For the alteration of any lighting system in an interior space, that space shall comply with the lighting power density (LPD) allowances of Section 9.5.1 or 9.6.1 and the control requirements of Section 18.104.22.168 (a), (b), (c), (d), (g), (h), and (i), as applicable to that space.
For the alteration of any lighting system for the exterior of a building application, that lighting system shall comply with the lighting power density (LPD) allowances of Section 9.4.2 applicable to the area illuminated by that lighting system and the applicable control requirements of Sections 22.214.171.124 and 9.4.2.
- The wattage of line-voltage luminaires not containing permanently installed ballasts, transformers, or similar devices shall be the manufacturers' labeled maximum wattage of the luminaire.
- The wattage of luminaires with permanently installed or remote ballasts/drivers, transformers, or similar devices shall be the operating input wattage of the maximum lamp/auxiliary combination based on values from the auxiliary manufacturers' literature or recognized testing laboratories or shall be the maximum labeled wattage of the luminaire.
- For line-voltage lighting track and plug-in busway designed to allow the addition and/or relocation of luminaires without altering the wiring of the system, the wattage shall be
- The wattage of low-voltage lighting track, cable conductor, rail conductor, and other flexible lighting systems that allow the addition and/or relocation of luminaires without altering the wiring of the system shall be the specified wattage of the transformer supplying the system.
- The wattage of all other miscellaneous lighting equipment shall be the specified wattage of the lighting equipment.
This method, described in Section 9.6, is an alternative approach that allows greater flexibility.
The interior lighting power allowance for a building or a separately metered or permitted portion of a building shall be determined by either the Building Area Method, described in Section 9.5, or the Space-by-Space Method, described in Section 9.6. Trade-offs of interior lighting power allowance among portions of the building for which a different method of calculation has been used are not permitted. The installed interior lighting power identified in accordance with Section 9.1.3 shall not exceed the interior lighting power allowance developed in accordance with Section 9.5 or 9.6.
For each space in the building, all of the lighting control functions indicated in Table 9.6.1, for the appropriate space type in the first column, and as described below, shall be implemented. All control functions labeled with an "REQ" are mandatory and shall be implemented. If a space type has control functions labeled "ADD1," then at least one of those functions shall be implemented. If a space type has control functions labeled "ADD2," then at least one of those functions shall be implemented. For space types not listed, select a reasonably equivalent type.
- Local control: There shall be one or more manual lighting controls in the space that controls all of the lighting in the space. Each control device shall control an area (1) no larger than 2500 ft2 if the space is ≤10,000 ft2 and (2) no larger than 10,000 ft2 otherwise. The device installed to comply with this provision shall be readily accessible and located so that the occupants can see the controlled lighting when using the control device.
- Restricted to manual ON: None of the lighting shall be automatically turned on.
- Restricted to partial automatic ON: No more than 50% of the lighting power for the general lighting shall be allowed to be automatically turned on, and none of the remaining lighting shall be automatically turned on.
- Bilevel lighting control: The general lighting in the space shall be controlled so as to provide at least one intermediate step in lighting power or continuous dimming in addition to full ON and full OFF. At least one intermediate step shall be between 30% and 70% (inclusive) of full lighting power.
- Automatic daylight responsive controls for sidelighting: In any space where the combined input power of all general lighting completely or partially within the primary sidelighted areas is 150 W or greater, the general lighting in the primary sidelighted areas shall be controlled by photocontrols.
In any space where the combined input power of all general lighting completely or partially within the primary sidelighted area and secondary sidelighted area is 300 W or greater, the general lighting in the primary sidelighted area and secondary sidelighted area shall be controlled by photocontrols. General lighting in the secondary sidelighted area shall be controlled independently of the general lighting in the primary sidelighted area.
- The calibration adjustment control shall be located no higher than 11 ft above the finished floor.
- The photocontrol shall reduce electric lighting in response to available daylight using continuous dimming or with at least one control point between 50% and 70% of design lighting power, a second control point between 20% and 40% of design lighting power or the lowest dimming level the technology allows, and a third control point that turns off all the controlled lighting.
- The calibration shall not require the physical presence of a person at the sensor while the calibration is processing.
- Automatic daylight responsive controls for toplighting: In any space where the combined input power for all general lighting completely or partially within daylight area under skylights and daylight area under roof monitors is 150 W or greater, general lighting in the daylight area shall be controlled by photocontrols. The control system shall have the following characteristics:
- The photocontrol shall reduce electric lighting in response to available daylight using continuous dimming or with at least one control point that is between 50% and 70% of design lighting power, a second control point between 20% and 40% of design lighting power or the lowest dimming level the technology allows, and a third control point that turns off all the controlled lighting.
- The calibration shall not require the physical presence of a person at the sensor while the calibration is processing.
- General lighting in overlapping toplighted and sidelighted daylight areas shall be controlled together with general lighting in the daylight area under skylights or daylight area under roof monitors.
- Automatic partial OFF (full OFF complies): The general lighting power in the space shall be automatically reduced by at least 50% within 20 minutes of all occupants leaving the space.
- Automatic full OFF: All lighting, including lighting connected to emergency circuits, shall be automatically shut off within 20 minutes of all occupants leaving the space. A control device meeting this requirement shall control no more than 5000 ft2.
- Scheduled shutoff: All lighting in the space, including lighting connected to emergency circuits, shall be automatically shut off during periods when the space is scheduled to be unoccupied using either (1) a time-of-day operated control device that automatically turns the lighting off at specific programmed times or (2) a signal from another automatic control device or alarm/security system. The control device or system shall provide independent control sequences that (1) control the lighting for an area of no more than 25,000 ft2, (2) include no more than one floor, and (3) shall be programmed to account for weekends and holidays. Any manual control installed to provide override of the scheduled shutoff control shall not turn the lighting on for more than two hours per activation during scheduled off periods and shall not control more than 5000 ft2.
Lighting for parking garages shall comply with the following requirements:
- Parking garage lighting shall have automatic lighting shutoff per Section 126.96.36.199(i).
- Lighting power of each luminaire shall be automatically reduced by a minimum of 30% when there is no activity detected within a lighting zone for 20 minutes. Lighting zones for this requirement shall be no larger than 3600 ft2.
- Lighting for covered vehicle entrances and exits from buildings and parking structures shall be separately controlled by a device that automatically reduces the lighting by at least 50% from sunset to sunrise.
- The power to luminaires within 20 ft of any perimeter wall structure that has a net opening-to-wall ratio of at least 40% and no exterior obstructions within 20 ft, shall be automatically reduced in response to daylight by at least 50%.
- The following lighting shall be separately controlled from the general lighting in all spaces:
- Display or accent lighting.
- Lighting in display cases.
- Nonvisual lighting, such as for plant growth or food warming.
- Lighting equipment that is for sale or used for demonstrations in lighting education.
- All lighting and all switched receptacles in guestrooms and suites in hotels, motels, boarding houses, or similar buildings shall be automatically controlled such that the power to the lighting and switched receptacles in each enclosed space will be turned off within 20 minutes after all occupants leave that space.
- Bathrooms shall have a separate control device installed to automatically turn off the bathroom lighting within 30 minutes after all occupants have left the bathroom.
- All supplemental task lighting, including permanently installed undershelf or undercabinet lighting, shall be controlled from either (1) a control device integral to the luminaires or (2) by a wall-mounted control device that is readily accessible and located so that the occupant can see the controlled lighting.
Lighting for exterior applications not exempted in Section 9.1 shall meet the following requirements:
- Lighting shall be controlled by a device that automatically turns off the lighting when sufficient daylight is available.
- All building façade and landscape lighting shall be automatically shut off between midnight or business closing, whichever is later, and 6 a.m. or business opening, whichever comes first, or between times established by the authority having jurisdiction.
- Lighting not specified in Section 188.8.131.52(b) and lighting for signage shall be controlled by a device that automatically reduces the connected lighting power by at least 50% for at least one of the following conditions:
- From 12 midnight or within one hour of the end of business operations, whichever is later, until 6 a.m. or business opening, whichever is earlier.
- During any period when no activity has been detected for a time of no longer than 15 minutes.
- Luminaires serving outdoor parking areas and having a rated input wattage of greater than 78 W and a mounting height of 24 ft or less above the ground shall be controlled to automatically reduce the power of each luminaire by a minimum of 50% when no activity has been detected in the area illuminated by the controlled luminaires for a time of no longer than 15 minutes. No more than 1500 W of lighting power shall be controlled together.
All time switches shall be capable of retaining programming and the time setting during loss of power for a period of at least ten hours.
The total exterior lighting power allowance for all exterior building applications is the sum of the base site allowance plus the individual allowances for areas that are designed to be illuminated and are permitted in Table 9.4.2-2 for the applicable lighting zone. The installed exterior lighting power identified in accordance with Section 9.1.3 shall not exceed the exterior lighting power allowance developed in accordance with this section. Trade-offs are allowed only among exterior lighting applications listed in the Table 9.4.2-2 "Tradable Surfaces" section. The lighting zone for the building exterior is determined from Table 9.4.2-1 unless otherwise specified by the local jurisdiction.
Table 9.4.2-1 Exterior Lighting Zones
|0||Undeveloped areas within national parks, state parks, forest land, rural areas, and other undeveloped areas as defined by the authority having jurisdiction|
|1||Developed areas of national parks, state parks, forest land, and rural areas|
|2||Areas predominantly consisting of residential zoning, neighborhood business districts, light industrial with limited nighttime use and residential mixed use areas|
|3||All other areas|
|4||High-activity commercial districts in major metropolitan areas as designated by the local jurisdiction|
Table 9.4.2-2 Individual Lighting Power Allowances for Building Exteriors
|Zone 0||Zone 1||Zone 2||Zone 3||Zone 4|
|Base Site Allowance (Base allowance may be used in tradable or non-tradable surfaces.)|
|No allowance||350 W||400 W||500 W||900 W|
(LPD allowances for uncovered parking areas, building grounds, building entrances, exits and loading docks, canopies and overhangs, and outdoor sales areas may be traded.)
|Uncovered Parking Areas|
|Parking areas and drives||No allowance||0.03 W/ft2||0.04 W/ft2||0.06 W/ft2||0.08 W/ft2|
|Walkways/ramps less than 10 ft wide||No allowance||0.5 W/linear foot||0.5 W/linear foot||0.6 W/linear foot||0.7 W/linear foot|
|Walkways/ramps 10 ft wide or greater
Special feature areas
|No allowance||0.10 W/ft2||0.10 W/ft2||0.11 W/ft2||0.14 W/ft2|
|Dining areas||No allowance||0.65 W/ft2||0.65 W/ft2||0.75 W/ft2||0.95 W/ft2|
|Stairways||No allowance||0.6 W/ft2||0.7 W/ft2||0.7 W/ft2||0.7 W/ft2|
|Pedestrian tunnels||No allowance||0.12 W/ft2||0.12 W/ft2||0.14 W/ft2||0.21 W/ft2|
|Landscaping||No allowance||0.03 W/ft2||0.04 W/ft2||0.04 W/ft2||0.04 W/ft2|
|Building Entrances, Exits, and Loading Docks|
|Pedestrian and vehicular entrances and exits||No allowance||14 W/lin ft of opening||14 W/lin ft of opening||21 W/lin ft of opening||21 W/lin ft of opening|
|Entry canopies||No allowance||0.20 W/ft2||0.25 W/ft2||0.4 W/ft2||0.4 W/ft2|
|Loading docks||No allowance||0.35 W/ft2||0.35 W/ft2||0.35 W/ft2||0.35 W/ft2|
|Free standing and attached||No allowance||0.4 W/ft2||0.4 W/ft2||0.6 W/ft2||0.7 W/ft2|
|Open areas (including vehicle sales lots)||No allowance||0.2 W/ft2||0.2 W/ft2||0.35 W/ft2||0.5 W/ft2|
|Street frontage for vehicle sales lots in addition to "open area" allowance||No allowance||No allowance||7 W/linear foot||7 W/linear foot||21 W/linear foot|
(LPD allowances for the following applications can be used only for the specific application and cannot be traded between surfaces or with other exterior lighting. The following allowances are in addition to any allowance otherwise permitted in the "Tradable Surfaces" section of this table.)
(The allowance for each illuminated facade orientation shall be calculated by multiplying the allowable value by the entire fagade area or facade length for that orientation.)
|No allowance||No allowance||0.1 W/ft2 of façade area or 2.5 W/linear foot of façade length||0.15 W/ft2 of façade area or 3.75 W/linear foot of façade length||0.2 W/ft2 of façade area or 5.0 W/linear foot of façade length|
|Automated teller machines and night depositories||No allowance||135 W per location plus 45 W per additional ATM per location||135 W per location plus 45 W per additional ATM per location||135 W per location plus 45 W per additional ATM per location||135 W per location plus 45 W per additional ATM per location|
|Uncovered entrances and gatehouse inspection stations at guarded facilities||No allowance||0.5 W/ft2||0.5 W/ft2||0.5 W/ft2||0.5 W/ft2|
|Uncovered loading areas for law enforcement, fire, ambulance, and other emergency service vehicles||No allowance||0.35 W/ft2||0.35 W/ft2||0.35 W/ft2||0.35 W/ft2|
|Drive-through windows/doors||No allowance||200 W per drive-through||200 W per drive-through||200 W per drive-through||200 W per drive-through|
|Parking near 24-hour retail entrances||No allowance||400 W per main entry||400 W per main entry||400 W per main entry||400 W per main entry|
|Roadway/parking entry, trail head, and toilet facility, or other locations approved by the authority having jurisdiction.||A single luminaire of 25 W or less||No additional allowance||No additional allowance||No additional allowance||No additional allowance|
Lighting control devices and control systems shall be tested to ensure that control hardware and software are calibrated, adjusted, programmed, and in proper working condition in accordance with the construction documents and manufacturer's installation instructions. When occupant sensors, time switches, programmable schedule controls, or photosensors are installed, at a minimum, the following procedures shall be performed:
- Occupant Sensors
- Certify that the sensor has been located and aimed in accordance with manufacturer recommendations.
- For projects with up to seven (7) occupancy sensors, all occupancy sensors shall be tested.
- For projects with more than seven (7) occupancy sensors, testing shall be done for each unique combination of sensor type and space geometry.
- For each sensor to be tested, verify the following:
- Status indicator (as applicable) operates correctly.
- Controlled lights turn off or down to the permitted level within the required time.
- For auto-ON occupant sensors, the lights turn on to the permitted level when someone enters the space.
- For manual-on sensors, the lights turn on only when manually activated.
- The lights are not incorrectly turned on by movement in nearby areas or by HVAC operation.
- For each sensor to be tested, verify the following:
- Automatic Time Switches
- Confirm that the automatic time-switch control is programmed with appropriate weekday, weekend, and holiday (as applicable) schedules.
- Document for the owner automatic time-switch programming, including weekday, weekend, and holiday schedules, as well as all setup and preference program settings.
- Verify that correct time and date are properly set in the time switch.
- Verity that any battery backup (as applicable) is installed and energized.
- Verify that the override time limit is set to no more than two (2) hours.
- Simulate occupied condition. Verify and document the following:
- Simulate unoccupied condition. Verify and document the following:
- Daylight Controls
- All control devices (photocontrols) have been properly located, field-calibrated, and set for appropriate set points and threshold light levels.
- Daylight controlled lighting loads adjust to appropriate light levels in response to available daylight.
- The location where calibration adjustments are made is readily accessible only to authorized personnel.
The individuals responsible for the functional testing shall not be directly involved in either the design or construction of the project and shall provide documentation certifying that the installed lighting controls meet or exceed all documented performance criteria.
Use the following steps to determine the interior lighting power allowance by the Building Area Method:
- Determine the appropriate building area type from Table 9.5.1 and the corresponding LPD allowance. For building area types not listed, selection of a reasonably equivalent type shall be permitted.
- Determine the gross lighted floor area in ft2 of the building area type.
- Multiply the gross lighted floor areas of the building area types times the LPD.
- The interior lighting power allowance for the building is the sum of the lighting power allowances of all building area types. Trade-offs among building area types are permitted, provided that the total installed interior lighting power does not exceed the interior lighting power allowance.
|Building Area Typea||LPD,W/ft2|
|Dining: Bar lounge/leisure||0.90|
|Dining: Cafeteria/fast food||0.79|
|Motion picture theater||0.83|
|Performing arts theater||1.18|
a. In cases where both a general building area type and a specific building area type are listed, the specific building area type shall apply.
- For each space enclosed by partitions that are 80% of the ceiling height or taller, determine the appropriate space type and the corresponding LPD allowance from Table 9.6.1. If a space has multiple functions, where more than one space type is applicable, that space shall be broken up into smaller subspaces, each using its own space type from Table 9.6.1. Any of these subspaces that are smaller in floor area than 20% of the original space and less than 1000 ft2 need not be broken out separately. Include the floor area of balconies and other projections in this calculation.
- In calculating the area of each space and subspace, the limits of the area are defined by the centerline of interior walls, the dividing line between subspaces, and the outside surface of exterior walls or semiexterior walls. For the purposes of this section, semiexterior walls that separate semiheated space from conditioned space shall be considered interior walls.
- Based on the space type selected for each space or subspace, determine the lighting power allowance of each space or subspace by multiplying the calculated area of the space or subspace by the appropriate LPD allowance determined in Section 9.6.1(a). For space types not listed, selection of a reasonable equivalent category shall be permitted.
- The interior lighting power allowance is the sum of lighting power allowances of all spaces and subspaces. Trade-offs among spaces and subspaces are permitted, provided that the total installed interior lighting power does not exceed the interior lighting power allowance.
|The control functions below shall be implemented in accordance with the descriptions found in the referenced paragraphs within Section 184.108.40.206. For each space type:
(1) All REQs shall be implemented.
(2) At least one ADD1 (when present) shall be implemented.
(3) At least one ADD2 (when present) shall be implemented.
|Local Control (See Section 220.127.116.11[a])||Restricted to Manual ON (See Section 18.104.22.168[b])||Restricted to Partial Automatic ON (See Section 22.214.171.124[c])||Bilevel Lighting Control (See Section 126.96.36.199[d])||Automatic Daylight Responsive Controls for Sidelighting (See Section 188.8.131.52[e]6)||Automatic Daylight Responsive Controls for Toplighting (See Section 184.108.40.206[f]6)||Automatic Partial OFF (See Section 220.127.116.11[g] [Full Off complies])||Automatic Full OFF (See Section 18.104.22.168[h])||Scheduled Shutoff (See Section 22.214.171.124[i])|
|Common Space Types1||LPD Allowances, W/ft2||RCR Threshold||a||b||c||d||e||f||g||h||i|
|<20 ft in height||0.03/ft total height||NA||REQ||ADD1||ADD1||REQ||REQ||ADD2||ADD2|
|≥20 ft and ≥40 ft in height||0.03/ft total height||NA||REQ||ADD1||ADD1||REQ||REQ||REQ||ADD2||ADD2|
|>40 ft in height||0.40 + 0.02/ft total height||NA||REQ||ADD1||ADD1||REQ||REQ||REQ||ADD2||ADD2|
|Audience Seating Area|
|Motion picture theater||1.14||4||REQ||ADD1||ADD1||REQ||REQ||REQ||ADD2||ADD2|
|Performing arts theater||2.03||8||REQ||ADD1||ADD1||REQ||REQ||REQ||ADD2||ADD2|
|All other audience seating areas||0.43||4||REQ||ADD1||ADD1||REQ||REQ||ADD2||ADD2|
|Banking Activity Area||0.86||6||REQ||ADD1||ADD1||REQ||REQ||REQ||ADD2||ADD2|
|Breakroom (See Lounge/Breakroom)|
|Classroom/Lecture Hall/Training Room|
|All other classrooms/lecture halls/training rooms||0.92||4||REQ||ADD1||ADD1||REQ||REQ||REQ||REQ|
|Facility for the visually impaired (and not used primarily by the staff)3||0.92||width <8 ft||REQ||REQ||REQ||REQ||ADD2||ADD2|
|Hospital||0.92||width <8 ft||REQ||REQ||REQ||ADD2||ADD2||ADD2|
|Manufacturing facility||0.29||width <8 ft||REQ||REQ||REQ||ADD2||ADD2|
|All other corridors||0.66||width <8 ft||REQ||REQ||REQ||REQ||ADD2||ADD2|
|Facility for the visually impaired (and not used primarily by staff)3||2.00||4||REQ||ADD1||ADD1||REQ||REQ||REQ||ADD2||ADD2|
|Bar/lounge or leisure dining||0.93||4||REQ||ADD1||ADD1||REQ||REQ||REQ||ADD2||ADD2|
|Cafeteria or fast food dining||0.63||4||REQ||ADD1||ADD1||REQ||REQ||REQ||ADD2||ADD2|
|All other dining areas||0.63||4||REQ||ADD1||ADD1||REQ||REQ||REQ||ADD2||ADD2|
|Emergency Vehicle Garage||0.41||4||REQ||ADD1||ADD1||REQ||REQ||ADD2||ADD2|
|Food Preparation Area||1.06||6||REQ||ADD1||ADD1||REQ||REQ||REQ||ADD2||ADD2|
|Guest Room||0.77||6||See Section 126.96.36.199(b).|
|In or as a classroom||1.20||6||REQ||ADD1||ADD1||REQ||REQ||REQ||REQ||ADD2||ADD2|
|All other laboratories||1.45||6||REQ||ADD1||ADD1||REQ||REQ||REQ||ADD2||ADD2|
|Loading Dock, Interior||0.58||6||REQ||ADD1||ADD1||REQ||REQ||ADD2||ADD2|
|Facility for the visually impaired (and not used primarily by the staff)3||2.03||4||REQ||REQ||REQ||REQ||ADD2||ADD2|
|Motion picture theater||0.45||4||REQ||REQ||REQ||ADD2||ADD2|
|Performing arts theater||1.70||6||REQ||REQ||REQ||REQ||ADD2||ADD2|
|All other lobbies||1.00||4||REQ||REQ||REQ||REQ||ADD2||ADD2|
|All other lounges/breakrooms||0.62||4||REQ||ADD1||ADD1||REQ||REQ||REQ||REQ|
|Enclosed and ≤250 ft2||0.93||8||REQ||ADD1||ADD1||REQ||REQ||REQ||REQ|
|Enclosed and >250 ft2||0.93||8||REQ||ADD1||ADD1||REQ||REQ||REQ||ADD2||ADD2|
|Parking Area, Interior||0.14||4||See Section 188.8.131.52.|
|Facility for the visually impaired (and not used primarily by the staff)3||0.96||8||REQ||REQ||REQ||REQ|
|All other restrooms||0.85||8||REQ||REQ||REQ||REQ|
|Seating Area, General||0.42||4||REQ||ADD1||ADD1||REQ||REQ||ADD2||ADD2|
|Stairway||The space containing the stairway shall determine the LPD and control requirements for the stairway.|
|≥50 ft2 and ≤ 1000 ft2||0.46||6||REQ||ADD1||ADD1||REQ||REQ||REQ|
|All other storage rooms||0.46||6||REQ||ADD1||ADD1||REQ||REQ||REQ||ADD2||ADD2|
|Vehicular Maintenance Area||0.56||4||REQ||ADD1||ADD1||REQ||REQ||REQ||ADD2||ADD2|
|Facility for the Visually Impaired3|
|Chapel (used primarily by residents)||1.06||4||REQ||ADD1||ADD1||REQ||REQ||REQ||ADD2||ADD2|
|Recreation room/common living room (and not used primarily by staff)||1.80||6||REQ||ADD1||ADD1||REQ||REQ||REQ||ADD2||ADD2|
|Automotive (See "Vehicular Maintenance Area")|
|Convention Center—Exhibit Space||0.88||4||REQ||ADD1||ADD1||REQ||REQ||REQ||ADD2||ADD2|
|Fire Station—Sleeping Quarters||0.20||6||REQ|
|Medical supply room||0.54||6||(See "Storage Room" under "Common Space Types" for control requirements)|
|Physical therapy room||0.84||6||REQ||REQ||REQ||REQ||ADD2||ADD2|
|Detailed manufacturing area||0.93||4||REQ||ADD1||ADD1||REQ||REQ||REQ||ADD2||ADD2|
|Extra high bay area (>50 ft floor-to-ceiling height)||1.05||4||REQ||ADD1||ADD1||REQ||REQ||REQ||ADD2||ADD2|
|High bay area (25 to 50 ft floor-to-ceiling height)||0.75||4||REQ||ADD1||ADD1||REQ||REQ||REQ||ADD2||ADD2|
|Low bay area (<25 ft floor-to-ceiling height)||0.96||4||REQ||ADD1||ADD1||REQ||REQ||REQ||ADD2||ADD2|
|General exhibition area||1.05||6||REQ||ADD1||ADD1||REQ||REQ||REQ||ADD2||ADD2|
|Performing Arts Theater—Dressing Room||0.36||6||REQ||ADD1||ADD1||REQ||REQ||REQ||REQ|
|Post Office—Sorting Area||0.68||4||REQ||ADD1||ADD1||REQ||REQ||REQ||REQ||ADD2||ADD2|
|Sports Arena—Playing Area8|
|Class I facility||2.47||4||REQ||ADD1||ADD1||REQ||REQ||REQ||ADD2||ADD2|
|Class II facility||1.96||4||REQ||ADD1||ADD1||REQ||REQ||REQ||ADD2||ADD2|
|Class III facility||1.70||4||REQ||ADD1||ADD1||REQ||REQ||REQ||ADD2||ADD2|
|Class IV facility||1.13||4||REQ||ADD1||ADD1||REQ||REQ||REQ||ADD2||ADD2|
|Terminal ticket counter||0.62||4||REQ||ADD1||ADD1||REQ||REQ||REQ||ADD2||ADD2|
|Medium to bulky, palletized items||0.35||4||REQ||ADD1||ADD1||REQ||REQ||REQ||REQ||ADD2||ADD2|
|Smaller, hand-carried items5||0.69||6||REQ||ADD1||ADD1||REQ||REQ||REQ||REQ||ADD2||ADD2|
- In cases where both a common space type and a building area specific space type are listed, the building area specific space type shall apply
- In corridors, the extra lighting power density allowance is permitted when the width of the corridor is less than 8 ft and is not based on the RCR.
- A "Facility for the Visually Impaired" is a facility that can be documented as being designed to comply with the light levels in ANSI/IES RP-28 and is licensed or will be licensed by local/state authorities for either senior long-term care, adult daycare, senior support and/or people with special visual needs.
- For accent lighting, see Section 9.6.2(b).
- Sometimes referred to as a "Picking Area."
- Automatic daylight responsive controls are mandatory only if the requirements of the specified sections are present.
- An additional 0.52 w/ft2 shall be allowed, provided that the additional lighting is controlled separately from the base allowance of 0.43 W/ft2. The additional 0.52 w/ft2 allowance shall not be used for any other purpose.
- Class of play as defined by IES RP-6
When using the Space-by-Space Method, an increase in the interior lighting power allowance is allowed for specific lighting functions. Additional power shall be allowed only if the specified lighting is installed and automatically controlled, separately from the general lighting, to be turned off during nonbusiness hours. This additional power shall be used only for the specified luminaires and shall not be used for any other purpose unless otherwise indicated.
An increase in the interior lighting power allowance is permitted in the following cases:
- For spaces in which lighting is specified to be installed in addition to the general lighting for the purpose of decorative appearance or for highlighting art or exhibits not exempted in Section 184.108.40.206. Exception 1, provided that the additional lighting power shall not exceed 0.75 W/ft2 of such spaces.
- For lighting equipment installed in sales areas and specifically designed and directed to highlight merchandise, calculate the additional lighting power as follows:
Additional Interior Lighting Power Allowance =
1000 W + (Retail Area 1 × 0.45 W/ft2) + (Retail Area 2 × 0.45 W/ft2)
+ (Retail Area 3 × 1.05 W/ft2) + (Retail Area 4 × 1.88 W/ft2)
|Retail Area 1||=||the floor area for all products not listed in Retail Areas 2, 3, or 4|
|Retail Area 2||=||the floor area used for the sale of vehicles, sporting goods, and small electronics|
|Retail Area 3||=||the floor area used for the sale of furniture, clothing, cosmetics, and artwork|
|Retail Area 4||=||the floor area used for the sale of jewelry, crystal, and china|
An additional lighting power allowance shall be permitted for space types with nonmandatory controls installed as identified in Table 9.6.3 when all mandatory controls are used according to Section 9.4. This allowance is added to the interior lighting power allowance and is calculated as follows:
|Lighting Power Under Control||=||the total input watts of all lamps being controlled using the control method indicated|
|Control Factor||=||the value given in Table 9.6.3 for the corresponding space type and control method|
|Additional Control Method (in Addition to Mandatory Requirements)||Space Type|
|Open Office||Private Office||Conference Room, Meeting Room, Classroom (Lecture/Training)||Retail Sales Area||Lobby, Atrium, Dining Area, Corridors/Stairways, Gym/Pool, Mall Concourse, Parking Garage|
|Manual, continuous dimming control or programmable multilevel dimming control||0.05||0.05||0.10||0.10||0|
|Programmable multilevel dimming control using programmable time scheduling||0.05||0.05||0.10||0.10||0.10|
|Occupancy sensors controlling the downlight component of workstation specific luminaires with continuous dimming to off capabilities||0.25a||0||0||0||0|
|Occupancy sensors controlling the downlight component of workstation specific luminaires with continuous dimming to off operation, in combination with personal continuous dimming control of downlight illumination by workstation occupant||0.30a,b||0||0||0||0|
|Automatic continuous daylight dimming in secondary sidelighted areas||0.10c||0.10c||0.10c||0.10c||0.10c|
- Control factor is limited to workstation-specific luminaires in partitioned single occupant work spaces contained within an open office environment (i.e. direct-indirect luminaires with separately controlled downlight and uplight components, with the downward component providing illumination to a single occupant in an open plan workstation). Within 30 minutes of the occupant leaving the space, the downward component shall continuously dim to off over a minimum of two minutes. Upon the occupant entering the space, the downward component shall turn on at the minimum level and continuously raise the illumination to a preset level over a minimum of 30 seconds. The uplight component of workstation specific luminaire shall comply with Section 220.127.116.11(h) (automatic full off).
- In addition to the requirements described in footnote (a), the control shall allow the occupant to select their preferred light level via a personal computer, handheld device, or similarly accessible device located within the workstation.
- Control factors may not be used if controls are used to satisfy exceptions to Section 18.104.22.168.3
When using the Space-by-Space Method, an adjustment of the space LPD allowance is permitted for individual spaces where room cavity ratio (RCR) calculated for the empty room is documented to be greater than the RCR threshold for that space type shown in Table 9.6.1.
RCR = 2.5 × Room Cavity Height × Room Perimeter Length/Room Area
where Room Cavity Height = Luminaire Mounting Height — Workplane.
The following requirements are mandatory provisions and are necessary for compliance with this standard.
Construction documents shall require that within 90 days after the date of system acceptance, record drawings of the actual installation be provided to the building owner or the designated representative of the building owner. Record drawings shall include, as a minimum, the location, luminaire identifier, control, and circuiting for each piece of lighting equipment.
Construction documents shall require for all lighting equipment and lighting controls that an operating manual and maintenance manual be provided to the building owner or the designated representative of the building owner within 90 days after the date of system acceptance. These manuals shall include, at a minimum, the following:
- Submittal data indicating all selected options for each piece of lighting equipment, including but not limited to lamps, ballasts, drivers, and lighting controls.
- Operation and maintenance manuals for each piece of lighting equipment and lighting controls with routine maintenance clearly identified including, as a minimum, a recommended relamping/cleaning program and a schedule for inspecting and recalibrating all lighting controls.
- A complete narrative of how each lighting control system is intended to operate, including recommended settings.