NFPA 1, 2018

Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.
Solvent extraction plants shall comply with NFPA 36 and Chapter 44.
Chapter 44 shall apply to the following:
  1. The commercial scale extraction processing of animal and vegetable oils and fats by the use of Class I flammable hydrocarbon liquids, hereinafter referred to as "solvents" [36:1.1.1]
  2. Any equipment and buildings that are located within 100 ft (30 m) of the extraction process [36:1.1.2]
  3. The unloading, storage, and handling of solvents, regardless of distance from the extraction process [36:1.1.3]
  4. The means by which material to be extracted is conveyed from the preparation process to the extraction process [36:1.1.4]
  5. The means by which extracted desolventized solids and oil oils are conveyed from the extraction process [36:1.1.5]
  6. Preparation and meal finishing processes that are connected by conveyor to the extraction process, regardless of intervening distance [36:1.1.6]
Chapter 44 shall not apply to the following:
  1. The storage of raw materials or finished products [36:1.1.7]
  2. Extraction processes that use liquids that are miscible with water [36:1.1.8]
  3. Extraction processes that use flammable gases, liquefied petroleum gases, or nonflammable gases [36:1.1.9]
Permits, where required, shall comply with Section 1.12.
The use of processes that employ oxygen-active compounds that are heat or shock sensitive, such as certain organic peroxides, shall be prohibited within the area defined in 44.2.1(2). [36:1.1.10]
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