CODES

ADOPTS WITH AMENDMENTS:

International Building Code 2015 (IBC 2015)

Chapter 1 Scope and Administration

Chapter 2 Definitions

Chapter 3 Use and Occupancy Classification

Chapter 4 Special Detailed Requirements Based on Use and Occupancy

Chapter 5 General Building Heights and Areas

Chapter 6 Types of Construction

Chapter 7 Fire and Smoke Protection Features

Chapter 8 Interior Finishes

Chapter 9 Fire Protection Systems

Chapter 10 Means of Egress

Chapter 11 Accessibility

Chapter 12 Interior Environment

Chapter 13 Energy Efficiency

Chapter 14 Exterior Walls

Chapter 15 Roof Assemblies and Rooftop Structures

Chapter 16 Structural Design

Chapter 17 Special Inspections and Tests

Chapter 18 Soils and Foundations

Chapter 19 Concrete

Chapter 20 Aluminum

Chapter 21 Masonry

Chapter 22 Steel

Chapter 23 Wood

Chapter 24 Glass and Glazing

Chapter 25 Gypsum Board, Gypsum Panel Products and Plaster

Chapter 26 Plastic

Chapter 27 Electrical

Chapter 28 Mechanical Systems

Chapter 29 Plumbing Systems

Chapter 29 PLUMBING SYSTEMS

Chapter 30 Elevators and Conveying Systems

Chapter 31 Special Construction

Chapter 32 Encroachments Into the Public Right-Of-Way

Chapter 33 Safeguards During Construction

Chapter 34 Reserved

Chapter 34 EXISTING STRUCTURES

Chapter 35 Referenced Standards

Appendix A Employee Qualifications

Appendix B Board of Appeals

Appendix C GROUP U—AGRICULTURAL BUILDINGS

Appendix D Fire Districts

Appendix E Supplementary Accessibility Requirements

Appendix F Rodentproofing

Appendix G Flood-Resistant Construction

Appendix H Signs

Appendix I Patio Covers

Appendix J Grading

Appendix K Administrative Provisions

Appendix L Earthquake Recording Instrumentation

Appendix M Tsunami-Generated Flood Hazard

The provisions of this chapter shall govern special building construction including membrane structures, temporary structures, pedestrian walkways and tunnels, automatic vehicular gates, awnings and canopies, marquees, signs, and towers and antennas.
The provisions of Sections 3102.1 through 3102.8 shall apply to air-supported, air-inflated, membranecovered cable, membrane-covered frame and tensile membrane structures, collectively known as membrane structures, erected for a period of 180 days or longer. Those erected for a shorter period of time shall comply with the International Fire Code. Membrane structures covering water storage facilities, water clarifiers, water treatment plants, sewage treatment plants, greenhouses and similar facilities not used for human occupancy are required to meet only the requirements of Sections 3102.3.1 and 3102.7. Membrane structures erected on a building, balcony, deck or other structure for any period of time shall comply with this section.
Tensile membrane structures, including permanent and temporary structures, shall be designed and constructed in accordance with ASCE 55. The provisions in Sections 3102.3 through 3102.6 shall apply.
Noncombustible membrane structures shall be classified as Type IIB construction. Noncombustible frame or cable-supported structures covered by an approved membrane in accordance with Section 3102.3.1 shall be classified as Type IIB construction. Heavy timber frame-supported structures covered by an approved membrane in accordance with Section 3102.3.1 shall be classified as Type IV construction. Other membrane structures shall be classified as Type V construction.

Exception: Plastic less than 30 feet (9144 mm) above any floor used in greenhouses, where occupancy by the general public is not authorized, and for aquaculture pond covers is not required to meet the fire propagation performance criteria of Test Method 1 or Test Method 2, as appropriate, of NFPA 701.
Membranes and interior liners shall be either noncombustible as set forth in Section 703.5 or meet the fire propagation performance criteria of Test Method 1 or Test Method 2, as appropriate, of NFPA 701 and the manufacturer's test protocol.

Exception: Plastic less than 20 mil (0.5 mm) in thickness used in greenhouses, where occupancy by the general public is not authorized, and for aquaculture pond covers is not required to meet the fire propagation performance criteria of Test Method 1 or Test Method 2, as appropriate, of NFPA 701.
The area of a membrane structure shall not exceed the limitations specified in Section 506.
Membrane structures shall not exceed one story nor shall such structures exceed the height limitations in feet specified in Section 504.3.

Exception: Noncombustible membrane structures serving as roofs only.
Membrane structures shall be permitted to be utilized as specified in this section as a portion of buildings of other types of construction. Height and area limits shall be as specified for the type of construction and occupancy of the building.
A noncombustible membrane shall be permitted for use as the roof or as a skylight of any building or atrium of a building of any type of construction provided the membrane is not less than 20 feet (6096 mm) above any floor, balcony or gallery.
A membrane meeting the fire propagation performance criteria of Test Method 1 or Test Method 2, as appropriate, of NFPA 701 shall be permitted to be used as the roof or as a skylight on buildings of Type IIB, III, IV and V construction, provided the membrane is not less than 20 feet (6096 mm) above any floor, balcony or gallery.
The structure shall be designed and constructed to sustain dead loads; loads due to tension or inflation; live loads including wind, snow or flood and seismic loads and in accordance with Chapter 16.
For membrane-covered frame structures, the membrane shall not be considered to provide lateral restraint in the calculation of the capacities of the frame members.
Air-supported and air-inflated structures shall be provided with primary and auxiliary inflation systems to meet the minimum requirements of Sections 3102.8.1 through 3102.8.3.
This inflation system shall consist of one or more blowers and shall include provisions for automatic control to maintain the required inflation pressures. The system shall be so designed as to prevent overpressurization of the system.
In addition to the primary inflation system, in buildings larger than 1,500 square feet (140 m2) in area, an auxiliary inflation system shall be provided with sufficient capacity to maintain the inflation of the structure in case of primary system failure. The auxiliary inflation system shall operate automatically when there is a loss of internal pressure and when the primary blower system becomes inoperative.
Blower equipment shall meet all of the following requirements:

1. Blowers shall be powered by continuous-rated motors at the maximum power required for any flow condition as required by the structural design.

2. Blowers shall be provided with inlet screens, belt guards and other protective devices as required by the building official to provide protection from injury.

3. Blowers shall be housed within a weather-protecting structure.

4. Blowers shall be equipped with backdraft check dampers to minimize air loss when inoperative.

5. Blower inlets shall be located to provide protection from air contamination. The location of inlets shall be approved.
Wherever an auxiliary inflation system is required, an approved standby power-generating system shall be provided. The system shall be equipped with a suitable means for automatically starting the generator set upon failure of the normal electrical service and for automatic transfer and operation of all of the required electrical functions at full power within 60 seconds of such service failure. Standby power shall be capable of operating independently for not less than 4 hours.
A system capable of supporting the membrane in the event of deflation shall be provided for in air-supported and air-inflated structures having an occupant load of 50 or more or where covering a swimming pool regardless of occupant load. The support system shall be capable of maintaining membrane structures used as a roof for Type I construction not less than 20 feet (6096 mm) above floor or seating areas. The support system shall be capable of maintaining other membranes not less than 7 feet (2134 mm) above the floor, seating area or surface of the water.

3103.1 General

STATE AMENDMENT
The provisions of Sections 3103.1 through 3103.4 shall apply to structures erected for a period of less than 180 days. Tents, temporary structures, and other membrane structures erected for a period of less than 180 days shall comply with the International Fire CodeSection 432 of this code. Those erected for a longer period of time shall comply with applicable sections of this code relating to permanent structures.
Temporary structures and uses shall conform to the structural strength, fire safety, means of egress, accessibility, light, ventilation, and sanitary requirements of this code as necessary to ensure public health, safety, and general welfare.

3103.1.2 Permit Required

STATE AMENDMENT
Temporary structures that cover an area greater than 120400 square feet (11.16 m2), including connecting areas or spaces with a common means of egress or entrance that are used or intended to be used for the gathering together of 10 or more persons, shall not be erected, operated, or maintained for any purpose without obtaining a permit from the building official.
A permit application and construction documents shall be submitted for each installation of a temporary structure. The construction documents shall include a site plan indicating the location of the temporary structure and information delineating the means of egress and the occupant load.
Temporary structures shall be located in accordance with the requirements of Table 602 based on the fire-resistance rating of the exterior walls for the proposed type of construction.
Temporary structures shall conform to the means of egress requirements of Chapter 10 and shall have an exit access travel distance of 100 feet (30 480 mm) or less.
This section shall apply to connections between buildings such as pedestrian walkways or tunnels, located at, above or below grade level, that are used as a means of travel by persons. The pedestrian walkway shall not contribute to the building area or the number of stories or height of connected buildings.
Pedestrian walkways shall be designed and constructed in accordance with Sections 3104.2 through 3104.9. Tunnels shall be designed and constructed in accordance with Sections 3104.2 and 3104.10.
Buildings connected by pedestrian walkways or tunnels shall be considered to be separate structures.

Exceptions:

1. Buildings that are on the same lot and considered as portions of a single building in accordance with Section 503.1.2.

2. For purposes of calculating the number of Type B units required by Chapter 11, structurally connected buildings and buildings with multiple wings shall be considered one structure.
The pedestrian walkway shall be of noncombustible construction.

Exceptions:

1. Combustible construction shall be permitted where connected buildings are of combustible construction.

2. Fire-retardant-treated wood, in accordance with Section 603.1, Item 1.3, shall be permitted for the roof construction of the pedestrian walkway where connected buildings are a minimum of Type I or II construction.
Only materials and decorations approved by the building official shall be located in the pedestrian walkway.
The connection of a pedestrian walkway to a building shall comply with Section 3104.5.1, 3104.5.2, 3104.5.3 or 3104.5.4.

Exception: Buildings that are on the same lot and considered as portions of a single building in accordance with Section 503.1.2.
Pedestrian walkways shall be separated from the interior of the building by not less than 2- hour fire barriers constructed in accordance with Section 707 and Sections 3104.5.1.1 through 3104.5.1.3.
Exterior walls of buildings connected to pedestrian walkways shall be 2-hour fire-resistance-rated. This protection shall extend not less than 10 feet (3048 mm) in every direction surrounding the perimeter of the pedestrian walkway.
Openings in exterior walls required to be fire-resistance-rated in accordance with Section 3104.5.1.1 shall be equipped with opening protectives providing a not less than 3/4-hour fire protection rating in accordance with Section 716.
The fire barrier shall be supported by construction as required by Section 707.5.1.
The wall separating the pedestrian walkway and the building shall comply with Section 3104.5.2.1 or 3104.5.2.2 where:

1. The distance between the connected buildings is more than 10 feet (3048 mm).

2. The pedestrian walkway and connected buildings are equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1, and the roof of the walkway is not more than 55 feet (16 764 mm) above grade connecting to the fifth, or lower, story above grade plane, of each building.

Exception: Open parking garages need not be equipped with an automatic sprinkler system.
The wall shall be capable of resisting the passage of smoke.
The wall shall be constructed of a tempered, wired or laminated glass wall and doors or glass separating the interior of the building from the pedestrian walkway. The glass shall be protected by an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1 that, when actuated, shall completely wet the entire surface of interior sides of the wall or glass. Obstructions shall not be installed between the sprinkler heads and the wall or glass. The glass shall be in a gasketed frame and installed in such a manner that the framing system will deflect without breaking (loading) the glass before the sprinkler operates.
Where the distance between the connected buildings is more than 10 feet (3048 mm), the walls at the intersection of the pedestrian walkway and each building need not be fire-resistance-rated provided both sidewalls of the pedestrian walkway are not less than 50 percent open with the open area uniformly distributed to prevent the accumulation of smoke and toxic gases. The roof of the walkway shall be located not more than 40 feet (12 160 mm) above grade plane, and the walkway shall only be permitted to connect to the third or lower story of each building.

Exception: Where the pedestrian walkway is protected with a sprinkler system in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1, the roof of the walkway shall be located not more than 55 feet (16 764 mm) above grade plane and the walkway shall only be permitted to connect to the fifth or lower story of each building.
Where exterior walls of connected buildings are required by Section 705 to have a fire-resistance rating greater than 2 hours, the walls at the intersection of the pedestrian walkway and each building need not be fire-resistance-rated provided:

1. The pedestrian walkway is equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1.

2. The roof of the walkway is not located more than 55 feet (16 764 mm) above grade plane and the walkway connects to the fifth, or lower, story above grade plane of each building.
Access shall be provided at all times to a pedestrian walkway that serves as a required exit.
The unobstructed width of pedestrian walkways shall be not less than 36 inches (914 mm). The total width shall be not greater than 30 feet (9144 mm).
The length of exit access travel shall be 200 feet (60 960 mm) or less.

Exceptions:

1. Exit access travel distance on a pedestrian walkway equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1 shall be 250 feet (76 200 mm) or less.

2. Exit access travel distance on a pedestrian walkway constructed with both sides not less than 50 percent open shall be 300 feet (91 440 mm) or less.

3. Exit access travel distance on a pedestrian walkway constructed with both sides not less than 50 percent open, and equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1, shall be 400 feet (122 m) or less.
Separation between the tunneled walkway and the building to which it is connected shall be not less than 2-hour fire-resistant construction and openings therein shall be protected in accordance with Table 716.5.
Awnings and canopies shall comply with the requirements of Sections 3105.2 through 3105.4 and other applicable sections of this code.
The following term is defined in Chapter 2:

RETRACTABLE AWNING.
Awnings and canopies shall be designed and constructed to withstand wind or other lateral loads and live loads as required by Chapter 16 with due allowance for shape, open construction and similar features that relieve the pressures or loads. Structural members shall be protected to prevent deterioration. Awnings shall have frames of noncombustible material, fire-retardant-treated wood, wood of Type IV size, or 1-hour construction with combustible or noncombustible covers and shall be either fixed, retractable, folding or collapsible.
Awnings and canopies shall be provided with an approved covering that meets the fire propagation performance criteria of Test Method 1 or Test Method 2, as appropriate, of NFPA 701 or has a flame spread index not greater than 25 when tested in accordance with ASTM E84 or UL 723.

Exception: The fire propagation performance and flame spread index requirements shall not apply to awnings installed on detached one- and two-family dwellings.
Marquees shall comply with Sections 3106.2 through 3106.5 and other applicable sections of this code.
The height or thickness of a marquee measured vertically from its lowest to its highest point shall be not greater than 3 feet (914 mm) where the marquee projects more than two-thirds of the distance from the lot line to the curb line, and shall be not greater than 9 feet (2743 mm) where the marquee is less than two-thirds of the distance from the lot line to the curb line.
Where the roof or any part thereof is a skylight, the skylight shall comply with the requirements of Chapter 24. Every roof and skylight of a marquee shall be sloped to downspouts that shall conduct any drainage from the marquee in such a manner so as not to spill over the sidewalk.
Every marquee shall be so located as not to interfere with the operation of any exterior standpipe, and such that the marquee does not obstruct the clear passage of stairways or exit discharge from the building or the installation or maintenance of street lighting.
A marquee shall be supported entirely from the building and constructed of noncombustible materials. Marquees shall be designed as required in Chapter 16. Structural members shall be protected to prevent deterioration.

3107.1 General

STATE AMENDMENT
Signs shall be designed, constructed and maintained in accordance with this code.
Towers shall be designed and constructed in accordance with the provisions of TIA-222. Towers shall be designed for seismic loads; exceptions related to seismic design listed in Section 2.7.3 of TIA-222 shall not apply. In Section 2.6.6.2 of TIA 222, the horizontal extent of Topographic Category 2, escarpments, shall be 16 times the height of the escarpment.

Exception: Single free-standing poles used to support antennas not greater than 75 feet (22 860 mm), measured from the top of the pole to grade, shall not be required to be noncombustible.
Towers shall be located such that guy wires and other accessories shall not cross or encroach upon any street or other public space, or over above-ground electric utility lines, or encroach upon any privately owned property without the written consent of the owner of the encroached-upon property, space or aboveground electric utility lines. Towers shall be equipped with climbing and working facilities in compliance with TIA-222. Access to the tower sites shall be limited as required by applicable OSHA, FCC and EPA regulations.
A building permit is not required for roof installation of antennal structures not more than 12 feet (3658 mm) in height for private radio or television reception. Such a structure shall not be erected so as to injure the roof covering, and when removed from the roof, the roof covering shall be repaired to maintain weather and water tightness. The installation of any antennal structure mounted on the roof of a building shall not be erected nearer to the lot line than the total height of the antennal structure above the roof, nor shall such structure be erected near electric power lines or encroach upon any street or other public space.
Approval shall be secured for all roof-mounted antennal structures more than 12 feet (3658mm) in height above the roof. The application shall be accompanied by detailed drawings of the structure and methods of anchorage. All connections to the roof structure shall be properly flashed to maintain water tightness. The design and materials of construction shall comply with the requirements of Section 3108.1 for character, quality, and minimum dimension.

3108.5 Dish antennas

STATE AMENDMENT
An antenna consisting of a radiation element which transmits or receives radiation signals generated as electrical, light, or sound energy, and supported by a structure with or without a reflective component to the radiating dish, usually in a circular shape with a parabolic curve design constructed of a solid or open mesh surface, shall be known as a dish antenna.

3108.5.1 Permits

STATE AMENDMENT
The approval of the building official shall be secured for all dish antenna structures more than 2 feet (610mm) in diameter erected on the roof of or attached to any building or structure. A permit is not required for dish antennas not more than 2 feet (610mm) in diameter erected and maintained on the roof of any building.
Dish antennas larger than 2 feet (610mm) in diameter shall be subject to the structural provisions of Sections 1608, 1609, and 3108.1. The snow load provisions of Section 1608 shall not apply where the antenna has a heater to melt falling snow.

3109.1 General

STATE AMENDMENT
The design and construction of swimming pools, spas and hot tubs shall comply with the International Swimming Pool and Spa Code.Swimming and bathing pools shall conform to the requirements of this section, provided that these regulations shall not be applicable to any such pool less than 24 inches (610 mm) deep or having a surface area less than 250 square feet (23.25 m2), except where such pools are permanently equipped with a water-recirculating system or involve structural materials. For the purpose of this code, pools are classified as private swimming pools or public swimming pools, as defined in Section 3109.2. Materials and constructions used in swimming pools shall comply with the applicable requirements of this code.

3109.2 Definitions

STATE AMENDMENT
The following definitions are defined in Chapter 2:

BARRIER.

HOT TUB.

IN-GROUND POOL.

POWER SAFETY COVER.

PRIVATE SWIMMING POOL.

PRIVATE SWIMMING POOL, INDOOR.

PRIVATE SWIMMING.

PUBLIC SWIMMING POOL.

SPA.

SWIMMING POOL.
A swimming pool or appurtenances thereto shall not be constructed, installed, enlarged, or altered until construction documents have been submitted and a permit has been obtained from the building official having jurisdiction in accordance with Sections 104.15 and 104.16 of this code. The occupant load calculations of Section 3109.3.1 shall be used for the purpose of determining the jurisdiction and design professional seal requirements. The approval of all city, county, and state authorities having jurisdiction over swimming pools shall be obtained before applying to the building official for a permit. Certified copies of these approvals shall be filed as part of the supporting data for the permit application.
The occupant load of the swimming pool, appurtenances, and accessory structures shall be computed at a rate of one occupant per unit of area as prescribed by this section.

TABLE 3109.3.1
POOL OCCUPANT LOAD
OCCUPANCY GROSS AREA IN SQUARE FEET PER OCCUPANT
Pool Surface Area 50 Gross
Deck Area Around the Pool 15 Gross
Construction documents shall accurately show:
  1. Dimensions and construction of the swimming pool and appurtenances;
  2. Established distances to lot lines, buildings, walks, and fences;
  3. Details of the water supply system, drainage, and water disposal systems;
  4. All appurtenances pertaining to the swimming pool; and
  5. Detailed construction documents of structures, vertical elevations and sections through the swimming pool showing depth.

3109.4 Locations

STATE AMENDMENT
Private swimming pools shall not encroach on any front or side yard required by this code or by the governing zoning law, unless in accordance with specific rules of the jurisdiction in which the swimming pool is located. A wall of a swimming pool shall not be located less than 6 feet (1829 mm) from any rear or side property line or 10 feet (3048 mm) from any street property line, unless in accordance with the specific rules of the jurisdiction in which the swimming pool is located.

3109.5 Structural design

STATE AMENDMENT
The swimming pool structure shall be engineered and designed to withstand the expected forces to which the swimming pool will be subjected.

3109.5.1 Wall slopes

STATE AMENDMENT
To a depth up to 2 feet 9 inches (838 mm) from the top, the wall slope shall not be more than one unit horizontal in five units vertical (1:5).

3109.5.2 Floor slopes

STATE AMENDMENT
The slope of the floor on the shallow side of the transition point shall not exceed one unit vertical to seven units horizontal (1:7). For public swimming pools greater than 1,200 square feet (111.6 m2), the slope of the floor on the shallow side of the transition point shall not exceed one unit vertical to ten units horizontal (1:10). The transition point between shallow and deep water shall not be more than 5 feet (1524 mm) deep.

3109.5.3 Walkways

STATE AMENDMENT
All public swimming pools shall have walkways not less than 4 feet (1219 mm) in width extending entirely around the public swimming pool. Curbs or sidewalks around any swimming pool shall have a slip-resistant surface for a width of not less than 1 foot (305 mm) at the edge of the swimming pool, and shall be so arranged as to prevent return of surface water to the swimming pool.

3109.5.4 Steps and ladders

STATE AMENDMENT
At least one means of egress shall be provided from private swimming pools. Public swimming pools shall provide ladders or other means of egress at both sides of the diving section and at least one means of egress at the shallow section; or at least one means of egress in the deep section and the shallow section if diving boards are not provided. Treads of steps and ladders shall have slip-resistant surfaces and handrails on both sides, except that handrails are not required where there are not more than four steps or where the steps extend the full width of the side or end of the swimming pool. Treads and risers of the swimming pool steps shall conform to the following:
  1. Step treads shall have a minimum unobstructed horizontal depth of 10 inches (254 mm) and a minimum unobstructed surface area of 240 square inches (0.15m2).
  2. Risers shall have a maximum uniform height of 12 inches (305mm) as measured at the centerline of the tread. The height of the bottom riser shall not vary more than plus or minus 2 inches (51mm) from the uniform riser height.

3109.6 Water supply

STATE AMENDMENT
All swimming pools shall be provided with a potable water supply, free of cross connections with the swimming pool or its equipment.

3109.6.1 Water treatment

STATE AMENDMENT
Public swimming pools are regulated by the Cabinet for Health and Family Services, Department of Public Health, for purposes of water distribution and treatment systems and the proper operation and maintenance of all pool facilities (see 902 KAR 10:120, Kentucky Public Swimming and Bathing Facilities Regulation). Private swimming pools shall be designed and installed so that there is a swimming pool water turnover at least once every 18 hours, Filters shall not filter water at a rate in excess of 5 gallons per minute per square foot (205L/min/m2) of surface area. The swimming pool owner shall be instructed in the care of maintenance of the swimming pool by the supplier or builder, including treatment with high-test calcium hypochlorite (dry chlorine), sodium hypochlorite (liquid chlorine), or equally effective germicide and algicide and the importance of proper pH (alkalinity and acidity) control.
All appurtenant structures, installations, and equipment, such as showers, dressing rooms, equipment houses, or other buildings and structures, including plumbing, heating, and air conditioning systems, shall comply with all applicable requirements of this code.

3109.7.1 Accessories

STATE AMENDMENT
All swimming pool accessories shall be designed, constructed, and installed so as not to be a safety hazard. Installations or structures for diving purposes shall be properly anchored to insure stability.
Pumps, filters, and other mechanical and electrical equipment for public swimming pools shall be enclosed in such a manner as to provide access only to authorized persons and not to bathers. Construction and drainage shall be arranged to avoid the entrance and accumulation of water in the vicinity of electrical equipment.
Gas appliances located in rooms or spaces where corrosive or flammable chemicals are present shall be protected in accordance with the NFPA 54 National Fuel Gas Code.

3109.8.2 General

STATE AMENDMENT
Suction outlets shall be designed to produce circulation throughout the swimming pool or spa. Single-outlet systems, such as automatic vacuum cleaner systems, or multiple suction outlets, whether isolated by valves or otherwise, shall be protected against user entrapment.

3109.8.3 Suction fittings

STATE AMENDMENT
Swimming pool and spa suction outlets shall have a cover that conforms to APSP 7 or an 18-inch x 23-inch (457mm by 584mm) drain grate or larger, or an approved channel drain system.

Exception: Surface skimmers
Swimming pool and spa single or multiple-outlet circulation systems shall be equipped with atmospheric vacuum relief should grate covers located therein become missing or broken. This vacuum relief system shall include at least one approved or engineered method of the type specified herein, as follows:
  1. Safety vacuum release system conforming to APSP 7; or
  2. An approved gravity drainage system
Single or multiple pump circulation systems have a minimum of two suction outlets of the approved type. A minimum horizontal or vertical distance 3 feet (914mm) shall separate the outlets. These suction outlets shall be piped so that water is drawn through them simultaneously through a vacuum-relief-protected line to the pump or pumps.
Where provided, vacuum or pressure cleaner fitting(s) shall be located in an accessible position(s) at least 6 inches (152mm) and not more than 12 inches (305mm) below the minimum operational water level or as an attachment to the skimmer(s).
Public and private swimming pools shall be provided with an enclosure surrounding the swimming pool area. The enclosure shall meet the provisions of Sections 3109.9.1 through 3109.9.3.

3109.9.1 Enclosure

STATE AMENDMENT
The enclosure shall extend not less than 4 feet (1219 mm) above the ground. All gates shall be self-closing and self-latching with the latches placed at least 4 feet (1219 mm) above the ground.

Exception: The following shall be exempt from the provisions of this section:
  1. A spa or hot tub with an approved safety cover.
  2. Fixtures that are drained after each use.

3109.9.2 Approved barriers

STATE AMENDMENT
Barriers shall be designed so as to prevent uninvited persons from intruding into the swimming pool area. Enclosures shall be designed to withstand a horizontal concentrated force load of 200 pounds (896 mm) applied on a 1-square-foot (0.093 m2) area at any point of the fence enclosure. Compliance with the following criteria shall constitute a safe barrier:
  1. The top of the barrier shall be at least 48 inches (1219 mm) above grade measured on the side of the barrier, which faces away from the swimming pool. The maximum vertical clearance between the grade and the bottom of the barrier shall be 4 inches (102 mm) measured on the side of the barrier, which faces away from the swimming pool.
  2. Openings in the barrier shall not allow the passage of a 4-inch (102-mm) diameter sphere.
  3. Solid barriers shall not contain indentations or protrusions except for normal construction tolerances and tooled masonry joints.
  4. Where the barrier is composed of horizontal and vertical members and the distance between the tops of the horizontal members is less than 24 inches (610mm), the horizontal members shall be located on the swimming pool side of the fence. Spacing between vertical members shall not exceed 1.75 inches (44 mm) in width. (Where there are decorative cutouts within vertical members, spacing within the cutouts shall not exceed 1 34 inches (44mm) in width.

    Exception: When intermediate horizontal members are located 34 inches (864mm) or more above grade, the spacing between vertical members shall not exceed 4 inches (102mm) in width.
  5. Where the barrier is composed of horizontal and vertical members and the distance between the tops of the horizontal members is more than 24 inches (610mm) or more, spacing between vertical members shall not exceed 4 inches (102mm). Where there are decorative cutouts within vertical members, spacing within the cutouts shall not exceed 1.75 inches (44 mm) in width.
  6. Maximum mesh size for chain link fences shall be 214 inches (75mm) square unless the fence is provided with slats fastened at the top or the bottom which reduce the openings to not less than 134 inches (44mm).
  7. Where the barrier is composed of diagonal members, such as a lattice fence, the maximum opening formed by the diagonal members shall be not more than 1.75 inches (44 mm).
  1. An indoor private swimming pool enclosure may consist of the walls of the house including any entrance and exit doors, screens or glass separations designed for the purpose of preventing uninvited persons from entering the swimming pool.
  2. An exterior private swimming pool enclosure may surround the swimming pool area only or it may surround a larger area if the barrier prevents uninvited persons from entering the swimming pool.

3109.10 Diving boards

STATE AMENDMENT
Minimum water depths and distances for diving hoppers for swimming pools, based on board height above water, shall comply with Table 3109.10(1) for public swimming pools and Table 3109.10(2) for private swimming pools.

The maximum slope permitted between point D2 and the transition point shall not exceed one unit vertical to three units horizontal (1:3) in private and public swimming pools. D1 is the point directly under the end of the diving boards D2 is the point at which the floor begins to slope upwards to the transition point (see Figure 3109.10).

TABLE 3109.10(1)
MINIMUM WATER DEPTHS AND DISTANCES BASED ON BOARD HEIGHT FOR PUBLIC POOLS
BOARD HEIGHT MINIMUM DEPTHa AT D1 DIRECTLY UNDER END OF BOARD DISTANCEa BETWEEN D1 AND D2 MINIMUM DEPTH AT D2
2’-2” (2/3 meter) 7’-0” 8’-0” 8’-6”
2’-6” (3/4 meter) 7’-6” 9’-0” 9’-0”
1 meter 8’-6” 10’-0” 10’-0”
3 meter 11’-0” 10’-0” 12’-0”
  1. 1 foot = 304.8mm.
TABLE 3109.10(2)
MINIMUM WATER DEPTHS AND DISTANCES BASED ON BOARD HEIGHT FOR PRIVATE POOLS
BOARD HEIGHT MINIMUM DEPTHa AT D1 DIRECTLY UNDER END OF BOARD DISTANCEa BETWEEN D1 AND D2 MINIMUM DEPTH AT D2
1’-8” (1/2 meter) 6’-0” 7’-0” 7’-6”
2’-2” (2/3 meter) 6’-10” 7’-6” 8’-0”
2’-6” (3/4 meter) 7’-5” 8’-0” 8’-0”
3’-4” (1 meter) 8’-6” 9’-0” 9’-0”
  1. 1 foot = 304.8mm.


Figure 3109.10
MINIMUM WATER DEPTHS AND DISTANCES BASED ON BOARD HEIGHT FOR PUBLIC AND PRIVATE POOLS
Automatic vehicular gates shall comply with the requirements of Sections 3110.2 through 3110.4 and other applicable sections of this code.
The following term is defined in Chapter 2:

VEHICULAR GATE.
Vehicular gates intended for automation shall be designed, constructed and installed to comply with the requirements of ASTM F2200.
Vehicular gate openers, where provided, shall be listed in accordance with UL 325.
Photovoltaic panels and modules shall comply with the requirements of this code and the International Fire Code.
Photovoltaic panels and modules installed on a roof or as an integral part of a roof assembly shall comply with the requirements of Chapter 15 and the International Fire Code.
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