Chapter 1 Administration

Chapter 2 Definitions

Chapter 3 General Precautions Against Fire

Chapter 4 Emergency Planning and Preparedness

Chapter 5 Fire Service Features

Chapter 6 Building Services and Systems

Chapter 7 Fire-Resistance-Rated Construction

Chapter 8 Interior Finish‚ Decorative Materials and Furnishings

Chapter 9 Fire Protection Systems

Chapter 10 Means of Egress

Chapter 11 Aviation Facilities

Chapter 12 Dry Cleaning

Chapter 13 Combustible Dust-Producing Operations

Chapter 14 Fire Safety During Construction and Demolition

Chapter 15 Flammable Finishes

Chapter 16 Fruit and Crop Ripening

Chapter 17 Fumigation and Thermal Insecticidal Fogging

Chapter 18 Semiconductor Fabrication Facilities

Chapter 19 Lumber Yards and Woodworking Facilities

Chapter 20 Manufacture of Organic Coatings

Chapter 21 Industrial Ovens

Chapter 22 Motor Fuel-Dispensing Facilities and Repair Garages

Chapter 23 High-Piled Combustible Storage

Chapter 24 Tents‚ Canopies and Other Membrane Structures

Chapter 25 Tire Rebuilding and Tire Storage

Chapter 26 Welding and Other Hot Work

Chapter 27 Hazardous Materials-General Provisions

Chapter 28 Aerosols

Chapter 29 Combustible Fibers

Chapter 30 Compressed Gases

Chapter 31 Corrosive Materials

Chapter 32 Cryogenic Fluids

Chapter 33 Explosives and Fireworks

Chapter 34 Flammable and Combustible Liquids

Chapter 35 Flammable Gases

Chapter 36 Flammable Solids

Chapter 37 Highly Toxic and Toxic Materials

Chapter 38 Liquefied Petroleum Gases

Chapter 39 Organic Peroxides

Chapter 40 Oxidizers

Chapter 41 Pyrophoric Materials

Chapter 42 Pyroxylin (Cellulose Nitrate) Plastics

Chapter 43 Unstable (Reactive) Materials

Chapter 44 Water-Reactive Solids and Liquids

Chapter 45 Referenced Standards

Appendix A Reserved

Appendix B Reserved

Appendix C Reserved

Appendix D Fire Apparatus Access Roads

Appendix E Hazard Categories

Appendix F Reserved

Appendix G Cryogenic Fluids-Weight and Volume Equivalents

Appendix H Identification of Buildings Utilizing Truss and Type Construction

This appendix is used to convert from liquid to gas for cryogenic fluids.
Table G101.2 shall be used to determine the equivalent amounts of cryogenic fluids in either the liquid or gas phase.
To use Table G101.2, read horizontally across the line of interest. For example, to determine the number of cubic feet of gas contained in 1.0 gallon (3.785 L) of liquid argon, find 1.000 in the column entitled "Volume of Liquid at Normal Boiling Point." Reading across the line under the column entitled "Volume of Gas at 70°F and 1 atmosphere 14.7 psia," the value of 112.45 cubic feet (3.184 m 3 ) is found.
If other quantities are of interest, the numbers obtained can be multiplied or divided to obtain the quantity of interest. For example, to determine the number of cubic feet of argon gas contained in a volume of 1,000 gallons (3785 L) of liquid argon at its normal boiling point, multiply 112.45 by 1,000 to obtain 112,450 cubic feet (3184 m 3 ).

TABLE G101.2 WEIGHT AND VOLUME EQUIVALENTS FOR COMMON CRYOGENIC FLUIDS


CRYOGENIC
FLUID
WEIGHT OF LIQUID OR GAS VOLUME OF LIQUID AT NORMAL BOILING POINT VOLUME OF GAS AT NTP
Pounds Kilograms Liters Gallons Cubic feet Cubic meters
Argon 1.000 0.454 0.326 0.086 9.67 0.274
2.205 1.000 0.718 0.190 21.32 0.604
3.072 1.393 1.000 0.264 29.71 0.841
11.628 5.274 3.785 1.000 112.45 3.184
10.340 4.690 3.366 0.889 100.00 2.832
3.652 1.656 1.189 0.314 35.31 1.000
Helium 1.000 0.454 3.631 0.959 96.72 2.739
2.205 1.000 8.006 2.115 213.23 6.038
0.275 0.125 1.000 0.264 26.63 0.754
1.042 0.473 3.785 1.000 100.82 2.855
1.034 0.469 3.754 0.992 100.00 2.832
0.365 0.166 1.326 0.350 35.31 1.000
Hydrogen 1.000 0.454 6.409 1.693 191.96 5.436
2.205 1.000 14.130 3.733 423.20 11.984
0.156 0.071 1.000 0.264 29.95 0.848
0.591 0.268 3.785 1.000 113.37 3.210
0.521 0.236 3.339 0.882 100.00 2.832
0.184 0.083 1.179 0.311 35.31 1.000
Oxygen 1.000 0.454 0.397 0.105 12.00 0.342
2.205 1.000 0.876 0.231 26.62 0.754
2.517 1.142 1.000 0.264 30.39 0.861
9.527 4.321 3.785 1.000 115.05 3.250
8.281 3.756 3.290 0.869 100.00 2.832
2.924 1.327 1.162 0.307 35.31 1.000
Nitrogen 1.000 0.454 0.561 0.148 13.80 0.391
2.205 1.000 1.237 0.327 30.43 0.862
1.782 0.808 1.000 0.264 24.60 0.697
6.746 3.060 3.785 1.000 93.11 2.637
7.245 3.286 4.065 1.074 100.00 2.832
2.558 1.160 1.436 0.379 35.31 1.000
LNGa 1.000 0.454 1.052 0.278 22.968 0.650
2.205 1.000 2.320 0.613 50.646 1.434
0.951 0.431 1.000 0.264 21.812 0.618
3.600 1.633 3.785 1.000 82.62 2.340
4.356 1.976 4.580 1.210 100.00 2.832
11.501 5.217 1.616 0.427 35.31 1.000


For SI: 1 pound = 0.454 kg, 1 gallon = 3.785 L, 1 cubic foot = 0.02832 m3, °C = [(°F)-32]/1.8, 1 pound per square inch atmosphere = 6.895 kPa.

a. The values listed for liquefied natural gas (LNG) are "typical" values. LNG is a mixture of hydrocarbon gases, and no two LNG streams have exactly the same composition.
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