ADOPTS WITH AMENDMENTS:

International Fire Code 2015 (IFC 2015)

Part I — Administrative

Part II — General Safety Provisions

Part III — Building and Equipment Design Features

Part IV — Special Occupancies and Operations

Part V — Hazardous Materials

Part VI — Referenced Standards

Part VII — Appendices

Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.

1001.1 General

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1001.1 Scope

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The provisions of this chapter shall govern the maintenance and utilization of means of egress.

1001.2 Minimum Requirements

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It shall be unlawful to alter a building or structure in a manner that will reduce the number of exits or the capacity of the means of egress to less than required by the Uniform Construction Code in effect at the time of construction or the Uniform Fire Code, as applicable.

1001.2.1

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A structure shall not be altered in any manner affecting the number or capacity of means of egress without first obtaining a permit from the construction official.

1001.2.2

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Structures or portions of structures undergoing repair, renovation, alteration or reconstruction may be occupied as permitted by the construction official.

1003.1 Applicability

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1003.1 Owner Responsibility

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The owner or lessee of every structure shall be responsible for the safety of all persons in, or occupying, such premises with respect to the adequacy of means of egress therefrom.

1003.2 Ceiling Height

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1003.2 Egress Plan

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Where required by Section 404.2, a plan complying with Section 404.3 shall be submitted to the fire official and an approved copy shall be kept on the premises of assembly occupancies.

1003.3 Protruding Objects

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1003.3 Occupant Load

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The occupant load for structures shall be maintained pursuant to the New Jersey Uniform Construction Code provisions in effect at the time of construction. The occupant load for structures constructed under standards in force prior to adoption of the New Jersey Uniform Construction Code shall be calculated in accordance with N.J.A.C. 5:70-4.11(f)3.

1003.3.1 Headroom

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1003.3.2 Post-Mounted Objects

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1003.3.3 Horizontal Projections

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1003.3.4 Clear Width

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1003.4 Floor Surface

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1003.4 Posting of Occupant Load

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An assembly occupancy shall be posted with an approved legible sign in contrasting colors conspicuously located near the main point of egress from the room or space stating the number of occupants permitted within such space. The number of occupants permitted shall be in accordance with the current certificate of occupancy issued pursuant to the New Jersey Uniform Construction Code for structures constructed and occupied under the provisions of that code, and shall be in accordance with N.J.A.C. 5:70-4.11(f)3 for structures constructed under standards in force prior to adoption of the New Jersey Uniform Construction Code for which structures no such certificate of occupancy has subsequently been issued.

1003.5 Elevation Change

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1003.5 Overcrowding

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A person shall not permit overcrowding or admittance of any person beyond the approved occupant load. The fire official, upon finding overcrowded conditions or obstructions in aisles, passageways or other means of egress, or upon finding any condition that constitutes a hazard to life and safety, shall cause the occupancy, performance, presentation, spectacle or entertainment to be stopped until such a condition or obstruction is corrected and the addition of any further occupants prohibited until the approved occupant load is re-established.

1003.6 Means of Egress Continuity

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1003.6 Operator Responsibility

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The operator or the person responsible for the operation of an assembly or educational occupancy shall check egress facilities before such building is occupied to determine compliance with this chapter. If such inspection reveals that any element of the required means of egress cannot be accessed, is obstructed, locked, fastened or otherwise unsuited for immediate utilization, admittance to the building shall not be permitted until necessary corrective action has been completed.

1003.7 Elevators, Escalators and Moving Walks

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Section 1004 Occupant Load

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1004.1 Design Occupant Load

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1004.1.1 Cumulative Occupant Loads

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1004.1.1.1 Intervening Spaces or Accessory Areas

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1004.1.1.2 Adjacent Levels for Mezzanines

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1004.1.1.3 Adjacent Stories

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1004.1.2 Areas Without Fixed Seating

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1004.2 Increased Occupant Load

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1004.3 Posting of Occupant Load

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1004.4 Fixed Seating

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1004.5 Outdoor Areas

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1004.6 Multiple Occupancies

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Section 1005 Means of Egress Sizing

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1005.1 General

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1005.2 Minimum Width Based on Component

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1005.3 Required Capacity Based on Occupant Load

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1005.3.1 Stairways

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1005.3.2 Other Egress Components

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1005.4 Continuity

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1005.5 Distribution of Minimum Width and Required Capacity

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1005.6 Egress Convergence

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1005.7 Encroachment

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1005.7.1 Doors

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1005.7.2 Other Projections

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1005.7.3 Protruding Objects

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Section 1006 Numbers of Exits and Exit Access Doorways

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1006.1 General

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1006.2 Egress From Spaces

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1006.2.1 Egress Based on Occupant Load and Common Path of Egress Travel Distance

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1006.2.1.1 Three or More Exits or Exit Access Doorways

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1006.2.2 Egress Based on Use

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1006.2.2.1 Boiler, Incinerator and Furnace Rooms

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1006.2.2.2 Refrigeration Machinery Rooms

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1006.2.2.3 Refrigerated Rooms or Spaces

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1006.2.2.4 Day Care Means of Egress

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1006.2.2.5 Vehicular Ramps

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1006.3 Egress From Stories or Occupied Roofs

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1006.3.1 Egress Based on Occupant Load

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1006.3.2 Single Exits

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1006.3.2.1 Mixed Occupancies

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Section 1007 Exit and Exit Access Doorway Configuration

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1007.1 General

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1007.1.1 Two Exits or Exit Access Doorways

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1007.1.1.1 Measurement Point

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1007.1.2 Three or More Exits or Exit Access Doorways

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1007.1.3 Remoteness of Exit Access Stairways or Ramps

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1007.1.3.1 Three or More Exit Access Stairways or Ramps

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1008.1 Means of Egress Illumination

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1008.2 Illumination Required

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The means of egress serving a room or space shall be illuminated at all times that the room or space is occupied.

1008.2.1 Illumination Level Under Normal Power

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1008.2.2 Exit Discharge

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1008.3 Emergency Power for Illumination

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1008.3.1 General

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1008.3.2 Buildings

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1008.3.3 Rooms and Spaces

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1008.3.4 Duration

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1008.3.5 Illumination Level Under Emergency Power

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Section 1009 Accessible Means of Egress

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1009.1 Accessible Means of Egress Required

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1009.2 Continuity and Components

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1009.2.1 Elevators Required

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1009.3 Stairways

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1009.4 Elevators

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1009.5 Platform Lifts

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1009.6 Areas of Refuge

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1009.6.1 Travel Distance

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1009.6.2 Stairway or Elevator Access

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1009.6.3 Size

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1009.6.4 Separation

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1009.6.5 Two-Way Communication

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1009.7 Exterior Areas for Assisted Rescue

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1009.7.1 Size

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1009.7.2 Separation

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1009.7.3 Openness

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1009.7.4 Stairways

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1009.8 Two-Way Communication

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1009.8.1 System Requirements

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1009.8.2 Directions

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1009.9 Signage

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1009.10 Directional Signage

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1009.11 Instructions

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1010.1 Doors

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ILLUSTRATION
Doors provided for egress purposes in numbers greater than required by this code shall meet the requirements of this section.

     Means of egress doors shall be readily distinguishable from the adjacent construction and finishes such that the doors are easily recognizable as doors. Mirrors or similar reflecting materials shall not be used on means of egress doors. Means of egress doors shall not be concealed by curtains, drapes, decorations or similar materials.

1010.1.1 Size of Doors

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1010.1.1.1 Projections Into Clear Width

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1010.1.2 Door Swing

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1010.1.2.1 Direction of Swing

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1010.1.3 Door Opening Force

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1010.1.3.1 Location of Applied Forces

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1010.1.4 Special Doors

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1010.1.4.1 Revolving Doors

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1010.1.4.1.1 Egress Component

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1010.1.4.1.2 Other Than Egress Component

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1010.1.4.2 Power-Operated Doors

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1010.1.4.3 Special Purpose Horizontal Sliding, Accordion or Folding Doors

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1010.1.4.4 Security Grilles

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Horizontal sliding or vertical security grilles are permitted at the main exit and shall be openable from the inside without the use of a key or special knowledge or effort during periods that the space is occupied. The grilles shall remain secured in the full-open position during the period of occupancy by the general public.

1010.1.5 Floor Elevation

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1010.1.6 Landings at Doors

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1010.1.7 Thresholds

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1010.1.8 Door Arrangement

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1010.1.9 Door Operations

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Egress doors shall be readily openable from the egress side without the use of a key or special knowledge or effort.

1010.1.9.1 Hardware

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1010.1.9.2 Hardware Height

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1010.1.9.3 Locks and Latches

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1010.1.9.4 Bolt Locks

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1010.1.9.5 Unlatching

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1010.1.9.5.1 Closet and Bathroom Doors in Group R-4 Occupancies

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1010.1.9.6 Controlled Egress Doors in Groups I-1 and I-2

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1010.1.9.7 Delayed Egress

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1010.1.9.8 Sensor Release of Electrically Locked Egress Doors

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1010.1.9.9 Electromagnetically Locked Egress Doors

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1010.1.9.10 Locking Arrangements in Correctional Facilities

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1010.1.9.11 Stairway Doors

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Interior stairway means of egress doors shall be openable from both sides without the use of a key or special knowledge or effort.

Exceptions:
  1. Stairway discharge doors shall be openable from the egress side and shall only be locked from the opposite side.
  2. This section shall not apply to doors arranged in accordance with the building subcode of the Uniform Construction Code.
  3. In stairways serving not more than four stories, doors are permitted to be locked from the side opposite the egress side, provided they are openable from the egress side and capable of being unlocked simultaneously without unlatching upon a signal from the fire command center, if present, or a signal by emergency personnel from a single location inside the main entrance to the building.
  4. Stairway exit doors shall be openable from the egress side and shall only be locked from the opposite side in Group B, F, M and S occupancies where the only interior access to the tenant space is from a single exit stairway where permitted in Section 1006.3.2.
  5. Stairway exit doors shall be openable from the egress side and shall only be locked from the opposite side in Group R-2 occupancies where the only interior access to the dwelling unit is from a single exit stairway where permitted in Section 1006.3.2.

1010.1.10 Panic and Fire Exit Hardware

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1010.1.10.1 Installation

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1010.1.10.2 Balanced Doors

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1010.2 Gates

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1010.2.1 Stadiums

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1010.3 Turnstiles

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1010.3.1 High Turnstile

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1010.3.2 Additional Door

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1010.4 Locks Permitted

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Locks or fasteners shall not be installed on egress doors, except in accordance with the following conditions:
  1. In mental, penal or other institutions where the security of inmates is necessary, in which case properly trained supervisory personnel shall be continuously on duty and approved provisions shall be made to remove occupants safely in case of a fire or other emergencies.
  2. In problem security areas, special-purpose door alarms or locking devices shall be approved prior to installation. Manually operated edge or surface-molded flush bolts shall be prohibited.
  3. Where the door hardware is in compliance with the Uniform Construction Code.

1010.5 Special Performance Features

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All hardware systems or assemblies utilized in the operation of a door, including special performance features, shall be inspected for proper operation. The inspection shall determine that the hardware operates as required by this code.

1010.6 Panic Hardware

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All doors equipped with latching devices serving rooms or spaces with an assembly or educational occupancy with an occupant load greater than 100 shall have the approved panic hardware maintained in compliance with the construction code in effect at the time of first occupancy.

1010.7 Closing

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All fire doors shall comply with Section 703.

Section 1011 Stairways

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1011.1 General

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1011.2 Width and Capacity

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1011.3 Headroom

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1011.4 Walkline

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1011.5 Stair Treads and Risers

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1011.5.1 Dimension Reference Surfaces

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1011.5.2 Riser Height and Tread Depth

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1011.5.3 Winder Treads

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1011.5.4 Dimensional Uniformity

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1011.5.4.1 Nonuniform Height Risers

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1011.5.5 Nosing and Riser Profile

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1011.5.5.1 Nosing Projection Size

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1011.5.5.2 Nosing Projection Uniformity

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1011.5.5.3 Solid Risers

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1011.6 Stairway Landings

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1011.7 Stairway Construction

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1011.7.1 Stairway Walking Surface

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1011.7.2 Outdoor Conditions

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1011.7.3 Enclosures Under Interior Stairways

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1011.7.4 Enclosures Under Exterior Stairways

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1011.8 Vertical Rise

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1011.9 Curved Stairways

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1011.10 Spiral Stairways

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1011.11 Handrails

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1011.12 Stairway to Roof

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1011.12.1 Stairway to Elevator Equipment

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1011.12.2 Roof Access

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1011.13 Guards

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1011.14 Alternating Tread Devices

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1011.14.1 Handrails of Alternating Tread Devices

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1011.14.2 Treads of Alternating Tread Devices

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1011.15 Ships Ladders

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1011.15.1 Handrails of Ships Ladders

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1011.15.2 Treads of Ships Ladders

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1011.16 Ladders

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Section 1012 Ramps

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1012.1 Scope

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1012.2 Slope

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1012.3 Cross Slope

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1012.4 Vertical Rise

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1012.5 Minimum Dimensions

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1012.5.1 Width and Capacity

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1012.5.2 Headroom

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1012.5.3 Restrictions

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1012.6 Landings

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1012.6.1 Slope

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1012.6.2 Width

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1012.6.3 Length

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1012.6.4 Change in Direction

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1012.6.5 Doorways

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1012.7 Ramp Construction

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1012.7.1 Ramp Surface

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1012.7.2 Outdoor Conditions

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1012.8 Handrails

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1012.9 Guards

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1012.10 Edge Protection

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1012.10.1 Curb, Rail, Wall or Barrier

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1012.10.2 Extended Floor or Ground Surface

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1013.1 Where Required Exit Signs

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All means of egress shall be indicated with approved "Exit" signs where required by the construction code in effect at the time of first occupancy or N.J.A.C. 5:70-4 et seq., as applicable. All "Exit" signs shall be maintained visible, and all illuminated exit signs shall be illuminated at all times the structure is occupied. Supplemental internally illuminated directional signs, when necessary, shall be installed in accordance with the technical requirements of the Uniform Construction Code indicating the direction and way of egress.

Exceptions:
  1. Exit signs are not required in rooms or areas that require only one exit or exit access.
  2. Main exterior exit doors or gates that are obviously and clearly identifiable as exits need not have exit signs where approved by the fire code official.
  3. Exit signs are not required in occupancies in Group U and individual sleeping units or dwelling units in Group R-1, R-2 or R-3.
  4. Exit signs are not required in dayrooms, sleeping rooms or dormitories in occupancies in Group I-3.
  5. In occupancies in Groups A-4 and A-5, exit signs are not required on the seating side of vomitories or openings into seating areas where exit signs are provided in the concourse that are readily apparent from the vomitories. Egress lighting is provided to identify each vomitory or opening within the seating area in an emergency.

1013.2 Floor-Level Exit Signs in Group R-1

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1013.2 Information Signs

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A sign shall be provided at each floor landing in all interior stairways more than three stories above grade, designating the floor level above the floor of discharge. All elevator lobby call stations on all floor levels shall be identified by approved signs in accordance with the requirements for new buildings in the Uniform Construction Code.

Exception: The emergency sign shall not be required for elevators that are part of an accessible means of egress complying with the construction code in effect at the time of first occupancy.

1013.3 Illumination

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1013.3 Mistaken Egress

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
All doors, passageways and stairways that are neither a means of egress nor provide access to a means of egress and are located or arranged so as to be mistaken for a means of egress, shall be properly identified as to their purpose.

1013.4 Raised Character and Braille Exit Signs

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1013.4 Sign Obscuration

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Decorations, furnishings and equipment impairing the visibility of egress signs shall not be permitted. Brightly illuminated signs for other than egress purposes, displays or objects shall not be located in or near the line of vision to the required egress sign when of a character so as to detract attention from the egress sign such that the sign will not be noticed.

1013.5 Internally Illuminated Exit Signs

AMENDMENT
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1013.6 Externally Illuminated Exit Signs

AMENDMENT
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1013.6.1 Graphics

AMENDMENT
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1013.6.2 Exit Sign Illumination

AMENDMENT
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1013.6.3 Power Source

AMENDMENT
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Section 1014 Handrails

AMENDMENT
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1014.1 Where Required

AMENDMENT
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1014.2 Height

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1014.3 Handrail Graspability

AMENDMENT
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1014.3.1 Type I

AMENDMENT
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1014.3.2 Type II

AMENDMENT
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1014.4 Continuity

AMENDMENT
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1014.5 Fittings

AMENDMENT
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1014.6 Handrail Extensions

AMENDMENT
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1014.7 Clearance

AMENDMENT
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1014.8 Projections

AMENDMENT
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1014.9 Intermediate Handrails

AMENDMENT
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Section 1015 Guards

AMENDMENT
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1015.1 General

AMENDMENT
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1015.2 Where Required

AMENDMENT
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1015.2.1 Glazing

AMENDMENT
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1015.3 Height

AMENDMENT
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1015.4 Opening Limitations

AMENDMENT
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1015.5 Screen Porches

AMENDMENT
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1015.6 Mechanical Equipment, Systems and Devices

AMENDMENT
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1015.7 Roof Access

AMENDMENT
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1015.8 Window Openings

AMENDMENT
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1015.8.1 Window Opening Control Devices

AMENDMENT
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Section 1016 Exit Access

AMENDMENT
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1016.1 General

AMENDMENT
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1016.2 Egress Through Intervening Spaces

AMENDMENT
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1016.2.1 Multiple Tenants

AMENDMENT
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Section 1017 Exit Access Travel Distance

AMENDMENT
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1017.1 General

AMENDMENT
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1017.2 Limitations

AMENDMENT
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1017.2.1 Exterior Egress Balcony Increase

AMENDMENT
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1017.2.2 Group F-1 and S-1 Increase

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1017.3 Measurement

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1017.3.1 Exit Access Stairways and Ramps

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

Section 1018 Aisles

ILLUSTRATION

1018.1 General Aisles

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
In each room where chairs or tables and chairs are utilized, the arrangement shall provide for ready access by aisle access ways and aisles to each egress door. The minimum clear width of each aisle in occupancies in Use Groups A, E and 1-2 shall be maintained in accordance with the construction code in effect at the time of first occupancy. In all other occupancies, aisles shall have a minimum required clear width of 44 inches (1118 mm) where serving an occupant load greater than 50 or less. The clear width of aisles shall not be obstructed by chairs, tables or other objects.

Exception: Encroachments complying with Section 1005.7.
Aisles and aisle accessways serving a room or space used for assembly purposes shall comply with Section 1029.
In Group B and M occupancies, the minimum clear aisle width shall be determined by Section 1005.1 for the occupant load served, but shall be not less than that required for corridors by Section 1020.2.

Exception: Nonpublic aisles serving less than 50 people and not required to be accessible by Chapter 11 of the International Building Code need not exceed 28 inches (711 mm) in width.
An aisle accessway shall be provided on not less than one side of each element within the merchandise pad. The minimum clear width for an aisle accessway not required to be accessible shall be 30 inches (762 mm). The required clear width of the aisle accessway shall be measured perpendicular to the elements and merchandise within the merchandise pad. The 30-inch (762 mm) minimum clear width shall be maintained to provide a path to an adjacent aisle or aisle accessway. The common path of egress travel shall not exceed 30 feet (9144 mm) from any point in the merchandise pad.

Exception: For areas serving not more than 50 occupants, the common path of egress travel shall not exceed 75 feet (22 860 mm).
In other than rooms or spaces used for assembly purposes and Group B and M occupancies, the minimum clear aisle capacity shall be determined by Section 1005.1 for the occupant load served, but the width shall be not less than that required for corridors by Section 1020.2.

Exception: Nonpublic aisles serving less than 50 people and not required to be accessible by Chapter 11 of the International Building Code need not exceed 28 inches (711 mm) in width.

Section 1019 Exit Access Stairways and Ramps

AMENDMENT
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1019.1 General

AMENDMENT
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1019.2 All Occupancies

AMENDMENT
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1019.3 Occupancies Other Than Groups I-2 and I-3

AMENDMENT
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1019.4 Group I-2 and I-3 Occupancies

AMENDMENT
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Section 1020 Corridors

ILLUSTRATION

1020.1 Construction

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1020.2 Width and Capacity

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
ILLUSTRATION
OCCUPANCY MINIMUM WIDTH
(inches)
Any facilities not listed below 44
Access to and utilization of mechanical,
plumbing or electrical systems or equipment
24
With an occupant load of less than 50 36
Within a dwelling unit 36
In Group E with a corridor having a
occupant load of 100 or more
72
In corridors and areas serving stretcher
traffic in ambulatory care facilities
72
Group I-2 in areas where required for bed
movement
96

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm.
The minimum width or required capacity of corridors shall be unobstructed.

Exception: Encroachments complying with Section 1005.7.

1020.4 Dead Ends

AMENDMENT
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1020.5 Air Movement in Corridors

AMENDMENT
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1020.5.1 Corridor Ceiling

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1020.6 Corridor Continuity

AMENDMENT
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Section 1021 Egress Balconies

AMENDMENT
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1021.1 General

AMENDMENT
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1021.2 Wall Separation

AMENDMENT
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1021.3 Openness

AMENDMENT
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1021.4 Location

AMENDMENT
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Section 1022 Exits

ILLUSTRATION

1022.1 General

AMENDMENT
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An exit shall not be used for any purpose that interferes with its function as a means of egress. Once a given level of exit protection is achieved, such level of protection shall not be reduced until arrival at the exit discharge. Exits shall be continuous from the point of entry into the exit to the exit discharge.

1022.2 Exterior Exit Doors

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1022.2.1 Detailed Requirements

AMENDMENT
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1022.2.2 Arrangement

AMENDMENT
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Section 1023 Interior Exit Stairways and Ramps

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1023.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1023.2 Construction

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1023.3 Termination

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1023.3.1 Extension

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1023.4 Openings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1023.5 Penetrations

AMENDMENT
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1023.6 Ventilation

AMENDMENT
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1023.7 Interior Exit Stairway and Ramp Exterior Walls

AMENDMENT
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1023.8 Discharge Identification

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1023.9 Stairway Identification Signs

AMENDMENT
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1023.9.1 Signage Requirements

AMENDMENT
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1023.10 Elevator Lobby Identification Signs

AMENDMENT
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1023.11 Smokeproof Enclosures

AMENDMENT
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1023.11.1 Termination and Extension

AMENDMENT
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1023.11.2 Enclosure Access

AMENDMENT
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Section 1024 Exit Passageways

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1024.1 Exit Passageways

AMENDMENT
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1024.2 Width

AMENDMENT
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1024.3 Construction

AMENDMENT
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1024.4 Termination

AMENDMENT
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1024.5 Openings

AMENDMENT
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1024.6 Penetrations

AMENDMENT
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1024.7 Ventilation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

Section 1025 Luminous Egress Path Markings

AMENDMENT
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1025.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1025.2 Markings Within Exit Components

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1025.2.1 Steps

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1025.2.2 Landings

AMENDMENT
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1025.2.3 Handrails

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1025.2.4 Perimeter Demarcation Lines

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1025.2.4.1 Floor-Mounted Demarcation Lines

AMENDMENT
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1025.2.4.2 Wall-Mounted Demarcation Lines

AMENDMENT
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1025.2.4.3 Transition

AMENDMENT
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1025.2.5 Obstacles

AMENDMENT
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1025.2.6 Doors Within the Exit Path

AMENDMENT
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1025.2.6.1 Emergency Exit Symbol

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1025.2.6.2 Door Hardware Markings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1025.2.6.3 Door Frame Markings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1025.3 Uniformity

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1025.4 Self-Luminous and Photoluminescent

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1025.5 Illumination

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

Section 1026 Horizontal Exits

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1026.1 Horizontal Exits

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1026.2 Separation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1026.3 Opening Protectives

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1026.4 Refuge Area

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1026.4.1 Capacity

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1026.4.2 Number of Exits

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

Section 1027 Exterior Exit Stairways and Ramps

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1027.1 Exterior Exit Stairways and Ramps

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1027.2 Use in a Means of Egress

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1027.3 Open Side

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1027.4 Side Yards

AMENDMENT
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1027.5 Location

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1027.6 Exterior Exit Stairway and Ramp Protection

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

Section 1028 Exit Discharge

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1028.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1028.2 Exit Discharge Width or Capacity

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1028.3 Exit Discharge Components

AMENDMENT
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1028.4 Egress Courts

AMENDMENT
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1028.4.1 Width or Capacity

AMENDMENT
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1028.4.2 Construction and Openings

AMENDMENT
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1028.5 Access to a Public Way

AMENDMENT
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Section 1029 Assembly

AMENDMENT
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1029.1 General

AMENDMENT
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1029.1.1 Bleachers

AMENDMENT
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1029.1.1.1 Spaces Under Grandstands and Bleachers

AMENDMENT
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1029.2 Assembly Main Exit

AMENDMENT
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1029.3 Assembly Other Exits

AMENDMENT
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1029.4 Foyers and Lobbies

AMENDMENT
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1029.5 Interior Balcony and Gallery Means of Egress

AMENDMENT
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1029.6 Capacity of Aisle for Assembly

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1029.6.1 Without Smoke Protection

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1029.6.2 Smoke-Protected Assembly Seating

AMENDMENT
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1029.6.2.1 Smoke Control

AMENDMENT
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1029.6.2.2 Roof Height

AMENDMENT
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1029.6.2.3 Automatic Sprinklers

AMENDMENT
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1029.6.3 Outdoor Smoke-Protected Assembly Seating

AMENDMENT
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1029.7 Travel Distance

AMENDMENT
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1029.8 Common Path of Egress Travel

AMENDMENT
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1029.8.1 Path Through Adjacent Row

AMENDMENT
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1029.9 Assembly Aisles Are Required

AMENDMENT
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1029.9.1 Minimum Aisle Width

AMENDMENT
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1029.9.2 Aisle Catchment Area

AMENDMENT
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1029.9.3 Converging Aisles

AMENDMENT
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1029.9.4 Uniform Width and Capacity

AMENDMENT
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1029.9.5 Dead End Aisles

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1029.9.6 Aisle Measurement

AMENDMENT
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1029.9.6.1 Assembly Aisle Obstructions

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1029.9.7 Stairways Connecting to Stepped Aisles

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1029.9.8 Stairways Connecting to Vomitories

AMENDMENT
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1029.10 Transitions

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1029.10.1 Transitions and Stairways That Maintain Stepped Aisle Riser and Tread Dimensions

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1029.10.2 Transitions to Stairways That Do Not Maintain Stepped Aisle Riser and Tread Dimensions

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1029.10.2.1 Stairways and Stepped Aisles in a Straight Run

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1029.10.2.2 Stairways and Stepped Aisles That Change Direction

AMENDMENT
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1029.10.3 Transition Marking

AMENDMENT
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1029.11 Construction

AMENDMENT
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1029.11.1 Walking Surface

AMENDMENT
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1029.11.2 Outdoor Conditions

AMENDMENT
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1029.12 Aisle Accessways

AMENDMENT
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1029.12.1 Seating at Tables

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1029.12.1.1 Aisle Accessway Capacity and Width for Seating at Tables

AMENDMENT
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1029.12.1.2 Seating at Table Aisle Accessway Length

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1029.12.2 Clear Width of Aisle Accessways Serving Seating in Rows

AMENDMENT
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1029.12.2.1 Dual Access

AMENDMENT
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1029.12.2.2 Single Access

AMENDMENT
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1029.13 Assembly Aisle Walking Surfaces

AMENDMENT
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1029.13.1 Ramped Aisles

AMENDMENT
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1029.13.1.1 Cross Slope

AMENDMENT
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1029.13.1.2 Landings

AMENDMENT
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1029.13.1.3 Edge Protection

AMENDMENT
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1029.13.2 Stepped Aisles

AMENDMENT
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1029.13.2.1 Treads

AMENDMENT
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1029.13.2.2 Risers

AMENDMENT
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1029.13.2.2.1 Construction Tolerances

AMENDMENT
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1029.13.2.3 Tread Contrasting Marking Stripe

AMENDMENT
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1029.13.2.4 Nosing and Profile

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1029.14 Seat Stability

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1029.15 Handrails

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1029.15.1 Discontinuous Handrails

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1029.15.2 Handrail Termination

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1029.15.3 Mid-Aisle Termination

AMENDMENT
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1029.15.4 Rails

AMENDMENT
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1029.16 Assembly Guards

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1029.16.1 Perimeter Guards

AMENDMENT
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1029.16.2 Cross Aisles

AMENDMENT
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1029.16.3 Sightline-Constrained Guard Heights

AMENDMENT
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1029.16.4 Guards at the End of Aisles

AMENDMENT
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Section 1030 Emergency Escape and Rescue

AMENDMENT
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1030.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1030.2 Minimum Size

AMENDMENT
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1030.2.1 Minimum Dimensions

AMENDMENT
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1030.3 Maximum Height From Floor

AMENDMENT
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1030.4 Operational Constraints

AMENDMENT
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1030.5 Window Wells

AMENDMENT
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1030.5.1 Minimum Size

AMENDMENT
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1030.5.2 Ladders or Steps

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1031.1 General

AMENDMENT
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An exit shall not be utilized for any purpose that interferes with its function as a means of egress, except as otherwise approved. The means of egress from each part of the structure, including exits, stairways, egress doors and any panic hardware installed thereon, aisles, corridors, passageways and similar elements of the means of egress, shall at all times be maintained in a safe condition and available for immediate utilization and free of all obstructions. Security devices affecting means of egress shall be subject to approval.

1031.1.1 Storage

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Combustible or flammable material shall not be placed, stored or kept in any portion of an exit, elevator car or hoist way, or at the bottom of a stairway, fire escape or other means of escape, unless such space is enclosed and protected as required by the construction code in effect at the time of first occupancy. Such storage shall be located so the presence or burning of the materials will not obstruct or render hazardous the means of egress.

1031.2 Exit Capacity

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The capacity of exits serving a floor shall be sufficient for the occupant load thereof as determined by the construction code in effect at the time of first occupancy or N.J.A.C. 5:70-4 et seq., as applicable.

1031.2 1031.3 Reliability

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Required exit accesses, exits and exit discharges shall be continuously maintained free from obstructions or impediments to full instant use in the case of fire or other emergency where the building area served by the means of egress is occupied. An exit or exit passageway shall not be used for any purpose that interferes with a means of egress.

1031.2.1 1031.3.1 Security Devices and Egress Locks

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Security devices affecting means of egress shall be subject to approval of the fire code official. Security devices and locking arrangements in the means of egress that restrict, control, or delay egress shall be installed and maintained as required by this chapter.

1031.4 Continued Maintenance

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
All means of egress devices and safeguards that are required by this chapter or that were required by a previous statute or another code when the structure was erected, altered or repaired, shall be maintained in good working order.

1031.3 1031.5 Obstructions

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A means of egress shall be free from obstructions that would prevent its use, including the accumulation of snow and ice.

1031.3.1 1031.5.1 Group I-2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
In Group I-2, the required clear width for aisles, corridors and ramps that are part of the required means of egress shall comply with Section 1020.2. The facility shall have a plan to maintain the required clear width during emergency situations.

Exception: In areas required for bed movement, equipment shall be permitted in the required width where all the following provisions are met:
  1. 1. The equipment is low hazard and wheeled.
  2. 2. The equipment does not reduce the effective clear width for the means of egress to less than 5 feet (1525 mm).
  3. 3. The equipment is limited to:
    1. 3.1 Equipment and carts in use.
    2. 3.2 Medical emergency equipment.
    3. 3.3 Infection control carts.
    4. 3.4 Patient lift and transportation equipment.
  4. 4. Medical emergency equipment and patient lift and transportation equipment, when not in use, is required to be located on one side of the corridor.
  5. 5. The equipment is limited in number to a maximum of one per patient sleeping room or patient care room within each smoke compartment.

1031.6 Exterior Egress

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
All exit discharge, exterior stairways and fire escapes shall be kept free of snow and ice. Any fire escape or exterior stairway found to be in a state of deterioration or determined to be unsafe by the fire official shall be repaired immediately. Depending upon the structural condition, a load test of any fire escape shall be conducted before the escape is returned to service in accordance with the N.J.A.C. 5:23, the Uniform Construction Code.

1031.4 1031.7 Exit Signs

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Exit signs shall be installed and maintained in accordance with Section 1013. Decorations, furnishings, equipment or adjacent signage that impairs the visibility of exit signs, creates confusion or prevents identification of the exit shall not be allowed.

1031.5 1031.8 Nonexit Identification

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where a door is adjacent to, constructed similar to and can be confused with a means of egress door, that door shall be identified with an approved sign that identifies the room name or use of the room.

1031.6 1031.9 Finishes, Furnishings and Decorations

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Means of egress doors shall be maintained in such a manner as to be distinguishable from the adjacent construction and finishes such that the doors are easily recognizable as doors. Furnishings, decorations or other objects shall not be placed so as to obstruct exits, access thereto, egress therefrom, or visibility thereof. Hangings and draperies shall not be placed over exit doors or otherwise be located to conceal or obstruct an exit. Mirrors shall not be placed on exit doors. Mirrors shall not be placed in or adjacent to any exit in such a manner as to confuse the direction of exit.

1031.10 Display

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Aisles, passageways or stairways in any structure shall not be obstructed with tables, showcases, holiday displays, vending machines or other obstructions during hours when the structure is open to the public, nor shall such obstructions be located in such a manner as to interfere with fire-fighting access. Display boards, signs, coat racks and any other movable equipment that obstructs the path of egress travel shall be prohibited. A mirror shall not be placed in or adjacent to any means of egress in such a manner as to confuse the direction of egress. Draperies and similar hangings shall not obscure an exit.

1031.7 1031.11 Emergency Escape and Rescue Openings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Required emergency escape and rescue openings shall be maintained in accordance with the code in effect at the time of construction, and the following: Required emergency escape and rescue openings shall be operational from the inside of the room without the use of keys or tools. Bars, grilles, grates or similar devices are allowed to be placed over emergency escape and rescue openings provided the minimum net clear opening size complies with the code that was in effect at the time of construction and such devices shall be releasable or removable from the inside without the use of a key, tool or force greater than that which is required for normal operation of the emergency escape and rescue opening.

1031.8 1031.12 Inspection, Testing and Maintenance

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
ILLUSTRATION
All two-way communication systems for areas of refuge shall be inspected and tested on a yearly basis to verify that all components are operational. Where required, the tests shall be conducted in the presence of the fire code official. Records of inspection, testing and maintenance shall be maintained.

1031.9 1031.13 Floor Identification Signs

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The floor identification signs required by Sections 1023.9 and 1104.24 shall be maintained in an approved manner.
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