ADOPTS WITH AMENDMENTS:

CFC 2016

Part I — Administrative

Part II — General Safety Provisions

Part III — Building and Equipment Design Features

Part IV — Special Occupancies and Operations

Part V — Hazardous Materials

Part VI — Referenced Standards

Part VII — Appendices

Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.

Chapter 1 Scope and Administration

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

Division I California Administration(Reserved)

Section 1.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1.1.1 Title

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1.1.2 Purpose

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1.1.3 Scope

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1.1.3.1 Nonstate-Regulated Buildings, Structures and Applications

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1.1.3.2 State-Regulated Buildings, Structures and Applications

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1.1.4 Appendices

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1.1.5 Referenced Codes

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1.1.6 Nonbuilding Standards, Orders and Regulations

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1.1.7 Order of Precedence and Use

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1.1.7.1 Differences

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1.1.7.2 Specific Provisions

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1.1.7.3 Conflicts

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1.1.8 City, County, or City and County Amendments, Additions or Deletions

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1.1.8.1 Findings and Filings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1.1.8.2 Locally Adopted Energy Standards—California Energy Code, Part 6

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1.1.9 Effective Date of This Code

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1.1.10 Availability of Codes

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1.1.11 Format

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1.1.12 Validity

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

Section 1.11 Office of the State Fire Marshal

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1.11.1 SFM—Office of the State Fire Marshal

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1.11.1.1 Adopting Agency Identification

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1.11.2 Duties and Powers of the Enforcing Agency

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1.11.2.1 Enforcement

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1.11.2.1.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1.11.2.1.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1.11.2.1.3

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1.11.2.2 Right of Entry

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1.11.2.3 More Restrictive Fire and Panic Safety Building Standards

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1.11.2.3.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1.11.2.3.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1.11.2.3.3

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1.11.2.4 Request for Alternate Means of Protection

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1.11.2.5 Appeals

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1.11.3 Construction Documents

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1.11.3.1 Public Schools

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1.11.3.2 Movable Walls and Partitions

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1.11.3.3 New Construction High-Rise Buildings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1.11.3.4 Existing High-Rise Buildings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1.11.3.5 Retention of Plans

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1.11.4 Fees

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1.11.4.1 Other Fees

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1.11.4.2 Large Family Daycare

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1.11.4.3 High-Rise

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1.11.4.4 Fire Clearance Preinspection

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1.11.4.5 Care Facilities

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1.11.4.6 Requests of the Office of the State Fire Marshal

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1.11.5 Inspections

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1.11.5.1 Existing Group I-1 or R Occupancies

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1.11.6 Certificate of Occupancy

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1.11.7 Temporary Structures and Uses

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1.11.8 Service Utilities

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1.11.9 Stop Work Order

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1.11.10 Unsafe Buildings, Structures and Equipment

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

Division II — Administration

Part 1 — General Provisions

Note: Sections adopted or amended by state agencies are specifically indicated by an agency banner or indicated in the Matrix Adoption Table.

[A] 101.1 Title

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
This article, which is a portion of the Los Angeles Municipal Code "LAMC," shall be known as the "Los Angeles Fire Code," and whenever the word code is used in this article it shall mean the Los Angeles Fire Code.

   The Los Angeles Fire Code adopts by reference portions of the 2016 California Fire Code (CFC) or the 2015 version of the International Fire Code.

[A] 101.2 Scope

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

This code establishes regulations affecting or relating to structures, processes, premises and safeguards regarding all of the following:

  1. The hazard of fire and explosion arising from the storage, handling or use of structures, materials or devices.
  2. Conditions hazardous to life, property or public welfare in the occupancy of structures or premises.
  3. Fire hazards in the structure or on the premises from occupancy or operation.
  4. Matters related to the construction, extension, repair, alteration or removal of fire suppression or alarm systems.
  5. Conditions affecting the safety of fire fighters and emergency responders during emergency operations.
  6. Such other laws as it may be the duty of the fire department to enforce.
Provisions in the appendices shall not apply unless specifically adopted.

[A] 101.3 Intent

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The purpose of this code is to establish the minimum requirements consistent with nationally recognized good practice for providing a reasonable level of life safety and property protection from the hazards of fire, explosion, panic, or dangerous conditions in new and existing buildings, structures and premises, and to provide a reasonable level of safety to fire fighters and emergency responders during emergency operations.
If a section, subsection, sentence, clause or phrase of this code is, for any reason, held to be unconstitutional, such decision shall not affect the validity of the remaining portions of this code.
In the event any part or provision of this code is held to be illegal or void, this shall not have the effect of making void or illegal any of the other parts or provisions hereof, which are determined to be legal; and it shall be presumed that this code would have been adopted without such illegal or invalid parts or provisions.

101.5.1 Validity of Other Laws

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Nothing in this article shall be construed to prevent the enforcement of other laws which prescribe more restrictive limitations.

101.5.2 Other Limitations

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The permissive provisions of this Article shall not be presumed to waive any limitations imposed by any other laws.

101.6 Review of Article

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The Chief shall report to the Board from time to time as necessary, recommending revisions of this article. Such recommendations may be based upon, but not limited to, studies of the following:
  1. Number of requests for variances.
  2. Number of fire hazards reported or determined by inspections.
  3. Changes and technological advancements of methods, materials, and processes.
  4. Investigation of fires.
  5. Recommendations of the Fire Code Advisory Committee.

101.7 Fire Code Advisory Committee

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The Chief shall establish a Fire Code Advisory Committee which shall consist of: the Fire Marshal, who shall serve as chairperson; and representatives from industry, business, and other governmental agencies as may be determined from time to time by the Chief. The purpose of the Fire Code Advisory Committee shall be to assist the Chief in any revision of this article by submitting recommendations.

101.8 Badge Adoption

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The official badge of the Los Angeles Fire Department is hereby established as that badge adopted by the Board by Resolution No. 189, on June 12, 1941, provided, however, that for the period of January 1, 1986 through and including December 31, 1986, the official badge of the Los Angeles Fire Department shall be that badge adopted by Resolution No. 759 on November 21, 1985 by the Board as the Centennial Badge of the Los Angeles Fire Department.

101.8.1 Use and Wearing of the Badge

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
It shall be unlawful for any person to wear, display, or have in his or her possession any such badge unless that person is a member of the Department, employed to perform the duty of extinguishing or preventing or investigating fires, or providing an emergency ambulance service. The members of the Board, while actively serving as such under valid appointment, are members of the Department within the meaning of this section.

Exception: The Board may adopt a design of badge, upon which the word "RETIRED" shall clearly appear, which may be worn by members of the Department who have been honorably retired from active duty by reason of length of service or physical disability.

101.8.2 Facsimiles and Counterfeit Badges

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
No person who is not a regular member of the Department shall wear, display, or have in his or her possession any official badge or one which resembles or may be mistaken for the official badge, or which is calculated to indicate that he or she is a member of the Department.

101.8.3 Honorary Badges

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
No official badge, or badge of any design indicating a connection with the Los Angeles Fire Department shall be issued to any person as an honorarium.

101.8.4 Ownership of Badges and Insignia

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
All badges and uniform insignia shall remain the property of the City. Every person receiving such property shall be required to personally sign a receipt therefor, and the receipt shall set forth an agreement to reimburse the City in the event of loss for the standard cost price as determined from time to time by the Board.

101.8.5 Manufacturer's Obligation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
No person shall manufacture, make, sell, design, or transfer any official fire department badge except upon the official order of the fire department's custodian of badges. The manufacturer shall deliver manufactured badges only to said custodian and may manufacture only the number of badges authorized by that person. Nothing herein shall be considered as affecting the manner in which contracts for the purchase of badges by the City shall be awarded as provided in the city charter.

101.8.6 Presentation of Badge as a Memorial to Regular Fire Department Member Killed in the Line of Duty

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Notwithstanding any other provisions of this article, the Board of Fire Commissioners may:
  1. Cause a member's badge and number to be retired from active service and use.
  2. Cause the badge, or a similar badge, to be presented to the deceased member's surviving spouse, child, or person in the member's immediate family, as a memorial honoring the member.

101.8.6.1 Prior to the Presentation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Prior to the presentation, the Board shall cause the badge to be affixed permanently to a plaque or within a frame, which will effectively preclude improper use of the badge, with a statement clearly visible showing the member's death in the line of duty.

101.8.6.1.1 Removal From the Plaque or Frame

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
No person shall remove from the plaque or frame any badge presented under this section, or wear such a badge, or display it, except while it is attached to the plaque or within the frame, with the above-prescribed statement clearly visible. Any badge removed, worn or displayed in violation of this section shall be subject to confiscation.

101.9 Continuing Offenses

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The repeal of the previous provisions of Chapter 5, Article 7, of the LAMC and the adopting of new ones shall not be construed to commence anew the running of any time limits which may have been imposed by law, regulation, or order of the Chief or the Board, relating to the enforcement of such limit, notices, or orders.

The construction and design provisions of this code shall apply to:

  1. Structures, facilities and conditions arising after the adoption of this code.
  2. Existing structures, facilities and conditions not legally in existence at the time of adoption of this code.
  3. Existing structures, facilities and conditions where required in Chapter 11.
  4. Existing structures, facilities and conditions that, in the opinion of the fire code official, constitute a distinct hazard to life or property.

The administrative, operational and maintenance provisions of this code shall apply to:

  1. Conditions and operations arising after the adoption of this code.
  2. Existing conditions and operations.
Changes shall not be made in the use or occupancy of any structure that would place the structure in a different division of the same group or occupancy or in a different group of occupancies, unless such structure is made to comply with the requirements of this code and the California Building Code. Subject to the approval of the fire code official, the use or occupancy of an existing structure shall be allowed to be changed and the structure is allowed to be occupied for purposes in other groups without conforming to all of the requirements of this code and the California Building Code for those groups, provided the new or proposed use is less hazardous, based on life and fire risk, than the existing use.
The design and construction of new structures shall comply with the California Building Code, and any alterations, additions, changes in use or changes in structures required by this code, which are within the scope of the California Building Code, shall be made in accordance therewith.

Where structures are designed and constructed in accordance with the California Residential Code, the provisions of this code shall apply as follows:

  1. Construction and design provisions of this code pertaining to the exterior of the structure shall apply including, but not limited to, premises identification, fire apparatus access and water supplies. Where interior or exterior systems or devices are installed, construction permits required by Section 105.7 of this code shall apply.
  2. Administrative, operational and maintenance provisions of this code shall apply.
The provisions of this code relating to the construction, alteration, repair, enlargement, restoration, relocation or moving of buildings or structures shall not be mandatory for existing buildings or structures identified and classified by the state or local jurisdiction as historic buildings where such buildings or structures do not constitute a distinct hazard to life or property. Fire protection in designated historic buildings shall be provided with an approved fire protection plan as required in Section 1103.1.1.
The codes and standards referenced in this code shall be those that are listed in Chapter 80, and such codes and standards shall be considered to be part of the requirements of this code to the prescribed extent of each such reference and as further regulated in Sections 102.7.1 and 102.7.2.
Where conflicts occur between provisions of this code and referenced codes and standards, the provisions of this code shall apply.
Where the extent of the reference to a referenced code or standard includes subject matter that is within the scope of this code, the provisions of this code, as applicable, shall take precedence over the provisions in the referenced code or standard.
Where applicable standards or requirements are not set forth in this code, or are contained within other laws, codes, regulations, ordinances or bylaws adopted by the jurisdiction, compliance with applicable standards of the National Fire Protection Association or other nationally recognized fire safety standards, as approved, shall be deemed as prima facie evidence of compliance with the intent of this code. Nothing herein shall derogate from the authority of the fire code official to determine compliance with codes or standards for those activities or installations within the fire code official's jurisdiction or responsibility.
Requirements that are essential for the public safety of an existing or proposed activity, building or structure, or for the safety of the occupants thereof, that are not specifically provided for by this code, shall be determined by the fire code official.
Where there is a conflict between a general requirement and a specific requirement, the specific requirement shall be applicable. Where, in a specific case, different sections of this code specify different materials, methods of construction or other requirements, the most restrictive shall govern.
The provisions of this code shall not be deemed to nullify any provisions of local, state or federal law.
References to chapter or section numbers, or to provisions not specifically identified by number, shall be construed to refer to such chapter, section or provision of this code.

102.13 Existing Conditions

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The provisions of this article shall apply to existing conditions as well as to new conditions, except that conditions legally in existence at the adoption of this article and not in strict compliance therewith shall be permitted to continue unless the Chief determines they constitute a distinct hazard to life or property.

Part 2 — Administrative Provisions

The department of fire prevention is established within the jurisdiction under the direction of the fire code official. The function of the department shall be the implementation, administration and enforcement of the provisions of this code.

103.1.1 Duties of the Chief

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
It shall be the duty of the Chief to enforce the provisions of this article.

103.1.2 Inspections and Report of Findings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The Chief shall, upon report of any violation of this article, make an inspection and report of his findings thereto.

103.1.3 Signing of Certificates and Notices

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The Chief shall sign all certificates, notices, and orders pertaining to fire safety and fire hazards.

103.1.4 Enforcement of State Fire Marshal Rules and Regulations

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The Chief shall enforce, within the City, the Rules and Regulations that have been formally adopted by the State Fire Marshal for the prevention of fire, or for the protection of life and property against fire or panic.

[A] 103.2 Appointment

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The fire code official shall be appointed and removed as provided by city charter.
In accordance with the prescribed procedures of this jurisdiction and with the concurrence of the appointing authority, the fire code official shall have the authority to appoint a deputy fire code official, other related technical officers, inspectors and other employees.

103.3.1 Office and Duties of the Fire Marshal

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The Office of Fire Marshal is hereby created in the City of Los Angeles.

103.3.1.1 Designation of the Fire Marshal

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The Chief shall designate a Deputy Fire Chief of the Department who shall serve as Fire Marshal with the authority to exercise the power and perform the duties of the Fire Marshal.

103.3.1.2 Control of Matters

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The Fire Marshal shall, under the direction of the Chief, have control of all matters pertaining to the Bureau of Fire Prevention and Public Safety.

103.3.2 Bureau of Fire Prevention and Public Safety

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The Bureau of Fire Prevention and Public Safety of the Department, created by Ordinance No. 34,352 (N.S., approved June 19, 1916) is hereby authorized to continue.

103.3.2.1 Composition of the Bureau of Fire Prevention and Public Safety

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The Bureau of Fire Prevention and Public Safety shall consist of the following persons:
  1. The Fire Marshal, who shall be the Chief Fire Prevention Engineer of the Bureau of Fire Prevention.
  2. Additional officers, assistants and employees as the City Council shall provide.

103.3.2.2 Function

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The function of this bureau shall be to administer and enforce the fire prevention and life safety provisions of this article and shall include, but not be limited to the following:
  1. The prevention of fires.
  2. The investigation of the cause, origin, and circumstances of fire or life safety hazards.
  3. The elimination of fire and life safety hazards in any building or structure, including those under construction, any premises, marine vessel, aircraft, vehicle, or the appurtenances and equipment thereof.
  4. The maintenance of fire protection equipment and systems.
  5. The regulation of storage, use, and handling of hazardous materials and hazardous substances.
  6. Enforcement of the basic building regulations of the State Fire Marshal as they apply to the City of Los Angeles in matters relating to fire, panic, and explosion safety.
The fire code official, member of the board of appeals, officer or employee charged with the enforcement of this code, while acting for the jurisdiction, in good faith and without malice in the discharge of the duties required by this code or other pertinent law or ordinance, shall not thereby be rendered civilly or criminally liable personally, and is hereby relieved from all personal liability for any damage accruing to persons or property as a result of an act or by reason of an act or omission in the discharge of official duties.
Any suit or criminal complaint instituted against any officer or employee because of an act performed by that officer or employee in the lawful discharge of duties and under the provisions of this code shall be defended by the legal representatives of the jurisdiction until the final termination of the proceedings. The fire code official or any subordinate shall not be liable for costs in an action, suit or proceeding that is instituted in pursuance of the provisions of this code; and any officer of the department of fire prevention, acting in good faith and without malice, shall be free from liability for acts performed under any of its provisions or by reason of any act or omission in the performance of official duties in connection therewith.

103.4.2 Nonresponsibility of City

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Neither the City of Los Angeles nor any department, nor any board, commission, officer, or employee thereof shall be held liable or responsible for any damage or injury caused by or resulting from any inspection or approval made under the provisions of this article.
The fire code official is hereby authorized to enforce the provisions of this code and shall have the authority to render interpretations of this code, and to adopt policies, procedures, rules and regulations in order to clarify the application of its provisions. Such interpretations, policies, procedures, rules and regulations shall be in compliance with the intent and purpose of this code and shall not have the effect of waiving requirements specifically provided for in this code.

104.1.1 Authority to Make Rules

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The Chief shall have the power to make and enforce such rules and regulations for the purpose of prevention and control of fires and fire or explosion hazards, as may be necessary to carry out the purposes and intent of this article.

104.1.1.1 Rule Authorization by the Board

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Every Rule of General Application to be followed by the public shall be authorized only by order or resolution of the Board and shall be published once in a daily newspaper and shall take effect upon such publication.

104.1.1.2 Penalty for Violation of Legally Adopted Rules

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
It shall be unlawful for any person to violate any rule or regulation, adopted by the Board in accordance with the provisions of Section 104.1.1.1 of this article.
The fire code official is authorized to receive applications, review construction documents and issue permits for construction regulated by this code, issue permits for operations regulated by this code, inspect the premises for which such permits have been issued and enforce compliance with the provisions of this code.
Where it is necessary to make an inspection to enforce the provisions of this code, or where the fire code official has reasonable cause to believe that there exists in a building or upon any premises any conditions or violations of this code that make the building or premises unsafe, dangerous or hazardous, the fire code official shall have the authority to enter the building or premises at all reasonable times to inspect or to perform the duties imposed upon the fire code official by this code. If such building or premises is occupied, the fire code official shall present credentials to the occupant and request entry. If such building or premises is unoccupied, the fire code official shall first make a reasonable effort to locate the owner, the owner's authorized agent or other person having charge or control of the building or premises and request entry. If entry is refused, the fire code official has recourse to every remedy provided by law to secure entry.
Where the fire code official has first obtained a proper inspection warrant or other remedy provided by law to secure entry, an owner, the owner's authorized agent or occupant or person having charge, care or control of the building or premises shall not fail or neglect, after proper request is made as herein provided, to permit entry therein by the fire code official for the purpose of inspection and examination pursuant to this code.
The fire code official shall carry proper identification when inspecting structures or premises in the performance of duties under this code.
The fire code official is authorized to issue such notices or orders as are required to affect compliance with this code in accordance with Sections 109.1 and 109.2.
The fire code official shall keep official records as required by Sections 104.6.1 through 104.6.4. Such official records shall be retained for not less than 5 years or for as long as the structure or activity to which such records relate remains in existence, unless otherwise provided by other regulations.
A record of approvals shall be maintained by the fire code official and shall be available for public inspection during business hours in accordance with applicable laws.
The fire code official shall keep a record of each inspection made, including notices and orders issued, showing the findings and disposition of each.
The fire department shall keep a record of fires occurring within its jurisdiction and of facts concerning the same, including statistics as to the extent of such fires and the damage caused thereby, together with other information as required by the fire code official.
Application for modification, alternative methods or materials and the final decision of the fire code official shall be in writing and shall be officially recorded in the permanent records of the fire code official.
Materials, equipment and devices approved by the fire code official shall be constructed and installed in accordance with such approval.
Materials, equipment and devices shall not be reused or reinstalled unless such elements have been reconditioned, tested and placed in good and proper working condition and approved.
To determine the acceptability of technologies, processes, products, facilities, materials and uses attending the design, operation or use of a building or premises subject to inspection by the fire code official, the fire code official is authorized to require the owner or owner's authorized agent to provide, without charge to the jurisdiction, a technical opinion and report. The opinion and report shall be prepared by a qualified engineer, specialist, laboratory or fire safety specialty organization acceptable to the fire code official and shall analyze the fire safety properties of the design, operation or use of the building or premises and the facilities and appurtenances situated thereon, to recommend necessary changes. The fire code official is authorized to require design submittals to be prepared by, and bear the stamp of, a registered design professional.
Where there are practical difficulties involved in carrying out the provisions of this code, the fire code official shall have the authority to grant modifications for individual cases, provided the fire code official shall first find that special individual reason makes the strict letter of this code impractical and the modification is in compliance with the intent and purpose of this code and that such modification does not lessen health, life and fire safety requirements. The details of action granting modifications shall be recorded and entered in the files of the department of fire prevention.
The provisions of this code are not intended to prevent the installation of any material or to prohibit any method of construction not specifically prescribed by this code, provided that any such alternative has been approved. The fire code official is authorized to approve an alternative material or method of construction where the fire code official finds that the proposed design is satisfactory and complies with the intent of the provisions of this code, and that the material, method or work offered is, for the purpose intended, at least the equivalent of that prescribed in this code in quality, strength, effectiveness, fire resistance, durability and safety. Where the alternative material, design or method of construction is not approved, the fire code official shall respond in writing, stating the reasons why the alternative was not approved.
Supporting data, where necessary to assist in the approval of materials or assemblies not specifically provided for in this code, shall consist of valid research reports from approved sources.
Where there is insufficient evidence of compliance with the provisions of this code, or evidence that a material or method does not conform to the requirements of this code, or in order to substantiate claims for alternative materials or methods, the fire code official shall have the authority to require tests as evidence of compliance to be made at no expense to the jurisdiction. Test methods shall be as specified in this code or by other recognized test standards. In the absence of recognized and accepted test methods, the fire code official shall approve the testing procedures. Tests shall be performed by an approved agency. Reports of such tests shall be retained by the fire code official for the period required for retention of public records.

104.9.2.1 Authority to Require Tests

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
When determined by the Fire Marshal, or when requested by an applicant for his own convenience and accepted by the Fire Marshal, certain approvals may be granted which are not otherwise specifically required by Section 119.3. When conducting the necessary investigation and tests, preliminary to the granting of such approvals, the Department shall affix a fee for each four hours, or fraction thereof, devoted to such investigations and tests established as provided by Section 114.
  1. Every approval granted in accordance with the provisions of this subsection shall be valid for a period of three years after the date of granting and may be renewed for additional three-year periods.
  2. Applications for renewal of approvals shall be filed in the same manner as for an original approval.
  3. Each such application shall be accompanied by a renewal fee. Whenever the application for renewal is filed prior to the expiration date of the approval, the renewal fee shall be 50 percent of the current fee required for the first four hours. Whenever the application for renewal is filed after the expiration date of the approval, the renewal fee shall be as required for a new approval.
  4. The granting of a renewal of the approval shall be handled in the same manner as for an original approval.

104.9.3 Authority to Approve Alternate Materials or Methods of Compliance

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The approval, by the Department, of plans and specifications required by Chapter 1 of this article shall constitute the approval of alternate materials, design, or methods of compliance set forth in such plans and specifications. Such approval shall not abrogate any approval required by Chapter 9 of the LAMC for any appliance, device or equipment.
The fire code official, the fire department or other responsible authority shall have the authority to investigate the cause, origin and circumstances of any fire, explosion or other hazardous condition. Information that could be related to trade secrets or processes shall not be made part of the public record, except as directed by a court of law.
Police and other enforcement agencies shall have authority to render necessary assistance in the investigation of fires when requested to do so.

104.10.2 Authority to Investigate Fires or Other Emergencies

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The Chief shall have the authority to investigate the cause, origin, and circumstances of every fire, explosion, or other emergency occurring within the City. When the Chief finds that a fire, explosion or other emergency is, or may be, the result of a previously issued notice of hazard or a violation of any law, the Chief shall have the authority to take charge immediately of all physical evidence in connection therewith.
The fire chief or officer of the fire department in charge at the scene of a fire or other emergency involving the protection of life or property, or any part thereof, shall have the authority to direct such operation as necessary to extinguish or control any fire, perform any rescue operation, investigate the existence of suspected or reported fires, gas leaks or other hazardous conditions or situations, or take any other action necessary in the reasonable performance of duty. In the exercise of such power, the fire chief is authorized to prohibit any person, vehicle, vessel or thing from approaching the scene, and is authorized to remove, or cause to be removed or kept away from the scene, any vehicle, vessel or thing that could impede or interfere with the operations of the fire department and, in the judgment of the fire chief, any person not actually and usefully employed in the extinguishing of such fire or in the preservation of property in the vicinity thereof.

104.11.1 Barricades

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The fire chief or officer of the fire department in charge at the scene of an emergency is authorized to place ropes, guards, barricades or other obstructions across any street, alley, place or private property in the vicinity of such operation so as to prevent accidents or interference with the lawful efforts of the fire department to manage and control the situation and to handle fire apparatus, and to prevent any and all persons from passing through any such barriers, and from entering into any space set apart or enclosed by means thereof, except persons having a pass as hereinafter specified.
Persons shall not obstruct the operations of the fire department in connection with extinguishment or control of any fire, or actions relative to other emergencies, or disobey any lawful command of the fire chief or officer of the fire department in charge of the emergency, or any part thereof, or any lawful order of a police officer assisting the fire department.
Persons shall not render a system or device inoperative during an emergency unless by direction of the fire chief or fire department official in charge of the incident.

104.11.4 Authority at Emergency

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
When conducting firefighting operations at emergencies, the Chief shall have the authority to construct emergency firebreaks, utilize aircraft, evacuate persons from the area, remove or impound vehicles in the area, close or barricade streets, roads, drives, or other access ways both public and private, ignite backfires and conduct backfire operations, and exercise such other power and authority as will, in his opinion, best serve to control the emergency.

104.12 Authority to RE Cover Investigative Costs

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Nothing in this chapter or code shall prohibit the payment of investigative costs to the Fire Department by any person so convicted of any provision of this article, to the Fire Department to restitute said agency for all costs expended to investigate and/or enforce the provisions of this code.

104.12.1 Authority to Collect a Noncompliance Fee

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
If in the course of enforcing any federal, state, or local law or ordinance, the Department issues a Fire/Life Safety Order to a person or persons and the person fails to comply with that order, the Department shall collect a noncompliance fee as set forth in Sections 104.12.1.1 through 104.12.1.3.

104.12.1.1 Noncompliance Fee

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The noncompliance fee shall be the hourly Inspector's salary rate multiplied by the number of hours expended in reinspections after the Fire/Life Safety Order has been issued (2 hours minimum) and shall be paid by the owner. The first reinspection after the Fire/Life Safety Order has been issued will not be charged to the owner if the property is in compliance at the time of that reinspection. If the property is not in compliance at the time of the first reinspection, then time involved in all subsequent reinspections shall be chargeable as a noncompliance fee.

104.12.1.2 Billing of Noncompliance Fee

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
If multiple reinspections of a violation are required in order to gain compliance, the Department shall cause a noncompliance fee billing to be sent to the property owner, either at the time the Department finally gains compliance, or when the Department seeks the filing of criminal charges, unless a timely appeal has been filed. The Fire/ Life Safety Order shall contain the elements required in Section 104.12.1.2. It shall state that the owner is required to abate the hazard; set forth a reasonable time in which to comply with the law; state that if the hazard is not abated by the date specified on the notice as the compliance date, the owner shall be responsible for noncompliance fees, including administrative costs; and state that these costs may ultimately result in a lien against the property. Billing of the fees shall be by United States mail, in a sealed envelope with postage paid, addressed to the last known address of the person served with the Fire/Life Safety Violation. Service of the bill shall be deemed to have been completed at the time of deposit with the United States Postal Service. The person or persons served shall remit the noncompliance fee to the Department within 30 days after the date of service. Payment of the noncompliance fees may be made by cash, check, certified check, cashier's check, money order, or credit card. If the property owner fails to make the payment in a timely manner, then the Department may demand payment of the noncompliance fee from the person or persons served for the property involved, prior to the issuance of any permit, certification, or approval to the person or persons served, pursuant to the authority granted by Section 105.5.1. If the property owner fails to pay a noncompliance fee imposed within 30 days, the Department shall send a second notice in the same manner described above. If the property owner fails to pay the fee within ten days after the second notice was mailed, a collection fee equal to 50 percent of the original noncompliance fee shall be imposed. This additional fee shall become part of the debt immediately due and owing to the Los Angeles Fire Department. The city shall have the right to bring legal action in any court of competent jurisdiction to enforce the order and collect the amount of the fees. In addition to any other remedy provided by law, the city may collect any judgment, fee, cost, or charge, including any permit fees, fines, late charges, or interest, incurred in relation to the provisions of this section as provided in Los Angeles Administrative Code Sections 7.35.1 through 7.35.8. Nothing in this section regarding the imposition of noncompliance fees shall prevent the Department from pursuing other legal action, including but not limited to the filing of criminal charges in order to gain compliance with the Fire Code.

104.12.1.3 Procedures for Appeals to the Board of Fire Commissioners

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Any property owner upon whom a noncompliance fee has been imposed may appeal to the Board of Fire Commissioners.
  1. The appeal shall be made in writing to the Board of Fire Commissioners, upon appropriate forms provided by the Department, within 15 days of the date of service of the billing.
  2. An appeal processing fee of $50.00 shall be paid by the appellant prior to the Board processing the appeal and making a determination.
  3. Additional inspections may be required in order to determine compliance with the Fire/Life Safety Order for purposes of preparing a Department presentation to the Board, or designee, for determination on appeal. The fee for these inspections shall be the hourly Inspector's salary rate multiplied by the number of hours expended (2 hours minimum) in the reinspection process, and shall be paid by the appellant.
  4. In any appeal, the appellant making the request shall cause to be made, at the appellant's own expense, any tests required by the Board to substantiate the claims.
  5. The Board may hold any hearings it deems appropriate to consider the appeal. The Board of Fire Commissioners or its designee shall conduct the hearings.
  6. The Board shall determine whether to modify or rescind the fees, or to impose and require the owner to pay the fees. This determination shall be based on evidence in the record of any error on the part of the Fire Department or extreme hardship on the part of the property owner. This determination by the Board shall be final. (Added by Ord. No. 172,699, Eff. 8/15/99.) The fees and charges imposed pursuant to Section 104.12 of the LAMC may be collected on the County tax rolls.

104.13 Authority to Issue Parking Notices

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The Chief shall have the authority to issue parking control notices as provided in Sections 22500, 22500.1, 22514, and 41102 of the State of California Vehicle Code when an illegally parked vehicle blocks access to a fire hydrant, fire lane, or obstructs access to or from a fire station.

104.14 Authority to Recover Costs for Abatement of Nuisances

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
In the event a public nuisance caused by the presence of flammable or hazardous materials is abated by the Fire Department, either pursuant to its authority under this code or upon request by any other City department, or is abated by any other city department having authority to abate the nuisance, the costs of abatement, including any cost incurred by the city in using non-City personnel to abate the nuisance, shall be recovered by the city from the person or persons creating, causing, committing, or maintaining the nuisance. All costs incurred pursuant to this section shall be a personal obligation against the person or persons creating, causing, committing, or maintaining the nuisance and the owner of the property, recoverable by the city in an action before any court of competent jurisdiction. These costs shall include an amount equal to 40 percent of the cost to perform the actual work, but not less than the sum of $100.00, to cover the City's costs for administering any contract and supervising the work required. In addition to this personal obligation and all other remedies provided by law, the city may collect any judgment, fee, cost, or charge, including any permit fees, fines, late charges, or interest, incurred in relation to the provisions of this section as provided in Los Angeles Administrative Code Sections 7.35.1 through 7.35.8.

104.15 Authority to Take Photographs

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Photographs may be taken by the Department as authorized in Sections 104.15.1 and 104.15.2.

104.15.1 Notice of a Violation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
After a notice of a violation of this article has been issued, sketches may be made and photographs may be taken, as are found necessary, with permission of the owner or person in charge or control of the premises.

104.15.2 Subsequent to Emergency

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Subsequent to a fire, explosion, or other emergency, sketches may be made and photographs may be taken, as are necessary, to adequately depict the condition for the purpose of investigation. No person shall interfere with, refuse, or obstruct such sketching or photographing.

104.16 Authority of Peace Officers

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
In enforcing the provisions of this article and such orders, rules and regulations, variances and standards in connection therewith, the Chief is hereby given the powers of peace officers. They are empowered to inspect and summarily abate any condition that constitutes an immediate hazard to life by reason of fire, explosion or panic, or potential fire, explosion or panic, or otherwise by reason of the presence of hazardous materials.

104.17 Authority to Grant Variances and Waivers

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The Board shall have the power to grant slight variances from the provisions of this article; provided that, before authorizing such variances, the Board shall first find cause therefor in fact in that strict enforcement of this article is impractical, or creates unnecessary hardship, or is otherwise adjudged unwarranted in each instance. Such variances must be in conformity with the spirit and purpose of this article and must secure the public safety.

104.17.1 Power to Waive

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The Board shall have the power to waive any part or all of the provisions of this article which may apply to a refinery, natural gasoline plant, or laboratory where such is found to be in an adequately separated installation at which fire protection and emergency facilities especially adapted to the needs are available and where the Board determines that by reason of such isolation and protection, the public safety is assured and no unreasonable hazard will result to persons or property.

104.17.2 Application for a Variance or Waiver

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Each application for a variance or waiver shall be filed at the office of the Bureau of Fire Prevention and Public Safety and shall be accompanied by such maps, drawings, letters, statements, and other supporting data as may be required to justify the request in question. Except when such an application is in conjunction with an application for a permit required by Section 105.7.1.1 of this article, it shall be accompanied by payment of a fee established by the most current cost recovery schedule published as provided by Section 114 of this article. An application for two or more variances may be filed upon a single application and only one fee shall be paid, provided that all such variances are located at the same address and are for the same person.

104.17.3 Investigation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The Fire Marshal shall cause an investigation to be made of every application for a variance or waiver. Such investigation shall be made by authorized members of the fire department. At the conclusion of the investigation, the Fire Marshal shall transmit the application, together with his recommendation, to the Board of Fire Commissioners.

104.18 Authority to Require Fire Safety Officers

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Whenever the Chief determines it is essential for the safeguarding of life and property from fire, explosion, panic, or other hazardous conditions which may arise in the temporary use of an occupancy and/or premises, he may require one or more fire safety officers to be present during the activity. No such use of an occupancy or premises shall proceed without a timely request to the Chief, as provided in this section, for assignment of a fire safety officer.

104.18.1 Uniformed Fire Safety Officer

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Whenever the Chief determines that a uniformed fire safety officer shall be present, the Department shall collect a fee established by the Board. Said fee shall constitute the total sum payable from any source for the services of that person. The Board, with the concurrence of the City Administrative Officer, shall determine on a regular basis the verifiable cost of the city for the fire safety officer. These costs shall be the actual total cost, as determined by the Board.

104.18.2 Certified Fire Safety Officer

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Whenever the Chief determines that a certified fire safety officer is required, payment for the services of said officer shall be paid to the officer by the person engaging the services of the certified fire safety officer. For each such certified fire safety officer assigned by the Chief, the hourly rate shall be the rate established in the existing Los Angeles Fire Department Memorandum of Understanding for Fire Inspector 1. Said fee shall constitute the total sum payable from any source for the services of that person. Payment for a certified fire safety officer shall be based on the following requirements:
  1. Four-hour minimum workday.
  2. Time and one-half after eight hours.
  3. Time and one-half for Saturdays and Sundays.
  4. Time and one-half for holidays identified by the existing Los Angeles Fire Department Memorandum of Understanding for Fire Inspector 1.

104.18.3 Request

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Request for the assignment of a fire safety officer shall be made to the office of the Bureau of Fire Prevention and Public Safety during normal business hours not less than 24 business hours in advance of the need. For weekend assignment or when a holiday will intervene, the request shall be made 48 hours in advance.

104.19 Authority to Issue Passes and Credentials

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The Board is authorized to issue approved passes entitling the holders thereof to pass Fire Department barriers at the discretion of the Incident Commander. Such passes shall bear a number and a statement of the purpose of issuance, together with the words "Los Angeles Fire Department."

104.19.1 At the Scene of Emergency

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
At the scene of an emergency, credentials which clearly establish the authority of the holder hereof to enter the premises, may be honored by the Department at the discretion of the Incident Commander.

104.19.2 Abuse of Passes

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Every pass presented for admittance beyond a fire department barrier by any person not entitled to the privilege accorded thereby shall be collected by the Chief or any police officer, and all such passes so collected shall be immediately returned to the Board. No unauthorized person shall enter or refuse to leave the area officially closed off by any Department barrier.

104.19.3 Government Officials

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The duly authorized official badge or credentials of any government officer or employee who is required to pass through a Department barrier in the performance of duty shall entitle such person to pass through such barrier at the discretion of the Incident Commander.

104.20 Authority to Assign Apparatus, Supplies and Personnel

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The Chief is hereby authorized to furnish and use supplies, equipment, or apparatus, and assign regular members of the Department, for the protection or preservation of life, property, and public welfare in the city in any emergency or rescue operation, provided such use or assignment will not interfere with nor hinder the performance of the charter functions of the Department. The Chief shall have the power to make and enforce rules and regulations, in accordance with Section 104.1.1, for the use of such supplies, equipment, or apparatus, and for the assignment of members of the Department in emergencies or rescue operations as are necessary to carry out the purposes and intent of this article.

104.21 Authority to Request Police Assistance

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The Chief of Police and his duly authorized representatives shall have the power and are hereby directed, upon the request of the Fire Chief or his representatives, to assist in the enforcement of the provisions of this article.

104.22 Authority to Issue Copies of Educational Films and Tapes

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Authority to issue copies of educational films and tapes shall comply with Sections 104.22.1 through 104.22.4.

104.22.1 Tapes Produced as a Part of the Public Fire Safety Education Program

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The original negative and sound track of any film or tape produced as a part of the public fire safety education program by the Department may, by order of the Board, be filed with the Chief, and copies thereof may be issued only upon the payment of the fees or pursuant to contract as provided in this section.

104.22.2 Establishment of Fees

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The Board may, by resolution or by contract, establish the fees to be paid to the Department for the obtaining of copies of films, tapes and sound tracks. Fees shall be calculated on the basis of actual cost incurred in the production of such original films, tapes, and sound tracks, including the pro rata cost of reproduction and distribution of copies thereof, based upon the estimated number of copies that might be applied for, or upon any other reasonable formula the Board may determine.

104.22.3 Moneys Derived From the Sale

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Moneys derived from the sale, distribution, or rental of such films, tapes, and sound tracks shall be paid into the General Fund of the City as Departmental receipts.

104.22.4 Contracts

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
All contracts entered into by the Board pursuant to the provision of this section shall first be submitted to and approved by the City Attorney.
Permits shall be in accordance with Sections 105.1.1 through 105.7.18.
A property owner or owner's authorized agent who intends to conduct an operation or business, or install or modify systems and equipment that are regulated by this code, or to cause any such work to be performed, shall first make application to the fire code official and obtain the required permit.

105.1.2 Types of Permits

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

There shall be five types of permits as follows:

  1. Operational permit. An operational permit allows the applicant to conduct an operation or a business for which a permit is required by Section 105.6 for either:

    1. 1.1. A prescribed period.
    2. 1.2. Until renewed or revoked.
  2. Specific action or project permit. A specific action or project permit allows the applicant to use, install or modify systems and equipment or conduct an operation for which a permit is required by Section 105.7.
  3. Special permit. Section 105.8.
  4. High-rise inspection permit. Section 105.9.
  5. Unified program facility permit. Section 120.

105.1.2.1 Acting Without a Permit Prohibited

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
No person shall sell, offer for sale, install, operate, maintain, or use any appliance, device, equipment, or system which requires a permit, a special permit, or a general approval by provisions of this article, unless such permit, special permit, or general approval is then in effect.
Where more than one permit is required for the same location, the fire code official is authorized to consolidate such permits into a single permit provided that each provision is listed in the permit.

105.1.3.1 Separate Permits Required

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A permit issued under the provisions of Section 105.6 shall be valid only for the person in whose name it is issued, and for the location shown on the permit. Separate locations require separate permits.
Where equipment replacement and repairs must be performed in an emergency situation, the permit application shall be submitted within the next working business day to the fire code official.
Application or notice to the fire code official is not required for ordinary repairs to structures, equipment or systems. Such repairs shall not include the cutting away of any wall, partition or portion thereof, the removal or change of any required means of egress, or rearrangement of parts of a structure affecting the egress requirements; nor shall any repairs include addition to, alteration of, replacement or relocation of any standpipe, fire protection water supply, automatic sprinkler system, fire alarm system or other work affecting fire protection or life safety.
Instead of an individual construction permit for each alteration to an already approved system or equipment installation, the fire code official is authorized to issue an annual permit upon application therefor to any person, firm or corporation regularly employing one or more qualified tradespersons in the building, structure or on the premises owned or operated by the applicant for the permit.
The person to whom an annual permit is issued shall keep a detailed record of alterations made under such annual permit. The fire code official shall have access to such records at all times or such records shall be filed with the fire code official as designated.
Application for a permit required by this code shall be made to the fire code official in such form and detail as prescribed by the fire code official. Applications for permits shall be accompanied by such plans as prescribed by the fire code official.
If the application for a permit describes a use that does not conform to the requirements of this code and other pertinent laws and ordinances, the fire code official shall not issue a permit, but shall return the application to the applicant with the refusal to issue such permit. Such refusal shall, where requested, be in writing and shall contain the reasons for refusal.
Before a new operational permit is approved, the fire code official is authorized to inspect the receptacles, vehicles, buildings, devices, premises, storage spaces or areas to be used to determine compliance with this code or any operational constraints required.
An application for a permit for any proposed work or operation shall be deemed to have been abandoned 180 days after the date of filing, unless such application has been diligently prosecuted or a permit shall have been issued; except that the fire code official is authorized to grant one or more extensions of time for additional periods not exceeding 90 days each. The extension shall be requested in writing and justifiable cause demonstrated.
The fire code official shall examine or cause to be examined applications for permits and amendments thereto within a reasonable time after filing. If the application or the construction documents do not conform to the requirements of pertinent laws, the fire code official shall reject such application in writing, stating the reasons therefor. If the fire code official is satisfied that the proposed work or operation conforms to the requirements of this code and laws and ordinances applicable thereto, the fire code official shall issue a permit therefor as soon as practicable.
A permit shall constitute permission to maintain, store or handle materials; or to conduct processes that produce conditions hazardous to life or property; or to install equipment utilized in connection with such activities; or to install or modify any fire protection system or equipment or any other construction, equipment installation or modification in accordance with the provisions of this code where a permit is required by Section 105.6 or 105.7. Such permission shall not be construed as authority to violate, cancel or set aside any of the provisions of this code or other applicable regulations or laws of the jurisdiction.
An operational permit shall remain in effect until reissued, renewed or revoked, or for such a period of time as specified in the permit. Construction permits shall automatically become invalid unless the work authorized by such permit is commenced within 180 days after its issuance, or if the work authorized by such permit is suspended or abandoned for a period of 180 days after the time the work is commenced. Before such work recommences, a new permit shall be first obtained and the fee to recommence work, if any, shall be one-half the amount required for a new permit for such work, provided that changes have not been made and will not be made in the original construction documents for such work, and provided further that such suspension or abandonment has not exceeded one year. Permits are not transferable and any change in occupancy, operation, tenancy or ownership shall require that a new permit be issued.
A permittee holding an unexpired permit shall have the right to apply for an extension of the time within which the permittee will commence work under that permit where work is unable to be commenced within the time required by this section for good and satisfactory reasons. The fire code official is authorized to grant, in writing, one or more extensions of the time period of a permit for periods of not more than 180 days each. Such extensions shall be requested by the permit holder in writing and justifiable cause demonstrated.
The building or structure shall not be occupied prior to the fire code official issuing a permit and conducting associated inspections indicating the applicable provisions of this code have been met.
Where permits are required and upon the request of a permit applicant, the fire code official is authorized to issue a conditional permit to occupy the premises or portion thereof before the entire work or operations on the premises is completed, provided that such portion or portions will be occupied safely prior to full completion or installation of equipment and operations without endangering life or public welfare. The fire code official shall notify the permit applicant in writing of any limitations or restrictions necessary to keep the permit area safe. The holder of a conditional permit shall proceed only to the point for which approval has been given, at the permit holder's own risk and without assurance that approval for the occupancy or the utilization of the entire premises, equipment or operations will be granted.
Issued permits shall be kept on the premises designated therein at all times and shall be readily available for inspection by the fire code official.

105.3.5.1 Operational Permits—Posting and Keeping

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Each valid permit issued pursuant to the provisions of Section 105.6 shall be posted in a conspicuous place on the premises for which the same is issued. Persons engaged in the business of operating or maintaining any oil well shall keep the permit available for inspection at the main office or principal place of business of the permittee.
The issuance or granting of a permit shall not be construed to be a permit for, or an approval of, any violation of any of the provisions of this code or of any other ordinance of the jurisdiction. Permits presuming to give authority to violate or cancel the provisions of this code or other ordinances of the jurisdiction shall not be valid. The issuance of a permit based on construction documents and other data shall not prevent the fire code official from requiring the correction of errors in the construction documents and other data. Any addition to or alteration of approved construction documents shall be approved in advance by the fire code official, as evidenced by the issuance of a new or amended permit.
The fire code official shall issue all permits required by this code on an approved form furnished for that purpose. The permit shall contain a general description of the operation or occupancy and its location and any other information required by the fire code official. Issued permits shall bear the signature of the fire code official or other approved legal authorization.
The issuance or granting of a permit shall not be construed to be a permit for, or an approval of, any violation of any of the provisions of this code or of any other ordinances of the jurisdiction. Permits presuming to give authority to violate or cancel the provisions of this code or other ordinances of the jurisdiction shall not be valid. The issuance of a permit based on construction documents, operational documents and other data shall not prevent the fire code official from requiring correction of errors in the documents or other data.

105.3.9 Operational Permits

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Operational permits under the provisions of Section 105.6 for activities listed under Sections 105.6.1 through 105.6.31 shall comply with the requirements of Sections 105.3.9 through 105.3.9.8.6

105.3.9.1 Application for Operational Permits

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Applications for operational permits under the provisions of Section 105.6 for activities listed under Sections 105.6.1 through 105.6.31 shall comply with the requirements of Sections 105.3.9.1.1 through 105.3.9.1.2.2

105.3.9.1.1 Filing

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
All applications for permits required by Section 105.6 shall be filed with the Office of Finance and shall be in writing on forms provided by the Office of Finance. Such applications shall be accompanied by the permit fees required by this article.

105.3.9.1.2 Contents of Application

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Applications for permits required by this chapter shall, unless otherwise required by the Department, contain the following information:
  1. The name and address of the applicant.
  2. A description of the property by street and number wherein or whereon the applicant proposes to engage in the business, operation, or to occupy the premises for which the permit is required, and if the same has no street number, then such description as will enable it to be easily located.
  3. A statement signed by the applicant or the applicant's authorized representative signifying the applicant is in charge of such business, operation, occupation, or premises, and agrees to comply with all regulations, laws, or ordinances pertaining thereto.

105.3.9.1.2.1 Permit to Store, Process, or Use Hazardous Materials

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
If the application is for a permit to store, process, or use hazardous materials aboveground of the type and in the amounts exceeding those set forth in Table 105.6.14 of this chapter or exceeding the permit amounts for hazardous materials in Chapter 50, it shall state thereon the maximum aggregate quantity of such materials which the applicant intends to store, process, or use at any time and the business shall comply with all inventory reporting and business plan requirements in Section 121.

105.3.9.1.2.2 Permit for Assembly Occupancies

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
If the application is for a permit for assembly occupancies, it shall be accompanied by three copies of a floor plan which clearly indicates the maximum capacity for the proposed use. The plans shall be drawn to scale and show all seats, cross aisles, and exit doorways in accordance with the provisions of this article.

105.3.9.2 Permits Investigation and Procedure for Granting Power to Deny

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Investigation and procedure for granting power to deny permits shall be in accordance with Sections 105.3.9.2.1 and 105.3.9.2.2

105.3.9.2.1 Investigation and Procedure for Granting

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Investigation and procedure for granting permits shall be as follows:
  1. The Fire Marshal shall investigate application for a permit, and such investigation shall be made by authorized members of the Department.
  2. The Fire Marshal may require such additional information as may be necessary to carry out the investigation of the application for a permit.
  3. The Chief shall determine the allowable occupant load permitted for an assembly or institutional occupancy based upon the aisle and exit provisions of Chapter 10 of this article. The allowable occupant load shall not exceed the maximum occupant load designated in the Certificate of Occupancy issued by the Department of Building and Safety, or in the absence of such certificate, the maximum occupant load approved by the Chief.
  4. If, after investigation and consideration of any application, and any plans or specifications required in connection therewith, the Chief shall determine that the proposed business, operation, occupation or premises will not create any undue hazard as a result of fire or panic, and the applicant will comply with any requirements of this article and all other applicable laws, the Chief shall approve the application.
  5. The Chief's approval of the application may be made subject to terms and conditions necessary for the safeguarding of life and property from the hazards of fire, explosion or panic.
  6. On approval of the application by the Chief and the payment of the required fee the Office of Finance shall issue the permit.

105.3.9.2.2 Power to Deny

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The Chief, in his discretion, is hereby empowered to deny or withhold approval of a permit for which an application has been made if the building, premises, equipment, apparatus, vehicle reasonable facilities for the establishing, maintaining, conducting operating the business, operation, occupation, or premises for which the permit is requested is or are insufficient or are unfit or incapable of being used, maintained, established, or operated to comply with this article or other applicable laws and the Rules and Regulations of the Department.

105.3.9.3 Permits Form

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Each permit issued by the Office of Finance shall be in accordance with the provisions of this section and shall have set forth upon the face thereof the following.
  1. The name of the person to whom issued;
  2. The classification or type of business, operation, occupation, or premises for which such permit is issued;
  3. The address where the business, operation, occupation, or premises is located and where the address is different from that of the applicant, the address designated by the applicant or his or her authority agent for mailing purposes. The mailing address so appearing shall be the address to which all notices required or authorized in this article shall be sent unless the applicant or permittee shall request the Office of Finance, in writing, that another address be used for such purposes;
  4. The signature of the Chief printed thereon;
  5. The date of expiration of the permit, and the date upon which the annual permit fee shall be due and payable.

105.3.9.4 Permits Transfer

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
No permit shall be transferable except when the business, operation, occupation, or premises for which the permit is issued, is transferred, whether by sale or otherwise, to another person under such circumstances that the ownership after the transfer is substantially similar to the ownership existing before the transfer.

105.3.9.4.1 Change of Location

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Any change of location for a business, operation, occupation, or premises shall require filing of a new application and payment of the applicable fee set forth in Section 105.3.9.7 of this article.

105.3.9.5 Permits Validity

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Unless otherwise set forth on the face of the permit, every permit issued in accordance with the provisions of this chapter shall be valid for the year stated, or until voided, revoked, or suspended.

105.3.9.6 Permits Power of Revocation and Suspension

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Power of revocation and suspension of permits shall be in accordance with Sections 105.3.9.6.1 through 105.3.9.6.3

105.3.9.6.1 By the Chief

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Notwithstanding any other provisions of this article to the contrary, the Chief shall have the power to revoke or suspend any permit, at his discretion, upon proof to the satisfaction of the Chief of violation by the permittee of the provisions of this article, the Rules and Regulations of this Department adopted under the authority of Section 104.1.1, or the terms and conditions of any permit as may be specified under the authority of Section 105.3.9 of this article. Such revocation or suspension shall be in accordance with the provisions of 105.5 of this article.

105.3.9.6.2 By the Office of Finance

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Whenever any person fails to comply with any provisions of this chapter pertaining to contractor's liability insurance or the payment of permit fees, the Office of Finance upon hearing, after giving such person 10 days notice in writing, specifying the time and place of hearing and requiring the person to show cause why the permit should not be revoked for such failure, may revoke or suspend any one or more of the permits held by such person. The notice shall be served in the same manner as notices are served under Section 21.16 of the LAMC

105.3.9.6.3 Operation After Revocation or Suspension

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
It shall be unlawful for any person to engage in any business, operation, or occupation, or use any premises, after the permit issued therefore has been suspended or revoked pursuant to the provisions of this chapter unless the permit has been reinstated or a new permit issued. Any person who engages in any business, operation, or occupation, or uses any premises, after the permit issued therefore has been suspended or revoked pursuant to the provisions of this section, and before such suspended permit has been reinstated or a new permit issued, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.

105.3.9.7 Delinquent Fees Uncollectible

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
If the Office of Finance finds that any permit fee due or believed to be due under the provisions of this chapter cannot be collected, or that efforts to collect any such amount would be disproportionately costly with relation to the probable outcome of the collecting efforts, the Office of Finance may prepare a report setting forth his or her findings and the reasons therefor, and submit it to a Board of Review constituted as provided in Section 21.16 of the LAMC. On unanimous approval of a finding by the Board of Review, the Office of Finance may remove from his active accounts receivable any unpaid fee owing or believed to be owing from one person which amounts to less than $100.00. If the report relates to a claim for the fees owing or believed to be owing from one person which amounts to $100.00 or more, the Board of Review shall make its recommendations upon the finding and, if the Board of Review unanimously approves the finding, submit it to the Council with the finding of the Office of Finance. If the Board of Review does not unanimously approve the finding, the matter shall be returned to the Office of Finance. Upon the approval of the findings by the Council, the Office of Finance may remove from his active accounts receivable the amount so approved. The Office of Finance may include in a single report his findings and supporting reasons regarding fees due from more than one person. The removal from the active accounts receivable of the Office of Finance of any unpaid fee as provided herein shall not preclude the City from collecting or attempting to collect any such fee that later proves to be collectible.

105.3.9.8 Bonds and in Lieu Deposits for Oil Wells

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Each application for a permit for the drilling, operation, maintenance of any oil well shall be accompanied by a bond or bonds in duplicate and executed by the applicant as principal and by a surety company authorized to do business in this State as surety, or by the applicant with two responsible sureties satisfactory to the City Attorney. All such bonds shall be approved by the City Attorney as form and content. Required bonds shall comply with Sections 105.3.9.8.1 through 105.3.9.8.6.

105.3.9.8.1 Bonds

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Unless otherwise provided, a bond in the sum of $10,000 shall be filed with the Office of Finance for each oil well for which a permit is required; provided however, that the applicant, in lieu of filing individual bonds for each such well, may file a blanket bond in the sum of $50,000 covering all oil wells for which a permit is required:
  1. Where the $50,000 blanket bond is filed, each additional oil well not described in said bond shall be covered hereunder by a rider, submitted in duplicate and attached thereto, specifically describing such additional property as the bond is to cover, said rider is to be executed by the principal and surety in the same manner as the bond is executed and shall be approved by the City Attorney as to form and content;
  2. The total aggregate liability under the blanket bond shall be limited to the sum of $50,000, provided however, that the maximum liability for any one oil well shall not exceed the sum of $10,000.

105.3.9.8.2 The Condition of the Bond

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The conditions of the bond shall specify that the principal shall comply with all of the provisions and requirements of this article and any and all amendments thereto, and that in default thereof the principals shall upon demand pay to the City of Los Angeles all charges, costs, and expenses incurred by the City in respect to any abandonment or demolition of any oil well, in the event of a failure on the part of the principal to abandon or demolish any oil well as required by this article, and shall upon demand pay to the City all charges, costs, and expenses incurred by the City in respect to altering, reconstruction or repairing any oil well so as to cause the same to comply with the provisions of this Article in the event of the failure on the part of the principal to comply with such provisions.

105.3.9.8.3 The Term of Each Such Bond

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The term of each such bond shall begin upon the date thereof and shall terminate upon the filing of a new bond as required by the permittee covering the same oil well, or upon the abandonment of such oil well in the manner required by this article.

105.3.9.8.4 In Lieu of a Surety Bond

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
In lieu of a surety bond as herein prescribed, the City Attorney may accept an agreement of indemnity executed by the applicant or permittee and accompanied by a deposit of cash in substantially the following form and manner:
  1. The applicant or permittee shall deposit, and at all times maintain on deposit with the Treasurer of the City of Los Angeles, an amount in cash equivalent to the amount of the bond required by the provisions of this article;
  2. The applicant or permittee, concurrently with the making of said deposit, shall execute and deliver to the Office of Finance an agreement in writing, which shall be subject to the approval of the City Attorney as to form and content, confirming the deposit and agreeing to indemnify the City against any loss and damage arising out of the failure on the part of the applicant or permittee faithfully to comply with the provisions of this article;
  3. The City Treasurer shall have the custody of the cash deposited hereunder;
  4. The Chief shall determine the fact of a default by the applicant or permittee in the performance of all of the terms and conditions of this article and the amount of all charges, costs, and expenses incurred by the City, thereby provided for herein and shall order the payment thereof from the deposit. The Chief shall transmit his findings and order to the treasurer who shall make payment to the City for all charges, costs, and expenses incurred;
  5. The agreement of indemnity herein provided for may set forth such additional terms and conditions as the City Attorney finds necessary or convenient to carry out the purposes and intent of the LAMC.

105.3.9.8.5 Extension of Time

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Whenever the Chief extends the time in which the permittee may perform any acts required by this article, such extension of time shall not be deemed to exonerate or discharge any surety upon any bond filed hereunder.

105.3.9.8.6 Power to Authorize Acts

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The Chief shall have the power to authorize all necessary acts to be done to make any such oil well comply with the provisions of this article relating thereto or to perform the necessary acts to abandon and demolish any such oil well and to restore the property to its natural condition. The City Controller shall approve all warrants held by the City Treasurer for the necessary expense incurred in correcting the violation of this article relating thereto and the abandoning and demolition of any such oil well.
Construction documents shall be in accordance with Sections 105.4.1 through 105.4.6.

Construction documents and supporting data shall be submitted in two or more sets with each application for a permit and in such form and detail as required by the fire code official. The construction documents shall be prepared by a registered design professional where required by the statutes of the jurisdiction in which the project is to be constructed.

Exception: The fire code official is authorized to waive the submission of construction documents and supporting data not required to be prepared by a registered design professional if it is found that the nature of the work applied for is such that review of construction documents is not necessary to obtain compliance with this code.

The fire code official shall examine or cause to be examined the accompanying construction documents and shall ascertain by such examinations whether the work indicated and described is in accordance with the requirements of this code.
Construction documents shall be drawn to scale upon suitable material. Electronic media documents are allowed to be submitted where approved by the fire code official. Construction documents shall be of sufficient clarity to indicate the location, nature and extent of the work proposed and show in detail that it will conform to the provisions of this code and relevant laws, ordinances, rules and regulations as determined by the fire code official.
Shop drawings for the fire protection system(s) shall be submitted to indicate compliance with this code and the construction documents, and shall be approved prior to the start of installation. Shop drawings shall contain all information as required by the referenced installation standards in Chapter 9.
It shall be the responsibility of the applicant to ensure that the construction documents include all of the fire protection requirements and the shop drawings are complete and in compliance with the applicable codes and standards.
Construction documents approved by the fire code official are approved with the intent that such construction documents comply in all respects with this code. Review and approval by the fire code official shall not relieve the applicant of the responsibility of compliance with this code.
The fire code official is authorized to issue a permit for the construction of part of a structure, system or operation before the construction documents for the whole structure, system or operation have been submitted, provided that adequate information and detailed statements have been filed complying with pertinent requirements of this code. The holder of such permit for parts of a structure, system or operation shall proceed at the holder's own risk with the building operation and without assurance that a permit for the entire structure, system or operation will be granted.
Work shall be installed in accordance with the approved construction documents, and any changes made during construction that are not in compliance with the approved construction documents shall be resubmitted for approval as an amended set of construction documents.
One set of construction documents shall be retained by the fire code official for a period of not less than 180 days from date of completion of the permitted work, or as required by state or local laws. One set of approved construction documents shall be returned to the applicant, and said set shall be kept on the site of the building or work at all times during which the work authorized thereby is in progress.

[A] 105.5 Revocation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The revocation, suspension, or denial of permits, special permits, general approvals, and certificates of fitness shall comply with Sections 105.5.1 and 105.5.3.

105.5.1 Power to Revoke, Suspend, or Deny

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
In addition to all other penalties prescribed herein, the Chief shall have the power to revoke, suspend, or deny the granting of any permit, special permit, general approval, or Certificate of Fitness, required pursuant to the provisions of this article, for any of the following reasons:
  1. When necessary for the protection of life and property; or
  2. Violation of any provision of this article or any rule or regulation adopted hereunder; or
  3. Violation of applicable law; or
  4. Violation of any of the terms or conditions of such permit, special permit, general approval, or Certificate of Fitness; or
  5. Changing the occupancy, equipment, materials, processes, or other conditions as permitted on a premises in such a manner as to create a greater risk of fire or explosion or less protection than was present at the time of issuance of such permit, special permit, general approval, or Certificate of Fitness; or
  6. Upon a finding by the Chief of any practice constituting a fraud upon the public; or
  7. Upon a finding by the Chief of evidence of inability, lack of necessary expertise, or willful or negligent failure to properly and safely perform the duties for which a Certificate of Fitness is granted; or
  8. Upon a finding by the Chief of evidence of a lack of cooperation with, or courtesy to, members of the public, the Department, or other agencies in the conduct of the activity for which the certificate was issued.

105.5.1.1 Agent or Representative

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
No person shall act as an agent or representative for or on behalf of any person whose permit, special permit, general approval, or Certificate of Fitness has been revoked or suspended by the Chief with respect to any matter covered by such permit, special permit, general approval, or Certificate of Fitness during the period of such revocation or suspension.

105.5.2 Notice and Hearing

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Generally no permit, special permit, general approval, or Certificate of Fitness shall be suspended or revoked until a hearing is held by the Chief. Written notice shall be served not less than five days and not more than 10 days prior to the date of such hearing on the owner or any other person lawfully in possession of such permit, approval, or certificate. Said notice shall state the grounds of the complaint against the owner or other person together with the time and place the hearing will be held. Service of notices and the conduct of the hearing shall be in conformance with the requirements of Sections 11.00 and 22.02 of the LAMC. Any permit, special permit, general approval, or Certificate of Fitness may be temporarily suspended by the Chief for violation of the terms thereof, when immediate action is necessary to abate conditions dangerous to life or property, without such notice and hearing.

105.5.3 Voidance of Permits and Special Permits

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
All permits and special permits shall become void upon any change of owner or location shown on the permit.

105.6 Required Operational Permits

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The fire code official is authorized to issue operational permits for the operations set forth in Chapter 1, Sections 105.6.1 through 105.6.31. The provisions of this section apply to permits which constitute authority for a continuing action by the permittee. No person or owner shall use any premises or engage in any activities described herein without having obtained a permit pursuant to this section.

105.6.1 Aerosol Products

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.6.1 Aircraft Fueling Station

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An operational permit is required to engage in the business of an aircraft fueling station. An aircraft fueling station is that portion of a premise which handles the transfer of flammable or combustible liquids or liquefied flammable gas into or from an aircraft or fueler. It includes the pumps, underground piping, and main storage tanks used to store and dispense the fuels. Only one permit is required for all buildings, structures or space owned by the same person at the same location.

105.6.2 Amusement Buildings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.6.2 Aircraft Refueler

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An operational permit is required to engage in the business of an aircraft refueler. An aircraft refueler is any cargo tank vehicle used for the transportation and transferring of flammable or combustible liquids or liquefied flammable gas to or from fuel tanks or compartments of aircraft.

105.6.3 Aviation Facilities

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.6.3 Airport Fueling System

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An operational permit is required to engage in the business of operating an airport fueling system. An airport fueling system is an arrangement of aviation fuel storage tanks, pumps, piping, and associated equipment, or aircraft fuel servicing vehicles, installed at an airport and designed to service aircraft at fixed positions.

105.6.4 Carbon Dioxide Systems Used in Beverage Dispensing Applications

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.6.4.1 Carbon Dioxide Enrichment Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.6.4 Airport, Private

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An operational permit is required to engage in the business of operating a private airport. An airport is an area of land or structural surface that is used, or intended for use, for the landing and taking off of aircraft with an overall length greater than 39 feet (11887 mm) and an overall exterior fuselage width greater than 6.6 feet (2012 mm), and any appurtenant areas that are used or intended for use for airport buildings and other airport facilities.

105.6.5 Carnivals and Fairs

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.6.5 Assembly Occupancy

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An operational permit is required to engage in the business of operating a place of public assemblage. A place of public assemblage is any building or premises having assemblage capacity greater than 49 persons, designed for entertainment, instruction, worship, meetings, display, or consumption of food or drinks. The showing of motion pictures when an admission is charged, the premise is open to the public and has a capacity of 10 or more persons.

105.6.6 Cellulose Nitrate Film

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.6.6 Atmospheric Aboveground Tank

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An operational permit is required to engage in the operation of an atmospheric aboveground tank exceeding 60 gallons (227 L) capacity containing hazardous material or hazardous waste.

105.6.7 Combustible Dust-Producing Operations

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.6.7 Bulk Distributing Station

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An operational permit is required to engage in the business of a bulk distributing station. A bulk distributing station is any distributing station where flammable or combustible liquids with a loading rack are received by tank vessel, pipeline, tank car, or tank vehicle, and are stored or blended in bulk for the purpose of distributing such liquids by tank vessel, pipeline, tank car, tank vehicle, or container.

105.6.8 Combustible Fibers

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.6.8 Central Station Signaling System, Supervising Station

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An operational permit is required to engage in the business of operating a central station signaling system, supervising station. A central station signaling system is a system consisting of electrically operated circuits and equipment, which transmits alarms from buildings and structures equipped with a fire protection system to a central station which is controlled and operated by a Department- approved person or firm whose business is the furnishing and maintaining of such a system and where qualified personnel are in attendance at all times to notify the fire department of any alarm received.

105.6.9 Compressed Gases

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.6.9 Church

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An operational permit is required to engage in the business of a church. A church is any building or premises used as a place of assemblage for public worship or meditation. Original fee only.

105.6.10 Covered and Open Mall Buildings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.6.10 Community Care Facility (Serving More Than Six Persons)

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An operational permit is required to engage in the business of a community care facility. A community care facility is any facility, place, or building that is maintained and operated to provide nonmedical day treatment, adult day care, including, but not limited to, the physically handicapped, mentally impaired, incompetent persons, and includes the following for greater than six persons 18 years old and over:

Adult day program;

Therapeutic day services facility;

Social rehabilitation facility;

Community treatment facility;

Transitional shelter care facility;

Transitional housing placement facility.

105.6.11 Cryogenic Fluids

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.6.11 Cylinder Filling Plant

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An operational permit is required to engage in the business of a cylinder filling plant. A cylinder filling plant is any lot or parcel of land or portion thereof used for the purpose of filling portable pressure vessels with liquefied flammable gas, flammable gas or other gas which is defined as a toxic material, oxidizing material or unstable material.

105.6.12 Cutting and Welding

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.6.12 Day Care

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An operational permit is required to engage in the business of day care in nonresidential buildings for more than six children or any residential building for more than eight children (large family day care).

105.6.13 Dry Cleaning Plant

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An operational permit is required to engage in the business of dry cleaning or to change to a more hazardous cleaning solvent used in existing dry cleaning equipment. A dry cleaning plant is any building, premises or room in which the actions of dry cleaning or dyeing are performed frequently or regularly, whether as a primary business or as an accessory operation useful or necessary to some other business.

105.6.14 Exhibits and Trade Shows

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.6.14 Hazardous Materials

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An operational permit is required to store, process, or use materials above ground of the type and in the amounts exceeding those set forth in Table 105.6.14 of this chapter or exceeding the permit amounts for hazardous materials in Chapter 50.

TABLE 105.6.14
AMOUNTS OF MATERIALS EXEMPT FROM SECTION 105.6.14 PERMIT REQUIREMENTS
TYPE QUANTITY
1. Air-reactive materials No exemption
2. Water-reactive materials No exemption
3. Unstable materials No exemption
4. Explosive materials
Class A
Class B

No exemption
10 lbs.
5. Fireworks No exemption
6. Smokeless powder 20 lbs.
7. Black sporting powder 5 lbs.
8. Small arms ammunition 1,000 lbs. (net weight)
9. Flammable gases 3,000 cu. ft.
10. Liquified flammable gases 60 gal.
11. Flammable liquids
Class IA
Class IB
Class IC
Combination of flammable liquids with not more than the exempt
amount of Class IA, IB, or IC liquids

60 gal.
120 gal.
180 gal.
240 gal.
12. Combustible Liquids
Class II
Class III

240 gal.
500 gal.
13. Combustible metals 500 lbs.
14. Flammable fibers
Loose
Baled

100 cu. ft.
1,000 cu. ft.
15. Flammable solids 500 lbs.
16. Toxic materials
Class 3, 4
Class 1, 2 gases
solids or liquids
Etiologic agent

No exemption
400 cu. ft.
100 lbs.
No exemption
17. Oxidizing materials

504 cu. ft.
50 gal.
500 lbs.
18. Organic peroxides
Class I, II, III
Class IV

No exemption
10 lbs.
19. Corrosive materials

200 gal.
2,000 lbs.
20. Ammonium nitrate compound mixtures containing more than 60% nitrate weight 1,000 lbs.

105.6.15 Explosives

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.6.15 Heliport

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An operational permit is required to engage in the business of operating a heliport. A heliport is an area of land, water, or structure used or intended to be used for the landing and takeoff of helicopters (excluding "emergency use only" heliports).

Exception: Heliports used only as emergency helicopter landing facilities on high-rise buildings, as required by the Department.

105.6.16 Fire Hydrants and Valves

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.6.16 Hospital

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An operational permit is required to engage in the business of a hospital. This occupancy shall include buildings and structures used for medical, surgical, psychiatric, or custodial care on a 24-hour basis for more than six persons who are classified as nonambulatory or bedridden;

Hospitals

Mental hospitals

   Also included are nursing or custodial care nursing homes This occupancy shall include nursing or custodial care nursing homes (both intermediate care facilities and skilled nursing facilities) on a 24-hour basis for more than six persons who are classified as nonambulatory or bedridden, and detoxification facilities.

105.6.17 Flammable and Combustible Liquids

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.6.17 Hotel

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An operational permit is required to engage in the business of a hotel. A hotel is any residential building designed or used for or containing six or more guest rooms or suites of rooms, but not including any institution in which human beings are housed or detained under legal restraint.

105.6.18 Floor Finishing

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.6.18 Laboratory Using Hazardous Materials

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An operational permit is required to engage in the business of operating a laboratory. Only one laboratory permit shall be required for all buildings or structures operated by same permittee at the same location. A laboratory is an occupancy devoted to experimental study in science, or to testing, analysis, inspection, research or process control and development. Laboratories may contain one or more separate laboratory work areas that involve the use of hazardous materials.

105.6.19 Fruit and Crop Ripening

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.6.19 Marine Oil Terminal

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An operational permit is required to engage in the business of a marine oil terminal. A marine oil terminal is any plant, station, premises, or equipment used in connection therewith, located on the harbor or ocean front, which is designed and intended to deliver to or receive from oceangoing vessels liquefied or gaseous hazardous materials or flammable or combustible liquids.

105.6.20 Fumigation and Insecticidal Fogging

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.6.20 Marine Service Station

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An operational permit is required to engage in the business of a marine service station. A marine service station is any station, plant, premises or equipment used in connection therewith, where flammable or combustible liquids used as motor fuels are dispensed from equipment, on shore, piers or wharves to floating craft for fuel, except bunkering facilities for oceangoing vessels.

105.6.21 Hazardous Materials

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.6.21 Natural Gasoline Plant

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An operational permit is required to engage in the operation of a natural gasoline plant. A natural gasoline plant is any facility in which gasoline is extracted from petroleum vapors produced at the well.

105.6.22 HPM Facilities

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.6.22 Oil Well

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An operational permit is required to engage in the operation of an oil well. An oil well is any well or hole already drilled, being drilled or to be drilled for, prospecting for, or producing petroleum, natural gas, or other hydrocarbon substances; or is used or intended to be used for the subsurface injection of oil field waste, gases, water or liquid substances; including any such existing hole, well or casing which has not been abandoned. The notices for application and/or cancellation for a permit under this classification are handled by the Fire Inspector in the Harbor Industrial Unit. Except that "Oil well" shall not include "temporary geological exploratory core hole."

105.6.23 High-Piled Storage

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.6.23 Refinery

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An operational permit is required to engage in the business of operating a refinery. A refinery is any plant, premises or facility used for the process or production of petroleum, chemicals, or petrochemicals from raw or basic materials to marketable products in amounts exceeding 100 barrels per day capacity.

105.6.24 Hot Work Operations

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.6.24 Residential Care Facility

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An operational permit is required to engage in the business of a residential care facility. This occupancy shall include buildings, structures or parts thereof housing more than six clients, on a 24-hour basis, who because of age, mental disability or other reasons, live in a supervised residential environment that provides personal care services. This category may contain clients that are ambulatory, nonambulatory and/or bedridden. This group shall include, but not be limited to, the following:

Assisted living facilities, such as:

Residential care facilities

Residential care facilities for the elderly (RCFEs)

Adult residential facilities

Congregate living health facilities

Group homes

Residential care facilities for the chronically I11

Congregate living health facilities for the terminally I11

Social rehabilitation facilities such as:

Halfway houses

Community correctional centers

Community correction reentry centers

Community treatment programs

Work furlough programs

Alcoholism or drug abuse recovery or treatment facilities.

105.6.25 Industrial Ovens

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.6.25 School

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An operational permit is required to engage in the business of a school. A school is every building or portion thereof used for education, training, or instruction through the twelfth grade for more than six persons for more than 12-hours per week or 4 hours in any one day.

Exception: Rooms accessory to a church and used for religious education for not more than two days per week are exempt.

105.6.26 Lumber Yards and Woodworking Plants

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.6.26 Service Center for Armed Forces Personnel

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
(Original fee only.) An operational permit is required to engage in the operation of a service center for armed forces personnel. A service center for armed forces personnel is any building or premises having assemblage capacity greater than 49 persons designed for entertainment, display, or consumption of food or drinks. Military personnel and family will holdover at this facility awaiting flights to other military destinations.

105.6.27 Liquid- or Gas-Fueled Vehicles or Equipment in Assembly Buildings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.6.27 Special School

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An operational permit is required to engage in the business of a special school. A special school is any building, premises, or portion thereof used for education, training, or instruction of more than six students, 16 years of age or under, for more than 8 hours per week. Examples are dance, ballet schools, etc.

105.6.28 LP-gas

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.6.28 Surgical Center

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An operational permit is required to engage in the operation of a surgical center. A surgical center is any healthcare facility that receives persons for outpatient medical care that may render the patient incapable of unassisted self-preservation and where each tenant space accommodates more than five such patients.

105.6.29 Magnesium

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.6.29 Theater

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An operational permit is required to engage in the business of a theater. A theater is any room, hall, auditorium or premises having a stage or platform designed or used for entertainment and adapted to the presentation of plays, musicals, operas, pageants, or similar forms of entertainment.

105.6.30 Miscellaneous Combustible Storage

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.6.30 Theater, Little

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An operational permit is required to engage in the business of a little theater. A little theater is any room, hall, auditorium or premises having a stage not requiring a fire-resistive curtain or auto sprinklers.

105.6.31 Motor Fuel-Dispensing Facilities

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.6.31 Theater, Motion Picture

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An operational permit is required to engage in the business of motion picture theater. A motion picture theater is any building or premises or portion thereof designed or used for the showing of motion pictures, when an admission fee is charged and when such building or premises is open to the public and has a capacity of 10 or more persons.

105.6.32 Open Burning

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.6.33 Open Flames and Torches

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.6.34 Open Flames and Candles

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.6.35 Organic Coatings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.6.36 Places of Assembly

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.6.37 Private Fire Hydrants

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.6.38 Pyrotechnic Special Effects Material

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.6.39 Pyroxylin Plastics

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.6.40 Refrigeration Equipment

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.6.41 Repair Garages and Motor Fuel-Dispensing Facilities

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.6.42 Rooftop Heliports

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.6.43 Spraying or Dipping

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.6.44 Storage of Scrap Tires and Tire Byproducts

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.6.45 Temporary Membrane Structures and Tents

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.6.46 Tire-Rebuilding Plants

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.6.47 Waste Handling

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.6.48 Wood Products

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.6.49 Additional Permits

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.6.50 Plant Extraction Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

[A] 105.7 Required Construction Specific Action or Project Permits

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
No person, firm, or corporation shall engage in any specific action or project for which a permit is required by this section without first having obtained a valid permit from the Department. The fire code official is authorized to issue specific action or project permits for work as set forth in Chapter 1, Section 105.7.1.

[A] 105.7.1 Automatic Fire-Extinguishing Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.7.1 Specific Action or Project Permits

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Specific action or project permits shall be required for the following specific action or project as set forth in Sections 105.7.1.1 through 105.7.1.8.
A specific action or project permit is required to erect, install or relocate any appliance, device, or system listed in this subsection when such equipment is to be used in connection with hazardous materials, hazardous waste, or hazardous plastics.
  1. Atmospheric tank exceeding 60 gallons (227 L) capacity.
  2. Low pressure tank exceeding 60 gallons (227 L) water capacity.
  3. Pressure vessel exceeding 60 gallons (38 710 mm2) water capacity.
  4. Special vessel.
  5. Spray booth or spray tunnel with any dimension greater than 3 feet (914.4 mm).
  6. Dip tank more than 150 gallons (568 L) capacity or more than 5 square feet (38 710 mm2) of surface area.
  7. Flow coat machine.
  8. Drying oven.
  9. Industrial oven or furnace, not otherwise specified.
  10. Industrial proceeding equipment, not otherwise specified.
  11. Fumigation chamber.
  12. Automatic fire extinguishing system except automatic sprinkler system.
  13. Compressed or liquefied gas manifold (stationary).
  14. Dust collecting systems.
  15. Dry cleaning equipment, not otherwise specified.
  16. Drill or redrill any oil well.
  17. Asbestos abatement.
  18. Gas detection system.

105.7.1.2 Add to or Alter

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A specific action or project permit is required to add to or alter any item, including ducting or piping connected thereto, as set forth in Section 105.7.1.1 of this section.

105.7.1.3 Permit Required to Conduct an Operation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A specific action or project permit is required to conduct any of the following operations.
  1. Fireworks display.
  2. Blasting operation.
  3. Exhibit, show, circus, or carnival on any parcel of land or premises other than those for which a permit is required by Sections 105.6.1 through 105.6.31 of this article. When such exhibit, show, circus, or carnival is conducted within a tent, the fees required by Section 105.7.8 through 105.7.8.5 of this article shall be deemed to include the use of such tent as a place of assemblage.
  4. Transfer flammable gas, liquefied flammable gas, flammable liquids or combustible liquids as provided for in the exception to Section 5706.5.4.6, or in any other manner not specifically regulated by this article.
  5. Abandon oil well or underground tank.
  6. Burn any hazardous refuse in an open outdoor fire.
  7. Temporarily store explosives in a manner not otherwise specifically regulated by this article.

105.7.1.4 Tent or Membrane Structure

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A specific action or project permit is required to use any tent or membrane structure (temporary only) as a place of assemblage.

105.7.1.5 Fire Hydrant on Private Property

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A specific action or project permit is required to install, alter or relocate any part of any fire hydrant on private property.

105.7.1.6 Central Station Signaling System

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A specific action or project permit is required to install any central station signaling system.

105.7.1.7 Landing Aircraft Including Helicopters

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A specific action or project permit is required to land any aircraft including helicopters, except in an emergency, any place other than an airport or heliport which is regulated under the provisions of Chapter 20 of this article.

105.7.1.8 Live Theater Production

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A specific action or project permit is required to operate or maintain a live theater production.

[A] 105.7.2 Battery Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.7.2 Issuance of Permits

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
If, after investigation and consideration of the application and any plans and specifications in connection therewith, the Chief shall determine that the proposed work or operation will not create any undue fire hazard and that it will conform to the provisions of this article and of other relevant laws. Then the Chief shall approve the application. The issuance of the permit may be subject to conditions as may be necessary for the safeguarding of life and property from the hazards of fire, explosion, or panic.

105.7.2.1 Applications

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Every application for a permit in accordance with Section 105.7 shall be filed at the office of the Bureau of Fire Prevention and Public Safety upon forms provided by the Department.

105.7.2.2 Application Fees

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Every application for a Permit in accordance with Section 105.7 shall be accompanied by the required fees set forth in this chapter.

105.7.2.3 Application to Conduct a Fireworks Display

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Every application for a permit to conduct a fireworks display shall be filed no later than 10 days prior to the date of the display.

[A] 105.7.3 Compressed Gases

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.7.3 Permits Expiration

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Every permit required by Section105.7.1.1 of this article shall become void if the work authorized by such permit has not commenced within 6 months of the date of issuance, or, if the work authorized by such permit has not been completed within one year of the date of issuance. Thereafter, a new permit may be issued only upon filing a new application and payment of the required fees. The Chief may grant extensions of time upon presentation by the permittee of satisfactory reasons for failure to start or complete the work within the required time period.

105.7.3.1 Valid for the Period

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Except as provided in Section 105.7.3, every permit issued under authority of this section shall be valid for the period of time set forth upon the face of the permit.

[A] 105.7.4 Cryogenic Fluids

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.7.4 Inspection

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Inspections shall be in accordance with Sections 105.7.4.1 through 105.7.4.1.2.

105.7.4.1 General Requirements

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Every operation or activity for which a permit is required by Section 105.7.1 shall be subject to inspection by an authorized inspector of the Department.

105.7.4.1.1 Special Requirements

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
In addition to the general requirements of Section 105.7.4.1, every permit required by Section 105.7 of this article shall be subject to the specific requirements of Sections 105.7.4.1.1.1 and 105.7.4.1.1.2.

105.7.4.1.1.1 Called Inspection

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
No portion of any equipment intended to be covered by earth or by enclosure within permanent portions of a building or structure shall be enclosed until inspected and approved by the Department. An inspection shall be requested prior to covering or enclosure of any such equipment. Such request shall be made not less than two working days prior to the estimated time of inspection. Such installation shall not be covered until after it has been inspected by an authorized member of the Department.

105.7.4.1.1.2 Final Inspection

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
When the construction or installation work is completed and the appliance, device, equipment, or system is ready for operation or use, but before being operated or used, a final inspection shall be requested. Such request shall be made in the same manner as set forth in Section 105.7.4.1.1. No such appliance, device, or equipment shall be used or operated until the installation has been approved by the authorized inspector making the final inspection.

[A] 105.7.5 Emergency Responder Radio Coverage System

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.7.5 Completion of Work—Final Inspection Tag of Approval

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
When the Department has found, by survey or inspection, or both, that the work authorized by a permit granted in accordance with the requirements of Section 105.7.1.1 has been completed in accordance with the requirements of the permit issued therefor and all of the provisions of this article, the Department shall issue a Final Inspection Tag of Approval. No such appliance, device, equipment, or system shall be used until the Final Inspection Tag of Approval has been issued by the Department.

[A] 105.7.6 Fire Alarm and Detection Systems and Related Equipment

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.7.6 Authority to Require Exposure of Work

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Whenever any installation on which a called inspection is required, as specified in Section 105.7.5, is covered or concealed by additional work without first having been inspected, the Chief may require, by written notice, that such work be exposed for inspection. The work of exposing and recovering shall not entail any expense to the City.

[A] 105.7.7 Fire Pumps and Related Equipment

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.7.7 Fee Exempt Permits

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Fee exempt permits, without the payment of the fees prescribed by Section 105.7.8.1 shall be issued those listed in Sections 105.7.7.1 and 105.7.7.2.

105.7.7.1 Municipal Entities

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Upon application, fee exempt permits shall be issued without the payment of the fees as prescribed by Section 11.08 of the LAMC.

105.7.7.2 Nonprofit

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Any religious, charitable, educational, or other nonprofit benevolent institution operating or conducting a carnival or similar activity when the net proceeds of the carnival or similar activity are to be used exclusively for religious, charitable, benevolent, educational, or civic purposes and the institution has applied for and obtained a tax exempt registration certificate pursuant to the provisions of Section 21.75 of the Municipal Code.

[A] 105.7.8 Flammable and Combustible Liquids

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.7.8 Fees

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Before accepting an application for any permit required by this chapter, the Department shall collect the fees required therefor established by the most current cost recovery schedule published as provided by Section 115 and applicable thereto. Upon payment of said fees the Department shall cause them to be deposited with the City Treasurer.

105.7.8.1 Fees Shall Apply To

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Fees established by the procedure set forth in Section 115 of this article shall apply to permits for the following:
  1. Atmospheric tank or low pressure tank:
    1. Shop built tank
    2. Field erected tank not more than 3,000 barrels.
    3. Field erected tank, more than 3,000 barrels.
       No fee shall be charged for the issuance of a permit for the installation, closure, addition to or alteration of an atmospheric underground tank or tank system.
  2. Pressure vessel:
    1. Shop built vessel.
    2. Field erected vessel.
  3. Special vessel:
    1. Shop built vessel.
    2. Field erected vessel.
  4. Spray booth or spray tunnel.
  5. Dip tank:
    1. Not more than 500 gallons capacity.
    2. More than 500 gallons capacity.
  6. Flow coat machine.
  7. Drying oven.
  8. Industrial oven or furnace not otherwise specified.
  9. Industrial proceeding equipment not otherwise specified.
  10. Fumigation chamber.
  11. Automatic fire extinguishing system other than automatic sprinkler system.
  12. Compressed or liquefied—gas manifold
  13. Install, alter or relocate fire hydrants on private property:
    1. For the first hydrant.
    2. For each additional hydrant.
  14. Central station signaling system.
  15. Dust collecting system.
  16. Dry cleaning equipment not otherwise specified.
  17. Drill oil well or redrill oil well.
  18. Asbestos abatement.
  19. Gas detection system

105.7.8.2 Additional Plan Check Time

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
When the length of time spent in plan checking with regard to a particular permit is such that the charge for hours spent, as computed in accordance with the cost recovery schedule established under Section 113.6.3, exceeds the schedule fee for issuing a permit for that category of activity, the charge as computed pursuant to Section 113.6.3 shall be paid to the Department before any permit is issued.

105.7.8.3 Altering

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Every application for a permit required by of Section 105.7.1.2 of this article adding to or altering any item set forth in Section 105.7.1.1 of this article shall be accompanied by a fee established by the procedure set forth in Section 113.6.3 of this chapter.

105.7.8.4 Additional Section Fees

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Every application for a permit required by Section 105.7.1.3, 105.7.1.4, 105.7.1.7, or 105.7.1.8 of this chapter shall be accompanied by a fee or fees established by the procedure set forth in Section 113.6.3 of this chapter for any of the following:
  1. Conduct any fireworks display:
    1. Ground displays only; fee per day or portion thereof.
    2. Aerial burst with mortars not over 6 inches (152 mm) in diameter; fee per day or portion thereof.
    3. Aerial burst with mortars over 6 inches in diameter; fee per day or portion thereof.
  2. Conduct any blasting operation; fee per 4-hour period or portion thereof.
  3. Conduct any exhibit, show, circus, or carnival; fee per day or portion thereof.
  4. Use any tent or membrane structure as a place of assemblage,
    1. 400 to 3,500 square feet (37 to 325 m2)
    2. 3,500 to 25,000 square feet (325 to 2323 m2)
    3. Over 25,000 square feet (2323 m2)
  5. Drill not more than six temporary geological exploratory core holes located within the perimeter of a circle having a radius of 1,000 yards (914.4 m) or less:
    1. Not over 1,500 feet (457 m) in depth nor over 5 inches (127 mm) in diameter; fee for each permit plus fee for each 4-hour period or fraction thereof;

      Such permit to be in effect for the duration of drilling operations and until core holes are abandoned in a manner approved by the Chief.
    2. Over 1,500 feet in depth or greater than 5 inches in diameter; fee for each 30 days of drilling operations, which shall include time for abandoning core hole in a manner approved by the Chief.
  6. Land any aircraft, including helicopters any place other than an approved airport or heliport.
  7. Transfer flammable gas, liquefied flammable gas, flammable liquids or combustible liquids in a manner not otherwise regulated by this article.
  8. Abandon any oil well.
  9. Abandon any underground tank:
    1. For the first tank.
    2. For each additional tank.
  10. Burn any hazardous refuse in an open outdoor fire.
  11. Temporarily store explosives in a manner not otherwise specifically revealed by this article.
  12. Operate or maintain a live theatrical production, other than a live production in a theater with a seating capacity of 99 persons or less.

105.7.8.5 Blasting Operation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Whenever any blasting operation is to be conducted in conjunction with the drilling of a temporary geological exploratory core hole, the permits shall be combined into a single permit. The fee for any such combined permit shall be either that specified in Item 2 or 5 of Section 105.7.8.4, whichever is greater.

105.7.8.6 Two or More Items of the Same Classification

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
When two or more items of the same classification are installed on the same premises by authority of the same permit, the inspection fee required by this section shall be computed on the basis of 100 percent of the fee required for the first item, plus 50 percent of the fee for each additional item. The inspection fee for such multiple installations shall be equal to the greatest fee required by this section for a single installation of any item thereon.

[A] 105.7.9 Gates and Barricades Across Fire Apparatus Access Roads

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.7.9 Emergency Inspections

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The Department may, at its discretion, make emergency inspections at other than normal working hours when requested to do so by the permittee. The Board, with the concurrence of the City Administrative Officer, shall determine from the cost of such inspection the fee therefor for every 4 hours or fraction thereof of inspection time pursuant to the provisions of Section 114 of this chapter. For the purpose of this section, normal working hours shall be construed to mean the hours between 8:00 a.m. and 5:00 p.m. of any day except Saturdays, Sundays, and legal holidays.

105.7.9.1 Inspections Not Deemed to Be Emergency Inspections

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Inspections of business operations that normally function after 5:00 p.m. and on Saturdays, Sundays, and legal holidays shall not be deemed to be emergency inspections and shall not be charged the fee specified by this Section.

[A] 105.7.10 Hazardous Materials

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.7.10 Blasting Permits—Insurance Required

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Every applicant for a blasting permit shall file with the Department evidence of general liability insurance having such dollar limits and coverage inclusions as the Department may from time to time require. All such insurance shall conform to the conditions stated on the City's General Liability Special Endorsement form and must be approved by the Office of the City Attorney, Insurance and Bonds Section, prior to the issuance of a permit.

[A] 105.7.11 Industrial Ovens

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.7.11 Bonds and In-Lieu Deposits for Oil Wells

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Each application for a permit for the drilling or redrilling of any oil well shall be accompanied by a bond or deposit in accordance with Section 105.3.8.9 of this article.

[A] 105.7.12 LP-gas

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

[A] 105.7.13 Private Fire Hydrants

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

[A] 105.7.14 Smoke Control or Smoke Exhaust Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

[A] 105.7.15 Solar Photovoltaic Power Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

[A] 105.7.16 Spraying or Dipping

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

[A] 105.7.17 Standpipe Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

[A] 105.7.18 Temporary Membrane Structures and Tents

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.7.19 Gas Detection Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.7.20 Plant Extraction Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

105.8 Authority to Issue, Suspend or Revoke Special Permits

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Whenever the Chief determines that for the safeguarding of life and property from fire, explosion, panic, or other hazardous conditions which may arise in temporary operations or occupancies which are not otherwise specified in this article, the Chief may require and issue a special permit stating the conditions for such operation or occupancy. The special permit may be made subject to such terms and conditions as are necessary for the preservation of life and property.

105.8.1 Power to Revoke

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The Chief shall have the power to revoke or suspend any special permit, at his discretion, upon proof to the satisfaction of the Chief of violation by the permittee of the provisions of this article, the rules and regulations of this Department adopted under the authority of Section 104.1.1, or the terms and conditions of any special permit as may be specified under the authority of this section. Such revocation or suspension may be made in accordance with the provisions of Chapter 1 of this article.

105.9 High-Rise Permit, General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
It is the intent of this section to establish an annual fee and permit process for inspection of high-rise buildings in the City of Los Angeles.

105.9.1 Definitions

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The following terms are defined in Chapter 2.

FLOOR AREA.

COMMON AREA.

PARTIALLY VACANT BUILDING.

105.9.2 Permit Required

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
No person or owner shall operate or maintain a new or existing high-rise building without having obtained an annually renewable permit pursuant to this section.

105.9.2.1 Applications for Permit

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
As to buildings constructed prior to January 1 of the year, including buildings constructed prior to the effective date of these regulations, application for permit shall be filed on or before January 1 following the date of construction or the effective date of these regulations. Renewal applications shall be filed on or before January of each year. In the event no application or renewal application is filed by January 1, the building will be deemed to be operating without a permit. The date of construction shall be the date of issuance of a temporary certificate of occupancy by the Department of Building and Safety. All applications for permit shall be filed with the Department, and shall be in writing on forms provided by the Department. The initial or renewal application for permit shall contain the following information:
  1. The name and address of the applicant.
  2. A description of the property by street and number, as well as the County Assessor map, book, page and parcel number.
  3. Name and address of the owner of the building.
  4. A statement signed by the applicant or the applicant's authorized representative stating that the applicant exercises charge and control over the operation and maintenance of the high-rise building and agrees to comply with all regulations, laws or ordinances pertaining thereto.
   The application for permit shall be accompanied by a signed statement by the owner that the owner understands he, she or it is responsible for the payment of the fee imposed by the Department pursuant to this chapter.

105.9.2.2 Investigation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The Fire Marshal shall investigate the application for initial or renewal permit through authorized members of the Department. The application may be approved subject to terms and conditions necessary to the safeguarding of life or property from hazards of fire, explosion or panic. Issuance of the initial permit will be based on inspections made pursuant to California Code of Regulations Title 19 during the previous year. Subsequent permit issuance will be based on inspections made during each following calendar year. The application may be denied or revoked by the Department if the building is unfit or incapable of being used, maintained or operated in compliance with this article, other applicable laws and rules and regulations of the Department.

105.9.2.3 Form

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Each permit shall be issued in accordance with the provisions of this chapter and shall set forth upon the face thereof the following:
  1. The name of the person to whom issued.
  2. The address where the premises are located and where the address is different from that of the applicant, the address designated by the applicant or his or her authorized agent for mailing purposes. The mailing address so appearing shall be the address to which all notices required or authorized by this article shall be sent unless the applicant or permittee shall request in writing that another address be used for such purposes.
  3. The signature of the Chief printed thereon.
  4. The date of expiration of the permit and the date upon which the annual permit fee shall be due and payable.

105.9.3 Authority to Revoke or Suspend

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Notwithstanding any other provision of this article to the contrary, the Chief shall have the power to revoke or suspend any permit upon proof to the satisfaction of the Chief of a violation by the permittee of the provisions of this article, the rules and regulations of this Department adopted under the authority of Section 104.1.1, applicable law or the terms and conditions of any permit. Such revocation or suspension shall be in accordance with the provisions of Section 105.5 of this article. Whenever any person fails to pay the permit fee as provided for in Section 105.9.4, prior to its becoming delinquent, the Chief, upon hearing, after giving such person 10 days notice in writing specifying the time and place of hearing and requiring the person to show cause why the permit shall not be revoked for such failure, may revoke or suspend the permit issued herein. Notice shall be served in the same manner as notices are served under Section 21.16 of the LAMC.

105.9.3.1 Operation After Revocation or Suspension

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
It shall be unlawful for any person to operate or maintain any high-rise building after the permit issued therefor has been suspended or revoked pursuant to the provisions of this chapter unless the permit has been reinstated or a new permit issued.

105.9.4 High-Rise Permit Fee

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The permit due dates, manner of determining cost, manner of approving schedule and manner of accessing fees shall comply with Sections 105.9.4.1 through 105.9.4.4.

105.9.4.1 Due Dates

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
  1. Initial payment. The permit fee shall initially be due, and shall accompany the filing of an initial permit application, on the 1st of January following the date of construction, as that term is defined in Section 105.9.2 of this code, or for buildings constructed prior to the effective date of these provisions, on the 1st of January following that effective date.
  2. Annual renewal. Annual renewal permit fees for existing permits shall become due and payable each year on the first day of January of the calendar year and shall be submitted with the renewal application.
  3. Delinquency. Fees, whether initial or renewal, which are not paid within 60 days after the due date shall be deemed delinquent and subject to a 50-percent penalty. However the Department shall waive the penalty, with the approval of the City Attorney, to the extent it exceeds any extra costs caused by said delinquency.

105.9.4.2 Manner of Determining Cost

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The cost of permits issued as required by Section 105.9 shall be determined as provided in Section 114.

105.9.4.3 Manner of Approval of Schedule

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The Board shall collect charges in accordance with new schedules approved as provided in Section 114.

105.9.4.4 Manner of Assessing Fees

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The cost recovery schedule adopted herein shall impose a charge per square foot for each square foot of floor area in each building inspected and the fee per building shall be the aggregate of such charges per square foot, subject to the following:
  1. No fee shall be charged for inspection of high rise buildings used primarily for residential purposes (Group R occupancies), except for hotels, dormitories, residential apartments, and condominiums.
  2. As to hotels, dormitories, residential apartments, and condominiums, the charge per square foot shall apply only to the common areas of the building.
  3. The charge per square foot of garage area in any building shall be less than the charge per square foot for the other areas of the building, as set forth in the schedule or charges.
  4. Where a high-rise building is connected to another building(s) by a permanent above-ground structure or structures designed to permit pedestrian and/or vehicular passage from one building to another, and the buildings so connected are under common ownership, the charge per square foot shall apply to each chargeable square foot of the buildings so connected, including the connecting structure or structures, even though one or more of the buildings so connected is not itself a high-rise building.
  5. Where there exists beneath a high-rise building a garage serving both that building and another building(s) all of which are under common ownership, and the garage provides an exit(s) through which any vehicle exiting the garage may pass, the charge per square foot shall apply to all buildings and to the garage for the purposes of computing the fee charged herein, even though one or more of the buildings served by the garage is not itself a high-rise building.
  6. A minimal charge per building shall be imposed irrespective of the area of said building, as set forth in the schedule.
  7. A partially vacant building as defined herein shall be subject to a minimum charge.

105.9.5 Noncompliance Charge

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
If any owner or operator of a high-rise building does not comply with notices to correct violations cited in the annual inspection, and more than one reinspection is necessary, a charge based on an inspector's hourly rate (2-hour minimum) for each subsequent reinspection shall be added to the annual inspection fee in the event such reinspection costs have not been charged and collected during the preceding calendar year.