Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.

(Chapter 11 of the 2018 IBC with MN Amendments)

User note:

About this chapter: Chapter 11 contains provisions that set forth requirements for accessibility of buildings and their associated sites and facilities for people with physical disabilities. The fundamental philosophy of the code on the subject of accessibility is that everything is required to be accessible. This is reflected in the basic applicability requirement (see Section 1103.1). The code's scoping requirements then address the conditions under which accessibility is not required in terms of exceptions to this general mandate. While the IBC contains scoping provisions for accessibility (for example, what, where and how many), ICC A117.1, Accessible and Usable Buildings and Facilities, is the referenced standard for the technical provisions (in other words, how). Accessibility criteria for existing buildings are addressed in the International Existing Building Code®. The International Residential Code® references Chapter 11 for accessibility provisions; therefore, this chapter may be applicable to housing covered under the International Residential Code. The provisions in the I-Codes are intended to meet or exceed the requirements in the federal accessibility requirement found in the Americans with Disabilities Act and the Fair Housing Act.

There are many accessibility issues that not only benefit people with disabilities, but also provide a tangible benefit to people without disabilities. This type of requirement can be set forth in the code as generally applicable without necessarily identifying it specifically as an accessibility-related issue. Such a requirement would then be considered as having been "mainstreamed." For example, visible alarms are located in Chapter 9 and accessible means of egress and ramp requirements are addressed in Chapter 10.

SECTION 1101
GENERAL

1101.1 Scope.

The provisions of this chapter shall control the design and construction of facilities for accessibility for individuals with disabilities.

1101.2 Equity.

Where not all similar-type facilities and spaces are required to be accessible, accessible facilities and spaces shall be provided with the same or equivalent elements as provided in the nonaccessible facilities and spaces.

1101.3 Calculation of percentages.

Where the required number of elements or facilities to be provided is determined by calculations of ratios or percentages and remainders or fractions result, the next greater whole number of such elements or facilities shall be provided. Where the determination of the required size or dimension of an element or facility involves ratios or percentages, rounding down for values less than one-half is permitted.

SECTION 1102
COMPLIANCE

1102.1 Design.

Buildings and facilities shall be designed and constructed to be accessible in accordance with this code and ICC A117.1.

SECTION 1103
SCOPING REQUIREMENTS

1103.1 Where required.

Sites, buildings, structures, facilities, elements and spaces, temporary or permanent, shall be accessible to individuals with disabilities.

1103.2 General exceptions.

Sites, buildings, structures, facilities, elements and spaces shall be exempt from this chapter to the extent specified in this section.

1103.2.1 Specific requirements.

Accessibility is not required in buildings and facilities, or portions thereof, to the extent permitted by Sections 1104 through 1111.

1103.2.2 Employee work areas.

Spaces and elements within employee work areas shall only be required to comply with Sections 907.5.2.3.1, 1009 and 1104.3.1 and shall be designed and constructed so that individuals with disabilities can approach, enter and exit the work area. Work areas, or portions of work areas, other than raised courtroom stations in accordance with Section 1108.4.1.4, that are less than 300 square feet (30 m2) in area and located 7 inches (178 mm) or more above or below the ground or finished floor where the change in elevation is essential to the function of the space shall be exempt from all requirements.

1103.2.3 Detached dwellings.

Detached one- and two-family dwellings, their accessory structures and their associated sites and facilities are not required to comply with this chapter.

1103.2.4 Utility buildings.

Group U occupancies are not required to comply with this chapter other than the following:

  1. In agricultural buildings, access is required to paved work areas and areas open to the general public.
  2. Private garages or carports that contain required accessible parking.

1103.2.5 Construction sites.

Structures, sites and equipment directly associated with the actual processes of construction including, but not limited to, scaffolding, bridging, materials hoists, materials storage or construction trailers are not required to comply with this chapter.

1103.2.6 Raised areas.

Raised areas used primarily for purposes of security, life safety or fire safety including, but not limited to, observation galleries, prison guard towers, fire towers or lifeguard stands are not required to comply with this chapter.

1103.2.7 Limited access spaces.

Spaces accessed only by ladders, catwalks, crawl spaces, freight elevators or very narrow passageways are not required to comply with this chapter.

1103.2.8 Areas in places of religious worship.

Deleted.

1103.2.9 Equipment spaces.

Spaces frequented only by service personnel for maintenance, repair or occasional monitoring of equipment are not required to comply with this chapter.

1103.2.10 Highway tollbooths.

Highway tollbooths where the access is provided only by bridges above the vehicular traffic or underground tunnels are not required to comply with this chapter.

1103.2.11 Residential Group R-1.

Buildings of Group R-1 containing not more than five sleeping units for rent or hire that are also occupied as the residence of the proprietor are not required to comply with this chapter.

1103.2.12 Day care facilities.

Deleted.

1103.2.13 Detention and correctional facilities.

In detention and correctional facilities, common use areas that are used only by inmates or detainees and security personnel, and that do not serve holding cells or housing cells required to be Accessible units, are not required to comply with this chapter.

1103.2.14 Walk-in coolers and freezers.

Walk-in cooler and freezer equipment accessed only from employee work areas is not required to comply with this chapter.

1103.2.15 Recreational facilities.

Recreational equipment such as play structures, amusement rides, and miniature golf are not required to be accessible.

1103.2.16 Existing buildings.

Existing buildings shall comply with IEBC Section 305 as amended by Minnesota Rules, part 1341.0030, as applicable.

SECTION 1104
ACCESSIBLE ROUTE

1104.1 Site arrival points.

At least one accessible route within the site shall be provided from public transportation stops, accessible parking, accessible passenger loading zones, and public streets or sidewalks to the accessible building entrance served.

Exception: Other than in buildings or facilities containing or serving Type B units, an accessible route shall not be required between site arrival points and the building or facility entrance if the only means of access between them is a vehicular way not providing for pedestrian access.

1104.2 Within a site.

At least one accessible route shall connect accessible buildings, accessible facilities, accessible elements and accessible spaces that are on the same site.

Exceptions:

  1. An accessible route is not required between accessible buildings, accessible facilities, accessible elements and accessible spaces that have, as the only means of access between them, a vehicular way not providing for pedestrian access.
  2. An accessible route to recreational facilities shall only be required to the extent specified in Section 1110.

1104.3 Connected spaces.

Where a building or portion of a building is required to be accessible, at least one accessible route shall be provided to each portion of the building, to accessible building entrances connecting accessible pedestrian walkways and to the public way.

Exceptions:

  1. Stories and mezzanines exempted by Section 1104.4.
  2. In a building, room or space used for assembly purposes with fixed seating, an accessible route shall not be required to serve levels where wheelchair spaces are not provided.
  3. Vertical access to elevated employee work stations within a courtroom complying with Section 1108.4.1.4.
  4. An accessible route to recreational facilities shall only be required to the extent specified in Section 1110.

1104.3.1 Employee work areas.

Common use circulation paths within employee work areas shall be accessible routes.

Exceptions:

  1. Common use circulation paths, located within employee work areas that are less than 1,000 square feet (93 m2) in size and defined by permanently installed partitions, counters, casework or furnishings, shall not be required to be accessible routes.
  2. Common use circulation paths, located within employee work areas, that are an integral component of equipment, shall not be required to be accessible routes.
  3. Common use circulation paths, located within exterior employee work areas that are fully exposed to the weather, shall not be required to be accessible routes.

1104.3.2 Press boxes.

Press boxes in a building, room or space used for assembly purposes shall be on an accessible route.

Exceptions:

  1. An accessible route shall not be required to press boxes in bleachers that have a single point of entry from the bleachers, provided that the aggregate area of all press boxes for each playing field is not more than 500 square feet (46 m2).
  2. An accessible route shall not be required to freestanding press boxes that are more than 12 feet (3660 mm) above grade provided that the aggregate area of all press boxes for each playing field is not more than 500 square feet (46 m2).

1104.4 Multilevel buildings and facilities.

Multilevel buildings and facilities shall comply with Sections 1104.4.1 to 1104.4.4 as applicable.

1104.4.1 General.

At least one accessible route shall connect each accessible story, mezzanine, and occupied roof in multilevel buildings and facilities.

Exceptions:

  1. An accessible route is not required to stories, mezzanines, or occupied roofs that have an occupant load of not more than 30 and are located above or below accessible levels.
  2. Stories, mezzanines, or occupied roofs that do not contain accessible elements or other spaces as determined by Section 1107 or 1108 are not required to be served by an accessible route from an accessible level.
  3. In air traffic control towers, an accessible route is not required to serve the cab and the floor immediately below the cab.

1104.4.2 Specific public areas.

At least one accessible route shall connect each level that is open to the public, including mezzanines, in the following multilevel buildings and facilities:

  1. Group M occupancies;
  2. Health care providers (Group B or I occupancies);
  3. Nongovernment passenger transportation and airport facilities (Group A-3 or B occupancies); and
  4. Government facilities.

Exception: In air traffic control towers, an accessible route is not required to serve the cab and the floor immediately below the cab.

1104.4.3 Musical risers.

An accessible route shall be provided to the main floor level and to at least one riser level of built-in or fixed riser assemblies designed for instrumental or choral use.

Exception: An accessible route is not required to risers where performers are positioned on the main floor level at the base of the risers.

1104.4.4 Tiered areas.

Tiered areas without fixed seats shall comply with Section 1104.4.4.1 or 1104.4.4.2.

1104.4.4.1 Small tiered areas utilizing the floor area at the base of the tier.

Where a tiered area has no more than five tiers, the tier assembly has an occupant load of not more than 300, and the floor level at the base of the tier is utilized for the same use as the tiers, an accessible route shall be provided to the floor level at the base of the tier.

1104.4.4.2 Other tiered areas.

Tiered areas not complying with Section 1104.4.4.1 shall provide an accessible route to the floor level at the base of the tier and to 10 percent, but not less than one level, of the tiered levels. Accessible tiers shall be separated by a minimum of five intervening tiers.

Exceptions:

  1. An accessible route shall not be required to tiers where the depth of each tier is 36 inches (915 mm) maximum.
  2. An accessible route shall not be required to tiers where the floor level at the base of the tier is not utilized for the same use as the tiers, provided: there are no more than five tiers; the tier assembly has an occupant load of not more than 300; individuals are intended to sit directly on the tier surface; and, a clear floor space is provided adjacent to the tier which allows a transfer onto a tier.

1104.5 Location.

Accessible routes shall be the shortest route possible and coincide with a primary use general circulation path. Where the circulation path is interior, the accessible route shall also be interior. Where the circulation path is within a tenant space in a multitenant facility, the accessible route shall also be within the tenant space. Where only one accessible route is provided, the accessible route shall not pass through kitchens, storage rooms, restrooms, closets, or similar spaces.

Exceptions:

  1. Accessible routes from parking garages contained within and serving Type B dwelling units are required to be interior only when the garage provides required accessible parking and where dwelling units not providing accessible parking are provided with interior routes.
  2. A single accessible route is permitted to pass through a kitchen or storage room in an Accessible unit, Type A unit, or Type B unit.
  3. Where the accessible route cannot coincide with a general circulation path, the accessible route shall be located in the same area as the general circulation path.

1104.6 Security barriers.

Security barriers including, but not limited to, security bollards and security check points shall not obstruct a required accessible route or accessible means of egress.

Exception: Where security barriers incorporate elements that cannot comply with these requirements, such as certain metal detectors, fluoroscopes or other similar devices, the accessible route shall be permitted to be provided adjacent to security screening devices. The accessible route shall permit persons with disabilities passing around security barriers to maintain visual contact with their personal items to the same extent provided others passing through the security barrier.

SECTION 1105
ACCESSIBLE ENTRANCES

1105.1 Public entrances.

In addition to accessible entrances required by Sections 1105.1.1 to 1105.1.5, at least 60 percent of all public entrances to each building, facility, and tenant space shall be accessible.

Exceptions:

  1. An accessible entrance is not required to areas not required to be accessible.
  2. Loading and service entrances that are not the only entrance to a tenant space.

1105.1.1 Parking garage entrances.

Where provided, direct access for pedestrians from parking structures to buildings or facility entrances shall be accessible.

1105.1.2 Entrances from tunnels or elevated walkways.

Where direct access is provided for pedestrians from a pedestrian tunnel or elevated walkway to a building or facility, at least one entrance to the building or facility from each tunnel or walkway shall be accessible.

1105.1.3 Restricted entrances.

Where restricted entrances are provided to a building or facility, at least one restricted entrance to the building or facility shall be accessible.

1105.1.4 Entrances for inmates or detainees.

Where entrances used only by inmates or detainees and security personnel are provided at judicial facilities, detention facilities or correctional facilities, at least one such entrance shall be accessible.

1105.1.5 Service entrances.

If a service entrance is the only entrance to a building or a tenant space in a facility, that entrance shall be accessible.

1105.2 Dwelling unit and sleeping unit entrances.

At least one accessible entrance shall be provided to each dwelling unit and sleeping unit required to be an Accessible unit, Type A unit, or Type B unit.

SECTION 1106
PARKING AND PASSENGER LOADING FACILITIES

1106.1 Required.

Where parking is provided, accessible parking spaces shall be provided in compliance with Table 1106.1, except as required by Sections 1106.2 through 1106.4. Where more than one parking facility is provided on a site, the number of parking spaces required to be accessible shall be calculated separately for each parking facility.

Exception: This section does not apply to parking spaces used exclusively for buses, trucks, other delivery vehicles, law enforcement vehicles or vehicular impound and motor pools where lots accessed by the public are provided with an accessible passenger loading zone.

TABLE 1106.1

ACCESSIBLE PARKING SPACES

TOTAL PARKING
SPACES PROVIDED
IN PARKING FACILITIES
REQUIRED MINIMUM NUMBER OF
ACCESSIBLE SPACES
1 to 25 1
26 to 50 2
51 to 75 3
76 to 100 4
101 to 150 5
151 to 200 6
201 to 300 7
301 to 400 8
401 to 500 9
501 to 1,000 2% of total
1,001 and over 20, plus one for each 100,
or fraction thereof, over 1,000

1106.2 Groups I-1, R-1, R-2, R-3 and R-4.

Accessible parking spaces shall be provided in Group I-1, R-1, R-2, R-3 and R-4 occupancies in accordance with Items 1 through 4 as applicable.

  1. In Group R-2, R-3 and R-4 occupancies that are required to have Accessible, Type A or Type B dwelling units or sleeping units, at least 2 percent, but not less than one, of each type of parking space provided shall be accessible.
  2. In Group I-1 and R-1 occupancies, accessible parking shall be provided in accordance with Table 1106.1.
  3. Where at least one parking space is provided for each dwelling unit or sleeping unit, at least one accessible parking space shall be provided for each Accessible and Type A unit.
  4. Where parking is provided within or beneath a building, accessible parking spaces shall be provided within or beneath the building.

1106.3 Hospital outpatient facilities.

At least 10 percent, but not less than one, of care recipient and visitor parking spaces provided to serve hospital outpatient facilities shall be accessible.

1106.4 Rehabilitation facilities and outpatient physical therapy facilities.

At least 20 percent, but not less than one, of the portion of care recipient and visitor parking spaces serving rehabilitation facilities specializing in treating conditions that affect mobility and outpatient physical therapy facilities shall be accessible.

1106.5 Van spaces.

For every six or fraction of six accessible parking spaces, at least one shall be a van-accessible parking space.

Exception: In Group U private garages that serve Group R-2 and R-3 occupancies, van-accessible spaces shall be permitted to have vehicular routes, entrances, parking spaces and access aisles with a minimum vertical clearance of 7 feet (2134 mm).

1106.6 Location.

Accessible parking spaces shall be located on the shortest accessible route of travel from adjacent parking to an accessible building entrance. In parking facilities that do not serve a particular building, accessible parking spaces shall be located on the shortest route to an accessible pedestrian entrance to the parking facility. Where buildings have multiple accessible entrances with adjacent parking, accessible parking spaces shall be dispersed and located near the accessible entrances.

Exceptions:

  1. In multilevel parking structures, van-accessible parking spaces are permitted on one level.
  2. Accessible parking spaces shall be permitted to be located in different parking facilities if substantially equivalent or greater accessibility is provided in terms of distance from an accessible entrance or entrances, parking fee and user convenience.

1106.7 Passenger loading zones.

Passenger loading zones shall be accessible.

1106.7.1 Continuous loading zones.

Where passenger loading zones are provided, one passenger loading zone in every continuous 100 linear feet (30.4 m) maximum of loading zone space shall be accessible.

1106.7.2 Medical facilities.

A passenger loading zone shall be provided at an accessible entrance to licensed medical and long-term care facilities where people receive physical or medical treatment or care and where the period of stay exceeds 24 hours.

1106.7.3 Valet parking.

A passenger loading zone shall be provided at valet parking services.

1106.7.4 Mechanical access parking garages.

Mechanical access parking garages shall provide at least one passenger loading zone at vehicle drop-off and vehicle pickup areas.

1106.7.5 Bus boarding and alighting.

At least one bus boarding and alighting space in each boarding and alighting area shall be accessible.

1106.8 Restriping.

Renewing parking striping shall be allowed. New striping due to surface seal coating, resurfacing, reconfiguration of parking spaces, or some other reason, shall provide accessible spaces as applicable in Sections 1106.1 to 1106.7.

SECTION 1107
DWELLING UNITS AND SLEEPING UNITS

1107.1 General.

In addition to the other requirements of this chapter, occupancies having dwelling units or sleeping units shall be provided with accessible features in accordance with this section.

1107.2 Design.

Dwelling units and sleeping units that are required to be Accessible units, Type A units and Type B units shall comply with the applicable portions of Chapter 10 of ICC A117.1. Units required to be Type A units are permitted to be designed and constructed as Accessible units. Units required to be Type B units are permitted to be designed and constructed as Accessible units or as Type A units.

1107.3 Accessible spaces.

Rooms and spaces available to the general public or available for use by residents and serving Accessible units, Type A units or Type B units shall be accessible. Accessible spaces shall include toilet and bathing rooms, kitchen, living and dining areas and any exterior spaces, including patios, terraces and balconies.

Exceptions:

  1. Stories and mezzanines exempted by Section 1107.4.
  2. Recreational facilities in accordance with Section 1110.2.

1107.4 Accessible route.

Not fewer than one accessible route shall connect accessible building or facility entrances with the primary entrance of each Accessible unit, Type A unit and Type B unit within the building or facility and with those exterior and interior spaces and facilities that serve the units.

Exceptions:

  1. If due to circumstances outside the control of the owner, either the slope of the finished ground level between accessible facilities and buildings exceeds one unit vertical in 12 units horizontal (1:12), or where physical barriers or legal restrictions prevent the installation of an accessible route, a vehicular route with parking that complies with Section 1106 at each public or common use facility or building is permitted in place of the accessible route.
  2. In Group I-3 facilities, an accessible route is not required to connect stories or mezzanines where Accessible units, all common use areas serving Accessible units and all public use areas are on an accessible route.
  3. In Group R-2 facilities with Type A units complying with Section 1107.6.2.2.1, an accessible route is not required to connect stories or mezzanines whereType A units, all common use areas serving Type A units and all public use areas are on an accessible route.
  4. In other than Group R-2 dormitory housing provided by places of education, in Group R-2 facilities withAccessible units complying with Section 1107.6.2.3, an accessible route is not required to connect stories or mezzanines where Accessible units, all common use areas serving Accessible units and all public use areas are on an accessible route.
  5. In Group R-1, an accessible route is not required to connect stories or mezzanines within individual units, provided the accessible level meets the provisions for Accessible units and sleeping accommodations for two persons minimum and a toilet facility are provided on that level.
  6. In congregate residences in Groups R-3 and R-4, an accessible route is not required to connect stories or mezzanines where Accessible units or Type B units, all common use areas serving Accessible units and Type B units and all public use areas serving Accessible units and Type B units are on an accessible route.
  7. An accessible route between stories is not required where Type B units are exempted by Section 1107.7.

1107.5 Group I.

Accessible units and Type B units shall be provided in Group I occupancies in accordance with Sections 1107.5.1 to 1107.5.5. Dwelling units and sleeping units intended to be used by guests in Groups I-1 and I-2 occupancies providing Accessible units or Type B units shall comply with Sections 1107.6.1.1, 1107.6.1.3, and 1107.6.1.5.

1107.5.1 Group I-1.

In Group I-1 occupancies not licensed by the Department of Health, Accessible units and Type B units shall be provided in accordance with Sections 1107.5.1.1 and 1107.5.1.2. Group I-1 boarding care facilities licensed by the Department of Health shall be provided in accordance with Section 1107.5.1.3.

1107.5.1.1 Accessible units.

In Group I-1, Condition 1, at least 4 percent, but not less than one, of the dwelling units and sleeping units shall be Accessible units. In Group I-1, Condition 2, at least 10 percent, but not less than one, of the dwelling units and sleeping units shall be Accessible units.

1107.5.1.2 Type B units.

In structures with four or more dwelling units or sleeping units intended to be occupied as a residence, every dwelling unit and sleeping unit intended to be occupied as a residence shall be a Type B unit.

Exception: The number of Type B units is permitted to be reduced in accordance with Section 1107.7.

1107.5.1.3 Boarding care.

All boarding care resident rooms and common use bathing rooms provided only for boarding care resident use shall comply with Minnesota Rules, Chapter 4660. All other rooms and spaces shall comply with the applicable provisions of this code.

1107.5.2 Group I-2 nursing homes.

In Group I-2 nursing homes licensed by the Department of Health, at least 50 percent, but not less than one room of all nursing home resident rooms, and all common use toilet rooms and bathing rooms provided only for nursing home resident use, shall comply with Minnesota Rules, part 4658.4150. All other rooms and spaces shall comply with the applicable provisions of this code.

1107.5.3 Group I-2 hospitals.

Accessible units and Type B units shall be provided in general-purpose hospitals, psychiatric facilities and detoxification facilities of Group I-2 occupancies in accordance with Sections 1107.5.3.1 and 1107.5.3.2.

1107.5.3.1 Accessible units.

At least 10 percent, but not less than one, of the dwelling units and sleeping units shall be Accessible units.

Exception: Entry doors to Accessible dwelling units or sleeping units shall not be required to provide the maneuvering clearance beyond the latch side of the door.

1107.5.3.2 Type B units.

In structures with four or more dwelling units or sleeping units intended to be occupied as a residence, every dwelling unit and sleeping unit intended to be occupied as a residence shall be a Type B unit.

Exception: The number of Type B units is permitted to be reduced in accordance with Section 1107.7.

1107.5.4 Group I-2 rehabilitation facilities.

In hospitals and rehabilitation facilities of Group I-2 occupancies that specialize in treating conditions that affect mobility, or units within either that specialize in treating conditions that affect mobility, 100 percent of the dwelling units and sleeping units shall be Accessible units.

1107.5.5 Group I-3.

Accessible units shall be provided in Group I-3 occupancies in accordance with Sections 1107.5.5.1 through 1107.5.5.3.

1107.5.5.1 Group I-3 sleeping units.

In Group I-3 occupancies, at least 3 percent of the total number of sleeping units in the facility, but not less than one unit in each classification level, shall be Accessible units.

1107.5.5.2 Special holding cells and special housing cells or rooms.

In addition to the Accessible units required by Section 1107.5.5.1, where special holding cells or special housing cells or rooms are provided, at least one serving each purpose shall be an Accessible unit. Cells or rooms subject to this requirement include, but are not limited to, those used for purposes of orientation, protective custody, administrative or disciplinary detention or segregation, detoxification and medical isolation.

Exception: Cells or rooms specially designed without protrusions and that are used solely for purposes of suicide prevention shall not be required to include grab bars.

1107.5.5.3 Medical care facilities.

Patient sleeping units or cells required to be Accessible units in medical care facilities shall be provided in addition to any medical isolation cells required to comply with Section 1107.5.5.2.

1107.6 Group R.

Dwelling units and sleeping units shall be provided in Group R occupancies in accordance with Sections 1107.6.1 to 1107.6.4, except as provided in Items 1 to 3. Bedrooms within student facilities and congregate living facilities shall be considered sleeping units for the purpose of determining the number of units.

  1. Dwelling units and sleeping units intended to be used by guests in Groups R-2, R-3, and R-4 occupancies providing Type B units shall comply with Sections 1107.6.1.1, 1107.6.1.3, and 1107.6.1.5.
  2. Facilities that provide student housing shall be considered sleeping units and comply with Sections 1107.6.1.1 to 1107.6.1.5.
  3. Crew quarters that are used exclusively as a residence by emergency response personnel of a government entity and the kitchens and bathrooms exclusively serving those quarters shall, at a minimum, comply with the provisions for Type B units.

1107.6.1 Group R-1.

Accessible units, Type B units, and units with communication features shall be provided in Group R-1 occupancies in accordance with Sections 1107.6.1.1 to 1107.6.1.4. Units not required to be Accessible units or Type B units shall comply with Section 1107.6.1.5.

1107.6.1.1 Accessible units.

Accessible dwelling units and sleeping units shall be provided in accordance withTable 1107.6.1.1. On a multiple-building site, where structures contain more than 50 dwelling units or sleeping units, the number of Accessible units shall be determined per structure. On a multiple-building site, where structures contain 50 or fewer dwelling units or sleeping units, all dwelling units and sleeping units on a site shall be considered to determine the total number of Accessible units.

TABLE 1107.6.1.1

ACCESSIBLE DWELLING UNITS AND SLEEPING UNITS

TOTAL NUMBER OF
UNITS PROVIDED
MINIMUM REQUIRED NUMBER OF
ACCESSIBLE UNITS WITHOUT
ROLL-IN SHOWERS
MINIMUM REQUIRED NUMBER OF
ACCESSIBLE UNITS WITH
ROLL-IN SHOWERS
TOTAL NUMBER OF
REQUIRED ACCESSIBLE UNITS
1 to 25 1 0 1
26 to 50 2 0 2
51 to 75 3 1 4
76 to 100 4 1 5
101 to 150 5 2 7
151 to 200 6 2 8
201 to 300 7 3 10
301 to 400 8 4 12
401 to 500 9 4 13
501 to 1,000 2% of total 1% of total 3% of total
Over 1,000 20, plus 1 for each 100,
or fraction thereof, over 1,000
10 plus 1 for each 100,
or fraction thereof, over 1,000
30 plus 2 for each 100,
or fraction thereof, over 1,000

1107.6.1.2 Type B units.

In structures with four or more dwelling units or sleeping units intended to be occupied as a residence, every dwelling unit and sleeping unit intended to be occupied as a residence shall be a Type B unit.

Exception: The number of Type B units is permitted to be reduced in accordance with Section 1107.7.

1107.6.1.3 Communication features.

Dwelling units and sleeping units with accessible communication features shall be provided in accordance with Table 1107.6.1.3 and shall provide the following:

  1. Audible and visual alarms complying with ICC A117.1; and
  2. Visual notification devices to alert room occupants of a door knock or bell. Notification devices shall not be connected to visual alarm signal appliances.

TABLE 1107.6.1.3

DWELLING OR SLEEPING UNITS WITH ACCESSIBLE COMMUNICATION FEATURES

TOTAL NUMBER OF
DWELLING OR
PROVIDED
MINIMUM REQUIRED NUMBER OF DWELLING
WITH ACCESSIBLE COMMUNICATION
FEATURES
1 1
2 to 25 2
26 to 50 4
51 to 75 7
76 to 100 9
101 to 150 12
151 to 200 14
201 to 300 17
301 to 400 20
401 to 500 22
501 to 1,000 5 percent of total
Over 1,000 50, plus 3 for each 100 over 1,000

1107.6.1.4 Dispersion.

Units required to comply withSections 1107.6.1.1 and 1107.6.1.3 shall be dispersed to multiple floors in multistory facilities having more than two stories or providing more than 100 total units. Units required to comply with Sections 1107.6.1.1 and1107.6.1.3 shall be dispersed among the various classes of rooms. Where the minimum number of units required to comply with Sections 1107.6.1.1 and1107.6.1.3 is not sufficient to allow for complete dispersion, units shall be dispersed in the following priority: room type, number of beds, and amenities. At least one unit required to comply with Section 1107.6.1.1 shall also comply with Section 1107.6.1.3. Not more than 10 percent of units required to comply with Section 1107.6.1.1 shall be used to satisfy the minimum number of units required to comply with Section 1107.6.1.3.

1107.6.1.5 Passage doors.

Passage doors into and within units not required to comply with Section 1107.6.1.1 or 1107.6.1.2 shall provide a clear width in compliance with ICC A117.1.

Exception: Shower and sauna doors.

1107.6.2 Group R-2.

Dwelling units and sleeping units shall be provided in Group R-2 occupancies in accordance with Sections 1107.6.2.2 and 1107.6.2.3.

1107.6.2.1 Live/work units.

Deleted.

1107.6.2.2 Apartment houses, monasteries and convents.

Type A units and Type B units shall be provided in apartment houses, monasteries and convents in accordance with Sections 1107.6.2.2.1 and 1107.6.2.2.2. Bedrooms in monasteries and convents shall be counted as units for the purpose of determining the number of units. Where the bedrooms are grouped in sleeping units, only one bedroom in each sleeping unit shall count toward the number of required Type A units.

1107.6.2.2.1 Type A units.

In Group R-2 occupancies containing more than seven dwelling units or sleeping units, at least 2 percent but not less than one of the units shall be a Type A unit. All Group R-2 units within a contiguous parcel of land development, irrespective of lot lines and public rights-ofway within the development, shall be considered to determine the total number of units and the required number of Type A units. Type A units shall be dispersed among the various classes of units. Where three or more Type A units are required, at least one Type A unit shall be provided with an accessible roll-in shower.

Exceptions:

  1. The number of Type A units is permitted to be reduced in accordance with Section 1107.7.
  2. Existing Group R-2 units shall not contribute to the total number of units considered to determine the number of Type A units required.

1107.6.2.2.2 Type B units.

Where there are four or more dwelling units or sleeping units intended to be occupied as a residence in a single structure, every dwelling unit and sleeping unit intended to be occupied as a residence shall be a Type B unit.

Exception: The number of Type B units is permitted to be reduced in accordance with Section 1107.7.

1107.6.2.3 Group R-2 other than apartment houses, monasteries, and convents.

In Group R-2 occupancies, other than apartment houses, monasteries, and convents, dwelling units and sleeping units shall be provided in accordance with Sections 1107.6.1.1 to 1107.6.1.5. Bedrooms within congregate living facilities, dormitories, sororities, fraternities, and boarding houses shall be counted as sleeping units for the purpose of determining the number of units. Where thebedrooms are grouped into dwelling or sleeping units, only one bedroom in each dwelling or sleeping unit shall be permitted to count toward the number of required Accessible units.

1107.6.3 Group R-3.

Group R-3 occupancies shall comply with Section 1107.6.3.1, 1107.6.3.2, or 1107.6.3.3 as applicable.

1107.6.3.1 Dwelling units and sleeping units.

In occupancies where there are four or more dwelling units or sleeping units intended to be occupied as a residence in a single structure, every dwelling unit and sleeping unit intended to be occupied as a residence shall be a Type B unit.

Exception: The number of Type B units is permitted to be reduced in accordance with Section 1107.7.

1107.6.3.2 Congregate living facilities, dormitories, sororities, fraternities, boarding houses, and care facilities.

Congregate living facilities, dormitories, sororities, fraternities, boarding houses, and care facilities that have four or more sleeping units in each facility shall comply with Sections 1107.6.4.1 and 1107.6.4.2. Bedrooms within congregate living facilities, dormitories, sororities, fraternities, boarding houses, and care facilities shall be counted as sleeping units for the purpose of determining the number of units.

1107.6.3.3 Care facilities.

Care facilities that provide accommodations for less than 24 hours are not required to be accessible.

1107.6.4 Group R-4.

Accessible units and Type B units shall be provided in Group R-4 occupancies in accordance with Sections 1107.6.4.1 and 1107.6.4.2. Bedrooms in Group R-4 facilities shall be counted as sleeping units for the purpose of determining the number of units.

1107.6.4.1 Accessible units.

In Group R-4, Condition 1, at least one of the sleeping units shall be an Accessible unit. In Group R-4, Condition 2, at least two of the sleeping units shall be an Accessible unit.

1107.6.4.2 Type B units.

In structures with four or more sleeping units intended to be occupied as a residence, every sleeping unit intended to be occupied as a residence shall be a Type B unit.

Exception: The number of Type B units is permitted to be reduced in accordance with Section 1107.7.

1107.7 General exceptions.

Where specifically permitted bySection 1107.5 or 1107.6, the required number of Type A andType B units is permitted to be reduced in accordance withSections 1107.7.1 to 1107.7.6.

1107.7.1 Structures without elevator service.

Where elevator service is not provided in a structure, only thedwelling units and sleeping units that are located on stories indicated in Sections 1107.7.1.1 and 1107.7.1.2 are required to be Type A units and Type B units, respectively. The number of Type A units shall be determined in accordance with Section 1107.6.2.2.1.

1107.7.1.1 One story with Type B units required.

At least one story containing dwelling units or sleeping units intended to be occupied as a residence shall be provided with an accessible entrance from the exterior of the structure and all units intended to be occupied as a residence on that story shall be Type B units.

1107.7.1.2 Additional stories with Type B units.

Where stories have entrances not included in determining compliance with Section 1107.7.1.1, and such entrances are proximate to arrival points intended to serve units on that story, as indicated in Items 1 and 2, all dwelling units and sleeping units intended to be occupied as a residence served by that entrance on that story shall be Type B units.

  1. Where the slopes of the undisturbed site measured between the planned entrance and all vehicular or pedestrian arrival points within 50 feet (15 240 mm) of the planned entrance are 10 percent or less.
  2. Where the slopes of the planned finished grade measured between the entrance and all vehicular or pedestrian arrival points within 50 feet (15 240 mm) of the planned entrance are 10 percent or less.

Where arrival points are not within 50 feet (15 240 mm) of the entrance, the closest arrival point shall beused to determine access unless that arrival point serves the story required by Section 1107.7.1.1.

1107.7.2 Multistory units.

A multistory dwelling unit or sleeping unit that is not provided with elevator service is not required to be a Type B unit. Where a multistory unit is provided with external elevator service to only one floor, the floor provided with elevator service shall be the primary entry to the unit, shall comply with the requirements for a Type B unit and, where provided within the unit, a living area, a kitchen and a toilet facility shall be provided on that floor.

1107.7.3 Elevator service to the lowest story with units.

Where elevator service in the building provides anaccessible route only to the lowest story containingdwelling units or sleeping units intended to be occupied as a residence, only the units on that story that areintended to be occupied as a residence are required to beType B units.

1107.7.4 Site impracticality.

On a site with multiple nonelevator buildings, the number of units required by Section 1107.7.1 to be Type B units is permitted to be reduced to a percentage that is equal to the percentage of the entire site having grades, prior to development, that are less than 10 percent, provided that all of the following conditions are met:

  1. Not less than 20 percent of the units required bySection 1107.7.1 on the site are Type B units.
  2. Units required by Section 1107.7.1, where the slope between the building entrance serving the units on that story and a pedestrian or vehicular arrival point is not greater than 8.33 percent, are Type B units.
  3. Units required by Section 1107.7.1, where an elevated walkway is planned between a building entrance serving the units on that story and a pedestrian or vehicular arrival point and the slope between them is 10 percent or less, are Type B units.
  4. Units served by an elevator in accordance with Section 1107.7.3 are Type B units.

1107.7.5 Design flood elevation.

The required number ofType A units and Type B units shall not apply to a site where the required elevation of the lowest floor or the lowest horizontal structural building members of nonelevator buildings are at or above the design flood elevation resulting in all of the following:

  1. A difference in elevation between the minimum required floor elevation at the primary entrances and vehicular and pedestrian arrival points within 50 feet (15 240 mm) exceeding 30 inches (762 mm).
  2. A slope exceeding 10 percent between the minimum required floor elevation at the primary entrances and vehicular and pedestrian arrival points within 50 feet (15 240 mm).

Where such arrival points are not within 50 feet (15 240 mm) of the primary entrances, the closest arrival points shall be used.

1107.7.6 Owner-occupied units.

Type A units are not required in dwelling units or sleeping units where sale of the unit occurs prior to construction of the unit and the dwelling unit owner declines the Type A provisions. The dwelling units and sleeping units shall be Type B units.

SECTION 1108
SPECIAL OCCUPANCIES

1108.1 General.

In addition to the other requirements of this chapter, the requirements of Sections 1108.2 through 1108.4 shall apply to specific occupancies.

1108.2 Assembly area seating.

A building, room, or space used for assembly purposes with fixed seating shall comply with Sections 1108.2.1 to 1108.2.5. A building, room, or space used for assembly purposes with nonfixed seating shall comply with Section 1108.2.6. Assistive listening systems shall comply with Section 1108.2.7. Performance areas viewed from assembly seating areas shall comply with Section 1108.2.8. Dining areas shall comply with Section 1108.2.9.

1108.2.1 Services.

If a service or facility is provided in an area that is not accessible, the same service or facility shall be provided on an accessible level and shall be accessible.

1108.2.2 Wheelchair spaces.

In rooms and spaces used for assembly purposes with fixed seating, accessible wheelchair spaces shall be provided in accordance withSections 1108.2.2.1 through 1108.2.2.3.

1108.2.2.1 General seating.

Wheelchair spaces shall be provided in accordance with Table 1108.2.2.1.

TABLE 1108.2.2.1

ACCESSIBLE WHEELCHAIR SPACES

CAPACITY OF
SEATING IN
ASSEMBLY AREAS
MINIMUM REQUIRED NUMBER OF
4 to 25 1
26 to 50 2
51 to 100 4
101 to 300 5
301 to 500 6
501 to 5,000 6, plus 1 for each 150, or fraction thereof,
between 501 through 5,000
5,001 and over 36 plus 1 for each 200, or fraction thereof,
over 5,000

1108.2.2.2 Luxury boxes, club boxes and suites.

In each luxury box, club box and suite within arenas, stadiums and grandstands, wheelchair spaces shall be provided in accordance with Table 1108.2.2.1.

1108.2.2.3 Other boxes.

In boxes other than those required to comply with Section 1108.2.2.2, the total number of wheelchair spaces provided shall be determined in accordance with Table 1108.2.2.1. Wheelchair spaces shall be located in not less than 20 percent of all boxes provided.

1108.2.3 Companion seats.

At least one companion seat shall be provided for each wheelchair space required bySections 1108.2.2.1 through 1108.2.2.3.

1108.2.4 Dispersion of wheelchair spaces in multilevel assembly seating areas.

In multilevel assembly seating areas, wheelchair spaces shall be provided on the main floor level and on one of each two additional floor or mezzanine levels. Wheelchair spaces shall be provided in each luxury box, club box and suite within assembly facilities.

Exceptions:

  1. In multilevel assembly seating areas utilized for worship services where the second floor or mezzanine level contains 25 percent or less of the total seating capacity, wheelchair spaces shall be permitted to all be located on the main level.
  2. In multilevel assembly seating areas where the second floor or mezzanine level provides 25 percent or less of the total seating capacity and 300 or fewer seats, all wheelchair spaces shall be permitted to be located on the main level.
  3. Wheelchair spaces in team or player seating serving areas of sport activity are not required to be dispersed.

1108.2.5 Designated aisle seats.

At least 5 percent, but not less than one, of the total number of aisle seats provided shall be designated aisle seats and shall be the aisle seats located closest to accessible routes.

Exception: Designated aisle seats are not required in team or player seating serving areas of sport activity.

1108.2.6 Nonfixed seating.

Seating areas where fixed seats are not provided shall connect to an accessible route.

1108.2.7 Assistive listening systems.

Each building, room or space used for assembly purposes where audible communications are integral to the use of the space shall have an assistive listening system.

Exception: Other than in courtrooms, an assistive listening system is not required where there is no audio amplification system.

1108.2.7.1 Receivers.

The number and type of receivers shall be provided for assistive listening systems in accordance with Table 1108.2.7.1.

Exceptions:

  1. Where a building contains more than one room or space used for assembly purposes, the total number of required receivers shall be permitted to be calculated based on the total number of seats in the building, provided that all receivers are usable with all systems and if the rooms or spaces used for assembly purposes required to provide assistive listening are under one management.
  2. Where all seats in a building, room or space used for assembly purposes are served by an induction loop assistive listening system, the minimum number of receivers required byTable 1108.2.7.1 to be hearing-aid compatible shall not be required.

TABLE 1108.2.7.1

RECEIVERS FOR ASSISTIVE LISTENING SYSTEMS

CAPACITY OF SEATING
IN ASSEMBLY AREAS
MINIMUM REQUIRED
NUMBER OF RECEIVERS
MINIMUM NUMBER OF RECEIVERS
TO BE HEARING-AID COMPATIBLE
50 or less 2 2
51 to 200 2, plus 1 per 25 seats over 50 seats* 2
201 to 500 2, plus 1 per 25 seats over 50 seats* 1 per 4 receivers*
501 to 1,000 20, plus 1 per 33 seats over 500 seats* 1 per 4 receivers*
1,001 to 2,000 35, plus 1 per 50 seats over 1,000 seats* 1 per 4 receivers*
Over 2,000 55, plus 1 per 100 seats over 2,000 seats* 1 per 4 receivers*

Note: * = or fraction thereof

1108.2.7.2 Ticket windows.

Where ticket windows are provided in stadiums and arenas, at least one window at each location shall have an assistive listening system.

1108.2.7.3 Public address systems.

Where stadiums, arenas and grandstands have 15,000 fixed seats or more and provide audible public announcements, they shall also provide prerecorded or real-time captions of those audible public announcements.

1108.2.8 Performance areas.

An accessible route shall directly connect the performance area to the assembly seating area where a circulation path directly connects a performance area to an assembly seating area. An accessible route shall be provided from performance areas to ancillary areas or facilities used by performers.

1108.2.9 Dining and drinking areas.

In dining and drinking areas, all interior and exterior floor areas shall be accessible and be on an accessible route.

Exceptions:

  1. An accessible route between accessible levels and stories above or below is not required where permitted by Section 1104.4, Exception 1.
  2. An accessible route to dining and drinking areas in a mezzanine is not required, provided that the mezzanine contains less than 25 percent of the total combined area for dining and drinking and the same services, and decor are provided in the accessible area.
  3. In sports facilities, tiered dining areas providing seating required to be accessible shall be required to have accessible routes serving at least 25 percent of the dining area, provided that accessible routes serve accessible seating and where each tier is provided with the same services.
  4. Employee-only work areas shall comply withSections 1103.2.2 and 1104.3.1.

1108.2.9.1 Dining surfaces.

Where dining surfaces for the consumption of food or drink are provided, at least 5 percent, but not less than one, of the dining surfaces for the seating and standing spaces shall be accessible and be distributed throughout the facility and located on a level accessed by an accessible route.

1108.3 Self-service storage facilities.

Self-service storage facilities shall provide accessible individual self-storage spaces in accordance with Table 1108.3.

TABLE 1108.3

ACCESSIBLE SELF-SERVICE STORAGE FACILITIES

TOTAL SPACES MINIMUM NUMBER OF REQUIRED
ACCESSIBLE SPACES
1 to 200 5%, but not less than 1
Over 200 10, plus 2% of total number of units over 200

1108.3.1 Dispersion.

Accessible individual self-service storage spaces shall be dispersed throughout the various classes of spaces provided. Where more classes of spaces are provided than the number of required accessible spaces, the number of accessible spaces shall not be required to exceed that required by Table 1108.3. Accessible spaces are permitted to be dispersed in a single building of a multiple-building facility.

1108.4 Judicial facilities.

Judicial facilities shall comply with Sections 1108.4.1 and 1108.4.2.

1108.4.1 Courtrooms.

Each courtroom shall be accessible and comply with Sections 1108.4.1.1 through1108.4.1.5.

1108.4.1.1 Jury box.

A wheelchair space shall be provided within the jury box.

Exception: Adjacent companion seating is not required.

1108.4.1.2 Gallery seating.

Wheelchair spaces shall be provided in accordance with Table 1108.2.2.1. Designated aisle seats shall be provided in accordance with Section 1108.2.5.

1108.4.1.3 Assistive listening systems.

An assistive listening system must be provided. Receivers shall be provided for the assistive listening system in accordance with Section 1108.2.7.1.

1108.4.1.4 Employee work stations.

The judge's bench, clerk's station, bailiff's station, deputy clerk's station and court reporter's station shall be located on an accessible route. The vertical access to elevated employee work stations within a courtroom is not required at the time of initial construction, provided a ramp, lift or elevator can be installed without requiring reconfiguration or extension of the courtroom or extension of the electrical system.

1108.4.1.5 Other work stations.

The litigant's and counsel stations, including the lectern, shall be accessible.

1108.4.2 Holding cells.

Central holding cells and courtfloor holding cells shall comply with Sections 1108.4.2.1 and 1108.4.2.2.

1108.4.2.1 Central holding cells.

Where separate central holding cells are provided for adult males, juvenile males, adult females or juvenile females, one of each type shall be accessible. Where central holding cells are provided and are not separated by age or sex, at least one accessible cell shall be provided.

1108.4.2.2 Court-floor holding cells.

Where separate court-floor holding cells are provided for adult males, juvenile males, adult females or juvenile females, each courtroom shall be served by one accessible cell of each type. Where court-floor holding cells are provided and are not separated by age or sex, courtrooms shall be served by at least one accessible cell. Accessible cells shall be permitted to serve more than one courtroom.

SECTION 1109
OTHER FEATURES AND FACILITIES

1109.1 General.

Accessible building features and facilities shall be provided in accordance with Sections 1109.2 to 1109.19.

Exception: Accessible units, Type A units, and Type B units shall comply with Chapter 10 of ICC A117.1.

1109.2 Toilet and bathing facilities.

Each toilet room and bathing room shall be accessible. Where a floor level is not required to be connected by an accessible route, the only toilet rooms or bathing rooms provided within the facility shall not be located on the inaccessible floor. Except as provided for in Sections 1109.2.2 and 1109.2.3, at least one of each type of fixture, element, control or dispenser in each accessible toilet room and bathing room shall be accessible.

Exceptions:

  1. Toilet rooms or bathing rooms accessed only through a private office, not for common or public use and intended for use by a single occupant, shall be permitted to comply with the specific exceptions in ICC A117.1.
  2. This section is not applicable to toilet and bathing rooms that serve dwelling units or sleeping units that are not required to be accessible by Section 1107.
  3. Where multiple single-user toilet rooms or bathing rooms are clustered at a single location, at least 50 percent but not less than one room for each use at each cluster shall be accessible.
  4. Where no more than one urinal is provided in a toilet room or bathing room, the urinal is not required to be accessible.
  5. Toilet rooms or bathing rooms that are part of critical care or intensive care patient sleeping rooms serving Accessible units are not required to be accessible.
  6. Toilet rooms or bathing rooms designed for bariatrics patients are not required to comply with the toilet room and bathing room requirement in ICC A117.1. The sleeping units served by bariatrics toilet or bathing rooms shall not count toward the required number of Accessible sleeping units.
  7. Where toilet facilities are primarily for children's use, required accessible water closets, toilet compartments and lavatories shall be permitted to comply with children's provision of ICC A117.1.

1109.2.1 Family or assisted-use toilet and bathing rooms.

In assembly and mercantile occupancies, an accessible family or assisted-use toilet room shall be provided where an aggregate of six or more male and female water closets is required. In buildings of mixed occupancy, only those water closets required for the assembly or mercantile occupancy shall be used to determine the family or assisted-use toilet room requirement. In recreational facilities where separate-sex bathing rooms are provided, an accessible family or assisted-use bathing room shall be provided. Fixtures located within family or assisted-use toilet and bathing rooms shall be included in determining the number of fixtures provided in an occupancy.

Exception: Where each separate-sex bathing room has only one shower or bathtub fixture, a family or assisted-use bathing room is not required.

1109.2.1.1 Standard.

Family or assisted-use toilet and bathing rooms shall comply with Sections 1109.2.1.2 through 1109.2.1.7.

1109.2.1.2 Family or assisted-use toilet rooms.

Family or assisted-use toilet rooms shall include only one water closet and only one lavatory. A family or assisted-use bathing room in accordance with Section 1109.2.1.3 shall be considered to be a family or assisted-use toilet room.

Exception: The following additional fixtures shall be permitted in a family or assisted-use toilet room:

  1. A urinal.
  2. A child-height water closet.
  3. A child-height lavatory.

1109.2.1.3 Family or assisted-use bathing rooms.

Family or assisted-use bathing rooms shall include only one shower or bathtub fixture. Family or assisted-use bathing rooms shall also include one water closet and one lavatory. Where storage facilities are provided for separate-sex bathing rooms, accessible storage facilities shall be provided for family or assisted-use bathing rooms.

1109.2.1.4 Location.

Family or assisted-use toilet and bathing rooms shall be located on an accessible route. Family or assisted-use toilet rooms shall be located not more than one story above or below separate-sex toilet rooms. The accessible route from any separate-sex toilet room to a family or assisted-use toilet room shall not exceed 500 feet (152 m).

1109.2.1.5 Prohibited location.

The accessible route from separate-sex toilet rooms to a family or assisteduse toilet room shall not pass through security checkpoints.

1109.2.1.6 Clear floor space.

Where doors swing into a family or assisted-use toilet or bathing room, a clear floor space not less than 30 inches by 48 inches (762 mm by 1219 mm) shall be provided, within the room, beyond the area of the door swing.

1109.2.1.7 Privacy.

Doors to family or assisted-use toilet and bathing rooms shall be securable from within the room.

1109.2.2 Water closet compartment.

Where water closet compartments are provided in a toilet room or bathing room, at least 5 percent of the total number of compartments shall be wheelchair-accessible compartments. Where two or more water closet compartments are provided in a toilet room or bathing room, at least 5 percent of the total number of compartments shall be ambulatory-accessible water closet compartments in addition to the wheelchair-accessible compartments.

1109.2.3 Lavatories.

Where lavatories are provided, at least 5 percent, but not less than one, shall be accessible. Where an accessible lavatory is located within the accessible water closet compartment at least one additional accessible lavatory shall be provided in the multicompartment toilet room outside the water closet compartment. Where the total lavatories provided in a toilet room or bathing facility is six or more, at least one lavatory with enhanced reach ranges shall be provided.

1109.3 Sinks.

Where sinks are provided, at least 5 percent but not less than one provided in accessible spaces shall be accessible.

1109.4 Kitchens and kitchenettes.

Where kitchens and kitchenettes are provided in accessible spaces or rooms, they shall be accessible.

Exception: Where multiple kitchens are provided in a space or room, at least one kitchen shall be accessible.

1109.5 Drinking fountains.

Where drinking fountains are provided on an exterior site, on a floor or within a secured area, the drinking fountains shall be provided in accordance with Sections 1109.5.1 and 1109.5.2.

1109.5.1 Minimum number.

Not fewer than two drinking fountains shall be provided. One drinking fountain shall comply with the requirements for people who use a wheelchair and one drinking fountain shall comply with the requirements for standing persons.

Exceptions:

  1. A single drinking fountain with two separate spouts that complies with the requirements for people who use a wheelchair and standing persons shall be permitted to be substituted for two separate drinking fountains.
  2. Where drinking fountains are primarily for children's use, drinking fountains for people using wheelchairs shall be permitted to comply with the children's provisions in ICC A117.1 and drinking fountains for standing children shall be permitted to provide the spout at 30 inches (762 mm) minimum above the floor.

1109.5.2 More than the minimum number.

Where more than the minimum number of drinking fountains specified in Section 1109.5.1 is provided, 50 percent of the total number of drinking fountains provided shall comply with the requirements for persons who use a wheelchair and 50 percent of the total number of drinking fountains provided shall comply with the requirements for standing persons.

Exceptions:

  1. Where 50 percent of the drinking fountains yields a fraction, 50 percent shall be permitted to be rounded up or down, provided that the total number of drinking fountains complying with this section equals 100 percent of the drinking fountains.
  2. Where drinking fountains are primarily for children's use, drinking fountains for people using wheelchairs shall be permitted to comply with the children's provisions in ICC A117.1 and drinking fountains for standing children shall be permitted to provide the spout at 30 inches (762 mm) minimum above the floor.

1109.6 Saunas and steam rooms.

Where provided, saunas and steam rooms shall be accessible.

Exception: Where saunas or steam rooms are clustered at a single location, at least 5 percent of the saunas and steam rooms, but not less than one, of each type in each cluster shall be accessible.

1109.7 Elevators.

Passenger elevators on an accessible route shall be accessible and comply with Minnesota Rules, Chapter 1307, Minnesota Elevators and Related Devices.

1109.8 Lifts.

Platform (wheelchair) lifts are permitted to be a part of a required accessible route in new construction where indicated in Items 1 to 10. Platform (wheelchair) lifts shall be accessible and comply with Minnesota Rules, Chapter 1307, Minnesota Elevators and Related Devices.

  1. An accessible route to a performing area and speaker platforms.
  2. An accessible route to wheelchair spaces required to comply with the wheelchair space dispersion requirements of Sections 1108.2.2 to 1108.2.6 or the accessible route requirements of Sections 1104.4.3 and 1104.4.4.
  3. An accessible route to spaces that are not open to the general public with an occupant load of not more than five.
  4. An accessible route within a dwelling or sleeping unit.
  5. An accessible route to jury boxes and witness stands; raised courtroom stations including judges' benches, clerks' stations, bailiffs' stations, deputy clerks' stations, and court reporters' stations; and to depressed areas such as the well of the court.
  6. An accessible route to load and unload areas serving amusement rides.
  7. An accessible route to play components or soft contained play structures.
  8. An accessible route to team or player seating areas serving areas of sport activity.
  9. An accessible route where existing exterior site constraints make use of a ramp or elevator infeasible.
  10. An accessible route within a tenant space as required in Section 1104.5 where the area accessed by the lift has an occupant load of 150 maximum or where the structural limitations make use of an elevator impracticable.

1109.9 Storage.

Where fixed or built-in storage elements such as cabinets, coat hooks, shelves, medicine cabinets, lockers, closets and drawers are provided in required accessible spaces, at least 5 percent, but not less than one of each type shall be accessible.

1109.9.1 Equity.

Accessible facilities and spaces shall be provided with the same storage elements as provided in the similar nonaccessible facilities and spaces.

1109.9.2 Shelving and display units.

Self-service shelves and display units shall be located on an accessible route. Such shelving and display units shall not be required to comply with reach-range provisions.

1109.10 Detectable warnings.

Passenger transit platform edges bordering a drop-off and not protected by platform screens or guards and circulation paths that cross tracks shall have a detectable warning.

Exception: Detectable warnings are not required at bus stops.

1109.11 Seating at tables, counters and work surfaces.

Where seating or standing space at fixed or built-in tables, counters or work surfaces is provided in accessible spaces, at least 5 percent of the seating and standing spaces, but not less than one, shall be accessible.

Exception: Check-writing surfaces at check-out aisles not required to comply with Section 1109.12.2 are not required to be accessible.

1109.11.1 Dispersion.

Accessible fixed or built-in seating at tables, counters or work surfaces shall be distributed throughout the space or facility containing such elements and located on a level accessed by an accessible route.

1109.11.2 Visiting areas.

Visiting areas in judicial facilities and Group I-3 shall comply with Sections 1109.11.2.1 and 1109.11.2.2.

1109.11.2.1 Cubicles and counters.

At least 5 percent, but not less than one of the cubicles, shall be accessible on both the visitor and detainee sides. Where counters are provided, at least one shall be accessible on both the visitor and detainee sides.

Exception: This requirement shall not apply to the detainee side of cubicles or counters at noncontact visiting areas not serving Accessible unit holding cells.

1109.11.2.2 Partitions.

Where solid partitions or security glazing separate visitors from detainees, at least one of each type of cubicle or counter partition shall be accessible.

1109.12 Service facilities.

Service facilities shall provide for accessible features in accordance with Sections 1109.12.1 through 1109.12.5.

1109.12.1 Dressing, fitting and locker rooms.

Where dressing rooms, fitting rooms or locker rooms are provided, at least 5 percent, but not less than one, of each type of use in each cluster provided shall be accessible.

1109.12.2 Check-out aisles.

Where check-out aisles are provided, accessible check-out aisles shall be provided in accordance with Table 1109.12.2. Where check-out aisles serve different functions, accessible check-out aisles shall be provided in accordance with Table 1109.12.2 for each function. Where check-out aisles are dispersed throughout the building or facility, accessible check-out aisles shall also be dispersed. Traffic control devices, security devices and turnstiles located in accessible check-out aisles or lanes shall be accessible.

Exception: Where the public use area is under 5,000 square feet (465 m2) not more than one accessible check-out aisle shall be required.

TABLE 1109.12.2

ACCESSIBLE CHECK-OUT AISLES

TOTAL CHECK-OUT
AISLES OF
EACH FUNCTION
MINIMUM NUMBER OF
ACCESSIBLE CHECK-OUT
AISLES OF EACH FUNCTION
1 to 4 1
5 to 8 2
9 to 15 3
Over 15 3, plus 20% of additional aisles

1109.12.3 Point of sale and service counters.

Where counters are provided for sales or distribution of goods or services, at least one of each type provided in each area shall be accessible. Where such counters are dispersed throughout the building or facility, accessible counters shall also be dispersed.

1109.12.4 Food service lines.

Food service lines shall be accessible. Where self-service shelves are provided, at least 50 percent, but not less than one, of each type provided shall be accessible.

1109.12.5 Queue and waiting lines.

Queue and waiting lines servicing accessible counters or check-out aisles shall be accessible.

1109.13 Controls, operating mechanisms and hardware.

Controls, operating mechanisms and hardware intended for operation by the occupant, including switches that control lighting and ventilation and electrical convenience outlets, in accessible spaces, along accessible routes or as parts of accessible elements shall be accessible.

Exceptions:

  1. Operable parts that are intended for use only by service or maintenance personnel shall not be required to be accessible.
  2. Electrical or communication receptacles serving a dedicated use shall not be required to be accessible.
  3. Where two or more outlets are provided in a kitchen above a length of counter top that is uninterrupted by a sink or appliance, one outlet shall not be required to be accessible.
  4. Floor electrical receptacles shall not be required to be accessible.
  5. HVAC diffusers shall not be required to be accessible.
  6. Except for light switches, where redundant controls are provided for a single element, one control in each space shall not be required to be accessible.
  7. Access doors or gates in barrier walls and fences protecting pools, spas and hot tubs shall be permitted to comply with Section 1010.1.9.2.

1109.14 Fuel-dispensing systems.

Deleted.

1109.15 Gaming machines and gaming tables.

At least two percent of the total, but not fewer than one, of each gaming machine type and gaming table type shall be accessible. Where multiple gaming areas occur, accessible gaming machines and gaming tables shall be distributed throughout.

1109.16 Automatic teller and fare vending machines.

Where automatic teller and fare vending machines are provided, at least one machine at each location shall be accessible. Where bins are provided for envelopes, wastepaper, or other purposes, at least one of each type shall be accessible.

1109.17 Public telephones.

Where coin-operated public pay telephones, coinless public pay telephones, public closed-circuit telephones, courtesy telephones, or other types of public telephones are provided, public telephones shall be provided in accordance with Section 1109.17 for each type of public telephone provided. For purposes of this section, a bank of telephones shall be considered two or more adjacent telephones. For purposes of this section, "public building" means a building or portion of a building constructed by, on behalf of, or for the use of the state of Minnesota or any local government and any department, agency, public school district, special purpose district, or other instrumentality of the state or local government.

1109.17.1 Wheelchair accessible telephones.

Where public telephones are provided, telephones complying with ICC A117.1 shall be provided in accordance withTable 1109.17.1.

Exception: Drive-up only public telephones.

TABLE 1109.17.1

WHEELCHAIR-ACCESSIBLE TELEPHONES

NUMBER OF TELEPHONES
PROVIDED ON A FLOOR,
LEVEL, OR EXTERIOR SITE
MINIMUM REQUIRED NUMBER OF
WHEELCHAIR-ACCESSIBLE
TELEPHONES
1 or more single units 1 per floor, level, and exterior site
1 bank 1 per floor, level, and exterior site
2 or more banks 1 per bank

1109.17.2 Volume controls.

All public telephones shall have volume controls complying with ICC A117.1.

1109.17.3 TTYs.

TTYs complying with ICC A117.1 shall be provided in accordance with Section 1109.17.3.

1109.17.3.1 Bank requirement.

Where four or more public pay telephones are provided at a bank of telephones, at least one public TTY complying with ICC A117.1 shall be provided at that bank.

Exception: TTYs shall not be required at banks of telephones located within 200 feet (61 m) of, and on the same floor as, a bank containing a public TTY.

1109.17.3.2 Floor requirement.

TTYs in public buildings shall be provided in accordance with Section 1109.17.3.2.1. TTYs in private buildings shall be provided in accordance with Section 1109.16.3.2.2.

1109.17.3.2.1 Public buildings.

Where at least one public pay telephone is provided on a floor of a public building, at least one public TTY shall be provided on that floor.

1109.17.3.2.2 Private buildings.

Where four or more public pay telephones are provided on a floor of a private building, at least one public TTY shall be provided on that floor.

1109.17.3.3 Building requirement.

TTYs in public buildings shall be provided in accordance with Section 1109.17.3.3.1. TTYs in private buildings shall be provided in accordance with Section 1109.17.3.3.2.

1109.17.3.3.1 Public buildings.

Where at least one public pay telephone is provided in a public building, at least one public TTY shall be provided in the building.

1109.17.3.3.2 Private buildings.

Where four or more public pay telephones are provided in a private building, at least one public TTY shall be provided in the building.

1109.17.3.4 Exterior site requirement.

Where four or more public pay telephones are provided on an exterior site, at least one public TTY shall be provided on the site.

1109.17.3.5 Rest stops, emergency roadside stops, and service plazas.

Where a public pay telephone is provided at a public rest stop, emergency roadside stop, or service plaza, at least one public TTY shall be provided.

1109.17.3.6 Hospitals.

Where a public pay telephone is provided serving a hospital emergency room, hospital recovery room, or hospital waiting room, at least one public TTY shall be provided at each location.

1109.17.3.7 Transportation facilities.

In addition to the requirements of Sections 1109.17.3.1 to 1109.17.3.4, in transportation facilities, where one public pay telephone serves a particular entrance to a bus or rail facility, a TTY shall be provided to serve that entrance. In airports, in addition to the requirements ofSections 1109.17.3.1 to 1109.17.3.4, if four or more public pay telephones are located in a terminal outside the security areas, a concourse within the security areas, or a baggage claim area in a terminal, at least one public TTY shall also be provided in each location.

1109.17.3.8 Detention and correctional facilities.

In detention and correctional facilities, where a public pay telephone is provided in a secured area used only by detainees or inmates and security personnel, then at least one TTY shall be provided in at least one secured area.

1109.17.4 Shelves for portable TTYs.

Where a bank of telephones in the interior of a building consists of three or more public pay telephones, at least one public pay telephone at the bank shall be provided with a shelf and an electrical outlet in accordance with ICC A117.1.

Exceptions:

  1. Secured areas of detention and correctional facilities where shelves and outlets are prohibited for purposes of security or safety shall not be required to comply with Section 1109.17.4.
  2. The shelf and electrical outlet shall not be required at a bank of telephones with a TTY.

1109.18 Airplane hangars.

An accessible route and accessible entrance shall be provided to 5 percent of all airplane hangars in a facility, but not less than one hangar used for the storage or repair of private aircraft.

1109.19 Two-way communication systems.

Where a two-way communication system is provided to gain admittance to a building or facility or to restricted areas within a building or facility, the system shall comply with ICC A117.1.

SECTION 1110
RECREATIONAL FACILITIES

1110.1 General.

Recreational facilities shall be provided with accessible features in accordance with Sections 1110.2 through 1110.4.

1110.2 Facilities serving Group R-2, R-3 and R-4 occupancies.

Recreational facilities that serve Group R-2, R-3 and Group R-4 occupancies shall comply with Sections 1110.2.1 through 1110.2.3, as applicable.

1110.2.1 Facilities serving Accessible units.

In Group R-2 and R-4 occupancies where recreational facilities serve Accessible units, every recreational facility of each type serving Accessible units shall be accessible.

1110.2.2 Facilities serving Type A and Type B units in a single building.

In Group R-2, R-3 and R-4 occupancies where recreational facilities serve a single building containing Type A units or Type B units, 25 percent, but not less than one, of each type of recreational facility shall be accessible. Every recreational facility of each type on a site shall be considered to determine the total number of each type that is required to be accessible.

1110.2.3 Facilities serving Type A and Type B units in multiple buildings.

In Group R-2, R-3 and R-4 occupancies on a single site where multiple buildings containing Type A units or Type B units are served by recreational facilities, 25 percent, but not less than one, of each type of recreational facility serving each building shall be accessible. The total number of each type of recreational facility that is required to be accessible shall be determined by considering every recreational facility of each type serving each building on the site.

1110.3 Other occupancies.

Recreational facilities not falling within the purview of Section 1110.2 shall be accessible.

1110.4 Recreational facilities.

Recreational facilities shall be accessible and shall be on an accessible route to the extent specified in this section.

1110.4.1 Area of sport activity.

Each area of sport activity shall be on an accessible route and shall not be required to be accessible except as provided for in Sections 1110.4.2 through 1110.4.15.

1110.4.2 Team or player seating.

At least one wheelchair space shall be provided in team or player seating areas serving areas of sport activity.

Exception: Wheelchair spaces shall not be required in team or player seating areas serving bowling lanes that are not required to be accessible in accordance with Section 1110.4.3.

1110.4.3 Bowling lanes.

An accessible route shall be provided to at least 5 percent, but not less than one, of each type of bowling lane.

1110.4.4 Court sports.

In court sports, at least one accessible route shall directly connect both sides of the court.

1110.4.5 Raised boxing or wrestling rings.

Raised boxing or wrestling rings are not required to be accessible or to be on an accessible route.

1110.4.6 Raised refereeing, judging and scoring areas.

Raised structures used solely for refereeing, judging or scoring a sport are not required to be accessible or to be on an accessible route.

1110.4.7 Animal containment areas.

Animal containment areas that are not within public-use areas are not required to be accessible or to be on an accessible route.

1110.4.8 Amusement rides.

Amusement rides that move persons through a fixed course within a defined area shall comply with Sections 1110.4.8.1 and 1110.4.8.2.

Exception: Mobile or portable amusement rides shall not be required to be accessible.

1110.4.8.1 Load and unload areas.

Load and unload areas serving amusement rides shall be accessible and be on an accessible route. Where load and unload areas have more than one loading or unloading position, at least one loading and unloading position shall be on an accessible route.

1110.4.8.2 Wheelchair spaces, ride seats designed for transfer, and transfer devices.

Where amusement rides are in the load and unload position, the position serving a wheelchair space shall be on an accessible route.

1110.4.9 Recreational boating facilities.

Boat slips required to be accessible by Sections 1110.4.9.1 and1110.4.9.2 and boarding piers at boat launch ramps required to be accessible by Section 1110.4.9.3 shall be on an accessible route.

1110.4.9.1 Boat slips.

Accessible boat slips shall be provided in accordance with Table 1110.4.9.1. All units on the site shall be combined to determine the number of accessible boat slips required. Where the number of boat slips is not identified, each 40 feet (12 m) of boat slip edge provided along the perimeter of the pier shall be counted as one boat slip for the purpose of this section.

Exception: Boat slips not designed for embarking or disembarking are not required to be accessible or be on an accessible route.

TABLE 1110.4.9.1

BOAT SLIPS

TOTAL NUMBER OF BOAT
SLIPS PROVIDED
MINIMUM NUMBER OF REQUIRED
ACCESSIBLE BOAT SLIPS
1 to 25 1
26 to 50 2
51 to 100 3
101 to 150 4
151 to 300 5
301 to 400 6
401 to 500 7
501 to 600 8
601 to 700 9
701 to 800 10
801 to 900 11
901 to 1000 12
1001 and over 12, plus 1 for every 100, or fraction
thereof, over 1,000

1110.4.9.2 Dispersion.

Accessible boat slips shall be dispersed throughout the various types of boat slips provided. Where the minimum number of accessible boat slips has been met, further dispersion shall not be required.

1110.4.9.3 Boarding piers at boat launch ramps.

Where boarding piers are provided at boat launch ramps, at least 5 percent, but not less than one, of the boarding piers shall be accessible.

1110.4.10 Exercise machines and equipment.

At least one of each type of exercise machine and equipment shall be on an accessible route.

1110.4.11 Fishing piers and platforms.

Fishing piers and platforms shall be accessible and be on an accessible route.

1110.4.12 Miniature golf facilities.

Deleted.

1110.4.13 Play areas.

Play areas containing play components designed and constructed for children shall be located on an accessible route.

1110.4.14 Swimming pools, wading pools, hot tubs and spas.

Swimming pools, wading pools, hot tubs and spas shall be accessible and be on an accessible route.

Exceptions:

  1. Catch pools or a designated section of a pool used as a terminus for a water slide flume shall not be required to provide an accessible means of entry, provided that a portion of the catch pool edge is on an accessible route.
  2. Where spas or hot tubs are provided in a cluster, at least 5 percent, but not less than one spa or hot tub in each cluster, shall be accessible and be on an accessible route.
  3. Swimming pools, wading pools, spas and hot tubs that are required to be accessible by Sections 1110.2.2 and 1110.2.3 are not required to provideaccessible means of entry into the water.

1110.4.14.1 Raised diving boards and diving platforms.

Raised diving boards and diving platforms are not required to be accessible or to be on an accessible route.

1110.4.14.2 Water slides.

Water slides are not required to be accessible or to be on an accessible route.

1110.4.15 Shooting facilities with firing positions.

Where shooting facilities with firing positions are designed and constructed at a site, at least 5 percent, but not less than one, of each type of firing position shall be accessible and be on an accessible route.

SECTION 1111
SIGNAGE

1111.1 General.

Signs shall be provided in accordance withSection 1111 and shall comply with ICC A117.1.

Exceptions:

  1. Building directories, menus, seat and row designations in assembly areas, occupant names, building addresses, and company names and logos shall not be required to comply.
  2. Temporary, 7 days or less, signs shall not be required to comply.
  3. In detention and correctional facilities, signs not located in public use areas shall not be required to comply.

1111.2 Designations.

Interior and exterior signs identifying toilet rooms, bathing rooms, locker rooms, dressing rooms, fitting rooms, room numbers, and room names shall comply with ICC A117.1, Section 703.3. Where pictograms are provided, they shall comply with ICC A117.1, Section 703.5 and include text descriptors. The International Symbol of Accessibility complying with ICC A117.1, Section 703.6.3.1 shall be provided at the following locations:

  1. Accessible passenger loading zones.
  2. Accessible toilet and bathing rooms where not all such rooms are accessible.
  3. Accessible dressing, fitting, and locker rooms where not all such rooms are accessible.
  4. Accessible lockers located in recreational facilities.

1111.2.1 Exterior signs.

Exterior signs that are not located at the door to the space they serve shall comply with ICC A117.1, Section 703.2.

1111.3 Directional and informational signs.

Signs that provide direction to or information about interior spaces and facilities of the site shall comply with the visual character requirements in ICC A117.1, Section 703.2.

1111.3.1 Directional signs.

Directional signage indicating the route to the nearest like accessible element shall be provided at the following locations and shall include the International Symbol of Accessibility and sign characters shall meet the visual character requirements in accordance with ICC A117.1.

  1. Inaccessible public toilets and bathing facilities.
  2. Elevators not serving an accessible route.
  3. At each separate-sex toilet and bathing room indicating the location of the nearest family/assisted use toilet or bathing room where provided in accordance with Section 1109.2.1.
  4. Where drinking fountains for persons using wheelchairs and drinking fountains for standing persons are not located adjacent to each other, directional signage shall be provided indicating the location of the other drinking fountains.
  5. At amusement rides where accessible unload areas also serve as accessible load areas, signs indicating the location of the accessible load and unload areas shall be provided at entries to queues and waiting lines.

1111.4 Means of egress.

Signage providing instructions for the operation of exit doors shall comply with ICC A117.1, Section 703.2. Floor designations within exit stairways shall comply with ICC A117.1, Section 504.9. Other signs for accessible means of egress shall comply with IBC Chapter 10.

1111.5 Parking.

Accessible parking spaces shall be identified by signs complying with ICC A117.1, Section 502.7.

Exceptions:

  1. Where the total number of parking spaces provided is four or less, identification of accessible parking spaces is not required
  2. In Group I-1, R-2, R-3, and R-4, where parking spaces are assigned to specific residential dwelling units or sleeping units, identification of accessible parking spaces shall not be required.

1111.6 Entrances.

Where not all entrances are accessible, accessible entrances shall be identified by the International Symbol of Accessibility complying with ICC A117.1, Section 703.6.3.1. Directional signs complying with ICC A117.1, Section 703.2, that indicate the location of the nearest accessible entrance shall be provided at all nonaccessible entrances.

1111.7 TTYs.

TTY identification and directional signs shall be provided in accordance with Section 1111.7.

1111.7.1 Identification signs.

Public TTYs shall be identified by the International Symbol of TTY complying with ICC A117.1, Section 703.6.3.2.

1111.7.2 Directional signs.

Directional signs indicating the location of the nearest public TTY shall be provided at all banks of public pay telephones not containing a public TTY. In addition, where signs provide direction to public pay telephones, they shall also provide direction to public TTYs. Directional signs shall comply with ICC A117.1, Section 703.2, and shall include the International Symbol of TTY complying with ICC A117.1, Section 703.6.3.2.

1111.8 Assistive listening systems.

Each assembly area required to provide assistive listening systems shall provide signs informing patrons of the availability of the assistive listening system. Assistive listening signs shall comply with ICC A117.1, Section 703.2, and shall include the International Symbol of Access for Hearing Loss complying with ICC A117.1, Section 703.6.3.3.

Exception: Where ticket offices or windows are provided, signs shall not be required at each assembly area provided that signs are displayed at each ticket office or window informing patrons of the availability of assistive listening systems.

1111.9 Check-out aisles.

Where not all check-out aisles are accessible, accessible check-out aisles shall be identified by the International Symbol of Accessibility complying with ICC A117.1, Section 703.6.3.1. Signage at accessible check-out aisles shall be located in the same location as the nonaccessible check-out aisle identification.

Exception: Where all check-out aisles serving a single function are accessible, signs complying with ICC A117.1, Section 703.6.3.1, shall not be required.

1111.10 Variable message signs.

Where provided in the locations in Sections 1111.10.1 and 1111.10.2, variable message signs (VMS) shall be accessible.

1111.10.1 Transportation facilities.

Where provided in transportation facilities, variable message signs conveying transportation-related information shall comply with Section 1111.10.

1111.10.2 Emergency shelters.

Where provided in buildings that are designated as emergency shelters, variable message signs conveying emergency-related information shall comply with Section 1111.10.

Exception: Where equivalent information is provided in an audible manner, VMS are not required to comply with Section 1111.10.

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