AUTOMOTIVE MOTOR FUEL-DISPENSING FACILITY. That portion of property where flammable or combustible liquids or gases used as motor fuels are stored and dispensed from fixed equipment into the fuel tanks of motor vehicles.
DISPENSING DEVICE, OVERHEAD TYPE. A dispensing device that consists of one or more individual units intended for installation in conjunction with each other, mounted above a dispensing area typically within the motor fuel-dispensing facility canopy structure, and characterized by the use of an overhead hose reel.
FLEET VEHICLE MOTOR FUEL-DISPENSING FACILITY. That portion of a commercial, industrial, governmental or manufacturing property where liquids used as fuels are stored and dispensed into the fuel tanks of motor vehicles that are used in connection with such businesses, by persons within the employ of such businesses.
LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS (LNG). A fluid in the liquid state composed predominantly of methane and which may contain minor quantities of ethane, propane, nitrogen or other components normally found in natural gas.
MARINE MOTOR FUEL-DISPENSING FACILITY. That portion of property where flammable or combustible liquids or gases used as fuel for watercraft are stored and dispensed from fixed equipment on shore, piers, wharves, floats or barges into the fuel tanks of watercraft and shall include all other facilities used in connection therewith.
REPAIR GARAGE. A building, structure or portion thereof used for servicing or repairing motor vehicles.
SELF-SERVICE MOTOR FUEL-DISPENSING FACILITY. That portion of motor fuel-dispensing facility where liquid motor fuels are dispensed from fixed approved dispensing equipment into the fuel tanks of motor vehicles by persons other than a motor fuel-dispensing facility attendant.
Exception: Canopies constructed in accordance with the Building Code of New York State providing weather protection for the fuel islands.
| IN CASE OF FIRE, SPILL OR RELEASE |
1. USE EMERGENCY PUMP SHUTOFF
2. REPORT THE ACCIDENT!
FIRE DEPARTMENT TELEPHONE NO.—(local number entered here)__
NEW YORK STATE DEPARTMENT OF
ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION SPILL HOTLINE NO. —(Current NYS DEC number entered here)__
FACILITY ADDRESS__(Street address and name entered here)__
Weeds, grass, brush, trash and other combustible materials shall be kept not less than 10 feet (3048 mm) from fuel-handling equipment.
TABLE 2206.2.3 MINIMUM SEPARATION REQUIREMENTS FOR ABOVE-GROUND TANKS
|CLASS OF LIQUID AND TANK TYPE||INDIVIDUAL TANK CAPACITY (gallons)|| MINIMUM |
DISTANCE FROM NEAREST
| MINIMUM |
DISTANCE FROM NEAREST FUEL
| MINIMUM |
DISTANCE FROM LOT LINE THAT IS OR CAN BE BUILT UPON, INCLUDING THE OPPOSITE SIDE OF A PUBLIC WAY (feet)
| MINIMUM |
DISTANCE FROM NEAREST SIDE OF ANY PUBLIC WAY (feet)
| MINIMUM |
DISTANCE BETWEEN TANKS (feet)
| Class I protected above-ground |
| Less than or equal |
|Greater than 6,000||15||25a||25||15||3|
|Class II and III protected above-ground tanks||Same as Class I||Same as Class I||Same as Class I||Same as Class I||Same as Class I||Same as Class I|
|Tanks in vaults||0-20,000||0b||0||0b||0|| Separate compartment required for |
a. At fleet vehicle motor fuel-dispensing facilities, no minimum separation distance is required.
b. Underground vaults shall be located such that they will not be subject to loading from nearby structures, or they shall be designed to accommodate applied loads from existing or future structures that can be built nearby.
Overhead-type dispensing units shall be provided with a listed automatic-closing-type hose nozzle valve without a latch-open device.
Exception: A listed automatic-closing-type hose nozzle valve with latch-open device is allowed to be used on overhead-type dispensing units where the design of the system is such that the hose nozzle valve will close automatically in the event the valve is released from a fill opening or upon impact with a driveway.
Exception: Vapor recovery nozzles incorporating insertion interlock devices designed to achieve shutoff on disconnect from the vehicle fill pipe.
Means shall be provided to shut down fuel dispensing in the event the vapor return line becomes blocked.
Existing and new vent piping shall be in accordance with Sections 3403.6 and 3404.2. Vapor return piping shall be installed in a manner that drains back to the tank, without sags or traps in which liquid can become trapped. If necessary, because of grade, condensate tanks are allowed in vapor return piping. Condensate tanks shall be designed and installed so that they can be drained without opening.
An approved shear joint shall be rigidly mounted and connected by a union in the vapor return piping at the base of each dispensing device. The shear joint shall be mounted flush with the top of the surface on which the dispenser is mounted.
Vapor-processing systems that introduce air into the underground piping or storage tanks shall be provided with equipment for prevention of flame propagation that has been tested and listed as suitable for the intended use.
Exception: Where the required distances to buildings, lot lines or fuel-transfer areas cannot be obtained, means shall be provided to protect equipment against fire exposure. Acceptable means shall include but not be limited to:
Vapor-processing equipment shall be located a minimum of 20 feet (6096 mm) from dispensing devices. Processing equipment shall be protected against physical damage by guardrails, curbs, protective enclosures or fencing. Where approved protective enclosures are used, approved means shall be provided to ventilate the volume within the enclosure to prevent pocketing of flammable vapors.
Where a downslope exists toward the location of the vapor-processing unit from a fuel-transfer area, the code enforcement official is authorized to require additional separation by distance and height.
Exception: The point of transfer for LP-gas dispensing operations need not be separated from canopies that are constructed in accordance with the Building Code of New York State and which provide weather protection for the dispensing equipment.
LP-gas containers shall be located in accordance with Chapter 38. LP-gas storage and dispensing equipment shall be located outdoors and in accordance with Section 2206.7.
An excess flow-control check valve or an emergency shutoff valve shall be installed in or on the dispenser at the point at which the dispenser hose is connected to the liquid piping. A differential backpressure valve shall be considered equivalent protection.
A listed shutoff valve shall be located at the discharge end of the transfer hose.
In addition to the requirements of Sections 2205 and 2206.7, self-service LP-gas dispensing systems shall be in accordance with the following:
Exception: Dispensing equipment need not be separated from canopies that are constructed in accordance with the Building Code of New York State and that provide weather protection for the dispensing equipment.
In addition to the requirements in Section 2205, the owner of a self-service CNG motor fuel-dispensing facility shall ensure the safe operation of the system and the training of users.
TABLE 2220.127.116.11.3 SEPARATION DISTANCE FOR ATMOSPHERIC VENTING OF CNG
|EQUIPMENT OR FEATURE||MINIMUM SEPARATION (feet)|
|CNG compressor and storage vessels||25|
|For SI: 1 foot = 304.8 mm|
The vent tube shall be capable of dispersing the gas a minimum of 10 feet (3048 mm) above grade level. The vent tube shall not be provided with a rain cap or other feature which would limit or obstruct the gas flow.
At the connection fitting of the vent tube and the CNG cylinder, a listed bidirectional detonation flame arrester shall be provided.
TABLE 2209.3.1 MINIMUM SEPARATION FOR GASEOUS HYDROGEN DISPENSERS, COMPRESSORS, GENERATORS AND STORAGE VESSELS
| OUTDOOR EQUIPMENT |
| DISTANCEa |
|Building-Noncombustible walls||10b, c|
|Building-Combustible walls||25b, c|
|Public sidewalks and parked vehicles||15b, c|
|Air intake openings||25d|
|Wall openings located less than 25 feet above grade||20d|
|Wall openings located 25 feet or more above grade||25d|
|Outdoor public assembly||25b|
| Above-ground flammable or combustible liquid storage - diked in accordance with Section 3404.2.9.6, |
distance to dike wall
|Above-ground flammable or combustible liquid storage-not diked in accordance with Section 3404.2.9.6, distance to tank||50|
|Underground flammable or combustible liquid storage-distance to vent or fill opening||20|
|Flammable gas storage (other than hydrogen)—with emergency shutoff interconnected with the hydrogen system||25|
|Above-ground flammable gas storage (other than hydrogen)—without emergency shutoff interconnected with the hydrogen system||50|
|Combustible waste material (see Section 304.1.1)||50b|
|Vertical plane of the nearest overhead electric wire of an electric trolley, train or bus line||50|
|Vertical plane of the nearest wire of overhead electrical power distribution lines||5|
|For SI: 1 foot = 304.8 mm. 1 cubic foot = 0.02832 m3. |
a. The applicability of tabular distance is in terms of a radius that defines a hemisphere from the source when not interrupted by an intervening fire barrier without through penetrations.
b. See Section 218.104.22.168.
c. The dispenser and point of transfer for dispensing need not be separated from canopies constructed in accordance with Section 406.5 of the Building Code of New York State and constructed in a manner that prevents the accumulation of hydrogen gas.
d. Measured along the natural and unobstructed line of travel (e.g., around protective walls, around corners of buildings).
e. Ignition sources include appliance burner igniters, hot work and hot surfaces capable of igniting flammable vapors
In addition to the requirements in Section 2211, the owner of a self-service hydrogen motor fuel-dispensing facility shall provide for the safe operation of the system through the institution of a fire safety plan submitted in accordance with Section 404, the training of employees and operators who use and maintain the system in accordance with Section 406, and provisions for hazard communication in accordance with Section 407.
TABLE 222.214.171.124.4 VENT PIPE HEIGHT AND SEPARATION DISTANCE VERSUS HYDROGEN FLOW RATE AND VENT PIPE DIAMETER a,b,c,d,e
|HYDROGEN FLOW RATE||≤ 500 CFM at NTPg||> 500 to ≤ 1,000 CFM at NTPg||> 1,000 to ≤ 2,000 CFM at NTPg||> 2,000 to ≤ 5,000 CFM at NTPh||> 5,000 to ≤ 10,000 CFM at NTPh||> 10,000 to ≤ 20,000 CFM at NTPh|
|For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 Btu/ft2 = 3.153W/m2, 1 foot/second = 304.8 mm/sec. |
a. Minimum distance to property line is 1.25D.
b. Designs seeking to achieve greater heights with commensurate reductions in separation distances shall be designed in accordance with accepted engineering practice.
c. With this table personnel on the ground or on the building and/or equipment are exposed to a maximum of 1,500 Btu/hr. ft2, and are assumed to be provided with a means to escape to a shielded area within 3 minutes, including the case of a 30 ft./sec. wind.
d. Designs seeking to achieve greater radiant exposures to noncombustible equipment shall be designed in accordance with accepted engineering practice.
e. The analysis reflected in this table does not permit hydrogen air mixtures that would exceed one-half of the lower flammable limit (LFL) for hydrogen (2 percent by volume) at the building or equipment, including the case of a 30 ft./sec. wind.
f. See Figure 2126.96.36.199.4.
g. For vent pipe diameters up to and including 2 inches.
h. For vent pipe diameters up to and including 3 inches.
|H = Minimum height in feet of vent pipe above the ground or above any structure or equipment within distance (D) where personnel might be present. |
D = Distance in feet to adjacent structure or equipment where personnel might be present.
FIGURE 2188.8.131.52.4 HYDROGEN VENT PIPE HEIGHT (H) VERSUS DISTANCE (D) REQUIREMENTS
TABLE 2184.108.40.206.6(1) MAXIMUM RADIANT HEAT EXPOSURE
|EXPOSED OBJECT||MAXIMUM RADIANT HEAT||TIME DURATION (minutes)|
|Personnel|| 1,500 Btu/hr • ft2 |
|Noncombustible equipment|| 8,000 Btu/hr • ft2 |
(25 237 W/m2)
|Lot line|| 500 Btu/hr • ft2 |
TABLE 2220.127.116.11.6(2) MAXIMUM HYDROGEN CONCENTRATION EXPOSURE
|EXPOSED OBJECT|| MAXIMUM HYDROGEN |
|Personnel, buildings or equipment|| 50% LFL within a distance of D and H |
of Table 218.104.22.168.4
|Lot line||50% LFL within 1.25 times the distance of D and H of Table 222.214.171.124.4|
Exception: Storage in liquid storage rooms in accordance with Section 3404.3.7.
Hoses used for dispensing or transferring Class I, II or IIIA liquids, when not in use, shall be reeled, racked or otherwise protected from mechanical damage.
NO SMOKING-STOP ENGINE WHILE FUELING,
SHUT OFF ELECTRICITY.
DO NOT START ENGINE UNTIL AFTER BELOW
DECK SPACES ARE VENTILATED.
Where a repair garage also includes a motor fuel-dispensing facility, the fuel-dispensing operation shall comply with the requirements of this chapter for motor fuel-dispensing facilities.
Vehicles powered by gaseous fuels in which the fuel system has been damaged shall be inspected and evaluated for fuel system integrity prior to being brought into the repair garage. The inspection shall include testing of the entire fuel delivery system for leakage.
Exception: Repair garages where work is not performed on the fuel system and is limited to exchange of parts and maintenance requiring no open flame or welding.
Exception: Repair garages with natural ventilation when approved.
Ventilation shall be by a continuous mechanical ventilation system or by a mechanical ventilation system activated by a continuously monitoring natural gas detection system or, for hydrogen, a continuously monitoring flammable gas detection system, each activating at a gas concentration of not more than 25 percent of the lower flammable limit (LFL). In all cases, the system shall shut down the fueling system in the event of failure of the ventilation system.
The ventilation rate shall be at least 1 cubic foot per minute per 12 cubic feet (0.00139 m 3 • m 3 ) of room volume.
For the interconnecting piping between the individual manufactured components, the pressure rating must be at least 20 times the absolute pressure present in the piping when any hydrogen meets any air.