Chapter 1 Administration

Chapter 2 Definitions

Chapter 3 General Precautions Against Fire

Chapter 4 Emergency Planning and Preparedness

Chapter 5 Fire Service Features

Chapter 6 Building Services and Systems

Chapter 7 Fire-Resistance-Rated Construction

Chapter 8 Interior Finish‚ Decorative Materials and Furnishings

Chapter 9 Fire Protection Systems

Chapter 10 Means of Egress

Chapter 11 Aviation Facilities

Chapter 12 Dry Cleaning

Chapter 13 Combustible Dust-Producing Operations

Chapter 14 Fire Safety During Construction and Demolition

Chapter 15 Flammable Finishes

Chapter 16 Fruit and Crop Ripening

Chapter 17 Fumigation and Thermal Insecticidal Fogging

Chapter 18 Semiconductor Fabrication Facilities

Chapter 19 Lumber Yards and Woodworking Facilities

Chapter 20 Manufacture of Organic Coatings

Chapter 21 Industrial Ovens

Chapter 22 Motor Fuel-Dispensing Facilities and Repair Garages

Chapter 23 High-Piled Combustible Storage

Chapter 24 Tents‚ Canopies and Other Membrane Structures

Chapter 25 Tire Rebuilding and Tire Storage

Chapter 26 Welding and Other Hot Work

Chapter 27 Hazardous Materials-General Provisions

Chapter 28 Aerosols

Chapter 29 Combustible Fibers

Chapter 30 Compressed Gases

Chapter 31 Corrosive Materials

Chapter 32 Cryogenic Fluids

Chapter 33 Explosives and Fireworks

Chapter 34 Flammable and Combustible Liquids

Chapter 35 Flammable Gases

Chapter 36 Flammable Solids

Chapter 37 Highly Toxic and Toxic Materials

Chapter 38 Liquefied Petroleum Gases

Chapter 39 Organic Peroxides

Chapter 40 Oxidizers

Chapter 41 Pyrophoric Materials

Chapter 42 Pyroxylin (Cellulose Nitrate) Plastics

Chapter 43 Unstable (Reactive) Materials

Chapter 44 Water-Reactive Solids and Liquids

Chapter 45 Referenced Standards

Appendix A Reserved

Appendix B Reserved

Appendix C Reserved

Appendix D Fire Apparatus Access Roads

Appendix E Hazard Categories

Appendix F Reserved

Appendix G Cryogenic Fluids-Weight and Volume Equivalents

Appendix H Identification of Buildings Utilizing Truss and Type Construction

Fire service features for buildings, structures and premises shall comply with this chapter.
Construction documents for proposed fire apparatus access, location of fire lanes and construction documents and hydraulic calculations for fire hydrant systems shall be submitted to the fire department for review and approval prior to construction.
When fire apparatus access roads or a water supply for fire protection is required to be installed, such protection shall be installed and made serviceable prior to and during the time of construction except when approved alternative methods of protection are provided. Temporary street signs shall be installed at each street intersection when construction of new roadways allows passage by vehicles in accordance with Section 505.2.
The following words and terms shall, for the purposes of this chapter and as used elsewhere in this code, have the meanings shown herein.

FIRE APPARATUS ACCESS ROAD.
A road that provides fire apparatus access from a fire station to a facility, building or portion thereof. This is a general term inclusive of all other terms such as fire lane, public street, private street, parking lot lane and access roadway.

FIRE COMMAND CENTER.
The principal attended or unattended location where the status of the detection, alarm communications and control systems is displayed, and from which the system(s) can be manually controlled.

FIRE DEPARTMENT MASTER KEY.
A limited issue key of special or controlled design to be carried by fire department officials in command which will open key boxes on specified properties.

FIRE LANE.
A road or other passageway developed to allow the passage of fire apparatus. A fire lane is not necessarily intended for vehicular traffic other than fire apparatus.

KEY BOX.
A secure device with a lock operable only by a fire department master key, and containing building entry keys and other keys that may be required for access in an emergency.
Fire apparatus access roads shall be provided and maintained in accordance with Sections 503.1.1 through 503.1.3.
Approved fire apparatus access roads shall be provided for every facility, building or portion of a building hereafter constructed or moved into or within the jurisdiction. The fire apparatus access road shall comply with the requirements of this section and shall extend to within 150 feet (45 720 mm) of all portions of the facility and all portions of the exterior walls of the first story of the building as measured by an approved route around the exterior of the building or facility.

Exceptions:
1. The distance is permitted to be 300 feet (91 440 mm) where the building is equipped throughout with an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with 903.3.1.1 or 903.3.1.2, when approved by the code enforcement official.
2. Fire apparatus access roads cannot be installed because of location on property, topography, waterways, nonnegotiable grades or other similar conditions, is equipped with an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with 903.3.1.1, and an approved alternative means of fire protection is provided.
3. Fire apparatus access roads are not required for detached one- and two-family dwellings regulated by the Residential Code of New York State, and for not more than two Group R-3 occupancies, when provided with emergency vehicle access in accordance with Section 511.
4. Fire apparatus access roads are not required for Group U occupancies.
5. Area additions to buildings not exceeding 33 percent of the original floor area or increasing the building area beyond those permitted by Section 506 of the Building Code of New York State. This exception does not apply to the addition of stories to a building.
The code enforcement official is authorized to require more than one fire apparatus access road based on the potential for impairment of a single road by vehicle congestion, condition of terrain, climatic conditions or other factors that could limit access.
Fire department vehicle access to buildings used for high-piled combustible storage shall comply with the applicable provisions of Chapter 23.
Fire apparatus access roads shall be installed and arranged in accordance with Sections 503.2.1 through 503.2.7 and Appendix D.
Fire apparatus access roads shall have an unobstructed width of not less than 20 feet (6096 mm), except for approved security gates in accordance with Section 503.6, and an unobstructed vertical clearance of not less than 13 feet, 6 inches (4115 mm). Fire apparatus access roads shall also meet the width requirements of Sections D103.1 and D105 of Appendix D.
The code enforcement official shall have the authority to require an increase in the minimum access widths where they are inadequate for fire or rescue operations.
Fire apparatus access roads shall be designed per Section D102.1 of Appendix D, maintained to support the imposed loads of fire apparatus and shall be surfaced so as to provide all-weather driving capabilities.
The required turning radius of a fire apparatus access road shall be determined by the code enforcement official.
Dead-end fire apparatus access roads in excess of 150 feet (45 720 mm) in length shall be provided with an approved area for turning around fire apparatus as required in Section D103.4 of Appendix D.
Where a bridge or an elevated surface is part of a fire apparatus access road, the bridge shall be constructed and maintained in accordance with AASHTO HB-17. Bridges and elevated surfaces shall be designed for a live load sufficient to carry the imposed loads of fire apparatus. Vehicle load limits shall be posted at both entrances to bridges when required by the code enforcement official. Where elevated surfaces designed for emergency vehicle use are adjacent to surfaces which are not designed for such use, approved barriers, approved signs or both shall be installed and maintained when required by the code enforcement official.
The grade of the fire apparatus access road shall be within the limits established by the code enforcement offical or by D103.2, based on the fire department’s apparatus.
Where required by the code enforcement official, approved signs or other approved notices shall be provided for fire apparatus access roads to identify such roads or prohibit the obstruction thereof. Signs or notices shall be maintained in a clean and legible condition at all times and be replaced or repaired when necessary to provide adequate visibility.
Fire apparatus access roads shall not be obstructed in any manner, including the parking of vehicles. The minimum widths and clearances established in Section 503.2.1 shall be maintained at all times.
The code enforcement official is authorized to require the installation and maintenance of gates or other approved barricades across fire apparatus access roads, trails or other accessways, not including public streets, alleys or highways.
When required, gates and barricades shall be secured in an approved manner. Roads, trails and other accessways that have been closed and obstructed in the manner prescribed by Section 503.5 shall not be trespassed on or used unless authorized by the owner and the code enforcement official.

Exception:
The restriction on use shall not apply to public officers acting within the scope of duty.
The installation of security gates across a fire apparatus access road shall be approved by the fire chief. Where security gates are installed, they shall have an approved means of emergency operation. The security gates and the emergency operation shall be maintained operational at all times.
Exterior doors and openings required by this code or the Building Code of New York State shall be maintained readily accessible for emergency access by the fire department. An approved access walkway leading from fire apparatus access roads to exterior openings shall be provided when required by the code enforcement official.
Exterior doors and their function shall not be eliminated without prior approval. Exterior doors that have been rendered nonfunctional and that retain a functional door exterior appearance shall have a sign affixed to the exterior side of the door with the words THIS DOOR BLOCKED. The sign shall consist of letters having a principal stroke of not less than 0.75 inch (19.1 mm) wide and at least 6 inches (152 mm) high on a contrasting background. Required fire department access doors shall not be obstructed or eliminated. Exit and exit access doors shall comply with Chapter 10. Access doors for high-piled combustible storage shall comply with Section 2306.6.1.
Where a stairway to the roof is required by Section 1009.11, such stairway shall be marked at street and floor levels with a sign indicating that the stairway continues to the roof. Where roofs are used for roof gardens or for normally occupied uses, stairways shall be provided to the roof in accordance with the occupancy classification of such use, with no less than one stairway provided.
New and existing buildings shall have approved address numbers, building numbers or approved building identification placed in a position that is plainly legible and visible from the street or road fronting the property. These numbers shall contrast with their background. Address numbers shall be Arabic numerals or alphabet letters. Numbers shall be a minimum of 4 inches (102 mm) high with a minimum stroke width of 0.5 inch (12.7 mm).

Exception:
Buildings identified under an addressing scheme as part of a countywide 911 numbering system.
Streets and roads shall be identified with approved signs. Temporary signs shall be installed at each street intersection when construction of new roadways allows passage by vehicles. Signs shall be of an approved size, weather resistant and be maintained until replaced by permanent signs.
Buildings utilizing truss-type construction shall be identified as published in Title 19 NYCRR Part 1264.

See Appendix H.
Where access to or within a structure or an area is restricted because of secured openings or where immediate access is necessary for life-saving or fire-fighting purposes, the code enforcement official is authorized to require a key box to be installed in an approved location. The key box shall be of an approved type and shall contain keys to gain necessary access as required by the code enforcement official.
An approved lock shall be installed on gates or similar barriers when required by the code enforcement official.
The operator of the building shall immediately notify the code enforcement official and provide the new key when a lock is changed or rekeyed. The key to such lock shall be secured in the key box.
Trapdoors and scuttle covers, other than those that are within a dwelling unit or automatically operated, shall be kept closed at all times except when in use.
Vertical shafts shall be identified as required by this section.
Outside openings accessible to the fire department and which open directly on a hoistway or shaftway communicating between two or more floors in a building shall be plainly marked with the word SHAFTWAY in red letters at least 6 inches (152 mm) high on a white background. Such warning signs shall be placed so as to be readily discernible from the outside of the building.
Door or window openings to a hoistway or shaftway from the interior of the building shall be plainly marked with the word SHAFTWAY in red letters at least 6 inches (152 mm) high on a white background. Such warning signs shall be placed so as to be readily discernible.

Exception:
Marking shall not be required on shaftway openings which are readily discernible as openings onto a shaftway by the construction or arrangement.
The intentional design or alteration of buildings to disable, injure, maim or kill intruders is prohibited. No person shall install and use firearms, sharp or pointed objects, razor wire, explosives, flammable or combustible liquid containers, or dispensers containing highly toxic, toxic, irritant or other hazardous materials in a manner which may passively or actively disable, injure, maim or kill a fire fighter who forcibly enters a building for the purpose of controlling or extinguishing a fire, rescuing trapped occupants or rendering other emergency assistance.
Installing or maintaining wires, cables, ropes, aerial antennas, or other overhead obstructions on the roofs of buildings having a roof slope of less than 30 degrees, shall be prohibited unless there is a full clearance of 7 feet (2133 mm) or more between the roof surface and such obstruction, except that obstructions may be installed less than 7 feet (2133 mm) high, provided they are protected in a manner to prevent injury to fire fighters working on the roof during periods of reduced visibility.
A sign shall be placed at each primary entrance to a building identifying hazards located in the building or on the premises, as required by this section. Such signs shall have letters not less than 6 inches (152 mm) in height, and of a color contrasting with the background color, so as to be readily discernible from the outside of the building.
A sign complying with Section 507.5 shall be provided where there is an LP-gas container in the building having a water capacity of 24 pounds (10.8 kg) or more.
An approved water supply capable of supplying the required fire flow for fire protection shall be provided to premises upon which facilities, buildings or portions of buildings are hereafter constructed or moved into or within the jurisdiction.

Exception:
In areas without a fixed fire protection water supply, detached one- and two-family dwellings constructed in accordance with the Residential Code of New York State.
A water supply shall consist of reservoirs, pressure tanks, elevated tanks, water mains or other fixed systems capable of providing the required fire flow.

Exception:
In areas where a fixed fire protection water supply is not available, a rural water supply complying with the requirements of NFPA 1142 may be approved.
Private fire service mains and appurtenances shall be installed in accordance with NFPA 24.
Water tanks for private fire protection shall be installed in accordance with NFPA 22.
Fire flow requirements for buildings or portions of buildings and facilities shall be determined by an approved method.
The code enforcement official shall be notified prior to the water supply test. Water supply tests shall be witnessed by the code enforcement official or approved documentation of the test shall be provided to the code enforcement official prior to final approval of the water supply system.
Fire hydrant systems shall comply with Sections 508.5.1 through 508.5.6.
Where a location on a newly constructed fire apparatus access road is more than 400 feet (122 m) from a hydrant on a fire apparatus access road or public street, as measured by an approved route, on-site fire hydrants and mains shall be provided.

Exceptions:
1. For Group R-3 and Group U occupancies, the distance requirement shall be 600 feet (183 m).
2. For buildings equipped throughout with an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1 or 903.3.1.2, the distance requirement shall be 600 feet (183 m).
3. For detached one- and two-family dwellings, the distance shall be 1000 feet unless an approved alternative means of fire protection is provided. This measurement is from the hydrant to a door meeting the requirements of R313.4 of the Residential Code of New York State and shall be along a public street, fire apparatus access roads in accordance with Section 503, or emergency vehicle access in accordance with Section 511.
4. For facilities or buildings utilizing a rural water supply for providing the fire flow requirements, the fire hydrant measurements shall not apply and the distance to the rural water supply shall be approved.
Fire hydrant systems shall be subject to periodic tests as required by the code enforcement official. Fire hydrant systems shall be maintained in an operative condition at all times and shall be repaired where defective. Additions, repairs, alterations and servicing shall comply with approved standards.
Private fire service mains and water tanks shall be periodically inspected, tested and maintained in accordance with NFPA 25 at the following intervals:
1. Private fire hydrants (all types): Inspection annually and after each operation; flow test and maintenance annually.
2. Fire service main piping: Inspection of exposed, annually; flow test every 5 years.
3. Fire service main piping strainers: Inspection and maintenance after each use.
Posts, fences, vehicles, growth, trash, storage and other materials or objects shall not be placed or kept near fire hydrants, fire department inlet connections or fire protection system control valves in a manner that would prevent such equipment or fire hydrants from being immediately discernible. The fire department shall not be deterred or hindered from gaining immediate access to fire protection equipment or fire hydrants.
A 3-foot (914 mm) clear space shall be maintained around the circumference of fire hydrants except as otherwise required or approved.
Where fire hydrants are subject to impact by a motor vehicle, guard posts or other approved means shall comply with Section 312.
Fire hydrants shall be maintained to be readily identifiable. Fire hydrants shall not be painted, covered or disguised in any other fashion to make them not readily visible to emergency responders.
Where required by other sections of this code and in all buildings classified as high-rise buildings by the Building Code of New York State, a fire command center for fire department operations shall be provided. The location and accessibility of the fire command center shall be approved by the fire department. The fire command center shall be separated from the remainder of the building by not less than a 1-hour fire barrier constructed in accordance with Section 706 of the Building Code of New York State or horizontal assembly constructed in accordance with Section 711 of the Building Code of New York State, or both. The room shall be a minimum of 96 square feet (9 m2) with a minimum dimension of 8 feet (2438 mm). A layout of the fire command center and all features required by this section to be contained therein shall be submitted for approval prior to installation. The fire command center shall comply with NFPA 72 and shall contain the following features:

1. The emergency voice/alarm communication system unit.
2. The fire department communications system.
3. Fire-detection and alarm system annunciator system.
4. Annunciator visually indicating the location of the elevators and whether they are operational.
5. Status indicators and controls for air-handling systems.
6. The fire-fighter’s control panel required by Section 909.16 for smoke control systems installed in the building.
7. Controls for unlocking stairway doors simultaneously.
8. Sprinkler valve and water-flow detector display panels.
9. Emergency and standby power status indicators.
10. A telephone for fire department use with controlled access to the public telephone system.
11. Fire pump status indicators.
12. Schematic building plans indicating the typical floor plan and detailing the building core, means of egress, fire protection systems, fire-fighting equipment and fire department access.
13. Work table.
14. Generator supervision devices, manual start and transfer features.
15. Public address system, where specifically required by other sections of this code.
Fire protection equipment shall be identified in an approved manner. Rooms containing controls for air-conditioning systems, sprinkler risers and valves, or other fire detection, suppression or control elements shall be identified for the use of the fire department. Approved signs required to identify fire protection equipment and equipment location, shall be constructed of durable materials, permanently installed and readily visible.
Emergency vehicle access for one or two Group R-3 buildings and detached one- and two-family dwellings constructed by the Residential Code of New York State hereafter constructed or moved into the jurisdiction shall be provided in accordance with this section.

Exceptions:


1. Construction of dwellings on premises which have had local site plan approval prior to the adoption of this code.
2. Accessory storage buildings.
3. Dwellings without electrical service and permitted to not have electrical service by the Residential Code of New York State.
Driveways shall be provided when an exit door required by Residential Code of New York State Section R311.4 is located more than 300 feet (91 440 mm) from a fire apparatus access road or public street.

Exception:
The measurement is permitted to be increased beyond 300 feet (91 440 mm) if driveways cannot be installed because of location on property, topography, waterways, nonnegotiable grades or other similar conditions and the building is protected by an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with 903.3.1.1, 903.3.1.2, or 903.3.1.3.
Driveways shall provide a minimum unobstructed width of 12 feet (3658 mm) and a minimum unobstructed height of 13 feet, 6 inches (4115 mm).
When driveways are in excess of 500 feet (152 400 mm) in length and does not exit to another fire apparatus access road or public street, a turnaround shall be provided suitable for use by fire apparatus.
Driveways in excess of 500 feet (152 400 mm) in length and less than 20 feet (6096 mm) in width shall be provided with turnouts along the driveway that are a minimum 20 feet in width for a length of 50 feet (15 240 mm) in length. The turnouts shall be placed at intervals not to exceed 500 feet (152 400 mm) along the driveway.
Driveways, including bridges and other supporting structure of driveways, shall be constructed to support fire apparatus in all weather conditions.
The design of driveways, including turning radius and grade, shall facilitate passage of fire apparatus and be approved.
Driveways, and portions thereof, that serve more than four buildings shall meet the design requirements of fire apparatus access roads in Section 503.
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