Chapter 1 General Requirements

Chapter 2 Definitions

Chapter 3 Climate Zones‚ Design Conditions‚ Materials‚ Equipment and Systems

Chapter 4 Residential Energy Efficiency

Chapter 5 Commercial Energy Efficiency

Chapter 6 Referenced Standards

This chapter applies to residential buildings.
Projects shall comply with Sections 401, 402.2.12, 402.4, 402.5, 402.6, 403 and 404.1 (referred to as the mandatory provisions) and either:

1. Sections 402.1 through 402.3 (prescriptive); or
2. Section 405 (performance).
3. When compliance is demonstrated by computer software, as provided in Section 101.5.1.
4. When a sunroom complies with Section 402.2.11.
A permanent certificate shall be posted on or in the electrical distribution panel. The certificate shall not cover or obstruct visibility of the circuit directory label, service disconnect label or other required labels. The certificate shall be completed by the builder or registered design professional. The certificate shall list the predominant R-values of insulation installed in or on ceiling/roof, walls, foundation (slab, basement wall, crawl space wall and/or floor) and ducts outside conditioned spaces; U-factors for fenestration. Where there is more than one value for each component, the certificate shall list the value covering the largest area. The certificate shall list the types and efficiencies of heating, cooling and service water heating equipment. Where a gas-fired unvented room heater, electric furnace, and/or baseboard electric heater is installed in the residence, the certificate shall list "gas-fired unvented room heater," "electric furnace," or "baseboard electric heater" as appropriate. An efficiency shall not be listed for gas-fired unvented room heaters, electric furnaces, or electric baseboard heaters.
The building thermal envelope shall meet the requirements of Table 402.1.1 based on the climate zone specified in Chapter 3.

TABLE 402.1.1 INSULATION AND FENESTRATION REQUIREMENTS BY COMPONENTa

CLIMATE
ZONE
FENESTRATION
U
-FACTORb
SKYLIGHTb
U
-FACTOR
CEILING
R
-VALUE
WOOD
FRAME WALL
R
-VALUEf
MASS
WALL
R
-VALUEg
FLOOR
R
-VALUE
BASEMENTc
WALL
R
-VALUE
SLABd
R
-VALUE
& DEPTH
CRAWL
SPACEc
WALL
R
-VALUE
4 0.35 0.60 38 13 5/10g 19 10 / 13c 10, 2 ftd 10 / 13c
5 0.35 0.60 38 20 or 13+5f 13/17g 30e 10 / 13c 10, 2 ftd 10 / 13c
6 0.35 0.60 49 20 or 13+5f 15/19g 30e 15 / 19c 10, 4 ftd 10 / 13c



For SI: 1 foot = 304.8 mm.

a. R-values are minimums. U-factors and SHGC are maximums. R-19 batts compressed into a nominal 2 × 6 framing cavity such that the R-value is reduced by R-1 or more shall be marked with the compressed batt R-value in addition to the full thickness R-value.

b. The fenestration U-factor column excludes skylights.

c. The first value shown represents minimum "R" value of continuous insulated sheathing on the interior or the exterior of the wall, the second value shown represents minimum "R" value of cavity insulation at the interior of the basement wall. "10/13" means R-10 continuous insulated sheathing on the interior or exterior of the home or R-13 cavity insulation at the interior of the basement wall.

d. R-5 shall be added to the required slab edge R-values for heated slabs.

e. Or insulation sufficient to fill the framing cavity, R-19 minimum.

f. "13 + 5" means R-13 cavity insulation plus R-5 insulated sheathing. When structural sheathing is utilized per requirements of the Residential Code of New York State, Section R602.10 Wall Bracing (or per requirements of the Building Code of New York State, Section 2309.8.3 Bracing ), insulating sheathing with a minimum value R-2 shall be added over the required structural sheathing. All other areas must be sheathed with insulating sheathing of R-5 as indicated by the table. If 100 percent continuous structural panel sheathing is used on a 2 × 4 wall, then R-5 continuous insulated sheathing must also be applied over the structural sheathing.

g. The second R-value applies when more than half the insulation is on the interior of the mass wall.
Insulation material used in layers, such as framing cavity insulation and insulating sheathing, shall be summed to compute the component R-value. The manufacturer’s settled R-value shall be used for blown insulation. Computed R-values shall not include an R-value for other building materials or air films.
An assembly with a U -factor equal to or less than that specified in Table 402.1.3 shall be permitted as an alternative to the R -value in Table 402.1.1.

TABLE 402.1.3EQUIVALENT U-FACTORSa

CLIMATE
ZONE
FENESTRATION
U
-FACTOR
SKYLIGHT
U
-FACTOR
CEILING
U
-FACTOR
FRAME
WALL
U
-FACTOR
MASS WALL
U
-FACTORb
FLOOR
U
-FACTOR
BASEMENT
WALL
U
-FACTOR
CRAWL SPACE
WALL
U
-FACTOR
4 0.35 0.60 0.030 0.082 0.141 0.047 0.059 0.065
5 0.35 0.60 0.030 0.057 0.082 0.033 0.059 0.065
6 0.35 0.60 0.026 0.057 0.060 0.033 0.050 0.065



a. Nonfenestration U-factors shall be obtained from measurement, calculation or an approved source.

b. When more than half the insulation is on the interior, the mass wall U-factors shall be a maximum of 0.10 in Zone 4, and the same as the frame wall U-factor in Zones 5 through 6.
If the total building thermal envelope UA (sum of U-factor times assembly area) is less than or equal to the total UA resulting from using the U-factors in Table 402.1.3 (multiplied by the same assembly area as in the proposed building), the building shall be considered in compliance with Table 402.1.1. The UA calculation shall be done using a method consistent with the ASHRAE Handbook of Fundamentals and shall include the thermal bridging effects of framing materials.
In areas where the basic wind speed is less than 100 mph (45 m/s), siding shall be attached over foam sheathing in accordance with Section 402.1.5.1, Section 402.1.5.2, or an approved design. In all other areas, siding attachments shall be in accordance with approved design. In no case shall the siding material be used in a manner that exceeds its application limits.

Exception: Where the siding manufacturer has provided installation instructions for application over foam sheathing, those requirements shall apply.
Siding installed directly over foam sheathing without separation by an air space shall comply with Table 402.1.5.1 in regard to minimum fastening requirements and maximum foam sheathing thickness limitations to support siding dead load. The siding fastener and siding installation shall otherwise comply with the Residential Code of New York State, Section 703.4 and Table R703.4, and in no case shall result in a less stringent fastening requirement than required by the Residential Code of New York State, Section R703.4 or the manufacturer’s installation instructions for the specific siding material used.

Exception: For exterior insulation and finish systems, refer to the Residential Code of New York State, Section 703.9.

TABLE 402.1.5.1SIDING MINIMUM FASTENING REQUIREMENTS FOR DIRECT SIDING ATTACHMENTOVER FOAM PLASTIC SHEATHING TO SUPPORT SIDING WEIGHT1

SIDING FASTENER
THROUGH FOAM
SHEATHING INTO:
SIDING FASTENER
TYPE AND
MINIMUM SIZE2
SIDING
FASTENER
VERTICAL
SPACING
(INCHES)
> MAXIMUM FOAM SHEATHING THICKNESS (INCHES)
16"oc Fastener Horizontal
Spacing
24"oc Fastener Horizontal
Spacing
Siding Weight: Siding Weight:
3 psf 11 psf 25 psf 3 psf 11 psf 25 psf
Wood Framing
(minimum 1- 1/4 inch
penetration)
0.113" diameter
nail
6 4 3 1 4 2 0.75
8 4 2 0.75 4 1.5 DR
12 4 1.5 DR 3 0.75 DR
0.120" diameter
nail
6 4 3 1.5 4 2 0.75
8 4 2 1 4 1.5 0.5
12 4 1.5 0.5 3 1 DR
0.131" diameter
nail
6 4 4 1.5 4 3 1
8 4 3 1 4 2 0.75
12 4 2 0.75 4 1 DR
Steel Framing
(minimum penetration
of steel thickness + 3
threads)
#8 screw
into 33 mil steel
or thicker
6 3 3 1.5 3 2 DR
8 3 2 0.5 3 1.5 DR
12 3 1.5 DR 3 0.75 DR
#10 screw
into 33 mil steel
6 4 3 2 4 3 0.5
8 4 3 1 4 2 DR
12 4 2 DR 3 1 DR
#10 screw
into 43 mil steel
or thicker
6 4 4 3 4 4 2
8 4 4 2 4 3 1.5
12 4 3 1.5 4 3 DR



For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm; 1 pound per square foot (psf) = 0.0479 kPa.

DR = design required

1. Tabulated requirements are based on wood framing of Spruce-Pine-Fir or any wood species with a specific gravity of 0.42 or greater in accordance with AFPA/NDS and minimum 33 ksi steel for 33 mil and 43 mil steel and 50 ksi steel for 54 mil steel or thicker.

2. Nail fasteners shall comply with ASTM F1667, except nail length shall be permitted to exceed ASTM F1667 standard lengths. Self-drilling tapping screw fasteners for connection of siding to steel framing shall comply with the requirements of AISI S230. Specified fasteners in accordance with Residential Code of New York State, Section R703.4, or the siding manufacturer’s approved installation instructions shall meet all other requirements in ASTM F1667, AISI S230 or be otherwise approved for the intended application.
When an airspace separates the siding from direct contact with the foam plastic sheathing, the siding shall be attached in accordance with the Residential Code of New York State, Section R703.4 and Table R703.4, to minimum 1 × 3 wood or minimum 33 mil steel hat channel furring placed over the foam sheathing. Furring shall be attached through the foam sheathing to wall framing in accordance with the Residential Code of New York State, Table R703.3.2.2, in regard to minimum fastening requirements and maximum foam sheathing thickness limitations to support siding dead load. The components and cladding design wind pressure determined in accordance with the Residential Code of New York State, Table R301.2(2), shall not exceed the allowable design wind pressure value in accordance with the Residential Code of New York State, Table R703.3.2.2. For 25 (1.2 kPa) psf siding weight in accordance with the Residential Code of New York State, Table R703.3.2.2, the Seismic Design Category shall not exceed D0 for 16 inch o.c. furring or C for 24 inch o.c. furring. When placed horizontally, wood furring shall be preservative treated wood or naturally durable wood and fasteners shal be corrosion resistant in accordance with the Residential Code of New York State, Section R317. Steel hat channel furring shall have a minimum G60 galvanized coating.

Exception: Furring shall not be required over foam plastic sheathing located behind anchored stone and masonry veneer installed in accordance with the Residential Code of New York State, Section R703.7. Veneer ties shall be installed in accordance with the Residential Code of New York State, Section R703.7.4.1.

TABLE 402.1.5.2 FURRING MINIMUM FASTENING REQUIREMENTS FOR APPLICATIONOVER FOAM PLASTIC SHEATHING TO SUPPORT SIDING WEIGHT1,2

FURRING MATERIAL FRAMING
MEMBER
FASTENER
TYPE AND
MINIMUM
SIZE
MINIMUM
PENETRATION
INTO WALL
FRAMING
(inches)
FASTENER
SPACING
IN
FURRING
(inches)
MAXIMUM THICKNESS OF FOAM
SHEATHING (inches)
ALLOWABLE
DESIGN WIND
PRESSURE (PSF)
16"OC FURRING4 24"OC FURRING4
SIDING WEIGHT: SIDING WEIGHT:
3
psf
11
psf
25
psf
3
psf
11
psf
25
psf
16"oc
Furring
24"oc Furring
Minimum 1 × Wood Furring3 Minimum 2 × Wood Stud Nail (0.120"
shank;
0.271" head)
1-1/4 8 4 4 1.5 4 2 1 42.6 28.4
12 4 2 1 4 1.5 0.5 28.4 18.9
16 4 2 0.5 4 1 DR 21.3 14.2
Nail (0.131"
shank;
0.281"
head)
1-1/4 8 4 4 2 4 3 1 46.5 31.0
12 4 3 1 4 2 0.75 31.0 20.7
16 4 2 0.75 4 1.5 DR 23.3 15.5
#8 wood
screw5
1 12 4 4 1.5 4 3 1 98.9 66.0
16 4 3 1 4 2 0.5 74.2 49.5
24 4 2 0.5 4 1 DR 35.1 23.4
1/4" lag
screw5
1-1/2 12 4 4 3 4 4 1.5 140.4 93.6
16 4 4 2 4 3 1 79.0 52.7
24 4 3 1 4 2 0.5 35.1 23.4
Minimum 33mil Steel Hat
Channel
or Minimum 1× Wood
Furring3
33 mil
Steel
Stud
#8 screw
(0.285"
head)
Steel
thickness
+3 threads
12 3 1.5 DR 3 0.5 DR 52.9 35.3
16 3 1 DR 2 DR DR 39.7 26.5
24 2 DR DR 2 DR DR 26.5 17.6
#10 screw
(0.333"

head)
Steel
thickness
+3 threads
12 4 2 DR 4 1 DR 62.9 41.9
16 4 1.5 DR 3 DR DR 47.1 31.4
24 3 DR DR 2 DR DR 31.4 21.0
43 mil or
thicker
Steel
Stud
#8 screw
(0.285"
head)
Steel
thickness
+3 threads
12 3 1.5 DR 3 0.5 DR 69.0 46.0
16 3 1 DR 2 DR DR 51.8 34.5
24 2 DR DR 2 DR DR 34.5 23.0
#10 screw
(0.333"
head)
Steel
thickness
+3 threads
12 4 3 1.5 4 3 DR 81.9 54.6
16 4 3 0.5 4 2 DR 61.5 41.0
24 4 2 DR 4 0.5 DR 35.1 23.4



For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm; 1 pound per square foot (psf) = 0.0479 kPa. DR = design required.

1. Table values are based on: (1) minimum 3/4-inch (19.1 mm) thick wood furring and wood studs of Spruce-Pine-Fir or any softwood species with a specific gravity of 0.42 or greater per AFPA/NDS, (2) minimum 33 mil steel hat channel furring of 33 ksi steel, and (3) steel framing of indicated nominal steel thickness and minimum 33 ksi steel for 33 mil and 43 mil steel and 50 ksi steel for 54 mil steel or thicker. Steel hat channel shall have a minimum 7/8-inch (22.2 mm) depth.

2. Nail fasteners shall comply with ASTM F1667, except nail length shall be permitted to exceed ASTM F1667 standard lengths. Self-drilling tapping screw fasteners for connection of siding to steel framing shall comply with the requirements of AISI S230. Specified fasteners in accordance with Section R703.4 or the siding manufacturer’s approved installation instructions shall meet all other requirements in ASTM F1667 or AISI S230 or be otherwise approved for the intended application.

3. Where the required siding fastener penetration into wood material exceeds 3/4 inch (19.1 mm) and is not more than 11/2 inches (38.1 mm), a minimum 2 × wood furring shall be used unless approved deformed shank siding nails or siding screws are used to provide equivalent withdrawal strength allowing connection to 1× wood furring.

4. Furring shall be spaced a maximum of 24 inches o.c. in a vertical or horizontal orientation. In a vertical orientation, furring shall be located over wall studs and attached with the required fastener spacing. In a horizontal orientation, furring strips shall be fastened at each stud intersection with a number of fasteners equivalent to the required fastener spacing. In no case shall fasteners be spaced more than 24 inches (0.6 m) apart.

5. Lag screws shall be installed with a standard cut washer. Lag screws and wood screws shall be pre-drilled in accordance with AFPA/NDS. Approved self-drilling screws of equal or greater shear and withdrawal strength shall be permitted without pre-drilling.
When Section 402.1.1 would require R-38 in the ceiling, R-30 shall be deemed to satisfy the requirement for R-38 wherever the full height of uncompressed R-30 insulation extends over the wall top plate at the eaves. Similarly R-38 shall be deemed to satisfy the requirement for R-49 wherever the full height of uncompressed R-38 insulation extends over the wall top plate at the eaves. Similarly, R-38 shall be deemed to satisfy the requirement for R-49 wherever the full height of uncompressed R-38 insulation extends over thewall top plate at the eaves. This reduction shall not apply to the U -factor alternative approach in Section 402.1.3 and the total UA alternative in Section 402.1.4.
Unvented attic assemblies (spaces between the ceiling joists of the top story and the roof rafters) shall be permitted in one- and two-family dwellings and multiple single-family dwellings (townhouses) as defined by the Residential Code of New York State if all the following conditions are met:
1. The unvented attic space is completely contained within the building thermal envelope.
2. No interior vapor retarders (Class I or II) are installed on the ceiling side (attic floor) of the unvented attic assembly.
3. Where wood shingles or shakes are used, a minimum 1/4 inch (6 mm) vented air space separates the shingles or shakes and the roofing underlayment above the structural sheathing.
4. In Climate Zones 5 and 6 any air-impermeable (e.g., spray foam) insulation shall be a Class III vapor retarder, or shall have a vapor retarder coating, or covering in direct contact with the underside of the insulation.
5. Either Item 5.1, 5.2 or 5.3 shall be met, depending on the air permeability of the insulation directly under the structural roof sheathing.
5.1. Air-impermeable (e.g., spray foam) insulation only. Insulation shall be applied in direct contact with the underside of the structural roof sheathing.
5.2. Air-permeable (e.g., fiberglass or cellulose) insulation only. In addition to the air-permeable insulation installed directly below the structural sheathing, rigid board sheet insulation shall be installed directly above the structural roof sheathing as specified in Table R402.2.1.1 for condensation control.
5.3. Air-impermeable and air-permeable insulation. The air-impermeable (e.g., spray foam) insulation shall be applied in direct contact with the underside of the structural roof sheathing as specified in Table R402.2.1.1 for condensation control. The air-permeable (e.g., fiberglass or cellulose) insulation shall be installed directly under the air-impermeable (e.g., spray foam) insulation.

TABLE 402.2.1.1 INSULATION FOR CONDENSATION CONTROL

CLIMATE ZONE MINIMUM RIGID BOARD OR
AIR-IMPERMEABLE INSULATION R-VALUEA
4 R-15
5 R-20
6 R-25


a. Contributes to, but does not supersede Section N1102.1.1 requirements.
Where Section 402.1.1 would require insulation levels above R-30 and the design of the roof/ceiling assembly does not allow sufficient space for the required insulation, the minimum required insulation for such roof/ceiling assemblies shall be R-30. This reduction of insulation from the requirements of Section 402.1.1 shall be limited to 500 square feet (46 m 2 ) or 20 percent of the total insulated ceiling area, whichever is less. This reduction shall not apply to the U-factor alternative approach in Section 402.1.3 and the total UA alternative in Section 402.1.4.
Access doors from conditioned spaces to unconditioned spaces (e.g., attics and crawl spaces) shall be weatherstripped and insulated to a level equivalent to the insulation on the surrounding surfaces. Access shall be provided to all equipment which prevents damaging or compressing the insulation. A wood framed or equivalent baffle or retainer is required to be provided when loose fill insulation is installed, the purpose of which is to prevent the loose fill insulation from spilling into the living space when the attic access is opened, and to provide a permanent means of maintaining the installed R -value of the loose fill insulation.
Mass walls for the purposes of this Chapter shall be considered above-grade walls of concrete block, concrete, insulated concrete form (ICF), masonry cavity, brick (other than brick veneer), earth (adobe, compressed earth block, rammed earth) and solid timber/logs.
Steel- frame ceilings, walls and floors shall meet the insulation requirements of Table 402.2.5, or shall meet the U-factor requirements of Table 402.1.3. The calculation of the U-factor for a steel-frame envelope assembly shall use a series-parallel path calculation method.

TABLE 402.2.5 STEEL-FRAME CEILING, WALL AND FLOOR INSULATION (R-VALUE)

WOOD FRAME
R
-VALUE REQUIREMENT
COLD-FORMED STEEL
EQUIVALENT R-VALUE
a
Steel Truss Ceilingsb
R-30 R-38 or R-30 + 3 or R-26 + 5
R-38 R-49 or R-38 + 3
R-49 R-38 + 5
Steel Joist Ceilingsb
R-30 R-38 in 2 × 4 or 2 × 6 or 2 × 8
R-49 in any framing
R-38 R-49 in 2 × 4 or 2 × 6 or 2 × 8 or 2 × 10
Steel Framed Wall
R-13 R-13 + 5 or R-15 + 4 or R-21 + 3 or R-0 + 10
R-20 R-13 + 10 or R-19 + 9 or R-25 + 8
Steel Joist Floor
R-30 R-38 or R-30 + 3 or R-26 + 5
R-19 R-19 + 6 in 2 × 6
R-19 + 12 in 2 × 8 or 2 × 10



For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm.

a. Cavity insulation R-value is listed first, followed by continuous insulation R-value.

b. Insulation exceeding the height of the framing shall cover the framing.
Floor insulation shall be installed to maintain permanent contact with the underside of the subfloor decking.
Walls associated with conditioned basements shall be insulated from the top of the basement wall down to 10 feet (3048 mm) below grade or to the basement floor, whichever is less. Walls associated with unconditioned basements shall meet this requirement unless the floor overhead is insulated in accordance with Sections 402.1.1 and 402.2.6.
Slab-on-grade floors with a floor surface less than 12 inches (305 mm) below grade shall be insulated in accordance with Table 402.1.1. The insulation shall extend downward from the top of the slab on the outside or inside of the foundation wall. Insulation located below grade shall be extended the distance provided in Table 402.1.1 by any combination of vertical insulation, insulation extending under the slab or insulation extending out from the building. Insulation extending away from the building shall be protected by pavement or by a minimum of 10 inches (254 mm) of soil. The top edge of the insulation installed between the exterior wall and the edge of the interior slab shall be permitted to be cut at a 45-degree (0.79 rad) angle away from the exterior wall. Slab-edge insulation is not required in jurisdictions designated by the code enforcement official as having a very heavy termite infestation.
As an alternative to insulating floors over crawl spaces, crawl space walls shall be permitted to be insulated when the crawl space is not vented to the outside. Crawl space wall insulation shall be permanently fastened to the wall and extend downward from the floor to the finished grade level and then vertically and/or horizontally for at least an additional 24 inches (610 mm). Exposed earth in unvented crawl space foundations shall be covered with a continuous Class I vapor retarder. All joints of the vapor retarder shall overlap by 6 inches (153 mm) and be sealed or taped. The edges of the vapor retarder shall extend at least 6 inches (153 mm) up the stem wall and shall be attached to the stem wall.
Insulation shall not be required on the horizontal portion of the foundation that supports a masonry veneer.
For sunroom additions not exceeding 500 square feet (46 m 2 ) in area, the minimum ceiling insulation R-values shall be R-19 in Zone 4 and R-24 in Zones 5 and 6. The minimum wall R-value shall be R-13 in all zones. New wall(s), windows and doors separating such sunroom addition from conditioned space shall meet the building thermal envelope requirements of Table 402.1.1.
Fire separations between dwelling units in two-family dwellings and multiple single-family dwellings (townhouses) shall be insulated to no less than R-10 and the walls shall be air sealed in accordance with Section 402.4.1 of this chapter.
An area-weighted average of fenestration products shall be permitted to satisfy the U-factor requirements.
Up to 15 square feet (1.4 m 2 ) of glazed fenestration per dwelling unit shall be permitted to be exempt from U -factor requirements in Section 402.1.1. This exemption shall not apply to the U-factor alternative approach in Section 402.1.3 and the Total UA alternative in Section 402.1.4.
One side-hinged opaque door assembly up to 24 square feet (2.22 m 2 ) in area is exempted from the U-factor requirement in Section 402.1.1. This exemption shall not apply to the U-factor alternative approach in Section 402.1.3 and the total UA alternative in Section 402.1.4.
For Zones 4 through 6, the maximum fenestration U -factor shall be 0.50 and the maximum skylight U -factor shall be 0.75. New windows and doors separating the sunroom from conditioned space shall meet the building thermal envelope requirements.
Where some or all of an existing fenestration unit is replaced with a new fenestration product, including sash and glazing, the replacement fenestration unit shall meet the applicable requirements for U -factor in Table 402.1.1, where required by Section 101.4.3.
The building thermal envelope shall be durably sealed to limit infiltration. The sealing methods between dissimilar materials shall allow for differential expansion and contraction. The following shall be caulked, gasketed, weatherstripped or otherwise sealed with an air barrier material, suitable film or solid material:
1. All joints, seams and penetrations.
2. Site-built windows, doors and skylights.
3. Openings between window and door assemblies and their respective jambs and framing.
4. Utility penetrations.
5. Dropped ceilings or chases adjacent to the thermal envelope.
6. Knee walls.
7. Walls and ceilings separating a garage from conditioned spaces.
8. Behind tubs and showers on exterior walls.
9. Common walls between dwelling units.
10. Attic access openings.
11. Rim joist junctions.
12. Sill plates and headers. Foam plastic (spray foam insulation) shall be permitted to be spray applied to a sill plate, header, and rim joists without the thermal barrier as specified in the Residential Code of New York State, Section 314.4 subject to all of the following:
a. The maximum thickness of the foam plastic shall be 31/4 inches (83 mm).
b. The density of the foam plastic shall be in the range of 0.5 to 2.0 pounds per cubic foot (8 to 32 kg/m3).
c. The foam plastic shall have a flame spread index of 25 or less and an accompanying smoke developed index of 450 or less when tested in accordance with ASTM E 84.
13. Other sources of infiltration
Building envelope air tightness and insulation installation shall be demonstrated to comply with one of the following options given by Section 402.4.2.1 or 402.4.2.2:

TABLE 402.4.2 AIR BARRIER AND INSULATION INSPECTION COMPONENT CRITERIA

COMPONENT CRITERIA
Air barrier and thermal barrier Exterior thermal envelope insulation for framed walls is installed in substantial contact and continuous alignment with building envelope air barrier.
Breaks or joints in the air barrier are filled or repaired.
Air-permeable insulation is not used as a sealing material.
Air-permeable insulation is inside of an air barrier.
Ceiling/attic Air barrier in any dropped ceiling/soffit is substantially aligned with insulation and any gaps are sealed.
Attic access (except unvented attic), knee wall door, or drop down stair is sealed.
Walls Corners and headers are insulated.
Junction of foundation and sill plate is sealed.
Windows and doors Space between window/door jambs and framing is sealed.
Rim joists Rim joists are insulated and include an air barrier.
Floors (including above-garage and
   cantilevered floors)
Insulation is installed to maintain permanent contact with underside of subfloor decking.
Air barrier is installed at any exposed edge of insulation.
Crawl space walls Insulation is permanently attached to walls.
Exposed earth in unvented crawl spaces is covered with Class I vapor retarder with overlapping joints taped.
Shafts, penetrations Duct shafts, utility penetrations, knee walls and flue shafts opening to exterior or unconditioned space are sealed.
Narrow cavities Batts in narrow cavities are cut to fit, or narrow cavities are filled by sprayed/blown insulation.
Garage separation Air sealing is provided between the garage and conditioned spaces.
Recessed lighting Recessed light fixtures are air tight, IC rated, and sealed to drywall. Exception—fixtures in conditioned space.
Plumbing and wiring Insulation is placed between outside and pipes.
Batt insulation is cut to fit around wiring and plumbing, or sprayed/blown insulation extends behind piping and wiring.
Shower/tub on exterior wall Showers and tubs on exterior walls have insulation and an air barrier separating them from the exterior wall.
Electrical/phone box on exterior walls Air barrier extends behind boxes or air sealed-type boxes are installed.
Common wall Air barrier is installed in common wall between dwelling units.
HVAC register boots HVAC register boots that penetrate building envelope are sealed to subfloor or drywall.
Fireplace Fireplace walls include an air barrier.
Building envelope tightness and insulation installation shall be considered acceptable when tested air leakage is less than seven air changes per hour (ACH) when tested with a blower door at a pressure of 1.0 psf (50 Pa) as verified using instruments and procedures specified in ASHRAE/ASTM E779. The test shall be conducted by a qualified person, who shall demonstrate competence to the satisfaction of the code enforcement official for the conduct of such tests. For the purpose of this section, ACH50 shall mean air changes per hour of infiltration into a house as measured with a blower door at 50 pascals of pressure, in accordance with ASHRAE/ASTM E779. Testing shall occur after rough in and after installation of penetrations of the building envelope, including penetrations for utilities, plumbing, electrical, ventilation and combustion appliances.

During testing:
1. Exterior windows and doors, fireplace and stove doors shall be closed, but not sealed;
2. Dampers shall be closed, but not sealed, including exhaust, intake, makeup air, backdraft and flue dampers;
3. Interior doors shall be open;
4. Exterior openings for continuous ventilation systems and heat recovery ventilators shall be closed and sealed;
5. Heating and cooling system(s) shall be turned off;
6. HVAC ducts shall not be sealed; and
7. Supply and return registers shall not be sealed.

Test results shall be provided to the code enforcement official and shall include:
a. Name and place of business of the tester;
b. Address of the building which was tested;
c. Conditioned floor area of dwelling, calculated in accordance with ANSI Z65-1996, except that conditioned floor area shall include areas where the ceiling height is less than 5 feet (1524 mm);
d. Measurement of ACH50; and
e. Certification of accuracy of test results and signature of tester.
Building envelope tightness and insulation installation shall be considered acceptable when the items listed in Table 402.4.2, applicable to the method of construction, are field verified. Where required by the code enforcement official, an approved party independent from the installer of the insulation shall inspect the air barrier and insulation.
Recessed luminaires installed in the building thermal envelope shall be sealed to limit air leakage between conditioned and unconditioned spaces. All recessed luminaires shall be IC-rated and labeled as meeting ASTM E 283 when tested at 1.57 psf (75 Pa) pressure differential with no more than 2.0 cfm (0.944 L/s) of air movement from the conditioned space to the ceiling cavity. All recessed luminaires shall be sealed with a gasket or caulk between the housing and the interior wall or ceiling covering.
Windows, skylights and sliding glass doors shall have an air infiltration rate of no more than 0.3 cfm per square foot (1.5 L/s/m 2 ), and swinging doors no more than 0.5 cfm per square foot (2.6 L/s/m 2 ), when tested according to NFRC 400 or AAMA/WDMA/CSA 101/I.S.2/A440 by an accredited, independent laboratory and listed and labeled by the manufacturer.

Exception: Site-built windows, skylights and doors.
Class I or II vapor retarders are required on the interior side of frame walls in Zones 5 and 6 for all above grade framed walls, and floors and ceilings where the framed cavity is not ventilated to allow moisture to escape.

Exceptions:

1. Basement walls.
2. Below-grade portion of any wall.
3. Construction where moisture or its freezing will not damage the materials.
Class III vapor retarders shall be permitted where the conditions in Table 402.5.1 are met.

TABLE 402.5.1CLASS III VAPOR RETARDERS1

Zone Class III vapor retarders permitted for:
5 Vented cladding over OSB
Vented cladding over Plywood
Vented cladding over Fiberboard
Vented cladding over Gypsum
Insulated sheathing with R-value > 5 over 2 × 4 wall
Insulated sheathing with R-value > 7.5 over 2 × 6 wall
6 Vented cladding over Fiberboard
Vented cladding over Gypsum
Insulated sheathing with R-value > 7.5 over 2 × 4 wall
Insulated sheathing with R-value > 11.25 over 2 × 6 wall



1. Spray foam with a minimum density of 2 lbs/ft (2.98 kg/m) applied to the interior cavity side of OSB, plywood, fiberboard, insulating sheathing or gypsum is deemed to meet the insulating sheathing requirement where the spray foam R-value meets or exceeds the specified insulating sheathing R-value.
The vapor retarder class shall be based on the manufacturer's certified testing or a tested assembly. The following shall be deemed to meet the class specified:

Class I: Sheet polyethylene, unperforated aluminum foil.

Class II: Kraft-faced fiberglass batt, or low perm paint (0.1 < perm < = 1.0).

Class III: Latex or enamel paint.
For the purposes of this section, vented cladding shall include the following minimum clear air spaces or vented siding:
1. Stucco with a 3/8-inch (9.52 mm) clear airspace with 3/8-inch (9.52 mm) continuous slot vent openings at the top and bottom of each wall.
2. Brick with a 2-inch (51 mm) clear airspace behind the brick with vents at both the top and bottom of the brick. The vents shall be 3/8 inch × 2.5-inch (9.52 mm × 63 mm) openings every third brick at both the bottom and top.
3. Stone or masonry veneer with a 2-inch (51 mm) clear airspace behind the stone with vents at the top and bottom. The vents shall have at least 1 square inch of vent area for every 24 inches (610 mm) of wall.
4. Panel siding with 3/8-inch (9.52 mm) clear airspace with 3/8-inch (9.52 mm) continuous slot vent openings at both the top and bottom of each wall.
5. Wood, wood based, or fiber cement siding with either a 1/4-inch (6.35 mm) clear airspace; or alternatively a 1/4-inch (6.35 mm) gap between the horizontal siding laps.
6. Vinyl lap siding applied directly to a weather resistive barrier.
7. Manufactured stone veneer with a 3/8-inch (9.52 mm) clear airspace with 3/8-inch (9.52 mm) continuous slot vent openings at both the top and bottom of each wall.
8. Other approved clear air spaces and vented openings.
The area weighted average maximum fenestration U-factor permitted using trade offs from Section 402.1.4 or Section 405 shall be 0.48 in Zones 4 and 5 and 0.40 in Zone 6 for vertical fenestration, and 0.75 in Zones 4 through 6 for skylights.
At least one thermostat shall be provided for each separate heating and cooling system.
Each dwelling unit shall have at least one thermostat capable of automatically adjusting the space temperature set point of the largest heating or cooling zone and capable of controlling the heating and cooling system on a daily schedule to maintain different temperature set points at different times of the day. This thermostat shall include the capability to set back or temporarily operate the system to maintain zone temperatures down to 55°F (13°C) or up to 85°F (29°C). The thermostat shall initially be programmed with a heating temperature set point no higher than 70°F (21°C) and a cooling temperature set point no lower than 78°F (26°C).
Heat pumps having supplementary electric-resistance heat shall have controls that, except during defrost, prevent supplemental heat operation when the heat pump compressor can meet the heating load.
Supply ducts in attics shall be insulated to a minimum of R-8. All other ducts shall be insulated to a minimum of R-6.

Exception: Ducts or portions thereof located completely inside the building thermal envelope.
All ducts, air handlers, filter boxes and building cavities used as ducts shall be sealed. Joints and seams shall comply with Section M1601.3.1 of the Residential Code of New York State, or, in New York City, the New York City Construction Codes. Duct tightness shall be verified by either of the following:
1. Post construction test: Leakage to outdoors shall be less than or equal to 8 cfm (226.5 L/min) per 100 ft2 (9.29 m2) of conditioned floor area or a total leakage less than or equal to 12 cfm (12 L/min) per 100 ft2 (9.29 m2) of conditioned floor area when tested at a pressure differential of 0.1 inches w.g. (25 Pa) across the entire system, including the manufacturer’s air handler enclosure. All register boots shall be taped or otherwise sealed during the test.
2. Rough-in test: Total leakage shall be less than or equal to 6 cfm (169.9 L/min) per 100 ft2 (9.29 m2) of conditioned floor area when tested at a pressure differential of 0.1 inches w.g. (25 Pa) across the roughed in system, including the manufacturer’s air handler enclosure. All register boots shall be taped or otherwise sealed during the test. If the air handler is not installed at the time of the test, total leakage shall be less than or equal to 4 cfm (113.3 L/min) per 100 ft2 (9.29 m2) of conditioned floor area.

Exception: Duct tightness test is not required if the air handler and all ducts are located within conditioned space.

The building duct and plenum system shall meet the requirements above as verified using instruments and procedures specified in ANSI/ASHRAE 152 and ASTM E1554 Test Method A. Tests at other test pressures are permitted to be used if they are converted to equivalent leakage at 25 pascals (Pa) of pressure, and such equivalence is demonstrated to the satisfaction of the code enforcement official. The test shall be conducted by a qualified person, who shall demonstrate competence to the satisfaction of the code enforcement official for the conduct of such tests. For the purpose of this section CFM25 shall mean the leakage from all ducts and plenums in cubic feet per minute measured at 25 pascals of pressure in accordance with ANSI/ASHRAE 152 or ASTM E1554. Test results shall be provided to the code enforcement official and shall include:
1. Name and place of business of the tester;
2. Address of the building which was tested;
3. Conditioned floor area of dwelling, calculated in accordance with ANSI Z65, except that conditioned floor area shall include areas where the ceiling height is less than 5 feet (1524 mm);
4. Measurement of CFM25; and
5. Certification of accuracy of test results and signature of tester.
Building framing cavities shall not be used as supply ducts.
Mechanical system piping capable of carrying fluids above 105°F (41°C) or below 55°F (13°C) shall be insulated to a minimum of R-3.
All circulating service hot water piping shall be insulated to at least R-2. Circulating hot water systems shall include an automatic or readily accessible manual switch that can turn off the hot water circulating pump when the system is not in use.
Outdoor air intakes and exhausts shall have automatic or gravity dampers that close when the ventilation system is not operating.
Heating and cooling equipment shall be sized in accordance with ACCA Manual J or similar section of the Residential Code of New York State.
Systems serving buildings containing three or more dwelling units shall comply with Sections 503 and 504 in lieu of Section 403.
Snow- and ice-melting systems, supplied through energy service to the building, shall include automatic controls capable of shutting off the system when the pavement temperature is above 50°F (10°C), and no precipitation is falling and an automatic or manual control that will allow shutoff when the outdoor temperature is above 40°F (4°C).
Pools shall be provided with energy-conserving measures in accordance with Sections 403.10.1 through 403.10.3.
All pool heaters shall be equipped with a readily accessible on-off switch to allow shutting off the heater without adjusting the thermostat setting. Pool heaters fired by natural gas or LPG shall not have continuously burning pilot lights.
Time switches that can automatically turn off and on heaters and pumps according to a preset schedule shall be installed on swimming pool heaters and pumps.

Exceptions:
1. Where public health standards require 24-hour pump operation.
2. Where pumps are required to operate solar- and waste-heat-recovery pool-heating systems.
Heated pools shall be equipped with a vapor-retardant pool cover on or at the water surface. Pools heated to more than 90°F (32°C) shall have a pool cover with a minimum insulation value of R-12.

Exception: Pools deriving over 60 percent of the energy for heating from site-recovered energy or solar energy source.
A minimum of 50 percent of the lamps in permanently installed lighting fixtures shall be high-efficacy lamps.
In all buildings having individual dwelling units, provisions shall be made to determine the electrical energy consumed by each unit by separately metering or monitoring individual dwelling units.
This section establishes criteria for compliance using simulated energy performance analysis. Such analysis shall include heating, cooling, and service water heating energy only.
Compliance with this section requires that the mandatory provisions identified in Section 401.2 be met. All supply and return ducts not completely inside the building thermal envelope shall be insulated to a minimum of R-6.
Compliance based on simulated energy performance requires that a proposed residence (proposed design) be shown to have an annual energy cost that is less than or equal to the annual energy cost of the standard reference design. Energy prices shall be taken from a source approved by the code enforcement official, such as the Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration’s State Energy Price and Expenditure Report. Code enforcement officials shall be permitted to require time-of-use pricing in energy cost calculations.

Exception: The energy use based on source energy expressed in Btu or Btu per square foot of conditioned floor area shall be permitted to be substituted for the energy cost. The source energy multiplier for electricity shall be 3.16. The source energy multiplier for fuels other than electricity shall be 1.1.
Documentation verifying that the methods and accuracy of the compliance software tools conform to the provisions of this section shall be provided to the code enforcement official.
Compliance software tools shall generate a report that documents that the proposed design complies with Section 405.3. The compliance documentation shall include the following information:
1. Address or other identification of the residence;
2. An inspection checklist documenting the building component characteristics of the proposed design as listed in Table 405.5.2(1). The inspection checklist shall show results for both the standard reference design and the proposed design, and shall document all inputs entered by the user necessary to reproduce the results;
3. Name of individual completing the compliance report; and
4. Name and version of the compliance software tool.

Exception: Multiple orientations. When an otherwise identical building model is offered in multiple orientations, compliance for any orientation shall be permitted by documenting that the building meets the performance requirements in each of the four cardinal (north, east, south and west) orientations.
The code enforcement official shall be permitted to require the following documents:
1. Documentation of the building component characteristics of the standard reference design.
2. A certification signed by the builder providing the building component characteristics of the proposed design as given in Table 405.5.2(1).
3. Documentation of the actual values used in the software calculations for the proposed design.
Except as specified by this section, the standard reference design and proposed design shall be configured and analyzed using identical methods and techniques.
The standard reference design and proposed design shall be configured and analyzed as specified by Table 405.5.2(1). Table 405.5.2(1) shall include by reference all notes contained in Table 402.1.1.

TABLE 405.5.2(1) SPECIFICATIONS FOR THE STANDARD REFERENCE AND PROPOSED DESIGNS

BUILDING
COMPONENT
STANDARD REFERENCE DESIGN PROPOSED DESIGN
Above-grade walls Type: mass wall if proposed wall is mass; otherwise wood frame.
Gross area: same as proposed
U
-factor: from Table 402.1.3
Solar absorptance = 0.75
Remittance = 0.90
As proposed
As proposed
As proposed
As proposed
As proposed
Basement and crawl space
walls
Type: same as proposed
Gross area: same as proposed
U
-factor: from Table 402.1.3, with insulation layer on interior side of walls.
As proposed
As proposed
As proposed
Above-grade floors Type: wood frame
Gross area: same as proposed
U
-factor: from Table 402.1.3
As proposed
As proposed
As proposed
Ceilings Type: wood frame
Gross area: same as proposed
U
-factor: from Table 402.1.3
As proposed
As proposed
As proposed
Roofs Type: composition shingle on wood sheathing
Gross area: same as proposed
Solar absorptance = 0.75
Emittance = 0.90
As proposed
As proposed
As proposed
As proposed
Attics Type: vented with aperture = 1 ft2 per 300 ft2 ceiling area As proposed
Foundations Type: same as proposed foundation wall area above and below grade and soil characteristics: same as proposed. As proposed
As proposed
Doors Area: 40 ft2
Orientation: North
U
-factor: same as fenestration from Table 402.1.3.
As proposed
As proposed
As proposed
Glazinga Total areab =
(a) The proposed glazing area; where proposed glazing area is less than 15% of the conditioned floor area.
(b) 15% of the conditioned floor area; where the proposed glazing area is 15% or more of the conditioned floor area.
Orientation: equally distributed to four cardinal compass orientations (N, E, S & W).
U
-factor: from Table 402.1.3
SHGC: From Table 402.1.1 except that for climates with no requirement (NR)
SHGC = 0.40 shall be used.
Interior shade fraction:
Summer (all hours when cooling is required) = 0.70
Winter (all hours when heating is required) = 0.85c
External shading: none
As proposed

As proposed
As proposed
As proposed
Same as standard reference design

As proposed
Skylights None As proposed
Thermally isolated sunrooms None As proposed

(continued)


TABLE 405.5.2(1)—continuedSPECIFICATIONS FOR THE STANDARD REFERENCE AND PROPOSED DESIGNS

BUILDING
COMPONENT
STANDARD REFERENCE DESIGN PROPOSED DESIGN
Air exchange rate Specific leakage area (SLA)d = 0.00036 assuming no energy recovery. For residences that are not tested, the
   same as the standard reference design.
For residences without mechanical
   ventilation that are tested in
   accordance with ASHRAE 119,
Section 5.1, the measured air
   exchange ratee but not less than 0.35 ACH
For residences with mechanical
   ventilation that are tested in
   accordance with ASHRAE 119,
Section 5.1, the measured air
   exchange ratee combined with the
   mechanical ventilation rate, f which
   shall not be less than 0.01 × CFA +
7.5 × (Nbr+1)
where:
CFA
= conditioned floor area
Nbr
= number of bedrooms
Mechanical ventilation None, except where mechanical ventilation is specified by the
   proposed design, in which case:
Annual vent fan energy use:
   kWh/yr = 0.03942 × CFA + 29.565 × (Nbr +1)
where:
CFA
= conditioned floor area
Nbr
= number of bedrooms
As proposed
Internal gains IGain = 17,900 + 23.8 × CFA + 4104 × Nbr (Btu/day per
dwelling unit)
Same as standard reference design
Internal mass An internal mass for furniture and contents of 8 pounds per
square foot of floor area.
Same as standard reference design, plus
   any additional mass specifically
   designed as a thermal storage
   elementg, f but not integral to the
   building envelope or structure
Structural mass For masonry floor slabs, 80% of floor area covered by R-2 carpet and
   pad, and 20% of floor directly exposed to room air.
For masonry basement walls, as proposed, but with insulation
   required by Table 402.1.3 located on the interior side of the
   walls
For other walls, for ceilings, floors, and interior walls, wood
   frame construction
As proposed

As proposed

As proposed
Heating systemsg, h As proposed
Capacity: sized in accordance with Section M1401.3 of the
   Residential Code of New York State
As proposed
Cooling systemsg, i As proposed
Capacity: sized in accordance with Section M1401.3 of the
   Residential Code of New York State
As proposed
Service water heatingg, i, j, k As proposed Use: same as proposed design As proposed gal/day = 30 + (10 × Nbr)
Thermal distribution systems A thermal distribution system efficiency (DSE) of 0.88
   shall be applied to both the heating and cooling system
   efficiencies for all systems other than tested duct systems.
   Duct insulation: From Section 403.2.1. For tested duct
   systems, the leakage rate shall be the applicable maximum
   rate from Section 403.2.2.
As tested or as specified in Table
405.5.2(2) if not tested
Thermostat Type: Manual, cooling temperature setpoint = 75°F;
Heating temperature set point = 72°F
Same as standard reference

(continued)


TABLE 405.5.2(1)—continued

For SI: 1 square foot = 0.93 m2; 1 British thermal unit = 1055 J; 1 pound per square foot = 4.88 kg/m2; 1 gallon (U.S.) = 3.785 L; °C = (°F-32)/1.8, 1 degree = 0.79 rad.

a. Glazing shall be defined as sunlight-transmitting fenestration, including the area of sash, curbing or other framing elements, that enclose conditioned space. Glazing includes the area of sunlight-transmitting fenestration assemblies in walls bounding conditioned basements. For doors where the sunlight-transmitting opening is less than 50 percent of the door area, the glazing area is the sunlight-transmitting opening area. For all other doors, the glazing area is the rough frame opening area for the door including the door and the frame.

b. For residences with conditioned basements, R-2 and R-4 residences and townhouses, the following formula shall be used to determine glazing area:

   AF = As × FA × F

   where:

   AF = Total glazing area.

   As = Standard reference design total glazing area.

   FA = (Above-grade thermal boundary gross wall area)/(above-grade boundary wall area + 0.5 × below-grade boundary wall area).

   F = (Above-grade thermal boundary wall area)/(above-grade thermal boundary wall area + common wall area) or 0.56, whichever is greater.

   and where:

   Thermal boundary wall is any wall that separates conditioned space from unconditioned space or ambient conditions.

   Above-grade thermal boundary wall is any thermal boundary wall component not in contact with soil.

   Below-grade boundary wall is any thermal boundary wall in soil contact.

   Common wall area is the area of walls shared with an adjoining dwelling unit.

c. For fenestrations facing within 15 degrees (0.26 rad) of true south that are directly coupled to thermal storage mass, the winter interior shade fraction shall be permitted to be increased to 0.95 in the proposed design.

d. Where leakage area (L) is defined in accordance with Section 5.1 of ASHRAE 119 and where:

   SLA = L/CFA

   where L and CFA are in the same units.

e. Tested envelope leakage shall be determined and documented by an independent party approved by the code enforcement official. Hourly calculations as specified in the ASHRAE Handbook of Fundamentals, Sherman-Grimsrud model or the equivalent shall be used to determine the energy loads resulting from infiltration.

f. The combined air exchange rate for infiltration and mechanical ventilation shall be determined in accordance with "Combining Residential Infiltration and Mechanical Ventilation" of ASHRAE Handbook of Fundamentals, and the "Whole-house Ventilation" provisions of ASHRAE Handbook of Fundamentals, for intermittent mechanical ventilation.

g. Thermal storage element shall mean a component not part of the floors, walls or ceilings that is part of a passive solar system, and that provides thermal storage such as enclosed water columns, rock beds, or phase-change containers. A thermal storage element must be in the same room as fenestration that faces within 15 degrees (0.26 rad) of true south, or must be connected to such a room with pipes or ducts that allow the element to be actively charged.

h. For a proposed design with multiple heating, cooling or water heating systems using different fuel types, the applicable standard reference design system capacities and fuel types shall be weighted in accordance with their respective loads as calculated by accepted engineering practice for each equipment and fuel type present.

i. For a proposed design without a proposed heating system, a heating system with the prevailing federal minimum efficiency shall be assumed for both the standard reference design and proposed design. For electric heating systems, the prevailing federal minimum efficiency air-source heat pump shall be used for the standard reference design.

j. For a proposed design home without a proposed cooling system, an electric air conditioner with the prevailing federal minimum efficiency shall be assumed for both the standard reference design and the proposed design.

k. For a proposed design with a nonstorage-type water heater, a 40-gallon storage-type water heater with the prevailing federal minimum energy factor for the same fuel as the predominant heating fuel type shall be assumed. For the case of a proposed design without a proposed water heater, a 40-gallon storage-type water heater with the prevailing federal minimum efficiency for the same fuel as the predominant heating fuel type shall be assumed for both the proposed design and standard reference design.

TABLE 405.5.2(2)
DEFAULT DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM EFFICIENCIES FOR PROPOSED DESIGNSa

DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM CONFIGURATION AND CONDITION: FORCED AIR SYSTEMS HYDRONIC SYSTEMSb
Distribution system components located in unconditioned space 0.95
Untested distribution systems entirely located in conditioned spacec 0.88 1
"Ductless" systemsd 1


For SI: 1 cubic foot per minute = 0.47 L/s; 1 square foot = 0.093m2; 1 pound per square inch = 6895 Pa; 1 inch water gauge = 1250 Pa.

a. Default values given by this table are for untested distribution systems, which must still meet minimum requirements for duct system insulation.

b Hydronic systems shall mean those systems that distribute heating and cooling energy directly to individual spaces using liquids pumped through closed loop piping and that do not depend on ducted, forced airflow to maintain space temperatures.

c. Entire system in conditioned space shall mean that no component of the distribution system, including the air handler unit, is located outside of the conditioned space.

d. Ductless systems shall be allowed to have forced airflowacross a coil but shall not have any ducted airflow external to the manufacturer’s air handler enclosure.
Calculation procedures used to comply with this section shall be software tools approved by the Department of State capable of calculating the annual energy consumption of all building elements that differ between the standard reference design and the proposed design and shall include the following capabilities:
1. Computer generation of the standard reference design using only the input for the proposed design. The calculation procedure shall not allow the user to directly modify the building component characteristics of the standard reference design.
2. Calculation of whole-building (as a single zone) sizing for the heating and cooling equipment in the standard reference design residence in accordance with ACCA Manual J or other approved heating and cooling calculation methodologies.
3. Calculations that account for the effects of indoor and outdoor temperatures and part-load ratios on the performance of heating, ventilating and air-conditioning equipment based on climate and equipment sizing.
4. Printed code enforcement official inspection checklist listing each of the proposed design component characteristics from Table 405.5.2(1) determined by the analysis to provide compliance, along with their respective performance ratings (e.g., R-value, U-factor, SHGC, AFUE, SEER, EF, etc.).
Performance analysis tools meeting the applicable sections of Section 405 shall be permitted to be approved. Tools are permitted to be approved based on meeting a specified threshold for a jurisdiction. The code enforcement official shall be permitted to approve tools for a specified application or limited scope.
When calculations require input values not specified by Sections 402, 403, 404 and 405, those input values shall be taken from an approved source.

 
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