CHAPTER 31 — TENTS, TEMPORARY SPECIAL EVENT STRUCTURES
AND OTHER MEMBRANE STRUCTURES
|Adopt Entire Chapter|
|Adopt Entire Chapter as |
amended (amendedsections listed below)
|Adopt only those |
sections that are listed below
|[California Code of |
Regulations, Title 19,Division 1]
|Chapter / Section|
|[T-19 §303 (a)(b)]||X|
|[T-19 §315 (a)]||X|
|[T-19 §332 (a)]||X|
|[T-19 §335 (a)(b)]||X|
|[T-19 §315 (d)]||X|
|[T-19 §315 (b)]||X|
|[T-19 §326 (b)]||X|
|[T-19 §319 (a-c]||X|
|[T-19 §319 (d)(e)]||X|
|[T-19 §324 (a)(b)]||X|
|[T-19 §326 (a)]||X|
|[T-19 §326 (c)]||X|
- Tents, awnings or other fabric enclosures used to cover or enclose private swimming pools and similar facilities on the premises of private one- and two-family dwellings.
- Tents used to conduct committal services on the ground of a cemetery.
- Tents, awnings or other fabric enclosures erected and used within a sound stage, or other similar structural enclosure which is equipped with an overhead automatic sprinkler system.
- Tensioned membrane roof materials supported by rigid frames or installed on a mast and cable system provided such structures conform to the requirements of one of the types of construction as described in these regulations.
- Fabric structures which are part of mobile homes, recreational vehicles, or commercial coaches governed by the provisions of Division 13, Part 2, Health and Safety Code (Department of Housing and Community Development).
- The provisions of California Code of Regulations, Title 19, Division 1, Chapter 2 apply to the sale, offering for sale, manufacture for sale, rental and use of tents within this state.
- For building standards relating to tents and membrane structures, see California Code of Regulations, Title 24, Part 9.
- Tents used exclusively for recreational camping purposes.
- Tents open on all sides that comply with all of the following:2.1. Individual tents having a maximum size of 700 square feet (65 m2).2.2. The aggregate area of multiple tents placed side by side without a fire break clearance of 12 feet (3658 mm), not exceeding 700 square feet (65 m2) total.2.3. A minimum clearance of 12 feet (3658 mm) to all structures and other tents.
- Separation distance between membrane structures and tents not used for cooking is not required where the aggregate floor area does not exceed 15,000 square feet (1394 m2).
- Membrane structures or tents need not be separated from buildings where all of the following conditions are met:2.1. The aggregate floor area of the membrane structure or tent shall not exceed 10,000 square feet (929 m2).2.2. The aggregate floor area of the building and membrane structure or tent shall not exceed the allowable floor area including increases as indicated in the California Building Code.2.3. Required means of egress are provided for both the building and the membrane structure or tent including travel distances.
- When approved by the enforcing agency, tents may be located in or on permanent buildings provided such use does not constitute an undue hazard.
|OCCUPANT LOAD|| |
MINIMUM NUMBER OF MEANSOF EGRESS
MINIMUM WIDTH OF EACH MEANS OFEGRESS (inches)
MINIMUM WIDTH OF EACH MEANS OFEGRESS (inches)
|10 to 199||2||72||36|
|200 to 499||3||72||72|
|500 to 999||4||96||72|
|1,000 to 1,999||5||120||96|
|2,000 to 2,999||6||120||96|
- Curtains shall be free sliding on a metal support. The support shall be not less than 80 inches (2032 mm) above the floor level at the exit. The curtains shall be so arranged that, when open, no part of the curtains obstructs the exit.
- Curtains shall be of a color, or colors, that contrasts with the color of the tent.
- In areas serving employees only, the minimum aisle width shall be 24 inches (610 mm) but not less than the width required by the number of employees served.
- In public areas, smooth-surfaced, unobstructed aisles having a minimum width of not less than 44 inches (1118 mm) shall be provided from seating areas, and aisles shall be progressively increased in width to provide, at all points, not less than 1 foot (305 mm) of aisle width for each 50 persons served by such aisle at that point.
- Two separate circuits, one of which shall be separate from all other circuits, for occupant loads of 300 or less.
- Two separate sources of power, one of which shall be an approved emergency system, shall be provided where the occupant load exceeds 300. Emergency systems shall be supplied from storage batteries or from the on-site generator set, and the system shall be installed in accordance with the California Electrical Code. The emergency system provided shall have a minimum duration of 90 minutes when operated at full design demand.
- All tent fabrics and all interior decorative fabrics or materials shall be flame resistant in accordance with appropriate standards set forth in California Code of Regulations, Title 19, Division 1, Chapter 8.
- All tents manufactured for sale, sold, rented, offered for sale, or used in California shall be made from non-flammable material or one of the following flame-resistant fabrics or material approved by the State Fire Marshal:
- Fabrics complying with the State Fire Marshal's requirements for flame resistance for exterior use, as set forth in California Code of Regulations, Title 19, Division 1, Chapter 8, or
- Fabrics complying with the flame-resistance requirements set forth in "A Specification for Flame-Resistance Materials Used in Camping Tentage" published in 1975 by Canvas Products Association International, hereinafter referred to as CPAI-84.
- Each section of top and sidewall in large tents shall have a durable label, permanently affixed, bearing the following information:
- The Seal of Registration.
- If treated fabric, the name and registration number of the approved application concern and approved chemical used, and the date of treatment.
- If registered fabric, the trade name and registration number of the approved fabric, and the date of production.In lieu of attached labels, the required information may be applied directly to the fabric by print, stamp or stencil.
- Small tents shall have a permanently affixed label bearing the information in California Code of Regulations, Title 19, Division 1, Section 335, subsection (a), or shall comply with the provisions specified in CPAI-84 (1975) which reads as follows:
- Certification. A statement that the materials used in the manufacture of the item meet the flame resistance requirements of CPAI-84.
- Manufacturer Identification. An identification of the manufacturer of the item. If the item bears a private label, it shall identify the private labeler and shall also contain a code mark which will permit the seller of the item to identify the manufacturer to the purchaser upon request.
- Code Number. A number enabling the manufacturer to identify from his records the suppliers and suppliers' lot numbers of the certified materials used in the item. The manufacturer shall also maintain records identifying the parties to whom he sold camping tentage. Further, he shall maintain records identifying items manufactured from lots of certified material. Records shall be maintained for four (4) years.
- Warning label.24 pt. type
16 pt. type
KEEP ALL FLAME
AND HEAT SOURCES
AWAY FROM THIS
12 pt. typeThis tent is made with flame-resistant fabric which meets CPAI-84 specifications. It is not fire proof. The fabric will burn if left in continuous contact with any flame source.The application of any foreign substance to the tent fabric may render the flame resistant properties ineffective.
- Names and address of the owners of the tent or air-supported structure.
- Date the fabric was last treated with flame-retardant solution.
- Trade name or kind of chemical used in treatment.
- Name of person or firm treating the material.
- Name of testing agency and test standard by which the fabric was tested.
- Construction documents: Construction documents shall be prepared by a registered design professional in accordance with the California Building Code and ANSI E1.21 where applicable. Construction documents shall include:1.1. A summary sheet showing the building code used, design criteria, loads and support reactions.1.2. Detailed construction and installation drawings.1.3. Design calculations.1.4. Operating limits of the structure explicitly outlined by the registered design professional including environmental conditions and physical forces.1.5. Effects of additive elements such as video walls, supported scenery, audio equipment, vertical and horizontal coverings.1.6. Means for adequate stability including specific requirements for guying and cross-bracing, ground anchors or ballast for different ground conditions.
- Designation of responsible party: The owner of the temporary special event structure shall designate in writing a person to have responsibility for the temporary special event structure on the site. The designated person shall have sufficient knowledge of the construction documents, manufacturer's recommendations and operations plan to make judgments regarding the structure's safety and to coordinate with the fire code official.
- Operations plan: The operations plan shall reflect manufacturer's operational guidelines, procedures for environmental monitoring and actions to be taken under specified conditions consistent with the construction documents.
- A noncombustible lid shall be immediately available. The lid shall be of sufficient size to cover the cooking well completely.
- The equipment shall be placed on a noncombustible surface.
- An approved portable fire extinguisher for protection from cooking grease fires shall be provided at a location approved by the fire code official.
- (b) Sawdust, shavings, or other combustible material used on the floor or ground shall be made flame resistant or when approved by the enforcing authority shall be kept adequately damp when tent is occupied.
- One Class 2-A fire extinguisher shall be provided in every tent having a floor area between 500 square feet and 1,000 square feet plus one 2-A fire extinguisher in each auxiliary adjacent tent. One additional extinguisher shall be provided for each additional 2000 square feet or fraction thereof.
- At least one Class 10 B-C fire extinguisher shall be provided with each generator or transformer.
- At least one Class 10 B-C fire extinguisher shall be provided in kitchen, dining areas, and at locations where flammable or combustible liquids or flammable gases are used, stored, or dispensed.
- (d) Tents having a capacity of 1,000 or more persons shall be protected on each of the long sides with fire hose lines of at least 11/2-inch internal diameter and of sufficient length to reach either end of the tent. The water supply shall be either from the public water mains or from tanks having a capacity of not less than 500 gallons. There shall be at least 65 pounds of flowing pressure at the nozzle of the hose line when a 1/2-inch tip is used.
- (e) The enforcing authority may modify or waive any of the requirements of this section [Title 19, Division 1, Section 319] and may accept other types of fire extinguishing equipment in lieu of that required by Title 19, Division 1 regulations if, in the authorities' opinion, reasonable and adequate protection will be afforded.
- Liquids having a flash point below 200°F shall not be stored in any tent nor less than 50 feet from any tent.
- Flammable or combustible liquids shall be stored and dispensed in accordance with the provisions of the California Fire Code. The enforcing authority may permit limited quantities of flammable or combustible liquids required for display and normal merchandising.
- The quarter-turn shutoff valve or other shutoff valve on the outlet of the CNG or LP-gas container shall be closed and the engine shall be operated until it stops. Valves shall remain closed while the vehicle is indoors.
- The hot lead of the battery shall be disconnected.
- Dual-fuel vehicles equipped to operate on gasoline and CNG or LP-gas shall comply with this section and Sections 3107.15.1 through 3107.15.3 for gasoline-powered vehicles.
- Occupant loads of 500 or more shall require a minimum of one fire safety officer.
- Each additional 1,000 occupants, or fraction thereof, shall require one additional fire safety officer.
- Filming inside tents requires fire safety officers.
- All flammable vegetation within 50 feet of any tent shall be removed.