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SCOPE
Part 5 applies to special application elevators as specified in the following requirements:
(e) Section 5.5 applies to power sidewalk elevators.
(g) Section 5.7 applies to special purpose personnel elevators in jurisdictions not enforcing the NBCC.
(i) Section 5.9 applies to mine elevators in jurisdictions not enforcing the NBCC.
(j) Section 5.10 applies to elevators used for construction.
(k) Section 5.11 applies to elevators used in wind turbine towers.
Section 5.1 applies to inclined elevators (see Section 1.3) at other than private residences.
NOTE: See also Part 8 for additional requirements that apply to inclined elevators.
Hoistways, hoistway enclosures, and related construction shall conform to 5.1.2, Sections 2.1 through 2.13, and Section 2.29, except as modified by 5.1.1 through 5.1.6 and 5.1.8 through 5.1.10.
Machinery and equipment shall conform to Sections 2.14 through 2.28,8.8, and 8.9, except as modified by 5.1.7 and 5.1.11 through 5.1.22.
Where fire-resistive construction of the hoistway is not required by the building code, the hoistway shall be enclosed as specified in 5.1.2.2.1 through 5.1.2.2.4.
Enclosures shall be of solid construction or openwork at least 2140 mm (84 in.) high. If of openwork, it shall reject a ball 19 mm (0.750 in.) in diameter and be located a minimum 150 mm (6 in.) from the nearest moving component, or shall reject a ball 50 mm (2 in.) in diameter and be located a minimum 914 mm (36 in.) from the nearest moving component. Areas of the enclosure located adjacent to landing entrances and entrances of openwork construction shall reject a ball 13 mm (0.5 in.) in diameter. All enclosures shall be supported and braced so as to deflect not more than 50 mm (2 in.) when subjected to a force of 444 N (100 lbf) applied horizontally over any 100 mm x 100 mm (4 in. x 4 in.) area of the enclosure, and the running clearance shall not be reduced to less than 25 mm (1 in.).
Those portions of the hoistway where the lowest member of the guides or any moving component is at least 2440 mm (96 in.) above the surface below shall not be required to have any enclosure. Adjacent hoistway enclosures shall be joined under the guides. The underside of any area of the hoistway that crosses any passageway, such as a pathway or roadway, shall be enclosed. The enclosure shall be of solid or openwork construction, shall be full width, and shall extend beyond the area of the passageway on each side a distance at least equal to one-half of the vertical distance between the lowest member of the guides and each edge of the passageway, respectively. If of openwork construction, it shall reject a ball 19 mm (0.75 in.) in diameter.
Structures used to support the hoistway, and located outside of the enclosure, shall be designed to protect against climbing.
Acrylics, laminated glass, or wired glass used for enclosures and doors shall be the following minimum thicknesses:
(a) acrylics, 6 mm (0.250 in.)
(b) laminated glass, 9.5 mm (0.375 in.)
(c) wired glass, 6 mm (0.250 in.)
If not otherwise provided by the pit design, each inclined elevator shall be provided with a work space below the guides extending to each side a minimum 450 mm (18 in.) beyond the running line of the car or counterweight with a length in the direction of travel not less than 1830 mm (72 in.) throughout the length measured from the top of the guides. Such work spaces shall be provided with stop switches and lighting conforming to 2.2.5 and 2.2.6 and shall be equipped with a convenience outlet. On exterior installations, these devices shall be weatherproof.
In addition to the requirements of Section 2.2, the means provided for the removal of water on exterior installations shall be ample for weather-caused water collection.
Requirement 2.3.2.1 does not apply.
Inclined elevators shall conform to 2.4.1 or be provided with one of the following refuge spaces:
(a) a minimum of 610 mm x 610 mm x 2134 mm (24 in. x 24 in. x 84 in.)
(b) a minimum of 610 mm x 1220 mm x 1220 mm (24 in. x 48 in. x 48 in.)
The refuge space shall be clear of the car and counterweight resting on their fully compressed buffers. This space shall be located to either side of, or toward the downhill end of, the pit in the direction of travel.
The top car clearance for inclined elevators of less than 20 deg inclination from the horizontal shall include the gravity stopping distance based on 115% of rated speed plus the top car clearance required by 2.4.7.
Section 2.6 applies, except that where it states "below the hoistway," it shall mean "beyond the bottom terminal in the direction of travel."
(a) Where 2.6.1 states "underneath," it shall refer to the location beyond the bottom terminal in the direction of travel.
(b) Where 2.6.2 states "underneath," it shall refer to the location beyond the bottom terminal in the direction of travel.
Traveling cables shall be suitably protected against abrasion and fouling. This protection shall be permitted to be provided in conjunction with the protection required by 5.1.16.1.
Components subject to corrosion on installations exposed to the weather shall be weatherproofed with exterior coatings, anodizing, plating, galvanizing, noncorrosive metals, or other accepted forms of protection.
Where the hoistway enclosure is not required to be fire-resistive construction (see 5.1.2.2), hoistway door vision panels are not required to conform to 2.11.7. The hoistway entrances of such elevators shall be permitted to be provided with larger vision panels, including complete door panels, made of any materials conforming to 5.1.2.2.4 and ANSI Z97.1; 16 CFR Part 1201; or CAN/CGSB-12.1, CAN/CGSB-12.11, and CAN/CGSB-12.12, whichever is applicable.
When a car-leveling device is provided, the landing sills shall be guarded in conformance with 2.11.10.1. The guards shall also extend 75 mm (3 in.) beyond the horizontal leveling zone.
Elevators installed conforming to 5.1.2.2 are not required to conform to 2.12.7, provided that
(a) the means of access provides equivalent safety to that provided by 2.12.7
(b) if the means of access includes entrance through the hoistway guarding, it is locked under Group 1 Security (see Section 8.1) and is equipped with a contact meeting the requirements of 2.26.2.26
Where a work space is required by 5.1.3.1, access to the workplace shall comply with 2.12.7 or 5.1.10.1, except where a separate work space access door is provided.
The speed under 2.12.7.3.3(b) shall be not greater than 0.64 m/s (125 ft/min).
The movement of the car under 2.12.7.3.3(c) shall be limited to the point where the platform guard is even with the uphill edge of the open hoistway door.
The movement of the car under 2.12.7.3.3(d) shall be limited to the point where the uppermost chassis member is even with the downhill edge of the open hoistway door.
Requirement 2.14.1.5 applies only where installations are at an angle greater than 49 deg and where an uphill end emergency exit is not provided.
If the installation arrangement is such that the car door cannot be used for an emergency exit when the car is located between landings, the car shall be provided with an emergency exit located in the uphill end of the car. The emergency exit door shall
(a) be the hinged type.
(b) open only into the car.
(c) extend from the floor or base moulding to a clear height not less than 1524 mm (60 in.) and shall provide a clear width not less than 356 mm (14 in.) when the door is open.
(d) be provided with a locking means with a nonremovable handle that can be opened only from the exterior of the car. The device shall be permitted to be openable from the interior of the car by use of a special key, which shall be Group 1 Security (see Section 8.1).
(e) be provided with an electric contact, which shall not permit the car to start or run, except under inspection conditions as provided for in 5.1.10.1 and 5.1.10.3. The contact shall conform to the following:
(1) It shall not be accessible from the inside of the car.
(2) It shall be positively opened by a lever or other device attached to and operated by the door.
(3) It shall be maintained in the open position by the action of gravity or by a restrained compression spring, or both, or by positive mechanical means.
(f) be of the same material and construction as required for the car enclosure.
An emergency exit unloading platform is not required. If provided, an emergency exit unloading platform shall be attached to the car and shall be retractable and operable only from the exterior of the car. It shall be located only on the uphill end of the car and shall be provided with an electric contact conforming to 5.1.11.1.2(e), which shall only be made in the retracted position of the platform.
Requirement 2.14.1.6 does not apply. However, if equipment is placed or installed on inclined elevators that will require servicing from the top of the car or a car top emergency exit is provided, the car top shall conform to 2.14.1.6 and 2.14.1.7.
Glass and safety plastic used in the car or for doors shall be one of the following:
(a) laminated glass or safety plastic conforming to the requirements of ANSI Z97.1,16 CFR Part 1201.1, or 16 CFR Part 1202.2
(b) laminated glass, safety glass, or safety plastic conforming to the requirements of CAN/CGSB-12.1, CAN/CGSB-12.11, or CAN/CGSB-12.12, whichever is applicable
Inclined elevators shall conform to 2.14.5.7, except that the unlocking zone (see 2.12.1) shall not exceed 152 mm (6 in.) beyond the landing measured in the direction of travel.
Requirement 2.14.6.3 shall not apply. Collapsible-type gates are not permitted.
Car frames and platform frames shall conform to 2.15.6.1, except that cast iron shall not be used for guiding supports or guide shoes.
The entrance side of the platform shall be provided with smooth metal guard plates of not less than 1.5 mm (0.059 in.) thick steel, or material of equivalent strength and stiffness, reinforced and braced to the car platform and conforming to 5.1.12.2.1 through 5.1.12.2.5.
The guard shall extend not less than the full width of the widest hoistway door opening plus the leveling zone in each direction.
The guard shall have a straight vertical face in the direction of travel throughout the length described in 5.1.12.2.1 plus 75 mm (3 in.).
The ends of the guard in each direction of travel shall be bent back at an angle not less than 60 deg nor more than 75 deg from the face provided for in 5.1.12.2.2.
The straight vertical facing wall shall extend a minimum of 25 mm (1 in.) below the landing sills at any position above or below the landing to the extent of the leveling zones.
The guard plate shall be able to withstand a constant force not less than 667 N (150 lbf) applied at right angles to and at any position on its face without deflecting more than 6 mm (0.25 in.) and without permanent deformation.
Platform stringers made of wood are not permitted.
The inside net platform area (see Table 2.16.1.1) shall be permitted to be increased by an amount not greater than 50% of the area of the bench or seat, when a permanently located and nonfolding bench or seat is installed.
Data plates shall be located on the uphill member of the car chassis (frame).
Car and counterweight safeties shall meet the requirements of Section 2.17, except as modified by 5.1.14.2, 5.1.14.3, 5.1.15, and 5.1.18.4.
The safety device, or the combined safety devices where furnished, shall be capable of stopping and sustaining the entire car with its rated load from governor tripping speed (see also 2.16.8) with an average horizontal retardation, measured over the total retardation time, not exceeding 2.46 m/s2 (8.05 ft/s2).
Type B safeties shall stop the car with its rated load from governor tripping speed within range of the minimum and maximum stopping distances as determined by the formulas in 8.2.11. Table 5.1.14.2 shows the minimum and maximum stopping distances for various governor tripping speeds, when tested in conformance with Sections 8.10 and 8.11.
Table 5.1.14.2 Minimum and Maximum Stopping Distances at Given Angles From Horizontal
SI Units
Rated
Speed,
m/s
Governor
Trip,
m/s
Minimum and Maximum Stopping Distance, mm, at Angle From Horizontal, deg
30 45 60 70
Min. Max. Min. Max. Min. Max. Min. Max.
0-0.63 0.90 139 453 114 417 81 369 55 333
0.75 1.05 201 541 164 489 116 420 79 367
0.87 1.25 285 661 232 586 164 489 113 415
1.00 1.40 357 765 292 671 206 549 141 456
1.12 1.55 432 872 353 758 249 611 171 498
1.25 1.70 517 993 422 858 299 681 204 546
1.50 2.00 711 1 270 580 1 084 410 840 281 655
1.75 2.30 930 1 584 760 1 340 537 1 022 368 780
2.00 2.55 1 185 1 948 967 1637 684 1 232 468 923
2.25 2.90 1 469 2355 1 200 1 970 848 1 467 580 1 084
2.50 3.15 1 779 2798 1 453 2331 1027 1 723 700 1 259
3.00 3.70 2494 3 820 2 036 3 166 1440 2313 985 1 663
3.50 4.30 3 329 5015 2718 4 141 1922 3003 1315 2134
4.00 4.85 4 285 6382 3 499 5257 2474 3 792 1692 2674
Imperial Units
Rated
Speed,
ft/min
Governor
Trip,
ft/min
Minimum and Maximum Stopping Distance, in., at Angle From Horizontal, deg
30 45 60 70
Min. Max. Min. Max. Min. Max. Min. Max.
0-125 175 5.5 18.0 4.5 16.5 3.5 14.5 2.5 13.0
150 210 8.0 21.5 6.5 19.5 5.0 17.0 3.5 14.5
175 250 11.5 26.0 9.5 23.0 6.5 19.5 4.5 16.5
200 280 14.5 30.0 11.5 26.5 8.5 22.0 6.0 18.0
225 308 17.5 34.5 14.0 30.0 10.0 24.0 7.0 20.0
250 337 20.5 39.0 17.0 34.0 12.0 27.0 8.5 21.5
300 395 28.0 50.0 23.0 43.0 16.5 33.0 11.5 26.0
350 452 37.0 62.5 30.0 53.0 21.5 40.5 14.5 31.0
400 510 47.0 77.0 38.5 64.5 27.0 48.5 18.5 36.5
450 568 58.0 93.0 47.5 77.5 33.5 58.0 23.0 43.0
500 625 70.5 110.5 57.5 92.0 40.5 68.0 28.0 50.0
600 740 98.5 150.5 80.5 125.0 57.0 91.0 39.0 65.5
700 855 131.5 197.5 107.5 163.0 76.0 118.5 52.0 84.5
800 970 169.0 251.5 138.0 207.0 97.5 149.5 67.0 105.5
(a) Type A safeties shall not be used on inclined elevators having a rated speed in excess of 0.64 m/s (125 ft/min) or with a governor tripping speed in excess of 0.75 m/s (150 ft/min).
(b) Type A safeties that develop horizontal retardations exceeding 2.46 m/s2 (8.05 ft/s2) shall not be used on inclined elevators.
Type C safeties shall conform to 2.17.8.2, except as modified by the following:
(a) Type C safeties that develop horizontal retardations exceeding 2.46 m/s2 (8.05 ft/s2) shall not be used on inclined elevators.
(b) The oil buffers shall conform to all requirements specified in Section 2.22 for oil buffers, except that the stroke shall be based on governor tripping speed and an average horizontal retardation not exceeding 2.46 m/s2 (8.05 ft/s2).
Rope-driven governors are not required.
The means used to drive the speed governor shall be positive and fail-safe.
Where a counterweight operates on guide rails, which are located below the car guide rails, and the governor, if required, is located on the counterweight, the overspeed switch shall be permitted to be omitted.
Suspension, governor, and compensation ropes shall be protected against abrasion.
The maximum rated speed of inclined elevators for the use of spring-type buffers shall be 0.64 m/s (125 ft/min).
The stroke of a spring buffer shall be not less than as specified in Table 5.1.17.2.

Table 5.1.17.2 Spring Buffer Stroke
Rated Car Speed, m/s (ft/min) Stroke, mm (in.)
Less than 0.38 (75) 63 (2.5)
0.38-0.63 (75-125) 125 (5.0)
The speed shall be considered as having vertical and horizontal components defined as in Figure 5.1.17.3.

Figure 5.1.17.3 Vertical and Horizontal Components of Velocity
a = angle of travel above horizontal
V = linear velocity of elevator in direction of travel
Vh = horizontal component of velocity
Vv = vertical component of velocity
Oil buffers shall conform to 2.22.4, except as modified by 5.1.17.4.1 through 5.1.17.4.5.
The average horizontal retardation at buffer engagement, with rated load in the car, measured over the stopping distance, shall not exceed 2.46 m/s2 (8.05 ft/s2).
In 2.22.4.1.1, 2.22.4.1.2, and 2.22.4.2, the phrase "an average retardation of not more than 9.81m/s2 (32.2 ft/s2)" is replaced by the phrase "an average horizontal retardation not in excess of 2.46 m/s2 (8.05 ft/s2)."
In 2.22.4.2, the phrase "peak retardation greater than 24.54 m/s2 (80.5 ft/s2)" is replaced by the phrase "peak horizontal retardation greater than 6.13 m/s2 (20.1 ft/s2)."
Table 2.22.4.1 is replaced by Table 5.1.17.4.4, which indicates the minimum buffer strokes for most usual rated speeds and selected angles of inclination.
Table 5.1.17.4.4 Minimum Oil Buffer Strokes at Given Angle From Horizontal
SI Units Imperial Units
Rated
Speed,
m/s
Minimum Stroke, mm,
at Angle From Horizontal, deg
Rated
Speed,
ft/min
Minimum Stroke, in.,
at Angle From Horizontal, deg
15 30 45 60 70 15 30 45 60 70
1.00 269 241 197 139 95 200 10.58 9.49 7.74 5.48 3.75
1.12 340 305 249 176 120 225 13.39 12.00 9.80 6.93 4.74
1.25 420 376 307 217 149 250 16.53 14.82 12.10 8.56 5.85
1.50 605 542 443 313 214 300 23.80 21.34 17.43 12.32 8.43
                       
1.75 823 738 602 426 291 350 32.40 29.05 23.72 16.77 11.47
2.00 1075 964 787 556 380 400 42.32 37.94 30.98 21.90 14.98
2.25 1360 1220 996 704 482 450 53.56 48.02 39.21 27.72 18.96
2.50 1679 1506 1229 869 595 500 66.12 59.28 48.40 34.23 23.41
                       
3.00 2418 2168 1770 1252 856 600 95.21 85.37 69.70 49.29 33.71
3.50 3292 2951 2410 1704 1166 700 129.60 116.19 94.87 67.08 45.89
4.00 4299 3855 3147 2226 1522 800 169.27 151.76 123.91 87.62 59.93
The minimum buffer strokes for speeds differing from the values in Table 5.1.17.4.4 shall be based on the formula in 8.2.10.
The guide-rail sections, in conjunction with the guiding members, shall be designed to retain the car and counterweights on the rails in case of upthrust or side thrust force, such as caused by foreign objects in or on the guide rail, or from the effects of wind, frost, or snow.
On inclined elevators where a single system of guide rails or brackets is employed, the sum of the car and counterweight forces shall be used to determine the maximum acceptable rated load. The guide rails, guide-rail brackets, and their supports shall be capable of resisting the bending loads of a fully loaded car and its counterweight with a total deflection not in excess of 3 mm (0.125 in.).
Guide rails shall conform to 2.23.6, except that guide rails for inclined elevators with Type A and Type C safeties shall not be required to have finished guiding surfaces.
A single guide rail shall be permitted to be provided for application of the safety and for lateral guiding. It shall be located between the main guide rails.
Driving machines shall conform to Section 2.24, except as modified by 5.1.19.1.
Winding-drum machines without counterweights shall be permitted to be used for inclined elevators when the net rated load (sine of the angle of inclination times the gross load) does not exceed 454 kg (1,000 lb), the distance of travel does not exceed 38 m (125 ft), and the rated speed does not exceed 0.50 m/s (100 ft/min).
Requirements 2.26.1.1 through 2.26.1.4 apply, except as referenced and modified in 5.1.20. Where "car top" is stated in 2.26.1.1 through 2.26.1.4, it shall also mean the uphill end emergency exit exterior inspection device location. Where an inspection operating device is located at the uphill exit, it is permitted to omit one on the car top.
(a) Requirement 2.26.1.3. The speed shall be limited to not exceed 0.64 m/s (125 ft/min).
(b) Requirement 2.26.1.4.1(d)(1). The speed shall be limited to not exceed 0.64 m/s (125 ft/min).
The top-of-car stop switch is not required except where access is provided to the top of car.
Machine room inspection shall not be provided.
Slack-rope devices shall be provided on traction driving machines of elevators having an inclination of less than 35 deg from horizontal. The devices shall be located on both the car and counterweight sides of the driving machine and shall conform to 2.26.2.1.
Horizontal retardations induced on the car due to emergency stopping of an inclined elevator caused by the removal of electrical power shall meet the requirements of 5.1.20.6.1 and 5.1.20.6.2.
The average horizontal retardation, measured over the total retardation time, shall not exceed 0.98 m/s2 (3.22 ft/s2).
No peak horizontal retardation value exceeding 0.98 m/s2 (3.22 ft/s2) shall have a time duration exceeding 0.125 s.
Each elevator shall be equipped with an alarm button or switch in the car operating station and an alarm device mounted in a location that shall be readily available to a person who is normally situated in the vicinity when the elevator is in use or with a means of voice communication to a receiving station that is always attended when the installation is in use. If the alarm device or means of voice communication is normally activated by utility power supply, it shall be backed up by a manual or battery-operated device.
Inclined elevators that load and unload passengers through car doors located at the uphill and downhill ends of the car shall conform to the additional requirements of 5.1.22.2 through 5.1.22.6.
The rated speed shall not exceed 0.50 m/s (100 ft/min).
The buffers shall be oil type only, be installed at both terminals, and conform to 5.1.17.4.
Requirement 2.22.4.8 does not apply to end-loading inclined elevators. The buffer shall be compressed to within the overtravel distance when the car is level with the terminal landing. Each buffer shall be provided with a switch that shall prevent operation of the elevator by means of the normal operating device in the direction of travel toward that buffer unless it has returned to at least 90% of its stroke.
The final terminal stopping devices shall conform to 2.25.3.1 and 2.25.3.2, except for 2.25.3.2(a), and shall be located to operate within the reduced runby of end loading inclined elevators.
End-loading inclined elevators shall be permitted to be equipped with a retractable sill conforming to the following:
(a) They shall be designed to function without creating any pinching or shearing hazards.
(b) They shall be equipped with return switches conforming to 2.25.2.1.1 and 2.25.2.1.3, which shall prevent operation of the car in the direction of travel toward that terminal unless the retractable sill returns to its normal position.
Car door locking devices on end-loading inclined elevators shall conform to 2.14.4.2.
The forces and loads covered by 2.28.1(b), 2.28.1(c), and 2.28.1(f) shall be calculated based on the angle of inclination from the horizontal.
Requirement 2.1.1.4 does not apply. Elevators shall be installed in a single hoistway.
Requirement 2.1.3 applies only when a floor is provided at the top of the hoistway.
(a) Requirement 2.1.3.1.1. If a floor is provided, it shall be permitted to be wood.
(b) Requirement 2.1.3.2 does not apply. The floor shall be designed in accordance with other floors in the building. Where the machine is to be supported by the machine room floor, the floor shall be designed in accordance with 2.9.4 and 2.9.5.
(c) Requirement 2.1.3.3. The floor shall be permitted to be of wood.
Pits shall conform to Section 2.2, except that 2.2.2.5 does not apply.
The location and guarding of counterweights shall conform to Section 2.3, except as follows: Where counterweight guards conforming to 2.3.2 are not provided, lightweight chains, approximately 600 mm (24 in.) long shall be attached to the bottom of the counterweight. These chains shall be spaced at 150 mm (6 in.) intervals to provide a warning to a person in the path of the descending counterweight.
Bottom and top car clearances and runbys for cars and counterweights shall conform to Section 2.4, except as specified in 5.2.1.4.1 through 5.2.1.4.4.
When the car rests on its solid bumper or fully compressed buffer, no part of the car or any equipment attached thereto shall strike the pit or any part of the equipment located therein.
Where a machinery space or control space is not located in the pit, a nonremovable means shall be provided to mechanically hold the car above the pit floor to provide an area in the pit for maintenance and inspection, conforming to the following:
(a) It shall hold the car at a height not less than 900 mm (35 in.) nor more than 2000 mm (79 in.) above the pit floor and not less than 300 mm (12 in.) above the bottom landing sill, as measured from the underside of the car platform.
(b) The means shall be designed and constructed to stop and hold the car at governor tripping speed with rated load in the car.
(c) It shall not cause the stresses and deflections in the car frame and platform members and their connections to exceed the limits specified in 2.15.10 and 2.15.11.
(d) If the means does not automatically activate when the lowest hoistway door is opened with the car not at the landing
(1) it shall be capable of being operated without complete bodily entry into the pit.
(2) a sign conforming to ANSI Z535.2, ANSI Z535.4, or CAN/CSA-Z321, whichever is applicable (see Part 9), shall be conspicuously displayed inside the hoistway, which shall include a warning that there is an insufficient bottom car clearance and instructions for operating the device. The letters shall be not less than 25 mm (1 in.) in height. The sign shall be made of a durable material and shall be securely fastened.
Where a machinery space or control space is located in the pit, 2.7.5.2 applies.
Top car clearances shall conform to 2.4.6 and either 2.4.7 or 5.2.1.4.4.
In existing buildings where the top car clearance conforming to 2.4.7 cannot be provided, the following shall apply:
(a) When the car has reached its maximum upper movement, no part of the car or any equipment attached thereto, other than as permitted by (b), shall strike the overhead structure or any part of the equipment located in the hoistway.
(b) Nonremovable means, independent of the brake, shall be provided to mechanically and electrically prevent upward movement of the car to provide an area above the car for maintenance and inspection, conforming to the following:
(1) The means shall prevent upward movement of the car to provide a space complying with 5.2.1.4.5.
(2) The means shall be designed and constructed to stop upward movement of the car at governor tripping speed with and without rated load in the car.
(3) The means shall not cause the stresses and deflections in car frame and platform members and their connections to exceed the limits specified in 2.15.10 and 2.15.11.
(4) A sign conforming to ANSI Z535.2, ANSI Z535.4, or CAN/CSA-Z321, whichever is applicable (see Part 9), shall be conspicuously displayed inside the hoistway, which shall include a warning that there is insufficient top car clearance and instructions for operating the means. The letters shall be not less than 25 mm (1 in.) in height. The sign shall be made of a durable material and shall be securely fastened.
(5) The means shall be capable of being operated without complete bodily entry into the hoistway.
(6) The force to actuate the means shall not require more than 90 N (20 lbf).
(7) The top-of-car operating device shall not allow car movement until the means is actuated.
(a) An unobstructed horizontal area not less than 0.5 m2 (5.4 ft2) shall be provided on top of the car enclosure. It shall measure not less than 600 mm (24 in.) on any side. This area shall be permitted to include the space used for the top emergency exit [see 2.14.1.5.1(f)]. The minimum vertical distance in the space between the top of the car enclosure and the overhead structure or other obstruction shall be not less than 1100 mm (43 in.) when the car has reached its maximum upward movement.
(b) Any horizontal area above the car enclosure top and within the railing, if supplied, that could contain a circle with a diameter equal to or greater than 350 mm (14 in.) that does not have a vertical clearance of 1100 mm (43 in.) when the car has reached its maximum upward movement shall be clearly marked. The marking shall consist of alternating 50 mm (2 in.) diagonal red and white stripes. In addition, when markings are provided, sign(s) with the words "DANGER LOW CLEARANCE" shall be prominently posted and shall be visible from the hoistway entrance(s). The sign(s) shall
(1) conform to the requirements of ANSI Z535.4 or CAN/CSA-Z321 (see Part 9)
(2) be made of durable material and be securely fastened
Horizontal car and counterweight clearances shall conform to Section 2.5.
The protection of spaces below hoistways shall conform to Section 2.6.
Machinery spaces, machine rooms, control spaces, and control rooms shall conform to Section 2.7, except as modified by 5.2.1.7.1. Equipment shall be permitted to be located in rooms containing other equipment essential to the operation of the building.
NOTE: See 5.2.1.1.2 for floors of machine rooms and machinery spaces over or at the top of a hoistway.
Requirement 2.7.4.1 does not apply. The minimum headroom shall be 2000 mm (79 in.).
Electrical equipment, wiring, pipes, and ducts in hoistways, machinery spaces, machine rooms, control spaces, and control rooms shall comply with Section 2.8.
Machinery and sheave beams, supports, and foundations shall conform to Section 2.9.
The guarding of exposed auxiliary equipment shall conform to Section 2.10.
The protection of hoistway landing openings shall conform to Section 2.11, except as modified by the following:
(a) Requirement 2.11.2. Entrances shall be the horizontal slide or single-section swing type.
(b) Requirement 2.11.10.3 does not apply.
(c) Requirement 2.11.12 does not apply.
(d) Requirement 2.11.13.5 does not apply.
(e) Requirement 2.11.15.3 does not apply.
Hoistway door locking devices, hoistway door and car door electric contacts, and hoistway access switches shall conform to Section 2.12, except as modified by the following:
(a) Requirement 2.12.1.5 does not apply. Combination mechanical locks and electric contacts are not permitted.
(b) Requirement 2.12.2.3(a). Truck zoning devices are not permitted.
(c) Requirement 2.12.3 does not apply.
(d) Requirement 2.12.7.3.3(b). The car cannot be operated at a speed greater than 0.15 m/s (30 ft/min).
Power operation of hoistway doors and car doors shall conform to Section 2.13 except that vertically sliding doors shall not be permitted.
Car enclosures, car doors, and car illumination shall conform to Section 2.14, except as modified by the following:
(a) Requirement 2.14.1.4. Cars shall not have more than one compartment.
(b) Requirement 2.14.1.5 applies only where manual operation (see 5.2.1.28) is not provided. If a top emergency exit is provided, it shall conform to 2.14.1.5.
(c) Requirement 2.14.1.9.1(c) does not apply. Equipment mounted to the car for freight handling shall not be permitted.
(d) Requirement 2.14.3 does not apply.
(e) Requirement 2.14.4.1 does not apply. An unperforated door shall be provided at each entrance to the car.
(f) Requirement 2.14.4.4 does not apply.
(g) Requirement 2.14.4.7 does not apply.
(h) Requirement 2.14.4.9 does not apply.
(i) Requirement 2.14.4.11(b) does not apply.
(j) Requirement 2.14.5.1 does not apply. There shall not be more than two entrances to the car.
(k) Requirement 2.14.5.3 does not apply.
(l) Requirement 2.14.5.7. The dimension for the unlocking zone (see 2.12.1) shall be not more than the straight vertical face of the platform guard minus 75 mm (3 in.).
(m) Requirement 2.14.6.4 does not apply. Folding doors are not permitted.
Car frames and platforms shall conform to Section 2.15, except as modified by 5.2.1.15.1 and 5.2.1.15.2.
Requirement 2.15.4 applies, except the term "guiding surfaces" shall be substituted for the term "guide rails."
Requirement 2.15.9.2 does not apply. The platform guard shall have a straight vertical face, extending below the floor surface of the platform not less than the depth of the unlocking zone (see 2.12.1) plus 75 mm (3 in.] but in no case less than the maximum distance from the landing that it takes to stop and hold the car upon detection and actuation of the device as prescribed in 2.19.2.
The minimum rated load shall conform to 2.16.1, except as follows:
(a) The maximum rated load shall not exceed 635 kg (1,400 lb].
(b) The inside net platform area shall not exceed 1.67 m2 (18 ft2].
(c) Requirements 2.16.1.2 and 2.16.1.3 do not apply.
(a) Capacity plates shall indicate the rated load of the elevator in kilograms, pounds, or both.
(b) Data plates shall conform to 2.16.3.2.2 and shall be located as required by 2.16.3.1.
(c) The material and marking of plates shall conform to 2.16.3.3.
The rated speed shall not be more than 0.15 m/s (30 ft/min],
The maximum rise shall not be more than 7.6 m (25 ft].
Car and counterweight safeties shall conform to Section 2.17, except as modified by 5.2.1.17.1.
The force providing the stopping action shall conform to 2.17.9.4 or the following: Where guide-rail sections other than those specified in 2.23.3(a) are used, the application of safety stopping forces shall not cause deformation of the guide-rail section upon whose dimensional stability the stopping capability is dependent.
Speed governors shall conform to Section 2.18, except as modified by the following:
(a) Requirement 2.18.2.1(b) does not apply. The tripping speed shall not exceed 0.38 m/s (75 ft/min]. On the breakage of the suspension means, the safety shall operate without delay and independently of the governor's speed action.
(b) Requirement 2.18.4 does not apply.
(c) Requirement 2.18.5. Governor ropes shall be not less than 6 mm (0.25 in.] in diameter.
The marking plate requirements in 2.19.3.3 shall include the maximum distance from the landing that it takes to stop and hold the car upon detection and actuation of the device as prescribed in 2.19.2.
Suspension ropes and their connections shall conform to Section 2.20, except for 2.20.1 and 2.20.3. Suspension ropes and their connections shall also conform to 5.2.1.20.1 and 5.2.1.20.2.
Cars shall be suspended by ropes attached to the car frame or passing around sheaves attached to the car frame specified in 2.15.1. Ropes that have previously been installed and used on another installation shall not be reused. Only rope having the following classifications shall be used for the suspension of limited-use/limited-application elevator cars and for the suspension of counterweights:
(a) Iron (low-carbon steel] or steel wire rope, having the commercial classification "Elevator Wire Rope," or wire rope specifically constructed for elevator use. The wire material for these wire ropes shall be manufactured by the open-hearth or electric furnace process or an equivalent process.
(b) Aircraft cable rope of 7 x 19 construction, classified as MIL-DTL-83420M Spec, shall be permitted in those applications where aircraft cable rope is not subjected to crushing pressures, with the following exceptions permitted:
(1) nonjacketed, carbon steel, tin- or zinc-coated (Type 1A] 7 x 1 9 construction (Section 3.4.3.3 of MIL-DTL-83420M Spec]
(2) identifying color tracer filaments are not required (Section 3.6.2 of MIL-DTL-83420M Spec)
The factor of safety shall be specified in accordance with the following:
(a) Elevator wire rope [see 5.2.1.20.1(a)] shall comply with 2.20.3.
(b) Aircraft cable rope [see 5.2.1.20.1(b)] shall have a factor of safety not less than 7.5.
Counterweights shall conform to Section 2.21, except as modified by 5.2.1.21.1.
Requirement 2.21.1.4 applies, except that the counterweight shall be permitted to use the same guide rails as the car.
Car and counterweight guide rails, guide-rail supports, and fastenings shall conform to Section 2.23, except as modified by 5.2.1.23.1 and 5.2.1.23.2.
The same set of guide rails shall be permitted to be used for both the car and the counterweight.
Requirements 2.23.3(a) and 2.23.3(b)(1) do not apply. Guide rails, supports, joints, fishplates, and fastenings that do not conform to Section 2.23 are permitted, provided that the strengths and stresses are consistent with Section 2.23 for the loads imposed.
Where guide-rail sections other than those specified in 2.23.3(a) are used
(a) requirement 2.23.10.2 does not apply.
(b) the rail joints shall be designed in accordance with 2.23.5.1 and shall adequately maintain the accuracy of the rail alignment.
(c) the deflections shall comply with Section 2.23. The allowable deflection of the guide rail shall be limited to prevent the safety device from disengaging the rail during the application of the load.
Driving machines and sheaves shall conform to Section 2.24, except for 2.24.1, 2.24.2.1, and 2.24.2.2. Driving machines and sheaves shall also conform to 5.2.1.24.1 through 5.2.1.24.3.
All driving machines shall be the traction type, except that winding-drum machines that do not have multiple cable layers on the drum shall be permitted for elevators, but they shall not be provided with counterweights.
Sheave material and grooving shall be subject to the following:
(a) Sheaves and drums used with elevator wire rope [see 5.2.1.20.1(a)] shall be metal and provided with finished grooves for ropes or shall be permitted to be lined with nonmetallic groove material.
(b) Sheaves and drums used with aircraft cable rope [see 5.2.1.20.1(b)] shall be metal and provided with finished "U" grooves that do not subject the rope to crushing pressure.
Sheaves and drums used with suspension and compensating ropes shall have a pitch diameter not less than the following:
(a) For all elevator wire rope, the diameter shall not be less than 30 times the diameter of the rope, where used with suspension ropes.
(b) For all elevator wire rope, the diameter shall not be less than 30 times the diameter of the rope, where used with compensating ropes.
(c) For 7 x 19 aircraft cable rope, the diameter shall not be less than 21 times the diameter of the rope, where used with either suspension ropes or compensating ropes.
Terminal stopping devices shall conform to Section 2.25, except as follows:
(a) Requirement 2.25.4 does not apply.
(b) If the driving machine is the winding-drum type, a lower final terminal stopping device shall be used in addition to the slack-rope switch, and two independent upper final terminal stopping devices shall be provided. A separate device shall be used to operate the lower final terminal and one upper final terminal stopping device. All final terminal stopping and slack-rope devices shall operate independently of one another. The power feed lines to the driving machine and brake shall be opened by one or both of the upper final terminal stopping devices and either the slack-rope switch or the lower terminal stopping device, or both.
Operating devices and control equipment shall conform to Section 2.26, except as modified by the following:
(a) Requirement 2.26.1.3 does not apply.
(b) Requirement 2.26.2.5 does not apply.
(c) Requirement 2.26.2.10 does not apply.
(d) Requirement 2.26.2.12 does not apply.
(e) Requirement 2.26.2.16 does not apply.
Emergency operation and signaling devices shall conform to Section 2.27, except that Phase II Emergency In-Car Operation shall not be provided.
Elevators shall be permitted to be arranged for manual operation in case of power failure. The manual operating device shall conform to the following:
(a) It shall not be accessible from inside the car.
(b) It shall not release the brake.
(c) Upon removal of the device, the car shall not move.
(d) It shall be actuated by mechanical means only.
(e) Instructions shall be posted at or near the manual operating device.
The information provided on layout data shall conform to Section 2.28.
Welding shall conform to Section 8.8.
Identification shall conform to Section 2.29.
Bottom and top clearances and runbys for cars and counterweights shall conform to Section 3.4, except as follows:
(a) Bottom car clearances shall conform to 3.4.1 or 5.2.1.4.2.
(b) Requirement3.4.2.1 does not apply. The bottom car runby shall not be less than 50 mm (2 in.).
(c) The top car clearances shall conform to 5.2.1.4.4 or 5.2.2.1.1.
The top car clearance shall conform to 3.4.4 and either 3.4.5 or 5.2.1.4.4.
Machinery spaces, machine rooms, control spaces, and control rooms shall comply with Section 3.7, except as modified by 5.2.1.7.
Car frames and platforms shall conform to Section 3.15, except as modified by 5.2.1.15.2.
The capacity and loading shall conform to Section 3.16, except as modified by 5.2.1.16.1 and 5.2.1.16.2. Requirement 5.2.1.16.3 does not apply.
Car and counterweight safeties and plunger grippers shall conform to Section 3.17, except as modified by 5.2.2.5.1.
NOTE: See also 5.2.1.18.
The safeties on roped-hydraulic elevators shall be operated by a speed governor, or, where an overspeed valve conforming to 3.19.4.7 is provided, the safeties shall be permitted to be operated by inertia.
Upon the parting of the suspension ropes, the safeties shall apply without appreciable delay and their application shall be independent of the location of the break in the ropes and shall be permitted to be accomplished by the use of restrained compression springs or by the action of gravity, or by both, or by positive mechanical means.
Hydraulic jacks and sheaves shall conform to Section 3.18. The reference in 3.18.1.2.1 to Section 2.20 shall be modified by 5.2.1.20. The reference in 3.18.1.2.3 to 2.24.2 shall be modified by 5.2.1.24.2 and 5.2.1.24.3.
Valves, pressure piping, and fittings shall conform to Section 3.19. Requirement 5.2.1.28 does not apply.
Counterweights shall conform to Section 3.21.
Buffers and bumpers shall conform to Section 3.22, except as modified by 5.2.1.22.
Guide rails, guide-rail supports, and their fastenings shall conform to Section 2.23, except as modified by Section 3.23 and 5.2.1.23.2.
Hydraulic machines and tanks shall conform to Section 3.24. Requirement 5.2.1.24 does not apply, except as modified by 5.2.2.6.
Requirement 5.2.1.25 does not apply. Terminal stopping devices shall conform to 3.25.1 and 3.25.3.
Requirement 5.2.1.26 does not apply. Operating devices and control equipment shall conform to Section 3.26.
Requirement 5.2.1.27 does not apply. Emergency operations and signaling devices shall conform to Section 3.27, except that Phase II Emergency In-Car Operation shall not be provided.
Requirement 5.2.1.29 does not apply. The information provided on layout data shall conform to Section 3.28.
Requirements in Section 5.3 apply to elevators installed in or at a private residence. Section 5.3 also applies to similar elevators installed in buildings as a means of access to private residences within such buildings, provided the elevators are installed so that they are not accessible to the general public or to other occupants of the building. Elevators conforming to the requirements of Part 2, Part 3, or Section 4.1, Section 4.2, or Section 5.2 are not prohibited from being installed in or at a private residence.
NOTE: See also Part 8 for additional requirements that apply to private residence elevators.
The hoistway shall be solidly enclosed throughout its height without grillwork or openings other than for landing or access doors, except that any exterior windows within the hoistway shall be protected by metal grillwork. Grillwork shall reject a ball 76 mm (3 in.) in diameter and shall be securely fastened from the inside of the hoistway. Enclosures shall be of sufficient strength to support in true alignment the hoistway doors and gates and their locking equipment. The fire resistance rating shall be in accordance with the requirements of the building code. Non-fire-resistive enclosures shall be permitted to be glass complying with 2.1.1.2.2(e).
The enclosure shall be permitted to be omitted on the lowest landing served, provided the elevator
(a) does not open directly into a garage.
(c) car platform is equipped with a device that, if the platform is obstructed in its downward travel by a force of 18 N (4 lbf) or more applied anywhere at its lower surface, will open an electric contact in the control circuit and thus stop the downward travel of the car within 75 mm (3 in.). The stroke of the device shall be not less than the stopping distance of the platform. This device shall be a type that will not reset unless it has been returned to its normal position. The elevator shall be permitted to operate in the up direction.
The enclosure shall be permitted to be omitted on the upper landing on continuous-pressure-operation elevators serving only adjacent landings (one-floor rise) conforming to one of the following:
(a) The floor opening at the upper landing is protected by a partial enclosure and gate at least 910 mm (36 in.) high with openings that will reject a ball 25 mm (1 in.) in diameter, and the gate is provided with a combination mechanical lock and electric contact.
(b) The floor opening is provided with a vertically lifting hatch cover that is automatically raised and lowered vertically by the ascending and descending car, provided this cover meets the following requirements:
(1) It is fitted with guides to ensure its proper seating.
(2) It is designed and installed to sustain a total load of 3.6 kPa (75 lbf/ft2) or 135 kg (300 lb) at any one point.
(3) It is equipped with an electric contact that will prevent the upward travel of the car when a force of 90 N (20 lbf) is placed at any point on the top of the hatch cover.
A pit provided in other than a fully enclosed hoistway shall be guarded by a solid enclosure at least 2130 mm (84 in.) high. The entrance shall be provided with a door conforming to 5.3.1.8. When the enclosure does not extend from floor to ceiling, only solid car doors or gates rejecting a 13 mm (0.5 in.) diameter ball shall be used.
Where a pit is provided, it shall be kept clean and free from dirt and rubbish and the accumulation of water. It shall not be used for storage purposes.
Stop switches conforming to 2.2.6 shall be installed in the pit of each elevator.
The top car clearance shall conform to 5.3.1.3.1 through 5.3.1.3.3.
Top car clearance shall be not less than 150 mm (6 in.) plus 25 mm (1 in.) for each 0.017 m/s (3.3 ft/min) of the rated speed in excess of 0.15 m/s (30 ft/min).
When the car has reached its maximum upper movement, no part of the car or any equipment attached thereto, other than as permitted for the nonremovable means in 5.3.1.3.3, shall strike the overhead structure or any part of the equipment located in the hoistway.
Where bodily entry into the hoistway is required for inspection, testing, or maintenance, while power has not been disconnected from the elevator driving machine and/or brake, the top car clearance shall comply with 2.4.7, or a nonremovable means meeting the requirements of 5.2.1.4.4(b) shall be provided.
There shall be a clearance of not less than 20 mm (0.75 in.) between the car and the hoistway enclosure, and between the car and its counterweight.
The clearance between the car platform sill and the landing sill shall be not less than 13 mm (0.5 in.) nor more than 32 mm (1.25 in.).
Pipes conveying steam, gas, or liquids that, if discharged into the hoistway would endanger life, shall not be installed in the hoistway. Only machinery and equipment used directly in connection with the elevator shall be permitted in elevator hoistways.
Where elevator equipment is located in a room or space that contains other machinery and equipment
(a) the elevator equipment shall be guarded in conformance with 2.10.1. Where the guarding can be removed, a sign in conformance with the requirements of ANSI Z535.2 or CAN/CSA-Z321, whichever is applicable, shall be located on or adjacent to the guarding warning of the potential hazards.
(b) pipes conveying steam, gas, or liquids shall be guarded or located to prevent discharge onto the equipment.
The motor controller and operation controller shall be located in a cabinet(s). The cabinet(s) shall be
(a) readily accessible for maintenance and inspection at all times.
(b) provided with a cabinet door(s) or panel (s) that is not self-closing and shall be kept closed.
Where the cabinets are located outside the hoistway or are accessible from inside the car, the cabinet door(s) or panel(s) shall be secured using Group 2 Security (see Section 8.1) lock(s) or tamper-resistant fasteners.
In machine rooms, machinery spaces, control rooms, and control spaces, all sheaves and sprockets shall be guarded to protect against accidental contact.
A permanent and unobstructed path shall be provided to machinery spaces and control spaces. The path shall provide a clear width 450 mm (18 in.) minimum. Where elevator equipment is located in a room or space containing other machinery and equipment
(a) the elevator equipment shall be located to eliminate any obstructions that prohibit operating or servicing the equipment.
(b) if an obstruction does not prohibit the operation or servicing of the equipment but creates an interference with servicing the equipment, a sign in conformance with the requirements of ANSI Z535.2 or CAN/CSA-Z321, whichever is applicable, shall be prominently posted at the entrance to the work space warning of the obstruction.
(a) Access doors shall be
(1) kept closed and locked
(2) provided with a spring-type lock arranged to permit the doors to be opened from the inside without a key
(b) Access openings in elevator hoistway enclosures where full bodily entry is not necessary for maintenance and inspection of components shall be
(1) located to permit the required maintenance and inspection.
(2) a maximum width of 600 mm (24 in.) and a maximum height of 600 mm (24 in.). These dimensions shall be permitted to be increased, provided any resultant opening through the access opening into the hoistway shall reject a 300 mm (12 in.) diameter ball.
(3) provided with doors or panels that shall be kept closed and locked.
(c) Keys to unlock the access doors or openings shall be Group 2 Security (see Section 8.1).
(d) Hoistway access doors or panels shall be provided with an electrical switch that shall cause the power to be removed from the driving-machine motor and brake when opened.
(a) Where the machine is mounted in the hoistway, a means to move the car from outside the hoistway shall be provided. The means shall have a display device or equivalent to convey the following information about the elevator simultaneously:
(1) the direction of travel
(2) the arrival at a position within the door unlocking zone
The display device or equivalent shall remain operable during a failure of the normal building power supply. The power source shall be capable of providing for the operation of the display device or equivalent for at least 4 h.
(b) Where the controller is mounted inside the hoistway, it shall be located so that it can be inspected, tested, and maintained from inside the car or from outside the hoistway without full bodily entry into the hoistway.
(a) Where the machine or its controls are mounted on the car and are located so they can be inspected, tested, or maintained from inside the car, the car top clearance shall comply with 5.3.1.3.1.
(b) Where the machine or its controls are mounted on the car and are located so they can only be inspected, tested, or maintained from the top of the car while power is not disconnected from the elevator, the top car clearance shall comply with 5.3.1.3.3. A sign in conformance with the requirements of ANSI Z535.2 or CAN/CSA-Z321, whichever is applicable, shall be prominently posted at the entrance to the work space warning of the hazard. A means to disable the landing stations shall be provided at the controller.
Lighting in all machine rooms, machinery spaces, control rooms, and control spaces shall comply with 2.7.9.1.
Ropes and chains passing through a floor or stairway outside the hoistway enclosure shall be enclosed with a solid or openwork enclosure. If openwork, the enclosure shall reject a ball 13 mm (0.5 in.) in diameter. Means for inspection shall be provided. The floor openings shall not be larger than is necessary to clear the suspension means.
Suspension or support means that operate within a guide or track whose segments total a minimum of 270 deg shall be considered suitably guarded, provided that the centerline of the opening in the guide or track is 180 deg from the closest point of the stair. See Nonmandatory Appendix H, Figure H-l.
Where machine rooms, machinery spaces, control rooms, or control spaces are located remotely from the hoistway, any equipment passing through intervening spaces that poses a hazard shall be guarded to protect against contact.
Where the guarding can be removed, a sign in conformance with the requirements of ANSI Z535.2 or CAN/CSA-Z321, whichever is applicable, shall be located on or adjacent to the guarding warning of the potential hazards.
Where a hoistway enclosure is provided, landing openings shall be protected by swinging or horizontally sliding doors. The full height and width of the landing openings in solid hoistway enclosures shall be protected by solid swinging or horizontally sliding doors except
(a) for swing doors, the clearance between the door panel and the frame shall not exceed
(1) 10 mm (0.375 in.) on the sides and top of the door
(2) 13 mm (0.5 in.) at the bottom of the door
(b) for horizontally sliding doors, door panels shall
(1) overlap the top and sides of the opening by not less than 13 mm (0.5 in.)
(2) not exceed 10 mm (0.375 in.) above the sill
(3) have a clearance between the panel and the frame not exceeding 10 mm (0.375 in.)
The doors' fire-protection rating shall be not less than required by the building code (see Section 1.3). The doors shall be designed to withstand a force of 670 N (150 lbf) applied horizontally, in either direction, over an area 100 mm x 100 mm (4 in. x 4 in.) in the center of the doors without permanent displacement or deformation.
The distance between the hoistway face of the hoistway doors and the hoistway edge of the landing sill shall not exceed 19 mm (0.75 in.) for swinging doors and 57 mm (2.25 in.) for sliding doors.
The hoistway face of the hoistway door or gate shall not project into the hoistway beyond the line of the landing sill. No hardware, except that required for door locking and door operating or signaling devices, shall project into the hoistway beyond the line of the landing sill.
Hoistway doors or gates shall be provided with locking devices.
The locking device shall be a type that will either
(a) prevent car movement unless the door is locked in the closed position
(b) permit the car to start if the door or gate is in the closed position but not locked, provided that the device stops the car if the door or gate fails to lock before the car has moved 150 mm (6 in.) away from the landing. The device shall also prevent the opening of the hoistway door or gate unless the car is within 150 mm (6 in.) of the landing.
The locking device shall conform to 2.12.4.
Hoistway doors or gates shall be arranged so that it will not be necessary to reach behind any panel, jamb, or sash to operate them.
Means shall be provided to prevent a sliding hoistway door from disengaging from its track.
Power opening shall be permitted for hoistway doors and gates and shall conform to 2.13.2.2.1 and 2.13.2.2.2. Power closing shall be permitted for hoistway doors and gates and shall conform to 2.13.3.2 through 2.13.4, and 2.13.6.
Where the elevator is equipped with a two-way leveling device or anticreep device and the hoistway landing sill projects into the hoistway, a landing-sill guard shall be provided conforming to the following:
(a) It shall have a straight vertical face extending below the sill not less than the depth of the zone where the hoistway door is unlocked below the landing sill plus 50 mm (2 in.).
(b) It shall extend not less than the width of the clear car opening exposed to the landing sill.
(c) It shall be securely braced and fastened in place to withstand a force of 670 N (150 lbf) applied horizontally over an area 100 mm x 100 mm (4 in. x 4 in.) in the center of the guard without permanent displacement or deformation.
(a) Car Enclosure Required. Except at entrances, cars shall be enclosed on all sides and on the top. The enclosure shall be constructed of solid or openwork material that will reject a ball 13 mm (0.5 in.) in diameter.
(b) Securing Enclosures. Car enclosures shall be secured in conformance with 2.14.1.2 and 2.14.1.3.
(c) Glass, Plastic, or Acrylics in Elevator Cars. Glass, plastic, or acrylics, where used in elevator cars, shall conform to the following:
(1) Glass shall meet the requirements of 2.14.1.8.
(2) Plastic or acrylic shall meet the requirements of ANSI Z97.1, 16 CFR Part 1201, or CAN/CGSB-12.1, CAN/CGSB-12.11, and CAN/CGSB-12.12, whichever is applicable.
(d) Access Panels for Elevator Equipment Outside of the Car. Equipment access panels in the car for access to equipment outside the car shall comply with 2.7.5.1.4.
(e) Number of Compartments. The car shall not have more than one compartment.
(f) Car Top. Where bodily entry onto the top of the car is required for inspection or maintenance, 2.14.1.6.1, 2.14.1.7.1, and 2.14.1.7.2 shall apply.
A car door or gate that, when closed, will guard the opening to a height of at least 1675 mm (66 in.) shall be provided at each entrance to the car. Car doors shall be permitted to be of solid or openwork construction that will reject a ball 75 mm (3 in.) in diameter.
Collapsible car gates shall be a design that, when fully closed (extended position), will reject a ball 75 mm (3 in.) in diameter.
(a) Power Operation of Car Doors and Gates. Power opening shall be permitted for car doors and gates, and shall conform to 2.13.2.1. Power closing shall be permitted for car doors and gates, and shall conform to 2.13.3 through 2.13.5, except 2.13.3.4 does not apply.
(b) Car Door or Gate Locking Devices. Where the hoistway enclosure is not continuous for the full travel of the car, the car door or gate shall be provided with a mechanical lock that will lock the car door or gate if the car is more than 150 mm (6 in.) vertically away from a landing.
(c) Car Door or Gate Electric Contacts. Every car door or gate shall be provided with an electric contact conforming to 2.14.4.2.3 and 2.14.4.2.7.
The design of the car door or gate electric contacts shall be such that for a sliding door or gate, the car cannot move unless the door or gate is within 50 mm (2 in.) of the closed position. If the door or gate swings outward to open, the car door or gate must be closed and locked before the car can move.
(d) Strength and Deflection of Doors, Gates, and Their Guides, Guide Shoes, Track, and Hangers
(1) Horizontally sliding car doors and gates shall be designed and installed to withstand a force of 335 N (75 lbf) applied horizontally on an area 100 mm x 100 mm (4 in. x 4 in.) at right angles to and at any location on the car door without permanent deformation. The deflection shall not exceed 19 mm (0.75 in.) and shall not displace the door from its guides or tracks. The force shall be applied while the door is in the fully closed position.
(2) Folding car doors shall be designed and installed to withstand a force of 335 N (75 lbf) applied horizontally using a 100 mm (4 in.) diameter sphere at any location within the folds on the car door without permanent deformation. The deflection shall not exceed 19 mm (0.75 in.) and shall not displace the door from its guides or tracks. The force shall be applied while the door is in the fully closed position.
The distance between the hoistway face of the landing door and the hoistway face of the car door or gate shall conform to one of the following:
(a) Power-Operated Horizontally Sliding Hoistway and Car Doors. Where power-operated horizontally sliding hoistway and car doors are used, the measurement between the leading edge of the doors or sight guard, if provided, shall not exceed 100 mm (4 in.). If it is possible for a user to detach or disconnect either door from the operator (such as in the event of operator failure) and such detachment or disconnection allows the user to operate the door manually, (e) shall apply.
(b) Swinging Hoistway Doors and Folding Car Doors. Where swinging hoistway doors and folding car doors are used and both doors are in the fully closed position, the space between the hoistway door and the folding door shall reject a 100 mm (4 in.) diameter ball at all points.
(c) Swinging Hoistway Doors and Car Gates. Where swinging hoistway doors and car gates are used, the space between the hoistway door and the car gate shall reject a 100 mm (4 in.) diameter ball at all points.
(d) Swinging Hoistway Doors and Power-Operated Horizontally Sliding Car Doors. Where a car door(s) is power-operated and arranged so that the car door(s) cannot be closed until after the hoistway door is closed, and the car door(s) automatically opens when the car is at a landing and the hoistway door is opened, the measurement between the hoistway face of the hoistway door and the hoistway face of the car door at its leading edge shall not exceed 100 mm (4 in.). If it is possible for a user to detach or disconnect either door from the operator (such as in the event of operator failure) and such detachment or disconnection allows the user to operate the door manually, (e) shall apply.
(e) Swinging or Horizontally Sliding Hoistway Doors and Manually Operated Horizontally Sliding Car Doors. Where swinging or horizontally sliding hoistway doors and manually operated horizontally sliding car doors are used and both doors are in the fully closed position, the space between the swinging or horizontally sliding hoistway doors and the manually operated horizontally sliding car doors shall reject a 100 mm (4 in.) diameter ball at all points.
The car shall be provided with an electric light. The light shall be controlled by a switch located in the car near the car entrance, or by automatic means in conformance with 2.14.7.2.2. The minimum illumination at the car threshold, with the door closed, shall be not less than 50 lx (5 fc).
(a) Where Required. Every elevator shall have a car frame to which the suspension or support means and the safeties are attached.
(b) Material Permitted. Car frames shall be made of metal.
(c) Factor of Safety. The factor of safety shall be not less than 5 based on the rated load.
(d) Use of Cast Iron. Cast iron shall not be used in any member other than for guides or guide shoe brackets.
(e) Location of Guiding Means. Primary guiding means shall be attached to the car frame.
(a) Construction. Platforms shall be nonperforated metal or wood. If constructed of wood, they shall be laminated.
Platforms shall be supported by a platform frame or formed metal support pan attached to the car frame. Platforms and platform frame assemblies shall have a safety factor of 5.
(b) Platform Guards (Aprons). Where the elevator is equipped with a two-way leveling device, the entrance side(s) of the platform shall be provided with a guard conforming to 2.15.9, except that 2.15.9.2 does not apply. The platform guard shall have a straight vertical face, extending below the floor surface of the platform not less than the depth of the zone where the hoistway door is unlocked above the landing sill plus 50 mm (2 in.). The platform guard shall not strike the pit floor or any obstruction when the elevator is at its lowest point of travel.
The maximum inside net platform area shall not exceed 1.4 m2 (15 ft2). The minimum rated load shall be not less than the following:
(a) For net platform areas up to and including 1.1 m2 (12 ft2), the rated load shall be not less than 195kg/m2 (40 lb/ft2) or 159 kg (350 lb), whichever is greater.
(b) For net platform areas greater than 1.1 m2 (12 ft2), the rated load shall be based on 305 kg/m2 (62.5 lb/ft2).
The rated speed shall not exceed 0.20 m/s (40 ft/min).
The rise shall not exceed 15 m (50 ft).
Each elevator shall be provided with a car safety as specified in 2.17.5. Where the space below the hoistway is not permanently secured against access, the counterweight shall be provided with a safety.
The safety shall be the inertia, rack-and-pinion, or another type operated by the breakage of the suspension means or by the action of a speed governor. If the speed governor type, the governor shall operate the safety at a maximum tripping speed of 0.38 m/s (75 ft/min). On the breakage of the suspension means, the safety shall operate without delay and independently of the speed governor action.
The application of safeties shall conform to 2.17.9.1 through 2.17.9.3. The forces providing the stopping action shall conform to 2.17.9.4 or the following:
(a) Where guide-rail sections other than those specified in 2.23.3(a) are used, the application of safety stopping forces shall not cause deformation of the guide-rail section upon whose dimensional stability the stopping capability of the safeties is dependent.
(b) Where the car safety is the rack-and-pinion type, it shall conform to 4.1.17.
The minimum factors of safety and stresses of safety parts and rope connections shall conform to 2.17.12.
Where a speed governor is used, it shall be located where it is readily accessible from outside the hoistway and it cannot be struck by any moving object in normal operation or under conditions of overtravel, and where there is sufficient space for full movement of the governor parts.
Where a speed governor is used, the motor circuit and the brake circuit shall be opened before or at the time that the safety applies.
Where a speed governor is provided, a metal plate shall be securely attached to each speed governor and shall be marked in a legible and permanent manner with letters and figures not less than 6 mm (0.25 in.) in height indicating the following:
(a) the speed in meters per second (feet per minute) at which the governor is set and sealed to cause the governor to trip
(b) the size, material, and construction of the governor rope
(c) if the governor is the governor rope retarding type, the governor pull-through tension (force) in newtons (pounds-force)
(d) the manufacturer's name or trademark
(e) the statement "DO NOT LUBRICATE GOVERNOR ROPE"
The governor ropes, where used, shall be iron, steel, monel metal, or phosphor bronze not less than 6 mm (0.25 in.) in diameter. Tiller-rope construction shall not be used.
(a) Suspension means shall be not less than two wire ropes or two steel roller-type chains conforming to ASME B29.1.
(b) Aircraft cable rope of 7 x 19 construction, classified as MIL-DTL-83420M Spec, shall be permitted in applications where aircraft cable rope is not subjected to crushing pressures. The following exceptions to M1L-DTL-83420M Spec are permitted:
(1) nonjacketed carbon steel, tin- or zinc-coated (Type 1-A) 7 x 19 construction (Section 3.2.4 of MIL-DTL-83420M Spec)
(2) identifying color tracer filaments are not required (Section 3.5.2 of MIL-DTL-83420M Spec)
On elevators having a rated load of 230 kg (500 lb) or less and operating at a rated speed of 0.15 m/s (30 ft/min) or less, suspension ropes shall be not less than 6 mm (0.25 in.) in diameter. Where the rated load exceeds 230 kg (500 lb) or the rated speed exceeds 0.15 m/s (30 ft/min), the ropes shall be not less than 9 mm (0.375 in.) in diameter.
The factor of safety of the suspension means shall be not less than 7 for cars with less than or equal to 1.1 m2 (12 ft2) of net platform area, and not less than 7.5 for cars with more than 1.1 m2 (12 ft2) of net platform area, based on the manufacturer's rated breaking strength.
When the car and counterweight are suspended by steel ropes and the driving means is an endless steel roller-type chain, the factor of safety of the chain with the rated load in the car shall be not less than 8 based on the ultimate tensile strength.
The arc of contact of a wire rope on a traction sheave shall be sufficient to produce traction under all load conditions up to rated load. The arc of contact of a chain with a driving sprocket shall not be less than 140 deg.
The spare rope turns on winding drums shall conform to 2.20.7.
The securing of wire suspension ropes to winding drums shall conform to 2.20.6.
The fastening of a wire rope suspension means to a car or to a counterweight shall conform to 2.20.9 or be accomplished by properly attached fittings as recommended by wire rope manufacturers.
Counterweights, where used, shall conform to the following:
(a) Counterweights shall run in guide rails.
(b) Where a car counterweight is used, it shall not be sufficient weight to cause slackening of any rope during acceleration or retardation of the car.
(c) The counterweight sections, whether carried in a frame or not, shall be fastened together and shall also be secured to prevent shifting by an amount that will reduce the running clearance to less than 19 mm (0.75 in.) between the counterweight and hoistway.
(a) Counterweight on Cars Operating Through Hatch Covers. If a car operates through a hatch cover, the counterweight runway shall be enclosed throughout its height.
(b) Counterweight Coming Down to Floors or Passing Floors or Stairs. Where the counterweight runway comes down to a floor or passes floors or stairs, it shall be guarded to a height of at least 2130 mm (84 in.) above the floor or the stair treads by a solid or openwork enclosure. Openwork enclosures shall reject a ball 13 mm (0.5 in.) in diameter.
(c) Access to Enclosed Counterweights and Ropes. Access shall be provided for inspection, maintenance, and repair of an enclosed counterweight and its ropes. Doors on the counterweight enclosure shall be self-closing and self-locking and openable from the outside only with a suitable key. If the enclosure is such size that the door can be closed when the enclosure is occupied by a person, the door shall be easily openable from the inside without the use of a key or other instrument. A stop switch conforming to 2.26.2.5 shall be located adjacent to and inside the opening and be operable without entering the enclosure.
The car and counterweight shall be provided with spring, oil, or elastomeric buffers, except as specified in 5.3.1.15.3.
(a) Spring buffers shall be designed and installed so that they will not be fully compressed when struck by the car with its rated load or by the counterweight traveling at 125% of the rated speed, or at governor tripping speed where a governor-operated safety is used.
(b) Oil buffers shall comply with 2.22.4.
(c) Elastomeric buffers capable of absorbing the energy of a fully loaded car shall be permitted to be used. The average deceleration shall be less than 9.81 m/s2 (32.2 ft/s2) with any load between 61 kg (135 lb) and rated load.
The elastomeric buffers shall be marked with the manufacturer's recommended replacement criteria.
Car and counterweight buffer supports shall be of sufficient strength to withstand without failure the impact resulting from buffer engagement at 125% of the rated speed, or at governor tripping speed where a governor-operated safety is used.
Buffers shall be permitted to be omitted when the striking speed is 0.25 m/s (50 ft/min) or less if the space below the car and counterweight consists of a nonoccupiable area and the floor below the car and counterweight has sufficient strength to withstand, without failure, the impact of the car with rated load and counterweight descending at 125% of rated speed, or at governor tripping speed if a governor is provided.
Car and counterweight guide rails and their fastenings shall conform to 2.23.2, 2.23.5, 2.23.6, 2.23.8, and 2.23.9. Where guide-rail sections other than those specified in 2.23.3(a) are used, the allowable deflection of the guide rail shall be limited to prevent the safety device from disengaging the rail during the application of the load.
(a) Securing of Machinery Beams and Types of Supports. All machinery and sheaves shall be supported and secured to prevent any part from becoming loose or displaced.
Beams supporting machinery shall be steel, sound timber, or reinforced concrete.
(b) Overhead Beams and Their Supports. Overhead beams and their supports shall be designed for not less than the sum of the following:
(1) the load resting on the beams and their supports, which shall include the complete weight of the machine, sheaves, controller, and any other equipment supported thereon
(2) the sum of the tension on all suspension ropes or chains times 2
(c) Factor of Safety for Overhead Beams and Supports. The factor of safety for overhead beams and supports based on ultimate strength of material shall be not less than 5 for steel and 6 for timber and reinforced concrete.
(a) Types of Driving Means. The driving means shall be one of the following types:
(1) traction
(2) winding drum (see 5.3.1.17.3)
(3) direct plunger hydraulic (see 5.3.2)
(4) roped-hydraulic (see 5.3.2)
(5) screw machine (see 5.3.1.17.4)
(6) chain drive
(7) chain-hydraulic (see 5.3.2)
(8) rack-and-pinion
(b) Material for Sheaves and Drums and Minimum Diameter
(1) Winding drums, traction sheaves, and overhead and deflecting sheaves shall be metal and the pitch diameter shall be not less than one of the following:
(-a) 30 times the diameter of the wire suspension means
(-b) 21 times the diameter of the wire suspension means for 8 x 19 steel rope or for 7 x 19 aircraft cable allowed by 5.3.1.13.1
(2) The rope grooves shall be machined and designed to conform to 2.24.2.1 and 2.24.2.3.
(3) The factor of safety shall comply with 2.24.3.
(c) Fastening of Driving Machines and Sheaves to the Underside of Overhead Beams
(1) Overhead driving machines or sheaves shall not be fastened to the underside of the supporting beams, except for idlers or deflecting sheaves including their guards and frames.
(2) Cast iron in tension shall not be used for supporting idler and deflecting sheaves where they are hung beneath the beams.
(d) Fastenings Transmitting Load. Fasteners transmitting load shall conform to 2.24.4.
(e) Friction Gearing, Clutch Mechanisms, or Couplings. Friction gearings or clutch mechanisms shall not be used for connecting the drum or drive sheave to the main drive gear. Couplings shall not be used for connecting the output shaft to the main drive gear.
(f) Use of Cast Iron in Gears. Worm gearing having cast iron teeth shall not be used.
(g) Driving-Machine Roller Chains and Sprockets. Driving-machine chains and sprockets shall be steel and shall conform in all particulars of design and dimensions to ASME B29.1.
(h) Driving-Machine Brakes. Driving machines, except hydraulic driving machines, shall be equipped with electrically released, mechanically applied brakes conforming to 2.24.8. The operation of the brake shall conform to 2.26.8.
(i) Manual Operation. Private residence elevators shall be arranged for manual operation in case of power failure. The manual operating device shall conform to the following:
(1) It shall not be accessible from inside the car.
(2) It shall not release the brake.
(3) Upon removal of the device, the car shall not move.
(4) The device shall be actuated by mechanical means only.
(5) Elevators with hydraulic driving machines shall be provided with a manual lowering valve conforming to 3.19.4.4.
(6) Instructions shall be posted at or near the manual operating device.
(j) Car-Top-Mounted Machine or Controller. Where the machine or its controls are located on top of the car
(1) they shall be protected by a solid, noncombustible enclosure.
(2) the car top enclosure shall be designed and installed in conformance with 2.14.1.6.1 and 5.3.1.6.8.
(3) a top-of-car operating device shall be provided in conformance with 2.26.1.4.2.
(4) access shall be provided to the machine or its controls for maintenance. Access panels shall conform to 5.3.1.9.1(d) or 5.3.1.6.6.
Winding-drum machines shall not be provided with counterweights.
Screw machines, where used, shall conform to 4.2.15 and 4.2.20, except that the rated speed shall not exceed 0.20 m/s (40 ft/min).
Traction machines shall be provided with a suspension means retainer or restraint on the drive sheave conforming to one of the following:
(a) Suspension Means Retainers. Suspension means retainers shall be continuous over not less than two-thirds of the arc of contact between the suspension means and its sheave or drum and shall be located so that not more than one-sixth of the arc of contact is exposed at each end of the retainer. For double-wrap traction applications, the arc of contact for sheaves or drums shall be the length of arc that is uninterrupted by the entry/exit of the suspension means leading to/from the car or counterweight.
(b) Suspension Means Restraints. One suspension means restraint, where the arc of contact is 30 deg or less, shall be located at the midpoint of the arc of contact; where the arc of contact exceeds 30 deg, suspension means restraints shall be provided at intervals not exceeding 30 deg of arc along the arc of contact and at each end of the arc of contact.
(a) Upper and lower normal terminal stopping devices operated by the car shall be provided and shall be set to stop the car at or near the upper and lower terminal landings.
(b) Upper and lower final terminal stopping devices operated by the car to remove power from the motor and the brake shall be provided. They shall be set to stop the car after it travels past the normal terminal stopping device and before an obstruction is struck.
A slack-rope switch conforming to 2.26.2.1 shall be permitted to be used as the lower final terminal stopping device.
(c) If the driving machine is the winding-drum or sprocket-and-chain-suspension type
(1) a final terminal stopping device operated by the driving machine shall also be provided.
(2) driving-machine-operated final terminal stopping devices are not required when a lower final terminal stopping device is used in addition to the slack-rope switch and two independent upper final terminal stopping devices are provided. A separate device shall be used to operate the lower final terminal device and one upper final terminal stopping device. All final terminal stopping and slack-rope devices shall operate independently of one another. The power feed lines to the driving machine and brake shall be opened by one or both of the upper final terminal stopping devices and either the slack-rope switch or the lower terminal stopping device, or both.
(3) indirect connections between the final terminal stopping device and the driving machine shall be designed to prevent slippage.
(d) Terminal stopping switches shall conform to 2.25.1.
The final terminal stopping device shall act to prevent movement of the car in both directions of travel. The normal and final terminal stopping devices shall not control the same switches on the controller unless two or more separate and independent switches are provided, two of which shall be closed to complete the motor and brake circuit in each direction of travel.
The operation of the car shall be by continuous-pressure means or by automatic means.
The design and installation of the operating circuits shall conform to 5.3.1.19.2.1 and 5.3.1.19.2.2.
(a) The completion or maintenance of an electric circuit shall not be used to either interrupt the power to the elevator driving machine or brake at the terminal landings or to stop the car when any electrical protective device operates.
(b) If springs are used to actuate switches, contactors, or relays to stop an elevator at the terminal landings, they shall be the restrained compression type.
(c) The occurrence of a single ground; the failure of any single magnetically operated switch, contactor, or relay; the failure of any single solid-state device; or the failure of a software system shall not
(1) render any electrical protective devices ineffective
(2) permit the car to start if any hoistway door or car door or gate is not in the closed position
(d) If an instantaneous reversible motor is not used, a protective device or circuit shall be provided to prevent the motor from continuing in the same direction if the reversing control is actuated.
The elevator controls shall be designed in such a manner that when the car stops at a floor and the landing door or gate and its related electric contact are opened and closed and the car door or gate switch electric contact(s) fails to open, the car shall not be permitted to respond to a call. The elevator shall only be permitted to answer calls if the landing door contacts are not cycled or if the landing door contacts are cycled and the car door or gate electric contacts have cycled at least once.
While in the normal operating condition, the controller shall monitor the hoistway door locking device closed and locked contacts. If both the closed and locked contacts are opened while the car is not in the unlocking zone for that locking device, the controller shall remove the power from the motor and brake or hydraulic machine. The car shall not be permitted to restart until the door locking device contacts have been returned to the normal operating position and the controller has been manually reset by elevator personnel.
Any car exterior to a residence shall be operated by means of a key switch. Key-operated switches shall be the continuous-pressure spring-return type, and shall be operated by a cylinder-type lock having not less than a five-pin or five-disk combination, with the key removable only when the switch is in the "OFF" position. The key shall be Group 4 Security (see Section 8.1).
(a) All electrical equipment and wiring shall conform to NFPA 70 or CSA C22.1, whichever is applicable.
(b) Electrical equipment shall be listed/certified and labeled/marked. CSA B44.1/ASME A17.5 defines the scope and applicable requirements for this listing/certification.
(c) The installation of capacitors or other devices, the operation or failure of which will cause unsafe operation of the elevator, is prohibited.
Where the controller is located on the car, the disconnecting means shall be located adjacent to the controller. Auxiliary disconnect means shall be provided at the main landing when the main power supply disconnect means is mounted adjacent to the controller on the car.
If a polyphase alternating-current power supply is used, protection in conformance with 2.26.6 and 3.26.5 shall be provided.
An emergency stop switch, conforming to 2.26.2.5(a) through 2.26.2.5(c), shall be provided in every car and shall have contacts that are positively opened mechanically; their openings shall not be solely dependent on springs.
Winding-drum machines with rope suspension shall be provided with a slack-rope device of the manually reset type that will remove power from the motor and brake if the car is obstructed in its descent and the hoisting ropes slacken.
Elevators with roller-chain suspension shall be provided with a slack-chain device that will remove power from the motor and brake if the car is obstructed in its descent and the suspension means slacken. This device need not be the manually reset type if the chain sprockets are guarded to prevent the chain from becoming disengaged from the sprockets.
Where direct observation of the elevator drive sheave, sprocket, or suspension means is not possible from the control room or control space, display devices shall be provided in the control room or control space. The devices shall convey the following information about the elevator simultaneously;
(a) the direction of movement
(b) the arrival at a position within the door unlocking zone
The display devices shall remain operable during a failure of the normal building power supply. The power source shall be capable of providing for the operation of the display devices or the equivalent for at least 4 h.
A two-way communications means permanently installed in the car shall be provided to summon personnel who can take the appropriate action 24 h each day. The two-way communications means shall not be transmitted to an automated answering device.
If the normal power source for the communications means fails, the communications means shall automatically transfer to a source of standby or emergency power capable of providing service for at least 4 h.
An emergency signaling device operable from inside the car and audible outside the hoistway shall be provided. The operating means shall be labeled 'ALARM" or with the appropriate symbol as defined in Table 2.26.12.1.
If the normal power source for the emergency signaling device fails, the emergency signaling device shall automatically transfer to a source of standby or emergency power capable of providing service for at least 1 h.
A capacity plate indicating the rated load of the elevator in pounds shall be furnished by the manufacturer and fastened in a conspicuous place inside the car. The letters and figures on such plates shall be not less than 6 mm (0.25 in.) in height.
A data plate indicating the weight of the elevator, the rated speed, the suspension means, the manufacturer's name, and the date of installation shall be furnished by the manufacturer. This plate shall be installed in a conspicuous place in the machinery area. The letters and figures on such plates shall be not less than 6 mm (0.25 in.) in height.
The owner shall be provided with an owner's manual documenting proper operation and the hazards involved in the operation and maintenance of the elevator. The maintenance shall include a Maintenance Control Program in compliance with Section 8.6. A copy of the owner's manual shall also be retained with the equipment and be readily available.
Machinery and equipment for private residence hydraulic elevators shall conform to 5.3.2.
Hoistways, hoistway enclosures, and related construction; cars; counterweights; safeties and governors; guide rails and fastenings; car and counterweight buffer; operating devices and suspension means shall meet the requirements of 5.3.1.1 through 5.3.1.17 and 5.3.1.19 through 5.3.1.21, except as modified in 5.3.2.
Direct-plunger, roped-hydraulic, and chain-hydraulic private residence elevator driving machines, sheaves, valves, supply piping, fittings, and tanks shall conform to Sections 3.18, 3.19, and 3.24, except as modified by 5.3.1.17.2 and 5.3.2.
A pressure switch shall be provided to remove power from the pump motor and the control valve unless there is positive pressure at the control valve.
Direct-plunger, roped-hydraulic, and chain-hydraulic private residence elevator terminal stopping devices shall conform to Section 3.25, except as modified in 3.25.2.
Each elevator shall be provided with an anticreep leveling device conforming to 5.3.2.4.1 through 5.3.2.4.7.
The anticreep leveling device shall maintain the car within 25 mm (1 in.) of the landing irrespective of the position of the hoistway door.
For electrohydraulic elevators, the anticreep leveling device shall be required to operate the car only in the up direction.
For maintained-pressure hydraulic elevators, the anticreep leveling device shall be required to operate the car in both directions.
The operation of the anticreep leveling device shall be permitted to depend on the availability of the electric power supply, provided that the power supply line disconnecting means is kept in the closed position at all times, except during maintenance, repairs, and inspection.
The anticreep leveling device shall be permitted to be rendered inoperative during recycling operation.
The following devices shall prevent operation of the elevator by the normal operating device and movement of the car in response to the anticreep leveling device:
(a) low-pressure switch when required by 5.3.2.2.2
(b) slack-rope switch when required by 3.18.1.2.5
(c) platform switch when required by 5.3.1.1.1
(d) hatch-cover switch when required by 5.3.1.1.2(b)
(e) speed governor switch when required by 5.3.1.12.6
The following devices shall prevent the operation of the elevator by the normal operating device, but the anticreep leveling device shall remain operable:
(a) hoistway door locking device when required by 5.3.1.8.4
(c) emergency stop switch when required by 5.3.1.19.7
Section 5.4 applies to inclined elevators installed in or at a private residence. Section 5.4 also applies to similar elevators installed in buildings as a means of access to private residences within such buildings, provided the inclined elevators are installed so that they are not accessible to the general public or other occupants of the building. Inclined elevators conforming to the requirements of Section 5.1 are not prohibited from being installed in or at a private residence.
NOTE: See also Part 8 for additional requirements that apply to private residence inclined elevators.
If the car sides extend less than 1825 mm (72 in.) above the floor of the car, there shall be no obstruction along the runway, within the arc formed by a 600 mm (24 in.) radius whose center is the outer corner of the top rail of the car enclosure.
When solid guards are installed on the obstruction in both directions of travel, which project at least 350 mm (14 in.) in line with the direction of travel, the running clearance shall be permitted to be reduced to 175 mm (7 in.). The exposed edge of the guard shall be rounded to eliminate shear hazards.
Where a landing platform is provided or if a portion of an existing structure is used as a landing platform, it shall be protected by an enclosure not less than 915 mm (36 in.) high.
The opening in the enclosure shall be guarded by a gate to a height equal to that of the enclosure. The gates shall be permitted to be the horizontally sliding or the swinging type and shall be equipped with a combination mechanical lock and electric contact conforming to 2.12.4 and 5.3.1.8.4 through 5.3.1.8.7 where doors and gates exceed 915 mm (36 in.) in height.
The landing enclosure and gates shall either be solid construction or openwork rejecting a 25 mm (1 in.) ball. A force of 670 N (150 lbf) applied at any area 100 mm x 100 mm (4 in. x 4 in.) on the walls of the enclosure shall not reduce the running clearance below 19 mm (0.75 in.) nor cause a deflection exceeding 25 mm (1 in.).
The horizontal clearance between the car and landing sills shall conform to 5.3.1.4.2.
All machinery and sheaves supports and machinery beams shall conform to 5.3.1.17.1.
The factor of safety for beams and their supports shall conform to 5.3.1.17.1(c).
Except at the entrance, cars shall be enclosed on all sides to a height not less than 1070 mm (42 in.).
Car enclosures shall be secured in conformance with 2.14.1.2 and 2.14.1.3.
The car enclosure walls shall be of such strength and designed and supported so that when subjected to a force of 334 N (75 lbf) applied horizontally at any point on the walls of the enclosure, the deflection will not reduce the running clearance below 19 mm (0.75 in.) nor to more than 25 mm (1 in.).
Requirement 5.3.1.10.1(b) applies, and the guard shall extend horizontally within the zone where the doors or gates are unlocked.
A car door or gate that, when closed, will guard the opening to a height of at least 1070 mm (42 in.) or to the height of the car enclosure, whichever is greater, shall be provided at each entrance to the car. Through openings in car gates shall reject a ball 75 mm (3 in.) in diameter. The car door or gate shall be designed, constructed, and installed in accordance with 5.3.1.9.2. Power operation shall be permitted for car doors and gates, and shall conform to 5.3.1.9.2(a).
Car doors or gates shall be provided with an electric contact conforming to 2.14.4.2.3 and 2.14.4.2.5.
Car doors or gates shall be manually operated.
If the car gate is the swinging type, opening outward from the car, the electric contact required by 5.4.4.2.2 shall not close until the gate is securely latched.
Glass or plastics, where used in elevator cars, shall conform to the following:
(a) Glass shall meet the requirements of 2.14.1.8.
(b) Plastics shall meet the requirements of ANSI Z97.1; 16 CFR Part 1201; or CAN/CGSB-12.1, CAN/CGSB-12.11, and CAN/CGSB-12.12, whichever is applicable.
Glass or plastics shall be secured as required by 5.4.4.1.2.
Materials shall be of a weatherproof type.
Inclined elevator cars shall have frames and platforms of metal or combination metal and wood, or other materials of equal strength. Car frames and platforms shall have a factor of safety not less than 5, based on the rated load; they should be suitably prepared and/or protected for exposure to the weather.
Inclined elevator chassis shall be constructed of metal, except for guiding members. Chassis shall have a factor of safety not less than 5, based on the rated load. The chassis-guiding members shall be retained and/or enclosed in guides or tracks in such a manner that the chassis cannot be derailed.
Cast iron shall not be used in the construction of any member of the car frame or chassis.
The car shall not have more than one compartment.
The rated load and net platform area shall conform to 5.3.1.11.1.
Shelves or benches permanently fixed to the car structure, which reduce the standing area of the platform, are permitted and shall not exceed 0.55 m2 (1.8 ft2). Fifty percent of the net area of shelves or benches shall be added to the standing platform area to calculate the net platform area. Baskets, shelves, or other objects not necessary for operation of the elevator shall not protrude beyond the exterior of the car enclosure.
The rated speed measured along the incline shall not exceed 0.38 m/s (75 ft/min).
Each inclined elevator shall be provided with a car safety capable of stopping and sustaining the car with rated load.
The car safety shall be Type A, Type B, or Type C, as specified in 2.17.5, and shall be operated by a speed governor complying with the following requirements:
(a) The governor shall be set to trip at not less than 115% nor more than 140% of the rated speed.
(b) Type A safeties shall operate as required by 2.17.8.1.
(c) Type C safeties shall operate as required by 2.17.8.2.
If the construction at the lower end of the rail is not at or below grade at the termination of the rail, counterweight safeties conforming to 5.4.7 shall be provided, except governor operation of the safeties is not required.
The speed governor shall be located where it cannot be struck by the car or counterweight in case of overtravel and where there is sufficient space for full movement of the governor parts and it is accessible for examination.
Power shall be removed from the driving-machine motor and brake before or at the time the safety applies.
Governor ropes, where used, shall conform to 5.3.1.12.7.
The application of car safeties shall comply with 5.3.1.12.3.
The minimum factors of safety and stresses of safety parts and rope connections shall conform to 5.3.1.12.4.
Materials used in safeties shall meet the requirements of 2.17.13.
Suspension means shall conform to 5.3.1.13, except as modified by 5.4.8.1.
Where the chassis is suspended from the driving machine by a wire rope or roller chain, a single suspension means shall be permitted to be used.
The suspension means shall have a factor of safety not less than 8, based on the tension in the rope(s) or chain(s) when raising the car and its rated load. In no case shall the rated breaking strength of the rope(s) or chain(s) be less than 17800 N (4,000 lbf).
No car or counterweight wire rope shall be lengthened or repaired by splicing. Broken or worn suspension chains shall not be repaired. If one wire rope or a chain of a set is worn or damaged and requires replacement, the entire set of ropes or chains shall be replaced. In the event that a worn chain is replaced, the drive sprocket shall also be replaced.
Counterweight guiding and construction shall conform to 5.3.1.14.
For rated speeds not exceeding 0.25 m/s (50 ft/min), if spring- or equivalent-type buffers are not used, solid bumpers shall be installed.
Solid bumpers shall be made of wood or other suitable resilient material of sufficient strength to withstand, without failure, the impact of the car with rated load or the counterweight, descending at 125% of the rated speed.
The material used shall be a type that will resist deterioration or be treated to resist deterioration.
For rated speeds exceeding 0.25 m/s (50 ft/min), buffers of the spring type shall be installed.
Spring buffers shall be constructed to have a minimum stroke of 19 mm (0.75 in.) and a maximum stroke of 38 mm (1.5 in.) and shall not be fully compressed when struck by the car with its rated load or counterweight traveling at 125% of the rated speed.
Car and counterweight guide, track, and track supports and fastenings shall conform to 5.3.1.16. All supporting structures shall meet the requirements of the applicable building code.
Driving machines and sheaves shall conform to 5.3.1.17.2 through 5.3.1.17.5.
The driving machine shall be permitted to be mounted on the car chassis or placed at a remote location. If remotely located, all intervening sheaves or sprockets shall be placed to ensure that ropes or chains travel in proper alignment. All sheaves or sprockets shall be guarded.
Manual operation shall conform to 5.3.1.17.2(i).
Terminal stopping devices shall conform to 5.3.1.18.
The inclined elevator shall be operated by weatherproof constant-pressure or momentary-pressure key switches at each landing and on the car. Key-operated switches shall be the spring-return type and shall be operated by a cylinder-type lock having not less than a five-pin or five-disk combination with the key removable only when the switch is in the "OFF" position. The key shall be Group 4 Security (see Section 8.1).
Emergency stop switches shall be provided in the cars and shall conform to 5.3.1.19.7.
The design and installation of the control and operating circuits shall conform to 5.3.1.19.2.
Hand rope operation shall not be used.
If the driving machine is mounted on the car chassis, electrical connections between the car and power source shall be provided with a means to remove power if the connecting traveling cable parts. All electrical connections to the moving chassis and the stationary connections shall be insulated flexible conductors, in accordance with NFPA 70 or CSA C22.1, whichever is applicable (see Part 9).
Traveling cables shall be Type EO, Type ETT, or Type ETP and shall conform to the requirements of NFPA 70 or CSA C22.1, whichever is applicable (see Part 9). Where traveling cable voltage exceeds 30 V, a means shall be provided to remove the power automatically upon parting of the traveling cable.
Capacity, data, and code data plates shall be provided as required in 5.3.1.21.1,5.3.1.21.2, and Section 8.9. All plates shall be weather resistant.
Section 5.5 applies to power sidewalk elevators. Requirement 5.5.1 applies to electric elevators. Requirement 5.5.2 applies to direct-plunger hydraulic elevators.
NOTE: See also Part 8 for additional requirements that apply to power sidewalk elevators.
The construction of hoistway enclosures shall conform to Section 2.1, except as modified by the following:
(a) Requirement 2.1.1.1. Hoistways are not required to be enclosed above the top landing.
(b) Requirement 2.1.1.3 does not apply.
(c) Requirement 2.1.2.1 does not apply.
(d) Requirement 2.1.3 does not apply.
Pits shall conform to Section 2.2. Means shall be provided to automatically remove water from the pit.
The location and guarding of counterweights shall conform to Section 2.3.
Where a car top is provided, bottom and top clearances and runbys for cars and counterweights shall conform to Section 2.4.
Where no car top is provided, clearances and runbys shall conform to 2.4.1 through 2.4.4 and 2.4.9. When the car has reached its maximum upward movement, no equipment shall strike the overhead structure or other obstructions.
On elevators with vertical lifting covers, there shall be a clearance of not less than 600 mm (24 in.) between the top of the cover and any obstruction vertically above it when the car has reached its maximum upward movement.
The clearance required by 2.4.1 does not apply below underslung elevators with the car resting on its fully compressed buffers, when a refuge space not less than either of the following is provided:
(a) a horizontal area 600 mm x 1200 mm (24 in. x 48 in.), with a height of 600 mm (24 in.)
(b) a horizontal area 450 mm x 900 mm (18 in. x 36 in.), with a height of 1070 mm (42 in.)
Horizontal car and counterweight clearances shall conform to Section 2.5, except as modified by 5.5.1.5.
For sidewalk elevators with adjacent openings, the maximum clearance required by 2.5.1.5 shall be permitted to be increased on the side where the overhead sheaves are located, provided that in such cases this clearance shall not be greater than that required for the installation of the sheaves or sheave beams plus running clearance of not more than 25 mm (1 in.).
Where the hoistway does not extend to the lowest floor of the building, it shall conform to Section 2.6.
Machine rooms and machinery spaces shall conform to Section 2.7.
Electrical equipment, wiring, pipes, and ducts in hoistways and machine rooms shall conform to Section 2.8 and 5.5.1.8.1 through 5.5.1.8.3.
Slack-rope switches (where required), lower normal and final terminal stopping devices, and pit stop switches shall be located not less than 600 mm (24 in.) above the pit floor.
All electrical equipment in the hoistway shall be weatherproof.
Electrical metallic tubing (EMT) shall not be used.
Machinery and sheave beams, supports, and foundations shall conform to Section 2.9.
The guarding of exposed auxiliary equipment shall conform to Section 2.10.
Vertical hoistway landing openings shall conform to Section 2.11, except that 2.11.2.1 does not apply.
(a) The clear opening in a sidewalk that is accessible to the general public when the sidewalk door or cover is open shall be such that the sidewalk permits a minimum 1200 mm (48 in.) wide unobstructed pedestrian path, which is not normally accessible to vehicular traffic.
(b) Hoistways shall not be located either wholly or partially in front of any entrance to a building.
(c) The side of the door opening nearest to any building wall or other obstruction shall be less than or equal to 100 mm (4 in.), or greater than 914 mm (36 in.), from the wall or obstruction.
(d) Horizontal openings in sidewalks or other areas exterior to the building shall be protected by hinged metal doors or vertically lifting covers having a nonslip upper surface. Such doors or covers shall not be used where the hoistway is located inside the building. Doors or covers shall be of sufficient strength to safely support a static load of not less than 1460 kg/m2 (300 lb/ft2), uniformly distributed.
(e) When in the closed position, doors shall be flush with the adjacent sidewalk or other surface.
(f) Such doors and covers shall conform to 5.5.1.11.3 or 5.5.1.11.4.
(g) All openings between sidewalk door panels and frames shall be provided with gutters to collect rainwater. The gutters shall be piped rigidly to a discharge point exterior to the hoistway and pit or to the sump pit when provided and designed in accordance with 5.5.1.2.
(h) When subject to vehicular traffic, the doors or covers shall be designed to safely support the loads likely to be imposed on them.
(a) The line of the hinges shall be at right angles to the building wall.
(b) There shall be a minimum clearance of 450 mm (18 in.] between the face of the doors and any obstruction when the doors are in the open position.
(c) The doors shall be opened by the ascending car and shall be self-closing as the car descends, and shall be kept in the closed position when the car is not at the top landing, except as provided for in (d).
(d) The doors shall be permitted to be held or fastened in the open position when the car is not at the top landing, provided self-closing hinged metal screen panels, which will reject a ball 50 mm (2 in.) in diameter and support a static load of not less than 1135 N (300 lbf) applied on any area 600 mm (24 in.] on a side and not less than 68 kg (150 lb] applied at any point, are installed directly below the watertight sidewalk doors. Screen panels shall be opened and closed automatically by the ascending and descending car and shall always be closed when the car is not at the top landing.
(e) Stops shall be provided to prevent the doors from opening more than 90 deg from their closed position.
(a) The covers shall be raised and lowered vertically by the ascending and descending car and shall not be held or fastened in the open position when the car is not at the top landing.
(b) Recesses or guides, which will securely hold the cover in place on the stanchions, shall be provided on the underside of the cover.
Requirement 2.12.1.1 does not apply.
Interlocks or electric contacts are not required on horizontal hinged-type swinging covers and vertical lifting covers used at the top landing in sidewalks or other areas exterior to the building. Locks, if used, shall be the spring type and shall be automatically unlocked by the bow irons or stanchions of the car, unless the locks are the type that permit operation of the elevators to open the cover only if the locking device is in the unlocked position.
Hoistway access switches are not required for access to the top of the car.
Power operation, power opening, and power closing of the hoistway doors and car doors or gates shall conform to Section 2.13.
Car enclosures shall conform to 2.14.1 and 2.14.3, except as modified by the following:
(a) Car tops are not required. Where provided, the distance between the top of the car and the bow iron or stanchions shall be not less than 1067 mm (42 in.).
(b) Requirements 2.14.1.5 and 2.14.1.6 apply only when a car top is provided.
(c) The height of the car enclosure required by 2.14.3.1 shall be permitted to be reduced when the height of the bow iron or stanchion is reduced as permitted by 5.5.1.15.2(a),
Illumination of cars and lighting fixtures shall conform to 2.14.7, except as modified by the following:
(a) Lighting devices are not required in the car if there are lighting devices exterior to the car, which will provide the minimum illumination specified in 2.14.7.1.2(b) for the full travel of the car.
(b) Requirement 2.14.7.1.3 does not apply.
(c) Requirement 2.14.7.1.4 applies only where a car top is provided.
Sidewalk elevators arranged to travel above the level of the sidewalk or other area exterior to the building shall conform to the following:
(a) Car frames of underslung rope-suspended-type elevators shall be of sufficient depth to provide the minimum vertical clearance between the car rope hitches or car sheaves and any obstruction in the hoistway vertically above them, as specified in 2.4.8, when the car floor is level with its upper landing level.
(b) The depth of the car frame and the length and spacing of guiding members shall conform to 2.15.4 and shall prevent tipping of the platform when it is at the highest upper landing level.
(c) The car platform shall be provided with metal aprons or guards on all exposed sides conforming to the following:
(1) They shall be made of metal not less than 1.5 mm (0.059 in.) thick.
(2) They shall have a straight vertical face flush with the outer edge of the platform having a depth of not less than the distance between the normal upper terminal landing level and the highest upper landing level plus 75 mm (3 in.).
(3) The lower portion of the guard shall be rounded or beveled at an angle of approximately 75 deg with the horizontal.
Where hinged doors or vertically lifting covers are provided at the sidewalk or other exterior area, bow irons or stanchions shall be provided on the car to operate the doors or covers.
Bow irons and stanchions shall conform to the following:
(a) They shall be not less than 2130 mm (84 in.) high, except that this height shall be permitted to be reduced by an amount necessary to permit the doors or covers to close when the car is at the landing next to the top terminal landing.
(b) They shall be designed, installed, and braced to withstand the impact when striking the doors or covers.
(c) Bow irons shall be located approximately symmetrical with respect to the center of the car platform.
(d) Stanchions shall be framed together at their upper ends and provided with spring buffers at the top.
Capacity and loading shall conform to Section 2.16, except as modified by the following:
(a) Requirement 2.16.1 does not apply.
(b) Requirement 2.16.4 does not apply. Sidewalk elevators shall not be permitted to carry passengers.
Safeties shall conform to Section 2.17, except as modified by the following: Where the rated speed does not exceed 0.25 m/s (50 ft/min), car safeties that operate as a result of breaking or slackening of the hoisting ropes shall be permitted to be used in lieu of governor-actuated safeties required by 2.17.7.1. The safety shall operate without delay.
Governors, where provided, shall conform to Section 2.18.
Counterweights shall conform to Section 2.21.
Guide rails shall conform to Section 2.23.
Driving machines and sheaves shall conform to Section 2.24, except that the ratio of the drum diameter to the rope diameter (see 2.24.2) shall be permitted to be reduced to 24.
Terminal stopping devices shall conform to Section 2.25 (see also 5.5.1.8).
Operating devices and control equipment shall conform to Section 2.26, except as modified by 5.5.1.25.1 through 5.5.1.25.4. Where the top opening is located in an area exterior to the building, all electrical equipment on the car shall be weatherproof.
Operating devices shall be the automatic or continuous-pressure type. Operation through openings in the sidewalk or other area exterior to the building shall conform to 5.5.1.25.2.
The operation of elevators through openings in the sidewalk, or through openings in other exterior areas, which are protected by hinged doors or vertically lifting covers, shall conform to the following:
(a) The elevator shall be operated through the opening, in both the up and down directions, only from the sidewalk or other exterior area or from on the car as permitted by (g) and at a speed not exceeding 0.13 m/s (25 ft/min). The operation shall be by means of one of the following:
(1) key-operated continuous-pressure-type up-and-down switches
(2) continuous-pressure-type up-and-down operating buttons on the free end of a detachable, flexible cord not more than 1525 mm (60 in.) long
(b) Key-operated switches shall be the continuous-pressure spring-return type and shall be operated by a cylinder-type lock having not less than a five-pin or five-disk combination with the key removable only when the switch is in the "OFF" position.
(c) Key-operated switches and plug receptacles for flexible cords shall be weatherproof and shall be installed above the sidewalk or other area on the side of the building wall, located 450 mm (18 in.] or less horizontally from one side of the opening.
(d) Operating buttons, if provided in the elevator car and at any landing below the top landing, shall operate the car only when the bow iron or stanchions are not in contact with the doors or covers in the sidewalk or other exterior area.
(e) When the bow iron or stanchions are in contact with the doors or covers at the sidewalk or other exterior area, it shall be possible to operate the car only by means of either the key switches or the continuous-pressure-type up-and-down buttons on the free end of the flexible cord specified in (a).
(f) Flexible cords and operating keys shall not be left where they are accessible to unauthorized persons for operation of the elevator.
(g) On sidewalk door openings protected by hinged doors and hinged metal screen panels, once the hinged sidewalk doors are in the full opened position, the elevator shall be permitted to be operated from on the car with the sidewalk doors in the full opened position subject to the following:
(1) The elevator shall be provided with self-closing hinged metal screen panels in accordance with 5.5.1.11.3 that cover the entire sidewalk opening.
(2) Where the side of the sidewalk door opening is more than 100 mm (4 in.] from any building wall or other obstruction, it shall be provided with a secured barrier that can be removed for loading and unloading the elevator at the sidewalk level and that shall be put in place to protect the sidewalk opening when the elevator is being operated from on the car below the sidewalk level. The secured barrier shall comply with 2.10.2.
(3) All of the required sidewalk-level barriers are in place and their proper placement has electrically enabled the car operating circuit.
The requirement for a top-of-car operating device (see 2.26.1.4] applies only where a car top is provided. It shall operate the car at a speed not greater than 0.13 m/s (25 ft/min]. It shall not operate when the bow iron or stanchions are in contact with the doors or covers in the sidewalk or other exterior area.
The requirement for a stop switch on top of the car (see 2.26.2.8] applies only where a car top is provided.
Where the car is not fully enclosed, the rated speed shall not exceed 0.25 m/s (50 ft/min], except as required by 5.5.1.25.2(a) and 5.5.1.25.3.
Where the car is fully enclosed, there is no limit on the rated speed, except as required by 5.5.1.25.2(a) and 5.5.1.25.3.
If car operating buttons are provided, car emergency signaling devices shall be provided conforming to 2.27.1.1.1 and 2.27.1.2. If the rise is more than 7.6 m (25 ft], the signaling devices shall also conform to 2.27.1.1.2.
The information provided on layout data shall conform to Section 2.28.
Welding shall conform to Section 8.8.
Hoistways, hoistway enclosures, and related construction shall conform to 5.5.1.1 through 5.5.1.13 and 5.5.2.1 through 5.5.2.18, except 5.5.1.4 and 5.5.1.6.
Where a car top is provided, bottom and top clearances and runbys for cars and counterweights shall conform to Section 3.4.
Where no car top is provided, clearances and runbys shall conform to 3.4.1, 3.4.2.1, and 3.4.6.2. When the car has reached its maximum upward movement, no equipment shall strike the overhead structure or other obstruction.
Where the hoistway does not extend to the lowest floor of the building, it shall conform to Section 3.6.
Machine rooms and machinery spaces shall conform to Section 3.7.
The requirements for emergency doors in single blind hoistways apply only where a car safety is provided.
Capacity and loading shall conform to Section 2.16, except as modified by Section 3.16 and 5.5.1.16.
Car safeties, where provided, shall conform to 5.5.1.17 and shall be the type that can be released only by moving the car in the up direction.
Counterweight safeties, where provided, shall conform to 3.17.2.
Where provided, counterweights shall conform to Section 3.21.
Guide rails and their supports and fastenings shall conform to Section 3.23.
Tanks shall conform to Section 3.24.
Terminal stopping devices shall conform to Section 3.25 (see also 5.5.1.8).
Operating devices and control equipment shall conform to Section 3.26, 5.5.1.25.1, 5.5.1.25.2, and 5.5.1.25.4, and all electrical equipment on the car shall be weatherproof.
The requirement for a top-of-car operating device (see 3.26.2) applies only where a car top is provided. It shall operate the car at a speed not greater than 0.13 m/s (25 ft/min). It shall not operate when the bow iron or stanchions are in contact with the doors or covers in the sidewalk or other exterior area.
The requirement for a stop switch on top of the car (see 2.26.2.8 and 3.26.4.1) applies only where a car top is provided.
The information provided on layout data shall conform to Section 3.28.
Section 5.6 applies to rooftop elevators. Requirement 5.6.1 applies to electric elevators. Requirement 5.6.2 applies to direct-plunger hydraulic elevators.
NOTE: See also Part 8 for additional requirements that apply to rooftop elevators.
The construction of hoistway enclosures shall conform to Section 2.1, except as modified by the following:
(a) Requirement 2.1.1.1. Hoistways are not required to be enclosed above the rooftop landing.
(b) Requirement 2.1.1.3 does not apply.
(c) Requirement 2.1.2.1 does not apply.
(d) Requirement 2.1.3 does not apply.
Pits shall conform to Section 2.2. Means shall be provided to automatically remove water from the pit.
The location and guarding of counterweights shall conform to Section 2.3.
Bottom and top clearances and runbys for cars and counterweights shall conform to Section 2.4, except as modified by the following:
(a) Table 2.4.2.2, maximum speed 0.25 m/s (50 ft/min). See 5.6.1.25.4.
(b) Requirement 2.4.7 does not apply if the rise is 6.1 m (20 ft) or less. When 5.6.1.25.3 is required, the top-of-car clearance shall be measured to the underside of the roof door when the bow iron or stanchion is in contact with the door.
Horizontal car and counterweight clearances shall conform to Section 2.5.
Where the hoistway does not extend to the lowest floor of the building, it shall conform to Section 2.6.
Machine rooms and machinery spaces shall conform to Section 2.7, except as modified by the following:
(a) Requirement 2.7.3.2.2 does not apply.
(b) Requirement 2.7.3.5 does not apply.
Electrical equipment, wiring, pipes, and ducts in hoistways and machine rooms shall conform to Section 2.8 and the following:
(a) Slack-rope switches (where required), lower normal and final terminal stopping devices, and pit stop switches shall be located not less than 600 mm (24 in.) above the pit floor.
(b) All electrical equipment in the hoistway shall be weatherproof.
(c) Electrical metallic tubing (EMT) shall not be used.
Machinery and sheave beams, supports, and foundations shall conform to Section 2.9.
The guarding of exposed auxiliary equipment shall conform to Section 2.10.
Vertical hoistway landing openings shall conform to Section 2.11.
(a) The pedestrian path on a rooftop, when the door or cover is open, shall be such that it permits a minimum 1200 mm (48 in.) wide unobstructed path that is not normally accessible to vehicular traffic.
(b) Hoistways shall not be located either wholly or partially in front of any entrance to a building or openable window.
(c) The side of the door opening nearest to any building wall or other obstruction shall be 100 mm (4 in.) or less, or greater than 900 mm (36 in.), from the wall or obstruction.
(d) Horizontal openings in rooftops shall be protected by hinged metal doors or vertically lifting covers having a nonslip upper surface. Doors or covers shall be of sufficient strength to safely support a static load of not less than 14.4 kPa (300 lbf/ft2), uniformly distributed.
(e) When in the closed position, doors shall be flush with the landing sill.
(f) Such doors and covers shall conform to 5.6.1.11.3 or 5.6.1.11.4.
(g) All openings between rooftop door panels and frames shall be provided with minimum 50 mm (2 in.) gutters to collect rainwater. The gutters shall be piped rigidly to a discharge point exterior to the hoistway and pit.
(a) There shall be a minimum clearance of 450 mm (18 in.) between the face of the doors and any obstruction when the doors are in the open position.
(b) The doors shall be opened by the ascending car, shall be self-closing as the car descends, and shall be kept in the closed position when the car is not at the top landing.
(c) Stops shall be provided to prevent the doors from opening more than 90 deg from their closed position.
(d) Means shall be provided at the meeting edge of biparting rooftop doors to collect and discharge rain water.
(e) The landing sill shall be substantially flush with the floor surface of the elevator landings.
(a) The covers shall be raised and lowered vertically by the ascending and descending car and shall not be held or fastened in the open position when the car is not at the top landing.
(b) Recesses or guides, which will securely hold the cover in place on the stanchions, shall be provided on the underside of the cover.
(c) The landing sill shall be substantially flush with the floor surface of the elevator landings.
The door shall be set in the roof in such a manner that the upper surface of the rooftop door is at least 25 mm (1 in.) above the surface of the roof and pitched at the same angle. The edge around the rooftop door and the surface of the roof shall be such that a gradual change in surface height is provided.
Hoistway door locking devices, car door or gate electric contacts, and hoistway access switches shall conform to Section 2.12 or 2.14.4, except as modified by the following:
(a) Requirements 2.12.2 and 2.12.3. Interlocks or electric contacts are not required on hinged-type swinging covers and vertical lifting covers used at the top landing in rooftops. Locks, if used, shall be the spring type and shall be automatically unlocked by the bow irons or stanchions of the car, unless the locks are the type that permit operation of the elevators to open the cover only if the locking device is in the unlocked position.
(b) Requirement 2.12.7. Hoistway access switches are not required for access to the top of the car.
Power operation, power opening, and power closing of the hoistway doors and car doors or gates shall conform to Section 2.13.
The height of the car enclosure shall be permitted to be reduced when the height of the bow iron or stanchion is reduced as permitted by 5.6.1.15.2(a).
All electrical equipment on the car shall be weatherproof.
(a) Car frames of underslung rope-suspended-type elevators shall be of sufficient depth to provide the minimum vertical clearance between the car rope hitches or car sheaves and any obstruction in the hoistway vertically above them, as specified in 2.4.8, when the car floor is level with its upper landing level.
(b) The depth of the car frame and the length and spacing of guiding members shall conform to 2.15.4 and shall be such as to prevent tipping of the platform when it is at the highest upper landing level.
(c) The car platform shall be provided with metal aprons or guards on all exposed sides conforming to the following:
(1) They shall be made of metal not less than 1.5 mm (0.059 in.) thick.
(2) They shall have a straight vertical face flush with the outer edge of the platform having a depth not less than the distance between the normal upper terminal landing level and the highest upper landing level plus 75 mm (3 in.).
(3) The lower portion of the guard shall be rounded or beveled at an angle of approximately 75 deg with the horizontal.
Where hinged doors or vertically lifting covers are provided at the rooftop, bow irons or stanchions shall be provided on the car to operate the doors or covers. Bow irons and stanchions shall conform to the following requirements:
(a) They shall be not less than 2 130 mm (84 in.) high, measured from the finished car floor, except that this height shall be permitted to be reduced by an amount necessary to permit the doors or covers to close when the car is at the landing next to the top terminal landing.
(b) They shall be designed, installed, and braced to withstand the impact when striking the doors or covers.
(c) Bow irons shall be located approximately symmetrical with respect to the center of the car platform.
(d) Stanchions shall be framed together at their upper ends and provided with spring buffers at the top.
Safeties shall conform to Section 2.17.
Governors, where provided, shall conform to Section 2.18.
Counterweights, when provided, shall conform to Section 2.21.
Guide rails shall conform to Section 2.23.
Driving machines and sheaves shall conform to Section 2.24, except that on freight elevators, the ratio of the drum diameter to the rope diameter (see 2.24.2) shall be permitted to be reduced to 24 for elevators with a rated load of 1150 kg (2,500 lb) or less.
Terminal stopping devices shall conform to Section 2.25 and 5.6.1.8.
Operating devices and control equipment shall conform to Section 2.26, except as modified by 5.6.1.25.1 through 5.6.1.25.5.
All electrical equipment on the car shall be weather-proof.
Actuation of a landing call button when the car is at the roof level shall illuminate a visual "in-use" signal at the landing station at which the landing call was registered and sound an audible and visual alarm at the roof level. The audible alarm shall have a sound pressure rating not less than 80 dBA nor greater than 90 dBA at 3.05 m (10 ft).
Operation to the roof level shall be in accordance with 5.6.1.25.1.
Operating devices in the car and at the lower landing are prohibited on two-stop elevators.
The operation of elevators shall conform to the following:
(a) The operation of elevators between openings in the roof, which are protected by hinged doors or vertically lifting covers, and the first landing below the roof level shall conform to one of the following:
(1) key-operated continuous-pressure-type up-and-down switches
(2) continuous-pressure-type up-and-down operating buttons on the free end of a detachable, flexible cord not more than 1525 mm (60 in.) in length
(b) Key-operated switches shall be the continuous-pressure spring-return type and shall be operated by a cylinder-type lock having not less than a five-pin or five-disk combination with the key removable only when the switch is in the "OFF" position. The key shall be Group 2 Security (see Section 8.1).
(c) Key-operated switches and plug receptacles for flexible cords shall be weatherproof and shall be installed above the roof level, located within 1525 mm (60 in.) horizontally from one side of the opening in such a manner that the opening is within clear sight of the operator.
(d) It shall be possible to operate the car only by means of either the key switches or the continuous-pressure-type up-and-down buttons on the free end of the flexible cord specified in (a).
(e) Flexible cords and operating keys shall not be left where they are accessible to unauthorized persons for operation of the elevator.
(f) Means of two-way communication shall be provided between the car, lower terminal landing, the first landing below the roof level, and the rooftop operating station.
(g) On multiple-stop elevators, the car operating panels shall only be operational for floors below the roof level.
A top-of-car operating device shall not be provided if the rise is 6.1 m (20 ft) or less.
Top-of-car operating devices, when required, shall conform to 2.26.1.4.
A stop switch shall be provided on top of the car, conforming to 2.26.2.8.
When the car bow iron or stanchion is in contact with the rooftop door or cover, the rated speed shall not exceed 0.13 m/s (25 ft/min).
When the car is fully enclosed, other than when it is running through the rooftop door or cover, there is no limit on the rated speed except as required by 5.6.1.25.2 and 5.6.1.25.3.
Operation to the roof level shall be in accordance with 5.6.1.25.2.
Emergency operation and signaling devices shall conform to Section 2.27.
Welding shall conform to Section 8.8.
Hoistways, hoistway enclosures, and related construction shall conform to 5.6.1.1 through 5.6.1.13 and 5.6.2.2 through 5.6.2.5, except 5.6.1.4 and 5.6.1.6.
Where a car top is provided, bottom and top clearances and runbys for cars and counterweights shall conform to Section 3.4.
Where no car top is provided, clearances and runbys shall conform to 3.4.1, 3.4.2.1, and 3.4.6.2.
Where the hoistway does not extend to the lowest floor of the building, it shall conform to Section 3.6.
Machine rooms and machinery spaces shall conform to Section 3.7.
The requirements for emergency doors in single blind hoistways shall conform to Section 2.11.
Capacity and loading shall conform to Section 2.16, except as modified by Section 3.16.
Car safeties, where provided, shall conform to Section 2.17, except as modified for freight elevators by 5.6.1.17, and shall be the type that can be released only by moving the car in the up direction.
Counterweight safeties, where provided, shall conform to Section 3.16.
Where provided, counterweights shall conform to Section 3.15.
Guide rails and their supports and fastenings shall conform to Sections 3.23 and 3.28.
Tanks shall conform to Section 3.24.
Terminal stopping devices shall conform to Section 3.25 and 5.6.1.8.
Operating devices and control equipment shall conform to Section 3.26. Requirements 5.6.1.25.1, 5.6.1.25.2, 5.6.1.25.4, 5.6.1.25.5, 5.6.1.26, and 5.6.1.27 and all electrical equipment on the car shall be weatherproof.
In jurisdictions not enforcing the NBCC, Section 5.7 applies to elevators permanently installed in a wide variety of structures and locations to provide vertical transportation of authorized personnel and their tools and equipment only. Such elevators are typically installed in structures such as grain elevators, radio antennas and bridge towers, underground facilities, dams, power plants, and similar structures where, by reason of their limited use and the types of construction of the structures served, full compliance with Part 2 is not practicable or necessary.
Section 5.7 applies to special purpose personnel elevators having a traction, winding-drum, screw, or rack-and-pinion driving machine.
NOTE: See also Part 8 for additional requirements that apply to special purpose personnel elevators.
Where the hoistway is adjacent to areas permitting passage of people (e.g., passageways, stairwells, elevator landings), it shall be enclosed to a height not less than 2130 mm (84 in.) above the floor or stair treads. The enclosure shall be of sufficient strength to prevent contact between the enclosure and the car or counterweight when the enclosure is subjected to a force of 1112 N (250 lbf) applied at right angles at any point over an area of 100 mm x 100 mm (4 in. x 4 in.). Openwork enclosures shall be permitted to be used and shall reject a ball 25 mm (1 in.) in diameter.
Where a floor is provided, the floor shall conform to 2.1.3.1 through 2.1.3.4.
Pits shall conform to 5.7.2.1 through 5.7.2.8.
A pit shall be provided for every special purpose personnel elevator.
The design and construction of pits shall comply with 2.2.2.
Guards between adjacent pits shall comply with 2.2.3.
Access to pits shall comply with 2.2.4.
Illumination of pits shall comply with 2.2.5.
A stop switch in the pit shall comply with 2.2.6.
The pit depth shall not be less than is required for the installation of the buffers, compensating sheaves, if any, all other special purpose personnel elevator equipment located therein, and vertical clearances and bottom runby conforming to 5.7.4.1.
Access to the underside of the car shall comply with 2.2.8.
Where a counterweight runway comes down to a floor or passes a floor or stairs, it shall be enclosed to a height of at least 2130 mm (84 in.) above the floor or the stair treads by a solid or openwork enclosure. The enclosure shall be of sufficient strength to prevent contact between the enclosure and the counterweight when the enclosure is subjected to a force of 1100 N (250 lbf) applied at right angles at any point over an area of 100 mm x 100 mm (4 in. x 4 in.). Openwork enclosures shall reject a ball 25 mm (1 in.) in diameter and shall be located to provide at least 100 mm (4 in.) between the outside of the enclosure and the closest member of the counterweight assembly.
Access shall be provided for inspection, maintenance, and repair of an enclosed counterweight and its ropes. Doors in the counterweight enclosures shall be self-closing and self-locking and shall be provided with
(a) an electric contact, the opening of which will remove power from the elevator driving-machine motor and brake
(b) a lock keyed to Group 1 Security
Bottom runby shall conform to 2.4.2 through 2.4.4.
There shall be a clearance of not less than 762 mm (30 in.) from the highest projection of the car top, the car crosshead, and the equipment mounted on the car top and the nearest part of the overhead structure when the car has reached its uppermost limit of travel.
The top counterweight clearance shall be not less than the sum of the following items:
(a) the bottom car runby (see 5.7.4.1)
(b) the stroke of the car buffer used, or the remaining stroke when the buffer is compressed with the car at the bottom terminal landing (see 2.4.2 and 2.22.4.8)
(c) 150 mm (6 in.)
Horizontal car and counterweight clearances shall conform to Section 2.5 and 5.7.3.1.
Protection of spaces below hoistways not extending to the lowest level of the structure shall conform to the applicable requirements of 2.6.1.
All machinery and sheaves shall be supported and secured to effectively prevent any part becoming loose or displaced.
Beams directly supporting machinery shall be steel or reinforced concrete.
Machinery or equipment shall be secured to and supported on, or from the top of, overhead beams or floors, except for the following equipment:
(a) secondary or deflecting sheaves of traction elevators
(b) devices and their accessories for limiting or retarding car speed
(c) driving machines on the car
Cast iron in tension shall not be used for supporting members for sheaves where they are hung beneath beams.
The total load on overhead beams shall be equal to the weight of all apparatus resting on the beams, plus twice the maximum load suspended from the beams.
The load resting on the beams shall include the complete weights of the driving machine, sheaves, controller, etc.
The load suspended from the beams shall include the sum of the tensions in all ropes suspended from the beams.
NOTE (5.7.7.2): The object in doubling the suspended load is to allow for impact, accelerating stresses, etc.
The factor of safety for overhead beams and their supports shall be not less than 5 for steel and 6 for reinforced concrete.
Overhead beams and supports shall conform to 2.9.4 and 2.9.5.
The full width of each landing opening shall be protected by doors or gates. The landing opening shall be at least 2030 mm (80 in.) in height. The entire entrance assembly shall be capable of withstanding a force of 1100 N (250 lbf) applied on the landing site at right angles to, and approximately at the center of, a panel. This force shall be distributed over an area of 100 mm x 100 mm (4 in. x 4 in.). There shall be no permanent displacement or deformation of any parts of the entrance assembly resulting from this test. Openwork entrances shall reject a ball 25 mm (1 in.) in diameter.
The hoistway face of the landing doors or gates shall not project into the hoistway beyond the landing sill. No hardware, except that required for door locking devices or contacts, signals, or door operating devices, shall project into the hoistway beyond the line of the landing sill.
A device to unlock and permit opening of the hoistway door from the landing side, regardless of the location of the car in the hoistway, shall be provided at the top and bottom landings and shall be permitted at all landings. This device shall be designed to prevent unlocking the door with common tools.
The operating means for unlocking the door shall be Group 1 Security (see Section 8.1).
Hoistway doors or gates shall be arranged so that it will not be necessary to reach behind any panel or jamb to operate them.
The distance between the hoistway doors or gates and the hoistway edge of the landing sill shall not exceed 57 mm (2.25 in.), and the distance between the hoistway faces of the landing door or gate and the car door or gate shall not exceed 133 mm (5.25 in.).
Hoistway doors or gates shall be provided with hoistway door interlocks or with locking devices and electric contacts conforming to Section 2.12.
Except at the entrance, cars shall be fully enclosed with metal at the sides and top. The enclosure at the sides shall be solid or openwork that will reject a ball 25 mm (1 in.) in diameter. The minimum clear height inside the car shall be 1980 mm (78 in.).
The car enclosure shall be secured to the platform in such a manner that it cannot work loose or become displaced in regular service.
Each car shall be provided with an electric light and a light control switch. The light shall provide illumination of atleast 27 lx (2.5 fc) at the landing edge of the car platform.
When car size and construction permit, and other conditions warrant, an emergency exit with a cover shall be permitted in the top of the car enclosure conforming to 5.7.10.4.1 through 5.7.10.4.4.
The exit opening shall have an area not less than 0.26 m2 (400 in.2), and shall not measure less than 400 mm (16 in.] on any side.
The exit shall be located to provide a clear passageway unobstructed by fixed elevator equipment located in, or on top of, the car.
The exit cover shall open outward and shall be hinged, or otherwise attached, to the car top.
The exit cover shall be equipped with a switch or contact that, when opened, will cause a device to remove power from the machine motor and brake. The exit cover switch or contact shall be a manual-reset type.
A car door or gate that, when closed, shall guard the opening to its full height, shall be provided at each entrance to the car. Car doors shall be solid or openwork construction that will reject a ball 25 mm (1 in.] in diameter. Collapsible car gates shall be a design that, when fully closed (extended position], will reject a ball 75 mm (3 in.] in diameter.
Elevator car frames shall be metal. Elevator car platforms shall be metal or a combination of metal and wood. Where wood is used, the platform shall conform to 2.15.8. Car frames and platforms shall have a factor of safety not less than 5, based on the rated load.
Cast iron shall not be used in the construction of any member of the car frame or platform other than for guide shoes and guide-shoe brackets.
Glass shall not be used in elevator cars, except for the car light and accessories necessary for the operation of the car or car vision panels that, if provided, shall conform to 2.14.2.5.
The car shall not have more than one compartment.
Capacity and data plates, conforming to 2.16.3, shall be provided.
The rated load shall not exceed 454 kg (1,000 lb]. The inside net platform area shall not exceed 1.208 m2 (13 ft2]. The minimum rated load shall not be less than that based on 3.35 kPa (70 lbf/ft2] of inside net platform area or 113 kg (250 lb], whichever is greater. The rated speed shall not exceed 0.76 m/s (150 ft/min]. Winding-drum machines shall comply with 2.24.1.
Cars suspended by wire ropes shall be provided with a car safety capable of stopping and sustaining the car with rated load. The safeties shall be Type A and shall conform to 2.17.5.1.
The car safety shall be actuated by a speed governor. The governor shall be operated to set the safety in accordance with Table 2.18.2.1, with the maximum permissible speed allowed being 1.05 m/s (210 ft/min]. The operation of the safety shall conform to 2.17.8.1.
The speed governor shall be located where it cannot be struck by the car or counterweight in case of overtravel and where there is sufficient space for full movement of the governor parts. Governor ropes shall conform to 2.18.5.1 through 2.18.5.3.
The car shall be provided with one or more safeties identified in 4.1.17.
The travel of the car measured from the governor tripping to the full stop shall not exceed the following values:
(a) for car safeties: 1625 mm (64 in.]
(b) for counterweight safeties: 1980 mm (78 in.]
Governor ropes shall conform to 2.18.5, when applicable.
The motor control circuit and the brake control circuit shall be opened before, or at the time, the safety applies.
A car safety device that depends on the completion or maintenance of an electric circuit for the application of the safety shall not be used. Car safeties shall be applied mechanically.
The minimum factors of safety and stresses of safety parts and any associated rope connections shall conform to 2.17.12.
Suspension means shall consist of not less than two wire ropes.
Only iron (low-carbon steel] or steel wire ropes, having the commercial classification "Elevator Wire Rope," or wire rope specifically constructed for elevator use shall be used for the suspension of elevator cars and for the suspension of counterweights. The wire material for ropes shall be manufactured by the open-hearth or electric furnace process or their equivalent.
The minimum diameter of any suspension rope shall be not less than 9.5 mm (0.375 in.).
The arc of contact of a wire rope on a traction sheave and the shape of the grooves shall be sufficient to produce adequate traction under all load conditions.
All wire ropes anchored to a winding drum shall have not less than one full turn of rope on the drum when the car or counterweight has reached its limit of possible overtravel, including a fully compressed buffer. Each turn of the wire rope on the winding drum shall be in a separate groove on the drum.
No car or counterweight rope shall be lengthened or repaired by splicing. If one wire rope of a set is worn or damaged and requires replacement, the entire set of ropes shall be replaced.
The winding-drum ends of car and counterweight wire ropes shall be secured by clamps on the inside of the drum or by one of the methods specified in 5.7.14.8 for fastening wire ropes to the car or counterweight.
The car or counterweight ends of wire ropes shall be fastened by properly made individual tapered babbitted sockets or by properly attached fittings as recommended by wire rope manufacturers.
Tapered babbitted rope sockets and the method of babbitting shall conform to 2.20.9.4 and 2.20.9.6. The diameter of the hole in the small end of the socket shall not exceed the nominal diameter of the rope by more than 2.4 mm (0.094 in.).
Counterweights shall be guided to prevent horizontal movement. Guide rails, where used, shall conform to 5.7.17.
A car counterweight on winding-drum elevators shall not be sufficient weight to cause slackening of any car hoisting rope during acceleration or retardation of the car.
(a) One-piece solid or laminated steel counterweights shall be permitted to be used.
(b) Means shall be provided to retain counterweight sections, if used, in place if they become broken, whether carried in a frame or not. If tie-rods are used, the sections shall be fastened together by a minimum of two tie-rods that pass through all weight sections. Tie-rods shall be provided with locknuts and cotter pins at each end.
Car and counterweight buffers shall either
(a) conform to the applicable requirements of 2.22.1.1.1, 2.22.1.2, 2.22.2, and 2.22.3.
(b) be designed and installed so that they will not be fully compressed when struck by the car with its rated load at the governor tripping speed. Kinetic energy from the drive unit and the effect of the counterweight shall be taken into account in the design. The effect of the counterweight, where used, shall also be taken into account in the design calculations. The requirements of 2.22.3.2 do not apply to car buffers.
Car guide rails shall be provided and shall conform to 5.7.17.1 through 5.7.17.3.
Guide rails and guide-rail fastenings shall be steel or, where steel presents a hazard, as in chemical or explosive atmospheres, guide rails shall be permitted to be selected wood or other suitable nonferrous materials.
Guide rails shall be securely fastened, shall not deflect more than 6 mm (0.25 in.) under normal operation, and shall have their joints well fitted and strongly secured. Guide rails and their joints and fastenings shall withstand without failure the application of the car safety when stopping the car with its rated load.
Guide rails shall extend from the bottom of the hoistway to a sufficient height above the top landing to prevent the guide shoes from running off the rails when the car or counterweight is at its extreme upper position.
Driving machines shall be the traction, drum, screw, or rack-and-pinion type. The installation of belt-drive and chain-drive machines is prohibited.
Screw machines shall conform to 4.2.15.
The rack-and-pinion drive shall comply with 4.1.24.
The traction drive shall comply with Section 2.24.
The winding-drum drive shall comply with Section 2.24.
Winding drums, traction sheaves, and overhead and deflecting sheaves shall be cast iron or steel and shall have a pitch diameter not less than 30 times the diameter of the wire suspension ropes, except that where 8 x 1 9 steel ropes are used on a drum-type machine installation, the pitch diameter of drums and sheaves shall be permitted to be reduced to 21 times the diameter of the rope. The rope grooves shall be machined.
The factor of safety for driving machines and sheaves shall conform to 2.24.3.1 and 2.24.3.2, and 4.1.24.2 for rack-and-pinion machines.
Bolts transmitting torque, and set screws shall conform to 2.24.4.
Friction-gearing or clutch mechanisms shall not be used for connecting the drum or sheaves to the main driving mechanism.
Worms and worm gears made of cast iron shall not be used.
Driving machines shall be equipped with electrically released spring-applied friction brakes.
A single ground or short circuit, a countervoltage, or a motor field discharge shall not prevent the brake magnet from allowing the brake to set when the operating device is placed in the stop position.
A permanent, safe, and convenient means of access to elevator machine rooms and overhead machinery spaces shall be provided for authorized personnel.
When an electrical protective device is activated (operated, opened), it shall cause the electric power to be removed from the elevator driving-machine motor and brake. Electrical protective devices shall be provided as specified in 5.7.19.2.1 through 5.7.19.2.39.
NOTE: The requirements of 5.7.19.2 are organized to parallel those in 2.26.2, as indicated by the last digit(s) of the paragraph designations (e.g., 2.26.2.1 and 5.7.19.2.1 both address slack-rope switch requirements). Where numbers skip (e.g., 5.7.19.2.11 is followed by 5.7.19.2.14), 5.7.19.2 has no requirement parallel to that in 2.26.2.
Winding-drum machines shall be provided with a slack-rope device equipped with a slack-rope switch of the enclosed manually reset type. This switch shall operate whenever the ropes are slack.
Motor field sensing means shall conform to 2.26.2.4.
Broken rope, tape, or chain switches shall be provided when required by 2.25.2.3.2 or 2.25.4.1.8(b).
A stop switch conforming to 2.26.2.5(a) through 2.26.2.5(c) shall be provided in the pit of every elevator (see 2.2.6).
A stop switch conforming to 2.26.2.5(a) through 2.26.2.5(c) shall be provided on the top of every elevator car.
A switch conforming to 2.17.7.1 through 2.17.7.4, or to 4.1.18.1 for rack-and-pinion safeties with integral speed governors, shall be required where a car safety is provided.
A speed governor overspeed switch shall be provided and shall conform to 2.18.4.1.1, 2.18.4.1.2, and 2.18.4.2.3, or to 4.1.18.1 for integral rack-and-pinion speed governors.
Car door and gate electric contacts conforming to 5.7.9 shall be provided for all elevators except when car door interlocks conforming to 5.7.19.2.28 are provided.
A car top emergency exit electrical device, when provided, shall conform to 5.7.10.4.4.
When a motor-generator set is provided, means shall be provided to cause the electric power to be removed automatically from the elevator driving-machine motor and brake should a motor-generator set, driven by a DC motor, overspeed excessively.
A stop switch conforming to 2.26.2.5(a) through 2.26.2.5(c) shall be provided in remote machine and control rooms where required by 2.7.8.
A stop switch conforming to 2.26.2.5(a) through 2.26.2.5(c) shall be provided in the overhead machinery space in the hoistway where required by 2.7.3.5.
An electric contact shall be provided on each pit access door where required by 2.2.4.5.
A stop switch conforming to 2.26.2.5(a) through 2.26.2.5(c) shall be provided in the remote counterweight hoistway where required by 2.3.3.3.
A car door interlock conforming to 5.7.9 shall be provided where required by 2.14.4.2.1.
An ascending car overspeed device shall be provided on counterweighted elevators, where the counterweight is heavier than the empty car. The ascending car overspeed device, when provided, shall meet the requirements of 2.19.1.2(a).
An unintended car movement device, when provided, shall meet the requirements of 2.26.2.30.
A firefighters' stop switch, where provided, shall conform to the requirements of 2.26.2.33.
An unexpected car movement device, where provided, shall conform to 2.26.2.34.
An electric contact on equipment access panels, where provided, shall conform to 2.26.2.35.
A working platform electrical contact, where provided, shall conform to 2.26.2.36.
A retractable stop electrical device contact, where provided, shall conform to 2.26.2.37.
A retractable ladder electrical device contact, where provided, shall conform to 2.26.2.38.
A sway control guide slack suspension detection means, when provided, shall meet the requirements of 2.26.2.39.
Where electromechanical contactors or relays are provided, they shall conform to 2.26.3.
All electrical equipment and wiring shall conform to 2.26.4.
When power-operated car doors that are mechanically coupled with the landing doors are provided, they shall conform to 2.26.5.
Elevators having a polyphase AC power supply shall conform to 2.26.6.
The installation of capacitors or other devices to make electrical protective devices ineffective shall conform to 2.26.7.
The release and application of driving-machine brakes shall conform to 2.26.8.
The design and installation of the control and operating circuits shall conform to 2.26.9.
The absorption of regenerated power shall conform to 2.26.10.
The following types of operation shall be permitted:
(b) momentary-pressure operation with up-down buttons or switches in the car and up-down buttons or switches, or call buttons, at each landing. It is not required that the operation be selective.
Hand-rope operation shall not be used.
Each elevator shall be equipped with an alarm button or switch in the car operating station and an alarm device mounted in a location that shall be readily available to a person who is normally situated in the vicinity when the elevator is in use, or a means of voice communication to a receiving station that is always attended when the installation is in use. If the alarm device or means of voice communication is normally activated by utility power supply, it shall be backed up by a manual or battery-operated device.
Information provided on layout drawings shall conform to 2.28.1 or, for rack-and-pinion elevators, 4.1.28.
All welding shall conform to Section 8.8.
Section 5.8 applies to elevators installed on board a marine vessel. See also Part 8 for additional requirements that apply to marine elevators.
Electric marine elevators shall conform to Part 2, except as modified by Section 5.8.
The hoistway shall be entirely enclosed over all of its height by means of a continuous solid steel fire-resistive enclosure with an equivalent fire-resistance rating of 1 h as defined in the 1974 Amendment of SOLAS Regulation 3. Elevators with total travel within one compartment of the vessel shall be permitted to be enclosed with expanded metal having openings a maximum of 25 mm (1 in.). The hoistway enclosure shall be of sufficient strength to prevent contact between the enclosure and the car or counterweight when the enclosure is subjected to a force of 1112 N (250 lbf) applied at right angles at any point over an area of 100 mm x 100 mm (4 in. x 4 in.).
The hoistway shall be entirely enclosed over all of its height by means of a continuous solid steel fire-resistive enclosure with an equivalent fire-resistance rating of 1 h as defined in the 1974 Amendment of SOLAS Regulation 3. Where a separate counterweight hoistway is provided on an elevator that has total travel within a single compartment of the vessel, it shall be permitted to be enclosed with expanded metal having openings a maximum of 25 mm (1 in.). The hoistway enclosure shall be of sufficient strength to prevent contact of the car or counterweight and its enclosure when the enclosure is subjected to a force of 1112 N (250 lbf) applied at right angles at any point over an area of 100 mm x 100 mm (4 in. x 4 in.).
All elevators shall be provided with elevator counterweight safeties conforming to 2.17.4.
Except when opening and closing in response to control signals, each hoistway door shall have means to prevent door movement and slamming when the vessel is subjected to conditions up to and including a 30-deg roll and a 10-deg pitch simultaneously.
It shall be permissible to open the top emergency exit cover from the top of the car or from within the car. This exit cover shall be provided with an electric contact conforming to 2.14.5.7. The breaking of this contact shall cause the power to be removed from the elevator driving motor and brake and the power shall be restored only by a manually operated reset switch located inside the elevator enclosure. Means shall be provided within the elevator car to gain access to the top emergency exit. A fixed vertical ladder of noncombustible material shall be provided on the inside of the hoistway to permit access from the top of the car to the hoistway entrance above. Means shall be provided to snap latch the cover closed or fully open.
Elevators used primarily for the movement of personnel shall have the electrical power meet the requirements of IEEE 45, with car enclosure lighting to be supplied from the vessel's final emergency power source. In addition, a standby (emergency) lighting power source shall be furnished conforming to 2.14.7.1.3.
Traction driving machines shall be provided with a device to cause the elevator to stop and remain stopped if
(a) when a start is initiated, the driving machine does not rotate
(b) the car or counterweight is stopped in a downward motion by an obstruction that causes the suspension ropes to slip on the driving sheave
This device shall function in a time that does not exceed the smaller of the following values:
(a) 45 s
(b) the time for the car to travel the full travel, plus 10 s, with a minimum of 20 s if the full travel time is less than 10 s
This device shall not affect operation from the top-of-car inspection station.
Driving machines shall be provided with a manual means of operation, allowing the car to be moved to the nearest landing in the event of a power failure. This shall be done by having the end of the drive motor shaft arranged to receive a crank. The manual effort required to move the car in the upward direction with rated load shall not exceed 400 N (90 lbf). One crank or tool shall be furnished for this purpose.
(a) Shipboard elevators shall be required to conform to 2.27.1.1.
(b) In ships or offshore drilling rigs in which a watchman is not continuously available to take action when the required emergency signal is operated, the elevator shall be provided with one of the following additional emergency signaling devices:
(1) a telephone connected to a central telephone exchange system
(2) means within the car for communicating with or signaling to an emergency service that operates 24 h each day
Elevators shall be designed and installed to function in accordance with Sections 2.14 through 2.28 when operating under the following conditions inherent to the installation location:
(a) continuous vibration: 2 mm (0.08 in.) peak to peak of frequency 0 Hz to 25 Hz
(b) rolling: ± 10 deg, period 10 s
(c) pitching: ± 5 deg, period 7 s
(d) heaving amplitude: A 3.8, period 10 s, calculated by the formula4 = 3.8 - 0.01 (L - 250), where L is the length of the ship, in meters, measured between the perpendicular taken at extremities of the deepest subdivision loadline
Cars shall be fitted with at least one handrail.
Cars shall be fitted with slip-resistant flooring.
Hydraulic shipboard elevators shall conform to Part 3, except as modified by 5.8.1 and 5.8.2.
Power unit oil storage tanks shall be constructed in such a manner to prevent spillage of hydraulic fluid under the following conditions inherent to the installation location:
(a) rolling: ± 45 deg
(b) pitching: ± 5 deg
Elevators shall be designed and installed to function in accordance with Part 3 when operating under the following conditions inherent to the installation location:
(a) continuous vibration: 2 mm peak to peak of frequency 0 Hz to 25 Hz
(b) rolling: ± 10 deg, period 10 s
(c) pitching: ± 5 deg, period 7 s
(d) heaving amplitude: A 3.8, period 10 s, calculated by the formula4 = 3.8 - 0.01 (L - 250), where L is the length of the ship, in meters, measured between the perpendicular taken at extremities of the deepest subdivision loadline
Cars shall be fitted with at least one handrail.
Cars shall be fitted with slip-resistant flooring.
Rack-and-pinion shipboard elevators shall conform to Section 4.1, except as modified by 5.8.1 and 5.8.3.
Elevators shall be designed and installed to function in accordance with Section 4.1 when operating under the following conditions inherent to the installation location:
(a) continuous vibration: 2 mm peak to peak of frequency 0 Hz to 25 Hz
(b) rolling: ± 10 deg, period 10 s
(c) pitching: ± 5 deg, period 7 s
(d) heaving amplitude: A 3.8, period 10 s, calculated by the formula A = 3.8 - 0.01 (L - 250), where L is the length of the ship, in meters, measured between the perpendicular taken at extremities of the deepest subdivision loadline
Cars shall be fitted with at least one handrail.
Cars shall be fitted with slip-resistant flooring.
In jurisdictions not enforcing the NBCC, Section 5.9 applies to elevators as covered by Part 2, permanently installed in mine shafts. The purpose is to provide vertical transportation of mine personnel, their tools and equipment, and mine supplies. By reason of their limited use, operating environment, and the types of construction of the mines served, compliance with Part 2 is modified as follows (see also Section 1.3):
(a) Substitute "Title 30 Code of Federal Regulations" or "state mine laws" (if applicable) for "building code."
(b) Substitute "mine" for "building."
(c) Requirements modified in Section 5.9.
NOTES (Section 5.9):
(1) Title 30 Code of Federal Regulations provides for certain additional and more stringent requirements. Where applicable, Title 30 requirements have been addressed in this Section.
(2) See also Part 8 for additional requirements that apply to mine elevators.
The construction of hoistway enclosures shall conform to Section 2.1, except as modified by the following:
(a) Requirement 2.1.1 does not apply, except for 2.1.1.3 and 2.1.1.5, which do apply.
(b) Requirement 2.1.6.2 does not apply.
Pits or the area below the elevator shall conform to Section 2.2, except as modified by 5.9.2.1 through 5.9.2.3.
When the pit extends below the mine level, a pit water level alarm shall be provided in an attended location to annunciate water accumulation in the elevator pit. This water level alarm shall be powered from the elevator electrical source. The elevator shall return to the surface and shall not be permitted to start if the power to the water level annunciator is interrupted.
When the pit extends below the mine level, a standard railing shall be provided around the pit. Where necessary, guarding shall be provided to prevent accidental contact with moving elevator equipment.
When the bottom of the hoistway is located at or above the mine level, a walk-in pit is permitted. A ramp shall be permanently installed to provide access to the mine level from the bottom landing. Required bottom runby and space for the buffers, tension frames, and other equipment normally installed in the pit shall be considered when determining the location of the bottom landing. The pit floor shall be designed to prevent accumulation of water in the area. The area shall be protected with either an unperforated metal guard or, if openwork, guards shall reject a ball 50 mm (2 in.) in diameter. Guards shall extend not less than 2000 mm (78 in.) above the level of the pit floor.
The location and guarding of counterweights shall conform to Section 2.3.
Bottom and top car clearances and runbys for cars and counterweights shall conform to Section 2.4, except 2.4.7.1 shall have the clearance above the car top protection conform to 2.4.7.1(c).
Horizontal car and counterweight clearances shall conform to Section 2.5, except as modified by 5.9.5.
Requirement 2.5.1.5 only applies when the car is located at the lower landing.
The protection of space below the hoistways shall conform to Section 2.6.
Machine rooms and machinery spaces shall conform to Section 2.7, except as modified by the following:
(a) Requirement 2.7.1.1.2 does not apply.
(b) Note (3) in 2.7.1.1 does not apply.
Electrical equipment, wiring, pipes, and ducts in hoistways and machine rooms shall comply with Section 2.8, except as modified by 5.9.8.1 and 5.9.8.2.
In addition to the requirements of 2.8.1, all wiring, raceways, and traveling cables installed in the hoistway or on the car, used directly in connection with the elevator, shall be suitable for weatherproof (NEMA 4) application. Suitable expansion joints shall be provided in vertical raceways, if necessary, to prevent damage caused by extreme temperature changes.
Requirement 2.8.3 does not apply.
(a) All pipes shall be secured to prevent interference with the elevator equipment.
(b) The clearance between pipes, fittings, brackets, and elevator equipment shall be not less than 25 mm (1 in.).
(c) All pipes shall be suitably identified as to their contents.
NOTE (5.9.8): Note (1) in 2.8.5 does not apply.
Machinery and sheave beams, supports, and foundations shall conform to Section 2.9.
The guarding of equipment and the standard railing shall conform to Section 2.10.
The protection of hoistway landing openings shall conform to Section 2.11, except as modified by the following:
(a) Requirement 2.11.7.2 does not apply. Glass hoistway doors are prohibited.
(b) Requirement 2.11.14 does not apply.
(c) Requirement 2.11.15 does not apply.
(d) Requirement 2.11.16 does not apply.
(e) Requirement 2.11.17 does not apply.
(f) Requirement 2.11.18 does not apply.
(g) Requirement 2.11.19 does not apply.
When provided, power operation of hoistway doors and car doors and gates shall conform to Section 2.13.
Car enclosures, car doors and gates, and car illumination shall conform to Section 2.14, except as modified by 5.9.14.1 through 5.9.14.5.
A car top access panel shall be provided in the top of all elevator cars. Car top access panels shall conform to the following:
(a) Requirement 2.14.1.5 applies, except as modified by this requirement. The car top access panel will substitute for the car top emergency exit panel.
(b) The car top access panel shall have an area not less than 0.58 m2 (900 in.2) and shall measure not less than 635 mm (25 in.) on any side. The panel shall open outward or slide over the car top. It shall be hinged, or be retained in a track. The movable portion of the access panel, if hinged, shall be provided with means to counterbalance the panel and restrain it from closing when in the open position. The force required to open the access panel or prevent it from closing shall not exceed 45 N (10 lbf). When in the fully opened position, the access panel shall resist accidental closing. The movable portion of the access panel shall not reduce the running clearance. The access panel shall be openable without the use of tools or keys.
(c) The car top access panel shall be provided with a switch whose contacts are positively opened mechanically, and their opening shall not be dependent on springs that will initiate a controlled slowdown and stop when the access panel is opened. A permanently mounted emergency stop switch shall be located on top of the car, adjacent to the access panel, to secure the car prior to transferring to inspection operation.
A permanent fixed ladder shall be provided for passage through the car top access panel. The ladder shall project through the car canopy at least 1070 mm (42 in.) above the car top, or handgrips shall be provided to the same height.
The rungs, cleats, or steps shall be spaced 300 mm (12 in.) on center. A clear distance of not less than 115 mm (4.5 in.) from the centerline of the rungs, cleats, or steps to the nearest permanent object in the back of the ladder shall be provided. Handgrips, if provided, shall have a clear distance of not less than 115 mm (4.5 in.) from their centerline to the nearest permanent object.
Protection from falling debris shall be provided on all car tops. The car top protection shall
(a) not interfere with the use of the car top access panel
(b) be solid without perforations and shall comply with the strength requirements of 2.14.1.6
(c) provide a minimum head height clearance of 2 m (78 in.)
(d) be removable if the car top protection interferes with normal inspection, maintenance, repairs, or rescue
Requirement 2.14.1.7.2 does not apply.
Requirement 2.14.7.1.3 does not apply.
Car frames, platforms, bolts, rivets, and fastenings shall be treated with a corrosion-resistant protective coating, be electroplated, or be made of corrosion-resistant material.
Capacity and loading requirements shall conform to Section 2.16.
Car and counterweight safeties shall conform to Section 2.17, except as modified by 5.9.17.1 through 5.9.17.5.
Requirement 2.17.7.2 applies, except every safety shall be provided with a switch, operated by the safety mechanism (see 2.26.2.9).
The counterweight safety switch shall be operated by the safety mechanism, or a means to detect application of the safety independent from the counterweight governor switch(es) shall be provided.
Requirement 2.17.7.3 applies to both car and counterweight safety mechanism switches.
Requirement 2.17.7.4 applies to both car and counterweight safety mechanism switches.
Requirement 2.17.9.1 applies, except safeties applied by rope drums are prohibited.
Requirement 2.17.9.3 applies to both car and counterweight safeties. When the counterweight safeties are furnished, means shall be provided to release the safeties if both safeties are applied simultaneously.
Speed governors shall conform to Section 2.18, except as modified by 5.9.18.1.
In addition to the requirements of 2.18.7, the governor rope tension sheave shall be provided with a governor rope tension sheave switch or switches mechanically opened by the governor rope tension sheave before the sheave reaches its upper or lower limit of travel, to cause the elevator speed to be reduced to 0.75 m/s (150 ft/min). This switch shall be manually reset.
When elevator suspension or compensating means or governor ropes are exposed to an environment that will cause corrosion, surface pitting, or loss of cross-sectional area, the wire ropes shall be constructed of electrogalvanized or other type of corrosion-resistant material suitable for the environment and application.
Counterweights shall conform to Section 2.21, except 2.21.4.2 does not apply.
Buffers and bumpers shall conform to Section 2.22, except as modified by the following:
(a) Oil buffers shall be suitable for operation at the extreme temperatures experienced in the anticipated mining environment.
(b) Requirement 2.22.4.5.1(c) applies, except that all oil buffers shall be provided with a switch conforming to 2.26.4.3 that will cause the power to be removed from the driving machine when the plunger is not within 13 mm (0.5 in.) of the fully extended position.
(c) Reduced-stroke buffers shall not be provided on mine elevators.
Car and counterweight guide rails, guide-rail supports, and fastenings shall conform to Section 2.23.
Terminal stopping devices shall conform to Section 2.25.
An emergency stop switch shall be provided in the car, located in or adjacent to each car operating panel.
When open ("STOP" position), this switch shall cause the electric power to be removed from the elevator driving-machine motor and brake.
(a) be the manually opened and closed type
(b) have red operating buttons of the push-to-stop configuration and be designed, installed, or guarded to protect against inadvertent movement of the switch
(c) be conspicuously and permanently marked "STOP," and shall indicate the "STOP" and "RUN" positions
(d) while open, cause the audible device to sound (see 2.27.1.2)
(e) conform to 2.26.4.3
Inspection operation shall not be used to transport miners in elevators except in an emergency.
Elevators shall be provided with an emergency or standby power system to operate the elevator if the normal power supply fails. The emergency or standby power system shall be capable of operating the elevator with rated load. The emergency or standby power system shall be capable of providing rated load power for a period of at least 4 h.
The transfer between the normal power system and the emergency or standby power system shall be automatic.
Conformance to Section 2.27 is not required, except 2.27.1.1.1 and 2.27.1.2 apply.
Information required on layout drawings shall conform to Section 2.28.
Identification of equipment shall conform to Section 2.29, except 2.29.2 does not apply.
Welding shall conform to Section 8.8, except when welding in or above the hoistway, requirements of 30 CFR 75.1106 and 30 CFR 75.1106-1 apply.
Section 5.10 applies to elevators temporarily used for construction or demolition to provide transportation for construction personnel, tools, and materials only.
Such elevators use temporary or permanent equipment in a temporary or permanent location. Because of their special use in a special environment, full compliance with Part 2 and Part 3 is not practical or necessary.
Requirement 5.10.1 applies to electric elevators used for construction.
Requirement 5.10.2 applies to hydraulic elevators of the direct-plunger type used for construction.
Elevators used for construction shall not be accessible to the general public unless they comply with Part 2 or Part 3.
NOTE (Section 5.10): See also Part 8 for additional requirements that apply to elevators used for construction.
(a) Where the hoistway is adjacent to areas permitting passage of people (e.g., stairwells, floors, and work space exterior to the hoistway), it shall be fully enclosed. The enclosure shall be of sufficient strength to prevent contact between the enclosure material and the car or counterweight when the enclosure is subjected to a force of 890 N (200 lbf) applied at right angles at any point on an area 100 mm x 100 mm (4 in. x 4 in.). Openwork enclosures shall be permitted to be used on all but the entrance side of the hoistway and shall reject a ball 25 mm (1 in.) in diameter. Openwork enclosures shall be located to provide at least 150 mm (6 in.) clearance between the outside of the enclosure and the closest member of the car or counterweight assembly. Openwork enclosures shall not be used on elevators with car speeds over 1.75 m/s (350 ft/min).
(b) Overhead protection shall be provided across the entire cross-sectional area of the hoistway. It shall be located above the machine when the machine is located directly over the elevator, and shall be capable of sustaining a concentrated load of 1335 N (300 lbf) on any area 100 mm x 100 mm (4 in. x 4 in.).
(c) Where the elevator is operating in a multiple hoistway, and work is to be performed in an adjacent portion of that multiple hoistway, the construction elevator's hoistway shall be fully separated. The material used for this separation shall
(1) be as strong as or stronger than 1 mm (0.0437 in.) diameter wire
(2) have openings not exceeding 25 mm (1 in.)
(3) be supported and braced so that when subjected to a pressure of 4.79 kPa (100 lbf/ft2) applied horizontally at any point, the deflection shall not exceed 25 mm (1 in.)
(a) Hoisting of materials in any portion of the hoistway of an elevator used for construction is prohibited unless the car is not in use and is unoccupied.
(b) Conformance with 5.10.1.1.1(c) is required to allow work in adjacent portions of a multiple hoistway.
(c) Hoisting of materials in adjacent portions of a multiple hoistway is prohibited unless under the direct supervision of the elevator contractor.
(a) A pit shall be provided for every elevator.
(b) The design shall conform to 5.10.1.1.1.
(c) Guards between adjacent pits shall conform to 5.10.1.1.1(c).
(d) The minimum pit depth required shall conform to 2.2.7.
The location of the counterweights shall conform to 2.3.1.
(a) Counterweight guards shall be installed in the pit on all open sides of the counterweight runway, except as follows:
(1) Where compensating chains or ropes are attached to the counterweight, the guard shall be permitted to be omitted on the side facing the elevator car.
(2) Where pit-mounted buffers are used, the guard is permitted to be omitted where the bottom of the counterweight resting on its compressed buffer is 2130 mm (84 in.) or more above the pit floor.
(b) The design, construction, and location of the guards shall conform to 2.3.2.2. Perforated material that will reject a ball 25 mm (1 in.) in diameter shall be permitted to be used.
Where separate counterweight hoistways are provided, they shall conform to
(a) requirement 2.3.3 for a permanent separate hoistway
(b) requirement 5.10.1.1.1 for a temporary separate hoistway
(a) Horizontal car and counterweight clearances shall conform to 2.5.1.1 through 2.5.1.3 and 2.5.1.6.
(b) The clearance between the car and landing sills shall conform to 2.5.1.4, except that the maximum clearance shall be not more than 100 mm (4 in.).
Protection of spaces below hoistways not extending to the lowest level of the structure shall conform to the applicable requirements of Section 2.6, or the space below the hoistway shall be temporarily secured from occupancy with a fence or wall.
(a) Spaces containing machines, control equipment, sheaves, and other machinery shall be fully enclosed and protected from the elements. Enclosures shall be supported and braced to deflect not over 25 mm (1 in.) when subjected to a force of 450 N (100 lbf) applied horizontally over an area 100 mm x 100 mm (4 in. x 4 in.). The overhead protection of the machine room shall conform to 5.10.1.1.1(b). The floor of the machine room shall conform to 5.10.1.7.2.
(b) A safe means of access to the machine room and machinery spaces shall be provided for authorized personnel. Access doors shall be a minimum height of 1830 mm (72 in.) and shall be kept closed and locked.
(c) Temporary electric lighting shall be provided in the machine room and machinery spaces. The illumination shall be not less than 100 lx (10 fc) at the floor level.
(d) Machine rooms shall be maintained free of refuse and shall not be used for the storage of material unnecessary for the construction, maintenance, or operation of the elevator. Flammable liquids having a flash point less than 38°C (100°F) shall not be kept in the machine room.
(a) A metal, concrete, or wood floor shall be provided, except that floors are not required below the following:
(1) secondary and deflecting sheaves of traction-type machines located over the hoistway
(2) overhead sheaves, governors, and other equipment where the elevator machine is located below or at the side of the hoistway, provided that
(-a) means of access for inspecting and servicing of governors is provided
(-b) sheaves and other equipment (except governors) shall be permitted to be inspected and serviced from the top of the car or by other means
(b) The floor shall be located above, level with, or directly below the machine beams.
(c) Floors shall be designed to carry a minimum live load of 195 kg/m2 (40 lb/ft2).
(d) Floors shall be concrete, wood, or metal with or without perforations. Wood planking, when used, shall be scaffold grade or equivalent as recognized by approved grading rules for the species of wood used.
(e) The area to be covered by the floor shall conform to 2.1.3.4.
Beams, supports, and foundations shall conform to Section 2.9.
NOTE: Temporary structural reinforcement shall be permitted to be used to meet the requirements of 5.10.1.
The full width of each landing opening shall be protected to its full height by doors, gates, transoms, or any combination thereof. The entire entrance assembly shall be capable of withstanding a force of 1112 N (250 lbf) applied on the landing side at right angles to and approximately at the center of a panel. This force shall be distributed over an area 100 mm x 100 mm (4 in. x 4 in.). There shall be no permanent displacement or deformation of any parts of the entrance assembly resulting from this test. Openwork entrances shall reject a ball 25 mm (1 in.) in diameter. Where permanent doors are provided, they shall conform to Sections 2.11 through 2.13.
Emergency doors shall conform to 2.11.1.2.
(a) Where permanent hoistway doors are installed, vision panels shall conform to 2.11.7.
(b) Where temporary swinging solid hoistway doors are used, a vision panel covered with material that will reject a ball 25 mm (1 in.) in diameter and have a deflection not greater than any other part of the door shall be provided. The total area of the vision panel shall be not more than 0.016 m2 (25 in.2) and it shall be located between 1370 mm (54 in.) and 1675 mm (66 in.) above the floor level.
(a) For elevators with car speeds up to 1.75 m/s (350 ft/min), hoistway doors or gates shall be provided with means that will latch the doors or gates mechanically so that they cannot be opened from the landing side, conforming to 5.10.1.21.1. Means shall be provided at a designated landing for unlatching the hoistway door or gate from the landing side to permit access to the car. At this landing, positive means shall be provided to lock the elevator entrance out of service.
(b) For elevators with car speeds over 1.75 m/s (350 ft/min), hoistway doors shall be provided with either of the following:
(1)<