For the purpose of this standard, the terms listed in Section 202 have the indicated meaning.
The meaning of terms not specifically defined in this document or in referenced standards shall have ordinarily accepted meanings such as the context implies.
Words, terms and phrases used in the singular include the plural and the plural the singular.
BLEACHERS. Tiered seating supported on a dedicated structural system and two or more rows high (see "Grandstands").
BUILDING CODE. The locally adopted building code.
CODE OFFICIAL The officer or other designated authority charged with the administration and enforcement of this standard, or a duly authorized representative.
ELECTRICAL CODE. The locally adopted electrical code.
EXIT ACCESS. That portion of a means of egress system that leads to an exit. For the purposes of this standard, aisle accessways, aisles and cross aisles are considered components of exit access.
FIRE CODE. The locally adopted fire code.
FOLDING AND TELESCOPIC SEATING. Tiered seating capable of being reduced in overall size and shape for purposes of moving or storing.
GRANDSTAND. Tiered seating supported on a dedicated structural system and two or more rows high (see "Bleachers").
GUARD. A building component or a system of building components located at or near the open sides of elevated walking surfaces that minimizes the possibility of a fall from the walking surface to a lower level.
HANDRAIL. A horizontal or sloping rail intended for grasping by the hand for guidance or support.
MEANS OF EGRESS. A continuous and unobstructed path of vertical and horizontal egress travel from any point on a bleacher, folding and telescopic seating, and grandstand to a public way. A means of egress consists of three separate and distinct parts: exit access, exit and exit discharge.
PRESS BOX. A limited-size structure attached to tiered seating intended for limited use.
QUALIFIED PERSON. A professional trained in the proper and safe use, operation and repair of bleachers, folding and telescopic seating and grandstands and is knowledgeable in the requirements of this standard.
RAMP. A walking surface that has a running slope steeper than one unit vertical in 20 units horizontal.
SMOKE-PROTECTED ASSEMBLY SEATING. Seating served by a means of egress that is not subject to smoke accumulation within or under a structure.
TRANSITION AREA. Changes in slope of tiered seating sections or access to a platform or balcony from tiered seating.