- Ten feet (3048 mm) or more from lot lines.
- Ten feet (3048 mm) or more from buildings having combustible exterior wall surfaces or buildings having noncombustible exterior wall surfaces that are not part of a 1-hour fire-resistance-rated assembly or buildings having combustible overhangs.
4. Such that the nozzle, when the hose is fully extended, will not reach within 5 feet (1524 mm) of building openings.
5. Twenty feet (6096 mm) or more from fixed sources of ignition.
- Dispensing devices shall be programmed or set to limit uninterrupted fuel delivery to 25 gallons (95 L) and require a manual action to resume delivery.
- The amount of fuel being dispensed shall be limited in quantity by a preprogrammed card as approved.
- Only persons knowledgeable in performing the required maintenance shall perform the work.
- Electrical power to the dispensing device and pump serving the dispenser shall be shut off at the main electrical disconnect panel.
- The emergency shutoff valve at the dispenser, where installed, shall be closed.
- Vehicle traffic and unauthorized persons shall be prevented from coming within 12 feet (3658 mm) of the dispensing device.
- No smoking.
- Shut off motor.
- Discharge your static electricity before fueling by touching a metal surface away from the nozzle.
- To prevent static charge, do not reenter your vehicle while gasoline is pumping.
- If a fire starts, do not remove nozzle—back away immediately.
- It is unlawful and dangerous to dispense gasoline into unapproved containers.
- No filling of portable containers in or on a motor vehicle. Place container on ground before filling.
Weeds, grass, brush, trash and other combustible materials shall be kept not less than 10 feet (3048 mm) from fuel-handling equipment.
1. Above-ground tanks used for outside, above-grade storage of Class I liquids shall be listed and labeled as protected above-ground tanks in accordance with UL 2085 and shall be in accordance with Chapter 57. Such tanks shall be located in accordance with Table 2306.2.3.
1. When approved by the fire chief, other above-ground tanks that comply with Chapter 57 are allowed to be used for outside, above-grade storage and dispensing of Class I liquids, provided the tanks are located in accordance with Table 2306.2.3.
2. Existing nonprotected tanks designed, fabricated and constructed in accordance with Section 5704.2.7 and not exceeding 6,000 gallons individual capacity and 18,000 gallons aggregate capacity are allowed to be located not less than 30 feet from the nearest dispenser and the nearest side of any public way, property line, building or combustible storage located on the same property.
2. Above-ground tanks used for outside, above-grade storage of Class II or IIIA liquids shall be listed and labeled as protected above-ground tanks in accordance with UL 2085 and shall be installed in accordance with Chapter 57. Tank locations shall be in accordance with Table 2306.2.3.
2. Existing nonprotected tanks designed, fabricated and constructed in accordance with Section 5704.2.7 and not exceeding 10,000 gallons individual capacity and 30,000 gallons aggregate capacity are allowed to be located not less than 30 feet from the nearest dispenser and the nearest side of any public way, property line, building or combustible storage located on the same property.
3. Tanks containing fuels shall not exceed 12,000 gallons (45 420 L) in individual capacity or 48,000 gallons (181 680 L) in aggregate capacity. Installations with the maximum allowable aggregate capacity shall be separated from other such installations by not less than 100 feet (30 480 mm).
4. Tanks located at farms, construction projects, or rural areas shall comply with Section 5706.2.
5. Above-ground tanks used for outside above-grade storage of Class IIIB liquid motor fuel shall be listed and labeled in accordance with UL 142 or listed and labeled as protected above-ground tanks in accordance with UL 2085 and shall be installed in accordance with Chapter 57. Tank locations shall be in accordance with Table 2306.2.3.
6. For operations not open to the public and for resort operations serving registered guests only, which dispense Class I liquids from one tank having a capacity of 560 gallons (2120 L) or less, having the dispenser located on or adjacent to the tank is permitted. Such tanks shall be located in accordance with Table 2306.2.3.
7. For operations not open to the public and for resort operations serving registered guests only, which dispense Class II liquids from two tanks having a capacity of up to 1,000 gallons (3785 L) each, having the dispenser located on or adjacent to the tank is permitted. Such tanks shall be located in accordance with Table 2306.2.3.
MINIMUM SEPARATION REQUIREMENTS FOR ABOVE-GROUND TANKS
|CLASS OF LIQUID |
AND TANK TYPE
|INDIVIDUAL TANK |
BUILDING ON SAME
LOT LINE THAT IS
OR CAN BE BUILT
SIDE OF A PUBLIC
NEAREST SIDE OF
ANY PUBLIC WAY
|Class I protected|
|Less than or equal to 6,000||5||25a||15||5||3|
|Greater than 6,000||15||25a||25||15||3|
|Class II and III pro- |
tected above-ground tanks
|Same as Class I||Same as Class I||Same as Class Ic||Same as Class I||Same as Class I||Same as Class I|
|Tanks in vaults||0—20,000||0b||0||0b||0||Separate compart- |
ment required for
|For SI: 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 gallon = 3.785 L.|
|a. When approved by the fire chief, dispensing devices are permitted to be installed on top of or adjacent to protected above-ground tanks or tanks in vaults.|
|b. Underground vaults shall be located such that they will not be subject to loading from nearby structures, or they shall be designed to accommodate applied loads from existing or future structures that can be built nearby.|
|c. For Class IIIB liquids in protected above-ground tanks, no minimum separation distance is required.|
- The special enclosure shall be liquid tight and vapor tight.
- The special enclosure shall not contain backfill.
- Sides, top and bottom of the special enclosure shall be of reinforced concrete at least 6 inches (152 mm) thick, with openings for inspection through the top only.
- Tank connections shall be piped or closed such that neither vapors nor liquid can escape into the enclosed space between the special enclosure and any tanks inside the special enclosure.
- Means shall be provided whereby portable equipment can be employed to discharge to the outside any vapors which might accumulate inside the special enclosure should leakage occur.
- Tanks containing Class I, II or IIIA liquids inside a special enclosure shall not exceed 6,000 gallons (22 710 L) in individual capacity or 18,000 gallons (68 130 L) in aggregate capacity.
- Each tank within special enclosures shall be surrounded by a clear space of not less than 3 feet (910 mm) to allow for maintenance and inspection.
2306.6 Piping, Valves, Fittings and Ancillary Equipment for Use With Flammable or Combustible Liquids
2306.6.2 Piping, Valves, Fittings and Ancillary Equipment for Above-Ground Tanks for Class I, II and III Liquids
- The hose nozzle valve shall be equipped with an integral latch-open device.
- When the flow of product is normally controlled by devices or equipment other than the hose nozzle valve, the hose nozzle valve shall not be capable of being opened unless the delivery hose is pressurized. If pressure to the hose is lost, the nozzle shall close automatically.
Exception: Vapor recovery nozzles incorporating insertion interlock devices designed to achieve shutoff on disconnect from the vehicle fill pipe.
3. The hose nozzle shall be designed such that the nozzle is retained in the fill pipe during the filling operation.
4. The system shall include listed equipment with a feature that causes or requires the closing of the hose nozzle valve before the product flow can be resumed or before the hose nozzle valve can be replaced in its normal position in the dispenser.
- Approved protective enclosures, which extend at least 18 inches (457 mm) above the equipment, constructed of fire-resistant or noncombustible materials; or
- Fire protection using an approved water-spray system.
In addition, the following requirements shall apply:
|Section 2307 is amended to allow self-service public dispensing of LP-gas into motor vehicles. This places language from a previous SFMD interpretation into the code. Training of the user is required along with key, code or access card to activate the dispenser. Similar language is now in the 2015 IFC.|
- Compression, storage or dispensing equipment shall be allowed in buildings of noncombustible construction, as set forth in the International Building Code, which are unenclosed for three-quarters or more of the perimeter.
- Compression, storage and dispensing equipment shall be allowed indoors or in vaults in accordance with Chapter 53.
- Not beneath power lines.
- Ten feet (3048 mm) or more from the nearest building or lot line that could be built on, public street, sidewalk or source of ignition.
3. Twenty-five feet (7620 mm) or more from the nearest rail of any railroad track and 50 feet (15 240 mm) or more from the nearest rail of any railroad main track or any railroad or transit line where power for train propulsion is provided by an outside electrical source, such as third rail or overhead catenary.
4. Fifty feet (15 240 mm) or more from the vertical plane below the nearest overhead wire of a trolley bus line.
SEPARATION DISTANCE FOR ATMOSPHERIC VENTING OF CNG
|EQUIPMENT OR FEATURE||MINIMUM SEPARATION (feet)|
|CNG compressor and storage vessels||25|
|For SI: 1 foot = 304.8 mm.|
- Inside a building in a hydrogen cutoff room designed and constructed in accordance with Section 421 of the International Building Code.
- Inside a building not in a hydrogen cutoff room where the gaseous hydrogen system is listed and labeled for indoor installation and installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions.
- Inside a building in a dedicated hydrogen fuel-dispensing area having an aggregate hydrogen delivery capacity no greater than 12 standard cubic feet per minute (SCFM) and designed and constructed in accordance with Section 703.1 of the International Fuel Gas Code.
In addition to the requirements in Section 2311, the owner of a self-service hydrogen motor fuel-dispensing facility shall provide for the safe operation of the system through the institution of a fire safety plan submitted in accordance with Section 404, the training of employees and operators who use and maintain the system in accordance with Section 406, and provisions for hazard communication in accordance with Section 407.
- The premises and operations shall be approved by the fire code official.
- Tank vehicles and fueling operations shall comply with Section 5706.6.
- The dispensing nozzle shall be of the listed automatic-closing type without a latch-open device.
- Nighttime deliveries shall only be made in lighted areas.
- The tank vehicle flasher lights shall be in operation while dispensing.
- Fuel expansion space shall be left in each fuel tank to prevent overflow in the event of temperature increase.
NO SMOKING—STOP ENGINE WHILE FUELING,
SHUT OFF ELECTRICITY
DO NOT START ENGINE UNTIL AFTER BELOW
DECK SPACES ARE VENTILATED.
Vehicles powered by gaseous fuels in which the fuel system has been damaged shall be inspected and evaluated for fuel system integrity prior to being brought into the repair garage. The inspection shall include testing of the entire fuel delivery system for leakage.
- Mechanical ventilation systems that are interlocked with a gas detection system designed in accordance with Sections 2311.7.2 through 2318.104.22.168.
- Mechanical ventilation systems in repair garages that are used only for repair of vehicles fueled by liquid fuels or odorized gases, such as CNG, where the ventilation system is electrically interlocked with the lighting circuit.