Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.
Structures undergoing construction, alteration, or demolition operations, including those in underground locations, shall comply with NFPA 241 and this chapter.
In buildings under construction, adequate escape facilities shall be maintained at all times for the use of construction workers. Escape facilities shall consist of doors, walkways, stairs, ramps, fire escapes, ladders, or other approved means or devices arranged in accordance with the general principles of Chapter 14 and NFPA 101 insofar as they can reasonably be applied to buildings under construction. [101:126.96.36.199]
Permanent fire department access road markings shall not be required until the building is complete or occupied for use.
Temporary heating equipment shall be installed, used, and maintained in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions, except as otherwise provided in 188.8.131.52. [241:5.2.3]
Where instructions, as addressed in 184.108.40.206, are not available, temporary heating equipment shall be used in accordance with recognized safe practices. [241:5.2.4]
Temporary heating equipment shall be situated so that it is secured. [241:5.2.5]
Only personnel familiar with the operation of the temporary heating equipment shall be allowed to operate such devices. [241:5.2.6]
Temporary heating equipment, where utilized, shall be monitored for safe operation and maintained by properly trained personnel. [241:5.2.7]
Temporary heating equipment and devices noted to be damaged or considered to be a potential safety hazard shall not be used. [241:5.2.8]
Temporary heating equipment using exposed radiant heating wires shall not be used. [241:5.2.9]
Temporary electrical heating equipment shall be equipped with tip-over protection and overheat cutoffs. [241:5.2.10]
Chimney or vent connectors, where required from direct-fired heaters, shall be maintained at least 18 in. (460 mm) from combustibles and shall be installed in accordance with NFPA 211. [241:5.2.11]
Oil-fired heaters shall comply in design and installation features with Section 11.5. [241:5.2.12]
The temporary sprinkler required by 220.127.116.11.3 shall be connected to any available water supply with a listed fire hose, or a flexible, commercial rubber hose, with a diameter of not less than 3/4 in. (19 mm) and a listed flexible connector. [241:18.104.22.168]
Means shall be provided to dispose of leakage and spills promptly and safely. [241:22.214.171.124]
An overall construction or demolition fire safety program shall be developed.
All of the following items shall be addressed in the fire safety program:
- Good housekeeping
- On-site security
- Fire protection systems
- Organization and training of an on-site fire brigade
- Development of a prefire plan with the local fire department
- Rapid communication
- Consideration of special hazards resulting from previous occupancies
- Protection of existing structures and equipment from exposure fires resulting from construction, alteration, and demolition operations
The owner shall designate a person who shall be responsible for the fire prevention program and who shall ensure that it is carried out to completion. [241:7.2.1]
The fire prevention program manager shall have the authority to enforce the provisions of NFPA 241 and other applicable fire protection standards. [241:126.96.36.199]
Where guard service is provided, the fire prevention program manager shall be responsible for the guard service. [241:7.2.2]
Where there is public fire protection or a private fire brigade, the manager shall be responsible for the development of prefire plans in conjunction with the fire agencies. [241:188.8.131.52]
Prefire plans shall be updated as necessary. [241:184.108.40.206]
The prefire plan shall include provisions for on-site visits by the fire agency. [241:220.127.116.11]
The manager shall be responsible for ensuring that proper training in the use of protection equipment has been provided. [241:18.104.22.168]
The manager shall be responsible for the presence of adequate numbers and types of fire protection devices and appliances and for their proper maintenance. [241:22.214.171.124]
A weekly self-inspection program shall be implemented, with records maintained and made available. [241:126.96.36.199]
Temporary protective coverings used on fire protection devices during renovations, such as painting, shall be removed promptly when work has been completed in the area. [241:188.8.131.52]
Where guard service is provided, the guard(s) shall be trained in all of the following:
- Notification procedures that include calling the fire department and management personnel
- Function and operation of fire protection equipment
- Familiarization with fire hazards
- Use of construction elevators, where provided
Guards shall be informed of any special status of emergency equipment or hazards. [241:184.108.40.206]
Entrances (e.g., doors and windows) to the structure under construction, alteration, or demolition shall be secured where required by the AHJ. [241:220.127.116.11]
Instructions shall be issued for the immediate notification of the fire department in the case of a fire. Where telephone service is employed, the local fire department number and site address shall be conspicuously posted near each telephone. [241:7.4.2]
A suitable location at the site shall be designated as a command post and provided with plans, emergency information, keys, communications, and equipment, as needed. [241:7.5.1]
The person in charge of fire protection shall respond to the location command post whenever fire occurs. [241:7.5.2]
Where access to or within a structure or an area is unduly difficult because of secured openings or where immediate access is necessary for life-saving or fire-fighting purposes, the AHJ shall be permitted to require a key box to be installed in an accessible location. [241:7.5.3]
This stairway shall be extended upward as each floor is installed in new construction and maintained for each floor still remaining during demolition. [241:18.104.22.168]
The stairway shall be lighted. [241:22.214.171.124]
During construction, the stairway shall be enclosed where the building exterior walls are in place. [241:126.96.36.199]
In all new buildings in which standpipes are required or where standpipes exist in buildings being altered or demolished, such standpipes shall be maintained in conformity with the progress of building construction in such a manner that they are always ready for use. [241:7.6]
The suitability, distribution, and maintenance of extinguishers shall be in accordance with Section 13.6. [241:7.7.1]
Wherever a toolhouse, storeroom, or other shanty is located in or adjacent to the building under construction or demolition, or where a room or space within that building is used for storage, a dressing room, or a workshop, at least one approved extinguisher shall be provided and maintained in an accessible location, unless otherwise permitted by 188.8.131.52. [241:7.7.2]
Suitable fire extinguishers shall be provided on self-propelled equipment. [241:7.7.5]
Free access to permanent, temporary, or portable first-aid fire equipment shall be maintained at all times. [241:7.7.6]
Walls shall have at least a 1-hour fire resistance rating. [241:184.108.40.206]
Opening protectives shall have at least a 45-minute fire protection rating. [241:220.127.116.11]
A water supply for fire protection, either temporary or permanent, shall be made available as soon as combustible material accumulates. [241:18.104.22.168]
There shall be no delay in the installation of fire protection equipment. (See A.22.214.171.124.) [241:126.96.36.199]
Where underground water mains and hydrants are to be provided, they shall be installed, completed, and in service prior to commencing construction work on any structure. [241:188.8.131.52]
If automatic sprinkler protection is to be provided, the installation shall be placed in service as soon as practicable. [241:184.108.40.206]
Where sprinklers are required for safety to life, the building shall not be occupied until the sprinkler installation has been entirely completed and tested so that the protection is not susceptible to frequent impairment caused by testing and correction, unless otherwise permitted by 220.127.116.11.4. [241:18.104.22.168]
The provision of 22.214.171.124.3 shall not prohibit occupancy of the lower floors of a building, even where the upper floors are in various stages of construction or protection, provided that both of the following conditions are satisfied:
- The sprinkler protection of the lower occupied floors has been completed and tested in accordance with 126.96.36.199.3.
- The sprinkler protection of the upper floors is supplied by entirely separate systems and separate control valves so that the absence or incompleteness of protection in no way impairs the sprinkler protection of the occupied lower floors.
The operation of sprinkler control valves shall be permitted only by properly authorized personnel and shall be accompanied by the notification of duly designated parties. [241:188.8.131.52]
Where the sprinkler protection is regularly turned off and on to facilitate connection of newly completed segments, the sprinkler control valves shall be checked at the end of each work shift to ascertain that protection is in service. [241:184.108.40.206]
On permanent Type II and Type III standpipes, hose and nozzles shall be provided and made ready for use as soon as the water supply is available to the standpipe, unless otherwise permitted by 220.127.116.11.1.3. [241:18.104.22.168.2]
In combined systems where occupant hose is not required, temporary hose and nozzles shall be provided during construction. [241:22.214.171.124.3]
The pipe sizes, hose valves, hose, water supply, and other details for new construction shall be in accordance with NFPA 241. [241:126.96.36.199.2]
The standpipes shall be securely supported and restrained at each alternate floor. [241:188.8.131.52.3]
Valves shall be kept closed at all times and guarded against mechanical injury. [241:184.108.40.206.5]
Where local fire department connections do not conform to NFPA 1963, the AHJ shall designate the connection to be used. [241:220.127.116.11.7]
The standpipes shall be extended up with each floor and shall be securely capped at the top. [241:18.104.22.168.8]
Top hose outlets shall be not more than one floor below the highest forms, staging, and similar combustibles at all times. [241:22.214.171.124.9]
Temporary standpipes shall remain in service until the permanent standpipe installation is complete. [241:126.96.36.199.10]
Fire-resistive assemblies and construction shall be maintained.
The provisions of Section 16.7 shall apply to any type of equipment including, but not limited to, chassis-mounted equipment used for preheating or heating tar, asphalt, rubberized asphalt, pitch, or similar substances for roofs, floors, pipes, or similar objects.
Operating kettles shall not be located inside of or on the roof of any building.
An operating kettle shall be attended by a minimum of one employee who is knowledgeable of the operations and hazards.
The employee shall be within 25 ft (7.6 m) of the kettle and shall have the kettle within sight.
Two approved 4-A:40-B:C fire extinguishers shall be provided and maintained within 25 ft (7.6 m) of the operating kettle.
Fire extinguishers shall be mounted in an accessible and visible or identified location.
Roofing kettles and all integral working parts shall be in good working condition and shall be maintained free of excessive residue.
Flexible steel piping shall be limited to those connections that are immediately adjacent to the pump kettle or discharge outlet.
No single length of flexible piping shall exceed 6 ft (1.8 m) in length, and all piping shall be able to withstand a pressure of at least four times the working pressure of the pump.
All roofing kettles shall have doors permanently attached.
Roofing kettle doors shall be installed in a workmanlike manner and shall be provided with handles that allow them to be opened without the operator having to stand in front of same.
All kettle doors shall be tightly closed and latched when in transit.
Paragraph 188.8.131.52.2 shall apply to all roofing kettles or tar pots in excess of 1 gal (3.8 L) capacity.
Roofing kettles of 2 bbl capacity or less shall be constructed of steel sheet having a thickness of not less than 0.105 in. (No. 12 Manufacturers' Standard Gauge). Kettles of more than 2 bbl capacity shall be constructed of steel sheet having a thickness of not less than 0.135 in. (No. 10 Manufacturers' Standard Gauge). All supports, corners, and the top and bottom of the fire box shall be bound with angle iron or other reinforcements approved by the AHJ. All doors shall be hinged, closely fitted, and adequately latched. Fire boxes shall be of sufficient height from the ground or shall be provided with a system of shields or insulation to prevent heat damage to the street surface.
Lids that can be gravity operated shall be provided on all roofing kettles. The tops and covers of all kettles shall be constructed of steel sheet having a thickness of not less than 0.075 in. (1.90 mm) (No. 14 Manufacturers' Standard Gauge) that is close fitting and attached to the kettle with hinges that allow gravity to close the lid.
The chassis shall be substantially constructed and capable of carrying the load imposed upon it whether it is standing still or being transported.
Fully enclosed chassis-mounted and portable rubberized asphalt melters for heating a mix of asphalt and inert material for application on roof decks shall use an indirect method of heating that complies with all of the following:
- The heating system shall use a fully enclosed oil or air system that transfers heat from a burner to the oil or air around the outside of a material vat which then heats the rubberized material.
- The material vat shall not be subject to direct burner or flame impingement.
- The temperature rise in the material vat shall be gradual and controlled.
The melter shall be located and operated in a controlled area identified by the use of traffic cones, barriers, and other suitable means as designated by the AHJ.
Melters shall be chocked in place on the roof deck at locations identified by the design professional and acceptable to the AHJ.
Rubberized asphalt cakes for use in melters shall be located on the roof at a location agreed upon by the design professional and the AHJ.
Two approved 4-A:40-B:C fire extinguishers shall be provided and maintained within 25 ft of the melter.
Each worker shall be instructed on the proper use of fire extinguishers and in the event of a fire to turn off all Melter engines and burners and notify the fire department.
Melters shall have melter lids permanently attached and closed at all times during operation.
An operating melter shall be constantly attended by an employee who is knowledgeable and solely dedicated to the operation of the equipment and associated hazards.
The employee shall be within 25 ft of the melter and shall have the melter within sight.
The employee shall remain in the area of the melter for a minimum of one-hour after the device is shut down.
The roofing contractor shall have the capability to immediately notify the fire department of an emergency on the site.
Melters shall be diesel fuel or electrically powered.
Diesel tanks and engines integral to melters shall be maintained in accordance with manufacturer instructions.
No open flames shall be present within 20 ft of the refueling operation.
Melters and all integral working parts shall be in good working condition and shall be maintained free of excessive residue.
Melters shall be operated as a complete unit as designed and built by the manufacturer. Field changes that override controls or safety features shall not be permitted.
The melter chassis shall be substantially constructed and capable of carrying the load imposed upon it whether it is standing still or being transported.
The signs shall state that asbestos is being removed from the area, that asbestos is a suspected carcinogen, and that proper respiratory protection is required.
Signs shall have a reflective surface, and lettering shall be a minimum of 2 in. (51 mm) high.