ADOPTS WITH AMENDMENTS:

CFC 2016

Part I — Administrative

Part II — General Safety Provisions

Part III — Building and Equipment Design Features

Part IV — Special Occupancies and Operations

Part V — Hazardous Materials

Part VI — Referenced Standards

Part VII — Appendices

Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.

Chapter 47 Occupancy Based Requirements

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

Section 4701 Assemblage Occupancies

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

4701.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The provisions of this section and applicable provisions of Titles 19 and 24, CCR shall regulate fire and life safety requirements for assembly occupancies. Such provisions apply to all assembly occupancies requiring a fire permit and define who shall be responsible for providing the fire and life safety within. The provisions recognize that life safety consists of more than exit requirements alone and address the proper use of decorative materials, open flame, flammable liquids and gases, and the operation of motion picture theatres and projection rooms. The provisions do not address building construction features that are regulated by Chapter 9 of the LAMC (Building Code).

4701.2 Permit Required

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
When a building or portion of a building is used for a place of assemblage, a valid permit from the Chief is required in accordance with Section 105.6 of this Article.

4701.3 Management Responsibility

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The owner, manager, or person in control of any assembly occupancy shall be responsible for compliance with the fire and life safety provisions of this chapter. The person in control of any assembly occupancy shall, upon request of the Chief, provide the name, address, and telephone number of the owner, manager, representative, or lessee. Every place of assemblage shall be under the constant supervision of the owner, manager, or a person in control who shall be on the premises during the time that the occupancy is open to the public.

4701.4 Exit and Access Facilities

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The person in control of any assembly occupancy shall provide and maintain exits, seating arrangements, exit signs, occupant loads, and access facilities in accordance with Chapter 10 of this article.

4701.4.1 Obstruction of Exit Facilities

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
In addition to the exiting requirements found in Chapter 10, assemblage occupancies shall also comply with Sections 4701.4.1.1 through 4701.4.1.4.

4701.4.1.1 Obstruction of Exits

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
No person shall maintain or place any chair, table, stool sofa, settee, booth, easel, cameras, microphone, cable, false front, rope barrier, or other obstruction, except a breakaway rope, necessary to control and maintain order in any exit of any assembly occupancy while the same is open for business or while there are persons other than employees therein.

4701.4.1.2 Obstruction of Lobbies and Foyers

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
No person shall maintain or place any chair, table, stool sofa, settee, booth, easel, cameras, microphone, cable, false front, rope barrier, or other obstruction which will reduce the required exit width in any lobby, foyer, mezzanine, or other public area of any assembly occupancy while the same is open for business or while there are persons other than employees therein, except by written permission by the Chief.

4701.4.1.3 Obstruction of Exits by Persons

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
No person shall block, impede, or obstruct any exit to a public way or any access to a building, structure or premises, in such manner as to prevent or interfere with the use of such exits or access by any person who is exiting or entering said occupied assembly occupancy.

4701.4.1.4 Waiting Spaces

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
In theaters, restaurants, and similar places of assemblage where persons are admitted to the occupancy at times when seats are not available for them and are allowed to wait in a lobby or similar space until seats are available, such use of the lobby or similar space shall not encroach upon the required clear width of exits. Such waiting shall be restricted to areas other than the required exit way. Maximum occupant load for waiting spaces shall be one person for each 5 square feet (0.47 m2) of waiting space. Exits shall be provided in addition to the exits specified for the main assembly area and shall conform in arrangement with Chapter 10 of this article.

4701.5 Open Flame

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
No person shall use an open flame upon any stage or platform, inside any dressing room, or within the public area of any assembly occupancy, except by authority of a special permit from the Chief pursuant to Section 105.8 of this Article.

Exceptions:
  1. Approved heating appliances.
  2. Smoking in any area where smoking is permitted.
  3. The use of candles as part of a religious ritual, ceremony, or service, provided that such candles are located in a portion of a room, building, or premises not normally occupied by any persons except those charged with ministration duties, and provided that such candles are safely supported in a manner approved by the Chief.

4701.6 Live Theatrical Productions

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
When the occupant load is 100 or more, no person shall operate or maintain any live theatrical production utilizing scenery and/or settings, lighting, or other stage dressing or paraphernalia, in any motion picture theater, theater or little theater except by authority of a permit in accordance with Section 105.7 of this article.

4701.7 Unvented Portable Heaters

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
No person shall operate, maintain, or allow to exist any unvented portable fuel-burning heater in any assembly occupancy except by special permit from the Chief pursuant to Section 105.8 of this article.

4701.8 Compressed Gases and Liquefied Flammable Gases

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Compressed gases or liquefied gases shall comply with Sections 4701.8.1 through 4701.8.3.

4701.8.1 Special Permit Required

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
No person shall, without a special permit from the Chief, pursuant to Section 105.8 of this article, use or store compressed gases or liquefied flammable gases within any assembly occupancy for demonstrations, exhibitions, trade shows, lectures or any other purpose which, in the opinion of the Chief, would create a fire, life, or panic hazard.

4701.8.1.1 Conditions

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Special permits from the Chief, pursuant to Section 105.8 of this article, shall specify the following conditions for the proper use or display of compressed gases or liquefied flammable gases within any assembly occupancy:
  1. Cylinders and their appurtenances shall be designed, fabricated, tested, and maintained in accordance with Chapters 53 and 61 of this article.
  2. Cylinders shall be stored in a place and manner approved by the Chief. The use or display of compressed gases or liquefied flammable gases shall not exceed 30 consecutive days.
  3. Liquefied flammable gas cylinders shall be installed in an upright position and be secured to prevent movement.
  4. Cylinders shall not be exposed to any heat above ambient temperature.
  5. Cylinders equipped with protective caps shall, except when in use, have the caps in place.
  6. Cylinder valves shall be closed at any time the demand for gas ceases so that pressure will not be maintained on any attached equipment.
  7. The amount of gas and number of cylinders shall not exceed the amount and number approved by the Chief for a specific location.
  8. Not less than one 10B:C portable fire extinguisher shall be provided and accessible at each location where open flame is used.
  9. Liquefied flammable gas cylinders shall not exceed 5.76 gallons (21.8 L) water capacity in size.
  10. Liquefied flammable gas cylinders shall not be filled with more than 50 percent of nominal charging capacity.
  11. The total amount of liquefied flammable gas cylinders on the premises shall not exceed 60 gallons (227 L) at any time.
  12. Liquefied flammable gas used for the preparation or warming of food for retail sale is prohibited.

4701.8.2 Liquefied Flammable Gases

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Liquefied flammable gas used for space heating shall be supplied from a fuel cylinder located outside of and at least 10 feet (3050 mm) from any assembly occupancy. An approved heater and piping system shall be used. Flexible hose in length up to 36 inches (915 mm) may be used if it is designed for a minimum bursting pressure of 1,750 PSIG, and such hose shall be marked with "L.P.-GAS" or "LPG" labeling.

4701.8.3 Regulating Devices

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Cylinder pressure regulating devices shall be located adjacent to the cylinder. Cylinders and regulating devices shall be located and protected to prevent physical damage.

4701.9 Standing Concert Attendance Inside Structures

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
No person shall conduct, operate, maintain or allow standing concert attendance inside a structure.

Exception: Public assembly occupancies with occupant loads below 1,000 may utilize standing concert attendance under the provisions of a special permit from the Chief pursuant to Section 105.8 of this article. Such permit shall be issued only if it is demonstrated to the satisfaction of the Chief that the physical layout of the event and the proposed security measures are adequate to ensure that the audience will neither rush the stage, nor gather at the stage in such a manner as to create a dangerous level of crowd density.

    In evaluating the adequacy of such layout and security, the Chief shall consider the anticipated size, volatility, and behavior of the audience as demonstrated by the past history of like audiences.

4701.10 Standing Concert Attendance Not in Structures

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
No person shall conduct, operate, maintain or allow standing concert attendance at a public assemblage not in a structure except by authority of a special permit from the Chief pursuant to Section 105.8 of this article. Such permit shall be issued only if it is demonstrated to the satisfaction of the Chief that the physical layout of the event and the proposed security measures are adequate to ensure that the audience will neither rush the stage, nor gather at the stage in such a manner as to create a dangerous level of crowd density. In evaluating the adequacy of such layout and security, the Chief shall consider the anticipated size, volatility, and behavior of the audience as demonstrated by the past history of like audiences.

Section 4702 Day Care and Educational Occupancies

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

4702.1 Permit Required

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A valid permit in accordance with 105.6 of this Article is required when a building or portion of a building is used as a day care or educational occupancy.

4702.2 Management Responsibility

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The owner, manager, or person in control of any private day care or educational occupancy shall be responsible for providing and controlling the fire and life safety provisions of this section. The person in control of any private day care or educational occupancy shall, upon request of the Department, furnish the name, address, and telephone number of the owner, manager, representative, or lessee. Every private day care or educational occupancy shall be under the constant supervision of the owner, manager, or person in control. Either the owner, manager, or person in control shall be on the premises of the occupancy during the hours the facility is open for educational or day care purposes.

4702.3 Space Heating Appliance Location

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Any fuel burning heating appliance in day care or educational occupancies shall not be located closer than 10 feet (3050 mm) from any required exit where only one exit is provided. Space heating appliances shall be properly vented in accordance with Chapter 9 of the LAMC (Mechanical Code) and applicable provisions of Part 4, Title 24, C.C.R. Any heater located in an area occupied by children shall have protective features incorporated into its design or a protective guard, screen, or other means to eliminate accidental contact with the heating appliance.

4702.4 Classroom Aisles and Seats

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A building or portion of a building used for educational purposes shall provide seating arrangements and aisles leading to the required exits as specified in Title 19, CCR This provision shall apply to every elementary and secondary school, high school, and every Stateowned or State-occupied community college, college, and university.

4702.4.1 Not Regulated by Title 19, CCR

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
All educational occupancies not regulated by Title 19, CCR including privately owned vocational or trade schools, colleges, universities and educational facilities provided by firms or companies for employees, shall adhere to the following seating requirements:
  1. Aisles: Aisles adjacent to rows of seats shall be not less than 22 inches (559 mm) in width. The width of the aisle on the corridor side of the room adjacent to the exit door and leading from the front to the rear of the room shall be a minimum width of 3 feet (915 mm) The aisle along the window side of the room shall be not less than 22 inches (559 mm) in width if there are no exit doors on that side of the room. If exit doors are on each side of the room, an aisle with a minimum width of 3 feet (915 mm) shall be maintained adjacent to each exit door.
  2. Seats: In rooms having a seating capacity of 100 or more, loose seats, folding chairs, or similar seating facilities that are not fixed to the floor shall be bonded together in groups of not less than three nor more than seven. The spacing and arrangement of seats shall conform to the requirements of Chapter 10 of this article.

4702.5 Daycare Facility Fire Clearance Preinspection

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
As provided by Health and Safety Code Section 13235, a prospective state licensee of a day care facility, as defined in Section 1596.750 of the Health and Safety Code, may request a preinspection of the facility prior to final clearance approval in connection with the issuance of such State license. A fee equal to, but not exceeding, the actual cost of the preinspection services shall be charged for the preinspection of these facilities. Such fee shall be paid to the Department prior to the preinspection by the Department. The fee shall be established in the same manner as provided for the establishment of fees under Section 114.1.1 of this code.

Section 4703 Institutional Occupancies

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

4703.1 Permit Required

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A valid permit from the Department is required in accordance with Section 105.6 of this article when a building or portion of a building is used as an institutional occupancy.

4703.2 Management Responsibility

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The owner, manager, or person in charge of any institutional occupancy shall be responsible for providing and controlling the fire and life safety provisions of this section. The person in charge of any institutional occupancy shall, upon request by the Chief, furnish the name, address, and telephone number of the owner, manager, owner's representative, or lessee. Every institutional occupancy shall be under the constant supervision of the owner, manager, or person in charge.

4703.3 Fire/Life Safety Program

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Every institution as required by the Chief shall implement a written and approved Fire/Life Safety Program which includes procedures for notifying the Fire Department, procedures for the use of fire protection equipment, and an emergency evacuation plan.

4703.3.1 Emergency Plans, Procedures, and Evacuation Signs

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
All emergency plans, procedures, and evacuation signs shall be submitted to the Fire Department for approval prior to implementation. The approved copy of the fire/life safety program shall be available for review by the Chief.

4703.3.2 Fire Drills

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Fire drills shall be scheduled and performed quarterly for each shift implementing the fire/life safety emergency procedures. A written record shall be kept on forms approved by the Chief of all such drills. Records shall give the date and time of each drill held. Records shall be maintained for a period of 3 years and be available for review by the Chief.

4703.3.3 Evacuation Plan Posted

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The evacuation plan shall be posted throughout the facility and shall include the following minimum requirements:
  1. Evacuation routes, including locations of exits.
  2. The location of fire alarm pull stations.
  3. The location of portable fire extinguishers and other fire protection equipment.
  4. The phone number of the Fire Department.
  5. Designation of outside refuge areas where guests or patients are to assemble after evacuation of the building.
  6. Assignment of a responsible person to call the Fire Department upon notification of any fire or upon the activation of any fire protection system.

4703.3.4 Emergency Planning

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The fire/life safety program shall be updated and approved annually. All personnel shall receive approved training conducted by the Department or by a health care facility instructor who is certified in accordance with Section 117 of this article. New employees shall receive such training within 30 days of employment.

4703.4 Heating Appliances

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Heating appliances in institutional occupancies shall be in accordance with Sections 4703.1 through 4703.4.

4703.4.1 Approval Required

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Portable electrical heating appliances shall not be used in any institutional occupancy without the approval of the Chief. All gas-fired heating devices shall be connected to the gas supply by means of approved rigid or semirigid piping. All heating appliances shall be provided with guards that will provide protection against ignition of clothing and other combustible material.

4703.4.2 Metallic Guards Required

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Appliances employing open flame radiated heat shall have fixed and substantially constructed metallic guards located not less than 10 inches (255 mm) from the radiating flame, with guard members spaced not more than 2 inches (51 mm) apart.

4703.4.2.1 Cabinet-Type Appliances

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Cabinet-type appliances that are not provided with an inner combustion chamber and an air circulating space between the combustion chamber and the outer shell shall have fixed and substantially constructed metallic guards located not less than 3 inches (76 mm) from the shell and spaced not more than 2 (51 mm) inches apart.

4703.5 Lamp Guards

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
All lights protruding from any wall or ceiling shall be provided with suitable guards to prevent their accidental breakage or contact with readily ignitable materials.

4703.6 Grounding Safeguards

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Portable electric appliances shall not be placed closer than 5 feet (1525 mm) to wash basins, bath tubs, showers, or other grounded surfaces.

4703.7 Fire Clearance Safety Inspections

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Fire clearance safety inspections shall be conducted in accordance with Sections 4703.7.1 and 4703.7.2.

4703.7.1 Preinspection

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
As provided by the California Health and Safety Code Section 13235, A prospective State licensee of a community care facility, as defined in Section 1502 of the California Health and Safety Code, or of a residential care facility for the elderly, as defined in Section 1569.2 of the California Health and Safety Code, may request a preinspection of the facility prior to final clearance approval in connection with the issuance of such State license. A fee equal to, but not exceeding, the actual cost of the preinspection services shall be charged for the preinspection of these facilities. Such fee shall be paid to the Department prior to the preinspection by the Department. The fee shall be established in the same manner as provided for the establishment of fees under Section 114.1.1 of this code.

4703.7.2 Final Clearance

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The Department shall charge and collect a fee for the final clearance approval inspection in connection with the issuance of a State license to operate a residential care facility housing nonambulatory elderly persons. The fee shall be established in the same manner as provided for the establishment of fees under Section 114.1.1 of this code, but shall not exceed any fee for such inspection established by the State Fire Marshal pursuant to Section 13131 5(f) of the California Health and Safety Code.

Section 4704 Residential Occupances

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

4704.1 Permit Required

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A valid permit is required in accordance with Section 105.6 of this article to operate or maintain a hotel three or more stories in height or containing 20 or more guest rooms.

4704.2 Management Responsibility

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The owner, manager, or person in charge of any residential occupancy shall be responsible for providing and controlling the fire and life safety provisions of this section. The person in charge of any residential occupancy shall, upon request of the Chief, furnish the name, address, and telephone number of the owner, manager, representative, or lessee.

4704.3 Responsible Resident Required

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Responsible resident requirements shall comply with Sections 4704.3.1 through 4704.3.3.

4704.3.1 Resident on the Premises

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
In the event that an apartment house has 16 or more dwelling units or a hotel has 20 or more guest rooms, either the owner or a responsible resident having charge thereof shall reside on the premises.

4704.3.2 Manager Contact Information

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The owner or manager of every apartment house in which there are 16 or more dwelling units and every hotel in which there are 20 or more guest rooms, shall, upon request of the Chief, furnish in writing both the name, unit number, and telephone number of the current responsible resident and the name, address, and telephone number of the owner or manager. Such statement shall be signed by at least two of the following owner, manager, or responsible resident.

4704.3.3 Owner Contact Information

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
If the owner does not reside upon the premises of any apartment house in which there are less than 16 dwelling units or any hotel in which there are less than 20 guest rooms, a notice stating the name, address, and telephone number of both the owner and the owner's agent in charge of the occupancy shall be posted in a conspicuous place on the premises.

4704.3.4 Penalties and Minimum Fines

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Violation of Section 4704.3 shall be subject to penalties and minimum fines as prescribed in Section 109.4.2 and Table 109.4.

4704.4 Posting or Distribution of Fire Safety Information

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Posting or distribution of fire safety information shall comply with Sections 4704.4.1 through 4704.4.7.

4704.4.1 Posting in Guest Rooms in Hotels and Motels

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Every owner, responsible resident, administrator, or manager of a hotel or motel located in a building which is three or more stories in height, shall cause the fire safety information specified in Section 4704.4.3 of this section to be posted and maintained in a clear and legible condition affixed as a notice separate and apart from any other notice at a conspicuous location on the inside surface of the main exit door or adjacent building surface from each guest room. The information shall be printed on a durable material and permanently affixed so as to be easily readable to the occupant of that guest room.

4704.4.2 Distribution in Dwelling Units in Apartment Houses and Condominiums

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Every owner, responsible resident, administrator, manager, lessor or sublessor of an apartment house or condominium, any portion of which is three or more stories in height, shall cause the fire safety information specified in Section 4704.4.3 of this section to be distributed. The distribution shall be to each occupant, tenant, buyer, lessee, or sublessee thereof, and shall be accomplished prior to or at the time that person first occupies or enters into possession of the premises. Each distribution shall be accomplished in such a manner to attract the attention of the occupant to the fire safety information and to stress its importance in the event of a fire.

4704.4.3 Fire Safety Information Required

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Fire safety information shall be printed in a clear, nonornamental style of type which is 12 points or larger in size. The fire safety information shall provide the reader with the following instructions on actions to be taken in case of fire:
  1. How to call the Fire Department.
  2. How to alert others and where to activate the fire alarm system.
  3. How to be protected inside a room threatened by fire.
  4. How to evacuate the building.

4704.4.3.1 Smoke Detector Information

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Smoke detector information shall be included in fire safety information and shall state the following: "SMOKE DETECTORS ARE PROVIDED FOR YOUR PERSONAL SAFETY. ANYONE WHO WILLFULLY AND MALICIOUSLY TAMPERS WITH, DAMAGES, BREAKS, OR REMOVES ANY REQUIRED SMOKE DETECTOR SHALL BE GUILTY OF A MISDEMEANOR. ANY PERSON WHO WILLFULLY AND MALICIOUSLY SENDS, GIVES, TRANSMITS, OR SOUNDS ANY FALSE ALARM OF FIRE IS GUILTY OF A MISDEMEANOR."

4704.4.4 Modification

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The Chief shall have the authority to provide for and approve slight modifications in the fire safety information required to be posted or distributed pursuant to this section. No modification shall be made without prior approval of the Chief.

4704.4.5 Format

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A sample format of the fire safety information required by this section shall be available for inspection at the Fire Prevention Bureau and at locations designated by the Chief.

4704.4.6 Language

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
In the event a substantial number of the patrons and occupants of any occupancy regulated by this Section do not read or comprehend the English language, the required fire safety information shall be printed in both English and the language understood by the patrons and occupants.

4704.4.7 Removal

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
No person shall remove or deface any fire safety information required in this section except to repair or replace the notice or the surface upon which it is affixed.

4704.4.8 Penalties and Minimum Fines

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Violation of Section 4704.4 shall be subject to penalties and minimum fines as prescribed in Section 109.4.2 and Table 109.4.

4704.5 Smoke Detector Maintenance

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Smoke detector maintenance shall comply with Sections 4704.5.1 through 4704.5.5.

4704.5.1 Testing

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Smoke detectors required by Chapter 9 of the LAMC (Building Code) shall be maintained in dependable operating condition and tested every 6 months or as required by the Chief. An accurate record of such tests shall be kept by the owner, manager, or person in charge of the property, and such records shall be open to examination by the Chief.

4704.5.2 Notification

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Every tenant, including every person occupying a dwelling unit or guest room, shall notify in writing the owner or the owner's designated agent as soon as possible of a known defect or malfunction in a smoke detector required by Chapter 9 of the LAMC (Building Code). After an occupant has so notified the owner or agent that occupant's duty will cease.

4704.5.3 Entry

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Any owner or owner's agent may enter any dwelling unit or guest room owned by such owner for the purpose of inspecting, repairing, testing, and maintaining smoke detectors required by Chapter 9 of the LAMC (Building Code). Except in cases of emergency, the owner or owner's agent shall give the tenant reasonable notice in writing of the intention to enter and shall enter only during normal business hours. A period of 24 hours shall be considered to be reasonable notice in the absence of evidence to the contrary.

4704.5.4 No Refusal

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
No tenant, after reasonable notice has been given as herein provided, shall refuse to permit the owner or owner's agent to enter the premises for any of the purposes enumerated in Section 4704.5.3.

4704.5.5 Tampering

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
No person shall remove or render inoperable any required smoke detector except to repair or replace such smoke detector.

4704.5.6 Penalties and Minimum Fines

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Violation of Section 4704.5 shall be subject to penalties and minimum fines as prescribed in Section 109.4.2 and Table 109.4.

4704.6 Flammable and Combustible Liquids

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Flammable and combustible liquids in dwelling units and guest rooms shall comply with Sections 4704.6.1 through 4704.6.5.1.

4704.6.1 Class 1A Liquids

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The storage, handling, and use of Class IA liquids in any dwelling unit or guest room, or in any room, building, or premises accessory to a dwelling unit or guest room, except as otherwise regulated by this Article is prohibited.

4704.6.2 Class IB, IC, or Class II Liquids

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Class IB, IC or Class II liquids with a flashpoint below 110°F (43°C) shall not be used in any dwelling unit or guest room for any of the following purposes:
  1. The cleaning by dipping or submerging of any clothing, drapes, bedding, or similar material.
  2. The cleaning or polishing of floors, walls, ceilings, windows, furniture, equipment, or similar surfaces.
  3. Insecticides, pest sprays, or rodent exterminators.
  4. Washing parts or removing grease or dirt.

4704.6.3 Approved Uses

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The storage, handling, and use of Class IB, IC, or combustible liquids in hotels or apartment houses shall be only for the purpose of maintenance and operation of maintenance equipment. Storage shall be in approved containers and in hazardous material cabinets in locations approved by the Chief.

4704.6.4 Maximum Quantities

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Maximum quantities in hotels or apartment houses for Class IB, IC, and Class II liquids combined shall not exceed 10 gallons (38 L) and for Class III liquids shall not exceed 60 gallons (227 L).

Exception: Storage in excess of these amounts may be approved by the Chief if stored in a hazardous material room or an H-l, H-2, or H-3 occupancy that has no openings into portions of the building used by the public.

4704.6.5 Basement Storage

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Flammable liquids shall not be stored, handled, or used in basements of any residential occupancy.

4704.6.5.1 Class II or Class III Liquids

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Class II or Class III liquids in quantities not exceeding those in Section 4704.6.4 may be stored in basements with approval and special permit from the Chief pursuant to Section 105.8 of this article, provided the basement is protected by an automatic fire extinguishing system in accordance with Chapter 9 of the LAMC (Plumbing Code).

4704.7 Flammable and Combustible Liquids in Dwellings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Flammable and combustible liquids in dwellings shall comply with Sections 4704.7.1 through 4704.7.2. Storage of flammable and/or combustible liquids in dwellings shall be in approved containers and shall be restricted to private garages, carports, or other locations approved by the Chief.

4704.7.1 Class IA in Dwellings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The storage and use of Class IA liquids in dwellings is prohibited.

Exception: Not more than 2 gallons (7.57 L) of flammable aerosol containers.

4704.7.2 Maximum Quantities

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The maximum quantities stored in dwellings shall not exceed 10 gallons (38 L) for Class IB or IC liquids, 15 gallons (56.78 L) for Class II liquids, and 60 gallons (227 L) for Class III liquids.

4704.8 Unvented Portable Heaters

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
No person shall use, maintain, or allow to exist any portable, fuel-burning, unvented room heater in any residential occupancy.

4704.8.1 Penalties and Minimum Fines

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Violation of Section 4704.8 shall be subject to penalties and minimum fines as prescribed in Section 109.4.2 and Table 109.4.

4704.9 Compressed Gases and Liquefied Flammable Gases

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
No person shall store or use compressed gases or liquefied flammable gases within a residential occupancy.

Exception: Permanent outside installations of containers and equipment when installed in compliance with Chapter 47 of this article.

4704.10 Spark Arresters

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Spark arresters shall comply with 4704.10.1 through 4704.10.2

4704.10.1 Installation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Every residential occupancy in which is installed any chimney, flue, or stovepipe attached to any fireplace, stove, barbeque, or other device that burns any solid or liquid fuel shall have such chimney, flue, or stovepipe equipped with an approved spark arrester installed in such a manner as to be visible for the purposes of inspection and maintenance.

4704.10.2 Fire Hazard

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
No person shall maintain any chimney, flue, or stovepipe in such a manner as to create a fire hazard.

Section 4705 New High-Rise

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

4705.1 Elevator System

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The elevator system shall comply with the general requirements of Sections 4705.1.1 through 4705.1.8.

4705.1.1 Construction

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Except for the designated main floor, all elevators shall open into elevator vestibules which are constructed with walls, floors, and ceilings having a fire-resistive rating of not less than 1 hour.

4705.1.2 Vestibule Openings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
All vestibule openings other than those for elevator doors and stairway enclosures shall be protected with automatic-closing fire assemblies having not less than a 45-minute fire-resistive rating, actuated by "combustion products" type smoke detectors.

4705.1.3 Smoke Detector

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Each elevator vestibule shall be provided with an approved smoke detector located on the lobby ceiling. The elevator controls shall be designed so that the activation of a lobby smoke detector will cause all elevators serving that landing or floor to return nonstop to the designated main floor and be under manual control only.

4705.1.3.1 Alternative Floor Recall

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Elevators with an alternative floor recall feature shall also have an approved smoke detector in the designated main floor elevator lobby. Activation of this smoke detector would recall the elevator to an alternate floor designated by the Chief.

4705.1.4 Elevator Keys

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
There shall be provided for Fire Department use in case of any emergency, a key for the main floor switch and for each fire control elevator and emergency elevator. These keys shall be readily accessible and in a location approved by the Chief.

4705.1.5 Sign

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A permanent sign shall be installed adjacent to the elevator call station on each floor reading "IN CASE OF FIRE USE STAIRWAY FOR EXIT. DO NOT USE ELEVATOR."

4705.1.6 Fire Control Elevator

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
At least one elevator in each bank of elevators shall be available for fire emergency service and shall have its controls designed so that key switches located in the building control station/fire command center will recall said elevator or elevators to the designated main floor. The elevator or elevators shall be interconnected with the standby power. This standby power shall be transferable to any other elevator in the bank and shall be capable of operating the elevator with a full load.

4705.1.7 Emergency Elevator

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
At least one elevator car serving all building levels shall be made available for emergency use and shall contain the following:
  1. A minimum inside car platform of 4 feet 3 inches (1295 mm) deep by 6 feet 8 inches (2030 mm) wide with a minimum clear opening width of 42 inches (1065 mm), unless otherwise designed and approved to provide equivalent utility to accommodate an ambulance stretcher having a minimum size of 24 inches by 84 inches (610 mm by 2134 mm) in its horizontal position.
  2. The elevator shall be subject to control from the building control station.
  3. The elevator shall be interconnected with the standby power system.
  4. The elevator shall be identified with a permanent sign installed adjacent to the elevator control panel in the building control station.

4705.1.8 Permit

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Installation, alteration, and major repair of the items listed in Sections 4705.1.1 through 4705.1.3 of this section shall be performed under permit of the Department of Building and Safety, when such permit is required.

4705.2 Special Requirements

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Except as provided herein, elevators shall conform to the requirements of Article 51, Part 2, Title 24, CCR.

4705.3 Vertical Exit Enclosure

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
There shall be provided for Fire Department use at least two access doors to two vertical exit enclosures that serve all building levels and the roof at the main entrance level, one of which is inside the building.

4705.4 Emergency Helicopter Landing Facility

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Each building shall have a rooftop emergency helicopter landing facility in a location approved by the Chief. A heliport as classified in FAA Advisory Circular 150/5390 2B may be accepted in lieu of the emergency helicopter landing facility. Facilities shall be installed under permit of Chapter 9 of the LAMC (Building and Plumbing Codes) and should also be in accordance with the guidelines of FAA Advisory Circular 150/5390 2B.


Notes:
  1. The preferred touchdown pad background color is white.
  2. The red numeral indicates the allowable weight, in thousands of pounds, that the facility is capable of supporting.
  3. The numeral shall be oriented toward magnetic north.
  4. Allowable weight shall not be in metric units.
FIGURE 4705.4
MARKINGS UTILIZING A SQUARE FOR A ROOF-TOP EMERGENCY HELICOPTER LANDING FACILITY

4705.4.1 Definitions

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The following words or group of words, when used in this section, shall be defined as follows.

APPROACH-DEPARTURE PATH. The flight path of the helicopter as it approaches or departs from the emergency helicopter landing facility designated take-off and landing area. The approach-departure path is measured from the edge of the take-off and landing area and is a rising slope determined by a ratio of 8 feet horizontal distance for every 1 foot of vertical height.

PERIPHERAL AREA. An obstruction free (i.e., no intrusions into the approach-departure path) area adjacent to the takeoff and landing area serving as a safety zone.

TAKEOFF AND LANDING AREA. The designated area on the emergency helicopter landing facility from which helicopter departures and approaches are intended to originate or terminate.

TOUCHDOWN PAD. The load bearing portion of the emergency helicopter landing facility designated takeoff and landing area on which a helicopter may land.

4705.4.2 Minimum Requirements

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An emergency helicopter landing facility shall meet the following minimum requirements:
  1. Approach-departure path: The facility shall have two approach-departure paths with a 90-degree arc of separation between the two.
  2. Touchdown pad: The touchdown pad shall have a dimension of 50 feet by 50 feet (15 240 mm by 15 240 mm).

    Note: The touchdown pad is the same size as the takeoff and landing area.
  3. Peripheral area: The peripheral area (obstruction free safety zone) surrounding the takeoff and landing area/touchdown pad shall be 25 feet (7620 mm) from the edge of the takeoff and landing area.
  4. Safety Net: If the touchdown pad is elevated more than 30 inches (762 mm) above the adjoining roof level, a horizontally attached safety net shall be installed around the perimeter. The safety net shall be located in such a manner that it will not penetrate the approach-departure paths.
  5. A wind-indicating device shall be provided.
  6. Fire Protection: One Class H standpipe in accordance with Chapter 9 of the LAMC (Plumbing Code) shall be provided. A weather-resistant cabinet for fire hose shall be provided with 100 feet (30 480 mm) of rubber-lined, single-jacketed, 11/2-inch (30 480 mm) fire hose equipped with a fog nozzle.
  7. The emergency helicopter landing facility shall be marked as indicated in Figure 4705.4.
Exception: Heliport marking as defined in FAA Advisory Circular 150/5390 2B for private use or public use may be accepted.

4705.5 Portable Fire Extinguisher Required

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
At least one Class 2A10B:C portable fire extinguisher shall be provided in each high-rise residential occupancy unit in such a manner that the extinguisher is immediately accessible and mounted adjacent to the main exit.

Exception: High-rise residential occupancy units which are protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system throughout.

4705.5.1 Penalties and Minimum Fines

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Violation of Section 4705.5 shall be subject to penalties and minimum fines as prescribed in Section 109.4.2 and Table 109.4.

4705.6 Standby Power for Window Washing Equipment

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
See the Section 604.2.14.1.3.1 requirement for standby power to exterior window washing equipment for use on high-rise buildings.
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