Heads up: There are no suggested sections in this chapter.
Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.
CALIFORNIA BUILDING CODE — MATRIX ADOPTION TABLE
CHAPTER 17 — SPECIAL INSPECTIONS AND TESTS
(Matrix Adoption Tables are non-regulatory, intended only as an aid to the user.
See Chapter 1 for state agency authority and building applications.)
Adopting agency BSC BSC-CG SFM HCD DSA OSHPD BSCC DPH AGR DWR CEC CA SL SLC
1 2 1/AC AC SS SS/CC 1 2 3 4
Adopt entire chapter
Adopt entire chapter as amended (amended sections listed below) X X X X
Adopt only those sections that are listed below
Chapter / Section
1703.4 X
1704.2, Exception 5 X X X
1704.2.3 X
1705.5.3 X
1705.13.3.1 X
1707.1 X X X
The state agency does not adopt sections identified with the following symbol:
The Office of the State Fire Marshal's adoption of this chapter or individual sections is applicable to structures regulated by other state agencies pursuant to Section 1.11.


User note: Code change proposals to sections preceded by the designation [BF] will be considered by the IBC — Fire Safety Code Development Committee during the 2015 (Group A) Code Development Cycle. Sections preceded by the designation [F] will be considered by the International Fire Code Development Committee during the 2016 (Group B) Code Development Cycle. All other code change proposals will be considered by the IBC — Structural Code Development Committee during the Group B cycle. See explanation on page ix.

The provisions of this chapter shall govern the quality, workmanship and requirements for materials covered. Materials of construction and tests shall conform to the applicable standards listed in this code.
New building materials, equipment, appliances, systems or methods of construction not provided for in this code, and any material of questioned suitability proposed for use in the construction of a building or structure, shall be subjected to the tests prescribed in this chapter and in the approved rules to determine character, quality and limitations of use.

1702.1 Reserved

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1703.1 Approved Agency

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An approved agency shall provide all information as necessary for the building official to determine that the agency meets the applicable requirements specified in Sections 1703.1.1 through 1703.1.3.Pursuant to LAMC Section 98.0503, a testing agency shall provide all information required by the Superintendent of Building to determine whether the agency shall become an approved testing agency.

1703.1.1 Independence

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An approved agency shall be objective, competent and independent from the contractor responsible for the work being inspected. The agency shall also disclose to the building officialSuperintendent of Building and the registered design professional in responsible charge possible conflicts of interest so that objectivity can be confirmed.
An approved agency shall have adequate equipment to perform required tests. The equipment shall be periodically calibrated.
An approved agency shall employ experienced personnel educated in conducting, supervising and evaluating tests and special inspections.

1703.2 Written Approval

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Any new material, appliance, equipment, system or method of construction meeting the requirements of this code shall be approved in writing after satisfactory completion of the required tests and submission of required test reports pursuant to LAMC Sections 98.0501 and 98.0502.

1703.3 Approved Record of Approval

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
For any material, appliance, equipment, system or method of construction that has been approved, a record of suchthat approval, including the conditions and limitations of the approval, shall be kept on file in the building official's office and shall be available for public reviewDepartment and shall be open to public inspection at appropriate times.

1703.4 Performance

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Specific information consisting of test reports conducted by an approved testing agency in accordance with the appropriate referenced standards, or other suchstandards referenced in Division 35, Article 1, Chapter IX of the LAMC, or other information as necessary, shall be provided for the building officialSuperintendent of Building to determine that the product, material or assemblymaterial meets the applicable code requirements, including LAMC Sections 98.0501 and 98.0502.

[OSHPD 2] Tests performed by an independent approved testing agency/laboratory having accreditation to the International Standards Organization (ISO) accreditation Standard 17025 or under the responsible charge of a competent approved independent Registered Design Professional shall be deemed to comply with requirements of this section. Test reports for structural tests shall be reviewed and accepted by an independent California licensed structural engineer.

1703.4.1 Research and Investigation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Sufficient technical data shall be submitted to the building officialSuperintendent of Building to substantiate the proposed use of any product, material or assembly. If it is determined that the evidence submitted is satisfactory proof of performance for the use intended, the building officialSuperintendent of Building shall approve the use of the product, material or assembly subject to the requirements of this code. The costs, reports and investigations required under these provisions shall be paid by the owner or the owner's authorized agentpermit applicant as required by LAMC Sections 98.0501, 98.0502 and 98.0503.

1703.4.2 Research Reports

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Supporting data, where necessary to assist in the approval of products, materials or assemblies not specifically provided for in this code, shall consist of valid research reports from approved sources as required in LAMC Sections 98.0501 and 98.0502.
Products, materials or assemblies required to be labeled shall be labeled in accordance with the procedures set forth in Sections 1703.5.1 through 1703.5.4.
An approved agency shall test a representative sample of the product, material or assembly being labeled to the relevant standard or standards. The approved agency shall maintain a record of the tests performed. The record shall provide sufficient detail to verify compliance with the test standard.
The approved agency shall periodically perform an inspection, which shall be in-plant if necessary, of the product or material that is to be labeled. The inspection shall verify that the labeled product, material or assembly is representative of the product, material or assembly tested.
The label shall contain the manufacturer's identification, model number, serial number or definitive information describing the performance characteristics of the product, material or assembly and the approved agency's identification.
Information required to be permanently identified on the product, material or assembly shall be acid etched, sand blasted, ceramic fired, laser etched, embossed or of a type that, once applied, cannot be removed without being destroyed.

1703.6 Evaluation and Follow-Up Inspection Services

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where structural components or other items regulated by this code are not visible for inspection after completion of a prefabricated assembly, the owner or the owner's authorized agentapplicant shall submit a report of each prefabricated assembly. The report shall indicate the complete details of the assembly, including a description of the assembly and its components, the basis upon which the assembly is being evaluated, test results and similar information and other data as necessary for the building officialSuperintendent of Building to determine conformance to this code. Such a report shall be approved by the building officialSuperintendent of Building.

1703.6.1 Follow-Up Inspection

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The owner or the owner's authorized agentapplicant shall provide for special inspections of fabricated items in accordance with CBC Section 1704.2.5.

1703.6.2 Test and Inspection Records

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Copies of necessary test and special inspection records shall be filed with the building officialSuperintendent of Building.

Section 1704 Special Inspections and Tests, Contractor Responsibility and Structural Observation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1704.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Special inspections and tests, statements of special inspections, responsibilities of contractors, submittals to the building official and structural observations shall meet the applicable requirements of this section.

1704.1 Certified Licensed Contractors

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1704.1.1 Registration

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Application for registration as a certified licensed contractor shall be made to the Superintendent of Building on a form furnished by the Department and a separate application shall be made for each type of registration desired. Before the application can be accepted, the applicant must furnish proof satisfactory to the Department that the applicant holds a valid active California State Contractor's License in the same specialty as the certification requested.

1704.1.2 Application

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
  1. Form. Application for a Certificate of Registration shall be made on a form furnished by the Department.
  2. Information Necessary. The application shall bear the name and address of the applicant and, if the applicant is employed by a firm, partnership or corporation, the names of the principal officers should also be included. The application shall carry other information deemed necessary by the Department.
  3. Verification. The applicant shall declare that the information contained in the application is true and correct.
  4. Fee. The application shall be accompanied by an examination fee of $188.

1704.1.3 Examination

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
  1. Examination Required. Before issuance of a Certificate of Registration, the applicant shall have successfully passed the examination required for the issuance of the Certificate of Registration within ninety (90) days preceding the date of the issuance. To be eligible for the examination for a Certificate of Registration, the applicant shall have a valid California State Contractor's License in an appropriate specialty and a valid City Business Tax Certificate.
  2. Board of Examiners. The Superintendent of Building and/or Board of Examiners composed of three qualified persons appointed by the Superintendent of Building shall conduct examinations. The results of every examination shall be subject to the approval of the Superintendent of Building. Each examiner shall serve at the pleasure of the Superintendent of Building and shall serve for a period of one year unless re-appointed by the Superintendent of Building.
  3. Scope of Examination. The examination shall, in the judgment of the Superintendent of Building, fairly determine the ability of the applicant to perform properly the work, which he or she would be authorized to do by the Certificate of Registration requested, and may include the following:
    1. A written test.
    2. Practical tests as may be required.
    3. An oral interview as may be required.
    4. Other tests as may be required by the Board of Examiners.
  4. Time of Examination. The applicant shall be examined as soon as practicable after filing an application.
  5. Rules and Regulations. The Department shall have the authority to establish rules and regulations for the conduct of examinations.
  6. Fitness of Applicant. Any applicant may be required to submit satisfactory proof of his or her fitness to carry out the intent of this Code.
  7. Failure to Pass. An applicant who fails to pass an examination shall not be eligible for another examination until four (4) weeks after taking the previous examination.

1704.1.4 Issuance of Certificates

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
  1. The Superintendent of Building shall issue separate Certificates of Registration for each of the following categories:
    1. FAU/AC units; evaporative coolers.
    2. Domestic water piping/plumbing fixtures/hot water heaters/solar panels.
    3. Reroofing and roof repair.
    4. Electrical equipment/fixtures/smoke detectors.
    5. Masonry and concrete fences.
    6. Masonry chimney repairs.
    7. Shower pan replacement.
    Nothing here prohibits any person from being qualified for more than one type of certification, provided the person files an application, pays the required fees, takes the required examinations and is duly qualified by the Superintendent of Building for each type of certification.
  2. Upon payment of a $45 fee, the Department may issue a Certificate of Registration to every applicant who passes the required examination for a Certified Licensed Contractor.
  3. Each Certificate of Registration shall expire twelve (12) months from the date of issuance.
  4. The Superintendent of Building shall keep on file a list, open to public inspection, of the names of all registered certified licensed contractors, showing the type of work each has been authorized to inspect.
  5. Renewal of Certificates. Expired Certificates of Registration may be renewed at any time within thirty (30) days following the date of expiration. After a Certificate of Registration has been expired for thirty (30) days, it may not be renewed; rather, a new application for a new certificate must be submitted at that time.

1704.1.5 Exhibition of Certificate

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
  1. Every person having a fixed place of business shall keep his or her Certificate of Registration posted in some conspicuous location at his or her place of business during the time the certificate is in force.
  2. Every person not having a fixed place of business shall carry his or her Certificate of Registration with him or her at all times while doing any inspections or other work pursuant to this certificate.

1704.1.6 Revocation of Certificate

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The Superintendent of Building may revoke, suspend or refuse to renew any Certificate of Registration upon a showing of incompetence, willful or negligent failure to observe or report violations of this Code, or failure to maintain a valid active California State Contractor's License in the same specialty as the certification. Prior to any action, the holder shall be given an opportunity to appear before the Superintendent of Building and be heard.

Suspension or revocation of any Certificate of Registration issued under this Section shall be in accordance with the provisions of Article 8, Chapter IX of the LAMC.

1704.2 Special Inspections and Tests

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where application is made to the building official for construction as specified in Sections 105 or 1.8.4, as applicable, the owner or the owner's authorized agent, other than the contractor, shall employ one or more approved agencies to provide special inspections and tests during construction on the types of work specified in Section 1705 and identify the approved agencies to the building official. These special inspections and tests are in addition to the inspections by the building official that are identified in Section 110.

[OSHPD 2] An inspection agency having accreditation to the International Standards Organization (ISO) accreditation Standard 17020 shall be deemed to comply with the requirements for an approved inspection agency.
Where application is made for construction as described in this section, the owner or the registered design professional in responsible charge acting as the owner's agent shall employ one or more Registered Deputy Inspectors to perform inspections during construction on the types of work listed under CBC Section 1705. The Registered Deputy Inspector shall be a qualified person as set forth in LAMC Subdivision 91.1704.2.1 and shall demonstrate competence to the satisfaction of the Superintendent of Building for inspection of the particular type of construction or operation requiring special inspection. The Registered Deputy Inspector shall be approved by and shall be responsible to the registered design professional in charge of the design of the structure.

The special inspections shall be in addition to the inspections made by the employees of the Department as set forth in LAMC Section 91.108.

All special inspections shall be made by a Registered Deputy Inspector. Whenever the term "Special Inspector" is used in this Code, it shall mean "Registered Deputy Inspector" as described in LAMC Subdivision 91.1704.2.1.
Exceptions:
  1. Special inspections and tests are not required for construction of a minor nature or as warranted by conditions in the jurisdiction as approved by the building official Superintendent of Building.
  2. Unless otherwise required by the building officialSuperintendent of Building, special inspections and tests are not required for Group U occupancies that are accessory to a residential occupancy including, but not limited to, those listed in CBC Section 312.1.
  3. Special inspections and tests are not required for portions of structures designed and constructed in accordance with the cold-formed steel light-frame construction provisions of CBC Section 2211.7 or the conventional light-frame construction provisions of CBC Section 2308. [OSHPD 2] Not permitted by OSHPD.
  4. The contractor is permitted to employ the approved agencies where the contractor is also the owner.
  5. [HCD 1] The provisions of Health and Safety Code Division 13, Part 6 and the California Code of Regulations, Title 25, Division 1, Chapter 3, commencing with Section 3000, shall apply to the construction and inspection of factory-built housing as defined in Health and Safety Code Section 19971.

1704.2.1 Special Registered Deputy Inspector Qualifications

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Prior to the start of the construction, the approved agencies shall provide written documentation to the building official demonstrating the competence and relevant experience or training of the special inspectors who will perform the special inspections and tests during construction. Experience or training shall be considered relevant where the documented experience or training is related in complexity to the same type of special inspection or testing activities for projects of similar complexity and material qualities. These qualifications are in addition to qualifications specified in other sections of this code. An applicant for Deputy Inspector shall provide written documentation to the Superintendent of Building demonstrating his or her competence and relevant experience or training. Experience or training shall be considered relevant when the documented experience or training is related in complexity to the same type of special inspection activities for projects of similar complexity and material qualities. These qualifications are in addition to qualifications specified in other sections of this Code.

Application for registration as a Registered Deputy Inspector shall be made to the Superintendent of Building on a form furnished by the Department. A separate application shall be made for each type of registration desired. Registration is available for the following types of inspections: Reinforced Concrete (RC), Structural Masonry (SM), Structural Steel/Welding (SSW), Grading (GD), Sprayed Fire resistant Materials (SFRM), Methane Barrier (MB) and Wood (WD).

A committee appointed by the Superintendent of Building shall examine each applicant as to his or her experience and training for performing the duties of an inspector of the type for which application has been made. Additionally, the applicant will be examined on the applicant's knowledge of the LAMC and Registered Deputy Inspector duties, responsibilities and procedures. When satisfied as to the fitness of the applicant, the Superintendent of Building shall issue a Certificate of Registration. Upon application for renewal of a Certificate of Registration, the applicant shall be re-examined to ascertain the applicant's fitness to perform the duties of inspector of the type for which application has been made.

Exception: If the Department determines that the initial examination (which includes general knowledge, code requirements and plan comprehension) for the special inspector program under the International Code Council (ICC) is equivalent to the above-described initial or renewal examination, then the Department may accept the results of the ICC examination in lieu of the Department's examination in that category; however, the Department will be examining the applicant's knowledge of the LAMC and Registered Deputy Inspector duties, responsibilities and procedures.

The Superintendent of Building shall issue a separate Certificate of Registration for each type of registration requiring special inspection in accordance with LAMC Sections 91.1704 and 91.1707 and as determined by the Superintendent of Building for any construction requiring either continuous or periodic special inspection.

Nothing here shall be deemed to prohibit any one person from being qualified for more than one type of special inspection, provided he or she applies, pays the required fees, takes the required examinations and is duly qualified by the Superintendent of Building for each type.

Each Certificate of Registration shall expire three (3) years from the date of issuance, but may be renewed by the Superintendent of Building within a grace period of thirty (30) days thereafter.

The Department shall maintain a list of the names of all Registered Deputy Inspectors, showing the type of work each has been authorized to inspect. This list shall be available to the public.

Upon evidence satisfactory to the Superintendent of Building of incompetence, of willful or negligent failure to observe or report violations of this Code, or of any other failure to perform properly and effectively the duties assumed by a Registered Deputy Inspector, the Superintendent of Building may revoke, suspend or refuse to renew any Certificate of Registration. But, prior to that action, the holder shall be given an opportunity to appear before the Superintendent of Building and be heard.

Except where there is a City employee inspecting buildings or structures being erected or repaired by the City, no Registered Deputy Inspector shall receive any compensation from the City. A Registered Deputy Inspector shall undertake and perform the duties of inspection solely on the request of the owner or the owner's agent. The designation shall be deemed to indicate that the duties incident to the inspection are within the course and scope of the Registered Deputy Inspector's employment by the owner or agent, and except where the Registered Deputy Inspector is in fact an employee of the City, the Registered Deputy Inspector shall not be deemed an employee of the City, a contractor, a subcontractor or a material vendor for any purpose.


The registered design professional in responsible charge and engineers of record involved in the design of the project are permitted to act as the approved agencysupervising agency and their personnel are permitted to act as special inspectorsthe deputy inspector for the work designed by them, provided they qualify as specialRegistered Deputy inspectors.

1704.2.1.1 Duties and Responsibilities of the Registered Deputy Inspector

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
  1. The Registered Deputy Inspector employed on any work must be present during the execution of all the work the Registered Deputy Inspector has undertaken to inspect. The Registered Deputy Inspector shall notify the Department of the commencement of inspection of a job and shall specify the type of inspection for which the Registered Deputy Inspector has been engaged. This notification shall be made no later than the last working day preceding the commencement of inspection. The Registered Deputy Inspector shall report to the job sufficiently in advance of construction to review the plans and to inspect all materials to be used or concealed within the work, shall inspect the construction, erection, placing or other use of the materials, and shall observe whether there is compliance with the Code as to all of the foregoing. During the execution of the work, the Registered Deputy Inspector shall not undertake or engage in any other task or occupation that will interfere with the proper performance of his or her duties relating to the inspections. The Registered Deputy Inspector shall report, as directed, to the Superintendent of Building, noting all violations of this Code that have occurred and any other information as may be required. At the conclusion of the Registered Deputy Inspector's duties on any project, which has been completed in accordance with this Code, the Registered Deputy Inspector shall submit a report to the Department setting forth the portion of the work inspected. The report shall be made on forms supplied by the Department and shall be filed with the Department.
  2. Nothing here shall be deemed to authorize any Registered Deputy Inspector to approve any inspection required by this Code, other than the special inspection for which the Registered Deputy Inspector was hired and is of the type for which the Registered Deputy Inspector is registered.
  3. Where, in the opinion of the Department, the magnitude or complexity of a job warrants it, additional Registered Deputy Inspectors may be required.
  4. Where, in the opinion of the Department, the Registered Deputy Inspector is negligent in the performance of the Deputy Inspector's duties, the job shall be stopped.
  5. Nothing herein shall be deemed to authorize any Registered Deputy Inspector to approve the pouring of concrete, the placement of masonry, structural steel or fill prior to the approval of the regular building inspector.

1704.2.1.2 Fees for Registered Deputy Inspector

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
  1. New Application. Before accepting any application for registration as a Registered Deputy Inspector, the Department shall collect a new examination fee of $528. A separate application shall be submitted and a separate examination fee shall be collected for each additional type of registration desired. When the applicant passes the examination(s), a Certificate(s) of Registration for each type of examination passed shall be issued. If the applicant fails to pass an examination, the applicant may reapply and again pay the examination fees. No refund(s) will be given to the applicant after the Department has administered the examination(s).
  2. Renewal Application. Before renewing a Certificate of Registration as a Registered Deputy Inspector, the Department shall collect a renewal Registration and examination fee in the amount of $482. A separate application shall be submitted and a separate examination fee shall be collected for each additional type of renewal registration desired. When the applicant passes the examination(s), a Certificate(s) of Registration for each type of examination passed shall be issued. If the applicant fails to pass the examination(s), the applicant may reapply; however, the applicant must again pay the renewal Registration and examination fees before the Department can issue the Certificate of Registration(s). No refund(s) will be given to applicant after the Department has administered the examination.
  3. International Code Council (ICC) Certification(s). International Code Council (ICC) Certification(s) is required prior to taking the Department's new or renewal examination(s). In addition to ICC's certification, the Department's examination will be required for each type of registration and fees collected as specified in this Section.

    Exceptions:

    If the ICC does not have an examination for a Department registration, the applicant will be required to take the Department examination only.

    The ICC Certification may not be required when the Department registration is utilized by the Department of Public Works for City business only.

1704.2.1.3 Failure to Pass Examination for Registered Deputy Inspector

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Every applicant who fails to pass a new or renewal examination(s) shall not be eligible for re-examination until 30 days after taking the previous examination.
The construction or work for which special inspection or testing is required shall remain accessible and exposed for special inspection or testing purposes until completion of the required special inspections or tests.

1704.2.3 Statement of Special Inspections

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The permit applicant shall submit a statement of special inspections in accordance with Section 107.1, Chapter 1, Division II, as a condition for permit issuance. This statement shall be in accordance with Section 1704.3. LAMC Subdivision 91.1704.2.3. The statement of special inspections shall be prepared by the registered design professional in responsible charge as a condition for permit issuance. This statement shall be in accordance with LAMC Subsection 91.1704.3 et seq.
Exceptions:
  1. A statement of special inspections is not required for portions of structures designed and constructed in accordance with the cold-formed steel light-frame construction provisions of CBC Section 2211.7 or the conventional light-frame construction provisions of LAMC Section 230891.2308.
  2. The statement of special inspections is permitted to be prepared by a qualified person approved by the Superintendent of Building for construction, not prepared by a registered design professional.

1704.2.4 Report Requirement

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Approved agencies shall keep records of special inspections and tests. The approved agency shall submit reports of special inspections and tests to the building official and to the registered design professional in responsible charge. Reports shall indicate that work inspected or tested was or was not completed in conformance to approved construction documents. Discrepancies shall be brought to the immediate attention of the contractor for correction. If they are not corrected, the discrepancies shall be brought to the attention of the building official and to the registered design professional in responsible charge prior to the completion of that phase of the work. A final report documenting required special inspections and tests, and correction of any discrepancies noted in the inspections or tests, shall be submitted at a point in time agreed upon prior to the start of work by the owner or the owner's authorized agent to the building official. In addition to all the requirements of LAMC Section 91.1704, Registered Deputy Inspectors shall keep records of inspections. The Registered Deputy Inspector shall furnish inspection reports to the Superintendent of Building, and to the registered design professional in responsible charge. Reports shall indicate that work inspected was or was not completed in conformance to approved construction documents. Discrepancies shall be brought to the immediate attention of the contractor for correction. If they are not corrected, the discrepancies shall be brought to the attention of the Superintendent of Building and to the registered design professional in responsible charge prior to the completion of that phase of the work. A final report documenting required special inspections and correction of any discrepancies noted in the inspections shall be submitted at a point in time agreed upon prior to the start of work by the permit applicant and the Superintendent of Building prior to the start of work.

1704.2.5 Special Inspection of Fabricated Items

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where fabrication of structural, load-bearing or lateral load-resisting members or assemblies is being conducted on the premises of a fabricator'sfabricators shop, specialdeputy inspections of the fabricated items shall be performed during fabrication when approved by the Superintendent of Building.
Exception:
  1. Special inspections during fabrication are not required where the fabricator maintains approved detailed fabrication and quality control procedures that provide a basis for control of the workmanship and the fabricator's ability to conform to approved construction documents and this code. Approval shall be based upon review of fabrication and quality control procedures and periodic inspection of fabrication practices by the building official.
  2. Special inspections are not required where the fabricator is registered and approved in accordance with Section 1704.2.5.1.

1704.2.5.1 Fabrication and Implementation Procedures

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The Registered Deputy Inspector shall verify that the fabricator maintains detailed fabrication and quality control procedures that provide a basis for inspection control of the workmanship and the fabricator's ability to conform to approved construction documents and referenced standards. The Registered Deputy Inspector shall review the procedures for completeness and adequacy relative to the Code requirements for the fabricator's scope of work.
Exception: Special inspections as required by CBC Section 1704.2.5 shall not be required where the fabricator is approved in accordance with LAMC Paragraph 91.1704.2.5.2.

1704.2.5.1 1704.2.5.2 Fabricator Approval

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Special inspections during fabrication are not required where the work is done on the premises of a fabricator registered and approved to perform such work without special inspection. Approval shall be based upon review of the fabricator's written procedural and quality control manuals and periodic auditing of fabrication practices by an approved agency. At completion of fabrication, the approved fabricator shall submit a certificate of compliance to the owner or the owner's authorized agent for submittal to the building official as specified in Section 1704.5 stating that the work was performed in accordance with the approved construction documents. Pursuant to LAMC Section 96.200 et seq., special inspections required by LAMC Section 91.1705 are not required where the work is done on the premises of a fabricator registered and approved to perform such work without special inspection. The Department shall base approval upon review of the fabricator's written procedural and quality control manuals and periodic auditing of fabrication practices. At completion of fabrication, the approved fabricator shall submit a certificate of compliance to the Superintendent of Building stating that the work was performed in accordance with the approved construction documents.

1704.3 Statement of Special Inspections

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where special inspections or tests areinspection or testing is required by LAMC Section 91.1705, the registered design professional in responsible charge shall prepare a statement of special inspections in accordance with Section 1704.3.1LAMC Subdivision 91.1704.3.1 for submittal by the applicant in accordance with Section 1704.2.3LAMC Subdivision 91.1704.2.3.
Exception: The statement of special inspections is permitted to be prepared by a qualified person approved by the building officialSuperintendent of Building for construction not designed by a registered design professional.

1704.3.1 Content of Statement of Special Inspections

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The statement of special inspections shall identify the following:
  1. The materials, systems, components and work required to have special inspections or tests by the building officialinspection or testing by the Superintendent of Building or by the registered design professional responsible for each portion of the work.
  2. The type and extent of each special inspection.
  3. The type and extent of each test.
  4. Additional requirements for special inspections or testsinspection or testing for seismic or wind resistance as specified in Sections 1705.11, 1705.12 and 1705.13CBC Sections 1705.10, 1705.11 and 1705.12.
  5. For each type of special inspection, identification as to whether it will be continuous special inspection, or periodic special inspection or performed in accordance with the notation used in the referenced standard where the inspections are defined.
Where Section 1705.11 specifies special inspection for wind resistance, the statement of special inspections shall identify the main windforce-resisting systems and wind-resisting components that are subject to special inspections.

1704.4 Contractor Responsibility

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Each contractor responsible for the construction of a main wind- or seismic force-resisting system, designated seismic system or a wind- or seismic force-resisting component listed in the statement of special inspections shall submit a written statement of responsibility to the building officialSuperintendent of Building and the owner or the owner's authorized agent prior to the commencement of work on the system or component. The contractor's statement of responsibility shall contain acknowledgement of awareness of the special requirements contained in the statement of special inspections.

In addition to the submittal of reports of special inspections and tests in accordance with Section 1704.2.4, reports and certificates shall be submitted by the owner or the owner's authorized agent to the building official for each of the following:

  1. Certificates of compliance for the fabrication of structural, load-bearing or lateral load-resisting members or assemblies on the premises of a registered and approved fabricator in accordance with Section 1704.2.5.1.
  2. Certificates of compliance for the seismic qualification of nonstructural components, supports and attachments in accordance with Section 1705.13.2.
  3. Certificates of compliance for designated seismic systems in accordance with Section 1705.13.3.
  4. Reports of preconstruction tests for shotcrete in accordance with Section 1908.5.
  5. Certificates of compliance for open web steel joists and joist girders in accordance with Section 2207.5.
  6. Reports of material properties verifying compliance with the requirements of AWS D1.4 for weldability as specified in Section 26.6.4 of ACI 318 for reinforcing bars in concrete complying with a standard other than ASTM A706 that are to be welded; and
  7. Reports of mill tests in accordance with Section 20.2.2.5 of ACI 318 for reinforcing bars complying with ASTM A615 and used to resist earthquake-induced flexural or axial forces in the special moment frames, special structural walls or coupling beams connecting special structural walls of seismic force-resisting systems in structures assigned to Seismic Design Category B, C, D, E or F.

1704.6 Structural Observations

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

Where required by the provisions of Section 1704.6.1 or 1704.6.2 LAMC Subdivision 91.1704.6.1 or 91.1704.6.2, the owner or the owner's authorized agent shall employ athe registered design professional to perform structural observations. Structural observation does not include or waive the responsibility for the inspections in Section 110 or the special inspections in Section 1705 or other sections of this code.in responsible charge for the structural design, or another registered design professional designated by the registered design professional in responsible charge of the structural design to perform structural observations as defined in CBC Section 1702.

Prior to the commencement of observations, the structural observer shall submit to the building official Superintendent of Building a written statement identifying the frequency and extent of proposed structural observations.

At the conclusion of the work included in the permit, the structural observer shall submit to the building official a written statement that the site visits have been made and identify any reported deficiencies that, to the best of the structural observer's knowledge, have not been resolved.


The owner or owner's representative shall coordinate and call a preconstruction meeting between the engineer or architect responsible for the structural design, structural observer, contractor, affected subcontractors and deputy inspectors. The structural observer shall preside over the meeting. The purpose of the meeting shall be to identify the major structural elements and connections that affect the vertical and lateral load systems of the structure and to review scheduling of the required observations. A record of the meeting shall be included in the first report submitted to the Superintendent of Building.

Observed deficiencies shall be reported, in writing, to the owner's representative, Registered Deputy Inspector, contractor and the Superintendent of Building. Upon the form prescribed by the Superintendent of Building, the structural observer shall submit to the Superintendent of Building a written statement at each significant construction stage stating that the site visits have been made and identify any reported deficiencies which, to the best of the structural observer's knowledge, have not been resolved. A final report by the structural observer, which states that all observed deficiencies have been resolved, is required before acceptance of the work by the Superintendent of Building.

1704.6.1 Structural Observations for Seismic Resistance

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

Structural observations shall be provided for those structures assigned to Seismic Design Category D, E or F where one or more of the following conditions exist:

  1. The structure is classified as Risk Category III or IV in accordance with CBC Table 1604.5.
  2. The height of the structure is greater than 75 feet (22 860 mm2286 m) above the base as defined in ASCE 7.
  3. The structure is assigned to Seismic Design Category E, is classified as Risk Category I or II in accordance with CBC Table 1604.5, and is greater than two stories above grade plane and a lateral design is required for the structure or portion thereof.

    EXCEPTION: One-story wood framed Group R-3 and Group U Occupancies less than 2,000 square feet (185.8 m 2 ) in area, provided the adjacent grade is not steeper than 1 unit vertical in 10 units horizontal (10% sloped), assigned to Seismic Design Category D.
  4. When so designated by the registered design professional responsible for the structural design.
  5. When such observation is specifically required by the building officialDepartment.

1704.6.2 Structural Observations for Wind Requirements

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

Structural observations shall be provided for those structures sited where Vasd as determined in accordance with CBC Section 1609.3.1 exceeds 110 mph (49 m/sec), where one or more of the following conditions exist:

  1. The structure is classified as Risk Category III or IV in accordance with CBC Table 1604.5.
  2. The building height of the structure is greater than 75 feet (22 860 mm2286 m).
  3. When so designated by the registered design professional responsible for the structural design.
  4. When such observation is specifically required by the building official Superintendent of Building.
Special inspections and tests of elements and nonstructural components of buildings and structures shall meet the applicable requirements of this section.

1705.1.1 Special Cases

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Special inspections and tests shall be required for proposed work that is, in the opinion of the building officialSuperintendent of Building, unusual in its nature, such as, but not limited to, the following examples:
  1. Construction materials and systems that are alternatives to materials and systems prescribed by this code.
  2. Unusual design applications of materials described in this code.
  3. Materials and systems required to be installed in accordance with additional manufacturer's instructions that prescribe requirements not contained in this code or in standards referenced by this code.

1705.1.2 Certifications by Architect, Engineer or Geologist

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
If a structure or portion of a structure has been designed to utilize higher stresses requiring continuous inspection, the architect or engineer in charge of the design shall certify by signature to the Department that to the best of his or her knowledge, the structure or portion utilizing higher stresses was constructed in conformity with the approved design. If the grading or foundation earthwork has required continuous inspection, the responsible engineering geologist or soils engineer shall certify by signature to the Department that to the best of his or her knowledge the field work was completed in conformity with the technical design data.

1705.1.3 Department's Responsibility

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The employment of a Registered Deputy Inspector for any work does not deprive the Department of the right to make periodic or called inspections of all or portions of the work. On any work requiring continuous inspection by a Registered Deputy Inspector, the called inspections required by Section 91.108 of this Code may be delegated to the Registered Deputy Inspector by the Superintendent of Building.

1705.1.4 Structural, Termite and Fungus Damage

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Every building raised from its foundation shall be inspected. If there is any superficial evidence of structural damage, termites or fungus growth, the permittee shall remove and renew the damaged or infested members before reseating the building or moving it from its existing site or into the City.

1705.1.5 Emergencies or Catastrophes

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
In the event of an emergency or of a major catastrophe in the City, the Department may deputize Emergency Building Inspectors for the Department. The inspectors shall receive no compensation from the City, and they shall be appointed for the periods of time the Department deems advisable.

1705.1.6 Special Activity Inspection

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
In addition to the construction or work inspected as described in LAMC Sections 91.108 and 91.1704 through 91.1705, there are other construction activities that are sufficiently important to the structural stability of the structure, the occupants of and the fire and life safety of the structure that inspection by a specially qualified inspector is necessary in order to ensure compliance with the Code requirements. These special activity inspections may occur during off-site fabrication or during on-site construction.

Inspections by Department Approved Special Activity Inspectors will be required in accordance with regulations promulgated by the Superintendent of Building where:
  1. The structure is more than five stories or 60 feet (18,288 mm) in height.
  2. The structure exceeds 50,000 square feet (4645 m2) of ground area or 200,000 square feet (18 580 m2) of total floor area.
  3. Nondestructive structural testing methods are utilized.
  4. The quality identification markings of the materials used are not inspectable after installation.
  5. The manner of use of materials precludes full inspection after installation.
EXCEPTION: The Department may waive continuous or periodic inspection required by this Section where minor quantities are involved and no unusual hazards exist.

In addition to the projects included in the above categories, the Superintendent of Building may require Special Activity inspections if the Superintendent of Building determines that these inspections are needed to ensure compliance with the provisions of this Code and the work involves:
  1. Unique, novel or innovative construction;
  2. Highly complex or intricate construction;
  3. Unique, novel or innovative grading, earth support or foundation procedures; or
  4. New methods of construction not yet provided for in the rules and regulations.
Special Activity inspection authority will be determined on a case-by-case basis and will require Registered Deputy Inspector registration. The Superintendent of Building shall adopt rules and regulations implementing the provisions of this Section. These regulations may establish and set the requirements for different types of Department Approved Special Activity Inspectors.

1705.1.7 Special Activity Inspection Authority

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1705.1.8 Registration

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The procedures and conditions of registration as a Special Activity Inspector shall be the same as applicable to a Registered Deputy Inspector under LAMC Section 91.1704, except that the extent and duration of special inspection authority shall be as specified in the rules and regulations adopted by the Superintendent of Building.

1705.1.9 Duties

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Except as otherwise indicated by regulations promulgated by the Superintendent of Building, the duties and responsibilities for a Special Activity Inspector shall be the same as specified for a Registered Deputy Inspector under LAMC Section 91.1704.

1705.1.10 Fees

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The procedures for the examination, registration and renewal of authority as a Special Activity Inspector shall be the same as specified for Registered Deputy Inspectors under LAMC Section 91.1704.

1705.1.11 Renewal Process

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
LAMC Section 91.1704 applies to the application, examination and renewal process for registration as a Special Activity Inspector.

1705.1.12 Certification of Welders

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1705.1.13

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The Superintendent of Building shall suspend or revoke any certificate upon evidence of failure of the person so certified to conduct welding operations in compliance with any of the conditions upon which it is based, or where quality of workmanship is not equivalent to that required by the Code, or for any of the reasons set forth in Article 8, Chapter IX of the Los Angeles Municipal Code. Any action shall be in accordance with the provisions of Article 8, Chapter IX of the Los Angeles Municipal Code.

The special inspections and nondestructive testing of steel construction in buildings, structures, and portions thereof shall be in accordance with this section.

Exception: Special inspections of the steel fabrication process shall not be required where the fabricator does not perform any welding, thermal cutting or heating operation of any kind as part of the fabrication process. In such cases, the fabricator shall be required to submit a detailed procedure for material control that demonstrates the fabricator's ability to maintain suitable records and procedures such that, at any time during the fabrication process, the material specification and grade for the main stress-carrying elements are capable of being determined. Mill test reports shall be identifiable to the main stress-carrying elements when required by the approved construction documents.

Special inspections and nondestructive testing of structural steel elements in buildings, structures and portions thereof shall be in accordance with the quality assurance inspection requirements of AISC 360.

Exception: Special inspection of railing systems composed of structural steel elements shall be limited to welding inspection of welds at the base of cantilevered rail posts.

1705.2.2 Cold-Formed Steel Deck

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Special inspections and qualification of welding special inspectors for cold-formed steel floor and roof deck shall be in accordance with the quality assurance inspection requirements of SDI QA/QC. Welding inspection shall be performed by a registered deputy inspector qualified by the Department for cold-formed steel floor and roof decks. Welding shall be in accordance with AWS D1.3.

Special inspections of open-web steel joists and joist girders in buildings, structures and portions thereof shall be in accordance with Table 1705.2.3.

TABLE 1705.2.3

REQUIRED SPECIAL INSPECTIONS OF OPEN-WEB STEEL JOISTS AND JOIST GIRDERS

TYPECONTINUOUS SPECIAL INSPECTIONPERIODIC SPECIAL INSPECTIONREFERENCED STANDARDa
1. Installation of open-web steel joists and joist girders.
a. End connections — welding or bolted.XSJI specifications listed in Section 2207.1.
b. Bridging — horizontal or diagonal.
1. Standard bridging.XSJI specifications listed in Section 2207.1.
2. Bridging that differs from the SJI specifications listed in Section 2207.1.X

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm.

  1. Where applicable, see also Section 1705.12, Special inspections for seismic resistance.

1705.2.4 Cold-Formed Steel Trusses Spanning 60 Feet or Greater

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where a cold-formed steel truss clear span is 60 feet (18 288 mm) or greater, the special deputy inspector shall verify that the temporary installation restraint/bracing and the permanent individual truss member restraint/bracing are installed in accordance with the approved truss submittal package.

1705.3 Concrete Construction

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The special inspections and tests ofverifications for concrete construction shall be performed in accordance with this section andas required by this section and LAMC Table 1705.3.
Exceptions: Special inspections and tests shall not be required for:
  1. Isolated spread concrete footings of buildings three stories or less above grade plane that are fully supported on earth or rock, where the structural design of the footing is based on a specified compressive strength, f'c, no greater than 2,500 pounds per square inch (psi) (17.2 MPa).
  2. Continuous concrete footings supporting walls of buildings three stories or less above grade plane that are fully supported on earth or rock where:

    1. 2.1. The footings support walls of light-frame construction.;
    2. 2.2. The footings are designed in accordance with LAMC Table 1809.7; or
    3. 2.3. The structural design of the footing is based on a specified compressive strength, f'c, not moreno greater than 2,500 pounds per square inch (psi) (17.2 MPa), regardless of the compressive strength specified in the approved construction documents or used in the footing construction.
  3. Nonstructural concrete slabs supported directly on the ground, including prestressed slabs on grade, where the effective prestress in the concrete is less than 150 psi (1.03 MPa).
  4. Concrete foundation walls constructed in accordance with CBC Table 1807.1.6.2.
  5. Concrete patios, driveways and sidewalks, on grade.
TABLE 1705.3
REQUIRED SPECIAL INSPECTIONS AND TESTS OF CONCRETE CONSTRUCTION
TYPECONTINUOUS SPECIAL INSPECTIONPERIODIC SPECIAL INSPECTIONREFERENCED STANDARDaIBC REFERENCE
1. Inspect reinforcement, including prestressing tendons, and verify placement.XACI 318 Ch. 20, 25.2, 25.3, 26.6.1-26.6.31908.4
2. Reinforcing bar welding:AWS D1.4
ACI 318: 26.6.4
a.Verify weldability of reinforcing bars other than ASTM A706;X
b.Inspect single-pass fillet welds, maximum 5/16"; andX
c.Inspect all other welds.X
3. Inspect anchors cast in concrete.XACI 318: 17.8.2
4. Inspect anchors post-installed in hardened concrete members.b
a.Adhesive anchors installed in horizontally or upwardly inclined orientations to resist sustained tension loads.XACI 318: 17.8.2.4
b.Mechanical anchors and adhesive anchors not defined in 4.a.XACI 318: 17.8.2
5. Verify use of required design mix.XACI 318: Ch. 19, 26.4.3, 26.4.41904.1, 1904.2, 1908.2, 1908.3
6. Prior to concrete placement, fabricate specimens for strength tests, perform slump and air content tests, and determine the temperature of the concrete.XASTM C172 ASTM C31 ACI 318: 26.4, 26.121908.10
7. Inspect concrete and shotcrete placement for proper application techniques.XACI 318: 26.51908.6, 1908.7, 1908.8
8. Verify maintenance of specified curing temperature and techniques.XACI 318: 26.5.3-26.5.51908.9
9. Inspect prestressed concrete for:
a.Application of prestressing forces; andXACI 318: 26.10
b.Grouting of bonded prestressing tendons.X
10.Inspect erection of precast concrete members.XACI 318: Ch. 26.8
11.Verify in-situ concrete strength, prior to stressing of tendons in post-tensioned concrete and prior to removal of shores and forms from beams and structural slabs.XACI 318: 26.11.2
12.Inspect formwork for shape, location and dimensions of the concrete member being formed.XACI 318: 26.11.1.2(b)
TABLE 1705.3
REQUIRED VERIFICATION AND INSPECTION OF CONCRETE CONSTRUCTION
VERIFICATION AND INSPECTION CONTINUOUS PERIODIC REFERENCED STANDARDa IBC REFERENCE
1. Inspection of reinforcing steel, including prestressing tendons, and placement. X ACI 318: 3.5, 7.1-7.7 1910.4
2. Inspection of reinforcing steel welding in accordance with Table 1705.2.2, Item 2b. AWS D1.4

ACI 318: 3.5.2
3. Inspection of anchors cast in concrete where allowable loads have been increased or where strength design is used. X ACI 318: 8.1.3, 21.2.8 1908.5, 1909.1
4. Inspection of anchors post-installed in hardened concrete members.b X ACI 318: 3.8.6, 8.1.3, 21.2.8 1909.1
5. Verifying use of required design mix. X ACI 318: Ch. 4, 5.2-5.4 1904.2, 1910.2, 1910.3
6. At the time fresh concrete is sampled to fabricate specimens for strength tests, perform slump and air content tests, and determine the temperature of the concrete. X ASTM C 172

ASTM C 31

ACI 318: 5.6, 5.8
1910.10
7. Inspection of concrete and shotcrete placement for proper application techniques. X ACI 318: 5.9, 5.10 1910.6, 1910.7, 1910.8
8. Inspection for maintenance of specified curing temperature and techniques. X ACI 318: 5.11-5.13 1910.9
9. Inspection of prestressed concrete:        
a. Application of prestressing forces.
X   ACI 318: 18.20
b. Grouting of bonded prestressing tendons in the seismic force-resisting system.
X ACI 318: 18.18.4
10. Erection of precast concrete members. X ACI 318: Ch. 16
11. Verification of in-situ concrete strength, prior to stressing of tendons in post-tensioned concrete and prior to removal of shores and forms from beams and structural slabs. X ACI 318: 6.2
12. Inspect formwork for shape, location and dimensions of the concrete member being formed. X ACI 318: 6.1.1
For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm.
  1. Where applicable, see also CBC Section 1705.12 , special inspections for seismic resistance.
  2. Specific requirements for special inspection shall be included in the research report for the anchor issued by an approved source in accordance with ACI 355.2 or other qualification procedures. Where specific requirements are not provided, special inspection requirements shall be specified by the registered design professional and shall be approved by the Superintendent of Building prior to the commencement of the work.

1705.3.1 Welding of Reinforcing Bars

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Special inspections of welding and qualifications of special inspectors for reinforcing bars shall be in accordance with the requirements of AWS D1.4 for special inspection and of AWS D1.4 for special inspector qualification.

1705.3.1 Reinforcing Steel

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Welding inspection shall be performed by a registered deputy inspector qualified by the Department for reinforcing steel. Welding shall be in accordance with AWS D1.4 and ACI 318.

1705.3.1.2 Structural Inspection — Concrete

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
During the construction of all buildings over 160 feet (48.768 m) in height with concrete special moment-resisting space frames, a structural inspector under the supervision of the engineer responsible for the structural design shall be present to inspect the materials and workmanship for conformance with approved plans, specifications and change orders involved in construction of the ductile frames and shear walls. This inspection may be made by one or more structural inspectors, provided that at least one structural inspector is present during the placement of all concrete and reinforcement in the structural frame and shear walls.

The number of structural inspectors to be provided for each structure shall be determined by the engineer responsible for the structural design, provided that more than one structural inspector shall be provided where the magnitude of a structure prevents a single inspector from adequately performing the inspection.

The owner shall provide each structural inspector. Each structural inspector shall be paid by the owner directly or through the person responsible for the structural design. Each structural inspector shall be responsible to the person who prepared the structural design.

The inspection by the structural inspector or inspectors shall be in addition to inspections made by Department employees as specified in LAMC Section 91.108 and by Registered Deputy Inspectors as specified for other parts of the work in LAMC Section 91.1704.

Prior to the issuance of the Certificate of Occupancy, each structural inspector shall submit a report in writing to the engineer and the Department certifying that the portions of the structural frame inspected by the inspector were constructed in accordance with the approved plans, specifications, change orders and Division 19, Article 1, Chapter IX of the LAMC.

1705.3.2 Material Tests

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
In the absence of sufficient data or documentation providing evidence of conformance to quality standards for materials in Chapters 19 and 20 3 of ACI 318, the building official Superintendent of Building shall require testing of materials in accordance with the appropriate standards and criteria for the material in Chapters 19 and 20 3 of ACI 318. Weldability of reinforcement, except that which conforms to ASTM A 706, shall be determined in accordance with the requirements of Section 3.5.2 of ACI 318.

Special inspections and tests of masonry construction shall be performed in accordance with the quality assurance program requirements of TMS 402/ACI 530/ASCE 5 and TMS 602/ACI 530.1/ASCE 6.

Exception: Special inspections and tests shall not be required for:

  1. Empirically designed masonry, glass unit masonry or masonry veneer designed in accordance with Section 2109, 2110 or Chapter 14, respectively, where they are part of a structure classified as Risk Category I, II or III.
  2. Masonry foundation walls constructed in accordance with Table 1807.1.6.3(1), 1807.1.6.3(2), 1807.1.6.3(3) or 1807.1.6.3(4).
  3. Masonry fireplaces, masonry heaters or masonry chimneys installed or constructed in accordance with Section 2111, 2112 or 2113, respectively.
Special inspections and tests for empirically designed masonry, glass unit masonry or masonry veneer designed in accordance with Section 2109, 2110 or Chapter 14, respectively, where they are part of a structure classified as Risk Category IV shall be performed in accordance with TMS 402/ACI 530/ASCE 5, Level B Quality Assurance.
Special inspections and tests of vertical masonry foundation elements shall be performed in accordance with Section 1705.4.
Special inspections of prefabricated wood structural elements and assemblies shall be in accordance with Section 1704.2.5. Special inspections of site-built assemblies shall be in accordance with this section.
High-load diaphragms designed in accordance with Section 2306.2 shall be installed with special inspections as indicated in Section 1704.2. The special inspector shall inspect the wood structural panel sheathing to ascertain whether it is of the grade and thickness shown on the approved construction documents. Additionally, the special inspector must verify the nominal size of framing members at adjoining panel edges, the nail or staple diameter and length, the number of fastener lines and that the spacing between fasteners in each line and at edge margins agrees with the approved construction documents.
Where a truss clear span is 60 feet (18 288 mm) or greater, the special inspector shall verify that the temporary installation restraint/bracing and the permanent individual truss member restraint/bracing are installed in accordance with the approved truss submittal package.

The fabrication of trusses and other assemblages constructed using wood and metal members, or using light metal plate connectors, shall be continuously inspected by an approved agency. The approved agency shall furnish the architect, structural engineer and the enforcement agency with a report that the lumber species, grades and moisture content; type of glue, temperature and gluing procedure; type of metal members and metal plate connectors; and the workmanship conform in every material respect with the duly approved construction documents. Each inspected truss shall be stamped by the approved agency with an identifying mark.

1705.6 Soils

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Special inspections and tests of defined per LAMC Subsections 91.7008.2 and 91.7011.3 for existing site soil conditions, fill placement and load-bearing requirements shall be performed in accordance withas required by this section and LAMC Table 1705.6. The approved geotechnical report, and the construction documents prepared by the registered design professionals shall be used to determine compliance. During fill placement, the special inspector shall verifydetermine that proper materials and procedures are used in accordance with the provisions of the approved geotechnical report, as specified in CBC Section 1803.6.
Exception: Where Section 1803 does not require reporting of materials and procedures for fill placement, the special inspector shall verify that the in-place dry density of the compacted fill is not less than 90 percent of the maximum dry density at optimum moisture content determined in accordance with ASTM D1557. Special inspection is not required during placement of controlled fill having a total depth of 12 inches (305 mm) or less and where the fill is not used for graded slopes or for support of footings or foundations.
TABLE 1705.6
REQUIRED SPECIAL INSPECTIONS AND TESTS OF SOILS
TYPECONTINUOUS SPECIAL INSPECTIONPERIODIC SPECIAL INSPECTION
1. Verify materials below shallow foundations are adequate to achieve the design bearing capacity.X
2. Verify excavations are extended to proper depth and have reached proper material.X
3. Perform classification and testing of compacted fill materials.X
4. Verify use of proper materials, densities and lift thicknesses during placement and compaction of compacted fill.X
5. Prior to placement of compacted fill, inspect subgrade and verify that site has been prepared properly.X
TABLE 1705.6
REQUIRED VERIFICATION AND INSPECTION OF SOILS
VERIFICATION AND INSPECTION TASK
CONTINUOUS DURING TASK LISTED
PERIODICALLY DURING TASK LISTED
1. Verify materials below shallow foundations are adequate to achieve the design bearing capacity. X
2. Verify excavations are extended to proper depth and have reached proper material. X
3. Perform classification and testing of compacted fill materials. X
4. Verify use of proper materials, densities and lift thicknesses during placement and compaction of compacted fill. Xa
5. Prior to placement of compacted fill, observe subgrade and verify that site has been prepared properly. X
  1. Frequency of special inspections to be determined by the registered design professional responsible for the project.

1705.6.1 Grading

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A registered Grading Inspector is required under all conditions where the site grading or foundation earthwork planned on a project has any of the following:
  1. 1.1. A contiguous grading area exceeding 60,000 square feet (5574 m2).
  2. 1.2. An excavated or filled slope steeper than 2 horizontal in 1 vertical (50% slope).
  3. 1.3. An excavated slope exceeding 40 feet (12,192 mm) in height and the top of which is within 20 feet (6096 mm) of a property line coterminous with improved private property or a public way.
  4. 1.4. Foundation excavations below a 1 horizontal in 1 vertical plane inward and down from the property line.
Exception: The Department may waive continuous inspection where minor areas or heights are involved and no unusual hazards exist.

1705.7 Driven Deep Foundations Driven Deep Foundations and Connecting Grade Beams

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

Special inspections and tests shall be performed during installation of driven deep foundation elements as specified in Table 1705.7. The approved geotechnical report and the construction documents prepared by the registered design professionals shall be used to determine compliance. Special inspections shall be performed during installation and testing of driven deep foundation elements as required by CBC Table 1705.7. The approved geotechnical report, required by CBC Section 1803.6 and the construction documents prepared by the registered design professionals in responsible charge, shall be used to determine compliance. Special inspections for connecting grade beams shall be in accordance with this Code.

TABLE 1705.7

REQUIRED SPECIAL INSPECTIONS AND TESTS OF DRIVEN DEEP FOUNDATION ELEMENTS

TYPECONTINUOUS SPECIAL INSPECTIONPERIODIC SPECIAL INSPECTION
1. Verify element materials, sizes and lengths comply with the requirements.X
2. Determine capacities of test elements and conduct additional load tests, as required.X
3. Inspect driving operations and maintain complete and accurate records for each element.X
4. Verify placement locations and plumbness, confirm type and size of hammer, record number of blows per foot of penetration, determine required penetrations to achieve design capacity, record tip and butt elevations and document any damage to foundation element.X
5. For steel elements, perform additional special inspections in accordance with Section 1705.2.
6. For concrete elements and concrete-filled elements, perform tests and additional special inspections in accordance with Section 1705.3.
7. For specialty elements, perform additional inspections as determined by the registered

design professional in responsible charge.

1705.8 Cast-In-Place Deep Foundations Cast-In-Place Deep Foundations and Connecting Grade Beams

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

Special inspections and tests shall be performed during installation of cast-in-place deep foundation elements as specified in Table 1705.8. The approved geotechnical report and the construction documents prepared by the registered design professionals shall be used to determine compliance. Special inspections shall be performed during installation and testing of cast-in-place deep foundation elements as required by CBC Table 1705.8. The approved geotechnical report, required by CBC Section 1803.6 and the construction documents prepared by the registered design professionals in responsible charge, shall be used to determine compliance. Special inspections for connecting grade beams shall be in accordance with this Code.

TABLE 1705.8

REQUIRED SPECIAL INSPECTIONS AND TESTS OF CAST-IN-PLACE DEEP FOUNDATION ELEMENTS

TYPECONTINUOUS SPECIAL INSPECTIONPERIODIC SPECIAL INSPECTION
1. Inspect drilling operations and maintain complete and accurate records for each element.X
2. Verify placement locations and plumbness, confirm element diameters, bell diameters (if applicable), lengths, embedment into bedrock (if applicable) and adequate end-bearing strata capacity. Record concrete or grout volumes.X
3. For concrete elements, perform tests and additional special inspections in accordance with Section 1705.3.
Continuous special inspections shall be performed during installation of helical pile foundations. The information recorded shall include installation equipment used, pile dimensions, tip elevations, final depth, final installation torque and other pertinent installation data as required by the registered design professional in responsible charge. The approved geotechnical report and the construction documents prepared by the registered design professional shall be used to determine compliance.

Special inspections for wind resistance specified in Sections 1705.11.1 through 1705.11.3, unless exempted by the exceptions to Section 1704.2, are required for buildings and structures constructed in the following areas:

  1. In wind Exposure Category B, where Vasd as determined in accordance with Section 1609.3.1 is 120 miles per hour (52.8 m/sec) or greater.
  2. In wind Exposure Category C or D, where Vasd as determined in accordance with Section 1609.3.1 is 110 mph (49 m/sec) or greater.

Continuous special inspection is required during field gluing operations of elements of the main windforce-resisting system. Periodic special inspection is required for nailing, bolting, anchoring and other fastening of elements of the main windforce-resisting system, including wood shear walls, wood diaphragms, drag struts, braces and hold-downs.

Exception: Special inspections are not required for wood shear walls, shear panels and diaphragms, including nailing, bolting, anchoring and other fastening to other elements of the main windforce-resisting system, where the fastener spacing of the sheathing is more than 4 inches (102 mm) on center.

Periodic special inspection is required for welding operations of elements of the main windforce-resisting system. Periodic special inspection is required for screw attachment, bolting, anchoring and other fastening of elements of the main windforce-resisting system, including shear walls, braces, diaphragms, collectors (drag struts) and hold-downs.

Exception: Special inspections are not required for cold-formed steel light-frame shear walls and diaphragms, including screwing, bolting, anchoring and other fastening to components of the windforce resisting system, where either of the following applies:

  1. The sheathing is gypsum board or fiberboard.
  2. The sheathing is wood structural panel or steel sheets on only one side of the shear wall, shear panel or diaphragm assembly and the fastener spacing of the sheathing is more than 4 inches (102 mm) on center (o.c.).

Periodic special inspection is required for fastening of the following systems and components:

  1. Roof covering, roof deck and roof framing connections.
  2. Exterior wall covering and wall connections to roof and floor diaphragms and framing.

Special inspections for seismic resistance shall be required as specified in Sections 1705.12.1 through 1705.12.9, unless exempted by the exceptions of Section 1704.2.

Exception: The special inspections specified in Sections 1705.12.1 through 1705.12.9 are not required for structures designed and constructed in accordance with one of the following:

  1. The structure consists of light-frame construction; the design spectral response acceleration at short periods, SDS, as determined in Section 1613.3.4, does not exceed 0.5; and the building height of the structure does not exceed 35 feet (10 668 mm).
  2. The seismic force-resisting system of the structure consists of reinforced masonry or reinforced concrete; the design spectral response acceleration at short periods, SDS, as determined in Section 1613.3.4, does not exceed 0.5; and the building height of the structure does not exceed 25 feet (7620 mm).
  3. The structure is a detached one- or two-family dwelling not exceeding two stories above grade plane and does not have any of the following horizontal or vertical irregularities in accordance with Section 12.3 of ASCE 7:

    1. 3.1. Torsional or extreme torsional irregularity.
    2. 3.2. Nonparallel systems irregularity.
    3. 3.3. Stiffness-soft story or stiffness-extreme soft story irregularity.
    4. 3.4. Discontinuity in lateral strength-weak story irregularity.

1705.12.1 Structural Steel

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Special inspections for seismic resistance shall be in accordance with Section 1705.12.1.1 or 1705.12.1.2, as applicable.
Special inspection for structural steel shall be in accordance with the quality assurance requirements of AISC 341 and during the fabrication and erection of buildings over 160 feet (48,768 mm) in height with structural steel moment-resisting frames. A Registered Deputy Inspector under the supervision of the engineer responsible for the structural design shall be present during the performance of all structural welding or the installation of all high-strength bolts whether in a fabricator's shop or at the job site.

EXCEPTIONS:
  1. Single-pass fillet welds not exceeding 5/16-inch (7.9 mm) in size.
  2. Floor and roof deck welding.

Special inspections of structural steel in the seismic force-resisting systems of buildings and structures assigned to Seismic Design Category B, C, D, E or F shall be performed in accordance with the quality assurance requirements of AISC 341.

Exception: Special inspections are not required in the seismic force-resisting systems of buildings and structures assigned to Seismic Design Category B or C that are not specifically detailed for seismic resistance, with a response modification coefficient, R, of 3 or less, excluding cantilever column systems.

1705.12.1.1.1 Certification

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
For buildings exceeding 160 feet (48,768 mm) in height, the engineer responsible for the structural design and the general contractor responsible for the construction, or their competent authorized representatives, shall make periodic inspections of the work at the site to verify general compliance with the approved plans, specifications and change orders. The engineer and general contractor shall submit a statement in writing to the Department stating that they know from personal knowledge that the materials installed and the structural work performed is in compliance with the approved plans, specifications and change orders.

The phrase "personal knowledge" as used above in reference to the engineer and general contractor means the knowledge resulting from the general observation by the engineer and the general supervision by the contractor of the work, as required by both in the superintendence of the building's construction, and as distinguished from the continuous personal superintendence of the special inspector and/or deputy inspector who are continuously at the site during the progress of the work. The exercise of reasonable diligence to obtain the facts is required and anyone who intentionally remains unaware may be charged with knowledge. The interpretation of personal knowledge as it applies to the special inspector and/or deputy inspector is that the inspector(s) must have actual personal knowledge that the requirements of the plans and specifications are being carried out, which is obtained by the inspector's continuous observation of the work of construction at the site in all stages of its progress.

EXCEPTION: Special inspections of structural steel in structures assigned to Seismic Design Category C that are not specifically detailed for seismic resistance, with a response modification coefficient, R, of 3 or less, excluding cantilever column systems.

Special inspections of structural steel elements in the seismic force-resisting systems of buildings and structures assigned to Seismic Design Category B, C, D, E or F other than those covered in Section 1705.12.1.1, including struts, collectors, chords and foundation elements, shall be performed in accordance with the quality assurance requirements of AISC 341.

Exception: Special inspections of structural steel elements are not required in the seismic force-resisting systems of buildings and structures assigned to Seismic Design Category B or C with a response modification coefficient, R, of 3 or less.

1705.12.2 Structural Wood

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

For the seismic force-resisting systems of structures assigned to Seismic Design Category C, D, E or F:

  1. Continuous special inspection shall be required during field gluing operations of elements of the seismic force-resisting system.
  2. Periodic special inspection shall be required for nailing, bolting, anchoring and other fastening of elements of the seismic force-resisting system, including wood shear walls, wood diaphragms, drag struts, braces, shear panels and hold-downs.

Exception: Special inspections are not required for wood shear walls, shear panels and diaphragms, including nailing, bolting, anchoring and other fastening to other elements of the seismic force-resisting system, where the fastener spacing of the sheathing is more than 4 inches (102 mm) on center.

For the seismic force-resisting systems of structures assigned to Seismic Design Category C, D, E or F, periodic special inspection shall be required:

  1. For welding operations of elements of the seismic force-resisting system; and
  2. For screw attachment, bolting, anchoring and other fastening of elements of the seismic force-resisting system, including shear walls, braces, diaphragms, collectors (drag struts) and hold-downs.

Exception: Special inspections are not required for cold-formed steel light-frame shear walls and diaphragms, including screw installation, bolting, anchoring and other fastening to components of the seismic force-resisting system, where either of the following applies:

  1. The sheathing is gypsum board or fiberboard.
  2. The sheathing is wood structural panel or steel sheets on only one side of the shear wall, shear panel or diaphragm assembly and the fastener spacing of the sheathing is more than 4 inches (102 mm) on center.
For structures assigned to Seismic Design Category C, D, E or F, the special inspector shall examine designated seismic systems requiring seismic qualification in accordance with Section 13.2.2 of ASCE 7 and verify that the label, anchorage and mounting conform to the certificate of compliance.

Periodic special inspection is required for the erection and fastening of exterior cladding, interior and exterior nonbearing walls and interior and exterior veneer in structures assigned to Seismic Design Category D, E or F.

Exception:Periodic special inspection is not required for the following:

  1. Exterior cladding, interior and exterior nonbearing walls and interior and exterior veneer 30 feet (9144 mm) or less in height above grade or walking surface.
  2. Exterior cladding and interior and exterior veneer weighing 5 psf (24.5 N/m2) or less.
  3. Interior nonbearing walls weighing 15 psf (73.5 N/m2) or less.
Periodic special inspection is required for the anchorage of access floors in structures assigned to Seismic Design Category D, E or F.

Periodic special inspection of plumbing, mechanical and electrical components shall be required for the following:

  1. Anchorage of electrical equipment for emergency and standby power systems in structures assigned to Seismic Design Category C, D, E or F.
  2. Anchorage of other electrical equipment in structures assigned to Seismic Design Category E or F.
  3. Installation and anchorage of piping systems designed to carry hazardous materials and their associated mechanical units in structures assigned to Seismic Design Category C, D, E or F.
  4. Installation and anchorage of ductwork designed to carry hazardous materials in structures assigned to Seismic Design Category C, D, E or F.
  5. Installation and anchorage of vibration isolation systems in structures assigned to Seismic Design Category C, D, E or F where the approved construction documents require a nominal clearance of 1/4 inch (6.4 mm) or less between the equipment support frame and restraint.
Periodic special inspection is required for the anchorage of storage racks that are 8 feet (2438 mm) or greater in height in structures assigned to Seismic Design Category D, E or F.
Periodic special inspection shall be provided for seismic isolation systems in seismically isolated structures assigned to Seismic Design Category B, C, D, E or F during the fabrication and installation of isolator units and energy dissipation devices.
Periodic special inspection shall be provided for the installation of cold-formed steel special bolted moment frames in the seismic force-resisting systems of structures assigned to Seismic Design Category D, E or F.
Testing for seismic resistance shall be required as specified in Sections 1705.13.1 through 1705.13.4, unless exempted from special inspections by the exceptions of Section 1704.2.

1705.13.1 Structural Steel

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Nondestructive testing for seismic resistance shall be in accordance with Section 1705.13.1.1 or 1705.13.1.2, as applicable.
Testing for structural steel shall be in accordance with the quality assurance requirements of AISC 341 and the additional requirements in this Section. Nondestructive testing shall be performed by an approved agency and the written report, including the test results, shall be submitted for evaluation by the Superintendent of Building. The acceptance criteria for nondestructive testing shall be as required in AWS D1.1 as specified by the registered design professional.

Base metal thicker than 1.5 inches (38 mm), where subject to through-thickness weld shrinkage strains, shall be ultrasonically tested for discontinuities behind and adjacent to those welds after joint completion. Any material discontinuities shall be accepted or rejected on the basis of ASTM A 435 or ASTM A 898 (Level 1 criteria) and criteria as established by the registered design professional(s) in responsible charge, and the construction documents.

EXCEPTION: Testing for structural steel in structures assigned to Seismic Design Category C that are not specifically detailed for seismic resistance, with a response modification coefficient, R, of 3 or less, excluding cantilever column systems.

Nondestructive testing of structural steel in the seismic force-resisting systems of buildings and structures assigned to Seismic Design Category B, C, D, E or F shall be performed in accordance with the quality assurance requirements of AISC 341.

Exception: Nondestructive testing is not required in the seismic force-resisting systems of buildings and structures assigned to Seismic Design Category B or C that are not specifically detailed for seismic resistance, with a response modification coefficient, R, of 3 or less, excluding cantilever column systems.

Nondestructive testing of structural steel elements in the seismic force-resisting systems of buildings and structures assigned to Seismic Design Category B, C, D, E or F other than those covered in Section 1705.13.1.1, including struts, collectors, chords and foundation elements, shall be performed in accordance with the quality assurance requirements of AISC 341.

Exception: Nondestructive testing of structural steel elements is not required in the seismic force-resisting systems of buildings and structures assigned to Seismic Design Category B or C with a response modification coefficient, R, of 3 or less.

For structures assigned to Seismic Design Category B, C, D, E or F, where the requirements of Section 13.2.1 of ASCE 7 for nonstructural components, supports or attachments are met by seismic qualification as specified in Item 2 therein, the registered design professional shall specify on the approved construction documents the requirements for seismic qualification by analysis, testing or experience data. Certificates of compliance for the seismic qualification shall be submitted to the building official as specified in Section 1704.5.
For structures assigned to Seismic Design Category C, D, E or F and with designated seismic systems that are subject to the requirements of Section 13.2.2 of ASCE 7 for certification, the registered design professional shall specify on the approved construction documents the requirements to be met by analysis, testing or experience data as specified therein. Certificates of compliance documenting that the requirements are met shall be submitted to the building official as specified in Section 1704.5.

[OSHPD 2]

  1. Special seismic certification shall be required for life-safety components, such as emergency and standby power systems, mechanical smoke removal systems, and fire sprinkler/fire protection systems.
  2. Equipment and components supporting sub-acute bed(s) shall have special seismic certification in accordance with Section 1705A.

Construction documents for OSHPD 2 buildings without sub-acute beds shall explicitly state that skilled nursing facility or intermediate care facility does not admit patients needing sustained electrical life-support equipment.

Seismic isolation systems in seismically isolated structures assigned to Seismic Design Category B, C, D, E or F shall be tested in accordance with Section 17.8 of ASCE 7.
Special inspections and tests of sprayed fire-resistant materials applied to floor, roof and wall assemblies and structural members shall be performed in accordance with Sections 1705.14.1 through 1705.14.6. Special inspections shall be based on the fire-resistance design as designated in the approved construction documents. The tests set forth in this section shall be based on samplings from specific floor, roof and wall assemblies and structural members. Special inspections and tests shall be performed after the rough installation of electrical, automatic sprinkler, mechanical and plumbing systems and suspension systems for ceilings, where applicable.

The special inspections and tests shall include the following to demonstrate compliance with the listing and the fire-resistance rating:

  1. Condition of substrates.
  2. Thickness of application.
  3. Density in pounds per cubic foot (kg/m3).
  4. Bond strength adhesion/cohesion.
  5. Condition of finished application.
The surfaces shall be prepared in accordance with the approved fire-resistance design and the written instructions of approved manufacturers. The prepared surface of structural members to be sprayed shall be inspected by the special inspector before the application of the sprayed fire-resistant material.
The substrate shall have a minimum ambient temperature before and after application as specified in the written instructions of approved manufacturers. The area for application shall be ventilated during and after application as required by the written instructions of approved manufacturers.
No more than 10 percent of the thickness measurements of the sprayed fire-resistant materials applied to floor, roof and wall assemblies and structural members shall be less than the thickness required by the approved fire-resistance design, but in no case less than the minimum allowable thickness required by Section 1705.14.4.1.
For design thicknesses 1 inch (25 mm) or greater, the minimum allowable individual thickness shall be the design thickness minus 1/4 inch (6.4 mm). For design thicknesses less than 1 inch (25 mm), the minimum allowable individual thickness shall be the design thickness minus 25 percent. Thickness shall be determined in accordance with ASTM E605. Samples of the sprayed fire-resistant materials shall be selected in accordance with Sections 1705.14.4.2 and 1705.14.4.3.
The thickness of the sprayed fire-resistant material applied to floor, roof and wall assemblies shall be determined in accordance with ASTM E605, making not less than four measurements for each 1,000 square feet (93 m2) of the sprayed area, or portion thereof, in each story.
Thickness measurements shall be selected from a square area, 12 inches by 12 inches (305 mm by 305 mm) in size. A minimum of four measurements shall be made, located symmetrically within the square area.
Thickness measurements shall be selected from a square area, 12 inches by 12 inches (305 mm by 305 mm) in size. A minimum of four measurements shall be made, located symmetrically within the square area, including one each of the following: valley, crest and sides. The average of the measurements shall be reported.
The thickness of the sprayed fire-resistant material applied to structural members shall be determined in accordance with ASTM E605. Thickness testing shall be performed on not less than 25 percent of the structural members on each floor.
At beams and girders thickness measurements shall be made at nine locations around the beam or girder at each end of a 12-inch (305 mm) length.
At joists and trusses, thickness measurements shall be made at seven locations around the joist or truss at each end of a 12-inch (305 mm) length.
At wide-flanged columns, thickness measurements shall be made at 12 locations around the column at each end of a 12-inch (305 mm) length.
At hollow structural section and pipe columns, thickness measurements shall be made at a minimum of four locations around the column at each end of a 12-inch (305 mm) length.

The density of the sprayed fire-resistant material shall not be less than the density specified in the approved fire-resistance design. Density of the sprayed fire-resistant material shall be determined in accordance with ASTM E605. The test samples for determining the density of the sprayed fire-resistant materials shall be selected as follows:

  1. From each floor, roof and wall assembly at the rate of not less than one sample for every 2,500 square feet (232 m2) or portion thereof of the sprayed area in each story.
  2. From beams, girders, trusses and columns at the rate of not less than one sample for each type of structural member for each 2,500 square feet (232 m2) of floor area or portion thereof in each story.
The cohesive/adhesive bond strength of the cured sprayed fire-resistant material applied to floor, roof and wall assemblies and structural members shall not be less than 150 pounds per square foot (psf) (7.18 kN/m2). The cohesive/adhesive bond strength shall be determined in accordance with the field test specified in ASTM E736 by testing in-place samples of the sprayed fire-resistant material selected in accordance with Sections 1705.14.6.1 through 1705.14.6.3.
The test samples for determining the cohesive/adhesive bond strength of the sprayed fire-resistant materials shall be selected from each floor, roof and wall assembly at the rate of not less than one sample for every 2,500 square feet (232 m2) of the sprayed area, or portion thereof, in each story.
The test samples for determining the cohesive/adhesive bond strength of the sprayed fire-resistant materials shall be selected from beams, girders, trusses, columns and other structural members at the rate of not less than one sample for each type of structural member for each 2,500 square feet (232 m2) of floor area or portion thereof in each story.
Bond tests to qualify a primer, paint or encapsulant shall be conducted when the sprayed fire-resistant material is applied to a primed, painted or encapsulated surface for which acceptable bond-strength performance between these coatings and the fire-resistant material has not been determined. A bonding agent approved by the SFRM manufacturer shall be applied to a primed, painted or encapsulated surface where the bond strengths are found to be less than required values.
Special inspections and tests for mastic and intumescent fire-resistant coatings applied to structural elements and decks shall be performed in accordance with AWCI 12-B. Special inspections and tests shall be based on the fire-resistance design as designated in the approved construction documents.

Special inspections shall be required for all EIFS applications.

Exceptions:

  1. Special inspections shall not be required for EIFS applications installed over a water-resistive barrier with a means of draining moisture to the exterior.
  2. Special inspections shall not be required for EIFS applications installed over masonry or concrete walls.
A water-resistive barrier coating complying with ASTM E2570 requires special inspection of the water-resistive barrier coating when installed over a sheathing substrate.

[BF] 1705.17 Fire-Resistant Penetrations and Joints

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
In high-rise buildings or in buildings assigned to Risk Category III or IV, special inspections for through-penetrations, membrane penetration firestops, fire-resistant joint systems and perimeter fire barrier systems that are tested and listed in accordance with Sections 714.3.1.2, 714.4.2, 715.3 and 715.4 shall be in accordance with Section 1705.17.1 or 1705.17.2.
Inspections of penetration firestop systems that are tested and listed in accordance with Sections 714.3.1.2 and 714.4.2 shall be conducted by an approved agency in accordance with ASTM E2174.

[BF] 1705.17.2 Fire-Resistant Joint Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Inspection of fire-resistant joint systems that are tested and listed in accordance with CBC Sections 715.3 and 715.4 shall be conducted by an approved agency deputy inspector in accordance with ASTM E 2393.

[F] 1705.18 Testing Special Inspection for Smoke Control

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Smoke control systems shall be tested by a special deputy inspector.

The test scope shall be as follows:

  1. During erection of ductwork and prior to concealment for the purposes of leakage testing and recording of device location.
  2. Prior to occupancy and after sufficient completion for the purposes of pressure difference testing, flow measurements and detection and control verification.
Approved agencies for smoke control testing shall have expertise in fire protection engineering, mechanical engineering and certification as air balancers.

1706.1 Conformance to Standards

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The design strengths and permissible stresses of any structural material that are identified by a manufacturer's designation as to manufacture and grade by mill tests, or the strength and stress grade is otherwise confirmed to the satisfaction of the building official,Superintendent of Building shall conform to the specifications and methods of design of accepted engineering practice or the approved rules in the absence of applicable standards.
For materials that are not specifically provided for in this code, the design strengths and permissible stresses shall be established by tests as provided for in Section 1707.

1707.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
In the absence of approved rules or other approved standards, the building officialSuperintendent of Building shall make, or cause to be made, theany necessary tests and investigations; or the building officialSuperintendent of Building shall accept duly authenticated reports from approved agencies in respect to the quality and manner of use of new materials or assemblies as provided for in CBC Sections 104.11 or 1.8.7, as applicable. The cost of all tests and other investigations required under the provisions of this code shall be borne by the owner or the owner's authorized agentapplicant.

[BSC] In the absence of approved rules or other approved standards, the building official shall make, or cause to be made, the necessary tests and investigations; or the building official shall accept duly authenticated reports from approved agencies in respect to the quality and manner of use of new materials or assemblies as provided for in Section 1.2.2, Chapter 1, Division I. The cost of all tests and other investigations required under the provisions of this code shall be borne by the applicant.

1707.2 Where Required

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where proposed construction is not capable of being designed by approved engineering analysis, or where a proposed construction design method does not comply with the applicable material design standard, the system of construction or the structural unit and the connections shall be subjected to the tests prescribed in CBC Section 1710. The Superintendent of Building shall accept certified reports of such tests conducted by an approved testing agency, provided that such tests meet the requirements of this Code and approved procedures.
Whenever there is a reasonable doubt as to the stability or load-bearing capacity of a completed building, structure or portion thereof for the expected loads, an engineering assessment shall be required. The engineering assessment shall involve either a structural analysis or an in-situ load test, or both. The structural analysis shall be based on actual material properties and other as-built conditions that affect stability or load-bearing capacity, and shall be conducted in accordance with the applicable design standard. If the structural assessment determines that the load-bearing capacity is less than that required by the code, load tests shall be conducted in accordance with Section 1708.2. If the building, structure or portion thereof is found to have inadequate stability or load-bearing capacity for the expected loads, modifications to ensure structural adequacy or the removal of the inadequate construction shall be required.
Structural components and assemblies shall be tested in accordance with the appropriate referenced standards. In the absence of a standard that contains an applicable load test procedure, the test procedure shall be developed by a registered design professional and approved. The test procedure shall simulate loads and conditions of application that the completed structure or portion thereof will be subjected to in normal use.
In-situ load tests shall be conducted in accordance with Section 1708.3.1 or 1708.3.2 and shall be supervised by a registered design professional. The test shall simulate the applicable loading conditions specified in Chapter 16 as necessary to address the concerns regarding structural stability of the building, structure or portion thereof.
Where a referenced standard contains an applicable load test procedure and acceptance criteria, the test procedure and acceptance criteria in the standard shall apply. In the absence of specific load factors or acceptance criteria, the load factors and acceptance criteria in Section 1708.3.2 shall apply.

In the absence of applicable load test procedures contained within a standard referenced by this code or acceptance criteria for a specific material or method of construction, such existing structure shall be subjected to a test procedure developed by a registered design professional that simulates applicable loading and deformation conditions. For components that are not a part of the seismic force-resisting system, at a minimum the test load shall be equal to the specified factored design loads. For materials such as wood that have strengths that are dependent on load duration, the test load shall be adjusted to account for the difference in load duration of the test compared to the expected duration of the design loads being considered. For statically loaded components, the test load shall be left in place for a period of 24 hours. For components that carry dynamic loads (e.g., machine supports or fall arrest anchors), the load shall be left in place for a period consistent with the component's actual function. The structure shall be considered to have successfully met the test requirements where the following criteria are satisfied:

  1. Under the design load, the deflection shall not exceed the limitations specified in Section 1604.3.
  2. Within 24 hours after removal of the test load, the structure shall have recovered not less than 75 percent of the maximum deflection.
  3. During and immediately after the test, the structure shall not show evidence of failure.
Where proposed construction is not capable of being designed by approved engineering analysis, or where proposed construction design method does not comply with the applicable material design standard, the system of construction or the structural unit and the connections shall be subjected to the tests prescribed in Section 1709. The building official shall accept certified reports of such tests conducted by an approved testing agency, provided that such tests meet the requirements of this code and approved procedures.
Where specific load test procedures, load factors and acceptance criteria are included in the applicable referenced standards, such test procedures, load factors and acceptance criteria shall apply. In the absence of specific test procedures, load factors or acceptance criteria, the corresponding provisions in Section 1709.3 shall apply.
Where load test procedures are not specified in the applicable referenced standards, the load-bearing and deformation capacity of structural components and assemblies shall be determined on the basis of a test procedure developed by a registered design professional that simulates applicable loading and deformation conditions. For components and assemblies that are not a part of the seismic force-resisting system, the test shall be as specified in Section 1709.3.1. Load tests shall simulate the applicable loading conditions specified in Chapter 16.

The test assembly shall be subjected to an increasing superimposed load equal to not less than two times the superimposed design load. The test load shall be left in place for a period of 24 hours. The tested assembly shall be considered to have successfully met the test requirements if the assembly recovers not less than 75 percent of the maximum deflection within 24 hours after the removal of the test load. The test assembly shall then be reloaded and subjected to an increasing superimposed load until either structural failure occurs or the superimposed load is equal to two and one-half times the load at which the deflection limitations specified in Section 1709.3.2 were reached, or the load is equal to two and one-half times the superimposed design load. In the case of structural components and assemblies for which deflection limitations are not specified in Section 1709.3.2, the test specimen shall be subjected to an increasing superimposed load until structural failure occurs or the load is equal to two and one-half times the desired superimposed design load. The allowable superimposed design load shall be taken as the lesser of:

  1. The load at the deflection limitation given in Section 1709.3.2.
  2. The failure load divided by 2.5.
  3. The maximum load applied divided by 2.5.
The deflection of structural members under the design load shall not exceed the limitations in Section 1604.3.
Load-bearing wall and partition assemblies shall sustain the test load both with and without window framing. The test load shall include all design load components. Wall and partition assemblies shall be tested both with and without door and window framing.

The design pressure rating of exterior windows and doors in buildings shall be determined in accordance with Section 1709.5.1 or 1709.5.2. For the purposes of this section, the required design pressure shall be determined using the allowable stress design load combinations of Section 1605.3.

Exception: Structural wind load design pressures for window units smaller than the size tested in accordance with Section 1709.5.1 or 1709.5.2 shall be permitted to be higher than the design value of the tested unit provided such higher pressures are determined by accepted engineering analysis. All components of the small unit shall be the same as the tested unit. Where such calculated design pressures are used, they shall be validated by an additional test of the window unit having the highest allowable design pressure.

Exterior windows and sliding doors shall be tested and labeled as conforming to AAMA/WDMA/CSA101/I.S.2/A440. The label shall state the name of the manufacturer, the approved labeling agency and the product designation as specified in AAMA/WDMA/CSA101/I.S.2/A440. Exterior side-hinged doors shall be tested and labeled as conforming to AAMA/WDMA/CSA101/I.S.2/A440 or comply with Section 1709.5.2. Products tested and labeled as conforming to AAMA/WDMA/CSA 101/I.S.2/A440 shall not be subject to the requirements of Sections 2403.2 and 2403.3.
Exterior window and door assemblies shall be tested in accordance with ASTM E330. Structural performance of garage doors and rolling doors shall be determined in accordance with either ASTM E330 or ANSI/DASMA 108, and shall meet the acceptance criteria of ANSI/DASMA 108. Exterior window and door assemblies containing glass shall comply with Section 2403. The design pressure for testing shall be calculated in accordance with Chapter 16. Each assembly shall be tested for 10 seconds at a load equal to 1.5 times the design pressure.
Test specimens and construction shall be representative of the materials, workmanship and details normally used in practice. The properties of the materials used to construct the test assembly shall be determined on the basis of tests on samples taken from the load assembly or on representative samples of the materials used to construct the load test assembly. Required tests shall be conducted or witnessed by an approved agency.

Section 1710 Certified Security Bar Installer

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1710.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A certified security bar installer may certify to the Department that any bars, grilles, grates, security rolldown shutters, or similar devices installed on required emergency escape windows or doors meet the requirements of LAMC Subsection 91.6304.3.

The Department may allow the use of a certified installer if:
  1. The certified installer obtains a Certificate of Registration in accordance with the provisions of this section.
  2. The certified installer files with the Department a Certificate of Compliance for each dwelling unit for which certification is being made. The Certificate of Compliance shall be on a form provided by the Department and shall be signed by the property owner and the certified installer.
  3. The Certificate of Compliance processing fee is paid in accordance with LAMC Subsection 91.107.7.
  4. The certified installer files the Certificate of Compliance with the Department within 15 days after completion of the installation.

1710.2 Registration

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A certified installer shall obtain a Certificate of Registration from the Department.

1710.3 Application

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1710.3.1 Forms

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Application for a certified security bar installer Certificate of Registration shall be made on a form furnished by the Department.

1710.3.2 Information Necessary

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The application shall bear the name and address of the applicant and, if a firm, partnership or corporation, the names of the principal officers. The application shall carry other information deemed necessary by the Department.

1710.3.3 Verification

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The applicant shall declare that the information contained in the application is true and correct.

1710.3.4 Fees

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The application shall be accompanied by an examination fee of $125.00.

1710.4 Examination

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1710.4.1 Examination Required

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Before any person shall be issued a Certificate of Registration, the applicant, who must be an officer in the case of a firm, partnership or corporation, shall have successfully passed the examination required for the issuance of the certificate within ninety (90) days preceding the date of the issuance.

1710.4.2 Experience Required

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
To be eligible for the examination for a Registration Certificate, the applicant shall have a valid California State Contractor's License in an appropriate specialty and a valid City Business Tax Certificate.

1710.4.3 Board of Examiners

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The Superintendent of Building or a Board of Examiners composed of qualified person(s) appointed by the Superintendent of Building shall conduct examinations.

The results of every examination shall be subject to the approval of the Superintendent.

Each examiner shall serve at the pleasure of the Superintendent of Building and shall serve for a period of one year unless reappointed by the Superintendent of Building.

1710.4.4 Scope of Examination

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The examination shall, in the judgment of the Board of Examiners, fairly determine the ability of the applicant to properly perform the work, which he or she would be authorized to do by the certificate requested, and may include the following:
  1. A written test.
  2. Practical tests as may be required.
  3. An oral interview as may be required.
  4. Other tests as may be required by the Board of Examiners.

1710.4.5 Time of Examination

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The applicant shall be examined as soon as practicable after filing an application.

1710.4.6 Rules and Regulations

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The Department shall have the authority to establish rules and regulations for the conduct of examinations.

1710.4.7 Fitness of Applicant

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Any applicant for a certificate may be required to submit satisfactory proof of his or her fitness to carry out the intent of this Code.

1710.4.8 Failure to Pass

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Every applicant who fails to pass an examination shall not be eligible for another examination until four (4) weeks after taking the previous examination. Any applicant who fails to pass on the third try shall not be eligible again until six (6) months after taking the previous examination.

1710.5 Issuance of Certificates

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1710.5.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Upon the payment of a $90 fee, the Department may issue a Certificate of Registration to every applicant who passes the required examination for a certified security bar installer.

1710.5.2 Renewal of Certificates

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Expired certificates may be renewed at any time within twelve (12) months following the date of expiration. However, after the first month, the renewal fee shall be increased by 10% for each subsequent month. After a certificate has been expired for one year, it may not be renewed; however, an applicant may apply for a new certificate at that time.

1710.6 Exhibition of Certificate

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1710.6.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Every person having a fixed place of business shall keep his or her Certificate of Registration posted in some conspicuous location at his or her place of business during the time the certificate is in force.

1710.6.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Every person not having a fixed place of business shall carry his or her Certificate of Registration with him or her at all times while doing any work pursuant to this certificate.

1710.7 Revocation of Certificate

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Any certificate may be suspended or revoked in accordance with the provisions of Article 8, Chapter IX of the LAMC.

1710.8 Transfer of Certificate

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
No certificate shall be transferable. A Certificate of Registration issued to a firm, partnership or corporation may not be transferred. The dissolution of a firm, partnership or corporation renders the certificate void.

Section 1711 Prefabricated Construction

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1711.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1711.1.1 Purpose

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The purpose of this section is to regulate materials and establish methods of safe construction where any structure or portion of the structure is wholly or partially prefabricated.

1711.1.2 Scope

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Unless otherwise specifically stated in this section, all prefabricated construction and all materials used in the construction shall conform to all the requirements of this Code. (See LAMC Subdivision 91.104.2.6.)

1711.1.3 Definition

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
PREFABRICATED ASSEMBLY. A structural unit, the integral parts of which have been built up or assembled prior to incorporation in the building.

1711.2 Tests of Materials

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Every approval of a material not specifically mentioned in this Code shall incorporate as a proviso, the kind and number of tests to be made during prefabrication.

1711.3 Tests of Assemblies

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The Superintendent of Building may require special tests to be made on assemblies to determine their durability and weather resistance.

1711.4 Connections

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
See CBC Section 1611.11.1 for design requirements of connections for prefabricated assemblies.

1711.5 Pipes and Conduits

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
See CBC Section 1611.11.2 for design requirements for removal of material for pipes, conduits and other equipment.

1711.6 Certificate and Inspection

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1711.6.1 Materials

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Materials and the assembly of materials shall be inspected to determine compliance with this Code. Every material shall be graded, marked or labeled where required elsewhere in this Code.

1711.6.2 Certificate

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A Certificate of Approval shall be furnished with every prefabricated assembly, except where the assembly is readily accessible to inspection at the site. The Certificate of Approval shall certify that the assembly in question has been inspected and meets all the requirements of this Code. When mechanical equipment is installed so that it cannot be inspected at the site, the Certificate of Approval shall certify that the equipment complies with all applicable laws and regulations.

1711.6.3 Certifying Agency

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
To be acceptable under this Code, every Certificate of Approval shall be made by an approved testing agency.

1711.6.4 Field Erection

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Placement of prefabricated assemblies at the building site shall be inspected by the Department to determine compliance with this Code.

1711.6.5 Continuous Inspection

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
If continuous inspection is required for certain materials where construction takes place on the site, it shall also be required where the same materials are used in prefabricated construction.

EXCEPTION: Continuous inspection will not be required during prefabrication if the approved testing agency certifies to the construction and furnishes evidence of compliance.
Analyzing code differences
UpCodes Premium
Leverage the most sophisticated code compliance platform.
TRY FREE FOR TWO WEEKS VISIT PRICING
UpCodes Premium
Leverage the full code compliance platform.
START 2 WEEK FREE TRIAL LEARN MORE