ADOPTS WITH AMENDMENTS:

CFC 2016

Part I — Administrative

Part II — General Safety Provisions

Part III — Building and Equipment Design Features

Part IV — Special Occupancies and Operations

Part V — Hazardous Materials

Part VI — Referenced Standards

Part VII — Appendices

Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.
CALIFORNIA FIRE CODE — MATRIX ADOPTION TABLE
CHAPTER 54 — CORROSIVE MATERIALS
(Matrix Adoption Tables are non-regulatory, intended only as an aid to the user.
See Chapter 1 for state agency authority and building applications.)
Adopting Agency BSC BSC-CG SFM HCD DSA OSHPD BSCC DPH AGR DWR CEC CA SL SLC
T-24 T-19* 1 2 1/AC AC SS 1 2 3 4
Adopt Entire Chapter X
Adopt Entire Chapter as amended (amended sections listed below)
Adopt only those sections that are listed below
[California Code of Regulations, Title 19, Division 1]
Chapter / Section
5404.2.1 X
*  The California Code of Regulations (CCR), Title 19, Division 1 provisions that are found in the California Fire Code are a reprint from the current CCR, Title 19, Division 1 text for the code user's convenience only. The scope, applicability and appeals procedures of CCR, Title 19, Division I remain the same.

The storage and use of corrosive materials shall be in accordance with this chapter. Compressed gases shall also comply with Chapter 53.

Exceptions:

  1. Display and storage in Group M and storage in Group S occupancies complying with Section 5003.11.
  2. Stationary storage battery systems in accordance with Section 608.
  3. This chapter shall not apply to R-717 (ammonia) where used as a refrigerant in a refrigeration system (see Section 606).

5401.2 Permits

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Permits shall be required as set forth in Sections 105.6 and 105.7.

The following term is defined in Chapter 2:

CORROSIVE.

The storage and use of corrosive materials in amounts not exceeding the maximum allowable quantity per control area indicated in Section 5003.1 shall be in accordance with Sections 5001, 5003 and 5401.
The storage and use of corrosive materials in amounts exceeding the maximum allowable quantity per control area indicated in Section 5003.1 shall be in accordance with this chapter and Chapter 50.

5403.3 Warning Placards and Signs

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Wherever corrosive materials are stored or processed, signs with letters not less than 3 inches high (76 mm) on contrasting background stating "WARNING — CORROSIVE MATERIALS" shall be posted at any location within a building and at any location within an area outside a building where such materials are processed or stored, and at such other locations as may be required by the Chief.

5403.4 Water Shields

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Tanks containing corrosive materials which react with water shall be of closed type, or shall be equipped with a lid which shall be kept closed during intervals of non-use and at the end of each working shift. A hood or shield shall be provided over open tanks containing corrosive materials which react with water, if located beneath automatic sprinklers.

5403.5 Open Tanks and Vats

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Open tanks and vats shall comply with Sections 5403.5.1 through 5403.5.3.

5403.5.1 Heat or Agitate

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where steam is used to heat or agitate corrosive materials in tanks, vats or pans or where compressed air is used to agitate such liquids and such steam or air is supplied from a line in which the pressure is higher than that which may be safely used to heat or agitate the liquids, a spring loaded relief valve or other effective means shall be provided in the line to prevent the delivery of excessive pressures of steam or air to the tanks.

5403.5.2 Controls

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Such tanks and vats in which corrosive materials are agitated by compressed air, steam or mechanical means, or are heated, shall have controls so located that any employee operating them will not be exposed to splashes or boil-overs. Where such location is impracticable, equivalent protection shall be provided by means of shelter, and safe means of escape from shelter shall be provided.

5403.5.3 Gauges

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Tubular gauges on stationary tanks, vats, or containers which contain corrosive materials shall be shielded to prevent liquid spray from endangering employees should the gauge break. All such gauges shall be guarded when exposed to the hazard of being broken by accidental impact and in all cases when located less than 7 feet (2134 mm) above or 3 feet (914 mm) laterally from working levels or passageways. All such gauges shall be provided with valves which can be readily closed in case of breakage. When practicable, ball-check or other selfclosing valves shall be used.

5403.6 Dikes and Drains

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Impounding basins or drainage facilities shall be provided where, in the opinion of the Chief, accidental spillage or rupture of the container might endanger lives or property.

5403.7 Dilution and Neutralization

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Areas used for the storage or processing of corrosive materials shall be equipped with at least one of the following:
  1. Water outlets, with attached hose, for adequate dilution and flushing of spills to a safe location.
  2. A covered and labeled container of absorbent-neutralizer mixture suitable for the neutralization and absorption of corrosive materials spills. There shall not be less than one such container holding 50 pounds (23 kg) of an absorbent-neutralizer mixture.

5403.8 Special Equipment

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A deluge water-shower and eye flusher, with the water piping carrying a pressure not exceeding 25 pounds, shall be provided near each area where corrosive materials which may burn, irritate, or otherwise be harmful to persons, are stored, processed, or used. Shower and eye flusher shall be connected to a potable water supply line.

5403.9 Tank Cars

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Tank cars shall be unloaded as soon as possible after their arrival at point of delivery and shall not be used as storage tanks. Tank cars containing corrosive materials shall not be allowed to remain at point of delivery for more than 24 hours while being unloaded. A qualified person shall supervise the transfer operations.
Indoor storage of corrosive materials in amounts exceeding the maximum allowable quantity per control area indicated in Table 5003.1.1(2), shall be in accordance with Sections 5001, 5003 and 5004 and this chapter.
In addition to the provisions of Section 5004.12, floors in storage areas for corrosive liquids shall be of liquid-tight construction.
Outdoor storage of corrosive materials in amounts exceeding the maximum allowable quantity per control area indicated in Table 5003.1.1(4) shall be in accordance with Sections 5001, 5003 and 5004 and this chapter.
When required by Section 5004.2.2, above-ground outside storage tanks of corrosive liquids shall be provided with secondary containment.
Outdoor storage of corrosive materials shall not be within 20 feet (6096 mm) of buildings not associated with the manufacturing or distribution of such materials, lot lines, public streets, public alleys, public ways or means of egress. A 2-hour fire barrier without openings or penetrations, and extending not less than 30 inches (762 mm) above and to the sides of the storage area, is allowed in lieu of such distance. The wall shall either be an independent structure, or the exterior wall of the building adjacent to the storage area.

5404.3 Drum and Carboy Storage

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The storage of corrosive materials in drums or carboys shall conform to the following:
  1. Drums or carboys shall not be stacked more than two containers high unless on pallets. Maximum height shall be 12 feet (3660 mm)
  2. Unless otherwise specifically authorized by the Chief, drum or carboys shall be stored in rows not more than two containers in width, or the width of the pallet, if stored on pallets. The aisles between such rows shall be of sufficient width to permit inspection and removal of leaking drums or carboys.
  3. Drums and carboys shall be stored in an upright position with a bung or plug uppermost.
  4. Excess pressure which may have developed from high-temperature hydrogen formation in drums or carboys equipped with nonporous or nonventing stoppers, plugs, or caps, shall be vented when containers are placed in storage. Drums shall be opened at frequent intervals to prevent excessive pressure developing from hydrogen formation.

5404.4 Tank Storage

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Tanks used for the storage of corrosive materials shall comply with the following provisions:
  1. Tanks shall be equipped with manual shutoff valves which may be operated without going beneath the tank.
  2. Tanks having a capacity in excess of 120 gallons (454 L) and located within or upon buildings shall be equipped with heat-actuated, automatic-closing shutoff valves approved by the Chief.
Exception:
  1. The Chief may permit the use of a remote control valve which is clearly labeled and located where easily accessible in the event of fire or other emergency.
  2. Tanks not resting upon the ground or floor and located within a building or within 10 feet (3050 mm) of a combustible structure, shall rest on supports of at least 1-hour fire-resistive construction.
  3. When tanks are located outside of a building and are connected to piping entering a building, conspicuously labeled emergency shutoff valves shall be installed at a readily available place outside of the building.

5404.5 Working Supply

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Corrosive materials stored in reserve in work areas shall be limited to a sufficient supply for one 8-hour shift.
The indoor use of corrosive materials in amounts exceeding the maximum allowable quantity per control area indicated in Table 5003.1.1(2) shall be in accordance with Sections 5001, 5003 and 5005 and this chapter.
Corrosive liquids shall be transferred in accordance with Section 5005.1.10.
Where corrosive materials are dispensed or used, mechanical exhaust ventilation in accordance with Section 5005.2.1.1 shall be provided.
The outdoor use of corrosive materials in amounts exceeding the maximum allowable quantity per control area indicated in Table 5003.1.1(4) shall be in accordance with Sections 5001, 5003 and 5005 and this chapter.
Outdoor use of corrosive materials shall be located in accordance with Section 5404.2.2.
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