- Where public health standards require 24-hour pump operation.
- Pumps that operate solar- or waste-heat recovery pool heating systems.
Exception: Where more than 70 percent of the energy for heating, computed over an operating season, is from site-recovered energy such as from a heat pump or solar energy source, covers or other vapor-retardant means shall not be required.
Exception: Pools and spas located in riverine flood hazard areas that are outside of designated floodways and pools and spas located in flood hazard areas where the source of flooding is tides, storm surges or coastal storms.
- The top of the barrier shall be not less than 48 inches (1219 mm) above grade where measured on the side of the barrier that faces away from the pool or spa. Such height shall exist around the entire perimeter of the barrier and for a distance of 3 feet (914 mm) measured horizontally from the outside of the required barrier.
- The vertical clearance between grade and the bottom of the barrier shall not exceed 2 inches (51 mm) for grade surfaces that are not solid, such as grass or gravel, where measured on the side of the barrier that faces away from the pool or spa.
- The vertical clearance between a surface below the barrier to a solid surface, such as concrete, and the bottom of the required barrier shall not exceed 4 inches (102 mm) where measured on the side of the required barrier that faces away from the pool or spa.
- Where the top of the pool or spa structure is above grade, the barrier shall be installed on grade or shall be mounted on top of the pool or spa structure. Where the barrier is mounted on the top of the pool or spa, the vertical clearance between the top of the pool or spa and the bottom of the barrier shall not exceed 4 inches (102 mm).
- The bottom of the mesh fence shall be not more than 1 inch (25 mm) above the deck or installed surface or grade.
- The maximum vertical clearance from the bottom of the mesh fence and the solid surface shall not permit the fence to be lifted more than 4 inches (102 mm) from grade or decking.
- The fence shall be designed and constructed so that it does not allow passage of a 4-inch (102 mm) sphere under any mesh panel. The maximum vertical clearance from the bottom of the mesh fence and the solid surface shall not be more than 4 inches (102 mm) from grade or decking.
- An attachment device shall attach each barrier section at a height not lower than 45 inches (1143 mm) above grade. Common attachment devices include, but are not limited to, devices that provide the security equal to or greater than that of a hook-and-eyetype latch incorporating a spring-actuated retaining lever such as a safety gate hook.
- Where a hinged gate is used with a mesh fence, the gate shall comply with Section 305.3.
- Patio deck sleeves such as vertical post receptacles that are placed inside the patio surface shall be of a nonconductive material.
- Mesh fences shall not be installed on top of onground residential pools.
- Operable windows having a sill height of less than 48 inches (1219 mm) above the indoor finished floor and doors shall have an alarm that produces an audible warning when the window, door or their screens are opened. The alarm shall be listed and labeled as a water hazard entrance alarm in accordance with UL 2017. In dwellings or structures not required to be Accessible units, Type A units or Type B units, the operable parts of the alarm deactivation switches shall be located 54 inches (1372 mm) or more above the finished floor. In dwellings or structures required to be Accessible units, Type A units or Type B units, the operable parts of the alarm deactivation switches shall be located not greater than 54 inches (1372 mm) and not less than 48 inches (1219 mm) above the finished floor.
- A safety cover that is listed and labeled in accordance with ASTM F 1346 is installed for the pools and spas.
- An approved means of protection, such as self-closing doors with self-latching devices, is provided. Such means of protection shall provide a degree of protection that is not less than the protection afforded by Item 1 or 2.
- Where only the pool wall serves as the barrier, the bottom of the wall is on grade, the top of the wall is not less than 48 inches (1219 mm) above grade for the entire perimeter of the pool, the wall complies with the requirements of Section 305.2 and the pool manufacturer allows the wall to serve as a barrier.
- Where a barrier is mounted on top of the pool wall, the top of the barrier is not less than 48 inches (1219 mm) above grade for the entire perimeter of the pool, and the wall and the barrier on top of the wall comply with the requirements of Section 305.2.
- Ladders or steps used as means of access to the pool are capable of being secured, locked or removed to prevent access except where the ladder or steps are surrounded by a barrier that meets the requirements of Section 305.
- Openings created by the securing, locking or removal of ladders and steps do not allow the passage of a 4-inch (102 mm) diameter sphere.
- Barriers that are mounted on top of onground residential pool walls are installed in accordance with the pool manufacturer's instructions.
TABLE 306.5 MINIMUM DRAINAGE SLOPES FOR DECK SURFACES
|SURFACE|| MINIMUM DRAINAGE SLOPE |
(INCH PER FOOT)
|Textured, hand-finished concrete||1/8|
|Travertine/brick-set pavers, public pools or spas||3/8|
|Travertine/brick-set pavers, residential pools or spas||1/8|
TABLE 307.4 RESERVOIRS AND SHELLS
|Fiberglass reinforced plastic||IAPMO Z124.7|
|Stainless steel |
(Types 316, 316L, 304, 304L)
|ASTM A 240|
|Vinyl||ASTM D 1593|
Exception: Residential pools and spas.
Exception: Separate filtering systems are not required for residential pools and spas.
TABLE 311.4 CIRCULATION SYSTEM PIPE MATERIAL STANDARD
|Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) plastic pipe||ASTM D 1527|
|Chlorinated polyvinyl chloride (CPVC) plastic pipe and tubing||ASTM D 2846; CSA B137.6|
|Copper or copper-alloy tubing||ASTM B 88; ASTM B 447|
|Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) hose||ASTM D 1785; ASTM D 2241; ASTM D 2672; CSA B137.3|
|Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plastic pipe||ASTM D 1785; CSA B137.3|
|Stainless steel pipe, Types 304, 304L, 316, 316L||ASTM A 312|
- Suction outlet fitting assemblies and manufacturer-provided components certified in accordance with APSP 16.
- Skimmers and manufacturer-provided components.
- Gutter overflow grates and fittings installed above or outside of the overflow point of the pool or spa.
|Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) plastic pipe||ASTM D 1527|
|Chlorinated polyvinyl chloride (CPVC) plastic pipe and tubing||ASTM D 2846; ASTM F 437; |
ASTM F 438; ASTM F 439; CSA B137.6
|Copper or copper-alloy tubing||ASME B 16.15|
|Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plastic pipe||ASTM D 2464; ASTM D 2466; |
ASTM D 2467; CSA B137.2; CSA B137.3
|Stainless steel pipe, Types 304, 304L, 316, 316L||ASTM A 182; ASTM A 403|
Exception: Onground storable pools, permanent inground residential swimming pools, residential spas and residential water features.
TABLE 315.3 SKIMMER SIZING TABLE
|POOL OR SPA||AREA PER SKIMMER (SQ. FT)|
|Spas (all types)||150|
TABLE 316.2 WATER HEATERS
|Electric water heater||UL 1261, UL 1563 or CSA C22.2 No. 218.1|
|Gas-fired water heater||ANSI Z21.56/CSA 4.7a|
|Heat exchanger||NSF 50|
|Heat pump water heater||UL 1995, AHRI 1160, CSA C22.2 No. 236|
|Photovoltaic solar water heaters||NSF 50|
|Thermal radiant solar water heater||NSF 50|
These two conditions shall be met when all suction outlets are visible from the edge of the deck at all times when artificial lighting is illuminated and when an 8-inch-diameter (152 mm) black disk, placed at the bottom of the pool in the deepest point, is visible from the edge of the pool deck at all times when artificial lighting is illuminated.
Exception: The requirement of this section shall not apply where overhead lighting provides not less than 15 foot-candles (15 lumens per square foot) [161 lux] of maintained illumination at the pool water surface, the overhead lighting provides visibility, without glare, of all areas of the pool, and the requirements of Section 321.2.2 are met or exceeded.