Heads up: There are no suggested sections in this chapter.
Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.
All areas of newly designed and newly constructed buildings and facilities and altered portions of existing buildings and facilities shall comply with these requirements.
Where a site, buildings, facility, room, or space contains more than one use, each portion shall comply with the applicable requirements for that use.
These requirements shall apply to temporary and permanent buildings and facilities.
When a commercial facility is located in a private residence, the portion of the residence used exclusively as a residence is not covered by this Code, but that portion used exclusively in the operation of the commercial facility or that portion used both for the commercial facility and for residential purposes is covered by the new construction and alterations requirements of this Code. The portion of the residence covered by this Code extends to those elements used to enter the commercial facility, including the front sidewalk, if any, the door or entryway, and hallways; and those portions of the residence, interior or exterior, available to or used by employees or visitors of the commercial facility, including restrooms.
Existing buildings or facilities shall comply with 202.
Each addition to an existing buildings or facility shall comply with the requirements for new construction. Each addition that affects or could affect the usability of or access to an area containing a primary function shall comply with 202.4. Additions to a building must provide entry from the existing building at all common levels without necessitating leaving and re-entering the addition from the outside.
If there are no toilet rooms, bathing facilities, or shower rooms in the addition and these facilities are provided in the existing building, then at least one toilet room, one bathing facility, or one shower room for each sex, or one unisex toilet room or bathing facility (when permitted by the Illinois Plumbing Code), shall comply with 603 through 608.
Where existing elements or spaces are altered, each altered element or space shall comply with the applicable requirements of Chapter 2.
  1. Unless required by 202.4, where elements or spaces are altered and the circulation path to the altered element or space is not altered, an accessible route shall not be required.
  2. In alterations, where compliance with applicable requirements is technically infeasible, the alteration shall comply with the requirements to the maximum extent feasible. In alterations where compliance with the applicable requirements is structurally impracticable, the alteration shall comply with the requirements to the extent that it is not structurally impracticable as set forth in 203.15.
  3. Residential dwelling units not required to be accessible in compliance with a standard issued pursuant to the Americans with Disabilities Act or Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended, shall not be required to comply with 202.3.
  4. Where elements or spaces are altered in camping facilities, picnic facilities, viewing areas, or trailheads and the circulation path to the altered element or space is not altered, the circulation path shall not be required to comply with 1016.
  5. Multi-story housing covered by 233.6 shall not be required to comply with 202.3.
  6. Alterations to qualified historic buildings and facilities shall comply with 202.5.
An alteration that decreases or has the effect of decreasing the accessibility of a building or facility below the requirements for new construction at the time of the alteration is prohibited.
An alteration of an existing element, space, or area of a building or facility shall not impose a requirement for accessibility greater than required for new construction.
All changes, improvements, or maintenance of existing parking lots including sealcoating, resurfacing, remarking, fencing, curbs, walks, and/or landscaping shall provide accessible parking spaces in accordance with 208. In addition, an accessible route shall be provided within the parking lot to connect the accessible parking spaces to a path of travel that leads to an accessible entrance. The accessible route shall include the connection from the parking lot onto the path of travel that leads to the accessible entrance.
In addition to the requirements of 202.3, an alteration that affects or could affect the usability of or access to an area containing a primary function shall be made so as to ensure that, to the maximum extent feasible, the path of travel to the altered area, including the entrance route to the altered area and the rest rooms, telephones, and drinking fountains serving the altered area, are readily accessible to and usable by individuals with disabilities, unless the cost of the alterations to provide an accessible path of travel to the primary function area exceeds 20% of the cost of the overall alteration, or such alterations are otherwise disproportionate to the overall alterations in terms of cost and scope as determined under criteria established by the U. S. Attorney General or the U.S. Department of Transportation, as applicable. In existing transportation facilities, an area of primary function shall be as defined under regulations published by the Secretary of the U.S. Department of Transportation or the U.S. Attorney General.

EXCEPTIONS:
  1. Residential dwelling units and multi-story housing shall not be required to comply with 202.4.
  2. Camping facilities, picnic facilities, viewing areas, trailheads, trails, and beach access routes shall not be required to comply with 202.4.
Alterations to a qualified historic building or facility shall comply with 202.3 and 202.4. For projects involving alterations to qualified historic buildings only, the Secretary of the Interior's Standards for Rehabilitation and Guidelines for Rehabilitating Historic Buildings (Revised 1992), U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Preservation Assistance Division, Washington, D.C., shall apply.

EXCEPTION: Where compliance with applicable requirements is technically infeasible or where the Illinois State Historic Preservation Office or the Accessibility Specialist at the Capital Development Board determines, pursuant to 202.5.1, that compliance with the requirements for accessible routes, entrances, or toilet facilities would threaten or destroy the historic significance of the building or facility, the alternative requirements in 202.5.4 shall be permitted to apply.

Alterations to a qualified historic building or facility shall also comply with 202.5.2 and 202.5.3.
Where alterations are undertaken to a qualified historic building or facility, if the entity undertaking the alterations believes that compliance with the requirements for accessible routes (exterior and interior), ramps, entrances, or toilets would threaten or destroy the historic significance of the building or facility and that the alternative requirements in 202.5.4 should be used for the element or space being altered, the entity should consult with the Illinois State Historic Preservation Office (SHPO). If the Illinois SHPO agrees that compliance with the requirements for accessible routes (exterior and interior), ramps, entrances, or toilets would threaten or destroy the historic significance of the building or facility, the alternative requirements in 202.5.4 may be used. The determination that an alteration would threaten or destroy the historic significance of the building or facility shall be based upon the Secretary of the Interior's Standards for Rehabilitation and Guidelines for Rehabilitating Historic Buildings. Alterations not recommended by the Standards shall be considered to threaten or destroy the historic significance of the building or facility. In that case, the alternative requirements as defined in 202.5.4 for alterations to qualified historic buildings may be used.
If historically interpreted buildings as defined in 106.5, which are owned by either a governmental unit or are privately owned, undergo alterations to a primary function area the minimum requirements of 202.5.2.1 through 202.5.2.7 shall be met.
An accessible route complying with 207.1 and Chapter 4 shall be provided to one principal level with displays open to the public.

EXCEPTION: Where providing an accessible route would threaten or destroy the historic significance of the building or facility, fully accessible permanent interpretive exhibits which are of equivalent educational and interpretative scope as the non-accessible historic parts of the building or facility shall be provided as near to the non-accessible part of the building or facility as possible.
New displays and written information shall be located and designed so that they may be seen by seated persons. New exhibits and signage displayed horizontally (such as open books) should be no higher than 44 inches (1120 mm) above the floor surface.
If toilets are required in the facility by the Illinois Plumbing Code, at least one accessible toilet room for each sex shall be provided as near the site as possible but at least within 200 feet from the main entrance of the building or facility.

EXCEPTIONS:
  1. Accessible toilet rooms are not required if the cost exceeds 20% of the overall cost of the alteration.
  2. One accessible unisex toilet room may be provided in lieu of accessible toilet rooms for each sex if the accessible primary function area is less than 5,000 net square feet.
If drinking fountains are required in the facility by the Illinois Plumbing Code, at least one accessible drinking fountain, or bottled drinking water, or a water dispensing faucet (water station), shall be provided as near the site as possible but at least within 200 feet (65 m) from the main entrance of the building or facility.
Accessible parking spaces complying with 208 and 502 shall be provided, where parking is provided. The accessible parking spaces should be located as close to the building as possible to shorten the travel distance from the spaces to the entrance.
An accessible route from the accessible parking spaces, if provided, to an accessible entrance shall be provided, unless the cost to provide an accessible route exceeds 20% of the overall cost of the alteration.
Alternative requirements for qualified historic buildings in 202.5.4 may be substituted for the applicable requirements of Chapter 2.
If qualified historic buildings other than historically interpreted buildings covered in 202.5.2, which are owned by either a governmental unit or are privately owned, undergo alterations the minimum requirements of 202.5.3.1 through 202.5.3.3 shall be met.
The element or space being altered shall comply with the applicable requirements of Chapter 2.
When alterations are made to a primary function area, the following accessible features shall be provided in the following order of priority up to a maximum cost of 20% of the total cost of alterations:
  1. An accessible entrance and an accessible means of egress intended for use by the general public.
  2. An accessible route between an accessible entrance and accessible means of egress and the primary function area being altered.
  3. At least one accessible toilet room for each sex if toilets are required in the facility by the Illinois Plumbing Code.

    EXCEPTION. One accessible unisex toilet room may be provided in lieu of accessible toilet rooms for each sex if the accessible primary function area is less than 5,000 net square feet.
  4. Accessible parking spaces complying with 208 and 502, where parking is provided.
  5. An accessible route from a site arrival point or from the accessible parking spaces, if provided, to an accessible entrance.
Alternative requirements in 202.5.4 may be substituted for these requirements where deemed necessary by the Illinois State Historic Preservation Office.
The alternative requirements in 202.5.4.1 through 202.5.4.15 may be substituted for the applicable requirements of Chapter 2 when a qualified historic building undergoes alterations.
Changes of level may be accommodated by ramps having the following maximum slopes:
  1. A slope between 1:10 and 1:12 is allowed for a maximum rise of 6 inches (1830 mm).
  2. A slope between 1:8 and 1:10 is allowed for a maximum rise of 3 inches (915 mm).
  3. A slope between 1:6 and 1:8 is allowed for a maximum rise of 2 inches (610 mm).
  4. Where access to any space in a qualified historic building will be limited to controlled groups with assigned tour guides, changes in level as provided in this subsection 202.5.4.1(1) may be accommodated by means of a detachable ramp.
Where access to any space in a qualified historic building will be limited to controlled groups with assigned tour guides, requirements of the following Sections are waived for that space.
  1. 404, Doors, except minimum widths as noted in 202.5.4.5 below, and threshold heights in 404.2.5;
  2. 225 and 811, Storage;
  3. 205 and 309, Controls and Operating Mechanisms, where not intended to be operated by the general public;
  4. 705, Detectable Warnings; and
  5. 216 and 703, Signage.
Where access to any space in a qualified historic building will be limited to controlled groups with assigned tour guides, or where a full-time door attendant or concierge is provided at the door within visual and audible communication range, there are no special requirements for door hardware or operation.
The addition of adapter lever handles that retain the existing hardware will be considered to meet the Secretary of the Interior's Standards for Rehabilitation as they do not result in the removal of any historic features from the structure.
Minimum clear door opening width for a single door or the single active leaf of a pair of doors shall meet the requirements of 404.2.3. When the alteration of an existing historic door does not meet the Secretary of the Interior's Standards for Rehabilitation, a lesser dimension may be considered to be accessible if it provides the highest level of access within the limited dimensions available. Examples of acceptable methods of providing improved access while maintaining the historic door include the following:
  1. Maintain the door opening area free of any obstructions so that the clear opening can be measured with the door in a 180 degree position rather than the 90 degree position.
  2. Reverse the swing of the door.
  3. Remove or alter the side door stop(s).
  4. Replace the existing hinges with offset hinges.
Example: A historically significant door is only 30 inches (9140 mm) wide. Because the door, associated transom and surrounding trim are all significant features of the building, altering the opening and replacing the door does not meet the Secretary of the Interior's Standards for Rehabilitation. The installation of off-set hinges and the replacement of the door stops creates a clear opening of 29-1/2 inches (8990 mm), but otherwise retains all of the historic features of the building. In these circumstances, the modified front entry door would be considered to be accessible.
For pairs of doors where an individual leaf does not provide the minimum clear opening, the following options provide improved access:
  1. Activating the second leaf; or
  2. Adding a power operator that activates both leaves.
If it is determined that no entrance used by the public can comply with 206.4 without threatening or destroying the historic character of the building or facility, then access at any entrance not used by the general public, but open (unlocked) with directional signage at the primary entrance may be used. The accessible entrance shall also have a notification system. Where security is a problem, remote monitoring may be used.
Accessible routes from an accessible entrance to all publicly used spaces on at least the level of the accessible entrance shall be provided. Access shall be provided to all levels of a building or facility in compliance with 207.1 and Chapter 4 whenever practical, and where such access would not threaten or destroy the historic character of the building or facility.
Where the alterations to a historic stair do not meet the Secretary of the Interior's Standards for Rehabilitation (as determined by the Illinois State Historic Preservation Office), the requirements of 504 are waived.

Example: The addition of a modern complying handrail on the wall side of a historic stair may meet the minimum requirement for a necessary handrail without alterations to the historic railing and balustrade, thus meeting the Secretary of the Interior's Standards for Rehabilitation. In many instances it may also be possible to install a new code compliant handrail on top of the historic railing and balustrade.
Full extension of stair handrails shall not be required in alterations where such extensions would be hazardous or impossible due to plan configuration.
If safety door edge is provided in existing automatic elevators, then the automatic door protective and reopening devices as required in 407.3.3 may be omitted.
Where existing shaft or structural elements prohibit strict compliance with the minimum dimensions of the elevator cars as required in 407.4.1, then the minimum floor area dimensions may be reduced to no less than 48 inches by 48 inches (1220 mm by 1220 mm).
In alterations to qualified historic buildings where it is technically infeasible to disperse seating throughout an assembly area, the seating may be located in collected areas. Seating shall adjoin an accessible route which also serves as a means of emergency egress.
Where historic elevator features such as call buttons, hall lanterns, and control panels cannot comply with 407, the addition of new compliant controls that retain the existing will be considered to meet the Secretary of the Interior's Standards for Rehabilitation as they do not result in the removal of the historic elevator features.
Where historic signage including exit signs, directional, informational, and permanent room signage, cannot comply with 216 and 703, the addition of new compliant signage that retains the existing will be considered to meet the Secretary of the Interior's Standards for Rehabilitation as it does not result in the removal of the historic signage.
At least one accessible route from a site arrival point to an accessible entrance shall be required.
A governmental unit shall not enter into a new or renewal agreement to lease, rent, or use, in whole or in part, any public facility which does not comply with this Code.
Sites, buildings, facilities, and elements are exempt from these requirements to the extent specified by 203.
Structures and sites directly associated with the actual processes of construction, including but not limited to, scaffolding, bridging, materials hoists, materials storage, and construction trailers shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route. Portable toilet units provided for use exclusively by construction personnel on a construction site shall not be required to comply with 213 or to be on an accessible route.
Areas raised primarily for purposes of security, life safety, or fire safety, including but not limited to, observation or lookout galleries, prison guard towers, fire towers, or life guard stands shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route.
Spaces accessed only by ladders, catwalks, crawl spaces, or very narrow passageways shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route.
Spaces frequented only by service personnel for maintenance, repair, or occasional monitoring of equipment shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route. Machinery spaces include, but are not limited to, elevator pits or elevator penthouses; mechanical, electrical or communications equipment rooms; piping or equipment catwalks; water or sewage treatment pump rooms and stations; electric substations and transformer vaults; and highway and tunnel utility facilities.
Single occupant structures accessed only by passageways below grade or elevated above standard curb height, including but not limited to, toll booths that are accessed only by underground tunnels, shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route.
In detention and correctional facilities, common use areas that are used only by inmates or detainees and security personnel and that do not serve holding cells or housing cells required to comply with 232, shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route.
In residential facilities, common use areas that do not serve residential dwelling units required to provide mobility features complying with 809.2 through 809.4 shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route. This exemption does not apply to multi-story housing covered by 233.6.
Spaces and elements within employee work areas shall only be required to comply with 206.2.8, 207.1, and 215.3 and shall be designed and constructed so that individuals with disabilities can approach, enter, and exit the employee work area. Employee work areas, or portions of employee work areas, other than raised courtroom stations, that are less than 300 square feet (28 m2) and elevated 7 inches (180 mm) or more above the finish floor or ground where the elevation is essential to the function of the space shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route.
Raised structures used solely for refereeing, judging, or scoring a sport shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route.
Water slides shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route.
Animal cages, pens, corrals, and similar areas in which animals are contained shall be on an accessible route but shall not otherwise be required to comply with these requirements. Public circulation routes where animals may travel, such as in petting zoos and passageways alongside animal pens in State fairs, are not eligible for this exception.
Raised boxing or wrestling rings shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route.
Raised diving boards and diving platforms shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route.
Full compliance with the requirements for new construction is not required in those rare circumstances when the unique characteristics of terrain prevent the incorporation of all required accessibility features. If full compliance is structurally impracticable, compliance shall be required to the extent that it is not structurally impracticable. In that case, any portion of the facility that can be made accessible shall be made accessible to the extent that it is not structurally impracticable. If providing accessibility in conformance to these requirements to people with certain disabilities (e.g., people who use a wheelchair) would be structurally impracticable, accessibility shall nonetheless be provided for people with other disabilities (e.g., people who use crutches, or people who have a vision, hearing, or mental impairment) in accordance with these requirements.
Protruding objects on circulation paths shall comply with 307.

EXCEPTIONS:
  1. Within areas of sport activity, protruding objects on circulation paths shall not be required to comply with 307.
  2. Within play areas, protruding objects on circulation paths shall not be required to comply with 307 provided that ground level accessible routes provide vertical clearance in compliance with 1008.2.
Operable parts on accessible elements, accessible route, and in accessible rooms and spaces shall comply with 309.

EXCEPTIONS:
  1. Operable parts that are intended for use only by service or maintenance personnel shall not be required to comply with 309.
  2. Electrical or communication receptacles serving a dedicated use shall not be required to comply with 309.
  3. Where two or more outlets are provided in a kitchen above a length of counter top that is uninterrupted by a sink or appliance, one outlet shall not be required to comply with 309.
  4. Floor electrical receptacles shall not be required to comply with 309.
  5. HVAC diffusers shall not be required to comply with 309.
  6. Except for light switches, where redundant controls are provided for a single element, one control in each space shall not be required to comply with 309.
  7. Cleats and other boat securement devices shall not be required to comply with 309.3.
  8. Exercise machines and exercise equipment shall not be required to comply with 309.
Accessible routes shall be provided in accordance with 206 and shall comply with Chapter 4.

EXCEPTIONS:
  1. Accessible routes shall not be required where outdoor recreation access routes are provided at camping facilities in accordance with 244.5, picnic facilities in accordance with 245.4, viewing areas in accordance with 246.3, or trailheads in accordance with 247.3.2.
  2. Accessible routes shall not be required where at camping facilities, picnic facilities, viewing areas, or outdoor constructed features are provided on trails.
  3. Accessible routes shall not be required where beach access routes are provided in accordance with 248.
Accessible routes shall be provided where required by 206.2.
At least one accessible route shall be provided within the site from accessible parking spaces and accessible passenger loading zones; public streets and sidewalks; and public transportation stops to the accessible building or facility entrance they serve.

EXCEPTIONS:
  1. [Deleted].
  2. An accessible route shall not be required between site arrival points and the building or facility entrance if the only means of access between them is a vehicular way not providing pedestrian access. Access from site arrival points is permitted to include vehicular ways. Where a vehicular ways, or a portion of a vehicular ways, is provided for pedestrian travel, such as within a shopping center or shopping mall parking lot, this exception shall not apply.
At least one accessible route shall connect accessible buildings, accessible facilities, accessible elements, and accessible spaces that are on the same site. For areas of sport activity, an accessible route is required to connect to the boundary of each area of sport activity. The size of an area of sport activity includes only the space needed to play. Where multiple sports fields or courts are provided, an accessible route is required to each field or area of sport activity.

EXCEPTION: An accessible route shall not be required between accessible buildings, accessible facilities, accessible elements, and accessible spaces where all of the following conditions apply:
  1. The only means of access between them is a vehicular way not providing pedestrian access; and
  2. Due to circumstances outside the control of the owner, either the slope of the finished ground level between accessible facilities and buildings exceeds 1:12, or physical barriers or legal restrictions prevent the installation of an accessible route; and
  3. Parking that complies with 208 and 502 is provided at each accessible building, facility, element, or space.
At least one accessible route shall connect each story and mezzanine in multi-story buildings and facilities.

EXCEPTIONS:
  1. An accessible route is not required to a basement, second story or mezzanine space if all of the following conditions in 1.1 and 1.2 are met; provided, however, that this exception shall not apply to levels containing offices of health care providers, terminals, depots or other stations used for specified public transportation, airport passenger terminals, shopping centers, or shopping malls, buildings designed, constructed or altered by or for the use of a public entity, or buildings owned by the State of Illinois or any governmental unit.
    1. The basement, second story and mezzanine space are each 1,000 square feet (93 m2) or less in area; and
    2. The exempt area consists of the following type of space: 1) the second story of a two-story building with or without a basement; or 2) the mezzanine of a one-story building with or without a basement; or 3) the basement of a one-story or a two-story building.
  2. [Deleted].
  3. In detention and correctional facilities, an accessible route shall not be required to connect stories where cells with mobility features required to comply with 807.2, all common use areas serving cells with mobility features required to comply with 807.2, and all public use areas are on an accessible route.
  4. In residential facilities, an accessible route shall not be required to connect stories where residential dwelling units with mobility features required to comply with 809.2 through 809.4, all common use areas serving residential dwelling units with mobility features required to comply with 809.2 through 809.4, and public use areas serving residential dwelling units are on an accessible route. This exemption does not apply to multi-story housing covered by 233.6.
  5. Within multi-story transient lodging guest rooms with mobility features required to comply with 806.2, an accessible route shall not be required to connect stories provided that spaces complying with 806.2 and all common areas such as kitchens and living rooms are located on an accessible route and sleeping accommodations for two persons minimum are provided on a story served by an accessible route. An accessible route must connect the accessible entrance of the guest room to the common areas and all accessible sleeping accommodations.
  6. In air traffic control towers, an accessible route shall not be required to serve the cab and the floor immediately below the cab.
  7. [Deleted — see 202.5].
  8. Spaces greater than 1,000 square feet (93 m2) but less than 3,000 square feet (280 m2) in area that are used exclusively for archival storage or for product storage in a business or mercantile occupancy shall not be required to be on an accessible route.
In alterations and additions, where an escalator or stair is provided where none existed previously and major structural modifications are necessary for the installation, an accessible route shall be provided between the levels served by the escalator or stair unless exempted by 206.2.3 Exceptions 1 through 8.
At least one accessible route shall connect accessible building or facility entrances with all accessible spaces and elements and with all accessible dwelling units within the building or facility which are otherwise connected by a circulation path unless exempted by 206.2.3 Exceptions 1 through 8. An accessible route shall also connect at least one accessible entrance of each accessible dwelling unit with those exterior and interior spaces and facilities that serve the accessible dwelling unit.

EXCEPTIONS:
  1. Raised courtroom stations, including judges' benches, clerks' stations, bailiffs' stations, deputy clerks' stations, and court reporters' stations shall not be required to provide vertical access provided that the required clear floor space, maneuvering space, and, if appropriate, electrical service are installed at the time of initial construction to allow future installation of a means of vertical access complying with 405, 407, 408, or 410 without requiring substantial reconstruction of the space.
  2. In assembly areas with fixed seating required to comply with 221, an accessible route shall not be required to serve fixed seating where wheelchair spaces required to be on an accessible route are not provided.
  3. Accessible routes shall not be required to connect stories or mezzanines where multi-story buildings or facilities are exempted by 206.2.3 Exceptions 1 through 8.
In restaurants and cafeterias, an accessible route shall be provided to all dining areas, including raised or sunken dining areas, and outdoor dining areas. In banquet rooms or spaces where a head table or speaker's lectern is located on a raised platform, an accessible route shall be provided to the platform. Open edges of a raised platform shall be protected by placement of tables or by a curb.

EXCEPTIONS:
  1. In buildings or facilities not required to provide an accessible route between stories, an accessible route shall not be required to a mezzanine dining area where the mezzanine contains less than 25 percent of the total combined area for seating and dining and where the same decor and services are provided in the accessible area.
  2. In alterations, an accessible route shall not be required to existing raised or sunken dining areas, or to all parts of existing outdoor dining areas where the same services and decor are provided in an accessible space usable by the public and not restricted to use by people with disabilities.
  3. In sports facilities, tiered dining areas providing seating required to comply with 221 shall be required to have accessible routes serving at least 25 percent of the dining area provided that accessible routes serve seating complying with 221 and each tier is provided with the same services.
Where a circulation path directly connects a performance area to an assembly seating area, an accessible route shall directly connect the assembly seating area with the performance area. An accessible route shall be provided from performance areas to ancillary areas or facilities used by performers unless exempted by 206.2.3 Exceptions 1 through 8.
Press boxes in assembly areas shall be on an accessible route.

EXCEPTIONS:
  1. An accessible route shall not be required to press boxes in bleachers that have points of entry at only one level provided that the aggregate area of all press boxes is 500 square feet (46 m2) maximum.
  2. An accessible route shall not be required to free-standing press boxes that are elevated above grade 12 feet (3660 mm) minimum provided that the aggregate area of all press boxes is 500 square feet (46 m2) maximum.
Common use circulation paths within employee work areas shall comply with 402.

EXCEPTIONS:
  1. Common use circulation paths located within employee work areas that are less than 1000 square feet (93 m2) and defined by permanently installed partitions, counters, casework, or furnishings shall not be required to comply with 402.
  2. Common use circulation paths located within employee work areas that are an integral component of work area equipment shall not be required to comply with 402.
  3. Common use circulation paths located within exterior employee work areas that are fully exposed to the weather shall not be required to comply with 402.
Amusement rides required to comply with 234 shall provide accessible routes in accordance with 206.2.9. Accessible routes serving amusement rides shall comply with Chapter 4 except as modified by 1002.2.
Load and unload areas shall be on an accessible route. Where load and unload areas have more than one loading or unloading position, at least one loading and unloading position shall be on an accessible route.
When amusement rides are in the load and unload position, wheelchair spaces complying with 1002.4, amusement ride seats designed for transfer complying with 1002.5, and transfer devices complying with 1002.6 shall be on an accessible route.
Boat slips required to comply with 235.2 and boarding piers at boat launch ramps required to comply with 235.3 shall be on an accessible route. Accessible routes serving recreational boating facilities shall comply with Chapter 4, except as modified by 1003.2.
Where bowling lanes are provided, at least 5 percent, but no fewer than one of each type of bowling lane, shall be on an accessible route.
In court sports, at least one accessible route shall directly connect both sides of the court.
Exercise machines and equipment required to comply with 236 shall be on an accessible route.
Fishing piers and platforms shall be on an accessible route. Accessible routes serving fishing piers and platforms shall comply with Chapter 4 except as modified by 1005.1.
At least one accessible route shall connect accessible elements and spaces within the boundary of the golf course. In addition, accessible routes serving golf car rental areas; bag drop areas; course weather shelters complying with 238.2.3;

EXCEPTION: Golf car passages complying with 1006.3 shall be permitted to be used for all or part of accessible routes required by 206.2.15.
Holes required to comply with 239.2, including the start of play, shall be on an accessible route. Accessible routes serving miniature golf facilities shall comply with Chapter 4 except as modified by 1007.2.
Play areas shall provide accessible routes in accordance with 206.2.17. Accessible routes serving play areas shall comply with Chapter 4 except as modified by 1008.2.
At least one accessible route shall be provided within the play area. The accessible route shall connect ground level play components required to comply with 240.2.1 and elevated play components required to comply with 240.2.2, including entry and exit points of the play components.
Where three or fewer entry points are provided for soft contained play structures, at least one entry point shall be on an accessible route. Where four or more entry points are provided for soft contained play structures, at least two entry points shall be on an accessible route.
Accessible routes shall coincide with or be located in the same area as general circulation paths. Where circulation paths are interior, required accessible routes shall also be interior.
Entrances shall be provided in accordance with 206.4. Entrance doors, doorways, and gates shall comply with 404 and shall be on an accessible route complying with 402.

EXCEPTIONS:
  1. Where an alteration includes alterations to an entrance, and the building or facility has another entrance complying with 404 that is on an accessible route, the altered entrance shall not be required to comply with 206.4 unless required by 202.4.
  2. [Deleted].
In addition to entrances required by 206.4.2 through 206.4.9, at least 60 percent of all public entrances shall comply with 404.

EXCEPTION: In multi-story housing covered by 233.6, at least 50 percent of all public entrances shall comply with 404.
Where direct access is provided for pedestrians from a parking structure to a building or facility entrance, each direct access to the building or facility entrance shall comply with 404.
Where direct access is provided for pedestrians from a pedestrian tunnel or elevated walkway to a building or facility, at least one direct entrance to the building or facility from each tunnel or walkway shall comply with 404.
In addition to the requirements of 206.4.2, 206.4.3, and 206.4.5 through 206.4.9, transportation facilities shall provide entrances in accordance with 206.4.4.
In transportation facilities, where different entrances serve different transportation fixed routes or groups of fixed routes, at least one public entrance serving each fixed route or group of fixed routes shall comply with 404.

EXCEPTION: Entrances to key stations and existing intercity rail stations retrofitted in accordance with 49 CFR 37.49 or 49 CFR 37.51 shall not be required to comply with 206.4.4.1.
Direct connections to other facilities shall provide an accessible route complying with 404 from the point of connection to boarding platforms and all transportation system elements required to be accessible. Any elements provided to facilitate future direct connections shall be on an accessible route connecting boarding platforms and all transportation system elements required to be accessible.

EXCEPTION: In key stations and existing intercity rail stations, existing direct connections shall not be required to comply with 404.
Key stations and existing intercity rail stations required by Subpart C of 49 CFR 37 to be altered shall have at least one entrance complying with 404.
At least one accessible entrance to each tenancy in a facility shall comply with 404.

EXCEPTION: Self-service storage facilities not required to comply with 225.3 shall not be required to be on an accessible route.
In residential dwelling units, at least one primary entrance shall comply with 404. The primary entrance to a residential dwelling unit shall not be to a bedroom.
Where restricted entrances are provided to a building or facility, at least one restricted entrance to the building or facility shall comply with 404.
If a service entrance is the only entrance to a building or to a tenancy in a facility, that entrance shall comply with 404.
Where entrances used only by inmates or detainees and security personnel are provided at judicial facilities, detention facilities, or correctional facilities, at least one such entrance shall comply with 404.
Doors, doorways, and gates providing user passage shall be provided in accordance with 206.5.
Each entrance to a building or facility required to comply with 206.4 shall have at least one door, doorway, or gate complying with 404.
Within a building or facility, all doors, doorways, and gates on an accessible route which serve accessible rooms or spaces shall comply with 404.
In transient lodging facilities, entrances, doors, and doorways providing user passage into and within guest rooms that are not required to provide mobility features complying with 806.2 shall comply with 404.2.3 and the door handles and pulls shall comply with 404.2.7.

EXCEPTION: Shower and sauna doors in guest rooms that are not required to provide mobility features complying with 806.2 shall not be required to comply with 404.2.3.
In residential dwelling units required to provide mobility features complying with 809.2 through 809.4, all doors and doorways providing user passage shall comply with 404.
Elevators provided for passengers shall comply with 407. Where multiple elevators are provided, each elevator shall comply with 407.

EXCEPTIONS:
  1. In a building or facility permitted to use the exceptions to 206.2.3 or permitted by 206.7 to use a platform lift, elevators complying with 408 shall be permitted.
  2. Elevators complying with 408 or 409 shall be permitted in multi-story residential dwelling units.
  3. Elevators complying with 408 shall be permitted to provide access to the second story or the mezzanine of a two-story building, or to the basement or mezzanine space of a one-story building, where each story is more than 1000 square feet (93 m2) and less than 3000 square feet (279 m2), and is not a shopping center, shopping mall or the professional office of a health care provider.
Where elements of existing elevators are altered, the same element shall also be altered in all elevators that are programmed to respond to the same hall call control as the altered elevator and shall comply with the requirements of 407 for the altered element.
Platform lifts shall comply with 410. Platform lifts shall be permitted as a component of an accessible route in new construction in accordance with 206.7. Platform lifts shall be permitted as a component of an accessible route in an existing building or facility.
Platform lifts shall be permitted to provide accessible routes to performance areas, head tables in banquet rooms and spaces, and speakers' platforms.
Platform lifts shall be permitted to provide an accessible route to comply with the wheelchair space dispersion and line-of-sight requirements of 221 and 802.
Platform lifts shall be permitted to provide an accessible route to incidental spaces which are not public use spaces and which are occupied by five persons maximum.
Platform lifts shall be permitted to provide an accessible route to: jury boxes and witness stands; raised courtroom stations including, judges' benches, clerks' stations, bailiffs' stations, deputy clerks' stations, and court reporters' stations; and to depressed areas such as the well of a court.
Platform lifts shall be permitted where existing exterior site constraints make use of a ramp or elevator infeasible.
Platform lifts shall be permitted to connect levels within transient lodging guest rooms required to provide mobility features complying with 806.2 or residential dwelling units required to provide mobility features complying with 809.2 through 809.4.
Platform lifts shall be permitted to provide accessible routes to load and unload areas serving amusement rides.
Platform lifts shall be permitted to provide accessible routes to play components or soft contained play structures.
Platform lifts shall be permitted to provide accessible routes to team or player seating areas serving areas of sport activity.
Platform lifts shall be permitted to be used instead of gangways that are part of accessible routes serving recreational boating facilities and fishing piers and platforms.
Security barriers, including but not limited to, security bollards and security check points, shall not obstruct a required accessible route or accessible means of egress.

EXCEPTION: Where security barriers incorporate elements that cannot comply with these requirements such as certain metal detectors, fluoroscopes, or other similar devices, the accessible route shall be permitted to be located adjacent to security screening devices. The accessible route shall permit persons with disabilities passing around security barriers to maintain visual contact with their personal items to the same extent provided others passing through the security barrier.
Means of egress shall comply with 207 and 506.

EXCEPTIONS:
  1. Where means of egress are permitted by the applicable building code to share a common path of egress travel, accessible means of egress shall be permitted to share a common path of egress travel.
  2. Areas of refuge shall not be required in detention and correctional facilities.
Standby power shall be provided for platform lifts permitted by 506.5 to serve as a part of an accessible means of egress.
Where parking spaces are provided for the public, for visitors or for employees, parking spaces shall be provided in accordance with 208.

EXCEPTION: Parking spaces used exclusively for buses, trucks, other delivery vehicles, law enforcement vehicles, or vehicular impound shall not be required to comply with 208 provided that lots accessed by the public are provided with a passenger loading zone complying with 503.
Parking spaces complying with 502 shall be provided in accordance with Table 208.2 except as required by 208.2.1, 208.2.2, and 208.2.3. Where more than one parking facility is provided on a site, the number of accessible spaces provided on the site shall be calculated according to the number of spaces required for each parking facility.

Table 208.2
Parking Spaces
Total Number of Parking Spaces
Provided in Parking Facility
Minimum Number of Required
Accessible Parking Spaces
1 to 25 1
26 to 50 2
51 to 75 3
76 to 100 4
101 to 150 5
151 to 200 6
201 to 300 7
301 to 400 8
401 to 500
9
501 to 1000 2 percent of total
1001 and over 20, plus 1 for each 100, or fraction
thereof, over 1000
Ten percent of patient and visitor parking spaces provided to serve hospital outpatient facilities shall comply with 502.
Twenty percent of patient and visitor parking spaces provided to serve rehabilitation facilities specializing in treating conditions that affect mobility and outpatient physical therapy facilities shall comply with 502.
Parking spaces provided to serve residential facilities owned or financed by governmental entities shall comply with 208.2.3.
Where at least one parking space is provided for each residential dwelling unit, at least one parking space complying with 502 shall be provided for each residential dwelling unit required to provide mobility features complying with 809.2 through 809.4.
Where the total number of parking spaces provided for each residential dwelling unit exceeds one parking space per residential dwelling unit, 2 percent, but no fewer than one space, of all the parking spaces not covered by 208.2.3.1 shall comply with 502.
Where parking spaces are provided for persons other than residents, parking shall be provided in accordance with Table 208.2.
For every six or fraction of six parking spaces required by 208.2 to comply with 502, at least one shall have a vertical clearance complying with 502.5.
Parking facilities shall comply with 208.3
Parking spaces complying with 502 that serve a particular building or facility shall be located on the shortest accessible route from parking to an entrance complying with 206.4. Where parking serves more than one accessible entrance, parking spaces complying with 502 shall be dispersed and located on the shortest accessible route to the accessible entrances. In parking facilities that do not serve a particular building or facility, parking spaces complying with 502 shall be located on the shortest accessible route to an accessible pedestrian entrance of the parking facility.

EXCEPTIONS:
  1. All parking spaces required by 208.2.4 shall be permitted to be grouped on one level within a multi-story parking facility.
  2. Parking spaces shall be permitted to be located in different parking facilities if substantially equivalent or greater accessibility is provided in terms of distance from an accessible entrance or entrances, parking fee, and user convenience.
In residential facilities containing residential dwelling units required to provide mobility features complying with 809.2 through 809.4, parking spaces provided in accordance with 208.2.3.1 shall be located on the shortest accessible route to the residential dwelling unit entrance they serve. Spaces provided in accordance with 208.2.3.2 shall be dispersed throughout all types of parking provided for the residential dwelling units.

EXCEPTION: Parking spaces provided in accordance with 208.2.3.2 shall not be required to be dispersed throughout all types of parking if substantially equivalent or greater accessibility is provided in terms of distance from an accessible entrance, parking fee, and user convenience.
Passenger loading zones shall be provided in accordance with 209.
Where provided, passenger loading zones shall comply with 209.2.
Passenger loading zones, except those required to comply with 209.2.2 and 209.2.3, shall provide at least one passenger loading zone complying with 503 in every continuous 100 linear feet (30 m) of loading zone space, or fraction thereof.
In bus loading zones restricted to use by designated or specified public transportation vehicles, each bus bay, bus stop, or other area designated for lift or ramp deployment shall comply with 810.2.
On-street bus stops shall comply with 810.2 to the maximum extent practicable.
At least one passenger loading zone complying with 503 shall be provided at an accessible entrance to licensed medical care and licensed long-term care facilities where the period of stay exceeds twenty-four hours.
Parking facilities that provide valet parking services shall provide at least one passenger loading zone complying with 503.
Mechanical access parking garages shall provide at least one passenger loading zone complying with 503 at vehicle drop-off and vehicle pick-up areas.
Interior and exterior stairs that are part of a means of egress shall comply with 504.

EXCEPTIONS:
  1. In detention and correctional facilities, stairs that are not located in public use areas shall not be required to comply with 504.
  2. In alterations, stairs between levels that are connected by an accessible route shall not be required to comply with 504, except that handrails complying with 505 shall be provided when the stairs are altered.
  3. In assembly areas, aisle stairs shall not be required to comply with 504.
  4. Stairs that connect play components shall not be required to comply with 504.
Where drinking fountains are provided on an exterior site, on a floor, or within a secured area they shall be provided in accordance with 211.

EXCEPTION: In detention or correctional facilities, drinking fountains only serving holding or housing cells not required to comply with 232 shall not be required to comply with 211.
No fewer than two drinking fountains shall be provided. One drinking fountain shall comply with 602.1 through 602.6 and one drinking fountain shall comply with 602.7.

EXCEPTION: Where a single drinking fountain complies with 602.1 through 602.6 and 602.7, it shall be permitted to be substituted for two separate drinking fountains.
Where more than the minimum number of drinking fountains specified in 211.2 are provided, 50 percent of the total number of drinking fountains provided shall comply with 602.1 through 602.6, and 50 percent of the total number of drinking fountains provided shall comply with 602.7.

EXCEPTION: Where 50 percent of the drinking fountains yields a fraction, 50 percent shall be permitted to be rounded up or down provided that the total number of drinking fountains complying with 211 equals 100 percent of drinking fountains.
Where a bottle filler is provided, the bottle filler shall be on an accessible route and shall comply with 308 and 309.
Where provided, kitchens, kitchenettes, and sinks shall comply with 212.
Kitchens and kitchenettes shall comply with 804.
Where sinks are provided, at least 5 percent, but no fewer than one, of each type provided in each accessible room or space shall comply with 606.

EXCEPTIONS:
  1. Mop or service sinks shall not be required to comply with 212.3.
  2. In camping facilities and picnic facilities, sinks shall not be required to comply with 212.3 where a cooktop or conventional range is not provided.
Where toilet facilities and bathing facilities are provided, they shall comply with 213. Where toilet facilities and bathing facilities are provided in facilities permitted by 206.2.3 Exception 1 not to connect stories by an accessible route, toilet facilities and bathing facilities shall be provided on a story connected by an accessible route to an accessible entrance.

EXCEPTION: Pit toilets provided on trails and in camping facilities shall not be required to comply with 213.
Where toilet rooms are provided, each toilet room shall comply with 603. Where bathing rooms are provided, each bathing room shall comply with 603.

EXCEPTIONS:
  1. In alterations where it is technically infeasible to comply with 603, altering existing toilet or bathing rooms shall not be required where a single unisex toilet room or bathing room complying with 213.2.1 is provided and located in the same area and on the same floor as existing inaccessible toilet or bathing rooms.
  2. [Deleted].
  3. Where multiple single user portable toilet or bathing units are clustered at a single location, no more than 5 percent of the toilet units and bathing units at each cluster shall be required to comply with 603. Portable toilet units and bathing units complying with 603 shall be identified by the International Symbol of Accessibility complying with 703.7.2.1.
  4. Where multiple single user toilet rooms are clustered at a single location, no more than 50 percent of the single user toilet rooms for each use at each cluster shall be required to comply with 603.
Unisex toilet rooms shall contain no more than one lavatory, and two water closets without urinals or one water closet and one urinal. Unisex bathing rooms shall contain one shower or one shower and one bathtub, one lavatory, and one water closet. Doors to unisex toilet rooms and unisex bathing rooms shall have privacy latches.
Plumbing fixtures and accessories provided in a toilet room or bathing room required to comply with 213.2 shall comply with 213.3.
Where toilet compartments are provided, at least one toilet compartment shall comply with 604.8.1. In addition to the compartment required to comply with 604.8.1, at least one compartment shall comply with 604.8.2 where six or more toilet compartments are provided, or where the combination of urinals and water closets totals six or more fixtures.
Where water closets are provided, at least one shall comply with 604.
Where more than one urinal is provided, at least one shall comply with 605.
Where lavatories are provided, at least one shall comply with 606 and shall not be located in a toilet compartment.
Where mirrors are provided, at least one shall comply with 603.3.
Where bathtubs or showers are provided, at least one bathtub complying with 607 or at least one shower complying with 608 shall be provided.
Where coat hooks or shelves are provided in toilet rooms without toilet compartments, at least one of each type shall comply with 603.4. Where coat hooks or shelves are provided in toilet compartments, at least one of each type complying with 604.8.3 shall be provided in toilet compartments required to comply with 213.3.1. Where coat hooks or shelves are provided in bathing facilities, at least one of each type complying with 603.4 shall serve fixtures required to comply with 213.3.6.
Where provided, washing machines and clothes dryers shall comply with 214.
Where three or fewer washing machines are provided, at least one shall comply with 611. Where more than three washing machines are provided, at least two shall comply with 611.
Where three or fewer clothes dryers are provided, at least one shall comply with 611. Where more than three clothes dryers are provided, at least two shall comply with 611.
Where fire alarm systems provide audible alarm coverage, alarms shall comply with 215.

EXCEPTION: In existing facilities, visible alarms shall not be required except where an existing fire alarm system is upgraded or replaced, or a new fire alarm system is installed.
Alarms in public use areas and common use areas shall comply with 702.
Where employee work areas have audible alarm coverage, visible alarms complying with 702 shall be provided.
Transient lodging guest rooms required to comply with 224.4 shall provide alarms complying with 702.
Where provided in residential dwelling units required to comply with 809.5, alarms shall comply with 702.
Signs shall be provided in accordance with 216 and shall comply with 703.

EXCEPTIONS:
  1. Building directories, menus, seat and row designations in assembly areas, occupant names, building addresses, and company names and logos shall not be required to comply with 216.
  2. In parking facilities, signs shall not be required to comply with 216.2, 216.3, and 216.6 through 216.12.
  3. Temporary, 7 days or less, signs shall not be required to comply with 216.
  4. In detention and correctional facilities, signs not located in public use areas or employee-only areas shall not be required to comply with 216.
Interior and exterior signs identifying permanent rooms and spaces shall comply with 703.1, 703.2, and 703.5. Where pictograms are provided as designations of permanent interior rooms and spaces, the pictograms shall comply with 703.6 and shall have text descriptors complying with 703.2 and 703.5.

EXCEPTION: Exterior signs that are not located at the door to the space they serve shall not be required to comply with 703.2.
Signs that provide direction to or information about interior spaces and facilities of the site shall comply with 703.5.
Signs for means of egress shall comply with 216.4.
Doors at exit passageways, exit discharge, and exit stairways shall be identified by tactile signs complying with 703.1, 703.2, and 703.5.
Signs required by 506.11 to provide instructions in areas of refuge shall comply with 703.5.
Signs required by 506.10 to provide directions to accessible means of egress shall comply with 703.5.
Parking spaces complying with 502 shall be identified by signs complying with 502.6.

EXCEPTIONS:
  1. [Deleted].
  2. In residential facilities, where parking spaces are assigned to specific residential dwelling units, identification of accessible parking spaces shall not be required.
Where not all entrances comply with 404, entrances complying with 404 shall be identified by the International Symbol of Accessibility complying with 703.7.2.1. Directional signs complying with 703.5 that indicate the location of the nearest entrance complying with 404 shall be provided at entrances that do not comply with 404.
Where existing elevators do not comply with 407, elevators complying with 407 shall be clearly identified with the International Symbol of Accessibility complying with 703.7.2.1.
Where existing toilet rooms or bathing rooms do not comply with 603, directional signs indicating the location of the nearest toilet room or bathing room complying with 603 within the facility shall be provided. Signs shall comply with 703.5 and shall include the International Symbol of Accessibility complying with 703.7.2.1. Where existing toilet rooms or bathing rooms do not comply with 603, the toilet rooms or bathing rooms complying with 603 shall be identified by the International Symbol of Accessibility complying with 703.7.2.1. Where clustered single user toilet rooms or bathing facilities are permitted to use exceptions to 213.2, toilet rooms or bathing facilities complying with 603 shall be identified by the International Symbol of Accessibility complying with 703.7.2.1 unless all toilet rooms and bathing facilities comply with 603.
Identification and directional signs for public TTYs shall be provided in accordance with 216.9.
Public TTYs shall be identified by the International Symbol of TTY complying with 703.7.2.2.
Directional signs indicating the location of the nearest public TTY shall be provided at all banks of public pay telephones not containing a public TTY. In addition, where signs provide direction to public pay telephones, they shall also provide direction to public TTYs. Directional signs shall comply with 703.5 and shall include the International Symbol of TTY complying with 703.7.2.2.
Each assembly area required by 219 to provide assistive listening systems shall provide signs informing patrons of the availability of the assistive listening system. Assistive listening signs shall comply with 703.5 and shall include the International Symbol of Access for Hearing Loss complying with 703.7.2.4.

EXCEPTION: Where ticket offices or windows are provided, signs shall not be required at each assembly area provided that signs are displayed at each ticket office or window informing patrons of the availability of assistive listening systems.
Where more than one check-out aisle is provided, check-out aisles complying with 904.3 shall be identified by the International Symbol of Accessibility complying with 703.7.2.1. Where check-out aisles are identified by numbers, letters, or functions, signs identifying check-out aisles complying with 904.3 shall be located in the same location as the check-out aisle identification.

EXCEPTION: Where all check-out aisles serving a single function comply with 904.3, signs complying with 703.7.2.1 shall not be required.
Signs identifying the type of access provided on amusement rides shall be provided at entries to queues and waiting lines. In addition, where accessible unload areas also serve as accessible load areas, signs indicating the location of the accessible load and unload areas shall be provided at entries to queues and waiting lines.
Where new trail information signs are provided at trailheads on newly constructed or altered trails designed for use by hikers or pedestrians, the signs shall comply with 1017.10.
Where coin-operated public pay telephones, coinless public pay telephones, public closed-circuit telephones, public courtesy phones, or other types of public telephones are provided, public telephones shall be provided in accordance with 217 for each type of public telephone provided. For purposes of this section, a bank of telephones shall be considered to be two or more adjacent telephones.
Where public telephones are provided, wheelchair accessible telephones complying with 704.2 shall be provided in accordance with Table 217.2.

EXCEPTION: Drive-up only public telephones shall not be required to comply with 217.2.

Table 217.2
Wheelchair Accessible Telephones
Number of Telephones Provided on a Floor, Level, or Exterior Site Minimum Number of Required Wheelchair Accessible Telephones
1 or more single units 1 or more single units
1 bank 1 bank
2 or more banks 2 or more banks
All public telephones shall have volume controls complying with 704.3.
TTYs complying with 704.4 shall be provided in accordance with 217.4.
Where four or more public pay telephones are provided at a bank of telephones, at least one public TTY complying with 704.4 shall be provided at that bank.

EXCEPTION: TTYs shall not be required at banks of telephones located within 200 feet (61 m) of, and on the same floor as, a bank containing a public TTY.
TTYs in public buildings shall be provided in accordance with 217.4.2.1. TTYs in private buildings shall be provided in accordance with 217.4.2.2.
Where at least one public pay telephone is provided on a floor of a public building, at least one public TTY shall be provided on that floor.
Where four or more public pay telephones are provided on a floor of a private building, at least one public TTY shall be provided on that floor.
TTYs in public buildings shall be provided in accordance with 217.4.3.1. TTYs in private buildings shall be provided in accordance with 217.4.3.2.
Where at least one public pay telephone is provided in a public building, at least one public TTY shall be provided in the building. Where at least one public pay telephone is provided in a public use area of a public building, at least one public TTY shall be provided in the public building in a public use area.
Where four or more public pay telephones are provided in a private building, at least one public TTY shall be provided in the building.
Where four or more public pay telephones are provided on an exterior site, at least one public TTY shall be provided on the site.
Where at least one public pay telephone is provided at a public rest stop, emergency roadside stop, or service plaza, at least one public TTY shall be provided.
Where at least one public pay telephone is provided serving a hospital emergency room, hospital recovery room, or hospital waiting room, at least one public TTY shall be provided at each location.
In transportation facilities, in addition to the requirements of 217.4.1 through 217.4.4, where at least one public pay telephone serves a particular entrance to a bus or rail facility, at least one public TTY shall be provided to serve that entrance. In airports, in addition to the requirements of 217.4.1 through 217.4.4, where four or more public pay telephones are located in a terminal outside the security areas, a concourse within the security areas, or a baggage claim area in a terminal, at least one public TTY shall be provided in each location.
In detention and correctional facilities, where at least one pay telephone is provided in a secured area used only by detainees or inmates and security personnel, at least one TTY shall be provided in at least one secured area.
Where a bank of telephones in the interior of a building consists of three or more public pay telephones, at least one public pay telephone at the bank shall be provided with a shelf and an electrical outlet in accordance with 704.5.

EXCEPTIONS:
  1. Secured areas of detention and correctional facilities where shelves and outlets are prohibited for purposes of security or safety shall not be required to comply with 217.5.
  2. The shelf and electrical outlet shall not be required at a bank of telephones with a TTY.
Transportation facilities shall comply with 218.
New and altered stations in rapid rail, light rail, commuter rail, intercity rail, high speed rail, and other fixed guideway systems shall comply with 810.5 through 810.10.
Key stations and existing intercity rail stations shall comply with 810.5 through 810.10.
Where provided, bus shelters shall comply with 810.3.
In other transportation facilities, public address systems shall comply with 810.7 and clocks shall comply with 810.8.
Assistive listening systems shall be provided in accordance with 219 and shall comply with 706.
In each assembly area where audible communication is integral to the use of the space, an assistive listening system shall be provided.

EXCEPTION: Other than in courtrooms, assistive listening systems shall not be required where audio amplification is not provided.
Receivers complying with 706.2 shall be provided for assistive listening systems in each assembly area in accordance with Table 219.3. Twenty-five percent minimum of receivers provided, but no fewer than two, shall be hearing-aid compatible in accordance with 706.3.

EXCEPTIONS:
  1. Where a building contains more than one assembly area and the assembly areas required to provide assistive listening systems are under one management, the total number of required receivers shall be permitted to be calculated according to the total number of seats in the assembly areas in the building provided that all receivers are usable with all systems.
  2. Where all seats in an assembly area are served by an induction loop assistive listening system, the minimum number of receivers required by Table 219.3 to be hearing-aid compatible shall not be required to be provided.
Table 219.3
Receivers for Assistive Listening Systems
Capacity of Seating in Assembly Area Minimum Number of Required Receivers Minimum Number of Required Receivers Required to be Hearing-aid Compatible
50 or less 2 2
51 to 200 2, plus 1 per 25 seats over 50 seats1 2
201 to 500 2, plus 1 per 25 seats over 50 seats1 1 per 4 receivers1
501 to 1000 20, plus 1 per 33 seats over 500 seats1 1 per 4 receivers1
1001 to 2000 35, plus 1 per 50 seats over 1000 seats1 1 per 4 receivers1
2001 and over 55 plus 1 per 100 seats over 2000 seats1 1 per 4 receivers1
Note:
  1. Or fraction thereof.
Where automatic teller machines or self-service fare vending, collection, or adjustment machines are provided, at least one of each type provided at each location shall comply with 707. Where bins are provided for envelopes, waste paper, or other purposes, at least one of each type shall comply with 811.
Assembly areas shall provide wheelchair spaces, companion seats, and designated aisle seats complying with 221 and 802. In addition, lawn seating shall comply with 221.5.
Wheelchair spaces complying with 221.2 shall be provided in assembly areas with fixed seating.
Wheelchair spaces shall be provided complying with 221.2.1.
Wheelchair spaces complying with 802.1 shall be provided in accordance with Table 221.2.1.1.

Table 221.2.1.1
Number of Wheelchair Spaces in Assembly Areas
Number of Seats Minimum Number of Required Wheelchair Spaces
4 to 25 1
26 to 50 2
51 to 150 4
151 to 300 5
301 to 500 6
501 to 5000 6, plus 1 for each 150, or fraction thereof, between 501 through 5000
5001 and over 36, plus 1 for each 200, or fraction thereof, over 5000
In each luxury box, club box, and suite within arenas, stadiums, and grandstands, wheelchair spaces complying with 802.1 shall be provided in accordance with Table 221.2.1.1.
In boxes other than those required to comply with 221.2.1.2, the total number of wheelchair spaces required shall be determined in accordance with Table 221.2.1.1. Wheelchair spaces shall be located in not less than 20 percent of all boxes provided. Wheelchair spaces shall comply with 802.1.
At least one wheelchair space complying with 802.1 shall be provided in team or player seating areas serving areas of sport activity.

EXCEPTION: Wheelchair spaces shall not be required in team or player seating areas serving bowling lanes not required to comply with 206.2.11.
Wheelchair spaces shall be an integral part of the seating plan.
Wheelchair spaces shall provide lines of sight complying with 802.2 and shall comply with 221.2.3. In providing lines of sight, wheelchair spaces shall be dispersed. Wheelchair spaces shall provide spectators with choices of seating locations and viewing angles that are substantially equivalent to or better than, the choices of seating locations and viewing angles available to all other spectators. When the number of wheelchair spaces required by 221.2.1 has been met, further dispersion shall not be required. Wheelchair spaces and companion seats shall not be located on (or obstructed by) temporary platforms or other movable structures, except that when an entire seating section is placed on temporary platforms or other movable structures in an area where fixed seating is not provided, in order to increase seating for an event, wheelchair spaces and companion seats may be placed in that section. When wheelchair spaces and companion seats are not required to accommodate persons eligible for those spaces and seats, individual, readily removable seats may be placed in those spaces and seats.

EXCEPTION: Wheelchair spaces in team or player seating areas serving areas of sport activity shall not be required to comply with 221.2.3.
Wheelchair spaces shall be dispersed horizontally. In assembly areas that are required to horizontally disperse wheelchair spaces and companion seats and that have seating encircling, in whole or in part, a field of play or performance, wheelchair spaces and companion seats shall be dispersed around that field of play or performance area.

EXCEPTIONS:
  1. Horizontal dispersion shall not be required in assembly areas with 300 or fewer seats if the companion seats required by 221.3 and wheelchair spaces are located within the 2nd or 3rd quartile of the total row length. Intermediate aisles shall be included in determining the total row length. If the row length in the 2nd and 3rd quartile of a row is insufficient to accommodate the required number of companion seats and wheelchair spaces, the additional companion seats and wheelchair spaces shall be permitted to be located in the 1st and 4th quartile of the row.
  2. In row seating, two wheelchair spaces shall be permitted to be located side-by-side.
Wheelchair spaces shall be dispersed vertically at varying distances from the screen, performance area, or playing field. In addition, wheelchair spaces shall be located in each balcony or mezzanine that is located on an accessible route. In stadiums, arenas, and grandstands, wheelchair spaces and companion seats shall be dispersed to all levels that include seating served by an accessible route.

EXCEPTIONS:
  1. Vertical dispersion shall not be required in assembly areas with 300 or fewer seats if the wheelchair spaces provide viewing angles that are equivalent to, or better than, the average viewing angle provided in the facility.
  2. In bleachers, wheelchair spaces shall not be required to be provided in rows other than rows at points of entry to bleacher seating.
In stadium-style movie theaters, wheelchair spaces and companion seats shall be located on a riser or cross-aisle in the stadium section that either 1) is located within the rear 60% of the seats provided in an auditorium, or 2) is located within the area of an auditorium in which the vertical viewing angles (as measured to the top of the screen) are from the 40th to the 100th percentile of vertical viewing angles for all seats as ranked from the seats in the first row (1st percentile) to seats in the back row (100th percentile).
At least one companion seat complying with 802.3 shall be provided for each wheelchair space required by 221.2.1.
At least 5 percent of the total number of aisle seats provided shall comply with 802.4 and shall be the aisle seats located closest to accessible routes.

EXCEPTION: Team or player seating areas serving areas of sport activity shall not be required to comply with 221.4.
Lawn seating areas and exterior overflow seating areas, where fixed seats are not provided, shall connect to an accessible route.
Where dressing rooms, fitting rooms, or locker rooms are provided, at least 5 percent, but no fewer than one, of each type of use in each cluster provided shall comply with 803.

EXCEPTION: In alterations, where it is technically infeasible to provide rooms in accordance with 222.1, one room for each sex on each level shall comply with 803. Where only unisex rooms are provided, unisex rooms shall be permitted.
Where coat hooks, shelves or mirrors are provided in dressing, fitting or locker rooms without individual compartments, at least one of each type shall comply with 803.5 and 803.6. Where coat hooks, shelves or mirrors are provided in individual compartments at least one of each type complying with 803.5 and 803.6 shall be provided in individual compartments in dressing, fitting, or locker rooms required to comply with 222.1.
Where mirrors are provided in dressing rooms of the same use, then a mirror complying with 803.6 shall be provided in an accessible dressing room.
In licensed medical care facilities and licensed long-term care facilities where the period of stay exceeds twenty-four hours, patient or resident sleeping rooms shall be provided in accordance with 223.

EXCEPTION: Toilet rooms that are part of critical or intensive care patient sleeping rooms shall not be required to comply with 603.
Where sleeping rooms are altered or added, the requirements of 223 shall apply only to the sleeping rooms being altered or added until the number of sleeping rooms complies with the minimum number required for new construction.
Hospitals, rehabilitation facilities, psychiatric facilities and detoxification facilities shall comply with 223.2.
In facilities not specializing in treating conditions that affect mobility, at least 10 percent, but no fewer than one, of the patient sleeping rooms shall provide mobility features complying with 805. The accessible patient bedrooms required by 223.2.1 shall be dispersed in a manner that is proportionate by type of medical specialty.
In facilities specializing in treating conditions that affect mobility, 100 percent of the patient sleeping rooms shall provide mobility features complying with 805.
In licensed long-term care facilities, at least 50 percent, but no fewer than one, of each type of resident sleeping room shall provide mobility features complying with 805.
Transient lodging facilities shall provide guest rooms in accordance with 224.

NOTE: This section also applies to social service center establishments as set forth in in 233.4, and to assisted living facilities as set forth in 233.7.
Where guest rooms are altered or added, the requirements of 224 shall apply only to the guest rooms being altered or added until the number of guest rooms complies with the minimum number required for new construction.

EXCEPTION: Alterations to guest rooms in places of lodging where the guest rooms are not owned or substantially controlled by the entity that owns, leases, or operates the overall facility and the physical features of the guest room interiors are controlled by their individual owners are not required to comply with the alterations requirements in this section.
Entrances, doors, and doorways providing user passage into and within guest rooms that are not required to provide mobility features complying with 806.2 shall comply with 404.2.3. Door handles and pulls shall comply with 404.2.7.

EXCEPTION: Shower and sauna doors in guest rooms that are not required to provide mobility features complying with 806.2 shall not be required to comply with 404.2.3 or 404.2.7.
In transient lodging facilities, guest rooms with mobility features complying with 806.2 shall be provided in accordance with Table 224.2.

Table 224.2
Guest Rooms with Mobility Features 1
Total Number of Guest Rooms Provided Minimum
Number of Required Rooms without
Roll-in Showers
Minimum
Number of Required Rooms with
Roll-in Showers
Total Number of Required Rooms
1 to 25 1 0 1
26 to 50 2 0 2
51 to 75 3 1 4
76 to 100 4 1 5
101 to 150 5 2 7
151 to 200 6 2 8
201 to 300 7 3 10
301 to 400 8 4 12
401 to 500 9 4 13
501 to 1000 2 percent of total 1 percent of total 3 percent of total
1001 and over 20, plus 1 for each 100, or fraction thereof, over 1000 10, plus 1 for each 100, or fraction thereof, over 1000 30, plus 2 for each 100, or fraction thereof, over 1000
Note:
  1. Facilities that are subject to the same permit application on a common site that each have 50 or fewer guest rooms may be combined for the purposes of determining the required number of accessible rooms and type of accessible bathing facility. Facilities with more than 50 guest rooms shall be treated separately for the purposes of determining the required number of accessible rooms and type of accessible bathing facility.
In guest rooms having more than 25 beds, 5 percent minimum of the beds shall have clear floor space complying with 806.2.3.
In transient lodging facilities, guest rooms with communication features complying with 806.3 shall be provided in accordance with Table 224.4.

Table 224.4
Guest Rooms with Communication Features
Total Number of Guest Rooms Provided Minimum Number of Required Guest Rooms with Communication Features
2 to 25 2
26 to 50 4
51 to 75 7
76 to 100 9
101 to 150 12
151 to 200 14
201 to 300 17
301 to 400 20
401 to 500 22
501 to 1000 5 percent of total
1001 and over 50, plus 3 for each 100 over 1000
Guest rooms required to provide mobility features complying with 806.2 and guest rooms required to provide communication features complying with 806.3 shall be dispersed among the various classes of guest rooms, and shall provide choices of types of guest rooms, number of beds, and other amenities comparable to the choices provided to other guests. Where the minimum number of guest rooms required to comply with 806 is not sufficient to allow for complete dispersion, guest rooms shall be dispersed in the following priority: guest room type, number of beds, and amenities. At least one guest room required to provide mobility features complying with 806.2 shall also provide communication features complying with 806.3. Not more than 10 percent of guest rooms required to provide mobility features complying with 806.2 shall be used to satisfy the minimum number of guest rooms required to provide communication features complying with 806.3.
Storage facilities shall comply with 225.
Where storage is provided in accessible spaces, at least one of each type shall comply with 811.

EXCEPTION: Archival storage areas and product storage areas that are exempt from the requirement for an accessible route by 206.2.3 Exception 8 are not required to be accessible.
Where lockers are provided, at least 5 percent, but no fewer than one of each type, shall comply with 811.
Self-service shelves shall be located on an accessible route complying with 402. Self-service shelving shall not be required to comply with 308. Aisles between stacks in libraries shall comply with 403.5.4.
Self-service storage facilities shall provide individual self-service storage spaces complying with these requirements in accordance with Table 225.3.

Table 225.3
Self-Service Storage Facilities
Total Spaces in Facility Minimum Number of Spaces Required to be Accessible
1 to 200 5 percent, but no fewer than 1
201 and over 10, plus 2 percent of total number of units over 200
Individual self-service storage spaces shall be dispersed throughout the various classes of spaces provided. Where more classes of spaces are provided than the number required to be accessible, the number of spaces shall not be required to exceed that required by Table 225.3. Self-service storage spaces complying with Table 225.3 shall not be required to be dispersed among buildings in a multi-building facility.
Where dining surfaces are provided for the consumption of food or drink, at least 5 percent of the seating spaces and standing spaces at the dining surfaces shall comply with 902. In addition, where work surfaces are provided for use by other than employees, at least 5 percent shall comply with 902.

EXCEPTIONS:
  1. Sales counters and service counters shall not be required to comply with 902.
  2. Check writing surfaces provided at check-out aisles not required to comply with 904.3 shall not be required to comply with 902.
Dining surfaces and work surfaces required to comply with 902 shall be dispersed throughout the space or facility containing dining surfaces and work surfaces.
Where provided, check-out aisles, sales counters, service counters, food service lines, queues, and waiting lines shall comply with 227 and 904.
Where check-out aisles are provided, check-out aisles complying with 904.3 shall be provided in accordance with Table 227.2. Where check-out aisles serve different functions, check-out aisles complying with 904.3 shall be provided in accordance with Table 227.2 for each function. Where check-out aisles are dispersed throughout the building or facility, check-out aisles complying with 904.3 shall be dispersed.

EXCEPTION: Where the selling space is under 5000 square feet (465 m2) no more than one check-out aisle complying with 904.3 shall be required.

Table 227.2
Check-Out Aisles
Number of Check-Out Aisles of Each Function Minimum Number of Check-Out Aisles of Each Function Required to Comply with 904.3
1 to 4 1
5 to 8 2
9 to 15 3
16 and over 3, plus 20 percent of additional aisles
Where check-out aisles are altered, at least one of each check-out aisle serving each function shall comply with 904.3 until the number of check-out aisles complies with 227.2.
Where provided, at least one of each type of sales counter and service counter shall comply with 904.4. Where counters are dispersed throughout the building or facility, counters complying with 904.4 also shall be dispersed.
Food service lines shall comply with 904.5. Where self-service shelves are provided, at least 50 percent, but no fewer than one, of each type provided shall comply with 308.
Queues and waiting lines servicing counters or check-out aisles required to comply with 904.3 or 904.4 shall comply with 403.
Where provided, at least one of each type of depository, vending machine, change machine, and fuel dispenser shall comply with 309.

EXCEPTION: Drive-up only depositories shall not be required to comply with 309.
Where mail boxes are provided in an interior location, at least 5 percent, but no fewer than one, of each type shall comply with 309. In residential facilities covered by 233.2 or 233.3, where mail boxes are provided for each residential dwelling unit, mail boxes complying with 309 shall be provided for each residential dwelling unit required to provide mobility features complying with 809.2 through 809.4.
Where glazed openings are provided in accessible rooms or spaces for operation by occupants, at least one opening shall comply with 309. Each glazed opening required by an administrative authority to be operable shall comply with 309.

EXCEPTION:
  1. Glazed openings in residential dwelling units required to comply with 809 shall not be required to comply with 229.
  2. Glazed openings in guest rooms required to provide communication features and in guest rooms required to comply with 206.5.3 shall not be required to comply with 229.
Where a two-way communication system is provided to gain admittance to a building or facility or to restricted areas within a building or facility, the system shall comply with 708.
Judicial facilities shall comply with 231.
Each courtroom shall comply with 808.
Where provided, central holding cells and court-floor holding cells shall comply with 231.3.
Where separate central holding cells are provided for adult male, juvenile male, adult female, or juvenile female, one of each type shall comply with 807.2. Where central holding cells are provided and are not separated by age or sex, at least one cell complying with 807.2 shall be provided.
Where separate court-floor holding cells are provided for adult male, juvenile male, adult female, or juvenile female, each courtroom shall be served by one cell of each type complying with 807.2. Where court-floor holding cells are provided and are not separated by age or sex, courtrooms shall be served by at least one cell complying with 807.2. Cells may serve more than one courtroom.
Visiting areas shall comply with 231.4.
At least 5 percent, but no fewer than one, of cubicles shall comply with 902 on both the visitor and detainee sides. Where counters are provided, at least one shall comply with 904.4.2 on both the visitor and detainee sides.

EXCEPTION: The detainee side of cubicles or counters at non-contact visiting areas not serving holding cells required to comply with 231 shall not be required to comply with 902 or 904.4.2.
Where solid partitions or security glazing separate visitors from detainees at least one of each type of cubicle or counter partition shall comply with 904.6.
Buildings, facilities, or portions thereof, in which people are detained for penal or correction purposes, or in which the liberty of the inmates is restricted for security reasons shall comply with 232.
General holding cells and general housing cells shall be provided in accordance with 232.2.
At least 3 percent, but no fewer than one, of the total number of cells in a facility shall provide mobility features complying with 807.2. Cells shall be provided in each classification level.

EXCEPTION: Alterations to cells shall comply with 232.6.
In cells having more than 25 beds, at least 5 percent of the beds shall have clear floor space complying with 807.2.3.
At least 3 percent, but no fewer than one, of the total number of general holding cells and general housing cells equipped with audible emergency alarm systems and permanently installed telephones within the cell shall provide communication features complying with 807.3. Cells shall be provided in each classification level.

EXCEPTION: Alterations to cells shall comply with 232.6.
Where special holding cells or special housing cells are provided, at least one cell serving each purpose shall provide mobility features complying with 807.2. Cells subject to this requirement include, but are not limited to, those used for purposes of orientation, protective custody, administrative or disciplinary detention or segregation, detoxification, and medical isolation.

EXCEPTION: [Deleted].
Patient bedrooms or cells required to comply with 223 shall be provided in addition to any medical isolation cells required to comply with 232.3.
Visiting areas shall comply with 232.5.
At least 5 percent, but no fewer than one, of cubicles shall comply with 902 on both the visitor and detainee sides. Where counters are provided, at least one shall comply with 904.4.2 on both the visitor and detainee or inmate sides.

EXCEPTION: The inmate or detainee side of cubicles or counters at non-contact visiting areas not serving holding cells or housing cells required to comply with 232 shall not be required to comply with 902 or 904.4.2.
Where solid partitions or security glazing separate visitors from detainees or inmates at least one of each type of cubicle or counter partition shall comply with 904.6.
Alterations to jails, prisons, and other detention and correctional facilities shall comply with 202.3 except that cells complying with 807.2 and 807.3 shall be provided for a minimum of 3%, but no fewer than one, of the total number of cells being altered until at least 3%, but no fewer than one, of the total number of cells comply with 807.2 and 807.3. Altered cells shall be provided in each classification level. However, when alterations are made to specific cells, detention and correctional facility operators may satisfy their obligation to provide the required number of cells by providing the required features in substitute cells (cells other than those where alterations are originally planned), provided that each substitute cell:
  1. Is located within the same prison site;
  2. Is integrated with other cells to the maximum extent feasible;
  3. Has, at a minimum, equal physical access as the altered cells to areas used by inmates or detainees for visitation, dining, recreation, educational programs, medical services, work programs, religious services, and participation in other programs that the facility offers to inmates or detainees; and,
  4. If it is technically infeasible to locate a substitute cell within the same prison site, a substitute cell must be provided at another prison site within the corrections system.
Facilities with residential dwelling units shall comply with 233 as follows:
  1. Facilities provided by entities subject to the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) Section 504 regulations shall comply with 233.2.
  2. Facilities with residential dwelling units owned or financed by governmental entities not subject to HUD Section 504 regulations shall comply with 233.3.
  3. Social service center establishments shall comply with 233.4.
  4. Housing at a place of education shall comply with 233.5.
  5. Multi-story housing, as defined in 106.5, shall comply with 233.6.
  6. Assisted living facilities, not including those that are owned or financed by governmental entities, shall comply with 233.7.
NOTE: The facilities covered by Section 233, as well as other facilities not covered by this section, may still be subject to other Federal laws such as the Fair Housing Act and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended. For example, the Fair Housing Act requires that certain residential structures having four or more multi-family dwelling units, regardless of whether they are privately owned or federally assisted; include certain features of accessible and adaptable design according to guidelines established by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). These laws and the appropriate regulations should be consulted before proceeding with the design and construction of residential facilities.
Where facilities with residential dwelling units are provided by entities subject to regulations issued by the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended, such entities shall provide residential dwelling units with mobility features complying with 809.2 through 809.4 in a number required by the applicable HUD regulations. Residential dwelling units required to provide mobility features complying with 809.2 through 809.4 shall be on an accessible route as required by 206. In addition, such entities shall provide residential dwelling units with communication features complying with 809.5 in a number required by the applicable HUD regulations. Further, facilities that contain five or more residential dwelling units on each project site shall comply with 233.6 and 812. Entities subject to 233.2 shall not be required to comply with 233.3.
Facilities with residential dwelling units owned or financed by governmental entities not subject to regulations issued by the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended, shall comply with 233.3.
Newly constructed facilities with residential dwelling units shall comply with 233.3.1.

EXCEPTION: Where facilities contain 15 or fewer residential dwelling units, the requirements of 233.3.1.1 and 233.3.1.2 shall apply to the total number of residential dwelling units that are constructed under a single contract, or are developed as a whole, whether or not located on a common site.
In facilities with residential dwelling units, at least 5 percent, but no fewer than one unit, of the total number of residential dwelling units shall provide mobility features complying with 809.2 through 809.4 and shall be on an accessible route as required by 206. Additionally, facilities that contain five or more residential dwelling units on each project site shall comply with 233.6 and 812.
In facilities with residential dwelling units, at least 2 percent, but no fewer than one unit, of the total number of residential dwelling units shall provide communication features complying with 809.5.
Residential dwelling units offered for sale shall provide accessible features to the extent required by regulations issued by Federal agencies under the Americans with Disabilities Act or Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended.
Where an addition to an existing building results in an increase in the number of residential dwelling units, the requirements of 233.3.1 shall apply only to the residential dwelling units that are added until the total number of residential dwelling units complies with the minimum number required by 233.3.1. Residential dwelling units required to comply with 233.3.1.1 shall be on an accessible route as required by 206.
Alterations shall comply with 233.3.4.

EXCEPTION: Where compliance with 809.2, 809.3, or 809.4 is technically infeasible, or where it is technically infeasible to provide an accessible route to a residential dwelling unit, the entity shall be permitted to alter or construct a comparable residential dwelling unit to comply with 809.2 through 809.4 provided that the minimum number of residential dwelling units required by 233.3.1.1 and 233.3.1.2, as applicable, is satisfied.
Where a building is vacated for the purposes of alteration, and the altered building contains more than 15 residential dwelling units, at least 5 percent of the residential dwelling units shall comply with 809.2 through 809.4 and shall be on an accessible route as required by 206. In addition, at least 2 percent of the residential dwelling units shall comply with 809.5.
In individual residential dwelling units, where a bathroom or a kitchen is substantially altered, and at least one other room is altered, the requirements of 233.3.1 shall apply to the altered residential dwelling units until the total number of residential dwelling units complies with the minimum number required by 233.3.1.1 and 233.3.1.2. Residential dwelling units required to comply with 233.3.1.1 shall be on an accessible route as required by 206.

EXCEPTION: Where facilities contain 15 or fewer residential dwelling units, the requirements of 233.3.1.1 and 233.3.1.2 shall apply to the total number of residential dwelling units that are altered under a single contract, or are developed as a whole, whether or not located on a common site.
Residential dwelling units required to provide mobility features complying with 809.2 through 809.4 and residential dwelling units required to provide communication features complying with 809.5 shall be dispersed among the various types of residential dwelling units in the facility and shall provide choices of residential dwelling units comparable to, and integrated with, those available to other residents.

EXCEPTION: Where multi-story residential dwelling units are one of the types of residential dwelling units provided, one-story residential dwelling units shall be permitted as a substitute for multi-residential dwelling units where equivalent spaces and amenities are provided in the one-story residential dwelling unit.
Group homes, halfway houses, shelters, or similar social service center establishments that provide either temporary sleeping accommodations or residential dwelling units shall comply with 233 and 806. For the purposes of the application of this section, the terms "sleeping accommodation" and "dwelling unit" are intended to be used interchangeably with the term "guest room" as it is used in the requirements for transient lodging.
In sleeping rooms with more than 25 beds covered by this part, a minimum of 5% of the beds shall have clear floor space complying with 806.2.3.
Facilities with more than 50 beds that provide common use bathing facilities shall provide at least one roll-in shower with a seat that complies with 608. Transfer-type showers are not permitted in lieu of a roll-in shower with a seat, and the exceptions in 608.3 and 608.4 for residential dwelling units are not permitted. When separate shower facilities are provided for men and for women, at least one roll-in shower shall be provided for each sex.
Housing at a place of education shall comply with the requirements for transient lodging guest rooms in sections 224 and 806, subject to the exceptions in 233.5.1 through 233.5.3. For the purposes of the application of this section, the term "sleeping room" is intended to be used interchangeably with the term "guest room" as it is used in the requirements for transient lodging.
Kitchens within housing units containing accessible sleeping rooms with mobility features (including suites and clustered sleeping rooms) or on floors containing accessible sleeping rooms with mobility features shall provide turning spaces that comply with 809.2.2 and kitchen work surfaces that comply with 804.3.
Multi-bedroom housing units containing accessible sleeping rooms with mobility features shall have an accessible route throughout the unit in accordance with 809.2.
Apartments or townhouse facilities that are provided by or on behalf of a place of education, which are leased on a year-round basis exclusively to graduate students or faculty and do not contain any public use or common use areas available for educational programming, are not subject to the transient lodging standards and shall comply with the requirements for residential facilities 233 and 809.
Multi-story housing (buildings of 4 or more stories containing 10 or more dwelling units, as defined in 106.5) shall comply with 233.6.
All common use and public use spaces on all floors (levels) shall be accessible in compliance with the applicable requirements of this Code. Entrance doors to all individual dwelling units shall comply with 404.
All site improvements shall be accessible, including an accessible route from the public sidewalk, public transportation facilities and/or parking, if provided, to and through an accessible entrance.
A permanent audible and visual emergency warning system complying with 702 shall be provided in all public use and common use areas. Permanent or portable audible and visual emergency warning systems shall be installed on an as-needed basis at the request of an occupant with a disability in a minimum of 20% of all units in the building, but not less than one of each type or class of unit provided. If a permanent system is provided, the visual emergency warning system shall be arranged so the flashing light beam is visible in all rooms of the dwelling unit.
The owner shall provide not less than 20% of the dwelling units as adaptable. Either the accessible or adaptable dwelling units shall be distributed throughout the building to provide a variety of sizes and locations.
Adaptable dwelling units shall be designed and constructed so they may, upon application by the occupant, be converted to accessible units, with a minimum of structural changes, to meet the needs of individuals with different types or degrees of disability, and to comply with 812. Costs of conversion for the individual with a disability shall be borne by the owner.
An accessible route complying with Chapter 4 shall be provided into and within all adaptable dwelling units to all rooms and spaces and shall provide maneuvering clearance at doors as required by 404.2.4.
An accessible route conforming to Chapter 4 shall be provided into and within all private patios, terraces, balconies, carports and garages designated for use by adaptable dwelling units.
Bathrooms in adaptable dwelling units shall comply with the space requirements of 812.3. Bathrooms shall be designed to allow, when converted to accessible units, for the installation of grab bars, water closets, toilet paper dispensers, mirrors, medicine cabinets, under-lavatory cabinets, in-tub or head-end bathtub seats, faucets, controls, pipe insulation, shower seats, and shower spray units without structural changes to the walls, floors or ceilings.
Kitchen appliances and laundry facilities, if provided in adaptable dwelling units shall comply with 812.4 and 812.5.
At least 5%, but not less than one, of each type of personal storage included in the initial construction of adaptable dwelling units shall comply with 811. Kitchen storage shall comply with 812.4.1.
Dwelling units consisting of two stories are exempt from requirements for adaptability, as defined herein, if the required proportion of adaptable dwelling units required by 233.6 is met by other types of units distributed throughout the building; or, if accessibility to the second floor can be provided by the owner by the installation of a limited-use/limited-application elevator (LULA) complying with 408, a private residence elevator complying with 409 or a platform lift complying with 410 when appropriate and approved by administrative authorities.
Dwelling units in assisted living facilities, not including facilities that are owned or financed by governmental entities, shall comply with the requirements for transient lodging guest rooms in sections 224 and 806. For the purposes of the application of this section, the term "dwelling unit" is intended to be used interchangeably with the term "guest room" as it is used in the requirements for transient lodging.
Amusement rides shall comply with 234.

EXCEPTION: Mobile or portable amusement rides shall not be required to comply with 234.
Load and unload areas serving amusement rides shall comply with 1002.3.
Amusement rides shall provide at least one wheelchair space complying with 1002.4, or at least one amusement ride seat designed for transfer complying with 1002.5, or at least one transfer device complying with 1002.6.

EXCEPTIONS:
  1. Amusement rides that are controlled or operated by the rider shall not be required to comply with 234.3.
  2. Amusement rides designed primarily for children, where children are assisted on and off the ride by an adult, shall not be required to comply with 234.3.
  3. Amusement rides that do not provide amusement ride seats shall not be required to comply with 234.3.
Where existing amusement rides are altered, the alteration shall comply with 234.4.
Where load and unload areas serving existing amusement rides are newly designed and constructed, the load and unload areas shall comply with 1002.3.
Where the structural or operational characteristics of an amusement ride are altered to the extent that the amusement ride's performance differs from that specified by the manufacturer or the original design, the amusement ride shall comply with 234.3.
Recreational boating facilities shall comply with 235.
Boat slips complying with 1003.3.1 shall be provided in accordance with Table 235.2. Where the number of boat slips is not identified, each 40 feet (12 m) of boat slip edge provided along the perimeter of the pier shall be counted as one boat slip for the purpose of this section.

Table 235.2
Boat Slips
Total Number of Boat
Slips Provided in Facility
Minimum Number of Required
Accessible Boat Slips
1 to 25 1
26 to 50 2
51 to 100 3
101 to 150 4
151 to 300 5
301 to 400 6
401 to 500 7
501 to 600 8
601 to 700 9
701 to 800 10
801 to 900 11
901 to 1000 12
1001 and over 12, plus 1 for every 100, or
fraction thereof, over 1000
Boat slips complying with 1003.3.1 shall be dispersed throughout the various types of boat slips provided. Where the minimum number of boat slips required to comply with 1003.3.1 has been met, no further dispersion shall be required.
Where boarding piers are provided at boat launch ramps, at least 5 percent, but no fewer than one, of the boarding piers shall comply with 1003.3.2.
At least one of each type of exercise machine and equipment shall comply with 1004.
Fishing piers and platforms shall comply with 1005.
Golf facilities shall comply with 238.
Golf courses shall comply with 238.2.
Where one teeing ground is provided for a hole, the teeing ground shall be designed and constructed so that a golf car can enter and exit the teeing ground. Where two teeing grounds are provided for a hole, the forward teeing ground shall be designed and constructed so that a golf car can enter and exit the teeing ground. Where three or more teeing grounds are provided for a hole, at least two teeing grounds, including the forward teeing ground, shall be designed and constructed so that a golf car can enter and exit each teeing ground.

EXCEPTION: In existing golf courses, the forward teeing ground shall not be required to be one of the teeing grounds on a hole designed and constructed so that a golf car can enter and exit the teeing ground where compliance is not feasible due to terrain.
Putting greens shall be designed and constructed so that a golf car can enter and exit the putting green.
Where provided, weather shelters shall be designed and constructed so that a golf car can enter and exit the weather shelter and shall comply with 1006.4.
At least 5 percent, but no fewer than one, of practice putting greens, practice teeing grounds, and teeing stations at driving ranges shall be designed and constructed so that a golf car can enter and exit the practice putting greens, practice teeing grounds, and teeing stations at driving ranges.
Miniature golf facilities shall comply with 239.
At least 50 percent of holes on miniature golf courses shall comply with 1007.3.
Miniature golf courses shall be configured so that the holes complying with 1007.3 are consecutive. Miniature golf courses shall provide an accessible route from the last hole complying with 1007.3 to the course entrance or exit without requiring travel through any other holes on the course.

EXCEPTION: One break in the sequence of consecutive holes shall be permitted provided that the last hole on the miniature golf course is the last hole in the sequence.
Play areas for children ages 2 and over shall comply with 240. Where separate play areas are provided within a site for specific age groups, each play area shall comply with 240.

EXCEPTIONS:
  1. Play areas located in family child care facilities where the proprietor actually resides shall not be required to comply with 240.
  2. In existing play areas, where play components are relocated for the purposes of creating safe use zones and the ground surface is not altered or extended for more than one use zone, the play area shall not be required to comply with 240.
  3. Amusement attractions shall not be required to comply with 240.
  4. Where play components are altered and the ground surface is not altered, the ground surface shall not be required to comply with 1008.2.6 unless required by 202.4.
Where play areas are designed and constructed in phases, the requirements of 240 shall apply to each successive addition so that when the addition is completed, the entire play area complies with all the applicable requirements of 240.
Where provided, play components shall comply with 240.2.
Ground level play components shall be provided in the number and types required by 240.2.1. Ground level play components that are provided to comply with 240.2.1.1 shall be permitted to satisfy the additional number required by 240.2.1.2 if the minimum required types of play components are satisfied. Where two or more required ground level play components are provided, they shall be dispersed throughout the play area and integrated with other play components.
Where ground level play components are provided, at least one of each type shall be on an accessible route and shall comply with 1008.4.
Where elevated play components are provided, ground level play components shall be provided in accordance with Table 240.2.1.2 and shall comply with 1008.4.

EXCEPTION: If at least 50 percent of the elevated play components are connected by a ramp and at least 3 of the elevated play components connected by the ramp are different types of play components, the play area shall not be required to comply with 240.2.1.2.

Table 240.2.1.2
Number and Types of Ground Level Play Components Required to be on Accessible Routes
Number of Elevated Play
Components Provided
Minimum Number of Ground Level Play Components Required to be on an Accessible Route Minimum Number of Different Types of Ground Level Play Components Required to be on an Accessible Route
1 Not applicable Not applicable
2 to 4 1 1
5 to 7 2 2
8 to 10 3 3
11 to 13 4 3
14 to 16 5 3
17 to 19 6 3
20 to 22 7 4
23 to 25 8 4
26 and over 8, plus 1 for each additional 3,
or fraction thereof, over 25
5
Where elevated play components are provided, at least 50 percent shall be on an accessible route and shall comply with 1008.4.
Where provided, saunas and steam rooms shall comply with 612.

EXCEPTION: Where saunas or steam rooms are clustered at a single location, no more than 5 percent of the saunas and steam rooms, but no fewer than one, of each type in each cluster shall be required to comply with 612.
Swimming pools, wading pools, and spas shall comply with 242.
At least two accessible means of entry shall be provided for swimming pools. Accessible means of entry shall be swimming pool lifts complying with 1009.2; sloped entries complying with 1009.3; transfer walls complying with 1009.4; transfer systems complying with 1009.5; and pool stairs complying with 1009.6. At least one accessible means of entry provided shall comply with 1009.2 or 1009.3.

EXCEPTIONS:
  1. Where a swimming pool has less than 300 linear feet (91 m) of swimming pool wall, no more than one accessible means of entry shall be required provided that the accessible means of entry is a swimming pool lift complying with 1009.2 or sloped entry complying with 1009.3.
  2. Wave action pools, leisure rivers, sand bottom pools, and other pools where user access is limited to one area shall not be required to provide more than one accessible means of entry provided that the accessible means of entry is a swimming pool lift complying with 1009.2, a sloped entry complying with 1009.3, or a transfer system complying with 1009.5.
  3. Catch pools shall not be required to provide an accessible means of entry provided that the catch pool edge is on an accessible route.
At least one accessible means of entry shall be provided for wading pools. Accessible means of entry shall comply with sloped entries complying with 1009.3.
At least one accessible means of entry shall be provided for spas. Accessible means of entry shall comply with swimming pool lifts complying with1009.2; transfer walls complying with 1009.4; or transfer systems complying with 1009.5.

EXCEPTION: Where spas are provided in a cluster, no more than 5 percent, but no fewer than one, spa in each cluster shall be required to comply with 242.4.
Where shooting facilities with firing positions are designed and constructed at a site, at least 5 percent, but no fewer than one, of each type of firing position shall comply with 1010.
Camping facilities, other than camping facilities on trails, shall comply with 244.
Camping facilities shall provide camping units with mobility features complying with 244.2 in accordance with Table 244.2. Where a camping facility provides different types of camping units, Table 244.2 shall apply to each type of camping unit provided.

Table 244.2
Camping Units with Mobility Features
Total Number of Camping Units Provided in Camping Facility Minimum Number of Camping Units with Mobility Features Required
1 1
2 to 25 2
26 to 50 3
51 to 75 4
76 to 100 5
101 to 150 7
151 to 200 8
201 and over 8, plus 2 percent of the number over 200
Where camping units are altered or added, the requirements of 244.2 shall apply only to the camping units that are altered or added until the number of camping units with mobility features complies with the minimum number required in Table 244.2.

EXCEPTION: Where an entity is implementing a transition plan for program accessibility developed pursuant to regulations issued under section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act that designates specific camping units to provide mobility features complying with 244.2, the entity shall not be required to comply with 244.2 when altering individual elements within camping units that are not designated to provide mobility features complying with 244.2.
Camping units required to provide mobility features complying with 244.2 shall provide choices of camping units comparable to, and integrated with, those available to others.
Elements within camping units required to provide mobility features shall comply with 244.2.3.
Where provided, at least one of each type of outdoor constructed feature shall comply with 1011. Where more than one of the same type of outdoor constructed feature is provided, at least two of the same type of outdoor constructed feature shall comply with 1011.
Where provided, parking spaces shall comply with 244.2.3.2.
Where parking spaces are provided for recreational vehicles, at least one parking space shall comply with 1012.2, 1012.4, and 1012.5. Where more than one parking space is provided for recreational vehicles, at least two parking spaces shall comply with 1012.2, 1012.4, and 1012.5.
Where parking spaces are provided for vehicles other than recreational vehicles, at least one parking space shall comply with 1012.3, 1012.4, and 1012.5. Where more than one parking space is provided for a vehicle other than a recreational vehicle, at least two parking spaces shall comply with 1012.3, 1012.4, and 1012.5.
Where provided, at least one tent pad and tent platform shall comply with 1013. Where more than one tent pad and tent platform is provided, at least two tent pads and tent platforms shall comply with 1013.
Where provided, at least one camp shelter shall comply with 1014. Where more than one camp shelter is provided, at least two camp shelters shall comply with 1014.
Where provided in common use and public use areas that serve camping units with mobility features, at least 20 percent, but not less than one, of each type of outdoor constructed feature provided at each location shall comply with 1011.
Where provided, pull-up spaces for recreational vehicles at dump stations shall comply with 1012.2, 1012.4, and 1012.5.
Camping facilities shall provide outdoor recreation access routes complying with 1016 in accordance with 244.5.
At least one outdoor recreation access route shall connect accessible elements, spaces, and facilities provided within camping units with mobility features.
Common use and public use areas serving camping units with mobility features shall provide outdoor recreation access routes in accordance with 244.5.2.

EXCEPTION: Outdoor recreation access routes shall not be required to connect camping units with mobility features and recreational vehicle dump stations where a pull-up space complying with 1012.2, 1012.4, and 1012.5 is provided at the dump station for recreational vehicles.
At least one outdoor recreation access route shall connect each camping unit with mobility features with common use and public use areas serving the unit.
At least one outdoor recreation access route shall connect accessible elements, spaces, and facilities provided within common use and public use areas serving camping units with mobility features.
Where a circulation path connects camping facilities and adjacent recreation facilities, at least one outdoor recreation access route shall connect camping units with mobility features to an accessible route serving the adjacent recreation facilities.
Outdoor recreation access routes required by 244.5.2 and 244.5.3 shall coincide with or be located in the same area as general circulation paths.
Picnic facilities, other than picnic facilities on trails, shall comply with 245.
Picnic facilities shall provide picnic units with mobility features in accordance with 245.2.
Where picnic facilities contain two or fewer picnic units, each picnic unit shall provide mobility features complying with 245.2.
Where picnic facilities contain more than two picnic units, at least 20 percent, but not less than two, of the picnic units shall provide mobility features complying with 245.2.
Where picnic units are altered or added, the requirements of 245.2 shall apply only to the picnic units that are altered or added until the number of picnic units with mobility features complies with the minimum number required in 245.2.1 or 245.2.2.

EXCEPTION: Where an entity is implementing a transition plan for program accessibility developed pursuant to regulations issued under section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act that designates specific picnic units to provide mobility features complying with 245.2, the entity shall not be required to comply with 245.2 when altering individual elements within picnic units that are not designated to provide mobility features complying with 245.2.
Picnic units required to provide mobility features complying with 245.2 shall provide choices of picnic units comparable to, and integrated with, those available to others.
Elements within picnic units required to provide mobility features shall comply with 245.2.5.
Where provided, at least one of each type of outdoor constructed feature shall comply with 1011. Where more than one of the same type of outdoor constructed feature is provided, at least two of the same type of outdoor constructed feature shall comply with 1011.
Where provided, at least one parking space shall comply with 1012.3, 1012.4, and 1012.5. Where more than one parking space is provided, at least two parking spaces shall comply with 1012.3, 1012.4, and 1012.5.
Where provided in common use and public use areas that serve picnic units with mobility features, at least 20 percent, but not less than one, of each type of outdoor constructed feature provided at each location shall comply with 1011.
Picnic facilities shall provide outdoor recreation access routes complying with 1016 in accordance with 245.4.
At least one outdoor recreation access route shall connect accessible elements, spaces, and facilities provided within picnic units with mobility features.
Common use and public use areas serving picnic units with mobility features shall provide outdoor recreation access routes in accordance with 245.4.2.
At least one outdoor recreation access route shall connect each picnic unit with mobility features with common use and public use areas serving that unit.
At least one outdoor recreation access route shall connect accessible elements, spaces, and facilities provided within common use and public use areas serving picnic units with mobility features.
Where a circulation path connects picnic facilities and adjacent recreation facilities, at least one outdoor recreation access route shall connect picnic units with mobility features to an accessible route serving the adjacent recreation facilities.
Outdoor recreation access routes required by 245.4.2 and 245.4.3 shall coincide with or be located in the same area as general circulation paths.
Viewing areas, other than viewing areas on trails, shall comply with 246.1.
Each distinct viewing location within a viewing area shall comply with 1015.
Where provided within viewing areas, at least 20 percent, but not less than one, of each type of outdoor constructed feature shall comply with 1011.
At least one outdoor recreation access route complying with 1016 shall connect accessible parking spaces or other arrival points serving the a viewing area with accessible elements, spaces, and facilities provided within the a viewing area.
Where a trail is designed for use by hikers or pedestrians and directly connects to a trailhead or another trail that substantially meets the requirements in 1017, the trail shall comply with 1017.
Where the original design, function, or purpose of an existing trail is changed and the altered portion of the trail directly connects to a trailhead or another trail that substantially meets the requirements in 1017, the altered portion of the trail shall comply with 1017.
Trailheads shall comply with 247.3.
Where provided within trailheads, at least 20 percent, but not less than one, of each type of outdoor constructed feature shall comply with 1011.
At least one outdoor recreation access route complying with 1016 shall connect the following:
  1. Accessible parking spaces or other arrival points serving the trailhead;
  2. Starting point of the trail; and
  3. Accessible elements, spaces, and facilities provided within the trailhead.
Where provided on trails, facilities shall comply with 247.4.
Camping facilities provided on trails shall comply with 244.2 and 244.3.
Picnic facilities provided on trails shall comply with 245.2 and 245.3.
Viewing areas provided on trails shall comply with 246.2 and 246.3.
Routes that connect trails complying with 1017 to camping facilities, picnic facilities, viewing areas, pit toilets, and accessible elements provided within the facilities shall comply with 1017.
Where outdoor constructed features are provided on trails, other than within facilities specified in 247.4, at least 20 percent, but not less than one, of each type of outdoor constructed feature at each location shall comply with 1011.
Beach access routes complying with 1018 shall be provided in accordance with 248.1. Beach access routes shall be permanent or removable.

EXCEPTION: Beach access routes shall not be required where pedestrian access to the beach is not permitted.
Beach access routes shall be provided in a number complying with 248.2 where the entity that administers or manages a beach constructs or alters any of the following facilities to serve the beach:
  1. Circulation paths;
  2. Parking facilities;
  3. Toilet facilities; or
  4. Bathing facilities.
EXCEPTION: The entity shall not be required to expend more than 20 percent of the costs of constructing or altering the facilities to provide beach access routes.
Beach access routes shall be provided in a number complying with 248.2 where the entity that administers or manages a beach undertakes a beach nourishment project.

EXCEPTION: The entity shall not be required to expend more than 20 percent of the costs of a beach nourishment project to provide beach access routes.
Where beach access routes are required by 248.1, at least one beach access route shall be provided for each 1/2 mile (0.8 km) of beach shoreline administered or managed by the entity.

EXCEPTION: The number of beach access routes shall not be required to exceed the number of pedestrian access points provided by the entity to a beach.
Beach access routes shall coincide with or be located in the same area as pedestrian access points to the beach.
Benches shall comply with 249.
Benches that are provided at recreation facilities shall comply with 244 through 247 as set forth therein. Benches provided at outdoor locations shall comply with 249.2.1.
Where provided, at least one bench at each outdoor location shall comply with 1011. Where more than one bench is provided and serves the same outdoor space, feature or location, at least 20 percent of the benches shall comply with 1011.
Benches provided in courtrooms and judicial facilities shall comply with 206.2.4, 206.7.4 and 808.4 as set forth therein. Benches provided in dressing, fitting and locker rooms shall comply with 803.4. Benches provided in Housing cells and holding cells shall comply with 807.2.2. Benches provided in indoor public use and indoor common use areas shall comply with 249.3.1.
Where provided, at least one bench at each indoor location shall comply with 903. Where more than one bench is provided and serves the same indoor space, feature or location, at least 20 percent of the benches shall comply with 903.
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