Division I California Administration(Reserved)
Division II — Administration
Part 1 — General Provisions
The Los Angeles Fire Code adopts by reference portions of the 2016 California Fire Code (CFC) or the 2015 version of the International Fire Code.
- The hazard of fire and explosion arising from the storage, handling or use of structures, materials or devices.
- Conditions hazardous to life, property or public welfare in the occupancy of structures or premises.
- Fire hazards in the structure or on the premises from occupancy or operation.
- Matters related to the construction, extension, repair, alteration or removal of fire suppression or alarm systems.
- Conditions affecting the safety of fire fighters and emergency responders during emergency operations.
- Such other laws as it may be the duty of the fire department to enforce.
101.8.6 Presentation of Badge as a Memorial to Regular Fire Department Member Killed in the Line of Duty
- Cause a member's badge and number to be retired from active service and use.
- Cause the badge, or a similar badge, to be presented to the deceased member's surviving spouse, child, or person in the member's immediate family, as a memorial honoring the member.
The construction and design provisions of this code shall apply to:
- Structures, facilities and conditions arising after the adoption of this code.
- Existing structures, facilities and conditions not legally in existence at the time of adoption of this code.
- Existing structures, facilities and conditions where required in Chapter 11.
- Existing structures, facilities and conditions that, in the opinion of the fire code official, constitute a distinct hazard to life or property.
The administrative, operational and maintenance provisions of this code shall apply to:
- Conditions and operations arising after the adoption of this code.
- Existing conditions and operations.
Where structures are designed and constructed in accordance with the California Residential Code, the provisions of this code shall apply as follows:
- Construction and design provisions of this code pertaining to the exterior of the structure shall apply including, but not limited to, premises identification, fire apparatus access and water supplies. Where interior or exterior systems or devices are installed, construction permits required by Section 105.7 of this code shall apply.
- Administrative, operational and maintenance provisions of this code shall apply.
Part 2 — Administrative Provisions
- The Fire Marshal, who shall be the Chief Fire Prevention Engineer of the Bureau of Fire Prevention.
- Additional officers, assistants and employees as the City Council shall provide.
- The prevention of fires.
- The investigation of the cause, origin, and circumstances of fire or life safety hazards.
- The elimination of fire and life safety hazards in any building or structure, including those under construction, any premises, marine vessel, aircraft, vehicle, or the appurtenances and equipment thereof.
- The maintenance of fire protection equipment and systems.
- The regulation of storage, use, and handling of hazardous materials and hazardous substances.
- Enforcement of the basic building regulations of the State Fire Marshal as they apply to the City of Los Angeles in matters relating to fire, panic, and explosion safety.
- Every approval granted in accordance with the provisions of this subsection shall be valid for a period of three years after the date of granting and may be renewed for additional three-year periods.
- Applications for renewal of approvals shall be filed in the same manner as for an original approval.
- Each such application shall be accompanied by a renewal fee. Whenever the application for renewal is filed prior to the expiration date of the approval, the renewal fee shall be 50 percent of the current fee required for the first four hours. Whenever the application for renewal is filed after the expiration date of the approval, the renewal fee shall be as required for a new approval.
- The granting of a renewal of the approval shall be handled in the same manner as for an original approval.
- The appeal shall be made in writing to the Board of Fire Commissioners, upon appropriate forms provided by the Department, within 15 days of the date of service of the billing.
- An appeal processing fee of $50.00 shall be paid by the appellant prior to the Board processing the appeal and making a determination.
- Additional inspections may be required in order to determine compliance with the Fire/Life Safety Order for purposes of preparing a Department presentation to the Board, or designee, for determination on appeal. The fee for these inspections shall be the hourly Inspector's salary rate multiplied by the number of hours expended (2 hours minimum) in the reinspection process, and shall be paid by the appellant.
- In any appeal, the appellant making the request shall cause to be made, at the appellant's own expense, any tests required by the Board to substantiate the claims.
- The Board may hold any hearings it deems appropriate to consider the appeal. The Board of Fire Commissioners or its designee shall conduct the hearings.
- The Board shall determine whether to modify or rescind the fees, or to impose and require the owner to pay the fees. This determination shall be based on evidence in the record of any error on the part of the Fire Department or extreme hardship on the part of the property owner. This determination by the Board shall be final. (Added by Ord. No. 172,699, Eff. 8/15/99.) The fees and charges imposed pursuant to Section 104.12 of the LAMC may be collected on the County tax rolls.
There shall be five types of permits as follows:
- 1.1. A prescribed period.
- 1.2. Until renewed or revoked.
- Specific action or project permit. A specific action or project permit allows the applicant to use, install or modify systems and equipment or conduct an operation for which a permit is required by Section 105.7.
- Special permit. Section 105.8.
- High-rise inspection permit. Section 105.9.
- Unified program facility permit. Section 120.
- The name and address of the applicant.
- A description of the property by street and number wherein or whereon the applicant proposes to engage in the business, operation, or to occupy the premises for which the permit is required, and if the same has no street number, then such description as will enable it to be easily located.
- A statement signed by the applicant or the applicant's authorized representative signifying the applicant is in charge of such business, operation, occupation, or premises, and agrees to comply with all regulations, laws, or ordinances pertaining thereto.
- The Fire Marshal shall investigate application for a permit, and such investigation shall be made by authorized members of the Department.
- The Fire Marshal may require such additional information as may be necessary to carry out the investigation of the application for a permit.
- The Chief shall determine the allowable occupant load permitted for an assembly or institutional occupancy based upon the aisle and exit provisions of Chapter 10 of this article. The allowable occupant load shall not exceed the maximum occupant load designated in the Certificate of Occupancy issued by the Department of Building and Safety, or in the absence of such certificate, the maximum occupant load approved by the Chief.
- If, after investigation and consideration of any application, and any plans or specifications required in connection therewith, the Chief shall determine that the proposed business, operation, occupation or premises will not create any undue hazard as a result of fire or panic, and the applicant will comply with any requirements of this article and all other applicable laws, the Chief shall approve the application.
- The Chief's approval of the application may be made subject to terms and conditions necessary for the safeguarding of life and property from the hazards of fire, explosion or panic.
- On approval of the application by the Chief and the payment of the required fee the Office of Finance shall issue the permit.
- The name of the person to whom issued;
- The classification or type of business, operation, occupation, or premises for which such permit is issued;
- The address where the business, operation, occupation, or premises is located and where the address is different from that of the applicant, the address designated by the applicant or his or her authority agent for mailing purposes. The mailing address so appearing shall be the address to which all notices required or authorized in this article shall be sent unless the applicant or permittee shall request the Office of Finance, in writing, that another address be used for such purposes;
- The signature of the Chief printed thereon;
- The date of expiration of the permit, and the date upon which the annual permit fee shall be due and payable.
- Where the $50,000 blanket bond is filed, each additional oil well not described in said bond shall be covered hereunder by a rider, submitted in duplicate and attached thereto, specifically describing such additional property as the bond is to cover, said rider is to be executed by the principal and surety in the same manner as the bond is executed and shall be approved by the City Attorney as to form and content;
- The total aggregate liability under the blanket bond shall be limited to the sum of $50,000, provided however, that the maximum liability for any one oil well shall not exceed the sum of $10,000.
- The applicant or permittee shall deposit, and at all times maintain on deposit with the Treasurer of the City of Los Angeles, an amount in cash equivalent to the amount of the bond required by the provisions of this article;
- The applicant or permittee, concurrently with the making of said deposit, shall execute and deliver to the Office of Finance an agreement in writing, which shall be subject to the approval of the City Attorney as to form and content, confirming the deposit and agreeing to indemnify the City against any loss and damage arising out of the failure on the part of the applicant or permittee faithfully to comply with the provisions of this article;
- The City Treasurer shall have the custody of the cash deposited hereunder;
- The Chief shall determine the fact of a default by the applicant or permittee in the performance of all of the terms and conditions of this article and the amount of all charges, costs, and expenses incurred by the City, thereby provided for herein and shall order the payment thereof from the deposit. The Chief shall transmit his findings and order to the treasurer who shall make payment to the City for all charges, costs, and expenses incurred;
- The agreement of indemnity herein provided for may set forth such additional terms and conditions as the City Attorney finds necessary or convenient to carry out the purposes and intent of the LAMC.
Construction documents and supporting data shall be submitted in two or more sets with each application for a permit and in such form and detail as required by the fire code official. The construction documents shall be prepared by a registered design professional where required by the statutes of the jurisdiction in which the project is to be constructed.
Exception: The fire code official is authorized to waive the submission of construction documents and supporting data not required to be prepared by a registered design professional if it is found that the nature of the work applied for is such that review of construction documents is not necessary to obtain compliance with this code.
105.5 Revocation, Suspension, or Denial of Permits, Special Permits, General Approvals, and Certificates of Fitness
- When necessary for the protection of life and property; or
- Violation of any provision of this article or any rule or regulation adopted hereunder; or
- Violation of applicable law; or
- Violation of any of the terms or conditions of such permit, special permit, general approval, or Certificate of Fitness; or
- Changing the occupancy, equipment, materials, processes, or other conditions as permitted on a premises in such a manner as to create a greater risk of fire or explosion or less protection than was present at the time of issuance of such permit, special permit, general approval, or Certificate of Fitness; or
- Upon a finding by the Chief of any practice constituting a fraud upon the public; or
- Upon a finding by the Chief of evidence of inability, lack of necessary expertise, or willful or negligent failure to properly and safely perform the duties for which a Certificate of Fitness is granted; or
- Upon a finding by the Chief of evidence of a lack of cooperation with, or courtesy to, members of the public, the Department, or other agencies in the conduct of the activity for which the certificate was issued.
|1. Air-reactive materials||No exemption|
|2. Water-reactive materials||No exemption|
|3. Unstable materials||No exemption|
|4. Explosive materials
|5. Fireworks||No exemption|
|6. Smokeless powder||20 lbs.|
|7. Black sporting powder||5 lbs.|
|8. Small arms ammunition||1,000 lbs. (net weight)|
|9. Flammable gases||3,000 cu. ft.|
|10. Liquified flammable gases||60 gal.|
|11. Flammable liquids
|12. Combustible Liquids
|13. Combustible metals||500 lbs.|
|14. Flammable fibers
100 cu. ft.
1,000 cu. ft.
|15. Flammable solids||500 lbs.|
|16. Toxic materials
400 cu. ft.
|17. Oxidizing materials
504 cu. ft.
|18. Organic peroxides
Class I, II, III
|19. Corrosive materials
|20. Ammonium nitrate compound mixtures containing more than 60% nitrate weight||1,000 lbs.|
Also included are nursing or custodial care nursing homes This occupancy shall include nursing or custodial care nursing homes (both intermediate care facilities and skilled nursing facilities) on a 24-hour basis for more than six persons who are classified as nonambulatory or bedridden, and detoxification facilities.
Assisted living facilities, such as:
Residential care facilities
Residential care facilities for the elderly (RCFEs)
Adult residential facilities
Congregate living health facilities
Residential care facilities for the chronically I11
Congregate living health facilities for the terminally I11
Social rehabilitation facilities such as:
Community correctional centers
Community correction reentry centers
Community treatment programs
Work furlough programs
Alcoholism or drug abuse recovery or treatment facilities.
22.214.171.124 Equipment to Be Used in Connection With Hazardous Materials, Hazardous Waste, or Hazardous Plastics
- Atmospheric tank exceeding 60 gallons (227 L) capacity.
- Low pressure tank exceeding 60 gallons (227 L) water capacity.
- Pressure vessel exceeding 60 gallons (38 710 mm2) water capacity.
- Special vessel.
- Spray booth or spray tunnel with any dimension greater than 3 feet (914.4 mm).
- Dip tank more than 150 gallons (568 L) capacity or more than 5 square feet (38 710 mm2) of surface area.
- Flow coat machine.
- Drying oven.
- Industrial oven or furnace, not otherwise specified.
- Industrial proceeding equipment, not otherwise specified.
- Fumigation chamber.
- Automatic fire extinguishing system except automatic sprinkler system.
- Compressed or liquefied gas manifold (stationary).
- Dust collecting systems.
- Dry cleaning equipment, not otherwise specified.
- Drill or redrill any oil well.
- Asbestos abatement.
- Gas detection system.
- Fireworks display.
- Blasting operation.
- Exhibit, show, circus, or carnival on any parcel of land or premises other than those for which a permit is required by Sections 105.6.1 through 105.6.31 of this article. When such exhibit, show, circus, or carnival is conducted within a tent, the fees required by Section 105.7.8 through 126.96.36.199 of this article shall be deemed to include the use of such tent as a place of assemblage.
- Transfer flammable gas, liquefied flammable gas, flammable liquids or combustible liquids as provided for in the exception to Section 5706.5.4.6, or in any other manner not specifically regulated by this article.
- Abandon oil well or underground tank.
- Burn any hazardous refuse in an open outdoor fire.
- Temporarily store explosives in a manner not otherwise specifically regulated by this article.
- Atmospheric tank or low pressure tank:
- Shop built tank
- Field erected tank not more than 3,000 barrels.
- Field erected tank, more than 3,000 barrels.
- Pressure vessel:
- Special vessel:
- Spray booth or spray tunnel.
- Not more than 500 gallons capacity.
- More than 500 gallons capacity.
- Flow coat machine.
- Drying oven.
- Industrial oven or furnace not otherwise specified.
- Industrial proceeding equipment not otherwise specified.
- Fumigation chamber.
- Automatic fire extinguishing system other than automatic sprinkler system.
- Compressed or liquefied—gas manifold
- Install, alter or relocate fire hydrants on private
- For the first hydrant.
- For each additional hydrant.
- Central station signaling system.
- Dust collecting system.
- Dry cleaning equipment not otherwise specified.
- Drill oil well or redrill oil well.
- Asbestos abatement.
- Gas detection system
- Conduct any fireworks display:
- Ground displays only; fee per day or portion thereof.
- Aerial burst with mortars not over 6 inches (152 mm) in diameter; fee per day or portion thereof.
- Aerial burst with mortars over 6 inches in diameter; fee per day or portion thereof.
- Conduct any blasting operation; fee per 4-hour period or portion thereof.
- Conduct any exhibit, show, circus, or carnival; fee per day or portion thereof.
- Use any tent or membrane structure as a place of
- 400 to 3,500 square feet (37 to 325 m2)
- 3,500 to 25,000 square feet (325 to 2323 m2)
- Over 25,000 square feet (2323 m2)
- Drill not more than six temporary geological
exploratory core holes located within the perimeter
of a circle having a radius of 1,000 yards
(914.4 m) or less:
- Not over 1,500 feet (457 m) in depth nor over
5 inches (127 mm) in diameter; fee for each
permit plus fee for each 4-hour period or fraction
- Over 1,500 feet in depth or greater than 5 inches in diameter; fee for each 30 days of drilling operations, which shall include time for abandoning core hole in a manner approved by the Chief.
- Not over 1,500 feet (457 m) in depth nor over 5 inches (127 mm) in diameter; fee for each permit plus fee for each 4-hour period or fraction thereof;
- Land any aircraft, including helicopters any place other than an approved airport or heliport.
- Transfer flammable gas, liquefied flammable gas, flammable liquids or combustible liquids in a manner not otherwise regulated by this article.
- Abandon any oil well.
- Abandon any underground tank:
- Burn any hazardous refuse in an open outdoor fire.
- Temporarily store explosives in a manner not otherwise specifically revealed by this article.
- Operate or maintain a live theatrical production, other than a live production in a theater with a seating capacity of 99 persons or less.
- The name and address of the applicant.
- A description of the property by street and number, as well as the County Assessor map, book, page and parcel number.
- Name and address of the owner of the building.
- A statement signed by the applicant or the applicant's authorized representative stating that the applicant exercises charge and control over the operation and maintenance of the high-rise building and agrees to comply with all regulations, laws or ordinances pertaining thereto.
- The name of the person to whom issued.
- The address where the premises are located and where the address is different from that of the applicant, the address designated by the applicant or his or her authorized agent for mailing purposes. The mailing address so appearing shall be the address to which all notices required or authorized by this article shall be sent unless the applicant or permittee shall request in writing that another address be used for such purposes.
- The signature of the Chief printed thereon.
- The date of expiration of the permit and the date upon which the annual permit fee shall be due and payable.
- Initial payment. The permit fee shall initially be due, and shall accompany the filing of an initial permit application, on the 1st of January following the date of construction, as that term is defined in Section 105.9.2 of this code, or for buildings constructed prior to the effective date of these provisions, on the 1st of January following that effective date.
- Annual renewal. Annual renewal permit fees for existing permits shall become due and payable each year on the first day of January of the calendar year and shall be submitted with the renewal application.
- Delinquency. Fees, whether initial or renewal, which are not paid within 60 days after the due date shall be deemed delinquent and subject to a 50-percent penalty. However the Department shall waive the penalty, with the approval of the City Attorney, to the extent it exceeds any extra costs caused by said delinquency.
- No fee shall be charged for inspection of high rise buildings used primarily for residential purposes (Group R occupancies), except for hotels, dormitories, residential apartments, and condominiums.
- As to hotels, dormitories, residential apartments, and condominiums, the charge per square foot shall apply only to the common areas of the building.
- The charge per square foot of garage area in any building shall be less than the charge per square foot for the other areas of the building, as set forth in the schedule or charges.
- Where a high-rise building is connected to another building(s) by a permanent above-ground structure or structures designed to permit pedestrian and/or vehicular passage from one building to another, and the buildings so connected are under common ownership, the charge per square foot shall apply to each chargeable square foot of the buildings so connected, including the connecting structure or structures, even though one or more of the buildings so connected is not itself a high-rise building.
- Where there exists beneath a high-rise building a garage serving both that building and another building(s) all of which are under common ownership, and the garage provides an exit(s) through which any vehicle exiting the garage may pass, the charge per square foot shall apply to all buildings and to the garage for the purposes of computing the fee charged herein, even though one or more of the buildings served by the garage is not itself a high-rise building.
- A minimal charge per building shall be imposed irrespective of the area of said building, as set forth in the schedule.
- A partially vacant building as defined herein shall be subject to a minimum charge.