Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.
The provisions of this chapter shall govern the installation of plumbing not specifically covered in other chapters applicable to plumbing systems. The installation of plumbing, appliances, equipment and systems not addressed by this code shall comply with the applicable provisions of the Plumbing Code of New York State.
The water-distribution and drainage system of any building or premises where plumbing fixtures are installed shall be connected to a public water supply or sewer system, respectively, if available. When either a public water-supply or sewer system, or both, are not available, or connection to them is not feasible, an individual water supply or individual (private) sewage-disposal system, or both, shall be provided.
In areas prone to flooding as established by Table R301.2(1):
In the process of installing or repairing any part of a plumbing and drainage installation, the finished floors, walls, ceilings, tile work or any other part of the building or premises that must be changed or replaced shall be left in a safe structural condition in accordance with the requirements of the building portion of this code.
Wood-framed structural members shall not be drilled, notched or altered in any manner except as provided in Sections R502.8, R602.5, R602.6, R802.7 and R802.7.1. Holes in cold-formed steel-framed load-bearing members shall be permitted only in accordance with Sections R505.2, R603.2 and R804.2. In accordance with the provisions of Sections R603.3.4 and R804.3.5 cutting and notching of flanges and lips of cold-formed steel-framed load-bearing members shall not be permitted.
In concealed locations, where piping, other than cast-iron or galvanized steel, is installed through holes or notches in studs, joists, rafters or similar members less than 1.5 inches (38 mm) from the nearest edge of the member, the pipe shall be protected by shield plates. Protective shield plates shall be a minimum of 0.062-inch-thick (1.6 mm) steel, shall cover the area of the pipe where the member is notched or bored and shall extend a minimum of 2 inches (51 mm) above sole plates and below top plates.
Pipes passing through or under walls shall be protected from breakage. Pipes passing through concrete or cinder walls and floors, cold-formed steel framing or other corrosive material shall be protected against external corrosion by a protective sheathing or wrapping or other means that will withstand any reaction from lime and acid of concrete, cinder or other corrosive material. Sheathing or wrapping shall allow for expansion and contraction of piping to prevent any rubbing action. Minimum wall thickness of material shall be 0.025 inch (0.64 mm).
Where trenches are excavated such that the bottom of the trench forms the bed for the pipe, solid and continuous load-bearing support shall be provided between joints. Where over-excavated, the trench shall be backfilled to the proper grade with compacted earth, sand, fine gravel or similar granular material. Piping shall not be supported on rocks or blocks at any point. Rocky or unstable soil shall be over-excavated by two or more pipe diameters and brought to the proper grade with suitable compacted granular material.
Backfill shall be free from discarded construction material and debris. Backfill shall be free from rocks, broken concrete and frozen chunks until the pipe is covered by at least 12 inches (305 mm) of tamped earth. Backfill shall be placed evenly on both sides of the pipe and tamped to retain proper alignment. Loose earth shall be carefully placed in the trench in 6-inch (152 mm) layers and tamped in place.
Piping shall be supported in accordance with the following:
For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm.
- Piping shall be supported to ensure alignment and prevent sagging, and allow movement associated with the expansion and contraction of the piping system.
- Piping in the ground shall be laid on a firm bed for its entire length, except where support is otherwise provided.
- Hangers and anchors shall be of sufficient strength to maintain their proportional share of the weight of pipe and contents and of sufficient width to prevent distortion to the pipe. Hangers and strapping shall be of approved material that will not promote galvanic action. Rigid support sway bracing shall be provided at changes in direction greater than 45 degrees (0.79 rad) for pipe sizes 4 inches (102 mm) and larger.
- Piping shall be supported at distances not to exceed those indicated in Table P2605.1 or MSS SP-69.
|PIPING MATERIAL||MAXIMUM HORIZONTAL SPACING (feet)||MAXIMUM VERTICAL SPACING|
|Copper or copper alloy pipe||12||10|
|Copper or copper alloy tubing (11/4 inch diameter and smaller)||6||10|
|Copper or copper alloy tubing (11/2 inch diameter and larger)||10||10|
|Cross-linked polyethylene (PEX) pipe||2.67 (32 inches)||10b|
|Cross-linked polyethylene/aluminum/cross-linked polyethylene (PEX-AL-PEX) pipe||2.67 (32 inches)||4b|
|CPVC pipe or tubing (1 inch in diameter and smaller)||3||10b|
|CPVC pipe or tubing (11/4 inch in diameter and larger)||4||10b|
|Polyethylene/aluminum/polyethylene (PE-AL-PE) pipe||2.67 (32 inches)||4b|
|Polypropylene (PP) pipe or tubing 1 inch and smaller||2.67 (32 inches)||10b|
|Polypropylene (PP) pipe or tubing, 11/4 inches and larger||4||10b|
|Stainless steel drainage systems||10||10b|
Roof and exterior wall penetrations shall be made water tight. Joints at the roof, around vent pipes, shall be made water tight by the use of lead, copper or galvanized iron flashings or an approved elastomeric material. Counterflashing shall not restrict the required internal cross-sectional area of any vent.
All materials used shall be installed in strict accordance with the standards under which the materials are accepted and approved. In the absence of such installation procedures, the manufacturer's installation instructions shall be followed. Where the requirements of referenced standards or manufacturer's installation instructions do not conform to the minimum provisions of this code, the provisions of this code shall apply.
All plastic pipe, fittings and components shall be third-party certified as conforming to NSF 14.
All plumbing products and materials shall comply with the referenced standards, specifications and performance criteria of this code and shall be identified in accordance with Section P2608.1. Where required by Table P2608.4, plumbing products and materials shall either be tested by an approved third-party testing agency or certified by an approved third-party certification agency.
PRODUCT OR MATERIAL
|THIRD-PARTY CERTIFIED||THIRD-PARTY TESTED|
|Backflow prevention devices||Required||—|
|Potable water supply system components and potable water fixture fittings||Required||—|
|Sanitary drainage and vent system components||Plastic pipe, fittings, and pipe related components||All others|
|Special waste system components||—||Required|
|Storm drainage system components||Plastic pipe, fittings, and pipe related components||All others|
|Subsoil drainage system components||—||Required|
|Waste fixture fittings||Plastic pipe, fittings, and pipe related components||All others|
|Water distribution system safety devices||Required||—|