ADOPTS WITH AMENDMENTS:

International Fire Code 2012 (IFC 2012)

Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.

Chapter 3 General Requirements Precautions Against Fire

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The provisions of this chapter shall govern the occupancy and maintenance of all structures and premises for precautions against fire and the spread of fire and general requirements of fire safety.

301.2 Permits

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Asphalt (tar) kettles shall not be transported over any highway, road or street when the heat source for the kettle is operating.
Exception: Asphalt (tar) kettles in the process of patching road surfaces.
Asphalt (tar) kettles shall not be located within 20 feet (6096 mm) of any combustible material, combustible building surface or any building opening and within a controlled area identified by the use of traffic cones, barriers or other approved means. Asphalt (tar) kettles and pots shall not be utilized inside or on the roof of a building or structure. Roofing kettles and operating asphalt (tar) kettles shall not block means of egress, gates, roadways or entrances.
Fuel containers shall be located at least 10 feet (3048 mm) from the burner.
Exception: Containers properly insulated from heat or flame are allowed to be within 2 feet (610 mm) of the burner.
An operating kettle shall be attended by a minimum of one employee knowledgeable of the operations and hazards. The employee shall be within 100 feet (30 480 mm) of the kettle and have the kettle within sight. Ladders or similar obstacles shall not form a part of the route between the attendant and the kettle.

303.5 Fire Extinguishers

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
There shall be a portable dry chemical type, in the first sentence fire extinguisher complying with Section 906 and with a minimum 40-B:C rating within 25 feet (7620 mm) of each asphalt (tar) kettle during the period such kettle is being utilized. Additionally, there shall be one portable fire extinguisher with a minimum 3-A:40-B:C rating on the roof being covered.
Asphalt (tar) kettles shall be equipped with tight-fitting lids.
Hi-boys shall be constructed of noncombustible materials. Hi-boys shall be limited to a capacity of 55 gallons (208 L). Fuel sources or heating elements shall not be allowed as part of a hi-boy.
Roofing kettles shall be constructed of noncombustible materials.
Fuel containers that operate under air pressure shall not exceed 20 gallons (76 L) in capacity and shall be approved.
Combustible waste material creating a fire hazard shall not be allowed to accumulate in buildings or structures or upon premises.
Accumulations of wastepaper, wood, hay, straw, weeds, litter or combustible or flammable waste or rubbish of any type shall not be permitted to remain on a roof or in any court, yard, vacant lot, alley, parking lot, open space, or beneath a grandstand, bleacher, pier, wharf, manufactured home, recreational vehicle or other similar structure.

304.1.2 Vegetation

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Weeds, grass, vines or other growth that is capable of being ignited and endangering property, shall be cut down and removed by the owner or occupant of the premises.
Spaces underneath grandstand and bleacher seats shall be kept free from combustible and flammable materials. Except where enclosed in not less than 1-hour fire-resistance-rated construction in accordance with the International Building Code, spaces underneath grandstand and bleacher seats shall not be occupied or utilized for purposes other than means of egress.

304.2 Storage

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Storage of combustible rubbish shall not produce conditions that will create a fire hazard that endangers the safety of persons or property.
Combustible rubbish, and waste material kept within or near a structure shall be stored in accordance with Sections 304.3.1 through 304.3.4.
Materials susceptible to spontaneous ignition, such as oily rags, shall be stored in a listed disposal container. Contents of such containers shall be removed and disposed of daily.
Containers with a capacity exceeding 5.33 cubic feet (40 gallons) (0.15 m3) shall be provided with lids. Containers and lids shall be constructed of noncombustible materials or of combustible materials with a peak rate of heat release not exceeding 300 kW/m2 when tested in accordance with ASTM E 1354 at an incident heat flux of 50 kW/m2 in the horizontal orientation.
Exception: Wastebaskets complying with Section 808.
Dumpsters and containers with an individual capacity of 1.5 cubic yards [40.5 cubic feet (1.15 m3)] or more shall not be stored in buildings or placed within 5 feet (1524 mm) of combustible walls, openings or combustible roof eave lines.
Exceptions:
  1. Dumpsters or containers in areas protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed throughout in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1 , 903.3.1.2 or 903.3.1.3.
  2. Storage in a structure shall not be prohibited where the structure is of Type I or IIA construction, located not less than 10 feet (3048 mm) from other buildings and used exclusively for dumpster or container storage.
Dumpsters with an individual capacity of 1.0 cubic yard [200 gallons (0.76 m3)] or more shall not be stored in buildings or placed within 5 feet (1524 mm) of combustible walls, openings or combustible roof eave lines unless the dumpsters are constructed of noncombustible materials or of combustible materials with a peak rate of heat release not exceeding 300 kW/m2 when tested in accordance with ASTM E 1354 at an incident heat flux of 50 kW/m2 in the horizontal orientation.
Exceptions:
  1. Dumpsters in areas protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed throughout in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1 , 903.3.1.2 or 903.3.1.3.
  2. Storage in a structure shall not be prohibited where the structure is of Type I or IIA construction, located not less than 10 feet (3048 mm) from other buildings and used exclusively for dumpster or container storage.
Clearance between ignition sources, such as luminaires, heaters, flame-producing devices and combustible materials, shall be maintained in an approved manner.
Hot ashes, cinders, smoldering coals or greasy or oily materials subject to spontaneous ignition shall not be deposited in a combustible receptacle, within 10 feet (3048 mm) of other combustible material including combustible walls and partitions or within 2 feet (610 mm) of openings to buildings.
Exception: The minimum required separation distance to other combustible materials shall be 2 feet (610 mm) where the material is deposited in a covered, noncombustible receptacle placed on a noncombustible floor, ground surface or stand.
Open-flame warning devices shall not be used along an excavation, road, or any place where the dislodgment of such device might permit the device to roll, fall or slide on to any area or land containing combustible material.
It shall be unlawful to deliberately or through negligence set fire to or cause the burning of combustible material in such a manner as to endanger the safety of persons or property.
Electric arc, xenon or other light source projection equipment which develops hazardous gases, dust or radiation and the projection of ribbon-type cellulose nitrate film, regardless of the light source used in projection, shall be operated within a motion picture projection room complying with Section 409 of the International Building Code.
Storage of cellulose nitrate film shall be in accordance with NFPA 40.
A person shall not kindle or maintain or authorize to be kindled or maintained any open burning unless conducted and approved in accordance with Sections 307.1.1 through 307.5.

307.1.1 Prohibited Open Burning

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307.1.1 Discontinuance

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The fire chief is authorized to require open burning be immediately discontinued if such open burning constitutes a hazardous condition.

307.2 Permit Required

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307.2 Notification

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Prior to commencement of open burning, the fire department having jurisdiction shall be notified.

307.2.1 Authorization

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307.2.1 Material Restrictions

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Open burning of rubbish is prohibited.

307.3 Extinguishment Authority

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The location for open burning shall not be less than 50 feet (15 240 mm) from any structure, and provisions shall be made to prevent the fire from spreading to within 50 feet (15 240 mm) of any structure.
Exceptions:
  1. Fires in approved containers that are not less than 15 feet (4572 mm) from a structure.
  2. The minimum required distance from a structure shall be 25 feet (7620 mm) where the pile size is 3 feet (914 mm) or less in diameter and 2 feet (610 mm) or less in height.
A bonfire shall not be conducted within 50 feet (15 240 mm) of a structure or combustible material unless the fire is contained in a barbecue pit. Conditions which could cause a fire to spread within 50 feet (15 240 mm) of a structure shall be eliminated prior to ignition.
Recreational fires shall not be conducted within 25 feet (7620 mm) of a structure or combustible material. Conditions which could cause a fire to spread within 25 feet (7620 mm) of a structure shall be eliminated prior to ignition.
Portable outdoor fireplaces shall be used in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions and shall not be operated within 15 feet (3048 mm) of a structure or combustible material.
Exception: Portable outdoor fireplaces used at one- and two-family dwellings.

307.5 Attendance

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Burning material shall be constantly attended by a person knowledgeable in the use of the fire-extinguishing equipment required by this section and familiar with any limitations which restrict open burning. An attendant shall supervise the burning material until the fire has been extinguished.
Open flame, fire and burning on all premises shall be in accordance with Sections 308.1.1 through 308.4.1 and with other applicable sections of this code.
A person shall not take or utilize an open flame or light in a structure, vessel, boat or other place where highly flammable, combustible or explosive material is utilized or stored. Lighting appliances shall be well-secured in a glass globe and wire mesh cage or a similar approved device.
No person shall throw or place, or cause to be thrown or placed, a lighted match, cigar, cigarette, matches, or other flaming or glowing substance or object on any surface or article where it can cause an unwanted fire.

308.1.3 Torches for Removing Paint

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Persons utilizing a torch or other flame-producing device for removing paint from a structure shall provide a minimum of one portable fire extinguisher complying with Section 906 and with a minimum 4-A rating, two portable fire extinguishers, each with a minimum 2-A rating, or a water hose connected to the water supply on the premises where such burning is done. The person doing the burning shall remain on the premises 1 hour after the torch or flame-producing device is utilized. Prior to using a torch or flame-producing device to remove paint from a structure, the fire department having jurisdiction shall be notified.

308.1.4 Open-Flame Cooking Devices

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Charcoal burners and other open-flame cooking devices shall not be operated on combustible balconies or within 10 feet (3048 mm) of combustible construction.
Exceptions:
  1. One- and two-family dwellings.
  2. Where buildings, balconies and decks are protected by an automatic sprinkler system.
Open flames such as from candles, lanterns, kerosene heaters and gas-fired heaters shall not be located on or near decorative material or similar combustible materials.

308.1.6 Open-Flame Devices

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Torches and other devices, machines or processes liable to start or cause fire shall not be operated or used in or upon wildfire risk areas, except when approved.

Exception: Use within inhabited premises or designated campsites which are a minimum of 30 feet (9144 mm) from grass-, grain-, brush- or forest-covered areas.

Flame-employing devices, such as lanterns or kerosene road flares, shall not be operated or used as a signal or marker in or upon wildfire risk areas.
Exception: The proper use of fusees at the scenes of emergencies or as required by standard railroad operating procedures.
Exceptions:
  1. LP-gas-fueled devices used for sweating pipe joints or removing paint in accordance with Chapter 61.
  2. Cutting and welding operations in accordance with Chapter 35.
  3. Torches or flame-producing devices in accordance with Section 308.4.
  4. Candles and open-flame decorative devices in accordance with Section 308.3.

308.1.6.3 Sky Lanterns

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
No person shall release or cause to be released a sky lantern with the intention of causing the lantern to lift into the atmosphere unless the lantern is anchored or tethered to the person's property such that the lantern cannot freely lift into the atmosphere.

308.1.7 Religious Ceremonies

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
When, approved safeguards have been taken, participants in religious ceremonies are allowed to carry hand-held candles. Hand-held candles shall not be passed from one person to another while lighted.
Candles shall be prohibited in areas where occupants stand, or in an aisle or exit.
The preparation of flaming foods or beverages in places of assembly and drinking or dining establishments shall be in accordance with Sections 308.1.8.1 through 308.1.8.5.
Flammable or combustible liquids used in the preparation of flaming foods or beverages shall be dispensed from one of the following:
  1. A 1-ounce (29.6 ml) container; or
  2. A container not exceeding 1-quart (946.5 ml) capacity with a controlled pouring device that will limit the flow to a 1-ounce (29.6 ml) serving.
Containers shall be secured to prevent spillage when not in use.
The serving of flaming foods or beverages shall be done in a safe manner and shall not create high flames. The pouring, ladling or spooning of liquids is restricted to a maximum height of 8 inches (203 mm) above the receiving receptacle.
Flaming foods or beverages shall be prepared only in the immediate vicinity of the table being serviced. They shall not be transported or carried while burning.
The person preparing the flaming foods or beverages shall have a wet cloth towel immediately available for use in smothering the flames in the event of an emergency.

308.2 Permits Required

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The fire department having jurisdiction shall be notified prior to engaging in the following activities involving open flame, fire and burning:
  1. Use of a torch or flame-producing device to remove paint from a structure.
  2. Use of open flame, fire or burning in connection with Group A or E occupancies.
  3. Use or operation of torches and other devices, machines or processes liable to start or cause fire in or upon wildfire risk areas.

308.3 Group A Affected Occupancies

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Open-flame devices shall not be used in any occupancy other than Group R-2, apartment houses, convents, fraternities and sororities, hotels, monasteries, motels and vacation time share properties, Group R-3 and Group R-4 occupancies.
Exceptions:
  1. Open-flame devices are allowed to be used in the following situations, provided approved precautions are taken to prevent ignition of a combustible material or injury to occupants:
    1. Where necessary for ceremonial or religious purposes in accordance with Section 308.1.7.
    2. On stages and platforms as a necessary part of a performance in accordance with Section 308.3.2.
    3. Where candles on tables are securely supported on substantial noncombustible bases and the candle flames are protected.
  2. Heat-producing equipment complying with Chapter 6 and the International Mechanical Code.
  3. Gas lights are allowed to be used provided adequate precautions satisfactory to the fire code official are taken to prevent ignition of combustible materials.
Open-flame decorative devices shall comply with all of the following restrictions:
  1. Class I and Class II liquids and LP-gas shall not be used.
  2. Liquid- or solid-fueled lighting devices containing more than 8 ounces (237 ml) of fuel must self-extinguish and not leak fuel at a rate of more than 0.25 teaspoon per minute (1.26 ml per minute) if tipped over.
  3. The device or holder shall be constructed to prevent the spillage of liquid fuel or wax at the rate of more than 0.25 teaspoon per minute (1.26 ml per minute) when the device or holder is not in an upright position.
  4. The device or holder shall be designed so that it will return to the upright position after being tilted to an angle of 45 degrees from vertical.
    Exception: Devices that self-extinguish if tipped over and do not spill fuel or wax at the rate of more than 0.25 teaspoon per minute (1.26 ml per minute) if tipped over.
  5. The flame shall be enclosed except where openings on the side are not more than 0.375-inch (9.5 mm) diameter or where openings are on the top and the distance to the top is such that a piece of tissue paper placed on the top will not ignite in 10 seconds.
  6. Chimneys shall be made of noncombustible materials and securely attached to the open-flame device.
    Exception: A chimney is not required to be attached to any open-flame device that will self-extinguish if the device is tipped over.
  7. Fuel canisters shall be safely sealed for storage.
  8. Storage and handling of combustible liquids shall be in accordance with Chapter 57.
  9. Shades, where used, shall be made of noncombustible materials and securely attached to the open-flame device holder or chimney.
  10. Candelabras with flame-lighted candles shall be securely fastened in place to prevent overturning, and shall be located away from occupants using the area and away from possible contact with drapes, curtains or other combustibles.
Where approved, open-flame devices used in conjunction with theatrical performances are allowed to be used when adequate safety precautions have been taken in accordance with NFPA 160.
Open flame, fire and burning in Group R occupancies shall comply with the requirements of Sections 308.1 through 308.1.6.2 and Section 308.4.1.
Candles, incense and similar open-flame-producing items shall not be allowed in sleeping units in Group R-2 dormitory occupancies.
Powered industrial trucks and similar equipment including, but not limited to, floor scrubbers and floor buffers, shall be operated and maintained in accordance with Section 309.2 through 309.6.
Battery chargers shall be of an approved type. Combustible storage shall be kept a minimum of 3 feet (915 mm) from battery chargers. Battery charging shall not be conducted in areas accessible to the public.
Ventilation shall be provided in an approved manner in battery-charging areas to prevent a dangerous accumulation of flammable gases.
Battery-charging areas shall be provided with a fire extinguisher complying with Section 906 having a minimum 4-A:20-B:C rating within 20 feet (6096 mm) of the battery charger.
Powered industrial trucks using liquid fuel, LP-gas or hydrogen shall be refueled outside of buildings or in areas specifically approved for that purpose. Fixed fuel-dispensing equipment and associated fueling operations shall be in accordance with Chapter 23. Other fuel-dispensing equipment and operations, including cylinder exchange for LP-gas-fueled vehicles, shall be in accordance with Chapter 57 for flammable and combustible liquids or Chapter 61 for LP-gas.
Repairs to fuel systems, electrical systems and repairs utilizing open flame or welding shall be done in approved locations outside of buildings or in areas specifically approved for that purpose.
The smoking or carrying of a lighted pipe, cigar, cigarette or any other type of smoking paraphernalia or material is prohibited in the areas indicated in Sections 310.2 through 310.8.

310.2 Prohibited Areas

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Whenever smoking constitutes a fire hazard in any area of piers, wharfs, warehouses, stores, industrial plants, institutions, schools, places of assembly, and in open spaces where combustible materials are stored or handled, the fire chief is authorized to order the owner or occupant to post approved NO SMOKING signs in each building, structure, room, or place in which smoking is prohibited. Such signs shall be conspicuously and suitably located and shall be maintained.
Exceptions:
  1. Buildings or structures which are smoke-free environments and are posted as such at all public and employee entrances.
  2. No visible evidence of prohibited smoking exists within the building or structure.

310.3 "No Smoking" Signs

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A posted "No Smoking" sign shall not be obscured, removed, defaced, mutilated or destroyed.
Smoking shall not be permitted nor shall a person smoke, throw or deposit any lighted or smoldering substance in any place where "No Smoking" signs are posted.
Where smoking is permitted, suitable noncombustible ash trays or match receivers shall be provided on each table and at other appropriate locations.
Lighted matches, cigarettes, cigars or other burning object shall not be discarded in such a manner that could cause ignition of other combustible material.
When the fire code official determines that hazardous environmental conditions necessitate controlled use of smoking materials, the ignition or use of such materials in mountainous, brush-covered or forest-covered areas or other designated areas is prohibited except in approved designated smoking areas.
Temporarily unoccupied buildings, structures, premises or portions thereof, including tenant spaces, shall be safeguarded and maintained in accordance with Sections 311.1.1 through 311.5.5.

311.1.1 Abandoned Premises

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Storage and lease plans required by this code shall be revised and updated to reflect temporary or partial vacancies.
Temporarily unoccupied buildings, structures, premises or portions thereof shall be secured and protected in accordance with Sections 311.2.1 through 311.2.3.

311.2.1 Security

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Exterior and interior openings accessible to other tenants or unauthorized persons shall be boarded, locked, blocked or otherwise protected to prevent entry by unauthorized individuals. The fire code official is authorized to post signs, erect barrier tape or take similar measures as necessary to secure public safety.

311.2.2 Fire Protection

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Fire alarm, sprinkler and stand-pipe systems shall be maintained in an operable condition at all times.
Exceptions:
  1. When the premises have been cleared of all combustible materials and debris and, where approved by the code official, the type of construction, fire separation distance and security of the premises do not create a fire hazard. The premises shall be identified in accordance with 901.7.2 and 901.7.3.
  2. Where buildings that will not be heated and where fire protection systems will be exposed to freezing temperatures, fire alarm and sprinkler systems are permitted to be placed out of service and standpipes are permitted to be maintained as dry systems (without an automatic water supply), provided the building has no contents or storage, and windows, doors and other openings are secured to prohibit entry by unauthorized persons. The premises shall be identified in accordance with 901.7.2 and 901.7.3.
Fire-resistance-rated partitions, fire barriers and fire walls separating vacant tenant spaces from the remainder of the building shall be maintained. Openings, joints and penetrations in fire-resistance-rated assemblies shall be protected in accordance with Chapter 7.
Persons owning, or in charge or control of, a vacant building or portion thereof, shall remove therefrom all accumulations of combustible materials, flammable or combustible waste or rubbish and shall securely lock or otherwise secure doors, windows and other openings to prevent entry by unauthorized persons. The premises shall be maintained clear of waste or hazardous materials.
Exceptions:
  1. Buildings or portions of buildings undergoing additions, alterations, repairs or change of occupancy in accordance with the International Building Code, where waste is controlled and removed as required by Section 304.
  2. Seasonally occupied buildings.
Persons owning or having charge or control of a vacant building containing hazardous materials regulated by Chapter 50 shall comply with the facility closure requirements of Section 5001.6.

311.5 Placards

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Any vacant or abandoned buildings or structures determined to be unsafe shall be marked as required by local ordinance.

311.5.1 Placard Location

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311.5.2 Placard Size and Color

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311.5.3 Placard Date

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311.5.4 Placard Symbols

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311.5.5 Informational Use

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Vehicle impact protection required by this code shall be provided by posts that comply with Section 312.2 or by other approved physical barriers that comply with Section 312.3.
Guard posts shall comply with all of the following requirements:
  1. Constructed of steel not less than 4 inches (102 mm) in diameter and concrete filled.
  2. Spaced not more than 4 feet (1219 mm) between posts on center.
  3. Set not less than 3 feet (914 mm) deep in a concrete footing of not less than a 15-inch (381 mm) diameter.
  4. Set with the top of the posts not less than 3 feet (914 mm) above ground.
  5. Located not less than 3 feet (914 mm) from the protected object.
Physical barriers shall be a minimum of 36 inches (914 mm) in height and shall resist a force of 12,000 pounds (53 375 N) applied 36 inches (914 mm) above the adjacent ground surface.
Fueled equipment including, but not limited to, motorcycles, mopeds, lawn-care equipment, portable generators and portable cooking equipment, shall not be stored, operated or repaired within a building.
Exceptions:
  1. Buildings or rooms constructed for such use in accordance with the International Building Code.
  2. Where allowed by Section 314.
  3. Storage of equipment utilized for maintenance purposes is allowed in approved locations when the aggregate fuel capacity of the stored equipment does not exceed 10 gallons (38 L) and the building is equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1.
The fire code official is authorized to require removal of fueled equipment from locations where the presence of such equipment is determined by the fire code official to be hazardous.
Vehicles powered by flammable liquids, Class II combustible liquids or compressed flammable gases shall not be stored within the living space of Group R buildings.
Indoor displays constructed within any occupancy shall comply with Sections 314.2 through 314.4.

314.2 Fixtures and Displays

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Fixtures and displays of goods for sale to the public shall be arranged and secured so as to maintain free, immediate and unobstructed access to exits as required by Chapter 10.
The display of highly combustible goods, including but not limited to fireworks, flammable or combustible liquids, liquefied flammable gases, oxidizing materials, pyroxylin plastics and agricultural goods, in main exit access aisles, corridors, covered and open malls, or within 5 feet (1524 mm) of entrances to exits and exterior exit doors is prohibited when a fire involving such goods would rapidly prevent or obstruct egress.
Liquid- or gas-fueled vehicles, boats or other motorcraft shall not be located indoors except as follows:
  1. Batteries are disconnected.
  2. Fuel in fuel tanks does not exceed one-quarter tank or 5 gallons (19 L) (whichever is least).
  3. Fuel tanks and fill openings are closed and sealed to prevent tampering.
  4. Vehicles, boats or other motorcraft equipment are not fueled or defueled within the building.
Storage shall be in accordance with Sections 315.2 through 315.5.

315.2 Permit Required

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Storage of materials in buildings shall be orderly and stacks shall be stable. Storage of combustible materials shall be separated from heaters or heating devices by distance or shielding so that ignition cannot occur.

315.3.1 Ceiling Clearance

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Storage shall be maintained 2 feet (610 mm) or more below the ceiling in nonsprinklered areas of buildings or a minimum of 18 inches (457 mm) below sprinkler head deflectors in sprinklered areas of buildings.
Exception: Sidewall storage to a maximum depth of thirty (30) inches (seventy-six and two-tenths (76.2) centimeters) shall be acceptable to the ceiling in non-sprinklered buildings.
Combustible materials shall not be stored in exits or enclosures for stairways and ramps.
Combustible material shall not be stored in boiler rooms, mechanical rooms or electrical equipment rooms.
Attic, under-floor and concealed spaces used for storage of combustible materials shall be protected on the storage side as required for 1-hour fire-resistance-rated construction. Openings shall be protected by assemblies that are self-closing and are of noncombustible construction or solid wood core not less than 13/4 inches (44.5 mm) in thickness. Storage shall not be placed on exposed joists.
Exceptions:
  1. Areas protected by approved automatic sprinkler systems.
  2. Group R-3 and Group U occupancies.
Outside storage of combustible materials shall not be located within 10 feet (3048 mm) of a lot line.
Exceptions:
  1. The separation distance is allowed to be reduced to 3 feet (914 mm) for storage not exceeding 6 feet (1829 mm) in height.
  2. The separation distance is allowed to be reduced when the fire code official determines that no hazard to the adjoining property exists.
Where buildings are protected by automatic sprinklers, the outdoor storage, display and handling of combustible materials under eaves, canopies or other projections or overhangs is prohibited except where automatic sprinklers are installed under such eaves, canopies or other projections or overhangs.
Storage in the open shall not exceed 20 feet (6096 mm) in height.
Trapdoors and scuttle covers, other than those that are within a dwelling unit or automatically operated, shall be kept closed at all times except when in use.
Vertical shafts shall be identified as required by this section.

316.2.1 Exterior Access to Shaftways

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Outside openings accessible to the fire department and which open directly on a hoistway or shaftway communicating between two or more floors in a building shall be plainly marked with the word SHAFTWAY in red letters at least 6 inches (152 mm) high on a white background. Such warning signs shall be placed so as to be readily discernible.
Door or window openings to a hoistway or shaftway from the interior of the building shall be plainly marked with the word SHAFTWAY in red letters at least 6 inches (152 mm) high on a white background. Such warning signs shall be placed so as to be readily discernible.
Exception: Marking shall not be required on shaftway openings which are readily discernible as openings onto a shaftway by the construction or arrangement.
The intentional design or alteration of buildings to disable, injure, maim or kill intruders is prohibited. No person shall install and use firearms, sharp or pointed objects, razor wire, explosives, flammable or combustible liquid containers, or dispensers containing highly toxic, toxic, irritant or other hazardous materials in a manner which may passively or actively disable, injure, maim or kill a fire fighter who forcibly enters a building for the purpose of controlling or extinguishing a fire, rescuing trapped occupants or rendering other emergency assistance.

316.4 Obstructions on Roofs

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Any security device or system that emits any medium that could obscure a means of egress in any building, structure or premise shall be prohibited.

316.6 Structures and Outdoor Storage Underneath High-Voltage Transmission Lines

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316.6.1 Structures

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316.6.2 Outdoor Storage

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Rooftop gardens and landscaped roofs shall be installed and maintained in accordance with Sections 317.2 through 317.5 and Sections 1505.0 and 1507.16 of the International Building Code.
Rooftop garden or landscaped roof areas shall not exceed 15,625 square feet (1,450 m2) in size for any single area with a maximum dimension of 125 feet (39 m) in length or width. A minimum 6-foot-wide (1.8 m) clearance consisting of a Class A-rated roof system complying with ASTM E 108 or UL 790 shall be provided between adjacent rooftop gardens or landscaped roof areas.
For all vegetated roofing systems abutting combustible vertical surfaces, a Class A-rated roof system complying with ASTM E 108 or UL 790 shall be achieved for a minimum 6-foot-wide (1.8 m) continuous border placed around rooftop structures and all rooftop equipment including, but not limited to, mechanical and machine rooms, penthouses, skylights, roof vents, solar panels, antenna supports, and building service equipment.
Vegetation shall be maintained in accordance with Sections 317.4.1 and 317.4.2.
Supplemental irrigation shall be provided to maintain levels of hydration necessary to keep green roof plants alive and to keep dry foliage to a minimum.
Excess biomass, such as overgrown vegetation, leaves and other dead and decaying material, shall be removed at regular intervals not less than two times per year.
The fire code official is authorized to require a maintenance plan for vegetation placed on roofs due to the size of a roof garden, materials used, or when a fire hazard exists to the building or exposures due to the lack of maintenance.
Fueled equipment stored on roofs and used for the care and maintenance of vegetation on roofs shall be stored in accordance with Section 313.

Section 318 Laundry Carts

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

318.1 Laundry Carts With a Capacity of 1 Cubic Yard or More

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

Section 319 Carnivals and Fairs

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

319.1 General

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The grounds of carnivals and fairs, including concession booths, shall be in accordance with Section 319.

319.2 Grounds

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319.2.1 General

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Grounds shall be in accordance with Section 319.2.

319.2.2 Access

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Fire apparatus access roads shall be provided in accordance with Section 503.

319.2.3 Fire Appliances

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319.2.3.1 General

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Fire appliances shall be provided for the entire midway, as approved by the chief.

319.2.3.2 Location

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Maximum travel distance to a portable fire extinguisher shall not exceed seventy-five (75) feet (twenty-two and eighty-six hundredths (22.86) meters).

319.2.5 Electrical Equipment

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Electrical equipment and installations shall comply with the Indiana Electrical Code (675 IAC 17).

319.3 Concession Stands

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319.3.1 General

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Concession stands shall be in accordance with Section 319.3.

319.3.2 Location

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Concession stands utilized for cooking shall have a minimum of ten (10) feet (three and forty-eight thousandths (3.048) meters) of clearance on two (2) sides and shall not be located within ten (10) feet (three and forty-eight thousandths (3.048) meters) of amusement rides or devices.

319.3.3 Fire Extinguishers

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A K-rated wet chemical fire extinguisher shall be provided where deep-fat fryers are used.

319.3.4

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Hinges, awnings, and braces must be safety keyed. Nails shall not be used for hinge or support pins.

319.3.5

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When tent stakes and ropes extend into traffic areas, highly visible covers shall be provided.

319.4 Internal Combustion Power Sources

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319.4.1 General

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Internal combustion power sources, including motor vehicles, generators, and similar equipment, shall be in accordance with Section 319.4.

319.4.2 Fueling

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Fuel tanks shall be of adequate capacity to permit uninterrupted operation during normal operating hours. Refueling shall be conducted only when the ride is not in use.

319.4.3 Protection

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Internal combustion power sources shall be isolated from contact with the public by either physical guards, fencing, or an enclosure.

319.4.4 Fire Extinguishers

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A minimum of one (1) fire extinguisher with a rating of not less than 2-A:10-B:C shall be provided.

319.4.5 Notification

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The servicing fire department shall be notified not less than seventy-two (72) hours prior to the admission of the public.

319.4.6 Vehicular Traffic

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
No vehicle except emergency fire or rescue equipment shall be permitted on the midway from the time the midway opens until closing (including owners, operators, vendors, and service vehicles).

Section 320 Haunted Houses and Similar Installations

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
This section applies to haunted houses and similar installations legally in existence at the adoption of this code. Any interior within a structure not designed for this specific use shall comply with the following and all other applicable rules:
  1. In any facility using the maze concept, there shall be no dead-end corridors and there shall be an obvious exit out of the maze for every fifty (50) feet (fifteen and twenty-four hundredths (15.24) meters) of linear travel. All stairways shall be illuminated at a level of a least one (1) foot-candle (eleven (11) lux).
  2. A group shall consist of twenty (20) individuals or fewer. Each group shall be accompanied or supervised by a staff person who is eighteen (18) years of age or older. This staff person shall have in his or her possession an operable flashlight and shall be completely familiar with the facility.
  3. There shall be no smoking allowed at any time by anyone inside the building.
  4. All electrical installations shall meet 675 IAC 17, the Indiana Electrical Code.
  5. The servicing fire department shall be contacted at least three (3) working days prior to the placing of the facility in operation for an inspection and planning of evacuation procedures. A sketch of the floor plan shall be provided to the servicing fire department to facilitate these procedures.
  6. The total number of occupants in the facility at any time shall be limited to the number allowed by the total exits from the installation, as determined by the Indiana Building Code (675 IAC 13) in effect at the time of construction of the building, building system, or alterations.
  7. Fire extinguishers shall be distributed throughout the building so that no more than seventy-five (75) feet (twenty-two and eighty-six hundredths (22.86) meters) must be traversed to each fire extinguisher.
  8. There shall be no open flame devices or temporary heaters used in the building.
  9. Automatic smoke detectors shall be installed in accordance with NFPA 72 (675 IAC 22-2.2). All smoke detectors shall be interconnected so that when one is activated, all are activated. When activated, the alarm shall be loud enough to be heard over all other sounds or the activation shall automatically shut down all sound devices within the facility.
  10. All areas of a maze shall be at least three (3) feet (ninety-one and four-tenths (91.4) centimeters) wide and five (5) feet (one and five hundred twenty-four thousandths (1.524) meters) high, except that a section not exceeding four (4) feet (one and twenty-two hundredths (1.22) meters) in length may be two (2) feet (sixty and ninety-six hundredths (60.96) centimeters) high and two (2) feet (sixty and ninety-six hundredths (60.96) centimeters) wide. There shall not be more than one (1) such four (4) foot (one and twenty-two hundredths (1.22) meter) section in every fifty (50) linear feet (fifteen and twenty-four hundredths (15.24) meters).
  11. All material used in all display areas of a haunted house and all material used in the construction of a maze shall be inherently flame-resistant or made so by treatment with a flame retardant. All substances used to make materials flame-resistant shall be applied in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions, and the containers and proof of purchase of the substances shall be retained for inspection by the code official.

Section 321 Fire Safety in Racetrack Stables

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

321.1 Scope

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Racetrack stables shall be in accordance with this section.

321.2 Definitions

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
For purposes of this section, the following definitions apply:

ASSIGNED BARN. The barn area where a trainer has been allocated stalls and space for the trainer's horses and equipment.

ASSISTANT TRAINER. The person next to the listed trainer of record, and the one who frequently handles the day-to-day affairs in training a horse or horses.

CONCESSIONAIRES. The holders of a concession, such as the track kitchen, granted by the racetrack management.

HALTER. Piece of equipment that fits around a horse's head, like a bridle, but lacking a bit. It is used in handling horses around the stable. In the event of a fire, horses can be led from stalls by halters.

MECHANICAL HOTWALKER. An electrical device that automatically walks a horse or several horses in a circle with an approximate radius of ten (10) to fifteen (15) feet (three and forty-eight thousandths (3.048) to four and fifty-seven hundredths (4.57) meters).

MIXED OCCUPANCY. A building or stable area where both horses and humans reside.

RACETRACK MANAGEMENT. The persons who control or execute the affairs of the track itself.

TACK. Stable gear; also rider's racing equipment.

TACK ROOM. A storage area for tack and stable equipment.

TRACK SECURITY. Persons employed to protect racetrack property and to ensure the proper passage of licensed personnel; track security may be internal or external.

TRAINER. The person responsible for the care and training of a horse or horses.

321.3 Management Responsibilities

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321.3.1

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All trainers or a designated assistant and all concessionaires or a designated assistant shall serve as liaison between the track security and fire protection supervisors and the employees of the trainers and concessionaires.

321.3.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
All trainers or their assistants and all concessionaires or their assistants shall acquaint themselves with and brief their employees as to the following:

  1. Smoking regulations.
  2. Location of fire alarm notification system devices in the immediate area of an assigned barn.
  3. Location of all fire extinguishers and extinguishing equipment in assigned barn area.
  4. Regulations regarding occupancy, use of extension cords for extending electrical circuits, and use of electrical appliances.
  5. Regulations regarding storage and use of feed, straw, tack, and supplies.
  6. Track regulations with regard to fire and security, copies of which shall be provided to all trainers or their assistants and concessionaires or their assistants. These regulations shall be used in instructing members of the trainers' and concessionaires' staffs assigned to the barn area.

321.3.3 Open Burning

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Open burning is prohibited. Open flame heating devices are prohibited. Un-vented portable oil-burning heating appliances are not permitted in stables.

321.3.4 Smoking

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Smoking is prohibited in assigned barns. Approved "No Smoking" signs shall be posted in assigned barns.

321.3.5 Trash Removal

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
All combustible trash and waste shall be removed from all buildings daily. Noncombustible trash and waste containers shall be provided for other than stall waste and shall be emptied daily.

321.3.6 Hay or Straw Storage

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Storage shall not exceed the amount for two (2) days' use by the horses in the assigned barn. All other hay and straw must be in a separate, approved outside storage area. Hay and straw piles shall not exceed twenty (20) bales (rectangular) per pile and shall not exceed seven (7) feet (two and thirteen-hundredths (2.13) meters) in height. Each pile must be separated by a distance of not less than fifty (50) feet (fifteen and twenty-four hundredths (15.24) meters). Hay and straw shall not be stored in aisle space or in aisles.

321.3.7 Electrical Systems and Appliances

AMENDMENT
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321.3.7.1

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The use of any portable electrical appliance shall be as follows:
  1. Multiple-outlet adapters are prohibited.
  2. Not more than one (1) continuous extension cord shall be used to connect one (1) appliance to the fixed electrical receptacle, and such cord shall be listed for hard service and properly sized for the intended application.
  3. Extension cords shall not be used as a insert for permanent wiring.

321.3.7.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Extension cords shall not be supported by any metal object, such as a nail, screw, hook, or pipe.

321.3.7.3

AMENDMENT
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Plug caps and receptacles used in extension cords shall be heavy-duty type equipped with a reliable grounding pole and attached to the cord in a manner to provide strain relief.

321.3.7.4

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
All electrical appliances used in the stable area shall be listed for the use.

321.3.7.5

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Outdoor electrical appliances, for example, mechanical hotwalkers, served by the barn electrical system shall be installed in accordance with the Indiana Electrical Code (675 IAC 17).

321.3.7.6

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Portable cooking and heating appliances shall not be used in assigned barns.

321.3.7.7

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Use of exposed-element heating appliances is prohibited.

321.3.7.8

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The storage of flammable and combustible liquids, except those used for medicinal purposes, is prohibited.

321.3.7.9

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Vehicles shall not be permitted in assigned barns. Aisles shall be maintained clear of obstructions at all times, and access to fire equipment shall not be blocked.

321.4 Animal Evacuation

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.

321.4.1

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Every horse shall wear a halter at all times while inside the assigned barn.

321.4.2

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Horses shall be restricted to ground level stalls.

321.4.3

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An assigned barn escape plan shall be established for each stable building.

321.4.4

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The assigned barn escape plan shall be posted by each exit from the assigned barn, and a copy shall be given to all stall renters.

321.4.5

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A fire safety and evacuation drill shall be conducted quarterly for employees only.

321.4.6

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A predetermined location shall be designated for placement of horses when they are evacuated from the assigned barns.

321.4.7

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Racetrack management shall ensure that all employees are trained in the assigned barn escape plan.

321.5

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where automatic sprinklers are installed, they shall be installed, tested, and maintained in accordance with the applicable rules of the commission.

321.6

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Fire extinguishers shall be provided in all assigned barns as follows:
  1. Fire extinguishers shall have a minimum 2A rating.
  2. Fire extinguishers shall be placed so that travel distance shall be not more than seventy-five (75) feet (twenty-two and eighty-six hundredths (22.86) meters) from any point within a building.
  3. Fire extinguishers within twenty (20) feet (six and ninety-six thousandths (6.096) meters) of electrical control boxes shall have a Class C rating.
  4. Fire extinguishers shall be installed, tested, and maintained in accordance with the applicable rules of the commission.
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