Adopts With Amendments:

International Fire Code 2018 (IFC 2018)

Part VII Appendices

Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.

Division I (Reserved)

(Matrix Adoption Tables are nonregulatory, intended only as an aid to the user.
See Chapter 1 for state agency authority and building applications.)

Division II Administration

User note:
About this chapter: Chapter 1 establishes the limits of applicability of the code and describes how the code is to be applied and enforced. Chapter 1 is in two parts: Part 1—General Provisions (Sections 101102) and Part 2—Administrative Provisions (Sections 103113). Section 101 identifies which buildings and structures come under its purview and references other I-Codes as applicable.
This code is intended to be adopted as a legally enforceable document, and it cannot be effective without adequate provisions for its administration and enforcement. The provisions of Chapter 1 establish the authority and duties of the code official appointed by the authority having jurisdiction and also establish the rights and privileges of the design professional, contractor and property owner.

Part 1 General Provisions

Note: Sections adopted or amended by state agencies are specifically indicated by an agency banner or indicated in the Matrix Adoption Table.
This article, which is a portion of the Los Angeles Municipal Code (LAMC), shall be known as the Los Angeles Fire Code, and whenever the word "code" is used in this article it shall mean the Los Angeles Fire Code.
The Los Angeles Fire Code adopts by reference portions of the 2019 California Fire Code (CFC) and the 2018 International Fire Code (IFC).
This code establishes regulations affecting or relating to structures, processes, premises and safeguards regarding all of the following:
  1. The hazard of fire and explosion arising from the storage, handling or use of structures, materials or devices.
  2. Conditions hazardous to life, property or public welfare in the occupancy of structures or premises.
  3. Fire hazards in the structure or on the premises from occupancy or operation.
  4. Matters related to the construction, extension, repair, alteration or removal of fire suppression or alarm systems.
  5. Conditions affecting the safety of fire fighters and emergency responders during emergency operations.
  6. Such other laws as it may be the duty of the Fire Department to enforce.
Provisions in the appendices shall not apply unless specifically adopted.
The purpose of this code is to establish the minimum requirements consistent with nationally recognized good practice for providing a reasonable level of life safety and property protection from the hazards of fire, explosion, panic or dangerous conditions in new and existing buildings, structures and premises, and to provide a reasonable level of safety to fire fighters and emergency responders during emergency operations.
If a section, subsection, sentence, clause or phrase of this code is, for any reason, held to be unconstitutional, such decision shall not affect the validity of the remaining portions of this code.
In the event any part or provision of this code is held to be illegal or void, this shall not have the effect of making void or illegal any of the other parts or provisions hereof, which are determined to be legal; and it shall be presumed that this code would have been adopted without such illegal or invalid parts or provisions.
Nothing in this article shall be construed to prevent the enforcement of other laws that prescribe more restrictive limitations.
The permissive provisions of this article shall not be presumed to waive any limitations imposed by any other laws.
The Chief shall report to the Board from time to time as necessary, recommending revisions of this article. Such recommendations may be based upon, but not limited to, studies of the following:
  1. Number of requests for variances.
  2. Number of fire hazards reported or determined by inspections.
  3. Changes and technological advancements of methods, materials and processes.
  4. Investigation of fires.
  5. Recommendations of the Fire Code Advisory Committee.
The Chief shall establish a Fire Code Advisory Committee, which shall consist of the Fire Marshal, who shall serve as chairperson; and representatives from industry, business and other governmental agencies as may be determined from time to time by the Chief. The purpose of the Fire Code Advisory Committee shall be to assist the Chief in any revision of this article by submitting recommendations.
The official badge of the Los Angeles Fire Department is hereby established as that badge adopted by the Board by Resolution No. 189, on June 12, 1941, provided, however, that for the period of January 1, 1986, through and including December 31, 1986, the official badge of the Los Angeles Fire Department shall be that badge adopted by Resolution No. 759 on November 21, 1985 by the Board as the Centennial Badge of the Los Angeles Fire Department.
It shall be unlawful for any person to wear, display or have in his or her possession any such badge unless that person is a member of the Department, employed to perform the duty of extinguishing or preventing or investigating fires, or providing an emergency ambulance service. The members of the Board, while actively serving as such under valid appointment, are members of the Department within the meaning of this section.
Exception: The Board may adopt a design of badge, upon which the word "RETIRED" shall clearly appear, that may be worn by members of the Department who have been honorably retired from active duty by reason of length of service or physical disability.
No person who is not a regular member of the Department shall wear, display, or have in his or her possession any official badge or one that resembles or may be mistaken for the official badge, or that is calculated to indicate that he or she is a member of the Department.
No official badge, or badge of any design indicating a connection with the Los Angeles Fire Department, shall be issued to any person as an honorarium.
All badges and uniform insignia shall remain the property of the City. Every person receiving such property shall be required to personally sign a receipt therefor, and the receipt shall set forth an agreement to reimburse the City in the event of loss for the standard cost price as determined from time to time by the Board.
No person shall manufacture, make, sell, design or transfer any official Fire Department badge except upon the official order of the Fire Department's custodian of badges. The manufacturer shall deliver manufactured badges only to said custodian and may manufacture only the number of badges authorized by that person. Nothing herein shall be considered as affecting the manner in which contracts for the purchase of badges by the City shall be awarded as provided in the City Charter.
Notwithstanding any other provisions of this article, the Board of Fire Commissioners may:
  1. Cause a member's badge and number to be retired from active service and use.
  2. Cause the badge, or a similar badge, to be presented to the deceased member's surviving spouse, child or person in the member's immediate family, as a memorial honoring the member.
Prior to the presentation, the Board shall cause the badge to be affixed permanently to a plaque or within a frame, which will effectively preclude improper use of the badge, with a statement clearly illustrating the member's death in the line of duty.
No person shall remove from the plaque or frame any badge presented under this section, or wear such a badge, or display it, except while it is attached to the plaque or within the frame, with the previously prescribed statement clearly visible. Any badge removed, worn or displayed in violation of this section shall be subject to confiscation.
The repeal of the previous provisions of Chapter 5, Article 7, of the LAMC and the adopting of new ones shall not be construed to commence anew the running of any time limits that may have been imposed by law, regulation or order of the Chief or the Board, relating to the enforcement of such limits, notices or orders.
The construction and design provisions of this code shall apply to:
  1. Structures, facilities and conditions arising after the adoption of this code.
  2. Existing structures, facilities and conditions not legally in existence at the time of adoption of this code.
  3. Existing structures, facilities and conditions where required in Chapter 11.
  4. Existing structures, facilities and conditions that, in the opinion of the fire code official, constitute a distinct hazard to life or property.
The administrative, operational and maintenance provisions of this code shall apply to:
  1. Conditions and operations arising after the adoption of this code.
  2. Existing conditions and operations.
A change of occupancy shall not be made unless the use or occupancy is made to comply with the requirements of this code and the California Existing Building Code.
Exception: Where approved by the fire code official, a change of occupancy shall be permitted without complying with the requirements of this code and the California Existing Building Code, provided that the new or proposed use or occupancy is less hazardous, based on life and fire risk, than the existing use or occupancy.
The design and construction of new structures shall comply with the California Building Code, and any alterations, additions, changes in use or changes in structures required by this code, which are within the scope of the California Building Code, shall be made in accordance therewith.
Where structures are designed and constructed in accordance with the California Residential Code, the provisions of this code shall apply as follows:
  1. Construction and design provisions of this code pertaining to the exterior of the structure shall apply including, but not limited to, premises identification, fire apparatus access and water supplies. Where interior or exterior systems or devices are installed, construction permits required by Section 105.7 shall apply.
  2. Administrative, operational and maintenance provisions of this code shall apply.
The provisions of this code relating to the construction, alteration, repair, enlargement, restoration, relocation or moving of buildings or structures shall not be mandatory for existing buildings or structures identified and classified by the state or local jurisdiction as historic buildings where such buildings or structures do not constitute a distinct hazard to life or property. Fire protection in designated historic buildings shall be provided with an approved fire protection plan as required in Section 1103.1.1.
The codes and standards referenced in this code shall be those that are listed in Chapter 80, and such codes and standards shall be considered to be part of the requirements of this code to the prescribed extent of each such reference and as further regulated in Sections 102.7.1 and 102.7.2.
Where conflicts occur between provisions of this code and referenced codes and standards, the provisions of this code shall apply.
Where the extent of the reference to a referenced code or standard includes subject matter that is within the scope of this code, the provisions of this code, as applicable, shall take precedence over the provisions in the referenced code or standard.
Where applicable standards or requirements are not set forth in this code, or are contained within other laws, codes, regulations, ordinances or bylaws adopted by the jurisdiction, compliance with applicable standards of the National Fire Protection Association or other nationally recognized fire safety standards, as approved, shall be deemed as prima facie evidence of compliance with the intent of this code. Nothing herein shall derogate from the authority of the fire code official to determine compliance with codes or standards for those activities or installations within the fire code official's jurisdiction or responsibility.
Requirements that are essential for the public safety of an existing or proposed activity, building or structure, or for the safety of the occupants thereof, that are not specifically provided for by this code, shall be determined by the fire code official.
Where there is a conflict between a general requirement and a specific requirement, the specific requirement shall be applicable. Where, in a specific case, different sections of this code specify different materials, methods of construction or other requirements, the most restrictive shall govern.
The provisions of this code shall not be deemed to nullify any provisions of local, state or federal law.
References to chapter or section numbers, or to provisions not specifically identified by number, shall be construed to refer to such chapter, section or provision of this code.
The provisions of this article shall apply to existing conditions as well as to new conditions, except that conditions legally in existence at the adoption of this article and not in strict compliance therewith shall be permitted to continue unless the Chief determines they constitute a distinct hazard to life or property.

Part 2 Administrative Provisions

The department of fire prevention is established within the jurisdiction under the direction of the fire code official. The function of the department shall be the implementation, administration and enforcement of the provisions of this code.
It shall be the duty of the Chief to enforce the provisions of this article.
The Chief shall, upon report of any violation of this article, make an inspection and report of his findings thereto.
The Chief shall sign all certificates, notices and orders pertaining to fire safety and fire hazards.
The Chief shall enforce, within the City, the Rules and Regulations that have been formally adopted by the State Fire Marshal for the prevention of fire, or for the protection of life and property against fire or panic.
The fire code official shall be appointed and removed as provided by City Charter.
In accordance with the prescribed procedures of this jurisdiction and with the concurrence of the appointing authority, the fire code official shall have the authority to appoint a deputy fire code official, other related technical officers, inspectors and other employees.
The Office of Fire Marshal is hereby created in the City of Los Angeles.
The Chief shall designate a Deputy Fire Chief of the Department who shall serve as Fire Marshal with the authority to exercise the power and perform the duties of the Fire Marshal.
The Fire Marshal shall, under the direction of the Chief, have control of all matters pertaining to the Bureau of Fire Prevention and Public Safety.
The Bureau of Fire Prevention and Public Safety of the Department, created by Ordinance No. 34,352 (N.S., approved June 19, 1916) is hereby authorized to continue.
The Bureau of Fire Prevention and Public Safety shall consist of the following persons:
  1. The Fire Marshal, who shall be the Chief Fire Prevention Engineer of the Bureau of Fire Prevention and Public Safety; and
  2. Additional officers, assistants and employees as the City Council shall provide.
The function of this Bureau shall be to administer and enforce the fire prevention and life safety provisions of this article and shall include, but not be limited to, the following:
  1. The prevention of fires.
  2. The investigation of the cause, origin and circumstances of fire or life safety hazards.
  3. The elimination of fire and life safety hazards in any building or structure, including those under construction, any premises, marine vessel, aircraft, vehicle, or the appurtenances and equipment thereof.
  4. The maintenance of fire protection equipment and systems.
  5. The regulation of storage, use and handling of hazardous materials and hazardous substances.
  6. Enforcement of the basic building regulations of the State Fire Marshal as they apply to the City of Los Angeles in matters relating to fire, panic and explosion safety.
The fire code official, member of the board of appeals, officer or employee charged with the enforcement of this code, while acting for the jurisdiction, in good faith and without malice in the discharge of the duties required by this code or other pertinent law or ordinance, shall not thereby be rendered civilly or criminally liable personally, and is hereby relieved from all personal liability for any damage accruing to persons or property as a result of an act or by reason of an act or omission in the discharge of official duties.
Any suit or criminal complaint instituted against any officer or employee because of an act performed by that officer or employee in the lawful discharge of duties and under the provisions of this code shall be defended by the legal representatives of the jurisdiction until the final termination of the proceedings. The fire code official or any subordinate shall not be liable for costs in an action, suit or proceeding that is instituted in pursuance of the provisions of this code; and any officer of the department of fire prevention, acting in good faith and without malice, shall be free from liability for acts performed under any of its provisions or by reason of any act or omission in the performance of official duties in connection therewith.
Neither the City of Los Angeles nor any department, nor any board, commission, officer or employee thereof shall be held liable or responsible for any damage or injury caused by or resulting from any inspection or approval made under the provisions of this article.
The fire code official is hereby authorized to enforce the provisions of this code. The fire code official shall have the authority to render interpretations of this code and to adopt policies, procedures, rules and regulations in order to clarify the application of its provisions. Such interpretations, policies, procedures, rules and regulations shall be in compliance with the intent and purpose of this code. Such policies, procedures, rules and regulations shall not have the effect of waiving requirements specifically provided for in this code.
The Chief shall have the power to make and enforce such rules and regulations for the purpose of prevention and control of fires and fire or explosion hazards as may be necessary to carry out the purposes and intent of this article.
Every Rule of General Application to be followed by the public shall be authorized only by order or resolution of the Board and shall be published once in a daily newspaper and shall take effect upon such publication.
It shall be unlawful for any person to violate any rule or regulation adopted by the Board in accordance with the provisions of Section 104.1.1.1.
The fire code official is authorized to receive applications, review construction documents and issue permits for construction regulated by this code, issue permits for operations regulated by this code, inspect the premises for which such permits have been issued and enforce compliance with the provisions of this code.
Where it is necessary to make an inspection to enforce the provisions of this code, or where the fire code official has reasonable cause to believe that there exists in a building or on any premises any conditions or violations of this code that make the building or premises unsafe, dangerous or hazardous, the fire code official shall have the authority to enter the building or premises at all reasonable times to inspect or to perform the duties imposed on the fire code official by this code. If such building or premises is occupied, the fire code official shall present credentials to the occupant and request entry. If such building or premises is unoccupied, the fire code official shall first make a reasonable effort to locate the owner, the owner's authorized agent or other person having charge or control of the building or premises and request entry. If entry is refused, the fire code official has recourse to every remedy provided by law to secure entry.
Where the fire code official has first obtained a proper inspection warrant or other remedy provided by law to secure entry, an owner, the owner's authorized agent or occupant or person having charge, care or control of the building or premises shall not fail or neglect, after proper request is made as herein provided, to permit entry therein by the fire code official for the purpose of inspection and examination pursuant to this code.
The fire code official shall carry proper identification when inspecting structures or premises in the performance of duties under this code.
The fire code official is authorized to issue such notices or orders as are required to affect compliance with this code in accordance with Sections 110.1 and 110.2.
The fire code official shall keep official records as required by Sections 104.6.1 through 104.6.4. Such official records shall be retained for not less than 5 years or for as long as the structure or activity to which such records relate remains in existence, unless otherwise provided by other regulations.
A record of approvals shall be maintained by the fire code official and shall be available for public inspection during business hours in accordance with applicable laws.
The fire code official shall keep a record of each inspection made, including notices and orders issued, showing the findings and disposition of each.
The fire department shall keep a record of fires occurring within its jurisdiction and of facts concerning the same, including statistics as to the extent of such fires and the damage caused thereby, together with other information as required by the fire code official.
Application for modification, alternative methods or materials and the final decision of the fire code official shall be in writing and shall be officially recorded in the permanent records of the fire code official.
Materials, equipment and devices approved by the fire code official shall be constructed and installed in accordance with such approval.
Materials, equipment and devices shall not be reused or reinstalled unless such elements have been reconditioned, tested and placed in good and proper working condition and approved.
To determine the acceptability of technologies, processes, products, facilities, materials and uses attending the design, operation or use of a building or premises subject to inspection by the fire code official, the fire code official is authorized to require the owner or owner's authorized agent to provide, without charge to the jurisdiction, a technical opinion and report. The opinion and report shall be prepared by a qualified engineer, specialist, laboratory or fire safety specialty organization acceptable to the fire code official and shall analyze the fire safety properties of the design, operation or use of the building or premises and the facilities and appurtenances situated thereon, to recommend necessary changes. The fire code official is authorized to require design submittals to be prepared by, and bear the stamp of, a registered design professional.
Where there are practical difficulties involved in carrying out the provisions of this code, the fire code official shall have the authority to grant modifications for individual cases, provided that the fire code official shall first find that special individual reason makes the strict letter of this code impractical and the modification is in compliance with the intent and purpose of this code and that such modification does not lessen health, life and fire safety requirements. The details of action granting modifications shall be recorded and entered in the files of the department of fire prevention.
The provisions of this code are not intended to prevent the installation of any material or to prohibit any design or method of construction not specifically prescribed by this code, provided that any such alternative has been approved. An alternative material, design or method of construction shall be approved where the fire code official finds that the proposed design is satisfactory and complies with the intent of the provisions of this code, and that the material, method or work offered is, for the purpose intended, not less than the equivalent of that prescribed in this code in quality, strength, effectiveness, fire resistance, durability and safety. Where the alternative material, design or method of construction is not approved, the fire code official shall respond in writing, stating the reasons why the alternative was not approved.
Supporting data, where necessary to assist in the approval of materials or assemblies not specifically provided for in this code, shall consist of valid research reports from approved sources.
Where there is insufficient evidence of compliance with the provisions of this code, or evidence that a material or method does not conform to the requirements of this code, or in order to substantiate claims for alternative materials or methods, the fire code official shall have the authority to require tests as evidence of compliance to be made without expense to the jurisdiction. Test methods shall be as specified in this code or by other recognized test standards. In the absence of recognized and accepted test methods, the fire code official shall approve the testing procedures. Tests shall be performed by an approved agency. Reports of such tests shall be retained by the fire code official for the period required for retention of public records.
When determined by the Fire Marshal, or when requested by an applicant for his own convenience and accepted by the Fire Marshal, certain approvals may be granted that are not otherwise specifically required by Section 119.3. When conducting the necessary investigation and tests preliminary to the granting of such approvals, the Department shall affix a fee for each 4 hours, or fraction thereof, devoted to such investigations and tests established as provided by Section 106.7.
  1. Every approval granted in accordance with the provisions of this subsection shall be valid for a period of three years after the date of granting and may be renewed for additional three-year periods.
  2. Applications for renewal of approvals shall be filed in the same manner as for an original approval.
  3. Each such application shall be accompanied by a renewal fee. Whenever the application for renewal is filed prior to the expiration date of the approval, the renewal fee shall be 50 percent of the current fee required for the first 4 hours. Whenever the application for renewal is filed after the expiration date of the approval, the renewal fee shall be as required for a new approval.
  4. The granting of a renewal of the approval shall be handled in the same manner as for an original approval.
The approval by the Department of plans and specifications required by Chapter 1 of this article shall constitute the approval of alternative materials, design or methods of compliance set forth in such plans and specifications. Such approval shall not abrogate any approval required by Chapter 9 of the LAMC for any appliance, device or equipment.
The fire code official, the fire department or other responsible authority shall have the authority to investigate the cause, origin and circumstances of any fire, explosion or other hazardous condition. Information that could be related to trade secrets or processes shall not be made part of the public record, except as directed by a court of law.
Police and other enforcement agencies shall have authority to render necessary assistance in the investigation of fires when requested to do so.
The Chief shall have the authority to investigate the cause, origin and circumstances of every fire, explosion or other emergency occurring within the City. When the Chief finds that a fire, explosion or other emergency is, or may be, the result of a previously issued notice of hazard or a violation of any law, the Chief shall have the authority to take charge immediately of all physical evidence in connection therewith.
The fire chief or officer of the fire department in charge at the scene of a fire or other emergency involving the protection of life or property, or any part thereof, shall have the authority to direct such operation as necessary to extinguish or control any fire, perform any rescue operation, investigate the existence of suspected or reported fires, gas leaks or other hazardous conditions or situations, or take any other action necessary in the reasonable performance of duty. In the exercise of such power, the fire chief is authorized to prohibit any person, vehicle, vessel or thing from approaching the scene, and is authorized to remove, or cause to be removed or kept away from the scene, any vehicle, vessel or thing that could impede or interfere with the operations of the fire department and, in the judgment of the fire chief, any person not actually and usefully employed in the extinguishing of such fire or in the preservation of property in the vicinity thereof.
The fire chief or officer of the fire department in charge at the scene of an emergency is authorized to place ropes, guards, barricades or other obstructions across any street, alley, place or private property in the vicinity of such operation so as to prevent accidents or interference with the lawful efforts of the fire department to manage and control the situation and to handle fire apparatus, and to prevent any and all persons from passing through any such barriers, and from entering into any space set apart or enclosed by means thereof, except persons having a pass as hereinafter specified.
Persons shall not obstruct the operations of the fire department in connection with extinguishment or control of any fire, or actions relative to other emergencies, or disobey any lawful command of the fire chief or officer of the fire department in charge of the emergency, or any part thereof, or any lawful order of a police officer assisting the fire department.
Persons shall not render a system or device inoperative during an emergency unless by direction of the fire chief or fire department official in charge of the incident.
When conducting fire-fighting operations at emergencies, the Chief shall have the authority to construct emergency firebreaks; utilize aircraft; evacuate persons from the area; remove or impound vehicles in the area; close or barricade streets, roads, drives or other access ways both public and private; ignite backfires and conduct backfire operations; and exercise such other power and authority as will, in his opinion, best serve to control the emergency.
Nothing in this chapter or code shall prohibit the payment of investigative costs to the Fire Department by any person so convicted of any provision of this article, to the Fire Department to restitute said agency for all costs expended to investigate and/or enforce the provisions of this code.
If in the course of enforcing any federal, state or local law or ordinance, the Department issues a Fire/Life Safety Order to a person or persons and the person fails to comply with that order, the Department shall collect a noncompliance fee as set forth in Sections 104.12.1.1 through 104.12.1.3.
The noncompliance fee shall be the hourly inspector's salary rate multiplied by the number of hours expended in reinspections after the Fire/Life Safety Order has been issued (2-hour minimum) and shall be paid by the owner. The first reinspection after the Fire/Life Safety Order has been issued will not be charged to the owner if the property is in compliance at the time of that reinspection. If the property is not in compliance at the time of the first reinspection, then time involved in all subsequent reinspections shall be chargeable as a noncompliance fee.
If multiple reinspections of a violation are required in order to gain compliance, the Department shall cause a noncompliance fee billing to be sent to the property owner, either at the time the Department finally gains compliance, or when the Department seeks the filing of criminal charges, unless a timely appeal has been filed. The Fire/Life Safety Order shall contain the elements required in Section 104.12.1.2. It shall state that the owner is required to abate the hazard; set forth a reasonable time in which to comply with the law; state that if the hazard is not abated by the date specified on the notice as the compliance date, the owner shall be responsible for noncompliance fees, including administrative costs; and state that these costs may ultimately result in a lien against the property. Billing of the fees shall be by United States mail, in a sealed envelope with postage paid, addressed to the last known address of the person served with the Fire/Life Safety Violation. Service of the bill shall be deemed to have been completed at the time of deposit with the United States Postal Service. The person or persons served shall remit the noncompliance fee to the Department within 30 days after the date of service. Payment of the noncompliance fees may be made by cash, check, certified check, cashier's check, money order or credit card. If the property owner fails to make the payment in a timely manner, then the Department may demand payment of the noncompliance fee from the person or persons served for the property involved, prior to the issuance of any permit, certification or approval to the person or persons served, pursuant to the authority granted by Section 105.5.1. If the property owner fails to pay a noncompliance fee imposed within 30 days, the Department shall send a second notice in the same manner described above. If the property owner fails to pay the fee within 10 days after the second notice was mailed, a collection fee equal to 50 percent of the original noncompliance fee shall be imposed. This additional fee shall become part of the debt immediately due and owing to the Los Angeles Fire Department. The City shall have the right to bring legal action in any court of competent jurisdiction to enforce the order and collect the amount of the fees. In addition to any other remedy provided by law, the City may collect any judgment, fee, cost or charge, including any permit fees, fines, late charges or interest, incurred in relation to the provisions of this section as provided in Los Angeles Administrative Code Sections 7.35.1 through 7.35.8. Nothing in this section regarding the imposition of noncompliance fees shall prevent the Department from pursuing other legal action, including but not limited to the filing of criminal charges in order to gain compliance with the Fire Code.
Any property owner upon whom a noncompliance fee has been imposed may appeal to the Board of Fire Commissioners.
  1. The appeal shall be made in writing to the Board of Fire Commissioners, upon appropriate forms provided by the Department, within 15 days of the date of service of the billing.
  2. An appeal processing fee of $50.00 shall be paid by the appellant prior to the Board processing the appeal and making a determination.
  3. Additional inspections may be required in order to determine compliance with the Fire/Life Safety Order for purposes of preparing a Department presentation to the Board, or designee, for determination on appeal. The fee for these inspections shall be the hourly inspector's salary rate multiplied by the number of hours expended (2-hour minimum) in the reinspection process, and shall be paid by the appellant.
  4. In any appeal, the appellant making the request shall cause to be made, at the appellant's own expense, any tests required by the Board to substantiate the claims.
  5. The Board may hold any hearings it deems appropriate to consider the appeal. The Board of Fire Commissioners or its designee shall conduct the hearings.
  6. The Board shall determine whether to modify or rescind the fees, or to impose and require the owner to pay the fees. This determination shall be based on evidence in the record of any error on the part of the Fire Department or extreme hardship on the part of the property owner. This determination by the Board shall be final. (Added by Ord. No. 172,699, Eff. 8/15/99.) The fees and charges imposed pursuant to Section 104.12 of the LAMC may be collected on the County tax rolls.
The Chief shall have the authority to issue parking control notices as provided in Sections 22500, 22500.1, 22514 and 41102 of the California Vehicle Code when an illegally parked vehicle blocks access to a fire hydrant or fire lane, or obstructs access to or from a fire station.
In the event a public nuisance caused by the presence of flammable or hazardous materials is abated by the Fire Department, either pursuant to its authority under this code or upon request by any other City department, or is abated by any other City department having authority to abate the nuisance, the costs of abatement, including any cost incurred by the city in using non-City personnel to abate the nuisance, shall be recovered by the City from the person or persons creating, causing, committing or maintaining the nuisance. All costs incurred pursuant to this section shall be a personal obligation against the person or persons creating, causing, committing or maintaining the nuisance and the owner of the property, recoverable by the City in an action before any court of competent jurisdiction. These costs shall include an amount equal to 40 percent of the cost to perform the actual work, but not less than the sum of $100.00, to cover the City's costs for administering any contract and supervising the work required. In addition to this personal obligation and all other remedies provided by law, the City may collect any judgment, fee, cost or charge, including any permit fees, fines, late charges or interest, incurred in relation to the provisions of this section as provided in Los Angeles Administrative Code Sections 7.35.1 through 7.35.8.
Photographs may be taken by the Department as authorized in Sections 104.15.1 and 104.15.2.
After a notice of a violation of this article has been issued, sketches may be made and photographs may be taken, as are found necessary, with permission of the owner or person in charge or control of the premises.
Subsequent to a fire, explosion or other emergency, sketches may be made and photographs may be taken, as are necessary, to adequately depict the condition for the purpose of investigation. No person shall interfere with, refuse or obstruct such sketching or photographing.
In enforcing the provisions of this article and such orders, rules and regulations, variances and standards in connection therewith, the Chief is hereby given the powers of peace officers. They are empowered to inspect and summarily abate any condition that constitutes an immediate hazard to life by reason of fire, explosion or panic, or potential fire, explosion or panic, or otherwise by reason of the presence of hazardous materials.
The Board shall have the power to grant slight variances from the provisions of this article; provided that, before authorizing such variances, the Board shall first find cause therefor in fact in that strict enforcement of this article is impractical, or creates unnecessary hardship, or is otherwise adjudged unwarranted in each instance. Such variances must be in conformity with the spirit and purpose of this article and must secure the public safety.
The Board shall have the power to waive any part or all of the provisions of this article that may apply to a refinery, natural gasoline plant or laboratory where such is found to be in an adequately separated installation at which fire protection and emergency facilities especially adapted to the needs are available and where the Board determines that by reason of such isolation and protection, the public safety is ensured and no unreasonable hazard will result to persons or property.
Each application for a variance or waiver shall be filed at the office of the Bureau of Fire Prevention and Public Safety and shall be accompanied by such maps, drawings, letters, statements and other supporting data as may be required to justify the request in question. Except when such an application is in conjunction with an application for a permit required by Section 105.7.1.1, it shall be accompanied by payment of a fee established by the most current cost recovery schedule published as provided by Section 106.7. An application for two or more variances may be filed upon a single application and only one fee shall be paid, provided that all such variances are located at the same address and are for the same person.
The Fire Marshal shall cause an investigation to be made of every application for a variance or waiver. Such investigation shall be made by authorized members of the Fire Department. At the conclusion of the investigation, the Fire Marshal shall transmit the application, together with his recommendation, to the Board of Fire Commissioners.
Whenever the Chief determines it is essential for the safeguarding of life and property from fire, explosion, panic or other hazardous conditions that may arise in the temporary use of an occupancy and/or premises, he may require one or more fire safety officers to be present during the activity. No such use of an occupancy or premises shall proceed without a timely request to the Chief, as provided in this section, for assignment of a fire safety officer.
Whenever the Chief determines that a uniformed fire safety officer shall be present, the Department shall collect a fee established by the Board. Said fee shall constitute the total sum payable from any source for the services of that person. The Board, with the concurrence of the City Administrative Officer, shall determine on a regular basis the verifiable cost of the City for the fire safety officer. These costs shall be the actual total cost, as determined by the Board.
Whenever the Chief determines that a certified fire safety officer is required, payment for the services of said officer shall be paid to the officer by the person engaging the services of the certified fire safety officer. For each such certified fire safety officer assigned by the Chief, the hourly rate shall be the rate established in the existing Los Angeles Fire Department Memorandum of Understanding for Fire Inspector 1. Said fee shall constitute the total sum payable from any source for the services of that person. Payment for a certified fire safety officer shall be based on the following requirements:
  1. Four-hour minimum workday.
  2. Time and one-half after eight hours.
  3. Time and one-half for Saturdays and Sundays.
  4. Time and one-half for holidays identified by the existing Los Angeles Fire Department Memorandum of Understanding for Fire Inspector 1.
Request for the assignment of a fire safety officer shall be made to the office of the Bureau of Fire Prevention and Public Safety during normal business hours not less than 24 business hours in advance of the need. For weekend assignment or when a holiday will intervene, the request shall be made 48 hours in advance.
The Board is authorized to issue approved passes entitling the holders thereof to pass Fire Department barriers at the discretion of the incident commander. Such passes shall bear a number and a statement of the purpose of issuance, together with the words "Los Angeles Fire Department."
At the scene of an emergency, credentials that clearly establish the authority of the holder hereof to enter the premises may be honored by the Department at the discretion of the incident commander.
Every pass presented for admittance beyond a Fire Department barrier by any person not entitled to the privilege accorded thereby shall be collected by the Chief or any police officer, and all such passes so collected shall be immediately returned to the Board. No unauthorized person shall enter or refuse to leave the area officially closed off by any Department barrier.
The duly authorized official badge or credentials of any government officer or employee who is required to pass through a Department barrier in the performance of duty shall entitle such person to pass through such barrier at the discretion of the incident commander.
The Chief is hereby authorized to furnish and use supplies, equipment or apparatus, and assign regular members of the Department, for the protection or preservation of life, property and public welfare in the City in any emergency or rescue operation, provided such use or assignment will not interfere with nor hinder the performance of the Charter functions of the Department. The Chief shall have the power to make and enforce rules and regulations, in accordance with Section 104.1.1, for the use of such supplies, equipment or apparatus, and for the assignment of members of the Department in emergencies or rescue operations as are necessary to carry out the purposes and intent of this article.
The Chief of Police and his duly authorized representatives shall have the power and are hereby directed, upon the request of the Fire Chief or his representatives, to assist in the enforcement of the provisions of this article.
Authority to issue copies of educational films and tapes shall comply with Sections 104.22.1 through 104.22.4.
The original negative and sound track of any film or tape produced as a part of the public fire safety education program by the Department may, by order of the Board, be filed with the Chief, and copies thereof may be issued only upon the payment of the fees or pursuant to contract as provided in this section.
The Board may, by resolution or by contract, establish the fees to be paid to the Department for the obtaining of copies of films, tapes and sound tracks. Fees shall be calculated on the basis of actual cost incurred in the production of such original films, tapes and sound tracks, including the pro rata cost of reproduction and distribution of copies thereof, based upon the estimated number of copies that might be applied for, or upon any other reasonable formula the Board may determine.
Moneys derived from the sale, distribution or rental of such films, tapes and sound tracks shall be paid into the General Fund of the City as Departmental receipts.
All contracts entered into by the Board pursuant to the provision of this section shall first be submitted to and approved by the City Attorney.
Permits shall be in accordance with Sections 105.1.1 through 105.7.25.
A property owner or owner's authorized agent who intends to conduct an operation or business, or install or modify systems and equipment that are regulated by this code, or to cause any such work to be performed, shall first make application to the fire code official and obtain the required permit.
There shall be two types of permits as follows:
  1. Operational permit. An operational permit allows the applicant to conduct an operation or a business for which a permit is required by Section 105.6 for either:
    1.1.   A prescribed period.
    1.2.   Until renewed or revoked.
  2. Specific action or project permit. A specific action or project permit allows the applicant to use, install or modify systems and equipment or conduct an operation for which a permit is required by Section 105.7.
  3. Special permit, Section 105.8.
  4. High-rise inspection permit, Section 105.9.
  5. Unified Program Facility Permit, Section 120.
No person shall sell, offer for sale, install, operate, maintain or use any appliance, device, equipment or system that requires a permit, a special permit or a general approval by provisions of this article, unless such permit, special permit or general approval is then in effect.
Where more than one permit is required for the same location, the fire code official is authorized to consolidate such permits into a single permit provided that each provision is listed in the permit.
A permit issued under the provisions of Section 105.6 shall be valid only for the person in whose name it is issued, and for the location shown on the permit. Separate locations require separate permits.
Where equipment replacement and repairs must be performed in an emergency situation, the permit application shall be submitted within the next working business day to the fire code official.
Application or notice to the fire code official is not required for ordinary repairs to structures, equipment or systems. Such repairs shall not include the cutting away of any wall, partition or portion thereof, the removal or change of any required means of egress, or rearrangement of parts of a structure affecting the egress requirements; nor shall any repairs include addition to, alteration of, replacement or relocation of any standpipe, fire protection water supply, automatic sprinkler system, fire alarm system or other work affecting fire protection or life safety.
Instead of an individual construction permit for each alteration to an already approved system or equipment installation, the fire code official is authorized to issue an annual permit on application therefor to any person, firm or corporation regularly employing one or more qualified tradespersons in the building, structure or on the premises owned or operated by the applicant for the permit.
The person to whom an annual permit is issued shall keep a detailed record of alterations made under such annual permit. The fire code official shall have access to such records at all times or such records shall be filed with the fire code official as designated.
Application for a permit required by this code shall be made to the fire code official in such form and detail as prescribed by the fire code official. Applications for permits shall be accompanied by such plans as prescribed by the fire code official.
If the application for a permit describes a use that does not conform to the requirements of this code and other pertinent laws and ordinances, the fire code official shall not issue a permit, but shall return the application to the applicant with the refusal to issue such permit. Such refusal shall, where requested, be in writing and shall contain the reasons for refusal.
Before a new operational permit is approved, the fire code official is authorized to inspect the receptacles, vehicles, buildings, devices, premises, storage spaces or areas to be used to determine compliance with this code or any operational constraints required.
An application for a permit for any proposed work or operation shall be deemed to have been abandoned 180 days after the date of filing, unless such application has been diligently prosecuted or a permit shall have been issued; except that the fire code official is authorized to grant one or more extensions of time for additional periods not exceeding 90 days each. The extension shall be requested in writing and justifiable cause demonstrated.
The fire code official shall examine or cause to be examined applications for permits and amendments thereto within a reasonable time after filing. If the application or the construction documents do not conform to the requirements of pertinent laws, the fire code official shall reject such application in writing, stating the reasons therefor. If the fire code official is satisfied that the proposed work or operation conforms to the requirements of this code and laws and ordinances applicable thereto, the fire code official shall issue a permit therefor as soon as practicable.
A permit shall constitute permission to maintain, store or handle materials; or to conduct processes that produce conditions hazardous to life or property; or to install equipment utilized in connection with such activities; or to install or modify any fire protection system or equipment or any other construction, equipment installation or modification in accordance with the provisions of this code where a permit is required by Section 105.6 or 105.7. Such permission shall not be construed as authority to violate, cancel or set aside any of the provisions of this code or other applicable regulations or laws of the jurisdiction.
An operational permit shall remain in effect until reissued, renewed or revoked, or for such a period of time as specified in the permit. Construction permits shall automatically become invalid unless the work authorized by such permit is commenced within 180 days after its issuance, or if the work authorized by such permit is suspended or abandoned for a period of 180 days after the time the work is commenced. Before such work recommences, a new permit shall be first obtained and the fee to recommence work, if any, shall be one-half the amount required for a new permit for such work, provided that changes have not been made and will not be made in the original construction documents for such work, and provided further that such suspension or abandonment has not exceeded one year. Permits are not transferable and any change in occupancy, operation, tenancy or ownership shall require that a new permit be issued.
A permittee holding an unexpired permit shall have the right to apply for an extension of the time within which the permittee will commence work under that permit where work is unable to be commenced within the time required by this section for good and satisfactory reasons. The fire code official is authorized to grant, in writing, one or more extensions of the time period of a permit for periods of not more than 180 days each. Such extensions shall be requested by the permit holder in writing and justifiable cause demonstrated.
The building or structure shall not be occupied prior to the fire code official issuing a permit and conducting associated inspections indicating the applicable provisions of this code have been met.
Where permits are required and on the request of a permit applicant, the fire code official is authorized to issue a conditional permit to occupy the premises or portion thereof before the entire work or operations on the premises is completed, provided that such portion or portions will be occupied safely prior to full completion or installation of equipment and operations without endangering life or public welfare. The fire code official shall notify the permit applicant in writing of any limitations or restrictions necessary to keep the permit area safe. The holder of a conditional permit shall proceed only to the point for which approval has been given, at the permit holder's own risk and without assurance that approval for the occupancy or the utilization of the entire premises, equipment or operations will be granted.
Issued permits shall be kept on the premises designated therein at all times and shall be readily available for inspection by the fire code official.
Each valid permit issued pursuant to the provisions of Section 105.6 shall be posted in a conspicuous place on the premises for which the same is issued. Persons engaged in the business of operating or maintaining any oil well shall keep the permit available for inspection at the main office or principal place of business of the permittee.
The issuance or granting of a permit shall not be construed to be a permit for, or an approval of, any violation of any of the provisions of this code or of any other ordinance of the jurisdiction. Permits presuming to give authority to violate or cancel the provisions of this code or other ordinances of the jurisdiction shall not be valid. The issuance of a permit based on construction documents and other data shall not prevent the fire code official from requiring the correction of errors in the construction documents and other data. Any addition to or alteration of approved construction documents shall be approved in advance by the fire code official, as evidenced by the issuance of a new or amended permit.
The fire code official shall issue all permits required by this code on an approved form furnished for that purpose. The permit shall contain a general description of the operation or occupancy and its location and any other information required by the fire code official. Issued permits shall bear the signature of the fire code official or other approved legal authorization.
The issuance or granting of a permit shall not be construed to be a permit for, or an approval of, any violation of any of the provisions of this code or of any other ordinances of the jurisdiction. Permits presuming to give authority to violate or cancel the provisions of this code or other ordinances of the jurisdiction shall not be valid. The issuance of a permit based on construction documents, operational documents and other data shall not prevent the fire code official from requiring correction of errors in the documents or other data.
Operational permits under the provisions of Section 105.6 for activities listed under Sections 105.6.1 through 105.6.36 shall comply with the requirements of Sections 105.3.9 through 105.3.9.8.6.
Applications for operational permits under the provisions of Section 105.6 for activities listed under Sections 105.6.1 through 105.6.36 shall comply with the requirements of Sections 105.3.9.1.1 through 105.3.9.1.2.2.
All applications for permits required by Section 105.6 shall be filed with the Office of Finance and shall be in writing on forms provided by the Office of Finance. Such applications shall be accompanied by the permit fees required by this article.
Applications for permits required by this chapter shall, unless otherwise required by the Department, contain the following information:
  1. The name and address of the applicant.
  2. A description of the property by street and number wherein or whereon the applicant proposes to engage in the business or operation or to occupy the premises for which the permit is required, and if the same has no street number, then such description as will enable it to be easily located.
  3. A statement signed by the applicant or the applicant's authorized representative signifying the applicant is in charge of such business, operation, occupation or premises, and agrees to comply with all regulations, laws or ordinances pertaining thereto.
If the application is for a permit to store, process or use hazardous materials above ground of the type and in the amounts exceeding those set forth in Table 105.6.17 or exceeding the permit amounts for hazardous materials in Chapter 50, it shall state thereon the maximum aggregate quantity of such materials that the applicant intends to store, process or use at any time and the business shall comply with all inventory reporting and business plan requirements in Section 121.
If the application is for a permit for assembly occupancies, it shall be accompanied by three copies of a floor plan that clearly indicates the maximum capacity for the proposed use. The plans shall be drawn to scale and show all seats, cross aisles and exit doorways in accordance with the provisions of this article.
The investigation and procedure for granting, and the power to deny, permits shall be in accordance with Sections 105.3.9.2.1 and 105.3.9.2.2.
Investigation and procedure for granting permits shall be as follows:
  1. The Fire Marshal shall investigate application for a permit, and such investigation shall be made by authorized members of the Department.
  2. The Fire Marshal may require such additional information as may be necessary to carry out the investigation of the application for a permit.
  3. The Chief shall determine the allowable occupant load permitted for an assembly or institutional occupancy based upon the aisle and exit provisions of Chapter 10 of this article. The allowable occupant load shall not exceed the maximum occupant load designated in the certificate of occupancy issued by the Department of Building and Safety, or in the absence of such certificate, the maximum occupant load approved by the Chief.
  4. If, after investigation and consideration of any application, and any plans or specifications required in connection therewith, the Chief shall determine that the proposed business, operation, occupation or premises will not create any undue hazard as a result of fire or panic, and the applicant will comply with any requirements of this article and all other applicable laws, the Chief shall approve the application.
  5. The Chief's approval of the application may be made subject to terms and conditions necessary for the safeguarding of life and property from the hazards of fire, explosion or panic.
  6. On approval of the application by the Chief and the payment of the required fee, the Office of Finance shall issue the permit.
The Chief, in his discretion, is hereby empowered to deny or withhold approval of a permit for which an application has been made if the building, premises, equipment, apparatus, vehicle, or reasonable facilities for the establishing, maintaining, conducting, or operating the business, operation, occupation, or premises for which the permit is requested are insufficient or are unfit or incapable of being used, maintained, established or operated to comply with this article or other applicable laws and the Rules and Regulations of the Department.
Each permit issued by the Office of Finance shall be in accordance with the provisions of this section and shall have set forth upon the face thereof the following:
  1. The name of the person to whom issued;
  2. The classification or type of business, operation, occupation or premises for which such permit is issued;
  3. The address where the business, operation, occupation or premises are located; and where the address is different from that of the applicant, the address designated by the applicant or his or her authority agent for mailing purposes. The mailing address so appearing shall be the address to which all notices required or authorized in this article shall be sent unless the applicant or permittee shall request the Office of Finance, in writing, that another address be used for such purposes;
  4. The signature of the Chief printed thereon; and
  5. The date of expiration of the permit, and the date upon which the annual permit fee shall be due and payable.
No permit shall be transferable except when the business, operation, occupation or premises for which the permit is issued is transferred, whether by sale or otherwise, to another person under such circumstances that the ownership after the transfer is substantially similar to the ownership existing before the transfer.
Any change of location for a business, operation, occupation or premises shall require filing of a new application and payment of the applicable fee set forth in Section 106.6.3.
Unless otherwise set forth on the face of the permit, every permit issued in accordance with the provisions of this chapter shall be valid for the year stated, or until voided, revoked or suspended.
Power of revocation and suspension of permits shall be in accordance with Sections 105.3.9.6.1 through 105.3.9.6.3.
Notwithstanding any other provisions of this article to the contrary, the Chief shall have the power to revoke or suspend any permit, at his discretion, upon proof to the satisfaction of the Chief of violation by the permittee of the provisions of this article, the Rules and Regulations of this Department adopted under the authority of Section 104.1.1, or the terms and conditions of any permit as may be specified under the authority of Section 105.3.9. Such revocation or suspension shall be in accordance with the provisions of Section 105.5.
Whenever any person fails to comply with any provisions of this chapter pertaining to contractor's liability insurance or the payment of permit fees, the Office of Finance, upon hearing, after giving such person 10 days' notice in writing, specifying the time and place of hearing and requiring the person to show cause why the permit should not be revoked for such failure, may revoke or suspend any one or more of the permits held by such person. The notice shall be served in the same manner as notices are served under Section 21.16 of the LAMC.
It shall be unlawful for any person to engage in any business, operation or occupation, or use any premises, after the permit issued therefor has been suspended or revoked pursuant to the provisions of this chapter unless the permit has been reinstated or a new permit issued. Any person who engages in any business, operation or occupation, or uses any premises, after the permit issued therefor has been suspended or revoked pursuant to the provisions of this section, and before such suspended permit has been reinstated or a new permit issued, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.
If the Office of Finance finds that any permit fee due or believed to be due under the provisions of this chapter cannot be collected, or that efforts to collect any such amount would be disproportionately costly with relation to the probable outcome of the collecting efforts, the Office of Finance may prepare a report setting forth his or her findings and the reasons therefor, and submit it to a Board of Review constituted as provided in Section 21.16 of the LAMC. On unanimous approval of a finding by the Board of Review, the Office of Finance may remove from his active accounts receivable any unpaid fee owing or believed to be owing from one person that amounts to less than $100.00. If the report relates to a claim for the fees owing or believed to be owing from one person that amounts to $100.00 or more, the Board of Review shall make its recommendations upon the finding and, if the Board of Review unanimously approves the finding, submit it to the Council with the finding of the Office of Finance. If the Board of Review does not unanimously approve the finding, the matter shall be returned to the Office of Finance. Upon the approval of the findings by the Council, the Office of Finance may remove from his active accounts receivable the amount so approved. The Office of Finance may include in a single report his findings and supporting reasons regarding fees due from more than one person. The removal from the active accounts receivable of the Office of Finance of any unpaid fee as provided herein shall not preclude the City from collecting or attempting to collect any such fee that later proves to be collectible.
Each application for a permit for the drilling, operation or maintenance of any oil well shall be accompanied by a bond or bonds in duplicate and executed by the applicant as principal and by a surety company authorized to do business in this State as surety, or by the applicant with two responsible sureties satisfactory to the City Attorney. All such bonds shall be approved by the City Attorney as form and content. Required bonds shall comply with Sections 105.3.9.8.1 through 105.3.9.8.6.
Unless otherwise provided, a bond in the sum of $10,000 shall be filed with the Office of Finance for each oil well for which a permit is required; provided, however, that the applicant, in lieu of filing individual bonds for each such well, may file a blanket bond in the sum of $50,000 covering all oil wells for which a permit is required:
  1. Where the $50,000 blanket bond is filed, each additional oil well not described in said bond shall be covered hereunder by a rider, submitted in duplicate and attached thereto, specifically describing such additional property as the bond is to cover. Said rider is to be executed by the principal and surety in the same manner as the bond is executed and shall be approved by the City Attorney as to form and content;
  2. The total aggregate liability under the blanket bond shall be limited to the sum of $50,000, provided, however, that the maximum liability for any one oil well shall not exceed the sum of $10,000.
The conditions of the bond shall specify that the principal shall comply with all of the provisions and requirements of this article and any and all amendments thereto, and that in default thereof the principals shall upon demand pay to the City of Los Angeles all charges, costs and expenses incurred by the City in respect to any abandonment or demolition of any oil well, in the event of a failure on the part of the principal to abandon or demolish any oil well as required by this article, and shall upon demand pay to the City all charges, costs and expenses incurred by the City in respect to altering, reconstructing or repairing any oil well so as to cause the same to comply with the provisions of this article in the event of the failure on the part of the principal to comply with such provisions.
The term of each such bond shall begin upon the date thereof and shall terminate upon the filing of a new bond as required by the permittee covering the same oil well, or upon the abandonment of such oil well in the manner required by this article.
In lieu of a surety bond as herein prescribed, the City Attorney may accept an agreement of indemnity executed by the applicant or permittee and accompanied by a deposit of cash in substantially the following form and manner:
  1. The applicant or permittee shall deposit, and at all times maintain on deposit with the Treasurer of the City of Los Angeles, an amount in cash equivalent to the amount of the bond required by the provisions of this article;
  2. The applicant or permittee, concurrently with the making of said deposit, shall execute and deliver to the Office of Finance an agreement in writing, which shall be subject to the approval of the City Attorney as to form and content, confirming the deposit and agreeing to indemnify the City against any loss and damage arising out of the failure on the part of the applicant or permittee faithfully to comply with the provisions of this article;
  3. The City Treasurer shall have the custody of the cash deposited hereunder;
  4. The Chief shall determine the fact of a default by the applicant or permittee in the performance of all of the terms and conditions of this article and the amount of all charges, costs and expenses incurred by the City thereby provided for herein, and shall order the payment thereof from the deposit. The Chief shall transmit his findings and order to the treasurer, who shall make payment to the City for all charges, costs and expenses incurred;
  5. The agreement of indemnity herein provided for may set forth such additional terms and conditions as the City Attorney finds necessary or convenient to carry out the purposes and intent of the LAMC.
Whenever the Chief extends the time in which the permittee may perform any acts required by this article, such extension of time shall not be deemed to exonerate or discharge any surety upon any bond filed hereunder.
The Chief shall have the power to authorize all necessary acts to be done to make any such oil well comply with the provisions of this article relating thereto or to perform the necessary acts to abandon and demolish any such oil well and to restore the property to its natural condition. The City Controller shall approve all warrants held by the City Treasurer for the necessary expense incurred in correcting the violation of this article relating thereto and the abandoning and demolition of any such oil well.
Construction documents shall be in accordance with Sections 105.4.1 through 105.4.6.
Construction documents and supporting data shall be submitted in two or more sets with each application for a permit and in such form and detail as required by the fire code official. The construction documents shall be prepared by a registered design professional where required by the statutes of the jurisdiction in which the project is to be constructed.
Exception: The fire code official is authorized to waive the submission of construction documents and supporting data not required to be prepared by a registered design professional if it is found that the nature of the work applied for is such that review of construction documents is not necessary to obtain compliance with this code.
The fire code official shall examine or cause to be examined the accompanying construction documents and shall ascertain by such examinations whether the work indicated and described is in accordance with the requirements of this code.
Construction documents shall be drawn to scale on suitable material. Electronic media documents are allowed to be submitted where approved by the fire code official. Construction documents shall be of sufficient clarity to indicate the location, nature and extent of the work proposed and show in detail that it will conform to the provisions of this code and relevant laws, ordinances, rules and regulations as determined by the fire code official.
Shop drawings for the fire protection system(s) shall be submitted to indicate compliance with this code and the construction documents, and shall be approved prior to the start of installation. Shop drawings shall contain all information as required by the referenced installation standards in Chapter 9.
It shall be the responsibility of the applicant to ensure that the construction documents include all of the fire protection requirements and the shop drawings are complete and in compliance with the applicable codes and standards.
Construction documents approved by the fire code official are approved with the intent that such construction documents comply in all respects with this code. Review and approval by the fire code official shall not relieve the applicant of the responsibility of compliance with this code.
The fire code official is authorized to issue a permit for the construction of part of a structure, system or operation before the construction documents for the whole structure, system or operation have been submitted, provided that adequate information and detailed statements have been filed complying with pertinent requirements of this code. The holder of such permit for parts of a structure, system or operation shall proceed at the holder's own risk with the building operation and without assurance that a permit for the entire structure, system or operation will be granted.
Work shall be installed in accordance with the approved construction documents, and any changes made during construction that are not in compliance with the approved construction documents shall be resubmitted for approval as an amended set of construction documents.
One set of construction documents shall be retained by the fire code official for a period of not less than 180 days from date of completion of the permitted work, or as required by state or local laws. One set of approved construction documents shall be returned to the applicant, and said set shall be kept on the site of the building or work at all times during which the work authorized thereby is in progress.
In addition to all other penalties prescribed herein, the Chief shall have the power to revoke, suspend or deny the granting of any permit, special permit, general approval or Certificate of Fitness required pursuant to the provisions of this article, for any of the following reasons:
  1. When necessary for the protection of life and property; or
  2. Violation of any provision of this article or any rule or regulation adopted hereunder; or
  3. Violation of applicable law; or
  4. Violation of any of the terms or conditions of such permit, special permit, general approval or Certificate of Fitness; or
  5. Changing the occupancy, equipment, materials, processes or other conditions as permitted on a premises in such a manner as to create a greater risk of fire or explosion or less protection than was present at the time of issuance of such permit, special permit, general approval or Certificate of Fitness; or
  6. Upon a finding by the Chief of any practice constituting a fraud upon the public; or
  7. Upon a finding by the Chief of evidence of inability, lack of necessary expertise, or willful or negligent failure to properly and safely perform the duties for which a Certificate of Fitness is granted; or
  8. Upon a finding by the Chief of evidence of a lack of cooperation with, or courtesy to, members of the public, the Department or other agencies in the conduct of the activity for which the certificate was issued.
No person shall act as an agent or representative for or on behalf of any person whose permit, special permit, general approval or Certificate of Fitness has been revoked or suspended by the Chief with respect to any matter covered by such permit, special permit, general approval or Certificate of Fitness during the period of such revocation or suspension.
Generally no permit, special permit, general approval or Certificate of Fitness shall be suspended or revoked until a hearing is held by the Chief. Written notice shall be served not less than five days and not more than 10 days prior to the date of such hearing, on the owner or any other person lawfully in possession of such permit, approval or certificate. Said notice shall state the grounds of the complaint against the owner or other person together with the time and place the hearing will be held. Service of notices and the conduct of the hearing shall be in conformance with the requirements of Sections 11.00 and 22.02 of the LAMC. Any permit, special permit, general approval or Certificate of Fitness may be temporarily suspended by the Chief for violation of the terms thereof, when immediate action is necessary to abate conditions dangerous to life or property, without such notice and hearing.
All permits and special permits shall become void upon any change of owner or location shown on the permit.
The fire code official is authorized to issue operational permits for the operations set forth in Sections 105.6.1 through 105.6.36. The provisions of this section apply to permits that constitute authority for a continuing action by the permittee. No person or owner shall use any premises or engage in any activities described herein without having obtained a permit pursuant to this section.
An operational permit is required to engage in the business of an aircraft fueling station. An aircraft fueling station is that portion of a premise that handles the transfer of flammable or combustible liquids or liquefied flammable gas into or from an aircraft or fueler. It includes the pumps, underground piping and main storage tanks used to store and dispense the fuels. Only one permit is required for all buildings, structures or space owned by the same person at the same location.
An operational permit is required to engage in the business of an aircraft refueler. An aircraft refueler is any cargo tank vehicle used for the transportation and transferring of flammable or combustible liquids or liquefied flammable gas to or from fuel tanks or compartments of aircraft.
An operational permit is required to engage in the business of operating an airport fueling system. An airport fueling system is an arrangement of aviation fuel storage tanks, pumps, piping and associated equipment, or aircraft fuel servicing vehicles, installed at an airport and designed to service aircraft at fixed positions.
An operational permit is required to engage in the business of operating a private airport. An airport is an area of land or structural surface that is used, or intended for use, for the landing and taking off of aircraft with an overall length greater than 39 feet (11 887 mm) and an overall exterior fuselage width greater than 6.6 feet (2012 mm), and any appurtenant areas that are used or intended for use for airport buildings and other airport facilities.
An operational permit is required to engage in the business of operating a place of public assemblage. A place of public assemblage is any building or premises having assemblage capacity greater than 49 persons, designed for entertainment, instruction, worship, meetings, display, or consumption of food or drinks. It includes the showing of motion pictures when an admission is charged, the premise is open to the public and it has a capacity of 10 or more persons.
An operational permit is required to engage in the operation of an atmospheric above-ground tank exceeding 60 gallons (227 L) capacity containing hazardous material or hazardous waste.
An operational permit is required to engage in the business of a bulk distributing station. A bulk distributing station is any distributing station where flammable or combustible liquids with a loading rack are received by tank vessel, pipeline, tank car or tank vehicle, and are stored or blended in bulk for the purpose of distributing such liquids by tank vessel, pipeline, tank car, tank vehicle or container.
An operational permit is required for carbon dioxide enrichment systems having more than 874 standard cubic feet (100 pounds) of carbon dioxide.
An operational permit is required to engage in the business of operating a central station signaling system supervising station. A central station signaling system is a system consisting of electrically operated circuits and equipment that transmits alarms from buildings and structures equipped with a fire protection system to a central station that is controlled and operated by a Departmentapproved person or firm whose business is the furnishing and maintaining of such a system and where qualified personnel are in attendance at all times to notify the Fire Department of any alarm received.
An operational permit is required to engage in the business of a church. A church is any building or premises used as a place of assemblage for public worship or meditation. Original fee only.
An operational permit is required to engage in the business of a community care facility. A community care facility is any facility, place or building that is maintained and operated to provide nonmedical day treatment and adult day care, including, but not limited to, the physically handicapped, mentally impaired and incompetent persons, and includes the following (greater than six persons; 18 years old and over):
An operational permit is required to engage in the business of a cylinder filling plant. A cylinder filling plant is any lot or parcel of land or portion thereof used for the purpose of filling portable pressure vessels with liquefied flammable gas, flammable gas or other gas that is defined as a toxic material, oxidizing material or unstable material.
An operational permit is required to engage in the business of day care in nonresidential buildings for more than six children or any residential building for more than eight children (large family day care).
An operational permit is required to engage in the business of dry cleaning or to change to a more hazardous cleaning solvent used in existing dry cleaning equipment. A dry cleaning plant is any building, premises or room in which the actions of dry cleaning or dyeing are performed frequently or regularly, whether as a primary business or as an accessory operation useful or necessary to some other business.
An operational permit is required to utilize a site for the dispensing of liquid fuels from tank vehicles into the fuel tanks of motor vehicles, marine craft and other special equipment at commercial, industrial, governmental or manufacturing establishments in accordance with Section 5706.5.4 or, where required by the fire code official, to utilize a site for on-demand mobile fueling operations in accordance with Section 5707.
Exception: Film-related equipment in support of actual production filming not to include personal vehicles.
An operational permit is required to engage in the dispensing of liquid fuels into the fuel tanks of motor vehicles at commercial, industrial, governmental or manufacturing establishments in accordance with Section 5706.5.4 or to engage in on-demand mobile fueling operations in accordance with Section 5707.
An operational permit is required to store, process or use materials above ground of the type and in the amounts exceeding those set forth in Table 105.6.17 or exceeding the permit amounts for hazardous materials in Chapter 50.
AMOUNTS OF MATERIALS EXEMPT FROM SECTION 105.6.17 PERMIT REQUIREMENTS
TYPE QUANTITY
1. Air-reactive materials No exemption
2. Water-reactive materials No exemption
3. Unstable materials No exemption
4. Explosive materials
Class A No exemption
Class B 10 pounds
5. Fireworks No exemption
6. Smokeless powder 20 pounds
7. Black sporting powder 5 pounds
8. Small arms ammunition 1,000 pounds (net weight)
9. Flammable gases 3,000 cubic feet
10. Liquefied flammable gases 60 gallons
11. Flammable liquids
Class IA 60 gallons
Class IB 120 gallons
Class IC 180 gallons
Combination of flammable liquids with
not more than the exempt amount of
Class IA, IB or IC liquids
240 gallons
12. Combustible liquids
Class II 240 gallons
Class III 500 gallons
13. Combustible metals 500 pounds
14. Flammable fibers
Loose 100 cubic feet
Baled 1,000 cubic feet
15. Flammable solids 500 pounds
16. Toxic materials
Class 3, 4 No exemption
Class 1, 2 gases 400 cubic feet
Solids or liquids 100 pounds
Etiologic agent No exemption
17. Oxidizing materials
Gases 504 cubic feet
Liquids 50 gallons
Solids 500 pounds
18. Organic peroxides
Class I, II, III No exemption
Class IV 10 pounds
19. Corrosive materials
Liquids 200 gallons
Solids 2,000 pounds
20. Ammonium nitrate compound mixtures
containing more than 60% nitrate
weight
1,000 pounds
An operational permit is required to engage in the business of operating a heliport. A heliport is an area of land, water or structure used or intended to be used for the landing and takeoff of helicopters (excluding "emergency use only" heliports).
An operational permit is required to use a building or portion thereof as a high-piled combustible storage area exceeding 500 square feet (46 m2).
An operational permit is required to engage in the business of a hospital. This occupancy shall include buildings and structures used for medical, surgical, psychiatric or custodial care on a 24-hour basis for more than six persons who are classified as nonambulatory or bedridden:
  • Hospitals
  • Mental hospitals
Also included are nursing or custodial care nursing homes. This occupancy shall include nursing or custodial care nursing homes (both intermediate care facilities and skilled nursing facilities) on a 24-hour basis for more than six persons who are classified as nonambulatory or bedridden, and detoxification facilities.
An operational permit is required to engage in the business of a hotel. A hotel is any residential building designed or used for or containing six or more guest rooms or suites of rooms, but not including any institution in which human beings are housed or detained under legal restraint.
An operational permit is required to engage in the business of operating a laboratory. Only one laboratory permit shall be required for all buildings or structures operated by the same permittee at the same location. A laboratory is an occupancy devoted to experimental study in science, or to testing, analysis, inspection, research or process control and development. Laboratories may contain one or more separate laboratory work areas that involve the use of hazardous materials.
An operational permit is required to engage in the business of a marine oil terminal. A marine oil terminal is any plant, station, premises or equipment used in connection therewith, located on the harbor or ocean front, that is designed and intended to deliver to or receive from oceangoing vessels liquefied or gaseous hazardous materials or flammable or combustible liquids.
An operational permit is required to engage in the business of a marine service station. A marine service station is any station, plant, premises or equipment used in connection therewith where flammable or combustible liquids used as motor fuels are dispensed from equipment, on shore, piers or wharves to floating craft for fuel, except bunkering facilities for oceangoing vessels.
An operational permit is required to engage in the operation of a natural gasoline plant. A natural gasoline plant is any facility in which gasoline is extracted from petroleum vapors produced at the well.
An operational permit is required to engage in the operation of an oil well. An oil well is any well or hole already drilled, being drilled or to be drilled for, prospecting for or producing petroleum, natural gas or other hydrocarbon substances; or being used or intended to be used for the subsurface injection of oil field waste, gases, water or liquid substances; including any such existing hole, well or casing that has not been abandoned.
The notices for application and/or cancellation for a permit under this classification are handled by the Fire Inspector in the Harbor Industrial Unit.
Exception: "Oil well" shall not include "temporary geological exploratory core hole."
An operational permit is required to use a plant extraction system.
An operational permit is required to engage in the business of operating a refinery. A refinery is any plant, premises or facility used for the process or production of petroleum, chemicals or petrochemicals from raw or basic materials to marketable products in amounts exceeding 100 barrels per day capacity.
An operational permit is required to engage in the business of a residential care facility. This occupancy shall include buildings, structures or parts thereof housing more than six clients, on a 24- hour basis, who, because of age, mental disability or other reasons, live in a supervised residential environment that provides personal care services. This category may contain clients who are ambulatory, nonambulatory and/or bedridden. This group shall include, but not be limited to, the following:
An operational permit is required to engage in the business of a school. A school is every building or portion thereof used for education, training or instruction through the 12th grade for more than six persons for more than 12 hours per week or 4 hours in any one day.
Exception: Rooms accessory to a church and used for religious education for not more than two days per week are exempt.
(Original fee only.) An operational permit is required to engage in the operation of a service center for armed forces personnel. A service center for armed forces personnel is any building or premises having assemblage capacity greater than 49 persons designed for entertainment, display, or consumption of food or drinks. Military personnel and family will hold over at this facility awaiting flights to other military destinations.
An operational permit is required to engage in the business of a special school. A special school is any building, premises or portion thereof used for education, training or instruction of more than six students, 16 years of age or under, for more than 8 hours per week. Examples are dance or ballet schools.
An operational permit is required to engage in the operation of a surgical center. A surgical center is any healthcare facility that receives persons for outpatient medical care that may render the patient incapable of unassisted self-preservation and where each tenant space accommodates more than five such patients.
An operational permit is required to engage in the business of a theater. A theater is any room, hall, auditorium or premises having a stage or platform designed or used for entertainment and adapted to the presentation of plays, musicals, operas, pageants or similar forms of entertainment.
An operational permit is required to engage in the business of a little theater. A little theater is any room, hall, auditorium or premises having a stage not requiring a fire-resistive curtain or automatic sprinklers.
An operational permit is required to engage in the business of a motion picture theater. A motion picture theater is any building or premises or portion thereof designed or used for the showing of motion pictures, when an admission fee is charged and when such building or premises is open to the public and has a capacity of 10 or more persons.
No person, firm or corporation shall engage in any specific action or project for which a permit is required by this section without first having obtained a valid permit from the Department. The fire code official is authorized to issue specific action or project permits for work as set forth in Section 105.7.1.
Specific action or project permits shall be required for the following specific action or project as set forth in Sections 105.7.1.1 through 105.7.1.12.
A specific action or project permit is required to erect, install or relocate any appliance, device or system listed in this subsection when such equipment is to be used in connection with hazardous materials, hazardous waste or hazardous plastics.
  1. Atmospheric tank exceeding 60 gallon (227 L) capacity.
  2. Low-pressure tank exceeding 60 gallon (227 L) water capacity.
  3. Pressure vessel exceeding 60 gallon (38 710 mm2) water capacity.
  4. Special vessel.
  5. Spray booth or spray tunnel with any dimension greater than 3 feet.
  6. Dip tank more than 150 gallons capacity or more than 5 square feet of surface area.
  7. Flow coat machine.
  8. Drying oven.
  9. Industrial oven or furnace not otherwise specified.
  10. Industrial proceeding equipment not otherwise specified.
  11. Fumigation chamber.
  12. Automatic fire extinguishing system except automatic sprinkler system.
  13. Compressed or liquefied gas manifold (stationary).
  14. Dust-collecting systems.
  15. Dry cleaning equipment not otherwise specified.
  16. Drilling or redrilling any oil well.
  17. Asbestos abatement.
  18. Gas detection system.
A specific action or project permit is required to add to or alter any item, including ducting or piping connected thereto, as set forth in Section 105.7.1.1.
A specific action or project permit is required to conduct any of the following operations:
  1. Fireworks display.
  2. Blasting operation.
  3. Exhibit, show, circus or carnival on any parcel of land or premises other than those for which a permit is required by Sections 105.6.1 through 105.6.36. When such exhibit, show, circus or carnival is conducted within a tent, the fees required by Section 105.7.8 through 105.7.8.5 shall be deemed to include the use of such tent as a place of assemblage.
  4. Transfer flammable gas, liquefied flammable gas, flammable liquids or combustible liquids as provided for in the exception to Section 5706.5.4.6, or in any other manner not specifically regulated by this article.
  5. Abandon oil well or underground tank.
  6. Burn any hazardous refuse in an open outdoor fire.
  7. Temporarily store explosives in a manner not otherwise specifically regulated by this article.
A specific action or project permit is required to use any tent or membrane structure (temporary only) as a place of assemblage.
A specific action or project permit is required to install, alter or relocate any part of any fire hydrant on private property.
A specific action or project permit is required to install any central station signaling system.
A specific action or project permit is required to land any aircraft including helicopters, except in an emergency, any place other than an airport or heliport that is regulated under the provisions of Chapter 20 of this article.
A specific action or project permit is required to operate or maintain a live theater production.
A specific action or project permit is required for installation of or modification to a plant extraction system. Maintenance performed in accordance with this code is not considered to be a modification and does not require a construction permit.
A specific action or project permit is required to install stationary storage battery systems regulated by Section 608.
A specific action or project permit is required for the installation of or modification to emergency responder radio coverage systems and related equipment. Maintenance performed in accordance with this code is not considered to be a modification and does not require a specific action or project permit.
A specific action or project permit is required for the installation of or modification to a gate or barricade installed across a fire apparatus access road.
If, after investigation and consideration of the application and any plans and specifications in connection therewith, the Chief shall determine that the proposed work or operation will not create any undue fire hazard and that it will conform to the provisions of this article and of other relevant laws, then the Chief shall approve the application. The issuance of the permit may be subject to conditions as may be necessary for the safeguarding of life and property from the hazards of fire, explosion or panic.
Every application for a permit in accordance with Section 105.7 shall be filed at the office of the Bureau of Fire Prevention and Public Safety upon forms provided by the Department.
Every application for a permit in accordance with Section 105.7 shall be accompanied by the required fees set forth in this chapter.
Every application for a permit to conduct a fireworks display shall be filed no later than 10 days prior to the date of the display.
Every permit required by Section 105.7.1.1 shall become void if the work authorized by such permit has not commenced within six months of the date of issuance, or if the work authorized by such permit has not been completed within one year of the date of issuance. Thereafter, a new permit may be issued only upon filing a new application and payment of the required fees. The Chief may grant extensions of time upon presentation by the permittee of satisfactory reasons for failure to start or complete the work within the required time period.
Except as provided in Section 105.7.3, every permit issued under authority of this section shall be valid for the period of time set forth upon the face of the permit.
Inspections shall be in accordance with Sections 105.7.4.1 through 105.7.4.1.2.
Every operation or activity for which a permit is required by Section 105.7.1 shall be subject to inspection by an authorized inspector of the Department.
In addition to the general requirements of Section 105.7.4.1, every permit required by Section 105.7 shall be subject to the specific requirements of Sections 105.7.4.1.1.1 and 105.7.4.1.1.2.
No portion of any equipment intended to be covered by earth or by enclosure within permanent portions of a building or structure shall be enclosed until inspected and approved by the Department. An inspection shall be requested prior to covering or enclosure of any such equipment. Such request shall be made not less than two working days prior to the estimated time of inspection. Such installation shall not be covered until after it has been inspected by an authorized member of the Department.
When the construction or installation work is completed and the appliance, device, equipment or system is ready for operation or use, but before being operated or used, a final inspection shall be requested. Such request shall be made in the same manner as set forth in Section 105.7.4.1.1. No such appliance, device or equipment shall be used or operated until the installation has been approved by the authorized inspector making the final inspection.
When the Department has found, by survey or inspection or both, that the work authorized by a permit granted in accordance with the requirements of Section 105.7.1.1 has been completed in accordance with the requirements of the permit issued therefor and all of the provisions of this article, the Department shall issue a Final Inspection Tag of Approval. No such appliance, device, equipment or system shall be used until the Final Inspection Tag of Approval has been issued by the Department.
Whenever any installation on which a called inspection is required, as specified in Section 105.7.5, is covered or concealed by additional work without first having been inspected, the Chief may require, by written notice, that such work be exposed for inspection. The work of exposing and recovering shall not entail any expense to the City.
Fee exempt permits, without the payment of the fees prescribed by Section 105.7.8.1, shall be issued to those listed in Sections 105.7.7.1 and 105.7.7.2.
Upon application, fee exempt permits shall be issued without the payment of the fees as prescribed by Section 11.08 of the LAMC.
Any religious, charitable, educational or other nonprofit benevolent institution operating or conducting a carnival or similar activity when the net proceeds of the carnival or similar activity are to be used exclusively for religious, charitable, benevolent, educational or civic purposes and the institution has applied for and obtained a tax exempt registration certificate pursuant to the provisions of Section 21.75 of the LAMC.
Before accepting an application for any permit required by this chapter, the Department shall collect the fees required therefor established by the most current cost recovery schedule published as provided by Section 106.8 and applicable thereto. Upon payment of said fees, the Department shall cause them to be deposited with the City Treasurer.
Fees established by the procedure set forth in Section 106.8 shall apply to permits for the following:
    1. Shop-built tank.
    2. Field-erected tank not more than 3,000 barrels.
    3. Field-erected tank, more than 3,000 barrels.
No fee shall be charged for the issuance of a permit for the installation, closure, addition to or alteration of an atmospheric underground tank or tank system.
    1. Shop-built vessel.
    2. Field-erected vessel.
    1. Shop-built vessel.
    2. Field-erected vessel.
  1. 4.   Spray booth or spray tunnel.
  2. 5.   Dip tank:
    1. Not more than 500 gallon capacity.
    2. More than 500 gallon capacity.
  3. 6.   Flow-coat machine.
  4. 7.   Drying oven.
  5. 8.   Industrial oven or furnace not otherwise specified.
  6. 9.   Industrial proceeding equipment not otherwise specified.
  7. 10.   Fumigation chamber.
  8. 11.   Automatic fire-extinguishing system other than automatic sprinkler system.
  9. 12.   Compressed or liquefied gas manifold
  10. 13.   Installing, altering or relocating fire hydrants on private property:
    1. For the first hydrant.
    2. For each additional hydrant.
  11. 14.   Central station signaling system.
  12. 15.   Dust-collecting system.
  13. 16.   Dry cleaning equipment not otherwise specified.
  14. 17.   Drilling oil well or redrilling an oil well.
  15. 18.   Asbestos abatement.
  16. 19.   Gas detection system.
When the length of time spent in plan checking with regard to a particular permit is such that the charge for hours spent, as computed in accordance with the cost recovery schedule established under Section 106.6.3, exceeds the schedule fee for issuing a permit for that category of activity, the charge as computed pursuant to Section 106.6.3 shall be paid to the Department before any permit is issued.
Every application for a permit required by Section 105.7.1.2 adding to or altering any item set forth in Section 105.7.1.1 shall be accompanied by a fee established by the procedure set forth in Section 106.6.3.
Every application for a permit required by Sections 105.7.1.3 through 105.7.1.12 shall be accompanied by a fee or fees established by the procedure set forth in Section 106.6.3 for any of the following:
  1. Conduct any fireworks display:
    1. Ground displays only; fee per day or portion thereof.
    2. Aerial burst with mortars not over 6 inches (152 mm) in diameter; fee per day or portion thereof.
    3. Aerial burst with mortars over 6 inches in diameter; fee per day or portion thereof.
  2. Conduct any blasting operation; fee per 4-hour period or portion thereof.
  3. Conduct any exhibit, show, circus or carnival; fee per day or portion thereof.
  4. Use any tent or membrane structure as a place of assemblage:
    1. 400 to 3,500 square feet (37 to 325 m2)
    2. 3,500 to 25,000 square feet (325 to 2323 m2)
    3. Over 25,000 square feet (2323 m2)
  5. Drill not more than six temporary geological exploratory core holes located within the perimeter of a circle having a radius of 1,000 yards (914.4 m) or less:
    1. Not over 1,500 feet (457 m) in depth nor over 5 inches (127 mm) in diameter; fee for each permit plus fee for each 4-hour period or fraction thereof;
      Such permit to be in effect for the duration of drilling operations and until core holes are abandoned in a manner approved by the Chief.
    2. Over 1,500 feet in depth or greater than 5 inches in diameter; fee for each 30 days of drilling operations, which shall include time for abandoning core hole in a manner approved by the Chief.
  6. Land any aircraft, including helicopters any place other than an approved airport or heliport.
  7. Transfer flammable gas, liquefied flammable gas, flammable liquids or combustible liquids in a manner not otherwise regulated by this article.
  8. Abandon any oil well.
  9. Abandon any underground tank:
    1. For the first tank.
    2. For each additional tank.
  10. Burn any hazardous refuse in an open outdoor fire.
  11. Temporarily store explosives in a manner not otherwise specifically revealed by this article.
  12. Operate or maintain a live theatrical production, other than a live production in a theater with a seating capacity of 99 persons or less.
  13. Install or modify a plant extraction system.
  14. Install stationary storage battery systems regulated by Section 608.
  15. Install and/or modify emergency responder radio coverage systems.
  16. Install and/or modify gates and barricades across fire apparatus access roads.
Whenever any blasting operation is to be conducted in conjunction with the drilling of a temporary geological exploratory core hole, the permits shall be combined into a single permit. The fee for any such combined permit shall be either that specified in Item 2 or 5 of Section 105.7.8.4, whichever is greater.
When two or more items of the same classification are installed on the same premises by authority of the same permit, the inspection fee required by this section shall be computed on the basis of 100 percent of the fee required for the first item, plus 50 percent of the fee for each additional item. The inspection fee for such multiple installations shall be equal to the greatest fee required by this section for a single installation of any item thereon.
The Department may, at its discretion, make emergency inspections at other than normal working hours when requested to do so by the permittee. The Board, with the concurrence of the City Administrative Officer, shall determine from the cost of such inspection the fee therefor for every 4 hours or fraction thereof of inspection time pursuant to the provisions of Section 106.7. For the purpose of this section, normal working hours shall be construed to mean the hours between 8:00 a.m. and 5:00 p.m. of any day except Saturdays, Sundays and legal holidays.
Inspections of business operations that normally function after 5:00 p.m. and on Saturdays, Sundays and legal holidays shall not be deemed to be emergency inspections and shall not be charged the fee specified by this section.
Every applicant for a blasting permit shall file with the Department evidence of general liability insurance having such dollar limits and coverage inclusions as the Department may from time to time require. All such insurance shall conform to the conditions stated on the City's General Liability Special Endorsement form and must be approved by the Office of the City Attorney, Insurance and Bonds Section, prior to the issuance of a permit.
Each application for a permit for the drilling or redrilling of any oil well shall be accompanied by a bond or deposit in accordance with Section 105.3.8.9.
Whenever the Chief determines that for the safeguarding of life and property from fire, explosion, panic or other hazardous conditions that may arise in temporary operations or occupancies that are not otherwise specified in this article, the Chief may require and issue a special permit stating the conditions for such operation or occupancy. The special permit may be made subject to such terms and conditions as are necessary for the preservation of life and property.
The Chief shall have the power to revoke or suspend any special permit, at his discretion, upon proof to the satisfaction of the Chief of violation by the permittee of the provisions of this article, the rules and regulations of this Department adopted under the authority of Section 104.1.1, or the terms and conditions of any special permit as may be specified under the authority of this section. Such revocation or suspension may be made in accordance with the provisions of Chapter 1 of this article.
It is the intent of this section to establish an annual fee and permit process for inspection of high-rise buildings in the City of Los Angeles.
No person or owner shall operate or maintain a new or existing high-rise building without having obtained an annually renewable permit pursuant to this section.
As to buildings constructed prior to January 1 of the year, including buildings constructed prior to the effective date of these regulations, application for permit shall be filed on or before January 1 following the date of construction or the effective date of these regulations. Renewal applications shall be filed on or before January of each year. In the event no application or renewal application is filed by January 1, the building will be deemed to be operating without a permit. The date of construction shall be the date of issuance of a temporary certificate of occupancy by the Department of Building and Safety. All applications for permit shall be filed with the Department, and shall be in writing on forms provided by the Department. The initial or renewal application for permit shall contain the following information:
  1. The name and address of the applicant.
  2. A description of the property by street and number, as well as the County Assessor map, book, page and parcel number.
  3. Name and address of the owner of the building.
  4. A statement signed by the applicant or the applicant's authorized representative stating that the applicant exercises charge and control over the operation and maintenance of the high-rise building and agrees to comply with all regulations, laws or ordinances pertaining thereto.
The application for permit shall be accompanied by a signed statement by the owner that the owner understands he, she or it is responsible for the payment of the fee imposed by the Department pursuant to this chapter.
The Fire Marshal shall investigate the application for initial or renewal permit through authorized members of the Department. The application may be approved subject to terms and conditions necessary to the safeguarding of life or property from hazards of fire, explosion or panic. Issuance of the initial permit will be based on inspections made pursuant to California Code of Regulations Title 19 during the previous year. Subsequent permit issuance will be based on inspections made during each following calendar year. The application may be denied or revoked by the Department if the building is unfit or incapable of being used, maintained or operated in compliance with this article, other applicable laws and rules and regulations of the Department.
Each permit shall be issued in accordance with the provisions of this chapter and shall set forth upon the face thereof the following:
  1. The name of the person to whom issued.
  2. The address where the premises are located and, where the address is different from that of the applicant, the address designated by the applicant or his or her authorized agent for mailing purposes. The mailing address so appearing shall be the address to which all notices required or authorized by this article shall be sent unless the applicant or permittee shall request in writing that another address be used for such purposes.
  3. The signature of the Chief printed thereon.
  4. The date of expiration of the permit and the date upon which the annual permit fee shall be due and payable.
Notwithstanding any other provision of this article to the contrary, the Chief shall have the power to revoke or suspend any permit upon proof to the satisfaction of the Chief of a violation by the permittee of the provisions of this article, the Rules and Regulations of this Department adopted under the authority of Section 104.1.1, applicable law or the terms and conditions of any permit. Such revocation or suspension shall be in accordance with the provisions of Section 105.5. Whenever any person fails to pay the permit fee as provided for in Section 105.9.4, prior to its becoming delinquent, the Chief, upon hearing, after giving such person 10 days' notice in writing specifying the time and place of hearing and requiring the person to show cause why the permit shall not be revoked for such failure, may revoke or suspend the permit issued herein. Notice shall be served in the same manner as notices are served under Section 21.16 of the LAMC.
It shall be unlawful for any person to operate or maintain any high-rise building after the permit issued therefor has been suspended or revoked pursuant to the provisions of this chapter unless the permit has been reinstated or a new permit issued.
The permit due dates, manner of determining cost, manner of approving schedule and manner of accessing fees shall comply with Sections 105.9.4.1 through 105.9.4.4.
  1. Initial payment. The permit fee shall initially be due, and shall accompany the filing of an initial permit application, on the first of January following the date of construction, as that term is defined in Section 105.9.2, or for buildings constructed prior to the effective date of these provisions, on the first of January following that effective date.
  2. Annual renewal. Annual renewal permit fees for existing permits shall become due and payable each year on the first day of January of the calendar year and shall be submitted with the renewal application.
  3. Delinquency. Fees, whether initial or renewal, that are not paid within 60 days after the due date shall be deemed delinquent and subject to a 50 percent penalty. However, the Department shall waive the penalty, with the approval of the City Attorney, to the extent it exceeds any extra costs caused by said delinquency.
The cost of permits issued as required by Section 105.9 shall be determined as provided in Section 106.7.
The Board shall collect charges in accordance with new schedules approved as provided in Section 106.7.
The cost recovery schedule adopted herein shall impose a charge per square foot for each square foot of floor area in each building inspected and the fee per building shall be the aggregate of such charges per square foot, subject to the following:
  1. No fee shall be charged for inspection of highrise buildings used primarily for residential purposes (Group R occupancies), except for hotels, dormitories, residential apartments and condominiums.
  2. As to hotels, dormitories, residential apartments and condominiums, the charge per square foot shall apply only to the common areas of the building.
  3. The charge per square foot of garage area in any building shall be less than the charge per square foot for the other areas of the building, as set forth in the schedule or charges.
  4. Where a high-rise building is connected to another building(s) by a permanent above-ground structure or structures designed to permit pedestrian and/or vehicular passage from one building to another, and the buildings so connected are under common ownership, the charge per square foot shall apply to each chargeable square foot of the buildings so connected, including the connecting structure or structures, even though one or more of the buildings so connected is not itself a high-rise building.
  5. Where there exists beneath a high-rise building a garage serving both that building and another building(s), all of which are under common ownership, and the garage provides an exit(s) through which any vehicle exiting the garage may pass, the charge per square foot shall apply to all buildings and to the garage for the purposes of computing the fee charged herein, even though one or more of the buildings served by the garage is not itself a high-rise building.
  6. A minimal charge per building shall be imposed irrespective of the area of said building, as set forth in the schedule.
  7. A partially vacant building as defined herein shall be subject to a minimum charge.
If any owner or operator of a high-rise building does not comply with notices to correct violations cited in the annual inspection, and more than one reinspection is necessary, a charge based on an inspector's hourly rate (2-hour minimum) for each subsequent reinspection shall be added to the annual inspection fee in the event such reinspection costs have not been charged and collected during the preceding calendar year.
A permit shall not be issued until the fees have been paid, nor shall an amendment to a permit be released until the additional fee, if any, has been paid.
A fee for each permit shall be paid as required, in accordance with the schedule as established by the applicable governing authority.
A person who commences any work, activity or operation regulated by this code before obtaining the necessary permits shall be subject to an additional fee established by the applicable governing authority, which shall be in addition to the required permit fees.
The payment of the fee for the construction, alteration, removal or demolition of work done in connection to or concurrently with the work or activity authorized by a permit shall not relieve the applicant or holder of the permit from the payment of other fees that are prescribed by law.
The applicable governing authority is authorized to establish a refund policy.
For permits required by Section 105.6, the fees shall be renewed and collected in accordance with Sections 106.6.1 through 106.6.10.
Due dates shall be established in accordance with Section 106.6.1.
  1. Newly established business. The annual permit fees required by this chapter for any newly established business, operation, occupation or premises shall be due and payable on or before the close of business on the first day such business, operation, occupation or use of premises begins.
  2. Renewal of existing permits. The annual permit renewal fees required by this chapter for existing permits shall become due and payable each year during the two months next preceding the first day of January of the calendar year for which a permit is to be renewed. Fees for churches and service centers for armed forces personnel shall be paid upon original application only and shall not be paid thereafter.
All permit fees required by Section 105.6 shall be paid to and shall be collected by the Office of Finance. Upon receipt, the Office of Finance shall deposit the fees with the City Treasurer.
The cost of permits issued as required by Sections 105.3.9.4.1, 105.6, 105.7.8, 105.9, 120.6 and 320.4.6 shall be determined as provided in Section 106.8.
The Board shall approve the collection of charges in accordance with new schedules approved as provided in Section 106.8.
Those items to which the procedure for fee calculation applies include:
  1. Aircraft fueling station, Section 105.6.1.
  2. Aircraft refueler, Section 105.6.2.
  3. Airport fueling system, Section 105.6.3.
  4. Airport, private, Section 105.6.4.
  5. Assembly occupancy, Section 105.6.5.
  6. Atmospheric above-ground tank, exceeding 10,000 gallon capacity containing hazardous materials or hazardous waste, Section 105.6.6.
    Exception: Atmospheric above-ground tanks that are associated with an oil well.
  7. Bulk distributing station, Section 105.6.7.
  8. Carbon dioxide enrichment systems, Section 57.105.6.8.
  9. Central station signaling system, to engage in the business of providing an alarm service for fire protective signaling systems, Section 105.6.9.
  10. Church (original fee only), Section 105.6.10.
  11. Community care facility, Section 105.6.11.
  12. Cylinder filling plant, Section 105.6.12.
  13. Day care, Section 105.6.13.
  14. Dry cleaning plant, Section 105.6.14.
  15. Flammable and combustible liquids location, Section 105.6.15.
  16. Flammable and combustible liquids vehicle, Section 105.6.16.
  17. Hazardous materials: To store, process or use materials above ground of the type and in the amounts exceeding those set forth in Table 105.6.17 or exceeding the permit amounts for hazardous materials in Chapter 50.
  18. Heliport, Section 105.6.18.
  19. High-piled combustible storage, Section 105.6.19.
  20. High-rise permits issued as required by Section 105.9.
  21. Hospital, Section 105.6.20.
    1. Without place of assemblage.
    2. With one place of assemblage.
    3. With more than one place of assemblage.
    1. Class A, any laboratory that uses or processes hazardous materials over the exempt amount allowed in Table 105.6.17.
    2. Class B, any laboratory that uses or processes hazardous materials within the exempt amount allowed in Table 105.6.17.
  22. Marine oil terminal, Section 105.6.23.
  23. Marine service station, Section 105.6.24.
  24. Natural gasoline plant, Section 105.6.25.
  25. Oil well, Section 105.6.26.
  26. Plant extraction systems, Section 57.105.6.27.
  27. Refinery, Section 105.6.28.
  28. Residential care facility, Section 105.6.29.
  29. School, Section 105.6.30.
  30. Service center for armed forces personnel (original fee only), Section 105.6.31.
  31. Special school, Section 105.6.32.
  32. Surgical center, Section 105.6.33.
  33. Theater, Section 105.6.34.
  34. Theater (little), Section 105.6.35.
  35. Theater (motion picture), Section 105.6.36.
  36. Unified Program Facility Permit schedule, Section 120.6.
  37. Applications for permits, Sections 105.7.8 and 320.4.6.
  1. New application fee. Whenever under the provisions of this section an annual permit fee is required to be paid for any business operation, occupation or premises, and such fee is not paid on or before the last day of the month following the month in which business, operation, occupation or premises was established and the fee became due, such fee shall be delinquent and an additional sum equal to 50 percent of the fee so required shall be imposed for delinquency. Such additional sum shall become a part of the fee required by this chapter.
  2. Renewal application fee. Whenever an annual permit renewal fee is required to be paid and such fee is not paid during the two months next preceding the first day of January of the calendar year for which the permit is to be renewed, such fee shall be delinquent and an additional sum equal to 50 percent of the fee so required shall be imposed for such delinquency. Such additional sum shall become a part of the fee required by this chapter.
  3. The penalty or any part thereof may be waived by the Office of Finance with the approval of the City Attorney.
In the event a discrepancy exists between the amount of the fee paid and the amount of the fee due under this chapter resulting in an underpayment or an overpayment of the fee in the amount of $2.00 or less, the Office of Finance may accept and recommend such underpayment or overpayment without other notification to the permittee.
Whenever any payment, statement, report or other communication received by the Office of Finance is received after the time prescribed by this chapter for the receipt thereof, but is in an envelope bearing the postmark showing that it was mailed prior to the time prescribed in this chapter for the receipt thereof, or whenever the Office of Finance is furnished substantial proof that the payment, statement, report, request or other communication was, in fact, deposited in the United States mail prior to the time prescribed for receipt thereof, the Office of Finance shall regard such payment, statement, report, request or other communication as having been received on time.
Upon application, fee exempt permits shall be issued without the payment of the fees as prescribed by Section 11.08 of the LAMC.
Duplicate permits may be issued by the Office of Finance to replace any previously issued permit that has been lost or destroyed upon filing an affidavit by the holder of the permit or authorized representative attesting to such fact and upon paying to the Office of Finance of a fee of $10.00 therefor.
Investigation fees, overpayments, duplicate payment. Any refunds of fees collected under the provisions of this section shall be made in accordance with the provisions of Sections 22.12 and 22.13 of the LAMC.
The Office of Finance shall have the power and authority to enter, free of charge, during business hours, any premises or place of business that requires a permit under the provisions of this chapter, and to demand exhibition of a permit and evidence of amount of fee paid. Any person having any permit issued in his or her possession or under his or her control who fails to exhibit the same and evidence of amounts of fees paid on demand shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.
The cost of services as required by this article not requiring permits shall be determined as provided in Section 106.8.
Those items to which this procedure applies include:
  1. Hazardous vegetation fees, Sections 322.2 and 322.2.1.
  2. Certificates of Fitness, Section 117.10.
  3. Variances, Section 104.17.
  4. Rate for 4 hours, or fraction of 4 hours, investigations and tests required, Section 104.9.2.
  5. Assignment of a fire safety officer, Section 104.18.
  6. Applications for general approval, Section 119.8.
  7. Emergency inspections, Section 105.7.9.
  8. Preinspection fees, Sections 4702.5 and 4703.7.1.
  9. Final inspection of a residential care facility, Section 4703.7.2.
  10. Fees for hydrant and access review and plan check, Section 116.1.
  11. Requested Inspection fee for issuance of Fire Clearance Letters, Section 106.7.
The Board shall collect charges in accordance with new schedules approved as provided in Section 106.8.
Investigation fees, overpayments, duplicate payment. Any refunds of fees collected under the provisions of this section shall be made in accordance with the provisions of Sections 22.12 and 22.13 of the LAMC.
The Department shall collect the fees required by this section therefor established by the most current cost recovery schedule published as provided by Section 106.8 and applicable thereto. Upon payment of said fees, the Department shall cause them to be deposited with the City Treasurer.
The manner of determining cost shall be in accordance with 106.8.1 through 106.8.1.2.
The Board, with the concurrence of the City Administrative Officer, shall determine on a regular basis the verifiable costs of the City for the items set forth in this article. These costs shall be the actual total costs incurred, including all applicable indirect costs, as determined by the Board. The Board shall use those costs to develop a cost recovery schedule of applicable charges necessary to recover city costs. The Board shall adopt these costs as fees at any time during each fiscal year. The cost recovery schedule shall be based upon verifiable costs for an activity or issuing a permit in connection with any activity. The cost calculation shall include inspection costs, labor, retirement costs on direct labor, and departmental and general city overhead applicable to the issuance of a permit or activity. It shall take into consideration the number of permits issued and affected by the permit charges within the period of time used for reference in development of the charges. Upon adoption of a schedule of verified costs by the Board as provided in this section, the Board shall transmit the Board order to the Mayor and to the City Council. Fee calculation shall include Sections 106.6.3.2 and 106.7.1.1.
Upon Council approval of the proposed fee schedule, the Board order and the Board's proposed fee schedule shall be published in a daily newspaper in the same manner as ordinances of the City are published pursuant to Charter Section 251. If the Council recommends that the proposed schedule be amended to increase or decrease any of the fees, those items shall not become operative. The fees as to those items on the proposed schedule that have been disapproved or recommended for change shall not change during the ensuing fiscal year under the Board order. However, those remaining fees not disapproved or recommended for amendment that are adopted by the Council shall become effective.
The Board shall approve the collection of charges in accordance with new schedules approved as provided in this article.
The fire code official is authorized to conduct such inspections as are deemed necessary to determine the extent of compliance with the provisions of this code and to approve reports of inspection by approved agencies or individuals. Reports of such inspections shall be prepared and submitted in writing for review and approval. Inspection reports shall be certified by a responsible officer of such approved agency or by the responsible individual. The fire code official is authorized to engage such expert opinion as deemed necessary to report on unusual, detailed or complex technical issues subject to the approval of the governing body.
It shall be the duty of the holder of the permit or their duly authorized agent to notify the fire code official when work is ready for inspection. It shall be the duty of the permit holder to provide access to and means for inspections of such work that are required by this code.
Work shall not be done beyond the point indicated in each successive inspection without first obtaining the approval of the fire code official. The fire code official, on notification, shall make the requested inspections and shall either indicate the portion of the construction that is satisfactory as completed, or notify the permit holder or his or her agent wherein the same fails to comply with this code. Any portions that do not comply shall be corrected, and such portion shall not be covered or concealed until authorized by the fire code official.
It shall be the duty of the permit applicant to cause the work to remain visible and able to be accessed for inspection purposes. Where any installation subject to inspection prior to use is covered or concealed without having first been inspected, the fire code official shall have the authority to require that such work be made visible and able to be accessed for inspection. Neither the fire code official nor the jurisdiction shall be liable for expense entailed in the removal or replacement of any material required to allow inspection.
Approval as the result of an inspection shall not be construed to be an approval of a violation of the provisions of this code or of other ordinances of the jurisdiction. Inspections presuming to give authority to violate or cancel provisions of this code or of other ordinances of the jurisdiction shall not be valid.
The Chief shall have the authority to inspect all buildings, structures, premises, ships, boats, vessels, aircraft, tanks, vehicles, or the appurtenances and equipment thereof as often as may be necessary for the purpose of ascertaining and causing to be corrected any conditions liable to cause fire or explosion or any violation of the provisions or intent of this article and of any other law affecting the fire hazard not exclusively enforced by another governmental agency, and to ensure compliance with all laws, regulations and orders dealing with overcrowding, use of decorative materials, maintenance of exit ways, and maintenance of private fire alarm and fire detecting systems and fire extinguishing systems and appliances.
The Chief shall have the authority to inspect any contract, policy, agreement, proof of loss, correspondence or other written matter pertaining to or in connection with specific adjustments made or carried on by any person licensed as an insurance adjuster or private investigator in the State of California.
The Chief shall have the authority to require such drawings, plans, or sketches as may be necessary to identify the location of all the following:
  1. Occupancy access points.
  2. Devices and systems within the scope of Chief's Regulation No. 4. (Appendix P)
  3. Utility controls.
  4. Stairwells.
  5. Hazardous materials/waste.
Whenever it is necessary to make an inspection to enforce any of the provisions of or perform any duty imposed by this article or other applicable law, or whenever the Chief or his authorized representative has reasonable cause to believe that there exists in any building, structure, ship, boat, vessel, aircraft, tank or vehicle, or the appurtenances and equipment thereof or upon any premises, any violation of the provisions of this article or other applicable law, or any condition that makes such building, structure, ship, boat, vessel, aircraft, tank, vehicle or premises hazardous, unsafe or dangerous, the Chief is hereby authorized to enter such building, structure, ship, boat, vessel, aircraft, tank, vehicle or premises at any reasonable time and to inspect the same and perform any duty imposed upon the Chief by this article or other applicable law, subject to Sections 107.6.1 through 107.6.3.
If such property is occupied, the Chief shall first present proper credentials to the occupant and request entry, explaining the reasons therefor.
If such property is unoccupied, the Chief shall first make a reasonable effort to locate the owner or other persons having charge or control of the property and request entry, explaining his reasons therefor. If such entry is refused or cannot be obtained because the owner or other persons having charge or control of the property cannot be found after due diligence, the Chief shall have recourse to every remedy provided by law to secure lawful entry and inspect the property.
Notwithstanding the foregoing, if the Chief has reasonable cause to believe that the building or premises is so hazardous, unsafe or dangerous as to require immediate inspection to safeguard the public health or safety, the Chief shall have the right to immediately enter and inspect such property, and may use any reasonable means required to effect such entry and make such inspection, whether such property is occupied or unoccupied and whether or not permission to inspect has been obtained. If the property is occupied, the Chief shall first present proper credentials to the occupant and demand entry, explaining the reasons therefor and the purpose of the inspection.
The Department shall charge and collect a fee for any Requested Inspection. A Requested Inspection shall be conducted at the specific request of a building or business owner to determine whether a building and business are Fire Code compliant. Upon receipt of payment of the requisite fee and verification that the building and business are Fire Code compliant, the Fire Department will provide a Fire Clearance Letter confirming said compliance. If the inspection reveals Fire Code violations that require curing, a Notice of Violation will be issued and an additional Requested Inspection fee collected prior to issuing a Fire Clearance Letter reflecting compliance.
The fee for a Requested Inspection shall be established in the same manner as provided for the establishment of fees in Section 106.7.1.1.
Where any device, equipment, system, condition, arrangement, level of protection, or any other feature is required for compliance with the provisions of this code, or otherwise installed, such device, equipment, system, condition, arrangement, level of protection, or other feature shall thereafter be continuously maintained in accordance with this code and applicable referenced standards.
Equipment requiring periodic testing or operation to ensure maintenance shall be tested or operated as specified in this code.
Where any work or installation does not pass an initial test or inspection, the necessary corrections shall be made so as to achieve compliance with this code. The work or installation shall then be resubmitted to the fire code official for inspection and testing.
A record of periodic inspections, tests, servicing and other operations and maintenance shall be maintained on the premises or other approved location for not less than 3 years, or a different period of time where specified in this code or referenced standards. Records shall be made available for inspection by the fire code official, and a copy of the records shall be provided to the fire code official on request.
The fire code official is authorized to prescribe the form and format of such recordkeeping. The fire code official is authorized to require that certain required records be filed with the fire code official.
Maintenance and testing shall be under the supervision of a responsible person who shall ensure that such maintenance and testing are conducted at specified intervals in accordance with this code.
Portable or fixed fire-extinguishing systems or devices, and fire-warning systems, shall be provided with ready access and shall not be rendered inoperative, except as necessary during emergencies, maintenance, repairs, alterations, drills or prescribed testing.
Overcrowding or admittance of any person beyond the approved capacity of a building or a portion thereof shall not be allowed. The fire code official, on finding any overcrowding conditions or obstructions in aisles, passageways or other means of egress, or on finding any condition that constitutes an immediate life safety hazard, shall be authorized to cause the event to be stopped and the operating permit to be suspended for the remainder of the business day.
Installation, alteration, maintenance and repair of the items listed in this subsection shall be performed under the provisions of this article and the supervision and control of the Chief.
  1. Central station signaling systems.
  2. Fire protective signaling systems.
  3. Appliances, equipment and devices used for storing, handling, processing, producing, transporting or dispensing of hazardous materials.
  4. Liquefied flammable gas cylinders, hose, vaporizers, heat exchangers, pumps and pertinent equipment.
  5. Portable fire extinguishers.
  6. Automatic fire extinguishing systems, except automatic sprinkler systems as set forth in Section 107.7.
  7. Spray booths, spray tunnels, dip tanks, drying ovens, flow coaters, powder coating apparatus and electrostatic painting equipment.
If at any time the items listed in Sections 108.7 and 108.7.1 are not operational, the Chief shall have the authority to issue notices to the owner of the building or premises where said items are located, or such other person having control of said building or premises, to make said items operational.
The Chief has the authority to require that periodic inspections and tests be made to determine whether the items listed in Sections 108.7 and 108.7.1, including any water supply, are operational. All such inspections and tests shall be made at intervals to be determined by the Chief. Tests at shorter intervals may be required when an inspection by the Chief indicates there is a substantial reason to believe that the system or device would fail to operate properly in an emergency. The inspections and test shall be made in accordance with the rules and regulations established by the Board.
No person owning or having charge or control of any items listed in Sections 108.7 and 108.7.1 shall maintain said items in defective condition or in a state of disrepair, or install or maintain such in a manner that endangers life or creates a fire or explosion hazard. No person shall violate an order of the Chief to require periodic inspections as required by Section 108.7.2.1.
Violation of Sections 108.7 through 108.7.3 shall be subject to penalties and minimum fines as prescribed in Section 110.4 and Table 110.4.
It shall be unlawful for a person, firm or corporation to erect, construct, alter, repair, remove, demolish or utilize a building, occupancy, premises or system regulated by this code, or cause same to be done, in conflict with or in violation of any of the provisions of this code.
Correction and abatement of violations of this code shall be the responsibility of the owner or the owner's authorized agent. Where an occupant creates, or allows to be created, hazardous conditions in violation of this code, the occupant shall be held responsible for the abatement of such hazardous conditions.
Where the fire code official finds a building, premises, vehicle, storage facility or outdoor area that is in violation of this code, the fire code official is authorized to prepare a written notice of violation describing the conditions deemed unsafe and, where compliance is not immediate, specifying a time for reinspection.
A notice of violation issued pursuant to this code shall be served on the owner, the owner's authorized agent, operator, occupant or other person responsible for the condition or violation, either by personal service, mail or by delivering the same to, and leaving it with, some person of responsibility on the premises. For unattended or abandoned locations, a copy of such notice of violation shall be posted on the premises in a conspicuous place at or near the entrance to such premises and the notice of violation shall be mailed by certified mail with return receipt requested or a certificate of mailing, to the last known address of the owner, the owner's authorized agent, or occupant.
Any notice authorized or required by this article shall be served in the manner set forth in Section 11.00 of the LAMC, except as provided in Los Angeles Administrative Code Sections 7.35.1 through 7.35.8.
All Orders to Correct issued pursuant to this chapter shall be posted in a visible location in the residential rental building cited.
A notice of violation issued or served as provided by this code shall be complied with by the owner, the owner's authorized agent, operator, occupant or other person responsible for the condition or violation to which the notice of violation pertains.
If the notice of violation is not complied with promptly, the fire code official is authorized to request the legal counsel of the jurisdiction to institute the appropriate legal proceedings at law or in equity to restrain, correct or abate such violation or to require removal or termination of the unlawful occupancy of the structure in violation of the provisions of this code or of the order or direction made pursuant hereto.
Signs, tags or seals posted or affixed by the fire code official shall not be mutilated, destroyed or tampered with, or removed, without authorization from the fire code official.
Persons who shall violate a provision of this code or shall fail to comply with any of the requirements thereof, or who shall erect, install, alter, repair or do work in violation of the approved construction documents or directive of the fire code official, or of a permit or certificate used under provisions of this code, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor of this code in accordance with the mandatory minimum fines identified in Table 110.4 punishable by a fine of not more than $1,000 or by imprisonment not exceeding six months, or both such fine and imprisonment. Each person shall be guilty of a separate offense for each and every day, or portion thereof, during which a violation of any provision of this section is committed, continued or permitted by such person and shall be punishable accordingly.
MISDEMEANOR MANDATORY MINIMUM TABLE
MINIMUM
FINE
OFFENSE SECTIONS REFERENCED FINE REFERENCE
$500.00 Authority to install, test and require maintenance of fire protection systems and equipment 108.7 through 108.7.3 108.7.4
$300.00 Vacant premises 311.1 through 311.1.2
311.2 through 311.2.3
311.3, 311.4
311.1.3, 311.2.4,
$500.00 Fire due to carelessness or negligence 305.5.1.1 through 305.5.1.3 305.5.1.4
$100.00 Emergency planning and evacuation requirements for highrise buildings 408 408.11.1
$200.00 Fire protection water supplies 507.5.4.1 through 507.5.4.2 507.5.4.3
$200.00 Obstructions to roofs and openings 316.4.2 316.4.2.1
$150.00 Electrical extension cords 604.5 through 604.5.4 604.5.5
$150.00 Fire assemblies 705.2.4.1 through 705.4.3 705.2.4.4
$500.00 Fire protection systems maintenance, testing and tampering 901.6, 901.8, 901.8.3 901.6.3, 901.8.4
$100.00 Spare sprinkler heads 903.1.2 903.1.2.1
$100.00 Automatic sprinkler systems, access aisles and operating clearances 903.3.10 903.3.10.1
$100.00 Signs (sprinkler and standpipe) 903.3.12, 903.3.13 903.3.12.1, 903.3.13.1
$100.00 Security, automatic sprinklers and standpipes 903.4.4 903.4.4.1
$100.00 Maintenance of sprinkler heads 903.5 through 903.5.4 903.5.5
$200.00 Portable fire extinguisher general requirements, service installation and use 906.2 through 906.2.6 906.2.8
$100.00 Portable fire extinguisher general requirements, service required 906.2.7 906.2.8
$200.00 Smoke alarms requirement, R occupancies 907.2.8 through 907.2.10.8 907.2.8.4, 907.2.9.4,
$300.00 Maintenance of fire alarm equipment 907.8.6 907.8.6.1
$500.00 Fire watch 918.2 through 918.2.2 918.2.3
$200.00 Means of egress illumination 1008.1 through 1008.3 1008.4
$500.00 Exit doors 1010.1.1, 1010.1.2, 1010.1.2.1, 1031.3.4 1010.1.12, 1031.2.1.1,
$300.00 Locks on penthouse doors 1010.1.9.12.1 1010.1.12
$100.00 Exit signs 1013.1.1 1013.1.1.1
$200.00 Floor identification signs 1023.9 through 1023.9.2 1023.9.3
$100.00 Fire escapes stairs 1104.16 1104.16.9
$200.00 Responsible resident required 4704.3 4704.3.4
$200.00 Posting fire safety information 4704.4 4704.4.8
$100.00 Smoke detector maintenance 4704.5 4704.5.6
$100.00 Unvented portable heaters 4704.8 4704.8.1
$50.00 Portable fire extinguisher required (high-rise residential) 4705.5 4705.5.1
In addition to the imposition of the penalties herein described, the fire code official is authorized to institute appropriate action to prevent unlawful construction or to restrain, correct or abate a violation; or to prevent illegal occupancy of a structure or premises; or to stop an illegal act, conduct of business or occupancy of a structure on or about any premises.
The Chief shall have the authority to condemn the use of any appliance, device, equipment, system or material regulated by this article that creates a hazard to life or property, or that fails to provide the protection for which it was intended.
The Chief shall have the authority to prohibit the manufacture, sale or offering for sale of any appliance, device, equipment, system or material regulated by this article that may create a hazard to life or property, or that fails to provide the protection for which it is intended. No person shall remove, alter, destroy, mutilate or deface any Condemnation Tag affixed to any appliance, device, equipment, system or material, pursuant to the authority of the Chief, until such time as the hazardous condition is corrected to the satisfaction of the Chief.
If during the inspection of a premises, a building or structure, or any building system, in whole or in part, constitutes a clear and inimical threat to human life, safety or health, the fire code official shall issue such notice or orders to remove or remedy the conditions as shall be deemed necessary in accordance with this section, and shall refer the building to the building department for any repairs, alterations, remodeling, removing or demolition required.
Structures or existing equipment that are or hereafter become unsafe or deficient because of inadequate means of egress, that constitute a fire hazard, are otherwise dangerous to human life or the public welfare, or involve illegal or improper occupancy or inadequate maintenance, shall be deemed an unsafe condition. A vacant structure that is not secured against unauthorized entry as required by Section 311 shall be deemed unsafe.
Where an apparent structural hazard is caused by the faulty installation, operation or malfunction of any of the items or devices governed by this code, the fire code official shall immediately notify the building code official in accordance with Section 110.1.
The fire code official or the fire department official in charge of an incident shall be authorized to order the immediate evacuation of any occupied building deemed unsafe where such building has hazardous conditions that present imminent danger to building occupants. Persons so notified shall immediately leave the structure or premises and shall not enter or re-enter until authorized to do so by the fire code official or the fire department official in charge of the incident.
Where conditions exist that are deemed hazardous to life and property, the fire code official or fire department official in charge of the incident is authorized to abate summarily such hazardous conditions that are in violation of this code.
The owner, the owner's authorized agent, operator or occupant of a building or premises deemed unsafe by the fire code official shall abate or cause to be abated or corrected such unsafe conditions either by repair, rehabilitation, demolition or other approved corrective action.
Where the fire code official finds any work regulated by this code being performed in a manner contrary to the provisions of this code, or in a dangerous or unsafe manner, the fire code official is authorized to issue a stop work order.
A stop work order shall be in writing and shall be given to the owner of the property, or to the owner's authorized agent, or to the person doing the work. Upon issuance of a stop work order, the cited work shall immediately cease. The stop work order shall state the reason for the order, and the conditions under which the cited work is authorized to resume.
Where an emergency exists, the fire code official shall not be required to give a written notice prior to stopping the work.
Any person who shall continue any work after having been served with a stop work order, except such work as that person is directed to perform to remove a violation or unsafe condition, shall be liable to a fine of not less than [AMOUNT] dollars or more than [AMOUNT] dollars.
Before performing any services required by Sections 116.1.1 through 116.1.7, the Fire Department shall collect fees established by the most current cost recovery schedule published by the Fire Department and applicable thereto.
The fire environmental impact report research and review fee is for research and review within the scope of