About this chapter: Plumbing systems are another key element of any building. Chapter 29 provides the necessary number of plumbing fixtures, including water closets, lavatories, bathtubs and showers. The quality and design of each fixture must be in accordance with the International Plumbing Code®.
MINIMUM NUMBER OF REQUIRED PLUMBING FIXTURESa (See Sections 2902.1.1 and 2902.2)
(URINALS SEESECTION 424.2 OF THE
PLUMBING CODE OF NEW YORK STATE)
FOUNTAINS(SEE SECTION 410
OF THEPLUMBING CODE OF NEW YORK STATE)
|1||Assembly||Theaters and other buildings for the performing arts and motion picturesd||1 per 125||1 per 65||1 per 200||—||1 per 500||1 service sink|
|Nightclubs, bars, taverns, dance halls and buildings for similar purposesd||1 per 40||1 per 40||1 per 75||—||1 per 500||1 service sink|
|Restaurants, banquet halls and food courtsd||1 per 75||1 per 75||1 per 200||—||1 per 500||1 service sink|
|Casino gaming areas||1 per 100 for the first 400 and 1 per 250 for the remainder exceeding 400||1 per 50 for the first 400 and 1 per 150 for the remainder exceeding 400||1 per 250 for the first 750 and 1 per 500 for the remainder exceeding 750||—||1 per 1,000||1 service sink|
|Auditoriums without permanent seating, art galleries, exhibition halls, museums, lecture halls, libraries, arcades and gymnasiumsd||1 per 125||1 per 65||1 per 200||—||1 per 500||1 service sink|
|Passenger terminals and transportation facilitiesd||1 per 500||1 per 500||1 per 750||—||1 per 1,000||1 service sink|
|Places of worship and other religious servicesd||1 per 150||1 per 75||1 per 200||—||1 per 1,000||1 service sink|
|Coliseums, arenas, skating rinks, pools and tennis courts for indoor sporting events and activities||1 per 75 for the first 1,500 and 1 per 120 for the remainder exceeding 1,500||1 per 40 for the first 1,520 and 1 per 60 for the remainder exceeding 1,520||1 per 200||1 per 150||—||1 per 1,000||1 service sink|
|Stadiums, amusement parks, bleachers and grandstands for outdoor sporting events and activitiesf||1 per 75 for the first 1,500 and 1 per 120 for the remainder exceeding 1,500||1 per 40 for the first 1,520 and 1 per 60 for the remainder exceeding 1,520||1 per 200||1 per 150||—||1 per 1,000||1 service sink|
|2||Business||Buildings for the transaction of business, professional services, other services involving merchandise, office buildings, banks, light industrial, ambulatory care and similar uses||1 per 25 for the first 50 and 1 per 50 for the remainder exceeding 50||1 per 40 for the first 80 and 1 per 80 for the remainder exceeding 80||—||1 per 100||1 service sinke|
|3||Educational||Educational facilities||1 per 50||1 per 50||—||1 per 100||1 service sink|
|4||Factory and industrial||Structures in which occupants are engaged in work fabricating, assembly or processing of products or materials||1 per 100||1 per 100||—||1 per 400||1 service sink|
|5||Institutional||Custodial care facilities||1 per 10||1 per 10||1 per 8||1 per 100||1 service sink|
|Medical care recipients in hospitals and nursing homesb||1 per roomc||1 per roomc||1 per 15||1 per 100||1 service sink|
|Employees in hospitals and nursing homesb||1 per 25||1 per 35||—||1 per 100||—|
|Visitors in hospitals and nursing homes||1 per 75||1 per 100||—||1 per 500||—|
|Prisonsb||1 per cell||1 per cell||1 per 15||1 per 100||1 service sink|
|Reformatories, detention centers and correctional centersb||1 per 15||1 per 15||1 per 15||1 per 100||1 service sink|
|Employees in reformatories, detention centers and correctional centersb||1 per 25||1 per 35||—||1 per 100||—|
|Adult day care and child day care||1 per 15||1 per 15||1||1 per 100||1 service sink|
|6||Mercantile||Retail stores, service stations, shops, salesrooms, markets and shopping centers||1 per 500||1 per 750||—||1 per 1,000||1 service sinke|
|7||Residential||Hotels, motels, boarding houses (transient)||1 per sleeping unit||1 per sleeping unit||1 per sleeping unit||—||1 service sink|
|Dormitories, fraternities, sororities and boarding houses (not transient)||1 per 10||1 per 10||1 per 8||1 per 100||1 service sink|
|Apartment house||1 per dwelling unit||1 per dwelling unit||1 per dwelling unit||—||1 kitchen sink per dwelling unit; 1 automatic clothes washer connection per 20 dwelling units|
|One- and two-family dwellings and lodging houses with five or fewer guestrooms||1 per dwelling unit||1 per 10||1 per dwelling unit||—||1 kitchen sink per dwelling unit; 1 automatic clothes washer connection per dwelling unit|
|Congregate living facilities with 16 or fewer persons||1 per 10||1 per 10||1 per 8||1 per 100||1 service sink|
|8||Storage||Structures for the storage of goods, warehouses, storehouses and freight depots, low and moderate hazard||1 per 100||1 per 100||—||1 per 1,000||1 service sink|
- The fixtures shown are based on one fixture being the minimum required for the number of persons indicated or any fraction of the number of persons indicated. The number of occupants shall be determined by this code.
- Toilet facilities for employees shall be separate from facilities for inmates or care recipients.
- A single-occupant toilet room with one water closet and one lavatory serving not more than two adjacent patient sleeping units shall be permitted, provided that each patient sleeping unit has direct access to the toilet room and provisions for privacy for the toilet room user are provided.
- The occupant load for seasonal outdoor seating and entertainment areas shall be included when determining the minimum number of facilities required.
- For business and mercantile classifications with an occupant load of 15 or fewer, a service sink shall not be required.
- [NY] Reserved.
The plumbing fixtures located in single-user toilet facilities and bathing rooms, including family or assisted-use toilet and bathing rooms, shall contribute toward the total number of required plumbing fixtures for a building or tenant space, and shall be deducted proportionately, from the required gender ratios of Table 2902.1.
The total number of fixtures shall be permitted to be based on any combination of single-user, multi-user and separate facilities.
For calculations involving multiple occupancies, such fractional numbers for each occupancy shall first be summed and then rounded up to the next whole number.
Where plumbing fixtures are required, separate facilities shall be provided for each sex.
- Separate facilities shall not be required for dwelling units and sleeping units.
- Separate facilities shall not be required in structures or tenant spaces with a total occupant load, including both employees and customers, of 15 or fewer.
- Separate facilities shall not be required in mercantile occupancies in which the maximum occupant load is 100 or fewer.
- Separate facilities shall not be required in business occupancies in which the maximum occupant load is 25 or fewer.
- Single-user toilet and bathing rooms provided in accordance with Section 2902.1.2 shall be designated as gender neutral.
- Separate facilities shall not be required where multiuser facilities designed for use by both sexes are provided in accordance with Section 2902.1.3.
For structures and tenant spaces intended for public utilization, customers, patrons and visitors shall be provided with public toilet facilities. Employees associated with structures and tenant spaces shall be provided with toilet facilities. The number of plumbing fixtures located within the required toilet facilities shall be provided in accordance with Section 2902 for all users. Employee toilet facilities shall be either separate or combined employee and public toilet facilities.
In occupancies other than covered and open mall buildings, the required public and employee toilet facilities shall be located not more than one story above or below the space required to be provided with toilet facilities, and the path of travel to such facilities shall not exceed a distance of 500 feet (152 m).
Exception: The location and maximum distances of travel to required employee facilities in factory and industrial occupancies are permitted to exceed that required by this section, provided that the location and maximum distance of travel are approved.
- Fixtures shall be located indoors, in one or more common areas of the building, and shall not be located in a bathroom or toilet room.
- At least 5 percent but not less than one emergency water fixture shall be accessible and on an accessible route complying with Section 1104.3 of the Building Code of New York State. Accessible sinks and fixtures shall comply with ICC A117.1.
- Floor drains shall not be used in conjunction with accessible emergency water fixtures.