Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.

20.1.1 Application

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
New and existing assembly occupancies shall comply with Section 20.1.
Permits, where required, shall comply with Section 1.12.

20.1.1.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Combustible scenery of cloth, film, vegetation (dry), and similar materials shall comply with one of the following:
  1. They shall meet the flame propagation performance criteria contained in Test Method 1 or Test Method 2, as appropriate, of NFPA 701, Standard Methods of Fire Tests for Flame Propagation of Textiles and Films.
  2. They shall exhibit a heat release rate not exceeding 100 kW when tested in accordance with NFPA 289, Standard Method of Fire Test for Individual Fuel Packages, using the 20 kW ignition source. [101: 12.4.6.11.1; 101: 13.4.6.11.1]
Foamed plastics (see definition of cellular or foamed plastic in 3.3.41 of NFPA 101) shall be permitted to be used if they exhibit a heat release rate not exceeding 100 kW when tested in accordance with NFPA 289, Standard Method of Fire Test for Individual Fuel Packages, using the 20 kW ignition source or by specific approval of the AHJ. [101: 12.4.6.11.2; 101: 13.4.6.11.2]
Scenery and stage properties not separated from the audience by proscenium opening protection shall be of noncombustible materials, limited-combustible materials, or fire-retardant-treated wood. [101: 12.4.6.11.3; 101: 13.4.6.11.3]
In theaters, motion picture theaters, and television stage settings, with or without horizontal projections, and in simulated caves and caverns of foamed plastic, any single fuel package shall have a heat release rate not to exceed 100 kW where tested in accordance with one of the following:
  1. UL 1975, Standard for Fire Tests for Foamed Plastics Used for Decorative Purposes
  2. NFPA 289, Standard Method of Fire Test for Individual Fuel Packages, using the 20 kW ignition source [101: 12.4.6.11.4; 101: 13.4.6.11.4]

20.1.3.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Interior finish shall be in accordance with the Building Code.

20.1.3.2 Corridors, Lobbies, and Enclosed Stairways

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.1.3.3 Assembly Areas

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.1.3.4 Screens

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.1.3.5 Interior Floor Finish

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.1.3.5.1

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20.1.3.5.2

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20.1.3.5.3

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.1.3.5.4 Existing Interior Floor Finish. (Reserved)

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.1.4.1* General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Special amusement buildings, regardless of occupant load, shall meet the requirements for assembly occupancies, in addition to the requirements of Section 20.1.4 and the Building Code.

20.1.4.2* Automatic Sprinklers

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.1.4.3 Temporary Water Supply

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.1.4.4 Smoke Detection

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.1.4.5 Alarm Initiation

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.1.4.6 Illumination

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Exit marking shall be in accordance with Section 14.14. [101: 12.4.8.7.1; 101: 13.4.8.7.1]

20.1.4.7.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
In special amusement buildings where mazes, mirrors, or other designs are used to confound the egress path, approved directional exit marking that becomes apparent in an emergency shall be provided. [101: 12.4.8.7.3; 101: 13.4.8.7.3]

20.1.4.8 Interior Finish

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Interior finish shall be in accordance with the Building Code.
The building owner or agent shall inspect the means of egress to ensure it is maintained free of obstructions, and correct any deficiencies found, prior to each opening of the building to the public. [101: 12.7.1.1; 101: 13.7.1.1]

20.1.5.1.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.1.5.1.3 Inspection of Door Openings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Door openings shall be inspected by the owner or their representative and be in an operable condition at all times.
All devices in connection with the preparation of food shall be installed and operated to avoid hazard to the safety of occupants. [101: 12.7.2.1; 101: 13.7.2.1]
All devices in connection with the preparation of food shall be of an approved type and shall be installed in an approved manner. [101: 12.7.2.2; 101: 13.7.2.2]
Food preparation facilities shall be protected in accordance with Chapter 50 (NFPA 96) and shall not be required to have openings protected between food preparation areas and dining areas. [101: 12.7.2.3; 101: 13.7.2.3]
Portable cooking equipment that is not flue-connected shall be permitted only as follows:
  1. Equipment fueled by small heat sources that can be readily extinguished by water, such as candles or alcohol-burning equipment, including solid alcohol, shall be permitted to be used, provided that precautions satisfactory to the AHJ are taken to prevent ignition of any combustible materials.
  2. Candles shall be permitted to be used on tables used for food service where securely supported on substantial noncombustible bases located to avoid danger of ignition of combustible materials and only where approved by the AHJ.
  3. Candle flames shall be protected.
  4. "Flaming sword" or other equipment, involving open flames and flamed dishes, such as cherries jubilee or crepes suzette, shall be permitted to be used, provided that precautions subject to the approval of the AHJ are taken.
  5. Listed and approved LP-Gas commercial food service appliances shall be permitted to be used where in accordance with Chapter 69. [101: 12.7.2.4; 101: 13.7.2.4]
Permits, where required, shall comply with Section 1.12.
No open flame devices or pyrotechnic devices shall be used in any assembly occupancy, unless otherwise permitted by one of the following:
  1. Pyrotechnic special effect devices shall be permitted to be used on stages before proximate audiences for ceremonial or religious purposes, as part of a demonstration in exhibits, or as part of a performance, provided that both of the following criteria are met:
    1. Precautions satisfactory to the AHJ are taken to prevent ignition of any combustible material.
    2. Use of the pyrotechnic device complies with Section 65.3.
  2. Flame effects before an audience shall be permitted in accordance with Section 65.4.
  3. Open flame devices shall be permitted to be used in the following situations, provided that precautions satisfactory to the AHJ are taken to prevent ignition of any combustible material or injury to occupants:
    1. *For ceremonial or religious purposes
    2. On stages and platforms where part of a performance
    3. Where candles on tables are securely supported on substantial noncombustible bases and candle flame is protected
  4. The requirement of 20.1.5.3 shall not apply to heat-producing equipment complying with 11.2.2.
  5. The requirement of 20.1.5.3 shall not apply to food service operations in accordance with 20.1.5.2.
  6. Gas lights shall be permitted to be used, provided that precautions are taken, subject to the approval of the AHJ, to prevent ignition of any combustible materials.
[101: 12.7.3; 101: 13.7.3]
Permits, where required, shall comply with Section 1.12.
Fabrics and films used for decorative purposes, all draperies and curtains, and similar furnishings shall be in accordance with the provisions of 12.6.2. [101: 12.7.4.1; 101: 13.7.4.1]
The AHJ shall impose controls on the quantity and arrangement of combustible contents in assembly occupancies to provide an adequate level of safety to life from fire. [101: 12.7.4.2; 101: 13.7.4.2]
Exposed foamed plastic materials and unprotected materials containing foamed plastic used for decorative purposes or stage scenery shall have a heat release rate not exceeding 100 kW where tested in accordance with one of the following:
  1. UL 1975, Standard for Fire Tests for Foamed Plastics Used for Decorative Purposes
  2. NFPA 289, Standard Method of Fire Test for Individual Fuel Packages, using the 20 kW ignition source [101: 12.7.4.3; 101: 13.7.4.3]
The requirement of 20.1.5.4.3 shall not apply to individual foamed plastic items and items containing foamed plastic where the foamed plastic does not exceed 1 lb (0.45 kg) in weight. [101: 12.7.4.4; 101: 13.7.4.4]

20.1.5.4.5

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Upholstered furniture shall be tested in accordance with the provisions of Section 12.6.3.
Permits, where required, shall comply with Section 1.12.

20.1.5.5.2 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.1.5.5.3 Materials Not on Display

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.1.5.5.4.1

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20.1.5.5.4.2

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20.1.5.5.4.3

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20.1.5.5.4.4

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Exhibit booth construction materials shall be limited to the following:
  1. Deleted
  2. Deleted
  3. Deleted
  4. Flame-retardant materials complying with one of the following:
    1. They shall meet the flame propagation performance criteria contained in Test Method 1 or Test Method 2, as appropriate, of NFPA 701, Standard Methods of Fire Tests for Flame Propagation of Textiles and Films.
    2. They shall exhibit a heat release rate not exceeding 100 kW when tested in accordance with NFPA 289, Standard Method of Fire Test, for Individual Fuel Packages, using the 20 kW ignition source.
  5. Deleted
  6. Deleted
  7. Deleted
  8. Deleted
Curtains, drapes, and decorations shall comply with 12.6.2. [101: 12.7.5.3.5; 101: 13.7.5.3.5]
Acoustical and decorative material including, but not limited to, cotton, hay, paper, straw, moss, split bamboo, and wood chips shall be flame-retardant treated to the satisfaction of the AHJ. [101: 12.7.5.3.6; 101: 13.7.5.3.6]
Materials that cannot be treated for flame retardancy shall not be used. [101: 12.7.5.3.6.1; 101: 13.7.5.3.6.1]
Foamed plastics, and materials containing foamed plastics and used as decorative objects such as, but not limited to, mannequins, murals, and signs, shall have a heat release rate for any single fuel package that does not exceed 150 kW where tested in accordance with one of the following:
  1. UL 1975, Standard for Fire Tests for Foamed Plastics Used for Decorative Purposes
  2. NFPA 289, Standard Method of Fire Test for Individual Fuel Packages, using the 20 kW ignition source [101: 12.7.5.3.6.2; 101: 13.7.5.3.6.2]
Where the aggregate area of acoustical and decorative materials is less than 10 percent of the individual floor or wall area, such materials shall be permitted to be used subject to the approval of the AHJ. [101: 12.7.5.3.6.3; 101: 13.7.5.3.6.3]

20.1.5.5.4.7

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.1.5.5.4.7.1

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20.1.5.5.4.7.2

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.1.5.5.4.7.3

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Open flame devices within exhibit booths shall comply with 20.1.5.3. [101: 12.7.5.3.8; 101: 13.7.5.3.8]
Cooking and food-warming devices in exhibit booths shall comply with 20.1.5.2 and all of the following:
  1. Gas-fired devices shall comply with the following:
    1. Natural gas-fired devices shall comply with Section 11.4.
    2. The requirement of 20.1.5.5.4.9(1)(a) shall not apply to compressed natural gas where permitted by the AHJ.
    3. The use of LP-Gas cylinders shall be prohibited.
    4. Nonrefillable LP-Gas cylinders shall be approved for use where permitted by the AHJ.
  2. The devices shall be isolated from the public by not less than 48 in. (1220 mm) or by a barrier between the devices and the public.
  3. Multi-well cooking equipment using combustible oils or solids shall comply with Chapter 50.
  4. Single-well cooking equipment using combustible oils or solids shall meet all of the following criteria:
    1. The equipment shall have lids available for immediate use.
    2. The equipment shall be limited to 2 ft2 (0.2 m2) of cooking surface.
    3. The equipment shall be placed on noncombustible surface materials.
    4. The equipment shall be separated from each other by a horizontal distance of not less than 24 in. (610 mm).
    5. The requirement of 20.1.5.5.4.9(4)(d) shall not apply to multiple single-well cooking equipment where the aggregate cooking surface area does not exceed 2 ft2 (0.2 m2).
    6. The equipment shall be kept at a horizontal distance of not less than 24 in. (610 mm) from any combustible material.
  5. A portable fire extinguisher in accordance with Section 13.6 shall be provided within the booth for each device, or an approved automatic extinguishing system shall be provided. [101: 12.7.5.3.9; 101: 13.7.5.3.9]
Combustible materials within exhibit booths shall be limited to a one-day supply. Storage of combustible materials behind the booth shall be prohibited. (See 20.1.5.4.2 and 20.1.5.5.3.) [101: 12.7.5.3.10; 101: 13.7.5.3.10]
Plans for the exposition, in an acceptable form, shall be submitted to the AHJ for approval prior to setting up any exhibit. [101: 12.7.5.3.11; 101: 13.7.5.3.11]
The plan shall show all details of the proposed exposition. [101: 12.7.5.3.11.1; 101: 13.7.5.3.11.1]
No exposition shall occupy any exposition facility without approved plans. [101: 12.7.5.3.11.2; 101: 13.7.5.3.11.2]
Vehicles on display within an exposition facility shall comply with 20.1.5.5.4.12.1 through 20.1.5.5.4.12.5. [101: 12.7.5.4; 101: 13.7.5.4]
All fuel tank openings shall be locked and sealed in an approved manner to prevent the escape of vapors; fuel tanks shall not contain in excess of one-half their capacity or contain in excess of 10 gal (38 L) of fuel, whichever is less. [101: 12.7.5.4.1; 101: 13.7.5.4.1]
At least one battery cable shall be removed from the batteries used to start the vehicle engine, and the disconnected battery cable shall then be taped. [101: 12.7.5.4.2; 101: 13.7.5.4.2]
Batteries used to power auxiliary equipment shall be permitted to be kept in service. [101: 12.7.5.4.3; 101: 13.7.5.4.3]
Fueling or defueling of vehicles shall be prohibited. [101: 12.7.5.4.4; 101: 13.7.5.4.4]
Vehicles shall not be moved during exhibit hours. [101: 12.7.5.4.5; 101: 13.7.5.4.5]
The following items shall be prohibited within exhibit halls:
  1. Compressed flammable gases
  2. Flammable or combustible liquids
  3. Hazardous chemicals or materials
  4. Class II or greater lasers, blasting agents, and explosives [101: 12.7.5.5.1; 101: 13.7.5.5.1]
The AHJ shall be permitted to allow the limited use of any items specified in 20.1.5.5.4.13.1 under special circumstances. [101: 12.7.5.5.2; 101: 13.7.5.5.2]

20.1.5.6.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A nightclub, dance hall, discotheque or bar with an occupant load of 100 or more, shall be provided with a minimum of one trained crowd manager. Where the occupant load exceeds 250, additional trained crowd managers or crowd manager supervisors shall be provided at a ratio of one crowd manager for every 250 occupants.

20.1.5.6.1.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A nightclub, dance hall, discotheque or bar shall be defined as:
  1. Any facility classified as an A-2 or A-3 use group under the Building Code which is principally designed or used as a nightclub, dance hall, discotheque or bar; or
  2. Any facility that features entertainment by live band or recorded music generating above normal sound levels and has a specific area designated for dancing.

20.1.5.6.1.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A crowd manager is not required for:
  1. A temporary structure erected at the same location for no more than ten days in any calendar year; or
  2. A facility that features fixed seating, such as a theatre, auditorium, concert hall or similar place of assembly; or
  3. A facility used for organized private function where:
    1. Each guest has a seat and a table for dining purposes; and
    2. Attendance for each event is limited by prearrangement between the facility operator and the private event organizers; and
    3. The legal capacity of the facility provides not less than 15 square feet (net) per occupant.

20.1.5.6.2*

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The crowd manager shall receive training, as required by the State Fire Marshal. The State Fire Marshal shall develop a reasonable method to confirm, on a three-year basis, that a crowd manager has completed the training in regards to their responsibility.

20.1.5.6.2.1 Certificates

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Certificates where required, shall comply with Section 1.13.

20.1.5.6.3

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A crowd manager shall be 21 years of age or older, shall be the owner or operator of the business or under the direct control and supervision of said owner or operator and shall be responsible for all of the following:
  1. Maintaining clear paths of egress, assuring that the facility does not exceed its occupant load limit, initiating a fire alarm if necessary, directing occupants to exits;
  2. Assuring general fire and life safety awareness of employees and occupants, including assuring that exit announcements are made in accordance with Section 20.1.5.8.3; and
  3. Accurately completing the safety plan checklist required by Section 20.1.5.6.4.

20.1.5.6.4*

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.1.5.6.4 Fire and Building Safety Checklist

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
  1. The crowd manager shall be responsible for the completion of the Fire and Building Safety Checklist, as prescribed by the State Fire Marshal, on each day of operation prior to opening the facility to patrons.
  2. This checklist shall include, but not be limited to, the routine safety check of existing fire protection systems, fire extinguishers, signage, interior finish, exits, unobstructed egress, crowd control procedures and building occupancy limits.
  3. The original completed checklists shall be kept on the premises for at least one year and shall be subject to inspection by the AHJ.

20.1.5.6.4.1 Certificates

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Certificates where required, shall comply with Section 1.13.
The training for the duties and responsibilities of crowd manager supervisors shall include the following:
  1. The duties described in 20.1.5.6.4
  2. Understanding crowd manager supervisor roles and responsibilities
  3. Understanding of incident management procedures
  4. Understanding the facility evacuation plan
  5. Understanding the facility command structure [101: 12.7.6.5; 101: 13.7.6.5]

20.1.5.7* Fire Detail

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The employees or attendants of assembly occupancies shall be trained and drilled in the duties they are to perform in case of fire, panic, or other emergency to effect orderly exiting. [101: 12.7.7.1; 101: 13.7.7.1]

20.1.5.8.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.1.5.8.3*

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
In the following assembly occupancies, an audible announcement shall be made, or a projected image shall be shown, prior to the start of each program that notifies occupants of the location of the exits to be used in case of a fire or other emergency:
  1. Theaters
  2. Motion picture theaters
  3. Auditoriums
  4. Deleted
  5. Nightclubs, dance halls, discotheques or bars.
The requirement of 20.1.5.8.3 shall not apply to assembly occupancies in schools where used for nonpublic events. [101: 12.7.7.4; 101: 13.7.7.4]
Smoking in assembly occupancies shall be regulated by the AHJ. [101: 12.7.8.1; 101: 13.7.8.1]
In rooms or areas where smoking is prohibited, plainly visible signs shall be posted that read as follows:

NO SMOKING

[101: 12.7.8.2; 101: 13.7.8.2]

No person shall smoke in prohibited areas that are so posted, unless permitted by the AHJ under both of the following conditions:
  1. Smoking shall be permitted on a stage only where it is a necessary and rehearsed part of a performance.
  2. Smoking shall be permitted only where the smoker is a regular performing member of the cast. [101: 12.7.8.3; 101: 13.7.8.3]
Where smoking is permitted, suitable ashtrays or receptacles shall be provided in convenient locations. [101: 12.7.8.4; 101: 13.7.8.4]

20.1.5.10 Seating

AMENDMENT
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20.1.5.10.1 Secured Seating

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20.1.5.10.1.1

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20.1.5.10.1.2

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20.1.5.10.2 Unsecured Seating

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20.1.5.10.2.1

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20.1.5.10.2.2

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20.1.5.10.2.3

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Festival seating, as defined in 3.3.110, shall be prohibited within a building, unless otherwise permitted by one of the following:
  1. Festival seating shall be permitted in assembly occupancies having occupant loads of 250 or less.
  2. Festival seating shall be permitted in assembly occupancies where occupant loads exceed 250, provided that an approved life safety evaluation has been performed. (See 10.15.3.) [101: 12.2.5.4.1; 101: 13.2.5.4.1]
Every room constituting an assembly occupancy and not having fixed seats shall have the occupant load of the room posted in a conspicuous place near the main exit from the room. [101: 12.7.9.3.1; 101: 13.7.9.3.1]
Approved signs shall be maintained in a legible manner by the owner or authorized agent. [101: 12.7.9.3.2; 101: 13.7.9.3.2]
Signs shall be durable and shall indicate the number of occupants permitted for each room use. [101: 12.7.9.3.3; 101: 13.7.9.3.3]

20.1.5.11 Clothing

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.1.5.12 Projection Rooms

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.1.5.12.1

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20.1.5.12.2

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.2.1 Application

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
New and existing educational occupancies shall comply with Section 20.2.

20.2.2 Flexible Plan and Open Plan Buildings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.2.2.1

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20.2.2.2

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20.2.2.3

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20.2.2.4

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20.2.2.5

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.2.3.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Interior finish shall be in accordance with the Building Code.

20.2.3.2 Interior Wall and Ceiling Finish

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.2.3.3 Interior Floor Finish

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.2.3.3.1

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20.2.3.3.2

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.2.3.3.3

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.2.3.3.4 Existing Interior Floor Finish. (Reserved)

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Emergency action plans shall be provided in accordance with Section 10.8. [101: 14.7.1; 101: 15.7.1]

20.2.4.2.1*

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Emergency egress drills shall be conducted in accordance with the applicable provisions of Section 20.2.4.2.

20.2.4.2.1.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The responsible school official in charge of the school or the school system, shall formulate a plan for the protection and evacuation of all persons in the event of fire, and shall include alternate means of egress for all persons involved. Such plan shall be presented to and approved by the Head of the Fire Department.

20.2.4.2.1.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The responsible school official in charge of the school or the school system shall see that each class instructor or supervisor shall receive proper instructions on the fire drill procedures specified for the room or area in which that person carries out their duties before they assume such duties.

20.2.4.2.1.3

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Every student in all schools shall be advised of the fire drill procedure or shall take part in a fire drill within three days after entering such school.

20.2.4.2.1.4

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The Head of the Fire Department, or person designated by him or her, shall visit each school at least four times each year for the purpose of conducting fire drills and questioning the teachers and supervisors. These drills shall be conducted without advance warning to the school personnel other than the person in charge of the school at the time.

20.2.4.2.1.5 Records

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A record of all fire exit drills shall be kept on the premises and persons in charge of such occupancies shall file written reports at least twice a year with the Head of the Fire Department giving the following information:
  1. Time of drill;
  2. Date of drill;
  3. Weather conditions when occupants were evacuated;
  4. Number of occupants evacuated;
  5. Total time for evacuation; and
  6. Other information relevant to the drill.

20.2.4.2.1.6 Evacuation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Fire exit drills shall include the complete evacuation of all persons from the building.

20.2.4.2.1.7

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A drill of the multi-hazard evacuation plan, required by the provisions of St. 2000, c. 159, § 363, shall be permitted to be substituted for one of the fire drills required by Section 20.2.4.2.3.

20.2.4.2.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.2.4.2.3

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
All emergency drill alarms shall be sounded on the fire alarm system. [101: 14.7.2.4; 101: 15.7.2.4]
It shall be the duty of principals, teachers, or staff to inspect all exit facilities daily to ensure that all stairways, doors, and other exits are in proper condition. [101: 14.7.3.1; 101: 15.7.3.1]

20.2.4.3.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.2.4.3.3 Inspection of Door Openings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Draperies, curtains, and other similar furnishings and decorations in educational occupancies shall be in accordance with the provisions of 12.6.2. [101: 14.7.4.1; 101: 15.7.4.1]

20.2.4.4.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Upholstered and molded plastic seating furniture shall be tested in accordance with the provisions of 12.6.3.

20.2.4.4.3

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Paper materials displayed in educational use occupancies shall be permitted on walls only in accordance with the following:
  1. In classrooms, paper materials displayed shall not exceed 20% of the total wall area.
  2. Paper materials displayed shall be attached directly to the walls and shall not be permitted to cover an egress door or be placed within five feet of an egress door, unless approved by the AHJ. When determining wall areas, the door and window openings shall be included unless:
    1. Paper materials are displayed in fully enclosed viewing cabinets with glass or polycarbonate viewing panels or covered with glass or polycarbonate sheet material in accordance with the Building Code;
    2. Flame retardant paper material is used for display.
  3. Paper material displays shall be permitted to cover up to 50% of the total wall area in classrooms that are fully sprinklered in accordance with Chapter 13.

20.2.4.4.4 Exit Access Passageways, Assembly Areas, and Corridors

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Paper materials shall be permitted on walls only in accordance with the following:
  1. Paper materials displayed shall not exceed 10% of the surface area of any wall;
  2. Such paper material shall be positioned in such manner to avoid concentration of materials to reduce flame spread in the event of a fire;
  3. In no event shall any one grouping exceed a maximum horizontal measurement of 12 feet and a maximum vertical measurement of six feet. Groups of paper material shall be allowed as long as there is space between each group equal to the horizontal width of the largest adjacent group;
  4. Paper material used for display shall be attached directly to the walls and shall not be permitted to cover an egress door or be placed within five feet of an egress door, unless approved by the AHJ or unless:
    1. Paper materials are displayed in fully enclosed viewing cabinets with glass or polycarbonate viewing panels or covered with glass or polycarbonate sheet material in accordance with the Building Code.
    2. Flame retardant paper material is used for display.
  5. Paper material displays may cover up to 50% of the total wall area in classrooms that are fully sprinklered in accordance with Chapter 13.

20.2.4.4.5 Exits and Enclosed Exit Stairs

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Displayed paper materials shall not be permitted in exits and enclosed exit stairs.

20.2.4.4.6

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
This Section shall not prohibit the posting of exit signage or evacuation plans in accordance with this Code.

20.2.4.4.7

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The provisions of Section 20.2.4.4.3 or 20.2.4.4.4 shall not be applicable to any election materials required by law to be posted during any local, state or federal election.

20.2.4.5 Unvented Fuel-Fired Heating Equipmenters

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Unvented fuel-fired heaters, other than gas space heaters in compliance with NFPA 54: National Fuel Gas Code, shall not be used in accordance with the following:
  1. Prohibited Installations. Unvented room heaters shall not be installed in bathrooms or bedrooms.
  2. Listing and Installation. Unvented room heaters shall be listed in accordance with ANSI Z21.11.2, Gas-fired Room Heaters- Volume II, Unvented Room Heaters, and shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions.

20.2.4.5.1 Permit

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Permits, where required, shall comply with Section 1.12.

20.3.1 Application

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
New and existing day-care occupancies shall comply with Section 20.2.

20.3.1.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.3.1.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.3.1.3

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.3.1.4 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.3.1.5.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.3.1.5.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.3.1.5.3

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.3.2 General Requirements

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.3.2.1 Unvented Fuel-Fired Heaters

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Unvented fuel-fired heaters, other than gas space heaters in compliance with NFPA 54: National Fuel Gas Code, shall not be used in accordance with the following:
  1. Prohibited Installations. Unvented room heaters shall not be installed in bathrooms or bedrooms.
  2. Listing and Installation. Unvented room heaters shall be listed in accordance with ANSI Z21.11.2, Gas-fired Room Heaters - Volume II, Unvented Room Heaters, and shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions.

20.3.2.1.1 Permit

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Permits, where required, shall comply with Section 1.12.
Every door latch to closets, storage areas, kitchens, and other similar spaces or areas shall be such that clients can open the door from inside the space or area. [101: 16.2.2.2.4; 101: 17.2.2.2.4]
Every bathroom door lock shall be designed to allow opening of the locked door from the outside by an opening device that shall be readily accessible to the staff. [101: 16.2.2.2.5; 101: 17.2.2.2.5]

20.3.2.4 Flexible Plan and Open Plan Buildings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.3.2.4.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.3.2.4.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.3.2.4.3

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.3.2.4.4

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.3.2.4.5

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.3.2.4.6

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.3.3.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Interior finish shall be in accordance with the Building Code.

20.3.3.2 New Interior Wall and Ceiling Finish

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.3.3.3 Existing Interior Wall and Ceiling Finish

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.3.3.4 Interior Floor Finish

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.3.3.4.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.3.3.4.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.3.3.4.3

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.3.3.4.4 Existing Interior Floor Finish. (Reserved)

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.3.4 Day-Care Homes

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.3.4.1 Classification

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.3.4.1.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.3.4.1.2*

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.3.4.1.3

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.3.4.1.4

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.3.4.1.5

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.3.4.1.6

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.3.4.2 Operating Features

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.3.4.2.1* Emergency Action Plans

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.3.4.2.2 Emergency Egress and Relocation Drills

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.3.4.2.2.1*

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.3.4.2.2.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.3.4.2.3 Inspections

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.3.4.2.3.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.3.4.2.3.2*

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.3.4.2.3.3

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.3.4.2.3.4 Inspection of Door Openings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.3.4.2.3.5 Furnishings and Decorations

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.3.4.2.3.5.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.3.4.2.3.5.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.3.4.2.3.5.3

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.3.4.2.3.5.4

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.3.4.2.3.6* Day-Care Staff

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.4.1 Application

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
New and existing health care occupancies shall comply with Section 20.4.
The administration of every health care occupancy shall have, in effect and available to all supervisory personnel, written copies of a plan for the protection of all persons in the event of fire, for their evacuation to areas of refuge, and for their evacuation from the building when necessary. [101: 18.7.1.1; 101: 19.7.1.1]
All employees shall be periodically instructed and kept informed with respect to their duties under the plan required by 20.4.2.1.1. [101: 18.7.1.2; 101: 19.7.1.2]
A copy of the plan required by 20.4.2.1.1 shall be readily available at all times in the telephone operator's location or at the security center. [101: 18.7.1.3; 101: 19.7.1.3]
The provisions of Section 10.5 and 20.4.2.1.2 through 20.4.2.2.3 shall apply.
Fire drills in health care occupancies shall include the transmission of a fire alarm signal and simulation of emergency fire conditions. [101: 18.7.1.4; 101: 19.7.1.4]
Infirm or bedridden patients shall not be required to be moved during drills to safe areas or to the exterior of the building. [101: 18.7.1.5; 101: 19.7.1.5]
Drills shall be conducted quarterly on each shift to familiarize facility personnel (nurses, interns, maintenance engineers, and administrative staff) with the signals and emergency action required under varied conditions. [101: 18.7.1.6; 101: 19.7.1.6]
When drills are conducted between 9:00 p.m. (2100 hours) and 6:00 a.m. (0600 hours), a coded announcement shall be permitted to be used instead of audible alarms. [101: 18.7.1.7; 101: 19.7.1.7]
Employees of health care occupancies shall be instructed in life safety procedures and devices. [101: 18.7.1.8; 101: 19.7.1.8]
For health care occupancies, the proper protection of patients shall require the prompt and effective response of health care personnel. [101: 18.7.2.1.1; 101: 19.7.2.1.1]
The basic response required of staff shall include the following:
  1. Removal of all occupants directly involved with the Fire emergency
  2. Transmission of an appropriate fire alarm signal to warn other building occupants and summon staff
  3. Confinement of the effects of the fire by closing doors to isolate the fire area
  4. Relocation of patients as detailed in the health care occupancy's fire safety plan [101: 18.7.2.1.2; 101: 19.7.2.1.2]
A written health care occupancy fire safety plan shall provide for the following:
  1. Use of alarms
  2. Transmission of alarms to fire department
  3. Emergency phone call to fire department
  4. Response to alarms
  5. Isolation of fire
  6. Evacuation of immediate area
  7. Evacuation of smoke compartment
  8. Preparation of floors and building for evacuation
  9. Extinguishment of fire
  10. Location and operation of doors disguised with murals as permitted by 18.2.2.2.7 and 19.2.2.2.7 of NFPA 101. [101: 18.7.2.2; 101: 19.7.2.2]
All health care occupancy personnel shall be instructed in the use of and response to fire alarms. [101: 18.7.2.3.1; 101: 9.7.2.3.1]
All health care occupancy personnel shall be instructed in the use of the code phrase to ensure transmission of an alarm under the following conditions:
  1. When the individual who discovers a fire must immediately go to the aid of an endangered person
  2. During a malfunction of the building fire alarm system [101: 18.7.2.3.2; 101: 19.7.2.3.2]
Personnel hearing the code announced shall first activate the building fire alarm using the nearest manual fire alarm box and then shall execute immediately their duties as outlined in the fire safety plan. [101: 18.7.2.3.3; 101: 19.7.2.3.3]
Proper maintenance shall be provided to ensure the dependability of the method of evacuation selected. [101: 18.7.3.1; 101: 19.7.3.1]
Health care occupancies that find it necessary to lock means of egress doors shall, at all times, maintain an adequate staff qualified to release locks and direct occupants from the immediate danger area to a place of safety in case of fire or other emergency. [101: 18.7.3.2; 101: 19.7.3.2]
Where required by the AHJ, a floor plan shall be provided to indicate the location of all required means of egress corridors in smoke compartments having spaces not separated from the corridor by partitions. [101: 18.7.3.3; 101: 19.7.3.3]
Smoking regulations shall be adopted and shall include not less than the following provisions:
  1. Smoking shall be prohibited in any room, ward, or individual enclosed space where flammable liquids, combustible gases, or oxygen is used or stored and in any other hazardous location, and such areas shall be posted with signs that read NO SMOKING or shall be posted with the international symbol for no smoking.
  2. In health care occupancies where smoking is prohibited and signs are prominently placed at all major entrances, secondary signs with language that prohibits smoking shall not be required.
  3. Smoking by patients classified as not responsible shall be prohibited.
  4. The requirement of 20.4.2.4(3) shall not apply where the patient is under direct supervision.
  5. Ashtrays of noncombustible material and safe design shall be provided in all areas where smoking is permitted.
  6. Metal containers with self-closing cover devices into which ashtrays can be emptied shall be readily available to all areas where smoking is permitted. [101: 18.7.4; 101: 19.7.4]
Draperies, curtains, and other loosely hanging fabrics and films serving as furnishings or decorations in health care occupancies shall be in accordance with the provisions of 12.6.2 (see 18.3.5.10 or 19.3.5.10 of NFPA 101), and the following also shall apply:
  1. Such curtains shall include cubicle curtains.
  2. Such curtains shall not include curtains at showers and baths.
  3. Such draperies and curtains shall not include draperies and curtains at windows in patient sleeping rooms in sprinklered smoke compartments.
  4. Such draperies and curtains shall not include draperies and curtains in other rooms or areas where the draperies and curtains comply with all of the following:
    1. Individual drapery or curtain panel area does not exceed 48 ft2 (4.5 m2).
    2. Total area of drapery and curtain panels per room or area does not exceed 20 percent of the aggregate area of the wall on which they are located.
    3. Smoke compartment in which draperies or curtains are located is sprinklered in accordance with 13.3.2.12. [101: 19.7.5.1]

20.4.2.5.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Newly introduced upholstered furniture within health care occupancies shall comply with one of the following provisions, unless otherwise provided in 20.4.2.5.3:
  1. The furniture shall meet the criteria specified in Sections 12.6.3.1 and 12.6.3.3.
  2. The furniture shall be in a building protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with NFPA 13. [101: 18.7.5.2; 101: 19.7.5.2]

20.4.2.5.3

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The requirements of Sections 20.4.2.5.2, 12.6.3.1, and 12.6.3.3 shall not apply to upholstered furniture belonging to the patient in sleeping rooms of existing nursing homes where the following criteria are met:
  1. A smoke detector shall be installed where the patient sleeping room is not protected by automatic sprinklers.
  2. Battery-powered single-station smoke detectors shall be permitted. [101: 19.7.5.3]
Newly introduced mattresses within health care occupancies shall comply with one of the following provisions, unless otherwise provided in 20.4.2.5.5:
  1. The mattresses shall meet the criteria specified in 12.6.3.2 and 12.6.3.2.2.
  2. The mattresses shall be in a building protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with NFPA 13. [101: 18.7.5.4; 101: 19.7.5.4]
The requirements of 12.6.3.2, 12.6.3.2.2, and 20.4.2.5.4 shall not apply to mattresses belonging to the patient in sleeping rooms of existing nursing homes where the following criteria are met:
  1. A smoke detector shall be installed where the patient sleeping room is not protected by automatic sprinklers.
  2. Battery-powered single-station smoke detectors shall be permitted. [101: 19.7.5.5]
Combustible decorations shall be prohibited in any health care occupancy, unless one of the following criteria is met:
  1. They are flame-retardant or are treated with approved fire-retardant coating that is listed and labeled for application to the material to which it is applied.
  2. *The decorations meet the flame propagation performance criteria contained in Test Method 1 or Test Method 2, as appropriate, of NFPA 701, Standard Methods of Fire Tests for Flame Propagation of Textiles and Films.
  3. The decorations exhibit a heat release rate not exceeding 100 kW when tested in accordance with NFPA 289, Standard Method of Fire Test for Individual Fuel Packages, using the 20 kW ignition source.
  4. *The decorations, such as photographs, paintings, and other art, are attached directly to the walls, ceiling, and non-fire-rated doors in accordance with the following:
    1. Decorations on non-fire-rated doors do not interfere with the operation or any required latching of the door and do not exceed the area limitations of 20.4.2.5.6(b), (c), or (d).
    2. Decorations do not exceed 20 percent of the wall, ceiling, and door areas inside any room or space of a smoke compartment that is not protected throughout by an approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 13.3.
    3. Decorations do not exceed 30 percent of the wall, ceiling, and door areas inside any room or space of a smoke compartment that is protected throughout by an approved supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 13.3.
    4. Decorations do not exceed 50 percent of the wall, ceiling, and door areas inside patient sleeping rooms having a capacity not exceeding four persons, in a smoke compartment that is protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 13.3.
  5. In existing health care occupancies, they are decorations, such as photographs or paintings, in such limited quantities that a hazard of fire development or spread is not present. [101: 18.7.5.6; 101: 19.7.5.6]
Soiled linen or trash collection receptacles shall not exceed 32 gal (121 L) in capacity and shall meet the following requirements:
  1. The average density of container capacity in a room or space shall not exceed 0.5 gal/ft2 (20.4 L/m2).
  2. A capacity of 32 gal (121 L) shall not be exceeded within any 64 ft2 (6 m2) area.
  3. Mobile soiled linen or trash collection receptacles with capacities greater than 32 gal (121 L) shall be located in a room protected as a hazardous area when not attended.
  4. Container size and density shall not be limited in hazardous areas. [101: 18.7.5.7.1; 101: 19.7.5.7.1]
Containers used solely for recycling clean waste or for patient records awaiting destruction shall be permitted to be excluded from the limitations of 20.4.2.5.7 where all the following conditions are met:
  1. Each container is limited to a capacity of 96 gal (363 L) except as permitted by 20.4.2.5.8(2) or (3).
  2. *Containers with capacities greater than 96 gal (363 L) shall be located in a room protected as a hazardous area when not attended.
  3. Container size shall not be limited in hazardous areas.
  4. Containers for combustibles shall be labeled and listed as meeting the requirements of FM Approval Standard 6921; however, such testing, listing, and labeling shall not be limited to FM Approvals. [101: 18.7.5.7.2; 101: 19.7.5.7.2]
The provisions of 19.2.1.1 through 19.2.1.2 applicable to soiled linen and trash receptacles shall not apply.
Portable space-heating devices shall be prohibited in all health care occupancies, unless both of the following criteria are met:
  1. Such devices are permitted to be used only in nonsleeping staff and employee areas.
  2. The heating elements of such devices do not exceed 212°F (100°C). [101: 18.7.8; 101: 19.7.8]

20.4.3.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Interior finish shall be in accordance with the Building Code.

20.4.3.2 New Interior Wall and Ceiling Finish

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.4.3.2.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.4.3.2.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.4.3.2.3 Existing Interior Wall and Ceiling Finish

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.4.3.3 Interior Floor Finish

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.4.3.3.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.4.3.3.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.4.3.3.3

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.4.3.4 Interior Finish (Nonsprinklered Smoke Compartment Rehabilitation)

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.4.3.4.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.4.3.4.2 Interior Wall and Ceiling Finish

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.4.3.4.2.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.4.3.4.2.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.4.3.5 Interior Floor Finish

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.4.3.5.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.4.3.5.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.4.3.5.3 Existing Interior Floor Finish

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.5.1 Application

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The administration of every residential board and care facility shall have, in effect and available to all supervisory personnel, written copies of a plan for protecting all persons in the event of fire, for keeping persons in place, for evacuating persons to areas of refuge, and for evacuating persons from the building when necessary. [101: 32.7.1.1; 101: 33.7.1.1]
The emergency action plan shall include special staff response, including the fire protection procedures needed to ensure the safety of any resident, and shall be amended or revised whenever any resident with unusual needs is admitted to the home. [101: 32.7.1.2; 101: 33.7.1.2]
All employees shall be periodically instructed and kept informed with respect to their duties and responsibilities under the plan, and such instruction shall be reviewed by the staff not less than every 2 months. [101: 32.7.1.3; 101: 33.7.1.3]
All residents participating in the emergency action plan shall be trained in the proper actions to be taken in the event of fire. [101: 32.7.2.1; 101: 33.7.2.1]
The training required by 20.5.2.2.1 shall include actions to be taken if the primary escape route is blocked. [101: 32.7.2.2; 101: 33.7.2.2]
If a resident is given rehabilitation or habilitation training, training in fire prevention and the actions to be taken in the event of a fire shall be a part of the training program. [101: 32.7.2.3; 101: 33.7.2.3]
Residents shall be trained to assist each other in case of fire to the extent that their physical and mental abilities permit them to do so without additional personal risk. [101: 32.7.2.4; 101: 33.7.2.4]
Emergency egress and relocation drills shall be conducted in accordance with 20.5.2.3.1 through 20.5.2.3.6. [101: 32.7.3; 101: 33.7.3]
Emergency egress and relocation drills shall be conducted not less than six times per year on a bimonthly basis, with not less than two drills conducted during the night when residents are sleeping, as modified by 20.5.2.3.5 and 20.5.2.3.6. [101: 32.7.3.1; 101: 33.7.3.1]
The emergency drills shall be permitted to be announced to the residents in advance. [101: 32.7.3.2; 101: 33.7.3.2]
The drills shall involve the actual evacuation of all residents to an assembly point, as specified in the emergency action plan, and shall provide residents with experience in egressing through all exits and means of escape required by this Code. [101: 32.7.3.3; 101: 33.7.3.3]
Exits and means of escape not used in any drill shall not be credited in meeting the requirements of this Code for board and care facilities. [101: 32.7.3.4; 101: 33.7.3.4]
Actual exiting from windows shall not be required to comply with 20.5.2.3; opening the window and signaling for help shall be an acceptable alternative. [101: 32.7.3.5; 101: 3.3.7.3.5]
Residents who cannot meaningfully assist in their own evacuation or who have special health problems shall not be required to actively participate in the drill. Subsection 20.4.2 shall apply in such instances. [101: 32.7.3.6; 101: 33.7.3.6]
Smoking regulations shall be adopted by the administration of board and care occupancies. [101: 32.7.4.1; 101: 33.7.4.1]
Where smoking is permitted, noncombustible safety-type ashtrays or receptacles shall be provided in convenient locations. [101: 32.7.4.2; 101: 33.7.4.2]
New draperies, curtains, and other similar loosely hanging furnishings and decorations in board and care facilities shall comply with 20.5.2.5.1.1 and 20.5.2.5.1.2. [101: 32.7.5.1; 101: 33.7.5.1]
New draperies, curtains, and other similar loosely hanging furnishings and decorations in board and care facilities shall be in accordance with the provisions of 12.6.2, unless otherwise permitted by 20.5.2.5.1.2. [101: 32.7.5.1.1; 101: 33.7.5.1.1]
In other than common areas, new draperies, curtains, and other similar loosely hanging furnishings and decorations shall not be required to comply with 20.5.2.5.1.1 where the building is protected throughout by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with 13.3.2.21.2 for new small facilities, 13.3.2.21.1 for new large facilities, 13.3.2.22.2 for existing small facilities, or 13.3.2.22.1 for existing large facilities. [101: 32.7.5.1.2; 101: 33.7.5.1.2]
New upholstered furniture within board and care facilities shall comply with 20.5.2.5.2.1 or 20.5.2.5.2.2. [101: 32.7.5.2; 101: 33.7.5.2]

20.5.2.5.2.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
New upholstered furniture shall be tested in accordance with the provisions of Sections 12.6.3.1(1) and 12.6.3.3.
Upholstered furniture belonging to residents in sleeping rooms shall not be required to be tested, provided that a smoke alarm is installed in such rooms; battery-powered single-station smoke alarms shall be permitted in such rooms. [101: 32.7.5.2.2; 101: 33.7.5.2.2]
Newly introduced mattresses within board and care facilities shall comply with 20.5.2.5.2.3.1 or 20.5.2.5.2.3.2. [101: 32.7.5.3; 101: 33.7.5.3]

20.5.2.5.2.3.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Newly introduced mattresses shall be tested in accordance with the provisions of Sections 12.6.3.2 and 12.6.3.4.
Mattresses belonging to residents in sleeping rooms shall not be required to be tested, provided that a smoke alarm is installed in such rooms; battery-powered single-station smoke alarms shall be permitted in such rooms. [101: 32.7.5.3.2; 101: 33.7.5.3.2]
No stove or combustion heater shall be located to block escape in case of fire caused by the malfunction of the stove or heater. [101: 32.2.5.2.2; 101: 33.2.5.2.2]
Unvented fuel-fired heaters shall not be used in any residential board and care facility. [101: 32.2.5.2.3; 101: 33.2.5.2.3]

20.5.3 Interior Finish

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.5.3.1 Small Facilities

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.5.3.1.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.5.3.1.2 New Interior Wall and Ceiling Finish

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.5.3.1.3 Existing Interior Wall and Ceiling Finish

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.5.3.1.4 Interior Floor Finish

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.5.3.1.4.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.5.3.1.4.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.5.3.1.4.3 Existing Interior Floor Finish. (Reserved)

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.5.3.2 Large Facilities

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.5.3.2.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.5.3.2.2 New Interior Wall and Ceiling Finish

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.5.3.2.3 Existing Interior Wall and Ceiling Finish

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.5.3.2.4 Interior Floor Finish

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.5.3.2.4.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.5.3.2.4.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.5.3.2.4.3

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.5.3.2.4.4 Existing Interior Floor Finish

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.5.3.3 Apartment Buildings Housing Board and Care Occupancies

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.5.3.3.1 New Interior Finish

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.5.3.3.1.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.5.3.3.1.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.5.3.3.2 Existing Interior Finish

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.6.1 Application

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
New and existing ambulatory health care centers shall comply with Section 20.6.
The administration of every ambulatory health care facility shall have, in effect and available to all supervisory personnel, written copies of a plan for the protection of all persons in the event of fire, for their evacuation to areas of refuge, and for their evacuation from the building when necessary. [101: 20.7.1.1; 101: 21.7.1.2]
All employees shall be periodically instructed and kept informed with respect to their duties under the plan required by 20.6.2.1.1. [101: 20.7.1.2; 101: 21.7.1.2]
A copy of the plan required by 20.6.2.1.1 shall be readily available at all times when the facility is open. [101: 20.7.1.3; 101: 21.7.1.3]
The provisions of Section 10.6 and 20.6.2.1.5 through 20.6.2.2.3 shall apply.
Fire drills in ambulatory health care facilities shall include the simulation of emergency fire conditions. [101: 20.7.1.4; 101: 21.7.1.4]
Patients shall not be required to be moved during drills to safe areas or to the exterior of the building. [101: 20.7.1.5; 101: 21.7.1.5]
Drills shall be conducted quarterly on each shift to familiarize facility personnel (including but not limited to nurses, interns, maintenance engineers, and administrative staff) with the emergency action required under varied conditions. [101: 20.7.1.6; 101: 21.7.1.6]
Employees of ambulatory health care facilities shall be instructed in life safety procedures and devices. [101: 20.7.1.7; 101: 21.7.1.7]
For ambulatory health care facilities, the proper protection of patients shall require the prompt and effective response of ambulatory health care personnel. [101: 20.7.2.1.1; 101: 21.7.2.1.1]
The basic response required of staff shall include the following:
  1. Removal of all occupants directly involved with the fire emergency
  2. Transmission of an appropriate fire alarm signal to warn other building occupants and summon staff
  3. Confinement of the effects of the fire by closing doors to isolate the fire area
  4. Relocation of patients as detailed in the facility's fire safety plan [101: 20.7.2.1.2; 101: 21.7.2.1.2]
A written fire safety plan shall provide for the following:
  1. Use of alarms
  2. Transmission of alarms to fire department
  3. Response to alarms
  4. Isolation of fire
  5. Evacuation of immediate area
  6. Evacuation of smoke compartment
  7. Preparation of floors and building for evacuation
  8. Extinguishment of fire [101: 20.7.2.2; 101: 21.7.2.2]
All personnel shall be instructed in the use of and response to fire alarms. [101: 20.7.2.3.1; 101: 21.7.2.3.1]
All personnel shall be instructed in the use of the code phrase to ensure transmission of an alarm under either of the following conditions:
  1. When the individual who discovers a fire must immediately go to the aid of an endangered person
  2. During a malfunction of the building fire alarm system [101: 20.7.2.3.2; 101: 21.7.2.3.2]
Personnel hearing the code announced shall first activate the building fire alarm using the nearest fire alarm box and then shall execute immediately their duties as outlined in the fire safety plan. [101: 20.7.2.3.3; 101: 21.7.2.3.3]
Proper maintenance shall be provided to ensure the dependability of the method of evacuation selected. [101: 20.7.3.1; 101: 21.7.3.1]
Ambulatory health care occupancies that find it necessary to lock exits shall, at all times, maintain an adequate staff qualified to release locks and direct occupants from the immediate danger area to a place of safety in case of fire or other emergency. [101: 20.7.3.2; 101: 21.7.3.2]
Smoking regulations shall be adopted and shall include not less than the following provisions:
  1. Smoking shall be prohibited in any room, ward, or compartment where flammable liquids, combustible gases, or oxygen is used or stored and in any other hazardous location, and such areas shall be posted with signs that read NO SMOKING or shall be posted with the international symbol for no smoking.
  2. In ambulatory health care facilities where smoking is prohibited and signs are placed at all major entrances, secondary signs with language that prohibits smoking shall not be required.
  3. Smoking by patients classified as not responsible shall be prohibited.
  4. The requirement of 20.6.2.4(3) shall not apply where the patient is under direct supervision.
  5. Ashtrays of noncombustible material and safe design shall be provided in all areas where smoking is permitted.
  6. Metal containers with self-closing cover devices into which ashtrays can be emptied shall be readily available to all areas where smoking is permitted. [101: 20.7.4; 101: 21.7.4]
Draperies, curtains, and other loosely hanging fabrics and films serving as furnishings or decorations in ambulatory health care occupancies shall be in accordance with the provisions of 12.6.2, and the following also shall apply:
  1. Such curtains shall include cubicle curtains.
  2. Such curtains shall not include curtains at showers. [101: 20.7.5.1; 101: 21.7.5.1]

20.6.2.5.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Newly introduced upholstered furniture shall comply with 12.6.3.1 and one of the following provisions:
  1. The furniture shall meet the criteria specified in Section 12.6.3.3.
  2. The furniture shall be in a building protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with NFPA 13. [101: 20.7.5.2; 101: 21.7.5.2]

20.6.2.5.3

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Newly introduced mattresses shall comply with 12.6.3.2 and one of the following provisions:
  1. The mattresses shall meet the criteria specified in Section 12.6.3.4.
  2. The mattresses shall be in a building protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with NFPA 13. [101: 20.7.5.3; 101: 21.7.5.3]
Combustible decorations shall be prohibited, unless one of the following criteria is met:
  1. They are flame-retardant.
  2. The decorations meet the flame propagation performance criteria contained in Test Method 1 or Test Method 2, as appropriate, of NFPA 701, Standard Methods of Fire Tests for Flame Propagation of Textiles and Films.
  3. The decorations exhibit a heat release rate not exceeding 100 kW when tested in accordance with NFPA 289, Standard Method of Fire Test for Individual Fuel Packages, using the 20 kW ignition source.
  4. *The decorations, such as photographs, paintings, and other art, are attached directly to the walls, ceiling, and non-fire-rated doors in accordance with the following:
    1. Decorations on non-fire-rated doors do not interfere with the operation or any required latching of the door and do not exceed the area limitations of 20.6.2.5.4(b) or (c).
    2. Decorations do not exceed 20 percent of the wall, ceiling, and door areas inside any room or space of a smoke compartment that is not protected throughout by an approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 13.3.
    3. Decorations do not exceed 30 percent of the wall, ceiling, and door areas inside any room or space of a smoke compartment that is protected throughout by an approved supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 13.3. [101: 20.7.5.4; 101: 21.7.5.4] [101: 20.7.5.4; 101: 21.7.5.4]
Soiled linen or trash collection receptacles shall not exceed 32 gal (121 L) in capacity, and the following also shall apply:
  1. The average density of container capacity in a room or space shall not exceed 0.5 gal/ft2 (20.4 L/m2).
  2. A capacity of 32 gal (121 L) shall not be exceeded within any 64 ft2 (6 m2) area.
  3. Mobile soiled linen or trash collection receptacles with capacities greater than 32 gal (121 L) shall be located in a room protected as a hazardous area when not attended.
  4. Container size and density shall not be limited in hazardous areas. [101: 20.7.5.5.1; 101: 21.7.5.5.1]
Containers used solely for recycling clean waste or for patient records awaiting destruction shall be permitted to be excluded from the requirements of 20.6.2.5.5.1 where all the following conditions are met:
  1. Each container shall be limited to a maximum capacity of 96 gal (363 L), except as permitted by 20.6.2.5.5.2(2) or (3).
  2. Containers with capacities greater than 96 gal (363 L) shall be located in a room protected as a hazardous area when not attended.
  3. Container size shall not be limited in hazardous areas.
  4. Containers for combustibles shall be labeled and listed as meeting the requirements of FM Approval Standard 6921, Containers for Combustible Waste, however, such testing, listing, and labeling shall not be limited to FM Approvals. [101: 20.7.5.5.2; 101: 21.7.5.5.2]
The provisions of 19.2.1.1 through 19.2.1.2 applicable to soiled linen and trash receptacles shall not apply.
Portable space-heating devices shall be prohibited in all ambulatory health care occupancies, unless both of the following criteria are met:
  1. Such devices are used only in nonsleeping staff and employee areas.
  2. The heating elements of such devices do not exceed 212°F (100°C). [101: 20.7.8; 101: 21.7.8]

20.6.3 Interior Finish

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.6.3.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.6.3.2 Interior Wall and Ceiling Finish

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.6.3.2.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.6.3.2.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.6.3.3 New Interior Floor Finish

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.6.3.3.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.6.3.3.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.6.3.3.3

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.6.3.4 Existing Interior Floor Finish. (Reserved)

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.7.1 Application

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.7.2.1.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Detention and correctional facilities, or those portions of facilities having such occupancy, shall be provided with 24-hour staffing.

20.7.2.1.1.1 For Use Condition III, Use Condition IV, and Use Condition V

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The arrangement shall be such that the staff involved starts the release of locks necessary for emergency evacuation or rescue and initiates other necessary emergency actions within two minutes of alarm.

20.7.2.1.2*

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.7.2.1.3*

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.7.2.1.3.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.7.2.1.3.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.7.2.1.4

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.7.2.1.4.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.7.2.1.4.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.7.2.2* Combustible Personal Property

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The number of heat-producing appliances, such as toasters and hot plates, and the overall use of electrical power within a sleeping room shall be controlled by facility administration. [101: 22.7.3; 101: 23.7.3]
Draperies and curtains, including privacy curtains, in detention and correctional occupancies shall be in accordance with the provisions of 12.6.2. [101: 22.7.4.1; 101: 23.7.4.1]

20.7.2.4.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Newly introduced upholstered furniture within detention and correctional occupancies shall meet the criteria specified in Sections 12.6.3.1(2) and 12.6.3.3.

20.7.2.4.3*

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Newly introduced mattresses within detention and correctional occupancies shall be tested in accordance with the provisions of Sections 12.6.3.2 and 12.6.3.4.
Combustible decorations shall be prohibited in any detention or correctional occupancy unless flame-retardant. [101: 22.7.4.4; 101: 23.7.4.4]

20.7.2.4.5

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.7.2.5 Keys

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Portable space-heating devices shall be prohibited in all detention and correctional occupancies. [101: 22.7.6; 101: 23.7.6]
Doors and door hardware in means of egress shall be inspected monthly by an appropriately trained person. The inspection shall be documented. [101: 22.7.7; 101: 23.7.7]

20.7.3.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Interior finish shall be in accordance with the Building Code.

20.7.3.2 New Interior Wall and Ceiling Finish

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.7.3.3 Existing Interior Wall and Ceiling Finish

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.7.3.4 New Interior Floor Finish

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.7.3.4.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.7.3.4.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.7.3.4.3

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.7.3.5 Existing Interior Floor Finish

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.7.3.5.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.7.3.5.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.7.3.6 Interior Finish (Nonsprinklered Existing Building Renovations)

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.7.3.6.1 Interior Wall and Ceiling Finish

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.7.3.6.2 Interior Floor Finish

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.7.3.6.2.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.7.3.6.2.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.7.3.6.2.3

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.8.1 Application

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Employees of hotels shall be instructed and drilled in the duties they are to perform in the event of fire, panic, or other emergency. [101: 28.7.1.1; 101: 29.7.1.1]
Drills of the emergency organization shall be held at quarterly intervals and shall cover such points as the operation and maintenance of the available first aid fire appliances, the testing of devices to alert guests, and a study of instructions for emergency duties. [101: 28.7.1.2; 101: 29.7.1.2]
Upon discovery of a fire, employees shall carry out all of the following duties:
  1. Activation of the facility fire protection signaling system, if provided
  2. Notification of the public fire department
  3. Other action as previously instructed [101: 28.7.2; 101: 29.7.2]
Emergency egress and relocation drills in accordance with Section 10.5 shall be held with sufficient frequency to familiarize occupants with all types of hazards and to establish conduct of the drill as a matter of routine. Drills shall be conducted during peak occupancy periods and shall include suitable procedures to ensure that all persons subject to the drill participate. [101: 28.7.3; 101:29.7.3]
A floor diagram reflecting the actual floor arrangement, exit locations, and room identification shall be posted in a location and manner acceptable to the AHJ on, or immediately adjacent to, every guest room door in hotels and in every resident room in dormitories. [101: 28.7.4.1; 101: 29.7.4.1]
Fire safety information shall be provided to allow guests to make the decision to evacuate to the outside, to evacuate to an area of refuge, to remain in place, or to employ any combination of the three options. [101: 28.7.4.2; 101: 29.7.4.2]
Emergency action plans in accordance with Section 10.8 shall be provided. [101: 28.7.5]
New draperies, curtains, and other similar loosely hanging furnishings and decorations shall meet the flame propagation performance criteria contained in Test Method 1 or Test Method 2, as appropriate, of NFPA 701, Standard Methods of Fire Tests for Flame Propagation of Textiles and Films. [101: 28.7.6. 1; 101: 29.7.6.1]
Newly introduced upholstered furniture shall meet the criteria specified in 12.6.3.1 and 12.6.3.2.2. [101: 28:7.6.2.1; 101: 29.7.6.2.1]
Newly introduced mattresses shall meet the criteria specified in 12.6.3.2 and 12.6.3.2.2. [101: 28.7.6.2.2]
Furnishings or decorations of an explosive or highly flammable character shall not be used. [101: 28.7.6.3; 101: 29.7.6.3]
Fire-retardant coatings shall be maintained to retain the effectiveness of the treatment under service conditions encountered in actual use. [101: 28.7.6.4; 101: 29.7.6.4]

20.8.2.6 Unvented Fuel-Fired Heaters

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Unvented fuel-fired heaters, other than gas space heaters in compliance with NFPA 54/ANSI Z223.2, National Fuel Gas Code, shall be prohibited.

20.8.3.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Interior finish shall be in accordance with the Building Code.

20.8.3.2 New Interior Wall and Ceiling Finish

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.8.3.3 Existing Interior Wall and Ceiling Finish

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.8.3.4 New Interior Floor Finish

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.8.3.4.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.8.3.4.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.8.3.4.3

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.8.3.5 Interior Floor Finish (Existing Nonsprinklered Buildings)

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.9.1 Application

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
New and existing apartment buildings shall comply with Section 20.9.

20.9.2.1 Emergency Instructions for Residents of Apartment BuildingsResidential Housing for the Elderly

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Emergency instructions shall be provided annually by the housing complex administrator to each dwelling unit when containing six or more to indicate the location of alarms, egress paths, and actions to be taken, both in response to a fire in the dwelling unit and in response to the sounding of the alarm system.

20.9.2.1.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The AHJ shall visit four times a year to:
  1. To conduct a fire drill; or
  2. Ascertain the evacuation process and procedure.

20.9.2.2 Fuel-Fired Heaters

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Unvented fuel-fired heaters, other than gas space heaters in compliance with NFPA 54, shall not be used.

20.9.3 Interior Finish

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.9.3.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.9.3.2 New Interior Wall and Ceiling Finish

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.9.3.3 Existing Interior Wall and Ceiling Finish

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.9.3.4 New Interior Floor Finish

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.9.3.4.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.9.3.4.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.9.3.4.3

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.9.3.5 Existing Interior Floor Finish

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.9.4 Contents and Furnishings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Contents and furnishings in public areas shall comply with Section 12.6.3.
Contents and furnishings shall not be required to comply with Section 12.6. [101: 30.7.2.1; 101: 31.7.2.1]
Furnishings or decorations of an explosive or highly flammable character shall not be used outside of dwelling units. [101: 30.7.2.2; 101: 31.7.2.2]
Fire-retardant coatings shall be maintained to retain the effectiveness of the treatment under service conditions encountered in actual use. [101: 30.7.2.3; 101: 31.7.2.3]

20.10.1 Application

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.10.2 Fuel-Fired Heaters

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Unvented fuel-fired heaters, other than gas space heaters in compliance with NFPA 54, shall not be used.
  1. Prohibited Installations. Unvented room heaters shall not be installed in bathrooms or bedrooms.
  2. Listing and Installation. Unvented room heaters shall be listed in accordance with ANSI Z21.11.2, Gas-fired Room Heaters- Volume II, Unvented Room Heaters, and shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions.

20.10.3.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Interior finish shall be in accordance with the Building Code.

20.10.3.2 Interior Wall and Ceiling Finish

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.10.3.3 Interior Floor Finish

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.10.3.3.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.10.3.3.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.10.4

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Contents and furnishings in public areas shall comply with Section 12.6.
Furnishings or decorations of an explosive or highly flammable character shall not be used. [101: 26.7.1.2]
Fire-retardant coatings shall be maintained to retain the effectiveness of the treatment under service conditions encountered in actual use. [101: 26.7.1.3]

20.11.1 Application

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

20.11.2 Fuel-Fired Heaters

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Unvented fuel-fired heaters shall not be used, unless they are listed and approved.
  1. Prohibited Installations. Unvented room heaters shall not be installed in bathrooms or bedrooms.
  2. Listing and Installation. Unvented room heaters shall be listed in accordance with ANSI Z21.11.2, Gas-fired Room Heaters- Volume II, Unvented Room Heaters, and shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions.

20.11.3 Interior Finish

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20.11.3.1 General

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20.11.3.2 Interior Wall and Ceiling Finish

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20.11.3.3 Interior Floor Finish. (Reserved)

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20.11.4 Fire Protection of Floors

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20.11.4.1

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20.11.4.2

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20.11.4.3

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20.11.4.4*

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20.11.4.5

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20.11.4.6

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20.11.5 Manufactured Housing

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20.12.1 Application

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New and existing mercantile occupancies shall comply with Section 20.12.
Emergency plans complying with Section 10.8 shall be provided in high-rise buildings. [101: 36.7.1; 101: 37.7.1]
In every Class A or Class B mercantile occupancy, employees shall be periodically trained in accordance with Section 10.5. [101: 36.7.2; 101: 37.7.2]

20.12.2.3 Extinguisher Training

AMENDMENT
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Food service operations shall comply with Chapter 50. [101: 36.7.4; 101: 37.7.4]

20.12.3.1 General

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Interior finish shall be in accordance with the Building Code.

20.12.3.2 Interior Wall and Ceiling Finish

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20.12.3.3 Interior Floor Finish

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20.12.3.3.1

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20.12.3.3.2

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20.12.3.3.3

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20.12.3.3.4 Existing Interior Floor Finish. (Reserved)

AMENDMENT
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20.13.1 Application

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
New and existing business occupancies shall comply with Section 20.13.
Emergency plans complying with Section 10.8 shall be provided in high-rise buildings. [101: 38.7.1; 101: 39.7.1]
In all business occupancy buildings occupied by more than 500 persons, or by more than 100 persons above or below the street level, employees and supervisory personnel shall be periodically instructed in accordance with Section 10.5 and shall hold drills periodically where practicable. [101: 38.7.2; 101: 39.7.2]

20.13.2.3 Extinguisher Training

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Food service operations shall comply with Chapter 50. [101: 38.7.4; 101: 39.7.4]

20.13.3.1 General

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Interior finish shall be in accordance with the Building Code.

20.13.3.2 Interior Wall and Ceiling Finish

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20.13.3.2.1

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20.13.3.2.2

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20.13.3.3 Interior Floor Finish

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20.13.3.3.1

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20.13.3.3.2

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20.13.3.3.3

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20.13.3.3.4 Existing Interior Floor Finish. (Reserved)

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20.14 Industrial Occupancies

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20.14.1 Application

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20.14.2 Permits

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20.14.3 Interior Finish

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20.14.3.1 General

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20.14.3.2 Interior Wall and Ceiling Finish

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20.14.3.3 Interior Floor Finish

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20.14.3.3.1

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20.14.3.3.2

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20.15.1 Application

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New and existing storage occupancies shall comply with the appropriate codes or standards referenced in Chapter 2 and Section 20.15.
Permits, where required, shall comply with Section 1.12.

20.15.3 Interior Finish

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20.15.3.1 General

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20.15.3.2 Interior Wall and Ceiling Finish

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20.15.3.3 Interior Floor Finish

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20.15.3.3.1

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20.15.3.3.2

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20.15.4 Storage, Arrangement, Protection, and Quantities of Hazardous Commodities

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The storage, arrangement, protection, and quantities of hazardous commodities shall be in accordance with the applicable provisions of the following:
  1. NFPA 13, Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems
  2. NFPA 30, Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code
  3. NFPA 30B, Code for the Manufacture and Storage of Aerosol Products
  4. NFPA 400, Hazardous Materials Code, Chapter 14, for organic peroxide formulations
  5. NFPA 400, Hazardous Materials Code, Chapter 15, for oxidizer solids and liquids
  6. NFPA 400, Hazardous Materials Code, various chapters, depending on characteristics of a particular pesticide [101: 36.4.5.3]
  7. NFPA 1124, Code for the Manufacture, Transportation, Storage, and Retail Sales of Fireworks and Pyrotechnic Articles, as modified by this Code.
Bulk storage elevators shall comply with 20.15.5 and NFPA 61, Standard for the Prevention of Fires and Dust Explosions in Agricultural and Food Processing Facilities.
The requirements of 20.15.5 shall apply to all of the following:
  1. All facilities that receive, handle, process, dry, blend, use, mill, package, store, or ship dry agricultural bulk materials, their by-products, or dusts that include grains, oilseeds, agricultural seeds, legumes, sugar, flour, spices, feeds, and other related materials
  2. All facilities designed for manufacturing and handling starch, including drying, grinding, conveying, processing, packaging, and storing dry or modified starch, and dry products and dusts generated from these processes
  3. Those seed preparation and meal-handling systems of oilseed processing plants not covered by NFPA 36, Standard for Solvent Extraction Plants [61:1.1.1]
Subsection 20.15.5 shall not apply to oilseed extraction plants that are covered by NFPA 36. [61:1.1.2]
Unless otherwise noted, the provisions of 20.15.5 on bulk storage elevators shall not be applied to facilities, equipment, structures, or installations that were existing or approved for construction or installation prior to the effective date of this Code, except in those cases where it is determined by the AHJ that the existing situation involves a distinct hazard to life or adjacent property.
The requirements of Chapter 11 of NFPA 61 shall apply to all facilities.

20.15.6 Record Storage

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20.15.6.1

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.