Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.
Every new and existing building or structure shall be constructed, arranged, equipped, maintained, and operated in accordance with this Code so as to provide a reasonable level of life safety, property protection, and public welfare from the actual and potential hazards created by fire, explosion, and other hazardous conditions.

10.1.2* Life Safety Code

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.1.3 Building Code

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
All new construction shall comply with this Code and the Building Code.

10.1.4.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where structural elements have visible damage, the AHJ shall notify the Building Official.

10.1.4.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.1.5

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The AHJ shall have the authority to prohibit any or all open flames or other sources of ignition where circumstances make such conditions hazardous.
Listed and labeled equipment, devices, and materials shall be installed and used in accordance with the listing limitations and the manufacturers' instructions.
The owner, operator, or occupant shall be responsible for compliance with this Code.
The owner, operator, or occupant of a building shall notify the AHJ prior to a change of occupancy as specified in 4.5.7 and 10.3.4.
The AHJ shall be permitted to require the owner, operator, or occupant to provide tests or test reports, without expense to the AHJ, as proof of compliance with the intent of this Code.
The owner, operator, or occupant of a building that is deemed unsafe by the AHJ shall abate, through corrective action approved by the AHJ, the condition causing the building to be unsafe either by repair, rehabilitation, demolition, or other corrective action approved by the AHJ.
The owner, operator, or occupant, or any person in control of a building or premises shall keep records of all maintenance, inspections, and testing of fire protection systems, fire alarm systems, smoke control systems, emergency evacuation and relocation drills, emergency action plans, emergency power, elevators, and other equipment as required by the AHJ.
All records required to be kept shall be maintained until their useful life has been served, as required by law, or as required by the AHJ.
No new construction or existing building shall be occupied in whole or in part in violation of the provisions of this Code.
Existing buildings that are occupied at the time of adoption of this Code shall remain in use provided that the following conditions are met:
  1. The occupancy classification remains the same.
  2. No condition deemed hazardous to life or property exists that would constitute an imminent danger.
Buildings or portions of buildings, except for routine maintenance or repair, shall not be occupied during construction, repair, or alteration without the approval of the AHJ if required means of egress are impaired or required fire protection systems are out of service.

10.3.4.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
In any building or structure, whether or not a physical alteration is needed, a change from one use or occupancy classification to another shall comply with the Building Code.
Occupancy classifications and subclassifications, as defined, shall be in accordance with Chapter 6.
Persons shall not fail to leave a building when notified to do so or when directed by the AHJ as a result of a known or perceived emergency.
Persons shall not fail to leave any overcrowded premises when ordered to do so by the AHJ.

10.4.2.1 Overcrowding

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Overcrowding or admittance of any person beyond the established posted occupant load shall be prohibited. The AHJ, upon finding overcrowded conditions or obstructions in aisles, passageways or other means of egress, or any condition which constitutes a hazard to life and safety shall cause the performance, presentation, spectacle or entertainment to be stopped until the area posted occupant load is reestablished or the obstruction or hazardous condition is removed.
Persons shall not fail to leave a building when a fire alarm system is activated, unless otherwise provided for in an approved building fire evacuation plan or during routine testing or maintenance.

10.5.1 Where Required

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Emergency egress and relocation drills conforming to the provisions of this Code shall be conducted as specified by the provisions of Chapter 20 of this Code. Drills shall be designed in cooperation with the local authorities.

10.5.2* Drill Frequency

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Emergency egress and relocation drills, where required by Chapter 20 of this Code shall be held with sufficient frequency to familiarize occupants with the drill procedure and to establish conduct of the drill as a matter of routine. Drills shall include suitable procedures to ensure that all persons subject to the drill participate.
When conducting drills, emphasis shall be placed on orderly evacuation rather than on speed. [101: 4.7.3]
Drills shall be held at expected and unexpected times and under varying conditions to simulate the unusual conditions that can occur in an actual emergency. [101: 4.7.4]
Drill participants shall relocate to a predetermined location and remain at such location until a recall or dismissal signal is given. [101: 4.7.5]
A written record of each drill shall be completed by the person responsible for conducting the drill and maintained in an approved manner. [101: 4.7.6]
The person discovering any unwanted fire, regardless of magnitude, shall immediately notify the fire department.
Facilities that have established on-premises firefighting organizations and have coordinated and arranged procedures approved by the AHJ shall not need to notify the fire department.
The owner, manager, occupant, or any person in control of such building or premises, upon discovery of an unwanted fire or evidence of a previous unwanted fire that had apparently been extinguished, shall immediately notify the fire department.
Persons shall not make, issue, post, or maintain any regulation or order, written or verbal, that would require any person to take any unnecessary delaying action prior to reporting a fire to the fire department.

10.6.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Notification of unauthorized discharge of hazardous materials shall be in accordance with Chapter 60.

10.6.4

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.7 Tampering With Fire Safety Equipment

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
See M.G.L. c. 266 and M.G.L. c. 148, § 27A.

10.7.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.7.1.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.7.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.7.3

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.8.1 Where Required

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Emergency action plans shall be provided for high-rise, health care, ambulatory health care, residential board and care, assembly, day care centers, special amusement buildings, hotels and dormitories, housing for the elderly for six or more dwelling units, detention and correctional occupancies, educational, bulk merchandising retail buildings, underground and windowless structures, facilities storing or handling materials covered by Chapter 60, or where required by the AHJ.
Emergency plans shall include the following:
  1. Procedures for reporting of emergencies
  2. Occupant and staff response to emergencies
  3. *Evacuation, relocation and shelter-in-place procedures appropriate to the building, its occupancy, emergencies, and hazards
  4. Appropriateness of the use of elevators
  5. Design and conduct of fire drills
  6. Type and coverage of building fire protection systems
  7. Other items required by the AHJ [101: 4.8.2.1]
Emergency action plans shall be submitted to the AHJ for review when required by the AHJ.
Emergency action plans shall be reviewed and updated as required by the AHJ. [101: 4.8.2.3]
Where smoking is considered a fire hazard, the AHJ shall be authorized to order the owner in writing to post "No Smoking" signs in conspicuous, designated locations where smoking is prohibited.
In areas where smoking is permitted, noncombustible ashtrays shall be provided.
Removal or destruction of any required "No Smoking" sign shall be prohibited.
Smoking or depositing any lighted or smoldering substance in a place where required "No Smoking" signs are posted shall be prohibited.

10.10 Open Flames, Candles, Open and Outdoor Fires, and Incinerators

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Permits, where required, shall comply with Section 1.12.

10.10.1.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Fires for cooking and recreational purposes shall comply with the provisions of M.G.L. c. 48, § 13 and the rules and regulations of the State Forester and regulations of the Department of Environmental Protection.

10.10.1.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.10.1.3

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.10.1.4

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The AHJ shall have the authority to prohibit any or all open flames, candles, and open, recreational, and cooking fires or other sources of ignition, or establish special regulations on the use of any form of fire or smoking material where circumstances make such conditions hazardous.

10.10.3.1*

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Outdoor fires shall comply with the provisions of M.G.L. c. 48, § 13 and the rules and regulations of the State Forester, and regulations of the Department of Environmental Protection. See 310 CMR 7.07: U Open Burning.

10.10.3.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.10.4.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.10.4.1.1 Bonfires and the Burning of Christmas Trees

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Permits where required, for bonfires and the burning of Christmas trees shall comply with Section 1.12.

10.10.4.1.1.1 Ceremonial Bonfires

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The city council of a city with the approval of its mayor, or the board of selectmen or town council of a town, may authorize the fire department of such city or town to issue not more than one permit in any one year for a ceremonial bonfire. Such bonfires shall mark the observance of a significant municipal, state or national event, and such ceremonial bonfire shall be under the continuous supervision of the fire department. Only wood which has not been painted, impregnated, or otherwise treated with any foreign substance shall be permitted to burn in ceremonial bonfires. No bonfire shall burn for more than 12 hours. (M.G.L. c. 111, § 142H.)

10.10.4.1.1.2 Bonfires from July 2nd to July 6th

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Any civic, fraternal, veteran, community or business organization may build and ignite bonfires under the supervision and control of the fire department of the city or town in which such burning takes place during the period from July 2nd through July 6th. (M.G.L. c. 111, § 142I.)

10.10.4.1.1.3 Burning of Christmas Trees

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Any person may burn Christmas trees during the period from December 26th through January 7th, provided that such burning is under the supervision and control of the fire department. (M.G.L. c. 111, § 142G.)

10.10.4.1.1.4

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Burning hours shall be prescribed by the AHJ.

10.10.4.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.10.4.3

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.10.4.4

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.10.5 Fire Attendant

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.10.5.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.10.5.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.10.6 Appliances - Cooking Equipment

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Table 10.10.6 shall be permitted to be used as guidance for the Sections 10.10.6.3.1 through 10.10.6.4.
Table 10.10.6 Appliances Cooking/Heating
Balcony. See 10.10.6.2(2) Deck, Porch, Patio. See 10.10.6.2(3)
*NOT Permitted under overhangs, roofs or enclosed in by walls or within 10' of a building1; unless sprinklered pursuant to the Building Code.
Fuel Gaseous Fuels Solid Fuels Electric Gaseous Fuels Solid Fuels Electric
Type of Appliance Cooking and
Heating
Appliance
Cooking and
Heating
Appliance
Cooking and
Heating
Appliances
Cooking and
Heating
Appliances
Cooking and
Heating
Appliance
Cooking and
Heating
Appliances
Grade

Permitted*

See 10.1.7;
10.10.6.3.4 and 10.10.6.4

Not Permitted See 10.10.6.3.2 Permitted See 10.1.7 and 10.10.6.3.1 Permitted*

See 10.1.7; 10.10.6.3.5 and 10.10.6.3.6
Permitted*

See 10.1.7; 10.10.6.3.5 and 10.10.6.3.6

Permitted

See 10.1.7;
and 10.10.6.3.1 

Above Grade Not Permitted,
unless
permanently
installed*
See 10.1.7;
10.10.6.3.3;
10.10.6.3.5
and 10.10.6.4
Note 1. For the purposes of this section, a structure or building is not considered the decking of a balcony, or deck.

10.10.6.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.10.6.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Cooking appliances shall be kept clean during and cleaned after each use. Cooking appliances shall never be left unattended after the cooking appliance is kindled. Cooking appliances shall be stored only after the appliance is cleaned; the appliance is cool to the human touch and; the fuel is disconnected and removed from the appliance. Cooking appliances shall not be altered, used, kindled, placed, or stored in a manner that is not established by the manufacturer's instructions of the appliance and its equipment.

10.10.6.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.10.6.2 Terms

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
As used in Chapter 10, the enclosed terms shall have the following meaning assigned to them.
  1. Appliance (cooking). Utilization equipment, generally other than industrial, that is normally built in standardized sizes or types and is used, installed or connected as a unit to perform one or more functions such as grills, ranges, cook top units, wall ovens, and chimineas or similar such appliances.
  2. Balcony. A structure attached to a building with no exterior stairs other than through the attached building.
  3. Deck (including porches, and patios). A structure attached to a building where constructed above grade has exterior stairs extending to grade.
  4. Equipment (cooking). The component of an appliance, such as the hose, burner, heating element, electronic controls, igniters, heat exchanger, container or regulator that is designed specifically for the purpose and constructed with approved safety standards and tested by a recognized product testing agency. See Chapter 3, for the term Listed in Section 3.2.6*.
  5. Grade (as it applies to balconies and decks). On earth; or on blocks, slab or of other approved material placed on earth and elevated not greater than 30 inches from earth.
  6. Permanent. Fastened in place, and cannot be easily moved without requiring the disconnection of fasteners, piping, and fittings.
  7. Solid Fuel. Includes wood, charcoal, pellet fuels, and any other non-gaseous fuel but not including fuel generation or co-generation of electric energy.

10.10.6.3*

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.10.6.3.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
All cooking and heating appliances shall be permitted to be used, kindled, or stored on a balcony or deck unless specifically prohibited or restricted below.

10.10.6.3.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
No solid fuel cooking and heating appliances shall be permitted to be used, kindled, or stored on any balcony.

10.10.6.3.3

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
No gaseous fuel cooking and heating appliances shall be used, kindled, or stored on any balcony located above grade, unless permitted to be permanently installed pursuant to its equipment listings.

10.10.6.3.4

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
No cooking or heating appliances shall be used, installed, kindled or stored on any fire escape balcony.

10.10.6.3.5

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
No cooking or heating appliances shall be used, installed, kindled or stored on any balcony or deck where the balcony or deck is enclosed by a roof, walls, other than the wall of the attached building, or any covering that would prevent air circulation, unless a sprinkler system is installed in accordance with the Building Code, or such appliance is permitted by the manufacturer's instructions and equipment listings.

10.10.6.3.6

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
No equipment of any cooking and heating appliances shall be permitted to be used or stored under any overhang; less than ten ft. (3 m) from a building; unless a sprinkler system is installed in accordance with the Building Code; or it is permitted by the manufacturer's instructions and equipment listings. The storage of any cooking or heating appliances under the overhang or ten ft. (3 m) from a building shall be permitted only when its fuel is not present within or near any cooking or heating appliance, unless such appliance is permanently installed.

10.10.6.3.7

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
All appliances that are permanently installed shall be approved by the specialized code official.

10.10.6.4 LP-gas Containers (Cylinders) 1-LB or Greater, Use, Placement at Dwellings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.10.6.4.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Containers shall only be transported using exterior means independent from the attached building.

10.10.6.4.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Containers shall not be placed inside or pass through any building.

10.10.6.4.3

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Containers shall not be stored or obstruct ingress or egress of any building.

10.10.6.4.4

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Containers having water capacities greater than 2.7 lb (1 kg) [nominal one lb (0.5 kg) LP-Gas capacity] shall not be located on decks or balconies of dwellings of two or more living units above the first floor, unless the deck or balcony is served by exterior stairways.
The installation of patio heaters shall comply with 69.3.11.

10.10.8 Incinerators and Fireplaces

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.10.8.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.10.8.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.10.8.3

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.10.9.1*

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Welding torches, tar pots, and other devices, machines, or processes liable to start or cause fire shall not be operated or used in or upon any areas, except by permit from the AHJ.
Flame-employing devices, such as lanterns or kerosene road flares, and fuses shall not be operated or used as a signal or marker in or upon any areas unless at the scene of emergencies or railroad operations. (See Chapter 16 and Chapter 65 for additional guidance.)
The use of unmanned, free-floating sky lanterns and similar devices utilizing an open flame shall be prohibited.
The AHJ shall be authorized to require any fire to be immediately discontinued if the fire is determined to constitute a hazardous condition.
New and existing buildings shall have approved address numbers placed in a position to be plainly legible and visible from the street or road fronting the property.
Address numbers shall contrast with their background.

10.11.1.3

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Every outside opening accessible to the fire department that opens directly on any hoistway or shaftway communicating between two or more floors in a building shall be plainly marked with a sign in accordance with 10.11.2.2 and 10.11.2.3.
Shaftway signs shall be in red letters at least 6 in. (152 mm) high on a white background stating "SHAFTWAY."
Such warning signs shall be placed so as to be readily discernible from the outside of the building.

10.11.3.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Enclosed stairs serving three or more stories and existing enclosed stairs serving five or more stories shall be maintained in accordance with the Building Code approved at the time of construction and maintenance.

10.11.3.1.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.11.3.1.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.11.3.1.3

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.11.3.1.4

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.11.3.1.5

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.11.3.1.6

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.11.3.1.7

AMENDMENT
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10.11.3.1.8

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.11.3.1.9

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.11.3.1.10

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.11.3.1.11

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.11.3.1.12

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.11.3.1.13*

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.11.3.1.14

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.11.3.1.15

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.11.3.1.16

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.11.3.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.11.3.2.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.11.3.2.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.11.3.3* Stairway Tread Marking

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where new contrasting marking is applied to stairs, such marking shall be maintained in accordance with the provisions of the Building Code in effect at the time of construction and maintenance.

10.11.3.4*

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
These signs shall be maintained in an approved manner.
Existing approved signs shall be permitted.

10.11.4 Inner Courts Specialized Construction

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.11.4.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Any inner court not protected by a roof shall have a parapet or guard at least 42 inches high.

10.11.4.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where a roof is provided over an inner court it shall be constructed as prescribed by the Building Code.

10.11.4.3

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where a skylight is provided it shall support a minimum of 40 lbs. per square foot, or shall have a parapet or guard at least 42 inches high.

10.12 Seasonal and Vacant Buildings and Premises

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.12.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Every person owning or having charge or control of any vacant building, premises, or portion thereof shall remove all combustible storage, waste, refuse, and vegetation and shall lock, barricade, or otherwise secure the building or premises to prohibit entry by unauthorized persons pursuant to M.G.L. c. 143, §§ 6 through 14 and the Building Code.

10.12.1.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.12.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
All fire protection systems shall be maintained in service in vacant buildings.

10.12.2.1*

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
With the approval of the AHJ, fire protection and fire alarm systems in vacant buildings shall be permitted to be removed from service as provided in M.G.L c. 148, § 27A.

10.12.2.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
When required by the AHJ, other systems or components pertaining to fire protection shall be maintained as provided in M.G.Lc. 148, § 27A.
The AHJ shall have the authority to require an inspection and test of any fire protection system or fire alarm system that has been out of service for 30 days or more before restored back into service.

10.12.4

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Any owner of a building who has been notified that said building shall be made safe or secure under the provisions of the Building Code, shall:
  1. Remove all materials determined by the Head of the Fire Department or Building Official to be dangerous in case of fire.
  2. Secure all floors accessible from grade utilizing one of the following methods so long as such method is approved by the Head of the Fire Department and Building Official in writing:
    1. Secure all window and door openings in accordance with the U.S. Fire Administration, Arson Prevention Initiative Board-up Procedures continuously until such time as the building is reoccupied; or
    2. Provide 24-hour watchman services, continuously until such time as the building is reoccupied; or
    3. Provide a monitored intruder alarm system at the perimeter of all floors accessible from grade, continuously until such time as the building is reoccupied.

10.12.4.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Said owner, as the case may be, shall notify the Building Official that the approved method chosen to secure the building has been incorporated.

10.12.4.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Said owner shall allow the Building Official to enter the building for an inspection to ascertain that the building is secured and made safe. Said owner shall allow the Head of the Fire Department to enter the building.

10.12.4.3

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The Building Official shall be supplied with records of maintenance and operation if the provisions of Section 10.12.4 (2) (b) or (c) are used as provided in the Building Code.

10.12.4.4

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The owner shall maintain any existing fire alarms or sprinkler systems, unless written permission is obtained from the Head of the Fire Department in accordance with M.G.L. c. 148, § 27A to shut off or disconnect said alarms or systems.

10.12.4.5

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The owner shall maintain utilities, unless written permission is obtained from the Building Official to disconnect said utilities. Permission to disconnect utilities shall not be granted if it will result in inadequate heat to prevent freezing of an automatic sprinkler system or inadequate utilities to maintain any other protection systems.

10.12.4.6

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The requirements of Section 10.12.4 do not prevent a Building Official from ordering or taking expeditious, temporary security measures in emergency situations pending the completion of the requirements of Section 10.12.4.

10.12.4.7

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
For the purposes of Section 10.12.4.6, an "emergency situation" shall be defined as: an unexpected incident, which by its very nature may present a threat to public safety personnel who may be required to affect a rescue effort or conduct fire extinguishment operations.

10.12.4.8

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Upon refusal or neglect of said owner to comply with such notice, any Building Official acting under the authority of the Building Code, shall cause to be secured all window and door openings accessible from grade in accordance with the U.S. Fire Administration, Arson Prevention Initiative Board-up Procedures or other equivalent procedure approved by the Head of the Fire Department, continuously until such time as the building is reoccupied.

10.12.4.9

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Any building which has been made to conform to the provisions of Section 10.12.4 during vacancy may be reoccupied under its last permitted use and occupancy classification, provided that any systems which were disconnected or shut down during the period of vacancy are restored to fully functional condition and subject to the Building Code and M.G.L. c. 40A. The Building Official shall be notified in writing prior to reoccupancy. If said building is changed in use or occupancy or otherwise renovated or altered it shall be subject to the applicable provisions of the Building Code.

10.12.5

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Any building determined to be especially unsafe in case of fire, under the provisions of the Building Code shall be identified and caused to be marked by the Building Official, with the cooperation of the Head of the Fire Department, to indicate the degree of hazard.

10.12.5.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
In marking such buildings, the following symbols shall be used:
  1. ⍂ This symbol shall mean that interior hazards exist to such a degree that interior operations shall be conducted with extreme caution. This symbol shall not in any way limit the discretion of the on scene Incident Commander in directing operations that the Incident Commander deems necessary.
  2. ⌧ This symbol shall mean that exterior or interior hazards exist to such a degree that consideration should be given to conduct operations from the exterior only. This symbol shall not in any way limit the discretion of the on scene Incident Commander in directing operations that the Incident Commander deems necessary.

10.12.5.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Markings shall be applied on the front of the building at or above the second floor level, where practical, between openings such that they are visible from the street. Markings may be applied to the sides or the rear of a building if the Head of the Fire Department deems such placement necessary. Markings shall also be applied in a conspicuous place near every entrance, and on penthouses. Markings shall not be applied over doors, windows, or other openings where they may be obscured by smoke or fire.

10.12.5.3

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Markings shall be a minimum of 24 inches by 24 inches. Markings shall either be on a placard with a reflective background or painted with a reflective paint of contrasting color directly on the surface of the building. Stripes and borders outside of the marking shall be a minimum of two inches wide.

10.12.5.4

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
All markings shall bear a date as to when applied or the date of the most recent inspection.

10.12.5.5

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Prior to receiving a mark, all buildings shall be inspected thoroughly by the Head of the Fire Department.
Combustible vegetation, including natural cut Christmas trees, shall be in accordance with Section 10.13.

10.13.1.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Christmas tree placement within buildings shall comply with Table 10.13.1.1.

Table 10.13.1.1 Provisions for Christmas Trees by Occupancy

Occupancy No Tree
Permitted
Cut Trees Permitted
Sprinkler System
Required
Cut Trees Permitted
W/O Sprinkler
System
Balled Tree
Permitted
Ambulatory health care X    
Apartment buildings   X Within the unit X Within the unit X Within the unit
Assembly X      
Board and care X      
Business   X   X With Automatic
Sprinklers
Daycare X  
Detention and correctional X      
Dormitories X      
Educational X      
Health care X    
Hotels X      
Industrial   X X With Automatic
Sprinklers
Lodging and rooming       X
Mercantile   X   X With Automatic
Sprinklers
In any occupancy, limited quantities of combustible vegetation shall be permitted where the AHJ determines that adequate safeguards are provided based on the quantity and nature of the combustible vegetation.
Artificial vegetation and artificial Christmas trees shall be labeled or otherwise identified or certified by the manufacturer as being fire retardant.
Such fire retardance shall be demonstrated by each individual decorative vegetation item, including any decorative lighting, in an approved manner.
Vegetation and Christmas trees shall not obstruct corridors, exit ways, or other means of egress.
Only listed electrical lights and wiring shall be used on natural or artificial combustible vegetation, natural or artificial Christmas trees, and other similar decorations.
Electrical lights shall be prohibited on metal artificial trees.
Open flames such as from candles, lanterns, kerosene heaters, and gas-fired heaters shall not be located on or near combustible vegetation, Christmas trees, or other similar combustible materials.
Combustible vegetation and natural cut Christmas trees shall not be located near heating vents or other fixed or portable heating devices that could cause it to dry out prematurely or to be ignited.
Where a natural cut tree is permitted, the bottom end of the trunk shall be cut off with a straight fresh cut at least 1/2 in. (13 mm) above the end prior to placing the tree in a stand to allow the tree to absorb water.
The tree shall be placed in a suitable stand with water.
The water level shall be maintained above the fresh cut and checked at least once daily.
The tree shall be removed from the building immediately upon evidence of dryness.
Cut or uncut weeds, grass, vines, and other vegetation shall be removed when determined by the AHJ to be a fire hazard.
When the AHJ determines that total removal of growth is impractical due to size or environmental factors, approved fuel breaks shall be established.
Designated areas shall be cleared of combustible vegetation to establish the fuel breaks.

10.13.10.4 The Use of Mulch

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.13.10.4.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Mulch shall not be newly applied within 18 inches of any combustible portion of any building [See Figure 10.13.10.4.1(a)].
Figure 10.12.10.4.1(a)
Exception: Any building, regardless of the existence of fire separations, containing six dwelling units or less.

10.13.10.4.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Mulch, as used here, shall mean any type of forest material that is produced for the purpose spreading or application over the surface of the soil as a protective cover, to retain moisture, reduce erosion, provide nutrients, and suppress weed growth, seed germination and for general landscaping purposes.

10.14 Special Outdoor Events, Carnivals, and Fairs

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.14.1 Permits

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The AHJ shall be permitted to regulate all outdoor events such as carnivals and fairs as it pertains to access for emergency vehicles; access to fire protection equipment; placement of stands, concession booths, and exhibits; and the control of hazardous conditions dangerous to life and property.
The AHJ shall be permitted to order a life safety evaluation in accordance with this subsection.
Where a life safety evaluation is required by other provisions of the Code, it shall comply with all of the following:
  1. The life safety evaluation shall be performed by persons acceptable to the AHJ.
  2. The life safety evaluation shall include a written assessment of safety measures for conditions listed in 10.14.3.2 and of the building systems and facility management in accordance with 10.14.3.3.
  3. The life safety evaluation shall be approved annually by the AHJ and shall be updated for special or unusual conditions in accordance with the provisions of 13.4.1 of NFPA 101 for existing assembly occupancies. [101: 12.4.1.1]
Life safety evaluations shall include an assessment of all of the following conditions and related appropriate safety measures:
  1. Nature of the events and the participants and attendees
  2. Access and egress movement, including crowd density problems
  3. Medical emergencies
  4. Fire hazards
  5. Permanent and temporary structural systems
  6. Severe weather conditions
  7. Earthquakes
  8. Civil or other disturbances
  9. Hazardous materials incidents within and near the facility
  10. Relationships among facility management, event participants, emergency response agencies, and others having a role in the events accommodated in the facility [101: 12.4.1.2]
Life safety evaluations shall include assessments of both building systems and facility management upon which reliance is placed for the safety of facility occupants, and such assessments shall consider scenarios appropriate to the facility. [101: 12.4.1.3]
Prior to issuance of the building permit, the design team shall provide the AHJ with building systems documentation in accordance with 10.14.3.4. [101: 12.4.1.3.1]
Prior to issuance of the certificate of occupancy, the facility management shall provide the AHJ with facility management documentation in accordance with 10.14.3.5. [101: 12.4.1.3.2]
Prior to issuance of the building permit, the persons performing the life safety evaluation shall confirm that the building systems provide safety measures. [101: 12.4.1.3.3.1]
Prior to issuance of the certificate of occupancy, the persons performing the life safety evaluation shall confirm that the facility management and operational plans provide appropriate safely measures. [101: 12.4.1.3.3.2]
The AHJ shall determine the acceptable persons performing the life safety evaluation in a timely manner to enable the design team and facility management to resolve concerns to the satisfaction of the persons performing the life safety evaluation prior to their submission. [101: 12.4.1.3.3.3]
The AHJ shall be provided with a life safety building systems document providing the information required in 10.14.3.4.2 through 10.14.3.4.4. [101: 12.4.1.4]
The persons performing the life safety evaluation, the AHJ, the A/E design team and the building owner shall receive a copy of the life safety building systems document prior to issuance of the building permit. [101: 12.4.1.4.1]
A life safety narrative shall be provided describing the following:
  1. Building occupancy, construction type, and intended uses and events
  2. Building area and population capacity of the proposed facility
  3. Principal fire and life safety features/strategies for the building, including the following:
    1. Sprinkler protection
    2. Smoke control/protection
    3. Fire alarm - visual and audible
    4. PA system
    5. Emergency power and lighting
    6. Provisions for patrons with disabilities
    7. Fire department access
    8. Fire/Emergency command center
  4. Exterior construction design parameters used/applied [101: 12.4.1.4.2]
Life safety floor plans of each level shall be provided with the following:
  1. Occupant load, exit location, exit capacity, main exit/entry, horizontal exits, travel distance and exit discharge
  2. Fire and smoke barriers
  3. Areas of smoke protected assembly occupancy
  4. Separate smoke protected areas or zones if applicable
  5. Areas of other occupancy type and separations if required
  6. Unprotected vertical openings, including atriums, communicating spaces, and convenience openings
  7. Event plans for each anticipated type of event depicting the following:
    1. Seating configuration
    2. Exhibit booth layout
    3. Stage location
    4. Occupant load, exit capacity required, exits provided and travel distance
    5. Any floor or stage use restrictions
    6. Plan and/or section drawing indicating areas where the roof construction is more than 50 feet and limits of sprinkler protection.
    7. Areas of refuge — interior and exterior [101: 12.4.1.4.3]
An engineering analysis and calculations shall be provided with the following:
  1. Smoke protection calculations as follows:
    1. Smoke exhaust and fresh air requirements per NFPA 92, Standard for Smoke Control Systems
    2. Smoke maintained at a level six ft above the floor of the means of egress
    3. Proposed testing protocol for smoke system and pass/fail criteria
    4. Calculations for performance-based design methods accepted by the AHJ
    5. Smoke and fire modeling
    6. Timed egress analysis
    7. Assumed flow rates and travel speed
  2. Sprinkler protection calculations, including an engineering analysis substantiating locations in accordance with 13.3.2.7.3 where sprinkler protection would be ineffective due to height and combustible loading
  3. Load diagram of rigging/load capacity of gridiron, fly loft or long span roof structure used for hanging overhead objects [101: 12.4.1.4.4]
The AHJ shall be provided with a life safety management document providing the information required in 10.14.3.5.2 through 10.14.3.5.7. [101: 12.4.1.5]
The persons performing the life safety evaluation, the AHJ, the A/E design team and the building owner shall receive a copy of the life safety management document prior to issuance of the certificate of occupancy. [101: 12.4.1.5.1]
Facility management and operational plans shall address the following:
  1. Best practices adopted or recognized
  2. Emergency plans
  3. Evacuation plans
  4. Shelter-in-place plans, including capacities and protection considerations
  5. Crowd management training plans
  6. Safety plans, which include the following:
    1. Training plans
    2. Safety equipment plans
  7. Fire alarm, smoke system protocol and testing plans
  8. First aid or medical treatment plans, which include the following:
    1. Defined levels of service
    2. Standing orders adopted
    3. Supply and equipment plan
  9. Housekeeping plans - biological, medical, hazardous materials cleaning
  10. Emergency communication plans, which include the following:
    1. Chain of authority and incident command system employed
    2. Contact information for the following:
      1. Venue personnel
      2. Emergency management and response organizations (e.g., fire, police, medical, utility, transportation, key stakeholders)
    3. Communication systems
    4. Standard announcement for incidents or emergency situations
  11. Risk and threat assessment for venue and surrounding area for the following:
    1. Severe weather
    2. Hazardous materials
    3. Terrorism
    4. Hostile intruder
  12. Operating procedures and protocols for risks, such as the following:
    1. Severe weather preparedness and monitoring plans
    2. Hazardous materials incidence response plans
    3. Terrorism response plans
    4. Hostile intruder response plans
  13. First responder response/arrival routes plans
  14. Alcohol management plans
  15. Food safety plans
  16. Rigging and temporary performance structure, which includes the following:
    1. Design and safety review plans
    2. Emergency action plans
  17. Chemical and hazardous materials information and data
  18. Barrier and wall protection plans for motor sports or similar events [101: 12.4.1.5.2]
Records of the facility management plans, including procedures and location, shall be maintained, for the following:
  1. Crowd management training
  2. Safety training
  3. Fire alarm, smoke system maintenance and test records
  4. First aid or medical treatment and regulation compliance [101: 12.4.1.5.3]
A building systems reference guide shall be provided in accordance with 10.14.3.5.4.1 through 10.14.3.5.4.3. [101: 12.4.1.5.4]
A basic life safety building systems reference guide shall be developed and maintained. [101: 12.4.1.5.4.1]
The life safety building systems reference guide shall contain the important and key information for the venue management's use when planning events/activities for the safety of patrons, performers/participants, employees and vendors. [101: 12.4.1.5.4.2]
The life safety building systems document in accordance with 10.14.3.4 shall be permitted to be used, but the life safety building systems reference guide shall include the following:
  1. Occupant capacity of every space/room
  2. Egress flow diagrams, including assumed flow rates, and capacities of all aisles and hallways, including public and non-public areas
  3. Capacities of all exterior doors and/or choke points in immediate perimeter areas
  4. Limitations or assumptions for ingress control that could be in place during an emergency egress/evacuation, including control gates, queuing barriers, and turnstiles
  5. Capacities of immediate perimeter exterior walkways, including assumed flow rates for exterior areas
  6. Assumed egress paths for normal conditions-transportation modes
  7. Management level (lay) sequencing charts for alarm and emergency communication systems, the manual or override options/instructions that include the following:
    1. List of codes or alarm signals
    2. Location of manual overrides
    3. Description of what exactly happens during an alarm, such as exhaust fans or doors open
  8. Principal fire and life safety features/strategies, such as sprinklers, smoke control, fire alarm notifications, PA system, fire department access
  9. Assumptions when developing occupancy plans for venue floor, open areas, and non-event spaces, such as the following:
    1. Event floor plans/set up diagrams for each typical event/activity
    2. Fire sprinkler and smoke protection capabilities
  10. Severe weather shelter areas, locations, structure considerations (limitations), capacities (occupancy and density factor)
  11. Command center, which includes the following:
    1. Location (formal or informal)
    2. Structural integrity considerations
    3. Redundant locations and/or capabilities
    4. Jurisdictional rights — assumed and/or applied
  12. Locations and capacities of wheelchair and mobility-impaired seating
  13. Locations and capacities of "Safe Haven" areas
  14. Rigging or structural load capacities of grids, truss structure, fly lofts, ceilings, floors, ramps, staging, etc.
  15. List of locations of emergency equipment (i.e., fire extinguishers, fire hose cabinets, fire hydrants, AEDs, etc.)
  16. Sequencing of electrical service, such as the following:
    1. Emergency generators and charts of all areas illuminated during power outages
    2. Multiple electrical feed capabilities
  17. List of mechanical, moveable equipment in the facility
  18. Potential hazards in the surrounding neighborhood, including train tracks and propane stations
  19. Assumptions or accommodations considered and used in design [101: 12.4.1.5.4.3]
The facility management plans shall be maintained and adjusted as necessary for changes to the venue structure, operating purposes and style, and event occupancy. [101: 12.4.1.5.5]
Facility management and operational plans shall be reviewed by the AHJ annually. [101: 12.4.1.5.6]
For events and activities at the venue that are outside the normal operating conditions or vary from the normal facility management plans, the following shall apply:
  1. Facility management shall perform an event/activity specific facility management plan for the AHJ to review.
  2. The AHJ shall provide guidance as needed, but approval of the AHJ for the specific facility management plan shall occur prior to such event. [101: 12.4.1.5.7]

10.14.4 Standby Fire Personnel

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A minimum of one portable fire extinguisher shall be provided for each concession stand where required by the AHJ in accordance with Section 13.6.

10.14.6 Smoke Alarms and Carbon Monoxide Detection

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A minimum of one single station smoke alarm and CO detector shall be located within each sleeping area in all stock or equipment trailers when they are used for sleeping purposes.
Electrical equipment and installations shall comply with Section 11.1.
Concession stands utilized for cooking shall have a minimum of 10 ft (3 m) of clearance on two sides and shall not be located within 10 ft (3 m) of amusement rides or devices.
Where required by the AHJ, a method of notifying the fire department in the event of an emergency shall be provided.
Methods of notifying the fire department shall consist of a telephone, an alarm system connected to the fire department or other approved agency, or other approved means.
Methods of notifying the fire department shall be readily available to the public.
Fuel tanks shall be of adequate capacity to permit uninterrupted operation during normal operating hours.
Refueling shall be conducted only when not in use.
Internal combustion power sources shall be isolated from contact with the public by either physical guards, fencing, or an enclosure.
A minimum of one portable fire extinguisher with a rating of not less than 2-A:10-B:C shall be provided.

10.14.11.1 Permits

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The owner or operator of a crop maze amusement attraction shall advise all employees of the fire and life safety regulations established in this subsection prior to the employees assuming their respective duties.
The owner or operator of a crop maze or their employees shall provide safety instructions to the visitors and patrons of a crop maze prior to their entrance to the maze.
A minimum of two employees shall be on duty to monitor a crop maze during hours of operation.
A minimum of one of the employees shall be located on an elevated platform a minimum of 10 ft (3 m) above the maze.
The owner or operator of a crop maze shall contact the local fire department and provide the fire department with the opportunity to prepare a pre-plan of the crop maze amusement attraction prior to the start of seasonal operations.
Motorized vehicles shall not be parked within 75 ft (23 m) of a crop maze.
A fuel break of a minimum of 20 ft (6 m) wide shall be cleared between a crop maze and any vehicles or vegetation outside the maze.
A public address system shall be readily available to employees at a crop maze to assist them in making announcements to the visitors or patrons of a crop maze in the event of an emergency.
A bull horn or loud speaker shall suffice as a public address system.
The entrance and exit from a crop maze shall not be blocked or obstructed at any time the maze is open for business and occupied by the public.
No more than 200 persons per acre, including adults and children, shall occupy the crop maze at any one time.
No open flame-producing devices or equipment shall be permitted within the confines of the crop maze.
No smoking shall be permitted within the confines of the crop maze.
Fireworks shall not be discharged within a minimum of 300 ft (91 m) of any crop maze at any time.
The use of display fireworks shall comply with Chapter 65 in addition to the requirements of 10.14.11.4.

10.15* Outside Storage

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Outside storage of combustible materials shall not be located within 10 ft (3 m) of a property line.

10.15.1.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A person shall not store in any building or upon any premises more than 2,500 cubic feet gross volume of combustible empty packing cases, boxes, barrels or similar containers; or rubber tires, baled cotton, rubber, cork or other similarly combustible material without having obtained a permit from the Head of the Fire Department.

10.15.1.2 Permit

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Permits, where required, shall comply with Section 1.12.

10.15.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The storage of combustible or flammable material shall be confined to approved storage areas.

10.15.2.1 Permits

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Permits, where required, shall comply with Section 1.12.

10.15.3

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.15.3 Inside Storage

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Storage in buildings and structures shall be orderly, shall not be within two feet of the ceiling, and shall be located so as not to obstruct egress from the building.

10.15.4

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.15.4 Outside Storage

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The outside storage of combustible or flammable materials shall not be more than 20 feet in height and shall be compact and orderly. Such storage shall be located as not to constitute a hazard and no less than 25 feet from any other building on the site or from a lot line.
Combustible storage in the open shall not exceed 20 ft (6.1 m) in height.

10.16 Parade Floats

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.16.1 Permits

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.16.2 Fire Protection

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Powered industrial trucks shall be operated and maintained in accordance with NFPA 505, Fire Safety Standard for Powered Industrial Trucks Including Type Designations, Areas of Use, Conversions, Maintenance, and Operations.
Permits, where required, shall comply with Section 1.12.
Storage shall be maintained 2 ft (0.61 m) or more from the ceiling in nonsprinklered areas of buildings.
The clearance between the deflector and the top of storage shall be 18 in. (457 mm) or greater. [13:8.6.6.1]
The 18 in. (457 mm) dimension shall not limit the height of shelving on a wall or shelving against a wall in accordance with 10.19.3, and 8.7.6, 8.8.6, and Section 8.9 of NFPA 13. [13:8.6.6.2]
Where shelving is installed on a wall and is not directly below sprinklers, the shelves, including storage thereon, shall extend above the level of a plane located 18 in. (457 mm) below ceiling sprinkler deflectors. [13:8.6.6.2.1]
Shelving, and any storage thereon, directly below the sprinklers shall not extend above a plane located 18 in. (457 mm) below the ceiling sprinkler deflectors. [13:8.6.6.2.2]
Where other standards specify greater clearance to storage minimums, they shall be followed. [13:8.6.6.3]
Combustible material shall not be stored in boiler rooms, mechanical rooms, or electrical equipment rooms.
Materials and supplies for the operation and maintenance of the equipment in the room shall be permitted.

10.18.6 Attic, Under-Floor, and Concealed Spaces

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Attic, under-floor, and concealed spaces used for storage of combustible materials shall comply with the protection from hazards requirements for storage rooms in the Building Code.
Fueled equipment, including but not limited to motorcycles, mopeds, lawn-care equipment, and portable cooking equipment, shall not be stored, operated, or repaired within a building except under one of the following conditions:
  1. The building or room has been constructed for such use in accordance with the building code.
  2. The use is allowed by other provisions of this Code.

10.19 Indoor Children's Playground Structures

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.19.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.19.1.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.19.1.2*

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.19.1.3

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.19.1.4

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.20 Fumigation and Thermal Insecticidal Fogging

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Any substance which by itself or in combination with any other substance emits or liberates a gas, fume or vapor used for the destruction or control of insects, fungi, vermin, germs, rats or other pests.

10.20.1 Permit

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Permits, where required, shall comply with Section 1.12.

10.20.2 Fumigating Operations

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Any building being so fumigated requiring a permit shall post at all entrances a warning sign of the fumigant hazard as described in Section 10.20.3.5.

10.20.3 Fire Safety Requirements

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.20.3.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Any person conducting fumigation and thermal insecticidal fogging in any building, ship, vessel or enclosed space shall comply with the following fire protection and safety requirements.

10.20.3.2 Sources of Ignition

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
All fires, open flames and similar sources of ignition shall be eliminated from the space under fumigation or thermal insecticidal fogging.

10.20.3.3 Electricity

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Electricity shall be shut off, except that circulating fans that are to be used shall be designed and installed so as not to create an ignition hazard. Electrical equipment shall be designed and installed in accordance with Massachusetts Electrical Code.

10.20.3.4 Notification

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The Head of the Fire Department shall be notified in writing at least 24 hours before any building or structure is to be closed in connection with the use of any toxic or flammable fumigant. Such notification shall give the location of the building, structure, ship or enclosed space to be fumigated or fogged as well as its character and use, the fumigants or insecticides to be used, the person or persons in charge of the operation and the date and time when fumigation or fogging will be started. Notice of any fumigation or thermal insecticidal fogging shall be served with sufficient advance notice to the occupants of any building or other enclosed space involved in the operation to enable them to evacuate the premises.

10.20.3.5 Warning Signs

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Suitable warning signs indicating the danger, type of chemical involved and recommended precautions, shall be posted on all doors and entrances to the premises and upon all gangplanks and larders from the deck, pier or land to the ship. Such notice is to be printed in red ink on white background. Letters in the signs are to be at least two inches in height and shall state the date and time of the operation, the name of the operator in charge, together with a warning to the effect that the premises so occupied shall be vacated at least one hour before the operation is started and shall not be reentered until the danger signs have been removed by the proper authorities.

10.20.3.6 Watchman

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
During the period fumigation is in progress, except when fumigation is conducted in a gastight vault or tank, a capable, alert watchman or watchmen shall remain on duty at the entrance or entrances to the building, ship or enclosed space fumigated until after the fumigation is completed and until the premises are properly ventilated and again safe for human occupancy. Sufficient watchmen shall be provided to prevent any person from entering the building, ship or enclosed space under fumigation without being observed.

10.20.3.7 Thermal Insecticidal Fogging Liquids

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Thermal insecticidal fogging liquids with a flash point below 100°F (38°C) shall not be used.

10.20.3.8 Fire Protection Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Fire Protection system devices shall be adequately protected by covering or other means to isolate insecticidal fogging liquids from rendering a fire system device inoperable. (M.G.L. c. 148, § 27A)

10.21 Canine Guards

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.21.1 Permit

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Permits, where required, shall comply with Section 1.12.

10.21.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Any person having control of a mercantile, commercial or industrial establishment wherein canine guards are maintained, shall notify the Head of the Fire Department of the district, city or town within which such establishment is located, per M.G.L. c. 148, § 28B, that such canine guard is maintained therein. The Head of the Fire Department and the person giving such notification shall cooperate in determining the procedure to be taken for the safety of authorized persons entering such mercantile, commercial or industrial establishment.

10.22 Use and Storage of Alcohol Based Hand Rub Preparations

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.22.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The use of wall-mounted or free-standing units used to dispense an alcohol based hand rub preparation shall comply with the following requirements:
  1. The maximum capacity of each dispenser shall be 41 ounces; and
  2. The minimum separation distance between dispensers shall be 48 inches.

10.22.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
No alcohol based hand rub preparation dispenser shall be located directly over or adjacent to any ignition source such as, but not necessarily limited to, electrical outlets, light fixtures or electrical appliances or any open flame device.

10.23 Emergency Wash Stations

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.23.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Every school, college and university laboratory newly constructed or renovated, or any room used for similar purposes wherein corrosives or flammable liquids are handled or where open flame devices are used, shall be equipped with one or more Emergency Wash Systems.

10.23.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Emergency Wash Systems shall include Drench/Deluge Showers, Hand Held Body/Face Washers and Deck Mounted Drench Hoses. The permanently mounted showers shall be located as close to the main door of the laboratory as possible (to provide an escape route), but shall not be located greater than 50 feet from an experimental area.

10.23.3

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The Drench/Deluge Showers, Hand Held Body/Face Washers and Deck Mounted Drench Hoses shall be installed in accordance with ANSI Z-358.1, and 248 CMR: Board of State Examiners of Plumbers and Gas Fitters. Each existing laboratory not equipped with an Emergency Wash System shall be equipped with at least one approved Fire Blanket, and a sign that reads:
"In Case of Clothing Fire
STOP, DROP and ROLL"

10.23.4

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The location of the Emergency Wash System Stations and Fire Blankets shall be clearly indicated by signs of contrasting color, either RED and WHITE or GREEN and WHITE. The signs shall be at least 70 square inches in area bearing the words "EMERGENCY WASH STATION", or "SAFETY SHOWER" or "FIRE BLANKET".

10.23.4.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Every wash station shall be tested by the owner of the building or his or her designee twice annually (every six months) for proper flow and operation. The owner shall, upon request, provide the fire department with the test result (including, but not limited to): date of test, station operation, system malfunctions, and the name of the person performing the test.

10.23.4.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Each student shall be advised of the location and proper use of the above emergency safety equipment by the teacher, instructor, or person in charge of the class before the first experiment is conducted.

10.23.4.3

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Each student shall also be instructed in the proper procedure for the extinguishment of clothing fires at least twice during the course, as directed by the Head of the Fire Department.

10.23.4.3.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The installation and operation of each safety device noted above shall be in order before the commencement of any class conducting laboratory experiments.

10.24 Maintenance, Inspection, and Testing

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

10.24.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Whenever or wherever any device, equipment, system, condition, arrangement, level of protection, fire-resistive construction, or any other feature is required for compliance with the provisions of this Code, such device, equipment, system, condition, arrangement, level of protection, fire-resistive construction, or other feature shall thereafter be continuously maintained. Maintenance shall be provided in accordance with this Code, the Building Code and applicable NFPA requirements, or requirements developed as part of a performance-based design.

10.24.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
No existing life safety feature shall be removed or reduced where such feature is a requirement for new construction. [101:4.6.12.2]

10.24.3

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Existing life safety features obvious to the public, if not required by this Code, shall be either maintained or removed as provided in M.G.L. c. 148, § 27A.

10.24.4

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Any device, equipment, system, condition, arrangement, level of protection, fire-resistive construction, or any other feature requiring periodic testing, inspection, or operation to ensure its maintenance shall be tested, inspected, or operated as specified elsewhere in this Code and the Building Code.
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