The following words and terms shall, for the purposes of this section and as used elsewhere in this code, have the meanings shown herein.
AIR-INFLATED STRUCTURE. A structure that uses air-pressurized membrane beams, arches or other elements to enclose space. Occupants of such a structure do not occupy the pressurized area used to support the structure.
AIR-SUPPORTED STRUCTURE. A building wherein the shape of the structure is attained by air pressure and occupants of the structure are within the elevated pressure area. Air-supported structures are of two basic types:
Double skin. Similar to a single skin, but with an attached liner that is separated from the outer skin and provides an airspace which serves for insulation, acoustic, aesthetic or similar purposes.
Single skin. Where there is only the single outer skin and the air pressure is directly against that skin.
CABLE-RESTRAINED, AIR-SUPPORTED STRUCTURE. A structure in which the uplift is resisted by cables or webbings which are anchored to either foundations or dead men. Reinforcing cable or webbing is attached by various methods to the membrane or is an integral part of the membrane. This is not a cable-supported structure.
MEMBRANE-COVERED CABLE STRUCTURE. A nonpressurized structure in which a mast and cable system provides support and tension to the membrane weather barrier and the membrane imparts stability to the structure.
MEMBRANE-COVERED FRAME STRUCTURE. A nonpressurized building wherein the structure is composed of a rigid framework to support a tensioned membrane which provides the weather barrier.
NONCOMBUSTIBLE MEMBRANE STRUCTURE. A membrane structure in which the membrane and all component parts of the structure are noncombustible.
Noncombustible membrane structures shall be classified as Type IIB construction. Noncombustible frame or cable-supported structures covered by an approved membrane in accordance with Section 3102.3.1 shall be classified as Type IIB construction. Heavy timber frame-supported structures covered by an approved membrane in accordance with Section 3102.3.1 shall be classified as Type IV construction. Other membrane structures shall be classified as Type V construction.
Exception: Plastic less than 30 feet (9144 mm) above any floor used in greenhouses, where occupancy by the general public is not authorized, and for aquaculture pond covers is not required to meet the fire propagation performance criteria of NFPA 701.
Membranes and interior liners shall be either noncombustible as set forth in Section 703.4 or meet the fire propagation performance criteria of NFPA 701 and the manufacturer’s test protocol.
Exception: Plastic less than 20 mil (0.5 mm) in thickness used in greenhouses, where occupancy by the general public is not authorized, and for aquaculture pond covers is not required to meet the fire propagation performance criteria of NFPA 701.
Membrane structures shall not exceed one story nor shall such structures exceed the height limitations in feet set forth in Table 503.
Exception: Noncombustible membrane structures serving as roofs only.
Blower equipment shall meet all of the following requirements:
1. Blowers shall be powered by continuous-rated motors at the maximum power required for any flow condition as required by the structural design.
2. Blowers shall be provided with inlet screens, belt guards and other protective devices as required by the building official to provide protection from injury.
3. Blowers shall be housed within a weather-protecting structure.
4. Blowers shall be equipped with backdraft check dampers to minimize air loss when inoperative.
5. Blower inlets shall be located to provide protection from air contamination. The location of inlets shall be approved.
Connected buildings shall be considered to be separate structures.
1. Buildings on the same lot in accordance with Section 503.1.2.
2. For purposes of calculating the number of Type B units required by Chapter 11, structurally connected buildings and buildings with multiple wings shall be considered one structure.
The pedestrian walkway shall be of noncombustible construction.
1. Combustible construction shall be permitted where connected buildings are of combustible construction.
2. Fire-retardant-treated wood, in accordance with Section 603.1, Item 25.3, shall be permitted for the roof construction of the pedestrian walkway where connected buildings are a minimum of Type I or II construction.
Walkways shall be separated from the interior of the building by not less than 2-hour fire barriers constructed in accordance with Section 707 or horizontal assemblies constructed in accordance with Section 712, or both. This protection shall extend vertically from a point 10 feet (3048 mm) above the walkway roof surface or the connected building roof line, whichever is lower, down to a point 10 feet (3048 mm) below the walkway and horizontally 10 feet (3048 mm) from each side of the pedestrian walkway. Openings within the l0-foot (3048 mm) horizontal extension of the protected walls beyond the walkway shall be equipped with devices providing a 3/4-hour fire protection rating in accordance with Section 715.
Exception: The walls separating the pedestrian walkway from a connected building and the openings within the 10- foot (3048 mm) horizontal extension of the protected walls beyond the walkway are not required to have a fire-resistance rating by this section where any of the following conditions exist:
1. The distance between the connected buildings is more than 10 feet (3048 mm). The pedestrian walkway and connected buildings, except for open parking garages, are equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1. The wall is capable of resisting the passage of smoke or is constructed of a tempered, wired or laminated glass wall and doors subject to the following:
1.1. The wall or glass separating the interior of the building from the pedestrian walkway shall be protected by an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1 and the sprinkler system shall completely wet the entire surface of interior sides of the wall or glass when actuated;
1.2. The glass shall be in a gasketed frame and installed in such a manner that the framing system will deflect without breaking (loading) the glass before the sprinkler operates; and
1.3. Obstructions shall not be installed between the sprinkler heads and the wall or glass.
2. The distance between the connected buildings is more than 10 feet (3048 mm) and both sidewalls of the pedestrian walkway are at least 50 percent open with the open area uniformly distributed to prevent the accumulation of smoke and toxic gases.
3. Buildings are on the same lot in accordance with Section 503.1.2.
4. Where exterior walls of connected buildings are required by Section 705 to have a fire-resistance rating greater than 2 hours, the walkway shall be equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1.
The previous exception shall apply to pedestrian walkways having a maximum height above grade of three stories or 40 feet (12 192 mm), or five stories or 55 feet (16 764 mm) where sprinklered.
The length of exit access travel shall not exceed 200 feet (60 960 mm).
1. Exit access travel distance on a pedestrian walkway equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1 shall not exceed 250 feet (76 200 mm).
2. Exit access travel distance on a pedestrian walkway constructed with both sides at least 50 percent open shall not exceed 300 feet (91 440 mm).
3. Exit access travel distance on a pedestrian walkway constructed with both sides at least 50 percent open, and equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1, shall not exceed 400 feet (122 m).
The following term shall, for the purposes of this section and as used elsewhere in this code, have the meaning shown herein.
RETRACTABLE AWNING. A retractable awning is a cover with a frame that retracts against a building or other structure to which it is entirely supported.
Towers shall be designed and constructed in accordance with the provisions of TIA-222.
Exception: Single free-standing poles used to support antennas not greater than 75 feet (22 860 mm), measured from the top of the pole to grade, shall not be required to be noncombustible.
- M.G.L. c. 140, § 206 for enclosures to public and semi-public outdoor in-ground swimming pools;
- 521 CMR 19.00: Recreational Facilities;
- 105 CMR 430.000: Minimum Standards for Recreational Camps for Children (State Sanitary Code: Chapter IV) and 105 CMR 435.00: Minimum Standards for Swimming Pools (State Sanitary Code: Chapter V);
- 527 CMR 12.00: 2008 Massachusetts Electrical Code (Amendments) for the installation of electrical wiring and electrical devices
- 248 CMR for the installation of gas-fired pool heaters
The following word and term shall, for the purposes of this section and as used elsewhere in this code, have the meaning shown herein.
SWIMMING POOLS. Any structure intended for swimming, recreational bathing or wading that contains water over 24 inches (610 mm) deep. This includes in-ground, above-ground and on-ground pools; hot tubs; spas and fixed-in-place wading pools.
Where a wall of a dwelling serves as part of the barrier, one of the following shall apply:
1. Doors with direct access to the pool through that wall shall be equipped with an alarm that produces an audible warning when the door and/or its screen, if present, are opened. The alarm shall be listed and labeled in accordance with UL 2017. In dwellings not required to be Accessible units, Type A units or Type B units, the deactivation switch shall be located 54 inches (1372 mm) or more above the threshold of the door. In dwellings required to be Accessible units, Type A units or Type B units, the deactivation switch(es) shall be located at 54 inches (1372 mm) maximum and 48 inches (1219 mm) minimum above the threshold of the door.
2. The pool shall be equipped with a power safety cover that complies with ASTM F 1346.
3. Other means of protection, such as self-closing doors with self-latching devices, which are approved, shall be accepted so long as the degree of protection afforded is not less than the protection afforded by Section 3126.96.36.199, Item 1 or 2.
The following word and term shall, for the purposes of this section and as used elsewhere in this code, have the meaning shown herein.
VEHICULAR GATE. A gate that is intended for use at a vehicular entrance or exit to a facility, building or portion thereof, and that is not intended for use by pedestrian traffic.
a. for not more than 35 days per year,
b. for not more than seven consecutive days
- The application must contain information demonstrating that the structure meets the
- It has been issued a valid certificate of occupancy for its current use.
- It is equipped with a functioning sprinkler system or is suitably protected by a smoke and/or heat detection and alarm system, and a carbon monoxide detection system. Battery operated interconnected detectors may be satisfactory depending upon the location.
- It contains adequate means of egress relative to the number of approved overnight occupants.
- It contains adequate emergency lighting and egress signage.
- It contains the necessary facilities in accordance with the applicable guidelines promulgated by the Massachusetts Department of Public Health.
- Attestation that the structure meets the requirements of the Architectural Access Board’s regulations at (521 CMR).
- The application must include the following:
- Zoning approval (if applicable).
- A site plan (internet accessed satellite maps may be sufficient if properly labeled).
- A plan for compliance with the applicable guidelines promulgated by the Massachusetts Department of Public Health.
- A fire safety and egress plan. The plan shall include, but not be limited to:
- The identification of the anticipated nightly occupant load.
- A diagram of the bed and personal space layout.
- The identification of exits and aisles leading thereto.
- Outline of procedures for accounting for employees and occupants after evacuation.
- Outline of procedures for the evacuation of occupants with special needs.
- The identification of the preferred and any alternative person responsible for reporting fires and other emergencies to the fire department.
- A plan for assignment of personnel responsible for oversight of evacuation.
- A plan for training of employees relative to emergency evacuation.
- Identification of an on-site individual responsible for ensuring compliance with section 3111.0.
- Upon receipt of a completed application, the building official shall forward the application to the municipal fire chief and health official for their review. A site visit shall then be undertaken collectively by the building official, fire official, health official, building owner, and the applicant, or their respective designees. Said officials shall assess the suitability of the structure for issuance of a temporary certificate of occupancy and ensure the accuracy and efficiency of the documentation submitted in accordance with section 3111.4 items 1. and 2. Promptly after the site visit is completed, the building official shall either approve the application and issue the temporary certificate of occupancy, or deny the application, or approve the application and issue the temporary certificate of occupancywith conditions. The building official may condition the issuance of a certificate upon anything that he determines is necessary to ensure the safety of the occupants of the shelter and consistent with section 3111.1. Prior to taking action, the building official shall review the application with the fire chief and health official. The building official shall consider any recommendations made by the fire chief or health official with due regard for their concerns. However, the building official shall not issue any temporary certificate over the objection of the Head of the Fire Department or the local Board of Health.
- Temporary certificates of occupancy shall not be issued for a period to exceed one year. Applications for renewal shall be reviewed in accordance with section 3111.4 items 1. through 3.
- If issued, the temporary certificate shall reflect the name of the organization it was issued to, the name of the party responsible for the operation of the shelter, the address of the shelter, the issuance date, the expiration date, any conditions of issuance ordered pursuant to section 3111.4 item 3., and the maximum allowed occupant load.
- A temporary certificate of occupancy may be revoked by the building official at any time for a violation of any provision of section 3111.0, any violation of the General Laws, or for any reason necessary to ensure the safety of the occupants of the structure. The terms of issuance of the certificate may similarly be modified. Any such action may be appealed to the Building Code Appeals Board in accordance with M.G.L. c. 143, § 100.
- The party responsible for the operation of the shelter must notify the municipal building official and fire chief in writing at least 24 hours prior to each period of operation. The notification must include a statement as to the anticipated number of days the shelter will be in operation and an estimate as to the number of individuals who will be in occupancy per night. Notification shall similarly be made within 24 hours after use of the shelter has ended.
- The temporary certificate of occupancy issued pursuant to section 3111.4 shall be conspicuously posted at the main entrance to the shelter.
- A document shall be posted, in a location approved by the municipal building official and the head of the fire department, containing an accurate number of sheltered occupants on a nightly basis. Such document shall also contain the names of all workers and volunteers who are overseeing or assisting in the shelter usage on a nightly basis.
- The shelter shall be set up and operated in accordance with the documentation submitted pursuant to section 3111.4 item 2. and any conditions mandated under Section 3111.4 item 3.