Marinas shall be designed, installed, operated and maintained in accordance with the requirements of NFPA 303 and this section.
Marinas shall be kept free of accumulations of combustible waste in accordance with FC304. Rubbish and other combustible waste shall not be allowed to accumulate beneath marina structures, piers or wharves.
Open flames and open-flame devices shall not be used within 3 feet (914 mm) of combustible material. Open flames, open-flame devices and other sources of ignition shall not be stored or used in the areas in which smoking is prohibited pursuant to FC3603.3.1. Portable electric lights approved for use in a hazardous location shall be used where flammable vapors may be present, and shall be equipped with safety devices designed to prevent physical damage to the bulbs.
It shall be unlawful to smoke in the following areas of a marina, and any other areas as the commissioner may prescribe by rule:
- Where fuels are stored or dispensed.
- Where flammable or combustible liquids are stored, handled or used.
- Battery storage and battery charging areas.
- Covered or enclosed boat storage areas.
Lumber and other combustible materials shall be stored in accordance with FC Chapter 28, at a location separate from the area in which marine vessel construction or repair, marine vessel or watercraft fueling, or other work involving the handling or use of flammable or combustible liquids or open flames is conducted.
Marinas shall be operated in accordance with NFPA 303 and this section.
Marine vessels and watercraft shall be stored in accordance with Chapter 7 of NFPA 303 and this section.
All combustible waste and cargo shall be removed from vessels and watercraft in storage.
Where practicable, batteries and all fuel shall be removed from the vessel. Where removal of batteries is impracticable, precautions during charging of batteries shall be taken in accordance with FC3603. Where removal of fuel is impracticable, all tank stop valves shall be closed and the tank inspected to ensure that there are no leaks. Adequate ventilation shall be provided for hull and bilge areas.
Shrink-wrapped plastic or other material used to cover vessels in storage shall be flame-resistant in accordance with FC Chapter 8 and the rules.
Hot work operations and other use of open flames shall comply with the requirements of FC Chapter 35 and this section. All flammable liquid, combustible liquid or flammable gas, except the fuel in stationary storage tanks of vessels, shall be removed from the vessel before any hot work is performed on the vessel. In addition, before hot work is performed batteries and battery terminals shall be protected against accidental shorting or sparking, or the batteries shall be removed. If hot work is to be conducted on a vessel's stationary fuel tank or fuel piping, both the tank and the piping shall first be emptied and purged. All areas of the vessel, including the bilge, shall be ventilated to eliminate any flammable and combustible vapors before any hot work is commenced.
Engine test stands shall be supplied by a fuel storage system complying with the requirements of FC Chapter 57. The fuel tank supplying the engine test stand shall be installed outdoors, and the fuel tank and piping located a safe distance from engine exhaust. The fuel piping shall be of steel construction and provided with an automatic shutoff valve designed to shut off the fuel supply in the event of a fire.
The storage, handling and use of flammable and combustible liquids and flammable gases shall be in accordance with FC Chapters 57, 58 and 61 and this section.
Marine liquid motor fuel-dispensing facilities shall be designed, installed, operated and maintained in accordance with FC Chapter 23.
Use of flammable and combustible liquids for cleaning purposes shall be in accordance with FC5705.3.6.1.
Except when displayed for sale in sealed containers, flammable and combustible liquids shall be stored in liquid storage cabinets, liquid storage rooms or in approved underground storage systems. Such installations shall comply with the requirements of FC Chapters 23 and 57.
Flammable and combustible liquids displayed for sale in sealed containers shall comply with the requirements of FC Chapters 23 and 57, as applicable, except in no case shall the quantities displayed exceed 200 gallons (757 L).
LPG on vessels used for residential purposes shall be stored, handled and used in compliance with the requirements of FC Chapter 61 and the rules. CNG on vessels used for residential purposes shall be stored, handled and used in compliance with the requirements of FC Chapter 58 and the rules.
Marinas requiring fire protection and fire department access shall comply with this section. Marine liquid motor fuel-dispensing facilities shall additionally comply with FC2310.
Marinas shall be equipped with fire protection systems and equipment in accordance with this section.
If the furthest point of any pier or float exceeds 250 feet (76 200 mm) from a fire apparatus-accessible location, the pier or float shall be equipped throughout with a standpipe system in accordance with NFPA 303. Systems shall be provided with hose connections located such that no point on the marina pier or float system exceeds 150 feet (45 720 mm) from a standpipe hose connection. Such system shall have a design capacity of 250 gallons per minute (946 L/min) and shall be provided with one or more fire department connections at an approved location, and when required by the commissioner, to an approved water supply. Standpipe hose connection locations shall be clearly identified by a flag or other approved means designed to be readily visible from the pier accessing the float system.
Fire apparatus-accessible locations as required by FC3605.3.1 shall be within 250 feet (76 200 mm) of a fire hydrant or other approved water supply, and shall be situated such that a hose stream from 250 feet (76 200 mm) of hose line stretched from such location will reach all portions of the premises.
One non-freezing type portable fire extinguisher of the ordinary (moderate) hazard type shall be provided at each required standpipe hose connection. Where there is no standpipe connection, one non-freezing type portable fire extinguisher with at least a 2-A rating shall be provided for every 2,500 square feet (232 m2), or part thereof. Additional portable fire extinguishers, suitable for the hazards involved, shall be provided and maintained in accordance with FC906.
A road capable of supporting a department firefighting apparatus, with a width of not less than 20 feet (6096 mm) or a width as required by FC503, where applicable, shall be provided from a public street to one or more fire apparatus-accessible locations on the premises.
Motor vehicles shall not be parked on fire apparatus access roads or aisles, unless approved.
Staging areas for fire department access and firefighting operations shall be provided on all floats. An area at least 4 feet wide by 10 feet long (1219 mm by 3048 mm), exclusive of walkways, with a curb or barrier having a minimum height of 4 inches (102 mm) shall be provided and maintained unobstructed at each standpipe hose connection for this purpose. Each staging area shall be identified by a durable sign reading "FIRE DEPARTMENT STAGING AREA—KEEP CLEAR."
Emergency communications and emergency preparedness shall be in accordance with FC 3605.4.1 and 3605.4.2.
The marina shall be provided with a public address system or other approved means of notifying occupants of a fire on the premises. A telephone not requiring a coin to operate or another approved, clearly identified means to notify the department, shall be provided on the premises in an approved location.
Marina owners shall designate and train a fire brigade in fire emergency procedures, including the sounding of an alarm, notification to the department, and operation of fire protection systems and portable fire extinguishers. A chart designating the members of the fire brigade and indicating each person's responsibilities shall be posted on the premises in a conspicuous approved location.