ADOPTS WITH AMENDMENTS:

CFC 2016

Part I — Administrative

Part II — General Safety Provisions

Part III — Building and Equipment Design Features

Part IV — Special Occupancies and Operations

Part V — Hazardous Materials

Part VI — Referenced Standards

Part VII — Appendices

Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.
CALIFORNIA FIRE CODE — MATRIX ADOPTION TABLE
CHAPTER 4 — EMERGENCY PLANNING AND PREPAREDNESS
(Matrix Adoption Tables are non-regulatory, intended only as an aid to the user.
See Chapter 1 for state agency authority and building applications.)
Adopting agency BSC BSC-CG SFM HCD DSA OSHPD CSA DPH AGR DWR CEC CA SL SLC
T-24 T-19* 1 2 1/AC AC SS 1 2 3 4
Adopt Entire Chapter
Adopt Entire Chapter as amended (amended sections listed below)
Adopt only those sections that are listed below X
[California Code of Regulations, Title 19, Division 1] X
Chapter / Section
401 X
401.3.4 X
401.9 X
402 X
403.2 X
[T-19 §3.13 (a)(1)] X
[T-19 §3.13 (c)(1)] X
[T-19 §3.10] X
[T-19 §3.13 (a)(2)] X
[T-19 §3.13 (b)] X
404.5-404.6.6 X
[T-19 §3.13 (a)(1)] X
[T-19 §3.13 (c)(2 & 3)] X
407 X
*  The California Code of Regulations (CCR), Title 19, Division 1 provisions that are found in the California Fire Code are a reprint from the current CCR, Title 19, Division 1 text for the code user's convenience only. The scope, applicability and appeals procedures of CCR, Title 19, Division I remain the same.

Reporting of emergencies, coordination with emergency response forces, emergency plans and procedures for managing or responding to emergencies shall comply with the provisions of this section.

Exception: Firms that have approved on-premises fire-fighting organizations and that are in compliance with approved procedures for fire reporting.

401.2 Approval

ILLUSTRATION
Where required by this code, fire safety plans, emergency procedures and employee training programs shall be approved by the fire code official.
Notification of emergency responders shall be in accordance with Sections 401.3.1 through 401.3.3.
In the event an unwanted fire occurs on a property, the owner or occupant shall immediately report such condition to the fire department.
Upon activation of a fire alarm signal, employees or staff shall immediately notify the fire department.
A person shall not, by verbal or written directive, require any delay in the reporting of a fire to the fire department.

Every person and public officer managing, controlling, or in charge of any public, private, or parochial school shall cause the fire alarm signal to be sounded upon the discovery of fire.

In the event an unwanted fire is detected in a building or a fire alarm activates, the emergency plan shall be implemented.
A person shall not give, signal or transmit a false alarm.
The sounding of a fire alarm signal and the carrying out of an emergency evacuation drill in accordance with the provisions of Section 405 shall be allowed.
Evacuations made necessary by the unplanned activation of a fire alarm system or by any other emergency shall not be substituted for a required evacuation drill.
It shall be unlawful to interfere with, attempt to interfere with, conspire to interfere with, obstruct or restrict the mobility of or block the path of travel of a fire department emergency vehicle in any way, or to interfere with, attempt to interfere with, conspire to interfere with, obstruct or hamper any fire department operation.

Upon notification of fire, conduct of any fire drill, upon activation of the fire alarm, or upon orders of the fire authority having jurisdiction, buildings or structures within the scope of these regulations shall be immediately evacuated or occupants shall be relocated in accordance with established plans.

403.1 General

AMENDMENT
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403.1 Reserved

AMENDMENT
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403.2 Announcements of Exits and Posting of Exit Plans in Group A Occupancies

AMENDMENT
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Group A occupancies shall comply with the requirements of Sections 403.2.2 through 403.2.6 and Sections 401 through 403.

403.2.1 Seating Plan

AMENDMENT
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403.2.1 Reserved

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403.2.2 Announcements

AMENDMENT
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An announcement shall be made in the main area of the event at the beginning of each public assemblage. It shall include the locations and number of exits. For those assemblages extending over 2 hours in length and not having a definite ending time, the announcement shall be made at the beginning and at least every 2 hours thereafter.
Fire watch personnel shall be provided where required by Section 403.12.1.
Crowd managers shall be provided where required by Section 403.12.3.

403.2.5 Exit Locations

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The exit locations must be visible to the occupants as the announcement is being made. This may be accomplished by highlighting the exits using spotlights, flashlights, security officers or event personnel to point out the exits, lowering the houselights to highlight the exit signs, or a large visual screen showing all exits or by using other appropriate measures.

403.2.6 Posting of an Emergency Exit Plan

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
These occupancies will be required to post an emergency exit floor plan on a diagram demonstrating a person's present location (i.e., "You Are Here"), exit locations and locations of exit corridors. These plans must be posted in the restrooms, main lobby areas adjacent to food and gift venues, entrances and other areas where the public congregates.

403.3 Ambulatory Care Facilities

AMENDMENT
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403.3.1 Fire Evacuation Plan

AMENDMENT
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403.3.2 Fire Safety Plan

AMENDMENT
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403.3.3 Staff Training

AMENDMENT
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403.3.4 Emergency Evacuation Drills

AMENDMENT
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403.3 Reserved

AMENDMENT
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403.4 Group B Occupancies

AMENDMENT
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403.4 Reserved

AMENDMENT
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403.5 Group E Occupancies

AMENDMENT
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[California Code of Regulations, Title 19, Division 1, §3.13(a)(1)] Fire Drills. (Group E Occupancies)

  1. Group E Occupancies.

    1. General. Every person and public officer managing, controlling, or in charge of any public, private, or parochial school shall cause the fire alarm signal to be sounded upon the discovery of fire. Every person and public officer managing, controlling, or in charge of any public, private, or parochial school, other than a two-year community college, shall cause the fire alarm signal to be sounded not less than once every calendar month at the elementary and intermediate levels, and not less than twice yearly at the secondary level, in the manner prescribed in California Code of Regulations, Title 24, Part 2, Section 907.

      A fire drill shall be held at the secondary level not less than twice every school year.

Every person and public officer managing, controlling, or in charge of any public, private, or parochial school, other than a two-year community college, shall cause the fire alarm signal to be sounded not less than once every calendar month at the elementary and intermediate levels, and not less than twice yearly at the secondary level in the manner prescribed in Section 907. A fire drill shall be held at the secondary level not less than twice every school year.

Each school principal, district superintendent or day nursery manager shall, in cooperation with the enforcing agency, prepare procedures to be followed in case of fire or other emergency. They should include the following:

  1. Posting of the telephone number of the fire department in the office and/or at the main switchboard.
  2. Assignment of a responsible person to call the fire department upon notification of any fire or activation of the alarm system for any reason other than fire drills.
  3. Posting in a conspicuous place in each classroom or assembly area a plan showing paths of travel to evacuate the room in case of emergency and including an alternate route.
  4. Posting in each classroom instructions to be followed by the teacher. These should include:

    1. 4.1 Maintaining of order during evacuation.
    2. 4.2. Removal of roll call book and calling of roll when designated evacuation area is reached.

403.5.2 First Emergency Evacuation Drill

AMENDMENT
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403.5.3 Time of Day

AMENDMENT
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403.5.4 Assembly Points

AMENDMENT
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403.6 Group F Occupancies

AMENDMENT
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403.6 Reserved

AMENDMENT
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403.7 Group H Occupancies

AMENDMENT
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403.7.1 Group H-5 Occupancies

AMENDMENT
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403.7.1.1 Plans and Diagrams

AMENDMENT
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403.7.1.2 Plan Updating

AMENDMENT
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403.7.1.3 Emergency Response Team

AMENDMENT
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403.7.1.4 Emergency Drills

AMENDMENT
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403.7 Reserved

AMENDMENT
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403.8 Group I Occupancies

AMENDMENT
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403.8.1 Group I-1 Occupancies

AMENDMENT
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403.8.1.1 Fire Safety and Evacuation Plan

AMENDMENT
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403.8.1.1.1 Fire Evacuation Plan

AMENDMENT
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403.8.1.1.2 Fire Safety Plans

AMENDMENT
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403.8.1.2 Employee Training

AMENDMENT
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403.8.1.3 Resident Training

AMENDMENT
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403.8.1.4 Drill Frequency

AMENDMENT
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403.8.1.5 Drill Times

AMENDMENT
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403.8.1.6 Resident Participation in Drills

AMENDMENT
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403.8.1.7 Emergency Evacuation Drill Deferral

AMENDMENT
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403.8.2 Group I-2 Occupancies

AMENDMENT
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403.8.2.1 Fire Evacuation Plans

AMENDMENT
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403.8.2.2 Fire Safety Plans

AMENDMENT
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403.8.2.3 Emergency Evacuation Drills

AMENDMENT
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403.8.3 Group I-3 Occupancies

AMENDMENT
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403.8.3.1 Employee Training

AMENDMENT
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403.8.3.2 Employee Staffing

AMENDMENT
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403.8.3.3 Notification

AMENDMENT
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403.8.3.4 Keys

AMENDMENT
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403.8 Reserved

AMENDMENT
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403.9 Group M Occupancies

AMENDMENT
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403.9 Reserved

AMENDMENT
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403.10 Group R Occupancies

AMENDMENT
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403.10.1 Group R-1 Occupancies

AMENDMENT
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403.10.1.1 Evacuation Diagrams

AMENDMENT
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403.10.1.2 Emergency Duties

AMENDMENT
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403.10.1.3 Fire Safety and Evacuation Instructions

AMENDMENT
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403.10.1 Reserved

AMENDMENT
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403.10.2 Group R-2 Occupancies

AMENDMENT
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403.10.2.1 College and University Buildings

AMENDMENT
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403.10.2.1 Reserved

AMENDMENT
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The Chancellor, President, or his designated representative, shall, in cooperation with the enforcing agency, propose procedures to be followed in case of fire or other emergency. They should include the following:

  1. Posting the telephone number of the fire department in the office and/or at the main switchboard.
  2. Assignment of a responsible person to call the fire department upon notification of any fire or activation of the alarm system for any reason other than fire drills.
  3. Posting in a conspicuous place in each classroom or assembly area a plan showing paths of travel to evacuate the room in case of emergency and including an alternate route.
  4. Posting in each classroom instructions to be followed by the teacher. These should include:

    1. 4.1. Maintaining order during evacuation.
    2. 4.2. Removal of roll call book and calling of roll when designated evacuation area is reached.

403.10.2.1.2 First Emergency Evacuation Drill

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

403.10.2.1.3 Time of Day

AMENDMENT
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403.10.2.2 Emergency Guide

AMENDMENT
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403.10.2.2.1 Guide Contents

AMENDMENT
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403.10.2.2.2 Emergency Guide Maintenance

AMENDMENT
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403.10.2.2.3 Emergency Guide Distribution

AMENDMENT
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403.10.2.3 Evacuation Diagrams for Dormitories

AMENDMENT
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403.10.3 Group R-4 Occupancies

AMENDMENT
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403.10.3.1 Fire Safety and Evacuation Plan

AMENDMENT
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403.10.3.1.1 Fire Safety Plans

AMENDMENT
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403.10.3.2 Employee Training

AMENDMENT
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403.10.3.3 Resident Training

AMENDMENT
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403.10.3.4 Drill Frequency

AMENDMENT
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403.10.3.5 Drill Times

AMENDMENT
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403.10.3.6 Resident Participation in Drills

AMENDMENT
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403.11 Special Uses

AMENDMENT
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403.11.1 Covered and Open Mall Buildings

AMENDMENT
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403.11.1.1 Malls and Mall Buildings Exceeding 50,000 Square Feet

AMENDMENT
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403.11.1.2 Lease Plan

AMENDMENT
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403.11.1.3 Lease Plan Approval

AMENDMENT
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403.11.1.4 Lease Plan Revisions

AMENDMENT
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403.11.1.5 Tenant Identification

AMENDMENT
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403.11.1.6 Unoccupied Tenant Spaces

AMENDMENT
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403.11.2 High-Rise Buildings

AMENDMENT
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403.11.3 Underground Buildings

AMENDMENT
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403.11.4 Buildings Using Occupant Evacuation Elevators

AMENDMENT
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403.11 Reserved

AMENDMENT
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Special requirements for public safety shall be in accordance with Sections 403.12.1 through 403.12.3.3.
Where, in the opinion of the fire code official, it is essential for public safety in a place of assembly or any other place where people congregate, because of the number of persons, or the nature of the performance, exhibition, display, contest or activity, the owner, agent or lessee shall provide one or more fire watch personnel, as required and approved. Fire watch personnel shall comply with Sections 403.12.1.1 and 403.12.1.2.
Fire watch personnel shall remain on duty while places requiring a fire watch are open to the public, or when an activity requiring a fire watch is being conducted.

On-duty fire watch personnel shall have the following responsibilities:

  1. Keep diligent watch for fires, obstructions to means of egress and other hazards.
  2. Take prompt measures for remediation of hazards and extinguishment of fires that occur.
  3. Take prompt measures to assist in the evacuation of the public from the structures.

Where the fire code official determines that an indoor or outdoor gathering of persons has an adverse impact on public safety through diminished access to buildings, structures, fire hydrants and fire apparatus access roads or where such gatherings adversely affect public safety services of any kind, the fire code official shall have the authority to order the development of or prescribe a public safety plan that provides an approved level of public safety and addresses the following items:

  1. Emergency vehicle ingress and egress.
  2. Fire protection.
  3. Emergency egress or escape routes.
  4. Emergency medical services.
  5. Public assembly areas.
  6. The directing of both attendees and vehicles, including the parking of vehicles.
  7. Vendor and food concession distribution.
  8. The need for the presence of law enforcement.
  9. The need for fire and emergency medical services personnel.
Where facilities or events involve a gathering of more than 1,000 people, crowd managers shall be provided in accordance with Sections 403.12.3.1 through 403.12.3.3.

The minimum number of crowd managers shall be established at a ratio of one crowd manager for every 250 persons.

Exception: Where approved by the fire code official, the number of crowd managers shall be permitted to be reduced where the facility is equipped throughout with an approved automatic sprinkler system or based upon the nature of the event.

Training for crowd managers shall be approved.

The duties of crowd managers shall include, but not be limited to:

  1. Conduct an inspection of the area of responsibility and identify and address any egress barriers.
  2. Conduct an inspection of the area of responsibility to identify and mitigate any fire hazards.
  3. Verify compliance with all permit conditions, including those governing pyrotechnics and other special effects.
  4. Direct and assist the event attendees in evacuation during an emergency.
  5. Assist emergency response personnel where requested.
  6. Other duties required by the fire code official.
  7. Other duties as specified in the fire safety plan.

Group C occupancies shall comply with the requirements of Sections 403.13.1 through 403.13.3.

Every organized camp shall institute fire training programs for all employees in the use of all fire extinguishing equipment and methods of evacuation, and shall establish procedures which shall, as far as possible, be followed in the event of fire or any other emergency. If located in a forest area a plan shall be prepared for the evacuation of the camp in case of an approaching forest fire or other emergency.

Within 24 hours after arrival, every group of persons attending an organized camp shall be made familiar with the method by which the fire alarm may be activated and with the procedures to be followed upon notification of fire.

At least 1 fire drill shall be held within 24 hours of the commencement of each camping session. Additional drills shall be conducted at least once each week thereafter. When sessions exceed a 7 day period, at least 1 drill shall be held during night-time sleeping hours.

[California Code of Regulations, Title 19, Division 1, §3.13(c)(1)] Fire Drills. (Organized Camps)

  1. (c) Organized Camps.
  2. (1) Every organized camp shall institute fire training programs for all employees in the use of all fire extinguishing equipment and methods of evacuation, and shall establish procedures which shall, as far as possible, be followed in the event of fire or any other emergency. If located in a forest area a plan shall be prepared for the evacuation of the camp in case of an approaching forest fire or other emergency.

404.1 General Reserved

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

[California Code of Regulations, Title 19, Division 1, §3.10] Evacuation of Buildings.

   Upon notification of fire, conduct of any fire drill, upon activation of the fire alarm, or upon orders of the fire authority having jurisdiction, buildings or structures within the scope of California Code of Regulations, Title 19, Division 1 regulations shall be immediately evacuated or occupants shall be relocated in accordance with established plans.

404.2 Contents

AMENDMENT
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404.2 Reserved

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404.2.1 Fire Evacuation Plans

AMENDMENT
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404.2.1 Reserved

AMENDMENT
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404.2.2 Fire Safety Plans Reserved

AMENDMENT
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[California Code of Regulations, Title 19, Division 1, §3.13(a)(2)] Fire Drills. (Group E Occupancies)

  1. (a) Group E Occupancies.
  2. (2) Emergency Pre-Fire Planning. Each school principal, district superintendent or day nursery manager shall, in cooperation with the enforcing agency, prepare procedures to be followed in case of fire or other emergency. They should include the following:

    1. Posting of the telephone number of the fire department in the office and/or at the main switchboard.
    2. Assignment of a responsible person to call the fire department upon notification of any fire or activation of the alarm system for any reason other than fire drills.
    3. Posting in a conspicuous place in each classroom or assembly area a plan showing paths of travel to evacuate the room in case of emergency and including an alternate route.
    4. Posting in each classroom instructions to be followed by the teacher. These should include:

      1. Maintaining of order during evacuation.
      2. Removal of roll call book and calling of roll when designated evacuation area is reached.

[California Code of Regulations, Title 19, Division 1, §3.13(b)] Fire Drills. (College and University)

  1. (b) College and University Pre-Fire Planning. The Chancellor, President, or his designated representative, shall, in cooperation with the enforcing agency, propose procedures to be followed in case of fire or other emergency in accordance with the provisions of California Code of Regulations, Title 19, Division 1, Section 3.13 (a)(2).
Where facilities develop a lockdown plan, it shall be in accordance with Sections 404.2.3.1 through 404.2.3.3.

Lockdown plans shall be approved by the fire code official and shall include the following:

  1. Initiation. The plan shall include instructions for reporting an emergency that requires a lockdown.
  2. Accountability. The plan shall include accountability procedures for staff to report the presence or absence of occupants.
  3. Recall. The plan shall include a prearranged signal for returning to normal activity.
  4. Communication and coordination. The plan shall include an approved means of two-way communication between a central location and each secured area.

404.2.3.2 Training Frequency

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The training frequency shall be included in the lockdown plan. The lockdown drills shall not substitute for any of the fire and evacuation drills.

404.2.3.2.1 Emergency Lockdown Training

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where a facility has a lockdown plan, employees shall be trained on their assigned duties and procedures in the event of an emergency lockdown.
The method of notifying building occupants of a lockdown shall be included in the plan. The method of notification shall be separate and distinct from the fire alarm signal.

404.3 Maintenance

AMENDMENT
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404.3 Reserved

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404.4 Availability

AMENDMENT
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404.4 Reserved

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404.4.1 Distribution

AMENDMENT
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The Chancellor, President, or his designated representative, shall, in cooperation with the enforcing agency, propose procedures to be followed in case of fire or other emergency in accordance with the provisions of Section 403.10.2.1.1.

All office buildings two or more stories in height, except high-rise buildings as defined by Health and Safety Code Section 13210, shall comply with this section.

Owner(s) or operator(s) shall employ either one of the following methods of providing emergency procedures and information to the building occupants:

  1. Emergency procedures information published in the form of a leaflet, brochure, or pamphlet shall be available to all persons entering the building. Emergency procedures information shall be located immediately inside all entrances to the building, as determined by the authority having jurisdiction. Locations shall be clearly marked.
  2. A floor plan providing emergency procedures information shall be posted at every stairway landing, at every elevator landing, and immediately inside all public entrances to the building. The information shall be posted so that it describes the represented floor level and can be easily seen immediately upon entering the floor level of the building. Emergency procedures information shall be printed with a minimum of 3/16-inch high nondecorative lettering providing a sharp contrast to the background.

Emergency procedures information shall provide all ambulatory, nonambulatory, and the physically disabled instructions to be followed in the event of an emergency. Emergency procedures information shall include, but not be limited to, the following:

  1. Location of exits.
  2. Location of fire alarm initiating stations, if required.
  3. What the fire alarm, if required, sounds and looks like (audible and visual warning devices).
  4. Fire department emergency telephone number 911.
  5. The prohibition of elevator use during emergencies, if any.

Every guestroom available for rental in a hotel, motel, or lodging house shall have clearly visible emergency procedures information printed on a floor plan representative of the floor level and posted on the interior of each entrance door or immediately adjacent to such door. The owner/operator of a hotel, motel, or lodging house may, in lieu of posting emergency procedures information in each guestroom, provide such information through the use of leaflets, brochures, pamphlets, videotapes, or any other method as approved by the authority having jurisdiction. Oral communication in itself does not fulfill the intent of this section. However, oral communication can be incorporated as a part of the transfer of emergency procedures information. When emergency procedures information signage is posted on the interior of the guestroom entrance door, the bottom of the information shall not be located more than 4-feet above the floor level. Visually impaired persons shall receive instructions of a type they will understand, for example: taping of instructions, instructions in Braille, or other appropriate methods.

Each method of providing information shall include, but not be limited to that described in Section 404.6.1.2.

Hotels, motels, and lodging houses shall maintain at the registration desk a list noting the guestrooms assigned to guests with disabilities when such guests have indicated that they have special emergency evacuation requirements. The innkeeper shall, at the innkeeper's option, do one of the following:

  1. Provide a place on the registration form for physically disabled guests who have such requirements to so identify themselves.
  2. Provide a notice on the room key jacket advising guests with disabilities who have special emergency evacuation requirements to so notify the front desk.
  3. Utilize such other means for allowing such guests with disabilities to so identify themselves as may be approved by the authority having jurisdiction.

Hotels, motels, lodging houses, high-rise office buildings, and Group I, Division 1 and 2 occupancies as defined in the California Building Code (except honor farms and conservation camps) shall comply with this section.

Emergency procedures information printed on a floor plan shall be posted at every stairway landing, at every elevator landing, and immediately inside all public entrances to the building. The information shall be representative of the floor level and be posted so that the bottom edge of such information is not located more than 4-feet above the floor, where it can be easily identified. Emergency procedures information shall be printed with a minimum of 3/16-inch nondecorative lettering providing a sharp contrast to the background.

Emergency procedures information shall include, but not be limited to, that described in Section 404.6.1.2.

Owner(s) and operator(s) of hotels, motels, lodging houses, high-rise office buildings, and Group I, Division 1 and 2 occupancies as defined in the California Building Code (except honor farms and conservation camps) shall appoint a Fire Safety Director, who shall:

  1. Report to owner(s) or operator(s).
  2. Coordinate fire safety activities of the facility with the authority having jurisdiction.
  3. Conduct, or cause to be conducted, all training as described in Sections 404.6.5 through 404.6.5.3 for all building employees and maintain records of dates, subjects, and attendance of each training session.
  4. Develop and maintain a written facility emergency plan acceptable to the authority having jurisdiction. Upon request, the facility emergency plan shall be made physically available at the respective facility to the authority having jurisdiction. Facility emergency plans shall include, but not be limited to the following:

    1. 4.1. Fire department emergency telephone number 911.
    2. 4.2. Other emergency response telephone numbers.
    3. 4.3. Evacuation or relocation plan for the building occupants.
    4. 4.4. Duties of the Fire Safety Director and other designated emergency personnel.
    5. 4.5. Building employee responsibilities in case of emergency, including individual assignment and reporting responsibilities.
    6. 4.6. Procedures to identify and assist the nonambulatory and physically disabled.
  5. Assure that the requirements of Section 404.6.4, item 4, subsection 4.6, procedures to identify and assist the nonambulatory and physically disabled are accomplished as follows:

    1. 5.1. Hotels, motels, and lodging houses shall comply with subsection (b)(3);
    2. 5.2. Owner(s) or operator(s) of high-rise office buildings shall maintain a list of all permanent building tenants who have disabilities. Building owner(s) or operator(s) shall be notified in writing by those who have disabilities. Information provided in the list shall include any special emergency evacuation needs and permanent work location of such physically disabled persons. The list shall be located in the building manager's office;
    3. 5.3 Group I, Division 1 and 2 occupancies as defined in the California Building Code (except honor farms and conservation camps) shall comply with normal hospital policies of assisting patients and guests during an emergency evacuation.

Hotels, motels, lodging houses, and high-rise office buildings shall conduct annually, emergency procedures training for all building employees. Group I, Division 1 and 2 occupancies as defined in the California Building Code (except honor farms and conservation camps) shall conduct quarterly fire emergency training for all building employees.

Fire Safety Directors and their designated emergency personnel shall receive training in the identification and use of facility fire safety equipment, communication procedures, people movement procedures, fire prevention practices, and their duties outlined in their respective emergency plan. The training curriculum shall be approved by, and made available to the authority having jurisdiction.

All building employees shall receive training covering the identification and use of facility fire safety equipment, fire prevention practices, and appropriate procedures to follow in the event of a fire.

Actual evacuation or relocation of building occupants pursuant to procedures contained in the emergency plan shall be conducted at least annually for all building employees. Appropriate records, including dates, floors or building involved, and persons conducting evacuation or relocation procedures shall be maintained and made immediately available to the authority having jurisdiction upon their request. The authority having jurisdiction shall be notified not less than 48 hours in advance of such planned evacuation or relocation.

Exception: In hotels, motels, lodging houses, and Group I, Division 1 and 2 occupancies as defined in the California Building Code, guests and patients are not required to participate in evacuation or relocation of the building. In hotels, motels, lodging houses, Group I, Division 1 and 2 occupancies as defined in the California Building Code, and high-rise office buildings, on-duty personnel who have security or maintenance related responsibilities, and designated management personnel approved by the fire authority having jurisdiction shall not be required to participate in any drill but, they shall provide an alternate method approved by the authority having jurisdiction to measure their knowledge of their respective duties pursuant to the emergency plan.

Emergency procedures signage posted prior to the effective date of these regulations may be continued in use until one year after such effective date of these regulations.

Section 405 Emergency Evacuation Drills

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
[California Code of Regulations, Title 19, Division 1, §3.13(a)(1)] Fire Drills. (Group E Occupancies)

  • (a) Group E Occupancies.
  • (1) General. Every person and public officer managing, controlling, or in charge of any public, private, or parochial school shall cause the fire alarm signal to be sounded upon the discovery of fire. Every person and public officer managing, controlling, or in charge of any public, private, or parochial school, other than a two-year community college, shall cause the fire alarm signal to be sounded not less than once every calendar month at the elementary and intermediate levels, and not less than twice yearly at the secondary level, in the manner prescribed in California Code of Regulations, Title 24, Part 2, Section 907.

    A fire drill shall be held at the secondary level not less than twice every school year.
[California Code of Regulations, Title 19, Division 1, §3.13(c)(2) and (3)] Fire Drills. (Organized Camps)

  • (c) Organized Camps.
  • (2) Within 24 hours after arrival, every group of persons attending an organized camp shall be made familiar with the method by which the fire alarm may be activated and with the procedures to be followed upon notification of fire.
  • (3) At least 1 fire drill shall be held within 24 hours of the commencement of each camping session. Additional drills shall be conducted at least once each week thereafter. When sessions exceed a 7 day period, at least 1 drill shall be held during night-time sleeping hours.

405.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

405.2 Frequency

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

405.3 Leadership

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

405.4 Time

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

405.5 Record Keeping

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

405.6 Notification

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

405.7 Initiation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

405.8 Accountability

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

405.9 Recall and Reentry

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

406.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

406.1 Reserved

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

406.2 Frequency

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

406.2 Reserved

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

406.3 Employee Training Program

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

406.3.1 Fire Prevention Training

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

406.3.2 Evacuation Training

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

406.3.3 Fire Safety Training

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

406.3 Reserved

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where a facility has a lockdown plan, employees shall be trained on their assigned duties and procedures in the event of an emergency lockdown.
The provisions of Sections 407.2 through 407.7 shall be applicable where hazardous materials subject to permits under Section 5001.5 are located on the premises or where required by the fire code official.
Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) for all hazardous materials shall be either readily available on the premises as a paper copy, or where approved, shall be permitted to be readily retrievable by electronic access.
Individual containers of hazardous materials, cartons or packages shall be marked or labeled in accordance with applicable federal regulations. Buildings, rooms and spaces containing hazardous materials shall be identified by hazard warning signs in accordance with Section 5003.5.
Persons responsible for the operation of areas in which hazardous materials are stored, dispensed, handled or used shall be familiar with the chemical nature of the materials and the appropriate mitigating actions necessary in the event of a fire, leak or spill. Responsible persons shall be designated and trained to be liaison personnel for the fire department. These persons shall aid the fire department in preplanning emergency responses and identification of where hazardous materials are located, and shall have access to Material Safety Data Sheets and be knowledgeable in the site emergency response procedures.
Where required by the fire code official, each application for a permit shall include a Hazardous Materials Inventory Statement (HMIS) in accordance with Section 5001.5.2.
Where required by the fire code official, each application for a permit shall include a Hazardous Materials Management Plan (HMMP) in accordance with Section 5001.5.1. The fire code official is authorized to accept a similar plan required by other regulations.
The permit holder or applicant shall submit to the fire code official a facility closure plan in accordance with Section 5001.6.3 to terminate storage, dispensing, handling or use of hazardous materials.

Section 408 Emergency Planning and Evacuation Requirements for High-Rise Buildings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

408.1 Emergency Planning and Evacuation Requirements for High-Rise Buildings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Emergency planning and evacuation requirements for high-rise buildings shall be in compliance with Sections 408.2 through 408.11.

408.2 Creation and Filing of Emergency Plan

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Every owner, manager, operator, administrator, and tenant of a new or existing high-rise building shall, in cooperation with the Fire Department, establish, implement, maintain and update an emergency plan for the building that complies with, but is not necessarily limited to, the following.

408.2.1 Submission of Plans

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The owner shall electronically submit the emergency plan annually to the Fire Department and maintain a current hard copy on the premises. Prior to each annual submittal, the owner shall also review the emergency plan and as a result of that review shall update the emergency plan as necessary to ensure that it is accurate and complete. All emergency plan transactions shall be electronically submitted by means of a Fire Department-approved method. The updated emergency plan shall be submitted to the Fire Department within 10 days of its completion. If the owner determines after an annual review, that the emergency plan does not require updating, the owner shall so inform the Fire Department in writing as soon as that determination is made. This requirement does not preclude an owner from reviewing and updating the emergency plan more frequently than annually.

408.2.2 Changes to the Lists of Private First Responders

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Any changes to the lists of private first responders, essential building personnel, or emergency contact telephone numbers shall be submitted to the Fire Department within 10 days of the date of the change.

408.2.3 Emergency Plan Availability

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The emergency plan shall be made available upon request to personnel of the Fire Department. Upon any change of ownership or management of a high-rise building, the previous owner shall provide all copies of the emergency plan required by this chapter to the new owners within 10 days of the change of ownership. The new owner shall, after receiving the emergency plan, submit any required updates within 10 days.

408.2.4 Hotel Guest Exemption

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Hotel guests are exempt from the requirements set forth in this section. Building staff and employees shall participate in the requirements as set forth in this section.

408.3 Fire Department Approval Required

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
All emergency plans, procedures and evacuation signs shall be completed and submitted to the Fire Department for inspection and approval prior to their implementation. All plans, signs, procedures and training programs formulated by, or purchased from, a "High-Rise Life/Safety Service" shall also be submitted for approval. All persons engaging in the business of "High-Rise Life/Safety Service" shall be required to obtain a Certificate of Fitness in accordance with Section 117 of this article. The Fire Department may deny approval of any "High-Rise Life/Safety Service" which fails to meet minimum standards set by the fire code official.

408.4 Building Inventory Form

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A building inventory on a form provided by the Fire Department shall be completed and submitted as part of the emergency plan and be subject to approval by the Fire Department.

408.5 Required Designated Personnel

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Each emergency plan shall include the personnel as designated in Sections 408.5.1 through 408.5.4.

408.5.1 Fire Safety Director

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The fire safety director and assistant fire safety director shall be employees of the building owner or manager or reside on the premises or be otherwise approved by the Fire Department.

408.5.1.1 Responsibility for Fire Safety Director

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The responsibility of the fire safety director shall be established in Sections 408.5.1.1 through 408.5.1.4.

408.5.1.1.1 Fire Safety Director Responsibility for Emergency Plan

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The fire safety director shall be responsible for the establishment, implementation and maintenance of the emergency plan, the annual emergency evacuation drills, training and all documentation required by the emergency plan.

408.5.1.2 Fire Safety Director Responsibility for Security Personnel

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The fire safety director shall also verify that all security personnel have a valid State certification. The fire safety director and the assistant fire safety director shall obtain and maintain a valid fire safety director certificate approved by the Fire Department, and shall present their certificate for inspection upon request to Fire Department personnel.

408.5.1.3 Fire Safety Director Responsibility for Renewal of Their Certificate

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The fire safety director shall be responsible for renewing their certificate at least once a year in order to maintain a valid certificate. The assistant fire safety director shall be prepared to assume the fire safety director's duties when necessary.

408.5.1.4 Responsibility for Payment of the Fees

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The building owner shall be responsible for payment of the fees associated with the issuance of the Fire Safety Director Certificate by the Fire Department as described in Section 408.10.1.

408.5.2 Floor Wardens

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A minimum of one floor warden per floor shall be designated to perform the duties required by this section. Additional floor wardens shall be required if the occupant load of a floor exceeds 500 people. The floor warden shall obtain and maintain a valid floor warden certificate, approved by the Fire Department, and shall present their certificate for inspection upon request by Fire Department personnel. Alternate floor wardens shall also obtain a certificate as floor warden and be designated for each floor, and be prepared to assume the floor warden duties when necessary. In a residential building, the floor warden shall be a resident on that floor or an employee of that building owner or manager. In a nonresidential building, the floor wardens shall be employees on that floor. The floor wardens shall receive training at least once each year in order to maintain a valid certificate. Exemptions to this regulation may be granted only upon a written request approved by the fire code official. The building owner shall be responsible for payment of the annual fee associated with the issuance of the required number of Floor Warden Certificates by the Fire Department.

408.5.3 Private First Responders

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The operational portion of the emergency plan shall identify and incorporate all private first responders for the building.

408.5.4 Essential Building Personnel

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The operational portion of the emergency plan shall also identify and incorporate all essential building personnel who are employees of the owner or manager in the building.

408.6 Required Designated Personnel—On-Site Presence

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
With regard to nonresidential high-rise buildings, the fire safety director or assistant fire safety director shall be present on-site during normal business hours.

408.7 Emergency Response Duties of Designated Personnel

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Emergency response duties of designated personnel shall comply with Section 408.7.1.

408.7.1 Minimum Duties

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The designated personnel required by Section 408.5 shall have, at a minimum, the duties listed in Sections 408.7.1.1 through 408.7.1.4.

408.7.1.1 The Fire Safety Director or Assistant Fire Safety Director

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The fire safety director or assistant fire safety director shall:
  1. During an emergency, call 911 or designate someone to place the call; report to the building's emergency assistance center; direct evacuation operations in the building including disabled personnel in the designated refuge or rescue locations who have identified the need for assistance; and report the current conditions to the Fire Department.
  2. Conduct monthly building safety inspections to identify hazards and obstructions in the egress pathways.
  3. Develop procedures for implementation of the emergency plan and direct emergency evacuations and drills.
  4. Assign wardens for each floor, selected from the occupants on that floor.
  5. Incorporate private first responders for each occupied floor if identified by the emergency plan.

408.7.1.2 Floor Wardens

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Floor wardens shall:
  1. Know the locations of all exits leading from occupied areas of the building and carry out the requirements in the emergency plan.
  2. Direct emergency evacuations and drills for their respective assigned floors in accordance with the emergency plan.

408.7.1.3 Private First Responders

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Private first responders shall:
  1. Know the location of all exits leading from occupied areas and carry out the requirements in the emergency plan.
  2. Assist the floor wardens in the emergency evacuations and drills in accordance to the emergency plan.

408.7.1.4 Essential Building Personnel

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Essential building personnel shall:
  1. Assist the fire safety director during emergency evacuation operations in accordance with the emergency plan.
  2. Assist the Fire Department and other emergency responders during emergency operations as described in the emergency plan.

408.8 Emergency Plan—Minimum Requirements

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The provisions of Sections 408.8.1 through 408.8.8. reflect minimum requirements and are not intended to restrict owners from implementing any additional measures.

408.8.1 Procedures

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Each emergency plan shall contain a description of the procedures all occupants should follow in an emergency evacuation or drill during the regular business hours and nonbusiness hours of the building. Each emergency plan shall also have a procedure for total building evacuations.

408.8.2 Evacuation Roles and Duties

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Each emergency plan shall specify in detail the evacuation roles and duties of the designated personnel, including the names of the fire safety director and assistant fire safety director, and their pagers, in-house, and cellular telephone numbers.

408.8.3 Signs

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Each emergency plan shall require that emergency evacuation signs be posted in elevator lobbies and adjacent to the doorway leading to the exit stairs. The signs shall include, but not be limited to, the high-rise building's core floor plan describing all corridors, stairways, elevator lobbies, and interior evacuation routes for each floor.

408.8.4 Emergency Assistance Center

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The fire safety director, with the approval of the Fire Department, shall establish as part of every emergency plan an emergency assistance center where the fire safety director or assistant fire safety director and other selected personnel report during an emergency incident. The fire safety director shall also assign a responsible person to meet and direct the Fire Department to the location of the emergency incident. The emergency assistance center may include a fire control room, lobby or safe refuge area outside of the building.

408.8.5 Special Needs Requirements

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Special needs requirements shall be incorporated in the emergency plan and shall include the current list of the names and usual floor locations of each occupant who has voluntarily, in writing, self-identified their need for assistance and the type of aid required to exit the building during an emergency. One or more places of refuge or rescue shall be designated in the emergency plan including a method to safely remove these occupants from the building. The emergency plan shall include the appropriate number of personnel designated to assist each of these occupants during an emergency evacuation or fire drill.

408.8.6 Occupant Instruction and Training

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
All high-rise building occupants shall be instructed annually on the procedures to be followed in the event of fire, earthquake, or other emergency and participate in the mandatory fire drill. Documentation of the occupant instructions shall be maintained by the fire safety director and be made available for inspection by Fire Department personnel. These instructions shall also be made available to all new occupants within 14 days of their assuming occupancy in the building.

408.8.7 Emergency Evacuation Plans, Signs, and Procedures

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The proposed emergency exit plans, procedures, and evacuation signs shall be posted after approval by the Fire Department. Evacuation signs shall be located in every elevator lobby above and below the ground floor, adjacent to the doorway leading to the exit stairs, and in other conspicuous floor locations as required by the Department. Each dwelling unit, guest room, and office area shall be provided with the fire safety and evacuation information, as required in Section 4704.4. All plans, procedures, and signs shall be properly maintained.

408.8.8 Filing of the Emergency Plan

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Each emergency plan, after approval by the Fire Department, shall be filed:
  1. In the office of the high-rise building;
  2. At the security desk; and
  3. In the vicinity of the Fire Department annunciator/control panel or, as to residential buildings, in an identifiable location approved by the fire code official. The emergency plan shall be made readily available to the building staff and to the designated personnel required by Section 408.5 at all times.

408.9 Fire Drills

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Fire Drills shall comply with Sections 408.9.1 through 408.9.6.

408.9.1 Commercial High-Rise Buildings Less Than 35 Stories in Height

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Commercial high-rise buildings less than 35 stories in height are required to conduct mandatory fire drills at least annually under the direction of the fire safety director.

408.9.1.1 Mandatory Drill

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A mandatory minimum of one fire drill, shall be conducted annually on individual floors and when practical, shall include at least five floors at a time.

408.9.1.2 During the Annual Fire Drill

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
During the annual fire drill the occupants shall proceed to the safest stairwell and relocate to a predetermined floor or outside safe refuge area.

408.9.2 Commercial High-Rise Buildings, 35 or More Stories in Height

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Commercial high-rise buildings, 35 or more stories in height, are required to conduct a mandatory fire drill at least annually under the direction of the fire safety director

408.9.2.1 Mandatory Drill

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A mandatory minimum of one fire drill shall be conducted annually on individual floors, and when practical, shall include at least five floors at a time.

408.9.2.2 During the Annual Fire Drill

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
During the annual fire drill the occupants shall proceed to the safest stairwell and relocate to a predetermined floor or outside safe refuge area.

408.9.2.3 Total Building Evacuation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Every 3 years there shall be a total building evacuation fire drill, wherein every occupant of the building proceeds to the safest stairwell and evacuates directly to a predetermined outside safe refuge area.

408.9.3 Residential High-Rise Buildings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Residential high-rise buildings are required to conduct mandatory fire drills at least annually under the direction of the fire safety director.

408.9.3.1 Mandatory Drill

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A mandatory minimum of one fire drill shall be conducted annually on individual floors and when practical shall include at least five floors at a time.

408.9.3.2 During the Annual Fire Drill

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
During the annual fire drill the occupants shall proceed to the safest stairwell and relocate to a predetermined floor or outside safe refuge area.

408.9.4 Buildings That Have Stair Shaft Doors Locked

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Buildings that have stair shaft doors locked for security reasons shall include a method in the emergency plan that allows for safe horizontal egress from the stair shaft during a fire drill or emergency evacuation.

408.9.5 Coordination of Total Building Evacuation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The fire safety director of the building or their designee shall coordinate the date of the total building evacuation drill for buildings 35 or more stories in height with the Fire Department to be conducted during normal working hours. A fire safety officer shall be present to witness the total building evacuation drill.

408.9.6 Documentation of All Fire Drills

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The fire safety director shall maintain documentation of all fire drills on Fire Department-approved forms and make it available for inspection by the Department. Fire drills may be scheduled in advance, with a notice posted to all tenants. All building occupants shall participate in the fire drills and emergency evacuations.

408.10 Fees

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Fees shall be charged and collected in compliance with Sections 408.10.1 through 408.10.4.

408.10.1 Responsibility for Fees

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The building owner shall be responsible for the following fees.
  1. Fire Safety Director Certificate fee. The owner of the building shall be responsible for paying the fee based on one Fire Safety Director Certificate fee per building.
  2. Floor Warden Certificate fee. The owner of the building shall be responsible for paying the fees based on one Floor Warden Certificate fee per floor.
  3. Total building evacuation oversight fee. The owner of the building shall be responsible for paying the total building evacuation oversight fee.

408.10.2 Due Dates

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Due dates shall be established by Sections 408.10.2.1 through 408.10.2.4.

408.10.2.1 Initial Payment

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The permit fee shall initially be due, and shall accompany the filing of an initial permit application, on the first day of January following the date of construction, as that term is defined in Section 105.9.4. For buildings constructed prior to the effective date of these provisions, the initial payment shall be due on the first day of January following that effective date.

408.10.2.2 Annual Renewal

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Annual renewal of certificates and payment of fees for renewal of those existing certificates shall be due and payable each year on the first day of January of the calendar year and shall be submitted with the renewal application.

408.10.2.3 Total Building Evacuation Payment

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The total building evacuation oversight fee shall be due and payable each year on the first day of January of the calendar year and shall be submitted with the renewal application.

408.10.2.4 Delinquency

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Fees, whether initial or renewal, which are not paid within 60 days after the due date shall be deemed delinquent and subject to a 50-percent penalty.

408.10.3 Computation Manner of Determining Cost

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The Board, with the concurrence of the Office of the City Administrative Officer, shall determine on a regular basis, not less frequently than once every 2 years, the verifiable cost to the City for the certificate fees and the fees for the evacuation oversight for high-rise buildings. These costs shall be the actual costs incurred as determined by the Board. The costs shall include both direct and indirect costs to the City. The Board shall use these costs to develop a cost recovery schedule of applicable charges. The Board shall adopt such costs as fees at any time during each fiscal year. The cost recovery schedule shall recover the verifiable annual costs of administering the certificates for fire safety directors and floor wardens, as well as the administration of the total evacuation oversight for high-rise buildings, which shall include the cost of collection of any fees due and owing in connection with these fees. It shall take into consideration the number of certificates issued that are subject to the fees. Upon adoption of a schedule of verifiable costs by the Board, as provided herein, the Board shall transmit the Board order to the Mayor and to the City Council for approval.

408.10.4 Manner of Assessing Fees

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The cost recovery schedule adopted herein shall impose a charge per certificate and set forth the applicable charges for total evacuation oversight.

408.11 Violations

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Violations shall be punishable as provided in this Fire Code as listed below.
  1. Each person, owner, manager, tenant, or other responsible party shall be guilty of a separate offense for each and every day during any portion of which any violation of any provision of this section is committed, continued or permitted by that person, and shall be punishable as provided in the Fire Code and as set forth below.
  2. In addition, any condition caused or permitted to exist in violation of any of the provisions of this section shall be deemed a public nuisance and may be summarily abated as such by the City. Each day that such a condition continues shall be deemed to be a new and separate offense.

408.11.1 Penalties and Minimum Fines

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Violation of Section 408, including refusal to participate in a mandatory fire drill required by this section, shall be subject to penalties and minimum fines as prescribed in Section 109.4.2 and Table 109.4.

(The sections that have been removed by the City of Los Angeles have caused this chapter to end short of its original length. Text continues on page 93.)
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