Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.
The inspection, testing, and maintenance of systems, their initiating devices, and notification appliances shall comply with the requirements of this chapter.
The inspection, testing, and maintenance of single- and multiple-station smoke and heat alarms and household fire alarm systems shall comply with the requirements of this chapter.
Procedures that are required by other parties and that exceed the requirements of this chapter shall be permitted.
The requirements of this chapter shall apply to both new and existing systems.
The requirements of Chapter 7 shall apply where referenced in Chapter 14.
The purpose for initial and reacceptance inspections is to ensure compliance with approved design documents and to ensure installation in accordance with this Code and other required installation standards.
The purpose for initial and reacceptance tests of fire alarm and signaling systems is to ensure system operation in accordance with the design documents.
The purpose for periodic inspections is to assure that obvious damages or changes that might affect the system operability are visually identified.
The purpose for periodic testing is to statistically assure operational reliability.
To ensure operational integrity, the system shall have an inspection, testing, and maintenance program.
Inspection, testing, and maintenance programs shall satisfy the requirements of this Code and conform to the equipment manufacturer's published instructions.
Inspection, testing, and maintenance programs shall verify correct operation of the system.
The requirements of Section 10.20 shall be applicable when a system is impaired.
System deficiencies shall be corrected.
If a deficiency is not corrected at the conclusion of system inspection, testing, or maintenance, the system owner or the owner's designated representative shall be informed of the impairment in writing within 24 hours.
In the event that any equipment is observed to be part of a recall program, the system owner or the system owner's designated representative shall be notified in writing.
The property or building or system owner or the owner's designated representative shall be responsible for inspection, testing, and maintenance of the system and for alterations or additions to this system.
Where the property owner is not the occupant, the property owner shall be permitted to delegate the authority and responsibility for inspecting, testing, and maintaining the fire protection systems to the occupant, management firm, or managing individual through specific provisions in the lease, written use agreement, or management contract.
Inspection, testing, or maintenance shall be permitted to be done by the building or system owner or a person or organization other than the building or system owner if conducted under a written contract.
Where the building or system owner has delegated any responsibilities for inspection, testing, or maintenance, a copy of the written delegation required by 14.2.3.3 shall be provided to the authority having jurisdiction upon request.
Testing and maintenance of central station service systems shall be performed under the contractual arrangements specified in 26.3.3.
Service personnel shall be qualified and experienced in accordance with the requirements of 10.5.3.
Before proceeding with any testing, all persons and facilities receiving alarm, supervisory, or trouble signals and all building occupants shall be notified of the testing to prevent unnecessary response.
At the conclusion of testing, those previously notified (and others, as necessary) shall be notified that testing has been concluded.
The owner or the owner's designated representative and service personnel shall coordinate system testing to prevent interruption of critical building systems or equipment.
Prior to system maintenance or testing, the record of completion and any information required by Chapter 7 regarding the system and system alterations, including specifications, wiring diagrams, and floor plans, shall be provided by the owner or a designated representative to the service personnel upon request.
The provided documentation shall include the current revisions of all fire alarm software and the revisions of software of any systems with which the fire alarm software interfaces.
The revisions of fire alarm software, and the revisions of the software in the systems with which the fire alarm software interfaces, shall be verified for compatibility in accordance with the requirements of 23.2.2.1.1.
Requirements pertinent to testing the fire alarm systems initiating fire suppression system releasing functions shall be covered by 14.2.6.1 through 14.2.6.6.
Testing personnel shall be qualified and experienced in the specific arrangement and operation of a suppression system(s) and a releasing function(s) and shall be cognizant of the hazards associated with inadvertent system discharge.
Occupant notification shall be required whenever a fire alarm system configured for releasing service is being serviced or tested.
Discharge testing of suppression systems shall not be required by this Code.
Suppression systems shall be secured from inadvertent actuation, including disconnection of releasing solenoids or electric actuators, closing of valves, other actions, or combinations thereof, for the specific system, for the duration of the fire alarm system testing.
Testing shall include verification that the releasing circuits and components energized or actuated by the fire alarm system are electrically monitored for integrity and operate as intended on alarm.
Suppression systems and releasing components shall be returned to their functional operating condition upon completion of system testing.
Testing personnel shall be qualified and experienced in the arrangement and operation of interface equipment and emergency control functions.
Testing shall be accomplished in accordance with Table 14.4.3.2.
Automated testing arrangements that provide equivalent means of testing devices to those specified in Table 14.4.3.2 at a frequency at least equivalent to those specified in Table 14.4.3.2 shall be permitted to be used to comply with the requirements of this chapter.
Failure of a device on an automated test shall result in an audible and visual trouble signal.
As an alternate means of compliance, subject to the authority having jurisdiction, components and systems shall be permitted to be inspected and tested under a performance-based program.
A test plan shall be written to clearly establish the scope of the testing for the fire alarm or signaling system.
The test plan and results shall be documented with the testing records.
Unless otherwise permitted by 14.3.2, visual inspections shall be performed in accordance with the schedules in Table 14.3.1 or more often if required by the authority having jurisdiction.

Table 14.3.1 Visual Inspection

Component Initial Acceptance Periodic Frequency Method Reference
1. All equipment X Annual Ensure there are no changes that affect equipment performance. Inspect for building modifications, occupancy changes, changes in environmental conditions, device location, physical obstructions, device orientation, physical damage, and degree of cleanliness. 14.3.4
2. Control equipment:        
(a) Fire alarm systems monitored for alarm, supervisory, and trouble signals     Verify a system normal condition.  
(1) Fuses X Annual    
(2) Interfaced equipment X Annual    
(3) Lamps and LEDs X Annual    
(4) Primary (main) power supply X Annual    
(5) Trouble signals X Semiannual    
(b) Fire alarm systems unmonitored for alarm, supervisory, and trouble signals     Verify a system normal condition.  
(1) Fuses X Weekly    
(2) Interfaced equipment X Weekly    
(3) Lamps and LEDs X Weekly    
(4) Primary (main) power supply X Weekly    
(5) Trouble signals X Weekly    
3. Reserved
4. Supervising station alarm systemstransmitters     Verify location, physical condition, and a system normal condition.  
(a) Digital alarm communicator transmitter (DACT) X Annual    
(b) Digital alarm radio transmitter (DART) X Annual    
(c) McCulloh X Annual    
(d) Radio alarm transmitter (RAT) X Annual    
(e) All other types of communicators X Annual    
5. In-building fire emergency voice/alarm communications equipment X Semiannual Verify location and condition.  
6. Reserved
7. Reserved
8. Reserved
9. Batteries     Inspect for corrosion or leakage. Verify tightness of connections. Verify marking of the month/year of manufacture (all types). 10.6.10
(a) Lead-acid X Monthly Visually inspect electrolyte level.  
(b) Nickel-cadmium X Semiannual    
(c) Primary (dry cell) X Monthly    
(d) Sealed lead-acid X Semiannual    
10. Reserved
11. Remote annunciators X Semiannual Verify location and condition.  
12. Notification appliance circuit power extenders X Annual Verify proper fuse ratings, if any. Verify that lamps and LEDs indicate normal operating status of the equipment. 10.6
13. Remote power supplies X Annual Verify proper fuse ratings, if any. Verify that lamps and LEDs indicate normal operating status of the equipment. 10.6
14. Transient suppressors X Semiannual Verify location and condition.  
15. Reserved
16. Fiber-optic cable connections X Annual Verify location and condition.  
17. Initiating devices     Verify location and condition (all devices).  
(a) Air sampling
(1) General X Semiannual Verify that in-line filters, if any, are clean. 17.7.3.6
(2) Sampling system piping and sampling ports X N/A Verify that sampling system piping and fittings are installed properly, appear airtight, and are permanently fixed. Confirm that sampling pipe is conspicuously identified. Verify that sample ports or points are not obstructed. 17.7.3.6
(b) Duct detectors
(1) General X Semiannual Verify that detector is rigidly mounted. Confirm that no penetrations in a return air duct exist in the vicinity of the detector. Confirm the detector is installed so as to sample the airstream at the proper location in the duct. 17.7.5.5
(2) Sampling tube X Annual Verify proper orientation. Confirm the sampling tube protrudes into the duct in accordance with system design. 17.7.5.5
(c) Electromechanical releasing devices X Semiannual    
(d) Fire extinguishing system(s) or suppression system(s) switches X Semiannual    
(e) Manual fire alarm boxes X Semiannual    
(f) Heat detectors X Semiannual    
(g) Radiant energy fire detectors X Quarterly Verify no point requiring detection is obstructed or outside the detector's field of view. 17.8
(h) Video image smoke and fire detectors X Quarterly Verify no point requiring detection is obstructed or outside the detector's field of view. 17.7.7; 17.11.5
(i) Smoke detectors (excluding one- and two-family dwellings) X Semiannual    
(j) Projected beam smoke detectors X Semiannual Verify beam path is unobstructed.  
(k) Supervisory signal devices X Quarterly    
(l) Waterflow devices X Quarterly    
18. Reserved
19. Combination systems     Verify location and condition (all types).  
(a) Fire extinguisher electronic monitoring device/systems X Semiannual    
(b) Carbon monoxide detectors/systems X Semiannual    
20. Fire alarm control interface and emergency control function interface X Semiannual Verify location and condition.  
21. Guard's tour equipment X Semiannual Verify location and condition.  
22. Notification appliances     Verify location and condition (all appliances).  
(a) Audible appliances X Semiannual    
(b) Audible textual notification appliances X Semiannual    
(c) Visible appliances        
(1) General X Semiannual   18.5.5
(2) Candela rating X N/A Verify that the candela rating marking agrees with the approved drawings. 18.5.5
23. Exit marking audible notification appliances X Semiannual Verify location and condition.  
24. Reserved
25. Area of refuge two-way communication system X Annual Verify location and condition.  
26. Reserved        
27. Supervising station alarm systems — receivers        
(a) Signal receipt X Daily Verify receipt of signal.  
(b) Receivers X Annual Verify location and normal condition  
28. Public emergency alarm reporting system transmission equipment     Verify location and condition.  
(a) Publicly accessible alarm box X Semiannual    
(b) Auxiliary box X Annual    
(c) Master box        
(1) Manual operation X Semiannual    
(2) Auxiliary operation X Annual    
29. Reserved        
30. Mass notification system        
(a) Monitored for integrity     Verify a system normal condition.  
(1) Control equipment        
(i) Fuses X Annual    
(ii) Interfaces X Annual    
(iii) Lamps/LED X Annual    
(iv) Primary (main) power supply X Annual    
(2) Secondary power batteries X Annual    
(3) Initiating devices X Annual    
(4) Notification appliances X Annual    
(b) Not monitored for integrity; installed prior to adoption of the 2010 edition     Verify a system normal condition.  
(1) Control equipment        
(i) Fuses X Semiannual    
(ii) Interfaces X Semiannual    
(iii) Lamps/LED X Semiannual    
(iv) Primary (main) power supply X Semiannual    
(2) Secondary power batteries X Semiannual    
(3) Initiating devices X Semiannual    
(4) Notification appliances X Semiannual    
(c) Antenna X Annual Verify location and condition.  
(d) Transceivers X Annual Verify location and condition.  

Note: N/A = not applicable, no minimum requirement established.

Devices or equipment that is inaccessible for safety considerations (e.g., continuous process operations, energized electrical equipment, radiation, and excessive height) shall be permitted to be inspected during scheduled shutdowns if approved by the authority having jurisdiction.
Extended intervals shall not exceed 18 months.
Initial and reacceptance inspections shall be made to ensure compliance with approved design documents and to ensure installation in accordance with this Code and other required installation standards.
Periodic visual inspections in accordance with Table 14.3.1 shall be made to assure that there are no changes that affect equipment performance.
All new systems shall be inspected and tested in accordance with the requirements of Chapter 14.
The authority having jurisdiction shall be notified prior to the initial acceptance test.
When an initiating device, notification appliance, or control relay is added, it shall be functionally tested.
When an initiating device, notification appliance, or control relay is deleted, another device, appliance, or control relay on the circuit shall be operated.
When modifications or repairs to control equipment hardware are made, the control equipment shall be tested in accordance with Table 14.4.3.2, items 2(a) and 2(d).
When changes are made to site-specific software, the following shall apply:
  1. All functions known to be affected by the change, or identified by a means that indicates changes, shall be 100 percent tested.
  2. In addition, 10 percent of initiating devices that are not directly affected by the change, up to a maximum of 50 devices, also shall be tested and correct system operation shall be verified.
  3. A revised record of completion in accordance with 7.5.6 shall be prepared to reflect these changes.
Changes to the system executive software shall require a 10 percent functional test of the system, including a test of at least one device on each input and output circuit to verify critical system functions such as notification appliances, control functions, and off-premises reporting.
At the request of the authority having jurisdiction, the central station facility installation shall be inspected for complete information regarding the central station system, including specifications, wiring diagrams, and floor plans that have been submitted for approval prior to installation of equipment and wiring.
Systems and associated equipment shall be tested according to Table 14.4.3.2.

Table 14.4.3.2 Testing

Component Initial Acceptance Periodic Frequency Method
1. All equipment X   See Table 14.3.1.
2. Control equipment and transponder
(a) Functions X Annually Verify correct receipt of alarm, supervisory, and trouble signals (inputs); operation of evacuation signals and auxiliary functions (outputs); circuit supervision, including detection of open circuits and ground faults; and power supply supervision for detection of loss of ac power and disconnection of secondary batteries.
(b) Fuses X Annually Verify rating and supervision.
(c) Interfaced equipment X Annually Verify integrity of single or multiple circuits providing interface between two or more control units. Test interfaced equipment connections by operating or simulating operation of the equipment being supervised. Verify signals required to be transmitted at the control unit.
(d) Lamps and LEDs X Annually Illuminate lamps and LEDs.
(e) Primary (main) power supply X Annually Test under maximum load, including all alarm appliances requiring simultaneous operation. Test redundant power supplies separately.
3. Fire alarm control unit trouble signals
(a) Audible and visual X Annually Verify operation of control unit trouble signals. Verify ring-back feature for systems using a trouble-silencing switch that requires resetting.
(b) Disconnect switches X Annually If control unit has disconnect or isolating switches, verify performance of intended function of each switch. Verify receipt of trouble signal when a supervised function is disconnected.
(c) Ground-fault monitoring circuit X Annually If the system has a ground detection feature, verify the occurrence of ground-fault indication whenever any installation conductor is grounded.
(d) Transmission of signals to off-premises location X Annually Actuate an initiating device and verify receipt of alarm signal at the off-premises location.
Create a trouble condition and verify receipt of a trouble signal at the off-premises location.
Actuate a supervisory device and verify receipt of a supervisory signal at the off-premises location. If a transmission carrier is capable of operation under a single- or multiple-fault condition, activate an initiating device during such fault condition and verify receipt of an alarm signal and a trouble signal at the off-premises location.
4. Supervising station alarm systems — transmission Equipment
(a) All equipment X Annually aTest all system functions and features in accordance with the equipment manufacturer's published instructions for correct operation in conformance with the applicable sections of Chapter 26.
Except for DACT, actuate initiating device and verify receipt of the correct initiating device signal at the supervising station within 90 seconds. Upon completion of the test, restore the system to its functional operating condition.
If test jacks are used, conduct the first and last tests without the use of the test jack.
(b) Digital alarm communicator transmitter (DACT) X Annually Except for DACTs installed prior to adoption of the 2013 edition of NFPA 72 that are connected to a telephone line (number) that is also supervised for adverse conditions by a derived local channel, ensure connection of the DACT to two separate means of transmission.
Test DACT for line seizure capability by initiating a signal while using the telephone line (primary line for DACTs using two telephone lines) for a telephone call. Ensure that the call is interrupted and that the communicator connects to the digital alarm receiver. Verify receipt of the correct signal at the supervising station. Verify each transmission attempt is completed within 90 seconds from going off-hook to on-hook.
Disconnect the telephone line (primary line for DACTs using two telephone lines) from the DACT. Verify indication of the DACT trouble signal occurs at the premises fire alarm control unit within 4 minutes of detection of the fault. Verify receipt of the telephone line trouble signal at the supervising station. Restore the telephone line (primary line for DACTs using two telephone lines), reset the fire alarm control unit, and verify that the telephone line fault trouble signal returns to normal. Verify that the supervising station receives the restoral signal from the DACT.
Disconnect the secondary means of transmission from the DACT. Verify indication of the DACT trouble signal occurs at the premises fire alarm control unit within 4 minutes of detection of the fault. Verify receipt of the secondary means trouble signal at the supervising station. Restore the secondary means of transmission, reset the fire alarm control unit, and verify that the trouble signal returns to normal. Verify that the supervising station receives the restoral signal from the secondary transmitter.
Cause the DACT to transmit a signal to the DACR while a fault in the telephone line (number) (primary line for DACTs using two telephone lines) is simulated. Verify utilization of the secondary communication path by the DACT to complete the transmission to the DACR.
(c) Digital alarm radio transmitter (DART) X Annually Disconnect the primary telephone line. Verify transmission of a trouble signal to the supervising station by the DART occurs within 4 minutes.
(d) McCulloh transmitter X Annually Actuate initiating device. Verify production of not less than three complete rounds of not less than three signal impulses each by the McCulloh transmitter.
      If end-to-end metallic continuity is present and with a balanced circuit, cause each of the following four transmission channel fault conditions in turn, and verify receipt of correct signals at the supervising station:
      (1) Open
      (2) Ground
      (3) Wire-to-wire short
      (4) Open and ground
      If end-to-end metallic continuity is not present and with a properly balanced circuit, cause each of the following three transmission channel fault conditions in turn, and verify receipt of correct signals at the supervising station:
      (1) Open
      (2) Ground
      (3) Wire-to-wire short
(e) Radio alarm transmitter (RAT) X Annually Cause a fault between elements of the transmitting equipment. Verify indication of the fault at the protected premises, or transmission of trouble signal to the supervising station.
(f) Performance-based technologies X Annually Perform tests to ensure the monitoring of integrity of the transmission technology and technology path. Where shared communications equipment is used as permitted by 26.6.3.1.14, provided secondary (standby) power sources shall be tested in accordance with Table 14.4.3.2, item 7, 8, or 9, as applicable.
Where a single communications path is used, disconnect the communication path. Manually initiate an alarm signal transmission or allow the check-in (handshake) signal to be transmitted automatically.b Verify the premises unit annunciates the failure within 200 seconds of the transmission failure. Restore the communication path.
Where multiple communication paths are used, disconnect both communication paths. Manually initiate an alarm signal transmission. Verify the premises control unit annunciates the failure within 200 seconds of the transmission failure. Restore both communication paths.
5. Emergency communications equipment      
(a) Amplifier/tone generators X Annually Verify correct switching and operation of backup equipment.
(b) Call-in signal silence X Annually Operate/function and verify receipt of correct visual and audible signals at control unit.
(c) Off-hook indicator (ring down) X Annually Install phone set or remove phone from hook and verify receipt of signal at control unit.
(d) Phone jacks X Annually Visually inspect phone jack and initiate communications path through jack.
(e) Phone set X Annually Activate each phone set and verify correct operation.
(f) System performance X Annually Operate the system with a minimum of any five handsets simultaneously. Verify voice quality and clarity.
6. Engine-driven generator X Monthly If an engine-driven generator dedicated to the system is used as a required power source, verify operation of the generator in accordance with NFPA 110 by the building owner.
7. Secondary (standby) power supplyc X Annually Disconnect all primary (main) power supplies and verify the occurrence of required trouble indication for loss of primary power. Measure or verify the system's standby and alarm current demand and verify the ability of batteries to meet standby and alarm requirements using manufacturer's data. Operate general alarm systems a minimum of 5 minutes and emergency voice communications systems for a minimum of 15 minutes. Reconnect primary (main) power supply at end of test.
8. Uninterruptible power supply (UPS) X Annually If a UPS system dedicated to the system is used as a required power source, verify by the building owner operation of the UPS system in accordance with NFPA 111.
9. Battery tests Prior to conducting any battery testing, verify by the person conducting the test, that all system software stored in volatile memory is protected from loss.
(a) Lead-acid type      
(1) Battery replacement X Annually Replace batteries in accordance with the recommendations of the alarm equipment manufacturer or when the recharged battery voltage or current falls below the manufacturer's recommendations.
(2) Charger test X Annually With the batteries fully charged and connected to the charger, measure the voltage across the batteries with a voltmeter. Verify the voltage is 2.30 volts per cell ±0.02 volts at 77°F (25°C) or as specified by the equipment manufacturer.
(3) Discharge test X Annually With the battery charger disconnected, load test the batteries following the manufacturer's recommendations. Verify the voltage level does not fall below the levels specified. Load testing can be by means of an artificial load equal to the full fire alarm load connected to the battery.
(4) Load voltage test X Semiannually With the battery charger disconnected, load test the batteries following the manufacturer's recommendations. Verify the voltage level does not fall below the levels specified. Load testing can be by means of an artificial load equal to the full fire alarm load connected to the battery. Verify the battery does not fall below 2.05 volts per cell under load.
(5) Specific gravity X Semiannually Measure as required the specific gravity of the liquid in the pilot cell or all of the cells. Verify the specific gravity is within the range specified by the manufacturer. Although the specified specific gravity varies from manufacturer to manufacturer, a range of 1.205—1.220 is typical for regular lead-acid batteries, while 1.240—1.260 is typical for high-performance batteries. Do not use a hydrometer that shows only a pass or fail condition of the battery and does not indicate the specific gravity, because such a reading does not give a true indication of the battery condition.
(b) Nickel-cadmium type      
(1) Battery replacement X Annually Replace batteries in accordance with the recommendations of the alarm equipment manufacturer or when the recharged battery voltage or current falls below the manufacturer's recommendations.
(2) Charger testd X Annually With the batteries fully charged and connected to the charger, place an ampere meter in series with the battery under charge. Verify the charging current is in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations for the type of battery used. In the absence of specific information, use 1/30 to 1/25 of the battery rating.
(3) Discharge test X Annually With the battery charger disconnected, load test the batteries following the manufacturer's recommendations. Verify the voltage level does not fall below the levels specified. Load testing can be by means of an artificial load equal to the full fire alarm load connected to the battery.
(4) Load voltage test X Semiannually With the battery charger disconnected, load test the batteries following the manufacturer's recommendations. Verify the voltage level does not fall below the levels specified. Load testing can be by means of an artificial load equal to the full fire alarm load connected to the battery. Verify the float voltage for the entire battery is 1.42 volts per cell, nominal, under load. If possible, measure cells individually.
(c) Sealed lead-acid type      
(1) Battery replacement X Annually Replace batteries in accordance with the recommendations of the alarm equipment manufacturer or when the recharged battery voltage or current falls below the manufacturer's recommendations.
(2) Charger test X Annually With the batteries fully charged and connected to the charger, measure the voltage across the batteries with a voltmeter. Verify the voltage is 2.30 volts per cell ±0.02 volts at 77°F (25°C) or as specified by the equipment manufacturer.
(3) Discharge test X Annually With the battery charger disconnected, load test the batteries following the manufacturer's recommendations. Verify the voltage level does not fall below the levels specified. Load testing can be by means of an artificial load equal to the full fire alarm load connected to the battery.
(4) Load voltage test X Semiannually Verify the battery performs under load, in accordance with the battery manufacturer's specifications.
10. Public emergency alarm reporting system — wired system X Daily Manual tests of the power supply for public reporting circuits shall be made and recorded at least once during each 24-hour period. Such tests shall include the following:
      (1) Current strength of each circuit. Changes in current of any circuit exceeding 10 percent shall be investigated immediately.
      (2) Voltage across terminals of each circuit inside of terminals of protective devices. Changes in voltage of any circuit exceeding 10 percent shall be investigated immediately.
      (3)e Voltage between ground and circuits. If this test shows a reading in excess of 50 percent of that shown in the test specified in (2), the trouble shall be immediately located and cleared. Readings in excess of 25 percent shall be given early attention. These readings shall be taken with a calibrated voltmeter of not more than 100 ohms resistance per volt. Systems in which each circuit is supplied by an independent current source (Forms 3 and 4) require tests between ground and each side of each circuit. Common current source systems (Form 2) require voltage tests between ground and each terminal of each battery and other current source.
      (4) Ground current reading shall be permitted in lieu of (3). If this method of testing is used, all grounds showing a current reading in excess of 5 percent of the supplied line current shall be given immediate attention.
      (5) Voltage across terminals of common battery on switchboard side of fuses.
      (6) Voltage between common battery terminals and ground. Abnormal ground readings shall be investigated immediately.
      Tests specified in (5) and (6) shall apply only to those systems using a common battery. If more than one common battery is used, each common battery shall be tested.
11. Remote annunciators X Annually Verify the correct operation and identification of annunciators. If provided, verify the correct operation of annunciator under a fault condition.
12. Reserved
13. Reserved
14. Reserved
15. Conductors — metallic
(a) Stray voltage X N/A Test all installation conductors with a volt/ohmmeter to verify that there are no stray (unwanted) voltages between installation conductors or between installation conductors and ground. Verify the maximum allowable stray voltage does not exceed 1 volt ac/dc, unless a different threshold is specified in the published manufacturer's instructions for the installed equipment.
(b) Ground faults X N/A Test all installation conductors, other than those intentionally and permanently grounded, for isolation from ground per the installed equipment manufacturer's published instructions.
(c) Short-circuit faults X N/A Test all installation conductors, other than those intentionally connected together, for conductor-to-conductor isolation per the published manufacturer's instructions for the installed equipment. Also test these same circuits conductor-to-ground.
(d) Loop resistance X N/A With each initiating and indicating circuit installation conductor pair short-circuited at the far end, measure and record the resistance of each circuit. Verify that the loop resistance does not exceed the limits specified in the published manufacturer's instructions for the installed equipment.
(e) Circuit integrity X N/A For initial and reacceptance testing, confirm the introduction of a fault in any circuit monitored for integrity results in a trouble indication at the fire alarm control unit. Open one connection at not less than 10 percent of the initiating devices, notification appliances and controlled devices on every initiating device circuit, notification appliance circuit, and signaling line circuit. Confirm all circuits perform as indicated in Sections 23.5, 23.6, and 23.7.
N/A Annually For periodic testing, test each initiating device circuit, notification appliance circuit, and signaling line circuit for correct indication at the control unit. Confirm all circuits perform as indicated in Sections 23.5, 23.6, and 23.7.
16. Conductors — nonmetallic
(a) Fiber optics X N/A Test the fiber-optic transmission line by the use of an optical power meter or by an optical time domain reflectometer used to measure the relative power loss of the line. Test result data must meet or exceed ANSI/TIA 568-C.3, Optical Fiber Cabling Components Standard, related to fiber-optic lines and connection/splice losses and the control unit manufacturer's published specifications.
(b) Circuit integrity X N/A For initial and reacceptance testing, confirm the introduction of a fault in any circuit monitored for integrity results in a trouble indication at the fire alarm control unit. Open one connection at not less than 10 percent of the initiating devices, notification appliances, and controlled devices on every initiating device circuit, notification appliance circuit, and signaling line circuit. Confirm all circuits perform as indicated in Sections 23.5, 23.6, and 23.7.
N/A Annually For periodic testing, test each initiating device circuit, notification appliance circuit, and signaling line circuit for correct indication at the control unit. Confirm all circuits perform as indicated in Sections 23.5, 23.6, and 23.7.
17. Initiating devicesf
(a) Electromechanical releasing device      
(1) Nonrestorable-type link X Annually Verify correct operation by removal of the fusible link and operation of the associated device. Lubricate any moving parts as necessary.
(2) Restorable-type linkg X Annually Verify correct operation by removal of the fusible link and operation of the associated device. Lubricate any moving parts as necessary.
(b) Fire extinguishing system(s) or suppression system(s) alarm switch X Annually Operate the switch mechanically or electrically and verify receipt of signal by the fire alarm control unit.
(c) Fire-gas and other detectors X Annually Test fire-gas detectors and other fire detectors as prescribed by the manufacturer and as necessary for the application.
(d) Heat detectors
(1) Fixed-temperature, rate-of-rise, rate of compensation, restorable line, spot type (excluding pneumatic tube type) X Annually (see 14.4.4.5) Perform heat test with a listed and labeled heat source or in accordance with the manufacturer's published instructions. Assure that the test method for the installed equipment does not damage the nonrestorable fixed-temperature element of a combination rate-of-rise/fixed-temperature element detector.
(2) Fixed-temperature, nonrestorable line type X Annually Do not perform heat test. Test functionality mechanically and electrically. Measure and record loop resistance. Investigate changes from acceptance test.
(3) Fixed-temperature, nonrestorable spot type X See Method After 15 years from initial installation, replace all devices or have 2 detectors per 100 laboratory tested. Replace the 2 detectors with new devices. If a failure occurs on any of the detectors removed, remove and test additional detectors to determine either a general problem involving faulty detectors or a localized problem involving 1 or 2 defective detectors.
      If detectors are tested instead of replaced, repeat tests at intervals of 5 years.
(4) Nonrestorable (general) X Annually Do not perform heat tests. Test functionality mechanically and electrically.
(5) Restorable line type, pneumatic tube only X Annually Perform heat tests (where test chambers are in circuit), with a listed and labeled heat source or in accordance with the manufacturer's published instructions of the detector or conduct a test with pressure pump.
(6) Single- and multiple-station heat alarms X Annually Conduct functional tests according to manufacturer's published instructions. Do not test nonrestorable heat detectors with heat.
(e) Manual fire alarm boxes X Annually Operate manual fire alarm boxes per the manufacturer's published instructions. Test both key-operated presignal and general alarm manual fire alarm boxes.
(f) Radiant energy fire detectors X Semiannually Test flame detectors and spark/ember detectors in accordance with the manufacturer's published instructions to determine that each detector is operative.
      Determine flame detector and spark/ember detector sensitivity using any of the following:
      (1) Calibrated test method
      (2) Manufacturer's calibrated sensitivity test instrument
      (3) Listed control unit arranged for the purpose
      (4) Other approved calibrated sensitivity test method that is directly proportional to the input signal from a fire, consistent with the detector listing or approval
      If designed to be field adjustable, replace detectors found to be outside of the approved range of sensitivity or adjust to bring them into the approved range.
      Do not determine flame detector and spark/ember detector sensitivity using a light source that administers an unmeasured quantity of radiation at an undefined distance from the detector.
(g) Smoke detectors — functional test      
(1) In other than one- and two-family dwellings, system detectors X Annually hTest smoke detectors in place to ensure smoke entry into the sensing chamber and an alarm response. Use smoke or a listed and labeled product acceptable to the manufacturer or in accordance with their published instructions. Other methods listed in the manufacturer's published instructions that ensure smoke entry from the protected area, through the vents, into the sensing chamber can be used.
(2) Single- and multiple-station smoke alarms connected to protected premises systems X Annually Perform a functional test on all single- and multiple-station smoke alarms connected to a protected premises fire alarm system by putting the smoke alarm into an alarm condition and verifying that the protected premises system receives a supervisory signal and does not cause a fire alarm signal.
(3) System smoke detectors used in one- and two-family dwellings X Annually Conduct functional tests according to manufacturer's published instructions.
(4) Air sampling X Annually Test with smoke or a listed and labeled product acceptable to the manufacturer or in accordance with their published instructions. Test from the end sampling port or point on each pipe run. Verify airflow through all other ports or points.
(5) Duct type X Annually In addition to the testing required in Table 14.4.3.2(g) (1) and Table 14.4.3.2(h), test duct smoke detectors that use sampling tubes to ensure that they will properly sample the airstream in the duct using a method acceptable to the manufacturer or in accordance with their published instructions.
(6) Projected beam type X Annually Test the detector by introducing smoke, other aerosol, or an optical filter into the beam path.
(7) Smoke detector with built-in thermal element X Annually Operate both portions of the detector independently as described for the respective devices.
(8) Smoke detectors with control output functions X Annually Verify that the control capability remains operable even if all of the initiating devices connected to the same initiating device circuit or signaling line circuit are in an alarm state.
(h) Smoke detectors — sensitivity testing      
In other than one- and two-family dwellings, system detectors N/A See 14.4.4.3 iPerform any of the following tests to ensure that each smoke detector is within its listed and marked sensitivity range:
(1) Calibrated test method
(2) Manufacturer's calibrated sensitivity test instrument
(3) Listed control equipment arranged for the purpose
(4) Smoke detector/control unit arrangement whereby the detector causes a signal at the control unit when its sensitivity is outside its listed sensitivity range
(5) Other calibrated sensitivity test method approved by the authority having jurisdiction
(i) Carbon monoxide detectors/carbon monoxide alarms for the purposes of fire detection X Annually Test the devices in place to ensure CO entry to the sensing chamber by introduction through the vents, to the sensing chamber of listed and labeled product acceptable to the manufacturer or in accordance with their published instructions.
(j) Initiating devices, supervisory      
(1) Control valve switch X Semiannual Operate valve and verify signal receipt to be within the first two revolutions of the handwheel or within one-fifth of the travel distance, or per the manufacturer's published instructions.
(2) High- or low-air pressure switch X Annually Operate switch and verify receipt of signal is obtained where the required pressure is increased or decreased a maximum 10 psi (70 kPa) from the required pressure level.
(3) Room temperature switch X Annually Operate switch and verify receipt of signal to indicate the decrease in room temperature to 40°F (4.4°C) and its restoration to above 40°F (4.4°C).
(4) Water level switch X Annually Operate switch and verify receipt of signal indicating the water level raised or lowered a maximum 3 in. (70 mm) from the required level within a pressure tank, or a maximum 12 in. (300 mm) from the required level of a nonpressure tank. Also verify its restoral to required level.
(5) Water temperature switch X Annually Operate switch and verify receipt of signal to indicate the decrease in water temperature to 40°F (4.4°C) and its restoration to above 40°F (4.4°C).
(k) Mechanical, electrosonic, or pressure-type waterflow device X Semiannually Water shall be flowed through an inspector's test connection indicating the flow of water equal to that from a single sprinkler of the smallest orifice size installed in the system for wet-pipe systems, or an alarm test bypass connection for dry-pipe, pre-action, or deluge systems in accordance with NFPA 25.
(l) Multi-sensor fire detector or multi-criteria fire detector or combination fire detector X Annually Test each of the detection principles present within the detector (e.g., smoke/heat/CO, etc.) independently for the specific detection principle, regardless of the configuration status at the time of testing. Also test each detector in accordance with the published manufacturer's instructions.
Test individual sensors together if the technology allows individual sensor responses to be verified.
Perform tests as described for the respective devices by introduction of the physical phenomena to the sensing chamber of element. An electronic check (magnets, analog values, etc.) is not sufficient to comply with this requirement.
Verify by using the detector manufacturer's published instructions that the test gas used will not impair the operation of either sensing chamber of a multisensor, multicriteria, or combination fire detector.
Confirm the result of each sensor test through indication at the detector or control unit.
Where individual sensors cannot be tested individually, test the primary sensor.j
Record all tests and results.
18. Special hazard equipment
(a) Abort switch (dead-man type) X Annually Operate abort switch and verify correct sequence and operation.
(b) Abort switch (recycle type) X Annually Operate abort switch and verify development of correct matrix with each sensor operated.
(c) Abort switch (special type) X Annually Operate abort switch and verify correct sequence and operation in accordance with authority having jurisdiction. Observe sequencing as specified on as-built drawings or in system owner's manual.
(d) Cross-zone detection circuit X Annually Operate one sensor or detector on each zone. Verify occurrence of correct sequence with operation of first zone and then with operation of second zone.
(e) Matrix-type circuit X Annually Operate all sensors in system. Verify development of correct matrix with each sensor operated.
(f) Release solenoid circuitk X Annually Verify operation of solenoid.
(g) Squibb release circuit X Annually Use AGI flashbulb or other test light approved by the manufacturer. Verify operation of flashbulb or light.
(h) Verified, sequential, or counting zone circuit X Annually Operate required sensors at a minimum of four locations in circuit. Verify correct sequence with both the first and second detector in alarm.
(i) All above devices or circuits or combinations thereof X Annually Verify supervision of circuits by creating an open circuit.
19. Combination systems
(a) Fire extinguisher electronic monitoring device/system X Annually Test communication between the device connecting the fire extinguisher electronic monitoring device/system and the fire alarm control unit to ensure proper signals are received at the fire alarm control unit and remote annunciator(s) if applicable.
(b) Carbon monoxidel device/system X Annually Test communication between the device connecting the carbon monoxide device/system and the fire alarm control unit to ensure proper signals are received at the fire alarm control unit and remote annunciator(s) if applicable.
20. Interface equipmentm X See 14.4.4.4 Test interface equipment connections by operating or simulating the equipment being supervised. Verify signals required to be transmitted are received at the control unit Test frequency for interface equipment is the same as the frequency required by the applicable NFPA standard(s) for the equipment being supervised.
21. Guard's tour equipment X Annually Test the device in accordance with the manufacturer's published instructions.
22. Alarm notification appliances
(a) Audiblen X N/A For initial and reacceptance testing, measure sound pressure levels for signals with a sound level meter meeting ANSI S1.4a, Specifications for Sound Level Meters, Type 2 requirements. Measure sound pressure levels throughout the protected area to confirm that they are in compliance with Chapter 18. Set the sound level meter in accordance with ANSI S3.41, American National Standard Audible Evacuation Signal, using the time-weighted characteristic F (FAST).
  N/A Annually oFor periodic testing, verify the operation of the notification appliances.
(b) Audible textual notification appliances (speakers and other appliances to convey voice messages) X N/A For initial and reacceptance testing, measure sound pressure levels for signals with a sound level meter meeting ANSI S1.4a, Specifications for Sound Level Meters, Type 2 requirements. Measure sound pressure levels throughout the protected area to confirm that they are in compliance with Chapter 18. Set the sound level meter in accordance with ANSI S3.41, American National Standard Audible Evacuation Signal, using the time-weighted characteristic F (FAST).
Verify audible information to be distinguishable and understandable and in compliance with 14.4.11.
  N/A Annually oFor periodic testing, verify the operation of the notification appliances.
(c) Visible X N/A Perform initial and reacceptance testing in accordance with the manufacturer's published instructions. Verify appliance locations to be per approved layout and confirm that no floor plan changes affect the approved layout. Verify that the candela rating marking agrees with the approved drawing. Confirm that each appliance flashes.
  N/A Annually For periodic testing, verify that each appliance flashes.
23. Exit marking audible notification appliance X Annually Perform tests in accordance with manufacturer's published instructions.
24. Emergency control functionsp X Annually For initial, reacceptance, and periodic testing, verify emergency control function interface device activation. Where an emergency control function interface device is disabled or disconnected during initiating device testing, verify that the disabled or disconnected emergency control function interface device has been properly restored.
25. Area of refuge two-way communication system X Annually Use the manufacturer's published instructions and the as-built drawings provided by the system supplier to verify correct operation after the initial testing phase has been performed by the supplier or by the supplier's designated representative.
Test the two-way communication system to verify operation and receipt of visual and audible signals at the transmitting unit and the receiving unit, respectively.
Operate systems with more than five stations with a minimum of five stations operating simultaneously.
Verify voice quality and clarity.
Verify directions for the use of the two-way communication system, instructions for summoning assistance via the two-way communication system, and written identification of the location is posted adjacent to the two-way communication system.
Verify that all remote stations are readily accessible.
Verify the timed automatic communications capability to connect with a constantly attended monitoring location per 24.5.3.4.
26. Special procedures      
(a) Alarm verification X Annually Verify time delay and alarm response for smoke detector circuits identified as having alarm verification.
(b) Multiplex systems X Annually Verify communications between sending and receiving units under both primary and secondary power.
      Verify communications between sending and receiving units under open-circuit and short-circuit trouble conditions.
      Verify communications between sending and receiving units in all directions where multiple communications pathways are provided.
      If redundant central control equipment is provided, verify switchover and all required functions and operations of secondary control equipment.
      Verify all system functions and features in accordance with manufacturer's published instructions.
27. Supervising station alarm systems — receiving equipment      
(a) All equipment X Monthly Perform tests on all system functions and features in accordance with the equipment manufacturer's published instructions for correct operation in conformance with the applicable sections of Chapter 26.
      Actuate initiating device and verify receipt of the correct initiating device signal at the supervising station within 90 seconds. Upon completion of the test, restore the system to its functional operating condition.
      If test jacks are used, perform the first and last tests without the use of the test jack.
(b) Digital alarm communicator receiver (DACR) X Monthly Disconnect each transmission means in turn from the DACR, and verify audible and visual annunciation of a trouble signal in the supervising station.
Cause a signal to be transmitted on each individual incoming DACR line (path) at least once every 6 hours (24 hours for DACTs installed prior to adoption of the 2013 edition of NFPA 72). Verify receipt of these signals.
(c) Digital alarm radio receiver (DARR) X Monthly Cause the following conditions of all DARRs on all subsidiary and repeater station receiving equipment. Verify receipt at the supervising station of correct signals for each of the following conditions:
      (1) AC power failure of the radio equipment
      (2) Receiver malfunction
      (3) Antenna and interconnecting cable failure
      (4) Indication of automatic switchover of the DARR
      (5) Data transmission line failure between the DARR and the supervising or subsidiary station
(d) McCulloh systems X Monthly Test and record the current on each circuit at each supervising and subsidiary station under the following conditions:
      (1) During functional operation
      (2) On each side of the circuit with the receiving equipment conditioned for an open circuit
      Cause a single break or ground condition on each transmission channel. If such a fault prevents the functioning of the circuit, verify receipt of a trouble signal.
      Cause each of the following conditions at each of the supervising or subsidiary stations and all repeater station radio transmitting and receiving equipment; verify receipt of correct signals at the supervising station:
      (1) RF transmitter in use (radiating)
      (2) AC power failure supplying the radio equipment
      (3) RF receiver malfunction
      (4) Indication of automatic switchover
(e) Radio alarm supervising station receiver (RASSR) and radio alarm repeater station receiver (RARSR) X Monthly Cause each of the following conditions at each of the supervising or subsidiary stations and all repeater station radio transmitting and receiving equipment; verify receipt of correct signals at the supervising station:
(1) AC power failure supplying the radio equipment
(2) RF receiver malfunction
(3) Indication of automatic switchover, if applicable
(f) Private microwave radio systems X Monthly Cause each of the following conditions at each of the supervising or subsidiary stations and all repeater station radio transmitting and receiving equipment; verify receipt of correct signals at the supervising station:
      (1) RF transmitter in use (radiating)
      (2) AC power failure supplying the radio equipment
      (3) RF receiver malfunction
      (4) Indication of automatic switchover
(g) Performance-based technologies X Monthly Perform tests to ensure the monitoring of integrity of the transmission technology and technology path. Where a single communications path is used, disconnect the communication path. Verify that failure of the path is annunciated at the supervising station within 60 minutes of the failure (within 5 minutes for communication equipment installed prior to adoption of the 2013 edition of NFPA 72). Restore the communication path. Where multiple communication paths are used, disconnect both communication paths and confirm that failure of the path is annunciated at the supervising station within not more than 6 hours of the failure (within 24 hours for communication equipment installed prior to adoption of the 2013 edition of NFPA 72). Restore both communication paths.
28. Public emergency alarm reporting system transmission equipment      
(a) Publicly accessible alarm box X Semiannually Actuate publicly accessible initiating device(s) and verify receipt of not less than three complete rounds of signal impulses. Perform this test under normal circuit conditions. If the device is equipped for open circuit operation (ground return), test it in this condition as one of the semiannual tests.
(b) Auxiliary box X Annually Test each initiating circuit of the auxiliary box by actuation of a protected premises initiating device connected to that circuit Verify receipt of not less than three complete rounds of signal impulses.
(c) Master box      
(1) Manual operation X Semiannually Perform the tests prescribed for 28(a).
(2) Auxiliary operation X Annually Perform the tests prescribed for 28(b).
29. Low-power radio (wireless systems) X N/A The following procedures describe additional acceptance and reacceptance test methods to verify wireless protection system operation:
      (1) Use the manufacturer's published instructions and the as-built drawings provided by the system supplier to verify correct operation after the initial testing phase has been performed by the supplier or by the supplier's designated representative.
      (2) Starting from the functional operating condition, initialize the system in accordance with the manufacturer's published instructions. Confirm the alternative communications path exists between the wireless control unit and peripheral devices used to establish initiation, indication, control, and annunciation. Test the system for both alarm and trouble conditions.
      (3) Check batteries for all components in the system monthly unless the control unit checks all batteries and all components daily.
30. Mass notification systems      
(a) Functions X Annually At a minimum, test control equipment to verify correct receipt of alarm, supervisory, and trouble signals (inputs); operation of evacuation signals and auxiliary functions (outputs); circuit supervision, including detection of open circuits and ground faults; and power supply supervision for detection of loss of ac power and disconnection of secondary batteries.
(b) Fuses X Annually Verify the rating and supervision.
(c) Interfaced equipment X Annually Verify integrity of single or multiple circuits providing interface between two or more control units. Test interfaced equipment connections by operating or simulating operation of the equipment being supervised. Verify signals required to be transmitted at the control unit.
(d) Lamps and LEDs X Annually Illuminate lamps and LEDs.
(e) Primary (main) power supply X Annually Disconnect all secondary (standby) power and test under maximum load, including all alarm appliances requiring simultaneous operation. Reconnect all secondary (standby) power at end of test. For redundant power supplies, test each separately.
(f) Audible textual notification appliances (speakers and other appliances to convey voice messages) X Annually Measure sound pressure level with a sound level meter meeting ANSI S1.4a, Specifications for Sound Level Meters, Type 2 requirements. Measure and record levels throughout protected area. Set the sound level meter in accordance with ANSI S3.41, American National Standard Audible Evacuation Signal, using the time-weighted characteristic F (FAST). Record the maximum output when the audible emergency evacuation signal is on.
      Verify audible information to be distinguishable and understandable.
(g) Visible X Annually Perform test in accordance with manufacturer's published instructions. Verify appliance locations to be per approved layout and confirm that no floor plan changes affect the approved layout. Verify that the candela rating marking agrees with the approved drawing. Confirm that each appliance flashes.
(h) Control unit functions and no diagnostic failures are indicated X Annually Review event log file and verify that the correct events were logged. Review system diagnostic log file; correct deficiencies noted in file. Delete unneeded log files. Delete unneeded error files. Verify that sufficient free disk space is available. Verify unobstructed flow of cooling air is available. Change/clean filters, cooling fans, and intake vents.
(i) Control unit reset X Annually Power down the central control unit computer and restart it.
(j) Control unit security X Annually If remote control software is loaded onto the system, verify that it is disabled to prevent unauthorized system access.
(k) Audible/visible functional test X Annually Send out an alert to a diverse set of predesignated receiving devices and confirm receipt. Include at least one of each type of receiving device.
(l) Software backup X Annually Make full system software backup. Rotate backups based on accepted practice at site.
(m) Secondary power test X Annually Disconnect ac power. Verify the ac power failure alarm status on central control equipment. With ac power disconnected, verify battery voltage under load.
(n) Wireless signals X Annually Check forward/reflected radio power is within specifications.
(o) Antenna X Annually Check forward/reflected radio power is within specifications. Verify solid electrical connections with no observable corrosion.
(p) Transceivers X Annually Verify proper operation and mounting is not compromised.
aSome transmission equipment (such as but not limited to cable modems, fiber-optic interface nodes, and VoIP interfaces) are typically powered by the building's electrical system using a secondary (standby) power supply that does not meet the requirements of this Code. This is intended to ensure that the testing authority verifies full secondary (standby) power as required by Chapter 10. Additionally, refer to Table 14.4.3.2, items 7 through 9, for secondary (standby) power supply testing.
bThe automatic transmission of the check-in (handshake) signal can take up to 60 minutes to occur.
cSee Table 14.4.3.2, Item 4(a) for the testing of transmission equipment.
dExample: 4000 mAh × 1/25 = 160 mA charging current at 77°F (25°C).
eThe voltmeter sensitivity has been changed from 1000 ohms per volt to 100 ohms per volt so that the false ground readings (caused by induced voltages) are minimized.
fInitiating devices such as smoke detectors used for elevator recall, closing dampers, or releasing doors held in the open position that are permitted by the Code (see NFPA 101 9.6.3) to initiate supervisory signals at the fire alarm control unit (FACU) should be tested at the same frequency (annual) as those devices when they are generating an alarm signal. They are not supervisory devices, but they initiate a supervisory signal at the FACU.
gFusible thermal link detectors are commonly used to close fire doors and fire dampers. They are actuated by the presence of external heat, which causes a solder element in the link to fuse, or by an electric thermal device, which, when energized, generates heat within the body of the link, causing the link to fuse and separate.
hNote, it is customary for the manufacturer of the smoke detector to test a particular product from an aerosol provider to determine acceptability for use in smoke entry testing of their smoke detector/smoke alarm. Magnets are not acceptable for smoke entry tests.
iThere are some detectors that use magnets as a manufacturer's calibrated sensitivity test instrument.
jFor example, it might not be possible to individually test the heat sensor in a thermally enhanced smoke detector.
kiManufacturer's instructions should be consulted to ensure a proper operational test. No suppression gas or agent is expected to be discharged during the test of the solenoid. See Test Plan of 14.2.10.
lTesting of CO device should be done to the requirements of NFPA 720.
mA monitor module installed on an interface device is not considered a supervisory device and therefore not subject to the quarterly testing frequency requirement. Test frequencies for interface devices should be in accordance with the applicable standard. For example, fire pump controller alarms such as phase reversal are required to be tested annually. If a monitor module is installed to identify phase reversal on the fire alarm control panel, it is not necessary to test for phase reversal four times a year.
nChapter 18 would require 15 dB over average ambient sound for public mode spaces. Sometimes the ambient sound levels are different from what the design was based upon. Private operating mode would require 10 dB over average ambient at the location of the device.
oWhere building, system, or occupancy changes have been observed, the owner should be notified of the changes. New devices might need to be installed and tested per the initial acceptance testing criteria.
pSee A.14.4.3.2, and Table 14.4.3.2, Item 24.
Video image smoke and flame detectors shall be inspected, tested, and maintained in accordance with the manufacturer's published instructions.
Gas detectors shall be inspected, tested, and maintained in accordance with manufacturers' published instructions.
Unless otherwise permitted by other sections of this Code, testing shall be performed in accordance with the schedules in Table 14.4.3.2 or more often if required by the authority having jurisdiction.
Devices or equipment that are inaccessible for safety considerations (e.g., continuous process operations, energized electrical equipment, radiation, and excessive height) shall be permitted to be tested during scheduled shutdowns if approved by the authority having jurisdiction. Extended intervals shall not exceed 18 months.
If automatic testing is performed at least weekly by a remotely monitored fire alarm control unit specifically listed for the application, the manual testing frequency shall be permitted to be extended to annually. Table 14.4.3.2 shall apply.
In other than one- and two-family dwellings, sensitivity of smoke detectors shall be tested in accordance with 14.4.4.3.1 through 14.4.4.3.6.
Sensitivity shall be checked within 1 year after installation.
Sensitivity shall be checked every alternate year thereafter unless otherwise permitted by compliance with 14.4.4.3.3.
After the second required calibration test, if sensitivity tests indicate that the device has remained within its listed and marked sensitivity range (or 4 percent obscuration light gray smoke, if not marked), the length of time between calibration tests shall be permitted to be extended to a maximum of 5 years.
If the frequency is extended, records of nuisance alarms and subsequent trends of these alarms shall be maintained.
In zones or in areas where nuisance alarms show any increase over the previous year, calibration tests shall be performed.
Unless otherwise permitted by 14.4.4.3.5, smoke detectors found to have a sensitivity outside the listed and marked sensitivity range shall be cleaned and recalibrated or be replaced.
Smoke detectors listed as field adjustable shall be permitted to either be adjusted within the listed and marked sensitivity range, cleaned, and recalibrated, or be replaced.
The detector sensitivity shall not be tested or measured using any device that administers an unmeasured concentration of smoke or other aerosol into the detector or smoke alarm.
Test frequency of interfaced equipment shall be the same as specified by the applicable NFPA standards for the equipment being supervised.
Restorable fixed-temperature, spot-type heat detectors shall be tested in accordance with 14.4.4.5.1 through 14.4.4.5.4.
Two or more detectors shall be tested on each initiating circuit annually.
Different detectors shall be tested each year.
Test records shall be kept by the building owner specifying which detectors have been tested.
Within 5 years, each detector shall have been tested.
Circuit and pathway testing of each monitored circuit or pathway shall be conducted with initial acceptance or reacceptance testing to verify signals are indicated at the control unit for each of the abnormal conditions specified in Sections 23.5 through 23.7.
Single- and multiple-station smoke alarms and connected appliances shall be inspected, tested, and maintained in accordance with 14.4.5 and the manufacturer's published instructions.
Smoke alarms and connected appliances shall be inspected and tested at least monthly.
The responsibility for inspection, testing, and maintenance of smoke alarms and connected appliances shall be in accordance with 14.2.3.
Smoke alarms shall be replaced when they fail to respond to operability tests.
Smoke alarms shall not remain in service longer than 10 years from the date of manufacture, unless otherwise provided by the manufacturer's published instructions.
Combination smoke/carbon monoxide alarms shall be replaced when the end-of-life signal activates or 10 years from the date of manufacture, whichever comes first, unless otherwise provided by the manufacturer's published instructions.
Where batteries are used as a source of energy for smoke alarms or combination smoke/carbon monoxide alarms or single- and multiple-station smoke alarms, the batteries shall be replaced in accordance with the alarm equipment manufacturer's published instructions.
Household fire alarm systems shall be tested by a qualified service technician at least annually according to the methods of Table 14.4.3.2. The installing contractor shall be required to provide this information in writing to the customer upon completion of the system installation. To the extent that the fire alarm system is monitored offsite, the supervising station contractor shall provide notice of this requirement to the customer on a yearly basis. (SIG-HOU)
Circuits extending from the central station that have had no signal activity in the preceding 24 hours shall be tested at intervals of not more than 24 hours.
Emergency power sources other than batteries shall be tested at least weekly in accordance with 14.4.8.1.1 and 14.4.8.1.2.
Testing shall include operation of the power source to supply the system for a continuous period of 1 hour.
Testing shall require simulated failure of the normal power source.
Unless otherwise permitted by 14.4.8.3, testing facilities shall be installed at the communications center and each subsidiary communications center, if used.
Testing facilities for systems leased from a nonmunicipal organization shall be permitted to be installed at locations other than the communications center if approved by the authority having jurisdiction.
In-building emergency radio communication systems shall be inspected and operationally tested in accordance with the requirements of NFPA 1221.
Voice communication using prerecorded messages and manual voice announcements shall be verified as being intelligible in accordance with the requirements of 18.4.10.
Intelligibility shall not be required to be determined through quantitative measurements.
Quantitative measurements as described in Annex D shall be permitted but shall not be required.
System equipment shall be maintained in accordance with the manufacturer's published instructions.
The frequency of maintenance of system equipment shall depend on the type of equipment and the local ambient conditions.
The frequency of cleaning of system equipment shall depend on the type of equipment and the local ambient conditions.
All apparatus requiring rewinding or resetting to maintain normal operation shall be rewound or reset as promptly as possible after each test and alarm.
Unless otherwise permitted by 14.5.6, the retransmission means as defined in Section 26.3 shall be tested at intervals of not more than 12 hours.
When the retransmission means is the public-switched telephone network, testing shall be permitted at weekly intervals to confirm its operation to each communications center.
As a part of the testing required in 14.5.5, the retransmission signal and the time and date of the retransmission shall be recorded in the central station.
After successful completion of acceptance tests approved by the authority having jurisdiction, the requirements in 14.6.1.1 through 14.6.1.3 shall apply.
A set of reproducible as-built installation drawings, operation and maintenance manuals, and a written sequence of operation shall be provided to the building owner or the owner's designated representative.
The requirements of 7.5.7 shall apply to site-specific software.
The system owner shall be responsible for maintaining these records for the life of the system for examination by any authority having jurisdiction. Paper or electronic media shall be permitted.
Records shall be retained until the next test and for 1 year thereafter.
For systems with restorable fixed-temperature, spot-type heat detectors tested over multiple years, records shall be retained for the 5 years of testing and for 1 year thereafter.
The records shall be on a medium that will survive the retention period. Paper or electronic media shall be permitted.
A record of all inspections, testing, and maintenance shall be provided in accordance with 7.8.2.
For supervising station alarm systems, records pertaining to signals received at the supervising station that result from maintenance, inspection, and testing shall be maintained for not less than 12 months.
Records shall be permitted to be maintained on either paper or electronic media.
Upon request, a hard copy record shall be provided to the authority having jurisdiction.
If the operation of a device, circuit, fire alarm control unit function, or special hazard system interface is simulated, it shall be noted on the inspection/test form that the operation was simulated.
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