Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.
The standards cited in this chapter shall control all materials, systems, and equipment used in the construction, installation, alteration, repair, or replacement of plumbing systems or parts thereof.
EXCEPTIONS:
  1. The Authority Having Jurisdiction shall allow the extension, addition, or relocation of existing water, drain, and vent piping with materials of like grade or quality as permitted in N.J.A.C. 5:23-3.7.
  2. Materials not covered by the standards cited in this chapter may be used with the approval of the Authority Having Jurisdiction as permitted in N.J.A.C. 5:23-3.7.
  1. Materials, fixtures, or equipment used in the installation, repair or alteration of any plumbing system shall conform to the standards listed in this chapter, except as otherwise approved by the Authority Having Jurisdiction under the authority contained in N.J.A.C. 5:23-3.7.
  2. Materials installed in plumbing systems shall be handled and installed as to avoid damage so that the quality of the material will not be impaired.
  3. No defective or damaged materials, equipment or apparatus shall be installed or maintained. (See Sections 2.14 and 2.15)
  4. All materials used shall be installed in strict accordance with the standards under which the materials are accepted and approved, including the appendices of the standards, and in strict accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. Where the provisions of material standards or manufacturer's instructions conflict with the requirements of this Code, this Code shall prevail.
  5. Marking of cast iron soil pipe and fittings: Each length of cast iron soil pipe and fittings used in the plumbing system shall be marked by the manufacturer's name or registered trademark to enable the end user to readily identify the manufacturer. The marking shall be done during the time of manufacture. Field marking shall not be permitted.
  6. Certification of cast iron soil pipe and fittings: Where cast iron soil pipe and fittings are being installed, the Authority Having Jurisdiction shall be furnished, when requested, certification by the manufacturer of compliance to the product standards. Resellers of cast iron soil pipe and fittings manufactured by others and using third party certifications or inspections to support proof of compliance to the product standard shall, in addition to the manufacturer's certification, provide, when requested, copies of the third party reports to the Authority Having Jurisdiction.
A material shall be considered approved if it is listed or certified by a recognized certification body as complying with one or more of the standards cited in Table 3.1.3, and in the case of plastic pipe, fittings and solvent cement also NSF 14. Materials not listed in Table 3.1.3 shall be used only as provided for in N.J.A.C. 5:23-3.7 or as permitted elsewhere in this Code.
Table 3.1.3 - Part I FERROUS PIPE AND FITTINGS
1 Cast iron threaded drainage fittings ASME B16.12
2 Cement mortar lining for ductile iron pipe and fittings AWWA C104/A21.4
3 Ductile iron compact water service fittings AWWA C153/A21.53
4 Ductile iron culvert pipe ASTM A716
5 Ductile iron gravity sewer pipe ASTM A746
6 Ductile iron pressure pipe ASTM A377
AWWA C151/A21.51
7 Ductile iron and gray iron fittings AWWA C110/A21.10
8 Ferrous pipe flanges and flanged fittings ASME B16.5
9 Gray iron threaded fittings, class 125 & 250 ASME B16.4
10 Hub & spigot cast iron soil pipe and fittings ASTM A74
11 Hubless cast iron soil pipe and fittings CISPI 301
ASTM A888
12 Malleable iron threaded fittings, class 150 & 300 ASME B16.3
13 Pipe fittings for use with gasketed mechanical couplings ASTM F1548
14 Stainless steel DWV pipe and fittings, 304 & 316L ASME A112.3.1
15 Stainless steel pipe and fittings, water distribution Section 3.4.1.2
16 Steel pipe, galvanized, welded, seamless ASTM A53
17 Threaded ferrous pipe plugs, bushings, and locknuts ASME B16.14
Table 3.1.3 - Part II NON-FERROUS PIPE AND FITTINGS
1 Cast bronze threaded fittings, class 125 & 250 ASME B16.15
2 Cast copper fittings for flared copper tube ASME B16.26
3 Cast copper pipe flanges and flanged fittings ASME B16.24
4 Cast copper solder joint drainage fittings ASME B16.23
5 Cast copper solder joint pressure fittings ASME B16.18
6 Copper drainage tube (DWV) ASTM B306
7 Copper pipe, threadless ASTM B302
8 Copper water tube (K, L, M) ASTM B88
9 Pipe fittings for use with gasketed mechanical couplings ASTM F1548
10 Press-connect pressure fittings, copper and copper alloy ASME B16.51
11 Push-fit fittings for copper water tube ASSE 1061
12 Red brass pipe, seamless ASTM B43
13 Wrought copper braze joint pressure fittings ASME B16.50
14 Wrought copper solder joint drainage fittings ASME B16.29
15 Wrought copper solder joint pressure fittings ASME B16.22
Table 3.1.3 - Part III NON-METALLIC PIPE AND FITTINGS
1 ABS plastic DWV pipe with cellular core, schedule 40 ASTM F628
2 ABS plastic DWV pipe and fittings CSA B181.1
3 ABS plastic DWV pipe and fittings, schedule 40 ASTM D2661
4 ABS/PVC plastic composite sewer pipe ASTM D2680
5 Clay drain tile ASTM C4
6 CPVC plastic DWV pipe and fittings CSA B181.2
7 CPVC plastic pipe, schedule 40 & 80 ASTM F441
8 CPVC plastic pipe, SDR-PR ASTM F442
9 CPVC plastic pipe and fittings, chemical waste drainage ASTM F2618
10 CPVC plastic pipe fittings, socket-type, schedule 40 ASTM F438
11 CPVC plastic pipe fittings, socket-type, schedule 80 ASTM F439
12 CPVC plastic pipe fittings, threaded, schedule 80 ASTM F437
13 CPVC plastic pipe, tubing, and fittings for HW/CW distribution (copper tube size) ASTM D2846
14 CPVC plastic pipe, tubing, fittings for HW/CW, (sched 40 & 80, SDR 11 CTS) CSA B137.6
15 CPVC-AL-CPVC plastic tubing, (copper tube size) ASTM F2855
16 Cold expansion fittings with metal compression sleeves for PEX pipe ASTM F2080
17 Cold expansion fittings with PEX reinforcing rings for PEX tubing ASTM F1960
18 Concrete culvert, storm drain, and sewer pipe, non-reinforced ASTM C14
19 Concrete culvert, storm drain, and sewer pipe, reinforced ASTM C76
20 Concrete drain tile ASTM C412
21 Concrete perforated pipe ASTM C444
22 Corrugated PE plastic tubing and fittings ASTM F405
23 Fiberglass (GFR) pipe fittings, non-pressure ASTM D3840
24 Fiberglass (GFR) pressure pipe ASTM D3517
25 Fiberglass (GFR) sewer pipe ASTM D3262
26 Fiberglass pressure pipe AWWA C950
27 Flexible pre-insulated piping ASTM F2165
28 Insert fittings for PEX tubing, mechanical cold expansion, with compression sleeve ASTM F1865
29 Mechanical cold flare compression fittings with disc spring for PEX tubing ASTM F1961
30 Metal insert fittings for PE-AL-PE and PEX-AL-PEX plastic pressure pipe ASTM F1974
31 Metal insert fittings with copper crimp ring for SDR-9 PEX and PE-RT tubing ASTM F1807
32 Metal insert fittings with copper crimp ring for SDR-9 PEX and PEX-AL-PEX tubing ASTM F2434
33 PE plastic electro-fusion fittings for OD controlled PE and PEX pipe and tubing ASTM F1055
34 PE plastic fittings for OD controlled PE pipe and tubing, socket type ASTM D2683
35 PE plastic fittings for PE pipe and fittings, butt heat fusion ASTM D3261
36 PE plastic pipe, DR-PR, OD controlled ASTM F714
37 PE plastic pipe, SDR-PR, OD controlled ASTM D3035
38 PE plastic pipe and fittings, OD-IPS, OD-DIPS AWWA C906
39 PE plastic pipe, SIDR-PR, ID controlled ASTM D2239
40 PE plastic pipe for drainage and waste disposal absorption fields, smooth wall ASTM F810
41 PE plastic tubing, CTS ASTM D2737
42 PE plastic water service pipe and tubing AWWA C901
43 PE-RT plastic HW/CW distribution tubing ASTM F2769
CSA B137.18
44 PE-AL-PE composite plastic pressure pipe ASTM F1282
CSA B137.9
45 PE-AL-PE composite plastic water service pipe AWWA C903
46 PEX plastic pipe, OD controlled, 3"—54" ASTM F2788
47 PEX plastic HW/CW distribution systems ASTM F877
48 PEX plastic tubing ASTM F876
49 PEX plastic water service pressure pipe AWWA C904
50 PEX-AL-PEX composite plastic pressure pipe ASTM F1281
CSA B137.10
51 PEX-AL-PEX composite plastic tubing, OD controlled, SDR-9 ASTM F2262
52 PEX-AL-PEX composite plastic water service pressure pipe AWWA C903
53 Plastic DWV fitting patterns ASTM D3311
54 Plastic insert fittings for PE plastic pipe ASTM D2609
55 Plastic insert fittings for PEX and PE-RT SDR-9 plastic tubing ASTM F2735
56 Plastic insert fittings for PEX and PE-RT SDR-9 plastic tubing, with copper crimp ring ASTM F2159
57 Plastic piping components, physical, performance, and health effect requirements NSF 14
58 PP plastic piping systems, pressure-rated ASTM F2389
59 Push-fit fittings for copper, CPVC, PEX, and PE-RT tubing ASSE 1061
60 PVC plastic gasketed sewer pipe fittings ASTM F1336
61 PVC plastic DWV pipe and fittings CSA B181.2
62 PVC plastic DWV pipe and fittings, schedule 40 ASTM D2665
63 PVC plastic DWV pipe and fittings, 3.25" OD ASTM D2949
64 PVC plastic pipe, coextruded, with cellular core, non-pressure, IPS, schedule 40 ASTM F891
65 PVC plastic pipe, coextruded, with cellular core, non-pressure, PS & sewer-drain ASTM F891
66 PVC plastic pipe, coextruded, reprocessed-recycled, non-pressure, IPS, schedule 40 ASTM F1760
67 PVC plastic pipe, coextruded, reprocessed-recycled, non-pressure, IPS, PS ASTM F1760
68 PVC plastic pipe, coextruded, reprocessed-recycled, non-pressure, sewer-drain ASTM F1760
69 PVC plastic pipe, schedules 40, 80, 120 ASTM D1785
70 PVC plastic pipe, SDR, pressure-rated ASTM D2241
71 PVC plastic pipe fittings, socket-type, schedule 40 ASTM D2466
72 PVC plastic pipe fittings, socket-type, schedule 80 ASTM D2467
73 PVC plastic pipe fittings, threaded, schedule 80 ASTM D2464
74 PVC plastic pressure pipe and fabricated fittings AWWA C900
75 PVC plastic pressure fittings, push-on AWWA C907
76 PVC plastic sewer pipe and fittings ASTM D2729
77 PVC plastic sewer pipe and fittings, type PSM ASTM D3034
78 SR plastic drain pipe and fittings ASTM D2852
79 Stainless steel clamps for insert fittings for SDR-9 PEX tubing ASTM F2098
80 Vitrified clay pipe, standard, extra strength, and perforated ASTM C700
Table 3.1.3 - Part IV PIPE JOINTS, JOINING MATERIALS, COUPLINGS, GASKETS
1 Compression joints for vitrified clay pipe and fittings ASTM C425
2 Couplings for dissimilar DWV pipe and fittings, aboveground, shielded transition ASTM C1460
3 Couplings for hubless cast iron soil pipe and fittings CISPI 310, ASTM C1277, FM 1680
4 Couplings for hubless cast iron soil pipe and fittings, shielded, heavy duty ASTM C1540
5 Couplings for joining hubless cast iron soil pipe and fittings ASTM A1056
6 Couplings, mechanical, gasketed, for grooved and plain-end pipe ASTM F1476
7 Dielectric pipe unions ASSE 1079
8 Elastomeric seals (gaskets) for joining plastic pipe ASTM F477
9 Electrofusion PE fittings for PE and PEX OD-controlled pipe and tubing ASTM F1055
10 Extruded tee connections for piping, non-reinforced ASTM F2014
11 Filler metals for brazing and braze welding AWS A5.8
12 Flexible transition couplings for underground drain and sewer piping ASTM C1173
13 Fluxes for soldering copper and copper alloy tube, liquid and paste ASTM B813
14 Grooved and shouldered joints AWWA C606
15 Joints for concrete pipe and manholes using rubber gaskets ASTM C443
16 Joints for drain and sewer plastic pipes using elastomeric seals ASTM D3212
17 Joints for IPS PVC plastic pipe using solvent cements ASTM D2672
18 Joints for plastic pressure pipe using flexible elastomeric seals ASTM D3139
19 Lead, refined ASTM B29
20 Mechanical couplings for DWV and sewer pipe CSA B602
21 Mechanical couplings using TPE gaskets for DWV piping above and below ground ASTM C1461
22 Pipe threads, general purpose, inch ASME B1.20.1
23 Plastic fittings for connecting water closets to drain piping ASME A112.4.3
24 Primers for solvent cement joints in PVC plastic pipe and fittings ASTM F656
25 Push-fit joints for PEX, copper, CPVC, and PE-RT tubing ASSE 1061
26 Rubber gaskets for cast iron soil pipe and fittings ASTM C564
27 Rubber-gasket joints for ductile iron pressure pipe and fittings AWWA C111/A21.11
28 Rubber sheet gaskets ASTM D1330
29 Solder metal ASTM B32
30 Solvent cement for ABS plastic pipe and fittings ASTM D2235
31 Solvent cements for CPVC plastic pipe and fittings ASTM F493
32 Solvent cements for PVC plastic pipe and fittings ASTM D2564
33 Solvent cements for SR plastic pipe and fittings ASTM D3122
34 Solvent cements for transition joints between ABS and PVC non-pressure piping ASTM D3138
Table 3.1.3 - Part V PLUMBING FIXTURES
1 Area drains ASME A112.6.3, CSA B79
2 Bathtubs and whirlpool baths with pressure sealed doors ASME A112.19.15
3 Ceramic plumbing fixtures ASME A112.19.2
CSA B45.1
4 Deck and balcony drains ASME A112.6.4, CSA B79
5 Drinking water coolers UL 399
6 Electro-hydraulic, tank-type water closets ASME A112.19.2
CSA B45.1
ASME A1 12.19.14
7 Emergency eyewash and shower equipment ANSI/ISEA Z358.1
8 Enameled cast iron plumbing fixtures ASME A112.19.1
CSA B45.2
9 Enameled steel plumbing fixtures ASME A112.19.1
CSA B45.2
10 Fabricated stainless steel security water closets ASME A112.19.3
CSA B45.4
11 Floor drains ASME A112.6.3, CSA B79
12 Hydraulic requirements for water closets and urinals ASME A112.19.2
CSA B45.1
13 Hydromassage bathtubs ASME A112.19.7
CSA B45.10
14 Non-water urinals, vitreous china ASME A112.19.19
15 Non-water urinals, plastic IAPMO Z124
CSA B45.5
16 Plastic plumbing fixtures IAPMO Z124
CSA B45.5
17 Plumbing fixtures with pumped waste ASME A112.3.4
CSA B45.9
18 Prefabricated plastic spa shells IAPMO/ANSI Z124.7
19 Roof drains ASME A112.6.4, CSA B79
20 Sanitary floor sinks ASME A112.6.7
21 Stainless steel plumbing fixtures ASME A112.19.3
CSA B45.4
22 Trench drains ASME A112.6.3, CSA B79
23 Vitreous china plumbing fixtures ASME A112.19.2
CSA B45.1
24 Water closets, dual flushing, six liter ASME A112.19.14
25 Whirlpool bathtubs ASME A112.19.7
Table 3.1.3 - Part VI PLUMBING FIXTURE TRIM AND ACCESSORIES
1 Anti-siphon fill valves for water closet tanks ASSE 1002
CSA B125.3
2 Automatic compensating valves for showers and tub/shower combinations ASSE 1016
ASME A112.1016
CSA B125.16
3 Automatic compensating valves for wall-mounted shower systems ASME A112.18.1
CSA B125.1
4 Bidet sprays ASME A112.4.2, CSA B45.16
5 Carriers and waste drains for adjustable lavatories, sinks, and shampoo bowls ASME A112.19.12
6 Dual flush devices for water closets ASME A112.19.10
7 Faucets for sinks and lavatories ASME A112.18.1
CSA B125.1
8 Flexible water connectors ASME A112.18.6
CSA B125.6
9 Flush valves and spuds for water closet bowls, tanks, and urinals ASME A112.19.5
CSA B45.15
10 Plastic liners for bathtubs and showers IAPMO/ANSI Z124.8
11 Plumbing fittings CSA B125.3
12 Plumbing supply fittings ASME A112.18.1
CSA B125.1
13 Plumbing waste fittings (2" and smaller) ASME A112.18.2
CSA B125.2
14 Pressurized flushing devices ASSE 1037
ASME A112.1037
CSA B125.37
15 Protectors/insulators for exposed piping on accessible fixtures ASME A112.18.9
16 Safety vacuum release systems (SVRS) for pools, spas, and hot tubs ASME A112.19.17
17 Shower heads, hand-held showers, and body sprays ASME A112.18.1
CSA B125.1
18 Supports for off-the-floor public plumbing fixtures ASME A112.6.1M
19 Supports for off-the-floor water closets with concealed tanks ASME A112.6.2
20 TAFR valves for individual fixture fittings ASSE 1062
21 Tubular plastic traps and waste fittings ASTM F409
22 Water closet seats, plastic IAPMO/ANSI Z124.5
Table 3.1.3 - Part VII PLUMBING APPLIANCES and EQUIPMENT
1 Clothes washers, commercial, electric UL 1206
2 Clothes washers, household AHAM HLW-1
3 Clothes washers, general public, electric UL 2157
4 Dishwashers, commercial, electric UL 921
5 Dishwashers, household AHAM DW-1
UL 749
6 Drinking water treatment system CSA B483.1
7 Drinking water treatment systems, reverse osmosis NSF 58
8 Drinking water treatment systems, UV microbiological NSF 55
9 Drinking water treatment units - aesthetic effects NSF 42
10 Drinking water treatment units - health effects NSF 53
11 Food waste disposers, domestic AHAM FWD-1
ASSE 1008
UL 430
12 Hot water dispensers, household, electric, storage type ASSE 1023
13 Warewashing equipment, commercial NSF 3
14 Water heaters, storage type, electric, commercial UL 1453
15 Water heaters, storage type, electric, household UL 174
16 Water heaters, storage type, gas-fired, 75,000 BTUH or less ANSI Z21.10.1
CSA 4.1
17 Water heaters, storage type, gas-fired, above 75,000 BTUH ANSI Z21.10.3
CSA 4.3
18 Water heaters, storage type, oil-fired UL 732
19 Water heaters, tankless, electric UL 499
20 Water heaters, tankless, gas-fired ANSI Z21.10.3
CSA 4.3
21 Water softeners, cation exchange, residential NSF 44
Table 3.1.3 - Part VIII VALVES AND APPURTENANCES
1 Automatic compensating valves for showers and bath/showers ASME A112.1016
ASSE 1016
CSA B125.16
2 Automatic temperature control mixing valves for discharge water ASSE 1069
3 Backwater valves ASME A112.14.1
CSA B181.1 (ABS)
CSA B181.2 (PVC)
CSA B181.2 (CPVC)
4 Ball valves ASME A112.4.14
5 Ball valves, threaded, solder joint, grooved, flared, socket-welding MSS SP-110
6 Bronze gate, globe, angle, and check valves MSS SP-80
7 Cleanouts ASME A112.36.2
8 Drain tubes for water heater relief valves ASME A112.4.1
9 Floor drain trap seal protection devices, barrier type ASSE 1072
10 Gate valves, metal-seated, for water service AWWA C500
11 Gray iron gate valves, threaded, flanged MSS SP-70
12 Gray iron swing check valves, threaded, flanged MSS SP-71
13 Pressure balancing valves for individual fixtures, in-line ASSE 1066
14 Pressure reducing valves for water distribution ASSE 1003
15 Relief valves for hot water supply, temperature or temperature-pressure actuated ANSI Z21.22
CSA 4.4
16 Temperature actuated mixing valves for emergency equipment ASSE 1071
17 Temperature actuated mixing valves for HW distribution ASSE 1017
CSA B125.3
18 Trap seal priming valves, potable water supplied ASSE 1018
19 Trap seal priming devices, drainage and electronic types ASSE 1044
20 Water hammer arrestors ASSE 1010
PDI WH 201
21 Water shutoff valves, manual, quarter-turn ASME A112.4.14
22 Water temperature limiting devices for hot water supply to fixtures ASSE 1070, ASME A112.1070
CSA B125.70
Table 3.1.3 - Part IX BACKFLOW PREVENTION
1 Air gaps ASME A112.1.2
2 Air gap fittings ASME A112.1.3
3 Backflow preventers for beverage dispensing equipment ASSE 1022
4 Backflow prevention in plumbing fixture fittings ASME A112.18.3
5 Backflow prevention devices for hand-held showers ASSE 1014
6 Backflow prevention for commercial dishwashing machines ASSE 1004
7 Backflow prevention for chemical dispensers ASSE 1055
8 Domestic dishwasher discharge air gap fittings ASSE 1021
9 Double check backflow preventers ASSE 1015 DC
AWWA C510
CSA B64.5
10 Double check detector fire protection backflow preventers ASSE 1048
11 Double check fire protection backflow preventers ASSE 1015 (DCF)
CSA B64.5.1
12 Dual check backflow preventers ASSE 1024
ASSE 1052
CSA B64.6
CSA B64.6.1
13 Dual check backflow preventers for carbonators CSA B64.3.1
14 Dual check backflow preventers for post-mix carbonated beverage dispensers ASSE 1032
15 Dual check backflow preventers with intermediate vent ASSE 1012
CSA B64.3
16 Hose connection backflow preventers ASSE 1052
17 Hose connection vacuum breakers ASSE 1011
CSA B64.2
CSA B64.2.1
CSA B64.2.1.1
CSA B64.2.2
18 Laboratory faucet backflow preventers ASSE 1035
CSA B64.7
19 Outdoor enclosures for backflow preventers ASSE 1060
20 Reduced pressure backflow preventers ASSE 1013 (RP)
AWWA C511
CSA B64.4
21 Reduced pressure detector fire protection backflow preventers ASSE 1047 (RPDA)
22 Reduced pressure fire protection backflow preventers ASSE 1013 (RPF)
CSA B64.4.1
23 Vacuum breakers, atmospheric type ASSE 1001
CSA B64.1.1
24 Vacuum breakers, pressure type ASSE 1020
CSA B64.1.2
25 Vacuum breakers, spill resistant ASSE 1056
CSA B64.1.3
26 Wall hydrants with backflow prevention ASSE 1019
27 Wall hydrants with dual check backflow preventer ASSE 1053
28 Yard hydrants with backflow prevention ASSE 1057
Table 3.1.3 - Part X MISCELLANEOUS MATERIALS
1 Expansion tanks for water, pre-pressurized IAPMO/ANSI Z1088
2 FOG disposal systems for fats, oils, greases ASME A112.14.6
3 Grease interceptors ASME A112.14.3
PDI G 101
4 Grease interceptors, gravity, pre-fabricated IAPMO/ANSI Z1001
5 Grease removal devices (GRD) ASME A112.14.4
6 Macerating toilet systems ASME A112.3.4
CSA B45.9
7 Pipe hangers and supports MSS SP-58
8 Waste disposal systems, non-sewered ANSI Z4.3
9 Water containment membrane, concealed, CPE plastic ASTM D4068
10 Water containment membrane, concealed, PVC plastic ASTM D4551
Table 3.1.3 - Part XI INSTALLATION PROCEDURES AND PRACTICES
1 Ductile iron water mains AWWA C600
2 Electrofusion joining PE and PEX piping ASTM F1290
3 Heat fusion joining PE piping ASTM F2620
4 Safe handling of solvent cements, primers, and cleaners ASTM F402
5 Soldered joints in copper tubing ASTM B828
6 Solvent cemented joints in PVC piping ASTM D2855
7 Thermoplastic pipe and corrugated tubing for septic tank leach fields ASTM F481
8 Underground thermoplastic pressure piping ASTM D2774
9 Underground thermoplastic drain and sewer piping ASTM D2321
10 Vitrified clay piping ASTM C12
11 Suction Entrapment Avoidance in Swimming Pools, Wading Pools, Spas, Hot Tubs, and Catch Basins ANSI/APSN/ICC-7-2018
Materials shall be identified as provided in the standard to which they conform.
The health effects of drinking water components shall comply with NSF 61. Components within the scope of NSF 61 have surfaces in contact with potable water. Components include, but are not limited to, plastic materials, plastic and metallic pipe, pipe-related products, protective materials, joining and sealing materials, process media, treatment devices, transmission devices, distribution devices, and end-point devices.
Sheet and tubular copper and brass for the following uses shall be not less than:
  1. General use - 12 oz. per square foot
  2. Flashing for vent pipes - 8 oz. per square foot
  3. Fixture traps and trap arms - 17 gauge or ASME A112.18.2/CSA B125.2
  4. Fixture tailpieces - 20 gauge or ASME A112.18.2/CSA B125.2
  5. Tailpieces with dishwasher connections - ASME A112.18.2/CSA B125.2
  6. Continuous wastes - 20 gauge or ASME A112.18.2/CSA B125.2
See Table 3.1.3. Sheet lead shall be not less than the following:
  1. Shower pans - not less than 4 pounds per square foot (psf) and be coated with an asphalt paint or equivalent.
  2. Flashings of vent terminals - not less than 3 pounds per square foot (psf).
  3. Lead bends and lead traps shall not be less than 1/8" wall thickness.
  1. Trap and tailpiece fittings - minimum 0.062" wall thickness.
  2. Piping - see specific application - Sections 3.4 to 3.11.
  3. Shower pans - approved plastic sheeting material.
Comment: Plastic shower pans should not be covered with asphalt unless recommended by the manufacturer.
See Sections 2.3 and 2.4 for fittings and connections in drainage systems.
  1. Cleanout plugs shall be of brass, plastic, stainless steel, or other approved materials and shall have raised or countersunk heads, except that where raised heads will cause a tripping hazard, countersunk heads shall be used. See Figure 3.3.2
  2. Cleanout caps shall be of brass, plastic, reinforced neoprene, cast-iron, or other approved material and shall be readily removable.
Figure 3.3.2
CLEANOUT PLUGS
  1. Plumbing fixtures shall be constructed from approved materials having smooth, non-absorbent surfaces and be free from defects, and except as permitted elsewhere in this Code, shall conform to the standards listed in Table 3.1.3.
  2. Refer to Chapter 7 for the requirements for specific plumbing fixtures.
  3. Materials for special use fixtures not otherwise covered in this Code shall be constructed of materials especially suited to the use for which the fixture is intended.
Comment 1: The standards for plumbing fixtures that are listed in Table 3.1.3 reflect consensus agreement between manufactures, industry representatives, and consumer groups.
Comment 2: Slip resisting surfaces in bathtubs and showers do not constitute a violation of the requirement for smooth surfaces.
  1. Floor flanges for water closets or similar fixtures shall be not less than 1/8" thick for brass, 1/4" thick and not less than 1-1/2" caulking depth for cast-iron or galvanized malleable iron. Approved copper and plastic flanges may be used.
  2. If of hard lead, they shall weigh not less than 1 lb. 9 oz. and be composed of lead alloy with not less than 7.75 percent antimony by weight. Flanges shall be soldered to lead bends or shall be caulked, soldered, or threaded into other metal.
  3. Closet screws and bolts shall be corrosion-resisting.
  4. Connections between drainage piping and floor outlet water closets shall be made by means of an approved flange that is attached to the drain piping in accordance with the provisions of this chapter. The floor flange shall be set on and securely anchored to the finished floor.
Flush pipes and fittings shall be of nonferrous material. When of brass or copper tube, the material shall be at least 0.0375" in thickness (No. 20 U.S. gauge).
Plumbing supply fittings covered under the scope of NSF 61 shall comply with its requirements. Refer to Section 3.1.5 for components that are within the scope of NSF 61.
Interceptors, separators, and grease recovery devices shall meet the requirements of Chapter 6.
  1. Hot water storage tanks shall meet construction requirements of ASME, CSA, or UL as appropriate. See Table 3.1.3
  2. ASME pressure vessels shall be designed and constructed in accordance with the requirements of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), Rules for Construction of Heating Boilers, Section IV Part HLW and/or Rules for Construction of Pressure Vessels, Section VIII. Any pressure vessel that exceeds any of the following shall meet the requirements of ASME and shall be stamped ASME: A heat input rating of 200,000 BTU per hour; or a water temperature of 210° F; or a nominal water capacity of 120 gallons; or any other thresholds of ASME that apply.
  3. Storage tanks less in volume than those requirements specified by ASME shall be of durable materials and constructed to withstand 125 psig with a safety factor of 2.
Roof drains, deck drains, and balcony drains shall be of cast iron, copper alloy, bronze, stainless steel, plastic, or other approved corrosion-resisting materials and comply with ASME A112.6.4.
Safety devices shall meet the requirements of the American National Standards Institute, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, or the Underwriters Laboratories. Listing by Underwriters Laboratories, Canadian Standards Association, or National Board of Boiler and Pressure Vessel Inspectors shall constitute evidence of conformance with these standards. Where a device is not listed by any of these organizations, it shall have certification by an approved laboratory as having met these requirements. See Section 10.16
Carriers and supports for plumbing fixtures shall comply with ASME A112.6.1M, ASME A112.6.2, or ASME A112.19.12.
The materials for potable water piping shall be in accordance with Table 3.4 and this Section.
Table 3.4 MATERIALS FOR POTABLE WATER PIPING
HOT WATER DISTRIBUTION (2) (5) PIPE FITTINGS
COLD WATER DISTRIBUTION (2) (5)  
WATER SERVICE (1) (4)  
1 Brass Pipe, seamless, red brass A A A ASTM B43 ASME B16.15 (threaded), ASME B16.24 (flanged) brazed, compression, flare, transition
2 Copper Tube, seamless, Type K, L, or M A A A ASTM B88 ASME B16.18 (cast, solder joint)
ASME B16.22 (wrought, solder joint)
ASME B16.24 (cast, flanged)
ASME B16.26 (cast, flared)
ASME B16.50 (wrought, braze joint)
ASME B16.51 (Copper and Copper Alloy Press- Connect Pressure Fittings) Press-Connect Fittings per section 4.2.6
ASSE 1061 (push-fit)
Split couplings per Section 4.2.17
3 CPVC Plastic Pipe, schedule 40 A A A ASTM F441 ASTM F438 (socket)
ASTM F1970 (special engineered)
4 CPVC Plastic Pipe, schedule 80 A A A ASTM F441 ASTM F437 (threaded), ASTM F439 (threaded, socket), ASTM F1970 (special engineered)
5 CPVC Plastic Pipe, SDR A A A ASTM F442 ASTM F438 (sched 40 socket), ASTM F439 (sched 80 socket)
ASTM F1970 (special engineered)
6 CPVC Plastic HW/CW Tubing A A A ASTM D2846 ASTM F1960, ASTM F1961, ASTM F1807, ASTM F2098, ASTM F2159, ASTM F2434, ASTM F2735, ASTM F1970 (special engineered)
7 CPVC-AL-CPVC Plastic Composite Tubing A A A ASTM F2855 AWWA C800 (couplings, adapters)
8 Ductile Iron Pipe, cement-mortar lined A X X AWWA C151/
A21.51
AWWA C110/A21.10
AWWA C153/A21.53 (compact)
9 Fiberglass (GFR) Pressure Pipe A X X ASTM D3517 ASTM D3517
10 Fiberglass Pressure Pipe A X X AWWA C950 AWWA C950
11 Flexible Pre-Insulatcd Piping (4) (5) (5) ASTM F2165 ASTM D2239, ASTM D3035, ASTM F714, ASTM F876, ASTM F877, ASTM F1281, ASTM F1282
12 Galvanized Steel Pipe and Fittings X A A ASTM A53 ASME B16.3 (malleable, threaded), ASME B16.4 (gray iron, threaded), ASME B16.5 (cast, forged, flanged), Split couplings per Section 4.2.17
13 PE Plastic Pipe, DR A X X ASTM D3035 ASTM D2683 (socket fusion), ASTM D3261 (butt heat fusion), ASTM F1055 (electrofusion),
IPS OD fittings and adapters for ASTM D3035
14 PE Plastic Pipe, DR A X X ASTM F714 ASTM D2683 (socket fusion), ASTM D3261 (butt heat fusion), ASTM F1055 (electrofusion)
15 PE Plastic Pipe, SIDR A X X ASTM D2239 ASTM D2609 (plastic insert)
IPS ID fittings and adapters for ASTM D2239
16 PE Plastic Water Service Pipe & Tubing A X X AWWA C901 ASTM D3261 (butt heat fusion), ASTM F1055 (electrofusion)
17 PE Plastic Tubing, SDR (CTS) A X X ASTM D2737 ASTM D3261 (butt heat fusion)
ASTM F1055 (electrofusion)
CTS OD fittings and adapters for ASTM D2737
18 PE-RT Plastic HW/CW Tubing A A A ASTM F2769
CSA B137.18
ASTM F1807 (crimped metal insert)
ASTM F2159 (crimped plastic insert)
ASTM F2098 (SS clamps for ASTM F1807 & F2159 fittings)
ASTM F2735 (crimped plastic insert)
CSA B137.18 (crimped metal and plastic insert)
19 PE-AL-PE Composite Pipe A A A ASTM F1282 ASTM F1974 (metal insert), connectors marked F1282 or F1281/2
20 PE-AL-PE Composite Water Service Pipe A X X AWWA C903 AWWA C800 (metal insert)
21 PEX Crosslinked Water Service Pipe A X X AWWA C904 ASTM F1807 (crimped metal insert)
ASTM F1960 (metal cold expansion insert)
ASTM F2080 (metal cold expansion compression)
ASTM F2098 (SS clamps for ASTM F1807 fittings)
22 PEX Plastic Tubing A A A ASTM F876 ASTM F1807 (crimped metal insert)
ASTM F1865 (mechanical cold expansion metal insert)
ASTM F1960 (metal cold expansion insert)
ASTM F1961 (metal mechanical cold flare compression)
ASTM F2080 (metal cold expansion compression)
ASTM F2098 (SS clamps for ASTM F1807 and ASTM F2159 fittings), ASTM F2159 (crimped plastic insert)
ASTM F2434 (crimped metal insert), ASTM F2735 (crimped plastic), ASSE 1061 (push-fit)
23 PEX Plastic HW/CW Tubing A A A ASTM F877 ASTM F1807 (crimped metal insert)
ASTM F1865 (mechanical cold expansion metal insert)
ASTM F1960 (metal cold expansion insert)
ASTM F1961 (metal mechanical cold flare compression)
ASTM F2080 (metal cold expansion compression)
ASTM F2098 (SS clamps for ASTM F1807 and ASTM F2159 fittings), ASTM F2159 (crimped plastic insert)
ASTM F2434 (crimped metal insert), ASTM F2735 (crimped plastic), ASSE 1061 (push-fit)
24 PEX-AL-PEX Crosslinked Pipe A A A ASTM
F1281
ASTM F1974 (metal insert), connectors marked F1281 or F1281/2
25 PEX-AL-PEX Crosslinked Pipe A X X AWWA
C903
AWWA C903 (metal insert)
26 PEX-AL-PEX Plastic Tubing A A A ASTM
F2262
ASTM F2434 (crimped metal insert)
27 PP Plastic Piping, IPS schedule 80 A X X ASTM
F2389
ASTM F2389 (socket fused, electrofusion)
28 PVC Plastic Pipe, schedule 40 A X X ASTM
D1785
ASTM D2466 (socket, threaded)
ASTM F1970 (special engineered)
29 PVC Plastic Pipe, schedule 80 A X X ASTM
D1785
ASTM D2464 (threaded), ASTM D2467 (socket, threaded)
ASTM F1970 (special engineered)
30 PVC Plastic Pipe, schedule 120 A X X ASTM D1785  
31 PVC Plastic Pipe, SDR A X X ASTM
D2241
ASTM D2466 (socket),
ASTM F1970 (special engineered)
32 PVC Plastic Water Pipe & Fittings A X X AWWA
C900
AWWA C900
33 Stainless Steel Pipe and Fittings A A A ASTM A312 press-connect per Section 3.4.1.2
  Approved A A A    
  Disapproved X X X    
NOTES FOR TABLE 3.4
  1. Piping for water service shall be water pressure rated for not less than 160 psi at 73°F.
  2. Piping for hot and cold water distribution shall be water pressure rated for not less than 160 psi at 73°F and 100 psi at 180°F
  3. Plastic piping materials shall comply with NSF 14 and NSF 61.
  4. See Table 3.4.2 for plastic water service piping.
  5. See Table 3.4.3 for plastic hot and cold water distribution piping.
Plastic piping materials used for the conveyance of potable water shall comply with NSF 14 and be marked accordingly.
  1. Stainless steel piping systems for potable water shall comply with the applicable requirements of Section 3.4.
  2. Stainless steel pipe and fittings shall be manufactured in accordance with the applicable requirements of ASTM A312. Pipe shall be IPS schedule 10S or copper tube size (CTS) with wall thicknesses not less than schedule 5S. The manufacturer's water pressure drop data shall be used for CTS schedule 5S pipe.
  3. Fittings shall be the press-connect type with EPDM O-ring seals. Pipe joints shall be made in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.
  4. Pipe and fittings shall be Type 304 or Type 316 stainless steel. The types of stainless steel shall not be mixed within the same piping system.
Water service piping to the building water supply control valve shall be of materials listed in Table 3.4 and shall be water pressure rated not less than 160 psi at 73°F. See Table 3.4.2. Water service pipe and pipe fittings shall comply with NSF 61.
NOTE: The working pressure rating of plastic pipe varies depending on the water temperature, plastic composition, dimension ratio or pipe schedule and size, and method of joining. Refer to Table 3.4.2 for plastic piping suitable for water service.
Table 3.4.2
PLASTIC WATER SERVICE PIPING (1) (2) (3) (4)
(water pressure rated for not less than 160 psi at 73 deg F)
MATERIAL COMPOSITION DIMENSIONS JOINTS PIPE SIZES
CPVC (ASTM D2846) CPVC 4120 SDR 11 (CTS) not threaded all sizes
CPVC (ASTM F441) CPVC 4120 Schedule 40 not threaded up through 8"
Schedule 80 threaded up through 4"
Schedule 80 not threaded all sizes
CPVC (ASTM F442) CPVC 4120 SDR 26 or lower not threaded all sizes
CPVC-AL-CPVC (ASTM F2855) CPVC-AL-CPVC ASTM F2855 not threaded all sizes
PE (ASTM D2239) PE 1404 none none none
PE 2708
PE 3608
PE 4608
SIDR 9 or lower not threaded all sizes
PE 4710 SIDR 11.5 or lower not threaded all sizes
PE (ASTM D2737) PE 2708
PE 3608
PE 4608
PE 4710
SDR 11 or lower not threaded all sizes
PE (ASTM D3035) PE 1404 none none none
PE 2708
PE 3608
PE 4608
DR 11 or lower not threaded all sizes
PE 4710 DR 13.5 or lower not threaded all sizes
PE (ASTM F714) IPS/DIPS PE 2708
PE 3608
PE 4608
DR 11 or lower not threaded all sizes
PE 4710 DR 13.5 or lower not threaded all sizes
PE (AWWA C901) SIDR
ID-Controlled IPS Pipe
PE 2708
PE 3608
SIDR 9 or lower not threaded 1/2" - 3"
PE 4710 SIDR 11.5 or lower not threaded 3/4" - 3"
PE (AWWA C901)
SDR OD-Controlled IPS Pipe
PE 2708
PE 3608
SDR 11 or lower not threaded 1/2" - 3"
PE 4710 SDR 13.5 or lower not threaded 3/4" - 3"
PE (AWWA C901) SDR
OD-Controlled CTS Tubing
PE 2708
PE 3608
PE 4710
SDR 11 or lower not threaded 3/4" - 2"
PE (AWWA C906) DR
OD-Controlled DI Pipe
PE 3408 DR9 or lower not threaded all sizes
PE 4710 DR11 or lower not threaded all sizes
PE (AWWA C906) DR
OD-Controlled IPS Pipe
PE 3408 DR11 or lower not threaded all sizes
PE 4710 DR13.5 or lower not threaded all sizes
PE-RT (ASTM F2769) PE-RT SDR 9 not threaded all sizes
PE-RT (CSA B137.18) PE-RT SDR 9 not threaded all sizes
PE-AL-PE (ASTM F1282) PE-AL-PE ASTM F1282 not threaded all sizes
PE-AL-PE (AWWA C903) PE-AL-PE AWWA C903 not threaded all sizes
PEX (ASTM F876) PEX SDR 9 not threaded all sizes
PEX (ASTM F877) PEX SDR 9 not threaded all sizes
PEX (AWWA C904) PEX 1006 SDR 9 not threaded all sizes
PEX-AL-PEX (ASTM F1281) PEX-AL-PEX ASTM F1281 not threaded all sizes
PEX-AL-PEX (ASTM F2262) PEX-AL-PEX SDR 9 not threaded all sizes
PEX-AL-PEX (AWWA C903) PEX-AL-PEX AWWA C903 not threaded all sizes
PP (ASTM F2389) IPS PP-R Schedule 80 not threaded up through 3"
PVC (ASTM D1785) PVC 1120
PVC 1220
PVC 2120
Schedule 40 not threaded up through 8"
Schedule 80 threaded up through 4"
Schedule 80 not threaded up through 24"
Schedule 120 threaded up through 12"
Schedule 120 not threaded up through 12"
PVC 2110 Schedule 40 not threaded up through 1-1/2"
Schedule 80 threaded up through 1"
Schedule 80 not threaded up through 4"
Schedule 120 threaded up through 1"
Schedule 120 not threaded up through 12"
PVC 2112 Schedule 40 not threaded up through 3"
Schedule 80 threaded up through 1-1/4"
Schedule 80 not threaded up through 6"
Schedule 120 threaded up through 1-1/2"
Schedule 120 not threaded up through 12"
PVC 2116 Schedule 40 not threaded up through 5"
Schedule 80 threaded up through 2"
Schedule 80 not threaded up through 24"
Schedule 120 threaded up through 5"
Schedule 120 not threaded up through 12"
PVC (ASTM D2241) PVC 1120
PVC 1220
PVC 2120
SDR 26 or lower not threaded all sizes
PVC 2110 SDR 13.5 not threaded all sizes
PVC 2112 SDR 17 or lower not threaded all sizes
PVC 2116 SDR 21 or lower not threaded all sizes
PVC (AWWA C900) PVC 1120 DR 14(4) not threaded all sizes
NOTES FOR TABLE 3.4.2
  1. The application of a pipe material for water service piping and its required water pressure rating of not less than 160 psi at 73 deg F shall be indicated in the manufacturer's data.
  2. Refer also to the manufacturer's recommendations, instructions, and limitations.
  3. Lower SDR, SIDR, IDR, and DR numbers for the same material composition have heavier wall thicknesses and higher pressure ratings.
  4. AWWA C900 pipe shall be rated by FM pressure class.
Water service piping for combination domestic/fire water services shall be of materials listed in Table 3.4 and shall be water pressure rated not less than 200 psig at 73° F. Joint restraints shall comply with Section 6.3, entitled "Joint Restraint for Fire Mains" per NFPA 13.
EXCEPTION: Limited area sprinkler systems installed in accordance with Section 903.3.8 of the building subcode, shall be water pressure rated not less than 160 psig at 73° F.
Water piping for the distribution of hot and cold water within buildings shall be of material listed in Table 3.4, and shall be water pressure rated for not less than 100 psi at 180° F and 160 psi at 73° F. Plastic piping used for hot water distribution shall be installed in accordance with the requirements of Section 10.15.8. Water distribution pipe and pipe fittings shall comply with NSF 61.
NOTE: The working pressure rating of plastic pipe varies depending on the water temperature, plastic composition, dimension ratio or pipe schedule, size, and method of joining. Refer to Table 3.4.3.
Table 3.4.3
PLASTIC HOT AND COLD WATER DISTRIBUTION PIPING (1)(2)
(water pressure rated for not less than 100 psi at 180 deg F and 160 psi at 73 deg F)
MATERIAL COMPOSITION DIMENSIONS JOINTS PIPE SIZES
CPVC (ASTM D2846) CPVC 4120 (23447) SDR 11 not threaded all sizes
CPVC (ASTM F441) CPVC 4120 (23447) Schedule 40 not threaded up through 1"
Schedule 80 threaded up through 1/2"
Schedule 80 not threaded up through 2-1/2"
CPVC (ASTM F442) CPVC 4120 (23447) SDR 11 not threaded all sizes
CPVC-AL-CPVC (ASTM F2855) CPVC-AL-CPVC ASTM F2855 not threaded all sizes
PE-AL-PE (ASTM F1282) PE-AL-PE ASTM F1282 not threaded all sizes
PE-RT (ASTM F2769) PE-RT SDR 9 not threaded all sizes
PE-RT (CSA B137.18) PE-RT SDR 9 not threaded all sizes
PEX (ASTM F876) PEX SDR 9 not threaded all sizes
PEX (ASTM F877) PEX SDR 9 not threaded all sizes
PEX-AL-PEX (ASTM F1281) PEX-AL-PEX ASTM F1281 not threaded all sizes
PEX-AL-PEX (ASTM F2262) PEX-AL-PEX SDR 9 not threaded all sizes
NOTES FOR TABLE 3.4.3
  1. The application of a pipe material for hot and cold water distribution and its required pressure ratings of not less than 100 psi at 180 deg F and 160 psi at 73 deg F shall be indicated in the manufacturer's data.
  2. Refer also to the manufacturer's recommendations, instructions, and limitations.
  1. Fittings for water supply piping shall be compatible with the pipe material used.
  2. Insert fittings for plastic tubing shall be the metallic or plastic type that comply with standards listed in Table 3.1.3.
  1. Piping used for domestic water shall be suitable for the maximum temperature, pressure, and velocity that may be encountered, including temporary increases and surges.
  2. Relief valve temperature and pressure relief settings shall not exceed the pipe, tubing, or fitting manufacturer's recommendations.
  3. Pipe and fittings shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions and the applicable material standards, recognizing any limitations in use.
Comment: Refer to the standards listed in Table 3.1.3 to determine the pressure and temperature ratings of the various piping materials.
  1. Materials used in potable water supply systems, including piping, faucets, and valves, shall be "lead- free" as defined by current Federal Law.
  2. Drinking water system components shall comply with the lead leachate requirements of NSF 61 and NSF 372. Refer to Section 3.1.5 for components that are within the scope of NSF 61 and NSF 372.
All gate valves, ball valves, butterfly valves, globe valves, and other shutoff valves in water service piping and water distribution piping shall comply with the requirements of NSF 61.
Aboveground waste and drain piping within buildings shall be of materials listed in Table 3.5.
Underground building drains and other underground sanitary drain piping within buildings shall be of materials listed in Table 3.5.
Sanitary sewer piping outside of buildings shall be of materials listed in Table 3.5. Joints shall be watertight and root-proof.
  1. Pipe and fittings classified by standard dimension ratio that are underground outside of buildings shall be SDR 35 or heavier (lower SDR number). Pipe and fittings within buildings shall be SDR 26 or heavier (lower SDR number).
  2. Pipe and fittings classified by pipe stiffness that are underground outside of the buildings shall be PS-46 or heavier (higher PS number). Pipe and fittings within buildings shall be PS-100 minimum.
Vitrified clay pipe shall be joined using compression joints or couplings. Vitrified clay pipe installed underground within buildings shall be extra strength and shall have 12" minimum earth cover.
Fittings in drainage systems shall be compatible with the pipe used and shall have no ledges, shoulders, or reductions that can retard or obstruct flow. Threaded fittings shall be the recessed drainage type.
Table 3.5 MATERIALS FOR SANITARY WASTE AND DRAIN (3)
ABOVE GROUND WITHIN BUILDINGS PIPE FITTINGS
UNDERGROUND WITHIN BUILDINGS  
SEWERS OUTSIDE OF BUILDINGS    
1 ABS Plastic Pipe and Fittings
(DWV, schedule 40 IPS)
A A A ASTM 2661 ASTM D2661 (socket, threaded)
2 ABS Cellular Core Plastic Pipe
(DWV, schedule 40 IPS)
A A A ASTM F628 ASTM F628,
ASTM D2661 (socket, threaded)
3 ABS and PVC Composite Sewer Pipe A X X ASTM D2680 ASTM D2680 (socket), PVC (gasket)
4 Cast Iron Soil Pipe and Fittings (bell & spigot) A A A ASTM A74 ASTM A74
5 Cast Iron Soil Pipe and Fittings (no-hub) A A A CISPI 301,
ASTM A888
CISPI 301, ASTM A888
6 Concrete Sewer Pipe, Non-reinforced A X X ASTM C14 ASTM C14
7 Concrete Sewer Pipe, Reinforced A X X ASTM C76 ASTM C76
8 Copper Drainage Tube, DWV (7) A A A ASTM B306 ASME B16.23 (cast copper alloy solder joint)
ASME B16.29 (wrought copper solder joint)
9 Copper Water Tube, K, L, M (7) A A A ASTM B88 ASME B16.23 (cast copper alloy solder joint)
ASME B16.29 (wrought copper solder joint)
ASME B16.51 (Copper and Copper Alloy Press-Connect Pressure Fittings)
10 CPVC Chemical Waste Systems (schedule 40 IPS) A A A ASTM F2618 ASTM F2618 socket
11 Ductile Iron Gravity Sewer Pipe A X X ASTM A746 AWWA C110, AWWA 153 (push-on, mechanical)
12 Ductile Iron Culvert Pipe A X X ASTM A716 AWWA C110, AWWA 153 (push-on, mechanical)
13 Fiberglass Sewer Pipe A X X ASTM D3262 ASTM D3840
14 Galvanized Steel Pipe X X A ASTM A53 ASME B16.12 (cast iron drainage)
15 PE Plastic Pipe, SDR-PR A X X ASTM F714 (6)  
16 PVC Plastic Pipe and Fittings, DWV A A A ASTM D2665 ASTM D2665 (socket), ASTM F1866 (socket)
17 PVC Plastic Pipe and Fittings, 3.25" OD X A A ASTM D2949 ASTM D2949
18 PVC Sewer and Drain Pipe (cellular core) A X X ASTM F891 ASTM D2665 (socket), ASTM F1866 (socket)
19 PVC Sewer and Drain Pipe (cellular core) A A X ASTM F891 (4) ASTM D2665 (socket), ASTM F1866 (socket)
20 PVC IPS Schedule 40 (cellular core) A A A ASTM F891 ASTM D2665 (socket), ASTM F1866 (socket)
21 PVC Non-Pressure, Reprocessed- Recycled Content, Sewer-Drain A A X ASTM F1760 ASTM D3034, ASTM F1336
22 PVC Non-Pressure, Reprocessed- Recycled Content, IPS, Schedule 40 A A A ASTM F1760 ASTM D2466, ASTM D2665
23 PVC Plastic Sewer Pipe (PSM) and Fittings A X X ASTM D3034 (1) ASTM D3034 (1)
24 Stainless Steel DWV Systems - Type 316L (5) A A A ASME A112.3.1 ASME A112.3.1
25 Stainless Steel DWV Systems - Type 304 (5) X X A ASME A112.3.1 ASME A112.3.1
26 Vitrified Clay Pipe, Standard Strength A X X ASTM C700 ASTM C700
27 Vitrified Clay Pipe, Extra Strength A A X ASTM C700 ASTM C700
  Approved A A A    
  Not Approved X X X    
NOTES FOR TABLE 3.5
  1. Plastic waste and drain piping classified by standard dimension ratio shall be SDR 26 or heavier (lower SDR number).
  2. Plastic sewer pipe classified by pipe stiffness shall be PS-46 or stiffer (higher PS number).
  3. Piping shall be applied within the limits of its listed standard and the manufacturer's recommendations.
  4. PS-100 pipe or stiffer (higher PS number) is required for underground cellular core PVC sewer and drain pipe underground within buildings.
  5. The alloy shall be marked on stainless steel DWV piping systems.
  6. Minimum DR-17 is required for trenchless sewer replacement systems.
  7. Copper tube shall not be used for drainage from non-water urinals to the point where it connects to piping containing drainage from one or more water closets.
Aboveground vent piping in buildings serving sanitary drainage or storm drainage systems shall be of materials listed in Table 3.6.
Vent piping installed underground shall be of materials listed in Table 3.6.
  1. Pipe and fittings classified by standard dimension ratio that are underground outside of buildings shall be SDR 35 or heavier (lower SDR number). Pipe and fittings within buildings shall be SDR 26 or heavier (lower SDR number).
  2. Pipe and fittings classified by pipe stiffness that are underground outside of buildings shall be PS-46 or heavier (higher PS number). Pipe and fittings within buildings shall be PS-100 minimum.
Fittings in vent piping shall be compatible with the pipe material used.
Table 3.6 MATERIALS FOR VENT PIPING (1)
ABOVEGROUND PIPE FITTINGS
UNDERGROUND
1 ABS Plastic Pipe and Fittings
(DWV, schedule 40 IPS)
A A ASTM 2661 ASTM D2661 (socket, threaded)
2 ABS Cellular Core Plastic Pipe
(DWV, schedule 40 IPS)
A A ASTM F628 ASTM F628,
ASTM D2661 (socket, threaded)
3 Cast Iron Soil Pipe and Fittings (bell & spigot) A A ASTM A74 ASTM A74
4 Cast Iron Soil Pipe and Fittings (no-hub) A A CISPI 301,
ASTM A888
CISPI 301, ASTM A888
5 Copper Drainage Tube, DWV A A ASTM B306 ASME B16.23 (cast copper solder joint)
ASME B16.29 (wrought copper solder joint)
6 Copper Water Tube, K, L, M A A ASTM B88 ASME B16.23 (cast copper solder joint)
ASME B16.29 (wrought copper solder joint)
7 CPVC Chemical Waste Systems
(schedule 40 pipe)
A A ASTM F2618 ASTM F2618 socket
8 Galvanized Steel Pipe X A ASTM A53 ASME B16.12 (cast iron drainage)
9 PVC Non-Pressure, Reprocessed-Recycled Content, IPS, Schedule 40 A A ASTM F1760 ASTM D2466, ASTM D2665
10 PVC Plastic Pipe and Fittings, DWV A A ASTM D2665 ASTM D2665 (socket),
ASTM F1866 (socket)
11 PVC Plastic Pipe and Fittings, DWV 3.25" OD A A ASTM D2949 ASTM D2949
12 PVC Sewer and Drain Pipe (cellular core) A X ASTM F891 (3), (4) ASTM D2665 (socket),
ASTM F1866 (socket)
13 PVC IPS Schedule 40 (cellular core) A A ASTM F891 ASTM D2665 (socket),
ASTM F1866 (socket)
14 Stainless Steel DWV Systems - Type 316L (2) A A ASME 112.3.1 ASME A112.3.1
15 Stainless Steel DWV Systems - Type 304 (2) X A ASME 112.3.1 ASME A112.3.1
16 Vitrified Clay Pipe, Extra Strength A X ASTM C700 ASTM C700
Approved A A
Not Approved X X
NOTES FOR TABLE 3.6
  1. Piping shall be applied within the limits of its listed standard and the manufacturer's recommendations.
  2. The alloy shall be marked on stainless steel DWV piping systems.
  3. ASTM F891 PVC sewer and drain piping shall be PS 100 or PS 50.
  4. ASTM F891 PVC sewer and drain piping underground within building shall be PS-100.
Stormwater drain piping installed aboveground in buildings shall be of materials listed in Table 3.7.
Underground building storm drains and other underground stormwater piping within buildings shall be of materials listed in Table 3.7.
Building storm sewer piping outside of buildings shall be of materials listed in Table 3.7.
  1. Pipe and fittings classified by standard dimension ratio that are underground outside of buildings shall be SDR 35 or heavier (lower SDR number). Pipe and fittings within buildings shall be SDR 26 or heavier (lower SDR number).
  2. Pipe and fittings classified by pipe stiffness that are underground outside of buildings shall be PS-46 or heavier (higher PS number). Pipe and fittings within buildings shall be PS-100 minimum.
Vitrified clay pipe shall be joined using compression joints or couplings. Vitrified clay pipe installed underground within buildings shall be extra strength and shall have 12" minimum earth cover.
Fittings in drainage systems shall be compatible with the pipe used and shall have no ledges, shoulders, or reductions that can retard or obstruct flow. Threaded fittings shall be the recessed drainage type.
Table 3.7 MATERIALS FOR STORM DRAIN PIPING (1)
ABOVE GROUND WITHIN BUILDINGS PIPE FITTINGS
UNDERGROUND WITHIN BUILDINGS
SEWERS OUTSIDE OF BUILDINGS
1 ABS Plastic Pipe and Fittings
(DWV, schedule 40 IPS)
A A A ASTM 2661 ASTM D2661 (socket, threaded)
2 ABS Cellular Core Plastic Pipe
(DWV, schedule 40 IPS)
A A A ASTM F628 ASTM F628, ASTM D2661 (socket, threaded)
3 ABS and PVC Composite Sewer Pipe A X X ASTM D2680 ASTM D2680 (socket), PVC (gasket)
4 Cast Iron Soil Pipe and Fittings (bell & spigot) A A A ASTM A74 ASTM A74
5 Cast Iron Soil Pipe and Fittings (no-hub) A A A CISPI 301,
ASTM A888
CISPI 301, ASTM A888
6 Concrete Sewer Pipe, Non-reinforced A X X ASTM C14 ASTM C14
7 Concrete Sewer Pipe, Reinforced A X X ASTM C76 ASTM C76
8 Copper Drainage Tube, DWV A A A ASTM B306 ASME B16.23 (cast copper alloy solder joint)
ASME B16.29 (wrought copper solder joint)
9 Copper Water Tube, K, L, M A A A ASTM B88 ASME B16.23 (cast copper alloy solder joint)
ASME B16.29 (wrought copper solder joint)
10 Ductile Iron Culvert Pipe A X X ASTM A716 AWWA C110, AWWA 153 (push-on, mechanical)
11 Ductile Iron Gravity Sewer Pipe A X X ASTM A746 AWWA C110, AWWA 153 (push-on, mechanical)
12 Fiberglass Sewer Pipe A X X ASTM D3262 ASTM D3840
13 Galvanized Steel Pipe X X A ASTM A53 ASME B16.12 (cast iron drainage)
14 PE Plastic Pipe, SDR-PR A X X ASTM F714 (4) ASTM D2949
15 PVC IPS Schedule 40 (cellular core) A A A ASTM F891 ASTM D2665 (socket), ASTM F1866 (socket)
16 PVC Non-Pressure, Reprocessed-Recycled Content, Sewer-Drain, PS 46 A X X ASTM F1760 ASTM D3034, ASTM F1336
17 PVC Non-Pressure, Reprocessed- Recycled Content, IPS, Schedule 40 A A A ASTM F1760 ASTM D2466, ASTM D2665
18 PVC Plastic Pipe and Fittings, DWV A A A ASTM D2665 ASTM D2665 (socket), ASTM F1866 (socket)
19 PVC Plastic Pipe and Fittings, 3.25" OD X A A ASTM D2949 ASTM D2949
20 PVC Sewer and Drain Pipe (cellular core) A X X ASTM F891 (5) ASTM D2665 (socket), ASTM F1866 (socket)
21 PVC Sewer and Drain Pipe (cellular core) (2) X A X ASTM F891 (2) ASTM D2665 (socket), ASTM F1866 (socket)
22 Stainless Steel DWV Systems - Type 316L (3) A A A ASME A112.3.1 ASME A112.3.1
23 Stainless Steel DWV Systems - Type 304 (3) X X A ASME A112.3.1 ASME A112.3.1
24 Type PSM PVC Sewer Pipe and Fittings A X X ASTM D3034 (6) ASTM D3034
25 Vitrified Clay Pipe, Standard Strength A X X ASTM C700 ASTM C700
26 Vitrified Clay Pipe, Extra Strength A A X ASTM C700 ASTM C700
Approved A A A
Not Approved X X X
NOTES FOR TABLE 3.7
  1. Piping shall be applied within the limits of its listed standard and the manufacturer's recommendations.
  2. PS-100 pipe or stiffer (higher PS number).
  3. The alloy shall be marked on stainless steel DWV piping systems.
  4. Minimum SDR-17 is required for trenchless sewer replacement systems.
  5. ASTM F891 PVC sewer piping shall be PS 100 or PS 50.
  6. ASTM D3034 PVC sewer drain piping shall be SDR 26, SDR 35, or SDR 41
Piping for foundation drains and other subsoil drainage shall be of materials listed in Table 3.8.
Table 3.8 MATERIALS FOR FOUNDATION DRAINS AND SUBSOIL DRAINAGE
MATERIALS STANDARDS
1 Clay Drain Tile ASTM C4 A
2 Concrete Drain Tile ASTM C412 A
3 Concrete Pipe, Perforated ASTM C444 A
4 Corrugated Polyethylene Tube ASTM F405 A
5 Plastic Drain Pipe and Fittings, Styrene-Rubber (SR) Perforated ASTM D2852 A
6 PVC Sewer Pipe and Fittings, Perforated ASTM D2729 A
7 Stainless Steel DWV Systems - Type 316L ASME A112.3.1 A
8 Vitrified Clay Pipe, Perforated, Standard and Extra Strength ASTM C700 A
Approved A
Indirect waste piping from air conditioning unit drains to the point of disposal shall be of a material approved for potable water, sanitary drainage or storm drainage.
EXCEPTION: Flexible plastic tubing shall be permitted to be used for the discharge from small, fractional horsepower condensate pumping units.
Piping used to convey condensate from combustion processes (such as from flues and chimneys) shall conform to the equipment manufacturer's instructions.
Drainage and vent piping systems for other than sanitary drainage shall be separate from building sanitary drainage and vent piping and shall be compatible with the wastes being handled.
Drain piping materials, including the type of joints and methods of support, shall be listed by the manufacturer as suitable for the wastes being handled.
Vent piping for chemical wastes shall be the same as the drain piping and shall be run separately to the outdoor air, independent from any vent piping for sanitary drainage.
Where separate chemical waste drainage systems are required to handle different chemical wastes, the drainage and vent piping for each system shall also be separate.
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