ADOPTS WITH AMENDMENTS:

International Energy Conservation Code 2018 (IECC 2018)

ECCCNYS — Commercial Provisions

ECCCNYS — Residential Provisions

Heads up: There are no suggested sections in this chapter.
Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.
This chapter applies to residential buildings.

Projects shall comply with one of the following:

  1. Sections R401 through R404.
  2. Section R405 and the provisions of Sections R401 through R404 indicated as "Mandatory."
  3. The energy rating index (ERI) approach in Section R406.
Reserved.
A permanent certificate shall be completed by the builder or other approved party and posted on a wall in the space where the furnace is located, a utility room or an approved location inside the building. Where located on an electrical panel, the certificate shall not cover or obstruct the visibility of the circuit directory label, service disconnect label or other required labels. The certificate shall indicate the predominant R-values of insulation installed in or on ceilings, roofs, walls, foundation components such as slabs, basement walls, crawl space walls and floors and ducts outside conditioned spaces; U-factors of fenestration and the solar heat gain coefficient (SHGC) of fenestration, and the results from any required duct system and building envelope air leakage testing performed on the building. Where there is more than one value for each component, the certificate shall indicate the value covering the largest area. The certificate shall indicate the types and efficiencies of heating, cooling and service water heating equipment. Where a gas-fired unvented room heater, electric furnace or baseboard electric heater is installed in the residence, the certificate shall indicate "gas-fired unvented room heater," "electric furnace" or "baseboard electric heater," as appropriate. An efficiency shall not be indicated for gas-fired unvented room heaters, electric furnaces and electric baseboard heaters.

The building thermal envelope shall comply with the requirements of Sections R402.1.1 through R402.1.5.

Exceptions:

  1. The following low-energy buildings, or portions thereof, separated from the remainder of the building by building thermal envelope assemblies complying with this section shall be exempt from the building thermal envelope provisions of Section R402.

    1. 1.1. Those with a peak design rate of energy usage less than 3.4 Btu/h • ft2 (10.7 W/m2) or 1.0 watt/ft2 of floor area for space-conditioning purposes.
    2. 1.2. Those that do not contain conditioned space.
  2. Log homes designed in accordance with ICC 400.
Wall assemblies in the building thermal envelope shall comply with the vapor retarder requirements of Section R702.7 of the Residential Code of New York State or Section 1404.3 of the Building Code of New York State, as applicable.

The building thermal envelope shall meet the requirements of Table R402.1.2, based on the climate zone specified in Chapter 3. In climate zone 6, the building thermal envelope shall meet either the requirements of the climate zone 6 "Option 1" row in Table R402.1.2 or the requirements of the climate zone 6 "Option 2" row in Table R402.1.2.

[NY] TABLE R402.1.2

INSULATION AND FENESTRATION REQUIREMENTS BY COMPONENTa

CLIMATE
ZONE
FENESTRATION
U-FACTORb
SKYLIGHTb
U-FACTOR
GLAZED
FENESTRATION
SHGCb, e
CEILING
R-VALUE
WOOD
FRAME WALL
R-VALUE
MASS
WALL
R-VALUEi
FLOOR
R-VALUE
BASEMENTc
WALL
R-VALUE
SLABd
R-VALUE
& DEPTH
CRAWL
SPACEc
WALL
R-VALUE
4 0.32 0.55 0.40 49 20 or 13+5h 8/13 19 10 /13 10, 2 ft 10/13
5 0.30 0.55 NR 49 20 or 13+5h 13/17 30g 15/19 10, 2 ft 15/19
6 Option 1 0.30 0.55 NR 49 20+5h or 13+10h 15/20 30g 15/19 10, 4 ft 15/19
6 Option 2 0.28 0.55 NR 60 23 cavity 19/21 30g 15/19 10, 4 ft 15/19

NR = Not Required.

For SI: 1 foot = 304.8 mm.

  1. R-values are minimums. U-factors and SHGC are maximums. Where insulation is installed in a cavity that is less than the label or design thickness of the insulation, the installed R-value of the insulation shall be not less than the R-value specified in the table.
  2. The fenestration U-factor column excludes skylights. The SHGC column applies to all glazed fenestration.
  3. "10/13" means R-10 continuous insulation on the interior or exterior of the home or R-13 cavity insulation on the interior of the basement wall. "15/19" means R-15 continuous insulation on the interior or exterior of the home or R-19 cavity insulation at the interior of the basement wall. Alternatively, compliance with "15/19" shall be R-13 cavity insulation on the interior of the basement wall plus R-5 continuous insulation on the interior or exterior of the home.
  4. R-5 insulation shall be provided under the full slab area of a heated slab in addition to the required slab edge insulation R-value for slabs. as indicated in the table. The slab edge insulation for heated slabs shall not be required to extend below the slab.
  5. Reserved.
  6. Reserved.
  7. Alternatively, insulation sufficient to fill the framing cavity and providing not less than an R-value of R-19.
  8. The first value is cavity insulation, the second value is continuous insulation. Therefore, as an example, "13+5" means R-13 cavity insulation plus R-5 continuous insulation.
  9. Mass walls shall be in accordance with Section R402.2.5. The second R-value applies where more than half of the insulation is on the interior of the mass wall.
Insulation material used in layers, such as framing cavity insulation or continuous insulation, shall be summed to compute the corresponding component R-value. The manufacturer's settled R-value shall be used for blown-in insulation. Computed R-values shall not include an R-value for other building materials or air films. Where insulated siding is used for the purpose of complying with the continuous insulation requirements of Table R402.1.2, the manufacturer's labeled R-value for the insulated siding shall be reduced by R-0.6.
An assembly with a U-factor equal to or less than that specified in Table R402.1.4 shall be an alternative to the R-value in Table R402.1.2.

[NY] TABLE R402.1.4
EQUIVALENT U-FACTORSa
CLIMATE
ZONE
FENESTRATION
U-FACTOR
SKYLIGHT
U-FACTOR
CEILING
U-FACTOR
FRAME
WALL
U-FACTOR
MASS WALL
U-FACTORb
FLOOR
U-FACTOR
BASEMENT
WALL
U-FACTOR
CRAWL
SPACE WALL
U-FACTOR
4 0.32 0.55 0.026 0.060 0.098 0.047 0.059 0.065
5 0.30 0.55 0.026 0.060 0.082 0.033 0.050 0.055
6 0.30 0.55 0.026 0.045 0.060 0.033 0.050 0.055
  1. Nonfenestration U-factors shall be obtained from measurement, calculation or an approved source.
  2. Mass walls shall be in accordance with Section R402.2.5. Where more than half the insulation is on the interior, the mass wall U-factors shall not exceed 0.087 in Climate Zone 4 except Marine, 0.065 in Climate Zone 5 and Marine 4, and 0.057 in Climate Zone 6.
  3. In warm-humid locations as defined by Figure R301.1 and Table R301.1, the basement wall U-factor shall not exceed 0.360.
Where the total building thermal envelope UA, the sum of U-factor times assembly area, is less than or equal to the total UA resulting from multiplying the U-factors in Table R402.1.4 by the same assembly area as in the proposed building, the building shall be considered to be in compliance with Table R402.1.2. The UA calculation shall be performed using a method consistent with the ASHRAE Handbook of Fundamentals and shall include the thermal bridging effects of framing materials. In addition to UA compliance, the SHGC requirements shall be met.
In addition to the requirements of Section R402.1, insulation shall meet the specific requirements of Sections R402.2.1 through R402.2.13.
Where Section R402.1.2 requires R-38 insulation in the ceiling, installing R-30 over 100 percent of the ceiling area requiring insulation shall satisfy the requirement for R-38 wherever the full height of uncompressed R-30 insulation extends over the wall top plate at the eaves. Where Section R402.1.2 requires R-49 insulation in the ceiling, installing R-38 over 100 percent of the ceiling area requiring insulation shall satisfy the requirement for R-49 insulation wherever the full height of uncompressed R-38 insulation extends over the wall top plate at the eaves. This reduction shall not apply to the U-factor alternative approach in Section R402.1.4 and the Total UA alternative in Section R402.1.5.
Where Section R402.1.2 requires insulation R-values greater than R-30 in the ceiling and the design of the roof/ceiling assembly does not allow sufficient space for the required insulation, the minimum required insulation R-value for such roof/ceiling assemblies shall be R-30. Insulation shall extend over the top of the wall plate to the outer edge of such plate and shall not be compressed. This reduction of insulation from the requirements of Section R402.1.2 shall be limited to 500 square feet (46 m2) or 20 percent of the total insulated ceiling area, whichever is less. This reduction shall not apply to the U-factor alternative approach in Section R402.1.4 and the Total UA alternative in Section R402.1.5.
For air-permeable insulations in vented attics, a baffle shall be installed adjacent to soffit and eave vents. Baffles shall maintain an opening equal or greater than the size of the vent. The baffle shall extend over the top of the attic insulation. The baffle shall be permitted to be any solid material.

Access doors from conditioned spaces to unconditioned spaces such as attics and crawl spaces shall be weatherstripped and insulated to a level equivalent to the insulation on the surrounding surfaces. Access that prevents damaging or compressing the insulation shall be provided to all equipment. Where loose-fill insulation is installed, a wood-framed or equivalent baffle or retainer shall be installed to prevent the loose-fill insulation from spilling into the living space when the attic access is opened. The baffle or retainer shall provide a permanent means of maintaining the installed R-value of the loose-fill insulation.

Exception: Vertical doors providing access from conditioned spaces to unconditioned spaces comply with the fenestration requirements of Table R402.1.2 based on the applicable climate zone specified in Chapter 3.

Mass walls where used as a component of the building thermal envelope shall be one of the following:

  1. Above-ground walls of concrete block, concrete, insulated concrete form, masonry cavity, brick but not brick veneer, adobe, compressed earth block, rammed earth, solid timber or solid logs.
  2. Any wall having a heat capacity greater than or equal to 6 Btu/ft2 • °F (123 kJ/m2 • K).

Steel-frame ceilings, walls, and floors shall comply with the insulation requirements of Table R402.2.6 or the U-factor requirements of Table R402.1.4. The calculation of the U-factor for a steel-frame envelope assembly shall use a series-parallel path calculation method.

TABLE R402.2.6

STEEL-FRAME CEILING, WALL AND FLOOR INSULATION R-VALUES

WOOD FRAME
R-VALUE
REQUIREMENT
COLD-FORMED STEEL-FRAME
EQUIVALENT R-VALUEa
Steel Truss Ceilingsb
R-30 R-38 or R-30 + 3 or R-26 + 5
R-38 R-49 or R-38 + 3
R-49 R-38 + 5
Steel Joist Ceilingsb
R-30 R-38 in 2 × 4 or 2 × 6 or 2 × 8 R-49
in any framing
R-38 R-49 in 2 × 4 or 2 × 6 or 2 × 8 or 2 × 10
Steel-Framed Wall, 16 inches on center
R-13 R-13 + 4.2 or R-21 + 2.8 or
R-0 + 9.3 or R-15 + 3.8 or R-21 + 3.1
R-13 + 3 R-0 + 11.2 or R-13 + 6.1 or R-15 + 5.7 or
R-19 + 5.0 or R-21 + 4.7
R-20 R-0 + 14.0 or R-13 + 8.9 or R-15 + 8.5 or
R-19 + 7.8 or R-19 + 6.2 or R-21 + 7.5
R-20 + 5 R-13 + 12.7 or R-15 + 12.3 or R-19 + 11.6 or
R-21 + 11.3 or R-25 + 10.9
R-21 R-0 + 14.6 or R-13 + 9.5 or R-15 + 9.1 or
R-19 + 8.4 or R-21 + 8.1 or R-25 + 7.7
Steel Framed Wall, 24 inches on center
R-13 R-0 + 9.3 or R-13 + 3.0 or R-15 + 2.4
R-13 + 3 R-0 + 11.2 or R-13 + 4.9 or R-15 + 4.3 or
R-19 + 3.5 or R-21 + 3.1
R-20 R-0 + 14.0 or R-13 + 7.7 or R-15 + 7.1 or
R-19 + 6.3 or R-21 + 5.9
R-20 + 5 R-13 + 11.5 or R-15 + 10.9 or R-19 + 10.1 or
R-21 + 9.7 or R-25 + 9.1
R-21 R-0 + 14.6 or R-13 + 8.3 or R-15 + 7.7 or
R-19 + 6.9 or R-21 + 6.5 or R-25 + 5.9
Steel Joist Floor
R-13 R-19 in 2 × 6, or R-19 + 6 in 2 × 8 or 2 × 10
R-19 R-19 + 6 in 2 × 6, or R-19 + 12 in 2 × 8 or 2 × 10
  1. The first value is cavity insulation R-value, the second value is continuous insulation R-value. Therefore, for example, "R-30+3" means R-30 cavity insulation plus R-3 continuous insulation.
  2. Insulation exceeding the height of the framing shall cover the framing.
Where Section R402.1.2 requires continuous insulation on exterior walls and structural sheathing covers 40 percent or less of the gross area of all exterior walls, the required continuous insulation R-value shall be permitted to be reduced by an amount necessary, but not more than R-3 to result in a consistent total sheathing thickness on areas of the walls covered by structural sheathing. This reduction shall not apply to the U-factor alternative in Section R402.1.4 and the Total UA alternative in Section R402.1.5.

Floor framing-cavity insulation shall be installed to maintain permanent contact with the underside of the subfloor decking.

Exception: As an alternative, the floor framing-cavity insulation shall be in contact with the topside of sheathing or continuous insulation installed on the bottom side of floor framing where combined with insulation that meets or exceeds the minimum wood frame wall R-value in Table R402.1.2 and that extends from the bottom to the top of all perimeter floor framing members.

Walls associated with conditioned basements shall be insulated from the top of the basement wall down to 10 feet (3048 mm) below grade or to the basement floor, whichever is less. Walls associated with unconditioned basements shall comply with this requirement except where the floor overhead is insulated in accordance with Sections R402.1.2 and R402.2.8.
Slab-on-grade floors with a floor surface less than 12 inches (305 mm) below grade shall be insulated in accordance with Table R402.1.2. The insulation shall extend downward from the top of the slab on the outside or inside of the foundation wall. Insulation located below grade shall be extended the distance provided in Table R402.1.2 by any combination of vertical insulation, insulation extending under the slab or insulation extending out from the building. Insulation extending away from the building shall be protected by pavement or by not less than 10 inches (254 mm) of soil. The top edge of the insulation installed between the exterior wall and the edge of the interior slab shall be permitted to be cut at a 45-degree (0.79 rad) angle away from the exterior wall. Slab-edge insulation is not required in jurisdictions designated by the building official as having a very heavy termite infestation.
As an alternative to insulating floors over crawl spaces, crawl space walls shall be insulated provided that the crawl space is not vented to the outdoors. Crawl space wall insulation shall be permanently fastened to the wall and shall extend downward from the floor to the finished grade elevation and then vertically or horizontally for not less than an additional 24 inches (610 mm). Exposed earth in unvented crawl space foundations shall be covered with a continuous Class I vapor retarder in accordance with the Building Code of New York State or Residential Code of New York State, as applicable. Joints of the vapor retarder shall overlap by 6 inches (153 mm) and be sealed or taped. The edges of the vapor retarder shall extend not less than 6 inches (153 mm) up stem walls and shall be attached to the stem walls.
Insulation shall not be required on the horizontal portion of a foundation that supports a masonry veneer.

Sunrooms enclosing conditioned space shall meet the insulation requirements of this code.

Exception: For sunrooms with thermal isolation, and enclosing conditioned space, the following exceptions to the insulation requirements of this code shall apply:

  1. The minimum ceiling insulation R-values shall be R-19 in Climate Zones 1 through 4 and R-24 in Climate Zones 5 through 8.
  2. The minimum wall insulation R-value shall be R-13 in all climate zones. Walls separating a sunroom with a thermal isolation from conditioned space shall comply with the building thermal envelope requirements of this code.
In addition to the requirements of Section R402, fenestration shall comply with Sections R402.3.1 through R402.3.5.
An area-weighted average of fenestration products shall be permitted to satisfy the U-factor requirements.

An area-weighted average of fenestration products more than 50-percent glazed shall be permitted to satisfy the SHGC requirements.

Dynamic glazing shall be permitted to satisfy the SHGC requirements of Table R402.1.2 provided that the ratio of the higher to lower labeled SHGC is greater than or equal to 2.4, and the dynamic glazing is automatically controlled to modulate the amount of solar gain into the space in multiple steps. Dynamic glazing shall be considered separately from other fenestration, and area-weighted averaging with other fenestration that is not dynamic glazing shall be prohibited.

Exception: Dynamic glazing shall not be required to comply with this section where both the lower and higher labeled SHGC comply with the requirements of Table R402.1.2.

Not greater than 15 square feet (1.4 m2) of glazed fenestration per dwelling unit shall be exempt from the U-factor and SHGC requirements in Section R402.1.2. This exemption shall not apply to the U-factor alternative in Section R402.1.4 and the Total UA alternative in Section R402.1.5.
One side-hinged opaque door assembly not greater than 24 square feet (2.22 m2) in area shall be exempt from the U-factor requirement in Section R402.1.2. This exemption shall not apply to the U-factor alternative in Section R402.1.4 and the Total UA alternative in Section R402.1.5.

Sunrooms enclosing conditioned space shall comply with the fenestration requirements of this code.

Exception: In Climate Zones 2 through 8, for sunrooms with thermal isolation and enclosing conditioned space, the fenestration U-factor shall not exceed 0.45 and the skylight U-factor shall not exceed 0.70.

New fenestration separating the sunroom with thermal isolation from conditioned space shall comply with the building thermal envelope requirements of this code.

The building thermal envelope shall be constructed to limit air leakage in accordance with the requirements of Sections R402.4.1 through R402.4.5.
The building thermal envelope shall comply with Sections R402.4.1.1 and R402.4.1.2. The sealing methods between dissimilar materials shall allow for differential expansion and contraction.

The components of the building thermal envelope as indicated in Table R402.4.1.1 shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions and the criteria indicated in Table R402.4.1.1, as applicable to the method of construction. Where required by the building official, an approved third party shall inspect all components and verify compliance.

TABLE R402.4.1.1

AIR BARRIER AND INSULATION INSTALLATIONa

COMPONENT AIR BARRIER CRITERIA INSULATION INSTALLATION CRITERIA
General requirements A continuous air barrier shall be installed in the building
envelope.
The exterior thermal envelope contains a continuousBreaks or joints in the air barrier shall be sealed.
Air-permeable insulation shall not be used as a
sealing material.
Ceiling/attic The air barrier in any dropped ceiling or soffit shall be
aligned with the insulation and any gaps in the air barrier
shall be sealed.
Access openings, drop down stairs or knee wall doors
to unconditioned attic spaces shall be sealed.
The insulation in any dropped ceiling/soffit shall be
aligned with the air barrier.
Walls The junction of the foundation and sill plate shall be sealed.
The junction of the top plate and the top of exterior walls
shall be sealed.
Knee walls shall be sealed.
Cavities within corners and headers of frame walls
shall be insulated by completely filling the cavity
with a material having a thermal resistance,
R-value, of not less than R-3 per inch.
Exterior thermal envelope insulation for framed walls
shall be installed in substantial contact and
continuous alignment with the air barrier.
Windows, skylights and doors The space between framing and skylights, and the jambs
of windows and doors, shall be sealed.
Rim joists Rim joists shall include the air barrier. Rim joists shall be insulated.
Floors, including cantilevered
floors and floors above
garages
The air barrier shall be installed at any exposed edge of
insulation.
Floor framing cavity insulation shall be installed to
maintain permanent contact with the underside of
subfloor decking. Alternatively, floor framing
cavity insulation shall be in contact with the top side
of sheathing, or continuous insulation installed on
the underside of floor framing; and shall extend
from the bottom to the top of all perimeter floor
framing members.
Crawl space walls Exposed earth in unvented crawl spaces shall be covered
with a Class I vapor retarder with overlapping joints
taped.
Crawl space insulation, where provided instead of
floor insulation, shall be permanently attached to
the walls.
Shafts, penetrations Duct shafts, utility penetrations, and flue shafts
opening to exterior or unconditioned space shall be
sealed.
Narrow cavities Batts to be installed in narrow cavities shall be cut to
fit or narrow cavities shall be filled with insulation
that on installation readily conforms to the available
cavity space
.
Garage separation Air sealing shall be provided between the garage and
Recessed lighting Recessed light fixtures installed in the building thermal envelope
shall be sealed to the finished surface.
Recessed light fixtures installed in the building
thermal envelope shall be air tight and IC rated.
Plumbing and wiring In exterior walls, batt insulation shall be cut neatly to
fit around wiring and plumbing, or insulation, that
on installation readily conforms to available space,
shall extend behind piping and wiring.
Shower/tub on exterior wall The air barrier installed at exterior walls adjacent to
showers and tubs shall separate the wall from the
shower or tub.
Exterior walls adjacent to showers and tubs shall be
insulated.
Electrical/phone box on exterior walls The air barrier shall be installed behind electrical and
communication boxes. Alternatively, air-sealed boxes
shall be installed.
HVAC register boots HVAC supply and return register boots that penetrate
building thermal envelope shall be sealed to the subfloor,
wall covering or ceiling penetrated by the boot.
Concealed sprinklers Where required to be sealed, concealed fire sprinklers shall
only be sealed in a manner that is recommended by the
manufacturer. Caulking or other adhesive sealants shall
not be used to fill voids between fire sprinkler cover
plates and walls or ceilings.
  1. Inspection of log walls shall be in accordance with the provisions of ICC 400.

The building or dwelling unit shall be tested and verified as having an air leakage rate not exceeding three air changes per hour. Testing shall be conducted in accordance with RESNET/ICC 380, ASTM E779 or ASTM E1827 and reported at a pressure of 0.2 inch w.g. (50 Pascals). Testing shall be performed at any time after creation of all penetrations of the building thermal envelope.

During testing:

  1. Exterior windows and doors, fireplace and stove doors shall be closed, but not sealed, beyond the intended weatherstripping or other infiltration control measures.
  2. Dampers including exhaust, intake, makeup air, backdraft and flue dampers shall be closed, but not sealed beyond intended infiltration control measures.
  3. Interior doors, where installed at the time of the test, shall be open.
  4. Exterior doors for continuous ventilation systems and heat recovery ventilators shall be closed and sealed.
  5. Heating and cooling systems, where installed at the time of the test, shall be turned off.
  6. Supply and return registers, where installed at the time of the test, shall be fully open.

Where required by the building official, testing shall be conducted by an approved third party. A written report of the results of the test shall be prepared and signed by the party conducting the test and provided to the building official. The written report shall include:

  1. The name and place of business of the party conducting the test;
  2. The address of the building that was tested;
  3. The conditioned floor area of the dwelling, calculated in accordance with ANSI/BOMA Z65.1, except that conditioned floor area shall include areas where the ceiling height is less than 5 feet (1524 mm);
  4. Measurement of the air volume lost at an internal pressurization of 0.2 inches w.g. (50 Pascals);
  5. The date(s) of the test;
  6. A certification by the party conducting the test of the accuracy of the test results; and
  7. The signature of the party conducting the test.

Where two or more dwelling units are located within the building thermal envelope of a building, the testing procedure specified in Section R402.4.1.3 shall be permitted as an alternative to compliance with Section R402.4.1.2.

In this section, each dwelling unit and each other conditioned occupied space located within the building thermal envelope of the building shall be referred to as a "testing unit," and the "enclosure surface area" within a testing unit shall be equal to the sum of the areas of (i) each exterior wall in such testing unit, (ii) each interior wall in such testing unit that abuts other testing unit(s), (iii) each ceiling in such testing unit that abuts other testing unit(s) or abuts unconditioned space, and (iv) each floor in such testing unit that abuts other testing unit(s) or abuts unconditioned space.

Each testing unit shall be tested and verified as having an air leakage rate not exceeding 0.3 cubic feet per minute per square foot of enclosure surface area within the testing area. Testing shall be conducted with a blower door at a pressure of 0.2 inches w.g. (50 Pascals), and shall be conducted in accordance with ASTM E779. Testing shall be performed at any time after creation of all penetrations of the building thermal envelope.

During testing:

  1. Exterior windows and doors, fireplace and stove doors shall be closed, but not sealed, beyond the intended weather-stripping or other infiltration control measures.
  2. Dampers including exhaust, intake, makeup air, backdraft and flue dampers shall be closed, but not sealed beyond intended infiltration control measures.
  3. Interior doors, if installed at the time of the test, shall be open.
  4. Exterior doors for continuous ventilation systems and heat recovery ventilators shall be closed and sealed.
  5. Heating and cooling systems, if installed at the time of the test, shall be turned off.
  6. Supply and return registers, if installed at the time of the test, shall be fully open. Where required by the building official, testing shall be conducted by an approved third party.

A written report of the results of the test shall be prepared and signed by the party conducting the test and provided to the building official. The written report shall include:

  1. The name and place of business of the party conducting the test;
  2. The address of the building which was tested;
  3. The conditioned floor area of dwelling, calculated in accordance with ANSI/BOMA Z65.1, except that conditioned floor area shall include areas where the ceiling height is less than 5 feet (1524 mm);
  4. Measurement of the air leakage rate of each testing unit;
  5. The date(s) of the test;
  6. A certification by the party conducting the test of the accuracy of the test results; and
  7. The signature of the party conducting the test.

When the optional testing procedure authorized by Section R402.4.1.3 is used for a building with more than seven dwelling units, testing each testing unit shall not be required, and testing of sample testing units selected in accordance with the provisions set forth below in this shall be permitted, when approved by the building official.

  1. Testing units shall be grouped into sample sets of not more than seven testing units and common rooms in each sample set. Each sample set shall contain testing units that are representative of all dwelling unit types and all other conditioned occupied spaces.
  2. If all testing units in the first sample set tested are verified as having an air leakage rate not exceeding 0.3 cubic feet per minute per square foot of enclosure surface area within the testing area, remaining sample sets shall be permitted to be tested at the rate of one testing unit per sample set.
  3. If any testing unit tested in accordance with paragraph 2 above is not verified as having an air leakage rate not exceeding 0.3 cubic feet per minute per square foot of enclosure surface area within the testing area, two additional testing units in the sample set shall be tested.
  4. If any testing unit tested in accordance with paragraph 3 above is not verified as having an air leakage rate not exceeding 0.3 cubic feet per minute per square foot of enclosure surface area within the testing area, all testing units in the sample set shall be tested, and all testing units in the subsequent sample set, if any, shall be tested.
  5. If all testing units in the sample set tested in accordance with paragraph 4 above are verified as having an air leakage rate not exceeding 0.3 cubic feet per minute per square foot of enclosure surface area within the testing area, subsequent sample sets shall be permitted to be tested in accordance with paragraph 2 above, where approved by the building official.
New wood-burning fireplaces shall have tight-fitting flue dampers or doors, and outdoor combustion air. Where using tight-fitting doors on factory-built fireplaces listed and labeled in accordance with UL 127, the doors shall be tested and listed for the fireplace.

Windows, skylights and sliding glass doors shall have an air infiltration rate of not greater than 0.3 cfm per square foot (1.5 L/s/m2), and for swinging doors, not greater than 0.5 cfm per square foot (2.6 L/s/m2), when tested in accordance with NFRC 400 or AAMA/WDMA/CSA 101/I.S.2/A440 by an accredited, independent laboratory and listed and labeled by the manufacturer.

Exception: Site-built windows, skylights and doors.

In Climate Zones 3 through 8, where open combustion air ducts provide combustion air to open combustion fuel burning appliances, the appliances and combustion air opening shall be located outside the building thermal envelope or enclosed in a room that is isolated from inside the thermal envelope. Such rooms shall be sealed and insulated in accordance with the envelope requirements of Table R402.1.2, where the walls, floors and ceilings shall meet not less than the basement wall R-value requirement. The door into the room shall be fully gasketed and any water lines and ducts in the room insulated in accordance with Section R403. The combustion air duct shall be insulated where it passes through conditioned space to an R-value of not less than R-8.

Exceptions:

  1. Direct vent appliances with both intake and exhaust pipes installed continuous to the outside.
  2. Fireplaces and stoves complying with Section R402.4.2 and Section R1006 of the Residential Code of New York State.
Recessed luminaires installed in the building thermal envelope shall be sealed to limit air leakage between conditioned and unconditioned spaces. Recessed luminaires shall be IC-rated and labeled as having an air leakage rate of not greater than 2.0 cfm (0.944 L/s) when tested in accordance with ASTM E283 at a pressure differential of 1.57 psf (75 Pa). Recessed luminaires shall be sealed with a gasket or caulked between the housing and the interior wall or ceiling covering.
Fire separations between dwelling units in two-family dwellings and multiple single-family dwellings (townhouses) shall be insulated to no less than R-10 and the walls shall be air sealed in accordance with Section R402.4. of this chapter.
The area-weighted average maximum fenestration U-factor permitted using tradeoffs from Section R402.1.5 or R405 shall be 0.48 in Climate Zones 4 and 5 and 0.40 in Climate Zones 6 through 8 for vertical fenestration, and 0.75 in Climate Zones 4 through 8 for skylights. The area-weighted average maximum fenestration SHGC permitted using tradeoffs from Section R405 in Climate Zones 1 through 3 shall be 0.50.
Not less than one thermostat shall be provided for each separate heating and cooling system.
The thermostat controlling the primary heating or cooling system of the dwelling unit shall be capable of controlling the heating and cooling system on a daily schedule to maintain different temperature setpoints at different times of the day. This thermostat shall include the capability to set back or temporarily operate the system to maintain zone temperatures of not less than 55°F (13°C) to not greater than 85°F (29°C). The thermostat shall be programmed initially by the manufacturer with a heating temperature setpoint of not greater than 70°F (21°C) and a cooling temperature setpoint of not less than 78°F (26°C).
Heat pumps having supplementary electric-resistance heat shall have controls that, except during defrost, prevent supplemental heat operation when the heat pump compressor can meet the heating load.
Hot water boilers that supply heat to the building through one- or two-pipe heating systems shall have an outdoor setback control that decreases the boiler water temperature based on the outdoor temperature.
Ducts and air handlers shall be installed in accordance with Sections R403.3.1 through R403.3.7.

Supply and return ducts in attics shall be insulated to an R-value of not less than R-8 for ducts 3 inches (76 mm) in diameter and larger and not less than R-6 for ducts smaller than 3 inches (76 mm) in diameter. Supply and return ducts in other portions of the building shall be insulated to not less than R-6 for ducts 3 inches (76 mm) in diameter and not less than R-4.2 for ducts smaller than 3 inches (76 mm) in diameter.

Exception: Ducts or portions thereof located completely inside the building thermal envelope.

Ducts, air handlers and filter boxes shall be sealed. Joints and seams shall comply with either the Mechanical Code of New York State or Residential Code of New York State, or the New York City Construction Code, as applicable.

Exceptions:

  1. Air-impermeable spray foam products shall be permitted to be applied without additional joint seals.
  2. For ducts having a static pressure classification of less than 2 inches of water column (500 Pa), additional closure systems shall not be required for continuously welded joints and seams, and locking-type joints and seams of other than the snap-lock and button-lock types.
Air handlers shall have a manufacturer's designation for an air leakage of not greater than 2 percent of the design airflow rate when tested in accordance with ASHRAE 193.

Ducts shall be pressure tested to determine air leakage by one of the following methods:

  1. Rough-in test: Total leakage shall be measured with a pressure differential of 0.1 inch w.g. (25 Pa) across the system, including the manufacturer's air handler enclosure if installed at the time of the test. Registers shall be taped or otherwise sealed during the test.
  2. Postconstruction test: Total leakage shall be measured with a pressure differential of 0.1 inch w.g. (25 Pa) across the entire system, including the manufacturer's air handler enclosure. Registers shall be taped or otherwise sealed during the test.

Exceptions:

  1. A duct air-leakage test shall not be required where the ducts and air handlers are located entirely within the building thermal envelope.
  2. A duct air-leakage test shall not be required for ducts serving heat or energy recovery ventilators that are not integrated with ducts serving heating or cooling systems.

A written report of the results of the test shall be signed by the party conducting the test and provided to the building official.

The total leakage of the ducts, where measured in accordance with Section R403.3.3, shall be as follows:

  1. Rough-in test: The total leakage shall be less than or equal to 4 cubic feet per minute (113.3 L/min) per 100 square feet (9.29 m2) of conditioned floor area where the air handler is installed at the time of the test. Where the air handler is not installed at the time of the test, the total leakage shall be less than or equal to 3 cubic feet per minute (85 L/min) per 100 square feet (9.29 m2) of conditioned floor area.
  2. Postconstruction test: Total leakage shall be less than or equal to 4 cubic feet per minute (113.3 L/min) per 100 square feet (9.29 m2) of conditioned floor area.
Building framing cavities shall not be used as ducts or plenums.

Where supply and return air ducts are partially or completely buried in ceiling insulation, such ducts shall comply with all of the following:

  1. The supply and return ducts shall have an insulation R-value not less than R-8.
  2. At all points along each duct, the sum of the ceiling insulation R-value against and above the top of the duct, and against and below the bottom of the duct, shall be not less than R-19, excluding the R-value of the duct insulation.
Where using a simulated energy performance analysis, sections of ducts that are: installed in accordance with Section R403.3.6; located directly on, or within 5.5 inches (140 mm) of the ceiling; surrounded with blown-in attic insulation having an R-value of R-30 or greater and located such that the top of the duct is not less than 3.5 inches (89 mm) below the top of the insulation, shall be considered as having an effective duct insulation R-value of R-25.

For ducts to be considered as inside a conditioned space, such ducts shall comply with either of the following:

  1. The duct system shall be located completely within the continuous air barrier and within the building thermal envelope.
  2. The ducts shall be buried within ceiling insulation in accordance with Section R403.3.6 and all of the following conditions shall exist:

    1. 2.1. The air handler is located completely within the continuous air barrier and within the building thermal envelope.
    2. 2.2. The duct leakage, as measured either by a rough-in test of the ducts or a post-construction total system leakage test to outside the building thermal envelope in accordance with Section R403.3.4, is less than or equal to 1.5 cubic feet per minute (42.5 L/min) per 100 square feet (9.29 m2) of conditioned floor area served by the duct system.
    3. 2.3. The ceiling insulation R-value installed against and above the insulated duct is greater than or equal to the proposed ceiling insulation R-value, less the R-value of the insulation on the duct.
Mechanical system piping capable of carrying fluids greater than 105°F (41°C) or less than 55°F (13°C) shall be insulated to an R-value of not less than R-3.
Piping insulation exposed to weather shall be protected from damage, including that caused by sunlight, moisture, equipment maintenance and wind. The protection shall provide shielding from solar radiation that can cause degradation of the material. Adhesive tape shall be prohibited.
Energy conservation measures for service hot water systems shall be in accordance with Sections R403.5.1 through R403.5.4.
Heated water circulation systems shall be in accordance with Section R403.5.1.1. Heat trace temperature maintenance systems shall be in accordance with Section R403.5.1.2. Automatic controls, temperature sensors and pumps shall be accessible. Manual controls shall be readily accessible.
Heated water circulation systems shall be provided with a circulation pump. The system return pipe shall be a dedicated return pipe or a cold water supply pipe. Gravity and thermosyphon circulation systems shall be prohibited. Controls for circulating hot water system pumps shall start the pump based on the identification of a demand for hot water within the occupancy. The controls shall automatically turn off the pump when the water in the circulation loop is at the desired temperature and when there is no demand for hot water.
Electric heat trace systems shall comply with IEEE 515.1 or UL 515. Controls for such systems shall automatically adjust the energy input to the heat tracing to maintain the desired water temperature in the piping in accordance with the times when heated water is used in the occupancy.

Demand recirculation water systems shall have controls that comply with both of the following:

  1. The controls shall start the pump upon receiving a signal from the action of a user of a fixture or appliance, sensing the presence of a user of a fixture or sensing the flow of hot or tempered water to a fixture fitting or appliance.
  2. The controls shall limit the temperature of the water entering the cold water piping to not greater than 104°F (40°C).

Insulation for hot water piping with a thermal resistance, R-value, of not less than R-3 shall be applied to the following:

  1. Piping 3/4 inch (19.1 mm) and larger in nominal diameter.
  2. Piping serving more than one dwelling unit.
  3. Piping located outside the conditioned space.
  4. Piping from the water heater to a distribution manifold.
  5. Piping located under a floor slab.
  6. Buried piping.
  7. Supply and return piping in recirculation systems other than demand recirculation systems.
Drain water heat recovery units shall comply with CSA B55.2. Drain water heat recovery units shall be tested in accordance with CSA B55.1. Potable water-side pressure loss of drain water heat recovery units shall be less than 3 psi (20.7 kPa) for individual units connected to one or two showers. Potable water-side pressure loss of drain water heat recovery units shall be less than 2 psi (13.8 kPa) for individual units connected to three or more showers.
The building shall be provided with ventilation that complies with the requirements of the Residential Code of New York State or Mechanical Code of New York State or New York City Construction Code, as applicable, or with other approved means of ventilation. Outdoor air intakes and exhausts shall have automatic or gravity dampers that close when the ventilation system is not operating.

Fans used to provide whole-house mechanical ventilation shall meet the efficacy requirements of Table R403.6.1.

Exception: Where an air handler that is integral to tested and listed HVAC equipment is used to provide whole-house mechanical ventilation, the air handler shall be powered by an electronically commutated motor.

TABLE R403.6.1

WHOLE-HOUSE MECHANICAL VENTILATION SYSTEM FAN EFFICACYa

FAN LOCATION AIR FLOW RATE MINIMUM
(CFM)
MINIMUM EFFICACY
(CFM/WATT)
AIR FLOW RATE MAXIMUM
(CFM)
HRV or ERV Any 1.2 cfm/watt Any
Range hoods Any 2.8 cfm/watt Any
In-line fan Any 2.8 cfm/watt Any
Bathroom, utility room 10 1.4 cfm/watt < 90
Bathroom, utility room 90 2.8 cfm/watt Any

For SI: 1 cfm = 28.3 L/min.

  1. When tested in accordance with HVI Standard 916.
Heating and cooling equipment shall be sized in accordance with ACCA Manual S based on building loads calculated in accordance with ACCA Manual J or other approved heating and cooling calculation methodologies. New or replacement heating and cooling equipment shall have an efficiency rating equal to or greater than the minimum required by federal law for the geographic location where the equipment is installed.
Systems serving multiple dwelling units shall comply with Sections C403 and C404 of the Energy Conservation Construction Code of New York State—Commercial Provisions instead of Section R403.
Snow- and ice-melting systems, supplied through energy service to the building, shall include automatic controls capable of shutting off the system when the pavement temperature is greater than 50°F (10°C) and precipitation is not falling, and an automatic or manual control that will allow shutoff when the outdoor temperature is greater than 40°F (4.8°C).
The energy consumption of pools and permanent spas shall be in accordance with Sections R403.10.1 through R403.10.3.
The electric power to heaters shall be controlled by a readily accessible on-off switch that is an integral part of the heater mounted on the exterior of the heater, or external to and within 3 feet (914 mm) of the heater. Operation of such switch shall not change the setting of the heater thermostat. Such switches shall be in addition to a circuit breaker for the power to the heater. Gas-fired heaters shall not be equipped with continuously burning ignition pilots.

Time switches or other control methods that can automatically turn off and on according to a preset schedule shall be installed for heaters and pump motors. Heaters and pump motors that have built-in time switches shall be in compliance with this section.

Exceptions:

  1. Where public health standards require 24-hour pump operation.
  2. Pumps that operate solar- and waste-heat-recovery pool heating systems.

Outdoor heated pools and outdoor permanent spas shall be provided with a vapor-retardant cover or other approved vapor-retardant means. Outdoor heated pools and outdoor heated permanent spas heated to more than 90°F (32°C) shall have a pool cover with a minimum insulation value of R-12.

Exception: Where more than 60 percent of the energy for heating is from site-recovered energy or a solar energy source, covers or other vapor-retardant means shall not be required.

The energy consumption of electric-powered portable spas shall be controlled by the requirements of APSP 14.
Residential swimming pools and permanent residential spas that are accessory to detached one- and two-family dwellings and townhouses three stories or less in height above grade plane and that are available only to the household and its guests shall be in accordance with APSP 15a.
Not less than 90 percent of the permanently installed lighting fixtures shall contain only high-efficacy lamps.
Fuel gas lighting systems shall not have continuously burning pilot lights.
This section establishes criteria for compliance using simulated energy performance analysis. Such analysis shall include heating, cooling, mechanical ventilation and service water heating energy only.
Compliance with this section requires that the mandatory provisions identified in Section R401.2 be met. Supply and return ducts not completely inside the building thermal envelope shall be insulated to an R-value of not less than R-6.

Compliance based on simulated energy performance requires that a proposed residence (proposed design) be shown to have an annual energy cost that is less than or equal to the annual energy cost of the standard reference design. Energy prices shall be taken from a source approved by the building official, such as the Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration's State Energy Data System Prices and Expenditures reports. Building officials shall be permitted to require time-of-use pricing in energy cost calculations.

Exception: The energy use based on source energy expressed in Btu or Btu per square foot of conditioned floor area shall be permitted to be substituted for the energy cost. The source energy multiplier for electricity shall be 3.16. The source energy multiplier for fuels other than electricity shall be 1.1.

Documentation of the software used for the performance design and the parameters for the building shall be in accordance with Sections R405.4.1 through R405.4.3.
Documentation verifying that the methods and accuracy of the compliance software tools conform to the provisions of this section shall be provided to the building official.

Compliance software tools shall generate a report that documents that the proposed design complies with Section R405.3. A compliance report on the proposed design shall be submitted with the application for the building permit. Upon completion of the building, a compliance report based on the as-built condition of the building shall be submitted to the building official before a certificate of occupancy is issued. Batch sampling of buildings to determine Energy Code compliance shall only be allowed for stacked multiple-family units.

Compliance reports shall include information in accordance with Sections R405.4.2.1 and R405.4.2.2. Where the proposed design of a building could be built on different sites where the cardinal orientation of the building on each site is different, compliance of the proposed design for the purposes of the application for the building permit shall be based on the worst-case orientation, worst-case configuration, worst-case building air leakage and worst- case duct leakage. Such worst-case parameters shall be used as inputs to the compliance software for energy analysis.

A compliance report submitted with the application for building permit shall include the following:

  1. Building street address, or other building site identification.
  2. A statement indicating that the proposed design complies with Section R405.3.
  3. An inspection checklist documenting the building component characteristics of the proposed design as indicated in Table R405.5.2(1). The inspection checklist shall show results for both the standard reference design and the proposed design with user inputs to the compliance software to generate the results.
  4. A site-specific energy analysis report that is in compliance with Section R405.3.
  5. The name of the individual performing the analysis and generating the report.
  6. The name and version of the compliance software tool.

A compliance report submitted for obtaining the certificate of occupancy shall include the following:

  1. Building street address, or other building site identification.
  2. A statement indicating that the as-built building complies with Section R405.3.
  3. A certificate indicating that the building passes the performance matrix for code compliance and indicating the energy saving features of the buildings.
  4. A site-specific energy analysis report that is in compliance with Section R405.3.
  5. The name of the individual performing the analysis and generating the report.
  6. The name and version of the compliance software tool.

The building official shall be permitted to require the following documents:

  1. Documentation of the building component characteristics of the standard reference design.
  2. A certification signed by the builder providing the building component characteristics of the proposed design as given in Table R405.5.2(1).
  3. Documentation of the actual values used in the software calculations for the proposed design.
Calculations of the performance design shall be in accordance with Sections R405.5.1 and R405.5.2.
Except as specified by this section, the standard reference design and proposed design shall be configured and analyzed using identical methods and techniques.
The standard reference design and proposed design shall be configured and analyzed as specified by Table R405.5.2(1). Table R405.5.2(1) shall include, by reference, all notes contained in Table R402.1.2.

[NY] TABLE R405.5.2(1)
SPECIFICATIONS FOR THE STANDARD REFERENCE AND PROPOSED DESIGNS
BUILDING COMPONENT STANDARD REFERENCE DESIGN PROPOSED DESIGN
Above-grade walls Type: mass, where the proposed wall is a mass wall; otherwise, wood frame. As proposed
Gross area: same as proposed. As proposed
U-factor: as specified in Table R402.1.4. As proposed
Solar absorptance = 0.75. As proposed
Emittance = 0.90. As proposed
Basement and crawl space
walls
Type: same as proposed. As proposed
Gross area: same as proposed. As proposed
U-factor: as specified in Table R402.1.4, with the insulation layer on the
interior side of the walls.
As proposed
Above-grade floors Type: wood frame. As proposed
Gross area: same as proposed. As proposed
U-factor: as specified in Table R402.1.4. As proposed
Ceilings Type: wood frame. As proposed
Gross area: same as proposed. As proposed
U-factor: as specified in Table R402.1.4. As proposed
Roofs Type: composition shingle on wood sheathing. As proposed
Gross area: same as proposed. As proposed
Solar absorptance = 0.75. As proposed
Emittance = 0.90. As proposed
Attics Type: vented with an aperture of 1 ft2 per 300 ft2 of ceiling area. As proposed
Foundations Type: same as proposed. As proposed
Foundation wall area above and below grade and soil characteristics: same as
proposed.
As proposed
Opaque doors Area: 40 ft2 . As proposed
Orientation: North. As proposed
U-factor: same as fenestration as specified Table R402.1.4. As proposed
Vertical fenestration other Total areah =
  1. The proposed glazing area, where the proposed glazing area is less
    than 15 percent of the conditioned floor area
  2. 15 percent of the conditioned floor area, where the proposed glazing area is
    15 percent or more of the conditioned floor area.
As proposed
Orientation: equally distributed to four cardinal compass orientations
(N, E, S & W).
As proposed
U-factor: as specified in Table R402.1.4. As proposed
SHGC: as specified in Table R402.1.2 except for climate zones without an
SHGC requirement, the SHGC shall be equal to 0.40.
As proposed
Interior shade fraction: 0.92-(0.21 × SHGC for the standard reference design). Interior shade fraction: 0.92-
(0.21 × SHGC as proposed)
External shading: none. As proposed
Skylights None. As proposed
Thermally isolated sunrooms None. As proposed
Air exchange rate The air leakage rate at a pressure of 0.2 inch w.g. (50 Pa) shall be The measured air exchange rate.a
Climate Zones 1 and 2: 5 air changes per hour.
Climate Zones 3 through 8: 3 air changes per hour.
The mechanical ventilation rate shall be in addition to the air leakage rate and
shall be the same as in the proposed design, but not greater than
0.03 × CFA + 7.5 × (Nbr + 1)
where:
CFA = conditioned floor area, ft2.
Nbr = number of bedrooms.
The mechanical ventilation rateb
shall be in addition to the air
leakage rate and shall be as
proposed.
Energy recovery shall not be assumed for mechanical ventilation.
Mechanical ventilation Where mechanical ventilation is not specified in the proposed design: None
Where mechanical ventilation is specified in the proposed design, the annual
vent fan energy use, in units of kWh/yr, shall equal:
(1/ef) × [0.0876 × CFA + 65.7 × (Nbr + 1)]
where:
ef = the minimum exhaust fan efficacy, as specified in Table R403.6.1,
corresponding to a flow rate of 0.03 × CFA + 7.5 × (Nbr+1)Nbr = number of bedrooms.
As proposed
Internal gains
IGain, in units of Btu/day per dwelling unit, shall equal:
17,900 + 23.8 × CFA + 4,104 × Nbr
where:
CFA = conditioned floor area, ft2.
Nbr = number of bedrooms.
Same as standard reference
design.
Internal mass Internal mass for furniture and contents: 8 pounds per square foot of floor
area.
Same as standard reference design,
plus any additional
mass specifically designed as
a thermal storage elementc but
not integral to the building
envelope or structure.
Structural mass For masonry floor slabs: 80 percent of floor area covered by R-2 carpet
and pad, and 20 percent of floor directly exposed to room air.
As proposed
For masonry basement walls: as proposed, but with insulation as specified in
Table R402.1.4, located on the interior side of the walls.
As proposed
For other walls, ceilings, floors, and interior walls: wood frame construction. As proposed
Heating systemsd, e For other than electric heating without a heat pump: as proposed.
Where the proposed design utilizes electric heating without a heat pump, the
standard reference design shall be an air source heat pump meeting the
requirements of Section C403 of the IECC—Commercial Provisions.
Capacity: sized in accordance with Section R403.7.
As proposed
Cooling systemsd, f As proposed. Capacity: sized in accordance with Section R403.7. As proposed
Service water heatingd, e, f, g As proposed. Use: same as proposed design. As proposed
Use, in units of
gal/day = 30 + (10 × Nbr)
where:
Nbr = number of bedrooms.
Thermal distribution
systems
Duct insulation: in accordance with Section R403.3.1.
A thermal distribution system efficiency (DSE) of 0.88 shall be applied to
both the heating and cooling system efficiencies for all systems other than
tested duct systems.
Exception: For nonducted heating and cooling systems that do not have a
fan, the standard reference design thermal distribution system efficiency
(DSE) shall be 1.
For tested duct systems, the leakage rate shall be 4 cfm (113.3 L/min) per
100 ft2 (9.29 m2) of conditioned floor area at a pressure of differential of
0.1 inch w.g. (25 Pa).
Duct insulation: as proposed.
As tested or, where not tested, as
specified in
Thermostat Type: Manual, cooling temperature setpoint = 75°F;
heating temperature setpoint = 72°F.
Same as standard reference
design.
For SI: 1 square foot = 0.93 m2, 1 British thermal unit = 1055 J, 1 pound per square foot = 4.88 kg/m2, 1 gallon (US) = 3.785 L, °C = (°F - 32)/1.8, 1 degree = 0.79 rad.
  1. Where required by the building official, testing shall be conducted by an approved party. Hourly calculations as specified in the ASHRAE Handbook of Fundamentals, or the equivalent, shall be used to determine the energy loads resulting from infiltration.
  2. The combined air exchange rate for infiltration and mechanical ventilation shall be determined in accordance with Equation 43 of 2001 ASHRAE Handbook of Fundamentals, page 26.24 and the "Whole-house Ventilation" provisions of 2001 ASHRAE Handbook of Fundamentals, page 26.19 for intermittent mechanical ventilation.
  3. Thermal storage element shall mean a component that is not part of the floors, walls or ceilings that is part of a passive solar system, and that provides thermal storage such as enclosed water columns, rock beds, or phase-change containers. A thermal storage element shall be in the same room as fenestration that faces within 15 degrees (0.26 rad) of true south, or shall be connected to such a room with pipes or ducts that allow the element to be actively charged.
  4. For a proposed design with multiple heating, cooling or water heating systems using different fuel types, the applicable standard reference design system capacities and fuel types shall be weighted in accordance with their respective loads as calculated by accepted engineering practice for each equipment and fuel type present.
  5. For a proposed design without a proposed heating system, a heating system having the prevailing federal minimum efficiency shall be assumed for both the standard reference design and proposed design.
  6. For a proposed design home without a proposed cooling system, an electric air conditioner having the prevailing federal minimum efficiency shall be assumed for both the standard reference design and the proposed design.
  7. For a proposed design with a nonstorage-type water heater, a 40-gallon storage-type water heater having the prevailing federal minimum energy factor for the same fuel as the predominant heating fuel type shall be assumed. For a proposed design without a proposed water heater, a 40-gallon storage-type water heater having the prevailing federal minimum efficiency for the same fuel as the predominant heating fuel type shall be assumed for both the proposed design and standard reference design.
  8. For residences with conditioned basements, R-2 and R-4 residences, and for townhouses, the following formula shall be used to determine glazing area:

    where:

    AF = Total glazing area.

    As = Standard reference design total glazing area.

    FA = (Above-grade thermal boundary gross wall area)/(above-grade boundary wall area + 0.5 × below-grade boundary wall area).

    F = (above-grade thermal boundary wall area)/(above-grade thermal boundary wall area + common wall area) or 0.56, whichever is greater.

    and where:

    Thermal boundary wall is any wall that separates conditioned space from unconditioned space or ambient conditions.

    Above-grade thermal boundary wall is any thermal boundary wall component not in contact with soil.

    Below-grade boundary wall is any thermal boundary wall in soil contact.

    Common wall area is the area of walls shared with an adjoining dwelling unit. L and CFA are in the same units.

TABLE R405.5.2(2)
DEFAULT DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM EFFICIENCIES FOR PROPOSED DESIGNSa
DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM CONFIGURATION AND CONDITION FORCED AIR SYSTEMS HYDRONIC SYSTEMSb
Distribution system components located in unconditioned space 0.95
Untested distribution systems entirely located in conditioned spacec 0.88 1
"Ductless" systemsd 1
For SI: 1 cubic foot per minute = 0.47 L/s, 1 square foot = 0.093 m2, 1 pound per square inch = 6895 Pa, 1 inch water gauge = 1250 Pa.
  1. Default values in this table are for untested distribution systems, which must still meet minimum requirements for duct system insulation.
  2. Hydronic systems shall mean those systems that distribute heating and cooling energy directly to individual spaces using liquids pumped through closed-loop piping and that do not depend on ducted, forced airflow to maintain space temperatures.
  3. Entire system in conditioned space shall mean that no component of the distribution system, including the air-handler unit, is located outside of the conditioned space.
  4. Ductless systems shall be allowed to have forced airflow across a coil but shall not have any ducted airflow external to the manufacturer's air-handler enclosure.
Calculation software, where used, shall be in accordance with Sections R405.6.1 through R405.6.3.

Calculation procedures used to comply with this section shall be software tools capable of calculating the annual energy consumption of all building elements that differ between the standard reference design and the proposed design and shall include the following capabilities:

  1. Computer generation of the standard reference design using only the input for the proposed design. The calculation procedure shall not allow the user to directly modify the building component characteristics of the standard reference design.
  2. Calculation of whole-building (as a single zone) sizing for the heating and cooling equipment in the standard reference design residence in accordance with Section R403.6.
  3. Calculations that account for the effects of indoor and outdoor temperatures and part-load ratios on the performance of heating, ventilating and air-conditioning equipment based on climate and equipment sizing.
  4. Printed building official inspection checklist listing each of the proposed design component characteristics from Table R405.5.2(1) determined by the analysis to provide compliance, along with their respective performance ratings such as R-value, U-factor, SHGC, HSPF, AFUE, SEER and EF.
Performance analysis tools meeting the applicable provisions of Section R405 shall be permitted to be approved. Tools are permitted to be approved based on meeting a specified threshold for a jurisdiction. The building official shall be permitted to approve such tools for a specified application or limited scope.
When calculations require input values not specified by Sections R402, R403, R404 and R405, those input values shall be taken from an approved source.
This section establishes criteria for compliance using an Energy Rating Index (ERI) analysis.

Compliance with this section requires that the provisions identified in Sections R401 through R404 indicated as "Mandatory" and Section R403.5.3 be met. The building thermal envelope shall be greater than or equal to levels of efficiency and Solar Heat Gain Coefficients in Table 402.1.1 or 402.1.3 of the 2010 Energy Conservation Construction Code of New York State.

Exception: Supply and return ducts not completely inside the building thermal envelope shall be insulated to an R-value of not less than R-6.

The Energy Rating Index (ERI) shall be determined in accordance with RESNET/ICC 301 except for buildings covered by the Residential Code of New York State, the ERI Reference Design Ventilation rate shall be in accordance with Equation 4-1.

(Equation 4-1)

Energy used to recharge or refuel a vehicle used for transportation on roads that are not on the building site shall not be included in the ERI reference design or the rated design.

Compliance based on an ERI analysis requires that the rated design be shown to have an ERI less than or equal to the appropriate value indicated in Table R406.4 when compared to the ERI reference design.

[NY] TABLE R406.4

MAXIMUM ENERGY RATING INDEX

CLIMATE ZONE ENERGY RATING INDEXa
4 62
5 61
6 61
  1. Where on-site renewable energy is included for compliance using the ERI analysis of Section R406.4, the building shall meet the mandatory requirements of Section R406.2, and the building thermal envelope shall be greater than or equal to the levels of efficiency and SHGC in Table R402.1.2 or Table R402.1.4 of the 2015 International Energy Conservation Code, second printing: May 2015.
Verification of compliance with Section R406 shall be completed by an approved third party.
Documentation of the software used to determine the ERI and the parameters for the residential building shall be in accordance with Sections R406.6.1 through R406.6.3.
Software tools used for determining ERI shall be Approved Software Rating Tools in accordance with RESNET/ICC 301.

Compliance software tools shall generate a report that documents that the ERI of the rated design complies with Sections R406.3 and R406.4. The compliance documentation shall include the following information:

  1. Address or other identification of the residential building.
  2. An inspection checklist documenting the building component characteristics of the rated design. The inspection checklist shall show results for both the ERI reference design and the rated design, and shall document all inputs entered by the user necessary to reproduce the results.
  3. Name of individual completing the compliance report.
  4. Name and version of the compliance software tool.

Exception: Where an otherwise identical building model is offered in multiple orientations, compliance for any orientation shall be permitted by documenting that the building meets the performance requirements in each of the four (north, east, south and west) cardinal orientations.

The building official shall be permitted to require the following documents:

  1. Documentation of the building component characteristics of the ERI reference design.
  2. A certification signed by the builder providing the building component characteristics of the rated design.
  3. Documentation of the actual values used in the software calculations for the rated design.
Performance analysis tools meeting the applicable sections of Section R406 shall be approved. Documentation demonstrating the approval of performance analysis tools in accordance with Section R406.6.1 shall be provided.
Where calculations require input values not specified by Sections R402, R403, R404 and R405, those input values shall be taken from RESNET/ICC 301.
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