CODES

ADOPTS WITH AMENDMENTS:

International Building Code 2009 (IBC 2009)

Copyright

Effective Use of the International Building Code

Preface

Ordinance

Chapter 1 Scope and Administration

Part 1 — Scope and Application
Part 2 — Administration and Enforcement

Chapter 2 Definitions

Chapter 3 Use and Occupancy Classification

Chapter 4 Special Detailed Requirements Based on Use and Occupancy

Chapter 5 General Building Heights and Areas

Chapter 6 Types of Construction

Chapter 7 Fire and Smoke Protection Features

Chapter 8 Interior Finishes

Chapter 9 Fire Protection Systems

Chapter 10 Means of Egress

Chapter 11 Accessibility

Chapter 12 Interior Environment

Chapter 13 Energy Efficiency

Chapter 14 Exterior Walls

Chapter 15 Roof Assemblies and Rooftop Structures

Chapter 16 Structural Design

Chapter 17 Structural Tests and Special Inspections

Chapter 18 Soils and Foundations

Chapter 19 Concrete

Chapter 20 Aluminum

Chapter 21 Masonry

Chapter 22 Steel

Chapter 23 Wood

Chapter 24 Glass and Glazing

Chapter 25 Gypsum Board and Plaster

Chapter 26 Plastic

Chapter 27 Electrical

Chapter 28 Mechanical Systems

Chapter 29 Plumbing Systems

Chapter 30 Elevators and Conveying Systems

Chapter 31 Special Construction

Chapter 32 Encroachments Into the Public Right-Of-Way

Chapter 33 Safeguards During Construction

Chapter 34 Existing Structures

34 Existing Structures

Chapter 35 Referenced Standards

Appendix A Employee Qualifications

Appendix A Employee Qualifications

Appendix B Board of Appeals

Appendix B Board of Appeals

Appendix C Group U - Agricultural Buildings

Appendix D Fire Districts

Appendix D Fire Districts

Appendix E Supplementary Accessibility Requirements

Appendix E Supplementary Accessibility Requirements

Appendix F Rodentproofing

Appendix G Flood-Resistant Construction

Appendix H Signs

Appendix I Patio Covers

Appendix J Grading

Appendix K Administrative Provisions

Appendix K Administrative Provisions

Part 1 — Scope and Application

101.1 Title

STATE AMENDMENT
These regulations shall be known as the Building Code of [NAME OF JURISDICTION], hereinafter referred to as “this code.”

101.1 Adoption and Title

STATE AMENDMENT
The Board of Building Regulations and Standards (BBRS) adopts and incorporates by reference, the International Building Code, 2009 edition (IBC), including Appendices A through J. The International Building Code together with modifications as set forth, shall collectively comprise the Massachusetts State Building Code (780 CMR), Eighth Edition, Base Volume, and referred to as “this code”.
BBRS also adopts and incorporates by reference the International Energy Conservation Code, 2009 edition (IECC) with modifications as Appendix AA. Special Regulations unique to Massachusetts are found at 780 CMR 110.R1 through 110.R7.

101.2 Scope

STATE AMENDMENT

The provisions of this code shall apply to the construction, alteration, movement, enlargement, replacement, repair, equipment, use and occupancy, location, maintenance, removal and demolition of every building or structure or any appurtenances connected or attached to such buildings or structures.

Exception: Detached one- and two-family dwellings and multiple single-family dwellings (townhouses) not more than three stories above grade plane in height with a separate means of egress and their accessory structures shall comply with the International Residential Code.

101.2 Scope

STATE AMENDMENT
This code shall be the building code for all towns, cities, state agencies or authorities in accordance with M.G.L. c. 143, § 94. The provisions of this code and other referenced specialized codes shall apply to the construction, alteration, movement, enlargement, replacement, repair, equipment, use and occupancy, location, maintenance, removal and demolition of every building or structure or any appurtenances connected or attached to such buildings or structures.

Exception: Detached one- and two-family dwellings and multiple single-family dwellings (townhouses) not more than three stories above grade plane in height with a separate means of egress and their accessory structures, and residences with five or fewer occupants that are operated or licensed by the Massachusetts Department of Developmental Services shall comply with 780 CMR One- and Two-family Dwellings.

101.2.1 Appendices

STATE AMENDMENT
Provisions in the appendices shall not apply unless specifically adopted.
The purpose of this code is to establish the minimum requirements to safeguard the public health, safety and general welfare through structural strength, means of egress facilities, stability, sanitation, adequate light and ventilation, energy conservation, and safety to life and property from fire and other hazards attributed to the built environment and to provide safety to fire fighters and emergency responders during emergency operations.

101.4 Referenced Codes

STATE AMENDMENT
The other codes listed in Sections 101.4.1 through 101.4.6 and referenced elsewhere in this code shall be considered part of the requirements of this code to the prescribed extent of each such reference.

101.4 Referenced Codes

STATE AMENDMENT
Referenced codes include the specialized codes of M.G.L. c. 143, § 96 and other codes and regulations listed in 101.4.1 through 101.4.12 and shall be considered part of this code to the prescribed extent of each such reference.

Note 1. Work regulated by the specialized codes of M.G.L. c. 143, § 96 shall be designed, installed and inspected by individuals authorized to do so in accordance with the specialized codes. However, the impact of work regulated by the specialized codes of M.G.L. c. 143, § 96 and other codes and regulations on work governed by this code shall be subject to inspection by the building official.

Note 2. Work regulated by the Architectural Access Board regulations (521 CMR) shall be enforced by the building official. See M.G.L. c. 22, § 13A.

Note 3. The design and construction requirements of bunkers and magazines for the storage of explosive materials, flammable/combustible liquids and chemical process safety, shall default to the specific requirements of 527 CMR and are not enforceable by the building official but rather by the head of the fire department or his/her designee.

Note 4. Work regulated by the Board of Sheet Metal Regulations shall be enforced by the building official. See M.G.L. c. 13, § 102.

101.4.1 Gas

STATE AMENDMENT
The provisions of the International Fuel Gas Code shall apply to the installation of gas piping from the point of delivery, gas appliances and related accessories as covered in this code. These requirements apply to gas piping systems extending from the point of delivery to the inlet connections of appliances and the installation and operation of residential and commercial gas appliances and related accessories.
Reference to the International Fuel Gas Code shall be considered reference to the Board of State Examiners of Plumbers and Gas Fitters regulations at 248 CMR. Gas fired appliances are governed by the Board of State Examiners of Plumbers and Gas Fitters. Oil fired appliances are governed by the Board of Fire Prevention Regulations at 527 CMR 4.00: Oil Burning Equipment.
The provisions of the International Mechanical Code shall apply to the installation, alterations, repairs and replacement of mechanical systems, including equipment, appliances, fixtures, fittings and/or appurtenances, including ventilating, heating, cooling, air-conditioning and refrigeration systems, incinerators and other energy-related systems.

101.4.3 Plumbing

STATE AMENDMENT
The provisions of the International Plumbing Code shall apply to the installation, alteration, repair and replacement of plumbing systems, including equipment, appliances, fixtures, fittings and appurtenances, and where connected to a water or sewage system and all aspects of a medical gas system. The provisions of the International Private Sewage Disposal Code shall apply to private sewage disposal systems.

101.4.3 Plumbing

STATE AMENDMENT
Reference to the International Plumbing Code shall be considered reference to the Board of State Examiners of Plumbers and Gas Fitters regulations at 248 CMR. For sewerage disposal or water connections also see 310 CMR 15.00: The State Environmental Code, Title 5: Standard Requirements for the Siting, Construction, Inspection, Upgrade and Expansion of On-site Sewage Treatment and Disposal Systems and for the Transport and Disposal of Septage and 314 CMR 3.00: Surface Water Discharge Permit Program, 5.00: Ground Water Discharge Permit Program and 20.00: Reclaimed Water Permit Program and Standards.
The provisions of the International Property Maintenance Code shall apply to existing structures and premises; equipment and facilities; light, ventilation, space heating, sanitation, life and fire safety hazards; responsibilities of owners, operators and occupants; and occupancy of existing premises and structures.
Reference to the International Property Maintenance Code shall be considered reference to this code, the specialized codes of M.G.L. c. 143, § 96, and 105 CMR 410.000: Minimum Standards of Fitness for Human Habitation (State Sanitary Code, Chapter II).

101.4.5 Fire Prevention

STATE AMENDMENT
The provisions of the International Fire Code shall apply to matters affecting or relating to structures, processes and premises from the hazard of fire and explosion arising from the storage, handling or use of structures, materials or devices; from conditions hazardous to life, property or public welfare in the occupancy of structures or premises; and from the construction, extension, repair, alteration or removal of fire suppression and alarm systems or fire hazards in the structure or on the premises from occupancy or operation.

101.4.5 Fire Prevention

STATE AMENDMENT
Reference to the International Fire Code (IFC) or International Mechanical Code (IMC) for fire prevention issues shall be considered reference to the Board of Fire Prevention Regulations at 527 CMR. If 527 CMR does not address an issue covered by the IFC or IMC, then that said reference code shall apply. If a conflict regarding fire prevention requirements exists between 527 CMR and 780 CMR the more stringent standard shall apply.

Note: building code requirements in the IFC and IMC are made a part of 780 CMR and are enforceable by the building official.

101.4.6 Energy

STATE AMENDMENT
The provisions of the International Energy Conservation Code shall apply to all matters governing the design and construction of buildings for energy efficiency.

101.4.6 Energy

STATE AMENDMENT
The provisions of the International Energy Conservation Code, 2009 edition, with Massachusetts Amendments shall apply to all matters governing the design and construction of buildings for energy efficiency.
See the Department of Environmental Protection regulations at 310 CMR and the Division Water Pollution Control regulations at 314 CMR

101.4.9 Elevators

STATE AMENDMENT
See the Massachusetts Board of Elevator Regulations at 524 CMR.

101.4.10 Electrical

STATE AMENDMENT
Reference to the International Electrical Code shall be considered reference to 527 CMR 12.00: 2008 Massachusetts Electrical Code (Amendments).
See the Board of Examiners of Sheet Metal Workers regulations at 271 CMR.
Reference to the International Residential Code for One- and Two-Family Dwellings shall be considered reference to 780 CMR 51.00 through 120.00, (One-and Two-family Dwellings regulations).
Organization and duties of technical advisory committees to the BBRS may be viewed on the Department of Public Safety website (www.mass.gov/dps).
Where there is a conflict between a general requirement and a specific requirement, the specific requirement shall be applicable. Where, in any specific case, different sections of this code specify different materials, methods of construction or other requirements, the most restrictive shall govern.

102.2 Other Laws

STATE AMENDMENT
The provisions of this code shall not be deemed to nullify any provisions of local, state or federal law.

102.2 Other Laws

STATE AMENDMENT
The provisions of this code shall not nullify any provision of state or federal law. Massachusetts General Laws (M.G.L.s) and the Code of Massachusetts Regulations (CMRs) are often referenced in this code. It is the code user’s responsibility to determine all applicable laws and regulations relevant to sections in this code. For example, care facilities licensed or operated by Massachusetts agencies often have CMRs with building requirements beyond this code for buildings licensed or operated by the respective agency.

102.2.1 DDS Facilities

STATE AMENDMENT
Additional building features required by the Massachusetts Department of Developmental Services (DDS) do not change the classification of residences operated or licensed by DDS as dwellings subject to the 780 CMR One and Two-family Dwellings.
When provisions of this code conflict with municipal bylaws and ordinances, this code shall govern unless the bylaws or ordinances were promulgated in accordance with M.G.L. c. 143, § 98.
References to chapter or section numbers, or to provisions not specifically identified by number, shall be construed to refer to such chapter, section or provision of this code.
The codes and standards referenced in this code shall be considered part of the requirements of this code to the prescribed extent of each such reference. Where differences occur between provisions of this code and referenced codes and standards, the provisions of this code shall apply.
In the event that any part or provision of this code is held to be illegal or void, this shall not have the effect of making void or illegal any of the other parts or provisions.

102.6 Existing Structures

STATE AMENDMENT
The legal occupancy of any structure existing on the date of adoption of this code shall be permitted to continue without change, except as is specifically covered in this code, the International Property Maintenance Code or the International Fire Code, or as is deemed necessary by the building official for the general safety and welfare of the occupants and the public.

102.6 Existing Structures

STATE AMENDMENT
The legal occupancy of any structure existing on the date of adoption of this code shall be permitted to continue without change, except as is specifically covered in this code or as deemed necessary by the building official for the general safety and welfare of the public.

102.6.1 Laws in Effect

STATE AMENDMENT
Unless specifically provided otherwise in this code, and narrow to the provisions of this code, any existing building or structure shall meet and shall be presumed to meet the provisions of the applicable laws, codes, rules or regulations, bylaws or ordinances in effect at the time such building or structure was constructed or altered and shall be allowed to continue to be occupied pursuant to its use and occupancy, provided that the building or structure shall be maintained by the owner in accordance with this code. Also see Chapter 34.

102.6.2 Laws Not in Use

STATE AMENDMENT
In cases where applicable codes, rules or regulations, bylaws or ordinances were not in use at the time of such construction or alteration, the building or structure shall be maintained by the owner in accordance with this code.

102.6.3 Less Stringent

STATE AMENDMENT
In cases where the provisions of this code are less stringent than the applicable codes, rules or regulations, bylaws or ordinances at the time of such construction or substantial alteration, the applicable provisions of this code shall apply, providing such application can be reasonably demonstrated to not result in danger to the public, as determined by the building official.
The building official shall cite the following condition in writing as a violation and order the abatement within a time frame deemed necessary by the building official to make the building environment safe, healthy or otherwise comply with this code.
  1. Less than the required number of means of egress.
  2. Egress components with insufficient width or so arranged to be unsafe or inadequate, including signage and lighting.
  3. Unsafe lighting and ventilation.
The building official shall declare a building or structure unsafe in accordance with section 116.0 when, in the building official’s opinion, means of egress are hazardous or dangerous. Where full compliance for means of egress, lighting and ventilation are not practical, the building official may accept compliance alternatives, engineering, or other evaluations that adequately address the deficiency. Also see Existing Hazardous Conditions in Chapter 34.

Part 2 — Administration and Enforcement

The Department of Building Safety is hereby created and the official in charge thereof shall be known as the building official.
This code shall be enforced, and enforcement officials shall be appointed, in accordance with M.G.L. c. 143, §§ 3 and 3A and M.G.L. c. 22. Reference to The Department of Building Safety shall be considered reference to the building official.

103.2 Appointment

STATE AMENDMENT
The building official shall be appointed by the chief appointing authority of the jurisdiction.

103.3 Deputies

STATE AMENDMENT
In accordance with the prescribed procedures of this jurisdiction and with the concurrence of the appointing authority, the building official shall have the authority to appoint a deputy building official, the related technical officers, inspectors, plan examiners and other employees. Such employees shall have powers as delegated by the building official. For the maintenance of existing properties, see the International Property Maintenance Code.

104.1 General

STATE AMENDMENT
The building official is hereby authorized and directed to enforce the provisions of this code. The building official shall have the authority to render interpretations of this code and to adopt policies and procedures in order to clarify the application of its provisions. Such interpretations, policies and procedures shall be in compliance with the intent and purpose of this code. Such policies and procedures shall not have the effect of waiving requirements specifically provided for in this code.

104.1 General

STATE AMENDMENT
The building official is hereby authorized and directed to enforce the provisions of this code in accordance with M.G.L. c. 143.
The building official shall receive applications, review construction documents and issue permits for the erection, and alteration, demolition and moving of buildings and structures, inspect the premises for which such permits have been issued and enforce compliance with the provisions of this code.
The building official shall issue all necessary notices or orders to ensure compliance with this code.
The building official shall make all of the required inspections, or the building official shall have the authority to accept reports of inspection by approved agencies or individuals. Reports of such inspections shall be in writing and be certified by a responsible officer of such approved agency or by the responsible individual. The building official is authorized to engage such expert opinion as deemed necessary to report upon unusual technical issues that arise, subject to the approval of the appointing authority.
Whenever in the enforcement of this code, or another code or ordinance, the responsibility of more than one enforcement official of the jurisdiction is involved, it shall be the duty of the enforcement officials involved to coordinate their inspections and administrative orders as fully as practicable so that the owners and occupants of the building or structure shall not be subjected to visits by numerous inspectors or multiple or conflicting orders. Whenever an enforcement official observes an apparent or actual violation not within the official’s authority, the official shall report the findings to the official having jurisdiction.
The building official shall carry proper identification when inspecting structures or premises in the performance of duties under this code.
Where it is necessary to make an inspection to enforce the provisions of this code, or where the building official has reasonable cause to believe that there exists in a structure or upon a premises a condition which is contrary to or in violation of this code which makes the structure or premises unsafe, dangerous or hazardous, the building official is authorized to enter the structure or premises at reasonable times to inspect or to perform the duties imposed by this code, provided that if such structure or premises be occupied that credentials be presented to the occupant and entry requested. If such structure or premises is unoccupied, the building official shall first make a reasonable effort to locate the owner or other person having charge or control of the structure or premises and request entry. If entry is refused, the building official shall have recourse to the remedies provided by law to secure entry.
The building official shall keep official records of applications received, permits and certificates issued, fees collected, reports of inspections, and notices and orders issued. Such records shall be retained in the official records for the period required for retention of public records.

104.8 Liability

STATE AMENDMENT
The building official, member of the board of appeals or employee charged with the enforcement of this code, while acting for the jurisdiction in good faith and without malice in the discharge of the duties required by this code or other pertinent law or ordinance, shall not thereby be rendered liable personally and is hereby relieved from personal liability for any damage accruing to persons or property as a result of any act or by reason of an act or omission in the discharge of official duties. Any suit instituted against an officer or employee because of an act performed by that officer or employee in the lawful discharge of duties and under the provisions of this code shall be defended by legal representative of the jurisdiction until the final termination of the proceedings. The building official or any subordinate shall not be liable for cost in any action, suit or proceeding that is instituted in pursuance of the provisions of this code.

104.8 Liability

STATE AMENDMENT
All claims of liability relative to building officials shall be governed by M.G.L. c. 258.
Materials, equipment and devices approved by the building official shall be constructed and installed in accordance with such approval.
The use of used materials which meet the requirements of this code for new materials is permitted. Used equipment and devices shall not be reused unless approved by the building official.

104.10 Modifications

STATE AMENDMENT
Wherever there are practical difficulties involved in carrying out the provisions of this code, the building official shall have the authority to grant modifications for individual cases, upon application of the owner or owner’s representative, provided the building official shall first find that special individual reason makes the strict letter of this code impractical and the modification is in compliance with the intent and purpose of this code and that such modification does not lessen health, accessibility, life and fire safety, or structural requirements. The details of action granting modifications shall be recorded and entered in the files of the department of building safety.

104.10 Modifications

STATE AMENDMENT
Wherever there are practical difficulties involved in carrying out the provisions of this code, the building official shall have the authority to grant modifications for individual cases, upon application of the owner or owner’s representative, provided the building official shall first find that special individual reason makes the strict letter of this code impractical and the modification is in compliance with the intent and purpose of this code and that such modification does not lessen health, accessibility, life and fire safety, or structural requirements. The details of action granting modifications shall be recorded and entered in the files of the building official and a copy forwarded to the BBRS within seven days. A building official may seek assistance from the district’s state building inspector for modifications.
The building official shall not grant modifications to any provision related to areas prone to flooding as established by this code without the granting of a variance to such provisions by the building code appeals board. Also, no variance to requirements of this code can be solely utilized to argue for lawful construction/reconstruction where such construction/reconstruction would conflict with requirements ofM.G.L. c. 131, § 40: Removal, Fill, Dredging or Altering of Land Bordering Waters (the Wetlands Protection Act), and/or 310 CMR and 314 CMR, as applicable.
In recognition of the inherent difficulty of drafting a functional code that contemplates every situation that may arise in the area of building safety, this section provides the building official, the building code appeals board, or the BBRS itself, with reasonable discretion to ensure that all life safety issues that may arise in the enforcement of this code may be appropriately addressed. Matters not specifically provided for in this code regarding structural, egress, fire, energy, sanitary or other requirements essential to occupant safety shall be determined by the building official or, in the case of an appeal, the building code appeals board. If this provision is used, the building official shall notify the BBRS in writing within seven days of such determination. For highly specialized buildings and structures that conform to unique code requirements or nationally recognized standards not required in this code, registered design professionals shall provide sufficient information to the building official to support their approval. For fire protection design, see Chapter 9.
The provisions of this code are not intended to prevent the installation of any material or to prohibit any design or method of construction not specifically prescribed by this code, provided that any such alternative has been approved. An alternative material, design or method of construction shall be approved where the building official finds that the proposed design is satisfactory and complies with the intent of the provisions of this code, and that the material, method or work offered is, for the purpose intended, at least the equivalent of that prescribed in this code in quality, strength, effectiveness, fire resistance, durability and safety.
Supporting data, where necessary to assist in the approval of materials or assemblies not specifically provided for in this code, shall consist of valid research reports from approved sources.
Whenever there is insufficient evidence of compliance with the provisions of this code, or evidence that a material or method does not conform to the requirements of this code, or in order to substantiate claims for alternative materials or methods, the building official shall have the authority to require tests as evidence of compliance to be made at no expense to the jurisdiction. Test methods shall be as specified in this code or by other recognized test standards. In the absence of recognized and accepted test methods, the building official shall approve the testing procedures. Tests shall be performed by an approved agency. Reports of such tests shall be retained by the building official for the period required for retention of public records.

105.1 Required

STATE AMENDMENT
Any owner or authorized agent who intends to construct, enlarge, alter, repair, move, demolish, or change the occupancy of a building or structure, or to erect, install, enlarge, alter, repair, remove, convert or replace any electrical, gas, mechanical or plumbing system, the installation of which is regulated by this code, or to cause any such work to be done, shall first make application to the building official and obtain the required permit.

105.1 Required

STATE AMENDMENT
It shall be unlawful to construct, reconstruct, alter, repair, remove or demolish a building or structure; or to change the use or occupancy of a building or structure; or to install or alter any equipment for which provision is made or the installation of which is regulated by this code without first filing a written application with the building official and obtaining the required permit.

105.1.1 Annual Permit

STATE AMENDMENT
In lieu of an individual permit for each alteration to an already approved electrical, gas, mechanical or plumbing installation, the building official is authorized to issue an annual permit upon application therefor to any person, firm or corporation regularly employing one or more qualified tradepersons in the building, structure or on the premises owned or operated by the applicant for the permit.
The person to whom an annual permit is issued shall keep a detailed record of alterations made under such annual permit. The building official shall have access to such records at all times or such records shall be filed with the building official as designated.

Exemptions from permit requirements of this code shall not be deemed to grant authorization for any work to be done in any manner in violation of the provisions of this code or any other laws or ordinances of this jurisdiction. Permits shall not be required for the following:

Building:

1. One-story detached accessory structures used as tool and storage sheds, playhouses and similar uses, provided the floor area does not exceed 120 square feet (11 m2).

2. Fences not over 6 feet (1829 mm) high.

3. Oil derricks.

4. Retaining walls that are not over 4 feet (1219 mm) in height measured from the bottom of the footing to the top of the wall, unless supporting a surcharge or impounding Class I, II or IIIA liquids.

5. Water tanks supported directly on grade if the capacity does not exceed 5,000 gallons (18 925 L) and the ratio of height to diameter or width does not exceed 2:1.

6. Sidewalks and driveways not more than 30 inches (762 mm) above adjacent grade, and not over any basement or story below and are not part of an accessible route.

7. Painting, papering, tiling, carpeting, cabinets, counter tops and similar finish work.

8. Temporary motion picture, television and theater stage sets and scenery.

9. Prefabricated swimming pools accessory to a Group R-3 occupancy that are less than 24 inches (610 mm) deep, do not exceed 5,000 gallons (18 925 L) and are installed entirely above ground.

10. Shade cloth structures constructed for nursery or agricultural purposes, not including service systems.

11. Swings and other playground equipment accessory to detached one- and two-family dwellings.

12. Window awnings supported by an exterior wall that do not project more than 54 inches (1372 mm) from the exterior wall and do not require additional support of Groups R-3 and U occupancies.

13. Nonfixed and movable fixtures, cases, racks, counters and partitions not over 5 feet 9 inches (1753 mm) in height.

Electrical:

Repairs and maintenance: Minor repair work, including the replacement of lamps or the connection of approved portable electrical equipment to approved permanently installed receptacles.

Radio and television transmitting stations: The provisions of this code shall not apply to electrical equipment used for radio and television transmissions, but do apply to equipment and wiring for a power supply and the installations of towers and antennas.

Temporary testing systems: A permit shall not be required for the installation of any temporary system required for the testing or servicing of electrical equipment or apparatus.

Gas:

1. Portable heating appliance.

2. Replacement of any minor part that does not alter approval of equipment or make such equipment unsafe.

Mechanical:

1. Portable heating appliance.

2. Portable ventilation equipment.

3. Portable cooling unit.

4. Steam, hot or chilled water piping within any heating or cooling equipment regulated by this code.

5. Replacement of any part that does not alter its approval or make it unsafe.

6. Portable evaporative cooler.

7. Self-contained refrigeration system containing 10 pounds (5 kg) or less of refrigerant and actuated by motors of 1 horsepower (746 W) or less.

Plumbing:

1. The stopping of leaks in drains, water, soil, waste or vent pipe, provided, however, that if any concealed trap, drain pipe, water, soil, waste or vent pipe becomes defective and it becomes necessary to remove and replace the same with new material, such work shall be considered as new work and a permit shall be obtained and inspection made as provided in this code.

2. The clearing of stoppages or the repairing of leaks in pipes, valves or fixtures and the removal and reinstallation of water closets, provided such repairs do not involve or require the replacement or rearrangement of valves, pipes or fixtures.

105.2.1 Emergency Repairs

STATE AMENDMENT
Where equipment replacements and repairs must be performed in an emergency situation, the permit application shall be submitted within the next working business day to the building official.

105.2.1 Emergency Repairs

STATE AMENDMENT
Where equipment replacements and repairs governed by this code must be performed in an emergency situation, the permit application shall be submitted within the next working business day to the building official.
Note: Pursuant to the terms of the specialized codes of M.G.L. c. 143, § 96, this exemption might not apply to emergency repairs conducted under those specialized codes.

105.2.2 Repairs

STATE AMENDMENT
Application or notice to the building official is not required for ordinary repairs to structures, replacement of lamps or the connection of approved portable electrical equipment to approved permanently installed receptacles. Such repairs shall not include the cutting away of any wall, partition or portion thereof, the removal or cutting of any structural beam or load-bearing support, or the removal or change of any required means of egress, or rearrangement of parts of a structure affecting the egress requirements; nor shall ordinary repairs include addition to, alteration of, replacement or relocation of any standpipe, water supply, sewer, drainage, drain leader, gas, soil, waste, vent or similar piping, electric wiring or mechanical or other work affecting public health or general safety.
A permit shall not be required for the installation, alteration or repair of generation, transmission, distribution or metering or other related equipment that is under the ownership and control of public service agencies by established right.
Except for activities which may require a permit pursuant to other laws, by-laws, rules and the specialized codes of M.G.L. c. 143, § 96, a building permit is not required for the following activities:
  1. One story detached accessory buildings used as tool or storage sheds, playhouses and similar uses, provided the floor area does not exceed 120 square feet.
  2. Fences six feet in height or less.
  3. Retaining walls which retain less than four feet of unbalanced fill.
  4. Ordinary repairs as defined in Chapter 2.00 and 9.00.
  5. Greenhouses covered exclusively with plastic film intended for agricultural use.
  6. Painting, papering, tiling, carpeting, cabinets, counter tops and similar finish work.
  7. Swings and other playground equipment.

To obtain a permit, the applicant shall first file an application therefor in writing on a form furnished by the department of building safety for that purpose. Such application shall:

1. Identify and describe the work to be covered by the permit for which application is made.

2. Describe the land on which the proposed work is to be done by legal description, street address or similar description that will readily identify and definitely locate the proposed building or work.

3. Indicate the use and occupancy for which the proposed work is intended.

4. Be accompanied by construction documents and other information as required in Section 107.

5. State the valuation of the proposed work.

6. Be signed by the applicant, or the applicant’s authorized agent.

7. Give such other data and information as required by the building official.

The building official shall examine or cause to be examined applications for permits and amendments thereto within a reasonable time after filing. If the application or the construction documents do not conform to the requirements of pertinent laws, the building official shall reject such application in writing, stating the reasons therefor. If the building official is satisfied that the proposed work conforms to the requirements of this code and laws and ordinances applicable thereto, the building official shall issue a permit therefor as soon as practicable.

105.3.1 None

STATE AMENDMENT
The building official shall examine or cause to be examined applications for permits and amendments, and take action, within 30 days of filing. If the application or the construction documents do not conform to the requirements of pertinent laws, the building official shall reject such application in writing, to the applicant, stating the reasons. If the building official is satisfied that the proposed work conforms to the requirements of this code and applicable laws and ordinances, the building official shall issue a permit forthwith or as soon as practicable.
The following requirements must be satisfied before a building permit is issued:
  1. Zoning: in accordance with M.G.L. c. 40A or St. 1956, c. 665.
  2. Railroad Right-of-way: in accordance with M.G.L. c. 40, § 54A.
  3. Water Supply: in accordance with M.G.L. c. 40, § 54; also refer to DEP regulations 310 CMR 22.00: Drinking Water and/or 310 CMR 36.00: Massachusetts Water Resources Management Program, when applicable.
  4. Wastewater: in accordance with 310 CMR 15.00: The State Environmental Code, Title 5: Standard Requirements for the Siting, Construction, Inspection, Upgrade and Expansion of On-site Sewage Treatment and Disposal Systems and for the Transport and Disposal of Septage , and 314 CMR 3.00: Surface Water Discharge Permit Program, 5.00: Ground Water Discharge Permit Program, 7.00: Sewer System Extension and Connection Permit Program and 20.00: Reclaimed Water Permit Standards Program.
  5. Debris Removal: in accordance with M.G.L. c. 40, § 54 and M.G.L. c. 111, § 150A; also refer to DEP Regulations 310 CMR 7.09(2) and 310 CMR 7.15, when applicable.
  6. Workers Compensation Insurance: in accordance with M.G.L. c. 152, § 25C(6).
  7. Hazards to Air Navigation: in accordance with M.G.L. c. 90, § 35B.
An application for a permit for any proposed work shall be deemed to have been abandoned 180 days after the date of filing, unless such application has been pursued in good faith or a permit has been issued; except that the building official is authorized to grant one or more extensions of time for additional periods not exceeding 90 days each. The extension shall be requested in writing and justifiable cause demonstrated.
To obtain a permit, the applicant shall file a permit application on a form furnished by the building official for that purpose. Standard application forms, along with application forms that some municipalities use, can be found at www.mass.gov/dps. Such applications shall at a minimum:
  1. Identify and describe the work to be covered by the permit for which application is made.
  2. Describe the land on which the proposed work is to be done by legal description, street address or similar description that will readily identify and definitively locate the proposed building or work.
  3. Indicate the use and occupancy for which the proposed work is intended. If the work involves a care facility or residence licensed by a State agency, indicate the agency name and appropriate licensing regulation on the permit. For example: Department of Developmental Services, 115 CMR.
  4. Be accompanied by construction documents and other information as required in section 107. Construction documents shall list any additional building features required by a Massachusetts state agency for its facilities that go beyond the requirements in this code. Any additional building features required by the Massachusetts Department of Developmental Services shall not result in a change in the classification of a DDS operated or licensed residences for five or fewer occupants and their compliance with the 780 CMR One- and Two-family Dwellings.
  5. State the valuation of the proposed work. The building official has authority to request from the applicant a detailed substantiation of the valuation.
  6. Be signed by the applicant and the owner or the applicant and the owner’s authorized agent.
  7. Give such other data and information as required by the building official in accordance with this code.
The issuance or granting of a permit shall not be construed to be a permit for, or an approval of, any violation of any of the provisions of this code or of any other ordinance of the jurisdiction. Permits presuming to give authority to violate or cancel the provisions of this code or other ordinances of the jurisdiction shall not be valid. The issuance of a permit based on construction documents and other data shall not prevent the building official from requiring the correction of errors in the construction documents and other data. The building official is also authorized to prevent occupancy or use of a structure where in violation of this code or of any other ordinances of this jurisdiction.
Every permit issued shall become invalid unless the work on the site authorized by such permit is commenced within 180 days after its issuance, or if the work authorized on the site by such permit is suspended or abandoned for a period of 180 days after the time the work is commenced. The building official is authorized to grant, in writing, one or more extensions of time, for periods not more than 180 days each. The extension shall be requested in writing and justifiable cause demonstrated.
The building official is authorized to suspend or revoke a permit issued under the provisions of this code wherever the permit is issued in error or on the basis of incorrect, inaccurate or incomplete information, or in violation of any ordinance or regulation or any of the provisions of this code.
The building permit or copy shall be kept on the site of the work until the completion of the project.

105.8 Notice of Start

STATE AMENDMENT
The building official shall be notified at least 24-hours before work starts.
As a condition for the issuance of a building permit, the structural design of the following described structures shall be reviewed by a registered design professional to verify that the design of the primary structure is conceptually correct and that there are no major errors in the design:
  1. High rise buildings.
  2. Structures of unusual complexity or design as determined by the BBRS. A building official may apply to the BBRS for such a determination on a specific structure.
This requirement shall not preclude an owner from obtaining an independent structural engineering design review of a primary structure, other than those listed in this section.

105.9.3 Disputes

STATE AMENDMENT
Disputes between the structural engineer responsible for the design of the building or structure and the independent structural engineering reviewer shall be resolved by the BBRS or a board established by the BBRS.
Where the live loads for which each floor or portion thereof of a commercial or industrial building is or has been designed to exceed 50 psf (2.40 kN/m2), such design live loads shall be conspicuously posted by the owner in that part of each story in which they apply, using durable signs. It shall be unlawful to remove or deface such notices
A certificate of occupancy required by Section 111 shall not be issued until the floor load signs, required by Section 106.1, have been installed.
It shall be unlawful to place, or cause or permit to be placed, on any floor or roof of a building, structure or portion thereof, a load greater than is permitted by this code.

107.1 General

STATE AMENDMENT

Submittal documents consisting of construction documents, statement of special inspections, geotechnical report and other data shall be submitted in two or more sets with each permit application. The construction documents shall be prepared by a registered design professional where required by the statutes of the jurisdiction in which the project is to be constructed. Where special conditions exist, the building official is authorized to require additional construction documents to be prepared by a registered design professional.

Exception: The building official is authorized to waive the submission of construction documents and other data not required to be prepared by a registered design professional if it is found that the nature of the work applied for is such that review of construction documents is not necessary to obtain compliance with this code.

All plans and specifications shall bear a seal and signature of the responsible registered design professional in accordance with M.G.L. c. 143, § 54A. See also www.mass.gov/dpl for policy on electronic seal and signature for certain registered design professionals.
For permits that include work under Chapters 4 or 9, or 34, construction documents shall be filed simultaneously with the head of the local fire department and building official for review and approval. The fire department shall complete its review within 10-working days after receiving the documents. Upon the fire department’s request, the building official may grant one or more extensions up to a total review period maximum of 30- days. If the fire department review is not received within the allowed time frame the building official may upon review deem the documents in compliance with Chapters 4 or 9, or 34. If the head of the local fire department disapproves such construction documents, he or she shall notify the building official (refer to M.G.L. c. 148, § 28A) in writing citing relevant sections of noncompliance with this code or the section of the referenced standards of Chapter 35.
Construction documents shall be in accordance with Sections 107.2.1 through 107.2.5.
Construction documents shall be dimensioned and drawn upon suitable material. Electronic media documents are permitted to be submitted when approved by the building official. Construction documents shall be of sufficient clarity to indicate the location, nature and extent of the work proposed and show in detail that it will conform to the provisions of this code and relevant laws, ordinances, rules and regulations, as determined by the building official.
Shop drawings for the fire protection system(s) shall be submitted to indicate conformance to this code and the construction documents and shall be approved prior to the start of system installation. Shop drawings shall contain all information as required by the referenced installation standards in Chapter 9.
The construction documents shall show in sufficient detail the location, construction, size and character of all portions of the means of egress in compliance with the provisions of this code. In other than occupancies in Groups R-2, R-3, and I-1, the construction documents shall designate the number of occupants to be accommodated on every floor, and in all rooms and spaces.

Construction documents for all buildings shall describe the exterior wall envelope in sufficient detail to determine compliance with this code. The construction documents shall provide details of the exterior wall envelope as required, including flashing, intersections with dissimilar materials, corners, end details, control joints, intersections at roof, eaves or parapets, means of drainage, water-resistive membrane and details around openings.

The construction documents shall include manufacturer’s installation instructions that provide supporting documentation that the proposed penetration and opening details described in the construction documents maintain the weather resistance of the exterior wall envelope. The supporting documentation shall fully describe the exterior wall system which was tested, where applicable, as well as the test procedure used.

107.2.5 Site Plan

STATE AMENDMENT
The construction documents submitted with the application for permit shall be accompanied by a site plan showing to scale the size and location of new construction and existing structures on the site, distances from lot lines, the established street grades and the proposed finished grades and, as applicable, flood hazard areas, floodways, and design flood elevations; and it shall be drawn in accordance with an accurate boundary line survey. In the case of demolition, the site plan shall show construction to be demolished and the location and size of existing structures and construction that are to remain on the site or plot. The building official is authorized to waive or modify the requirement for a site plan when the application for permit is for alteration or repair or when otherwise warranted.
Where design flood elevations are not specified, they shall be established in accordance with Section 1612.3.1.

107.2.5 Site Plans

STATE AMENDMENT
The construction documents submitted with the application for permit shall be accompanied by a site plan showing to scale the size and location of new construction and existing structures on the site, distances from lot lines, the established street grades and the proposed finished grades and, as applicable, flood hazard zones, high hazard zones, floodways, and base flood elevations; and it shall be drawn in accordance with an accurate boundary line survey. In the case of demolition, the site plan shall show construction to be demolished and the location and size of existing structures and construction that are to remain on the site or plot. The building official is authorized to waive or modify the requirement for a site plan when the application for permit is for alteration or repair or when otherwise warranted.
Base Flood Elevations shall be determined in accordance with Appendix G.
The building official shall examine or cause to be examined the accompanying submittal documents and shall ascertain by such examinations whether the construction indicated and described is in accordance with the requirements of this code and other pertinent laws or ordinances.
When the building official issues a permit, the construction documents shall be approved, in writing or by stamp, as “Reviewed for Code Compliance.” One set of construction documents so reviewed shall be retained by the building official. The other set shall be returned to the applicant, shall be kept at the site of work and shall be open to inspection by the building official or a duly authorized representative.
This code shall not require changes in the construction documents, construction or designated occupancy of a structure for which a lawful permit has been heretofore issued or otherwise lawfully authorized, and the construction of which has been pursued in good faith within 180 days after the effective date of this code and has not been abandoned.
The building official is authorized to issue a permit for the construction of foundations or any other part of a building or structure before the construction documents for the whole building or structure have been submitted, provided that adequate information and detailed statements have been filed complying with pertinent requirements of this code. The holder of such permit for the foundation or other parts of a building or structure shall proceed at the holder’s own risk with the building operation and without assurance that a permit for the entire structure will be granted.

When it is required that documents be prepared by a registered design professional, the building official shall be authorized to require the owner to engage and designate on the building permit application a registered design professional who shall act as the registered design professional in responsible charge. If the circumstances require, the owner shall designate a substitute registered design professional in responsible charge who shall perform the duties required of the original registered design professional in responsible charge. The building official shall be notified in writing by the owner if the registered design professional in responsible charge is changed or is unable to continue to perform the duties.

The registered design professional in responsible charge shall be responsible for reviewing and coordinating submittal documents prepared by others, including phased and deferred submittal items, for compatibility with the design of the building.

For the purposes of this section, deferred submittals are defined as those portions of the design that are not submitted at the time of the application and that are to be submitted to the building official within a specified period.

Deferral of any submittal items shall have the prior approval of the building official. The registered design professional in responsible charge shall list the deferred submittals on the construction documents for review by the building official.

Documents for deferred submittal items shall be submitted to the registered design professional in responsible charge who shall review them and forward them to the building official with a notation indicating that the deferred submittal documents have been reviewed and found to be in general conformance to the design of the building. The deferred submittal items shall not be installed until the deferred submittal documents have been approved by the building official.

Work shall be installed in accordance with the approved construction documents, and any changes made during construction that are not in compliance with the approved construction documents shall be resubmitted for approval as an amended set of construction documents.
One set of approved construction documents shall be retained by the building official for a period of not less than 180 days from date of completion of the permitted work, or as required by state or local laws.
Sets of approved construction documents shall be retained by the building official in accordance with M.G.L. c. 66, § 8.

107.6 Construction Control

STATE AMENDMENT

107.6.1 General

STATE AMENDMENT
This section shall apply to the construction controls, professional services and contractor services required for buildings and structures needing registered design professional services.

The following structures are exempt from the requirements of this section:
  1. Any building containing less than 35,000 cubic feet of enclosed space, measured to the exterior surfaces of walls and roofs and to the top of a ground supported floor, or in the case of a crawl space, to the bottom surface of the crawl space. In the case of basement floors or levels, the calculation of enclosed space shall include such spaces. For additions to existing buildings, the volume of enclosed space shall include the entire existing building and all proposed additions.
  2. Any one- or two-family dwelling or any accessory building thereto.
  3. Any building used exclusively for agricultural purposes. See Appendix C for occupancy and other limitations.
  4. Retaining walls less than ten feet in height at all points along the wall as measured from the base of the footing to the top of the wall.
Notwithstanding these exemptions, professional engineering services shall be required for activities which are deemed to constitute the practice of engineering as defined in M.G.L. c. 112, § 81D, except as provided in M.G.L. c. 54A and any legally required profession or as provided in M.G.L. c. 112, § 81R. Where work is performed by licensed trades people pursuant to M.G.L. c. 112, § 81R, plans and specifications prepared to document that work shall not be required to bear the seal or signature of a registered design professional.
Telecommunication towers, wind turbine towers, and similar structures are engineered structures and shall be subject to the requirements of section 107.6.

107.6.2.1 Design

STATE AMENDMENT
All plans, computations and specifications involving new construction, alterations, repairs, expansions or additions or change in use or occupancy of existing buildings shall be prepared by or under the direct supervision of a registered design professional and shall bear his or her signature and seal (see Section 107.1.1). Said signature and seal shall signify that the plans, computations and specifications meet the applicable provisions of this code and accepted engineering practices. Any alternative means and methods which deviate from prescriptive requirements of this code shall be submitted to the building official for approval in a narrative form separate from the plans.

107.6.2.2 Construction

STATE AMENDMENT
The registered design professionals who are responsible for the design, plans, calculations, and specifications, their designee or the registered design professionals who have been retained for construction phase services, shall perform the following tasks:
  1. Review, for conformance to this code and the design concept, shop drawings, samples and other submittals by the contractor in accordance with the requirements of the construction documents.
  2. Perform the duties for registered design professionals in Chapter 17.
  3. Be present at intervals appropriate to the stage of construction to become generally familiar with the progress and quality of the work and to determine if the work is being performed in a manner consistent with the construction documents and this code.
The permit application shall not be deemed completed until all of the construction documents required by this code have been submitted. Documentation indicating that work complies with the plans and specifications shall be provided at the completion of each phase when required by the building official.
Structural tests and special inspection shall be provided in accordance Chapter 17.
Tests and inspections of non structural systems shall be performed in accordance with applicable engineering practice standards, referenced standards listed in Chapter 35, or as otherwise specified in this code.
The actual construction of the work shall be the responsibility of the general contractor as identified on the approved building permit and shall involve the following:
  1. Execution of all work in accordance with the approved construction documents.
  2. Execution and control of all methods of construction in a safe and satisfactory manner in accordance with all applicable local, state, and federal statutes and regulations.
  3. Upon completion of the construction, certification in writing to the registered design professional in responsible charge that, to the best of the contractor’s knowledge and belief, construction has been done in substantial accord with section 107.6 and with all pertinent deviations specifically noted. The building official may require a copy of this certification.
When applications for unusual designs or magnitude of construction are filed, or where reference standards require special architectural or engineering inspections, the building official may require full time project representation bya registered architect or professional engineering addition to that provided in Section 107.6. The project representative shall keep daily records and submit reports as may be required by the building official. Upon completion of the work, the registered design professional shall file a final report indicating that the work has been performed in accordance with the approved plans and this code. This on-site project representation requirement shall be determined prior to the issuance of the building permit and shall be a requisite for the permit issuance. Refusal by the applicant to provide such service shall result in the denial of the permit. All fees and costs related to the performance of on-site project representation shall be borne by the owner.
Nothing contained in section 107.6 shall have the effect of waiving or limiting the building official's authority to enforce this code with respect to examination of the contract documents, including plans, computations and specifications, and field inspections.
The building official is authorized to issue a permit for temporary structures and temporary uses. Such permits shall be limited as to time of service, but shall not be permitted for more than 180 days. The building official is authorized to grant extensions for demonstrated cause.
Temporary structures and uses shall conform to the structural strength, fire safety, means of egress, accessibility, light, ventilation and sanitary requirements of this code as necessary to ensure public health, safety and general welfare.

108.3 Temporary Power

STATE AMENDMENT
The building official is authorized to give permission to temporarily supply and use power in part of an electric installation before such installation has been fully completed and the final certificate of completion has been issued. The part covered by the temporary certificate shall comply with the requirements specified for temporary lighting, heat or power in NFPA 70.
Temporary structures and uses must be approved by the building official in consultation with the head of the local fire department.
The building official is authorized to terminate such permit for a temporary structure or use and to order the temporary structure or use to be discontinued.

108.5 State of Emergency

STATE AMENDMENT
Upon declaration by the Governor of a State of Emergency under St. 1950, c. 639, or of an emergency detrimental to the public health under M.G.L. c. 17, § 2A a building or space within a building may be used as a temporary emergency use for purposes of housing and/or caring for persons in accordance with procedures established for such purpose as contained in this code (also see Chapter 31).

109.1 Payment of Fees

STATE AMENDMENT
A permit shall not be valid until the fees prescribed by law have been paid, nor shall an amendment to a permit be released until the additional fee, if any, has been paid.

109.1 Payment of Fees

STATE AMENDMENT
A permit shall not be valid until the fees prescribed by law have been paid, nor shall an amendment to a permit be released until the additional fee, if any, has been paid in the amount established by the applicable governing authority.
On buildings, structures, electrical, gas, mechanical, and plumbing systems or alterations requiring a permit, a fee for each permit shall be paid as required, in accordance with the schedule as established by the applicable governing authority.
For state building permit fees, see 801 CMR 4.02: Rates. For municipal building permit fees, refer to the municipality.
The applicant for a permit shall provide an estimated permit value at time of application. Permit valuations shall include total value of work, including materials and labor, for which the permit is being issued, such as electrical, gas, mechanical, plumbing equipment and permanent systems. If, in the opinion of the building official, the valuation is underestimated on the application, the permit shall be denied, unless the applicant can show detailed estimates to meet the approval of the building official. Final building permit valuation shall be set by the building official.
The applicant for a permit shall provide an estimated permit value at time of application. If, in the opinion of the building official, the valuation is underestimated on the application, the permit shall be denied, unless the applicant can show detailed estimates to meet the approval of the building official. Final building permit valuation shall be set by the building official.
Any person who commences any work on a building, structure, electrical, gas, mechanical or plumbing system before obtaining the necessary permits shall be subject to a fee established by the building official that shall be in addition to the required permit fees.
Any person who commences any work on a building or structure governed by this code before obtaining the necessary building permit shall be in violation of this code and subject to penalties. See section 114.

109.5 Related Fees

STATE AMENDMENT
The payment of the fee for the construction, alteration, removal or demolition for work done in connection to or concurrently with the work authorized by a building permit shall not relieve the applicant or holder of the permit from the payment of other fees that are prescribed by law.

109.5 Related Fees

STATE AMENDMENT
Payment of the building permit fee shall not relieve the applicant or holder of the permit from the payment of other fees that are prescribed by law.

109.6 Refunds

STATE AMENDMENT
The building official is authorized to establish a refund policy.
Construction or work for which a permit is required shall be subject to inspection by the building official and such construction or work shall remain accessible and exposed for inspection purposes until approved. Approval as a result of an inspection shall not be construed to be an approval of a violation of the provisions of this code or of other ordinances of the jurisdiction. Inspections presuming to give authority to violate or cancel the provisions of this code or of other ordinances of the jurisdiction shall not be valid. It shall be the duty of the permit applicant to cause the work to remain accessible and exposed for inspection purposes. Neither the building official nor the jurisdiction shall be liable for expense entailed in the removal or replacement of any material required to allow inspection.
Before issuing a permit, the building official is authorized to examine or cause to be examined buildings, structures and sites for which an application has been filed.

110.3 Required Inspections

STATE AMENDMENT
The building official, upon notification, shall make the inspections set forth in Sections 110.3.1 through 110.3.10.

110.3 Required Inspections

STATE AMENDMENT
The building official shall conduct inspections during construction intervals sufficient to ensure compliance with the provisions of this code which may include inspections set forth in sections 110.3.1 through 110.3.10 (Also see 110.4). The building official shall inform the applicant of the required points of inspection at the time of application.
Footing and foundation inspections shall be made after excavations for footings are complete and any required reinforcing steel is in place. For concrete foundations, any required forms shall be in place prior to inspection. Materials for the foundation shall be on the job, except where concrete is ready mixed in accordance with ASTM C 94, the concrete need not be on the job.
Concrete slab and under-floor inspections shall be made after in-slab or under-floor reinforcing steel and building service equipment, conduit, piping accessories and other ancillary equipment items are in place, but before any concrete is placed or floor sheathing installed, including the subfloor.
In flood hazard areas, upon placement of the lowest floor, including the basement, and prior to further vertical construction, the elevation certification required in Section 1612.5 shall be submitted to the building official.
Per Appendix G, in flood hazard zones and high hazard zones, upon placement of the lowest floor, including the basement, and prior to further vertical construction, the elevation certification required in Appendix G, shall be submitted to the building official.
Framing inspections shall be made after the roof deck or sheathing, all framing, fireblocking and bracing are in place and pipes, chimneys and vents to be concealed are complete and the rough electrical, plumbing, heating wires, pipes and ducts are approved.

Lath and gypsum board inspections shall be made after lathing and gypsum board, interior and exterior, is in place, but before any plastering is applied or gypsum board joints and fasteners are taped and finished.

Exception: Gypsum board that is not part of a fire-resistance-rated assembly or a shear assembly.

Protection of joints and penetrations in fire-resistance-rated assemblies, smoke barriers and smoke partitions shall not be concealed from view until inspected and approved.
Inspections shall be made to determine compliance with Chapter 13 and shall include, but not be limited to, inspections for: envelope insulation R- and U-values, fenestration U-value, duct system R-value, and HVAC and water-heating equipment efficiency.
In addition to the inspections specified above, the building official is authorized to make or require other inspections of any construction work to ascertain compliance with the provisions of this code and other laws that are enforced by the department of building safety.
For special inspections, see Section 1704.
The final inspection shall be made after all work required by the building permit is completed.

110.3.11 Workmanship

STATE AMENDMENT
All work shall be conducted, installed, protected and completed in a workmanlike and acceptable manner so as to secure the results intended by this code.
The building official is authorized to accept reports of approved inspection agencies, provided such agencies satisfy the requirements as to qualifications and reliability.

110.5 Inspection Requests

STATE AMENDMENT
It shall be the duty of the holder of the building permit or their duly authorized agent to notify the building official when work is ready for inspection. It shall be the duty of the permit holder to provide access to and means for inspections of such work that are required by this code.

110.5 Inspection Requests

STATE AMENDMENT
It shall be the duty of the holder of the building permit or their duly authorized agent to notify the building official when work is ready for inspection. It shall be the duty of the permit holder to provide access to and means for inspections of such work that are required by this code. The building official may require the permit holder or his representative to attend these inspections.
Work shall not be done beyond the point indicated in each successive inspection without first obtaining the approval of the building official. The building official, upon notification, shall make the requested inspections and shall either indicate the portion of the construction that is satisfactory as completed, or notify the permit holder or his or her agent wherein the same fails to comply with this code. Any portions that do not comply shall be corrected and such portion shall not be covered or concealed until authorized by the building official.

110.7 Periodic Inspections

STATE AMENDMENT
The building official shall inspect periodically existing buildings and structures and parts thereof in accordance with Table 110 entitled Schedule for Periodic Inspections of Existing Buildings. Such buildings shall not be occupied or continue to be occupied without a valid Certificate of Inspection. Periodic inspections required by this section do not apply to residences operated or licensed by the Massachusetts Department of Developmental Services and subject to 780 CMR One- and Two-family Dwellings.

Table 110
Schedule for Periodic Inspection of Existing Buildings

(See Chapters 3 and 4 for complete descriptions of use groups.)
Notes:
  1. When appropriate for A-2 uses, the inspection for the Certificate of Inspection should include and be timed to satisfy the requirements of M.G.L. c. 10, § 74.
  2. Building inspections in this use group may be performed by a qualified third party acceptable to the building official that includes but is not limited to: registered design professional or individuals with qualifications comparable to a building official as per section 103.
  3. One year for facilities licensed or operated by DMH.
  4. Prior to issuance of new certificate.
General Note: It isthe responsibility of building “owner”, as defined in Chapter 2, to meet the inspection requirements in this table for continued use and occupancy. The maximum certification period specified in the table is intended to provide administrative flexibility. For uses allowing more than one year maximum certification period, the building official may determine the certificate validity term. For example, an R-2 building could be certified for one, two, three, four or five years
Certificates of inspection for establishments intending to sell alcoholic beverages to be consumed on the premises shall be governed by M.G.L. c. 10, § 74 and the inspection schedule in section 110.7. The building official may issue a temporary inspection certificate, once co-signed by the building official and by the head of the fire department, effective to a date certain for the establishment.

111.1 Use and Occupancy

STATE AMENDMENT

No building or structure shall be used or occupied, and no change in the existing occupancy classification of a building or structure or portion thereof shall be made, until the building official has issued a certificate of occupancy therefor as provided herein. Issuance of a certificate of occupancy shall not be construed as an approval of a violation of the provisions of this code or of other ordinances of the jurisdiction.

Exception: Certificates of occupancy are not required for work exempt from permits under Section 105.2.

111.1 Use and Occupancy

STATE AMENDMENT
No building or structure shall be used or occupied, and no change in the existing occupancy classification of a building or structure or portion thereof shall be made, until the building official has issued a certificate of occupancy therefore as provided herein. Issuance of a certificate of occupancy shall not be construed as an approval of a violation of the provisions of this code or of other ordinances of the jurisdiction. Conformance to all applicable specialized codes of M.G.L. c. 143, § 96 is a requirement of the issuance of the Certificate of Use and Occupancy, including, when applicable, 310 CMR 7.00: Air Pollution Control, 310 CMR 15.00: the State Environmental Code, Title 5: Standard Requirements for the Siting, Construction, Inspection, Upgrade and Expansion of On-site Sewage Treatment and Disposal Systems and for the Transport and Disposal of Septage, 310 CMR 22.00: Drinking Water or 310 CMR 30.000: Hazardous Waste. The certificate shall not be issued until all the work has been completed in accordance with the provision of the approved permits and of the applicable codes for which a permit is required, except as provided in section 111.3.

Exception: Certificates of occupancy are not required for work exempt from permits under section 105.2
A building or structure, in whole or in part, altered to change from one use group to another, to a different use within the same use group, the maximum live load capacity, or the occupancy load capacity shall not be occupied or used until the certificate shall have been issued certifying that the work has been completed in accordance with the provisions of the approved permits and of the applicable codes for which a permit is required.
Certificate of occupancy inspections for Massachusetts licensed care facilities, including inspection of special building features required by the licensing agency, shall be limited to verifying compliance with the provisions of this code.

111.2 Certificate Issued

STATE AMENDMENT

After the building official inspects the building or structure and finds no violations of the provisions of this code or other laws that are enforced by the department of building safety, the building official shall issue a certificate of occupancy that contains the following:

1. The building permit number.

2. The address of the structure.

3. The name and address of the owner.

4. A description of that portion of the structure for which the certificate is issued.

5. A statement that the described portion of the structure has been inspected for compliance with the requirements of this code for the occupancy and division of occupancy and the use for which the proposed occupancy is classified.

6. The name of the building official.

7. The edition of the code under which the permit was issued.

8. The use and occupancy, in accordance with the provisions of Chapter 3.

9. The type of construction as defined in Chapter 6.

10. The design occupant load.

11. If an automatic sprinkler system is provided, whether the sprinkler system is required.

12. Any special stipulations and conditions of the building permit.

13. If the facility is licensed by a State agency, the name of the agency and the name and number of any relevant Code of Massachusetts Regulations (CMR) that apply regarding building features.

14. Prior to issuance of certificate of occupancy, the building official shall consult with the head of the fire department.

The building official is authorized to issue a temporary certificate of occupancy before the completion of the entire work covered by the permit, provided that such portion or portions shall be occupied safely. The building official shall set a time period during which the temporary certificate of occupancy is valid.
The building official is authorized to, in writing, suspend or revoke a certificate of occupancy or completion issued under the provisions of this code wherever the certificate is issued in error, or on the basis of incorrect information supplied, or where it is determined that the building or structure or portion thereof is in violation of any ordinance or regulation or any of the provisions of this code.

111.5 Posting

STATE AMENDMENT
Buildings and structures shall be posted for occupancy as noted in this section.
A copy of the certificate of occupancy shall be posted at the main entry or be made readily available for inspection.
A suitably designed placard, approved by the building officialshall be posted by the owner on all floors of every building and structure, except High Hazard, Factory, and I-3 use occupancies, as defined in Chapter 3. In addition to the per floor requirement, all rooms used as a place of assembly or as an R-1 sleeping space shall have the required egress posting. Said placard shall be securely fastened to the building or structure in a readily visible place, showing exiting paths per floor.
A placard suitably designed in contrasting colors and approved by the building official, shall be posted by the owner in every room where practicable of every building and structure and part thereof designed for use as a place of public assembly (use groups A). Said placard shall designate all of the occupant loads approved for each configuration within each room or space.
All posting signs shall be furnished by the owner and shall be of permanent design; they shall not be removed or defaced, and if lost, removed or defaced, shall be immediately replaced.
The building official may periodically inspect all existing buildings and structures except one and two family dwellings for compliance with this code in respect to posting; or he may accept the report of such inspections from a registered design professional or others certified by the BBRS; and such inspections and reports shall specify any violation of the posting requirements of this code.
No person shall make connections from a utility, source of energy, fuel or power to any building or system that is regulated by this code for which a permit is required, until released by the building official.

112.2 Temporary Connection

STATE AMENDMENT
The building official shall have the authority to authorize the temporary connection of the building or system to the utility source of energy, fuel or power.
The building official shall have the authority to authorize disconnection of utility service to the building, structure or system regulated by this code and the referenced codes and standards set forth in Section 101.4 in case of emergency where necessary to eliminate an immediate hazard to life or property or when such utility connection has been made without the approval required by Section 112.1 or 112.2. The building official shall notify the serving utility, and wherever possible the owner and occupant of the building, structure or service system of the decision to disconnect prior to taking such action. If not notified prior to disconnecting, the owner or occupant of the building, structure or service system shall be notified in writing, as soon as practical thereafter.
Reserved.

113.1 General

STATE AMENDMENT
In order to hear and decide appeals of orders, decisions or determinations made by the building official relative to the application and interpretation of this code, there shall be and is hereby created a board of appeals. The board of appeals shall be appointed by the applicable governing authority and shall hold office at its pleasure. The board shall adopt rules of procedure for conducting its business.

113.1 General

STATE AMENDMENT
Appeals of orders, decisions, determinations and failures to act made by any state or local agency or any person or state or local agency charged with the administration or enforcement of the state building code or any of its rules and regulations, except the specialized codes of M.G.L. c. 143, § 96 relative to the application and interpretation of this code shall be addressed by the building code appeals board in accordance with M.G.L. c. 143, § 100.
An application for appeal shall be based on a claim that the true intent of this code or the rules legally adopted thereunder have been incorrectly interpreted, the provisions of this code do not fully apply or an equally good or better form of construction is proposed. The board shall have no authority to waive requirements of this code.
Reserved.

113.3 Qualifications

STATE AMENDMENT
The board of appeals shall consist of members who are qualified by experience and training to pass on matters pertaining to building construction and are not employees of the jurisdiction.

113.3 Qualifications

STATE AMENDMENT
Reserved.

113.4.1 General

STATE AMENDMENT
If a city, region or town had not duly established by ordinance or bylaw or otherwise a local or regional building code board of appeals prior to January 1, 1975, said city, region or town may establish a local or regional board of appeals in accordance with section 113.0, referred to as the local board of appeals, consisting of not less than three nor more than five members appointed by the chief administrative officer of the city, region or town. Any appeal originating in a city or town that has a local board must be heard by the local board before being heard by the state building code appeals board.

113.4.2 Review

STATE AMENDMENT
Any person, including the State Building Code Appeals Board, aggrieved by a decision of the local board of appeals, whether or not a previous party to the decision, or any municipal officer or official board of the municipality, may, not later than 45 days after the mailing of the decision of the local board, apply to the State Building Code Appeals Board for a hearing de novo before the State Board, in accordance with section 113.
Each member of a local board of appeals established under M.G.L. c. 143, § 100 shall have had at least five years experience in the construction, alteration, repair and maintenance of building and building codes. At least one member shall be a registered structural or civil professional engineer and one member a licensed registered architect.
The board shall select one of its members to serve as chairman and a detailed record of all proceedings shall be kept on file in the building department

113.4.5 Absence of Members

STATE AMENDMENT
During the absence of a member of a local board of appeals for reason of disability or disqualification, the chief administrative officer of the city, region or town shall designate a substitute who shall meet the qualifications as outlined in section 113.0.

114.1 Unlawful Acts

STATE AMENDMENT
It shall be unlawful for any person, firm or corporation to erect, construct, alter, extend, repair, move, remove, demolish or occupy any building, structure or equipment regulated by this code, or cause same to be done, in conflict with or in violation of any of the provisions of this code.

114.1 Unlawful Acts

STATE AMENDMENT
It shall be unlawful for any person, firm or corporation to erect, construct, alter, extend, repair, move, remove, demolish, occupy or change the use or occupancy of any building, structure or equipment regulated by this code, or cause same to be done, in conflict with or in violation of any of the provisions of this code
The building official is authorized to serve a notice of violation or order on the person responsible for the erection, construction, alteration, extension, repair, moving, removal, demolition or occupancy of a building or structure in violation of the provisions of this code, or in violation of a permit or certificate issued under the provisions of this code. Such order shall direct the discontinuance of the illegal action or condition and the abatement of the violation.
Every notice or order authorized pursuant to 114.2 shall be in writing and shall be served on the person responsible:
  1. Personally, by any person authorized by the building official; or
  2. By any person authorized to serve civil process by leaving a copy of the order or notice at the responsible party’s last and usual place of business or abode; or
  3. By sending the party responsible or their agent authorized to accept service of process in the Massachusetts a copy of the order by registered or certified mail return receipt requested, if he is within the Massachusetts; or
  4. If the responsible party’s last and usual place of business or abode is unknown, by posting a copy of this order or notice in a conspicuous place on or about the premises in violation and by publishing it for at least three out of five consecutive days in one or more newspapers of general circulation wherein the building or premises affected is situated.
If the notice of violation is not complied with promptly, the building official is authorized to request the legal counsel of the jurisdiction to institute the appropriate proceeding at law or in equity to restrain, correct or abate such violation, or to require the removal or termination of the unlawful occupancy of the building or structure in violation of the provisions of this code or of the order or direction made pursuant thereto.

114.3 Enforcement

STATE AMENDMENT
Violations to this code shall be enforced in accordance with the applicable provisions of M.G.L. c. 143, §§ 6 through 10, M.G.L. c. 148, and M.G.L. c. 148A.

114.4 Violation Penalties

STATE AMENDMENT
Any person who violates a provision of this code or fails to comply with any of the requirements thereof or who erects, constructs, alters or repairs a building or structure in violation of the approved construction documents or directive of the building official, or of a permit or certificate issued under the provisions of this code, shall be subject to penalties as prescribed by law.

114.4 Violation Penalties

STATE AMENDMENT
Any person who violates a provision of this code or fails to comply with any of the requirements thereof or who erects, constructs, alters or repairs a building or structure, or makes a change of use in violation of the approved construction documents or directive of the building official, or of a permit or certificate issued under the provisions of this code, shall be subject to penalties as prescribed by law.
Whenever the building official finds any work regulated by this code being performed in a manner either contrary to the provisions of this code or dangerous or unsafe, the building official is authorized to issue a stop work order.
The stop work order shall be in writing and shall be given to the owner of the property involved, or to the owner’s agent, or to the person doing the work. Upon issuance of a stop work order, the cited work shall immediately cease. The stop work order shall state the reason for the order, and the conditions under which the cited work will be permitted to resume.
Any person who shall continue any work after having been served with a stop work order, except such work as that person is directed to perform to remove a violation or unsafe condition, shall be subject to penalties as prescribed by law.

116.1 Conditions

STATE AMENDMENT
Structures or existing equipment that are or hereafter become unsafe, insanitary or deficient because of inadequate means of egress facilities, inadequate light and ventilation, or which constitute a fire hazard, or are otherwise dangerous to human life or the public welfare, or that involve illegal or improper occupancy or inadequate maintenance, shall be deemed an unsafe condition. Unsafe structures shall be taken down and removed or made safe, as the building official deems necessary and as provided for in this section. A vacant structure that is not secured against entry shall be deemed unsafe.

116.1 General

STATE AMENDMENT
The provisions of this section are established by M.G.L. c. 143, §§ 3, 3A, and 59.

116.2 Record

STATE AMENDMENT
The building official shall cause a report to be filed on an unsafe condition. The report shall state the occupancy of the structure and the nature of the unsafe condition.

116.2 Inspection

STATE AMENDMENT
The building official immediatelyupon being informed byreport or otherwise that a building or other structure or anything attached thereto or connected therewith is dangerous to life or limb or that any building in that city or town is unused, uninhabited or abandoned, and open to the weather, shall inspect the same; and he shall forthwith in writing notify the owner to remove it or make it safe if it appears to him to be dangerous, or to make it secure if it is unused, uninhabited or abandoned and open to the weather. If it appears that such building or structure would be especially unsafe in case of fire, it shall be deemed dangerous within the meaning hereof, and the building official may affix in a conspicuous place upon its exterior walls a notice of its dangerous condition, which shall not be removed or defaced without authority from him.

116.3 Notice

STATE AMENDMENT
If an unsafe condition is found, the building official shall serve on the owner, agent or person in control of the structure, a written notice that describes the condition deemed unsafe and specifies the required repairs or improvements to be made to abate the unsafe condition, or that requires the unsafe structure to be demolished within a stipulated time. Such notice shall require the person thus notified to declare immediately to the building official acceptance or rejection of the terms of the order.
Any person so notified shall be allowed until 12:00 P.M. of the day following the service of the notice in which to begin to remove such building or structure or make it safe, or to make it secure, and he shall employ sufficient labor speedily to make it safe or remove it or to make it secure; but if the public safety so requires and if the mayor or selectmen so order, the building official may immediately enter upon the premises with the necessary workmen and assistants and cause such unsafe structure to be made safe or demolished without delay and a proper fence put up for the protection of passers-by, or to be made secure.

116.4 Method of Service

STATE AMENDMENT
Such notice shall be deemed properly served if a copy thereof is (a) delivered to the owner personally; (b) sent by certified or registered mail addressed to the owner at the last known address with the return receipt requested; or (c) delivered in any other manner as prescribed by local law. If the certified or registered letter is returned showing that the letter was not delivered, a copy thereof shall be posted in a conspicuous place in or about the structure affected by such notice. Service of such notice in the foregoing manner upon the owner’s agent or upon the person responsible for the structure shall constitute service of notice upon the owner.
If an owner of such unsafe structure refuses or neglects to comply with the requirements of such notice within the specified time limit, and such structure is not made safe or taken down as ordered therein, a careful survey of the premises shall be made by a board consisting; in a city, of a city engineer, the head of the fire department, as such term is defined in M.G.L. c. 148, § 1, and one disinterested person to be appointed by the building official; and, in a town of a surveyor, the head of the fire department and one disinterested person to be appointed by the building official. In the absence of any of the above officers or individuals, the mayor or selectmen shall designate one or more officers or other suitable persons in place of the officers so named as members of said board. A written report of such survey shall be made, and a copy thereof served on such owner.

116.5 Restoration

STATE AMENDMENT
The structure or equipment determined to be unsafe by the building official is permitted to be restored to a safe condition. To the extent that repairs, alterations or additions are made or a change of occupancy occurs during the restoration of the structure, such repairs, alterations, additions or change of occupancy shall comply with the requirements of Section 105.2.2 and Chapter 34.
If such survey report as outlined in section 116.4 declares such structure to be dangerous or to be unused, uninhabited or abandoned, and open to the weather, and if the owner continues such refusal or neglect, the building official shall cause it to be made safe or taken down or to be made secure; and, if the public safety so requires, said building official may at once enter the structure, the land on which it stands or the abutting land or buildings, with such assistance as he may require, and secure the same; and may remove and evict, under the pertinent provisions of M.G.L. c. 239, or otherwise, any tenant or occupant thereof; and may erect such protection for the public by proper fence or otherwise as may be necessary, and for this purpose may close a public highway. In the case of such demolition, the said building official shall cause such lot to be leveled to conform to adjacent grades with inorganic fill. The costs and charges incurred shall constitute a lien upon the land upon which the structure is located, and shall be enforced in an action of contract; and such owner shall, for every day's continuance of such refusal or neglect after being so notified, be punished by a fine in accordance with section 114. The provisions of M.G.L. c. 139, § 3A, paragraph two, relative to liens for such debt and the collection of claims for such debt shall apply to any debt referred to in this section, except that the said building official shall act hereunder in place of the mayor or board of selectmen. During the time such order is in effect, it shall be unlawful to use or occupy such structure or any portion thereof for any purpose.
Notwithstanding the provisions of section 114, an owner, aggrieved by such order may have the remedy prescribed by M.G.L. c. 139, § 2: provided that any provision of M.G.L. c. 139, § 2 shall not be construed so as to hinder, delay or prevent the building official from acting and proceeding under section 116; and provided, further, that this section shall not prevent the city or town from recovering the forfeiture provided in said section 116.5 from the date of the service of the original notice, unless the order is annulled by the jury.
Any owner of a building who has been notified that said building shall be made safe or secure under section 116.2, shall:
  1. Remove all materials determined by the head of the fire department or building official to be dangerous in case of fire.
  2. Secure all floors accessible from grade utilizing one of the following methods so long as such method is approved by the head of the fire department and building official in writing:

      a. Secure all window and door openings in accordance with the U.S. Fire Administration, National Arson Prevention Initiative Board Up Procedures (www.usfa.dhs.gov/downloads/pdf/publications/napi4.pdf) continuouslyuntil such time as the building is reoccupied; or

      b. Provide 24 hour watchman services, continuously until such time as the building is reoccupied; or

      c. Provide a monitored intruder alarm system at the perimeter of all floors accessible from grade, continuously until such time as the building is reoccupied.

    Said owner, as the case may be, shall notify the building official that the approved method chosen to secure the building has been incorporated. Said owner shall allow the building official to enter the building for an inspection to ascertain that the building is secured and made safe. Said ownershall allow the head of the fire department to enter the building. The building official shall be supplied with records of maintenance and operation if the provisions of section 116.7.2.b. or c. are used.
  3. Maintain any existing fire alarms or sprinkler systems unless written permission is obtained from the head of the fire department in accordance with M.G.L. c. 148, § 27A to shut off or disconnect said alarms or systems.
  4. Maintain utilities unless written permission is obtained from the building official to disconnect said utilities. Permission to disconnect utilities shall not be granted if it will result in inadequate heat to prevent freezing of an automatic sprinkler system or inadequate utilities to maintain any other protection systems.
  5. The requirements of section 116.7.1. through 4. do not prevent a building official from ordering or taking expeditious, temporarysecuritymeasures in emergency situations pending the completion of the requirements of section 116.7.1. through 4.
For the purposes of section 116., an "emergency situation” shall be defined as: an unexpected incident, which by its very nature may present a threat to public safety personnel who may be required to affect a rescue effort or conduct fire extinguishment operations.

Upon refusal or neglect of said ownerto complywith such notice, anybuilding official acting under the authority of section 116.3 or 116.5, shall cause to be secured all window and door openings accessible from grade in accordance with the U.S. Fire Administration, National Arson Prevention Initiative Board-up Procedures or other equivalent procedure approved by the head of the fire department, continuously until such time as the building is reoccupied.

Any building which has been made to conform to the provisions of section 116.7 during vacancy may be reoccupied under its last permitted use and occupancy classification, provided that anysystems which were disconnected or shut down during the period of vacancy are restored to fully functional condition and subject to section 105 and M.G.L. c. 40A. The local building official shall be notified in writing prior to re-occupancy. If said building is changed in use or occupancy or otherwise renovated or altered it shall be subject to the applicable provisions of section 34.
Any building official who determines that a building is especially unsafe in case of fire under section 116.2, shall notify the head of the fire department about the existence of said building. The building official, in cooperation with the head of the fire department, shall cause said building to be marked in accordance with the marking requirements established by the Board of Fire Prevention Regulations in 527 CMR 10.00: Fire Prevention, General Provisions.
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