Article I General Provisions

Article II Residence District Regulations

Article III Commercial District Regulations

Article IV Manufacturing District Regulations

Article V Non-Conforming Uses and Non-Complying Buildings

Article VI Special Regulations Applicable to Certain Areas

Article VII Administration

Article VIII Special Purpose Disctricts

Article IX Special Purpose Disctricts

Article X Special Purpose Disctricts

Article XI Special Purpose Disctricts

Article XII Special Purpose Disctricts

Article XIII Special Purpose Disctricts

Article XIV Special Purpose Districts

Appendix A Index of Uses [PDF]

Appendix B Index of Special Purpose Districts

Appendix C City Environmental Quality Review (CEQR) Table 1 - Environmental Requirements [PDF]

Appendix C City Environmental Quality Review (CEQR) Table 2 - Restrictive Declarations

Appendix D Zoning Map Amendment ("D") Restrictive Declarations [PDF]

Appendix E Design Requirements for Plazas, Residential Plazas and Urban Plazas Developed Prior to October 17, 2007 [PDF]

Appendix F Inclusionary Housing Designated Areas [PDF]

Appendix G Quantities of Radioactive Materials [PDF]

Appendix H Designation of Arterial Highways [PDF]

Appendix I Transit Zone [PDF]

Appendix J Designated Areas Within Manufacturing Districts

(2/26/67)

The Commercial Districts established in this Resolution are designed to promote and protect public health, safety, and general welfare. These general goals include, among others, the following specific purposes:
  1. to provide sufficient space, in appropriate locations in proximity to residential areas, for local retail development catering to the regular shopping needs of the occupants of nearby residences, with due allowance for the need for a choice of sites;
  2. to provide appropriate space and, in particular, sufficient depth from a street, to satisfy the needs of modern local retail development, including the need for off-street parking spaces in areas to which a large proportion of shoppers come by automobile, and to encourage the natural tendency of local retail development to concentrate in continuous retail frontage, to the mutual advantage of both consumers and merchants;
  3. to protect both local retail development and nearby residences against fire, explosions, toxic and noxious matter, radiation, and other hazards, and against offensive noise, vibration, smoke, dust and other particulate matter, odorous matter, heat, humidity, glare, and other objectionable influences;
  4. to protect both local retail development and nearby residences against congestion, particularly in areas where the established pattern is predominantly residential but includes local retail uses on the lower floors, by regulating the intensity of local retail development, by restricting those types of establishments which generate heavy traffic, and by providing for off-street parking and loading facilities;
  5. to provide sufficient and appropriate space and, in particular, sufficient depth from the street, to meet the needs of the city's expected future economy for modern commercial floor space in central, major or secondary commercial centers, including the need for off-street parking space in areas where a large proportion of customers come by automobile, with due allowance for the need for a choice of sites, and to encourage the natural tendency of commercial development to concentrate in continuous retail frontage, to the mutual advantage of both consumers and merchants;
  6. to protect commercial development in central, major or secondary commercial centers, as far as is possible and appropriate in each area, against fire, explosions, toxic and noxious matter, radiation, and other hazards, and against offensive noise, vibration, smoke, dust and other particulate matter, odorous matter, heat, humidity, glare, and other objectionable influences;
  7. to protect commercial development in central, major or secondary commercial centers against congestion, as far as possible, by limiting the bulk of buildings in relation to the land around them and to one another, by restricting those types of establishments which generate heavy traffic, and by providing for off-street parking and loading facilities;
  8. to provide sufficient space in appropriate locations for all types of commercial and miscellaneous service activities, with due allowance for the need for a choice of sites;
  9. to provide freedom of architectural design, in order to encourage the development of more attractive and economic building forms, within proper standards;
  10. to protect the character of certain designated areas of historic and architectural interest, where the scale of building development is important, by limitations on the height of buildings; and
  11. to promote the most desirable use of land and direction of building development in accord with a well-considered plan, to promote stability of commercial development, to strengthen the economic base of the City, to protect the character of the district and its peculiar suitability for particular uses, to conserve the value of land and buildings, and to protect the City's tax revenues.
(12/15/61)

These districts are designed to provide for local shopping and include a wide range of retail stores and personal service establishments which cater to frequently recurring needs. Since these establishments are required in convenient locations near all residential areas, and since they are relatively unobjectionable to nearby residences, these districts are widely mapped. The district regulations are designed to promote convenient shopping and the stability of retail development by encouraging continuous retail frontage and by prohibiting local service and manufacturing establishments which tend to break such continuity.
(12/15/61)

These districts are designed to provide for a wide range of essential local services not involving regular local shopping. Since these establishments are less frequently visited by customers, they tend to break the continuity of prime retail frontage and, therefore, hamper the development of convenient shopping. The permitted services create relatively few objectionable influences for nearby residential areas.
(12/15/61)

This district is designed to provide for the growing recreational activities of pleasure boating and fishing by permitting rental, servicing, and storage of boats in appropriate waterfront areas, normally adjacent to residential development.
(12/15/61)

These districts comprise the City's major and secondary shopping centers, which provide for occasional family shopping needs and for essential services to business establishments over a wide area, and which have a substantial number of large stores generating considerable traffic. The district regulations are designed to promote convenient shopping and the stability of retail development by encouraging continuous retail frontage and by prohibiting service and manufacturing establishments which tend to break up such continuity.
(4/9/81)

These districts are designed to provide for office buildings and the great variety of large retail stores and related activities which occupy the prime retail frontage in the central business district, and which serve the entire metropolitan region. The district regulations also permit a few high-value custom manufacturing establishments which are generally associated with the predominant retail activities, and which depend on personal contacts with persons living all over the region. The district regulations are also designed to provide for continuous retail frontage.
(4/9/81)

These districts are designed to provide for the wide range of retail, office, amusement service, custom manufacturing, and related uses normally found in the central business district and regional commercial centers but to exclude non-retail uses which generate a large volume of trucking.
(12/15/61)

This district is designed to permit large open commercial amusement parks and is mapped in only a few areas.
(12/15/61)

These districts are designed to provide for necessary services for a wider area than is served by the Local Service Districts. Since these service establishments often involve objectionable influences, such as noise from heavy service operations and large volumes of truck traffic, they are incompatible with both residential and retail uses. New residential development is excluded from these districts.
(5/13/82)

The regulations regarding C5P, C5-2.5, C5-3.5, C6-4.5, C6-6.5 and C6-7.5 Districts and any other underlying districts within the #Special Midtown District# are set forth in Article VIII, Chapter 1 (Special Midtown District).
(10/9/13)

In order to carry out the purposes and provisions of this Resolution, the #uses# of #buildings or other structures# and the open #uses# of #zoning lots#, or portions thereof, have been classified and combined into Use Groups. A brief statement is inserted at the start of each Use Group to describe and clarify the basic characteristics of that Use Group. Use Groups 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15 and 16, including each #use# listed separately therein, are permitted in #Commercial Districts# as indicated in Sections 32-11 to 32-25, inclusive, except that any such #use# which is also an #adult establishment# shall, in addition, be subject to the provisions of Section 32-01 (Special Provisions for Adult Establishments).

In Manhattan Community Districts 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6, Brooklyn Community Districts 1, 2, 6 and 8, and Queens Community Districts 1 and 2, the #conversion# of non-#residential floor area# to #residences# shall be subject to the provisions of Article I, Chapter 5 (Residential Conversion within Existing Buildings), unless such #conversions# meet the requirements for #residences# of Article II (Residence District Regulations).

All districts indicated in Column A shall comply with the regulations for districts indicated in Column B except as set forth in the sections indicated in Column C.


In a C8 District, any #use# listed in Use Group 11A or 16 that involves the production, processing, cleaning, servicing, testing or repair of products, goods, or materials shall conform to the performance standards for M1 Districts as set forth in Sections 42-20 and 42-28 inclusive, relating to Performance Standards.

Column A Column B Column C
C1 and C2 in R9A R9 32-43
C1 and C2 in R10A R10 32-43
C1-8A C1-8 32-43
C1-9A C1-9 32-43
C2-7A C2-7 32-43
C2-8A C2-8 32-43
C4-6A C4-6 32-43
C4-7A C4-7 32-43
C6-1A C6-1 32-15 32-16
32-17 32-20
32-644

In C5 and C6 Districts in Manhattan Community Districts 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6, all existing lawful #uses# in Use Groups 17B or E in existing enclosed #buildings# erected prior to December 15, 1961, shall be considered conforming and shall conform to the performance standards for M1 Districts as set forth in Sections 42-20 and 42-28, inclusive, relating to Performance Standards. Such #uses# may be #extended# within #buildings# or into #abutting buildings# on the same #zoning lot#.

Whenever a #use# is specifically listed in a Use Group and also could be construed to be incorporated within a more inclusive #use# listing, either in the same or another Use Group, the more specific listing shall control.

The letters A, B, B1, C, D, E, F, G or H in the Parking Requirement Category following a #use# listed in Sections 32-14 to 32-25, inclusive, refer to the classification of #commercial uses# to determine required #accessory# off-street parking spaces as set forth in the table in Section 36-21 (General Provisions).

The #uses# listed in the various Use Groups set forth in Sections 32-11 to 32-25, inclusive, are also listed in alphabetical order in the Index at the end of this Resolution, for the convenience of those using the Resolution. Whenever there is any difference in meaning or implication between the text of these Use Groups and the text of the Index, the text of these Use Groups shall prevail.

In the area, which as a result of #zoning map# change 840260 ZMM is zoned C6-2A, existing lawful meat markets listed in Use Group 17A, in existing enclosed #buildings# erected prior to December 15, 1961, shall be a conforming #use#.

Special regulations applying in the #waterfront area# are set forth in Article VI, Chapter 2.

Special regulations applying in the #flood zone# are set forth in Article VI, Chapter 4.

The following chart sets forth the Use Groups permitted in the various #Commercial Districts#.

USE GROUPS PERMITTED
IN COMMERCIAL DISTRICTS
Use Groups
#Residential# #Community
Facilities#
Districts 1 2 3
4
Local Retail C1 x x x x
Local Service C2 x x x x
Waterfront
Recreation C3
x x x x
General Commercial
C4
x x x x
Restricted Central
Commercial C5
x x x x
General Central
Commercial C6
x x x x
Commercial
Amusement C7
General Service C8 x


Use Groups
Retail & #Commercial# Gen.
Service
Districts 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
Local Retail C1 x x
Local Service
C2
x x x x x x
Waterfront
Recreation C3
x
General
Commercial C4
x x x x x x
Restricted
Central
Commercial C5
x x x x x
General Central
Commercial C6
x x x x x x x x
Commercial
Amusement C7
x x x x
General Service
C8
x x x x x x x x x x x
(10/13/10)

In addition to the applicable regulations for the #uses# listed in a permitted Use Group, #adult establishments# shall be subject to the following provisions:
  1. #Adult establishments# are not permitted in C1, C2, C3, C4, C5, C6-1, C6-2 or C6-3 Districts.
  2. In C6-4, C6-5, C6-6, C6-7, C6-8, C6-9, C7 or C8 Districts, no #adult establishment# shall be established less than 500 feet from a house of worship, a #school#, a #Residence District#, a C1, C2, C3, C4, C5-1, C6-1, C6-2 or C6-3 District, or a #Manufacturing District#, other than an M1-6M District, in which new #residences# or new #joint livingwork quarters for artists# are allowed as-of-right or by special permit or authorization. No provisions or findings of such special permit or authorization which require an assessment of the impact of new #residences# or new #joint living-work quarters for artists# on #commercial# or #manufacturing uses# within a #Manufacturing District# shall be construed as a limitation on the scope of this provision. However, on or after October 25, 1995, an #adult establishment# that otherwise complies with the provisions of this paragraph shall not be rendered #non-conforming# if a house of worship or a #school# is established on or after April 10, 1995, within 500 feet of such #adult establishment#.
  3. In C6-4, C6-5, C6-6, C6-7, C6-8, C6-9, C7 or C8 Districts, no #adult establishment# shall be established less than 500 feet from a previously established #adult establishment#.
  4. In C6-4, C6-5, C6-6, C6-7, C6-8, C6-9, C7 or C8 Districts, no more than one #adult establishment# permitted under this Section shall be established on a #zoning lot#.
  5. In C6-4, C6-5, C6-6, C6-7, C6-8, C6-9, C7 or C8 Districts, #adult establishments# shall not exceed, in total, 10,000 square feet of #floor area# and #cellar# space not used for enclosed storage or mechanical equipment.
  6. #Adult establishments# which were established on October 25, 1995, and conform to all provisions of the Zoning Resolution relating to #adult establishments# other than the provisions of all or any combination of paragraphs (c), (d), and (e) of this Section, shall not be subject to the provisions of Section 52-77 (Termination of Adult Establishments).
For purposes of this Section, an #adult establishment# shall be established upon the date of a permit issued by the Department of Buildings therefor, or, in the case of an #adult establishment# in existence prior to August 8, 2001, as determined by the Department of Buildings, subject to rules as the Department of Buildings may prescribe regarding the failure to perform work authorized under a permit or to commence operation pursuant to a permit and the discontinuance of an #adult establishment#.
(1/18/11)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6

Use Groups 1 and 2, as set forth in Section 22-11 and Section 22- 12. However, in C3A Districts, Use Group 2 shall be limited to #single#-or #two-family detached# or #zero lot line residences#.

In #lower density growth management areas# in the Borough of Staten Island, except C3A Districts, Use Groups 1 and 2 shall be permitted only within #mixed buildings#. However, no #residences# shall be allowed on the following #zoning lots#, except by special permit pursuant to Section 74-49 (Residential Use in C4-1 Districts in The Borough of Staten Island):
  1. any #zoning lot# in a C4-1 District, where such district occupies at least four acres within a #block#; or
  2. any other #zoning lot# in a C4-1 District, where such #zoning lot# had a #lot area# greater than 20,000 square feet on December 21, 2005, or on any subsequent date.
(7/6/72)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6

Use Group 3, as set forth in Section 22-13.
(7/6/72)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C8

Use Group 4, as set forth in Section 22-14.
(8/17/90)

C1* C2** C4 C5 C6 C8

Use Group 5 consists of hotels used primarily for transient occupancy.

A. Transient Accommodations

#Hotels, transient# [PRC-H]

B. #Accessory Uses#

------
*    
In a C1-1, C1-2, C1-3 or C1-4 District, a #transient hotel# shall not be permitted. **      In a C2-1, C2-2, C2-3 or C2-4 District, each #transient hotel# shall be located on a #zoning lot# in whole or in part within a 1,000 foot radius of the entrance or exit of a limited-access expressway, freeway, parkway, or highway, all of which prohibit direct vehicular access to abutting land and provide complete separation of conflicting traffic flows, measured from the centerline of the entrance or exit ramp at its intersection with the nearest adjacent #street#.
(3/26/14)

C1 C2 C4 C5 C6 C8

Use Group 6 consists primarily of retail stores and personal service establishments which:
  1. provide for a wide variety of local consumer needs; and
  2. have a small service area and are, therefore, distributed widely throughout the City.
Public service establishments serving small areas are also included. Retail and service establishments are listed in two subgroups, both of which are permitted in all C1 Districts.

The #uses# listed in subgroup A are also permitted within a #large-scale residential development# to provide daily convenience shopping for its residents.
  1. Convenience Retail or Service Establishments

    Bakeries, provided that #floor area# used for production shall be limited to 750 square feet per establishment [PRCB]

    Barber shops [PRC-B]

    Beauty parlors [PRC-B]

    Drug stores [PRC-B]

    Dry cleaning or clothes pressing establishments or receiving stations dealing directly with ultimate consumers, limited to 2,000 square feet of #floor area# per establishment, and provided that only solvents with a flash point of not less than 138.2 degrees Fahrenheit shall be used, and total aggregate dry load capacity of machines shall not exceed 60 pounds [PRC-B]

    Eating or drinking establishments, including those which provide outdoor table service or have music for which there is no cover charge and no specified showtime, and those which have #accessory# drive-through facilities2 [PRC-B]

    Food stores, including supermarkets, grocery stores, meat markets, or delicatessen stores [PRC-Either A or B3]

    Hardware stores [PRC-B]

    Laundry establishments, hand or automatic self-service [PRC-B1]

    Liquor stores, package [PRC-B]

    Post offices [PRC-H]

    Shoe or hat repair shops [PRC-B]

    Stationery stores [PRC-B]

    Tailor or dressmaking shops, custom [PRC-B]

    Variety stores, limited to 10,000 square feet of #floor area# per establishment [PRC-B]
  2. Offices

    Offices, business, professional including ambulatory diagnostic or treatment health care, or governmental [PRC-B1]

    Veterinary medicine for small animals, provided all activities are conducted within a #completely enclosed building#; where such #building# contains a #residential use#, no access shall be from an entrance serving the #residential# portion [PRC-B1]
  3. Retail or Service Establishments

    Antique stores [PRC-B]

    Art galleries, commercial [PRC-B]

    Artists' supply stores [PRC-B]

    Automobile supply stores, with no installation or repair services [PRC-B]

    Banks, including drive-in banks [PRC-B]

    Bicycle sales [PRC-B]

    Book stores [PRC-B]

    Candy or ice cream stores [PRC-B]

    Carpet, rug, linoleum or other floor covering stores, limited to 10,000 square feet of #floor area# per establishment [PRC-B1]

    Cigar or tobacco stores [PRC-B]

    Clothing or clothing accessory stores, limited to 10,000 square feet of #floor area# per establishment [PRC-B]

    Clothing rental establishments, limited to 10,000 square feet of #floor area# per establishment [PRC-B]

    Docks for ferries, other than #gambling vessels#, limited to an aggregate operational passenger load, per #zoning lot#, of 150 passengers per half hour. In Community District 1 in the Borough of Brooklyn, docks for ferries with a vessel capacity of up to 399 passengers shall be allowed, provided that such docks are certified by the Chairperson of the City Planning Commission pursuant to Section 62-813 (Docking facilities for ferries or water taxis in certain waterfront areas). The maximum dock capacity is the U. S. Coast Guard-certified capacity of the largest vessel using the dock [PRC-H]

    Docks for water taxis, with a vessel capacity of up to 99 passengers. In Community District 1 in the Borough of Brooklyn, such docks shall be certified by the Chairperson of the City Planning Commission pursuant to Section 62-813 (Docking facilities for ferries or water taxis in certain waterfront areas). The maximum dock capacity is the U. S. Coast Guard-certified capacity of the largest vessel using the dock

    Docks or mooring facilities for non-commercial pleasure boats [PRC-H]

    Dry goods or fabrics stores, limited to 10,000 square feet of #floor area# per establishment [PRC-B]

    Eating or drinking establishments with entertainment, but not dancing, with a capacity of 200 persons or fewer4 [PRCB]

    Eating or drinking establishments with musical entertainment but not dancing, with a capacity of 200 persons or fewer [PRC-B]

    Electrolysis studios [PRC-B]

    Fishing tackle or equipment, rental or sales [PRC-B1]

    Florist shops [PRC-B]

    Frozen food lockers1 [PRC-B]

    Furniture stores, limited to 10,000 square feet of #floor area# per establishment [PRC-B1]

    Furrier shops, custom [PRC-B]

    Gift shops [PRC-B]

    Interior decorating establishments, provided that #floor area# used for processing, servicing or repairs shall be limited to 750 square feet per establishment [PRC-B]

    Jewelry or art metal craft shops [PRC-B]

    Leather goods or luggage stores [PRC-B]

    Loan offices1 [PRC-B1]

    Locksmith shops1 [PRC-B]

    Medical or orthopedic appliance stores [PRC-B]

    Meeting halls1 [PRC-D]

    Millinery shops [PRC-B]

    Music stores [PRC-B]

    Newsstands, open or enclosed [PRC-B]

    Optician or optometrist establishments [PRC-B]

    Paint stores [PRC-B]

    Pet shops [PRC-B]

    Photographic equipment or supply stores [PRC-B]

    Photographic studios [PRC-B]

    Picture framing shops [PRC-B]

    Record stores [PRC-B]

    Seed or garden supply stores [PRC-B]

    Sewing machine stores, selling household machines only [PRC-B]

    Shoe stores [PRC-B]

    Sporting or athletic stores [PRC-B]

    Stamp or coin stores [PRC-B]

    Telegraph offices [PRC-B]

    Television, radio, phonograph or household appliance stores, limited to 10,000 square feet of #floor area# per establishment [PRC-B]

    Toy stores [PRC-B]

    Travel bureaus [PRC-B]

    Typewriter stores [PRC-B]

    Wallpaper stores [PRC-B]

    Watch or clock stores or repair shops [PRC-B]
  4. Public Service Establishments5

    Court houses [PRC-C]

    Electric or gas utility substations, open or enclosed, limited in each case to a site of not more than 10,000 square feet1

    Fire or police stations [PRC-C]

    Public utility stations for oil or gas metering or regulating1

    Solar energy systems

    Telephone exchanges or other communications equipment structures. In all districts the height above #curb level# of such structures not existing on December 15, 1961, shall not exceed that attributable to #commercial buildings# of equivalent #lot coverage#, having an average floor to floor height of 14 feet above the lobby floor which may be as much as 25 feet in height. For the purpose of making this height computation, the gross area of all floors of the #building# including accessory mechanical equipment space except the #cellar# shall be included as #floor area#. Such height computation for the structure shall not preclude the ability to utilize unused #floor area# anywhere on the #zoning lot# or by special permit, subject to the normal provisions of the Resolution.

    Terminal facilities at river crossings for access to electric, gas, or steam lines1

    Water or sewage pumping stations1
  5. Clubs

    Non-commercial clubs, without restrictions on activities or facilities except for any activity or #use# listed within the definitions of either #adult physical culture establishments# or #physical culture or health establishments# in Section 12-10 [PRC-D]
  6. #Accessory Uses#
--------

1      In C5 Districts, a #use# in Use Group 6, marked with an asterisk, shall not be located on the ground floor of a #building# unless such #use# is at least 50 feet from the #street wall# of the #building# in which it is located, as provided in Section 32-423 (Limitation on ground floor location)
2      Eating or drinking places with #accessory# drivethrough facilities shall be permitted in C1,Districts only as provided in Section 73-243, and shall not be permitted in C5 Districts
3      Food stores with 2,000 square feet or more of #floor area# per establishment are classified in parking requirement category A and food stores with less than 2,000 square feet of #floor area# are classified in parking requirement category B, pursuant to Section 36-21 (General Provisions)
4      Permitted in C1-1, C1-2, C1-3, C1-4, C2-1, C2-2, C2-3, C2-4, C3 and C5 Districts, only as provided in Section 73-241
5      In a C6-1A District, #uses# in Use Group 6D are not permitted
(4/30/12)

C2 C6* C8

Use Group 7 consists primarily of home maintenance or repair services which:
  1. fulfill recurrent needs of residents in nearby areas;
  2. have a relatively small service area and are, therefore, widely distributed throughout the City; and
  3. are incompatible in primary retail districts since they break the continuity of retail frontage.
  1. Transient Accommodations

    #Motels#, #tourist cabins# or #boatels# [PRC-H]

    In C2 Districts, each #motel# or #tourist cabin# shall be located on a #zoning lot# in whole or in part within a 1,000 foot radius of the entrance or exit of a limited-access expressway, freeway, parkway or highway, all of which prohibit direct vehicular access to abutting land and provide complete separation of conflicting traffic flows, measured from the centerline of the entrance or exit ramp at its intersection with the nearest adjacent #street#
  2. Retail or Service Establishments

    Bicycle rental or repair shops [PRC-B1]

    Electrical, glazing, heating, painting, paper hanging, plumbing, roofing or ventilating contractors' establishments, limited to 2,500 square feet of #floor area# per establishment [PRC-B1]

    Exterminators [PRC-B1]

    Funeral establishments [PRC-H]

    Gun repairs [PRC-B1]

    Monument sales establishments, with incidental processing to order, but not including the shaping of headstones [PRC-C]

    Moving or storage offices, with storage limited to items for retail sale and to 1,500 square feet of #floor area# per establishment [PRC-B1]

    Refreshment stands, drive-in [PRC-H]

    Sailmaking establishments [PRC-C]

    Sign painting shops, limited to 2,500 square feet of #floor area# per establishment [PRC-B1]

    Taxidermist shops [PRC-B1]

    Trade embalmers [PRC-B1]

    Venetian blind, window shade or awning shops, custom, limited to 2,500 square feet of #floor area# per establishment [PRC-B1]

    Window cleaning contractors' establishments, including floor waxing and other similar building maintenance services [PRCB1]
  3. Wholesale Establishments

    Wholesale establishments, with not more than 1,500 square feet of #accessory# storage per establishment [PRC-B1]
  4. Auto Service Establishments

    Automobile glass and mirror shops [PRC-B1]

    Automobile seat cover or convertible top establishments, selling or installation [PRC-B1]

    Electric vehicle charging stations and automotive battery swapping facilities [PRC-B1]

    Tire sales establishments, including installation services [PRC-B1]
  5. #Accessory Uses#
*     In a C6-1A District, #uses# in Use Group 7 are not permitted
(5/8/13)

C2 C4 C6 C8

Use Group 8 consists primarily of amusement or service establishments which:
  1. are appropriate in local service districts to serve nearby residential areas; or
  2. depend on a wide service radius and may appropriately be located in secondary or major commercial centers.
Since these establishments are generally patronized by customers for special purposes not associated with retail shopping, they are appropriate neither in local shopping areas nor in the restricted central commercial areas.
  1. Amusements

    *Billiard parlors or pool halls [PRC-D]

    *Bowling alleys, limited to not more than 16 lanes per establishment [PRC-D]

    Model car hobby center, including racing, limited to not more than 8,000 square feet of #floor area# per establishment [PRC-D]

    Theaters [PRC-D]

    In C2-5, C2-6, C2-7, C2-8, C4-5, C4-6, C4-7, C6 and C8- 4 Districts, in order to prevent obstruction of #street# areas, a new motion picture theater, in a new or existing #building#, shall provide a minimum of four square feet of waiting area within the #zoning lot# for each seat in such theater. The required waiting space shall be either in an enclosed lobby or open area that is covered or protected during inclement weather and shall not include space occupied by stairs or space within 10 feet of a refreshment stand or of an entrance to a public toilet. Such requirements shall not apply to any additional motion picture theater created by the subdivision of an existing motion picture theater.
  2. Retail or Service Establishments

    *Automobile driving schools [PRC-B]

    Ice vending machines, coin-operated, including those machines that are self-contained, dealing directly with the ultimate consumer. Such self-contained machines shall be limited to 1,600 pounds capacity solely for the use of such self-contained machines

    Lumber stores, limited to 5,000 square feet of #floor area# per establishment exclusive of that #floor area# used for office and display area, and provided that not more than 400 square feet of #floor area# shall be used for cutting of lumber to size [PRC-B1]

    *Pawn shops [PRC-B1]

    Television, radio, phonograph or household appliance repair shops [PRC-B]

    *Upholstering shops dealing directly with consumers [PRC-B1]
  3. Automotive Service Establishments

    Automobile rental establishments, except that in the #Long Island City area#, as defined in Section 16-02 (Definitions), the number of automobiles that may be stored in such establishments in C2, C4 or C6 Districts shall not exceed 100 spaces and the maximum size in square feet of such storage area shall not exceed 200 times the number of parking spaces provided, exclusive of entrance/exit ramps

    #Public parking garages# or #public parking lots# with a capacity of 150 spaces or less, subject to the provisions set forth for #accessory# off-street parking spaces in Sections 36-53 (Width of Curb Cuts and Location of Access to the Street), 36-55 (Surfacing) and 36-56 (Screening), and provided that such #public parking lots# are not permitted as of right in C6-1A Districts and such #public parking garages# are not permitted as of right in C2-5, C2-6, C2-7, C2-8, C4-5, C4-5A, C4-5X, C4-6, C4-7, C6, C8-4, M1-4, M1-5, M1-6, M2-3, M2-4 or M3-2 Districts. #Public parking garages# may be open or enclosed, provided that no portion of such #use# shall be located on a roof other than a roof which is immediately above a #cellar# or #basement#.

    In the #Manhattan Core#, these #uses# are subject to the provisions of Article I, Chapter 3, and in the #Long Island City area#, as defined in Section 16-02 (Definitions), such #uses# are subject to the provisions of Article I, Chapter 6.
  4. Public Service Establishments

    Prisons [PRC-H]
  5. #Accessory Uses#
-------

*      In a C4 District, a #use# in Use Group 8, marked with an asterisk shall not be located on the ground floor of a #building# unless such #use# is at least 50 feet from the #street wall# of the #building# in which it is located, as provided in Section 32-423 (Limitation on ground floor location)
(2/26/98)

C2 C4 C5 C6 C8

Use Group 9 consists primarily of business and other services which:
  1. serve a large area and are, therefore, appropriate in secondary, major or central commercial shopping areas, and
  2. are also appropriate in local service districts, since these are typically located on the periphery of major or secondary centers.
  1. Retail or Service Establishments

    Automobile, motorcycle, #trailer# or boat showrooms or sales, with no repair services and with no preparation of vehicles or boats for delivery [PRC-C]

    *Banquet halls [PRC-D]

    *Blueprinting or photostatting establishments [PRC-B1]

    *Business schools or colleges [PRC-B1]

    *Catering establishments [PRC-B1]

    *Clothing or costume rental establishments [PRC-B]

    Docks for sightseeing, excursion or sport fishing vessels, other than #gambling vessels#, limited to the following aggregate dock capacities per #zoning lot#:

    200 in C2 Districts; 500 in C4-1, C4-2, C4-3, C4-4, C8- 1, C8-2, C8-3 Districts; 2,500 in C4-4A, C4-5, C4-6, C4-7, C5, C6, C8-4 Districts.

    "Dock capacity" is the U.S. Coast Guard certified capacity of the largest vessel using a dock. "Aggregate dock capacity" is the sum of the dock capacities of all docks on the #zoning lot# [PRC-H]

    *Gymnasiums, used exclusively for basketball, handball, paddleball, racketball, squash and tennis. [PRC-B]

    *Medical or dental laboratories for research or testing, or the custom manufacture of artificial teeth, dentures or plates, not involving any danger of fire or explosion nor offensive noise, vibration, smoke or other particulate matter, odorous matter, heat, humidity, glare or other objectionable effects [PRC-B1]

    *Musical instrument repair shops [PRC-B1]

    Plumbing, heating or ventilating equipment showrooms, without repair facilities [PRC-B1]

    *Printing establishments, limited to 2,500 square feet of #floor area# per establishment for production [PRC-B1]

    Public auction rooms [PRC-D]

    *Studios, art, music, dancing or theatrical [PRC-B]

    *Trade, or other schools for adults, not involving any danger of fire or explosion nor of offensive noise, vibration, smoke or particulate matter, dust, odorous matter, heat, humidity, glare or other objectionable effects [PRC-B1]

    *Typewriter or other small business machine sales, rental or repairs [PRC-B1]

    *Umbrella repair shops [PRC-B]

    *Wedding chapels [PRC-D]
  2. Wholesale Establishments

    Hair products for headwear, wholesaling including styling [PRC-B1]

    Photographic developing or photographic printing establishments, limited to 2,500 square feet of #floor area# per establishment except that such #floor area# limitation shall not apply in C6 Districts provided such #use# conforms to the performance standards for M1 Districts and to the applicable regulations of Chapter 19 (Fire Prevention Code) of the Administrative Code [PRC-B1]
  3. #Accessory Uses#
-------

*      In C4 or C5 Districts, a #use# in Use Group 9, marked with an asterisk shall not be located on the ground floor of a #building# unless such #use# is at least 50 feet from the #street wall# of the #building# in which it is located, as provided in Section 32-423 (Limitation on ground floor location)
(3/26/14)

C4 C5 C6 C8

Use Group 10 consists primarily of large retail establishments (such as department stores) that:
  1. serve a wide area, ranging from a community to the whole metropolitan area, and are, therefore, appropriate in secondary, major, or central shopping areas; and
  2. are not appropriate in local shopping or local service areas because of the generation of considerable pedestrian, automobile or truck traffic.
  1. Retail or Service Establishments

    Carpet, rug, linoleum or other floor covering stores, with no limitation on #floor area# per establishment [PRC-B1]

    Clothing or clothing accessory stores, with no limitation on #floor area# per establishment [PRC-B]

    Department stores [PRC-B]

    Depositories for storage of office records, microfilm or computer tapes, or for data processing [PRC-G]

    Docks for ferries, other than #gambling vessels#, with no restriction on passenger load. In Community District 1 in the Borough of Brooklyn, such docks shall be certified by the Chairperson of the City Planning Commission, pursuant to Section 62-813 (Docking facilities for ferries or water taxis in certain waterfront areas) [PRC-H]

    Dry goods or fabric stores, with no limitation on #floor area# per establishment [PRC-B]

    Eating or drinking places, without restrictions on entertainment or dancing, but limited to location in hotels [PRC-D]

    Furniture stores, with no limitation on #floor area# per establishment [PRC-B1]

    Office or business machine stores, sales or rental [PRC-B1]

    Photographic or motion picture production studios [PRC-D]

    Radio or television studios [PRC-D]

    Television, radio, phonograph or household appliance stores, with no limitation on #floor area# per establishment [PRC-B]

    Variety stores, with no limitation on #floor area# per establishment [PRC-B]
  2. Wholesale Establishments

    Wholesale offices or showrooms, with storage restricted to samples [PRC-B1]
  3. #Accessory Uses#
(12/15/61)

C5 C6** C8

Use Group 11 consists of a few types of essentially custom manufacturing activities that:
  1. benefit from a central location and are appropriate in the central business district;
  2. generally do not create any significant objectionable influences; and
  3. involve products characterized by a high ratio of value to bulk, so that truck traffic is kept to a minimum.
  1. Manufacturing Establishments

    *Art needlework, hand weaving or tapestries [PRC-F]

    *Books, handbinding or tooling [PRC-F]

    *Ceramic products, custom manufacturing [PRC-F]

    *Clothing, custom manufacturing or altering for retail [PRC-F]

    *Hair products, custom manufacturing [PRC-F]

    *Jewelry manufacturing from precious metals [PRC-F]

    *Medical, dental, drafting instruments, optical goods, or similar precision instruments [PRC-F]

    *Musical instruments, except pianos and organs [PRC-F]

    *Orthopedic or medical appliances, custom manufacturing [PRC-F]

    *Printing, custom, limited to 2,500 square feet of #floor area# per establishment for production, provided that such #floor area# limitation shall not apply in C6 Districts [PRC-F]

    *Watchmaking [PRC-F]
  2. Wholesale or Similar Establishments

    *Ship chandlers [PRC-F]

    *Wholesale establishments, with #accessory# storage limited to 2,500 square feet of #floor area# per establishment [PRCB1]
  3. #Accessory Uses#
-----
*      In a C5 District, a #use# in Use Group 11, marked with an asterisk, shall not be located on the ground floor of a #building# unless such #use# is at least 50 feet from the #street wall# of the #building# in which it is located, as provided in Section 32-423 (Limitation on ground floor location)
**    In a C6-1A District, #uses# in Use Group 11 are not permitted
(5/8/13)

C4 C6 C7 C8

Use Group 12 consists primarily of fairly large entertainment facilities that:
  1. have a wide service area and generate considerable pedestrian, automotive or truck traffic; and
  2. are, therefore, appropriate only in secondary, major or central commercial areas.
Certain public service establishments are also included.
  1. Amusements

    Arenas or auditoriums, with capacity limited to 2,500 seats [PRC-D]

    *Billiard parlor or pool halls [PRC-D]

    *Bowling alleys or table tennis halls, with no limitation on number of bowling lanes per establishment [PRC-D]

    **Eating or drinking establishments with entertainment and a capacity of more than 200 persons, or establishments of any capacity with dancing [PRC-D]

    In C4 Districts, a minimum of four square feet of waiting area within the #zoning lot# shall be provided for each person permitted under the occupant capacity as determined by the New York City Building Code. The required waiting area shall be in an enclosed lobby and shall not include space occupied by stairs, corridors or restrooms. In C4 Districts, such establishment shall be a minimum of 100 feet from a #Residence District# boundary, except that within 100 feet from a #Residence District# boundary, such establishment is permitted only by special permit pursuant to Section 73-244.

    In C6-1, C6-2, C6-3 and C6-4 Districts, a minimum of four square feet of waiting area within the #zoning lot# shall be provided for each person permitted under the occupant capacity as determined by the New York City Building Code. The required waiting area shall be in an enclosed lobby and shall not include space occupied by stairs, corridors or restrooms. In these districts, the entrance to such #use# shall be a minimum of 100 feet from the nearest #Residential District# boundary.


    Historical exhibits, provided such #use# is contained within a #completely enclosed building# [PRC-D]

    Indoor golf recreation centers [PRC-D]

    Model car hobby center, including racing, with no limitation on #floor area# per establishment [PRC-D]

    Public auction rooms [PRC-D]

    Skating rinks, enclosed [PRC-D]

    Stadiums, with capacity limited to 2,500 seats [PRC-D]

    Trade expositions, with rated capacity for not more than 2,500 persons, as determined by the Commissioner of Buildings [PRC-D]
  2. Retail Establishments

    Antique stores [PRC-B]

    Art gallery, commercial [PRC-B]

    Book stores [PRC-B]

    Candy or ice cream stores [PRC-B]

    Cigar and tobacco stores [PRC-B]

    Delicatessen stores [PRC-B]

    Drug stores [PRC-B]

    Gift shops [PRC-B]

    Jewelry or art metal craft shops [PRC-B]

    Music stores [PRC-B]

    Newsstands [PRC-B]

    Photographic equipment stores [PRC-B]

    Record stores [PRC-B]

    Stationery stores [PRC-B]

    Toy stores [PRC-B]
  3. Public Service Establishments

    Police stations [PRC-C]

    Water or sewage pumping stations
  4. Automotive Service Establishments

    #Public parking garages# or #public parking lots# with capacity of 150 spaces or less, subject to the provisions set forth for #accessory# off-street parking spaces in Sections 36-53 (Width of Curb Cuts and Location of Access to the Street), 36-55 (Surfacing) and 36-56 (Screening), and provided that such #public parking lots# are not permitted as-of-right in C7 Districts and such #public parking garages# are not permitted as-of-right in C4-5, C4-6, C4-7, C6, C8-4, M1-4, M1-5, M1-6, M2-3, M2-4 or M3-2 Districts. #Public parking garages# may be open or enclosed, provided that no portion of such #use# shall be located on a roof other than a roof which is immediately above a #cellar# or #basement#.

    In the #Manhattan Core#, these #uses# are subject to the provisions of Article I, Chapter 3, and in the #Long Island City area#, as defined in Section 16-02 (Definitions), such #uses# are subject to the provisions of Article I, Chapter 6.
  5. #Accessory Uses#
------

*      In a C4 District, a #use# in Use Group 12, marked with an asterisk, shall not be located on the ground floor of a #building# unless such #use# is at least 50 feet from the #street wall# of the #building# in which it is located, as provided in Section 32-423 (Limitation on ground floor location)
**    In C6-4 Districts mapped within that portion of Community District 5, Manhattan, bounded by West 22th Street, a line 100 feet west of Fifth Avenue, a line midway between West 16th Street and West 17th Street, and a line 100 feet east of Sixth Avenue, eating or drinking establishments with entertainment and a capacity of more than 200 persons, or establishments of any capacity with dancing, are permitted only by special permit of the Board of Standards and Appeals in accordance with Section 73-244
(4/6/78)

C7 C8

Use Group 13 consists of open or low coverage #uses#, mostly open amusement establishments, which either:
  1. generate noise and traffic, particularly at night, and are therefore not appropriate in local retail or local service areas; or
  2. attract customers for special purposes not associated with retail shopping, and are therefore not appropriate in local, secondary, major, or central shopping areas.
  1. Amusements, Open or Enclosed

    Camps, overnight or outdoor day [PRC-H]

    Children's amusement parks, provided that the total area of the #zoning lot# shall not exceed 10,000 square feet, and that no amusement attractions shall be located within 20 feet of a #Residence District# boundary [PRC-E]

    Circuses, carnivals or fairs of a temporary nature [PRC-E]

    Commercial beaches or swimming pools [PRC-E]

    Golf driving ranges [PRC-E]

    Miniature golf courses [PRC-E]

    Outdoor roller skating rinks [PRC-E]

    Outdoor skateboard parks, provided that the total area of the #zoning lot#, excluding the area used for #accessory# off-street parking spaces, shall not exceed two acres, and provided further that temporary enclosure of the skating runs, such as air supported structures, shall not be permitted [PRC-E]

    Outdoor skating rinks [PRC-E]

    Theaters [PRC-D]
  2. Retail Establishments

    Banquet halls [PRC-D]

    Catering establishments [PRC-B1]

    Refreshment stands, drive-in [PRC-H]
  3. Service Establishments

    Boat fuel sales, open or enclosed, without restriction as to location [PRC-C]
  4. #Accessory Uses#
(3/26/14)

C2 C3 C7 C8

Use Group 14 consists of the special services and facilities required for boating and related activities.
  1. Retail or Service

    Bicycle rental or repair shops [PRC-B1]

    Bicycle sales [PRC-B]

    Boat fuel sales, open or enclosed, restricted to location within 10 feet of a boat dock berth [PRC-C]

    Boat launching facilities for non-commercial pleasure boats

    Boat rentals, open or enclosed [PRC-H]

    Boat showrooms or sales, restricted to boats less than 100 feet in length, provided that such #use# or portion thereof may be conducted outside a #completely enclosed building# only if located at a distance greater than 100 feet from a #Residence District# boundary [PRC-C]

    Boat storage, repair, or painting, including the incidental sale of boats, boat parts, or accessories, restricted to boats less than 100 feet in length, provided that such #use# or portion thereof may be conducted outside a #completely enclosed building# only if located at a distance greater than 100 feet from a #Residence District# boundary [PRC-C]

    Candy or ice cream stores [PRC-B]

    Docks for ferries, other than #gambling vessels#, limited to an aggregate operational passenger load, per #zoning lot#, of 150 passengers per half hour. In Community District 1 in the Borough of Brooklyn, docks for ferries with a vessel capacity of up to 399 passengers shall be allowed, provided that such docks are certified by the Chairperson of the City Planning Commission pursuant to Section 62-813 (Docking facilities for ferries or water taxis in certain waterfront areas) [PRC-H]

    Docks for sightseeing, excursion or sport fishing vessels, other than #gambling vessels#, limited to the following aggregate dock capacities per #zoning lot#:

    200 in C2, C3 Districts; 500 in C7, C8-1, C8-2, C8-3 Districts; 2,500 in C8-4 Districts.

    "Dock capacity" is the U.S. Coast Guard certified capacity of the largest vessel using a dock. "Aggregate dock capacity" is the sum of the dock capacities of all docks on the #zoning lot#.


    Docks for water taxis, with a vessel capacity up to 99 passengers. In Community District 1 in the Borough of Brooklyn, such docks shall be certified by the Chairperson of the City Planning Commission pursuant to Section 62-813 (Docking facilities for ferries or water taxis in certain waterfront areas). The maximum dock capacity is the U.S. Coast Guard certified capacity of the largest vessel using the dock

    Docks or mooring facilities for non-commercial pleasure boats [PRC-H]

    Fishing tackle or equipment, rental or sales [PRC-B1]

    Ice vending machines, coin-operated, including those machines that are self-contained, dealing directly with the ultimate consumer. Such self-contained machines shall be limited to 1,600 pounds capacity solely for the use of such self-contained machines

    Sailmaking establishments [PRC-C]

    Sale or rental of sporting goods or equipment, including instruction in skiing, sailing or skin diving [PRC-B]
  2. Clubs

    Non-commercial clubs, without restrictions on activities or facilities except for any activity or #use# listed within the definitions of either #adult physical culture establishments# or #physical culture or health establishments# in Section 12-10 [PRC-D]
  3. #Accessory Uses#
(3/4/76)

C7

Use Group 15 consists of large open commercial amusement establishments which:
  1. generate considerable noise or traffic; and
  2. are appropriate only in a few areas designated for open amusement parks.
A. Amusements

Amusement arcades [PRC-E]

Amusement parks, children's, with no limitation on #floor area# per establishment [PRC-E]

Animal exhibits [PRC-E]

Ferris wheels, roller coasters, whips, parachute jumps, merry-go-rounds or similar open midway attractions [PRC-E]

Freak shows, wax museums, dodgem scooters or similar open or enclosed midway attractions [PRC-E]

Open booths with games of skill or chance, including shooting galleries [PRC-E]
(12/19/17)

C8

Use Group 16 consists of automotive and other necessary semiindustrial #uses# which:
  1. are required widely throughout the city; and
  2. involve offensive noise, vibration, smoke, dust, or other particulate matter, odorous matter, heat, humidity, glare or other objectionable influences, making such #uses# incompatible with #residential uses# and other #commercial uses#.
  1. Retail or Service Establishments

    Animal hospitals or kennels [PRC-B1]

    Animal pounds or crematoriums [PRC-C]

    Automobile, motorcycle, trailer or boat sales, open or enclosed [PRC-C]

    Blacksmith shops [PRC-C]

    Building materials sales, open or enclosed, limited to 10,000 square feet of #lot area# per establishment, provided that not more than 5,000 square feet of such #lot area# is used for open storage [PRC-B1]

    Carpentry, custom woodworking or custom furniture making shops [PRC-B1]

    Crematoriums, human [PRC-C]

    Electrical, glazing, heating, painting, paper hanging, plumbing, roofing or ventilating contractors' establishments, open or enclosed, with open storage limited to 5,000 square feet of #lot area# per establishment [PRCB1]

    Fuel, ice, oil, coal or wood sales, open or enclosed, limited to 5,000 square feet of #lot area# per establishment [PRC-B1]

    Household or office equipment or machinery repair shops, such as refrigerators, washing machines, stoves, deep freezers or air conditioning units [PRC-B1]

    Machinery rental or sales establishments [PRC-B1]

    Mirror silvering or glass cutting shops [PRC-B1]

    Motorcycle or motor scooter rental establishments [PRC-C]

    Poultry or rabbit killing establishments, for retail sale on the same #zoning lot# only [PRC-B1]

    Riding academies, open or enclosed [PRC-C]

    Sign painting shops, with no limitation on #floor area# per establishment [PRC-B1]

    Silver plating shops, custom [PRC-B1]

    Soldering or welding shops [PRC-Bl]

    Stables for horses [PRC-C]

    Tool, die or pattern making establishments, or similar small machine shops [PRC-B1]

    Trade schools for adults [PRC-B1]
  2. Automotive Service Establishments

    Automobile, truck, motorcycle or #trailer# repairs [PRC-C]

    Automobile laundries, provided that the #zoning lot# contains reservoir space for not less than 10 automobiles per washing lane

    #Automotive service stations#, open or enclosed, provided that facilities for lubrication, minor repairs or washing are permitted only if located within a #completely enclosed building#
  3. Vehicle Storage Establishments

    Commercial or public utility vehicle storage, open or enclosed, including #accessory# motor fuel pumps [PRC-G]

    Dead storage of motor vehicles

    Public transit yards, open or enclosed, including #accessory# motor fuel pumps [PRC-G]
  4. Heavy Service, Wholesale, or Storage Establishments

    Carpet cleaning establishments [PRC-F]

    Dry cleaning or cleaning and dyeing establishments, with no limitation on type of operation, solvents, #floor area# or capacity per establishment [PRC-F]

    Laundries, with no limitation on type of operation [PRC-F]

    Linen, towel or diaper supply establishments [PRC-F]

    Moving or storage offices, with no limitation as to storage or #floor area# per establishment* [PRC-G]

    Packing or crating establishments [PRC-G]

    Photographic developing or printing with no limitation on #floor area# per establishment [PRC-C]

    Trucking terminals or motor freight stations, limited to 20,000 square feet of #lot area# per establishment [PRC-G]

    Warehouses* [PRC-G]

    Wholesale establishments, with no limitation on #accessory# storage [PRC-C]
  5. #Accessory Uses#

    * In designated areas within #Manufacturing Districts#, as shown on the maps in APPENDIX J (Designated Areas Within Manufacturing Districts) of this Resolution, a #self-service storage facility# is subject to the provisions of Section 42-121 (Use Group 16D self-service storage facilities).
(3/22/06)

In the districts indicated, the following #uses# are permitted by special permit of the Board of Standards and Appeals, in accordance with standards set forth in Article VII, Chapter 3.

C4-1
Amusement arcades [PRC-E]

C2 C4 C6 C7
#Automotive service stations#, open or enclosed, with sites of not less than 7,500 square feet per establishment, and provided that facilities for lubrication, minor repairs, or washing are permitted only if located within a #completely enclosed building#

C3
#Boatels# [PRC-H]

C1 C2 C3
Camps, overnight or outdoor day [PRC-H]

C8
Children's amusement parks, with sites of not less than 10,000 square feet nor more than 75,000 square feet per establishment [PRC-E]

C3
Commercial beaches [PRC-E]

C3
Commercial swimming pools [PRC-E]

C1-1 C1-2 C1-3 C3
Eating or drinking establishments, including those which provide outdoor table service or have music for which there is no cover charge and no specified showtime, which have #accessory# drivethrough facilities [PRC-B]

C1-1 C1-2 C1-3 C3
Eating or drinking establishments, including those which provide musical entertainment but not dancing, with a capacity of 200 persons or less, or outdoor table service, which have #accessory# drive-through facilities [PRC-B]

C1-1 C1-2 C1-3 C1-4 C2-1 C2-2 C2-3 C2-4 C3 C5
Eating or drinking establishments with entertainment but not dancing, with a capacity of 200 persons or less [PRC-B]

C3
Eating or drinking establishments with musical entertainment but not dancing, with a capacity of 200 persons or less [PRC-B]

C2 C3 C4* C6-4**
Eating or drinking establishments with entertainment and a capacity of more than 200 persons or establishments of any capacity with dancing [PRC-D]

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8
Electric utility substations, limited to a site of not less than 10,000 square feet nor more than 40,000 square feet

C1 C4
Funeral establishments [PRC-H]

C6
Newspaper publishing establishments

C1-8X C1-9 C2 C4 C5 C6 C8
#Physical culture or health establishments#, including gymnasiums (not permitted under Use Group 9), massage establishments [PRC-B]

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8
Public transit or railroad electric substations, limited in each case to a site of not more than 40,000 square feet

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8
Radio or television towers, non-#accessory#

C2 C6 C7
Riding academies or stables [PRC-C]

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8
Sand, gravel or clay pits

C8
#Schools#, provided they have no living or sleeping accommodations

C1
Theaters, limited to a maximum capacity of 500 persons [PRC-D]

------

*      In C4 Districts, such #use# is permitted within 100 feet from a #Residence District# boundary, only as provided in Section 73-244
**    In C6-4 Districts mapped within that portion of Community District 5, Manhattan, bounded by West 22nd Street, a line 100 feet west of Fifth Avenue, a line midway between West 16th Street and West 17th Street, and a line 100 feet east of Sixth Avenue, such #use# is permitted only as provided in Section 73-244
(3/22/16)

In the districts indicated, the following #uses# are permitted by special permit of the City Planning Commission, in accordance with standards set forth in Article VII, Chapter 4, or as otherwise indicated in this Section.

C8
Amusement parks, children's, with sites of not less than 75,000 square feet nor more than 10 acres per establishment [PRC-E]

C4 C6 C7 C8
Arenas, auditoriums or stadiums with a capacity in excess of 2,500 seats [PRC-D]

C2
Automobile rental establishments, open

Bus stations:

C1 C2 C4 C6 C7 C8
With less than 10 berths

C4 C6
With 10 or more berths

C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8
Docks for #gambling vessels#, pursuant to Section 62-838

C6
Docks for passenger ocean vessels, pursuant to Section 62-832

C7 C8
Drive-in theaters, with a maximum capacity of 500 automobiles

C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8
Heliports

C4 C6 C7 C8
Indoor interactive entertainment facilities with eating and drinking [PRC-D]

C1 C2
#Long-term care facilities#, in C1 and C2 Districts mapped within R1 and R2 Districts.

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7
#Long-term care facilities#

#Long-term care facilities# in C1 and C2 Districts mapped within R1 and R2 Districts

#Long-term care facilities# in Community District 11 in the Borough of the Bronx, Community District 8 in the Borough of Manhattan, Community District 14 in the Borough of Queens, and Community District 1 in the Borough of Staten Island, #developments# of nursing homes, as defined in the New York State Public Health Law, or #enlargements# of existing nursing homes that increase the existing #floor area# by 15,000 square feet or more.

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7
#Non-profit hospital staff dwellings#, located not more than

1,500 feet from the non-profit or voluntary hospital

#Public parking garages#*:

C1
Limited in capacity to 100 spaces

C2-1 C2-2 C2-3 C2-4 C4-1 C4-2 C4-3 C4-4 C7 C8-1 C8-2 C8-3
With capacity of more than 150 spaces

C2-5 C2-6 C2-7 C2-8 C4-5 C4-6 C4-7 C5 C6 C7 C8-4
With any capacity

#Public parking lots#*:

C1
Limited in capacity to 100 spaces

C2 C4 C6 C7 C8
With capacity of more than 150 spaces

C5 C7
With any capacity

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8
Public transit, railroad or electric utility substations, limited in each case to a site of not less than 40,000 square feet nor more than 10 acres

C8
Racetracks

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8
Railroad passenger stations

C6
Research and development facility, scientific

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8
Seaplane bases

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8
Sewage disposal plants

C4 C6 C7 C8
Trade expositions, with a rated capacity for more than 2,500 persons [PRC-D]

C8
Trucking terminals or motor freight stations with sites in excess of 20,000 square feet per establishment [PRC-G]

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8
#Uses# listed in a permitted Use Group for which #railroad or transit air space# is #developed#

------

*      In the #Manhattan Core#, these #uses# are subject to the provisions of Article I, Chapter 3, and in the #Long Island City area#, as defined in Section 16-02 (Definitions), such #uses# are subject to the provisions of Article I, Chapter 6.
(2/2/11)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C8

In the districts indicated, except as otherwise specifically provided in the Use Groups permitted in such districts and in Sections 36-11 (General Provisions), 36-61 (Permitted Accessory Off-Street Loading Berths) and 73-36 (Physical Culture or Health Establishments), all permitted #uses# which are created by #development#, or which are #enlarged# or #extended#, or which result from a change of #use# shall be subject to the provisions of this Section with respect to enclosure within #buildings#. With respect to the #enlargement# or #extension# of an existing #use#, such provisions shall apply to the #enlarged# or #extended# portion of such #use#.
(12/15/61)

C1 C5 C6-5 C6-7

In the districts indicated, all such #uses# shall be located within #completely enclosed buildings#.
(1/14/65)

C2 C3 C4 C6-1 C6-2 C6-3 C6-4 C6-6 C6-8 C6-9 C8

In the districts indicated, all such #uses# shall be located within #completely enclosed buildings# or within #buildings# which are #completely enclosed# except for store fronts or store windows which may be opened to serve customers outside the #building#.
(2/26/14)

C1 C2 C3

In the districts indicated, in any #building#, or portion of a #building# occupied on one or more of its upper #stories# by #residential uses# or by #community facility uses#, no #commercial uses# listed in Use Group 6, 7, 8, 9 or 14 shall be located above the level of the first #story# ceiling, provided, however, that permitted #signs#, other than #advertising signs#, #accessory# to such #commercial uses# may extend to a maximum height of two feet above the level of the finished floor of the second #story#, but in no event higher than six inches below the lowest window sill of the second #story#. In any other #building#, or portion thereof, not more than two #stories# may be occupied by #commercial uses# listed in Use Group 6A, 6B, 6C, 6F, 7, 8, 9 or 14.

However, in C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R9 or R10 Districts or in C1-8, C1-9, C2-7 or C2-8 Districts, non-#residential uses# listed in Use Group 6, 7, 8, 9 or 14, where permitted by the applicable district regulations, may occupy the lowest two #stories# in any #building# constructed after September 17, 1970. For #buildings# constructed in such districts prior to September 17, 1970, located in Community District 6 in the Borough of Manhattan, such non-#residential uses# may occupy the lowest two #stories# in such #building#, provided that:
  1. the Chairperson of the City Planning Commission certifies to the Commissioner of Buildings that the second #story# has not been occupied by a #community facility use#, a #dwelling unit# or a #rooming unit#, notwithstanding the certificate of occupancy, if any, for a continuous period from May 1, 2013 until a certification has been issued pursuant to this Section; and
  2. the second #story# of at least one other #building# on the same #block# frontage is occupied by a #use# listed in Use Groups 6, 7, 8, 9 or 14.
(2/2/11)

C4 C5 C6

In the districts indicated, in any #building#, or portion of a #building# occupied by #residential uses#, #commercial uses# listed in Use Group 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15 or 16 may be located only on a #story# below the lowest #story# occupied in whole or in part by such #dwelling units# or #rooming units#, except that this limitation shall not preclude the location of any such #commercial use# below the level of the first #story# ceiling, or the extension of a permitted #sign#, other than an #advertising sign#, #accessory# to such #commercial use#, to a maximum height of two feet above the level of the finished floor of the second #story#, but in no event higher than six inches below the lowest window sill on the second #story#.
(12/15/61)

C4 C5

In the districts indicated, #uses# in the Use Groups listed in the following table and marked with asterisks in the Use Group listing shall be located only as follows and as set forth in the following table:
  1. on a floor above or below the ground floor; or
  2. on the ground floor, but not within 50 feet of any #street wall# of the #building# and with no #show window# facing on the #street#.
District Use Group in Which Limitation Applies
C4 8, 9 or 12
C5 6, 9 or 11
(3/22/16)

C1-8A C1-9A C2-7A C2-8A C4-6A C4-7A

In the districts indicated, and in C1 and C2 Districts mapped within R9A and R10A Districts, #uses# within #stories# that have a floor level within five feet of #curb level# fronting on a #wide street# shall be limited to non-#residential uses# except for Type 1 lobbies, and entryways to subway stations provided in accordance with the applicable provisions of Section 37-33 (Maximum Width of Certain Uses).

Non-#residential use# shall have a depth of at least 15 feet from the #street wall#. Such minimum depth requirement may be reduced, however, to the minimum extent necessary, to accommodate a vertical circulation core, or structural columns associated with upper #stories# of the #building#. No more than 8,000 square feet shall be devoted to Use Group 6B within #stories# that have a floor level within five feet of #curb level#.

The provisions of Section 32-512 (For corner lots) shall not apply.

The provisions of this Section shall not apply within Community Board 7, Borough of Manhattan.
(3/22/16)

Within the boundaries of Community Board 7 in the Borough of Manhattan, when a #development#, #enlargement# or change of #use# is located in an R10 equivalent #Commercial District#, #uses# within #stories# that have a floor level within five feet of #curb level# fronting on a #wide street# shall be limited to non- #residential uses#, except for Type 1 lobbies, and entryways to subway stations provided in accordance with the applicable provisions of Section 37-33 (Maximum Width of Certain Uses).
(3/22/16)

C1 C2 C4

In all C1, C2 and C4 Districts in the Borough of Staten Island, ground floor #uses# shall conform with the provisions of this Section.

  1. Ground floor level #use# requirements

    1. Along #primary street frontages#

      For #buildings#, or portions thereof, with #primary street frontage#, as defined in Section 37-311, #uses# on the ground floor level, to the minimum depth set forth in Section 37-32 (Ground Floor Depth Requirements for Certain Uses), shall be limited to non-#residential uses# except for Type 1 lobbies, and entrances and exits to #accessory# parking spaces provided in accordance with the applicable provisions of Section 37-33 (Maximum Width of Certain Uses). Any #accessory# off-street parking spaces located on the ground floor level shall be wrapped by #floor area# in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (a) of Section 37-35 (Parking Wrap and Screening Requirements).
    2. Along #secondary street frontages#

      For #buildings#, or portions thereof, with #secondary street frontage#, as defined in Section 37-311, all #uses# permitted by the underlying district shall be permitted on the ground floor level, provided that any #accessory# off-street parking spaces located on the ground floor level shall be wrapped or screened in accordance with the provisions of Section 37-35.
  2. The level of the finished floor of such ground floor shall be located not higher than two feet above nor lower than two feet below the as-built level of the adjoining #street#.

  3. #Non-conforming buildings#

    #Buildings# containing #non-conforming residential uses# on the ground floor shall be permitted to #enlarge# without regard to the #use# regulations of this Section, provided that such #enlargement# complies with the provisions of the #residential yard# regulations set forth in Section 23-40.
(3/22/16)

C4-5D C6-3D

In the districts indicated and in C2 Districts mapped within R7D or R9D Districts, #uses# within #stories# that have a floor level within five feet of #curb level# shall be limited to non- #residential uses# which shall extend along the entire width of the #building#, except for Type 1 lobbies, entrances and exits to #accessory# off-street parking facilities, and entryways to subway stations provided in accordance with the provisions of Section 37-33 (Maximum Width of Certain Uses). Such non- #residential uses# comply with the minimum depth provisions of Section 37-32 (Ground Floor Depth Requirements for Certain Uses).

Enclosed parking spaces, or parking spaces within a #building#, including such spaces #accessory# to #residences#, shall be permitted to occupy #stories# that have a floor level within five feet of #curb level# provided they comply with the provisions of Section 37-35 (Parking Wrap and Screening Requirements). Loading berths serving any permitted #use# in the #building# may occupy up to 40 feet of such #street# frontage and, if such #building# fronts on both a #wide street# and a #narrow street#, such loading berth shall be located only on a #narrow street#.

In C4-5D and C6-3D Districts, and in C2 Districts mapped within R7D or R9D Districts, each ground floor level #street wall# in a #building developed# or #enlarged# on the ground floor level shall comply with the glazing provisions set forth in Section 37- 34 (Minimum Transparency Requirements).
(3/22/16)

The regulations of this Section shall apply to any #development# occupied by #predominantly residential use#, constructed after April 21, 1977, located on any #zoning lot# within C1-8, C1-9, C2-7, C2-8, C4-6, C4-7, C5-1, C5-2, C5-4, C6-3, C6-4, C6-5 or C6- 8 Districts, or C1 and C2 Districts mapped within R9 or R10 Districts. However, this Section shall not apply within any Special Purpose District nor shall it apply to any #Quality Housing building#, except as otherwise set forth herein.

An application to the Department of Buildings for a permit respecting any #development# shall include a plan and an elevation drawn to a scale of at least one-sixteenth inch to a foot of the new #building# and #buildings# on #contiguous lots# or #contiguous blocks# showing #signs#, other than #advertising signs#, #arcades#, #street wall# articulation, curb cuts, #street# trees, sidewalk paving, central refuse storage area and such other necessary information as may be required by the Commissioner of Buildings.
  1. Definitions

    For the purposes of this Section, the following definitions shall be applicable.

    Contiguous block

    For the purposes of this Section, inclusive, a “contiguous block” is a #block# containing one or more #zoning lots# separated by a #narrow street# from the #block# containing the #development#.

    Contiguous lot

    For the purposes of this Section, inclusive, a “contiguous lot” is a #zoning lot# which shares a common #side lot line# with the #zoning lot# of the #development#.

    Development

    For the purposes of this Section, inclusive, in addition to the definition of #development# in Section 12-10 (DEFINITIONS), “development” shall also include an #enlargement# involving an increase in #lot coverage#.

    Predominantly residential use

    For the purposes of this Section, inclusive, a “predominantly residential use” means a #building# having a #residential floor area# in excess of 50 percent of the total #building floor area#.
  2. Applicability of Article II, Chapter 6

    In C1-8, C1-9, C2-7, C2-8, C4-6, C4-7, C5-1, C5-2, C5-4, C6- 3, C6-4, C6-5 and C6-8 Districts, or C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R9 or R10 Districts, the regulations of Article II, Chapter 6 (Special Urban Design Guidelines - Streetscape), shall apply to any #development# occupied by #predominantly residential use#, except as modified by the provisions of this Section. The purpose of these modifications is to make the regulations of Article II, Chapter 6, applicable to #Commercial Districts#.
  3. Retail Continuity

    For #buildings# with front #building# walls that are at least 50 feet in width and front upon a #wide street#, a minimum of 50 percent of the width of such front #building# wall shall be occupied at the ground floor level by #commercial uses#, as permitted by district regulations.

    In C1-8, C1-9, C2-7, C2-8 and C4-6 Districts and C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R9 or R10 Districts, #uses# which occupy such 50 percent of the front #building# wall shall be limited to those listed in Use Groups 6A, 6C and 6F, excluding banks and loan offices, except that in C4-6 Districts only, such #uses# may additionally include those listed in Use Groups 8A, 8B and 10A. All #uses# permitted by the underlying district regulations are permitted in the remaining 50 percent of the front #building# wall.

    Such requirement of #commercial uses# for a minimum of 50 percent of the front #building# wall may be waived, or additional #uses# permitted, upon certification by the City Planning Commission to the Commissioner of Buildings that an adequate supply of such #uses# already exists at the ground floor level in the surrounding area.

    The Commission may require that an application for such certification of additional #uses# for a completed #building#, where #floor area# has been designated for occupancy for such #commercial uses#, establish that a good faith effort has been made to secure tenancy by such #uses#.
  4. Ground floor transparency and articulation

    When any #building# wall which is five feet or more in height adjoins a sidewalk, a #public plaza# or an #arcade#, ground floor level transparency shall be provided in accordance with the provisions of Section 37-34 (Minimum Transparency Requirements).

    In addition, any portion of such #building# wall, 50 feet or more in width, which contains no transparent element between #curb level# and 12 feet above #curb level# or the ceiling of the ground floor, whichever is higher, or to its full height if such wall is less than 12 feet in height, shall be covered with ivy or similar planting or contain artwork or be treated so as to provide visual relief. Plants shall be planted in soil having a depth of not less than 2 feet, 6 inches, and a minimum width of 24 inches. If artwork is being used, approval by the New York City Design Commission shall be obtained prior to the certificate of occupancy being issued for the #development#.
  5. Sign regulations

    In addition to the applicable district regulations in C1-8, C1-9, C2-7, C2-8 and C4-6 Districts and C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R9 or R10 Districts, all #signs#, other than #advertising signs# and window #signs#, shall be located in a horizontal band not higher than three feet, the base of which is located not higher than 17 feet above #curb level#. Where there is a grade change of at least 1.5 feet in 100 along the portion of the #street# upon which the #development# fronts, such signage band may be staggered along such #street#.

    When a #building# on a #contiguous lot# or #contiguous block# contains #accessory# business #signs# within a coordinated horizontal band along its #street# frontage, the signage strip along the #development# shall be located at the same elevation as the adjacent band, but in no event higher than 17 feet above #curb level#. Where coordinated horizontal bands exist on two #contiguous lots# or #contiguous blocks# on both sides of the #development#, the signage strip shall be located at the same elevation as one adjacent band, or between the elevations of the two. For the purpose of this Section, the elevation is measured from the #curb level# to the base of the signage strip.
The City Planning Commission may, by certification to the Commissioner of Buildings, allow modifications of the requirements of this Section. Such modifications will be permitted when the Commission finds that such modifications will enhance the design quality of the #street wall#.
(6/23/05)

Words in italics are defined in Section 12-10 or, if applicable exclusively to this Section, in this Section or in Section 98-01.
(3/22/16)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8
  1. In all districts, as indicated, #railroad or transit air space# may be #developed# or used only for a permitted #use accessory# to the railroad or transit right-of-way or yard, a #use# permitted by the City Planning Commission as set forth in Section 74-681 (Development within or over a railroad or transit right-of-way or yard), or a railroad passenger station permitted by the Commission as set forth in Section 74-62 (Railroad Passenger Stations) unless the right-of-way or yard or portion thereof is no longer required for railroad or transit #use# as set forth in paragraph (b) of this Section.

    If any #building or other structure# constructed in such #railroad or transit air space# in accordance with the provisions of Section 74-681 is #enlarged# or replaced by a new #building or other structure#, the provisions of this Section shall apply to such #enlargement# or replacement.

    However, any #use# legally established in such #railroad or transit air space# in accordance with the provisions of Section 74-681 may be changed to another #use# listed in a permitted Use Group and no additional special permit from the Commission shall be required for such change of #use#.

    Any #building or other structure# within or over a railroad or transit right-of-way or yard, which #building or other structure# was completed prior to September 27, 1962, or constructed in accordance with the applicable provisions of Sections 11-31 to 11-34, inclusive, prior to December 5, 1991, may be #enlarged# or replaced in accordance with the applicable district regulations without any requirement for a special permit from the Commission. Ownership of rights permitting the #enlargement# or replacement of such a #building or other structure# shall be deemed to be equivalent to ownership of a #zoning lot# or portion thereof, provided that such #enlargement# or replacement will be on one #block# and the rights are in single ownership and recorded prior to February 22, 1990. Such ownership of rights shall be deemed to include alternative arrangements specified in the #zoning lot# definition in Section 12-10 (DEFINITIONS).

    #Enlargement# or replacement utilizing these ownership rights shall be deemed to be constructed upon the equivalent of a #zoning lot#.
  2. When the #use# of a railroad or transit right-of-way or yard or portion thereof has been permanently discontinued or terminated and a #large-scale residential# or #community facility development# or a #large-scale general development# requiring one or more special permits is proposed, no #use# or #development# of the property shall be allowed until the Commission has authorized the size and configuration of all #zoning lots# on such property. As a condition for such authorization, the Commission shall find that:

    1. the proposed #zoning lots#, indicated by a map describing the boundaries of the total area of each lot, are not excessively large, elongated or irregular in shape and that no #development# on any #zoning lot# would result in the potential for an excessive concentration of #bulk# that would be incompatible with allowable #developments# on adjoining property; and
    2. each resulting #zoning lot# has direct access to one or more #streets#.

    No subsequent alteration in size or configuration of any #zoning lot# approved by the Commission shall be permitted unless authorized by the Commission. The Commission may prescribe appropriate conditions and safeguards to minimize adverse effects of such #zoning lot# designation on the character of the surrounding area. Such conditions shall be set forth in a written Declaration of Restrictions covering all tracts of land, or in separate written Declarations of Restrictions covering parts of such tracts of land and which in the aggregate cover the entire tract of land comprising the #zoning lot#, which is executed and recorded as specified in the definition of #zoning lot# in Section 12-10 (DEFINITIONS).

    Prior to granting any #zoning lot# authorization relating to such right-of-way or yard, the Commission shall request the Metropolitan Transportation Authority and the Departments of Transportation of the State of New York and the City of New York to indicate within 30 days whether said agencies have any plan to use such property or portion thereof for a railroad or transit #use#.
  3. Notwithstanding the above, the #High Line#, as defined in Section 98-01, shall be governed by the provisions of Section 98-16 (Air Space Over a Railroad or Transit Right-of-Way or Yard).
(12/15/61)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, the location of primary business entrances, #show windows# or #signs# shall be subject to the provisions of this Section.

For the purposes of this Section, a lot of record or a group of contiguous lots of record held in single ownership or control at December 15, 1961, or any applicable amendment thereto shall be considered a single #zoning lot#, regardless of any subsequent subdivision.

For the purposes of this Section, a #corner lot# shall include the entire #zoning lot# notwithstanding the 100 foot limitation in the definition of #corner lots# in Section 12-10 (DEFINITIONS). All other #zoning lots# shall be considered #zoning lots# with single frontage.

The provisions of this Section shall not apply to:
  1. vehicular entrances or exits for permitted drive-in #uses# or automotive service establishments or for permitted or required #accessory# off-street parking spaces or loading berths;
  2. service entrances, or other entrances less than 3 feet, 6 inches in width;
  3. windows other than #show windows#; or
  4. ventilators, fire escapes or other appurtenances required by law.
(12/15/61)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, for #zoning lots# with single frontage, no primary business entrance, #show window# or #sign# shall be located on that portion of the #street# frontage within a distance of 20 feet from frontage on the same side of the #street# in a #Residence District#.

However, where the #street# frontage of such #zoning lot# or portion thereof within the #Commercial District# is less than 30 feet in length, the minimum distance shall be reduced to 10 feet. For #zoning lots# with a frontage of more than 30 feet, an application may be made to the Board of Standards and Appeals to reduce such minimum distance to 10 feet, as provided in Section 73-50 (SPECIAL PROVISIONS APPLYING ALONG DISTRICT BOUNDARIES).
(12/15/61)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, no primary business entrance, #show window#, or #sign# shall be located on that portion of the #street# frontage of a #corner lot# within 75 feet of frontage on the same side of the #street# in a #Residence District#.

However, primary business entrances, #show windows# or #signs# may be located on frontage less than 75 feet, but not less than 20 feet, from a #Residence District# boundary:
  1. if the total length of the #block# face containing such frontage is less than 220 feet;
  2. if such frontage adjoins frontage on a #corner lot# in a #Residence District#; or
  3. if such frontage is separated from frontage in the #Residence District# by one or more #zoning lots# with single frontage.
(2/2/11)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, primary business entrances, #show windows# or #signs# may be located on any frontage within a #Commercial District#, if the Commissioner of Buildings finds that the #zoning lot# on which the business entrance, #show window# or #sign# is to be located:
  1. is divided by a boundary between the #Commercial District# and a #Residence District#; or
  2. is presently in the same ownership as adjoining property located in a #Residence District# and no #building# in the #Residence District# exists, or will in the future be erected, within a distance of 75 feet from the #Commercial District#, as evidenced by deed restrictions filed in an office of record binding the owner and the owner’s heirs and assigns.
(5/22/63)

Words in italics are defined in Section 12-10 or, if applicable exclusively to this Chapter, in this Section.
(2/2/11)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, #signs# other than #advertising signs# are permitted subject to the provisions of the following Sections:

Section 32-64 (Surface Area and Illumination Provisions)
Section 32-65 (Permitted Projection or Height of Signs)
Section 32-66 (Additional Regulations for Signs Near Certain Parks and Designated Arterial Highways)
Section 32-67 (Special Provisions Applying along District Boundaries)
Section 32-68 (Permitted Signs on Residential or Mixed Buildings)
Section 32-69 (Additional Sign Regulations for Adult Establishments)

However, notwithstanding any provision of this Section, flags, banners or pennants other than those that are #advertising signs#, located on any #zoning lot# used primarily for #community facility uses# of a civic, philanthropic, educational or religious nature, are permitted in all districts, as indicated, without limitation.
(2/2/11)

C6-5 C6-7 C7 C8

In the districts indicated, #advertising signs# are permitted subject to the applicable provisions of the following Sections:

Section 32-64 (Surface Area and Illumination Provisions)
Section 32-65 (Permitted Projection or Height of Signs)
Section 32-66 (Additional Regulations for Signs Near Certain Parks and Designated Arterial Highways)
Section 32-67 (Special Provisions Applying along District Boundaries)
Section 32-68 (Permitted Signs on Residential or Mixed Buildings)
(2/27/01)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, all permitted #signs# shall be subject to the restrictions on #surface area# and illumination as set forth in this Section, provided that the following #signs# shall be exempted from such restrictions on #surface area#:

#Illuminated# non-#flashing signs# other than #advertising signs# located in a window within a #building#, with a total #surface area# not exceeding eight square feet on any #zoning lot# and limited to not more than three such #signs# in any window.

For the purpose of determining permitted #surface area# of #signs# for #zoning lots# occupied by more than one establishment, any portion of such #zoning lot# occupied by a #building# or part of a #building# accommodating one or more establishments on the ground floor may be considered as a separate #zoning lot#.

No #illuminated sign# shall have a degree or method of illumination which exceeds standards established by the Department of Buildings by rule pursuant to the City Administrative Procedure Act. Such standards shall ensure that illumination on any #illuminated sign# does not project or reflect on #residences#, #loft dwellings# or #joint living-work quarters for artists# so as to interfere with the reasonable use and enjoyment thereof. Nothing herein shall be construed to authorize a #sign with indirect illumination# to arrange an external artificial source of illumination so that direct rays of light are projected from such artificial source into #residences#, #loft dwellings# or #joint living-work quarters for artists#.
(12/15/61)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, the total #surface area# of all permitted #signs#, including non-#illuminated# or #illuminated signs#, shall not exceed the limitation established for non- #illuminated signs#, as set forth in Section 32-642.
(1/20/65)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, non-#illuminated signs# with total #surface areas# not exceeding those shown in the following table are permitted:

District Maximum Surface Area
C3 50 square feet
C1 C2 Three times the #street# frontage of
the #zoning lot# (in feet), but in
no event more than 150 sq. ft. for
#interior# or #through lots# or 150
sq. ft. on each frontage for #corner
lots#.
C5-1 C5-2 C5-3 C5-5 Three times the #street# frontage of
the #zoning lot# (in feet), but in
no event more than 200 sq. ft. for
#interior# or #through lots# or 200
sq. ft. on each frontage for #corner
lots#.
C4 C5-4 C6-1 C6-2 C6-3
C6-4 C6-6 C6-8 C6-9
Five times the #street# frontage of
the #zoning lot# (in feet), but in
no event more than 500 sq. ft. for
#interior# or #through lots# or 500
sq. ft. on each frontage for #corner
lots#.
C8 Six times the #street# frontage of
the #zoning lot# (in feet), but in
no event more than 750 sq. ft. for
each #sign#.
C6-5 C6-7 C7 No restrictions as to size
(12/15/61)

C1 C2

In the districts indicated, #illuminated# non-#flashing signs# are permitted with a total #surface area# (in square feet) not exceeding three times the #street# frontage of the #zoning lot# in feet, but in no event shall the total #surface area# exceed 50 square feet for #interior# or #through lots# or 50 square feet on each frontage for #corner lots#.
(6/21/73)

C4 C5-4 C6 C7

In the districts indicated, #illuminated# or #flashing signs# with total #surface areas# not exceeding those shown in the following table are permitted:

District Maximum Surface Area
(in square feet)
C4 C5-4
C6-1 C6-2 C6-3 C6-4
C6-6 C6-8 C6-9
Five times the #street# frontage of
the #zoning lot# (in feet), but in
no event more than 500 square feet
for #interior# or #through lots# or
500 square feet on each frontage for
#corner lots#.
C6-5 C6-7 C7 No restrictions as to size

However, in a C6-1A District, #flashing signs# are not permitted.
(4/8/98)

C8

In the district indicated, #illuminated# or #flashing signs#, other than #advertising signs#, and #advertising signs# with indirect illumination, are permitted, provided that the total #surface area# of all such #signs# (in square feet) shall not exceed five times the #street# frontage of the #zoning lot# (in feet) and that the #surface area# of each #sign# shall not exceed 500 square feet.
(12/15/61)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, all permitted #signs# are subject to the applicable regulations of this Section.
(4/8/98)

C6-5 C6-7 C7

In the districts indicated, except as otherwise provided in Section 32-653 (Additional regulations for projecting signs), no permitted #sign# shall project across a #street line# more than eight feet.
(4/8/98)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6-1 C6-2 C6-3 C6-4 C6-6 C6-8 C6-9 C8

In the districts indicated, except as otherwise provided in Section 32-653 (Additional regulations for projecting signs), no permitted #sign# shall project across a #street line# more than 18 inches for double- or multi-faceted #signs# or 12 inches for all other #signs#.
(2/27/01)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, permitted #signs# other than #advertising signs# may be displayed as follows:
  1. Non-#illuminated signs# may be displayed on awnings or canopies permitted by the Administrative Code, with a #surface area# not exceeding 12 square feet and with the height of letters not exceeding 12 inches. Any commercial copy on such #signs# shall be limited to identification of the name or address of the #building# or an establishment contained therein.
  2. #Signs# may be displayed on marquees permitted by the Administrative Code, provided that no such #sign# in a district other than a C6-5, C6-7 or C7 District shall project more than 48 inches above nor more than 12 inches below such marquee.
(12/15/61)

C8

In the district indicated, permitted #signs# shall not extend to a height greater than 40 feet above #curb level#, provided that non-#illuminated signs# or #signs with indirect illumination# may extend to a maximum height of 58 feet.
(1/20/65)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7

In the districts indicated, no permitted #sign# shall extend above #curb level# at a height greater than the following:

Districts Maximum Height (in feet)
C1 C2 C3
C5-1 C5-2 C5-3 C5-5
25
C4 C5-4 C6-1 C6-2 C6-3
C6-4 C6-6 C6-8 C6-9
40
C6-5 C6-7 C7 No restriction as to
height
(1/20/65)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6-1 C6-2 C6-3 C6-4 C6-6 C6-8 C6-9

In the districts indicated, no #sign# displayed from the wall of a #building or other structure# shall extend above the parapet wall or roof of such #building or other structure#, except that a vertical #sign#, the horizontal width of which, parallel to the wall, does not exceed 28 inches, may extend no higher than 15 feet above the roof level.
(3/11/65)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6-1 C6-2 C6-3 C6-4 C6-6 C6-8 C6-9

In the districts indicated, no #signs# shall be permitted on the roof of any #building#.
(2/27/01)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, all permitted #signs# are subject to the applicable regulations of this Section.

For the purposes of this Section, arterial highways shall include all highways that are shown on the Master Plan of Arterial Highways and Major Streets as "principal routes," "parkways" or "toll crossings," and that have been designated by the City Planning Commission as arterial highways to which the provisions of this Section shall apply.
(2/27/01)

C6-5 C6-7 C7 C8

In the districts indicated, and within 200 feet of an arterial highway or a #public park# with an area of one-half acre or more, no permitted #sign# that is within view of such arterial highway or #public park# shall exceed 500 square feet of #surface area#.

Beyond 200 feet from such arterial highway or #public park#, the surface area of such #signs# may be increased one square foot for each linear foot such #sign# is located from the arterial highway or #public park#.

Upon application, these requirements shall be waived, provided that the Chairperson of the City Planning Commission certifies that:
  1. such waiver is limited to a single, non-#flashing sign# that is located on a #zoning lot# not less than one and one-half acres; and
  2. all other permitted #signs# located on such #zoning lot# that are subject to the provisions of this Section conform with all the #sign# regulations applicable in C1 Districts.
(2/27/01)

C6-5 C6-7 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, no #advertising sign# shall be located, nor shall an existing #advertising sign# be structurally altered, relocated or reconstructed within 200 feet of an arterial highway or of a #public park# with an area of one half acre or more, if such #advertising sign# is within view of such arterial highway or #public park#. For the purposes of this Section, arterial highways shall include all highways which are shown on the Master Plan of Arterial Highways and Major Streets, as "principal routes," "parkways" or "toll crossings," and which have been designated by the City Planning Commission as arterial highways to which the provisions of this Section shall apply. Beyond 200 feet from such arterial highway or #public park#, an #advertising sign# shall be located at a distance of at least as many linear feet therefrom as there are square feet of #surface area# on the face of such #sign#. However, in all districts as indicated, the more restrictive of the following shall apply:
  1. Any #advertising sign# erected, structurally altered, relocated or reconstructed prior to June 1, 1968, within 660 feet of the nearest edge of the right-of-way of an arterial highway, whose message is visible from such arterial highway, shall have legal #non-conforming use# status pursuant to Section 52-83, to the extent of its size existing on May 31, 1968.
  2. Any #advertising sign# erected, structurally altered, relocated or reconstructed between June 1, 1968 and November 1, 1979, within 660 feet of the nearest edge of the rightof-way of an arterial highway, whose message is visible from such arterial highway, and whose size does not exceed 1,200 square feet in #surface area# on its face, 30 feet in height, and 60 feet in length, shall have legal #nonconforming use# status pursuant to Section 52-83, to the extent of its size existing on November 1, 1979. All #advertising signs# not in conformance with the standards set forth herein shall terminate.
(2/27/01)

No moving or stationary #advertising sign# shall be displayed on a vessel plying waterways adjacent to #Commercial Districts# and within view from an arterial highway. For the purposes of this Section, arterial highways shall include all highways that are shown on the Master Plan of Arterial Highways and Major Streets as "principal routes," "parkways" or "toll crossings" and that have been designated by the City Planning Commission as arterial highways to which the provisions of this Section shall apply.

For the purposes of this Section, #advertising sign# is a #sign# that directs attention to a profession, business, commodity, service or entertainment conducted, sold or offered elsewhere than upon the premises of the vessel and is not #accessory# to a #use# on such vessel.
(4/8/98)

C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In the districts indicated, and within 100 feet of the #street line# of any #street# or portion thereof in which the boundary of an adjoining #Residence District# is located, or which adjoins a #public park# of one-half acre or more, no #advertising sign# that faces at an angle of less than 165 degrees away from such #Residence District# or park boundary shall be permitted and all other #signs# facing at less than such an angle shall conform with all the #sign# regulations applicable in C1 Districts as set forth in Sections 32-61 to 32-68, inclusive, relating to Sign Regulations.
(2/2/11)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6

In the districts indicated, any #use# listed in Use Group 1 or 2 shall conform to the #sign# regulations for #Residence Districts# set forth in Sections 22-31 to 22-34, inclusive. In #residential# or #mixed buildings#, #residential sign# regulations shall apply to the #residential# portion.

Where non-#residential uses# are permitted to occupy two floors of the #building#, all #signs accessory# to non-#residential uses# located on the second floor shall be non-#illuminated signs#, and shall be located below the level of the finished floor of the third #story#.
(4/8/98)

C6-4 C6-5 C6-6 C6-7 C6-8 C6-9 C7 C8

#Signs#, other than #advertising signs#, for #adult establishments# are permitted only as set forth in this Section and are limited to locations in the districts indicated.

All permitted #signs#, other than #advertising signs#, for #adult establishments# shall conform with all the #sign# regulations applicable in C1 Districts as set forth in this Chapter, except that the provisions of Section 32-64 (Surface Area and Illumination Provisions) shall not apply. In lieu thereof, the maximum #surface area# of all #signs#, other than #advertising signs#, for #adult establishments# shall not exceed, in the aggregate, three times the #street# frontage of the #zoning lot#, but in no event more than 150 square feet per establishment, of which no more than 50 square feet may be #illuminated# non- #flashing signs#.
(3/22/18)

The #bulk# regulations of this Chapter apply to #commercial buildings#, #community facility buildings# or #buildings# used partly for #commercial use# and partly for #community facility use#, on any #zoning lot# or portion of a #zoning lot# located in any #Commercial District#, including all #developments# or #enlargements#. As used in this Chapter, the term "any #building#" shall therefore not include a #residential building# or a #mixed building#, the #bulk# regulations for which are set forth in Article III, Chapter 4, and Article III, Chapter 5, respectively. In addition, the #bulk# regulations of this Chapter, or of specified sections thereof, also apply in other provisions of this Resolution where they are incorporated by cross reference.

Existing #buildings or other structures# that do not comply with one or more of the applicable #bulk# regulations are #noncomplying buildings or other structures# and are subject to the regulations set forth in Article V, Chapter 4.

Special regulations applying to #large-scale residential developments# or #community facility uses# in #large-scale residential developments# are set forth in Article VII, Chapter 8 and special regulations applying to #large-scale community facility developments# are set forth in Article VII, Chapter 9.

Special regulations applying only in Special Purpose Districts are set forth in Articles VIII, IX, X, XI, XII, XIII and XIV.

All C6-1A Districts shall comply with the regulations of C6-1 Districts except as set forth in Sections 33-12, paragraph (c), 33-13, paragraph (b) and 33-15, paragraph (a).

In Manhattan Community Districts 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6, Brooklyn Community Districts 1, 2, 6 and 8, and Queens Community Districts 1 and 2, the #conversion# of non-#residential floor area#, to #residences# in #buildings# erected prior to December 15, 1961, or January 1, 1977, as applicable, shall be subject to the provisions of Article I, Chapter 5 (Residential Conversion Within Existing Buildings), unless such #conversions# meet the requirements for #residential development# of Article II (Residence District Regulations).

Special regulations applying in the #waterfront area# are set forth in Article VI, Chapter 2.

Special regulations applying in the #flood zone# are set forth in Article VI, Chapter 4.
(3/22/16)

The applicability of the Quality Housing Program to #commercial buildings#, #community facility buildings# or #buildings# used partly for #commercial use# and partly for #community facility use# is set forth in this Section.

In C1 and C2 Districts mapped within R6 through R10 Districts with a letter suffix, and in C1-6A, C1-7A, C1-8A, C1-8X, C1-9A, C2-6A, C2-7A, C2-7X, C2-8A, C4-2A, C4-3A, C4-4A, C4-4D, C4-4L, C4-5A, C4-5D, C4-5X, C4-6A, C4-7A, C5-1A, C5-2A, C6-2A, C6-3A, C6-3D, C6-3X, C6-4A or C6-4X Districts, all #buildings# shall comply with the applicable height and setback regulations for #Quality Housing buildings# set forth in Article III, Chapter 5. Special regulations are set forth for #buildings# containing #long-term care facilities# or philanthropic or non-profit institutions with sleeping accommodations in Section 33-012 (Special provisions for certain community facility uses).
(3/22/16)

The provisions of this Section shall apply to #buildings# containing #long-term care facilities# or philanthropic or non- profit institutions with sleeping accommodations, as listed in Use Group 3.
  1. #Buildings# containing #long-term care facilities#

    1. #Commercial Districts# with a residential equivalent of an R1 or R2 District

      In C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R1 or R2 Districts, where a #long-term care facility# is permitted pursuant to Section 74-901, the #bulk# regulations of this Chapter shall apply. The maximum #floor area ratio# for such #long-term care facilities# shall not exceed the applicable #floor area ratio# of paragraph (b) of Section 33-121 (In districts with bulk governed by Residence District bulk regulations), except as permitted by the City Planning Commission pursuant to Section 74-902 (Certain community facility uses in R1 and R2 Districts and certain Commercial Districts).
    2. #Commercial Districts# with a residential equivalent of an R3 through R5 District

      In C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R3-2 Districts, or within R4 or R5 Districts without a letter or number suffix, or in C3 Districts without a letter suffix, or in C4-1 Districts, the #bulk# regulations of Article II, Chapter 3 applicable to #affordable independent residences for seniors#, inclusive, shall apply to #buildings#, or portions thereof, containing #long-term care facilities#, except as follows:

      1. the #lot coverage# provisions of Section 23-144 shall not apply;
      2. the minimum size of #dwelling unit# provisions of Section 23-23 shall not apply;
      3. the #yard# regulations of Sections 33-20 and 33-30 shall apply in lieu of Sections 23-40 and 23-50;
      4. in C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R3-2 Districts or in C3 Districts without a letter suffix, the height and setback provisions of Section 33-40 shall apply in lieu of Section 23-60; and
      5. in C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R5 Districts or in C4-1 Districts, the provisions of paragraph (j)(2) of Section 23-631 shall be modified so that the height of a #building# containing #long-term care facilities# may be increased to 55 feet beyond 25 feet of the #street line# on any #zoning lot#.
      In all such Districts, the Commission may permit the #bulk# regulations of this Chapter to apply pursuant to the special permit in Section 74-903 (Certain community facility uses in R3 to R9 Districts and certain Commercial Districts).

      The #Residence District# within which such #Commercial Districts# are mapped, or the applicable residential equivalent set forth in the tables in Section 35-23 (Residential Bulk Regulations in Other C1 or C2 Districts or in C3, C4, C5 or C6 Districts) shall be used to determine the applicable #residential bulk# regulations of Article II, Chapter 3.

      In C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R3-1, R3A, R3X, R4- 1, R4A, R4B, R5A, R5B or R5D Districts, or in C3A Districts, the #bulk# regulations of this Chapter shall apply to #community facility buildings#, or the #community facility# portion of a #building# containing #long term care facilities#, as applicable. The maximum #floor area ratio# for such #long-term care facilities# shall not exceed the applicable #floor area ratio# of paragraph (d) or (e) of Section 33-121, as applicable, except as permitted by the Commission pursuant to Section 74-903.
    3. #Commercial Districts# with a residential equivalent of an R6 through R10 District

      In C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R6 through R10 Districts, or in #Commercial Districts# with a residential equivalent of an R6 through R10 District, the applicable #bulk# regulations for #Quality Housing buildings# in Article II, Chapter 3, pertaining to #affordable independent residences for seniors#, inclusive, shall apply to #buildings#, or portions thereof, containing #long-term care facilities#, except as follows:

      1. in C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R6A Districts or R6 Districts without a letter suffix, or in #Commercial Districts# with a residential equivalent of an R6A District or an R6 District without a letter suffix, the maximum #floor area ratio# for #long-term care facilities# shall be 3.6;
      2. in C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R7A Districts or R7 Districts without a letter suffix, or in #Commercial Districts# with a residential equivalent of an R7A District or an R7 District without a letter suffix, the maximum #floor area ratio# for #long-term care facilities# shall be 4.6;
      3. the minimum size of #dwelling unit# provisions of Section 23-23 shall not apply;
      4. the provisions of Section 23-44 (Permitted Obstructions in Required Yards or Rear Yard Equivalents) shall be modified by Section 35-532 (Modification of permitted obstructions in required yards or rear yard equivalents for certain affordable independent residences for seniors); and
      5. the provisions of Section 23-66 (Height and Setback Requirements for Quality Housing Buildings) shall be modified by Section 35-65.


      The #Residence District# within which such #Commercial Districts# are mapped, or the applicable residential equivalent set forth in the tables in Section 35-23 (Residential Bulk Regulations in Other C1 or C2 Districts or in C3, C4, C5 or C6 Districts) shall be used to determine the applicable #residential bulk# regulations of Article II, Chapter 3.

      In C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R6 through R10 Districts without a letter suffix, or in #Commercial Districts# with a residential equivalent of an R6 through R10 District without a letter suffix, the Commission may permit the #bulk# regulations of this Chapter to apply to such #long-term care facilities# pursuant to the special permit in Section 74-903.
    4. Applicability of #affordable independent residences for seniors bulk# provisions

      Where #buildings# containing #long-term care facilities# are required to utilize the #bulk# provisions applicable to #affordable independent residences for seniors#, such #uses# shall be considered #residential# for the purpose of applying such provisions, and the term #dwelling unit# shall include #dwelling units# and #rooming units#, as set forth in the Housing Maintenance Code.
  2. #Buildings# containing philanthropic or non-profit institutions with sleeping accommodations The provisions of this Chapter apply to #buildings#, or portions thereof, containing philanthropic or non-profit institutions with sleeping accommodations. In addition, the following special #bulk# provisions apply:

    1. #Commercial Districts# with a residential equivalent of an R1 or R2 District

      In C1 and C2 Districts mapped within R1 and R2 Districts, the maximum #floor area ratio# for a #building# that contains a philanthropic or non-profit institution with sleeping accommodations shall not exceed the #floor area ratio# set forth in paragraph (b) of Section 33-121, except as permitted by the Commission pursuant to Section 74-902.
    2. #Commercial Districts# with a residential equivalent of an R3 through R10 District

      In C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R3 through R9 Districts, the maximum #floor area ratio# for a #building# that contains a philanthropic or non-profit institution with sleeping accommodations shall not exceed the #floor area ratio# set forth in paragraphs (d) or (e) of Section 33-121, except as permitted by the Commission pursuant to Section 74-903.

      In other #Commercial Districts# with a residential equivalent of R3 through R9 Districts, the maximum #floor area ratio# for a #building# that contains a philanthropic or non-profit institution with sleeping accommodations shall not exceed the #floor area ratio# set forth in paragraphs (a) and (b) of Section 33-123 (Community facility buildings or buildings used for both community facility and commercial uses in all other Commercial Districts), as applicable, except as permitted by the Commission pursuant to Section 74-903.

      In C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R10 Districts or in #Commercial Districts# with a residential equivalent of an R10 District, the maximum #floor area ratio# for a #building# that contains a philanthropic or non-profit institution with sleeping accommodations shall not exceed the #floor area ratio# set forth in the tables of Sections 33-121 or 33-123, as applicable.

      In R6 through R10 Districts without a letter suffix, the height and setback regulations for #Quality Housing buildings# set forth in Article II, Chapter 3, may be applied. However, the provisions of Section 23-66 are modified by Section 35-65 (Height and Setback Requirements for Quality Housing Buildings).
  3. Applicability of Quality Housing Program elements

    For all #buildings# containing #long-term care facilities# that utilize the #bulk# regulations for #affordable independent residences for seniors# in Article II, Chapter 3, as modified by Section 35-65, and for #buildings# containing philanthropic or non-profit institutions with sleeping accommodations that utilize the height and setback regulations for #Quality Housing buildings# in Section 35- 65, the Quality Housing Program, and the associated mandatory and optional program elements, shall apply to such #uses#, as modified by paragraph (d) of Section 28-01 (Applicability of this Chapter).
(11/19/87)

Words in italics are defined in Section 12-10 or, if applicable exclusively to this Section, in this Section.
(11/30/17)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, the following shall provide #street# trees in accordance with Section 26-41 (Street Tree Planting):
  1. #developments#, or #enlargements# that increase the #floor area# on a #zoning lot# by 20 percent or more. However, #street# trees shall not be required for #enlargements# of #single-# or #two-family residences#, except as provided in paragraphs (b) and (c) of this Section;
  2. #enlargements# of #single-# or #two-family residences# by 20 percent or more within the following special purpose districts:

    #Special Bay Ridge District#;

    #Special Clinton District#;

    #Special Downtown Brooklyn District#;

    #Special Downtown Far Rockaway District#;

    #Special Downtown Jamaica District#;

    #Special East Harlem Corridors District#;

    #Special Grand Concourse District#;

    #Special Hillsides Preservation District#;

    #Special Hudson Yards District#;

    #Special Little Italy District#;

    #Special Long Island City Mixed Use District#;

    #Special Ocean Parkway District#;

    #Special South Richmond Development District#;
  3. #enlargements#, pursuant to the Quality Housing Program, of #single-# or #two-family residences# by 20 percent or more;
  4. #conversions# of 20 percent or more of the #floor area# of a #building# to a #residential use#; or
  5. construction of a detached garage that is 400 square feet or greater.
The #street# frontage used to calculate the number of required trees may exclude the #street# frontage occupied by curb cuts serving #uses# listed in Use Groups 16B, 16C and 16D.
(2/2/11)

For areas designated as #lower density growth management areas#, pursuant to Section 12-10 (DEFINITIONS), the underlying district regulations shall apply. Such regulations are superseded or supplemented as set forth in the following Sections:

Section 11-45 (Authorizations or Permits in Lower Density Growth Management Areas)
Section 12-10 (DEFINITIONS - Floor area; Lower density growth management area; Private road)
Section 22-14 (Use Group 4 – Ambulatory diagnostic or treatment health care facilities)
Section 32-11 (Use Groups 1 and 2)
Section 32-433 (Ground floor use in C1, C2 and C4 Districts in the Borough of Staten Island)
Section 33-121 (In districts with bulk governed by Residence District bulk regulations)
Section 33-431 (In C1 or C2 Districts with bulk governed by surrounding Residence District)
Section 36-21 (General Provisions)
Section 36-231 (In districts with high, medium or low parking requirements)
Section 36-27 (Waiver for Certain Small Zoning Lots)
Section 36-521 (Size of spaces)
Section 36-581 (Special parking regulations for certain community facility uses in the Borough of Staten Island and Community District 10 in the Borough of the Bronx)
Section 37-10 (APPLICABILITY OF ARTICLE II, CHAPTER 6, TO DEVELOPMENTS WITH PRIVATE ROADS)
Section 37-20 (SPECIAL REGULATIONS FOR LOWER DENSITY GROWTH MANAGEMENT AREAS IN THE BOROUGH OF STATEN ISLAND); inclusive
Section 73-125 (Ambulatory diagnostic or treatment health care facilities)
Section 107-412 (Special bulk regulations for certain community facility uses in lower density growth management areas)
Section 107-464 (Side yards for permitted non-residential use)
Section 107-62 (Yard, Court and Parking Regulations)
Section 119-05 (Applicability of Parking Location Regulations)
Section 119-214 (Tier II requirements for driveways and private roads)
Section 128-052 (Applicability of Article I, Chapter 2)
(11/19/87)

Words in italics are defined in Section 12-10 or, if applicable exclusively to this Section, in this Section.
(3/22/16)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, for any #zoning lot#, the maximum #floor area ratio# shall not exceed the #floor area ratio# set forth in this Section, except as otherwise provided in the following Sections:

Section 33-13      (Floor Area Bonus for a Public Plaza)
Section 33-14 (Floor Area Bonus for Arcades)
Section 33-15 (Floor Area Bonus for Front Yards)
Section 33-16 (Special Provisions for Zoning Lots Divided,
by District Boundaries)

Any given #lot area# shall be counted only once in determining the #floor area ratio#.

Where #floor area# in a #building# is shared by multiple #uses#, the #floor area# for such shared portion shall be attributed to each #use# proportionately, based on the percentage each #use# occupies of the total #floor area# of the #zoning lot# less any shared #floor area#.

Except where authorized by express provisions of this Resolution, the maximum #floor area ratio# shall not exceed the amount set forth in this Section by more than 20 percent.

In addition, the following limitations on maximum permitted #floor area# shall apply:

C1-8A C1-8X C1-9A C2-7A C2-7X C2-8A C4-6A C4-7A C5-1A C5-2A C6-2A C6-3A C6-3D C6-3X C6-4A
  1. In contextual Commercial Districts

    In the districts indicated, and in C1 and C2 Districts mapped within R9A, R9D, R9X, R10A or R10X Districts, no #floor area# bonuses are permitted.
  2. In Community Board 7, Borough of Manhattan

    Within the boundaries of Community Board 7 in Manhattan, in R10 equivalent #Commercial Districts# without a letter suffix, the maximum #floor area ratio# shall not exceed 10.0.
  3. In C6-1A Districts

    In C6-1A Districts, the maximum #floor area ratio# shall not exceed the amount set forth in this Section by more than 50 percent.
  4. In C6-4X Districts

    In C6-4X Districts, a #floor area# bonus shall only be permitted for a #public plaza# pursuant to Section 33-13.
(3/22/16)

C1-1 C1-2 C1-3 C1-4 C1-5 C2-1 C2-2 C2-3 C2-4 C2-5

In the districts indicated, for a #zoning lot# containing a #commercial# or #community facility use#, the maximum #floor area ratio# is determined by the #Residence District# within which such #Commercial District# is mapped and shall not exceed the maximum #floor area ratio# set forth in the following table:

MAXIMUM FLOOR AREA RATIO
Column A Column B
Column C
District For
#Zoning Lots#
Containing
only
#Commercial
Use#
For
#Zoning Lots#
Containing
only
#Community
Facility Use#
For
#Zoning Lots#
Containing
both #Commercial #
and #Community
Facility Uses#
R1 R2 1.00 0.50 1.00
R3-1 R3A
R3X
1.00 1.00 1.00
R3-2 1.00 1.60 1.60
R4 R5 1.00 2.00 2.00
R5D R6B 2.00 2.00 2.00
R6A R7B 2.00 3.00 3.00
R7A R8B 2.00 4.00* 4.00
R7D 2.00 4.20 4.20
R6 R7-1 2.00 4.80 4.80
R7X 2.00 5.00 5.00
R7-2 R8
R8A
2.00 6.50 6.50
R8X 2.00 6.00 6.00
R9 2.00 10.00 10.00
R9A 2.00 7.50 7.50
R9D 2.00 9.00 9.00
R9X 2.00 9.00 9.00
R10 2.00 10.00 10.00
________

*      In R8B Districts, within the boundaries of Community District 8 in the Borough of Manhattan, the maximum #floor area ratio# on a #zoning lot# containing #community facility use# exclusively shall not exceed 5.10

In addition, the following provisions shall apply:
  1. For #zoning lots# containing both #commercial uses# and #community facility uses#, the total #floor area# used for #commercial uses# shall not exceed the amount permitted for #zoning lots# containing only #commercial uses# set forth in Column A.
  2. In C1 and C2 Districts mapped within R1 and R2 Districts, the maximum #floor area ratio# for #community facility uses# on a #zoning lot# containing both #commercial uses# and #community facility uses# is 0.50 unless it is increased pursuant to the special permit provisions of Section 74-902 (Certain community facility uses in R1 and R2 Districts and certain Commercial Districts.)
  3. In C1 and C2 Districts mapped within R1, R2, R3-1, R3A and R3X Districts in the Borough of Staten Island and in Community District 10 in the Borough of the Bronx, the maximum #floor area ratio# for any #zoning lot# containing a #building# used for ambulatory diagnostic or treatment health care facilities, as listed in Section 22-14 (Use Group 4), or child care services, as listed under the definition of #school# in Section 12-10 (DEFINITIONS) shall be 1.2.
  4. In C1 and C2 Districts mapped within R3, R4, R5, R6, R7, R8 and R9 Districts, for any #zoning lot# containing philanthropic or non-profit institutions with sleeping accommodations, or in C1 and C2 Districts mapped within R3- 1, R3A, R3X, R4-1, R4A, R4B, R5A, R5B and R5D Districts, for any #zoning lot# containing #long-term care facilities#, the total #floor area# for all such #community facility uses# shall not exceed the amount as set forth in paragraph (b) of Section 24-111 (Maximum floor area ratio for certain community facility uses) or, for #Quality Housing buildings#, as set forth in Section 23-153, unless modified pursuant to Section 74-903.
  5. The maximum #floor area ratio# for any #zoning lot# used partly for #commercial uses# and partly for #long-term care facilities# in C1 and C2 Districts mapped within R3-1, R3A, R3X, R4-1, R4A, R4B, R5A, R5B and R5D Districts, or philanthropic or non-profit institutions with sleeping accommodations in C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R3 through R9 Districts, shall not exceed the amount permitted for a #zoning lot# containing #commercial uses# as set forth for the applicable #Residence District# within which such #Commercial District# is mapped in Column A. However, for the districts in which the allowable #floor area ratio#, as set forth in paragraph (b) of Section 24-111 or, for #Quality Housing buildings#, as set forth in Section 23-153, exceeds the amount permitted for a #zoning lot# containing #commercial uses#, as set forth in Column A, the provisions of paragraph (b) of Section 24-111 or Section 23-153, as applicable, shall be used to compute the maximum #floor area# permissible for the #zoning lot# unless modified pursuant to Section 74-903.
(10/11/12)

C1-6 C1-7 C1-8 C1-9 C2-6 C2-7 C2-8 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In the districts indicated, the maximum #floor area ratio# for a #zoning lot# containing only #commercial uses# shall not exceed the #floor area ratio# set forth in the following table:

Districts Maximum #Floor
Area Ratio#
C3 0.50
C4-1 C8-1 1.00
C1-6 C1-7 C1-8 C1-9 C2-6 C2-7
C2-8 C7 C8-2 C8-3
2.00
C4-2A C4-3A 3.00
C4-2 C4-2F C4-3 C4-4 C4-4D C4-5
C4-6
3.40
C4-4A C4-4L C4-5A C4-5X C5-1 4.00
C4-5D 4.20
C8-4 5.00
C6-1 C6-2 C6-3 6.00
C6-3D 9.00
C4-7 C5-2 C5-4 C6-4 C6-5 C6-8 10.00
C5-3 C5-5 C6-6 C6-7 C6-9 15.00
(3/22/16)

C1-6 C1-7 C1-8 C1-9 C2-6 C2-7 C2-8 C3 C4 C5 C6 C8

In the districts indicated, the maximum #floor area ratio# for a #zoning lot# containing #community facility uses#, or for a #zoning lot# containing both #commercial# and #community facility uses#, shall not exceed the #floor area ratio# set forth in the following table:

Districts Maximum #Floor
Area Ratio#
C3 1.00
C4-1 2.00
C8-1 2.40
C4-2A C4-3A 3.00
C1-6A C2-6A C4-4A C4-4L C4-5A 4.00
C4-5D 4.20
C4-2 C4-3 C8-2 4.80
C4-5X 5.00
C6-1A 6.00
C1-6 C1-7 C2-6 C4-2F C4-4 C4-4D
C4-5 C6-1 C6-2 C8-3 C8-4
6.50
C1-8A C2-7A C6-3A 7.50
C1-8X C2-7X C6-3D C6-3X 9.00
C1-8 C1-9 C2-7 C2-8 C4-6 C4-7
C5-1 C5-2 C5-4 C6-3 C6-4 C6-5
C6-8
10.00
C5-3 C5-5 C6-6 C6-7 C6-9 15.00

For #zoning lots# containing both #commercial uses# and #community facility uses#, the total #floor area# used for #commercial uses# shall not exceed the amount permitted for #zoning lots# containing only #commercial uses# in Section 33-122.

In addition, the following provisions shall apply:
  1. In all #Commercial Districts# except C8 Districts, or districts with a residential equivalent of an R10 District, for any #zoning lot# containing philanthropic or non-profit institutions with sleeping accommodations, the total #floor area# used for such #community facility use# shall not exceed the amount as set forth in paragraph (b) of Section 24-111 (Maximum floor area ratio for certain community facility uses) or, for #Quality Housing buildings#, as set forth in Section 23-153, applying the equivalent #Residence District# (indicated in Section 34-112) for the #Commercial District# in which such #use# is located, unless modified pursuant to Section 74-903 (Certain community facility uses in R1 and R2 Districts and certain Commercial Districts).
  2. The maximum #floor area ratio# for any #zoning lot# used partly for #commercial use# and partly for philanthropic or non-profit institutions with sleeping accommodations in #Commercial Districts# other than C8 Districts, or #Commercial Districts# with a residential equivalent of an R10 District, shall not exceed the amount permitted for a #zoning lot# containing #commercial uses# by the applicable district regulations. However, for the districts in which the allowable #floor area ratio#, as set forth in paragraph (b) of Section 24-111 or, for #Quality Housing buildings#, as set forth in Section 23-153, exceeds the amount permitted for a #zoning lot# containing #commercial uses#, the provisions of paragraph (b) of Section 24-111 or Section 23- 153, as applicable, shall be used to compute the maximum #floor area# permissible for the #zoning lot# unless modified pursuant to Section 74-903.
(10/17/07)
  1. Elimination or reduction in size of non-bonused open area on a #zoning lot# containing a bonused amenity

    In all districts, any existing open area for which a #floor area# bonus has not been utilized that occupies the same #zoning lot# as an existing #publicly accessible open area# or other public amenity, open or enclosed, for which a #floor area# bonus has been utilized, may be reduced in size or eliminated only upon certification of the Chairperson of the City Planning Commission that all bonused amenities comply with the standards under which such #floor area# bonus was granted.
  2. Kiosks and open air cafes

    Kiosks and open air cafes may be placed within an existing #publicly accessible open area# for which a #floor area# bonus has been received by certification, pursuant to Section 37-73 (Kiosks and Open Air Cafes).
  3. Nighttime closing of existing public open areas

    In all #Commercial Districts#, the City Planning Commission may, upon application, authorize the closing during certain nighttime hours of an existing #publicly accessible open area# for which a #floor area# bonus has been received, pursuant to Section 37-727 (Hours of access).
  4. Elimination or reduction in size of existing public amenities

    In all #Commercial Districts#, no existing #publicly accessible open area# or other public amenity, open or enclosed, for which a #floor area# bonus has been utilized, shall be eliminated or reduced in size, except by special permit of the City Planning Commission, pursuant to Section 74-761 (Elimination or reduction in size of bonused public amenities).
(2/2/11)

C1-8 C1-9 C2-7 C2-8
  1. #Zoning lots# containing #community facility uses#

    In the districts indicated, and in other C1 or C2 Districts when mapped within R9 or R10 Districts, for #zoning lots# containing #community facility uses#, for each square foot of #public plaza# provided in accordance with Section 37-70, inclusive, the total #floor area# permitted on that #zoning lot# under the provisions of Section 33-12 (Maximum Floor Area Ratio) for a #zoning lot# containing only #community facility uses# or both #commercial# and #community facility uses#, may be increased by six square feet.

    C4-7 C5-2 C5-3 C5-4 C5-5 C6-1 C6-2 C6-3 C6-4 C6-5 C6-6 C6-7 C6-8 C6-9
  2. #Zoning lots# containing only #commercial uses#

    In the districts indicated, for #zoning lots# containing only #commercial uses#, for each square foot of #public plaza# provided in accordance with Section 37-70, inclusive, the total #floor area# permitted on that #zoning lot# under the provisions of Section 33-12 for a #commercial use# may be increased as set forth in the following table:

    Districts Permitted Additional
    Square Feet of #Floor
    Area# per Square Foot
    of #PublicPlaza#
    C5-3 C5-5
    C6-6 C6-7 C6-9
    10 square feet
    C4-7 C5-2 C5-4
    C6-1A C6-4 C6-5 C6-8
    6 square feet
    C6-1 C6-2 C6-3 4 square feet

    C4-6 C4-7 C5-1 C5-2 C5-3 C5-4 C6-1 C6-2 C6-3 C6-4 C6-5 C6-6 C6-7 C6-8 C6-9
  3. #Zoning lots# containing #community facility uses# or both #commercial# and #community facility uses#

    In the districts indicated, for #zoning lots# containing only #community facility uses# or both #commercial# and #community facility uses#, for each square foot of #public plaza# provided in accordance with Section 37-70, inclusive, the total #floor area# permitted on that #zoning lot# under the provisions of Section 33-12 may be increased as set forth in the following table:

    Districts Permitted Additional
    Square Feet of #Floor
    Area# per Square Foot
    of #PublicPlaza#
    C5-3 C5-5
    C6-6 C6-7 C6-9
    10 square feet
    C4-6 C4-7
    C5-1 C5-2 C5-4
    C6-3 C6-4 C6-5
    C6-8
    6 square feet
    C6-1 C6-2 4 square feet
(2/2/11)

C4-7 C5-2 C5-3 C5-4 C5-5 C6
  1. In the districts indicated, for #zoning lots# containing #commercial uses#, for each square foot of #arcade# provided on a #zoning lot# in accordance with the provisions of Section 37-80 (ARCADES), the total #floor area# permitted on that #zoning lot# under the provisions of Section 33-12 (Maximum Floor Area Ratio) for a #zoning lot# containing only #commercial uses# may be increased as set forth in the following table:

    FLOOR AREA BONUS
    Districts Permitted Additional Square
    Feet of #Floor Area# per
    Square Foot of #Arcade#
    C4-7 C5-2 C5-3 C5-4 C5-5
    C6-1A C6-4 C6-5 C6-6
    C6-7 C6-8 C6-9
    3 square feet
    C6-1 C6-2 C6-3 2 square feet


    C1-8 C1-9 C2-7 C2-8 C4-6 C4-7 C5 C6
  2. In the districts indicated, and in C1 or C2 Districts when mapped within an R9 or R10 District, for #zoning lots# containing #c ommunity facility uses#, for each square foot of #arcade# provided on a #zoning lot# in accordance with the provisions of Section 37-80, the total #floor area# permitted on that #zoning lot# under the provisions of Section 33-12 for a #zoning lot# containing only #community facility uses# or both #commercial# and #community facility uses# may be increased as set forth in the following table:

    FLOOR AREA BONUS
    Districts Permitted Additional
    Square Feet of #Floor
    Area# per Square Foot
    of #Arcade#
    C1 or C2 when mapped within R9 or R10
    C1-8 C1-9 C2-7 C2-8 C4-6
    C4-7 C5 C6-3 C6-4 C6-5
    C6-6 C6-7 C6-8 C6-9
    3 square feet
    C6-1 C6-2 C6-3 2 square feet
(2/2/11)

C1-1 C1-2 C1-3 C1-4 C1-5 C2-1 C2-2 C2-3 C2-4 C2-5

In the districts indicated, when mapped within an R1, R2, R3, R4 or R5 District, except R5D Districts, on any #zoning lot# on which there are provided #yards# as set forth in this Section, the maximum #floor area ratio# set forth in Section 33-12 (Maximum Floor Area Ratio) for a #zoning lot# containing only #community facility uses# or both #commercial# and #community facility uses#, may be increased to the #floor area ratio# set forth in the following table provided that:
  1. on #interior lots#, a #front yard# not less than 30 feet in depth is provided;
  2. on #corner lots#, two #front yards#, each not less than 20 feet in depth, are provided; or
  3. on #through lots#, a #front yard# not less than 30 feet in depth is provided along each #front lot line#.
MAXIMUM FLOOR AREA RATIO
Districts Maximum #Floor Area
Ratio#
Within R1, R2, R3-1, R3A
or R3X Districts
1.60
Within R4 or R5 Districts 2.40
(10/17/07)

C3 C4-1

In the districts indicated, the provisions set forth in Section 33-151 shall also apply as set forth in the following table:

Districts Maximum #Floor Area Ratio#
C3 1.60
C4-1 2.40
(10/17/07)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, whenever a #zoning lot# is divided by a boundary between districts or is subject to other regulations resulting in different maximum #floor area ratios# on portions of the #zoning lot#, the provisions set forth in Article VII, Chapter 7, shall apply.
(12/15/61)

Definitions and General Provisions
(12/15/61)

In all #Commercial Districts#, the level of a #yard# or of a #rear yard equivalent# shall not be higher than #curb level#. However, this Section shall not be construed to require that natural grade level be disturbed in order to comply with this requirement.

No #building or other structure# shall be erected above ground level in any required #yard# or #rear yard equivalent# except as otherwise provided in Section 33-23 (Permitted Obstructions in Required Yards or Rear Yard Equivalents).
(3/22/16)

In all #Commercial Districts#, the following obstructions shall be permitted when located within a required #yard# or #rear yard equivalent#:
  1. In any #yard# or #rear yard equivalent#:

    1. Arbors or trellises;
    2. Awnings and other sun control devices, provided that when located at a level higher than the first #story#, excluding a #basement#, all such awnings and other sun control devices:

      1. shall be limited to a maximum projection from a #building# wall of 2 feet, 6 inches; and
      2. shall have solid surfaces that, in aggregate, cover an area no more than 30 percent of the area of the #building# wall (as viewed in elevation) from which they project;

    3. Canopies;
    4. Chimneys, projecting not more than three feet into, and not exceeding two percent of the area of, the required #yard# or #rear yard equivalent#;
    5. Eaves, gutters or downspouts, projecting into such #yard# or #rear yard equivalent# not more than 16 inches or 20 percent of the width of such #yard# or #rear yard equivalent#, whichever is the lesser distance;
    6. Exterior wall thickness, where such wall thickness is added to the exterior face of a #building# wall existing on April 30, 2012, provided the added wall thickness has a thermal resistance (R-value) of at least 1.5 per inch, and is limited to one inch of thickness for every foot of existing #yard# width, up to a maximum thickness of eight inches. When an open area is provided along a common #lot line#, then such exterior wall thickness is limited to one inch for every foot of existing open area on the #zoning lot#;

      Where #buildings# that have added exterior wall thickness pursuant to this Section are #enlarged#, such #enlarged# portion may similarly encroach upon required #yards# in order to align with the exterior walls of the existing #building#, provided such #enlargement# contains less #floor area# than the existing #building#, and there is no encroachment of #floor area# into a required #yard#;
    7. Fences;
    8. Flagpoles;
    9. Parking spaces for automobiles or bicycles, off-street, open, #accessory#;
    10. Solar energy systems on walls existing on April 30, 2012, projecting no more than 10 inches and occupying no more than 20 percent of the surface area of the #building# wall (as viewed in elevation) from which it projects;
    11. Steps, and ramps for people with disabilities;
    12. Terraces or porches, open;
    13. Walls, not exceeding eight feet in height and not roofed or part of a #building#.
  2. In any #rear yard# or #rear yard equivalent#:

    1. Balconies, unenclosed, subject to the provisions of Section 24-166;
    2. Breezeways;
    3. Any #building# or portion of a #building# used for any permitted #use# other than #residences#, except that any portion of a #building# containing rooms used for living or sleeping purposes (other than a room in a hospital used for the care or treatment of patients) shall not be a permitted obstruction, and provided that the height of such #building# shall not exceed one #story#, excluding #basement#, nor in any event 23 feet above #curb level#. In addition, decks, parapet walls, roof thickness, skylights, vegetated roofs, and weirs, pursuant to Section 33-42 (Permitted Obstructions), shall be permitted above such a #building#, or portion thereof;
    4. Fire escapes;
    5. Parking spaces for automobiles or bicycles, off-street, #accessory#, provided that the height of an #accessory building# used for such purposes and located in a required #rear yard# or #rear yard equivalent# shall not exceed 23 feet above #curb level#. In addition, decks, parapet walls, roof thickness, skylights, vegetated roofs, and weirs, as set forth in Section 33- 42, shall be permitted above such an #accessory building#, or portion thereof;
    6. Solar energy systems:

      1. on the roof of a #building# permitted as an obstruction to such #yard#, up to four feet in height as measured perpendicular to the roof surface when located above a permitted #commercial# or #community facility use# or attached parking structure;
      2. on the roof of a #building# permitted as an obstruction to such #yard#, shall be limited to 18 inches in height as measured perpendicular to the roof surface when located above a shed or detached parking structure, or on any roof with a slope greater than 20 degrees;
      3. on walls existing on April 30, 2012, projecting no more than 10 inches and occupying no more than 20 percent of the surface area of the #building# wall (as viewed in elevation) from which it projects;

    7. Water-conserving devices required in connection with air conditioning or refrigeration systems in #buildings# existing prior to May 20, 1966, if located not less than 8 feet from any #lot line#.
However, no portion of a #rear yard equivalent# that is also a required #front yard# or required #side yard# may contain any obstructions not permitted in such #front yard# or #side yard#.
(12/15/61)

In all #Commercial Districts#, the width or depth of a #yard# or #rear yard equivalent# shall be measured perpendicular to #lot lines#.
(4/30/12)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, no #side yards# are required. However, if an open area extending along a #side lot line# is provided at any level, it shall be either:
  1. at least eight feet wide at every point; or
  2. at least five feet wide at every point, with an average width of eight feet, such average being the mean of the width of the open area at its narrowest point and its width at its widest point, provided that:

    1. such widest point shall be on a #street line#;
    2. no portion of a #building# shall project beyond a straight line connecting such two points; and
    3. in the case of a #zoning lot# bounded by a #side lot line# extending from #street# to #street#, such average shall be computed and such open area shall be provided as though each half of such #side lot line# bounded a separate #zoning lot#.
Permitted obstructions pursuant to paragraph (a) of Section 33-23 (Permitted Obstructions in Required Yards or Rear Yard Equivalents), shall be permitted in such open areas.
(4/30/08)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, a #rear yard# with a depth of not less than 20 feet shall be provided at every #rear lot line# on any #zoning lot# except as otherwise provided in Sections 33-27 (Special Provisions for Shallow Interior Lots), 33-28 (Special Provisions for Through Lots) or 33-30 (OTHER SPECIAL PROVISIONS FOR REAR YARDS). #Rear yards# shall also be provided along portions of #side lot lines# as set forth in Section 33-261 (Beyond one hundred feet of a street line).
(4/30/08)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, for #corner lots#, and for #zoning lots# that are bounded by two or more #streets# that are neither #corner lots# or #through lots#, the portion of a #side lot line# beyond 100 feet of the #street line# that it intersects shall be considered a #rear lot line# and a #rear yard# with a minimum depth of 20 feet shall be provided where such #rear lot line# coincides with a #rear lot line# of an adjoining #zoning lot#.

CORNER LOT
(33-261.1, 43-261.1)
ZONING LOT BOUNDED BY
TWO OR MORE STREETS
(NEITHER A CORNER LOT NOR A THROUGH LOT)
(33-261.2, 43-261.1)


Regulations Applying to Special Situations
(12/15/61)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, if an #interior lot# consists entirely of a tract of land:
  1. which was owned separately and individually from all other adjoining tracts of land, both on December 15, 1961, and on the date of application for a building permit; and
  2. which is less than 70 feet deep;
the depth of a required #rear yard# for such #interior lot# may be reduced by one foot for each two feet by which the maximum depth of such #interior lot# is less than 70 feet. No #rear yard# is required on any #interior lot# with a maximum depth of 50 feet or less.
(4/30/08)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, the regulations of this Section shall apply to all #through lots#. In the case of a #zoning lot# occupying an entire #block#, no #rear yard# or #rear yard equivalent# shall be required.
(4/30/08)

C4-2 C4-3 C4-4 C4-5 C4-6 C4-7 C5 C6 C8-4

In the districts indicated, no #rear yard# regulations shall apply to any #through lot#, except as otherwise provided in Section 33-303 (For zoning lots with multiple rear lot lines).
(12/15/61)

C1 C2 C3 C4-1 C7 C8-1 C8-2 C8-3

In the districts indicated, no #rear yard# regulations shall apply to any #through lots# which extend less than 110 feet in maximum depth from #street# to #street#.
(9/30/09)

C1 C2 C3 C4-1 C7 C8-1 C8-2 C8-3

In the districts indicated, on any #through lot# 110 feet or more in maximum depth from #street# to #street#, one of the following #rear yard equivalents# shall be provided:
  1. an open area with a minimum depth of 40 feet midway (or within five feet of being midway) between the two #street lines# upon which such #through lot# fronts. In C1-6A, C1- 7A, C1-8X, C1-9A, C2-6A, C2-7X, C2-8A and in C1 and C2 Districts mapped within R5D, R6A, R6B, R7A, R7B, R7D, R7X, R8A, R8B, R8X, R9A, R9D, R9X or R10 Districts, a #rear yard equivalent# shall be provided only as set forth in this paragraph; or
  2. two open areas, each adjoining and extending along the full length of the #street line#, and each with a minimum depth of 20 feet measured from such #street line#; except that in C1 or C2 Districts the depth of such required open area along one #street line# may be decreased provided that a corresponding increase of the depth of the open area along the other #street line# is made; or
  3. an open area adjoining and extending along the full length of each #side lot line#, with a minimum width of 20 feet measured from each such #side lot line#.
Any such #rear yard equivalent# shall be unobstructed from its lowest level to the sky, except as provided in Section 33-23 (Permitted Obstructions in Required Yards or Rear Yard Equivalents).
(2/8/62)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, open areas shall be provided in accordance with the provisions of this Section along the boundaries of #Residence Districts# except where such district boundaries are also the boundaries of railroad rights-of-way or cemeteries.
(12/15/61)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, along such portion of the boundary of a #Commercial District# that coincides with a #side lot line# of a #zoning lot# in an R1, R2, R3, R4 or R5 District an open area not higher than #curb level# shall be provided within the #Commercial District# with at least the width or depth set forth in the following table. Such an open area shall not be used for #accessory# off-street loading, or for storage or processing of any kind.

Districts Required Width or Depth
of #Yard# (in feet)
C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 8
C8 15



REQUIRED YARD ALONG DISTRICT BOUNDARY
COINCIDENT WITH SIDE LOT LINES
(33-291)
(12/15/61)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, along such portion of the #rear lot line# of a #zoning lot# in a #Commercial District# which coincides with a #rear lot line# of a #zoning lot# in an adjoining #Residence District#, an open area at a level not higher than indicated in the following table, shall be provided along such boundary and within the #Commercial District#. Such an open area shall not be used for storage or processing of any kind.

REQUIRED DEPTH OF YARD
Districts Maximum Level of
#Yard#
Depth
(in feet)
C1 C2 C3 C4
C5 C6 C7
23 feet above #curb
level#
30
C8 #Curb level# 30


REQUIRED YARD ALONG DISTRICT BOUNDARIES
COINCIDENT WITH REAR LOT LINES
(33-292)
(12/15/61)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, along such portion of a #side lot line# of a #zoning lot# in a #Commercial District# that coincides with a #rear lot line# of a #zoning lot# in an adjoining #Residence District#, an open area at #curb level# of at least the width set forth in the following table shall be provided along such boundary within the #Commercial District#. Such an open area shall not be used for #accessory# off-street loading, or for storage or processing of any kind.

Districts Required Width of #Yard#
(in feet)
C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 8
C8 15




REQUIRED YARD ALONG DISTRICT BOUNDARIES
(33-293)
(12/15/61)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, the #rear yard# requirements set forth in Section 33-26 (Minimum Required Rear Yards) shall be modified as set forth in this Section.
(12/15/61)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, no #rear yard# shall be required within 100 feet of the point of intersection of two #street lines# intersecting at an angle of 135 degrees or less.
(5/20/65)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, whenever a #front lot line# of a #zoning lot# coincides with all or part of a #street line# measuring less than 230 feet in length between two intersecting #streets#, no #rear yard# shall be required within 100 feet of such #front lot line#.
(4/30/08)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, for #zoning lots# with multiple #rear lot lines#, if a #rear yard# extends from a #rear lot line# away from the #street line# which is used to determine such #rear lot line#, the following rules shall apply:
  1. A #rear yard# with a minimum depth of 20 feet shall be provided where such #rear lot line# coincides with a #rear lot line# of an adjoining #zoning lot#.


    (33-303a)

  2. No #rear yard# shall be required where such #rear lot line# coincides with a #side lot line# of an adjoining #zoning lot#.
  3. For portions of #through lots# that have multiple #rear lot lines# and such portions are not subject to #interior lot# regulations, the #street line# bounding the #zoning lot# closest to such #rear lot line# shall be used to determine compliance with this Section.


    (33-303c)
(12/15/61)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, whenever a #zoning lot# is divided by a boundary between districts with different #yard# regulations, the provisions set forth in Article VII, Chapter 7 shall apply.
(4/30/08)

C5-5 C6-8 C6-9
  1. In the districts indicated, the regulations set forth in Sections 33-26 to 33-30, inclusive, relating to #rear yard# regulations, may be modified in accordance with the provisions of Section 73-68 (Height and Setback and Yard Modifications).
  2. C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8
  3. In all districts, the regulations set forth in Section 33- 303 (For zoning lots with multiple rear lot lines) may be modified in accordance with the provisions of Section 73-69 (Rear Yard Modifications).
(3/22/16)

All #buildings# in #Commercial Districts# shall comply with the height and setback regulations set forth in this Section, inclusive. However, the height and setback regulations of this Section, inclusive, shall not apply in C1 and C2 Districts mapped within R6 through R10 Districts with a letter suffix, and in C1- 6A, C1-7A, C1-8A, C1-8X, C1-9A, C2-6A, C2-7A, C2-7X, C2-8A, C4- 2A, C4-3A, C4-4A, C4-4D, C4-4L, C4-5A, C4-5D, C4-5X, C4-6A, C4- 7A, C5-1A, C5-2A, C6-2A, C6-3A, C6-3D, C6-3X, C6-4A or C6-4X Districts. In lieu thereof, all #buildings# in such districts shall comply with the applicable #residential# height and setback regulations for #Quality Housing buildings# set forth in Article II, Chapter 3, as modified by Article III, Chapter 5.
(11/19/87)

Words in italics are defined in Section 12-10 or, if applicable exclusively to this Section, in this Section.
(4/30/12)

In all #Commercial Districts#, the following obstructions shall be permitted and may thus penetrate a maximum height limit or #sky exposure planes#, as set forth in Sections 33-43 (Maximum Height of Walls and Required Setbacks), 33-44 (Alternate Front Setbacks) or 33-491 (Limited Height Districts):
  1. Awnings and other sun control devices, provided that when located at a level higher than the first #story#, excluding a #basement#, all such awnings and other sun control devices:

    1. shall be limited to a maximum projection from a #building# wall of 2 feet, 6 inches, except when located on the first #story# above a setback;
    2. shall have solid surfaces that, in aggregate, cover an area no more than 30 percent of the area of the #building# wall (as viewed in elevation) from which they project; and
    3. may rise above the permitted #building# height, up to the height of a parapet wall or guardrail permitted in accordance with Section 33-42 (Permitted Obstructions).

    When located on the first #story# above a setback, awnings and other sun control devices shall be limited to a projection of 50 percent of the depth of the required setback, and shall be limited, in total, to 50 percent of the width of the #building# wall from which they project;
  2. Balconies, unenclosed, subject to the provisions of Section 24-166;
  3. #Building# columns, having an aggregate width equal to not more than 20 percent of the #aggregate width of street walls# of a #building#, to a depth not exceeding 12 inches, in an #initial setback distance#, optional front open area, or any other required setback distance or open area set forth in Sections 33-43, 33-44 or 33-45 (Tower Regulations);
  4. Chimneys or flues, with a total width not exceeding 10 percent of the #aggregate width of street walls# of a #building# at any given level;
  5. Decks, and other surfaces for recreational activities, not more than 3 feet, 6 inches in height, as measured from the maximum height limit, or the finished level of the roof as it existed on April 30, 2012, whichever is higher;
  6. Elevator or stair bulkheads (including shafts; and vestibules not larger than 60 square feet in area providing access to a roof), roof water tanks and #accessory# mechanical equipment (including enclosures), other than solar or wind energy systems, provided that:

    1. such obstructions shall be located not less than 10 feet from the #street wall# of a #building#, except that such obstructions need not be set back more than 25 feet from a #narrow street line# or more than 20 feet from a #wide street line#. However, such restrictions on location shall not apply to elevator or stair bulkheads (including shafts or vestibules), provided the #aggregate width of street walls# of such bulkheads within 10 feet of a #street wall#, facing each #street# frontage, times their average height, in feet, does not exceed an area equal to four times the width, in feet, of the #street wall# of the #building# facing such frontage;
    2. all mechanical equipment shall be screened on all sides;
    3. such obstructions and screening are contained within a volume that complies with one of the following:

      1. the product, in square feet, of the #aggregate width of street walls# of such obstructions facing each #street# frontage, times their average height, shall not exceed an area equal to eight times the width, in feet, of the #street wall# of the #building# facing such frontage; or
      2. the #lot coverage# of all such obstructions does not exceed 20 percent of the #lot coverage# of the #building#, and where the maximum permitted height of a #building# is less than 120 feet, such obstructions are limited to a maximum height of 25 feet, and where the maximum permitted height of a #building# is 120 feet or greater, such obstructions are limited to a maximum height of 40 feet.

    For the purposes of this paragraph, (f), #abutting buildings# on a single #zoning lot# may be considered to be a single #building#;
  7. Exterior wall thickness, up to eight inches, where such wall thickness is added to the exterior face of a #building# wall existing on April 30, 2012, provided the added wall thickness has a thermal resistance (R-value) of at least 1.5 per inch. Where #buildings# that have added exterior wall thickness pursuant to this Section are #enlarged#, such #enlarged# portion may similarly penetrate a maximum height limit in order to align with the exterior walls of the existing #building#, provided such #enlargement# contains less #floor area# than the existing #building#, and there is no penetration of #floor area# above a maximum height limit;
  8. Flagpoles or aerials;
  9. House of worship towers, ornamental, having no #floor area# in portion of tower penetrating such height limit or #sky exposure plane#;
  10. Parapet walls, not more than four feet in height, as measured from the maximum height limit, or the finished level of the roof as it existed on April 30, 2012, whichever is higher. A guardrail with a surface at least 70 percent open or with an opacity of not more than 30 percent (as viewed in elevation), shall be permitted above a parapet wall or within two feet of a parapet wall, provided such guardrail is not more than four feet above the accessible level of a roof. Such restriction on guardrail height shall not apply when located beyond two feet from a parapet wall;
  11. Roof thickness, up to eight inches, to accommodate the addition of insulation, for #buildings# or portions of #buildings# constructed prior to April 30, 2012. For a #building# that has added roof thickness pursuant to this paragraph, an #enlargement# may align with the finished roof surface of such #building#, provided the #enlarged# portion does not exceed the maximum height limit by more than eight inches;
  12. Rooftop greenhouses, permitted pursuant to Section 75-01 (Certification for Rooftop Greenhouses);
  13. Skylights, clerestories or other daylighting devices, not more than four feet in height, as measured from the maximum height limit, or the finished level of the roof as it existed on April 30, 2012, whichever is higher. Such devices shall be limited to a #lot coverage# not greater than 10 percent of the #lot coverage# of the roof and be located at least eight feet from the #street wall# edge. However, such devices shall not be permitted obstructions above a roof with a slope greater than 20 degrees;
  14. Solar energy systems:

    1. on the roof of a #building#, up to four feet in height, as measured from the maximum height limit, or the finished level of the roof, whichever is higher;
    2. on the roof of a #building#, greater than four feet in height, as measured from the maximum height limit, or the finished level of the roof, whichever is higher, provided that all such portions above four feet are set back at least six feet from a #street wall#, limited to a #lot coverage# not greater than 25 percent of the #lot coverage# of the roof and do not exceed:

      1. in #Commercial Districts# mapped within R1 through R5 Districts and in C3 and C4-1 Districts, a height of six feet;
      2. in all other #Commercial Districts# and #Commercial Districts# mapped within R6 through R10 Districts, a height of 15 feet; and
      3. when located on a bulkhead or other obstruction pursuant to paragraph (f) of this Section, a height of six feet;
    3. on walls existing on April 30, 2012, projecting no more than 10 inches and occupying no more than 20 percent of the surface area of the #building# wall (as viewed in elevation) from which it projects.

    However, any installation on a roof with a slope greater than 20 degrees shall be limited to 18 inches in height, as measured perpendicular to the roof surface;
  15. Spires or belfries;
  16. Vegetated roofs, not more than 3 feet, 6 inches in height, excluding vegetation, as measured from the maximum height limit, or the finished level of the roof as it existed on April 30, 2012, whichever is higher. On roofs with slopes greater than 20 degrees, vegetated roofs shall be limited to a height of 12 inches measured perpendicular to such roof surface;
  17. Weirs, check dams and other equipment for stormwater management, not more than 3 feet, 6 inches in height, as measured from the maximum height limit, or the finished level of the roof as it existed on April 30, 2012, whichever is higher;
  18. Wind energy systems on portions of #bildings# with a height of 100 feet or greater, provided that:

    1. the highest point of the wind turbine assembly does not exceed 55 feet;
    2. no portion of the wind turbine assembly is closer than 10 feet to any #lot line#; and
    3. in districts where new #residences# or new #joint living work quarters for artists# are allowed as-of-right or by special permit or authorization, or within 100 feet of such districts, the diameter of the swept area of the rotor does not exceed 15 feet;
  19. Window washing equipment mounted on a roof;
  20. Wire, chain link or other transparent fences.
(2/2/11)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, if the front wall or other portion of a #building or other structure# is located at the #street line# or within the #initial setback distance# set forth in this Section, the height of such front wall or other portion of a #building or other structure# shall not exceed the maximum height above #curb level# set forth in this Section. Above such specified maximum height and beyond the #initial setback distance#, the #building or other structure# shall not penetrate the #sky exposure plane# set forth in this Section. The regulations of this Section shall apply except as otherwise provided in Sections 33-42 (Permitted Obstructions), 33-44 (Alternate Front Setbacks), 33-45 (Tower Regulations), 33-49 (Special Height Limitations), inclusive, 74-85 (Height and Setback Regulations for Residential Buildings) or 85-04 (Modifications of Bulk Regulations).
(3/22/16)

C1-1 C1-2 C1-3 C1-4 C1-5 C2-1 C2-2 C2-3 C2-4 C2-5

In the districts indicated, for #buildings other than #Quality Housing buildings#, the maximum height of a front wall and the required front setback of a #building or other structure# shall be determined by the #Residence District# within which such #Commercial District# is mapped and, except as otherwise set forth in this Section, shall be as set forth in the following table:

MAXIMUM HEIGHT OF
FRONT WALL AND REQUIRED FRONT SETBACKS
#Initial Setback
Distance#
(in feet)
Maximum
Height of
a Front
Wall or
other
portion of
a
#Building
or Other
Structure#
within the
#Initial
Setback
Distance
#Sky Exposure Plane#
Slope over #Zoning Lot# (Expressed as
a Ratio of Vertical Distance to
Horizontal Distance)
Height
above
the
#Street
Line#
(in
feet)
On #Narrow
Street#
On #Wide
Street#
On
#Narrow
Street#
On
#Wide
Street#
Vertical
Distance
Hori-
zontal
Distance
Vertical
Distance
Hori-
zontal
Distance
Within R1, R2, R3, R4, R5, R5A or R5B Districts
20 15 30 feet or
two
#stories#,
whichever
is less
30 1 to 1
1 to 1
Within R6 or R7 Districts
20 15 60 feet or
four
#stories#,
whichever
is less
60 2.7 to 1
5.6 to 1
Wiithin R8, R9 or R10 Districts
20 15 85 feet or
six
#stories#,
whichever
is less
85 2.7 to 1
5.6 to 1


However, in accordance with the provisions of Section 32-42 (Location within Buildings), no #commercial building# or portion thereof occupied by non-#residential uses# listed in Use Groups 6A, 6B, 6C, 6F, 7, 8, 9 or 14 shall exceed in height 30 feet or two #stories#, whichever is less.

For #community facility buildings# or #buildings# used for both #community facility use# and #commercial use#, when mapped within R4, R5, R5A or R5B Districts, the maximum height of a front wall shall be 35 feet or three #stories#, whichever is less, and the height above #street line# shall be 35 feet and, when mapped within R7-2 Districts, the maximum height of a front wall shall be 60 feet or six #stories#, whichever is less.

In C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R1, R2 or R3 Districts in the Borough of Staten Island or in Community District 10 in the Bronx, for #buildings# containing ambulatory diagnostic or treatment health care facilities, as listed in Section 22-14 (Use Group 4), or child care services, as listed under the definition of #school# in Section 12-10 (DEFINITIONS), the maximum height of a front wall or other portion of a #building# within the #initial setback distance# shall be 35 feet, or three #stories#, whichever is less. However, such increased height shall only be permitted beyond 20 feet of a #Residence District# boundary or beyond 20 feet of any portion of a #building# containing a #residential use# located in a #Commercial District#.
(3/22/16)

C1-6 C1-7 C1-8 C1-9 C2-6 C2-7 C2-8 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In the districts indicated, for #buildings other than #Quality Housing buildings#, the maximum height of a front wall and the required front setback of a #building or other structure#, except as otherwise set forth in this Section, shall be as set forth in the following table:

MAXIMUM HEIGHT OF
FRONT WALL AND REQUIRED FRONT SETBACKS
#Initial Setback
Distance#
(in feet)
Maximum
Height of
a Front
Wall or
other
portion of
a
#Building
or Other
Structure#
within the
#Initial
Setback
Distance
#Sky Exposure Plane#
Slope over #Zoning Lot# (Expressed as
a Ratio of Vertical Distance to
Horizontal Distance)
Height
above
the
#Street
Line#
(in
feet)
On #Narrow
Street#
On #Wide
Street#
On
#Narrow
Street#
On
#Wide
Street#
Vertical
Distance
Hori-
zontal
Distance
Vertical
Distance
Hori-
zontal
Distance
Within C3 C4-1 C8-1 Districts
20 15 30 feet or
two
#stories#,
whichever
is less
30 1 to 1
1 to 1
Within C1-6 C2-6 C4-2 C4-3 C4-4 C4-5 C7 C8-2 C8-3 Districts
20 15 60 feet or
four
#stories#,
whichever
is less
60 2.7 to 1
5.6 to 1
Within C1-7 C1-8 C1-9 C2-7 C2-8 C4-2F C4-6 C4-7 C5 C6 C8-4
Districts
20 15 85 feet or
six
#stories#,
whichever
is less
85 2.7 to 1
5.6 to 1


However, in accordance with the provisions of Section 32-42 (Location within Buildings), in C1, C2 or C3 Districts, no #commercial building#, or portion thereof, occupied by non- #residential uses# listed in Use Group 6A, 6B, 6C, 6F, 7, 8, 9 or 14 shall exceed in height 30 feet or two #stories#, whichever is less.

In C4-1 or C8-1 Districts, for #community facility buildings# or #buildings# used for both #community facility# and #commercial use#, the maximum height of a front wall shall be 35 feet or three #stories#, whichever is less, and the height above #street line# shall be 35 feet.

In C1-6, C2-6, C4-4 or C4-5 Districts, for #community facility buildings# or #buildings# used for both #community facility# and #commercial use#, the maximum height of a front wall shall be 60 feet or six #stories#, whichever is less.



SKY EXPOSURE PLANE
IN OTHER COMMERCIAL DISTRICTS
(23-632, 24-522, 33-432, 43-43)
(3/22/16)
  1. Within the boundaries of Community District 7 in the Borough of Manhattan, all #buildings or other structures# located in an R10 equivalent #Commercial Districts# without a letter suffix shall comply with the requirements of Section 23-672 (Special height and setback regulations in R10 Districts within Community District7, Borough of Manhattan).
  2. Within the boundaries of Community District 9 in the Borough of Manhattan, all #buildings# located in R8 Districts north of West 125th Street shall be #developed# or #enlarged# pursuant to Section 23-674 (Special height and setback regulations for certain sites in Community District 9, Borough of Manhattan.
  3. In C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R5D Districts, all #buildings or other structures# shall comply with the applicable height and setback requirements of Section 23-60.
(3/22/16)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts as indicated, for #buildings other than #Quality Housing buildings#, if an open area is provided along the full length of the #front lot line# with the minimum depth set forth in this Section, the provisions of Section 33-43 (Maximum Height of Walls and Required Setbacks) shall not apply. The minimum depth of such open area shall be measured perpendicular to the #front lot line#. However, in such instances, except as otherwise provided in Sections 33-42 (Permitted Obstructions), 33-45 (Tower Regulations) or 85-04 (Modifications of Bulk Regulations), no #building or other structure# shall penetrate the alternate #sky exposure plane# set forth in this Section, and the #sky exposure plane# shall be measured from a point above the #street line#.

If the open area provided under the terms of this Section is a #public plaza#, such open area may be counted for the bonus provided for a #public plaza# in the districts indicated in Section 33-13 (Floor Area Bonus for a Public Plaza).
(6/29/06)

C1-1 C1-2 C1-3 C1-4 C1-5 C2-1 C2-2 C2-3 C2-4 C2-5

In the districts indicated, the alternate front setback regulations applicable to a #building or other structure# shall be determined by the #Residence District# in which such #Commercial District# is mapped and, except as otherwise set forth in this Section, shall be as set forth in the following table:

ALTERNATE REQUIRED FRONT SETBACKS
Alternate #Sky Exposure Plane#
Depth of
Optional Front
Open Area (in
feet)
Height
above
#Street
Line# (in
feet)
Slope over #Zoning Lot# (expressed as a ratio
of vertical distance to horizontal distance)
On #Narrow Street# On #Wide Street#
On
#Narrow
Street#
On
#Wide
Street#
Vertical
Distance
Horizontal
Distance
Vertical
Distance
Horizontal
Distance
Within R1, R2, R3, R4, R5, R5A or R5B Districts
15 10 30 1.4 to 1
1.4 to 1
Within R6 or R7 Districts
15 10 60 3.7 to 1
7.6 to 1
Within R8, R9 or R10 Districts
20 15 85 3.7 to 1
7.6 to 1


However, in accordance with the provisions of Section 32-42 (Location within Buildings), no #commercial building#, or portion thereof, occupied by non-#residential uses# listed in Use Group 6A, 6B, 6C, 6F, 7, 8, 9 or 14 shall exceed in height 30 feet or two #stories#, whichever is less.

For #community facility buildings# or #buildings# used for both #community facility use# and #commercial use#, when mapped within R4, R5, R5A or R5B Districts, the height above #street line# shall be 35 feet.
(2/2/11)

C1-6 C1-7 C1-8 C1-9 C2-6 C2-7 C2-8 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In the districts indicated, the alternate front setback regulations applicable to a #building or other structure# shall be as set forth in the following table:

ALTERNATE REQUIRED FRONT SETBACKS
Alternate #Sky Exposure Plane#
Depth of
Optional Front
Open Area (in
feet)
Height
above
#Street
Line# (in
feet)
Slope over #Zoning Lot# (expressed as a ratio
of vertical distance to horizontal distance)
On #Narrow Street# On #Wide Street#
On
#Narrow
Street#
On
#Wide
Street#
Vertical
Distance
Horizontal
Distance
Vertical
Distance
Horizontal
Distance
Within C3 C4-1 C8-1 Districts
15 10 30 1.4 to 1
1.4 to 1
Within C1-6 C2-6 C4-2 C4-3 C4-4 C4-5 C7 C8-2 C8-3 Districts
15 10 60 3.7 to 1
7.6 to 1
Within C1-7 C1-8 C1-9 C2-7 C2-8 C4-2F C4-6 C4-7 C5 C6 C8-4
Districts
20 15 85 3.7 to 1
7.6 to 1


However, in accordance with the provisions of Section 32-42 (Location within Buildings), in C1, C2 or C3 Districts, no #commercial building# or portion thereof occupied by #uses# listed in Use Group 6A, 6B, 6C, 6F, 7, 8, 9 or 14 shall exceed in height 30 feet or two #stories#, whichever is less.

In C4-1 or C8-1 Districts, for #community facility buildings# or #buildings# used for both #community facility use# and #commercial use#, the maximum height above #street line# shall be 35 feet or three #stories#, whichever is less.



ALTERNATE SKY EXPOSURE PLANE
(23-64, 24-53, 33-442, 43-44)
(3/22/16)

C4-7 C5-2 C5-3 C5-4 C5-5 C6-4 C6-5 C6-6 C6-7 C6-8 C6-9

In the districts indicated, any #buildings# or portions thereof which in the aggregate occupy not more than 40 percent of the #lot area# of a #zoning lot# or, for #zoning lots# of less than 20,000 square feet, the percent set forth in Section 33-454 (Towers on small lots), may penetrate an established #sky exposure plane#. (Such #building# or portion thereof is hereinafter referred to as a tower.) At any given level, except where the provisions set forth in Section 33-455 (Alternate regulations for towers on lots bounded by two or more streets) or 33-456 (Alternate setback regulations on lots bounded by two or more streets) or 33-457 (Tower setbacks on narrow blocks) are applicable and where the option is taken to be governed by such provisions, such tower may occupy any portion of the #zoning lot# not located less than 15 feet from the #street line# of a #narrow street#, or less than 10 feet from the #street line# of a #wide street#, provided that the aggregate area so occupied within 50 feet of a #narrow street# shall not exceed 1,875 square feet and the aggregate area so occupied within 40 feet of a #wide street# shall not exceed 1,600 square feet.

If all of the #buildings# on a #zoning lot# containing such tower do not occupy at any level more than the maximum percent of the #lot area# set forth in this Section or Section 33-454 for towers, the tower may occupy any portion of the #zoning lot# located 20 feet or more from the #street line# of a #narrow street# or 15 feet or more from the #street line# of a #wide street#, provided that the aggregate area so occupied within 50 feet of a #narrow street# shall not exceed 2,250 square feet and the aggregate area so occupied within 40 feet of a #wide street# shall not exceed 2,000 square feet.

Unenclosed balconies, subject to the provisions of Section 24-166 (Balconies), are permitted to project into or over open areas not occupied by towers.
(6/29/94)

C1-1 C1-2 C1-3 C1-4 C1-5 C2-1 C2-2 C2-3 C2-4 C2-5

In the districts indicated, when mapped within an R7-2, R8, R9, or R10 Districts, the provisions set forth in Section 33-451 (In certain specified Commercial Districts) shall apply to any #community facility building#. If a #building# is used for both #community facility# and #commercial uses#, no portion of such #building# occupied by #commercial use# shall penetrate the #sky exposure plane# as set forth in Sections 33-43 (Maximum Height of Walls and Required Setbacks) or 33-44 (Alternate Front Setbacks).
(6/29/94)

C1-6 C1-7 C1-8 C1-9 C2-6 C2-7 C2-8 C4-4 C4-5 C4-6 C5-1 C6-1 C6-2 C6-3 C8-3 C8-4

In the districts indicated, the provisions set forth in Section 33-451 (In certain specified Commercial Districts) shall apply to any #community facility building#. If a #building# is used for both #community facility# and #commercial uses#, no portion of such #building# occupied by #commercial use# shall penetrate the #sky exposure plane# as set forth in Section 33-43 (Maximum Height of Walls and Required Setbacks) or 33-44 (Alternate Front Setbacks).


(12/15/61)

C1 C2 C4-4 C4-5 C4-6 C4-7 C5 C6 C8-3 C8-4

In the districts indicated, a tower permitted under the provisions of Sections 33-451, 33-452 or 33-453 may occupy the percent of the #lot area# of a #zoning lot# set forth in the following table:

LOT COVERAGE OF
TOWERS ON SMALL ZONING LOTS
Area of #Zoning Lot#
(in square feet)
Maximum Percent of
#Lot Coverage#
10,500 or less 50
10,501 to 11,500 49
11,501 to 12,500 48
12,501 to 13,500 47
13,501 to 14,500 46
14,501 to 15,500 45
15,501 to 16,500 44
16,501 to 17,500 43
17,501 to 18,500 42
18,501 to 19,999 41
(2/2/11)

C5-3 C5-5 C6-6 C6-7 C6-9

In the districts indicated, if a #zoning lot# is bounded by at least two #street lines#, a tower may occupy the percent of the #lot area# of a #zoning lot# set forth in this Section, provided that, except as otherwise set forth in Section 33-457 (Tower setbacks on narrow blocks), all portions of any #building# or #buildings# on such #zoning lot#, including such tower, are set back from #street lines# as required in this Section.
  1. The maximum percent of #lot area# that may be occupied by such tower, shall be the sum of 40 percent plus one-half of one percent for every .10 by which the #floor area ratio# of such #zoning lot# is less than the #floor area ratio# permitted under the provisions of Sections 33-12 (Maximum Floor Area Ratio), 33-13 (Floor Area Bonus for a Public Plaza) or 33-14 (Floor Area Bonus for Arcades). The maximum #lot coverage# for any tower built under the provisions of this Section or for any #building# or #buildings# on any #zoning lot# occupied by such tower shall be 55 percent of the #lot area# of such #zoning lot#.
  2. At all levels, including ground level, such #building# shall be set back from the #street line# as follows:

    1. On #narrow streets#, by a distance equal to at least the fraction of the #aggregate width of street walls# of the tower, the numerator of which fraction is one and the denominator of which fraction is the sum of 3.0 plus .0667 for every .10 by which the #floor area ratio# of such #building# is less than the #floor area ratio# permitted under the provisions of Sections 33- 12, 33-13 or 33-14, provided that such fraction shall be no less than one-fifth, and provided further that such setback need not exceed 45 feet.
    2. On #wide streets#, by a distance equal to at least the fraction of the #aggregate width of street walls# of the tower, the numerator of which fraction is one and the denominator of which fraction is the sum of 4.0 plus .10 for every .10 by which the #floor area ratio# of such #building# is less than the #floor area ratio# permitted under the provisions of Sections 33-12, 33-13 or 33-14, provided that such fraction shall be no less than one-seventh, and provided further that such setback need not exceed 35 feet.
  3. If a #zoning lot# occupies an entire #block#, the maximum setback, set forth in paragraph (b) of this Section, of 45 feet on each #narrow street# bounding the #zoning lot# may be reduced by one foot for every six feet of setback provided on a #wide street# bounding the #zoning lot# in addition to the setbacks otherwise required for #wide streets# as set forth in such paragraph, provided that no setback on a #narrow street# resulting from such reduction shall be less than 35 feet or one-tenth the #aggregate width of street walls# of the tower, whichever shall require the greater setback.
  4. The additional setbacks on #wide streets# set forth in paragraph (c) of this Section may be provided entirely on one #wide street# or divided in any proportion among any two #wide streets# bounding the #zoning lot#.
  5. Notwithstanding any other provision set forth in this Section, no #building# or portion of a #building# built under the provisions of this Section shall be set back less than 25 feet from the #street line# on #narrow streets# or less than 15 feet from the #street line# on #wide streets#.
(2/2/11)

C5-3 C5-5 C6-6 C6-7 C6-9

In the districts indicated, except as otherwise set forth in Section 33-457 (Tower setbacks on narrow blocks), if a #zoning lot# is bounded by at least two #street lines#, a tower occupying not more than the percent of #lot area# set forth in Section 33- 451 (In certain specified Commercial Districts) or 33-454 (Towers on small lots), may be set back from a #street line# as follows:
  1. On #narrow streets#, by a distance equal to at least the fraction of the #aggregate width of street walls# of the tower, the numerator of which fraction is one and the denominator of which fraction is the sum of 3.0 plus .0333 for each .10 by which the #floor area ratio# of the #zoning lot# is less than the #floor area ratio# permitted under the provisions of Section 33-12, 33-13 or 33-14, provided that such fraction shall be no less than one-fifth, and provided further that such setback need not exceed 45 feet.
  2. On #wide streets#, by a distance equal to at least the fraction of the #aggregate width of street walls# of the tower, the numerator of which fraction is one and the denominator of which fraction is the sum of 4.0 plus .05 for each .10 by which the #floor area ratio# of the #zoning lot# is less than the #floor area ratio# permitted under the provisions of Section 33-12, 33-13 or 33-14, provided that such fraction shall be no less than one-seventh, and provided further that such setback need not exceed 35 feet.
  3. Notwithstanding any other provisions set forth in this Section, no tower built under the provisions of this Section shall be set back less than 25 feet from the #street line# on #narrow streets# or less than 15 feet from the #street line# on #wide streets#.
(4/22/65)

C5-3 C5-5 C6-6 C6-7 C6-9

In the districts indicated, if a #zoning lot# is bounded by at least three #street lines#, and any two of the #street lines# are opposite to each other and parallel or within 45 degrees of being parallel to each other, and their average distance apart is 150 feet or less, the minimum distance a tower is required to be set back from such opposite #street lines# under the provisions of Section 33-455 (Alternate regulations for towers on lots bounded by two or more streets), or Section 33-456 (Alternate setback regulations on lots bounded by two or more streets), is reduced in accordance with the following table:

TOWER SETBACKS ON NARROW BLOCKS
Reduction of
Required Tower
Setback
Minimum Setback
for Tower Built
under Provisions
of this Section
On #narrow
street#
30 percent or
10 feet,
whichever is
less
15 feet
On #wide
street#
40 percent or
10 feet,
whichever is
less
10 feet
(6/29/94)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, a #public park# with an area between one and fifteen acres shall be considered a #wide street# for the purpose of applying the front height and setback regulations specified in Section 33-43 (Maximum Height of Walls and Required Setbacks) to any #building or other structure# on a #zoning lot# adjoining such #public park#. However, this Section shall not apply to a #public park# more than 75 percent of which is paved.
(1/14/65)

C5-5 C6-8 C6-9 C8

In the districts indicated, for #commercial# or #community facility uses# in specified situations, the Board of Standards and Appeals may modify the regulations set forth in Sections 33- 41 to 33-45, inclusive, relating to Height and Setback Regulations, in accordance with the provisions of Section 73-68 (Height and Setback and Yard Modifications).
(3/22/16)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, for certain #community facility uses# in specified situations, the Board of Standards and Appeals may modify the regulations set forth in Sections 33-40 through 33-45, inclusive, relating to Height and Setback Regulations in accordance with the provisions of Section 73-64 (Modifications for Community Facility Uses). However, for #Quality Housing buildings# utilizing the height and setback regulations of Article II, Chapter 3, as required by Section 33-40, the Board shall not permit modification to the provisions of Sections 23-67 through 23-69, inclusive.
(8/14/87)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, whenever a #zoning lot# is divided by a boundary between districts, or is subject to other regulations resulting in different height and setback regulations, or whenever a #zoning lot# is divided by a boundary between a district to which the provisions of Section 33-45 (Tower Regulations) apply and a district to which such provisions do not apply, the provisions set forth in Article VII, Chapter 7, shall apply.
(6/29/94)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, wherever such districts are located within a #Limited Height District#, the maximum height of a #building or other structure#, or portion thereof, shall be as shown in the following table:

#Limited Height
District#
Maximum Height Above #Curb
Level# or #Base Plane#, as
Applicable
LH-1 50 feet
LH-1A 60 feet
LH-2 70 feet
LH-3 100 feet
(2/2/11)

C1-6 C1-7 C1-8 C1-9 C2-6 C2-7 C2-8 C4-4D C4-5D C4-5X C4-6A C4-7A C5-1A C5-2A C6-2A C6-3A C6-3D C6-3X C6-4A C6-4X

In the districts indicated, and in C1 and C2 Districts mapped within R7-2, R7D, R7X, R8, R9 and R10 Districts, the provisions of Section 23-692 (Height limitations for narrow buildings or enlargements) shall apply to portions of #buildings# with #street walls# less than 45 feet in width.
(7/6/72)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C8

In all districts, as indicated, the regulations set forth in the following Sections shall apply to all #buildings# containing #community facility uses#:

Section 24-61 (General Provisions and Applicability)
Section 24-62 (Minimum Dimensions of Courts)
Section 24-63 (Outer Court Regulations)
Section 24-64 (Inner Court Regulations)
Section 24-65 (Minimum Distance Between Required Windows
and Walls or Lot Lines)
Section 24-66 (Modifications of Court Regulations or
Distance Requirements)
Section 24-67 (Special Provisions for Buildings Used Partly
for Residential Uses)
Section 24-68 (Permitted Obstructions in Courts).
(3/22/18)

The #bulk# regulations of this Chapter apply to any #zoning lot# containing only #residential buildings# in any #Commercial District# in which such #buildings# are permitted. Where a #residential building# and one or more #buildings# containing non-#residential uses# are on a single #zoning lot#, the #bulk# regulations of Article III, Chapter 5, shall apply. In addition, the #bulk# regulations of this Chapter or of specified Sections thereof also apply in other provisions of this Resolution where they are incorporated by cross reference.

However, in C3A Districts, the #bulk# regulations of this Chapter shall not apply to any #residential building#. In lieu thereof, the #bulk# regulations for R3A Districts in Article II, Chapter 3 (Residential Bulk Regulations in Residence Districts), shall apply to #residential buildings#.

In C4-4L Districts, the #bulk# regulations of this Chapter shall not apply to any #residential building#. In lieu thereof, the #bulk# regulations for C4-4L Districts in Article III, Chapter 5 (Bulk Regulations for Mixed Buildings in Commercial Districts), shall apply to #residential buildings#.

Existing #buildings or other structures# that do not comply with one or more of the applicable #bulk# regulations are #noncomplying buildings or other structures# and are subject to the regulations set forth in Article V, Chapter 4.

Special regulations applying only in Special Purpose Districts are set forth in Articles VIII, IX, X, XI, XII, XIII and XIV.

All C6-1A Districts shall comply with the regulations of C6-1 Districts except as set forth in Section 34-112.

In Manhattan Community Districts 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6, Brooklyn Community Districts 1, 2, 6 and 8, and Queens Community Districts 1 and 2, the #conversion# of non-#residential floor area# to #residences# in #buildings# erected prior to December 15, 1961, or January 1, 1977, as applicable, shall be subject to the provisions of Article I, Chapter 5 (Residential Conversion Within Existing Buildings), unless such #conversions# meet the requirements for new #residential development# of Article II (Residence District Regulations).

Special regulations applying in the #waterfront area# are set forth in Article VI, Chapter 2.

Special regulations applying in the #flood zone# are set forth in Article VI, Chapter 4.
(3/22/16)
  1. In C1 and C2 Districts mapped within R6 through R10 Districts with a letter suffix, and in C1-6A, C1-7A, C1-8A, C1-8X, C1-9A, C2-6A, C2-7A, C2-7X, C2-8A, C4-2A, C4-3A, C4- 4A, C4-4D, C4-4L, C4-5A, C4-5D, C4-5X, C4-6A, C4-7A, C5-1A, C5-2A, C6-2A, C6-3A, C6-3D, C6-3X, C6-4A or C6-4X Districts, #residential buildings# shall comply with applicable #bulk# regulations for #Quality Housing buildings# set forth in Article II, Chapter 3, except as modified by Section 34-20 (EXCEPTIONS TO APPLICABILITY OF RESIDENCE DISTRICT CONTROLS). In addition, #Quality Housing buildings# shall comply with all of the requirements of Article II, Chapter 8 (Quality Housing Program).
  2. In C1 and C2 Districts mapped within R6 through R10 Districts without a letter suffix or other #Commercial Districts# with a residential equivalent of an R6 through R10 District without a letter suffix, the #bulk# regulations applicable to #Quality Housing buildings# set forth in paragraph (a) of this Section may, as an alternative, be applied to a #building# under the same conditions set forth in Sections 23-011 and 34-112.
  3. In #Commercial Districts#, for #Quality Housing buildings# in which at least 50 percent of the #dwelling units# are #income-restricted housing units#, or at least 50 percent of its total #floor area# is a #long-term care facility# or philanthropic or non-profit institution with sleeping accommodation, the applicable #bulk# regulations of this Chapter may be modified for #zoning lots# with irregular site conditions or site planning constraints by special permit of the Board of Standards and Appeals, pursuant to Section 73-623 (Bulk modifications for certain Quality Housing buildings on irregular sites).
(11/19/87)

Words in italics are defined in Section 12-10 (DEFINITIONS) or, if applicable exclusively to this Section, in this Section.
(2/2/11)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6

In the districts indicated, the #bulk# regulations of Article II, Chapter 3, shall apply to all #residential buildings# in accordance with the provisions of this Section, except as modified by the provisions of Sections 34-21 to 34-24, inclusive, relating to Exceptions to Applicability of Residence District Controls.
(12/15/61)

C1-1 C1-2 C1-3 C1-4 C1-5 C2-1 C2-2 C2-3 C2-4 C2-5

In the districts indicated, the #bulk# regulations for the #Residence District# within which such #Commercial Districts# are mapped apply, except that when such districts are mapped within R1 or R2 Districts, the #bulk# regulations for R3-2 Districts apply.
(3/22/16)

C1-6 C1-7 C1-8 C1-9 C2-6 C2-7 C2-8 C3 C4 C5 C6

In the districts indicated, the applicable #bulk# regulations are the #bulk# regulations for the #Residence Districts# set forth in the following table:

Districts      Applicable #Residence
District#
C3 R3-2
C4-1 R5
C4-2 C4-3 C6-1A R6
C4-2A C4-3A R6A
C1-6 C2-6 C4-4 C4-5 C6-1 R7-2
C1-6A C2-6A C4-4A C4-5A R7A
C4-5D R7D
C4-5X R7X
C1-7 C4-2F C6-2 R8
C1-7A C4-4D C6-2A R8A
C1-8 C2-7 C6-3 R9
C1-8A C2-7A C6-3A R9A
C6-3D R9D
C1-8X C2-7X C6-3X R9X
C1-9 C2-8 C4-6 C4-7 C5 C6-4 C6-5
C6-6 C6-7 C6-8 C6-9
R10
C1-9A C2-8A C4-6A C4-7A
C5-1A C5-2A C6-4A
R10A
C6-4X R10X
(10/17/07)
  1. Elimination or reduction in size of non-bonused open area on a #zoning lot# containing a bonused amenity

    In all districts, any existing open area for which no #floor area# bonus has been utilized that occupies the same #zoning lot# as an existing #publicly accessible open area# or other public amenity, open or enclosed, for which a #floor area# bonus has been utilized, may be reduced in size or eliminated only upon certification of the Chairperson of the City Planning Commission that all bonused amenities comply with the standards under which such #floor area# bonus was granted.
  2. Kiosks and open air cafes

    Kiosks and open air cafes may be placed within an existing #publicly accessible open area# for which a #floor area# bonus has been received, by certification pursuant to Section 37-73 (Kiosks and Open Air Cafes).
  3. Nighttime closing of existing public open areas

    In all #Commercial Districts#, the City Planning Commission may, upon application, authorize the closing during certain nighttime hours of an existing #publicly accessible open area# for which a #floor area# bonus has been received, pursuant to Section 37-727 (Hours of access).
  4. Elimination or reduction in size of existing public open areas

    In all #Commercial Districts#, no existing #publicly accessible open area#, #arcade# or other public amenity, open or enclosed, for which a #floor area# bonus has been utilized, shall be eliminated or reduced in size, except by special permit of the City Planning Commission, pursuant to Section 74-761 (Elimination or reduction in size of bonused public amenities).
(7/26/01)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6

In the districts indicated, the #bulk# regulations applicable to #residential buildings# as set forth in Section 34-11 (General Provisions) are modified by the provisions of Sections 34-22 (Modification of Floor Area and Open Space Regulations), 34-23 (Modification of Yard Regulations) and 34-24 (Modification of Height and Setback Regulations). The purpose of these modifications is to make the regulations set forth in Article II, Chapter 3, applicable to #Commercial Districts#.
(3/22/16)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6

In the districts indicated, the #floor area# and #open space# regulations as set forth in Section 23-10 (OPEN SPACE AND FLOOR AREA REGULATIONS), inclusive, and made applicable to such districts in Section 34-11 (General Provisions), are modified as set forth in this Section.
(2/2/11)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6

In the districts indicated, the maximum #floor area ratio# on a #zoning lot# shall be the applicable maximum #floor area ratio# permitted pursuant to the provisions of Article II, Chapter 3, except as provided for in the following Sections:

Section 34-223 (Floor area bonus for a public plaza)
Section 34-224 (Floor area bonus for an arcade)
Section 34-225 (Floor area increase for Inclusionary Housing in C4-7 Districts within Community District 7, Borough of Manhattan).
(2/2/11)

C4-6 C4-7 C5 C6-4 C6-5 C6-6 C6-7 C6-8 C6-9

In the districts indicated, except for #Quality Housing buildings#, for each square foot of #public plaza# provided in accordance with the provisions of Section 37-70, inclusive, the total #floor area# permitted on that #zoning lot# under the provisions of Section 23-15 (Maximum Floor Area Ratio in R10 Districts) may be increased by six square feet.
(2/2/11)

C4-6 C4-7 C5-1 C5-2 C5-4 C6-4 C6-5 C6-8

In the districts indicated, except for #Quality Housing buildings#, for each square foot of #arcade# provided in accordance with the provisions of Section 37-80 (ARCADES), the total #floor area# permitted on that #zoning lot# under the provisions of Section 23-15 (Maximum Floor Area Ratio in R10 Districts) may be increased by three square feet.
(3/22/16)

Notwithstanding the provisions for R10 Districts in Community District 7 in the Borough of Manhattan set forth in Section 23-16 (Special Floor Area and Lot Coverage Provisions for Certain Areas), in C4-7 Districts within Community District 7 in the Borough of Manhattan, the maximum #residential floor area ratio# may be increased pursuant to the Inclusionary Housing provisions of Sections 23-154 and 23-90.
(7/26/01)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6

In the districts indicated, except as otherwise provided in Section 34-233 (Special provisions applying along district boundaries), no #front yard# shall be required for any #residential building#.
(4/30/12)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6

In the districts indicated, except as otherwise provided in Section 34-233 (Special provisions applying along district boundaries), no #side yard# shall be required for any #residential building#. However, if any open area extending along a #side lot line# is provided, such open area shall have a width of not less than eight feet. Permitted obstructions, pursuant to paragraph (a) of Section 23-44 (Permitted Obstructions in Required Yards or Rear Yard Equivalents), shall be permitted in such open areas.
(3/22/16)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6
  1. In the districts indicated, if a #Commercial District# boundary coincides with a #side lot line# of a #zoning lot# in an R1, R2, R3, R4 or R5 District and a #side lot line# of any adjoining #zoning lot# in such #Commercial District#, a #front yard# is required for the portion of such #zoning lot# in the #Commercial District# within 25 feet of the district boundary. The depth of such #front yard# shall be equal to the required depth of a #front yard# in the adjacent #Residence District#.
  2. C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6
  3. In the districts indicated, along such portion of the boundary of a #Commercial District# that coincides with a #side lot line# of a #zoning lot# in an R1, R2, R3, R4 or R5 District, an open area not higher than #curb level# with a width of at least eight feet is required for a #residential building# on a #zoning lot# within the #Commercial District#.

    In addition, the provisions of paragraph (e) of Section 34- 24 shall apply to such #building#.
(3/22/16)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6

In the districts indicated, the height and setback regulations set forth in Article II, Chapter 3, and made applicable to such districts in Section 34-11 (General Provisions), are modified as set forth in this Section.

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6
  1. Application of sky exposure planes

    In the districts indicated, except as set forth in paragraph (a) of Section 34-233 (Special provisions applying along district boundaries), no #front yard# is required for any #residential building# in a #Commercial District#. Therefore, in applying the height and setback regulations in a #Commercial District#, a #sky exposure plane# (which in a #Residence District# would be measured from a point above the #front yard line#) may be measured from a point above the #street line#. In cases where the provisions of paragraph (a) of Section 34-233 apply, the #sky exposure plane# is measured from a point above the #front yard line#.
  2. C1 C2
  3. When mapped within R3 or R4A Districts

    In C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R3 or R4A Districts, the height and setback regulations applicable to R4 Districts, except R4A and R4B Districts, may be used for #residential buildings#.
  4. When mapped within R4, R4B or R4-1 Districts

    In C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R4, R4B or R4-1 Districts, the height and setback regulations applicable to an R5B District may be used for #residential buildings#. C4-2F C4-4 C4-5 C4-6 C4-7 C5 C6
  5. Special provisions for narrow #buildings#

    In the districts indicated, the provisions of Section 23-692 (Height limitations for narrow buildings or enlargements) shall apply, subject to the additional rules and exceptions therein, only to #Quality Housing buildings#. However, in such districts, the #street wall# location provisions of paragraph (4) of Section 23-692 shall not apply.
  6. C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6
  7. Special provisions applying along district boundaries

    The portion of a #Quality Housing building# located within 25 feet of the boundary of an R1, R2, R3, R4, R5 or R6B District shall comply with the provisions of Section 23-693 (Special provisions applying adjacent to R1 through R6B Districts).
  8. C1 C2 C4 C5 C6
  9. For #Quality Housing buildings#

    In the districts indicated, for #buildings# utilizing the #bulk# regulations for #Quality Housing buildings# in Article II, Chapter 3, the height and setback provisions of Section 23-66 (Height and Setback Requirements for Quality Housing Buildings) shall be modified by the provisions of Section 35-65, and, for #buildings# containing #affordable independent residences for seniors#, the permitted obstructions set forth in Section 23-44 shall be modified by the provisions of Section 35-532.
(3/22/18)

The #bulk# regulations of this Chapter apply to any #mixed building# located on any #zoning lot# or portion of a #zoning lot# in any #Commercial District# in which such #building# is permitted. The #bulk# regulations of this Chapter shall also apply in any #Commercial District# where there are multiple #buildings# on a single #zoning lot# and such #zoning lot# contains a #residential use# and either a #commercial use# or a #community facility use#. In addition, the #bulk# regulations of this Chapter, or of specified Sections thereof, also apply in other provisions of this Resolution where they are incorporated by cross-reference.

However, in C3A Districts, except for #community facility uses# that have received tax-exempt status from the New York City Department of Finance, or its successor, pursuant to Section 420 of the New York State Real Property Tax Law, or its successor, the #bulk# regulations of this Chapter shall not apply, and the #bulk# regulations for R3A Districts of Article II, Chapter 3, shall apply to any #building# that is used partly for #community facility use# and partly for #residential use#.

Existing #buildings or other structures# that do not comply with one or more of the applicable #bulk# regulations are #noncomplying buildings or other structures# and are subject to the regulations set forth in Article V, Chapter 4.

Special regulations applying only in Special Purpose Districts are set forth in Articles VIII, IX, X, XI, XII, XIII and XIV.

All C6-1A Districts shall comply with the regulations of C6-1 Districts except as set forth in Section 35-23.

In Manhattan Community Districts 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6, Brooklyn Community Districts 1, 2, 6 and 8, and Queens Community Districts l and 2, the #conversion# of non-#residential floor area# to #residences# in #buildings# erected prior to December 15, 1961, or January 1, 1977, as applicable, shall be subject to the provisions of Article I, Chapter 5 (Residential Conversion Within Existing Buildings), unless such #conversions# meet the requirements for #residential development# of Article II (Residence District Regulations).

Special regulations applying in the #waterfront area# are set forth in Article VI, Chapter 2.

Special regulations applying in the #flood zone# are set forth in Article VI, Chapter 4.
(3/22/16)
  1. In C1 and C2 Districts mapped within R6 through R10 Districts with a letter suffix, and in C1-6A, C1-7A, C1-8A, C1-8X, C1-9A, C2-6A, C2-7A, C2-7X, C2-8A, C4-2A, C4-3A, C4- 4A, C4-4D, C4-4L, C4-5A, C4-5D, C4-5X, C4-6A, C4-7A, C5-1A, C5-2A, C6-2A, C6-3A, C6-3D, C6-3X, C6-4A or C6-4X Districts, all #buildings# shall comply with the #bulk# regulations for #Quality Housing buildings# set forth in this Chapter, and the applicable provisions of Article II, Chapter 8 (Quality Housing Program). In C1 and C2 Districts mapped within R5D Districts, only those regulations of Article II, Chapter 8, as set forth in Section 28-01 (Applicability of this Chapter), shall apply.
  2. In C1 and C2 Districts mapped within R6 through R10 Districts without a letter suffix and in other #Commercial Districts# with a residential equivalent of an R6 through R10 District without a letter suffix, the #bulk# regulations applicable to #Quality Housing buildings# may, as an alternative, be applied under the same conditions set forth in Sections 23-011, 35-22 and 35-23, provided that:

    1. the entire #building# complies with the #bulk# regulations for #Quality Housing buildings# set forth in this Chapter; and
    2. the entire #building# complies with the applicable provisions of Article II, Chapter 8 (Quality Housing Program).
  3. In C1 through C6 Districts, special regulations are set forth for #buildings# containing #long-term care facilities# or philanthropic or non-profit institutions with sleeping accommodations in Section 35-012 (Special provisions for certain community facility uses).
  4. In #Commercial Districts#, for #Quality Housing buildings# in which at least 50 percent of the #dwelling units# are #income-restricted housing units#, or at least 50 percent of its total #floor area# is a #long-term care facility# or philanthropic or non-profit institution with sleeping accommodation, the applicable #bulk# regulations of this Chapter may be modified for #zoning lots# with irregular site conditions or site planning constraints by special permit of the Board of Standards and Appeals, pursuant to Section 73-623 (Bulk modifications for certain Quality Housing buildings on irregular sites).
(3/22/16)

The provisions of this Section shall apply to #zoning lots# with #mixed buildings# containing #long-term care facilities#, or philanthropic or non-profit institutions with sleeping accommodations, as listed in Use Group 3.
  1. #Buildings# containing #long-term care facilities#

    1. #Commercial Districts# with a residential equivalent of an R1 or R2 District

      In C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R1 or R2 Districts, where a #long-term care facility# is permitted pursuant to Section 74-901 (Long-term care facilities), the #bulk# regulations of this Chapter shall apply. The maximum #floor area ratio# for such #long-term care facilities# shall not exceed the applicable #floor area ratio# of paragraph (b) of Section 33-121 (In districts with bulk governed by Residence District bulk regulations), except as permitted by the City Planning Commission pursuant to Section 74-902 (Certain community facility uses in R1 and R2 Districts and certain Commercial Districts).
    2. #Commercial Districts# with a residential equivalent of an R3 through R5 District

      In C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R3-2 Districts, or within R4 or R5 Districts without a letter or number suffix, or in C3 Districts without a letter suffix, or in C4-1 Districts, the #bulk# regulations of Article II, Chapter 3 applicable to #affordable independent residences for seniors#, inclusive, shall apply to #buildings#, or portions thereof, containing #long-term care facilities#, except as follows:

      1. the #lot coverage# provisions of 23-144 shall not apply;
      2. the minimum size of #dwelling unit# provisions of Section 23-23 shall not apply;
      3. the #yard# regulations of Sections 33-20 and 33-30 shall apply in lieu of Sections 23-40 and 23-50;
      4. in C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R3-2 Districts or in C3 Districts without a letter suffix, the height and setback provisions of Section 33-40 shall apply in lieu of Section 23-60; and
      5. in C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R5 Districts or in C4-1 Districts, the provisions of paragraph (j)(2) of Section 23-631 shall be modified so that the height of a #building# containing #long-term care facilities# may be increased to 55 feet beyond 25 feet of the #street line# on any #zoning lot#.

      In all such Districts, the Commission may permit the #bulk# regulations of this Chapter to apply pursuant to the special permit provisions of Section 74-903 (Certain community facility uses in R3 to R9 Districts and certain Commercial Districts).

      The #Residence District# within which such #Commercial Districts# are mapped, or the applicable residential equivalent set forth in the tables in Section 35-23 (Residential Bulk Regulations in Other C1 or C2 Districts or in C3, C4, C5 or C6 Districts) shall be used to determine the applicable #residential bulk# regulations of Article II, Chapter 3.

      In C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R3-1, R3A, R3X, R4- 1, R4A, R4B, R5A, R5B or R5D Districts, or in C3A Districts, the applicable #bulk# regulations of this Chapter shall apply to #mixed buildings# containing #long-term care facilities#. The maximum #floor area ratio# for such #long-term care facilities# shall be as set forth for certain #community facility uses# in paragraphs (d) and (e) of Section 33-121, as applicable, except as permitted by the Commission pursuant to Section 74-903.
    3. #Commercial Districts# with a residential equivalent of an R6 through R10 District

      In C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R6 through R10 Districts, or in #Commercial Districts# with a residential equivalent of an R6 through R10 District, the applicable #bulk# regulations for #Quality Housing buildings# in Article II, Chapter 3, pertaining to #affordable independent residences for seniors#, inclusive, shall apply to #buildings#, or portions thereof, containing #long-term care facilities#, except as follows:

      1. in C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R6A Districts or R6 Districts without a letter suffix, or in #Commercial Districts# with a residential equivalent of an R6A District or an R6 District without a letter suffix, the maximum #floor area ratio# for #long-term care facilities# shall be 3.6;
      2. in C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R7A Districts or R7 Districts without a letter suffix, or in #Commercial Districts# with a residential equivalent of an R7A District or an R7 District without a letter suffix, the maximum #floor area ratio# for #long-term care facilities# shall be 4.6;
      3. the minimum size of #dwelling unit# provisions of Section 23-23 shall not apply;
      4. the provisions of Section 23-44 (Permitted Obstructions in Required Yards or Rear Yard Equivalents) shall be modified by Section 35-532 (Modification of permitted obstructions in required yards or rear yard equivalents for certain affordable independent residences for seniors); and
      5. the provisions of Section 23-66 (Height and Setback Requirements for Quality Housing Buildings) shall be modified by Section 35-65.

      The #Residence District# within which such #Commercial Districts# are mapped, or the applicable residential equivalent set forth in the tables in Section 35-23 shall be used to determine the applicable #residential bulk# regulations of Article II, Chapter 3.

      In C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R6 through R10 Districts without a letter suffix, or in #Commercial Districts# with a residential equivalent of an R6 through R10 District without a letter suffix, the Commission may permit the #bulk# regulations of this Chapter to apply to such #long-term care facilities# pursuant to the special permit provisions of Section 74-903.
    4. Applicability of #affordable independent residences for seniors bulk# provisions

      Where #buildings# containing #long-term care facilities# are required to utilize the #bulk# provisions applicable to #affordable independent residences for seniors#, such #uses# shall be considered #residential# for the purpose of applying such provisions, and the term #dwelling unit# shall include #dwelling units# and “rooming units”, as set forth in the Housing Maintenance Code.
  2. #Buildings# containing philanthropic or non-profit institutions with sleeping accommodations

    The provisions of Article III, Chapter 3 and this Chapter shall apply to #mixed buildings# containing philanthropic or non-profit institutions with sleeping accommodations. In addition, the following special #bulk# provisions apply:

    1. Special #floor area ratio# provisions for the portion of a #mixed building# that contains a philanthropic or non-profit institution with sleeping accommodations are set forth in paragraph (b) of Section 33-012 (Special Provisions for Certain Community Facility Uses).
    2. For #buildings# in C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R6 and R7-1 Districts, except for R6A and R6B Districts, containing both #residential uses# and philanthropic or non-profit institutions with sleeping accommodations, the provisions of Section 35-311 (Maximum floor area and special provisions for mixed buildings or zoning lots with multiple buildings containing community facility use in certain districts) shall not apply. In lieu thereof, the provisions of Section 35-31 (Maximum Floor Area Ratio) shall apply.
  3. Applicability of Quality Housing Program elements For all #buildings# containing #long-term care facilities# that utilize the #bulk# regulations for #affordable independent residences for seniors# in Article II, Chapter 3, as modified by Section 35-65 (Height and Setback Requirements for Quality Housing Buildings), and for #buildings# containing philanthropic or non-profit institutions with sleeping accommodations that utilize the height and setback regulations for #Quality Housing buildings# in Section 35-65, the Quality Housing Program, and the associated mandatory and optional program elements, shall apply to such #uses#, as modified by paragraph (d) of Section 28-01 (Applicability of this Chapter).
(11/19/87)

Words in italics are defined in Section 12-10 (DEFINITIONS) or, if applicable exclusively to this Section, in this Section.
(2/2/11)

Except as otherwise provided in this Chapter, the portions of a #building# used for #residential use# are subject to the #bulk# regulations set forth in Article II, Chapter 3, and the portions of a #building# used for #commercial# or #community facility use# are subject to the #bulk# regulations set forth in Article III, Chapter 3.

Special provisions applying to #mixed buildings# or #zoning lots# with multiple #buildings# subject to the provisions of this Chapter are set forth in Sections 35-20 (APPLICABILITY OF RESIDENCE DISTRICT BULK REGULATIONS), inclusive, 35-30 (APPLICABILITY OF FLOOR AREA AND OPEN SPACE REGULATIONS), inclusive, 35-40 (APPLICABILITY OF DENSITY REGULATIONS), inclusive, 35-50 (MODIFICATIONS OF YARD REGULATIONS) and 35-60 (MODIFICATIONS OF HEIGHT AND SETBACK REGULATIONS),inclusive.
(2/2/11)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6

In the districts indicated, the #bulk# regulations set forth in Article II, Chapter 3, shall apply to all #residential# portions of #buildings# in accordance with the provisions and modifications set forth in the remaining Sections of this Chapter. The purpose of these modifications is to make the regulations set forth in Article II, Chapter 3, applicable to #Commercial Districts#.
(3/22/16)

C1-1 C1-2 C1-3 C1-4 C1-5 C2-1 C2-2 C2-3 C2-4 C2-5

In the districts indicated, the #bulk# regulations for the #Residence Districts# within which such #Commercial Districts# are mapped apply to #residential# portions of #buildings#, except:
  1. when such districts are mapped within R1 or R2 Districts, the #bulk# regulations for R3-2 Districts shall apply;
  2. when such districts are mapped within an R5D District, the supplemental provisions of paragraph (b)(2) of Section 35- 652 shall apply to the ground floor level of a #building# providing a #qualifying ground floor# in lieu of paragraph (b)(2) of Section 23-662; and
  3. when such districts are mapped within R6, R7, R8, R9 or R10 Districts, the height and setback regulations of Section 23- 66 (Height and Setback Requirements for Quality Housing Buildings), shall be modified by the provisions of Section 35-65 (Height and Setback Requirements for Quality Housing Buildings) for #Quality Housing buildings#.
(3/22/16)

C1-6  C1-7  C1-8  C1-9  C2-6  C2-7  C2-8  C3  C4  C5  C6
  1. In the districts indicated, the #bulk# regulations for #residential# portions of #buildings# are the #bulk# regulations for the #Residence Districts# set forth in the following table. However, for #Quality Housing buildings# the height and setback regulations of Section 23-66 (Height and Setback Requirements for Quality Housing Buildings), inclusive, shall be modified by the provisions of Section 35-65 (Height and Setback Requirements for Quality Housing Buildings).

    In C4-2F, C4-4, C4-5, C4-6, C4-7, C5 or C6 Districts, the provisions of Section 23-692 (Height limitations for narrow buildings or enlargements) shall apply, subject to the additional rules and exceptions therein, only to #Quality Housing buildings#. However, in such districts, the #street wall# location provisions of paragraph (e)(4) of Section 23- 692 shall not apply.

    Furthermore, in C4-2 Districts in the Borough of Staten Island, the #residential# portion of a #mixed building# and #residential buildings# on #zoning lots# subject to the provisions of this Chapter shall be subject to the #bulk# regulations for #Quality Housing buildings#.

    District Applicable
    #Residence
    District#
    C3 R3-2
    C3A R3A
    C4-1 R5
    C4-2 C4-3 C6-1A R6
    C1-6 C2-6 C4-4 C4-5 C6-1 R7-2
    C1-7 C4-2F C6-2 R8
    C1-8 C2-7 C6-3 R9
    C1-9 C2-8 C4-6 C4-7 C5 C6-4
    C6-5 C6-6 C6-7 C6-8 C6-9
    R10

    C1-6A  C1-7A  C1-8A  C1-8X  C1-9A  C2-6A  C2-7A  C2-7X  C2-8A  C4-2A  C4-3A  C4-4A  C4-4D  C4-4L  C4-5A  C4-5D  C4-5X  C4-6A  C4-7A  C5-1A  C5-2A  C6-2A C6-3A C6-3D C6-3X C6-4A C6-4X
  2. In the districts indicated, the #bulk# regulations for #residential# portions of #buildings# are the #bulk# regulations for the #Residence Districts# set forth in the following table. However, the height and setback regulations of Section 23-66, inclusive, shall be modified by the provisions of Section 35-65.

    District Applicable
    #Residence District#
    C4-2A C4-3A R6A
    C1-6A C2-6A C4-4A C4-4L
    C4-5A
    R7A
    C4-5D R7D
    C4-5X R7X
    C1-7A C4-4D C6-2A R8A
    C1-8A C2-7A C6-3A R9A
    C6-3D R9D
    C1-8X C2-7X C6-3X R9X
    C1-9A C2-8A C4-6A C4-7A
    C5-1A C5-2A C6-4A
    R10A
    C6-4X R10X
(2/14/18)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6

In the districts indicated, except as set forth in Section 35-311, the provisions of this Section shall apply to any #zoning lot# subject to the provisions of this Chapter.

The maximum #floor area ratio# permitted for a #commercial# or #community facility use# shall be as set forth in Article III, Chapter 3, and the maximum #floor area ratio# permitted for a #residential use# shall be as set forth in Article II, Chapter 3, provided the total of all such #floor area ratios# does not exceed the greatest #floor area ratio# permitted for any such #use# on the #zoning lot#. Special rules for certain areas are set forth in Section 35-35 (Special Floor Area Ratio Provisions for Certain Areas).

Notwithstanding the provisions for R10 Districts in Community District 7 in the Borough of Manhattan set forth in Section 23-16 (Special Floor Area and Lot Coverage Provisions for Certain Areas), in C4-7 Districts within Community District 7 in the Borough of Manhattan, the maximum #residential floor area ratio# may be increased pursuant to the provisions of Sections 23-154 and 23-90 (INCLUSIONARY HOUSING).

In #Inclusionary Housing designated areas#, except within Waterfront Access Plan BK-1 and R6 Districts without a letter suffix in Community District 1, Brooklyn, the maximum #floor area ratio# permitted for #zoning lots# containing #residential# and #commercial# or #community facility uses# shall be the base #floor area ratio# set forth in Section 23-154 for the applicable district.

However, in #Inclusionary Housing designated areas# mapped within C4-7, C5-4, C6-3D and C6-4 Districts, the maximum base #floor area ratio# for #zoning lots# containing #residential# and #commercial# or #community facility uses# shall be either the base #floor area ratio# set forth in Section 23-154 plus an amount equal to 0.25 times the non-#residential floor area ratio# provided on the #zoning lot#, or the maximum #floor area ratio# for #commercial uses# in such district, whichever is less.

The maximum base #floor area ratio# in #Inclusionary Housing designated areas# may be increased to the maximum #floor area ratio# set forth in Section 23-154 only through the provision of #affordable housing# pursuant to Section 23-90, inclusive.

Where #floor area# in a #building# is shared by multiple #uses#, the #floor area# for such shared portion shall be attributed to each #use# proportionately, based on the percentage each #use# occupies of the total #floor area# of the #zoning lot# less any shared #floor area#.

A non-#residential use# occupying a portion of a #building# that was in existence on December 15, 1961, may be changed to a #residential use# and the regulations on maximum #floor area ratio# shall not apply to such change of #use#.
(3/22/16)

C1 C2

In C1 and C2 Districts mapped within R6 Districts without a letter suffix, and in R7-1 Districts, the provisions of this Section shall apply to any #zoning lot# where #residential# and #community facility uses# are located within the same #building#. However, this Section shall not apply to #buildings# containing #residences# and philanthropic or non-profit residences with sleeping accommodations, as set forth in Section 35-012 (Special provisions for certain community facility uses).
  1. For #buildings# containing #residential# and #community facility uses#, where such #buildings# have a ratio of #floor area# in such #building# to #lot area# greater than set forth in Column A in the following table, the maximum such ratio for the #community facility# portions of such #buildings# shall be as set forth in Column B in the table, and the maximum such ratio for the #residential# portions of such #buildings# shall be as set forth in Article II, Chapter 3, subject to the limitations set forth in paragraph (d) of this Section.
  2. District COLUMN A
    COLUMN B
    Maximum
    Ratio of
    #Floor
    Area# in
    #Building#
    to #Lot
    Area#
    Maximum
    Ratio of
    #Floor Area# in
    #Community
    Facility Use# to
    #Lot Area#
    C1 or C2 mapped in R6 2.5 1.0
    C1 or C2 mapped in R7-1 3.5 1.0
  3. For #buildings# containing #residential# and #community facility uses#, where such #buildings# have a ratio of #floor area# in such #building# to #lot area# that do not exceed the applicable ratio set forth in Column A in the table in paragraph (a) of this Section, the maximum #floor area ratio# for the #community facility# portion of such #buildings# shall be as set forth in Article III, Chapter 3, and the maximum #floor area ratio# for the #residential# portions of such #buildings# shall be as set forth in Article II, Chapter 3, subject to the limitations set forth in paragraph (d) of this Section.
  4. For #zoning lots# containing multiple #buildings#, the provisions of this paragraph, (c), shall apply to any #building# that does not contain both #community facility# and #residential uses#. The maximum #floor area ratio# permitted for the #commercial# or #community facility# portions of such #buildings# shall be as set forth in Article III, Chapter 3, and the maximum #floor area ratio# permitted for the #residential# portions of such #buildings# shall be as set forth in Article II, Chapter 3, subject to the limitations set forth in paragraph (d).
  5. The total #floor area ratio# permitted for #commercial# or #community facility use# on the #zoning lot# shall be as set forth in Article III, Chapter 3, and the total #floor area ratio# permitted for #residential use# on the #zoning lot# shall be as set forth in Article II, Chapter 3, provided the total of all such #floor area ratios# does not exceed the greatest #floor area ratio# permitted for any such #use# on the #zoning lot#.
For the purposes of this Section, a #building segment# may be considered to be a #building#.
(10/17/07)
  1. Elimination or reduction in size of non-bonused open area on a #zoning lot# containing a bonused amenity

    In all districts, any existing open area for which a #floor area# bonus has not been utilized that occupies the same #zoning lot# as an existing #publicly accessible open area# or other public amenity, open or enclosed, for which a #floor area# bonus has been utilized, may be reduced in size or eliminated only upon certification of the Chairperson of the City Planning Commission that all bonused amenities comply with the standards under which such #floor area# bonus was granted.
  2. Kiosks and open air cafes

    Kiosks and open air cafes may be placed within an existing #publicly accessible open area# for which a #floor area# bonus has been received by certification, pursuant to Section 37-73 (Kiosks and Open Air Cafes).
  3. Nighttime closing of existing public open area

    In all #Commercial Districts#, the City Planning Commission may, upon application, authorize the closing during certain nighttime hours of an existing #publicly accessible open area# for which a #floor area# bonus has been received, pursuant to Section 37-727 (Hours of access).
  4. Elimination or reduction in size of existing public amenity

    In all #Commercial Districts#, no existing #publicly accessible open area#, #arcade# or other public amenity, open or enclosed, for which a #floor area# bonus has been utilized, shall be eliminated or reduced in size except by special permit of the City Planning Commission, pursuant to Section 74-761 (Elimination or reduction in size of bonused public amenities).
(3/22/16)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6

In the districts indicated, a #zoning lot# containing a #residential building# or the #residential# portion of a #mixed building# shall have a minimum #open space ratio# as required under the provisions of Sections 35-21 through 35-23, relating to Section 35-20 (APPLICABILITY OF RESIDENCE DISTRICT BULK REGULATIONS), except as otherwise provided in this Section.

For the purposes of this Section:
  1. the #floor area# counted in determining the #open space ratio# shall be only that #floor area# in the #residential# portion of the #building#;
  2. the #lot coverage# shall be deemed to be that portion of the #zoning lot# which, when viewed directly from above, would be covered by the #residential# portion of the #building# at any level; and
  3. the applicable #height factor#, if the maximum permitted #residential floor area ratio# is less than the total #floor area ratio# permitted for such #building#, shall be the #height factor# of the #residential# portion of the #building#.
A non-#residential use# occupying a portion of a #building# that was in existence on December 15, 1961, may be changed to a #residential use# and the regulations on minimum required #open space ratio# shall not apply to such change of #use#.
(3/22/16)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6

In the districts indicated, the #open space# required for a #residential building# or the #residential# portion of a #mixed building# under the provisions of Section 35-32 (Open Space Ratio for Residential Portions of Buildings) may be at a level higher than 23 feet above #curb level#. Such #open space# may be provided at ground floor level or upon the roof of:
  1. the non-#residential# portion of a #mixed building#;
  2. a #commercial building#; or
  3. a #community facility building# that #abuts# such #residential building# or #residential# portion of a #mixed building#;
provided that the level of any #open space# may not be higher than 2 feet, 6 inches below the sill level of any #legally required window# opening on such roof area, in the #residential# portion of such #mixed building#. #Open space# located on the roof of a #community facility building# separated by open area from #residential# or #mixed buildings# on the same #zoning lot# may not be at a level higher than 23 feet above #curb level#.
(3/22/16)

In C4-1 Districts, for #zoning lots# having a #lot area# in excess of four acres, open off-street parking spaces which are #accessory# to #commercial uses# are not permitted obstructions within required #open space#.

In C4-1 Districts, for #zoning lots# having a #lot area# in excess of four acres, #open space# provided on the roof of a #commercial building# that would otherwise qualify as #open space# shall be subject to authorization by the City Planning Commission. In permitting such roof area to qualify as #open space#, the Commission shall find that:
  1. the location and layout of the roof area is directly accessible, useable and restricted for the residential occupants and their guests for whom no admission charge or membership fee is charged;
  2. such roof area contains recreational facilities, seating areas and landscaping; and
  3. all mechanical equipment or emissions therefrom are screened and no intake or exhaust duct faces directly into the #open space#.
(3/22/16)

C1-8 C1-9 C2-7 C2-8 C4-6 C4-7 C5 C6

In the districts indicated, and in C1 and C2 Districts mapped within R9 or R10 Districts, #floor area# bonus provisions for #public plazas# and #arcades# shall apply as set forth in this Section. Any #floor area# bonus for a #public plaza# or #arcade# permitted under the applicable district regulations for any #residential#, #commercial# or #community facility# portion of a #building# may be applied, provided that any given #public plaza# or #arcade# shall be counted only once in determining a bonus.

C1-8A C1-8X C1-9A C2-7A C2-7X C2-8A C4-6A C4-7A C5-1A C5-2A C6-2A C6-3A C6-3X C6-4A
  1. Prohibition of #public plaza# and #arcade# bonuses

    1. In the districts indicated, and in C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R9A, R9X, R10A or R10X Districts, no #floor area# bonuses shall be permitted for #public plazas# or #arcades#.
    2. Within the boundaries of Community District 7, Borough of Manhattan, no #floor area# bonuses shall be permitted for #public plazas# or #arcades#.
  2. C1-8 C1-9 C2-7 C2-8

  3. In the districts indicated, and in other C1 or C2 Districts when mapped within R9 or R10 Districts, the bonus provisions of Section 33-13 shall apply only to a #development# or #enlargement# with 25 percent or less of the total #floor area# of the #building# in #residential use#.
  4. C4-6 C4-7 C5-1 C5-2 C5-4 C6-4 C6-5 C6-8

  5. In the districts indicated, except C6-4X Districts, if more than 50 percent of the #floor area# on the #zoning lot# is occupied by #residential uses#, then for each square foot of #public plaza# provided in accordance with Section 37-70, inclusive, the total #floor area# permitted on that #zoning lot# under the provisions of Section 23-152 (Basic regulations for R10 Districts) may be increased by six square feet.
  6. C4-6 C4-7 C5-1 C5-2 C5-4 C6-4 C6-5 C6-8

  7. In the districts indicated, if 50 percent or less of the #floor area# on the #zoning lot# is occupied by #residential uses#, then the provisions of Sections 33-13 and 33-14 shall apply.
  8. C5-3 C5-5 C6-1 C6-2 C6-3 C6-6 C6-7 C6-9

  9. In the districts indicated, the provisions of Sections 33-13 and 33-14 shall apply.
  10. C6-4X

  11. In the district indicated, if all #dwelling units# in the #building# are located above a height of 60 feet above the #base plane#, then the bonus provisions of Section 33-13 shall apply.
(3/22/16)

C1-8 C1-9 C2-7 C2-8
  1. In the districts indicated, or in C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R9 or R10 Districts, the provisions of Section 33-14 shall apply only to a #development# or #enlargement# with 25 percent or less of the total #floor area# of the #building# in #residential use#.
C4-6 C4-7 C5 C6
  1. In the districts indicated, the provisions of Section 33-14 shall apply.
(2/14/18)

In C6-3 Districts without a letter suffix in Mandatory Inclusionary Housing Program Area 4, as of February 14, 2018, in Community District 1, in the Borough of the Bronx, for #MIH developments# or #affordable independent residences for seniors#, the #residential floor area ratio# shall be that for an R9-1 District set forth in paragraph (d) of Section 23-154 (Inclusionary Housing) or in Section 23-155 (Affordable independent residences for seniors), as applicable.
(3/22/16)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6

In the districts indicated, the maximum number of #dwelling units# on a #zoning lot# shall equal the maximum #residential floor area# permitted for the #zoning lot# determined in accordance with the provisions set forth in Section 35-30 (APPLICABILITY OF FLOOR AREA AND OPEN SPACE REGULATIONS) divided by the applicable factor in Section 23-20 (DENSITY REGULATIONS).

Illustrative Examples

The following examples, although not part of the Zoning Resolution, are included to demonstrate the application of density regulations to #mixed buildings#.

For a #mixed building# in a #predominantly built-up area# of a C1 District mapped within an R5 District, the maximum permitted #commercial floor area ratio# (FAR) is 1.0, the maximum permitted #community facility# FAR is 2.0 and the maximum permitted #residential# FAR is 1.65, provided the total FAR for all #uses# on the #zoning lot# does not exceed 2.0, pursuant to Section 35-30. On a 10,000 square foot #zoning lot developed# with 1.0 FAR of #commercial use# and .2 FAR of #community facility use#, the maximum #residential floor area ratio# permitted for such #mixed building# is .8. The maximum number of #dwelling units# permitted on the #zoning lot# is 9 (10,000 x .8 divided by a factor of 900, pursuant to Section 23-22).
For a #mixed building# where the #residential# portion is #developed# pursuant to the optional Quality Housing Program on a #wide street# in a C2 District mapped within an R7-1 District outside the #Manhattan Core#, the maximum permitted #commercial# FAR is 2.0, the maximum permitted #community facility# FAR is 4.8 (or 1.0 if the total FAR of the #mixed building# exceeds 3.5), and the maximum permitted #residential# FAR is 4.0, provided the total FAR for all #uses# on the #zoning lot# does not exceed 4.8, pursuant to Section 35-30. On a 15,000 square foot #zoning lot developed# with 1.0 FAR of #commercial use# and 1.0 FAR of #community facility use#, the maximum #residential floor area ratio# permitted for such #mixed building# is 2.8. The maximum number of #dwelling units# permitted on the #zoning lot# is 62 (15,000 x 2.8 divided by a factor of 680, pursuant to Section 23-22).
For a #mixed building# in a C4-6 District #developed# with a #public plaza# where less than 50 percent of the #floor area# on the #zoning lot# is occupied by #residential uses#, the maximum permitted #commercial# FAR is 4.08 (3.4 plus a 20 percent increase for a #public plaza#), the maximum permitted #community facility# FAR is 12.0 (10.0 plus a 20 percent increase for a #public plaza#), and the maximum permitted #residential# FAR is 10.0, provided the total FAR for all #uses# on the #zoning lot# does not exceed 12.0, pursuant to Section 35-30. On a 20,000 square foot #zoning lot developed# with 7.0 FAR of #community facility use# and no #commercial use#, the maximum #residential floor area ratio# permitted on such #zoning lot# is 5.0. The maximum number of #dwelling units# permitted on the #zoning lot# is 147 (20,000 x 5 divided by a factor of 680, pursuant to Section 23-22).
(3/22/16)

In #mixed buildings# with differing #yard# or #rear yard equivalent# requirements for different #uses#, the applicable #residential yard# and #rear yard equivalent# regulations shall apply at the lowest #story# containing #dwelling units# with windows facing onto such #residential yard# or #rear yard equivalent#, as applicable.
(3/22/16)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6

In the districts indicated, no #front yard# shall be required, except that the provisions of paragraph (a) of Section 34-233 (Special provisions applying along district boundaries) shall apply to portions of a #zoning lot# within 25 feet of a #Commercial District# boundary which coincides with a #side lot line# of a #zoning lot# in an R1 through R5 District.
(4/30/12)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6

In the districts indicated, except as otherwise provided in Section 35-54 (Special Provisions Applying Adjacent to R1 through R5 Districts), no #side yard# shall be required although, if any open area extending along a #side lot line# is provided at any level, it shall have a width of not less than eight feet. Permitted obstructions, pursuant to paragraph (a) of Section 33- 23 (Permitted Obstructions in Required Yards or Rear Yard Equivalents), shall be permitted in such open areas.

However, in C3A Districts, #side yards# shall be provided in accordance with the regulations for R3A Districts as set forth in Section 23-461 (Side yards for single- or two-family residences).
(4/30/12)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6

In the districts indicated, for a #residential# portion of a #mixed building#, the required #residential rear yard# shall be provided at the floor level of the lowest #story# used for #dwelling units# or #rooming units#, where any window of such #dwelling units# or #rooming units# faces onto such #rear yard#. If the level of such #yard# is at or higher than the first #story#, decks, parapet walls, roof thickness, solar energy systems up to four feet high, vegetated roofs, and weirs, shall be permitted, pursuant to Section 23-62 (Permitted Obstructions).
(10/11/12)

In C4-4L Districts, for #through lots# that have a maximum depth of 180 feet or less and are bounded by a #street# containing an elevated rail line, no #residential rear yard equivalent# shall be required.
(3/22/16)

A portion of a #building# used for #residential uses# other than #dwelling units# in #Quality Housing buildings# containing #affordable independent residences for seniors# on #zoning lots# meeting the criteria set forth in paragraph (a)(4) of Section 23- 664 (Modified height and setback regulations for certain Inclusionary Housing buildings or affordable independent residences for seniors) shall be a permitted obstruction within a #rear yard# or #rear yard equivalent# on #zoning lots# in C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R6 through R10 Districts, other than R6B, R7B or R8B Districts, or in #Commercial Districts# with a residential equivalent of an R6 through R10 District, other than R6B, R7B or R8B Districts, provided that the height of such #building# portion does not exceed one #story#, or 15 feet above the adjoining grade, whichever is less, and provided that such space shall be accessible to all residents of the #building#.
(2/2/11)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6

In the districts indicated, on #zoning lots# adjacent to #zoning lots# in R1, R2, R3, R4 or R5 Districts, a #side yard# at least eight feet wide shall be provided along the entire length of the common #side lot line#. Such #side yard# may be used for #accessory# parking.
(2/14/18)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6

In the districts indicated, height and setback regulations are modified for #mixed buildings# in Section 35-60 (MODIFICATION OF HEIGHT AND SETBACK REGULATIONS), inclusive.

Height and setback modifications applicable to C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R1 through R5 Districts, and C3 and C4-1 Districts are set forth in Section 35-62 (Commercial Districts with an R1 through R5 Residential Equivalent).

Height and setback modifications applicable to C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R6 through R10 Districts, and #Commercial Districts# with a residential equivalent of R6 through R10 Districts, are set forth in Sections 35-63 (Basic Height and Setback Modifications), 35-64 (Special Tower Regulations for Mixed Buildings) and 35-65 (Height and Setback Requirements for Quality Housing Buildings), as applicable. Special rules for certain areas are set forth in Section 35-66 (Special Height and Setback Provisions for Certain Areas).

In C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R6A, R6B, R7A, R7B, R7D, R7X, R8A, R8B, R8X, R9A, R9D, R9X, R10A or R10X Districts, and in C1- 6A, C1-7A, C1-8A, C1-8X, C1-9A, C2-6A, C2-7A, C2-7X, C2-8A, C4- 2A, C4-3A, C4-4A, C4-4D, C4-4L, C4-5A, C4-5D, C4-5X, C4-6A, C4- 7A, C5-1A, C5-2A, C6-2A, C6-3A, C6-3D, C6-3X, C6-4A or C6-4X Districts, all #buildings# shall comply with the #bulk# regulations for #Quality Housing buildings# set forth in Sections 23-62 (Permitted Obstructions) and 23-66 (Height and Setback Requirements for Quality Housing Buildings), as modified by Section 35-65. In C1 or C2 Districts mapped in R6 through R10 Districts without a letter suffix, or in other #Commercial Districts# with a residential equivalent of an R6 through R10 District, the #residential# portion of a #building# may be #developed# or #enlarged# pursuant to the basic height and setback requirements of Sections 23-62, 23-64 (Basic Height and Setback Requirements) or 23-65 (Tower Regulations), as modified by Sections 35-63 and 35-64, as applicable, or the entire #building# may be #developed# or #enlarged# pursuant to the #bulk# regulations for #Quality Housing buildings#. All #Quality Housing buildings# shall also comply with additional provisions set forth in Article II, Chapter 8, as applicable.
(3/22/16)

C1 C2 C3 C4

In C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R1 through R5 Districts, and C3 and C4-1 Districts, height and setback regulations are modified as follows:
  1. no #front yard# is required for any portion of a #building# in a #Commercial District#, except as otherwise provided in Section 35-51 (Modification of Front Yard Requirements). Therefore, in applying the height and setback regulations in districts where the height of #buildings or other structures# is governed by #sky exposure planes#, such #sky exposure plane#, which in a #Residence District# would be measured from a point above the #front yard line#, may be measured from a point above the #street line#. The maximum height of a front wall within the #initial setback distance# permitted in the applicable district for a #residential#, #commercial# or #community facility building#, whichever permits the greatest maximum height;
  2. in cases where the provisions of paragraph (a) of Section 34-233 (Special provisions applying along district boundary lines) apply, as set forth in Section 35-51, the #sky exposure plane# is measured from a point above the #front yard line#;
  3. in C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R3 or R4A Districts, the height and setback regulations applicable to R4 Districts, except R4A and R4B Districts, may be applied;
  4. in C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R4, R4B or R4-1 Districts, the height and setback regulations applicable to an R5B District may be applied; and
  5. in C3A Districts, the height and setback regulations applicable to R3A Districts shall apply.
(3/22/16)

C1 C2 C4 C5 C6

In C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R6 through R10 Districts without a letter suffix, and in #Commercial Districts# with a residential equivalent of R6 through R10 without a letter suffix, height and setback regulations are modified as follows:
  1. no #front yard# is required for any portion of a #building# in a #Commercial District#, except as otherwise provided in Section 35-51 (Modification of Front Yard Requirements). Therefore, in applying the height and setback regulations in districts where the height of #buildings or other structures# is governed by #sky exposure planes#, such #sky exposure plane#, which in a #Residence District# would be measured from a point above the #front yard line#, may be measured from a point above the #street line#. The maximum height of a front wall within the #initial setback distance# shall be the maximum height for front walls permitted in the applicable district for a #residential#, #commercial# or #community facility building#, whichever permits the greatest maximum height;
  2. in cases where the provisions of paragraph (a) of Section 34-233 (Special provisions applying along district boundary lines) apply, as set forth in Section 35-51, the #sky exposure plane# is measured from a point above the #front yard line#; and
  3. in C1-8, C1-9, C2-7 or C2-8 Districts, or in C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R9 or R10 Districts, the provisions of Section 23-642 (Alternate front setbacks) shall not apply to any #development# or #enlargement# with more than 25 percent of its total #floor area# occupied by #residential use#.
(3/22/16)

C1 C2 C4 C5 C6

In the districts indicated without a letter suffix, when a #mixed building# is subject to tower regulations, the #residential# tower regulations of paragraphs (a) and (b) or the #commercial# tower regulations of paragraph (c) of this Section shall apply to the entire #building#.
  1. In C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R9 or R10 Districts, or in C1-8, C1-9, C2-7 or C2-8 Districts, a #mixed building# that meets the location and #floor area# criteria of paragraph (a) of Section 23-65 (Tower Regulations) shall be governed by the provisions of Section 23-651 (Tower-on-abase), except that the #building# base regulations of paragraph (b) of Section 23-651 shall be modified, as follows:

    1. On a #wide street#, and on a #narrow street# within 30 feet of its intersection with a #wide street#, the entire width of the #street wall# of a base shall be located on the #street line#.

      However, to allow for articulation of corners at the intersection of two #street lines#, the #street wall# may be located anywhere within an area bounded by the two #street lines# and a line connecting such #street lines# at points 15 feet from their intersection. Recesses, not to exceed three feet in depth from the #street line#, shall be permitted on the ground floor where required to provide access to the #building#.
    2. On a #narrow street# beyond 30 feet of its intersection with a #wide street#, the #street wall# of a base shall be located within eight feet of a #street line#.
    3. On a #wide street#, recesses above the ground floor are permitted at any level in the #street wall# of a base for #outer courts# or balconies. The aggregate width of such recesses shall not exceed 50 percent of the width of the entire #street wall# at any level.

      However, not more than 30 percent of the aggregate width of such recesses shall exceed a depth of eight feet. Furthermore, no recesses shall be permitted below a height of 12 feet, within 20 feet of an adjacent #building#, or within 30 feet of the intersection of two #street lines#, except for corner articulation as provided for in paragraph (a)(1) of this Section.
    4. On a #narrow street#, recesses are permitted at any level in the #street wall# of a base for #outer courts# or balconies. The aggregate width of such recesses shall not exceed 50 percent of the width of the entire #street wall# at any level.

      However, not more than 30 percent of the aggregate width of such recesses shall exceed a depth of eight feet. Furthermore, no recesses shall be permitted below a height of 12 feet within 20 feet of an adjacent #building#, or within 30 feet of the intersection of two #street lines#, except for corner articulation as provided for in paragraph (a)(1) of this Section.
  2. In C4-6, C5-1 or C6-3 Districts, the #residential# portion of a #mixed building# that in the aggregate occupies not more than 40 percent of the #lot area# of a #zoning lot# or, for #zoning lots# of less than 20,000 square feet, the percent set forth in Section 23-65 (Tower Regulations), may be constructed in conformance with the provisions of Section 23-652 (Standard tower regulations), provided the following conditions are met:

    1. at least 65 percent of the total allowable #floor area# on a #zoning lot# under the applicable district regulations is occupied by #residential uses#;
    2. all #uses# within such #mixed building# comply with the provisions of Section 32-42 (Location within Buildings); and
    3. only the #residential# portion of such #mixed building# penetrates the #sky exposure plane# as set forth in Sections 33-432 or 33-442 (In other Commercial Districts).
  3. In C4-7, C5-2, C5-3, C5-4, C5-5, C6-4, C6-5, C6-6, C6-7, C6- 8 or C6-9 Districts, the tower regulations applicable to any #mixed building# shall be the regulations set forth in Section 33-45.

    However, in C4-7, C5-2, C5-4, C6-4, C6-5 or C6-8 Districts, when no more than two #stories# of a #mixed building# are occupied by non-#residential uses#, the tower regulations applicable to the #residential# portion of such #mixed building# may be governed by Section 23-652 (Standard tower regulations) or, for towers on small lots, the percentages set forth in Section 23-65 (Tower Regulations).

    All #uses# within such #mixed building# shall comply with the provisions of Section 32-42.
(3/22/16)

C1 C2 C4 C5 C6

In the districts indicated, the #street wall# location provisions of Sections 35-651 and the height and setback provisions of Section 35-652, shall apply to #Quality Housing buildings#. In certain districts, the heights set forth in Section 35-652 may be increased pursuant to either the provisions of Section 35-653 (Tower regulations) or 35-654 (Modified height and setback regulations for certain Inclusionary Housing buildings or affordable independent residences for seniors), as applicable. Additional provisions are set forth in Section 35-655. The height of all #buildings or other structures# shall be measured from the #base plane#.

In all such districts, the permitted obstructions provisions of Section 33-42 shall apply to any #building or other structure#. In addition, a dormer may be allowed as a permitted obstruction pursuant to paragraph (c)(1) of Section 23-621 (Permitted obstructions in certain districts).
(3/22/16)

C1 C2 C4 C5 C6

In the districts indicated, the #street wall# location provisions of paragraphs (a), (b), (c) or (d) of this Section shall apply to all #Quality Housing buildings#, as applicable.

Any #street wall# may be divided into different segments, and located at varying depths from the #street line#, to allow for #building# recesses, projections, #outer courts# and other forms of articulation, provided that each portion complies with the applicable #street wall# location provisions of paragraphs (a), (b), (c) or (d) of this Section. Recesses, projections and other forms of articulation beyond the #street wall# locations established in paragraphs (a), (b), (c) or (d) are permitted only in accordance with paragraph (e) of this Section.

C1-6A C2-6A C4-2A C4-3A C4-4A C4-5A C4-5X
  1. In the districts indicated, and in C1 or C2 Districts when mapped within R6A, R6B, R7A, R7B or R7X Districts, and for #Quality Housing buildings# in other #Commercial Districts# with a residential equivalent of an R6 or R7 District, the following shall apply:

    1. at least 70 percent of the #aggregate width of street walls# shall be located within eight feet of the #street line# and shall extend to at least the minimum base height specified in Sections 35-652 and 23-662 (Maximum height of buildings and setback regulations), or the height of the #building#, whichever is less. Up to 30 percent of the #aggregate width of street walls# may be recessed beyond eight feet of the #street line#, provided that any such recesses deeper than ten feet along a #wide street# or 15 feet along a #narrow street# are located within an #outer court#;
    2. existing #buildings# may be horizontally #enlarged# without regard to #street wall# location provisions, provided the amount of new #floor area# does not exceed 50 percent of the amount of #floor area# existing on June 29, 1994, and the #enlarged# portion of the #building# does not exceed one #story# or 15 feet in height, whichever is less;
    3. for #zoning lots# bounded by more than one #street line#, these #street wall# location provisions shall be mandatory along only one #street line#; and
    4. where only one #street line# is coincident with the boundary of a #Commercial District# mapped along an entire #block# front, the #street wall# location provisions shall apply along such coincident #street line#. For all other #zoning lots#, the #street wall location provisions shall apply along at least one #street line#.

  2. C1-7A C1-8A C1-8X C1-9A C2-7A C2-7X C2-8A C4-4D C4-5D C4-6A C4-7A C5-1A C5-2A C6-2A C6-3A C6-3X C6-4A C6-4X
  3. In the districts indicated, and in C1 or C2 Districts when mapped within R7D, R8A, R8B, R8X, R9A, R9X, R10A or R10X Districts, and for #Quality Housing buildings# in other C1, C2, C4, C5 or C6 Districts with a residential equivalent of an R8, R9 or R10 District, the following #street wall# location provisions shall apply along #wide streets#, and along #narrow streets# within 50 feet of their intersection with a #wide street#:
    1. The #street wall# shall be located on the #street line# and extend along the entire #street# frontage of the #zoning lot# up to at least the minimum base height specified in Section 35-652 and 23-662, or the height of the #building#, whichever is less. However, to allow articulation of #street walls# at the intersection of two #street lines#, the #street wall# may be located anywhere within an area bounded by the two #street lines# and a line connecting such #street lines# at points 15 feet from their intersection, or, for #corner lots# with an angle of 75 degrees or less, at points 30 feet from their intersection.

      In C6-4X Districts, #public plazas# are only permitted to front upon a #narrow street line# beyond 50 feet of its intersection with a #wide street line#. The #street wall# location provisions of this Section shall not apply along any such #street line# occupied by a #public plaza#.
    2. Above a height of 15 feet above the #base plane#, or the height of the first #story#, whichever is lower, up to 30 percent of the #aggregate width of street walls# may be recessed beyond the #street line#, provided any such recesses deeper than ten feet along a #wide street#, or 15 feet along a #narrow street#, are located within an #outer court#. Furthermore, no recesses shall be permitted within 30 feet of the intersection of two #street lines# except to articulate the #street walls# as set forth in paragraph (b)(1) of this Section.
    3. Where a continuous sidewalk widening is provided on the #zoning lot#, along the entire #block# frontage of a #street#, the boundary of the sidewalk widening shall be considered to be the #street line# for the purposes of this Section.

    Along #narrow streets# beyond 50 feet of their intersection with a #wide street#, the #street wall# provisions of paragraph (a) of this Section shall apply. C4-4L
  4. In C4-4L Districts, the #street wall# location provisions of paragraph (a) of this Section shall apply along any #street# that does not contain an elevated rail line. For #zoning lots# bounded by a #street# containing an elevated rail line, the following regulations shall apply along the frontage facing the elevated rail line.

    1. A sidewalk widening shall be provided along the entire #zoning lot# frontage of such #street# containing an elevated rail line. Such sidewalk widening shall have a depth of five feet, be improved to Department of Transportation standards for sidewalks, be at the same level as the adjoining public sidewalk and be accessible to the public at all times. A line parallel to and five feet from the #street line# of such #street# containing an elevated rail line, as measured within the #zoning lot#, shall be considered the #street line# for the purpose of applying all regulations of Section 35-65, inclusive.
    2. At least 70 percent of the #aggregate width of street walls# shall be located at the #street line# of the #street# containing the elevated rail line and extend to at least the minimum base height, or the height of the #building#, whichever is less, up to the maximum base height.

  5. C6-3D
  6. In the district indicated, and in C1 or C2 Districts when mapped within R9D Districts, for #developments# or #enlargements# on #zoning lots# fronting upon #wide streets#, or fronting upon #narrow streets# that include an elevated rail line, sidewalks, with a minimum depth of 20 feet measured perpendicular to the curb of the #street#, shall be provided along such entire #street# frontages of the #zoning lot#. In locations where the width of the sidewalk within the #street# is less than 20 feet, a sidewalk widening shall be provided on the #zoning lot# so that the combined width of the sidewalk within the #street# and the sidewalk widening equals 20 feet. However, existing #buildings# to remain on the #zoning lot# need not be removed in order to comply with this requirement. All sidewalk widenings shall be improved to Department of Transportation standards for sidewalks, shall be at the same level as the adjoining public sidewalks and shall be accessible to the public at all times. In addition, the provisions of paragraphs (f)(2) through (f)(5) of Section 37-53 (Design Standards for Pedestrian Circulation Spaces) shall apply.

    The following #street wall# location provisions shall apply along #wide streets#, and along #narrow streets# within 50 feet of their intersection with a #wide street#.
    1. The #street wall# shall be located on the #street line# and extend along the entire #street# frontage of the #zoning lot# up to at least the minimum base height specified in Section 35-652, or the height of the #building#, whichever is less. To allow articulation of #street walls# at the intersection of two #street lines#, up to 50 percent of the area bounded by the two #street lines# and lines parallel to and 50 feet from such #street lines# may be unoccupied by a #building#. However, where one such #street line# fronts an elevated rail line, a minimum of 25 percent and a maximum of 50 percent of the area bounded by the two #street lines# and lines parallel to and 50 feet from such #street lines# shall be unoccupied by a #building#.
    2. Above a heigh4t of 15 feet above the #base plane#, or the height of the first #story#, whichever is less, up to 30 percent of the #aggregate width of street walls# may be recessed beyond the #street line#, provided any such recesses deeper than 10 feet along a #wide street#, or 15 feet along a #narrow street#, are located within an #outer court#. Furthermore, no recesses shall be permitted within 30 feet of the intersection of two #street lines# except to articulate the #street walls# as set forth in paragraph (b)(1) of this Section.
    3. Where a continuous sidewalk widening is provided along the entire #block# frontage of a #street#, the boundary of the sidewalk widening shall be considered to be the #street line# for the purposes of this Section.

    Along #narrow streets# beyond 50 feet of their intersection with a #wide street#, the #street wall# provisions of paragraph (a) of this Section shall apply.
  7. C1 C2 C4 C5 C6
  8. #Street wall# articulation, including, but not limited to, window recesses and structural expression on the #building# facade, shall be permitted to project or recess beyond the #street wall# locations established in paragraphs (a), (b), (c) or (d) of this Section, provided such articulation does not exceed a depth or projection of twelve inches. In addition, to accommodate other forms of #street wall# articulation, such as bay windows, and facade recesses, up to 50 percent of the #aggregate width of street wall#, at any level, may recess or project beyond such #street wall# location provisions of this Section, provided that no such recess or projection exceeds a depth of three feet, as measured perpendicular from the #street wall#, or portion thereof. No projection shall extend beyond the #street line#, except where encroachments into the public right-of-way are permitted by the New York City Administrative Code.
(3/22/16)

C1 C2 C4 C5 C6

In the districts indicated, height and setback regulations for #Quality Housing buildings# are set forth in this Section.

The height of a #Quality Housing building or other structure# shall not exceed the maximum height limit specified for the applicable district set forth in paragraphs (a) or (b) of this Section, as applicable, except as specified in paragraph (d) of this Section and elsewhere in this Chapter.

Basic building heights for #Quality Housing buildings# are set forth in paragraph (a) of this Section. Such heights may be increased in certain districts for #Quality Housing buildings# with #qualifying ground floors# pursuant to paragraph (b)(1) of this Section. For #Quality Housing buildings# with #qualifying ground floors# in #Commercial Districts# mapped within, or with a residential equivalent of R6A, R6B, R7A, R7D, R7X, R8A, R8X, R9X or R10A Districts located outside the #Manhattan Core#, supplemental ground floor provisions are set forth in paragraph (b)(2) of this Section.

A setback is required for all portions of #buildings or other structures# that exceed the maximum base height specified in paragraphs (a) or (b) of this Section, and shall be provided in accordance with the provisions set forth in paragraph (c) of Section 23-662, except as modified in paragraph (c) below.
  1. Basic building heights

    For #Quality Housing buildings#, the minimum and maximum base height, and maximum height of a #building or other structure# shall be as specified in paragraph (a) of Section 23-662 (Maximum height of buildings and setback regulations) for the #Residence District# within which such #Commercial District# is mapped, or the applicable residential equivalent set forth in the Tables in Section 35-23 (Residential Bulk Regulations in Other C1 or C2 Districts or in C3, C4, C5 or C6 Districts).
  2. Special heights in certain districts for #Quality housing buildings# with #qualifying ground floors#

    1. Eligible #buildings#

      Table 2 in paragraph (b) of Section 23-662 sets forth the minimum and maximum base height, maximum #building# height, and maximum number of #stories# for #Quality Housing buildings# with #qualifying ground floors# within:

      1. #Commercial Districts# mapped within, or with a residential equivalent of, R6 or R7 Districts without a letter suffix outside the #Manhattan Core# and within 100 feet of a #wide street#, or R8 or R10 Districts without a letter suffix within 100 feet of a #wide street#;
      2. #Commercial Districts# mapped within, or with a residential equivalent of, R6A, R6B, R7A, R7D, R7X, R8A, R8X, R9X or R10A Districts located outside the #Manhattan Core#.
    2. Supplemental ground floor provisions for #buildings# in certain districts

      For #Quality Housing buildings# with #qualifying ground floors# in #Commercial Districts# mapped within, or with a residential equivalent of R6A, R6B, R7A, R7D, R7X, R8A, R8X, R9X, or R10A Districts located outside the #Manhattan Core#, supplemental ground floor provisions shall apply as follows:

      1. Along #primary street frontages#

        For #buildings#, or portions thereof, with #primary street frontage#, as defined in Section 37-311, #uses# on the first #story#, to the minimum depth set forth in Section 37-32 (Ground Floor Depth Requirements for Certain Uses), shall be limited to non-#residential uses#, except for Type 1 lobbies in C1 or C2 Districts, Type 2 lobbies in C4, C5 or C6 Districts, entrances and exits to #accessory# parking spaces, and entryways to subway stations, where applicable, provided in accordance with Section 37-33 (Maximum Width of Certain Uses). #Accessory# off-street parking spaces on the ground floor shall be wrapped in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (a) of Section 37-35 (Parking Wrap and Screening Requirements). Each ground floor level #street wall# shall be glazed in accordance with the provisions set forth in Section 37-34 (Minimum Transparency Requirements).
      2. Along #secondary street frontages#

        For #buildings# or portions thereof, with #secondary street frontage#, as defined in Section 37-311, #accessory# off-street parking spaces on the ground floor level shall be wrapped or screened in accordance with Section 37-35. However, the aggregate width of any such screening, excluding entrances and exits, shall not exceed 50 feet.
  3. Setback modifications

    1. In C6-3D Districts, the provisions for R9D Districts set forth in Section 23-662 shall apply, except that:

      1. the setback provisions of paragraph (c) of this Section are optional where a #building# wall is within the area bounded by two intersecting #street lines# and lines parallel to and 70 feet from such #street lines#; and
      2. where such #building# is adjacent to a #public park#, such setback may be provided at grade for all portions of #buildings# outside of the area bounded by two intersecting #street lines# and lines parallel to and 70 feet from such #street lines#, provided that any area unoccupied by a #building# shall be improved to Department of Transportation standards for sidewalks, shall be at the same level as the adjoining public sidewalks, and shall be accessible to the public at all times.
    2. In C4-4L Districts, for #zoning lots# bounded by a #street# containing an elevated rail line, the following shall apply:

      1. a setback with a depth of at least 15 feet from the #street line# of the #street# containing the elevated rail line shall be provided at a height not lower than the minimum base height of either 25 feet or two #stories#, whichever is lower, and not higher than the maximum base height of either 65 feet or six #stories#, whichever is lower; and
      2. dormers shall not be a permitted obstruction within such setback distance.
  4. Maximum height modifications

    1. In C6-3D and C6-4X Districts, the maximum base heights for the applicable residential equivalents may be exceeded in accordance with the tower regulations of Section 35-653.
    2. In C4-4L Districts, for #zoning lots# bounded by a #street# containing an elevated rail line and within 125 feet of such #street#, the maximum #building# height for a #building# with a #qualifying ground floor# shall be 105 feet or ten #stories#, whichever is less. For #buildings# with #non-qualifying ground floors#, the maximum height shall be reduced to 100 feet.
(3/22/16)

C6-3D C6-4X

In the districts indicated, any #building or other structure#, or portions thereof, which in the aggregate occupies not more than 40 percent of the #lot area# of a #zoning lot# or, for #zoning lots# of less than 20,000 square feet, the percentage set forth in the table in Section 23-651 (Tower-on-a-base), above a height of 85 feet above the #base plane#, is hereinafter referred to as a tower. Dormers permitted within a required setback area pursuant to Section 23-621 (Permitted obstructions in certain districts) shall not be included in tower coverage. Such tower may exceed a height limit of 85 feet above the #base plane# provided the base of such tower complies with the applicable provisions of Section 35-651 (Street wall location) and the setback provisions of Section 35-652 (Maximum height of buildings and setback regulations), and provided that the tower portion complies with the provisions of paragraphs (a), (b) and (c) of Section 23-663 (Tower regulations).
(2/14/18)

C1 C2 C4 C5 C6

In the districts indicated, the provisions of this Section shall apply to #Quality Housing buildings# on #zoning lots# meeting the criteria set forth in paragraph (a) of Section 23-664 (Modified height and setback regulations for certain Inclusionary Housing buildings or affordable independent residences for seniors).

For all such #Quality Housing buildings#, the maximum base and #building# heights established in Sections 35-652 and 23-662 (Maximum height of buildings and setback regulations) shall be modified in accordance with the table in paragraph (b) of Section 23-664 for the #Residence District# within which such #Commercial Districts# are mapped, or the applicable residential equivalent set forth in the tables in Section 35-23 (Residential Bulk Regulations in Other C1 or C2 Districts or in C3, C4, C5 or C6 Districts). Separate maximum #building# heights are set forth within such table for #Quality Housing buildings# with #qualifying ground floors# and for those with #non-qualifying ground floors#. However:
  1. for C4-4L Districts, the maximum #building height# shall be increased to 115 feet for #buildings# with #qualifying ground floors#, or 11 #stories#, whichever is lower, for #buildings# with #non-qualifying ground floors#. For #buildings# with #non-qualifying ground floors#, the maximum height shall be reduced to 110 feet; and
  2. for such #Quality Housing buildings# in C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R6 through R8 Districts without a letter suffix or within an R9-1 District, or in other #Commercial Districts# with a residential equivalent of an R6 though R8 District without a suffix, the #street wall# location and height and setback provisions of Sections 35-651 and 35-652 need not apply to #buildings# on #zoning lots# that meet the criteria set forth in:

    1. paragraph (a)(3) of Section 23-664; or
    2. paragraph (a)(4) of Section 23-664 and such #zoning lots# are located within 150 feet of the types of transportation infrastructure listed in paragraphs (c)(2)(i) through (c)(2)(iv) of Section 23-664. Such 150-foot measurement shall be measured perpendicular to the edge of such infrastructure.
  3. In lieu thereof, the alternative height and setback regulations set forth in paragraph (c) of Section 23-664 shall apply.
(3/22/16)

C1 C2 C4 C5 C6

In the districts indicated, for #Quality Housing buildings#, the following additional provisions shall apply:
  1. Existing #buildings# may be vertically enlarged by up to one #story# or 15 feet without regard to the #street wall# location requirements of Section 35-651.
  2. On #through lots# that extend less than 180 feet in maximum depth from #street# to #street#, the #street wall# location requirements of Section 35-651 shall be mandatory along only one #street# frontage. However, in C4-4L Districts, such #street wall# location regulations shall apply along the frontage of any #street# containing an elevated rail line.
  3. The #street wall# location and minimum base height provisions of Sections 35-651 and 35-652, respectively, shall not apply along any #street# frontage of a #zoning lot# occupied by #buildings# whose #street wall# heights or widths will remain unaltered.
  4. The minimum base height provisions of Section 35-652 shall not apply to #buildings developed# or #enlarged# after February 2, 2011, that do not exceed such minimum base heights, except where such #buildings# are located on #zoning lots# with multiple #buildings#, one or more of which is #developed#, #enlarged# or altered after February 2, 2011, to a height exceeding such minimum base heights.
  5. The City Planning Commission may, upon application, authorize modifications in the required #street wall# location of a #development# or #enlargement# if the Commission finds that existing #buildings#, or existing open areas serving existing #buildings# to remain on the #zoning lot#, would be adversely affected by the location of the #street walls# of the #development# or #enlargement# in the manner prescribed in this Section.
  6. For any #zoning lot# located in a Historic District designated by the Landmarks Preservation Commission, the minimum base height and #street wall# location regulations of this Section, or as modified in any applicable Special District, shall be modified as follows:

    1. The minimum base height of a #street wall# may vary between the height of the #street wall# of an adjacent #building# before setback, if such height is lower than the minimum base height required, up to the minimum base height requirements of Section 35-652, or as modified in any applicable Special District.
    2. The maximum base height of a #street wall# may vary between the height of the #street wall# of an adjacent #building# before setback, if such height is higher than the maximum base height allowed, and the maximum base height requirements of Section 35-652, provided that such height not exceed 150 feet and provided that such #zoning lot# is located within the area bounded by West 22nd Street, a line 100 feet west of Fifth Avenue, a line midway between West 16th Street and West 17th Street, and a line 100 feet east of Sixth Avenue.
    3. The location of the #street wall# of any #building# may vary between the #street wall# location requirements of Section 35-651, or as modified in any applicable Special District, and the location of the #street wall# of an adjacent #building# fronting on the same #street line#.
  7. In C6-3D Districts, where a #building# on an adjacent #zoning lot# has #dwelling unit# windows located within 30 feet of a #side lot line# of the #development# or #enlargement#, an open area extending along the entire length of such #side lot line# with a minimum width of 15 feet shall be provided. Such open area may be obstructed only by the permitted obstructions set forth in Section 33- 23 (Permitted Obstructions in Required Yards or Rear Yard Equivalents).
  8. For the purposes of applying the #street wall# location regulations of paragraph (b) of this Section, any #building# wall oriented so that lines perpendicular to it would intersect a #street line# at an angle of 65 degrees or less shall not be considered a #street wall#.
  9. For the purposes of applying the #street wall# location as well as the height and setback provisions of Sections 35-651 and 35-652, respectively, where the Administrative Code establishes restrictions on the location of #buildings# on lots fronting upon and within 30 feet of Eastern Parkway in Community Districts 8 and 9 in the Borough of Brooklyn, lines drawn 30 feet north of and 30 feet south of, and parallel to, Eastern Parkway shall be considered the northern and southern #street lines# of Eastern Parkway.
(11/30/17)

Community District 6, Manhattan

In Community District 6 in the Borough of Manhattan, for #buildings developed# or #enlarged# with towers in #Commercial Districts# mapped within R10 Districts located east of First Avenue and north of East 51st Street, the provisions of paragraph (a) of Section 35-64 (Tower Regulations) shall be modified to require that the tower-on-a-base provisions of Section 23-651 apply to all #buildings# where more than 25 percent of the total #floor area# of the #building# is allocated to #residential uses#, irrespective of whether the #building# has #wide street# or #narrow street# frontage. Such provisions shall be modified in accordance with the provisions of Section 23-675 (Provisions for certain R10 Districts within Community District 6 in the Borough of Manhattan), except that the #building# base modifications set forth in paragraphs (a)(1) through (a)(3) of Section 35-64 shall apply.
(2/14/18)

In C6-3 Districts without a letter suffix in Mandatory Inclusionary Housing Program Area 4, as of February 14, 2018, in Community District 1, in the Borough of the Bronx, for an #MIH development# that is also an #MIH site# or for a #development# containing no #residences# other than #affordable independent residence for seniors#, the #street wall# location and height and setback provisions of Sections 35-651 and 35-652 shall not apply. In lieu thereof, the height and setback regulations for an R9-1 District set forth in paragraph (c) of Section 23-664 (Modified height and setback regulations for certain Inclusionary Housing buildings or affordable independent residences for seniors), shall apply.
(4/22/09)

The following regulations on permitted and required accessory off-street parking spaces and accessory bicycle parking spaces are adopted in order to provide parking spaces off the streets sufficient to give necessary access to developing centers of commerce outside the high density central areas, to reduce traffic congestion caused by parking on the streets, to prevent substantial amounts of traffic from circulating in and parking on residential streets surrounding commercial centers, to provide for a higher standard of commercial development within the City and thus to promote and protect public health, safety and general welfare.
(4/22/09)

Except as otherwise provided in this Section, the regulations of this Chapter on permitted and required #accessory# off-street parking spaces and #accessory# bicycle parking spaces apply to #residences#, #community facility uses# or #commercial uses#, as set forth in the provisions of the various Sections. In addition, the regulations of this Chapter, or of specified Sections thereof, also apply in other provisions of this Resolution where they are incorporated by cross reference.
(3/22/16)

In all districts, the regulations of this Chapter applicable to #community facility uses# shall not apply to #non-profit hospital staff dwellings#. In lieu thereof, the regulations applicable to #residences# shall apply, as follows:
  1. the regulations of a C4-1 District shall apply to #nonprofit hospital staff dwellings# located in C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R1, R2 and R3 Districts, and to C3 Districts;
  2. the regulations of a C4-2 District shall apply to #nonprofit hospital staff dwellings# located in C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R4 and R5 Districts, and to C4-1 and C8-1 Districts; and
  3. the regulations of a C4-7 District shall apply to #nonprofit hospital staff dwellings# located in C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R6 through R10 Districts, and to C1- 6, C1-7, C1-8, C1-9, C2-6, C2-7, C2-8, C4-2, C4-3, C4-4, C4- 5, C4-6, C4-7, C5, C6, C8-2, C8-3 and C8-4 Districts.
(6/21/73)

In C6-1A Districts, the parking requirements of C4-4 Districts as set forth in Section 36-20 (Required Accessory Off-Street Parking Spaces for Commercial or Community Facility Uses) shall apply to #commercial# or #community facility uses#. However, for all office #uses# listed in Use Group 6B of Section 32-15 (Use Group 6), there shall be one parking space per 4,000 square feet of #floor area#.
(2/2/11)

In C4-1 Districts, for #zoning lots# having a #lot area# in excess of four acres, all #group parking facilities# that are #accessory# to #commercial developments# or #enlargements# shall be subject to authorization by the City Planning Commission to assure that the layout of such parking spaces is arranged and located in relation to the #use# or #uses# to which such spaces are #accessory#, so as to provide adequate ingress, egress and circulation with respect to abutting #streets# or #uses#.

For such #zoning lots#, the Commission may also authorize a reduction of the parking requirement of Section 36-21 (General Provisions) by an amount not to exceed 50 percent, provided that the Commission finds that the applicant has demonstrated that the proposed parking is sufficient for the #use# proposed.

Furthermore, notwithstanding the applicability requirements of Sections 36-58 (Parking Lot Maneuverability and Curb Cut Regulations), paragraph (a), and 37-91, the Commission shall find that such #group parking facilities# of any size comply with the maneuverability and landscaping provisions of Sections 36-58 and 37-90 (PARKING LOTS), inclusive. For #group parking facilities accessory# to #enlargements#, the Commission may authorize modifications or waivers of such provisions, provided the Commission finds that:
  1. maneuverability and curb cut regulations have been complied with to the maximum extent practicable;
  2. the amount of perimeter landscaped areas have been provided to the maximum extent practicable;
  3. the amount of interior planting islands and their distribution throughout the parking lot have been provided to the maximum extent practicable; and
  4. perimeter landscaped areas and interior planting islands have been engineered to absorb storm water runoff to the maximum extent practicable.
The Commission may request reports from licensed engineers and landscape architects in considering such modifications.
(5/8/13)

Special regulations governing #accessory# off-street parking and loading in the #Manhattan Core# are set forth in Article I, Chapter 3, and special regulations governing #accessory# offstreet parking in the #Long Island City area#, as defined in Section 16-02 (Definitions), are set forth in Article I, Chapter 6.
(3/22/16)

On any #zoning lot# containing a #Quality Housing building#, all #accessory# off-street parking spaces shall comply with the provisions of Section 28-40 (PARKING FOR QUALITY HOUSING), inclusive.
(2/14/18)

Special regulations applying in the #waterfront area# are set forth in Article VI, Chapter 2.

In #Commercial Districts# where #residential uses# are governed by the #bulk# regulations of R7-3 Districts, the #accessory# offstreet parking regulations of R7-2 Districts shall apply to #residential uses#.
(10/9/13)

Special regulations applying in the #flood zone# are set forth in Article VI, Chapter 4.
(11/19/87)

Words in italics are defined in Section 12-10 or, if applicable exclusively to this Chapter, in this Section.
(3/22/16)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, except as otherwise provided in Section 85-03 (Modifications of Use Regulations), #accessory# off-street parking spaces may be provided for all permitted #uses# subject to the applicable provisions set forth in Section 36-12 (Maximum Size of Accessory Group Parking Facilities). Such #accessory# off-street parking spaces may be open or enclosed. However, except as otherwise provided in Sections 73-49 (Roof Parking) or 74-531 (Additional parking spaces or roof parking for accessory group parking facilities), no spaces shall be located on any roof which is immediately above a #story# other than a #basement#.


(4/14/10)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, no #accessory group parking facility# shall contain more than 150 off-street parking spaces or, in the case of a #Quality Housing building#, more than 200 spaces, except as provided in Section 36-13 (Modification of Maximum Size of Accessory Group Parking Facilities).

The provisions of this Section shall not apply to #accessory# off-street parking spaces provided in #public parking garages# in accordance with the provisions of Section 36-57 (Accessory Off- Street Parking Spaces in Public Parking Garages).
(6/23/66)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, a #group parking facility# may contain additional spaces not to exceed 50 percent of the maximum number otherwise permitted under the provisions of Section 36-12 (Maximum Size of Accessory Group Parking Facilities), if the Commissioner of Buildings determines that such facility:
  1. has separate vehicular entrances and exits thereto, located not less than 25 feet apart;
  2. if #accessory# to a #commercial# or #community facility use#, is located on a #street# not less than 60 feet in width; and
  3. if #accessory# to a #commercial use#, has adequate reservoir space at the entrance to accommodate a minimum of 10 automobiles.
The Commissioner of Buildings shall establish appropriate additional regulations with respect to the design of such facility to minimize adverse effects on the character of the surrounding area such as requirements for shielding of floodlights.

The provisions of this Section shall not apply to #accessory# off-street parking spaces provided in #public parking garages# in accordance with the provisions of Section 36-57 (Accessory Off-Street Parking Spaces in Public Parking Garages).
(6/23/66)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, the Board of Standards and Appeals may permit #accessory group parking facilities# with more than 150 spaces, in accordance with the provisions of Section 73- 48 (Exceptions to Maximum Size of Accessory Group Parking Facilities).

The provisions of this Section shall not apply to #accessory# off-street parking spaces provided in #public parking garages# in accordance with the provisions of Section 36-57 (Accessory Off-Street Parking Spaces in Public Parking Garages).
(3/22/16)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, #accessory# off-street parking spaces, open or enclosed, shall be provided in conformity with the requirements set forth in the table in this Section for all #developments# after December 15, 1961, for the #commercial# or #community facility uses# listed in the table. If an #enlargement# results in a net increase in the #floor area# or other applicable unit of measurement specified in the table, the same requirements set forth in the table shall apply to such net increase in the #floor area# or other specified unit of measurement. In addition, all other applicable requirements of this Chapter shall apply as a condition precedent to the #use# of such #development# or #enlargement#.

A parking space is required for a portion of a unit of measurement one-half or more of the amount set forth in the table.

For the purposes of this Section, a tract of land on which a group of such #uses# is #developed#, under single ownership or control, shall be considered a single #zoning lot#.

For those #uses# for which rated capacity is specified as the unit of measurement, the Commissioner of Buildings shall determine the rated capacity as the number of persons that may be accommodated by such #uses#.

The requirements of this Section shall be waived in the following situations:
  1. when, as a result of the application of such requirements, a smaller number of spaces would be required than is specified by the provisions of Section 36-23 (Waiver of Requirements for Spaces below Minimum Number);
  2. when the Commissioner of Buildings has certified, in accordance with the provisions of Section 36-24 (Waiver of Requirements for All Zoning Lots Where Access Would Be Forbidden), that there is no way to arrange the spaces with access to the #street# to conform to the provisions of Section 36-53 (Width of Curb Cuts and Location of Access to the Street);
  3. for houses of worship, in accordance with the provisions of Section 36-25 (Waiver for Locally-Oriented Houses of Worship);
  4. for ambulatory diagnostic or treatment health care facilities, as listed in Section 22-14 (Use Group 4), or child care services, as listed under the definition of #school# in Section 12-10 (DEFINITIONS), pursuant to Section 36-27 (Waiver for small zoning lots containing certain community facility uses in the Borough of Staten Island and Community District 10 in the Borough of the Bronx).

REQUIRED OFF-STREET PARKING SPACES FOR COMMERCIAL OR COMMUNITY FACILITY USES

Type of #Use#

Parking Spaces Required in Relation
to Specified Unit of Measurement
          -           Districts

FOR COMMERCIAL USES

Food stores with 2,000 or more square feet of #floor area# per establishment. #Uses# in PRC-A in Use Group 6

None required - C1-5 C1-6 C1-7 C1-8 C1-9 C2-5 C2-6 C2-7 C2-8 C4-4A C4-4L C4-5 C4-5A C4-5X C4-6 C4-7 C5 C6 C8-4

1 per 100 sq. ft. of #floor area# - C1-1 C2-1 C4-1
1 per 200 sq. ft. of #floor area# - C1-2 C2-2 C4-2 C8-1
1 per 300 sq. ft. of #floor area# - C1-3 C2-3 C4-2A C4-3 C7 C8-2
1 per 1,000 sq. ft. of #floor area# - C1-4 C2-4 C4-4 C4-5D C8-3

General retail or service #uses#. Food stores with less than 2,000 square feet of #floor area#. #Uses# in PRC-B in Use Group 6, 8, 9, 10 or 12 or when permitted by special permit; or #uses# in PRC-B1 in Use Group 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 13, 14 or 16

None required - C1-5 C1-6 C1-7 C1-8 C1-9 C2-5 C2-6 C2-7 C2-8 C4-4A C4-4L C4-5 C4-5A C4-5X C4-6 C4-7 C5 C6 C8-4

1 per 150 sq. ft. of #floor area#1 - C1-1 C2-1 C3 C4-1
1 per 300 sq. ft. of #floor area#1 - C1-2 C2-2 C4-2 C8-1
1 per 400 sq. ft. of #floor area#1 - C1-3 C2-3 C4-2A C4-3 C7 C8-2
1 per 1,000 sq. ft. of #floor area# - C1-4 C2-4 C4-4 C4-5D C8-3

Low traffic generating #uses#. #Uses# in PRC-C in Use Group 6, 7, 9, 12, 13, 14 or 16 or when permitted by special permit

None required - C1-5 C1-6 C1-7 C1-8 C1-9 C2-5 C2-6 C2-7 C2-8 C4-4A C4-4L C4-5 C4-5A C4-5X C4-6 C4-7 C5 C6 C8-4

1 per 400 sq. ft. of #floor area# - C1-1 C2-1 C3 C4-1
1 per 600 sq. ft. of #floor area# - C1-2 C2-2 C4-2 C8-1
1 per 800 sq. ft. of #floor area# - C1-3 C2-3 C4-2A C4-3 C7 C8-2
1 per 1,000 sq. ft. of #floor area# - C1-4 C2-4 C4-4 C4-5D C8-3

Court houses

None required - C1-5 C1-6 C1-7 C1-8 C1-9 C2-5 C2-6 C2-7 C2-8 C4-4A C4-4L C4-5 C4-5A C4-5X C4-6 C4-7 C5 C6 C8-4

1 per 500 sq. ft. of #floor area# - C1-1 C2-1 C3 C4-1
1 per 800 sq. ft. of #floor area# - C1-2 C2-2 C4-2 C8-1
1 per 1,000 sq. ft. of #floor area# - C1-3 C2-3 C4-2A C4-3 C8-2
1 per 2,000 sq. ft. of #floor area# - C1-4 C2-4 C4-4 C4-5D C8-3

Places of assembly. #Uses# in PRC-D in Use Group 6, 8, 9, 10, 12, 13 or 14 or when permitted by special permit

None required - C1-5 C1-6 C1-7 C1-8 C1-9 C2-5 C2-6 C2-7 C2-8 C4-4A C4-4L C4-5 C4-5A C4-5X C4-6 C4-7 C5 C6 C8-4

1 per 4 persons rated capacity - C1-1 C2-1 C3 C4-1
1 per 8 persons rated capacity - C1-2 C2-2 C4-2 C8-1
1 per 12 persons rated capacity - C1-3 C2-3 C4-2A C4-3 C7 C8-2
1 per 25 persons rated capacity - C1-4 C2-4 C4-4 C4-5D C8-3

Open commercial amusements. #Uses# in PRC-E in Use Group 13 or 15, or when permitted by special permit

None required - C8-3 C8-4

1 per 500 sq. ft. of #lot area#2 - C3 C8-1
1 per 2,000 sq. ft. of #lot area#2 - C7 C8-2

Light manufacturing or semi-industrial #uses#. #Uses# in PRC-F in Use Group 11 or 16, and with a minimum of either 7,500 square feet of #floor area# or 15 employees

None required - C5 C6 C8-4

1 per 1,000 sq. ft. of #floor area#, or 1 per 3 employees, whichever will require a larger number of spaces - C8-1 C8-2 C8-3

Storage or miscellaneous #uses#. #Uses# in PRC-G in Use Group 10 or Use Group 16, or when permitted by special permit, and with a minimum of 10,000 square feet of #floor area# or 15 employees

None required - C4-4A C4-4L C4-5 C4-5A C4-5X C4-6 C4-7 C5 C6 C8-4

1 per 2,000 sq. ft. of #floor area#3, or 1 per 3 employees, whichever will require a lesser number of spaces - C4-1 C4-2 C4-3 C4-4 C4-5D C8-1 C8-2 C8-3

Other #commercial uses#. #Uses# in PRC-H in Use Group 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 13 or 14, or when permitted by special permit

#Boatels#

1 per 2 guest rooms or suites - C2 C3 C6 C8

Camps, overnight or day, with a minimum of either 10,000 square feet of #lot area# or 10 employees

1 per 2,000 sq. ft. of #lot area#, or 1 per 3 employees; whichever will require a lesser number of spaces - C1 C2 C3 C7 C8

Docks for non-commercial pleasure boats; rental boats; ferries; sightseeing, excursion or sport fishing vessels; or passenger ocean vessels (see Section 62-43 for parking requirement)

Hotels

  1. For that #floor area# used for sleeping accommodations

    None required - C1-5 C1-6 C1-7 C1-8 C1-9 C2-5 C2-6 C2-7 C2-8 C4-4A C4-4L C4-5 C4-5A C4-5X C4-6 C4-7 C5 C6 C8-4

    1 per 4 guest rooms or suites - C2-1 C4-1
    1 per 8 guest rooms or suites - C2-2 C4-2 C8-1
    1 per 12 guest rooms or suites - C2-3 C2-4 C4-2A C4-3 C4-4,C4-5D C8-2 C8-3
  2. For that #floor area# used for meeting halls, auditoriums, eating or drinking places, wedding chapels or banquet halls, or radio or television studios

    None required - C1-5 C1-6 C1-7 C1-8 C1-9 C2-5 C2-6 C2-7 C2-8 C4-4A C4-4L C4-5 C4-5A C4-5X C4-6 C4-7 C5 C6 C8-4

    1 per 4 persons-rated capacity - C2-1 C4-1
    1 per 8 persons-rated capacity - C2-2 C4-2 C8-1
    1 per 12 persons-rated capacity - C2-3 C4-2A C4-3 C8-2
    1 per 25 persons-rated capacity - C2-4 C4-4 C4-5D C8-3
#Motels# or #tourist cabins#

1 per guest room or suite - C2 C6 C8

Post offices

None required - C1-5 C1-6 C1-7 C1-8 C1-9 C2-5 C2-6 C2-7 C2-8 C4-4A C4-4L C4-5 C4-5A C4-5X C4-6 C4-7 C5 C6 C8-4

1 per 800 sq. ft. of #floor area# - C1-1 C2-1 C3 C4-1
1 per 1,200 sq. ft. of #floor area# - C1-2 C2-2 C4-2 C8-1
1 per 1,500 sq. ft. of #floor area# - C1-3 C2-3 C4-2A C4-3 C8-2
1 per 2,000 sq. ft. of #floor area# - C1-4 C2-4 C4-4 C4-5D C8-3

Prisons

None required - C4-4 C4-5 C4-6 C4-7 C6 C8-3 C8-4

1 per 10 beds-rated capacity - C4-1 C4-2 C8-1
1 per 20 beds-rated capacity - C4-2A C4-3 C8-2

Refreshment stands, drive-in

1 per 50 sq. ft. of #floor area# - C2-1 C2-2 C2-3 C7 C8-1 C8-2
1 per 100 sq. ft. of #floor area# - C2-4 C2-5 C2-6 C2-7 C2-8 C6 C8-3 C8-4

Funeral establishments

None required - C1-5 C1-6 C1-7 C1-8 C1-9 C2-5 C2-6 C2-7 C2-8 C4-4A C4-4L C4-5 C4-5A C4-5X C4-6 C4-7 C6 C8-4

1 per 200 sq. ft. of #floor area# - C1-1 C2-2 C4-1
1 per 400 sq. ft. of #floor area# - C1-2 C2-2 C4-2 C8-1
1 per 600 sq. ft. of #floor area# - C1-3 C1-4 C2-3 C2-4 C4-2A C4-3 C4-4 C4-5D C8-2 C8-3

FOR COMMUNITY FACILITY USES

Agricultural #uses#, including greenhouses, nurseries or truck gardens

None required - C1-4 C1-5 C1-6 C1-7 C1-8 C1-9 C2-4 C2-5 C2-6 C2-7 C2-8 C4-4 C4-5 C4-6 C4-7 C5 C6 C8-3 C8-4

1 per 1,000 sq. ft. of #lot area# used for selling purposes - C1-1 C1-2 C2-1 C2-2 C3 C4-1 C4-2 C8-1
1 per 2,500 sq. ft. of #lot area# used for selling purposes - C1-3 C2-3 C4-2A C4-3 C8-2

Ambulatory diagnostic or treatment health care facilities listed in Use Group 4

None required - C1-5 C1-6 C1-7 C1-8 C1-9 C2-5 C2-6 C2-7 C2-8 C4- 4A C4-4L C4-5 C4-5A C4-5X C4-6 C4-7 C5 C6 C8-4

1 per 1501 sq. ft. of #floor area# and #cellar# space, except #cellar# space used for storage - C1-1 C2-1 C3 C4-1
1 per 3001 sq. ft. of #floor area# and #cellar# space, except #cellar# space used for storage - C1-2 C2-2 C4-2 C8-1
1 per 4001 sq. ft. of #floor area# and #cellar# space, except
#cellar# space used for storage
- C1-3 C2-3 C4-2A C4-3 C7 C8-2
1 per 1,000 sq. ft. of #floor area# and #cellar# space, except
#cellar# space used for storage
- C1-4 C2-4 C4-4 C4-5D C8-3
1 per 400 sq. ft. of #floor area# when located above the first #story# ceiling - C1-1, C1-2, C2-1 and C2-2 Districts mapped within R3-2 Districts
1 per 400 sq. ft. of #floor area# and #cellar# space, except #cellar# space used for storage, when located in #community facility buildings# or when located above the first #story# ceiling in #buildings# with both #commercial# and #community,facility uses# - C1-1, C1-2, C2-1 and C2-2 Districts mapped within R1, R2, R3A, R3X and R3-1 Districts, and C4-1 and C4-2 Districts, in the Borough of Staten Island and Community District 10 in the Borough of the Bronx

Child care services, as listed under the definition of #school# in Section 12-10 (DEFINITIONS), in #lower density growth management areas#

1 per 1000 sq. ft. when located in #community facility buildings# or when located above the first #story# ceiling in #buildings# with both #commercial# and #community facility uses# - C1-1, C1-2, C2-1 and C2-2 Districts mapped within R1, R2, R3A, R3X and R3-1 Districts, and C4-1 and C4-2 Districts, in the Borough of Staten Island and Community District 10 in the Borough of the Bronx.

Clubs, community centers or settlement houses; philanthropic or non-profit institutions without sleeping accommodations excluding ambulatory diagnostic or treatment health care facilities listed in Use Group 4; golf course club houses; non-commercial recreation centers; or welfare centers

None required - C1-4 C1-5 C1-6 C1-7 C1-8 C1-9 C2-4 C2-5 C2-6 C2-7 C2-8 C4-4 C4-5 C4-6 C4-7 C5 C6 C8-3 C8-4

1 per 10 persons-rated capacity - C1-1 C1-2 C2-1 C2-2 C3 C4-1 C4-2 C8-1
1 per 20 persons-rated capacity - C1-3 C2-3 C4-2A C4-3 C7 C8-2

College student dormitories and fraternity or sorority student houses

None required - C1-4 C1-5 C1-6 C1-7 C1-8 C1-9 C2-4 C2-5 C2-6 C2-7 C2-8 C4-4 C4-5 C4-6 C4-7 C5 C6

1 per 6 beds - C1-1 C1-2 C2-1 C2-2 C3 C4-1 C4-2
1 per 12 beds - C1-3 C2-3 C4-2A C4-3

Colleges, universities, or seminaries
  1. For that #floor area# used for classrooms, laboratories, student centers, or offices

    None required - C1-4 C1-5 C1-6 C1-7 C1-8 C1-9 C2-4 C2-5 C2-6 C2-7 C2-8 C4-4 C4-5 C4-6 C4-7 C5 C6 C8-3 C8-4

    1 per 1,000 sq. ft. of #floor area# - C1-1 C1-2 C2-1 C2-2 C3 C4-1 C4-2 C8-1
    1 per 2,000 sq. ft. of #floor area# - C1-3 C2-3 C4-2A C4-3 C8-2
  2. For that #floor area# used for theaters, auditoriums, gymnasiums, or stadiums

    None required - C1-4 C1-5 C1-6 C1-7 C1-8 C1-9 C2-4 C2-5 C2-6 C2-7 C2-8 C4-4 C4-5 C4-6 C4-7 C5 C6 C8-3 C8-4

    1 per 8 persons-rated capacity - C1-1 C1-2 C2-1 C2-2 C3 C4-1 C4-2 C8-1
    1 per 16 persons-rated capacity - C1-3 C2-3 C4-2A C4-3 C7 C8-2
Hospitals and related facilities4

1 per 5 beds - C1-1 C1-2 C2-1 C2-2 C3 C4-1 C4-2 C8-1
1 per 8 beds - C1-3 C1-4 C2-3 C2-4 C4-2A C4-3 C4-4 C4-5D C8-2 C8-3
1 per 10 beds - -C1-5 C1-6 C1-7 C1-8 C1-9 C2-5 C2-6 C2-7 C2-8 C4-4A C4-4L C4-5 C4-5A C4-5X C4-6 C4-7 C5 C6 C8-4

Houses of worship, applicable only to the facility’s largest room of assembly; however, rooms separated by movable partitions shall be considered a single room

None required - C1 and C2 Districts mapped within R6, R7, R8, R9 or R10 Districts, C1-6 C1-7 C1-8 C1-9 C2-6 C2-7 C2-8 C4-2A C4-3 C4-4 C4-5 C4-6 C4-7 C5 C6 C8-2 C8-3 C8-4

1 per 10 persons-rated capacity - C1 and C2 Districts mapped within R1, R2 or R3 Districts, C3 C4-1
1 per 15 persons-rated capacity - C1 and C2 Districts mapped within R4 and R5 Districts, C4-2 C8-1

Libraries, museums, or non-commercial art galleries5

None required - C1-4 C1-5 C1-6 C1-7 C1-8 C1-9 C2-4 C2-5 C2-6 C2-7 C2-8 C4-4 C4-5 C4-6 C4-7 C5 C6

1 per 1,000 sq. ft. of #floor area# - C1-1 C1-2 C2-1 C2-2 C3 C4-1 C4-2
1 per 2,000 sq. ft. of #floor area# - C1-3 C2-3 C4-2A C4-3

Outdoor skating rinks

None required - C1-4 C1-5 C1-6 C1-7 C1-8 C1-9 C2-4 C2-5 C2-6 C2-7 C2-8 C4-4 C4-5 C4-6 C4-7 C5 C6 C8-3 C8-4

1 per 800 sq. ft. of #lot area# - C1-1 C1-2 C2-1 C2-2 C3 C4-1 C4-2 C8-1
1 per 2,000 sq. ft. of #lot area# - C1-3 C2-3 C4-2A C4-3 C7 C8-2

Outdoor tennis courts

None required - C1-4 C1-5 C1-6 C1-7 C1-8 C1-9 C2-4 C2-5 C2-6 C2-7 C2-8 C4-4 C4-5 C4-6 C4-7 C5 C6 C8-3 C8-4

1 per 2 courts - C1-1 C1-2 C2-1 C2-2 C3 C4-1 C4-2 C8-1
1 per 5 courts - C1-3 C2-3 C4-2A C4-3 C7 C8-2

Philanthropic or non-profit institutions with sleeping accommodations; #long-term care facilities#, except that independent living #dwelling units# within a continuing care retirement community shall be subject to the #accessory# offstreet parking requirements of Section 36-30. For the purposes of applying such requirements, #dwelling units# shall be as defined in Section 28-02

None required - C1-4 C1-5 C1-6 C1-7 C1-8 C1-9 C2-4 C2-5 C2-6 C2-7 C2-8 C4-4 C4-5 C4-6 C4-7 C5 C6

1 per 10 beds - C1-1 C1-2 C2-1 C2-2 C3 C4-1 C4-2
1 per 20 beds - C1-3 C2-3 C4-2A C4-3

-----------

NOTE: PRC = Parking Requirement Category
1      The parking requirements for ambulatory diagnostic or treatment facilities listed in Use Group 4 and #uses# in PRC-B1 may be reduced by permit of the Board of Standards and Appeals in accordance with the provisions of Section 73-44 (Reduction of Parking Spaces for Ambulatory Diagnostic or Treatment Facilities Listed in Use Group 4 and Uses in Parking Requirement Category B1)
2      In the case of golf driving ranges, the requirements in this table apply only to that portion of the range used for tees
3      For predominantly open storage of miscellaneous #uses#, the #lot area# used for such #uses# shall be considered as #floor area# for the purposes of these requirements
4      Requirements are in addition to area utilized for ambulance parking
5      Requirements apply only to the #floor area# not used for storage
(9/9/04)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts indicated, where any #building# or #zoning lot# contains two or more #uses# having different parking requirements as set forth in the following Sections, the parking requirements for each type of #use# shall apply to the extent of that #use#:

Section 36-21 (General Provisions)
Section 36-31 (General Provisions).

However, the number of spaces required for houses of worship or for #uses# in parking requirement category D (Places of Assembly) when in the same #building# or on the same #zoning lot# as any other #use# may be reduced by the Board of Standards and Appeals in accordance with the provisions of Section 73-43 (Reduction of Parking Spaces for Houses of Worship or Places of Assembly)
(12/15/61)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, the requirements for #accessory# off-street parking spaces shall be subject to the waiver provisions of this Section.
(3/22/16)

C1-1 C1-2 C1-3 C2-1 C2-2 C2-3 C3 C4-1 C4-2 C4-3 C7 C8-1 C8-2

In the districts indicated, except for the #uses# listed in Section 36-233 (Exceptions to application of waiver provisions), and except as otherwise provided in Section 36-27 (Waiver for Certain Small Zoning Lots), the parking requirements set forth in Sections 36-21 (General Provisions) or 36-22 (Special Provisions for a Single Zoning Lot with Uses Subject to Different Parking Requirements) shall not apply to #commercial uses# in parking requirement category A, B, B1, C, D, E, or H, or to permitted #community facility uses#, if the total number of #accessory# off-street parking spaces required for all such #uses# on the #zoning lot# is less than the number of spaces set forth in the following table:

Districts Number of Spaces
C1-1 C2-1 C3 C4-1 10
C1-2 C2-2 C4-2 C8-1 15
C1-3 C2-3 C4-2A C4-3 C7 C8-2 25
(6/21/73)

C1-4 C1-5 C1-6 C1-7 C1-8 C1-9 C2-4 C2-5 C2-6 C2-7 C2-8 C4-4 C4-5 C4-6 C4-7 C5 C6 C8-3 C8-4

In all districts indicated, except for the #uses# listed in Section 36-233 (Exceptions to application of waiver provisions), the parking requirements set forth in Section 36-21 (General Provisions) or Section 36-22 (Special Provisions for a Single Zoning Lot with Uses Subject to Different Parking Requirements) shall not apply to:
  1. #commercial uses# in parking requirement category A or B, if the total number of #accessory# off-street parking spaces required for all such #uses# on the #zoning lot# is less than 40, or 100 in the case of C6-1A Districts; or
  2. #commercial uses# in any one of parking requirement categories B1, C, D, E, or H, or a permitted #community facility use#, if the number of #accessory# off-street parking spaces required for the #uses# in each such category or for each such #community facility use# is less than 40.
(12/15/61)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, the waiver provisions of Section 36-23 (Waiver of Requirements for Spaces below Minimum Number) shall not apply to the following types of #uses#:
  1. #Manufacturing# or semi-industrial #uses# in parking requirement category F in Use Group 11 or 16.
  2. Storage or miscellaneous #uses# in parking requirement category G in Use Group 16, or when permitted by special permit.
  3. The following other #commercial uses# in parking requirement category H in Use Group 7 or 13, or when permitted by special permit:

    #Boatels#

    Camps, overnight or day

    #Motels# or #tourist cabins#

    Refreshment stands, drive-in.
  4. The following #community facility uses#:

    Agricultural #uses#, including greenhouses, nurseries, or truck gardens

    Outdoor tennis courts.
(4/14/10)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, the requirements set forth in Sections 36-21 (General Provisions) or 36-22 (Special Provisions for a Single Zoning Lot with Uses Subject to Different Parking Requirements) shall not apply to any #building# or #zoning lot# as to which the Commissioner of Buildings has certified that there is no way to arrange the required spaces with access to the #street# to conform to the provisions of Section 36-53 (Width of Curb Cuts and Location of Access to the Street). The Commissioner of Buildings may refer such matter to the Department of Transportation for a report and may base the determination on such report.
(9/9/04)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C8

In the districts indicated, the requirements set forth in Sections 36-21 (General Provisions) and 36-22 (Special Provisions for a Single Zoning Lot with Uses Subject to Different Parking Requirements) shall not apply to a house of worship, provided the Chairperson of the City Planning Commission certifies that:
  1. seventy-five percent or more of the congregants of such house of worship reside within a three-quarter mile radius of the house of worship;
  2. the number of spaces required pursuant to this Section is less than the number of spaces listed in the table in Section 36-23 (Waiver of Requirements for Spaces below Minimum Number); and
  3. such house of worship shall not include, as an #accessory use#, the leasing, licensing or any other grant of permission to utilize a room or other space in such house of worship for the operation of a business engaged in serving food or beverages for functions, occasions or events.
For the purposes of determining the number of spaces required pursuant to this Section, the product of the actual percentage of congregants living within a three-quarter mile radius of the house of worship, computed for the purposes of paragraph (a) of this Section, multiplied by the persons-rated capacity of the largest room of assembly, shall be subtracted from the persons-rated capacity of the largest room of assembly.

The provisions of paragraph (c) of this Section are not intended to restrict the lease, license or other permission to use a room or other space in a house of worship, when given by the house of worship to a person in order to hold a function, occasion or event, where such person hires or retains a business engaged in serving food or beverages for purposes of such function, occasion or event, and provided that such business is not located on the same #zoning lot# as the house of worship, makes its services available to non-congregants, and does not operate its business substantially for the benefit or convenience of congregants or visitors to the house of worship.

A certification pursuant to this Section shall be granted on condition that the certificate of occupancy for such house of worship be marked or amended to provide that #accessory uses# shall not include the utilization of a room or other space in such house of worship for the operation of a business engaged in serving food or beverages for functions, occasions or events. The Chairperson may impose additional conditions and safeguards to ensure compliance with the provisions of this Section, in the form of a signed declaration of restrictions. The filing of any such declaration in the Borough Office of the Register of the City of New York shall be precondition for the issuance of a building permit.

Within 45 days of receipt of a complete application, including documentation of the residence of congregants in a form acceptable to the Department of City Planning, the Chairperson shall either certify that the proposed #development# or #enlargement# complies with the requirements of this Section or disapprove such application, citing the nature of any failure to comply.
(9/9/04)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, whenever a #zoning lot# is divided by a boundary between districts or is subject to other regulations having different requirements for #accessory# off-street parking spaces, the provisions set forth in Article VII, Chapter 7, shall apply.
(1/18/11)

C1-1 C1-2 C2-1 C2-2 C4-1 C4-2

In C1-1, C1-2, C2-1 and C2-2 Districts mapped within R1, R2, R3A, R3X and R3-1 Districts and in C4-1 and C4-2 Districts, in the Borough of Staten Island and in Community District 10 in the Borough of the Bronx, for #zoning lots# with a #lot area# of 4,000 square feet or less with #buildings# containing either ambulatory diagnostic or treatment health care facilities, as listed in Section 22-14 (Use Group 4), or child care services, as listed under the definition of #school# in Section 12-10 (DEFINITIONS), no #accessory# off-street parking spaces shall be required, provided such #zoning lot# existed both on January 18, 2011, and on the date of application for a building permit.
(3/22/16)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6

In the districts indicated, #accessory# off-street parking spaces, open or enclosed, shall be provided for all #dwelling units# constructed after December 15, 1961, in accordance with the provisions of the following Sections and the other applicable provisions of this Chapter, as a condition precedent to the #use# of such #dwelling unit#:

Section 36-32 (Requirements Where Individual Parking Facilities Are Provided)
Section 36-33 (Requirements Where Group Parking Facilities Are Provided)
Section 36-34 (Modification of Requirements for Small Zoning Lots)
Section 36-35 (Modification of Requirements for Income-Restricted Housing Units or Affordable Independent Residences for Seniors)
Section 36-37 (Special Provisions for a Single Zoning Lot with Uses Subject to Different Parking Requirements)
Section 36-39 (Special Provisions for Zoning Lots Divided by District Boundaries)

For #dwelling units# or #rooming units# constructed pursuant to the zoning regulations in effect after July 20, 1950, and prior to December 15, 1961, off-street parking spaces #accessory# to such #dwelling units# or #rooming units# cannot be removed if such spaces were required by such zoning regulations, unless such spaces would not be required pursuant to the applicable zoning regulations currently in effect.
(3/22/16)

C1 C2
  1. In the districts indicated, where such districts are mapped within R1, R2, R3, R4, R5, R6 or R7 Districts, except R7-2 Districts, the requirements of Section 36-31 (General Provisions) shall not apply to the additional #dwelling units# created by #conversions# on #zoning lots# with less than 5,000 square feet of #lot area#.
  2. In the districts indicated, where such districts are mapped within R7-2, R8, R9 or R10 Districts, the requirements of Section 36-31 shall not apply to the additional #dwelling units# created by #conversions# on #zoning lots# of any size.
(3/22/16)

C3 C4-1 C4-2 C4-3
  1. In the districts indicated, the requirements of Section 36- 31 (General Provisions) shall not apply to the additional #dwelling units# created by #conversions# on #zoning lots# with less than 5,000 square feet of #lot area#.
  2. C4-4 C4-5 C4-6 C4-7 C5 C6
  3. In the districts indicated, no #accessory# off-street parking is required for additional #dwelling units# created by #conversion# within #buildings# existing prior to December 15, 1961.
(12/15/61)

C1-1 C1-2 C1-3 C1-4 C1-5 C2-1 C2-2 C2-3 C2-4 C2-5 C3 C4-1 C4-2 C4-3

In the districts indicated, where #group parking facilities# are not provided, the requirements for #accessory# off-street parking spaces are as set forth in this Section.
(4/14/10)

C1-1 C1-2 C1-3 C1-4 C1-5 C2-1 C2-2 C2-3 C2-4 C2-5

In the districts indicated, where such districts are mapped within R1, R2, R3, R4 or R5 Districts, and where #group parking facilities# are not provided, one #accessory# off-street parking space, open or enclosed, shall be provided for each #dwelling unit#.
(9/28/04)

C3 C4-1 C4-2 C4-3

In the districts indicated, where #group parking facilities# are not provided, one #accessory# off-street parking space, open or enclosed, shall be provided for each #dwelling unit#, except that in C3A Districts, the provisions applicable to R3 Districts in Sections 25-22 (Requirements Where Individual Parking Facilities Are Provided) and 25-60 (ADDITIONAL REGULATIONS FOR PERMITTED OR REQUIRED ACCESSORY OFF-STREET PARKING SPACES) shall apply.
(2/2/11)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In the districts indicated, for #residences developed# under single ownership or control where #group parking facilities# are provided, the number of required #accessory# off-street parking spaces is as set forth in Section 25-23 (Requirements Where Group Parking Facilities Are Provided), for the applicable #Residence District#, as determined in accordance with Section 35-22 or 35- 23. For the purpose of determining the number of required #accessory# off-street parking spaces for such #residences# in C1-6, C2-6, C4-4, C4-5 and C6-1 Districts, the regulations of an R7-2 District shall apply. For C1 or C2 Districts mapped within #lower density growth management areas#, the number of required #accessory# off-street parking spaces for such #residences# shall be 100 percent of the number of new #dwelling units#, and for C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R5A and R5B Districts, the number of required #accessory# off-street parking spaces for such #residences# shall be in accordance with an R5 District without a letter suffix.
(2/9/94)

C1 C2 C4-2 C4-3 C4-4 C4-5 C4-6 C4-7 C5 C6

In the districts indicated for small #zoning lots#, the requirements set forth in Section 36-33 (Requirements Where Group Parking Facilities are Provided), shall be modified in accordance with the provisions set forth in this Section.
(3/22/16)

C1-1 C1-2 C1-3 C1-4 C1-5 C2-1 C2-2 C2-3 C2-4 C2-5

In the districts indicated, for #zoning lots# of 10,000 or 15,000 square feet or less, the number of required #accessory# offstreet parking spaces is determined by the #Residence District# within which such #Commercial District# is mapped, in accordance with the following table:

REDUCED REQUIREMENTS FOR
SMALL ZONING LOTS
District within
which C1 or C2
District is Mapped
#Lot Area# Parking Spaces
Required as a
Percent of
Total #Dwelling
Units#
R6 R7-1* R7B 10,000 square feet
or less
50
R7-1 R7A R7D R7X 30
R7-2 10,001 to 15,000
square feet
30
R8** R9 R10 20


-------
*      In C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R7-1 Districts within #lower density growth management areas# in Community District 10, Borough of the Bronx
**    In R8B Districts, the parking requirements may not be reduced
(3/22/16)

C1-6 C1-7 C1-8 C1-9 C2-6 C2-7 C2-8 C4-2 C4-3 C4-4 C4-5 C4-6 C4-7 C5 C6

In the districts indicated, for #zoning lots# of 10,000 or 15,000 square feet or less, the number of required #accessory# off-street parking spaces is as set forth in the following table:

REDUCED REQUIREMENTS FOR
SMALL ZONING LOTS
District #Lot Area# Parking Spaces
Required as a
Percent of
Total #Dwelling
Units#
R6 R7-1* R7B 10,000 square feet
or less
50
C1-6 C2-6 C4-4 C4-5
C6-1
30
C1-7 C1-8 C1-9 C2-7
C2-8 C4-6 C4-7 C5
10,001 to 15,000
square feet
C6-2 C6-3 C6-4 C6-5
C6-6 C6-7 C6-8 C6-9
20
(8/14/87)

C1-4 C1-5 C2-4 C2-5

In the districts indicated, when mapped within an R7-2, R8, R9 or R10 District, the requirements set forth in Section 36-33 (Requirements Where Group Parking Facilities are Provided) shall be waived for #zoning lots# of 10,000 square feet or less, except in R8B Districts.
(12/15/61)

C1-6 C1-7 C1-8 C1-9 C2-6 C2-7 C2-8 C4-4 C4-5 C4-6 C4-7 C5 C6

In the districts indicated, the requirements set forth in Section 36-33 (Requirements Where Group Parking Facilities Are Provided) shall be waived for #zoning lots# of 10,000 square feet or less.
(1/18/11)

C1 C2

In the districts indicated mapped within R4, R5 and R6 Districts in the Borough of Staten Island, for #zoning lots# with a #lot area# of 4,000 square feet or less, no #accessory# off-street parking spaces shall be required, provided such #zoning lot# existed both on January 18, 2011, and on the date of application for a building permit.
(3/22/16)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6

In the districts indicated, the number of required #accessory# off-street parking spaces is as set forth in Section 25-25 (Modification of Requirements for Income-Restricted Housing Units, Affordable Independent Residences for Seniors or Other Government-Assisted Dwelling Units) for the applicable #Residence District#, as determined in accordance with Sections 35-22 or 35- 23.
(3/22/16)

C1 C2 C4-2 C4-3 C4-4 C4-5 C4-6 C4-7 C5 C6

In the districts indicated, the requirements set forth in Section 36-31 (General Provisions) shall be subject to the waiver provisions of this Section.
(3/22/16)

C1-1 C1-2 C1-3 C1-4 C1-5 C2-1 C2-2 C2-3 C2-4 C2-5

In the districts indicated, where such districts are mapped within R6, R7, R8, R9, or R10 Districts, the requirements set forth in Section 36-31 (General Provisions) shall be waived if the required number of #accessory# off-street parking spaces resulting from the application of such requirements is no greater than the maximum number as set forth in the following table. The maximum number is determined by the #Residence District# within which the #Commercial District# is mapped.

NUMBER OF SPACES FOR WHICH
REQUIREMENTS ARE WAIVED
#Residence District# within
which C1 or C2 District is
Mapped
Maximum Number of
Spaces Waived
R5D 1
R6 R7-1* R7B 5
R7-2 R7A R7D R7X R8 R9 R10 15

-----
*      For #Quality Housing buildings# with #income restricted housing units# utilizing the parking reductions of Section 25-251, or for #Quality Housing buildings# with other government-assisted #dwelling units# utilizing the parking reductions of Section 25-253, the maximum number of spaces waived shall be 15.

However, the following provisions shall apply:
  1. In C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R5D Districts, the provisions of this Section shall apply only to #zoning lots# existing both on June 29, 2006, and on the date of application for a building permit; and
  2. In C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R6 and R7 Districts in #lower density growth management areas# in Community District 10 in the Borough of the Bronx, the provisions of this Section, inclusive, shall only apply to #zoning lots# existing both on March 25, 2010, and on the date of application for a building permit.
(3/22/16)

C1-6 C1-7 C1-8 C1-9 C2-6 C2-7 C2-8 C4-2 C4-3 C4-4 C4-5 C4-6 C4-7 C5 C6

In the districts indicated, the requirements set forth in Section 36-31 (General Provisions) shall be waived if the required number of #accessory# off-street parking spaces resulting from the application of such requirements is no greater than the maximum number as set forth in the following table:

Districts Maximum Number of Spaces
Waived
C4-2 C4-3 5
C1-6 C1-7 C1-8 C1-9
C2-6 C2-7 C2-8 C4-4
C4-5 C4-6 C4-7 C5 C6
15
(2/2/11)

C1-1 C1-2 C1-3 C1-4 C1-5 C2-1 C2-2 C2-3 C2-4 C2-5

In the districts indicated*, where such districts are mapped within R6, R7A, R7B, R7D, R7X or R7-1 Districts, the requirements set forth in Section 36-311 (Application of requirements to conversions in C1 or C2 Districts) shall be waived if the required number of #accessory# off-street parking spaces resulting from the application of such requirements is 20 spaces or less, provided that the Board of Standards and Appeals may waive requirements for a greater number of spaces in accordance with the provisions of Section 78-46 (Waiver of Requirements for Conversions).

*      No #accessory# off-street parking is required for additional #dwelling units# created by #conversions# in C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R7-2, R8, R9, or R10 Districts. See Section 36-311 (Application of requirements to conversions in C1 or C2 Districts)
(2/2/11)

C4-2 C4-3

In the districts indicated*, the requirements set forth in Section 36-312 (Application of requirements to conversions in C3, C4, C5 and C6 Districts) shall be waived, if the required number of #accessory# off-street parking spaces resulting from the application of such requirements is 20 spaces or less, provided that the Board of Standards and Appeals may waive requirements for a greater number of spaces in accordance with the provisions of Section 73-46 (Waiver of Requirements for Conversions).

*      No #accessory# off-street parking is required for additional #dwelling units# created by #conversions# in the districts not indicated in Section 36-312 (Application of requirements to conversions in C3, C4, C5 and C6 Districts).
(9/9/04)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6

In the districts indicated, where any #building# or #zoning lot# contains two or more #uses# having different parking requirements as set forth in the following Sections, the parking requirements for each type of #use# shall apply to the extent of that #use#:

Section 36-21      (General Provisions)
Section 36-31 (General Provisions)

However, the number of spaces required for houses of worship or for #uses# in parking requirement category D (Places of Assembly) when in the same #building# or on the same #zoning lot# as any other #use# may be reduced by the Board of Standards and Appeals in accordance with the provisions of Section 73-43 (Reduction of Parking Spaces for House of Worship or Places of Assembly).
(4/14/10)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6

In the districts indicated, the requirements set forth in Section 36-31 (General Provisions) shall not apply to any #building# or #zoning lot# as to which the Commissioner of Buildings has certified that there is no way to arrange the required spaces with access to the #street# to conform to the provisions of Section 36-53 (Width of Curb Cuts and Location of Access to the Street). The Commissioner of Buildings may refer such matter to the Department of Transportation for report and may base his determination on such report.
(8/14/87)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6

In the districts indicated, whenever a #zoning lot# is divided by a boundary between districts or is subject to other regulations having different requirements for #accessory# off-street parking spaces, the provisions set forth in Article VII, Chapter 7, shall apply.
(9/9/04)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, all permitted or required offstreet parking spaces, open or enclosed, #accessory# to #residences# or to #commercial# or #community facility uses# shall be provided on the same #zoning lot# as the #building# or #use# to which such spaces are #accessory#, except as provided in the following Sections:

Section 36-42 (Off-Site Spaces for Residences)
Section 36-43 (Off-Site Spaces for Commercial or Community Facility Uses)
Section 36-44 (Joint and Shared Facilities)
Section 36-45 (Additional Regulations for Required Spaces When Provided Off Site)
Section 73-45 (Modification of Off-Site Parking Provisions)

Such exceptions to the requirement that the spaces be provided on the same #zoning lot# as the #building# or #use# to which they are #accessory# shall not apply in the case of spaces provided in a permitted #public parking garage# in accordance with the provisions of Section 36-57 (Accessory Off-Street Parking Spaces in Public Parking Garages).
(7/6/72)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6

In the districts indicated, all permitted or required off-street parking spaces #accessory# to #residences# may be provided on a #zoning lot# other than the same #zoning lot# as the #residences# to which such spaces are #accessory#, provided that in such instances all such spaces are:
  1. located in a district other than a #Residence District#, or provided in a joint facility located in a district other than an R1 or R2 District on the same #zoning lot# as one of the #buildings# to which it is #accessory#, and conforming to the provisions of Section 36-44 (Joint Facilities); and
  2. not further than the maximum distance from the #zoning lot# specified in this Section.
(3/22/16)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6

In the districts indicated, all such spaces shall not be further than the distance set forth in the following table from the nearest boundary of the #zoning lot# occupied by the #residences# to which they are #accessory#.

District Maximum Distance from the
#Zoning Lot#
C1-1 C1-2 C1-3 C2-1 C2-2
C2-3 C3 C4-1 C4-2 C4-3
600 feet
C1-4 C1-5 C1-6 C1-7 C1-8
C1-9 C2-4 C2-5 C2-6 C2-7
C2-8 C4-4 C4-5 C4-6 C4-7
C5 C6
1,000 feet
(12/15/61)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, all permitted or required offstreet parking spaces #accessory# to #commercial# or #community facility uses# may be provided on a #zoning lot# other than the same #zoning lot# as such #uses# but within the same district or an adjoining #Commercial District# or #Manufacturing District#. However, all required spaces shall not be further than 600 feet from the nearest boundary of the #zoning lot# on which such #uses# are located.
(9/9/04)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, required #accessory# off-street parking spaces may be provided in facilities designed to serve jointly two or more #buildings# or #zoning lots#, provided that:
  1. the number of spaces in such joint facilities shall be not less than that required in the following Sections for the combined number of #dwelling units# or the combined #floor area#, #lot area#, rated capacity, or other such unit of measurement in such #buildings# or #zoning lots#:

    Section 36-21 (General Provisions)
    Section 36-22 (Special Provisions for a Single Zoning Lot with Uses Subject to Different Parking Requirements)
    Section 36-31 (General Provisions);

  2. all such spaces are located in a district where they are permitted under the applicable provisions of Sections 36-42 (Off-Site Spaces for Residences), 36-43 (Off-Site Spaces for Commercial or Community Facility Uses) or 73-45 (Modification of Off-Site Parking Provisions); and
  3. the design and layout of such joint facilities meet standards of adequacy set forth in regulations promulgated by the Commissioner of Buildings.
(9/9/04)

In C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R1, R2, R3, R4 or R5 Districts and in C3, C4-1, C4-2 and C8-1 Districts, required #accessory# off-street parking spaces may be provided for houses of worship in facilities designed to be shared with other permitted non-#residential uses#, in any district, provided that:
  1. no more than 25 percent of the spaces in such facilities may be used to satisfy the parking requirement for both the house of worship and other permitted non-#residential uses#, except that such percentage may be increased by the Commissioner of Buildings if it can be demonstrated that such additional parking spaces would not be used by the house of worship and other permitted non-#residential uses# at the same times;
  2. all such spaces are no further than 600 feet from the nearest boundary of the #zoning lot# containing the house of worship; and
  3. all such spaces conform to all applicable regulations of the district in which they are located.
(9/9/04)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, when required #accessory# off-street parking spaces are provided off the site in accordance with the provisions of Sections 36-42 (Off-Site Spaces for Residences), 36-43 (Off-Site Spaces for Commercial or Community Facility Uses) or 36-44 (Joint and Shared Facilities), the following additional regulations shall apply:
  1. such spaces shall be in the same ownership (single fee ownership or alternative ownership arrangements of the #zoning lot# definition in Section 12-10) as the #use# to which they are #accessory#, and shall be subject to deed restrictions filed in an office of record, binding the owner and his heirs and assigns to maintain the required number of spaces available throughout the life of such #use#; and
  2. such spaces shall conform to all applicable regulations of the district in which they are located.
(9/29/10)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, all permitted or required #accessory# off-street parking spaces, open or enclosed, shall be used primarily for the owners, occupants, employees, customers, residents or visitors of the #use# or #uses# to which such spaces are #accessory#, except as set forth in this Section.
  1. Any off-street parking spaces #accessory# to #residences# which are not needed by the occupants of such #residences#, may be rented to persons who are not occupants of such #residences# for the accommodation of private passenger motor vehicles used by such persons or may be occupied by #car sharing vehicles#, only as set forth in the following paragraphs:

    1. In C1 or C2 Districts mapped within #Residence Districts#

      In C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R3, R4 or R5A Districts, the number of spaces occupied by #car sharing vehicles# shall not exceed 10 percent of all parking spaces in #group parking facilities# containing 20 or more spaces. In C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R5 Districts, except R5A Districts, and in R6, R7, R8, R9 or R10 Districts, the number of spaces occupied by #car sharing vehicles# shall not exceed five spaces or 20 percent of all parking spaces, whichever is greater.
    2. In C1 or C2 Districts not mapped within #Residence Districts#, or in C3, C4, C5, C6 Districts

      In the districts indicated, except C3 Districts, the number of spaces occupied by #car sharing vehicles# shall not exceed five spaces or 20 percent of all parking spaces, whichever is greater. In C3 Districts, the number of spaces occupied by #car sharing vehicles# shall not exceed 10 percent of all parking spaces in #group parking facilities# containing 20 or more spaces.
    Such spaces provided pursuant to paragraph (a) of this Section shall be made available to the occupants of the #residences# to which they are #accessory# within 30 days after written request is made to the landlord.
  2. #Car sharing vehicles# may occupy off-street parking spaces #accessory# to a non-#residential use# in #group parking facilities# containing 20 spaces or more; however, the number of spaces so occupied shall not exceed 10 percent of all parking spaces in such #group parking facilities#.
In addition, the rental of such spaces to non-residents shall be subject to the restrictions applying to the specified districts as set forth in Sections 36-461 and 36-462, except that such restrictions shall not apply to spaces occupied by #car sharing vehicles#.
(12/15/61)

C1 C5

In the districts indicated, off-street parking spaces #accessory# to #residences# shall not be rented for periods of less than one week or more than one month to persons who are not occupants of such #residences#, provided, however that rental for shorter periods may be permitted by the Board of Standards and Appeals in accordance with the provisions of Section 73-47 (Rental of Accessory Off-Street Parking Spaces to Non-Residents).
(12/15/61)

C3

In the district indicated, off-street parking spaces #accessory# to #residences# shall not be rented for periods of less than one week or more than one month to persons who are not occupants of such #residences#.
(2/2/11)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, automotive repairs or the sale of motor fuel, motor oil, or automotive accessories are not permitted in connection with the operation of #accessory# offstreet parking spaces. However, where such parking spaces are provided in a #building or other structure#, unattached to the #building# containing #residences#, minor automotive repairs (not including body work) are permitted, and not more than three motor fuel pumps may be provided. However, no motor fuel shall be sold to persons who are not using the parking spaces. The provisions of this Section are not applicable to #accessory# off-street parking spaces provided in #public parking garages#.
(9/29/10)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, all permitted or required #accessory# off-street parking spaces shall conform to the provisions of Section 36-50, inclusive.

Special regulations applying to #large-scale community facility developments# or #large-scale residential developments# are set forth in Article VII, Chapter 8.
(9/29/10)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In the districts indicated, all #accessory# off-street parking spaces shall comply with the size and location provisions of this Section.
(4/30/12)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, for all #accessory# off-street parking spaces, open or enclosed, each 300 square feet of unobstructed standing or maneuvering area shall be considered one parking space. However, an area of less than 300 square feet, but in no event less than 200 square feet, may be considered as one space, where the layout and design of the parking area are adequate to permit convenient access and maneuvering in accordance with regulations promulgated by the Commissioner of Buildings, or where the developer or applicant for a building permit or certificate of occupancy certifies that such spaces will be fully attended.

Driveways used to access required parking spaces must be unobstructed for a width of at least eight feet and a height of eight feet above grade and, if connecting to a #street#, such driveway may only be accessed by a curb cut.

In any case where a reduction of the required area per parking space is permitted on the basis of the developer's certification that such spaces will be fully attended, it shall be set forth in the certificate of occupancy that paid attendants employed by the owners or operators of such spaces shall be available to handle the parking and moving of automobiles at all times when such spaces are in use.

In no event shall the dimensions of any parking stall be less than 18 feet long and eight feet, six inches wide.

In the Borough of Staten Island and in #lower density growth management areas# in Community District 10 in the Borough of the Bronx, for #commercial# or #community facility uses#, each required parking space not within a #building# shall be within a parking stall accessed from a travel aisle, where each such stall and aisle complies with the maneuverability standards of paragraph (b) of Section 36-58 (Parking Lot Maneuverability and Curb Cut Regulations). The use of an attendant shall be permitted only where necessary to accommodate additional, non-required parking spaces within the travel aisles. For such parking areas with 18 or more spaces, or greater than 6,000 square feet in area, the provisions of Section 37-90 (PARKING LOTS) shall also apply.
(10/11/12)

C1-6A C1-7A C1-8A C1-8X C1-9A C2-6A C2-7A C2-7X C2-8A C4-2A C4-3A C4-4A C4-4D C4-4L C4-5A C4-5D C4-5X C4-6A C4-7A C5-1A C5-2A C6-2A C6-3A C6-3D C6-4A C6-4X

In the districts indicated, and in C1 and C2 Districts mapped within R5D, R6A, R6B, R7A, R7B, R7D, R7X, R8A, R8B, R8X, R9A, R9D, R9X, R10A and R10X Districts, and for #Quality Housing buildings# in C1, C2, C4, C5 and C6 Districts without a letter suffix, all #accessory# off-street parking spaces shall comply with the provisions of this Section.
  1. #Buildings# other than #mixed buildings#

    For any #block# front that is entirely within a #Commercial District#, #accessory# off-street parking spaces shall be located only within a #building# or in any open area on the #zoning lot# that is not between the #street line# and the #street wall# of the #building# or its prolongation. Where a #zoning lot# is bounded by more than one such #street line#, this provision shall apply along only one #street line#.
  2. #Mixed buildings#

    For #mixed buildings#, all #accessory# off-street parking spaces shall be located only within a #building# or in any open area on the #zoning lot# that is not between the #street line# and the #street wall# of the #building# or its prolongation.
(9/29/10)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

Within an off-street parking facility that contains #car sharing vehicles#, an information plaque shall be placed within twenty feet of either the entrance to the parking facility or the attendant’s station, at a location accessible to and visible to users of such facility. The plaque shall be fully opaque, non-reflective and constructed of permanent, highly durable materials and shall contain the following statements in lettering no less than one inch high:
  1. “Total parking spaces in facility:” which shall specify the total number of parking spaces permitted within such parking facility;
  2. “Maximum number of car sharing vehicles:” which shall specify the total number of #car sharing vehicles# permitted within such parking facility; and
  3. where such parking facility contains #accessory residential# parking spaces, “Accessory residential parking spaces shall be made available to residents of this building within 30 days after a written request is made to the landlord”.
(4/14/10)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, the entrances and exits of all permitted or required #accessory group parking facilities# and all permitted #public parking lots# or #public parking garages# with 10 or more spaces, shall be located not less than 50 feet from the intersection of any two #street lines#. However, access located within 50 feet of such intersection may be permitted if the Commissioner of Buildings or, in the case of #public parking lots# or #public parking garages# permitted in accordance with the provisions of Article VII, Chapter 4, the City Planning Commission, certifies that such a location is not hazardous to traffic safety and not likely to create traffic congestion. The Commissioner of Buildings or the City Planning Commission may refer such matter to the Department of Transportation for a report and may base its determination on such report.

The waiver provisions of Sections 36-24 or 36-38 (Waiver of Requirements for All Zoning Lots Where Access Would be Forbidden) shall apply when the Commissioner of Buildings has certified that there is no way to arrange the spaces with access to the #street# to conform to the provisions of this Section.
(6/29/06)

In C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R5D Districts, a minimum distance of 34 feet of uninterrupted curb space shall be provided between all curb cuts constructed after June 29, 2006. Furthermore, no curb cuts shall be permitted on the #wide street# frontage of any #zoning lot# existing on June 29, 2006, with access to a #narrow street#.
(4/14/10)

The provisions of this Section shall apply to all curb cuts accessing off-street parking spaces #accessory# to #residences# in C1 and C2 Districts mapped within R1 through R8 Districts, and in all other #Commercial Districts# where, as set forth in the tables in Section 34-112 or 35-23, as applicable, the applicable #Residential District# is R3, R4, R5, R6, R7 or R8.
  1. All such curb cuts shall comply with the provisions of Section 25-631 (Location and width of curb cuts in certain districts), as set forth for the applicable #building#, #building segment# and #Residence District#. All #buildings# containing #residences# in C1 and C2 Districts mapped within R1, R2, R3-1, R3A, R3X, R4-1, R4A and R5A Districts shall comply with the provisions set forth in Section 25-631 for an R3-2 District;
  2. All such curb cuts shall be prohibited on the #wide street# frontage of any #zoning lot# existing on April 14, 2010, with access to a #narrow street#; and
  3. Where a #Commercial District# with only #narrow street# frontage is mapped along the short end of a #block#, and a #zoning lot# existing on April 14, 2010, has access to both the short and long ends of such #block#, all such curb cuts shall be prohibited along the #street line# of the short end of such #block#.
(2/2/11)

C1-1 C1-2 C1-3 C1-4 C1-5 C1-6 C1-7 C1-8 C2-1 C2-2 C2-3 C2-4 C2-5 C2-6 C2-7 C3 C4-1 C4-2 C4-3 C4-4 C4-5 C6-1 C6-2 C6-3

In the districts indicated, except for C1 or C2 Districts when mapped within an R10 District, in accordance with the provisions of Section 34-11 or 35-21 (General Provisions), not more than 50 percent of the required #open space# on any #zoning lot# with a #building# containing #residences# may be used for driveways, private streets, open #accessory# off-street parking spaces or open #accessory# off-street loading berths.
(11/28/07)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, all open #accessory# off-street parking spaces or permitted #public parking lots# shall be graded, constructed, surfaced and maintained so as to provide adequate drainage and to prevent the release of dust, in accordance with rules and regulations promulgated by the Commissioner of Buildings.

Any area intended to be used permanently for an open #accessory group parking facility# shall be surfaced with asphaltic or Portland cement concrete, or other hard-surfaced dustless material, at least four inches thick. However, permeable paving materials may be used in open parking areas where the Commissioner of Buildings determines that such materials are appropriate.
(11/28/07)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, all open off-street parking areas with 10 spaces or more, which are located on #zoning lots# adjacent to the boundary of a #Residence District#, either at natural grade or on a roof:
  1. shall be screened from all adjoining #zoning lots# in #Residence Districts#, including such #zoning lots# situated across a #street#, by either:

    1. a strip at least four feet wide, densely planted with shrubs or trees at least four feet high at the time of planting, and which are of a type which may be expected to form a year-round dense screen at least six feet high within three years; or
    2. a wall or barrier or uniformly painted fence of fire resistant material at least six feet high, but not more than eight feet above finished grade (or above the roof level, if on a roof). Such wall, barrier or fence may be opaque or perforated, provided that not more than 50 percent of the face is open;
  2. shall be maintained in good condition at all times;
  3. may be interrupted by normal entrances or exits; and
  4. shall have no #signs# hung or attached thereto other than those permitted in Sections 32-62 (Permitted Signs) or 32-63 (Permitted Advertising Signs).
Paragraph (a), of this Section, shall not apply at the #street line# of #zoning lots# where the requirements of Section 37-921 (Perimeter landscaping) apply.
(6/23/66)

C1 C2 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In the districts indicated, permitted or required #accessory# off-street parking spaces may be provided in a permitted #public parking garage#, but only on the same #zoning lot# as the #building# or #use# to which such spaces are #accessory# and subject to all the other applicable regulations of this Chapter.

Such #accessory# off-street parking spaces shall be included with all other spaces in such #public parking garage# for the purpose of applying any regulations in this Resolution relating to the number of spaces in such #public parking garage#.

The computation of #floor area# for such #public parking garage# shall be in accordance with the definition of #floor area# as set forth in Section 12-10 (DEFINITIONS), except as otherwise specifically authorized in accordance with the provisions of Sections 73-67 (Additional Floor Space for Public Parking Garages), 74-511 (In C1 Districts), 74-512 (In other Districts), or 74-52 (Public Parking Garages or Public Parking Lots in High Density Central Areas).
(2/2/11)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8
  1. Applicability

    In all districts, as indicated, the provisions of this Section shall apply to:

    1. #developments# with #accessory# open parking areas in which 70 percent or more of the #floor area# on the #zoning lot# is occupied by a #commercial# or #community facility use#; and
    2. #enlargements# of a #building# with #accessory# open parking areas or the #enlargement# of an open parking area, that result in an increase in:

      1. the total number of parking spaces #accessory# to #commercial# or #community facility uses# on the #zoning lot# that is at least 20 percent greater than the number of such spaces existing on November 28, 2007; or
      2. the total amount of #floor area# on the #zoning lot# that is at least 20 percent greater than the amount of #floor area# existing on November 28, 2007, and where at least 70 percent of the #floor area# on the #zoning lot# is occupied by #commercial# or #community facility uses#; and

    3. existing #buildings# with new #accessory# open parking areas in which 70 percent or more of the #floor area# on the #zoning lot# is occupied by a #commercial# or #community facility use#.

    The provisions of this Section shall not apply to surface parking located on the roof of a #building#, indoor parking garages, #public parking garages#, structured parking facilities, or #developments# or #enlargements# in which at least 70 percent of the #floor area# or #lot area# on a #zoning lot# is used for automotive #uses# listed in Use Groups 9 or 16.

    In addition, all #public parking lots# shall comply with the curb cut requirements of paragraph (c) of this Section.

    For the purposes of this Section, an “open parking area” shall mean that portion of a #zoning lot# used for the parking or maneuvering of vehicles, including service vehicles, which is not covered by a #building#. Open parking areas shall also include all required landscaped areas within and adjacent to the open parking area.

    For all such new or #enlarged# open parking areas, a site plan shall be submitted to the Department of Buildings showing the location of all parking spaces, curb cuts and compliance with the maneuverability standards set forth in this Section.
  2. Parking Lot Maneuverability

    All open parking areas shall comply with the maneuverability standards set forth in the following table.

    Angle of Park A B C D
    Minimum length Minimum Width Minimum Travel Lane Minimum Turnaround
    0* 8’-6” 20’-0” 13’-2” NA
    0** 8’-6” 20’-0” 23’-3” NA
    45 17’-1” 8’-6” 12’-10” 18’-0”
    50 17’-8” 8’-6” 13’-2” 17’-6”
    55 18’-1” 8’-6” 13’-7” 17’-3”
    60 18’-5” 8’-6” 14’-6” 17’-0”
    65 18’-7” 8’-6” 15’-4” 17’-3”
    70 18’-8” 8’-6” 16’-5” 17’-6”
    75 18’-7” 8’-6” 17’-10” 18’-0”
    90 18’-0” 8’-6” 22’-0” 22’-0”

    * Figures given are for one-way traffic
    **      Figures given are for two-way traffic


    45 Degree Parking Layout
    (36-58b.1)


    90 Degree Parking Layout
    (36-58b.2)


    Parallel Parking/Dead-End Parking
    (36-58b.3)

  3. Curb Cuts

    Curb cuts serving one travel lane shall have a maximum width of 12 feet, excluding splays, and curb cuts serving two travel lanes shall have a maximum width of 24 feet, excluding splays. For parking lots with more than 100 parking spaces, curb cuts of up to 30 feet, excluding splays, shall be permitted.

    However, where Fire Department regulations set forth in the Administrative Code of the City of New York require curb cuts of greater width, such curb cuts may be increased to the minimum width acceptable to the Fire Department.

    For #zoning lots# with 100 feet or less of #street# frontage, only two curb cuts shall be permitted. For every additional 50 feet of #street# frontage, one additional curb cut shall be permitted.

    A minimum distance of 18 feet from any other curb cut on the same or adjacent #zoning lots# shall be maintained, except where the Commissioner of Buildings determines that, due to the location of curb cuts constructed, prior to November 28, 2007, on adjacent #zoning lots#, there is no way to locate the curb cut 18 feet from such adjacent existing curb cuts.
(3/22/16)

C1 C2 C4
  1. In C1, C2 and C4 Districts in the Borough of Staten Island or in Community District 10 in the Borough of the Bronx, all #zoning lots# containing #buildings# with the following #uses# shall be subject to the provisions of paragraph (b) of this Section:

    1. ambulatory diagnostic or treatment health care facilities, as listed in Section 22-14 (Use Group 4), except where such #zoning lot# contains #buildings# used for hospitals, as defined in the New York State Hospital Code, or #long-term care facilities#; or
    2. child care services as listed under the definition of #school# in Section 12-10 (DEFINITIONS), except where such #zoning lot# contains #buildings# used for houses of worship or, for #zoning lots# that do not contain #buildings# used for houses of worship, where the amount of #floor area# used for child care services is equal to 25 percent or less of the amount of # floor area# permitted for #community facility use# on the #zoning lot#.
  2. All #zoning lots# that meet the conditions of paragraph (a) of this Section shall comply with the following provisions:

    1. Notwithstanding the applicability provisions of paragraph (a) of Section 36-58 (Parking Lot Maneuverability and Curb Cut Regulations), the maneuverability provisions of paragraph (b) and the curb cut provisions of paragraph (c) of such Section shall apply to all #group parking facilities#, open or enclosed. No tandem parking or attended parking shall be permitted.
    2. In addition to the screening requirements for open parking areas in Section 36-56, any parking area covered by a roof shall be screened from adjoining #zoning lots# in #Residence Districts# and from adjacent #streets# in accordance with the following provisions:

      1. Screening shall consist of a wall or barrier or uniformly painted fence of fire resistant material at least six feet high above finished grade and may be interrupted by normal entrances or exits;
      2. Such wall, barrier or fence may be opaque or perforated, provided that not more than 50 percent of the surface is open. No chain link fencing shall be permitted. Such screening shall be maintained in good condition at all times;
      3. Where the exterior wall of a parking facility facing a #street# has an opaque area with a width greater than 40 feet and a height greater than six feet, such area shall be treated with a decorative element or material or shall be screened with planting so as to provide visual relief. Such screening or decorative treatment shall be applied to a minimum height of 15 feet above adjoining grade or the height of the wall, whichever is less;
      4. For parking areas covered by a roof, where at least half of the surface area of such roof serves as children’s play space for #buildings# containing child care services as listed under the definition of #school# in Section 12-10 (DEFINITIONS), such covered parking area shall not be considered an “open parking area” for the purposes of Section 37-90 (PARKING LOTS), inclusive, and shall therefore not require perimeter or interior landscaping pursuant to such Section. In lieu thereof, such covered parking area shall be screened in accordance with paragraph (b)(2) of this Section.
(6/10/09)

C4-1 C8

In the Borough of Staten Island, in the districts indicated, existing or new open parking lots adjacent to one another on the same or separate #zoning lots# shall be required to provide vehicular passageways between such open parking lots. Such vehicular passageways are hereinafter referred to as “cross access connections” and shall be provided in accordance with the requirements of this Section, inclusive.
(6/10/09)

Cross access connections shall be required for:
  1. #developments# where at least 70 percent or more of the #floor area# on the #zoning lot# is occupied by a #commercial# or #community facility use# with an open parking lot that has 36 or more #accessory# parking spaces or is greater than 12,000 square feet in area;
  2. #enlargements# on a #zoning lot# with an open parking lot that has 36 or more #accessory# parking spaces or is greater than 12,000 square feet in area; or
  3. #zoning lots# where the number of parking spaces #accessory# to #commercial# or #community facility uses# is increased and such increase results in at least 36 parking spaces or more than 12,000 square feet of open parking lot area. Such #developments#, #enlargements# or #zoning lots# shall locate cross access connections in accordance with the requirements of Sections 36-593 and 36-594.
(6/10/09)

No excavation, foundation or building permit shall be issued for any #development# or #enlargement# requiring a cross access connection, and no certificate of occupancy shall be amended for any increase in the number of parking spaces requiring a cross access connection until the Chairperson of the City Planning Commission certifies to the Department of Buildings that the requirements of Section 36-59, inclusive, have been met.
(6/10/09)

Every potential cross access connection meeting the criteria of this Section shall be shown on the site plan required pursuant to Section 36-58 (Parking Lot Maneuverability and Curb Cut Regulations).
  1. The connection shall be a minimum of 22 feet in width as measured along a #lot line# or boundary between separate properties when located on the same #zoning lot#, and at least 23 feet from any #street line#.
  2. The connection shall be an extension of a travel lane of the subject open parking lot and align to the maximum extent practicable with a travel lane on any adjacent open parking lot.
  3. The connection shall have a grade not greater than 15 percent.
  4. The connection shall be placed in an area that is not blocked by an existing #building or other structure# that is within 50 feet of the #lot line# or other boundary of the subject property.
  5. The connection shall be placed in an area that will not require the removal of significant natural features such as wetlands or trees with a caliper of six inches or more, on the same or adjacent #zoning lots#.
No screening or landscaping along a #lot line# shall be required in the connection area.
(6/10/09)

One cross access connection shall be provided on the subject property at each #zoning lot line# or other boundary on the same #zoning lot#, where the properties divided by such #lot line# or boundary are contiguous by at least 60 feet, and where the adjacent properties are located in C4-1, C8 or Manufacturing Districts. The location of the required cross access connection shall be established as follows:
  1. where an easement has not been previously recorded against any adjacent property in accordance with Section 36-595, an easement shall be recorded against the subject property documenting the locations of all potential cross access connections identified pursuant to Section 36-593. The easement shall provide for at least one future cross access connection to each adjacent property, at any of the locations identified; or
  2. where an easement has been previously recorded against an adjacent property in accordance with Section 36-595, an easement providing for at least one cross access connection meeting the criteria set forth in Section 36-593 shall be recorded against the subject property. Such cross access connection shall also align with one of the locations identified in the previously recorded easement against an adjacent property. If the previously recorded easement has identified more than one location for a cross access connection along such #lot line# or other boundary, the owner of the subject property shall select one of these locations for the cross access connection.
Each property owner shall construct their portion of the cross access connection in accordance with the requirements of Sections 36-593 and 36-595.

If such cross access connection has been established in a location that contained parking spaces upon the effective date of the easement, as set forth in Section 36-595, such connection shall be counted as four required parking spaces and shall be separated from any adjacent parking spaces by a planting island at least four feet wide and densely planted with shrubs maintained at a maximum height of three feet. Such planting islands shall not be subject to the landscaping provisions of Section 37-922 (Interior landscaping).
(6/10/09)

An easement through all required cross access connections for vehicular passage between and among adjacent parking lots, in a form acceptable to the Department of City Planning, shall be recorded in the Office of the Richmond County Clerk. An easement so recorded shall not become effective unless and until a corresponding easement has been recorded against an adjacent property, whether on the same or adjacent #zoning lot#, pursuant to this Section. Nothing herein shall be construed to limit the ability of a property owner or lessee to prohibit parking by non-customers.

If an easement pursuant to this Section has previously been recorded against any adjacent property, the owner of the subject property shall notify the owner of the adjacent property of the easement location selected by sending such owner a copy of the recorded easement. Proof of notification shall be a condition of certification under this Section. Prior to issuance of a temporary certificate of occupancy or permit sign-off, as applicable, the subject property owner shall further notify the adjacent property owner that the cross access connection must be constructed on the adjacent property within six months of the date of such notice. No temporary certificate of occupancy for any #development#, #enlargement# or increase in the number of parking spaces on the subject property, or permit sign-off, if applicable, shall be issued until the applicant has demonstrated to the Department of Buildings that such owner of the adjacent property has been duly notified. Failure to provide the cross access connection in accordance with the requirements of this Section and to allow for vehicular passage between and among the adjacent parking lots within six months of the date of the notice shall constitute a violation of this Zoning Resolution by the adjacent property owner. Failure to provide the cross access connection in accordance with the requirements of this Section and to allow for vehicular passage between and among the adjacent parking lots at the time of the aforementioned temporary certificate of occupancy or permit sign-off, if applicable, shall constitute a violation of this Zoning Resolution by the owner of the subject property.
(6/10/09)
  1. Certification that no connection is required

    The Chairperson shall certify to the Department of Buildings that no cross access connection is required along a #lot line#, or other boundary between separate parking lots when located on the same #zoning lot#, due to the presence of the following conditions, and provided that no alternate location along such #lot line# or other boundary between properties exists:

    1. grade changes greater than 15 percent;
    2. existing #buildings or other structures# to remain that are located within 50 feet of the subject #zoning lot# or property; or
    3. wetlands or trees with a caliper of six inches or more.
  2. Relocation of previously certified connection

    The Chairperson may relocate a previously-certified cross access connection where such new location is acceptable to the owners of both properties and such connection complies with all requirements of this Section.
  3. Certification for voluntary connection

    The Chairperson may certify a non-required cross access connection provided such connection complies with all requirements of Section 36-59, inclusive.
(6/10/09)

The City Planning Commission may authorize modifications or waivers of the requirements of Section 36-59, inclusive, provided the Commission finds that:
  1. due to the irregular shape of the #zoning lot# or the location of connections along other #lot lines# or boundaries between properties on the same #zoning lot#, it is not possible to design a complying parking lot with a complying cross access connection; or
  2. site planning constraints necessitate the placement of a new or #enlarged building# against a #lot line# or other boundary between properties that precludes a cross access connection along such #lot line# or boundary, and no other site plan is feasible.
The Commission may request reports from licensed engineers or landscape architects in considering such modifications or waivers.
(3/22/16)

The following regulations on permitted and required accessory off-street loading berths are adopted in order to provide needed space off public streets for loading and unloading activities, to restrict the use of the streets for such activities, to help relieve traffic congestion in commercial areas within the City, and thus to promote and protect public health, safety and general welfare.
(2/9/94)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, #accessory# off-street loading berths, open or enclosed, may be provided for all permitted #uses#, under rules and regulations promulgated by the Commissioner of Buildings, and subject to the provisions of Sections 36-682 (Location of access to the street), 36-683 (Restrictions on location of berths near Residence Districts), 36-684 (Surfacing) and 36-685 (Screening).
(2/2/11)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, #accessory# off-street loading berths, open or enclosed, shall be provided in conformity with the requirements set forth in the table in this Section and under rules and regulations promulgated by the Commissioner of Buildings, for all #developments# or #enlargements# after December 15, 1961, for the #uses# listed in the table, except as otherwise provided in Section 36-63 (Special Provisions for a Single Zoning Lot with Uses Subject to Different Loading Requirements) or 36-64 (Wholesale, Manufacturing or Storage Uses Combined with Other Uses), as a condition precedent to the #use# of such #development# or #enlargement#.

After December 15, 1961, if the #use# of any #building or other structure# or #zoning lot# is changed or #enlarged#, the requirements set forth in the table shall apply to the #floor area# of the changed or #enlarged# portion of such #building# or of the #lot area# used for such #use#.

For the purposes of this Section, a tract of land on which a group of such #uses# is #developed# under single ownership or control shall be considered a single #zoning lot#.

Whenever any #use# specified in the table is located on an open lot, the requirements set forth in the table for #floor area# shall apply to the #lot area# used for such #use#.

REQUIRED OFF-STREET LOADING BERTHS FOR
DEVELOPMENTS, ENLARGEMENTS OR CHANGES OF USE


District
Type of #Use#

#Floor Area# - Required Berths


C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C8
Hospitals and related facilities1 or prisons

First 10,000 sq. ft. of floor area – None
Next 290,000 sq. ft. of floor area – 1 required berth
Each additional 300,000 sq. ft. of floor area or fraction thereof – 1 required berth

C1 C2 C4 C6 C8
Funeral establishments

First 10,000 sq. ft. of floor area – 1 required berth
Next 20,000 sq. ft. of floor area – 1 required berth
Any additional amount – 1 required berth

C12 C22 C3 C4-1 C4-2 C4-3 C8-1 C8-2
Hotels, offices or court houses

First 25,000 sq. ft. of floor area – None
Next 75,000 sq. ft. of floor area – 1 required berth
Next 200,000 sq. ft. of floor area – 1 required berth
Each additional 300,000 sq. ft. of floor area or fraction thereof – 1 required berth

C13 C1-6 C1-7 C1-8 C1-9 C23 C2-6 C2-7 C2-8 C4-4 C4-5 C4-6 C4-7 C5 C6 C8-3 C8-4
Hotels, offices or court houses

First 100,000 sq. ft. of floor area – None
Next 200,000 sq. ft. of floor area – 1 required berth
Each additional 300,000 sq. ft. of floor area or fraction thereof – 1 required berth

#Commercial uses#

All retail or service #uses# listed in Use Group 6A, 6C, 7B, 8B, 9A, 9B, 10A, 12B, 14A or 16A

All amusement #uses# listed in Use Group 8A or 12A

All automotive service #uses# listed in Use Group 7D

C12 C22 C3 C4-1 C4-2 C4-3 C7 C8-1 C8-2

First 8,000 sq. ft. of floor area – None
Next 17,000 sq. ft. of floor area – 1 required berth
Next 15,000 sq. ft. of floor area – 1 required berth
Next 20,000 sq. ft. of floor area – 1 required berth
Next 40,000 sq. ft. of floor area – 1 required berth
Each additional 150,000 sq. ft. of floor area or fraction thereof – 1 required berth

C13 C1-6 C1-7 C1-8 C1-9 C23 C2-6 C2-7 C2-8 C4-4 C4-5 C4-6 C4-7 C5 C6 C8-3 C8-4

First 25,000 sq. ft. of floor area – None
Next 15,000 sq. ft. of floor area – 1 required berth
Next 60,000 sq. ft. of floor area – 1 required berth
Each additional 150,000 sq. ft. of floor area or fraction thereof – 1 required berth

Service, wholesale, manufacturing, or storage #uses#

All service, wholesale or storage #uses# listed in Use Group 7C, 10B, 11B, or 16D

All #manufacturing uses# listed in Use Group 11A

C22 C4-1 C4-2 C4-3 C8-1 C8-2

First 8,000 sq. ft. of floor area – None
Next 17,000 sq. ft. of floor area – 1 required berth
Next 15,000 sq. ft. of floor area – 1 required berth
Next 20,000 sq. ft. of floor area – 1 required berth
Next 20,000 sq. ft. of floor area – 1 required berth
Each additional 80,000 sq. ft. of floor area or fraction thereof – 1 required berth

C23 C2-6 C2-7 C2-8 C4-4 C4-5 C4-6 C4-7 C5 C6 C8-3 C8-4

First 15,000 sq. ft. of floor area – None Next 25,000 sq. ft. of floor area – 1 required berth
Next 40,000 sq. ft. of floor area – 1 required berth
Each additional 80,000 sq. ft. of floor area or fraction thereof – 1 required berth

1 Requirements in this table are in addition to area utilized for ambulance parking

2 Mapped within R1, R2, R3, R4, R5, R6

3 Mapped within R7, R8, R9, R10
(12/15/61)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, if any #building# or #zoning lot# contains two or more #uses# having different requirements for loading berths as set forth in Section 36-62 (Required Accessory Off-Street Loading Berths), and if:
  1. the #floor area# of each separate #use# is less than the minimum #floor area# for which berths are required; and
  2. the total #floor area# of all the #uses# for which berths are required is greater than the smallest amount of #floor area# for which berths are required for any of the #uses# individually;
off-street loading berths shall be provided as if the total #floor area# of the #uses# for which berths are required were used for that #use# for which the most berths are required.
(2/2/11)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, except as provided in Section 36- 63 (Special Provisions for a Single Zoning Lot with Uses Subject to Different Loading Requirements), if any #building# or #zoning lot# is used partly for wholesale, #manufacturing# or storage #uses# or any combination of such #uses#, and partly for any other #uses# set forth in the table in Section 36-62 (Required Accessory Off-Street Loading Berths), at least 50 percent of the #floor area# in the #building# shall be subject to the requirements set forth for wholesale, #manufacturing# or storage #uses#, and the remainder shall be subject to the other applicable requirements.
(12/15/61)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, the requirements set forth in the following Sections shall not apply to any #building# or #zoning lot# as to which the Commissioner of Buildings has certified that there is no way to arrange the required berths with access to the #street# to conform to the provisions of Section 36-682 (Location of access to the street):

Section 36-62      (Required Accessory Off-Street Loading Berths)
Section 36-63 (Special Provisions for a Single Zoning Lot with Uses Subject to Different Uses Combined with Other Uses)
Section 36-64 (Wholesale, Manufacturing, or Storage Uses Combined with Other Uses).

The Commissioner of Buildings may refer such matter to the Department of Transportation for report and may base a determination on such report.
(12/15/61)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, whenever a #zoning lot# is divided by a boundary between districts having different requirements for #accessory# off-street loading berths, the provisions set forth in Article VII, Chapter 7, shall apply.
(12/15/61)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, required loading berths may be provided in facilities designed to serve jointly two or more adjoining #buildings# or #zoning lots# within a single #block#, provided that:
  1. the number of berths in such joint facilities shall be not less than that required for the total combined #floor area# of such #buildings# or #zoning lots# as set forth in Sections 36-62 (Required Accessory Off-Street Loading Berths), 36-63 (Special Provisions for a Single Zoning Lot with Uses Subject to Different Loading Requirements) or 36- 64 (Wholesale, Manufacturing, or Storage Uses Combined with Other Uses);
  2. direct access is provided from such joint facilities to all such #buildings# or #zoning lots#; and
  3. the design and layout of such joint facilities meet standards of adequacy set forth in regulations promulgated by the Commissioner of Buildings.
(12/15/61)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, all permitted or required #accessory# off-street loading berths shall conform to the provisions set forth in this Section.
(12/15/61)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, all required #accessory# off-street loading berths, open or enclosed, shall conform to the regulations on minimum dimensions set forth in the following table. The dimensions of off-street berths shall not include driveways or entrances to or exits from such off-street berths.

MINIMUM DIMENSIONS FOR
REQUIRED ACCESSORY OFF-STREET LOADING BERTHS
(in feet)
Length Width Vertical
Clearance
#Commercial uses#* 33 12 14
Funeral establishments 25 10 8
Hospitals and related facilities
or prisons
33 12 12
Hotels, offices or court houses 33 12 12
Wholesale,
manufacturing
or storage
#uses#:
with less than
10,000 sq. ft. of
#floor area#
33 12 14
with 10,000 sq. ft.
of #floor area# or
more
50 12 14

*      As set forth in the table in Section 36-62 (Required Accessory Off-street Loading Berths)
(12/15/61)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, no permitted or required #accessory# off-street loading berth, and no entrance or exit thereto, shall be located less than 50 feet from the intersection of any two #street lines#. However, a location closer to such intersection may be permitted if the Commissioner of Buildings certifies that such a location is not hazardous to traffic safety and not likely to create traffic congestion. The Commissioner of Buildings may refer such matter to the Department of Transportation for a report and may base a determination on such report.

The waiver provisions of Section 36-65 (Waiver of Requirements for All Zoning Lots Where Access Would Be Forbidden) shall apply when the Commissioner of Buildings has certified that there is no way to arrange the berths with access to the #street# to conform to the provisions of this Section.
(12/15/61)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, where #accessory# off-street loading berths are located within 60 feet of a #Residence District# boundary, such berths shall be enclosed within a #building#, and no entrance to or exit from the berths onto the #street# shall be less than 30 feet from the district boundary.
(12/15/61)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, all permitted or required open off-street loading berths shall be surfaced with asphaltic or Portland cement concrete, or other hard-surfaced dustless material, at least six inches thick.
(4/8/98)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, all permitted or required open off-street loading berths that are located on #zoning lots# adjacent to the boundary of a #Residence District#:
  1. shall be screened from all adjoining #zoning lots# in #Residence Districts#, including #zoning lots# situated across a #street#, by either:

    1. a strip at least four feet wide, densely planted with shrubs or trees that are at least four feet high at the time of planting and that are of a type which may be expected to form a year-round dense screen at least six feet high within three years; or
    2. a wall or barrier or uniformly painted fence of fire-resistant material, at least six feet but not more than eight feet above finished grade. Such wall, barrier, or fence may be opaque or perforated provided that not more than 50 percent of the face is open;
  2. shall be maintained in good condition at all times;
  3. may be interrupted by normal entrances and exits; and
  4. shall have no #signs# hung or attached thereto other than those permitted in Sections 32-62 (Permitted Signs) or 32-63 (Permitted Advertising Signs).
(2/2/11)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, the provisions of this Section, inclusive, relating to bicycle parking spaces shall apply to:
  1. #developments#;
  2. #enlargements# that increase the #floor area# within a #building# by 50 percent or more;
  3. #dwelling units# created by #conversions# of non- #residential floor area#;
  4. new #dwelling units# in #buildings# or #building segments# constructed after April 22, 2009;
  5. new enclosed #accessory group parking facilities# with 35 or more automobile parking spaces; and
  6. open parking areas #accessory# to #commercial# or #community facility uses# that contain 18 or more automobile parking spaces or are greater than 6,000 sq. ft. in area.
In addition, the provisions of Section 36-75 (Floor Area Exemption) shall apply to all #buildings# as set forth therein.

Bicycle parking spaces shall be provided in accordance with the requirements set forth in this Section, inclusive, as a condition precedent to the #use# of such #development#, #enlargement#, #conversion#, #group parking facility# or open parking area.

The number of #accessory# bicycle parking spaces provided pursuant to this Section, the total area, in square feet, of bicycle parking spaces and the total area, in square feet, excluded from the calculation of #floor area# for such spaces shall be noted on the certificate of occupancy.
(3/22/16)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, enclosed #accessory# bicycle parking spaces shall be provided for at least that amount specified for the applicable #use# set forth in the table in this Section.

For the purposes of calculating the number of required bicycle parking spaces, any fraction of a space 50 percent or greater shall be counted as an additional space. For #residences#, the #accessory# bicycle parking requirement shall be calculated separately for separate #buildings# or #building segments#.

Where any #building# or #zoning lot# contains two or more #uses# having different bicycle parking requirements as set forth in the table, the bicycle parking requirements for each type of #use# shall apply to the extent of that #use#.

Where an enclosed #accessory group parking facility# is provided, the required number of bicycle parking spaces for the #use# to which such facility is #accessory# shall be the amount set forth for such #use# in the table, or one for every 10 automobile parking spaces that are enclosed within a #building or other structure# or located on the roof of a #building#, whichever will require a greater number of bicycle parking spaces.

REQUIRED BICYCLE PARKING SPACES
FOR RESIDENTIAL, COMMUNITY FACILITY
OR COMMERCIAL USES
Type of #Use# Bicycle Parking Spaces
Required in Relation to
Specified Unit of Measurement
FOR RESIDENTIAL USES
----------------------------------------
Use Group 1
None required
Use Group 2 1 per 2 #dwelling units#
#Affordable independent residences
for seniors#
1 per 10,000
square feet
of #floor area#
FOR COMMUNITY FACILITY USES1
------------------------------------------------------
College or #school# student
dormitories or fraternity and
sorority student houses
1 per 2,000
square feet
of #floor area#
Colleges, universities or seminaries2
Classrooms, laboratories,
student centers or offices

Theaters, auditoriums,
gymnasiums or stadiums

1 per 5,000
square feet of #floor area#

1 per 20,000
square feet of #floor area#
Libraries, museums or
non-commercial art galleries
1 per 20,000
square feet of #floor area#
Monasteries, convents or novitiates;
houses of worship, rectories or
parish houses; Use Group 4B
None required
All other Use Group 3 and Use
Group 4 #uses# not other wise listed
in this table
1 per 10,000
square feet
of #floor area#
FOR COMMERCIAL USES
--------------------------------------------
Use Group 6B 1 per 7,500
square feet of #floor area#
General retail or service #uses#.
Use Groups 5A, 6A, 6C, 6E, 7A, 7B, 7D,
8B, 9A, 10A, 12B, 13B, 14A (except docks
for vessels, other than #gambling vessels#)
or 14B; eating and drinking establishments in
all Use Groups; automobile rental
establishments
1 per 10,000
square feet
of #floor area#
Use Groups 8A, 12A (except eating
and drinking establishments); theaters
1 per 20,000
square feet
of #floor area#
#Public parking garages# 1 per 10
automobile parking spaces
Use Groups not specified above
and all other #commercial uses#
not otherwise listed
None required


-------
1      #Non-profit hospital staff dwellings# shall be subject to the requirements for Use Group 2 #residential uses#
2      Up to half of required spaces may be provided as unenclosed bicycle parking spaces, pursuant to the requirements of Section 36-73

However, the bicycle parking requirements set forth in the table shall be waived for bicycle parking spaces that are accessory to:
  1. #buildings# containing 10 #dwelling units# or less;
  2. colleges, universities or seminaries where the number of required enclosed bicycle parking spaces is six or less;
  3. college or #school# student dormitories or fraternity and sorority student houses where the number of required bicycle parking spaces is five or less; or
  4. all other #community facility# or #commercial uses# not otherwise listed in the table where the number of required bicycle parking spaces is three or less.

(4/22/09)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, for open parking areas #accessory# to #commercial# or #community facility uses# that contain 18 or more spaces or are greater than 6,000 square feet in area, which meet the applicability standards of Section 37-91, unenclosed bicycle parking spaces shall be provided as follows:
  1. One bicycle parking space shall be provided for every ten automobile parking spaces, up to 200 automobile parking spaces. Thereafter, one bicycle parking space shall be provided for every 100 automobile parking spaces. Fractions equal to or greater than one-half resulting from this calculation shall be considered to be one bicycle space.
  2. Each bicycle rack shall allow for the bicycle frame and at least one wheel to be locked to the rack. If bicycles can be locked to each side of the rack without conflict, each side may be counted toward a required space. Thirty inches of maneuverable space shall be provided between parallel bicycle racks and an eight foot wide aisle shall be provided between bicycle rack areas.
  3. Bicycle racks shall be provided within 50 feet of a main entrance of a #building# and a minimum of 24 inches from any wall. However, if more than 40 bicycle parking spaces are required, 50 percent of such spaces may be provided at a distance of up to 100 feet from the main entrance of a #building#. Department of Transportation bicycle racks provided on a fronting sidewalk may be counted toward this requirement, provided such racks meet the standards of this paragraph, ©.
(4/22/09)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, the City Planning Commission may authorize a reduction in the number of required bicycle parking spaces set forth in Section 36-711 (Enclosed bicycle parking spaces) or a waiver of all such spaces, upon finding there are subsurface conditions, below-ground infrastructure or other site planning constraints that would make accommodating such bicycle parking spaces on or below the first #story# of the #building# infeasible. The Commission may request reports from licensed engineers or registered architects in considering such reduction.
(4/22/09)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, all #accessory# bicycle parking spaces shall be provided on the same #zoning lot# as the #building# or #use# to which such spaces are #accessory#, except as provided in Section 36-74 (Certification for Off-Site Bicycle Parking Spaces).

All enclosed #accessory# bicycle parking spaces shall be surrounded on all sides by a solid enclosure, except where a parking garage is open at the sides, and covered by a roof for weather protection. Each bicycle space shall adjoin a rack or similar system for securing the bicycle. Bicycle parking spaces shall be located in an area secured by a lock or similar means, or adjoin a securely-anchored rack to which the bicycle frame and at least one wheel can be locked. Fifteen square feet of area shall be provided for each bicycle space. However, the area for each bicycle space may be reduced by up to nine square feet per bicycle if the Commissioner of Buildings certifies that a layout has been submitted to adequately accommodate the specified number of bicycles.

A plaque shall be placed at the exterior of the entry to the bicycle parking area, outside any locked door, with lettering at least three-quarter inches in height stating “Bicycle Parking.”

All required bicycle parking spaces that are #accessory# to #residences# shall be made available for the storage and independent access of the bicycles used by the occupants of such #residences#.

All required bicycle parking spaces that are #accessory# to a #commercial# or #community facility use# shall be made available for the storage and independent access of bicycles used by the employees of such #use#, except that bicycle parking spaces #accessory# to colleges or universities must be accessible to all authorized users of such #building#, and that bicycle parking spaces #accessory# to #community facilities# with sleeping accommodations may be accessible to the occupants of such facility.

Bicycle spaces may be located in a room secured by a lock, or similar means, provided that access is through a commonly-accessible area and access is made available to eligible users on an equal basis.
  1. For colleges, universities or seminaries, one-half of required #accessory# bicycle parking spaces may be provided as open unenclosed spaces, provided that such spaces meet the standards of Section 36-712 (Unenclosed bicycle parking spaces), paragraph (b).
  2. For #public parking garages#, the required information plaque shall be provided at each point of bicycle entry to the #public parking garage#, mounted with its center between four and six feet above the ground, directly visible and unobstructed from the #street#. The entry plaque shall contain a bicycle symbol which is 12 inches square in dimension with a highly contrasting background, as shown in this paragraph, (b). The symbol shall match exactly the symbol provided in the Required Signage Symbols file at the Department of City Planning website.


    (36-73)
(4/22/09)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, for colleges, universities, seminaries, hospitals and related facilities, except animal hospitals, #accessory# bicycle parking spaces required pursuant to Section 36-711 (Enclosed bicycle parking spaces) may be provided on a #zoning lot# other than the same #zoning lot# as the #use# to which such spaces are #accessory#, provided that the Chairperson of the City Planning Commission certifies to the Department of Buildings that all such bicycle parking spaces are:
  1. located on a #zoning lot# not further than 1,000 feet from the nearest boundary of the #zoning lot# occupied by the #use# to which they are #accessory#, or within a subsurface parking and other service facility that serves multiple #zoning lots#, including the #zoning lot# occupied by the #use# to which they are #accessory#; and
  2. subject to deed restrictions filed in an office of record, binding the owner and his heirs and assigns to maintain the required number of spaces as accessible throughout the life of the #use# generating the #accessory# bicycle parking spaces.
A plaque shall be placed within 30 feet of an entrance of the #building#, with lettering at least three-quarter inches in height stating "Bicycle Parking” followed by information directing users to the address of the off-site location.

The number of off-site #accessory# bicycle parking spaces provided pursuant to this Section and the area of such bicycle parking spaces, in square feet, shall be noted on the certificate of occupancy for both the #building# in which the off-site bicycle parking spaces are located, and the #building# containing the #use# to which such bicycle parking spaces are #accessory#.
(3/22/16)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, space provided for enclosed #accessory# bicycle parking spaces pursuant to the standards of this Section shall be excluded from the calculation of #floor area#, provided that:
  1. the space excluded from #floor area# does not exceed an amount equal to 15 square feet multiplied by the number of required spaces or, if spaces are waived pursuant to paragraphs (a), (b), (c) or (d) of Section 36-711 (Enclosed bicycle parking spaces), the number that would have been required but for the waiver or, if spaces are not required because the #building# was constructed prior to April 22, 2009, the number that would be required if such #building# were newly-constructed; and
  2. the #accessory# bicycle parking spaces provided meet the standards for required bicycle parking of Section 36-73 (Restrictions on Operation, Size and Location of Bicycle Parking Spaces).
Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (a) of this Section, for the #uses# listed in the table, the amount of space that may be excluded from the calculation of #floor area# shall not exceed an amount equal to 15 square feet multiplied by the number of spaces set forth in the table.

MAXIMUM BICYCLE PARKING SPACES
EXCLUDED FROM FLOOR AREA
Type of #Use# Maximum Bicycle Parking Spaces Excluded from #Floor Area#
in Relation to Specified Unit
of Measurement
FOR RESIDENTIAL USES
#Affordable independent residences
for seniors#
1 per 2,000
square feet
of #floor area#
FOR COMMUNITY FACILITY USES
Philanthropic or non-profit
institutions with sleeping
accommodations
1 per 2,000
square feet
of #floor area#
Proprietary, non-profit or
voluntary hospitals and
related facilities, except
animal hospitals
1 per 5,000
square feet
of #floor area#


However, in no event shall this Section apply to #single-# or #two-family residences#; and in no event shall this Section apply to #accessory# bicycle parking spaces provided off-site, pursuant to Section 36-74 (Certification for Off-Site Bicycle Parking Spaces).

Space provided for #accessory# bicycle parking spaces within an #accessory group parking facility# shall not be counted as #floor area# provided that such portion of the #accessory group parking facility# does not count as #floor area#.
(4/22/09)

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8

In all districts, as indicated, except in the #Special Willets Point District# and the #Special St. George District#, the number of required bicycle parking spaces set forth in Section 36-711 (Enclosed bicycle parking spaces) may be reduced or waived by the Commissioner of Buildings, provided that the Commissioner of the Department of Housing Preservation and Development has submitted a letter certifying that:
  1. at least 50 percent of the #dwelling units# in the #building# or #building segment# will be income-restricted pursuant to the provisions of Section 23-90 (INCLUSIONARY HOUSING), inclusive, or pursuant to the terms of a grant, loan or subsidy from any Federal, State or local agency or instrumentality, including, but not limited to, the disposition of real property for less than market value, purchase money financing, construction financing, permanent financing, the utilization of bond proceeds and allocations of low income housing tax credits. An exemption or abatement of real property taxes shall not qualify as a grant, loan or subsidy for the purposes of this paragraph, (a);
  2. there is insufficient space within the #building# to accommodate the required number of bicycle parking spaces on or below the first #story# of the #building#, including within an enclosed #accessory group parking facility#,
  3. if permitted automobile parking spaces are provided, the required bicycle parking spaces cannot be accommodated within an enclosed #group parking facility# by reconfiguring automobile parking spaces or removing three or fewer permitted automobile parking spaces;
  4. additional space cannot reasonably be constructed based on the amount of subsidy available to the project; and
  5. the number of required bicycle parking spaces is being reduced by the minimum amount necessary to address these limitations.
(3/22/18)

Special urban design regulations are set forth in this Chapter to improve the quality of the streetscape and to promote a lively and engaging pedestrian experience along commercial streets in various neighborhoods.

The provisions of this Chapter shall apply as follows:
  1. Section 37-10 sets forth applicability of Article II, Chapter 6 to zoning lots accessed by private roads in C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R3, R4 or R5 Districts, and in C3 Districts
  2. Section 37-20, inclusive, sets forth special regulations for lower density growth management areas in the Borough of Staten Island;
  3. Section 37-30, inclusive, sets forth special streetscape provisions that apply in conjunction with provisions specified in the supplemental use provisions of Article III, Chapter 2, special provisions for certain areas in Article VI, or in Special Purpose Districts in Articles VIII through XIV;
  4. Section 37-40, inclusive, sets forth provisions for relocating or renovating subway stairs in certain areas;
  5. Section 37-50, inclusive, sets forth requirements for pedestrian circulation spaces that apply in conjunction with provisions specified in certain Special Purpose Districts;
  6. Section 37-60, inclusive, sets forth provisions for publicly accessible open areas such as plazas, residential plazas and urban plazas created prior to October 17, 2007;
  7. Section 37-70, inclusive, sets forth provisions for public plazas;
  8. Section 37-80 sets forth provisions for arcades; and
  9. Section 37-90, inclusive, sets forth provisions for certain open parking areas, including landscaping.
(2/2/11)

In C1 or C2 Districts mapped within R3, R4 or R5 Districts, and in C3 Districts, the provisions of Section 26-20 (SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS FOR DEVELOPMENTS WITH PRIVATE ROADS) shall apply to any #zoning lot# with #buildings# accessed by #private roads#, except where such #zoning lot# contains #private roads# constructed prior to February 6, 2002. In addition, the open area between #buildings# and sidewalks required pursuant to Section 26-25 need not be planted where such open areas front upon #commercial uses#.

However, in C3A Districts located within #lower density growth management areas#, the provisions of 26-30 (SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS FOR DEVELOPMENTS WITH PRIVATE ROADS IN LOWER DENSITY GROWTH MANAGEMENT AREAS) shall apply.
(12/21/05)

In all C1, C2 and C4-1 Districts in the Borough of Staten Island, all #developments# or #enlargements# containing non-#residential uses# shall be screened from adjoining #zoning lots# containing only #residential uses# by a planting strip at least five feet wide along the common #side lot line#, densely planted with evergreen shrubs at least four feet high at time of planting and of a variety expected to reach a height of six feet within three years. No chain link fences shall be permitted. However, no such screening shall be required where both such #buildings# front upon a #street line# that forms the boundary of a #block# front mapped entirely as a #Commercial District#.
(3/22/16)

Section 37-30, inclusive, specifies #ground floor level# requirements that establish consistent standards for a minimum depth for certain #uses#, a maximum width for certain #uses#, minimum transparency requirements, and parking wrap and screening requirements that apply in conjunction with requirements set forth for certain #Commercial Districts# in the supplemental #use# provisions of Section 32-40, inclusive, for #Quality Housing buildings# in certain #Commercial Districts# subject to supplemental provisions for #qualifying ground floors#; for certain #Manufacturing Districts# in Section 42-485 (Streetscape provisions); for #zoning lots# subject to the off-street parking regulations in the #Manhattan Core# in Article I, Chapter 3; for #zoning lots# subject to the special provisions for waterfront areas and FRESH food stores in Article VI, Chapters 2 and 3, respectively; and for #zoning lots# subject to the provisions of certain Special Purpose Districts.

However, the ground floor depth requirements for certain #uses# and minimum transparency requirements of Sections 37-32 and 37- 34, respectively, shall not apply to:
  1. #zoning lots# in #Commercial Districts# with a #lot width# of less than 20 feet, as measured along the #street line#, provided such #zoning lots# existed on March 22, 2016, and on the date of application for a building permit; or
  2. any #community facility building# used exclusively for either a #school#, as listed in Use Group 3, or a house of worship, as listed in Use Group 4.
(3/22/16)

The following definitions shall apply throughout Section 37-30 (SPECIAL GROUND FLOOR LEVEL STREETSCAPE PROVISIONS FOR CERTAIN AREAS), inclusive.

Ground floor level

For the purposes of Section 37-30, inclusive, the “ground floor level” shall refer to a #building’s# lowest #story#.

Primary street frontage

For the purposes of Section 37-30, inclusive, a “primary street frontage” shall be the portion of the #ground floor level street# frontage along any of the following:
  1. a #wide street#;
  2. a narrow #street# where a #Commercial District# is mapped along an entire #block# frontage; or
  3. a #narrow street# within 50 feet of a #wide street#.
Secondary street frontage

For the purposes of Section 37-30, inclusive, a “secondary street frontage” shall be a #ground floor level street# frontage, or portion thereof, subject to the provisions of Section 37-30, inclusive, that is not a #primary street frontage#.
(3/22/16)

The minimum depth for required ground floor non-#residential uses#, as applicable, shall be as set forth in this Section, except as set forth in Section 37-31 (Applicability).

Required #ground floor level# non-#residential uses# along a #primary street frontage# or a designated retail street specified in a Special Purpose District, as applicable, shall have a minimum depth of 30 feet, as measured perpendicular to the #ground floor level street wall#. However, such minimum depth requirement may be reduced, to the minimum extent necessary, to accommodate vertical circulation cores or structural columns associated with upper #stories# of the #building#.
(3/22/16)

The maximum width of lobbies, entrances and exits to #accessory# off-street parking facilities, and entryways to subway stations is set forth in this Section.
  1. Ground floor lobbies

    1. Type 1

      Where Type 1 lobby provisions apply, lobbies accessing #uses# not permitted on the #ground floor level# shall be permitted, provided that the width of such lobbies, in total, does not exceed 25 percent of the #street wall# width of the #building# or more than 20 linear feet of #street wall# frontage on a #wide street# or 30 linear feet on a #narrow street#, whichever is less. However, the width of such lobbies need not be less than ten feet.
    2. Type 2

      Where Type 2 lobby provisions apply, lobbies accessing #uses# not permitted on the #ground floor level# shall be permitted, provided that the width of such lobbies, in total, does not exceed 25 percent of the #street wall# width of the #building# or more than 40 linear feet of #street wall#, whichever is less. However, the width of such lobbies need not be less than 20 feet.
  2. Entrances and exits to #accessory# parking facilities

    Entrances and exits to #accessory# off-street parking facilities, where permitted on the #ground floor level#, or portion thereof, shall not exceed a #street wall# width equal to the sum of five feet plus the maximum curb cut width for the applicable district. Where no specified maximum curb cut width is set forth for the district, the curb cut regulations for #buildings# containing #residences# in R6 through R8 Districts with a letter suffix in paragraph (e) of Section 25-631 (Location and width of curb cuts in certain districts) shall be applied.
  3. Entryways to subway stations

    Entryways to subway stations may be provided on the #ground floor level# of a #building# without restriction in #street wall# width.
(3/22/16)

The #ground floor level street wall# along a #primary street frontage# or a designated retail street set forth in a Special Purpose District, as applicable, shall be glazed with transparent materials which may include #show windows#, transom windows or glazed portions of doors, except as set forth in Section 37-31 (Applicability).

Such transparent materials shall occupy at least 50 percent of the surface area of such #ground floor level street wall# between a height of two feet and 12 feet, or the height of the ground floor ceiling, whichever is higher, as measured from the adjoining sidewalk. Transparent materials provided to satisfy such 50 percent requirement shall not begin higher than 2 feet, 6 inches, above the level of the adjoining sidewalk, with the exception of transom windows, or portions of windows separated by mullions or other structural dividers, and shall have a minimum width of two feet. The maximum width of a portion of the #ground floor level street wall# without transparency shall not exceed ten feet.

However, such transparency requirements shall not apply to portions of the #ground floor level# occupied by entrances or exits to #accessory# off-street parking facilities and #public parking garages#, where permitted, entryways to required loading berths, where permitted, entryways to subway stations, as applicable, or doors accessing emergency egress stairwells and passageways.
(3/22/16)

All #accessory# off-street parking spaces on the #ground floor level# of a #building# shall be wrapped by #floor area# in accordance with paragraph (a) or, where applicable, screened in accordance with applicable provisions of paragraph (b) of this Section.
  1. Along #primary street frontages#

    For #ground floor levels#, or portions thereof, fronting along a #primary street frontage# or a designated retail #street# set forth in a Special Purpose District, as applicable, any portion of an #accessory# off-street parking facility that is located above #curb level#, except for permitted entrances and exits, shall be located behind permitted #commercial#, #community facility# or #residential floor area# so that no portion of such facility is visible from adjacent public sidewalks or publicly accessible areas. Such #floor area# shall have a minimum depth of 30 feet, as measured perpendicular to the #street wall# of the #building#.
  2. Along #secondary street frontages#

    For #ground floor levels#, or portions thereof, fronting along a #secondary street frontage# or 50 feet beyond a designated retail #street# set forth in a Special Purpose District, as applicable, off-street parking facilities, or portions thereof, may either be wrapped by #floor area# in accordance with paragraph (a) of this Section, or shall be subject to the following design requirements:

    1. any non-horizontal parking deck structures shall not be visible from the exterior of the #building# in elevation view;
    2. opaque materials shall be located on the exterior #building# wall between the bottom of the floor of each parking deck and no less than three feet above such deck; and
    3. a total of at least 50 percent of such exterior #building# wall, or portion thereof, with adjacent parking spaces shall consist of opaque materials which may include permitted #signs#, graphic or sculptural art, decorative screening or latticework, or living plant material.
(3/22/16)

Where a #development# or an #enlargement# is constructed on a #zoning lot# of 5,000 square feet or more of #lot area# that fronts on a portion of a sidewalk containing a stairway entrance or entrances into a subway station located within the #Special Midtown District# as listed in Section 81-46, the #Special Lower Manhattan District# as listed in Section 91-43, the #Special Downtown Brooklyn District# as listed in Section 101-43, the #Special Long Island City Mixed Use District# as described in Section 117-44, the #Special Union Square District# as listed in Section 118-50 and those stations listed in the following table, the existing entrance or entrances shall be relocated from the #street# onto the #zoning lot#. The new entrance or entrances* shall be provided in accordance with the provisions of this Section.

A relocated subway stair or a subway stair that has been renovated in accordance with the provisions of Section 37-50 (REQUIREMENTS FOR PEDESTRIAN CIRCULATION SPACE) may be counted as pedestrian circulation space pursuant to Section 37-50.

Station Line
The Bronx
161st Street** Grand Concourse
Manhattan
8th Street Broadway-60th Street
23rd Street Broadway-60th Street
23rd Street Lexington Avenue
28th Street Lexington Avenue
33rd Street Lexington Avenue
34th Street-Penn Station 8th Avenue
59th Street/Lexington
Avenue-60th St.
Lexington Avenue and
Broadway-60th Street


*      Provision of a new subway entrance or entrances pursuant to the requirements of this Section may also require s atisfaction of additional obligations under the America ns with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA), including the ADA Accessibility Guidelines. The New York City Transit Authority should be consulted with regard to any such obligations
**    Access stairways to elevated portions of a station complex are exempt from this requirement
(10/17/07)

In addition to the standards set forth in the current station planning guidelines as issued by New York City Transit, the following standards shall also apply:
  1. Location

    The relocated or renovated entrance shall be immediately adjacent to, and accessible without any obstruction from, a public sidewalk or pedestrian circulation space as defined in Section 37-50. Any such pedestrian circulation space shall have a minimum horizontal dimension equal to the width of the relocated stairs or the minimum width of the pedestrian circulation space, whichever is greater.

    The relocated or renovated entrance may be provided within a #building# but shall not be enclosed by any doors. The area occupied by a relocated or renovated entrance within a #building# shall not be counted toward the #floor area# of the #enlargement# or #development#.
  2. Design standards

    The relocated or renovated entrance shall have a stair width of at least eight feet for each run.

    Where two or more existing stairway entrances are being relocated or renovated as part of the same #development# or #enlargement#, the new entrance or entrances shall have total stair widths equal to or greater than the sum of the stair widths of those existing stairway entrances, but in no case may any stair be less than eight feet in width.

    The relocated entrance may be relocated within a #public plaza#, provided that the minimum width of each stair is ten feet and the queuing area of the relocated entrance is unobstructed and contiguous to a sidewalk or a sidewalk widening. A relocated entrance within a #public plaza# is a permitted obstruction, but shall not be subject to the percentage limit on permitted obstructions for a #public plaza#.

    For a relocated entrance only, the entrance shall have a queuing space at the top and bottom of the stairs that is at least eight feet wide and 15 feet long. Such queuing space may overlap with a #public plaza# or an #arcade# in accordance with the provisions of Sections 37-53 (Design Standards for Pedestrian Circulation Spaces) or 37-80 (ARCADES).

    No stairway shall have more than 14 risers without a landing, and each landing shall have a minimum width equal to the width of the stairs, and a minimum length of five feet.

    Throughout the entire stairway entrance, including passageways, the minimum clear, unobstructed height shall be at least 7 feet, 6 inches from finished floor to finished ceiling, including all lighting fixtures and #signs#.

    The entire entrance area, including passageways, shall be free of obstructions of any kind, except for projecting information signage.

    The relocated entrance shall connect to an existing or proposed subway passageway, or shall connect, via an underground passageway, to a mezzanine area of the subway station.

    The below-grade portion of a relocated entrance may be constructed within the #street#.
  3. Hours of public accessibility

    The relocated or renovated entrance shall be accessible to the public during the hours when the connected mezzanine area is open to the public or as otherwise approved by New York City Transit.
(2/2/11)

For any #development# or #enlargement# that is subject to the requirements for the relocation of a subway stair entrance or counts a renovated subway stair as pedestrian circulation space in accordance with the provisions of Section 37-50 (REQUIREMENTS FOR PEDESTRIAN CIRCULATION SPACE), inclusive, no plan shall be approved by the Department of Buildings and no excavation permit or building permit shall be issued, unless the following criteria are met:
  1. for a relocated entrance, such plan includes a stair relocation plan and related documents that require:

    1. construction of the new stair entrance in accordance with such plan;
    2. demolition of above-ground elements of the existing entrance;
    3. sealing of the existing entrance at the sidewalk level; and
    4. maintenance of the work performed on the relocated or renovated entrance; or
  2. for a renovated entrance, such plan includes a renovation plan and related documents that require:

    1. renovation of the entrance in accordance with such plan; and
    2. maintenance of the work performed on the renovated entrance; and
  3. such plan and related documents bear New York City Transit’s approval; and
  4. such plan is accompanied by a certified copy of an agreement, as recorded between New York City Transit and the owner for an easement on the #zoning lot# for subway-related use of the new stair entrance and for public access via such entrance to the subway station, which agreement has been recorded against the #zoning lot# in the Office of the Register of the City of New York and is accompanied by the Register's receipt of recordation; and
  5. no permanent certificate of occupancy shall be issued for the #building# either altered or #developed#, as set forth in Section 37-40, or #enlarged#, that is subject to the subway stair relocation requirement or is counting a renovated subway stair as pedestrian circulation space in accordance with the provisions of Section 37-50, inclusive, unless and until all of the work required under paragraph (a) or (b) of this Section has been completed and New York City Transit has so certified in writing to the Department of Buildings.
(3/22/16)

The Chairperson of the City Planning Commission may, by certification to the Commissioner of Buildings, allow modifications of the requirements of Sections 32-435 (Ground floor use in high density Commercial Districts) and 37-41 (Standards for Location, Design and Hours of Public Accessibility) or 37-70 (PUBLIC PLAZAS) if the relocated subway stair cannot be accommodated without modification to these provisions.
(10/17/07)

The provisions of Section 37-40 (OFF-STREET RELOCATION OR RENOVATION OF A SUBWAY STAIR) may be waived by joint certification of New York City Transit and the Chairperson of the City Planning Commission that major construction problems or operating design considerations render the stair relocation infeasible. In such event, the stair relocation requirement may be satisfied by retention of the existing stair and the provision on the #zoning lot# of an open area, qualifying under the provisions of Section 37-50 (REQUIREMENTS FOR PEDESTRIAN CIRCULATION SPACE), that accommodates pedestrian traffic passing the existing stair entrance.
(10/17/07)

All pedestrian circulation space required pursuant to the provisions of any special purpose district shall comply with the provisions of this Section, as such may be modified by the terms of the special district.
(2/2/11)

The minimum amount of pedestrian circulation space to be provided for #developments# or #enlargements# shall be determined by the following table:

MINIMUM
PEDESTRIAN CIRCULATION SPACE
REQUIREMENTS
Size of #zoning lot# Required area of pedestrian circulation space
5,000 to 20,000 sq. ft. 1 sq. ft. per 350 sq. ft.
of new #floor area#
Above 20,000 sq. ft. 1 sq. ft. per300 sq. ft.
of new #floor area#
(10/17/07)

The pedestrian circulation space provided shall be of one or more of the following types: an arcade, #building# entrance recess area, corner arcade, corner circulation space, relocation or renovation of a subway stair, sidewalk widening, subway station improvement, through #block# connection or #public plaza#. Each #zoning lot# shall be categorized as either a #corner lot#, #through lot# or #interior lot#, and pedestrian circulation space shall be provided on each #zoning lot# in at least one of the applicable types, or combinations of types, specified in the following table:

PROVISION OF PEDESTRIAN CIRCULATION SPACE
ON CERTAIN TYPES OF LOTS
Type of Pedestrian
Circulation Space
#Corner
lot#
#Through
lot#
#Interior
lot#
Arcade x x x
#building# entrance recess
area
x x x
Corner arcade x
Corner circulation
space
x
Relocation or
renovation of subway
stair
x x x
Sidewalk widening x x x
Subway station
improvement
x x x
Through #block#
connection
x x
#Public plaza# x x x

Minimum design standards for each type of pedestrian circulation space and, where applicable, the maximum amount of each type of pedestrian circulation space that may be counted toward meeting the requirements of Section 37-51 (Amount of Pedestrian Circulation Space) are set forth in Section 37-53 (Design Standards for Pedestrian Circulation Spaces).
(4/30/12)
  1. Arcade

    Arcades shall not be subject to the provisions of Sections 12-10 (DEFINITIONS) and 37-80 (ARCADES). In lieu thereof, the provisions of this Section shall apply. An arcade is a continuous covered space that adjoins and extends along a #front lot line#, is at the same elevation as the adjoining sidewalk, is open for its entire length to the sidewalk except for columns and is accessible to the public at all times. An arcade shall be provided on the #wide street# frontage of a #zoning lot# of a #development# or #enlargement# where the #zoning lot# lies directly adjacent to an existing arcade on a #wide street#, except where an existing #building# without an arcade extends along a portion of the #wide street front lot line# of the #zoning lot# containing the #development# or #enlargement#. Where an arcade abuts another arcade, there shall be a clear, unobstructed passage between both arcades.

    An arcade shall meet the following requirements:

    1. Dimensions

      An arcade with columns shall have a minimum clear width of 10 feet, exclusive of all columns, and a maximum width of 15 feet, inclusive of columns. No column width shall be greater than five feet. Columns shall be spaced along the #street# with a minimum clear width between columns of 15 feet. An arcade shall have a clear height of not less than 12 feet and not more than 30 feet.

      1. On an #interior lot# or a #through lot# fronting on a #narrow street#, an arcade without columns is permitted only if:

        1. it has a continuous, unobstructed minimum length of 100 feet or, with the exception of the width of driveways for the required loading berths located at the #side lot line# of the #zoning lot#, is unobstructed for the full length of the frontage of the #development#, whichever is greater; and
        2. the entire #front lot line# shall be unobstructed for the same depth of the arcade, except for that portion of the #front lot line# occupied by an existing #building#.
      2. On an #interior lot# or a #through lot# fronting on a #narrow street#, an arcade with columns is permitted only if it connects directly to an existing arcade on an adjacent #zoning lot#, matching it in width and alignment, and has a continuous, unobstructed minimum length beyond the existing adjacent arcade of at least 100 feet or, with the exception of the width of driveways for the required loading berths located at the #side lot line# of the #zoning lot#, is unobstructed for the full length of the frontage of the #development#, whichever is greater.
      3. On a #corner lot# fronting on a #narrow street#, an arcade is permitted only if it extends for the full length of the #street# frontage, with the exception of a driveway for a required loading berth located at the #side lot line# of the #zoning lot#, or if the arcade provides unobstructed pedestrian flow along such entire frontage in combination with one or more of the following other spaces with which it connects at one or both ends: a corner arcade, a #publicly accessible open area#, an off-street rail mass transit access improvement, an intersecting sidewalk widening, an intersecting #street#, a relocated or renovated subway entrance, a through #block# connection or a through #block# galleria.
      4. On a #wide street#, an arcade shall be permitted, provided that:

        1. the arcade extends along the full length of the #street line# between intersecting #streets#; or
        2. in the case of an arcade that occupies less than the entire #street# frontage between intersecting #streets#, on a full #block# front #zoning lot#, unobstructed pedestrian flow along the entire frontage is provided on the #zoning lot# by the arcade in combination with one or more of the following #open spaces# with which the arcade connects at one or both ends: a corner circulation space, a #publicly accessible open area# or an intersecting sidewalk widening; or
        3. in the case of an arcade whose #zoning lot# occupies less than the entire #street# frontage between intersecting #streets#, the arcade connects with an existing arcade of matching width and alignment, a #publicly accessible open area# on an adjacent #zoning lot#, so that unobstructed pedestrian flow along the entire #block# front is provided by the arcade in combination with such existing spaces.
    2. Full #block# front arcade

      When a #zoning lot# occupies a full #block# front, both ends of the arcade on that #street# frontage shall be open and accessible directly from the sidewalk of the intersecting #street# or any other qualifying pedestrian circulation space.
    3. Permitted obstructions

      Except for #building# columns, and exterior wall thickness pursuant to Section 33-23 (Permitted Obstructions in Required Yards or Rear Yard Equivalents), an arcade shall be free from obstructions of any kind.
    4. Specific prohibitions

      No vehicular driveways, except as permitted under paragraph (a)(1) (Dimensions) of this Section, parking spaces, passenger drop-offs, loading berths or trash storage facilities are permitted within an arcade, nor shall such facilities be permitted immediately adjacent to an arcade.
    5. Illumination

      All existing and new arcades shall maintain a minimum level of illumination of not less than five horizontal foot candles between sunset and sunrise.
  2. #Building# entrance recess area

    A #building# entrance recess area is a space that adjoins and is open to a sidewalk or sidewalk widening for its entire length and provides unobstructed access to the #building's# lobby entrance or to the entrance to a ground floor #use#.

    A #building# entrance recess area shall meet the following requirements:

    1. Dimensions

      A #building# entrance recess area shall have a minimum length of 15 feet and a maximum length of 50 feet measured parallel to the #street line# at a #building’s# lobby entrance and a maximum length of 30 feet parallel to the #street line# at a ground floor #use# entrance. It shall have a maximum depth of 15 feet measured from the #street line# and shall have a minimum depth of 10 feet measured from the #street line#.
    2. Permitted obstructions

      Any portion of a #building# entrance recess area under an overhanging portion of the #building# shall have a minimum clear height of 15 feet. It shall be free of obstructions except for exterior wall thickness pursuant to Section 33-23, and #building# columns, between any two of which there shall be a clear space of at least 15 feet measured parallel to the #street line#. Between a #building# column and a wall of the #building#, there shall be a clear path at least five feet in width.
    3. Permitted overlap

      A #building# entrance recess area may overlap with an arcade, a corner arcade, a corner circulation space or a sidewalk widening, and may adjoin or overlap and connect directly without obstruction to another #building# entrance recess area except that, on any one #street# frontage, each lobby or ground floor #use# shall connect to only one #building# entrance recess area.
  3. Corner arcade

    A corner arcade shall not be subject to the provisions of Sections 12-10 (DEFINITIONS) and 37-80 (ARCADES). In lieu thereof, a corner arcade shall be a small covered space adjoining the intersection of two #streets# at the same elevation as the adjoining sidewalk or sidewalk widening and directly accessible to the public at all times.

    A corner arcade shall meet the following requirements:

    1. Dimensions

      1. a corner arcade shall have a minimum area of 200 square feet, a minimum depth of 15 feet measured along a line bisecting the angle of intersecting #street lines#, and shall extend along both #street lines# for at least 15 feet but not more than 40 feet from the intersection of the two #street lines#; and
      2. the height of a corner arcade shall be not less than 12 feet and a clear path at least 12 feet wide shall be provided from one #street line# to another #street line#.
    2. Permitted obstructions

      Except for #building# columns, and exterior wall thickness pursuant to Section 33-23, a corner arcade shall be free from obstructions of any kind.
    3. Specific prohibitions

      The specific prohibitions pertaining to an arcade as described in paragraph (a)(4) of this Section shall also be applicable to a corner arcade.
    4. Permitted overlap

      A corner arcade may overlap with an arcade; however, the area of overlap may only be counted once toward the fulfillment of the required minimum area of pedestrian circulation space.
  4. Corner circulation space

    A corner circulation space is a small #open space# on a #zoning lot#, adjoining the intersection of two #streets#, at the same elevation as the adjoining sidewalk or sidewalk widening and directly accessible to the public at all times.

    A corner circulation space shall meet the following requirements:

    1. Dimensions

      A corner circulation space shall have the same minimum dimensions as a corner arcade, as described in paragraph (c)(1) of this Section.
    2. Permitted obstructions

      A corner circulation space shall be completely open to the sky from its lowest level, except for temporary elements of weather protection, such as awnings or canopies, provided that the total area of such elements does not exceed 20 percent of the area of the corner circulation space and that such elements and any attachments thereto are at least eight feet above #curb level#. A corner circulation space shall be clear of all other obstructions including, without limitation, door swings, #building# columns, #street# trees, planters, vehicle storage, parking or trash storage. However, exterior wall thickness may be added pursuant to Section 33-23. No gratings, except for drainage, shall be permitted.
    3. #Building# entrances

      Entrances to ground level #uses# are permitted from a corner circulation space.

      An entrance to a #building# lobby is permitted from a corner circulation space, provided that the entrance is at no point within 20 feet of the intersection of the two #street lines# that bound the corner circulation space.
    4. Permitted overlap

      A corner circulation space may overlap with a sidewalk widening.
  5. Relocation or renovation of a subway stair

    When a #development# or #enlargement# is constructed on a #zoning lot# containing a relocated stairway entrance or entrances to a subway, or an existing stairway entrance or entrances to a subway, and such entrance or entrances are relocated or renovated in accordance with the provisions of Section 37-40 (OFF-STREET RELOCATION OR RENOVATION OF A SUBWAY STAIR), inclusive, one and one-half times the area, measured at #street# level, of such entrance or entrances may count toward meeting the pedestrian circulation space requirement.
  6. Sidewalk widening

    A sidewalk widening is a continuous, paved, open area along the #front lot line# of a #zoning lot# at the same elevation as the adjoining sidewalk and directly accessible to the public at all times. A sidewalk widening shall be provided on the #wide street# frontage of a #zoning lot# of a #development# or #enlargement# where all existing #buildings# on the same #block# frontage, whether on the same or another #zoning lot#, provide sidewalk widenings.

    A sidewalk widening shall meet the following requirements:

    1. Dimensions

      A sidewalk widening shall have a width of no less than five feet nor more than 10 feet measured perpendicular to the #street line#, and shall be contiguous along its entire length to a sidewalk.

      A sidewalk widening shall extend along the full length of the #front lot line# except for the portion of the #front lot line# interrupted by an existing #building# which is located at a #side lot line# or, in the case of a full #block# frontage, located at the intersection of two #streets#.

      A required sidewalk widening on a #wide street# shall connect directly to any existing adjoining sidewalk widening and shall extend the entire length of the #front lot line#.

      The width of such a required sidewalk widening shall equal that of the existing adjoining sidewalk widening. If there is more than one such existing sidewalk widening, the width of such a required sidewalk widening shall equal that of the existing sidewalk widening that is longest.

      A sidewalk widening is permitted on a #wide street# when not adjacent to an existing sidewalk widening only if either the sidewalk widening extends along the #street line# of the #wide street# for the full length of the #block# front, or the #zoning lot# is a #corner lot# and the sidewalk widening extends along the full length of the #street line# of the #wide street# to its intersection with the #street line# of the other #street# on which the #zoning lot# fronts.

      Except for the permitted interruptions, as set forth in paragraph (f)(2) of this Section, a sidewalk widening is permitted on a #narrow street# only if it has a length of at least 100 feet.
    2. Permitted interruptions

      Interruptions of the continuity of a qualifying sidewalk widening shall be permitted only under the following conditions:

      1. by an arcade that has a width equal to or greater than the width of the sidewalk widening and which is directly connected to the sidewalk widening;
      2. if overlapped by a corner circulation space or a #building# entrance recess area that permits uninterrupted pedestrian flow;
      3. if overlapped by a #public plaza#, provided that the overlapping portion of such #public plaza# conforms to the design standard of a sidewalk widening;
      4. by an off-street subway entrance, provided such an entrance is located at a #side lot line# or is located at the intersection of two #street lines#;
      5. if overlapped by the queuing space of a relocated or renovated subway entrance, provided that the queuing space for the entrance leaves at least a five foot uninterrupted width of sidewalk widening along the entire length of the queuing space; or
      6. by a driveway that is located at a #side lot line#; however, where the #zoning lot# has a through #block# connection, a through #block# galleria or a through #block public plaza# at such a #side lot line#, the location of its driveway is not restricted. The area occupied by the driveway, up to the width of the sidewalk widening, may be counted toward meeting the pedestrian circulation space requirement, provided that there shall be no change of grade within the area of the sidewalk widening.
    3. Permitted obstructions

      A sidewalk widening shall be unobstructed from its lowest level to the sky except for those obstructions permitted under paragraph (f)(2) of this Section, for exterior wall thickness pursuant to Section 33-23, and for temporary elements of weather protection, such as awnings or canopies, provided that the total area of such elements, measured on the plan, does not exceed 20 percent of the sidewalk widening area, and that such elements and any attachments thereto are at least eight feet above #curb level#.
    4. Specific prohibitions

      No #street# trees are permitted on a sidewalk widening. No vehicle storage, parking or storage of trash is permitted on a sidewalk widening. Gratings may not occupy more than 50 percent of the sidewalk widening area nor be wider than one half the width of the sidewalk widening.
    5. Special design treatment

      When one end of the sidewalk widening abuts an existing #building# on the #zoning lot# or an existing #building# on the #side lot line# of the adjacent #zoning lot#, design treatment of the termination of the sidewalk widening is required to smooth pedestrian flow. The portion of the sidewalk widening subject to design treatment, hereinafter called the transition area, shall not extend more than 10 feet nor less than five feet along the sidewalk widening from its termination.

      The transition area shall receive special design treatment which may include, but is not limited to, landscaping, sculpture or #building# transparency. The transition area shall be designed to effect a gradual change of the sidewalk widening width to match the #street wall# line of the existing #building# at the sidewalk widening’s termination. This may be accomplished by a curved or diagonal edge of paving along a landscaped bed, the use of stepped edges of the #building# or other architectural treatment of the #building# or paving which avoids an abrupt visual termination of the sidewalk widening. Such special design treatment may be considered a permitted obstruction.
  7. Subway station improvement

    For #developments# or #enlargements# that are granted a special permit pursuant to Section 74-634 (Subway station improvements in Downtown Brooklyn and in Commercial Districts of 10 FAR and above in Manhattan), no more than 3,000 square feet may count toward meeting the pedestrian circulation space requirement.
  8. Through #block# connection

    A through #block# connection is a paved, open or enclosed space providing unobstructed access to the #building's# main lobby and connecting, in a straight, continuous, unobstructed path, two parallel or nearly parallel #streets#.

    Up to a maximum of 3,000 square feet of a through #block# connection may count toward the minimum pedestrian circulation space requirement.

    A through #block# connection shall meet the following requirements:

    1. Location

      1. A through #block# connection shall be located at least 150 feet from the intersection of two #streets#.
      2. Where the #zoning lot# or a portion thereof is directly across a #street# from, and opposite to, an existing through #block# connection on an adjacent #block# and the existing connection is at least 150 feet from the intersection of two #streets#, the alignment of the new through #block# connection shall overlap with that of the existing connection. Such existing connection may also be a through #block# galleria, through #block public plaza# or any through #block# circulation area with a minimum width of 12 feet, which is located within a #building#.
      3. Where there are already two through #block# connections located on the same #block#, a new through #block# connection shall not count toward meeting the pedestrian circulation space requirement.
      4. No through #block# connection shall be permitted on any portion of a #zoning lot# occupied by a landmark or interior landmark so designated by the Landmarks Preservation Commission, or occupied by a #building# whose designation as a landmark or interior landmark has been calendared for public hearing and is pending before the Landmarks Preservation Commission.
    2. Design standards for a through #block# connection

      1. A through #block# connection shall provide a straight, continuous, unobstructed path at least 15 feet wide. If covered, the clear, unobstructed height of a through #block# connection shall not be less than 15 feet. Exterior wall thickness, as set forth in Section 33-23, shall be a permitted obstruction to such path.
      2. At no point shall the level of a through #block# connection be more than five feet above or below #curb level#. In all cases, the through #block# connection must provide a clear path, accessible to people with disabilities, through its entire length.
      3. A through #block# connection may be located inside or outside of a #building#. The area of a through #block# connection located within a #building# shall be counted as #floor area#.
      4. A through #block# connection located partially or wholly within a #building# shall adjoin and connect directly to the #building's# main lobby via unobstructed openings with an aggregate width exceeding that of any other entrances to the lobby.
      5. A through #block# connection located wholly or partially outside a #building# shall provide unobstructed access directly to the #building's# main lobby through the major entrance. For the purposes of this Section, the major entrance shall be that entrance to the main lobby which has the greatest aggregate width of clear openings for access.
      6. Any portion of a through #block# connection located outside a #building# shall be illuminated throughout with a minimum level of illumination of not less than five horizontal foot candles (lumens per candle). Such illumination shall be maintained throughout the hours of darkness.
      7. A through #block# connection shall at a minimum be accessible to the public from 8:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m. on the days the #building# is open for business and shall have posted, in prominent, visible locations at its entrances, #signs# meeting the standards set forth in paragraph (h)(2)(viii) of this Section.
      8. A through #block# connection shall provide the following information for public access at each public entry to the through #block# connection:

        1. For an unenclosed through #block# connection, the public access information shall be an entry plaque located at the entrance to the through #block# connection at each #street# frontage. The entry plaque shall contain:

          1. a public space symbol, provided in the Required Signage Symbols file at the Department of City Planning website, which is at least 14 inches square in dimension, has a white background, has a grid of four straight lines no greater than one-eighth inch wide and green in color and has a tree-shaped symbol as shown:

            (37-53h2.8a1, 37-751a1)
          2. lettering at least two inches in height stating "OPEN TO PUBLIC." This lettering shall be located within nine inches of the public space symbol; and
          3. an international Symbol of Access for people with disabilities that is at least three inches square.
          The entry plaque shall be mounted with its center five feet above the elevation of the nearest walkable pavement on a wall or a permanent freestanding post. It shall be placed so that the entire entry plaque is obvious and directly visible without any obstruction, along every line of sight from all paths of pedestrian access to the through #block# connection, in a position that clearly identifies the entry to the connection.
        2. For an enclosed through #block# connection or a portion thereof:

          1. a public space symbol as described in paragraph (h)(2)(viii)(a) of this Section, not less than six inches square, shall be mounted with its center five feet above the elevation of the nearest walkable pavement;
          2. lettering stating "PUBLIC ACCESS TO ____ STREET," indicating the opposite #street# to which the through #block# connection passes and which lettering shall not be less than three inches in height and located not more than three inches away from the public space symbol; and
          3. lettering not more than two inches or less than one and a half inches in height stating "OPEN TO PUBLIC" with the hours and days of operation of the through #block# connection. This lettering shall be located not more than three inches from the public space symbol.
        The above required information shall be permanently affixed on the glass panel of the entry doors of the through #block# connection clearly facing the direction of pedestrian flow. The information shall be located not higher than six feet or lower than three feet above the level of the pedestrian path at the entry, and shall be in a format and color which will ensure legibility.
  9. #Public plaza#

    A maximum of 30 percent of the area of a #public plaza# that faces a #street# intersection, or provides access to a major #building# entrance, may be counted toward meeting the pedestrian circulation space requirement.

    A maximum of 3,000 square feet of a through #block public plaza# may be counted toward meeting the pedestrian circulation space requirement.

    For all other #public plazas#, the first 10 feet of depth from the #street line# may be counted toward meeting the pedestrian circulation space requirement, provided that the #public plaza# conforms to the design standards of a sidewalk widening as set forth in paragraph (f) of this Section.

    All #public plazas# shall comply with Section 37-70 (PUBLIC PLAZAS), inclusive.
Any area of permitted overlap between pedestrian circulation spaces or other amenities shall be counted only once toward meeting the required amount of pedestrian circulation space. Unobstructed access shall be provided between overlapping spaces.
(10/17/07)

The City Planning Commission may authorize a modification of any required minimum amount of pedestrian circulation space to be provided on #wide street# frontages and design standards, as indicated, for the following required pedestrian circulation spaces, to be provided within or under an existing #building# to remain on a #zoning lot#:
  1. Arcade: minimum width, minimum height, obstructions, minimum clear width between obstructions, minimum length, column sizes
  2. #Building# entrance recess area: minimum length, minimum depth from #street line#, minimum height, obstructions, clear space between obstructions and clear space between obstructions and #building# wall
  3. Corner arcade or corner circulation space: minimum depth, minimum width of clear path, minimum height, obstructions
  4. Through #block# connection: minimum width of unobstructed path, minimum height, through #block# level.
The Commission may authorize a modification of design standards for pedestrian circulation spaces when the following findings are met:
  1. a modification is needed because of the inherent constraints of the existing #building#;
  2. the modification is limited to the minimum needed because of the inherent constraints of the existing #building#; and
  3. the pedestrian circulation space as modified shall be equal in area, and substantially equivalent, to the required space in terms of quality, effectiveness and suitability for public use.
(10/17/07)

Design standards for #plazas#, #residential plazas# and #urban plazas developed# prior to October 17, 2007, are located in APPENDIX E of this Resolution.
(10/17/07)

Any existing open area for which a #floor area# bonus has not been utilized that occupies the same #zoning lot# as an existing #plaza#, #residential plaza# or #urban plaza#, for which a #floor area# bonus has been utilized, may be reduced in size or eliminated only upon certification of the Chairperson of the City Planning Commission that all bonused amenities comply with the standards under which such #floor area# bonus was granted.
(10/17/07)

No existing #plaza#, #residential plaza# or #urban plaza# shall be eliminated or reduced in size except by special permit of the City Planning Commission, pursuant to Section 74-761 (Elimination or reduction in size of bonused public amenities).
(10/17/07)

The City Planning Commission may, upon application, authorize the closing during certain nighttime hours of an existing #plaza#, #residential plaza# or #urban plaza# for which a #floor area# bonus has been received, pursuant to Section 37-727 (Hours of access).
(10/17/07)

Kiosks and open air cafes may be placed within an existing #plaza#, #residential plaza# or #urban plaza# upon certification by the Chairperson of the City Planning Commission, pursuant to Section 37-73 (Kiosks and Open Air Cafes).
(6/21/16)

Except as otherwise provided in Sections 74-41 (Arenas, Auditoriums, Stadiums or Trade Expositions), 91-83 (Retail Uses Within Existing Arcades) and 91-841 (Authorization for retail uses within existing arcades), design changes to existing #plazas#, #residential plazas# or #urban plazas# may be made only upon certification by the Chairperson of the City Planning Commission that such changes would result in a #plaza#, #residential plaza# or #urban plaza# that is in greater accordance with the standards set forth in Section 37-70 (PUBLIC PLAZAS), inclusive. The provisions of Section 37-78 (Compliance), other than paragraph (e) (Special regulations for an urban plaza in the Special Lower Manhattan District), shall be made applicable to such #plaza#, #residential plaza# or #urban plaza#.
(10/17/07)

#Public plazas# are open areas on a #zoning lot# intended for public use and enjoyment. The standards contained within Sections 37-70 through 37-78, inclusive, are intended to serve the following specific purposes:
  1. to serve a variety of users of the #public plaza# area;
  2. to provide spaces for solitary users while at the same time providing opportunities for social interaction for small groups; and
  3. to provide safe spaces, with maximum visibility from the #street# and adjacent #buildings# and with multiple avenues for ingress and egress.
All #public plazas# shall comply with the provisions of Section 37-70 through 37-78, inclusive. These provisions may be modified pursuant to Section 74-91 (Modification of Public Plazas).
(10/17/07)

Corner public plaza

A “corner public plaza” is a #public plaza# that is located on an intersection of two or more #streets#.

Through block public plaza

A “through block public plaza” is a #public plaza# or portion of a #public plaza# that is not a #corner public plaza# and that connects two #streets# that are parallel or within 45 degrees of being parallel to each other.
(6/10/09)

A #public plaza# shall contain an area of not less than 2,000 square feet. In no case shall spaces between existing #buildings# remaining on the #zoning lot# qualify as #public plazas#. In addition, in order to preserve the provisions relating to the boundaries, proportions and obstructions of #public plazas#, on any one #zoning lot#, an open area which does not qualify for bonus #floor area# may not be located between two #public plazas#, or between a #public plaza# and a #building# wall or #arcade#.

Any non-bonused open area located adjacent to a #public plaza#, other than an open area bounding a #street line# used for pedestrian access, must either:
  1. be separated from the #public plaza# by a buffer, such as a wall, decorative fence, or opaque plantings at least six feet in height; or
  2. meet all requirements for minor portions of #public plazas# related to size, configuration, orientation, as specified in Section 37-716.
(7/20/17)

No #public plaza#, or portion thereof, shall be located within 175 feet of an existing #publicly accessible open area# or #public park# as measured along the #street line# on which the existing amenity fronts if the #public plaza# is to be located on the same side of the #street#, or as measured along the directly opposite #street line# if the #public plaza# is to be located on the other side of the #street#. Such distance shall include the width of any #street# that intersects the #street# on which the amenity fronts. However, such location restriction may be waived if the #public plaza# is located directly across the #street# from the existing #publicly accessible open area# or #public park# and if the Chairperson of the City Planning Commission finds that the location of the #public plaza# at such location would create or contribute to a pedestrian circulation network connecting the two or more open areas.

Additional provisions regarding the location of a #public plaza# are set forth in the #Special Midtown District#, the #Special Lower Manhattan District# and the #Special Downtown Brooklyn District#.
(10/17/07)

For purposes of the orientation requirements, a "north-facing," "south-facing," "east-facing" or "west-facing" #street line# means a #street line# facing within 45 degrees of the direction indicated. To front on a #street# means to be contiguous to the #street line# or to a sidewalk widening along the #street line#.
  1. Where the major portion of a #public plaza# fronts on only one #street line#, such major portion is not permitted to front on a north-facing #street line# of a #zoning lot#.
  2. No major portion of a #public plaza# shall only front on a west-facing #street line# or an east-facing #street line# if the #zoning lot# also has frontage that is 40 feet or more in length on a south-facing #street line#.
  3. A #corner public plaza# must have its major portion, as defined in Section 37-715, paragraph (b), front on the south-facing #street line#. In the case of a #zoning lot# having frontage on a south-facing #street line# of less than 40 feet, or having its frontage at the intersection of a north-facing #street line# with either an east- or west-facing #street line#, the major portion must front on the east- or west-facing #street line#.
However, the orientation restrictions may be modified if the Chairperson of the City Planning Commission finds that the orientation regulations would conflict with mandatory #street wall# regulations or that the modifications would result in better access to light and air for the #public plaza#.
(10/17/07)

The major portion of a #public plaza# is the largest area of the #public plaza# and the area of primary use. Major portions shall be generally regular in shape, easily and directly accessible from adjoining #buildings# and public spaces, and continuously visible from within all portions of the #public plaza# and from adjoining public spaces. Major portions shall occupy no less than 75 percent of the total #public plaza# area.
  1. All contiguous #public plaza# areas on a #zoning lot# shall be considered as one #public plaza#.
  2. The shape and dimensions of a #public plaza# shall be such that all points within the major portion shall be visible when viewed perpendicular from each adjacent #street#. #Corner public plazas# that front on two #streets# that do not meet at a 90 degree angle must be fully visible when viewed perpendicular from one adjoining #street# and at least 50 percent of the #public plaza# must be visible when viewed perpendicular to the other adjoining #street#. For the purposes of this regulation, points that when viewed in plan may be joined by a straight line shall be considered visible one from the other; visibility between points shall not be affected by permitted obstructions or by changes of grade. Points within #public plazas# that front on three intersecting streets shall be treated as two #corner public plazas#.

    The major portion of a #public plaza# shall be at least 75 percent of the #public plaza's# total area, except that in the case of a #through block public plaza#, pursuant to Section 37-717, a line drawn within 25 feet of the midblock line shall divide the #through block public plaza# into two areas that must separately meet all requirements of the #public plaza# regulations. The major portion of the #public plaza# shall be subject to the proportional requirements set forth in paragraphs (c) and (d) of this Section.
  3. The major portion of a #public plaza# shall have a minimum average width and depth of 40 feet. For #public plazas# that front on only one #street#, no more than 20 percent of the #public plaza# area may have a width of less than 40 feet. Dimensions shall be measured parallel and perpendicular to the #street line# on which the #public plaza# fronts.
  4. For major portions of #public plazas#, the maximum width measured parallel to any one #street# shall not be greater than three times the average depth of the #public plaza# measured perpendicular to the #street line# or the average width measured parallel to any one #street# shall not be greater than three times the maximum depth of the #public plaza# measured perpendicular to the #street line#.
(10/17/07)

Minor portions of #public plazas# are secondary areas that allow for additional flexibility in the shape and configuration of a #public plaza#. Minor portions shall not occupy more than 25 percent of the total area of the #public plaza#. The width of a minor portion shall be measured parallel to the line separating the major and minor portions. The depth of a minor portion shall be measured perpendicular to the line separating the major and minor portions. The provisions of Section 37-715 (Requirements for major portions of public plazas) shall not apply to such minor portions and the following regulations shall apply:
  1. The minor portion shall have a minimum average width and depth of 15 feet.
  2. The minor portion must be directly adjacent to the major portion.
  3. All points within the minor portion must be visible from within the major portion when viewed perpendicular to the line separating the major and minor portions.
  4. The minor portion must front directly on a #street# adjoining the major portion, unless the minor portion has:

    1. a width to depth ratio of at least 3:1; and
    2. its longest dimension contiguous with the major portion.
(10/17/07)

#Through block public plazas# shall be treated as two #public plazas# separated at a line drawn within 25 feet of the midblock line.

Where any #building# wall or walls adjoin a #through block public plaza# or through #block# portion of a #public plaza# and where such wall or walls exceed 120 feet aggregate length, a minimum 10 foot setback at a height between 60 and 90 feet is required for the full length of the #building# wall.

#Through block public plazas# shall contain a circulation path at least 10 feet in width, connecting the two #streets# on which the #public plaza# fronts, as specified in Section 37-723.
(10/17/07)

The paving of the #public plaza# shall be of non-skid durable materials that are decorative and compatible in color and pattern with other design features of the #public plaza#.
(4/30/12)

To facilitate pedestrian access to a #public plaza#, the following rules shall apply to the area of the #public plaza# located within 15 feet of a #street line# or sidewalk widening line:
  1. At least 50 percent of such area shall be free of obstructions and comply with the following provisions:

    1. at least 50 percent of the #public plaza# frontage along each #street line# or sidewalk widening line shall be free of obstructions; and
    2. such unobstructed access area shall extend to a depth of 15 feet measured perpendicular to the #street line#. The width of such access area need not be contiguous provided that no portion of such area shall have a width of less than five feet measured parallel to the #street line#, and at least one portion of such area shall have a width of at least eight feet measured parallel to the #street line#.
  2. In the remaining 50 percent of such area, only those obstructions listed in Section 37-726 (Permitted obstructions) shall be allowed, provided such obstructions are not higher than two feet above the level of the public sidewalk fronting the #public plaza#, except for light stanchions, public space signage, railings for steps, exterior wall thickness pursuant to Section 33-23 (Permitted Obstructions in Required Yards or Rear Yard Equivalents), trash receptacles, trees and fixed or moveable seating and tables. Furthermore, planting walls or trellises, water features and artwork may exceed a height of two feet when located within three feet of a wall bounding the #public plaza#.
For #corner public plazas#, the requirements of this Section shall apply separately to each #street# frontage, and the area within 15 feet of the intersection of any two or more #streets# on which the #public plaza# fronts shall be at the same elevation as the adjoining public sidewalk and shall be free of obstructions.
(10/17/07)

The level of a #public plaza#, inclusive of major and minor portions, shall not at any point be less than the average elevation of #curb level# of the nearest adjoining #street# nor more than two feet above the average #curb level# of the nearest adjoining #street# in front of the major and minor portions of the #public plaza#. However, a #public plaza# with an area of 10,000 square feet or more may additionally have a maximum of 20 percent of its area at an elevation more than two feet above, but not more than four feet above #curb level# of the nearest adjoining #street# in front of the major and minor portions of the #public plaza#, provided that such higher portion may not be located within 25 feet of any #street line#. #Public plazas# that front on #streets# with slopes greater than 2.5 percent along the frontage of the #public plaza# may not at any point be more than one foot below the #curb level# of the adjoining #street#.
(10/17/07)

Circulation paths within #public plazas# shall provide for unobstructed pedestrian circulation throughout the minor and major portions of the #public plaza# and shall, at a minimum, connect all #streets# on which the #public plaza# fronts and all major elements of the #public plaza#, including seating areas, #building# entrances, approved open air cafes and kiosks, and significant design features of the #public plaza#. A minimum of one such circulation path shall be provided of at least eight feet clear width. Circulation paths shall extend to at least 80 percent of the depth of the major portion of the #public plaza#, measured perpendicular from each #street line#. #Through block public plazas# shall provide at least one circulation path with a minimum width of 10 feet connecting each #street# on which the #public plaza# fronts. Trees planted flush to grade, light stanchions, trash receptacles, and public space signage shall be considered permitted obstructions within circulation paths; however, all trees located within circulation paths must comply with the regulations for flush-to-grade trees in Section 37-742.
(6/10/09)

Where an entry to a subway station exists in the sidewalk area of a #street# on which a #public plaza# fronts and such entry is not replaced within the #public plaza# itself, the #public plaza# shall be at the same elevation as the adjacent sidewalk for a distance of at least 15 feet in all directions from the entry superstructure. Such #public plaza# area around a subway entry shall be free of all obstructions and may count towards the required clear area requirements as specified in Section 37-721 (Sidewalk frontage).
(10/17/07)

Any steps provided within the #public plaza# must have a minimum height of four inches and a maximum height of six inches. Steps must have a minimum tread of 17 inches; steps with a height of five inches, however, may have a minimum tread of 15 inches.
(4/30/12)
  1. #Public plazas# shall be open to the sky and unobstructed except for the following features, equipment and appurtenances normally found in #public parks# and playgrounds: water features, including fountains, reflecting pools, and waterfalls; sculptures and other works of art; seating, including benches, seats and moveable chairs; trees, planters, planting beds, lawns and other landscape features; arbors or trellises; litter receptacles; bicycle racks; tables and other outdoor furniture; lights and lighting stanchions; public telephones; public restrooms; permitted temporary exhibitions; permitted awnings, canopies or marquees; permitted freestanding #signs#; play equipment; exterior wall thickness added pursuant to Section 33-23 (Permitted Obstructions in Required Yards or Rear Yard Equivalents); permitted kiosks and open-air cafes; stages; subway station entrances, which may include escalators; and drinking fountains.

    However, an area occupied in aggregate by such permitted obstruction shall not exceed the maximum percentage cited in paragraph (b) of this Section. In addition, certain of the obstructions listed in this paragraph, (a), shall not be permitted within the sidewalk frontage of a #public plaza#, as described in Section 37-721 (Sidewalk frontage).
  2. Permitted obstructions may occupy a maximum percentage of the area of a #public plaza#, as follows:

    For #public plazas# less than 10,000 square feet in area: 40 percent

    For #public plazas# less than 10,000 square feet in area with a permitted open air cafe: 50 percent For #public plazas# 10,000 square feet or more in area: 50 percent

    For #public plazas# 10,000 square feet or more in area with a permitted open-air cafe: 60 percent.

    The area of permitted obstructions shall be measured by outside dimensions. Obstructions that are non-permanent or moveable, such as moveable chairs, open air cafes, or temporary exhibitions shall be confined within gross areas designated on the site plan, and not measured as individual pieces of furniture.

    Trees planted flush-to-grade in accordance with the provisions of Section 37-742 (Planting and trees) and tree canopies do not count as obstructions for the purpose of calculating total area occupied by permitted obstructions. Planting beds and their retaining walls for trees count as obstructions, except that lawn, turf or grass areas intended for public access and seating shall not count as obstructions, provided such lawns do not differ in elevation from the adjoining #public plaza# elevation by more than six inches. Exterior wall thickness added pursuant to Section 33-23 (Permitted Obstructions in Required Yards or Rear Yard Equivalents) in any #publicly accessible open area# or #public plaza# built prior to April 30, 2012, shall not count as obstructions for the purpose of calculating total area occupied by permitted obstructions.
  3. Canopies, awnings, marquees and sun control devices

    1. Entrances to #buildings# located within a #public plaza# may have a maximum of one canopy, awning or marquee, provided that such canopy, awning or marquee:

      1. has a maximum area of 250 square feet;
      2. does not project into the #public plaza# more than 15 feet when measured perpendicular to the #building# facade;
      3. is located a minimum of 15 feet above the level of the #public plaza# adjacent to the #building# entrance; and
      4. does not contain vertical supports.

      Such canopies, awnings, and marquees shall be designed to provide maximum visibility into the #public plaza# from adjoining #streets# and the adjacent #building#. However, canopies, awnings, and marquees associated with entrances to #buildings# containing #residences# located within a #public plaza# may project more than 15 feet into the #public plaza# and contain vertical supports if they are located entirely within 10 feet of the edge of the #public plaza#.
    2. Sun control devices may be located within a #public plaza#, provided that all such devices:

      1. shall be located above the level of the first #story# ceiling;
      2. shall be limited to a maximum projection of 2 feet, 6 inches;
      3. shall have solid surfaces that, in aggregate, cover an area no more than 20 percent of the area of the #building# wall (as viewed in elevation) from which they project; and
      4. may rise above the permitted #building# height, up to the height of a parapet wall or guardrail, pursuant to Section 33-42 (Permitted Obstructions);
  4. Prohibition of garage entrances, driveways, parking spaces, loading berths, exhaust vents, mechanical equipment and #building# trash storage facilities

    No garage entrances, driveways, parking spaces, passenger drop offs or loading berths shall be permitted within a #public plaza#. No #building# trash storage facilities are permitted within an #public plaza#, nor shall any #building# trash storage facility be accessed or serviced through the #public plaza#. If garage entrances, parking spaces, passenger drop offs, driveways, loading berths or #building# trash storage facilities are located near or adjoin a #public plaza#, they shall be separated from it by a barrier sufficient to substantially conceal these facilities and any vehicles therein when viewed from any point in the #public plaza#.

    No exhaust vents or mechanical equipment are permitted on any #public plaza# or on any #building# wall fronting upon the #public plaza#, unless such exhaust vents are more than 15 feet above the level of the adjacent #public plaza#. All exhaust vents and mechanical equipment located adjacent to a #public plaza# shall be separated from it by a barrier sufficient to substantially, visually and audibly, conceal their presence and operation. Air intake vents or shafts shall be permitted within a #public plaza# provided that such vents are concealed from public view by planting or other design features and that such vents do not impair visibility within the #public plaza# area.
(10/17/07)

All #public plazas# shall be accessible to the public at all times, except where the City Planning Commission has authorized a nighttime closing, pursuant to the provisions of this Section. In all districts, the City Planning Commission may authorize the closing during certain nighttime hours of an existing or new #publicly accessible open area#, if the Commission finds that:
  1. such existing #publicly accessible open area# has been open to the public a minimum of one year or there are significant operational or safety issues documented, or for new #public plazas# significant safety issues have been documented and provided as part of the application for authorization of nighttime closing;
  2. such closing is necessary for public safety within the #publicly accessible open area# and maintenance of the public open areas as documented by the applicant;
  3. the layout and design of the #publicly accessible open area# will promote public use and free and easy pedestrian circulation throughout the space;
  4. any approved design element that limits public access, as specified in paragraph (e) of this Section, shall not impede public circulation, visual or physical access within the #publicly accessible open area# or between the #publicly accessible open area# and other public areas during hours of public operation;
  5. a design element that limits public access shall:

    1. be of a design that is integrated with the design of the #publicly accessible open area# in a manner that would promote the attractiveness of the space for public use and enjoyment;
    2. not exceed five feet in height;
    3. be fully removed from the #publicly accessible open area# during the hours of public access; however, barriers not to exceed 3 feet, 6 inches in height may have posts or supports that remain during the hours of public access provided that such posts or supports do not exceed six inches in width;
    4. not involve stanchions or cabinets for barrier storage located with the #publicly accessible open area#, except for stanchions or cabinets located at the edges of the #publicly accessible open area#;
    5. not inhibit or diminish access to the #publicly accessible open area# nor impede pedestrian circulation into, through, or along the frontage of the #publicly accessible open area#, and not obstruct access during the hours of public access; and
    6. be substantially transparent;
    7. <