ADOPTS WITH AMENDMENTS:

International Fire Code 2012 (IFC 2012)

510

Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.

Chapter 5 Fire Services Features

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Fire service features for buildings, structures and premises shall comply with this chapter.

501.2 Permits

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501.2 Address Identification

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
When not required by local ordinance, buildings shall be provided with approved address numbers, building numbers or approved building identification placed in a position that is plainly legible and visible from the street or road frontage fronting the property. These numbers shall contrast with their background. Address numbers shall be Arabic numbers or alphabetical letters. Numbers shall be a minimum of 4 inches (101.6 mm) high with a minimum stroke width of .5 inch (12.7 mm). Address numbers shall be maintained.

501.3 Construction Documents

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Construction documents for proposed fire apparatus access, location of fire lanes, security gates across fire apparatus access roads and construction documents and hydraulic calculations for fire hydrant systems shall be submitted to the fire department for review prior to construction.
When fire apparatus access roads or a water supply for fire protection is required to be installed, such protection shall be installed and made serviceable prior to and during the time of construction except when approved alternative methods of protection are provided. Temporary street signs shall be installed at each street intersection when construction of new roadways allows passage by vehicles in accordance with Section 505.2.

502.1 Definitions

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The following terms are defined in Chapter 2 :
FIRE APPARATUS ACCESS ROAD. A road that provides not only fire apparatus access for the servicing fire department, but provides same access for any local or state law enforcement agency, for any servicing emergency medical agency and for any local or state emergency response agency to a facility, building or structure or portion thereof. This is a general term inclusive of all other terms such as fire lane, public street, private street, also public or private lot and lane and access roadway.
Fire apparatus access roads shall be provided and maintained in accordance with Sections 503.1.1 through 503.1.3.

503.1.1 Buildings and Facilities

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Approved fire apparatus access roads shall be provided for every facility, building or portion of a building hereafter constructed or moved into or within the jurisdiction. The fire apparatus access road shall comply with the requirements of this section and shall extend to within 150 feet (45.72 m) of all portions of the facility and all portions of the exterior walls of the first story of the building as measured around the perimeter of the exterior of the building or facility.
Exception: Buildings protected throughout by a supervised automatic fire sprinkler system and not used for high-piled combustible storage in excess of twelve thousand (12,000) square feet.
The fire code official is authorized to require more than one fire apparatus access road based on the potential for impairment of a single road by vehicle congestion, condition of terrain, climatic conditions or other factors that could limit access.
Fire department vehicle access to buildings used for high-piled combustible storage shall comply with the applicable provisions of Chapter 32.

503.1.4

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
For exterior lumber storage, see Section 2809.
Fire apparatus access roads shall be installed and arranged in accordance with Sections 503.2.1 through 503.2.8.
Fire apparatus access roads shall have an unobstructed width of not less than 20 feet (6096 mm), exclusive of shoulders, except for approved security gates in accordance with Section 503.6, and an unobstructed vertical clearance of not less than 13 feet 6 inches (4115 mm).

503.2.2 Authority

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Vertical clearances or widths required by this section shall be increased when vertical clearances or widths do not provide fire apparatus access for the largest vehicle available to the servicing fire department.

503.2.3 Surface

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Fire apparatus access roads shall be designed, constructed and maintained to support the imposed live loads of the heaviest piece of fire department apparatus available to the servicing fire department and shall be provided with a surface so as to provide all-weather driving capability with required ground clearances from chassis frame and appurtenances.

503.2.4 Turning Radius

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The turning radius of a fire apparatus access road shall be determined after consultation with the servicing fire department and shall be at least equal to the minimum required radius for the fire apparatus. Such roads shall be designed and constructed to permit turning of the longest piece of fire apparatus available to the servicing fire department.

503.2.5 Dead Ends

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Dead-end fire apparatus access roads in excess of one hundred fifty (150) feet in length shall be designed and constructed so as to allow the turning around of the longest piece of fire apparatus available to the servicing fire department.

503.2.6 Bridges and Elevated Surfaces

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Where a bridge or an elevated surface is part of a fire apparatus access road, the bridge shall be constructed and maintained in an approved manner. Bridges and elevated surfaces shall be designed for a live load sufficient to carry the imposed loads of fire apparatus. Vehicle load limits shall be posted at both entrances to bridges. Where elevated surfaces designed for emergency vehicle use are adjacent to surfaces which are not designed for such use, approved barriers or approved signs shall be installed.

503.2.7 Grade

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The gradient for all fire apparatus access roads shall not exceed the maximum that the apparatus available to the servicing fire department can accommodate.

503.2.8 Angles of Approach and Departure

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503.2.8 Angles of Approach, Breakover, and Departure

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The angles of approach, breakover and departure for fire apparatus access roads shall be within the navigational limits of the largest piece of apparatus available to the servicing fire department.

503.3 Marking

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When required by local ordinance, signs, or other notices shall be provided and maintained for the fire apparatus access roads to identify such roads and prohibit the obstruction thereof.
Fire apparatus access roads shall not be obstructed in any manner, including the parking of vehicles. The minimum widths and clearances established in Section 503.2.1 shall be maintained at all times.

503.4.1 Traffic Calming Devices

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Traffic calming devices installed on fire department access roads shall accommodate all navigational requirements of the largest piece of apparatus available to the servicing fire department, in accordance with Section 503.2.

503.5 Required Gates or Barricades

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
When required by local ordinance, the fire code official is authorized to require the installation and maintenance of gates or other approved barricades across fire apparatus access roads, trails or other accessways, not including public streets, alleys or highways. Electric gate operators, where provided, shall be listed in accordance with UL 325. Gates intended for automatic operation shall be designed, constructed and installed to comply with the requirements of ASTM F 2200.

503.5.1 Secured Gates and Barricades

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
When required, gates and barricades shall be secured in an approved manner. Roads, trails and other accessways that have been closed and obstructed in the manner prescribed by Section 503.5 shall not be trespassed on or used unless authorized by the owner and approved by the fire code official.
Exception: Their restriction on use shall not apply to public officers acting within the scope of duty.
The installation of security gates across a fire apparatus access road shall be approved by the fire chief. Where security gates are installed, they shall have an approved means of emergency operation. The security gates and the emergency operation shall be maintained operational at all times. Electric gate operators, where provided, shall be listed in accordance with UL 325. Gates intended for automatic operation shall be designed, constructed and installed to comply with the requirements of ASTM F 2200.

504.1 Required Access

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Exterior doors and openings required by this code or the International Building Code shall be maintained readily accessible for emergency access by the fire department.

504.2 Maintenance of Exterior Doors and Openings

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Required fire department access doors, exit and exit access doors shall not be obstructed or eliminated and shall comply with Chapter 10. Exterior doors that have been rendered nonfunctional and that retain a functional door exterior appearance shall have a sign affixed to the exterior side of the door with the words THIS DOOR BLOCKED. The sign shall consist of letters having a principal stroke of not less than 3/4 inch (19.1 mm) wide and at least 6 inches (152 mm) high on a contrasting background. Required fire department access doors shall not be obstructed or eliminated. Exit and exit access doors shall comply with Chapter 10. Access doors for high-piled combustible storage shall comply with Section 3206.6.1.
New buildings four or more stories above grade plane, except those with a roof slope greater than four units vertical in 12 units horizontal (33.3-percent slope), shall be provided with a stairway to the roof. Stairway access to the roof shall be in accordance with Section 1009.16. Such stairway shall be marked at street and floor levels with a sign indicating that the stairway continues to the roof. Where roofs are used for roof gardens or for other purposes, stairways shall be provided as required for such occupancy classification.

505.1 Address Identification

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
New and existing buildings shall have approved address numbers, building numbers or approved building identification placed in a position that is plainly legible and visible from the street or road fronting the property. These numbers shall contrast with their background. Address numbers shall be provided in additional approved locations to facilitate emergency response. Address numbers shall be Arabic numbers or alphabetical letters. Numbers shall be a minimum of 4 inches (101.6 mm) high with a minimum stroke width of 0.5 inch (12.7 mm). Where access is by means of a private road and the building cannot be viewed from the public way, a monument, pole or other sign or means shall be used to identify the structure. Address numbers shall be maintained.
Exception: Secured sites manned with on site, full-time 24 hour response teams who escort responding fire departments may omit address numbers, building numbers or building identification on individual buildings.

505.1.1 Additional Numbers

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
New and existing Class 1 structures that have three (3) or more separate tenants where such tenants have both a front or main entrance and a rear entrance with an all weather surface for vehicular traffic that is tenant specific, such rear entrance shall have a posted address visible from the all weather surface.
Streets and roads shall be identified with approved signs. Temporary signs shall be installed at each street intersection when construction of new roadways allows passage by vehicles. Signs shall be of an approved size, weather resistant and be maintained until replaced by permanent signs.

506.1 Where Required

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506.1 When Required

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Whenever the servicing fire department has instituted a key box emergency access system, a key box compatible with that system shall be installed in an accessible location if:
  1. The building is protected with an automatic sprinkler system equipped with a local or transmitted water-flow alarm, or
  2. The building is provided with any fire alarm system equipped with an outside audible/visual signaling device, or
  3. The building is provided with any fire alarm system where the alarm is transmitted to an off-site location, or to the fire alarm center for the servicing fire department.
An approved lock shall be installed on gates or similar barriers when required by the fire code official.

506.1.2 Key Boxes for Nonstandardized Fire Service Elevator Keys

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506.2 Key Box Maintenance

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506.2 Responsibility for Key Box

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Key boxes are to be provided by the building owner and shall contain such keys necessary to access all protected areas of the building. Multi-tenant buildings may share an owner-provided box, and the building owner shall assume responsibility for insuring that keys are updated as appropriate. Tenant-provided boxes may not be shared with any other tenant, and the tenant assumes responsibility for key updates for the subject tenant space.
Exception: Key boxes for apartment houses are not required to contain keys to individual apartment dwelling units.

506.3 Existing Buildings

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
When a design release is issued by the Division of Fire and Building Safety or a permit by local government when a design release is not required for construction, buildings constructed prior to April 30, 1998, shall not be required to provide a key box or key boxes under this section. Any new tenancy within a space previously occupied by a different tenant shall require that a key box be provided in accordance with Sections 506.1 and 506.2.

507.1 Required Water Supply

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507.1 Required Water Supply for Fire Protection

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A water supply capable of supplying the required fire flow, for firefighting purposes, as determined by local ordinance, shall be provided to all premises upon which a Class 1 structure or a portion of a Class 1 structure is hereafter constructed. The water supply shall be provided as follows:
  1. When a public water supply is available to a premises, there shall be provided fire hydrants and mains capable of supplying the required fire flow.
  2. When a public water supply is not available to a premises, the water supply shall consist of a pond, stream, river, canal, lake, reservoir, quarry, pressure tank, elevated tank, swimming pool, other fixed systems, or fire department delivered portable system capable of providing the required fire flow. The on-site water supply shall be accessible to the fire department and be located within one hundred fifty (150) feet of the Class 1 building or structure being protected with an automatic fire extinguishing system. If the on-site water supply is not within one hundred fifty (150) feet of the structure being protected, the water supply shall be connected to on-site fire hydrants and mains capable of supplying the required fire flow. The owner shall verify the water supply requirements with the servicing fire department prior to final design and construction.

507.2 Type of Water Supply

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507.2.1 Private Fire Service Mains

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507.2.2 Water Tanks

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507.3 Fire Flow

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Appendix B may be adopted by local ordinance to set requirements for fire flow.
The fire code official shall be notified prior to the water supply test. Water supply tests shall be witnessed by the fire code official or approved documentation of the test shall be provided to the fire code official prior to final approval of the water supply system.
Fire hydrant systems shall comply with Sections 507.5.1 through 507.5.6.

507.5.1 Where Required

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where a portion of the facility or building hereafter constructed or moved into or within the jurisdiction is more than 400 feet (122 m) from a hydrant on a fire apparatus access road, as measured by an approved route around the exterior of the facility or building, on-site fire hydrants and mains shall be provided.
Exceptions:
  1. For Group R-3 and Group U occupancies, the distance requirement shall be 600 feet (183 m).
  2. For buildings equipped throughout with an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1 or 903.3.1.2, the distance requirement shall be 600 feet (183 m).

507.5.1.1 Hydrant for Standpipe Systems

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Buildings equipped with a standpipe system installed in accordance with Section 905 shall have a fire hydrant within 100 feet (30 m) of the fire department connections.

507.5.2 Inspection, Testing and Maintenance

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Fire hydrant systems shall be maintained in an operative condition at all times and shall be repaired where defective. Additions, repairs, alterations and servicing shall comply with approved standards.

507.5.3 Private Fire Service Mains and Water Tanks

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Private fire service mains and water tanks shall be periodically inspected, tested and maintained in accordance with NFPA 25 as adopted by the Commission in effect at the time of inspection, testing, or maintenance at the following intervals:
  1. Private fire hydrants (all types): Inspection annually and after each operation; flow and maintenance annually.
  2. Fire service main piping: Inspection of exposed, annually; flow test every 5 years.
  3. Fire service main piping strainers: Inspection and maintenance after each use.
Unobstructed access to fire hydrants shall be maintained at all times. The fire department shall not be deterred or hindered from gaining immediate access to fire protection equipment or fire hydrants.
A 3-foot (914 mm) clear space shall be maintained around the circumference of fire hydrants, except as otherwise required or approved.
Where fire hydrants are subject to impact by a motor vehicle, guard posts or other approved means shall comply with Section 312.
Where required by other sections of this code and in all buildings classified as high-rise buildings by the International Building Code, a fire command center for fire department operations shall be provided and shall comply with Sections 508.1.1 through 508.1.5.
The location and accessibility of the fire command center shall be approved by the fire chief.
The fire command center shall be separated from the remainder of the building by not less than a 1-hour fire barrier constructed in accordance with Section 707 of the International Building Code or horizontal assembly constructed in accordance with Section 711 of the International Building Code, or both.
The fire command center shall be a minimum of 200 square feet (19 m2) in area with a minimum dimension of 10 feet (3048 mm).

508.1.4 Layout Approval

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The fire command center shall comply with NFPA 72 and shall contain the following features:
  1. The emergency voice/alarm communication system control unit.
  2. The fire department communications system.
  3. Fire detection and alarm system annunciator.
  4. Annunciator unit visually indicating the location of the elevators and whether they are operational.
  5. Status indicators and controls for air distribution systems.
  6. The fire-fighter's control panel required by Section 909.16 for smoke control systems installed in the building.
  7. Controls for unlocking stairway doors simultaneously.
  8. Sprinkler valve and water-flow detector display panels.
  9. Emergency and standby power status indicators.
  10. A telephone for fire department use with controlled access to the public telephone system.
  11. Fire pump status indicators.
  12. Schematic building plans indicating the typical floor plan and detailing the building core, means of egress, fire protection systems, fire-fighting equipment and fire department access, and the location of fire walls, fire barriers, fire partitions, smoke barriers and smoke partitions.
  13. An approved Building Information Card that contains, but is not limited to, the following information:
    1. General building information that includes: property name, address, the number of floors in the building (above and below grade), use and occupancy classification (for mixed uses, identify the different types of occupancies on each floor), estimated building population (i.e., day, night, weekend);
    2. Building emergency contact information that includes: a list of the building's emergency contacts (e.g., building manager, building engineer, etc.) and their respective work phone number, cell phone number, and e-mail address;
    3. Building construction information that includes: the type of building construction (e.g., floors, walls, columns, and roof assembly);
    4. Exit stair information that includes: number of exit stairs in the building, each exit stair designation and floors served, location where each exit stair discharges, exit stairs that are pressurized, exit stairs provided with emergency lighting, each exit stair that allows reentry, exit stairs providing roof access; elevator information that includes: number of elevator banks, elevator bank designation, elevator car numbers and respective floors that they serve, location of elevator machine rooms, location of sky lobby, location of freight elevator banks;
    5. Building services and system information that includes: location of mechanical rooms, location of building management system, location and capacity of all fuel oil tanks, location of emergency generator, location of natural gas service;
    6. Fire protection system information that includes: locations of standpipes, location of fire pump room, location of fire department connections, floors protected by automatic sprinklers, location of different types of automatic sprinkler systems installed (e.g., dry, wet, pre-action, etc.); and
    7. Hazardous material information that includes: location of hazardous material, quantity of hazardous material.
  14. Work table.
  15. Generator supervision devices, manual start and transfer features.
  16. Public address system, where specifically required by other sections of this code.
  17. Elevator fire recall switch in accordance with ASME A17.1.
  18. Elevator emergency or standby power selector switch(es), where emergency or standby power is provided.

509.1 Identification

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Fire protection equipment shall be identified in an approved manner. Normally closed rooms containing air handling equipment over 2,000 cubic foot per minute, rooms containing a water heater or boiler over 400,000 British thermal units/per hour input, sprinkler risers, sprinkler control valves, fire alarm control panels, smoke evacuation system control panels, or control panels for wet chemical, dry chemical, foam, carbon dioxide and clean agent systems shall be identified for the use of the servicing fire department. Approved signs required identifying fire protection equipment locations shall be constructed of durable materials, lettering shall be in contrast with the background and be permanently installed and readily visible.

509.1.1 Utility Identification

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Gas shutoff valves, electric meters, service switches and other utility equipment shall be clearly and legibly marked to identify the unit or space that it serves. Identification shall be made in an approved manner, readily visible and shall be maintained.
Approved access shall be provided and maintained for all fire protection equipment to permit immediate safe operation and maintenance of such equipment. Storage, trash and other materials or objects shall not be placed or kept in such a manner that would prevent such equipment from being readily accessible.

Section 510 Emergency Responder Radio Coverage

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510.1 Emergency Responder Radio Coverage in New Buildings

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510.2 Emergency Responder Radio Coverage in Existing Buildings

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510.3 Permit Required

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510.4 Technical Requirements

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510.4.1 Radio Signal Strength

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510.4.1.1 Minimum Signal Strength Into the Building

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510.4.1.2 Minimum Signal Strength Out of the Building

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510.4.2 System Design

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510.4.2.1 Amplification Systems Allowed

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510.4.2.2 Technical Criteria

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510.4.2.3 Secondary Power

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510.4.2.4 Signal Booster Requirements

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510.4.2.5 Additional Frequencies and Change of Frequencies

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510.5 Installation Requirements

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510.5.1 Approval Prior to Installation

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510.5.2 Minimum Qualifications of Personnel

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510.5.3 Acceptance Test Procedure

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510.5.4 FCC Compliance

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510.6 Maintenance

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510.6.1 Testing and Proof of Compliance

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510.6.2 Additional Frequencies

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510.6.3 Field Testing

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Section 510

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510.1 Emergency Responder Radio Coverage in New Buildings

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When required by local ordinance, all new buildings shall have compatible radio coverage for emergency responders within the building based upon the existing coverage levels of the public safety communications systems jurisdiction at the exterior of the building. The section shall not require improvement of the existing public safety communications systems.
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