Heads up: There are no suggested sections in this chapter.
Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.
  1. Renovations, as defined in N.J.A.C. 5:23-6.3, shall comply with the requirements of this section.
  2. All work shall be done in a workmanlike manner.
  3. The work shall not cause any diminution of existing structural strength, system capacity or mechanical ventilation below that which exists at the time of application for a permit or that which is required by the applicable subcodes of the Uniform Construction Code, whichever is lower. The replacement of fixtures, equipment or appliances shall not increase loads on these systems unless the system is upgraded in accordance with the applicable subcode of the UCC to accommodate the increased load.
    1. Newly introduced fixed loads shall not exceed the uniformly distributed live loads or concentrated live load criteria of Table 1607.1 of the building subcode or Table R301.5 of the one- and two-family dwelling subcode, as applicable, and shall not create deflection that exceeds the standards set forth below. As used in this section, fixed loads shall mean uniform or concentrated loads and shall include, but not be limited to, equipment, files, library stacks, or similar loading conditions. (Building)
      1. For wood frame construction, deflection shall not exceed L/180 for roofs with a slope of 3 in 12 or less or L/120 for roofs with a slope of greater than 3 in 12 and for floors.
      2. For steel frame construction, deflection shall not exceed L/240 for roofs with a slope of 3 in 12 or less or L/180 for roofs with a slope of greater than 3 in 12 and for floors.
      3. For concrete construction, deflection shall not exceed L/180 for roofs or L/240 for floors.
    2. Fire protection systems may be removed if the requirements of N.J.A.C. 5:23-6.6(c)2 or 6.7(c)2 are met, as applicable. (Fire)
    3. No work shall be undertaken that diminishes accessibility below that which is required by Chapter 11 of the building subcode. (Building)
  4. The following products and practices shall not be used:
    1. Wood paneling being used as an interior finish not in conformance with Table 2 of N.J.A.C. 5:23-6.11 of this subcode; (Building)
    2. Carpet used for floor covering that fails to meet the DOC FF-1 "Pill Test" (Consumer Product Safety Commission 16 CFR 1630); (Building)
    3. Electrical materials/supplies: Unlisted or unapproved electrical products. As stated in the National Electrical Code (sections 90.7, 110.2, 110.3, and article 100), only electrical products listed, labeled, approved, and identified are acceptable. Approval is to be based on tests and listings of testing laboratories such as Underwriters Laboratories, Inc. (UL), Factory Mutual (FM) or Canadian Standards Association/Nationally Recognized Testing Laboratory (CSA/NRTL), etc.; and (Electrical)
    4. Plumbing materials and supplies:
      1. All purpose solvent cement;
      2. Clear PB (polybutylene) piping;
      3. Flexible traps and tailpieces;
      4. Sheet and tubular copper and brass trap and tailpiece fittings less than B&S (Brown & Sharpe) 17 gauge (.045 inch); and
      5. Solder having more than 0.2 percent lead shall not be used in the repair of potable water systems. (Plumbing)
    5. Bars, grilles and screens shall not be placed over emergency escape windows or doors in Groups R or I-1 unless they are releasable or removable from the inside without the use of a key, tool or force greater than that which is required for the normal operation of the window or door. (Building)
    6. The following practices shall not be used on painted surfaces in all buildings of Group R that were constructed before 1978, Group E and Group I-4 buildings used as child-care facilities unless the painted surface has been tested and found to be free of lead-based paint:
      1. Open flame burning or the use of high temperature (in excess of 1100 degrees Fahrenheit) heat guns;
      2. Power sanding or sandblasting, unless a special HEPA (high efficiency particulate air) filter equipped vacuum attachment is used to contain dust;
      3. Uncontained water blasting or power washing; or
      4. Dry scraping or sanding more than two square feet per room (interior) or 10 square feet or more per building (exterior). (Building)
    7. A mirror shall not be placed in or adjacent to any means of egress so as to confuse the direction of egress or give the appearance of a doorway exit, or passageway. Draperies or similar hangings shall not obscure an exit.
      1. Exception: Within dwelling units of Groups R-2, R-3, R-4, and R-5. (Plan review - Building, Fire. Inspection - Building)
  5. The following products and practices shall be required, when applicable:
    1. When any water closet is replaced, the replacement water closet shall require not more than 1.6 gallons of water per flush as required by the plumbing subcode. (Plumbing)
    2. In buildings required by Chapter 11 of the building subcode to be accessible, when bathrooms or toilet rooms are renovated, the following requirements for providing accessibility shall apply unless the requirements of Chapter 11 of the building subcode have been met:
      1. When toilet partitions are moved or installed, but existing fixtures are not being moved, an accessible stall complying with ICC/ANSI A117.1, Section 604.9 shall be created provided that this can be accomplished without moving fixtures. (Building)
      2. When bathroom fixtures or hardware are replaced, the replacement fixtures or hardware shall comply with ICC/ANSI A117.1, Sections 603 through 608, as applicable, for nonresidential buildings or ICC/ANSI A117.1, Chapter 10 for residential buildings required by Chapter 11 of the building subcode to be accessible. (Plumbing)
      3. Where full compliance is technically infeasible, compliance shall be achieved to the maximum extent feasible. (Building)
    3. Replacement doors shall comply with the following: (Building)
      1. When replacement doors are installed in buildings required by Chapter 11 of the building subcode to be accessible, replacement hardware shall comply with ICC/ANSI A117.1, Section 404.2.6.
      2. Replacement dwelling unit, guest room or rooming unit corridor doors in Groups I-1, R-1 or R-2 shall be 1 3/4 inch solid core wood or approved equal with approved door closers and shall not have any glass panels, other than approved wire glass in metal frames.
        1. 1 3/8 inch solid core replacement doors shall be accepted if the existing frame is not being replaced and will accommodate only a 1 3/8 inch door.
    4. Replacement glass shall comply with the "Safety Glazing" requirements of the building subcode and shall be installed in the "Hazardous Locations" as specified by Sections 2406.4 and 2406.5 of the building subcode or by Section R308.4 of the one- and two-family dwelling subcode, as applicable. (Building)
    5. Where a fireproofing material is removed that is integral to the rating of an existing fire-rated assembly, the material shall be replaced so that the rating is preserved. (Building)
    6. Plug fuses of the Edison-base type shall be used only for replacements where there is no evidence of over fusing or tampering per Section 240.51(B) of the electrical subcode. (Electrical)
    7. Non-"hospital grade" receptacles in patient bed locations of health care facilities, Group I-2, shall be replaced with "hospital grade" receptacles. (Electrical)
    8. When a new refrigerant is introduced, the requirements of the mechanical subcode applicable to that refrigerant, if any, shall be met. This shall apply to the replacement of existing equipment with equipment using a different refrigerant or the replacement of the refrigerant in existing equipment with a different refrigerant. (Plumbing)
    9. When the work being performed exposes wood framing of any wall, floor, ceiling, or roof, fireblocking shall be provided as required by section 718.2 of the building subcode or section R302.11 of the one- and two-family dwelling subcode, as applicable. The fireblocking material shall comply with section 718.2.1 of the building subcode or section R302.11.1 of the one- and two-family dwelling subcode, as applicable.
    10. When the work being performed creates or exposes the roof decking/sheathing or the framing of any wall, floor, ceiling, or roof assembly that is part of the building thermal envelope (encloses conditioned space), any accessible voids in insulation shall be filled using insulation meeting the R-values of Table R402.1.2 (N1102.1.2) of the residential energy code for wood framing and of Table R402.2.6 (N1102.2.6) of the residential energy code for metal framing equivalents or of Table 5.5-4 or 5.5-5 of the commercial energy code, as applicable.
      1. In the event that insulation meeting the R-values above cannot be installed due to space constraints, and the equivalency exceptions of Sections R402.2.1 and R402.2.2 (N1102.2.1 and N1102.2.2) cannot be applied for residential buildings, insulation that fills the cavities of the framed assembly shall be installed.
    11. When fenestration (windows, skylights or doors) is newly installed or replaced, the U-factor (thermal transmittance) shall not exceed the U-factor of Table R402.1.2 (N1102.1.2) of the residential energy code or of Table 5.5-4 or 5.5-5 of the commercial energy code, as applicable.
      1. Exception: In residential buildings, fenestration that meets Sections R402.3.3 (N1102.3.3) and R402.3.4 (N1102.3.4), as applicable.
    12. Ducts that are newly installed or replaced shall be installed with insulation meeting the R-values of Section R403.3.1 (N1103.3.1) of the residential energy code or of Section 6.4.4.1.2 of the commercial energy code, as applicable.
    13. The total replacement of a building lighting system or a newly installed building lighting system shall meet Section 404 (N1104) of the residential energy code or Section 9.1.2 of the commercial energy code, as applicable. (A "lighting system" is defined by the commercial energy code as "a group of luminaires circuited or controlled to perform a specific function.")
      1. Exception: The total replacement of a lighting system within a room, space or tenancy shall be required to meet Section 9.1.2 for the room, space, or tenancy only.
    14. Where work, other than ordinary maintenance or minor work, is being performed on an elevator, the elevator shall be equipped to operate with a standardized fire service key. (Fire)
  6. In buildings of Groups R-3, R-4, and R-5 and in dwelling units of Group R-2, smoke alarms shall be installed and maintained on each level of the structure, outside each separate sleeping area in the immediate vicinity of the bedrooms, and located on or near the ceiling. Battery-operated units shall be permitted, but shall not replace any AC-powered smoke alarms or a household fire alarm system. (Fire)
  7. In buildings containing a fuel burning appliance or having an attached garage, carbon monoxide detection equipment shall be installed in accordance with Section 915 of the building subcode or Section R315 of the one- and two-family dwelling subcode, as applicable. (Fire)
    1. Exception: Battery-powered or plug-in devices shall be accepted for purposes of meeting the requirements of this section.
  8. All materials and methods used shall comply with the requirements specified in N.J.A.C. 5:23-6.8, Materials and methods.
    1. Exception: Windows may be replaced with windows like those existing without meeting the size requirements of the building subcode.
      1. In sleeping rooms below the fourth story in occupancies of Groups R or I-1, where the size of window openings is being changed, at least one window shall:
        1. Be operable;
        2. Have a sill height of not more than 44 inches;
        3. Have a width of at least 20 inches, a height of at least 24 inches and a minimum of total area of 5.7 square feet measured from head to sill and from side to side.
        4. New window openings in sleeping rooms shall not be required to meet these requirements in buildings where the sleeping room is provided with a door to a corridor having access to two remote exits or in buildings equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system.
      2. Basement windows in buildings of Group R-2 shall comply with the requirements of N.J.A.C. 5:23-6.26(b)3 where the window serves as the second means of egress from the dwelling unit. (Plan review - Building, Fire. Inspection - Building)
    2. Newly installed and replacement handrails and guardrails shall comply with Sections 1011.11, 1012.8, 1014, and 1015 of the building subcode, respectively, or Sections R311.7.8, R311.8.3, and R312.1 of the one- and two-family dwelling subcode, respectively, as applicable. Where 50 percent or more of a handrail or guardrail on a flight or on a level is replaced, then this shall be considered a complete replacement and shall comply with the above referenced sections. The repair or replacement of less than 50 percent of a handrail or guardrail shall be permitted to match the existing handrail or guardrail. (Building)
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