bulk provisions of Section 62-341 (Developments on land and platforms);

(4)        within the seaward lot, the ratio of floor area on the pier to water coverage of the pier does not exceed the maximum floor area ratio for the use as set forth in the district regulations;

(5)        such bulk modifications would not unduly obstruct the light and air or waterfront views of neighboring properties; and

(6)        such modifications will not adversely affect the essential character, use or future growth of the waterfront and the surrounding area.

(c)        for piers, modification of the waterfront public access area and visual corridor requirements of Sections 62-50 and 62-60, provided the Commission finds that:

(1)        the proposed development would result in better achievement of the goals set forth in Section 62-00 than would otherwise be possible by strict adherence to the regulations of Sections 62-50 and 62-60, inclusive; and

(2)        an alternative waterfront public access area and visual corridors on the zoning lot, or off-site on a public property adjacent to the zoning lot, are provided that are substantially equal in area to that required and, by virtue of their location and design, provide equivalent public use and enjoyment of the waterfront and views to the water from upland streets and other public areas.

In the event that the Commission determines there is no feasible way to provide substantially equal alternative public access areas, either on the zoning lot or off-site on an adjoining public property or to provide substantially equal alternative visual corridors, the Commission may authorize a reduction or waiver of the requirements.

The Commission may prescribe additional appropriate conditions and safeguards to minimize adverse effects on the character of the waterfront and the surrounding area, including requirements for setbacks from lot lines, spacing from other buildings on the same or adjoining zoning lots, limitations on lighting and signage and limitations on size of individual establishments.

In C1, C2, C4, C5, C6 and C7 Districts, the City Planning Commission may permit public parking garages or public parking lots on waterfront blocks in accordance with applicable district regulations and Sections 74-51 and 74-52, provided the parking facility is an interim use limited to a term of not more than five years, or the Commission finds that:

(a)        the facility is needed to serve primarily waterfront developments containing WD or WE uses; and

(b)        there is no practical possibility of locating such facility on a non-waterfront block because appropriate sites on such blocks are occupied by substantial improvements.

The Commission may prescribe additional appropriate conditions and safeguards to minimize adverse effects on the character of the waterfront and surrounding area.

(a)        Bulk modifications on waterfront blocks

In all districts, the City Planning Commission may permit modification of any applicable yard, lot coverage, height and setback, and distance between buildings regulations, for a development on a zoning lot within a waterfront block, excluding any portion on a pier or new platform, provided the Commission finds that such modifications will not adversely affect access to light and air on surrounding waterfront public access areas, streets and properties; and

(1)        will result in a better site plan and a better relationship between the zoning lot and the adjacent streets, surrounding neighborhood, adjacent open areas and shoreline than would be possible through strict adherence to the regulations; or

(2)        are necessary to protect unique natural features such as rock outcroppings, significant grade changes or wetlands, or to accommodate existing buildings or other structures.

(b)        Reduction or waiver of parking requirements for accessory group parking facilities

For developments on zoning lots in the Transit Zone, the City Planning Commission may, in conjunction with an application for a bulk modification pursuant to paragraph (a) of this Section, reduce or waive the number of required accessory residential off-street parking spaces, including any spaces previously required for an existing building on the zoning lot, provided that the Commission finds that:

(1)        where the applicant is seeking a reduction of parking spaces required by Section 25-23 (Requirements Where Group Parking Facilities Are Provided), such reduction will facilitate the development, enlargement or preservation of income-restricted housing units. Such finding shall be made upon consultation with the Department of Housing Preservation and Development;

(2)        the anticipated rates of automobile ownership for residents of such development are minimal and that such reduction or waiver is warranted;

(3)        such reduction of parking spaces will not have undue adverse impacts on the residents, businesses or community facilities in the surrounding area; and

(4)        such reduction of parking spaces will result in a better site plan.

In determining the amount of parking spaces to reduce or waive, the Commission may take into account current automobile ownership patterns for an existing building containing residences on the zoning lot, as applicable.

In all Commercial Districts, except C1 Districts, and in all Manufacturing Districts, the City Planning Commission may permit docks for gambling vessels, provided that, in Commercial Districts, the maximum aggregate dock capacity per zoning lot shall be determined by the zoning district, as indicated in the applicable provisions of Sections 32-18 (Use Group 9) and 32-23 (Use Group 14).

As a condition for permitting such use, the Commission shall find that:

(a)        the streets providing access to such docking facility will be adequate to ensure that the traffic generated will not unduly impede surface traffic and pedestrian flow in the surrounding area;

(b)        any noise and activity related to the docking facility, including vessel operations, will not have a detrimental impact on the waterfront and surrounding area; and

(c)        such use will not be incompatible with the essential character, use or future growth of the waterfront and surrounding area.

Docks for gambling vessels shall comply with all provisions of the Resolution, including the provisions of Article VI, Chapter 2 (Special Regulations Applying in the Waterfront Area), applicable to the type of vessel on which the shipboard gambling business is operated.

The Commission may prescribe additional conditions and safeguards to minimize any adverse effects on the waterfront and surrounding area.

This text amendment shall take effect on April 27, 1998.

The City Planning Commission and City Council may adopt a Waterfront Access Plan as an amendment to this Resolution pursuant to Section 200 or 201 of the City Charter and in accordance with the provisions of Sections 62-912 (Elements of a Waterfront Access Plan), 62-913 (Conditions for adoption of a Waterfront Access Plan) and this Section in order to adjust the waterfront public access area and visual corridor requirements of Sections 62-50 and 62-60, inclusive, retain the waterfront block bulk regulations of Section 62-30 on newly-created non-waterfront blocks within a specifically defined portion of the waterfront area, or establish waterfront yard requirements for developments otherwise exempt from the requirements of Section 62-33 (Special Yard Regulations on Waterfront Blocks).

To be considered for a Waterfront Access Plan, an area shall:

(a)        be entirely in the waterfront area;

(b)        not include any portions within R1 or R2 Districts;

(c)        comprise either entire blocks or a minimum of four acres, all portions of which are contiguous tracts of land except for intervening streets; and

(d)        have at least 600 feet of shoreline.

A Waterfront Access Plan may:

(a)        on zoning lots where a waterfront public access area or visual corridors are required pursuant to the provisions of Sections 62-50 (GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR VISUAL CORRIDORS AND WATERFRONT PUBLIC ACCESS AREAS) and 62-60 (DESIGN REQUIREMENTS FOR WATERFRONT PUBLIC ACCESS AREAS), inclusive, modify the size, configuration, location or design of required waterfront public access areas or visual corridors within certain designated areas in order to address local conditions, provided such plan does not impose a waterfront public access area or visual corridor requirement on any zoning lot greater than would otherwise be required pursuant to the provisions of Sections 62-50 or 62-60. For the purpose of determining the amount of public access, the highest standard applicable to a zoning lot may be applied regardless of any specific use permitted or proposed for such zoning lot. Within Waterfront Access Plan BK-1, the waterfront public access area and visual corridor requirements for any parcel located within the Waterfront Access Plan may be determined by aggregating the waterfront public access area and visual corridor requirements of each zoning lot within the parcel and such aggregated requirements may be modified within such parcel without regard to zoning lot lines;

(b)        on zoning lots where waterfront public access area or visual corridors are not required pursuant to the provisions of Sections 62-50 and 62-60, inclusive, establish requirements for a waterfront public access area or visual corridors, except for those zoning lots predominantly developed for airports, heliports, seaplane bases or, in C8 or Manufacturing Districts, uses in Use Groups 16, 17 or 18, provided that such zoning lots, when improved would result in a community need for such physical or visual access to the waterfront or a waterfront linkage of public parks or other public areas. The plan may incorporate one or more of the waterfront public access areas or visual corridors listed in Section 62-50, inclusive, consistent with the standards of Sections 62-50 and 62-60, inclusive. Such standards may be modified as necessary to address local conditions provided such plan does not impose a requirement for any component greater than would otherwise be required pursuant to the provisions of Sections 62-50 or 62-60;

(c)        modify or waive specific requirements for a waterfront public access area or visual corridors in certain designated areas where such requirements would not be compatible with local conditions and therefore not serve to further public enjoyment of the waterfront;

(d)        identify shore terminations of mapped streets or existing piers or platforms within seaward prolongations of such streets and establish public access treatments for such areas after referral to the Department of Transportation or other City agency having jurisdiction over such property for its review and concurrence;

(e)        apply the bulk regulations of Section 62-30 to a non-waterfront block when such block results from a subdivision of a waterfront block as the result of a street mapping; and

(f)        for developments where a waterfront yard is not otherwise required by Section 62-33, establish requirements for a waterfront yard provided such plan does not impose a requirement greater than would be required by the provisions of Sections 62-331 (Front yards and side yards) or 62-332 (Rear yards and waterfront yards), as modified by the further provisions of this paragraph, (f), for such other developments. Enlargements of buildings or other structures existing on the effective date of the Waterfront Access Plan shall be permitted within such waterfront yard provided that the enlargement is for WD uses or Use Group 16, 17 or 18 uses and no portion of the enlargement, other than permitted obstructions, is within 20 feet of the seaward edge of the waterfront yard. In addition, obstructions shall be permitted within such waterfront yard pursuant to applicable district yard regulations, except that no building or portion of a building shall be permitted within 10 feet of the seaward edge of such waterfront yard.

A Waterfront Access Plan shall include the following elements:

(1)        identification of the plan by Borough and plan number or area name;

(2)        a zoning map, or portion thereof, showing the boundaries of the geographical area included within the plan, which shall constitute the plan map;

(3)        delineation on the plan map of any physical or visual waterfront access features mandated by the plan to be at specific locations; and

(4)        a description in the plan text of all features established or modified by the plan, with reference to affected blocks and lots.

As a condition precedent to its approval of a Waterfront Access Plan, the City Planning Commission shall find, in its report to the City Council for adoption, that such plan:

(a)        would improve public use and enjoyment of the waterfront, thereby serving to implement the goals set forth in Section 62-00; and

(b)        meets any of the following:

(1)        is necessary to link public parks or other public areas along the waterfront or to the waterfront, and such linkage would not necessarily be achieved solely by the provisions of Sections 62-34 (Height and Setback Regulations on Waterfront Blocks), 62-50 (GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR VISUAL CORRIDORS AND WATERFRONT PUBLIC ACCESS AREAS) and 62-60 (DESIGN REQUIREMENTS FOR WATERFRONT PUBLIC ACCESS AREAS);

(2)        is necessary to accommodate unique shore conditions or the retention of existing buildings or other structures, including bridges, viaducts or railways that would not be adequately accommodated by the provisions of Sections 62-50 and 62-60;

(3)        is necessary to accommodate unique topography or natural features, such as wetlands conditions, significant grade changes, geologic formations, natural vegetation or wildlife habitats, which natural features or topography would not be adequately accommodated by the provisions of Sections 62-34, 62-50 and 62-60;

(4)        is necessary to create a better physical or visual relationship of the waterfront to significant upland streets or preserves significant views of the water or historic structures from such streets, which would not necessarily be achieved by the provisions of Sections 62-34, 62-50 and 62-60;

(5)        is necessary to achieve public access to the waterfront in an area characterized by large undeveloped tracts of land with a limited number of public streets leading to the shore;

(6)        is necessary to maintain visual corridors that would be extinguished by a street de-mapping after October 25, 1993, or maintains visual corridors from certain upland streets that would be exempted from such requirements as the result of an intervening street mapping after October 25, 1993; or

(7)        is necessary to retain the bulk regulations of Section 62-30 on certain blocks that would be exempted from such requirements as the result of an intervening street mapping after October 25, 1993.

The following Waterfront Access Plans are hereby established within the Borough of The Bronx. All applicable provisions of Article VI, Chapter 2, remain in effect within the areas delineated by such plans, except as expressly set forth otherwise in the plans:

BX-1: Harlem River, in the Special Harlem River Waterfront District, as set forth in Section 87-70 (HARLEM RIVER WATERFRONT ACCESS PLAN).

The following Waterfront Access Plans are hereby established within the Borough of Brooklyn. All applicable provisions of Article VI, Chapter 2, remain in effect within the areas delineated by such plans, except as expressly set forth otherwise in the plans:

BK-1: Greenpoint-Williamsburg, as set forth in Section 62-931.

Maps BK-1a through BK-1c in paragraph (f) of this Section show the boundaries of the area comprising the Greenpoint-Williamsburg Waterfront Access Plan and the location of certain features mandated or permitted by the Plan. The plan area has been divided into parcels consisting of tax blocks and lots and other lands as established on May 11, 2005, as follows:

Parcel  1:                Block 2472, Lot 350

Parcel  2:                Block 2472, Lot 400

Parcel  3:                Block 2472, Lot 410

Parcel  4:                Block 2472, Lot 425

Parcel  5a:                Block 2472, Lot 100

Parcel  5b:                Block 2472, Lot 32,south of the prolongation of the northern street line of DuPont Street

                                Block 2494, Lot 6

Parcel  5c:                Block 2472, Lot 2

                                Block 2502, Lot 1

                                Block 2510, Lot 1

                                Block 2520, Lot 57

Parcel  5d:                Block 2494, Lot 1

Parcel  5e:                Block 2472, Lot 32, north of the prolongation of the northern street line of DuPont Street

Parcel  6:                Block 2472, Lot 75

Parcel  7:                Block 2520, Lot 1

Parcel  8:                Block 2530, Lots 55, 56

Parcel  9:                Block 2530, Lot 1

Parcel  10:                Block 2538, Lot 1

Parcel  11:                Block 2543, Lot 1

Parcel  12a:                Block 2556, Lot 41

Parcel  12b:                Block 2556, Lots 45, 46

Parcel  12c:                Block 2556, Lots 55, 57, 58

Parcel  12d:                Block 2556, Lot 54

Parcel  12e:                Block 2556, Lot 53

Parcel  12f:                Block 2556, Lot 52

Parcel  12g:                Block 2556, Lot 51

Parcel  12h:                Block 2556, Lot 50

Parcel  12i:                Block 2556, Lot 49

Parcel  12j:                Block 2556, Lot 48

Parcel  13:                Block 2556, Lot 1

                                Block 2564, Lot 1

                                Block 2567, Lot 1

                                Block 2570, Lot 36

Parcel  14:                Block 2570, Lot 1

Parcel  15:                Block 2590, Lot 1

Parcel  16:                Block 2590, Lot 210

Parcel  17:                Block 2590, Lot 215

Parcel  18:                Block 2590, Lot 22

Parcel  19:                Block 2590, Lot 25

Parcel  20:                Block 2277, Lot 1

                                Block 2590, Lot 100

Parcel  21:                Block 2287, Lots 1, 16, 30

                                Block 2294, Lots 1, 5

Parcel  22:                Block 2301, Lots 1, 50, 60, 70

Parcel  23:                Block 2316, Lot 46

Parcel  24:                Block 2308, Lot 1

                                Block 2316, Lot 1

Parcel  25:                Block 2324, Lot 1

                                Block 2332, Lot 1

Parcel  26:                Block 2340, Lot 1

Parcel  27:                Block 2348, Lot 1

(a)        Area-wide modifications

The following provisions shall apply to all developments required to provide a waterfront public access area, pursuant to Section 62-50 (GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR VISUAL CORRIDORS AND WATERFRONT PUBLIC ACCESS AREAS):

(1)        Paragraph (a)(3) of Section 62-54 (Requirements for Public Access on Piers) is applicable, except that a minimum of 15 feet is required along each water edge.

(2)        In addition to the requirements of Section 62-65 (Public Access Design Reference Standards), all waterfront public access areas are subject to the provisions set forth in paragraph (c) of this Section.

(3)        Street treatment

All streets adjacent to a shore public walkway or supplemental public access area shall be improved as a continuation of such shore public walkway or supplemental public access area, pursuant to the design requirements of Section 62-62 (Design Requirements for Shore Public Walkways and Supplemental Public Access Areas), inclusive.

(b)        Amenities

A reduction in the total amount of required supplemental public access area shall be permitted according to the table in this paragraph, (b):

REDUCTIONS IN WATERFRONT PUBLIC ACCESS AREAS

Amenity

Square feet reduction

Picnic table

22 sq. ft. per table (max. 200 sq. ft.)

Chess table

20 sq. ft. per table (max. 200 sq. ft.)

Telescope

10 sq. ft. per telescope  (max. 50 sq. ft.)

Fountain/water feature

150 sq. ft. per feature (max. 300 sq. ft.)

Shade structure

150 sq. ft. per structure (max. 300 sq. ft.)

(c)        Public access design reference standards

Section 62-65 is hereby modified by the following provisions.

(1)        Guardrails

In addition to the provisions of paragraph (a) of Section 62-651 (Guardrails, gates and other protective barriers), guardrails shall comply with the Guardrail illustration in this Section.

All guardrail components and hardware shall be in No. 316 Stainless Steel, passivated and bead blasted.

(2)        Lighting

In addition to the illumination provisions of Section 62-653, the required lighting along any public access area shall comply with the Lightpost illustration in this Section.

(3)        Paving

In addition to the provisions of Section 62-656, the paving for the required clear path within the shore public walkway shall be gray. At least 50 percent of all other paved areas within the shore public walkway and supplemental public access areas shall be paved in the same color range.

(d)        Special public access provisions by parcel

The provisions of Sections 62-52 (Applicability of Waterfront Public Access Area Requirements) and 62-60 (DESIGN REQUIREMENTS FOR WATERFRONT PUBLIC ACCESS AREAS) are modified at the following designated locations which are shown on Map BK-1b in paragraph (f) of this Section:

(1)        Parcels 1 and 2

(i)        Shore public walkway

In the event of any enlargement, extension or change of use within existing buildings or other structures, a shore public walkway shall occupy the entire area between the seaward edge of the zoning lot and the existing building or other structure but need not be wider than 40 feet. The shore public walkway shall have a minimum clear path of 10 feet. No seating or planting shall be required. If seating and planting are provided, they shall comply with the provisions of Sections 62-652 and 62-655, respectively. In addition to the lighting design requirements of paragraph (c)(3) of this Section, lighting fixtures may be mounted on existing buildings or other structures.

(ii)        Supplemental public access area

The requirements for a supplemental public access area shall be waived.

(2)        Parcels 3 and 4

An upland connection shall be provided between Commercial Street and the shore public walkway within a flexible location along the lot line between Parcels 3 and 4. Whichever parcel is developed first shall provide an upland connection along the lot line between the two parcels. The remaining parcel may include the width of the upland connection in the computation necessary to comply with the requirements of a visual corridor along the lot line between the two parcels, according to the provisions of paragraph (e)(1) of this Section. If both parcels are developed concurrently, then the requirements may be divided equally along the lot line between the parcels.

If, however, Parcel 4 is improved predominantly as a public access area prior to or concurrently with the development of Parcel 3, the upland connection requirement shall be waived. However, a public way shall be provided within an area bounded at its eastern edge by the shared lot line of Parcels 2 and 3, at its northern edge by the shoreline, at its western edge by a line 115 feet from the shared lot line of Parcels 2 and 3, and at its southern edge by the lot line along Commercial Street.

In addition, such public way shall have a minimum width of 15 feet, and shall comply with the provisions of Section 62-64 (Design Requirements for Upland Connections), as applicable for Type 2 upland connections. There shall be no more than two changes in direction over its entire length and no single turn shall be less than 90 degrees relative to the line of travel. Any change in direction with an angle of less than 135 degrees shall be posted with an entry sign and shall comply with the provisions of paragraph (b) of Section 62-654 (Signage), and shall also be accompanied by an arrow indicating the direction of travel towards the shore public walkway. At least 50 percent of the area of any walls bounding such public way shall be glazed. In addition, 24 linear feet of seating shall be provided within such public way and within 50 feet of its boundary with the shore public walkway and the street it connects to.

(3)        Parcel 5a

(i)        Upland connection

An upland connection shall be provided between Commercial Street and the shore public walkway within the flexible location zone indicated on Map BK-1b in paragraph (f) of this Section.

The eastern boundary of such flexible location zone shall be 110 feet from the shared lot line of Parcel 4 and its western boundary shall be 200 feet from the shared lot lines of Parcels 5b and 6.

(ii)        Supplemental public access area

The supplemental public access area shall abut the shore public walkway continuously along its longest side, and shall also abut the required upland connection where it meets the shore public walkway. The upland connection may cut across the supplemental public access area provided that any resulting supplemental public access area shall be at least 5,000 square feet. In no event shall the supplemental public access area be deeper than 100 feet.

Alternatively, a portion of the required supplemental public access area that is at least 5,000 square feet may abut the shore public walkway continuously along the longest side provided that it also abuts a publicly accessible private drive connecting the shore public walkway to Commercial Street. Such publicly accessible private drive shall be improved to the standards of an upland connection as required by Section 62-64, but shall not be counted towards satisfying the required amount of waterfront public access area on the site.

(4)        Parcel 5b

The portion of Block 2472, Lot 32, located within Parcel 5b shall constitute a zoning lot for the purpose of applying all waterfront public access area and visual corridor provisions of Sections 62-50 through 62-90 (WATERFRONT ACCESS PLANS), inclusive.

(5)        Parcel 5c

(i)        Upland connection

Two upland connections shall be provided between West Street and the shore public walkway, each one located within the prolongation of the street lines of Eagle Street and Green Street, respectively.

(ii)        Supplemental public access area

Two supplemental public access areas shall be provided on Parcel 5c.

A supplemental public access area shall be bounded by the southern boundary of the required Green Street upland connection, the shore public walkway, the southern boundary of Parcel 5c and the northern prolongation of the eastern boundary of the shore public walkway required in Parcel 7.

The remaining required supplemental public access area shall be provided either on the pier or distributed evenly as a widening of the shore public walkway located between the Eagle Street and Green Street upland connections. If any supplemental public access area is located on the pier, one shade tree shall be required for each 1,000 square feet of supplemental public access area, but in no event shall more than four shade trees be required. A shading element may be substituted for the required shade trees at a rate of 450 square feet of shade element per tree.

The total lot area utilized in the calculation of required supplemental public access area for Parcel 5c, pursuant to Section 62-57, shall include the lot area within Parcel 5d.

(iii)        Pier public access

Public access shall be provided on the Green Street pier pursuant to the requirements of Section 62-54 and of paragraph (a)(1) of this Section.

(6)        Parcel 5e

The portion of Block 2472, Lot 32, located within Parcel 5e shall constitute a zoning lot for the purpose of applying all waterfront public access area and visual corridor provisions of Sections 62-50 through 62-90, inclusive.

(7)        Parcel 7

(i)        Shore public walkway

For a portion of the required shore public walkway, where the distance between the shoreline and the zoning lot line boundaries of Parcel 7 is less than 17 feet, such portion shall be improved entirely as circulation path.

(ii)        Supplemental public access area

The requirement for a supplemental public access area on Parcel 7 is waived.

(8)        Parcels 9, 10 and 11

(i)        Supplemental public access area

For each parcel, the supplemental public access area requirements shall be provided to widen the shore public walkway, which will be evenly distributed along the entire length of such shore public walkway.

(9)        Parcel 13

(i)        Upland connection

An upland connection shall be provided between West Street and the shore public walkway located within the prolongation of the street lines of Milton Street.

(ii)        Supplemental public access area

A supplemental public access area shall be bounded by the southern street line of Greenpoint Avenue, the shore public walkway and the northern boundary of the required Milton Street upland connection.

(10)        Parcel 14

(i)        Upland connection

An upland connection shall be provided between West Street and the shore public walkway. The southern boundary of such upland connection shall be defined by a line between the intersection of the prolongation of the southern street line of Calyer Street and the western street line of West Street, and a point on the easterly boundary of the shore public walkway 30 feet north of the northern street line of Quay Street.

(ii)        Supplemental public access area

Two supplemental public access areas shall be provided. A supplemental public access area with a minimum of 9,000 square feet shall be provided between the prolongation of the northern street line of Calyer Street and the prolongation of the northern boundary of the required Calyer Street upland connection to widen the shore public walkway.

The remaining requirements for supplemental public access area shall be located in the area bounded by the southern boundary of the required Calyer Street upland connection, the shore public walkway and the southern boundary line of the parcel.

(11)        Parcel 15

An upland connection shall be provided within the prolongation of the street lines of West Street, connecting Quay Street to Parcel 20.

(12)        Parcels 19, 20, 21 and 22

Parcels 19, 20, 21 and 22 shall be designated as public parks as of May 11, 2005.

(13)        Parcel 25

(i)        Upland connection

An upland connection shall be provided between West Street and the shore public walkway located within the prolongation of the street lines of North 6th Street.

(ii)        Supplemental public access area

Two supplemental public access areas shall be provided.

One supplemental public access area shall be provided along the prolongation of the southern street line of North 7th Street and the shore public walkway. Such public access area shall be a minimum of 3,000 square feet in area and shall have a minimum depth of 90 feet measured from the shore public walkway. A screening buffer shall be provided along the boundaries of the public access area and any private portion of the zoning lot, pursuant to Section 62-655. No other planting shall be required.

A minimum of one linear foot of seating shall be required for every 65 square feet of supplemental public access area. Four trees shall be required, at least two of which shall be shade trees.

The remaining required supplemental public access area shall be located either on the pier or shall abut the shore public walkway continuously along its longest side, and shall also abut the required upland connection where it meets the shore public walkway. At least 70 percent of the required supplemental public access area shall have a width to depth ratio of 2:1. If any supplemental public access area is located on the pier, one shade tree shall be required for each 1,000 square feet of supplemental public access area, but in no event shall more than four shade trees be required. A shading element may be substituted for the required shade trees at a rate of 450 square feet of shade element per tree.

(iii)        Pier public access

Public access shall be provided on a pier located at the western terminus of North 6th Street pursuant to the requirements of Section 62-54 and of paragraph (a)(1) of this Section.

(14)        Parcel 26

(i)        Shore public walkway

The requirements of Section 62-53 (Requirements for Shore Public Walkways) shall apply, except that the minimum required width of the shore public walkway shall be reduced to 34 feet between North 5th Street and the northern boundary of the required upland connection at the prolongation of North 4th Street. The quantity of public access eliminated from the shore public walkway as a result of this width reduction shall be located in the triangle formed between the shore public walkway, the southern street line of the North 4th Street upland connection and the bulkhead line.

(ii)        Upland connections

An upland connection shall be provided between Kent Avenue and the shore public walkway located within the prolongation of the street lines of North 4th Street. However, if the upland connection is provided within a private drive pursuant to Section 62-56, then a portion of the southern public access area beyond 15 feet from Kent Avenue may be located up to 15 feet outside the prolongation of the street lines of North 4th Street, provided that this public access area is not located entirely outside the prolongation of the street lines of North 4th Street at any point within 80 feet of Kent Avenue.

(15)        Parcel 27

(i)        Shore public walkway

In the event of an enlargement, extension or change of use within existing buildings or other structures, a shore public walkway shall occupy the entire area between the seaward edge and the existing building or other structure, but need not be wider than 40 feet.

Notwithstanding the requirements of paragraph (a) of Section 62-61 (General Provisions Applying to Waterfront Public Access Areas), the shore public walkway may be located within the building or other structure, and the obstructions permitted by Section 62-611, paragraphs (a) and (b), shall include any supporting structural elements of the building or other structure and its related appurtenances.

In addition, the shore public walkway shall have a minimum clear path of 12 feet. No seating, planting or buffer zone shall be required. If seating and planting are provided, they shall comply with the provisions of Sections 62-652 and 62-655, respectively. In addition to the lighting design requirements of paragraph (c)(3) of this Section, lighting fixtures may be mounted on existing buildings or other structures.

(ii)        Supplemental public access area

The requirements for supplemental public access shall be waived.

(e)        Special visual corridor provisions by parcel

The designated locations for visual corridors pursuant to this Plan are shown on Map BK-1c in paragraph (f) of this Section and shall be as follows:

(1)        Parcels 3 and 4

A visual corridor shall be provided through Parcels 3 and 4 to the pierhead line within a flexible area along the common lot line.

Whichever parcel is developed later shall complete the required clearance to comply with the visual corridor requirements along the upland connection provided in accordance with the requirements of paragraph (d)(2)(i) of this Section. If the parcels are developed concurrently, then the requirements can be divided equally along the lot line between the parcels.

If, however, Parcel 4 is improved predominantly for a public access area(s) prior to or concurrently with the development of Parcel 3, and a visual corridor is provided in Parcel 4, then the requirements for a visual corridor on Parcel 3 shall be waived.

(2)        Parcel 5a

A visual corridor shall be provided through Parcel 5a to the pierhead line within the flexible location zone indicated on Map BK-1c in paragraph (f) of this Section. The eastern boundary of such flexible area shall be 110 feet from the shared lot line of Parcel 4 and its western boundary shall be 200 feet from the shared lot line of Parcels 5b and 6.

(3)        Parcel 5b

Two visual corridors shall be provided through Parcel 5b to the pierhead line as the prolongation of the street lines of West Street and Dupont Street, respectively.

(4)        Parcel 5c

(i)        Three visual corridors shall be provided through Parcel 5c to the pierhead line as the prolongation of the street lines of West Street, Eagle Street and Green Street.

(ii)        The permitted obstructions on piers in Section 62-631, paragraph (b), shall be permitted obstructions along the visual corridor along Green Street.

(5)        Parcel 13

Two visual corridors shall be provided through Parcel 13 to the pierhead line as the prolongation of the street lines of Milton Street and Oak Street, respectively.

(6)        Parcel 14

A visual corridor shall be provided through Parcel 14 as the prolongation of the street lines of Oak Street.

(7)        Parcel 15

A visual corridor shall be provided though Parcel 15 as the prolongation of the street lines of West Street.

(8)        Parcel 25

A visual corridor shall be provided through Parcel 25 as the prolongation of the street lines of North 6th Street.

(f)        Greenpoint-Williamsburg Waterfront Access Plan Maps

BK-1a: Parcel Designation (62-931f.1)

BK-1b: Public Access Elements (62-931f.2)


BK-1c: Designated Visual Corridors (62-931f.3)


Note: All zoning regulations pertaining to the Special Inwood District Rezoning, which amended the Zoning Resolution (N 180205A ZRM) and Zoning Map (C 180204A ZMM), and which have been in effect since 8/8/18, are no longer in effect as of 12/19/19 per court order. For the applicable zoning designations currently in effect, please see zoning maps 1b, 1d, 3a, and 3c.

The following Waterfront Access Plans are hereby established within the Borough of Manhattan. All applicable provisions of Article VI, Chapter 2 remain in effect within the areas delineated by such plans, except as expressly set forth otherwise in the plans:

M-1:        Inwood, in the Special Inwood District as set forth in Section 142-60 (INWOOD WATERFRONT ACCESS PLAN).

The following Waterfront Access Plans are hereby established within the Borough of Queens. All applicable provisions of Article VI, Chapter 2, remain in effect within the areas delineated by such plans, except as expressly set forth otherwise in the plans:

Q-1:        Northern Hunters Point, as set forth in Section 62-951

Q-2:        Downtown Flushing, as set forth in Section 62-952

Q-3:        Newtown Creek, in the Special Southern Hunters Point District, as set forth in Section 125-46 (Newtown Creek Waterfront Access Plan).

Maps Q-1a through Q-1c in paragraph (f) of this Section show the boundaries of the area comprising the Northern Hunters Point Waterfront Access Plan and the location of certain features mandated or permitted by the Plan. The plan area has been divided into parcels consisting of tax blocks and lots and other lands as established on October 14, 1997, as follows:

Parcel 1: Block 477, Lot 7

Parcel 2: Block 477, Lots 13, 15, 20

Parcel 3: Block 477, Lot 24

Parcel 4: 43rd Avenue between Vernon Boulevard and the East River

Parcel 5: Block 488, Lot 114

Parcel 6: Block 488, Lot 1

Parcel 7: Block 488, Lots 15, 35

                Block 489, Lots 23, 46

Parcel 8: Block 25, Lot 15

Parcel 9: Block 25, Lots 1, 9, 11

Parcel 10: Block 26, Lot 10

Parcel 11: Block 26, Lots 1, 2, 3, 4, 8

Parcel 12: Block 26, Lots 17 and 21

(a)        Special waterfront yard requirements

The yard regulations of Section 62-33 (Special Yard Regulations on Waterfront Blocks) shall be applicable. In addition, where a waterfront yard is not required, pursuant to Section 62-33, yards meeting the dimensional requirements of Section 62-33 shall be provided in connection with any development, in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (f) of Section 62-912 (Elements of a Waterfront Access Plan).

(b)        Area-wide modifications

The following provisions shall apply to zoning lots required to provide a waterfront public access area, pursuant to Section 62-50 (GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR VISUAL CORRIDORS AND WATERFRONT PUBLIC ACCESS AREAS), inclusive:

(1)        Section 62-57 (Requirements for Supplemental Public Access Areas) shall be inapplicable except where specifically stated otherwise in this Plan.

(2)        Section 62-58 (Requirements for Water-Dependent Uses and Other Developments) shall be inapplicable. In lieu thereof, for developments listed in Section 62-52 (Applicability of Waterfront Public Access Area Requirements), paragraph (b), required waterfront public access areas shall be provided in accordance with Sections 62-53 (Requirements for Shore Public Walkways), 62-54 (Requirements for Public Access on Piers), 62-55 (Requirements for Public Access on Floating Structures) and 62-56 (Requirements for Upland Connections), as modified by this Plan.

However, for developments that include WD uses and would otherwise be permitted to provide public access pursuant to Section 62-58, the location of the public access areas specified in this Plan may be moved upland from the shoreline for the minimum distance required to accommodate the upland water-dependent functions of such developments, provided the relocation allows for a continuous public walkway connecting to shore public walkways on adjoining zoning lots.

(c)        Special waterfront public access area and visual corridor provisions applying on Anable Basin

The following provisions shall apply to certain developments on Parcels 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12:

(1)        In the event that a building or other structure, existing at the time that a waterfront public access area is required, is located so that the minimum dimensional provisions of Sections 62-53 and 62-54 cannot be met without requiring the partial or complete demolition of such building or other structure, the required width of such a waterfront public access area shall be reduced to the width between the seaward edge of the waterfront yard or lot line and the existing building or other structure. However, the minimum width of a shore public walkway shall be six feet and that of an upland connection shall be 12 feet. In no case shall a shore public walkway have a width less than 10 feet for a continuous distance of more than 300 feet.

(2)        In the event that a building or other structure, existing at the time a waterfront public access area is required, is located so that the minimum dimensional standards for public access pursuant to paragraph (c)(1) of this Section cannot be met without requiring the partial or complete demolition of such building or other structure, all waterfront public access area requirements for such development shall be waived.

(3)        A shore public walkway required in conjunction with a development involving existing buildings or other structures, or required on any zoning lot having a shoreline length of less than 150 feet, shall be improved pursuant to Section 62-62 (Design Requirements for Shore Public Walkways and Supplemental Public Access Areas), except that the circulation path as required in paragraph (a)(1) of such Section may be reduced to 10 feet and the amount of planting area as required in paragraph (c)(1) of such Section may be reduced to 40 percent.

(4)        Within any portion of a shore public walkway having a width of less than 10 feet, the minimum width of the circulation path shall be six feet and all planting requirements shall be waived.

(d)        Special public access provisions by parcel

The provisions of Sections 62-52 and 62-60 (DESIGN REQUIREMENTS FOR WATERFRONT PUBLIC ACCESS AREAS), inclusive, are modified at the following designated locations which are shown on Map Q-1b in paragraph (f) of this Section:

(1)        Parcel 1

No upland connection shall be required within Parcel 1; however, a direct connection shall be provided between the shore public walkway and Queensbridge Park.

(2)        Parcel 2

An upland connection shall be located between Vernon Boulevard and the shore public walkway within the flexible location zone shown on Map Q-1b in paragraph (f) of this Section, which is the westerly prolongation of Queens Plaza South, either:

(i)        along the northerly tax lot line of Block 477, Lot 15, and its extension to Vernon Boulevard, if such tax lot is developed as a zoning lot separate from Block 477, Lot 13; or

(ii)        continuously adjoining the boundary between Parcels 1 and 2.

(3)        Parcel 3

No upland connection shall be required within Parcel 3; however, a direct connection shall be provided between the shore public walkway and the public access area provided on Parcel 4.

(4)        Parcel 4

(i)        A continuous public access area shall be provided across the westerly termination of 43rd Avenue adjoining the East River and connecting without interruption to the shore public walkways on Parcels 3 and 5. Such waterfront public access area shall have a minimum width of 40 feet and be improved consistent with the design standards set forth in Section 62-62, paragraphs (a) and (c)(1), for a shore public walkway. A screening buffer, pursuant to Section 62-655, shall be provided along any open or enclosed storage areas, maintenance vehicle parking or similar uses adjoining the waterfront public access area. Fencing may be provided to assure physical control of non-publicly accessible upland areas.

(ii)        The remaining portion of Parcel 4 shall provide pedestrian access from Vernon Boulevard to the waterfront public access area designated in paragraph (d)(4)(i) of this Section. The New York City Waterfront Symbol with the words "Public Waterfront" shall be installed at the intersection of any pedestrian access area with Vernon Boulevard.

(iii)        In the event that 43rd Avenue is demapped as a street within Parcel 4, a shore public walkway and upland connection shall be provided on Parcel 4, pursuant to Sections 62-50 and 62-60, within the westerly prolongation of 43rd Avenue.

Except as otherwise provided in this paragraph (d)(4), Section 62-60 shall be inapplicable.

(5)        Parcel 5

(i)        Upland connection

An upland connection shall be provided through Parcel 5 between Vernon Boulevard and the shore public walkway. The upland connection shall be located within either:

(a)        the flexible location zone indicated on Map Q-1b in paragraph (f) of this Section, having as its southerly boundary a line 500 feet south of 43rd Avenue and as its northerly boundary a line 200 feet north of such southerly boundary; or

(b)        a raised pedestrian sidewalk immediately adjoining a building provided both the sidewalk and building were existing on October 14, 1997.

The requirements of Sections 62-561 (Types of upland connections) and 62-64 (Design Requirements for Upland Connections) shall be inapplicable; however, any vehicular way traversing the pedestrian sidewalk shall be at the same level as such raised pedestrian sidewalk.

A direct connection shall be provided between the shore public walkway and the public access areas on Parcels 4 and 6.

(ii)        Supplemental public access area

Notwithstanding paragraph (b)(1) of this Section, a supplemental public access area shall be provided pursuant to Sections 62-57 and 62-62, and shall be located within the flexible location zone described in paragraph (d)(5)(i) of this Section, immediately adjacent to the intersection of the shore public walkway and any upland connection, if the upland connection is located therein.

(6)        Parcel 6

Sections 62-50 and 62-60 shall be inapplicable if public access is provided pursuant to restrictive declaration, number D-138, executed by the RAK Tennis Corporation on July 29, 1991, and as such may be modified pursuant to the terms of the declaration and in accordance with Section 62-12 (Applicability to Developments in the Waterfront Area). If public access is not provided pursuant to the declaration, as such may be modified, then a waterfront public access area shall be provided in accordance with Sections 62-50, as modified by paragraph (b) of this Section, and Section 62-60.

(7)        Parcel 7

(i)        Shore public walkway

The shore public walkway shall be located within the flexible location zone shown on Map Q-1b in paragraph (f) of this Section, having as its westerly boundary the seaward edge of the waterfront yard and as its easterly boundary a line perpendicular to the northerly street line of 44th Drive, 600 feet westerly of Vernon Boulevard. The area between the seaward edge of the waterfront yard and the shore public walkway shall be subject to the provisions of Section 62-332 (Rear yards and waterfront yards).

For developments on a zoning lot having a building or other structure, existing on October 14, 1997, and which developments would retain the existing building or other structure, any portion of which is located within the waterfront yard, the shore public walkway may be improved pursuant to Section 62, except that the circulation path as required in paragraph (a)(1) of such Section may be reduced to 10 feet and the planting area as required in paragraph (c)(1) of such Section may be reduced to 40 percent. In addition, any portion of the shore public walkway located on a platform existing on October 14, 1997, shall be exempt from the planting requirements of such Section, except that trees shall be required; however, such trees may be located off the platform anywhere within or immediately adjoining the shore public walkway.

(ii)        Upland connection

No upland connection shall be required within Parcel 7.

(8)        Parcel 8

An upland connection shall be provided through Parcel 8 and shall be located within the flexible location zone shown on Map Q-1b in paragraph (f) of this Section, having as its westerly boundary the westerly street line of 5th Street and as its easterly boundary a line 250 feet east of such street line. In the event that a building or other structure, existing at the time an upland connection is required, is located within the southerly prolongation of 5th Street, the upland connection may be located anywhere within the flexible location zone; otherwise, the upland connection shall be located within the southerly prolongation of 5th Street.

(9)        Parcels 9, 10 and 11

(i)        Shore public walkway

Except as provided in paragraph (c) of this Section, a shore public walkway shall be required across each parcel; however, on any zoning lot existing on October 14, 1997, having a shoreline length of less than 150 feet, the width of the shore public walkway may be reduced to 16 feet, consisting of a 10 foot wide circulation path and six foot wide screening buffer, pursuant to Section 62-655. In addition, the width may be further reduced as permitted pursuant to paragraph (c)(1) of this Section.

(ii)        Upland connection

Except as provided in paragraph (c) of this Section and on any zoning lot with a shoreline length less than 100 feet, an upland connection shall be provided between Vernon Boulevard and the shore public walkway within the flexible location zone shown on Map Q-1b, having as its northerly boundary the westerly prolongation of the southerly street line of 45th Avenue and as its southerly boundary the westerly prolongation of the southerly street line of 45th Road. In the event that Parcels 10 and 11 are developed as a single zoning lot and the upland connection has not been provided prior to such development of Parcels 10 and 11, the upland connection shall be located within the westerly prolongation of 45th Road. Notwithstanding the requirements of Section 62-56 (Requirements for Upland Connections), on any zoning lot having a shoreline length of less than 150 feet, the required width of an upland connection may be reduced to 16 feet consisting of a 10 foot wide circulation path with the remaining area to be planted. In addition, the width may be further reduced, as permitted pursuant to paragraph (c)(1) of this Section.

(10)        Parcel 12

No upland connection shall be required within Parcel 12; however, a direct connection shall be provided between the shore public walkway and 5th Street.

(e)        Special visual corridor provisions by parcel

The designated locations for visual corridors pursuant to this Plan shall be as follows and are shown on Map Q-1c in paragraph (f) of this Section:

(1)        Parcels 1 and 2

A visual corridor shall be provided through Parcels 1 and 2 to the pierhead line as the westerly prolongation of Queens Plaza South. In the event that Block 477, Lot 13, is developed as a single zoning lot, all visual corridor requirements on that lot shall be waived.

(2)        Parcel 3

The requirement for visual corridors on Parcel 3 is waived.

(3)        Parcel 4

43rd Avenue shall be provided as a visual corridor.

(4)        Parcel 5

A visual corridor shall be provided through Parcel 5 to the pierhead line within the flexible location zone described in paragraph (d)(5)(ii) of this Section and coincident with any upland connection provided therein.

(5)        Parcel 6

Sections 62-51 (Applicability of Visual Corridor Requirements) and 62-513 (Permitted obstructions in visual corridors) shall be inapplicable if a visual corridor is provided pursuant to restrictive declaration, number D-138, executed by the RAK Tennis Corporation on July 29, 1991, and as may subsequently be modified pursuant to the terms of the declaration and in accordance with Section 62-12 (Applicability to Developments in the Waterfront Area). If the visual corridor is not provided pursuant to the declaration, as such may be modified, then a visual corridor shall be provided in accordance with Section 62-51.

(6)        Parcel 7

The requirement for visual corridors on Parcel 7 is waived.

(7)        Parcel 8

A visual corridor shall be provided through Parcel 8 as the southerly prolongation of 5th Street.

(8)        Parcels 9, 10 and 11

A visual corridor, if required pursuant to Section 62-51, shall be located through Parcel 9, 10 or 11 from Vernon Boulevard using the locational criteria for, and coincident with, the upland connection required pursuant to paragraph (d)(9)(ii) of this Section.

(9)        Parcel 12

The requirement for visual corridors on Parcel 12 is waived.

(f)        Northern Hunters Point Waterfront Access Plan Maps

Q-1a: Parcel Designation (62-951f.1)

Q-1b: Public Access Elements Designation (62-951f.2)

Q-1c: Designated Visual Corridors Designation (62-951f.3)

Maps Q-2a through Q-2c in paragraph (f) of this Section show the boundaries of the area comprising the Downtown Flushing Waterfront Access Plan and the location of certain features mandated or permitted by the Plan. The plan area has been divided into parcels consisting of tax blocks and lots and other lands as established on September 17, 1998, as follows:

Parcel 1:        Block 4963, Lot 200

Parcel 2:        Block 4963, Lot 85

Parcel 3:        Block 4963, Lot 65

Parcel 4:        Block 4963, Lot 7

Parcel 5:        Area within the street lines of Roosevelt Avenue westerly of their intersection with the street lines of College Point Boulevard and extending to the easterly pierhead line of the Flushing River

Parcel 6:        Block 5066, Lot 1

Parcel 7:        Portions of Block 5066, Lots 105 and 107 (consisting of New York City Department of Parks and Recreation mapped park strips), and area adjoining and beneath the Van Wyck Expressway Extension bounded by the Long Island Rail Road on the south, Block 5066, Lot 105, on the south and west and Block 5066, Lot 107, on the east and the easterly pierhead line of the Flushing River on the west.

(a)        Area-wide modifications

The following provisions shall apply to all developments required to provide public access, pursuant to Section 62-50 (GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR VISUAL CORRIDORS AND WATERFRONT PUBLIC ACCESS AREAS), inclusive:

(1)        Section 62-57 (Requirements for Supplemental Public Access Areas) shall be inapplicable.

(2)        Section 62-58 (Regulations for Water-Dependent Uses and Other Developments) shall be inapplicable. In lieu thereof, required waterfront public access areas shall be provided in accordance with this Plan.

However, for WD use developments which would otherwise be permitted to provide public access pursuant to Section 62-58, the location of the waterfront public access areas specified in this Plan may be moved upland of the shoreline for the minimum distance required to accommodate the upland water-dependent functions of such developments and still result in a continuous public walkway connecting shore public walkways on all adjoining zoning lots.

(b)        Special public access provisions by parcel

The requirements for waterfront public access areas of Sections 62-53 through 62-57, inclusive, and Section 62-60 (DESIGN REQUIREMENTS FOR WATERFRONT PUBLIC ACCESS AREAS), inclusive, are modified at the following designated locations which are shown on Map Q-2b in paragraph (f) of this Section:

(1)        Parcel 1

(i)        Shore public walkway

The requirements of Section 62-53 (Requirements for Shore Public Walkways) are modified to reduce the minimum required width of the shore public walkway to 20 feet. In addition, no shore public walkway shall be required north of the prolongation of the northerly street line of 36th Road. The quantity of waterfront public access area eliminated from the shore public walkway as a result of this width and length reduction shall be provided at the northerly termination of the shore public walkway and shall be improved pursuant to the standards of Section 62-62. If Parcel 1 is developed in conjunction with one or more adjoining parcels, or portions thereof, the area on Parcel 1 required to be improved pursuant to the standards for a supplemental public access area may be provided on Parcel 2.

(ii)        Upland connection

An upland connection shall be located within the flexible location zone indicated on Map Q-2b in paragraph (f) of this Section, which is the prolongation of the street lines of 36th Road. If, however, the upland connection required on Parcel 2 is provided prior to or concurrent with development of Parcel 1, no upland connection shall be required on Parcel 1.

(2)        Parcel 2

(i)        Shore public walkway

The requirements of Section 62-53 are modified to reduce the minimum required width of the shore public walkway to 20 feet. The quantity of public access area eliminated from the shore public walkway as a result of this width reduction shall be provided adjoining the intersection of the required upland connection and the shore public walkway and shall be improved pursuant to the standards for a supplemental public access area, as set forth in Section 62-62.

(ii)        Upland connection

An upland connection shall be located between College Point Boulevard and the shore public walkway, either:

(a)        within the flexible location zone indicated on Map Q-2b in paragraph (f) of this Section, having as its northerly boundary the straight-line extension of that portion of the boundary between Parcels 1 and 2 which intersects with College Point Boulevard and, as its southern boundary, the prolongation of the southerly street line of 37th Avenue; or

(b)        continuously adjoining the boundary between Parcels 1 and 2.

(iii)        No public access shall be required for any public parking lot, provided such public parking lot was approved pursuant to Section 74-512 (In other districts) and is an interim use that is limited to a term of not more than 10 years.

(3)        Parcel 3

(i)        Shore public walkway

The requirements of Section 62-53 are modified to reduce the minimum required width of the shore public walkway to 20 feet. The quantity of public access area eliminated from the shore public walkway as a result of this width reduction shall be provided adjoining the intersection of the required upland connection and the shore public walkway and shall be improved pursuant to the standards for a supplemental public access area, as set forth in Section 62-62. If Parcel 3 is developed in conjunction with Parcel 4, or a portion thereof, the area of Parcel 3 required to be improved pursuant to the standards for a supplemental public access area may be provided on Parcel 4.

(ii)        Upland connection

An upland connection shall be located between 39th Avenue and the shore public walkway within the flexible location zone indicated on Map Q-2b in paragraph (f) of this Section, having as its southerly boundary the prolongation of the southerly street line of 39th Avenue and as its northerly boundary a line drawn parallel and 75 feet north of such southern boundary.

In the event buildings or other structures existing within Parcel 3 on September 17, 1998, obstruct any portion of the flexible location zone at the time of development, the minimum requirements of Sections 62-561 (Types of upland connections) and the design requirements for upland connections of Section 62-64 shall be modified, as follows:

(a)        the required upland connection if located within a private drive shall, for a distance not to exceed 200 feet measured westerly of the street line of Janet Place, consist of a single circulation path having a minimum clear width of six feet with no requirement for planting or seating; or

(b)        if the required upland connection is not within a private drive, its minimum width shall be reduced along its entire length to 25 feet.

If Parcel 3 is developed in conjunction with any portion of Parcel 4 and there are no existing buildings or other structures blocking 50 percent or more of the width of the prolongation of 39th Avenue at the time of development, no reduction shall be permitted and the upland connection shall be located within the prolongation of 39th Avenue.

(4)        Parcel 4

(i)        Shore public walkway

The requirements of Section 62-53 are modified to reduce the minimum required width of the shore public walkway to 20 feet. However, within the portion of the parcel between the northerly street line of Roosevelt Avenue and a point 50 feet northerly as measured along the shoreline, the minimum width shall be 40 feet. Throughout the southernmost 30 foot length of this widened portion of the shore public walkway, the circulation path shall be located a minimum of 15 feet from the shoreline.

The quantity of public access area eliminated from the shore public walkway as a result of such width reduction shall be provided adjoining the shore public walkway and the boundary between Parcels 3 and 4. Such area shall be improved pursuant to the standards for supplemental public access area, as set forth in Section 62-62.

(ii)        Upland connection

No upland connection shall be required within Parcel 4; however, a direct connection shall be provided between the required shore public walkway and the public access area on Parcel 5. In the event that any portion of Parcel 4 is developed with Parcel 3, an upland connection shall be provided, pursuant to paragraph (b)(3)(ii) of this Section.

(5)        Parcel 5

(i)        A public access area shall be provided across the westerly portion of Parcel 5 connecting without interruption to the shore public walkways on Parcels 4 and 6. Such public access area shall have a minimum width of 40 feet and contain a continuous pedestrian circulation path with a minimum clear width of 10 feet. The seaward edge of the pedestrian circulation path shall be located a minimum of 15 feet from the westerly boundary of the parcel. Landscaped screening shall be provided adjoining any open or enclosed storage areas, maintenance vehicle parking or similar uses. Fencing may be provided to assure physical control of non-publicly accessible upland areas.

(ii)        The marginal roadway within Roosevelt Avenue as indicated on the City Map, Final Section 40, adopted December 14, 1911, shall be improved to provide a connection to other public access areas designated for this parcel and to shore public walkways on Parcels 4 and 6. The improvement of the marginal roadway shall be for public pedestrian use except for emergency and maintenance vehicular access to the shoreline and beneath the Roosevelt Avenue Bridge. A dedicated pedestrian circulation path with a minimum width of 10 feet shall be provided. In addition, the pedestrian use of the full width of the marginal roadway shall be reinforced by design elements which may include unit pavers, dropped curbs, bollards and informational signage. The New York City Waterfront Symbol with the words "Public Waterfront" shall be installed at the northwesterly intersection of College Point Boulevard and Roosevelt Avenue and at the entrance to the marginal roadway.

(iii)        If other improvements compatible with the public access area are provided, such improvements shall adjoin the boundary of Parcel 4.

Section 62-60 shall be inapplicable; its provisions are recommended as a guide to the design of the required public access areas.

(6)        Parcel 6

(i)        Shore public walkway

The requirements of Section 62-53 are modified to require a minimum distance of 15 feet between the seaward edge of the pedestrian circulation path and the shoreline.

(ii)        Upland connection

An upland connection shall be provided within the flexible location zone indicated on Map Q-2b in paragraph (f) of this Section, having boundaries coincident with those of Parcel 6. The upland connection shall be located, either:

(a)        along the southerly boundary of Parcel 6 between the termination of 40th Road and the shore public walkway; or

(b)        between College Point Boulevard and the shore public walkway connecting to the latter at a location within 150 feet of the parcel's southerly boundary, as measured along the upland edge of the shore public walkway.

Notwithstanding the requirements of paragraph (e) of Section 62-52 (Applicability of Waterfront Public Access Area Requirements), the upland connection may be located, wholly or in part, within a building or other structure. Any covered portion of the upland connection shall comply with the requirements of paragraph (d)(7) of this Section.

(7)        Parcel 7

Notwithstanding the requirements of Section 62-61 (General Provisions Applying to Waterfront Pubic Access Areas), paragraph (a), the shore public walkway may be covered by the elevated roadway of the Van Wyck Expressway and the obstructions permitted by Section 62-611, paragraphs (a) and (b), shall include any supporting structural elements of the elevated roadway and its related appurtenances. The shore public walkway shall be connected directly to the shore public walkway on Parcel 6.

(c)        Special visual corridor provisions by parcel

The designated locations for visual corridors pursuant to this Plan shall be as follows and are shown on Map Q-2c in paragraph (f) of this Section:

(1)        Parcel 1

A visual corridor shall be provided through Parcel 1 to the pierhead line as the prolongation of the street lines of 36th Road. Any building or other structure existing on September 17, 1998, shall be a permitted obstruction.

(2)        Parcel 2

A visual corridor shall be provided through Parcel 2 to the pierhead line as the prolongation of the street lines of 37th Avenue.However, no visual corridor shall be required for any public parking lot, provided such public parking lot was approved pursuant to Section 74-512 and that the parking facility is an interim use limited to a term of not more than 10 years.

(3)        Parcels 3 and 4

A visual corridor shall be provided through Parcels 3 or 4 to the pierhead line using the locational criteria for an upland connection in paragraph (b)(3)(ii) of this Section. Notwithstanding the requirements of Section 62-51 (Applicability of Visual Corridor Requirements), any building or other structure existing on September 17, 1998, shall be a permitted obstruction; however, no such building or other structure, or portion thereof, demolished after September 17, 1998, shall be rebuilt as a permitted obstruction and no new building or other structure shall be permitted except pursuant to Section 62-513 (Permitted obstructions in visual corridors).

(4)        Parcel 5

The street lines of Roosevelt Avenue, including the area beneath the Roosevelt Avenue Bridge and any marginal roadway within the street lines of Roosevelt Avenue shall be provided as a visual corridor.

(5)        Parcels 6 and 7

The requirements for visual corridors on Parcels 6 and 7 are waived.

(d)        Special design standards

Required waterfront public access areas shall comply with Sections 62-50 and 62-60, except as modified in this Section.

(1)        Any required shore public walkway may be improved pursuant to Section 62-62, except that the circulation path as required in paragraph (a)(1) of such Section may be reduced to 10 feet and the planting area as required in paragraph (c)(1) of such Section may be reduced to 40 percent.

(2)        The minimum required width of a pedestrian circulation path within a shore public walkway shall be 10 feet and, notwithstanding Section 62-62, the path need not adjoin the shoreline at any location except as necessary to connect to an adjoining shore public walkway. Shore public walkways having a width of 20 feet or less shall not be required to provide a screening buffer.

(3)        The requirements for planting within a shore public walkway, provided pursuant to Section 62-62, shall be modified on a platform existing on September 17, 1998, such that any required planting may be provided in an alternative location on the zoning lot adjoining the required waterfront public access area.

(4)        In addition to the obstructions permitted by Section 62-611, paragraphs (a) and (b), the existing loading crane and adjoining tower on Parcel 4 shall be permitted within the shore public walkway, provided such structures are restored and a minimum pedestrian circulation path of 10 feet is provided.

(5)        The area of a shore public walkway located under an elevated roadway may be subtracted from the total area of shore public walkway calculated for the purposes of complying with the seating and tree planting requirements of Section 62-62.

(6)        Any portion of an upland connection located within a building pursuant to this Plan shall comply with the following standards:

(i)        the circulation path shall have a minimum width of 12 feet which shall adjoin and connect directly to the main lobby of the building via transparently-glazed openings with an aggregate width equal to or exceeding that of any other entrances to the lobby;

(ii)        the minimum clear height shall be 16 feet except for permitted obstructions which, in addition to those permitted by Section 62-611, paragraph (a), shall include structural elements such as beams and joists, provided a minimum clear height of 12 feet is maintained throughout;

(iii)        WE uses permitted by the underlying district regulations shall continuously adjoin the perimeter of the upland connection, except that lobby space or exterior, open areas to which a view is provided shall also be permitted;

(iv)        at least 50 percent of the area of any walls bounding an upland connection shall be glazed with a clear, untinted transparent material. For the purposes of this requirement, the area of the bounding walls shall be measured from the floor to a height of 16 feet. In no case shall any bounding wall have a continuous width without openings greater than 100 feet;

(v)        there shall be no more than three changes in direction over the entire length of the upland connection and no single turn shall be less than 90 degrees relative to the line of travel. Any change in direction with an angle of less than 135 degrees shall be posted with an entry sign pursuant to Section 62-654 (Signage), and shall also be accompanied by an arrow indicating the direction of travel toward the shore public walkway;

(vi)        in addition to the general requirements of Section 62-654, each principal entrance to an upland connection within a building shall be posted with an entry sign pursuant to Section 62-654, paragraph (a).

(vii)        access to the public shall be provided during business hours or from 8:00 a.m. to dusk seven days a week, whichever is greater; and

(viii)        the planting and lighting requirements of Section 62-60 shall not apply.

(e)        Special use provisions by parcel

(1)        Parcel 2

The City Planning Commission may permit public parking lots on waterfront blocks in accordance with applicable district regulations and Section 74-512, provided that the parking facility is an interim use limited to a term of not more than 10 years.

(f)        Downtown Flushing Waterfront Access Plan Maps

Q-2a: Parcel Designation (62-952f.1)


Q-2b: Public Access Elements (62-952f.2)


Q-2c: Designated Visual Corridors (62-952f.3)


The provisions of this Chapter establish special regulations that guide the development of FRESH food stores to promote and protect public health, safety and general welfare. These general goals include, among others, the following purposes:

(a)        encourage a healthy lifestyle by facilitating the development of FRESH food stores that sell a healthy selection of food products;

(b)        provide greater incentives for FRESH food stores to locate in neighborhoods underserved by such establishments;

(c)        encourage FRESH food stores to locate in locations that are easily accessible to nearby residents; and

(d)        strengthen the economic base of the City, conserve the value of land and buildings, and protect the City's tax revenues.

FRESH food store

A "FRESH food store" is a food store use as listed in Section 32-15 (Use Group 6), where at least 6,000 square feet of floor area, or cellar space utilized for retailing, is utilized for the sale of a general line of food and non-food grocery products, such as dairy, canned and frozen foods, fresh fruits and vegetables, fresh and prepared meats, fish and poultry, intended for home preparation, consumption and utilization. Such retail space utilized for the sale of a general line of food and non-food grocery products shall be distributed as follows:

(a)        at least 3,000 square feet or 50 percent of such retail space, whichever is greater, shall be utilized for the sale of a general line of food products intended for home preparation, consumption and utilization; and

(b)        at least 2,000 square feet or 30 percent of such retail space, whichever is greater, shall be utilized for the sale of perishable goods that shall include dairy, fresh produce, frozen foods and fresh meats, of which at least 500 square feet of such retail space shall be designated for the sale of fresh produce.

A food store shall be certified as a FRESH food store by the Chairperson of the City Planning Commission, pursuant to Section 63-30 (CERTIFICATION FOR A FRESH FOOD STORE).

The regulations of all other chapters of this Resolution are applicable, except as superseded, supplemented or modified by the provisions of this Chapter. In the event of a conflict between the provisions of this Chapter and other regulations of this Resolution, the provisions of this Chapter shall control.

(a)        The provisions of this Chapter shall apply to all Commercial and Manufacturing Districts in the following FRESH food store designated areas, except as provided in paragraph (b) of this Section:

(1)        in the Borough of the Bronx, Community Districts 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7, except portions of Community District 7, as shown on Map 1 in Appendix A of this Chapter;

(2)        in the Borough of Brooklyn, Community Districts 3, 4, 5, 8, 9, 16 and 17, except portions of Community District 8, as shown on Map 2 in Appendix A;

(3)        in the Borough of Manhattan, Community Districts 9, 10, 11 and 12, except portions of Community District 9 and 12, as shown on Maps 3 and 4 in Appendix A; and

(4)        in the Borough of Queens, the Special Downtown Jamaica District; portions of Community District 12 outside of the Special Downtown Jamaica District, except those portions shown on Maps 5 and 6 in Appendix A; and those portions in Community District 1 shown on Map 1 in Appendix B of this Chapter.

(b)        The provisions of this Chapter shall not apply to the following Special Purpose Districts:

Special Madison Avenue Preservation District;

Special Manhattanville Mixed Use District;

Special Park Improvement District; and

Special Hunts Point District.

In M1 Districts, the regulations of Section 42-12 (Use Groups 3A, 6A, 6B, 6D, 6F, 7B, 7C, 7D, 7E, 8, 9B, 9C, 10A, 10B, 10C, 11, 12A, 12C, 12D, 12E, 13, 14 and 16) are modified to permit FRESH food stores with up to 30,000 square feet of floor area. The provisions of this Section shall not apply where the regulations of the underlying district permit Use Group 6A food stores with floor area greater than 30,000 square feet.

All permitted signs shall be subject to the provisions of the sign regulations of the underlying districts. In addition, a FRESH food store shall provide signage pursuant to this Section.

A sign comprised of the FRESH food store symbol as provided in the Required Signage Symbols file at the Department of City Planning website shall be mounted on an exterior building wall adjacent to and no more than five feet from the principal entrance of the FRESH food store. The sign shall be placed so that it is directly visible, without any obstruction, to customers entering the FRESH food store, and at a height no less than three feet and no more than five feet above the adjoining grade. Such FRESH food store symbol shall be no less than 12 inches by 12 inches and no more than 16 inches by 16 inches in size and shall be fully opaque, non-reflective and constructed of permanent, highly durable materials.

Where a FRESH food store is provided on a zoning lot, the provisions of Section 35-31 (Maximum Floor Area Ratio) relating to the maximum permitted floor area ratio on a zoning lot for each permitted use shall apply as modified in this Section.

Where all non-residential uses on a zoning lot have a permitted floor area ratio equal to or less than that permitted for a residential use and for zoning lots containing Quality Housing buildings, the total floor area permitted for such zoning lot may be increased by one square foot of residential floor area for each square foot of FRESH food store floor area, up to 20,000 square feet.

Where any non-residential use on such zoning lot has a permitted floor area ratio greater than that permitted for a residential use, the total residential floor area permitted for such zoning lot may be increased by one square foot for each square foot of FRESH food store floor area, up to 20,000 square feet, provided the total floor area of the building does not exceed the maximum permitted floor area for a non-residential use.

Where a FRESH food store is provided on a zoning lot, the provisions of Section 123-64 (Maximum Floor Area Ratio and Lot Coverage Requirements for Zoning Lots Containing Mixed Use Buildings) relating to the maximum permitted floor area ratio on a zoning lot for each permitted use shall apply, as modified in this Section.

Where all non-residential uses on such zoning lot have a permitted floor area ratio equal to or less than that permitted for a residential use, and for zoning lots containing Quality Housing buildings, the total floor area permitted for such zoning lot may be increased by one square foot of residential floor area for each square foot of FRESH food store floor area, up to 20,000 square feet.

Where any non-residential use on such zoning lot has a permitted floor area ratio greater than that permitted for a residential use, the total residential floor area permitted for such zoning lot may be increased by one square foot for each square foot of FRESH food store floor area, up to 20,000 square feet, provided the total floor area of the building does not exceed the maximum permitted floor area for a non-residential use.

For buildings containing a FRESH food store, the City Planning Commission may authorize modifications to Sections 35-65 (Height and Setback Requirements for Quality Housing Buildings)and 123-66 (Height and Setback Regulations) to allow the applicable maximum building height to be increased by up to 15 feet, provided that the first story occupied by a FRESH food store has a minimum finished floor to finished ceiling height of 14 feet, and provided that such finished ceiling height is at least 14 feet above the base plane or curb level, as applicable.

In order to grant such authorizations, the Commission shall find that:

(a)        such modifications are necessary to accommodate a first story utilized as a FRESH food store;

(b)        the proposed modifications shall not adversely affect the essential scale and character of the adjacent buildings and any adjacent historic resources; and

(c)        the proposed modifications will not unduly obstruct access to light and air of adjacent properties.

The Commission may prescribe additional appropriate conditions and safeguards to minimize adverse effects on the character of the surrounding area.

For all FRESH food stores, the ground floor level of the street wall fronting upon a "primary street frontage", as defined in Section 37-311, shall be glazed in accordance with the provisions of Section 37-34 (Minimum Transparency Requirements).

Furthermore, for buildings with frontage on two or more streets, the Chairperson of the City Planning Commission may certify that the glazing requirements of this Section shall only be applicable to the street wall fronting upon the principal street, as determined by the Chairperson.

In addition, the Chairperson may, by certification, allow a reduction in the glazing requirements of this Section, provided that the Chairperson finds that such mixed building, or mixed use building as defined in Section 123-11, is a recipient of public funding as defined in Section 23-911 (General definitions).

(a)        In C1-1, C1-2, C1-3, C2-1, C2-2, C2-3 and C4-3 Districts, the accessory off-street parking regulations in Section 36-20 (REQUIRED ACCESSORY OFF-STREET PARKING SPACES FOR COMMERCIAL OR COMMUNITY FACILITY USES) applicable to a C1-4 District shall apply to any FRESH food store.

(b)        In the Borough of Brooklyn, in those portions of Community District 5 located south of Flatlands Avenue and east of the centerline prolongation of Schenck Avenue, and in the Borough of Queens, where applicable in Community District 12 outside of the Special Downtown Jamaica District, a FRESH food store shall provide accessory off-street parking spaces as required for uses in parking requirement category B in the applicable Commercial and Manufacturing Districts.

(c)        In C8-1, C8-2, M1-1, M1-2 and M1-3 Districts, a FRESH food store shall provide one parking space per 1,000 square feet of floor area or cellar space utilized for retailing, up to a maximum of 15,000 square feet. The underlying off-street parking regulations in Sections 36-20 or 44-20 shall apply to the floor area or cellar space, in excess of 15,000 square feet, utilized for retailing in such FRESH food store.

(d)        The provisions of this Section shall not apply to:

(1)        in the Borough of the Bronx, portions of Community District 7 and in the Borough of Manhattan, portions of Community District 12, as shown on Map 1 in Appendix C of this Chapter;

(2)        in the Borough of Brooklyn, portions of Community District 5, as shown on Map 2 in Appendix C;

(3)        in the Borough of Brooklyn, portions of Community Districts 16 and 17, as shown on Map 3 in Appendix C; and

(4)        in the Borough of Queens, the Special Downtown Jamaica District.

Upon application, the Chairperson of the City Planning Commission shall certify that a food store use is a FRESH food store, provided that:

(a)        drawings have been submitted to the Chairperson that clearly specify:

(1)        all floor area or cellar space utilized as a FRESH food store, showing in the form of an illustrative layout that such designated space is designed and arranged to meet the requirements for food and non-food grocery products, pursuant to Section 63-01;

(2)        all floor area that will result from any permitted increase in floor area, pursuant to Section 63-21, including the location of such floor area;

(3)        the size, format and location of the required sign, pursuant to Section 63-12, including detailed information about dimensions of the sign, lettering, color and materials; and

(4)        the location of the ground floor level street wall fronting upon a principal street, pursuant to Section 63-23;

(b)        a signed lease or written commitment from the prospective operator of the FRESH food store has been provided in a form acceptable to the Chairperson for utilization of such floor area or cellar space and its operation as a FRESH food store; and

(c)        a legal commitment, in the form of a declaration of restrictions has been executed, in a form acceptable to the Department of City Planning, binding upon the owner and its successor and assigns, and providing for continued utilization of all floor area or cellar space as a FRESH food store, the operation of which shall commence within a reasonable period following the issuance of a temporary certificate of occupancy for the floor area or cellar space to be utilized by the FRESH food store.

Such declaration of restrictions shall provide that the legal commitment for continued occupancy of the floor area or cellar space as a FRESH food store shall not apply during any:

(1)        six (6) month period from the date such floor area or cellar space is vacated by the operator, provided that the owner timely notifies the Department of City Planning of such vacancy in accordance with the requirements of the restrictive declaration; or

(2)        event of force majeure, as determined by the Chairperson.

The filing and recordation of the declaration of restrictions in the Office of the City Register of the City of New York against all tax lots comprising the FRESH food store, and receipt of proof of recordation of such declaration in a form acceptable to the Department, shall be a precondition to the issuance of any building permit, including any foundation or alteration permit, for any development or enlargement under this Chapter.

In granting the certification, the Chairperson may specify that minor changes in store layout consistent with the definition of a FRESH food store shall not warrant further certification pursuant to this Section.

No later than the date on which an application for certification is first submitted, a copy of the drawings submitted pursuant to paragraph (a) of this Section shall be submitted by the applicant to the affected Community Board, which shall have 45 days to review said application. The Chairperson shall not issue a certification for an application during the Community Board review period, unless the Community Board has submitted to the Chairperson comments regarding such proposal or informed the Chairperson that the Community Board has no comments.

No certificate of occupancy shall be issued for any portion of the development or enlargement identified in the drawings submitted pursuant to paragraph (a)(2) of Section 63-30 until a temporary certificate of occupancy has been issued for the FRESH food store space. No final certificate of occupancy shall be issued for any such portion of the development or enlargement identified in such drawings until the FRESH food store space has been completed in accordance with the drawings submitted pursuant to paragraph (a)(1) of Section 63-30 and a final certificate of occupancy has been issued for the FRESH food store space. The declaration of restrictions shall be noted on any temporary or final certificate of occupancy for the building.

A FRESH food store for which a certification has been issued pursuant to Section 63-30 may be changed to any use permitted by the underlying district upon certification by the Chairperson of the City Planning Commission that such change of use would not create a new non-compliance, increase the degree of non-compliance of buildings on the zoning lot, or result in reduction in the number of required accessory off-street parking spaces under the applicable district regulations.

If a certification pursuant to this Section is granted, a notice of cancellation, in a form acceptable to the Department of City Planning, of the declaration of restrictions recorded pursuant to Section 63-30 shall be executed and recorded in the Office of the City Register of the City of New York against all tax lots comprising the former FRESH food store.

The City Planning Commission may, by authorization, permit modifications to the bulk and accessory off-street parking requirements of the applicable zoning districts when a change of use of a FRESH food store for which a certification has been issued, pursuant to Section 63-30, would create a new non-compliance, increase the degree of non-compliance of buildings on the zoning lot, or result in a reduction in the number of required accessory off-street parking spaces under the applicable district regulations, provided that such use is permitted by the underlying districts.

In order to grant such authorization, the Commission shall find that:

(a)        due to the market conditions prevalent at the time of the application, there is no reasonable possibility that the operation of a FRESH food store will bring a reasonable return;

(b)        the applicant, the operator or a prior operator of such FRESH food store has not created or contributed to such unfavorable market conditions;

(c)        the applicant, the operator or a prior operator of such FRESH food store has undertaken commercially reasonable efforts to secure a new operator, and demonstrates to the Commission that such efforts have been unsuccessful;

(d)        any proposed non-compliance or increase in the degree of non-compliance will not be incompatible with or adversely affect adjacent uses, including uses within the building; and

(e)        any reduction of required accessory off-street parking shall not create or contribute to serious traffic congestion and will not unduly inhibit surface traffic and pedestrian movement.

If such authorization is granted, a notice of cancellation, in a form acceptable to the Department of City Planning, of the declaration of restrictions recorded pursuant to Section 63-30, shall be executed and recorded in the Office of the City Register of the City of New York against all tax lots comprising the former FRESH food store.

In issuing an authorization under this Section, the Commission may impose conditions and safeguards to minimize adverse impacts on the character of the surrounding area.

No later than June 30th of the year, beginning in the first calendar year following the calendar year in which certification was made, and at three-year intervals thereafter, the Chairperson of the City Planning Commission shall be provided with an affidavit, in a form acceptable to the Department of City Planning, regarding compliance with the requirements of the declaration of restrictions and the regulations of this Chapter, as of a date of inspection which shall be no earlier than June 1st of the year in which the affidavit is filed. Such affidavit shall be provided by the owner(s) of the tax lot(s) on which the FRESH food store is located. Such affidavit shall include, without limitation:

(a)        a copy of the original FRESH food store certification letter and, if applicable, any approval letter pertaining to any other authorization or certification pursuant to this Chapter;

(b)        a statement that the floor area or cellar space that was certified to be operated as a FRESH food store continues to be operated as such in accordance with the declaration of restrictions; and

(c)        photographs documenting the condition of the FRESH food store at the time of inspection, sufficient to clearly show all floor area or cellar space operated as a FRESH food store.

Failure to comply with a condition or restriction in an authorization or certification granted pursuant to this Chapter or with approved plans related thereto, or failure to submit a required compliance report, shall constitute a violation of this Resolution and may constitute the basis for denial or revocation of a building permit or certificate of occupancy, or for a revocation of such authorization or certification, and for the implementation of all other applicable remedies.

The FRESH food store designated areas are listed by community district and borough in Section 63-02 (Applicability). Excluded portions of community districts are shown on the following maps.


Map 1. Excluded portions of Community District 7, the Bronx


Map 2. Excluded portions of Community District 8, Brooklyn


Map 3. Excluded portions of Community District 9, Manhattan


Map 4. Excluded portions of Community District 12, Manhattan


Map 5. Excluded portions of Community District 12, Queens


Map 6. Excluded portions of Community District 12, Queens


The FRESH food store designated areas are listed by community district and borough in Section 63-02 (Applicability). When a FRESH food store designated area occupies only a portion of a community district, the included portions of such community districts are shown on the following maps:

Map 1. Included portions of Community District 1, Queens


Map 1. Excluded portions of Community District 12, Manhattan and a portion of Community District 7, the Bronx

Map 2. Excluded portions of Community District 5, Brooklyn


Map 3. Excluded portions of Community District 16 and 17, Brooklyn

The provisions of this Chapter establish special regulations which are designed to encourage flood-resilient building practices for new and existing buildings and in so doing to promote and protect public health, safety and general welfare. These general goals include, among others, the following purposes:

(a)        to facilitate the development and alteration of buildings in flood zones consistent with the latest flood-resistant construction standards of the Federal government and the New York City Building Code;

(b)        to enable buildings to be constructed pursuant to flood-resistant standards with a comparable amount of usable interior space to what is generally permitted within the applicable zoning district;

(c)        to mitigate the effects of elevated and flood-proofed buildings on the streetscape and pedestrian activity;

(d)        to expedite the recovery of neighborhoods that experienced a high concentration of damage to single- and two-family residences from Hurricane Sandy within the Neighborhood Recovery Areas specified in Appendix A of this Chapter; and

(e)        to promote the most desirable use of land and thus conserve and enhance the value of land and buildings, and thereby protect the City's tax revenues.

The provisions of this Chapter shall be in effect until one year after the adoption by the City of New York of new final Flood Insurance Rate Maps superseding the Flood Insurance Rate Maps in effect on October 28, 2012.

Definitions specifically applicable to this Chapter are set forth in this Section and may modify definitions set forth in Section 12-10 (DEFINITIONS). Where matter in italics is defined both in Section 12-10 and in this Chapter, the definitions in this Chapter shall govern.

Basement

For buildings, or portions thereof, that comply with flood-resistant construction standards, a "basement" is a story (or portion of a story) partly below flood-resistant construction elevation, with at least one-half of its height (measured from floor to ceiling) above flood-resistant construction elevation.

Cellar

For buildings, or portions thereof, that comply with flood-resistant construction standards, a "cellar" is a space wholly or partly below the flood-resistant construction elevation, with more than one-half its height (measured from floor to ceiling) below the flood-resistant construction elevation.

Flood-resistant construction elevation

The "flood-resistant construction elevation" is the greater of:

(a)        the "design flood elevation" determined pursuant to Appendix G of the New York City Building Code for a building's structural occupancy category; or

(b)        the base flood elevation indicated on the flood maps, plus the additional elevation required above base flood elevation for the applicable occupancy category when determining the Design Flood Elevation pursuant to Appendix G of the Building Code.

Flood-resistant construction standards

"Flood-resistant construction standards" shall:

(a)        comply with the standards of Appendix G of the Building Code for "Post-FIRM Construction," whether construction voluntarily complies with standards for "Post-FIRM Construction" or is required to comply; and

(b)        utilize the higher base flood elevation and the more stringent flood hazard area designation, as applicable, of the flood maps or the Flood Insurance Rate Maps in effect on October 28, 2012.

Hurricane Sandy

"Hurricane Sandy" is a severe storm that occurred on October 28, 2012, causing heavy flooding, power outages, property damage and disruption of public transportation and other vital services.

Lowest occupiable floor

The "lowest occupiable floor" shall be the finished floor level of the lowest floor that is not used solely for parking, storage, building access or crawl space, where any space below such lowest occupiable floor is wet flood-proofed in accordance with flood-resistant construction standards and used only for parking, storage or building access, or otherwise is not occupiable space.

Predominant or predominantly

"Predominant" or "predominantly" shall mean that a use or a group of uses comprises at least 75 percent of the total floor area of the building or of the area of the zoning lot, as applicable.

The provisions of this Chapter shall apply only within the flood zone, as follows:

(a)        Except where otherwise stated, all buildings, or portions thereof, shall comply with flood-resistant construction standards as a condition of construction pursuant to the following optional provisions, as applicable, inclusive:

Section 64-10        GENERAL PROVISIONS

Section 64-20        SPECIAL USE REGULATIONS

Section 64-30        SPECIAL BULK REGULATIONS

Section 64-40        SPECIAL BULK REGULATIONS FOR BUILDINGS EXISTING ON OCTOBER 28, 2012

Section 64-50        SPECIAL PARKING REGULATIONS

Section 64-70        SPECIAL REGULATIONS FOR NON-CONFORMING USES AND NON-COMPLYING BUILDINGS

Section 64-80        MODIFICATION OF SPECIAL REGULATIONS APPLYING IN WATERFRONT AREAS

Section 64-90        SPECIAL APPROVALS

(b)        The provisions of Section 64-60 (DESIGN REQUIREMENTS) shall apply to all developments, all horizontal enlargements with new street walls, or alterations that increase the height of street walls, except that Section 64-65 (Screening Requirements for Parking Within or Below Buildings) shall apply to all buildings as provided therein.

(c)        Where a zoning lot is located partially within a flood zone, the regulations of this Chapter shall apply where any portion of a building on such zoning lot is within such flood zone.

(d)        In Neighborhood Recovery Areas, shown on maps in Section 64-A80 (NEIGHBORHOOD RECOVERY AREA MAPS) of this Chapter, optional provisions to expedite the vertical elevation or reconstruction of single- or two-family residences shall apply. These provisions are set forth in Appendix A and shall supplement, supersede or modify the provisions of this Chapter. The maps are hereby incorporated and made part of this Resolution, for the purpose of specifying locations where special regulations and requirements set forth in the text of this Chapter may apply.

The regulations of all other chapters of this Resolution are applicable, except as superseded, supplemented or modified by the provisions of this Chapter. In the event of a conflict between the provisions of this Chapter and other regulations of this Resolution, the provisions of this Chapter shall control.

All measurements of height above curb level, base plane, base flood elevation, grade or other similar ground related datum, shall be from the flood-resistant construction elevation. This provision shall not apply to buildings that are accessory to single- or two-family residences, or to fences, signs not affixed to buildings, or other structures that are not buildings.

In R3, R4-1 and R4A Districts within lower density growth management areas, the maximum perimeter wall height shall be 21 feet above the flood-resistant construction elevation or 26 feet above grade, whichever is greater.

Where different flood-resistant construction elevations apply to different portions of a building, the highest of such flood-resistant construction elevations may apply to the entire building.

For buildings located partially within and partially outside of the flood zone, all measurements of height shall be in accordance with only one of the following provisions:

(a)        the flood-resistant construction elevation shall apply to the entire building;

(b)        the height of the portion of the building within the flood zone shall be measured from the flood-resistant construction elevation, and the height of the portion of the building outside of the flood zone shall be measured from an elevation determined in accordance with the underlying applicable regulations; or

(c)        the elevation of each such portion of the building from where height is measured shall  be multiplied by the percentage of the total lot coverage of the building to which such elevation applies. The sum of the products thus obtained shall be the elevation from which the height of the entire #building is measured.

(a)        In all districts, where compliance with the elevation and wet flood-proofing requirements of Appendix G of the New York City Building Code would result in a lowest occupiable floor that is above a level required by the Zoning Resolution without the relief provided by this Section, such requirements shall be modified so that the level of such ground floor shall be the lowest level permitted for uses other than parking, storage and building access as if it were "Post-FIRM Construction," as defined by Appendix G of the Building Code, using elevation and wet flood-proofing techniques.

(b)        In C1, C2 and C4 Districts in the Borough of Staten Island, where flood-resistant construction elevation is more than 10 feet above curb level, the provisions of Section 32-433 (Ground floor use in C1, C2 and C4 Districts in the Borough of Staten Island) shall be modified to allow enclosed parking spaces, or parking spaces covered by a building, including such spaces accessory to residences, on the ground floor within 30 feet of the street wall of the building, provided that the standards of Section 64-641 (Transparency requirements) are met.

In all districts, as an alternative to street wall transparency regulations, the following optional provisions may apply, except where buildings are governed by the provisions of Section 64-64 (Design Requirements for Non-residential and Mixed Buildings in Commercial and Manufacturing Districts).

Street walls shall be glazed with transparent materials which may include show windows, transom windows or glazed portions of doors. Such transparent glazing materials shall occupy at least 50 percent of the surface area of such street wall, measured between the level of the first finished floor above curb level and a height 12 feet above such level.

For single- and two-family residences with enclosed entryways below flood-resistant construction elevation, up to 10 square feet of such entryway may be excluded from the definition of floor area for each foot of difference between the lowest occupiable floor and curb level. This area may be excluded from the definition of floor area provided it is not greater than the total area of ramps, stairs, lifts and elevators between grade and the first finished floor, plus an initial entry area of no more than 12 square feet.

For all buildings other than single- and two-family residences, with enclosed publicly accessible entryways below flood-resistant construction elevation, up to 100 square feet of such entryways may be excluded from the definition of floor area for each foot of difference between the lowest occupiable floor and curb level. This area may be excluded from the definition of floor area provided it is not greater than the total area at each publicly accessible entryway of ramps, stairs, lifts and elevators plus an initial entry area of no more than 100 square feet for each entryway.

Floor space used for accessory mechanical equipment in R1-2A, R2A, R2X, R3, R4 or R5 Districts may be excluded from the definition of floor area without the limitations provided in the definition of floor area, paragraphs (m) and (8) in Section 12-10 (DEFINITIONS).

The provisions of this Section shall apply without requiring a building to comply with flood-resistant construction standards as established in paragraph (a) of Section 64-12 (Applicability).

Underlying yard regulations shall be modified to allow yards to be higher than curb level but in no event higher than flood-resistant construction elevation. In addition, the following regulations shall apply:

(a)        in Residence Districts and C1 through C6 Districts, yards higher than curb level shall comply with the following standards:

(1)        final grade shall not penetrate a plane that begins 30 inches above curb level at each lot line and has a slope extending perpendicular to lot lines of one foot vertical for each 2.5 feet horizontal;

(2)        retaining walls shall be permitted above curb level in yards provided the maximum height of each wall above adjacent grade does not exceed 30 inches; and

(3)        in front yards in Residence Districts, portions of fences greater than four feet above curb level shall be required to be no more than 50 percent opaque; and

(b)        in C7 and C8 Districts and in Manufacturing Districts, yards shall be permitted to a maximum grade equal to flood-resistant construction elevation. However, for portions of zoning lots where Sections 33-29 and 43-30 (SPECIAL PROVISIONS APPLYING ALONG DISTRICT BOUNDARIES) apply, yards are permitted above curb level only pursuant to paragraph (a) of this Section.

Nothing in this Section shall be construed so as to permit the creation of spaces sub-grade on all sides in a manner inconsistent with Appendix G of the Building Code.

(a)        For single- and two-family residences, where flood-resistant construction elevation is five feet or more above curb level, roofed porches shall be permitted obstructions in any open space required on the zoning lot and in yards. Balconies for such residences may exceed the width and depth standards of Section 23-13 where such balconies are located directly above a porch.

(b)        For single- and two-family residences, lifts for persons with disabilities shall be permitted obstructions in any open space required on the zoning lot and in courts, yards and rear yard equivalents, provided that in front yards, such lifts are unenclosed.

(c)        For all buildings, except single- and two-family residences, accessory mechanical equipment shall be a permitted obstruction in rear yards and rear yard equivalents, provided that such equipment is:

(1)        located above flood-resistant construction elevation;

(2)        enclosed within a building, or portion thereof, or within a structure that provides screening of such mechanical equipment on all sides by walls consisting of at least 50 percent opaque materials;

(3)        in R3, R4 or R5 Districts, limited to a height of 10 feet above flood-resistant construction elevation, including the apex of a pitched roof;

(4)        in R6, R7, R8, R9 or R10 Districts, limited to a height of 14 feet above flood-resistant construction elevation; or

(5)        in Commercial or Manufacturing Districts, limited to a height of 23 feet above flood-resistant construction elevation.

Accessory mechanical equipment located in rear yards or rear yard equivalents and meeting the standards of this Section shall be a permitted obstruction in any open space required on the zoning lot, provided that the total area occupied by a building used for both enclosed parking and such mechanical equipment does not exceed 20 percent of the total required open space on the zoning lot.

Decks, parapet walls, roof thickness, skylights, vegetated roofs, and weirs, as set forth in Section 23-62 (Permitted Obstructions), and solar energy systems, limited to 18 inches in height, as measured perpendicular to the roof surface, shall be permitted upon the roof of such accessory building within the rear yard or rear yard equivalent.

Temporary flood control devices and associated emergency egress systems that are assembled prior to a storm and removed thereafter shall be permitted obstructions in yards and rear yard equivalents, courts, open space, waterfront yards as defined in Article VI, Chapter 2, public plazas and all other publicly accessible open areas during such storm event and for a reasonable period prior to and after such storm event, as determined by the Department of Buildings.  

The provisions of this Section shall apply without requiring a building to comply with flood-resistant construction standards as established in paragraph (a) of Section 64-12 (Applicability).

In R3-2 and R4 Districts, for all buildings, or portions thereof, subject to Section 23-60 (HEIGHT AND SETBACK REGULATIONS), except single- and two-family residences, elevator or stair bulkheads (including shafts, and vestibules not larger than 60 square feet in area providing access to a roof), roof water tanks and accessory mechanical equipment (including enclosures), other than solar or wind energy systems, shall be considered permitted obstructions to height and setback regulations, provided that:

(a)        such obstructions shall be located not less than 10 feet from the street wall of a building;

(b)        all mechanical equipment shall be screened on all sides;

(c)        the lot coverage of all such obstructions and screening does not exceed 250 square feet or 10 percent of the lot coverage of the building, whichever is greater; and

(d)        such obstructions are limited to a height of 15 feet above the maximum height of perimeter walls.

The provisions of this Section shall apply without requiring a building to comply with flood-resistant construction standards as established in paragraph (a) of Section 64-12 (Applicability).

In R5 through R10 Districts, and in all Commercial and Manufacturing Districts, for all buildings, the underlying regulations governing permitted obstructions to height and setback shall be modified to increase the permitted volume for elevator or stair bulkheads (including shafts, and vestibules not larger than 60 square feet in area providing access to a roof), roof water tanks and accessory mechanical equipment (including enclosures), other than solar or wind energy systems, from a maximum lot coverage of 20 percent of the lot coverage of the building  to a maximum lot coverage of 30 percent of the lot coverage of the building, provided that where the maximum permitted height of a building is less than 120 feet, such obstructions are limited to a maximum height of 25 feet, and where the maximum permitted height of a building is 120 feet or greater, such obstructions are limited to a maximum height of 40 feet.

The provisions of this Section shall apply without requiring a building to comply with flood-resistant construction standards as established in paragraph (a) of Section 64-12 (Applicability).

In all districts, where underlying street wall location regulations require the ground floor of a street wall to extend along the entire street frontage of a zoning lot and be located on the street line, such regulations are modified as follows:

(a)        recesses, not to exceed five feet in depth from the street line, shall be permitted on the ground floor where required to provide access to the building; and

(b)        up to 30 percent of the aggregate width of street walls may be recessed beyond the street line, provided any such recesses deeper than 10 feet along a wide street, or 15 feet along a narrow street, are located within an outer court.  However, no recesses shall be permitted within 30 feet of the intersection of two street lines.

R1 R2 R3 R4 R5

In the districts indicated, as an alternative to Section 64-131 (Measurement of height), for single- and two-family residences where flood-resistant construction elevation is between six and nine feet above curb level, building height may be measured from a reference plane nine feet above curb level, provided that at least two mitigating elements are provided from the list in Section 64-61 (Design Requirements for Single- and Two-family Residences).

R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8 R9 R10

In the districts indicated, as an alternative to Section 64-131 (Measurement of height), for all buildings other than single- and two-family residences, where flood-resistant construction elevation is between five and 10 feet above curb level, building height may be measured from a reference plane 10 feet above curb level, and any minimum base height requirements may be measured from curb level. Where the provisions of this Section are utilized, the standards of Section 64-622 (Lobby or non-residential use) shall be met.

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6

(a)        In the districts indicated, as an alternative to Section 64-131 (Measurement of height), for all residential buildings other than single- and two-family residences, where flood-resistant construction elevation is between five and 10 feet above curb level, building height may be measured from a reference plane 10 feet above curb level, and any minimum base height requirements may be measured from curb level. Where the provisions of this Section are utilized, the standards of Section 64-622 (Lobby or non-residential use) shall be met.

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8 M1 M2 M3

(b)        In the districts indicated, as an alternative to Section 64-131, for all buildings other than residential buildings and buildings containing predominantly Use Group 16, 17 or 18 uses, where street walls are within 50 feet of a street line and flood-resistant construction elevation is between five and 12 feet above curb level, building height may be measured from a reference plane 12 feet above curb level, and any minimum base height requirements may be measured from curb level. Where the provisions of this Section are utilized, the standards of Section 64-642 (Transparency requirements for buildings utilizing alternative height measurement) shall be met.

The following provisions shall apply to buildings existing on October 28, 2012, and to the reconstruction of such buildings.

(a)        Dry flood-proofing

In C1 and C2 Districts mapped within R1 through R6 Districts, and in C3, C4-1, C4-2 and C4-3 Districts, where the level of any finished floor above adjacent grade that existed on October 28, 2012, is below flood-resistant construction elevation, such floor space may be exempted from the definition of floor area provided that such floor space, as well as any space below such floor space, complies with the flood-resistant construction standards for dry flood-proofing. The certificate of occupancy, if required, shall note that such floor space has been dry flood-proofed and must comply with the provisions of Appendix G of the New York City Building Code, and that the number of dwelling units or rooming units shall be limited to no more than the number existing on October 28, 2012.

In addition, the following provisions shall apply:

(1)        such floor space exempted from the definition of floor area shall not exceed 10,000 square feet;

(2)        such floor space exempted from the definition of floor area shall be used for a community facility use or commercial use permitted by the underlying zoning district;

(3)        no floor space shall be exempted if parking spaces within such building are located within 30 feet of the street wall; and

(4)        the building shall contain no more dwelling units or rooming units than existed on October 28, 2012.

(b)        Wet flood-proofing

This paragraph shall not apply to buildings containing non-residential uses where the flood-resistant construction elevation is less than two feet above the level of the first finished floor above curb level.

Where the level of any finished floor above adjacent grade that existed on October 28, 2012, is below flood-resistant construction elevation, such floor space may be exempted from the definition of floor area provided that such floor space, as well as any space below such floor space, complies with the flood-resistant construction standards for wet flood-proofing. The certificate of occupancy, if required, shall note that such floor space has been wet flood-proofed and must comply with the provisions of Appendix G of the Building Code.

The floor area which has been flood-proofed pursuant to the provisions of this Section need not be rebuilt prior to sign-off by the Department of Buildings or issuance of a certificate of occupancy for such alteration to the flood-proofed floor space in order for such floor area to be preserved as long as an application for construction documents for the reconstruction of such floor area has been approved by the Department of Buildings prior to the issuance of such sign-off or certificate of occupancy for the alteration associated with the flood-proofing.  Such construction documents shall acknowledge that the non-complying floor area is being preserved and shall depict its use within the same building in a manner complying with flood-resistant construction standards.

In all districts, where the floor area of a single- or two-family residence existing on October 28, 2012, did not include the lowest story because such story complied with the criteria set forth in paragraph (9) of the definition of "floor area" in Section 12-10, any space used for dwelling purposes within such story shall continue to be exempt from the definition of floor area, notwithstanding such criteria, provided such story is elevated or reconstructed at or above the flood-resistant construction elevation.

The provisions of this Section shall apply without requiring a building to comply with flood-resistant construction standards as established in paragraph (a) of Section 64-12 (Applicability).

(a)        For existing single- and two-family residences, and for the reconstruction of such residences, mechanical equipment including but not limited to accessory heating and cooling equipment and emergency generators, shall be permitted obstructions in open space required on the zoning lot, in any side yard, rear yard or rear yard equivalent, and in courts, provided such equipment is:

(1)        located above flood-resistant construction elevation; and

(2)        located at least five feet from any lot line; and

(3)        screened on all sides by walls consisting of at least 50 percent opaque materials; and

(4)        in compliance with the standards of either paragraph (a)(5) or (a)(6) of this Section; and

(5)        the mechanical equipment and all structure and screening are located no more than seven feet from the wall of a building and limited to a height of no more than 10 feet above flood-resistant construction elevation; or

(6)        the mechanical equipment is located within a detached garage or on the roof of a detached garage, provided that:

(i)        where covered by a sloping roof that rises at least seven inches in vertical distance for each foot of horizontal distance, no portion of the roof shall exceed a height of 14 feet above the adjoining grade, measured to the midpoint of a sloping roof; or

(ii)        for all other conditions, no portion of the garage, screening or the mechanical equipment shall exceed a height of 12 feet above the adjoining grade.

(b)        For existing buildings, except single- and two-family residences, accessory mechanical equipment shall be permitted obstructions in courts and open space, provided such equipment is:

(1)        located above flood-resistant construction elevation;

(2)        within a structure that provides screening of such mechanical equipment on all sides by walls consisting of at least 50 percent opaque materials;

(3)        limited to a height established in Section 64-322 (Permitted obstructions in required yards, courts and open space), paragraph (c), for mechanical equipment as permitted obstructions in a rear yard; and

(4)        located at least 30 feet from any legally required window.

(c)        For existing buildings, except single- and two-family residences, lifts for persons with disabilities, where permitted pursuant to provisions of the New York City Building Code, shall be permitted obstructions in yards, courts and open space.

R1 R2 R3 R4 R5

In the districts indicated, the provisions of Section 23-451 (Planting requirement) are modified for existing buildings, where the distance between the street wall and the street line is six feet or less, to allow stairs, ramps or lifts that access the lowest occupiable floor to be counted as planted area for the purposes of fulfilling the requirements of such provisions.

Single- and two-family residences existing on October 28, 2012, may be vertically elevated, or reconstructed to a higher elevation,

in order to raise the lowest horizontal structural member supporting the lowest floor containing habitable space, located at or above the adjoining grade as of October 28, 2012, to flood-resistant construction elevation, and in so doing may create a non-compliance as to height and setback to the extent that such lowest horizontal structural member is elevated or reconstructed to flood-resistant construction elevation.

This Section shall not preclude the construction of complying enlargements or other complying structures on the zoning lot.  

Buildings that were complying on October 28, 2012, and vertically elevated or reconstructed to a higher elevation, pursuant to this Section, shall be considered legal non-complying buildings.  

The provisions of this Section shall apply without requiring a building to comply with flood-resistant construction standards as established in paragraph (a) of Section 64-12 (Applicability).

In R5 through R10 Districts, and in Commercial and Manufacturing Districts, for all existing buildings, the regulations for permitted obstructions to height and setback regulations shall be modified to increase the permitted volume for elevator or stair bulkheads (including shafts, and vestibules not larger than 60 square feet in area providing access to a roof), roof water tanks and accessory mechanical equipment (including enclosures), other than solar or wind energy systems, as follows:

(a)        where the maximum building height is less than 120 feet, the maximum permitted height of such volume may be increased from 25 feet to 33 feet, provided that the lot coverage of all such obstructions does not exceed 20 percent of the lot coverage of the building; and

(b)        where the maximum building height is 120 feet or greater, the maximum permitted height of such volume may be increased from 40 feet to 55 feet, provided that the lot coverage of all such obstructions does not exceed 20 percent of the lot coverage of the building.

For single- and two-family residences existing on October 28, 2012, if such buildings are elevated, relocated or reconstructed pursuant to Sections 64-131 (Measurement of height), 64-722 (Single- and two-family residences in required front yards) and 64-431 (For existing single- and two-family residences), the provisions of Section 23-86 (Minimum Distance Between Legally Required Windows and Walls or Lot Lines) shall not apply.

Sections 64-51 (For Residential Buildings with Below-grade Parking) and 64-52 (For Elevated Buildings) shall apply to buildings existing on October 28, 2012, and to the reconstruction of such buildings. Section 64-51 shall apply without requiring a building to comply with flood-resistant construction standards provided in paragraph (a) of Section 64-12 (Applicability).

Section 64-53 (Surfacing) shall apply to all zoning lots within the flood zone.

The underlying parking location, curb cut spacing, permitted obstruction and surfacing regulations are modified in accordance with the provisions of this Section.

R1 R2 R3 R4 R5

In the districts indicated, other than R4B and R5B Districts, where below-grade garages within residential buildings are eliminated in order to comply with Appendix G of the New York City Building Code, accessory off-street parking spaces may be relocated from such garages to the side or rear of such buildings, or to the front yard driveway that accessed the former garage, or to a shared driveway along a common side lot line. Where such parking spaces are so relocated, each such space shall have a dimension at least 18 feet long and eight feet wide, and such spaces shall be allowed without regard to underlying parking location, curb cut spacing or permitted obstruction regulations. No modifications of the number of curb cuts on a zoning lot or the minimum or maximum width of a curb cut shall be allowed. Where eliminated garages were accessed by a driveway less than 18 feet long, such driveway and curb cut shall be eliminated, and the former driveway planted to the extent necessary to comply, or increase compliance, with the provisions of Section 23-451 (Planting requirement) as if the building on the zoning lot was constructed after April 30, 2008.  

In the event there is no way to arrange relocated required parking spaces on the zoning lot in compliance with the provisions of this Section, given that existing buildings will remain, the Commissioner of Buildings may waive such spaces.

R1 R2 R3 R4 R5

In the districts indicated, except R4B and R5B Districts, the provisions of this Section shall apply to single- or two-family residences with a flood-resistant construction elevation at least nine feet above curb level, and to other single- or two-family residences utilizing the provisions of Section 64-334 (Alternative height measurement for single- and two-family residences). For such residences, where at least two accessory off-street parking spaces are provided beneath the lowest occupiable floor, such spaces shall be allowed without regard to the underlying parking location, curb cut spacing or permitted obstruction regulations. However, no modification of the number of curb cuts on a zoning lot or the minimum or maximum width of a curb cut shall be allowed.    

R1 R2 R3 R4 R5

In the districts indicated, Section 25-65 (Surfacing) shall be modified to allow dustless gravel driveways that access one single- or two-family residence on a zoning lot, provided that all portions of such driveway located between the curb and the front lot line shall be surfaced with asphaltic or Portland cement concrete, or other hard-surfaced dustless material, at least four inches thick, and public sidewalks shall be constructed to Department of Transportation standards.

The following Sections shall apply to all developments and to all horizontal enlargements with new street walls or alterations increasing the height of street walls, or as otherwise referenced within this Chapter:

Section 64-61        Design Requirements for Single- and Two-family Residences

Section 64-62        Design Requirements for Other Buildings in Residence Districts

Section 64-63        Design Requirements for Residential Buildings in Commercial Districts

Section 64-64        Design Requirements for Non-residential and Mixed Buildings in Commercial and Manufacturing Districts

Section 64-65        (Screening Requirements for Parking Within or Below Buildings) shall apply to any zoning lot occupied by a building, other than a single- or two-family residence constructed after October 9, 2013.  Any zoning lot occupied by a building constructed prior to such date shall not be altered in any way that will either create a new non-compliance or increase the degree of non-compliance with the provisions of Section 64-65.

R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6

In R1, R2, R3, R4 and R5 Districts, for single- and two-family residences that have a street wall within 50 feet of the street line, and in R6 Districts, for detached and semi-detached

single- and two-family residences that have a street wall within 50 feet of the street line, where the level of the lowest occupiable floor is five feet or more above curb level, at least one of the following visual mitigation elements shall be provided. For such residences where the level of the lowest occupiable floor is nine feet or more above curb level, at least two of the following visual mitigation elements shall be provided.

(a)        Porch

Where provided as a mitigating element, a porch shall have a finished floor at least six inches below the lowest occupiable floor and have a width at least 70 percent of the aggregate width of all street walls within 25 feet of the street line. The depth of the porch must be at least five feet, and the porch may not be closer to the street line than five feet. Open porches shall count as one mitigating element and roofed porches shall count as two mitigating elements, provided that for such roofed porches, all structural elements shall have a minimum width or depth of at least three inches, and such roof shall have a depth of at least five feet measured perpendicular to the street wall and extend along at least 70 percent of the width of the street wall.  A balcony directly above a porch and a trellis or arbor with structural members spaced no further than 30 inches on center that cover such porch may be considered a porch roof for the purposes of this Section.

(b)        Stair direction change

Where provided as a mitigating element, stairs shall be constructed between grade and the lowest occupiable floor or porch, as applicable, which shall change direction at least 90 degrees in plan at a point no lower or higher than two feet from the beginning and end of the stair run.

(c)        Raised front yard

Where provided as a mitigating element, the grade between the street line and street walls within 25 feet of the street line, and their prolongations, shall be elevated above curb level so that a line drawn midway between the street line and such street walls and prolongations is at least 18 inches above curb level at all points, except for pedestrian ways, vehicular access and off-street parking spaces permitted pursuant to Section 64-50 (SPECIAL PARKING REGULATIONS). The area with final grade above curb level must be greater than 50 percent of the total area between the street line and street walls within 25 feet of the street line and their prolongations. Such raised yards shall be planted to comply with Section 23-451.

(d)        Trees or shrubs at least three feet high

Where provided as a mitigating element, trees or shrubs that attain a height of at least three feet shall be provided between the street line and street walls within 25 feet of the street line and their prolongations. Planting beds shall be at least three feet wide in plan, measured parallel and perpendicular to the street line. The length of each planted area shall be measured by inscribing each planted area within a rectangle and measuring the longest dimension of such rectangle. The total length of planted areas shall be greater than 60 percent of the lot width, and be planted to screen at least 50 percent of the length of the street wall.

However, no mitigation shall be required where more than 50 percent of the street wall of a building is within three feet of the street line.  

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In the districts indicated, for all buildings, except single- and two-family residences, where street walls are within 50 feet of the street line, the provisions of this Section, inclusive, shall apply.

Where the level of the lowest occupiable floor is five or more feet above curb level, the area between the street line and all street walls of the building shall be planted at ground level, or in raised planting beds that are permanently affixed to the ground.  Such planting shall consist of trees or shrubs within six feet of the street wall that attain a height of at least three feet. Such planting shall not be required at the entrances to and exits from the building, within driveways accessing off-street parking spaces located within, to the side, or rear of such building, or between commercial uses and the street line. Any such planted area shall have a depth of at least three feet. Where ramps or stairs are located parallel to a street wall and within six feet of such street wall, minimum planting beds shall be provided between such ramps or stairs and the street line.

However, where street wall location rules would require a street wall to be located such that planting beds would be less than three feet in width, the provisions of this Section shall not apply.

Where the flood-resistant construction elevation is 10 or more feet above curb level, a lobby with a minimum width of 20 feet shall be provided along the street wall at the level of the adjoining sidewalk or other publicly accessible open area, with a depth of at least 20 feet. For buildings with an aggregate width of street wall of more than 65 feet, such lobby width shall be at least 30 percent of the aggregate width of street wall, but need not be wider than 35 feet. For zoning lots with less than 25 feet of frontage along a street, a five-foot wide service corridor may be exempted from the requirements of this Section. Transparent glazing materials shall occupy at least 40 percent of the surface area of the street wall of the lobby, measured between a height of two feet above the level of the adjoining sidewalk or other publicly accessible open area and a height 10 feet above the level of the first finished floor above curb level.

Any permitted non-residential use, other than accessory off-street parking or storage, may be substituted for lobby area required pursuant to this Section, provided that the required width, depth and transparency shall apply to such use.

However, where flood-resistant construction standards prohibit glazing due to the location of the building in a zone subject to wave action as indicated on flood maps, the glazing requirements of this Section shall not apply.  

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In the districts indicated, and in Special Mixed Use Districts, for all residential buildings, except single- and two-family residences, where street walls are within 50 feet of the street line, and where the level of the lowest occupiable floor is five feet or more above curb level, the provisions of Section 64-62 (Design Requirements for Other Buildings in Residence Districts) shall apply.

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In the districts indicated, the provisions of this Section shall apply to all buildings, other than:

(a)        residential buildings; and

(b)        in C8 Districts and Manufacturing Districts, other than Special Mixed Use Districts, buildings containing predominantly Use Group 16, 17 or 18 uses.

Where street walls are within 50 feet of the street line, and where flood-resistant construction elevation is 10 feet or more above curb level, a portion of the street wall with a minimum of 20 feet in width shall provide transparent glazing materials occupying a minimum of 50 percent of the surface area of such street wall portion, measured between a height of two feet above the level of the adjoining sidewalk or other publicly accessible open area and a height 12 feet above the level of the first finished floor above curb level. The floor level behind such transparent glazing materials shall not exceed the level of the window sill for a depth of at least four feet, as measured perpendicular to the street wall. For buildings with an aggregate width of street wall of more than 65 feet, such transparent portion of the street wall shall be at least 30 percent of the aggregate width of street wall, but need not be wider than 35 feet.

However, where flood-resistant construction standards prohibit glazing due to the location of the building in a zone subject to wave action as indicated on flood maps, the glazing requirements of this Section shall not apply.  

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In the districts indicated, for all buildings utilizing the provisions of Section 64-336 (Alternative height measurement in Commercial and Manufacturing Districts), paragraph (b), street walls shall be glazed with transparent materials which may include show windows, transom windows or glazed portions of doors. Furthermore, such transparent glazing materials shall occupy at least 50 percent of the surface area of such street wall, measured between a height of two feet above the level of the adjoining sidewalk or other publicly accessible open area and a height of 12 feet above the level of the first finished floor above curb level. The floor level behind such transparent glazing materials shall not exceed the level of the window sill for a depth of at least four feet, as measured perpendicular to the street wall.  

The provisions of this Section shall apply to all buildings, other than:

(a)        single or two-family residences; and

(b)        in C8 Districts and Manufacturing Districts, other than Special Mixed Use Districts, buildings containing predominantly Use Group 16, 17 or 18 uses.

Buildings in existence prior to October 9, 2013, shall not be altered in any way that will create a new non-compliance or increase the degree of non-compliance with the provisions of this Section.

Where the flood-resistant construction elevation is five or more feet above curb level and the street wall of a building is within 50 feet of the street line, for any level where off-street parking is provided within or below a building, such parking shall be screened from the street line with a street wall that is at least 50 percent opaque. Each one-foot square portion of such street wall shall comply individually with this requirement.

In case of a conflict between the provisions of this Section and the provisions of another Chapter, the more restrictive provisions shall apply.

Section 52-53 (Buildings or Other Structures in All Districts), inclusive, shall be modified to allow the reconstruction of a non-conforming use where a building containing such use is damaged to the extent of 50 percent or more due to the effects of Hurricane Sandy, provided such reconstruction is the subject of an application for approval of construction documents that has been approved by the Department of Buildings no later than one year following the City's adoption of new final Flood Insurance Rate Maps that supersede the Flood Insurance Rate Maps in effect on October 28, 2012. Construction pursuant to such approval may continue until a date six years after the adoption of such superseding Flood Insurance Rate Maps. After such date, the vesting provisions of Section 11-30 (BUILDING PERMITS ISSUED BEFORE EFFECTIVE DATE OF AMENDMENT) shall apply as if the change in flood map were a change in provisions of the Zoning Resolution.

However, this provision shall not apply to non-conforming residences in C8 Districts or Manufacturing Districts, or to non-conforming manufacturing uses located in Residence Districts or Commercial Districts other than C8 Districts.

For non-conforming single- and two-family residences, except non-conforming residences in C8 Districts or Manufacturing Districts, reconstruction shall be permitted, provided such reconstruction is the subject of an application for approval of construction documents that has been approved by the Department of Buildings no later than six years following the City's adoption of new final Flood Insurance Rate Maps that supersede the Flood Insurance Rate Maps in effect on October 28, 2012. Construction pursuant to such approval may continue until a date 10 years after the adoption of such superseding Flood Insurance Rate Maps. After such date, the vesting provisions of Section 11-30 (BUILDING PERMITS ISSUED BEFORE EFFECTIVE DATE OF AMENDMENT) shall apply as if the change in flood map were a change in provisions of the Zoning Resolution.

Section 54-40 (DAMAGE OR DESTRUCTION IN NON-COMPLYING BUILDINGS) shall be modified to allow the reconstruction of a non-complying building where such building is damaged to the extent of 75 percent or more due to the effects of Hurricane Sandy, provided such reconstruction is the subject of an application for approval of construction documents that has been approved by the Department of Buildings no later than one year following the City's adoption of new final Flood Insurance Rate Maps that superseded the Flood Insurance Rate Maps in effect on October 28, 2012. Construction pursuant to such approval may continue until a date six years after the adoption of such superseding Flood Insurance Rate Maps. After such date, the vesting provisions of Section 11-30 (BUILDING PERMITS ISSUED BEFORE EFFECTIVE DATE OF AMENDMENT) shall apply as if the change in flood map were a change in provisions of the Zoning Resolution.

The provisions of Article V, Chapter 4, shall be modified in order to accommodate stair access in a front yard. Single- and two-family residences with non-complying front yards existing on October 28, 2012, may be relocated or reconstructed in a location further from the front lot line on the same zoning lot, and thereby create or increase an encroachment in a side yard, rear yard or rear yard equivalent, provided that:

(a)        any encroachment or further encroachment into a required side or rear yard or rear yard equivalent at the rear of the original building location is limited to a depth equal to the reduction of encroachment of the building, excluding stairs in the front yard;

(b)        a distance of at least eight feet shall be maintained between the rear wall of the building and all other residences on the same or adjoining zoning lots; and

(c)        at least four feet of a rear yard shall be free of any encroachment, measured perpendicular to the rear lot line, or, in a rear yard equivalent, at least eight feet shall be free of encroachment.

(a)        The provisions of Article V, Chapter 4, shall be modified to permit single- and two-family residences that are non-complying and existing on October 28, 2012, to be vertically elevated, or reconstructed to a higher elevation in order to raise the lowest horizontal structural member supporting the lowest floor containing habitable space that was located at or above the adjoining grade as of October 28, 2012, to flood-resistant construction elevation.

Such vertical elevation or reconstruction may create a new non-compliance as to height and setback, or increase any existing non-compliances as to height and setback, required open space and yard regulations to the extent that such lowest floor level is elevated or reconstructed to flood-resistant construction elevation. However, all other provisions of Article V, Chapter 4, shall apply without modification.

This Section shall not preclude the construction of complying enlargements or other complying buildings or other structures on the zoning lot.

Furthermore, the provisions of Section 23-86 (Minimum Distance Between Legally Required Windows and Walls or Lot Lines) shall not apply to such elevated, relocated or reconstructed buildings.

(b)        For non-complying single- and two-family residences, reconstruction shall be permitted, provided such reconstruction is the subject of an application for approval of construction documents that has been approved by the Department of Buildings no later than six years following the City's adoption of new final Flood Insurance Rate Maps that supersede the Flood Insurance Rate Maps in effect on October 28, 2012. Construction pursuant to such approval may continue until a date 10 years after the adoption of such superseding Flood Insurance Rate Maps. After such date, the vesting provisions of Section 11-30 (BUILDING PERMITS ISSUED BEFORE EFFECTIVE DATE OF AMENDMENT) shall apply as if the change in flood map were a change in provisions of the Zoning Resolution.

Non-complying buildings may be elevated or reconstructed to an increased height, which at all points does not exceed the difference between flood-resistant construction elevation and the applicable datum from which height is measured pursuant to the underlying regulations. Such elevation or reconstruction may create a new non-compliance or increase the degree of an existing non-compliance.

The following regulations shall apply in flood zones and shall modify regulations set forth in Article VI, Chapter 2 (Special Regulations Applying in the Waterfront Area).

Sections 62-50 (GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR VISUAL CORRIDORS AND WATERFRONT PUBLIC ACCESS AREAS), inclusive, and 62-811 shall not apply to the reconstruction of buildings that sustained substantial damage, as defined in Appendix G of the New York City Building Code, due to the effects of Hurricane Sandy, provided that:

(a)        such buildings had no more than 20,000 square feet of floor area prior to October 28, 2012;

(b)        the dimensions of the building footprint are no greater than the footprint that existed on October 28, 2012;

(c)        if such building is repositioned on the zoning lot, such repositioning does not newly encroach, or further encroach, into a required yard, rear yard equivalent, visual corridor or existing public access area, as defined in Article VI, Chapter 2; and

(d)        the reconstruction does not result in a change of use from that existing on October 28, 2012.

The provisions of this Section shall apply to buildings that are the subject of an application for approval of construction documents that has been approved by the Department of Buildings no later than one year after the adoption of new final Flood Insurance Rate Maps that supersede the maps in effect on October 28, 2012. Construction pursuant to such approval may continue until a date six years after the adoption of such superseding Flood Insurance Rate Maps. After such date, the vesting provisions of Section 11-30 (BUILDING PERMITS ISSUED BEFORE EFFECTIVE DATE OF AMENDMENT) shall apply as if the change in flood map were a change in provisions of the Zoning Resolution.

The provisions of paragraphs (a) and (b) of this Section shall apply to all zoning lots, without requiring a building to comply with flood-resistant construction standards as established in paragraph (a) of Section 64-12 (Applicability).

Within the area that has a one percent chance of flooding in a given year, as determined by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) in flood maps or by earlier adopted Flood Insurance Rate Maps, certain provisions regarding waterfront yards and visual corridors, as defined in Section 62-11, and  ground floor uses, are modified as follows:

(a)        Waterfront yards

Section 62-332 (Rear yards and waterfront yards) shall be modified to allow the level of a waterfront yard to be raised above the elevation of the top of the adjoining existing bulkhead, existing stabilized natural shore or mean high water line, as applicable, provided that:

(1)        where a waterfront yard terminates at a lot line, the grade of the waterfront yard shall be no higher than the grade of the adjacent street or zoning lot, except that natural grade need not be disturbed to comply with this requirement;

(2)        for zoning lots without a shore public walkway, as defined in Section 62-11, the maximum grade of the waterfront yard, measured parallel to the shoreline, shall not exceed three percent; and

(3)        for zoning lots with a shore public walkway, as defined in Section 62-11, the maximum grade shall be determined by the maximum permitted grade of the circulation path and the provisions of Section 62-60 (DESIGN REQUIREMENTS FOR WATERFRONT PUBLIC ACCESS AREAS).

(b)        Visual corridors

Section 62-512 (Dimensions of visual corridors) shall be modified so that the lowest level of a visual corridor shall be determined by establishing a plane connecting the two points along the street lines from which the visual corridor emanates at an elevation three feet above curb level with the two points where the prolonged street lines intersect the shoreline, stabilized natural shore, bulkhead, upland edge of a waterfront yard raised pursuant to the provisions of paragraph (a) of this Section, or the base plane of a pier or platform, whichever intersection occurs first. Such plane shall then continue horizontally seaward from the line of intersection. Visual corridors that are not prolongations of mapped streets shall be determined by establishing a plane connecting an elevation three feet above curb level at the two points along the lot line from which the visual corridor emanates with the two points of intersection at the shoreline, stabilized natural shore, bulkhead, upland edge of a waterfront yard raised pursuant to the provisions of paragraph (a) of this Section, or the base plane of a pier or platform, whichever intersection occurs first.

(c)        Ground floor uses

Section 62-341 (Developments on land and platforms), paragraph (c)(6), shall be modified  so that "ground floor level" shall mean the lowest level permitted for habitable use as if it were "Post-FIRM Construction" as defined by Appendix G of the New York City Building Code, using elevation and wet flood-proofing techniques, provided that where such lowest permitted level would be less than five feet above the finished level of the adjacent sidewalk, such level need not be lower than five feet above the finished level of the adjacent sidewalk.