The provisions of this chapter shall be used in conjunction with Chapters 6 through 13 and shall apply to the alteration, repair, addition and change of occupancy of existing structures, including historic and moved structures, as referenced in Section 301.1.2. The work performed on an existing building shall be classified in accordance with this chapter.
Within each dwelling unit or sleeping unit, a single-station smoke alarm shall be installed in the following locations:
- In each sleeping room or each area directly outside the sleeping room.
- On each floor level including the basement level.
The required equipment for smoke alarms consist of the following:
- Installation. Smoke alarm devices shall be listed and installed in accordance with the provisions of this code, the manufacturers installation requirements, and the provisions of NFPA 72 as listed in chapter 16.
- Power Source. The equipment shall be operable by
power from 1 of the following primary sources.
- The building wiring provided that such wiring is served from a commercial source and is equipped with a battery backup. Wiring shall be permanent and without a disconnecting switch other than as required for overcurrent protection.
- A non-rechargeable battery that is capable of operating the smoke alarm in the normal condition for a life of 5 years.
- A rechargeable battery, with proper charging, able to power the alarm for a life of 5 years and shall be automatically recharged by an AC circuit of the commercial light and power source.
- A household or commercial use alarm system with battery backup listed and approved in accordance with the household and commercial fire warning equipment provisions of NFPA 72, as adopted by reference in this rule.
- Audible Alarm Notification. The activation of the alarm signal shall produce a sound that is audible in all occupiable dwelling areas.
- Testing and Maintenance. The owner of a dwelling unit, in which required or optional fire detection or fire protection systems equipment is installed, shall be responsible for the proper operation, testing, and maintenance of the equipment in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions included with the equipment. The occupant of rental dwelling units shall be responsible for the periodic operational testing and periodic cleaning of the installed equipment within the rental unit in accordance with the testing instructions provided in the manufacturer's instructions for the equipment. If the system fails, breaks, or is out of service, it shall be repaired and functional within 30 days.
Exception: Smoke alarms and devices installed in buildings constructed before November 6, 1974 where an installation was approved by the appropriate enforcing agency under regulations in effect at the time of the installation shall be considered to comply with the provisions of the code.
Level 1 alterations include the removal and replacement or the covering of existing materials, elements, equipment, or fixtures using new materials, elements, equipment, or fixtures that serve the same purpose.
Level 2 alterations include the reconfiguration of space, the addition or elimination of any door or window, the reconfiguration or extension of any system, or the installation of any additional equipment.
Change of occupancy provisions apply where the activity is classified as a change of occupancy as defined in Chapter 2.
Provisions for additions shall apply where work is classified as an addition as defined in Chapter 2.
Historic building provisions shall apply to buildings classified as historic as defined in Chapter 2.
Except as specifically provided for in Chapter 12, historic buildings shall comply with applicable provisions of this code for the type of work being performed.
Relocated building provisions shall apply to relocated or moved buildings.