ADOPTS WITH AMENDMENTS:

International Fire Code 2018 (IFC 2018)

Part I — Administrative

Part II — General Safety Provisions

Part III — Building and Equipment Design Features

Part IV — Special Occupancies and Operations

Part V — Hazardous Materials

Part VI — Referenced Standards

Part VII — Appendices

Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.

User note:

About this chapter: Chapter 56 prescribes minimum requirements for the safe manufacture, storage, handling and use of explosives, ammunition and blasting agents for commercial and industrial occupancies. These provisions are intended to protect the general public, emergency responders and individuals who handle explosives. It also regulates the manufacturing, retail sale, display and wholesale distribution of fireworks; establishes the requirements for obtaining approval to manufacture, store, sell, discharge or conduct a public display; and references national standards for regulations governing manufacture, storage and public displays.

Section 5601 General

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Section 5601 Explosives and Blasting

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The provisions of Chapter 120-3-10 Rules and Regulations of the Safety Fire Commissioner entitled, 'Rules and Regulations for Explosives and Blasting Agents' shall govern the possession, manufacture, storage, handling, sale and use of explosives, explosive materials and small arms ammunitions.

5601.1 Scope

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5601.1.1 Explosive Material Standard

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5601.1.2 Explosive Material Terminals

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5601.1.3 Fireworks

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5601.1.4 Rocketry

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5601.1.5 Ammonium Nitrate

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5601.2 Permit Required

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5601.2.1 Residential Uses

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5601.2.2 Sale and Retail Display

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5601.2.3 Permit Restrictions

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5601.2.4 Financial Responsibility

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5601.2.4.1 Blasting

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5601.2.4.2 Fireworks Display

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5601.3 Prohibited Explosives

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5601.4 Qualifications

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5601.5 Supervision

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5601.6 Notification

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5601.7 Seizure

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5601.8 Establishment of Quantity of Explosives and Distances

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5601.8.1 Quantity of Explosives

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5601.8.1.1 Mass-Detonating Explosives (Division 1.1, 1.2 or 1.5)

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5601.8.1.2 Nonmass-Detonating Explosives (Excluding Division 1.4)

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5601.8.1.3 Combinations of Mass-Detonating and Nonmass-Detonating Explosives (Excluding Division 1.4)

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5601.8.1.4 Moderate Fire—No Blast Hazards (Division 1.4)

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Section 5602 Definitions

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5602.1 Definitions

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Section 5603 Record Keeping and Reporting

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5603.1 General

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5603.2 Transaction Record

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5603.3 Loss, Theft or Unauthorized Removal

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5603.4 Accidents

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5603.5 Misfires

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5603.6 Hazard Communication

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5603.7 Safety Rules

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Section 5604 Explosive Materials Storage and Handling

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5604.1 General

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5604.2 Magazine Required

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5604.3 Magazines

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5604.3.1 High Explosives

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5604.3.2 Low Explosives

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5604.3.3 Detonating Cord

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5604.4 Prohibited Storage

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5604.5 Location

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5604.5.1 Indoor Magazines

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5604.5.1.1 Use

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5604.5.1.2 Construction

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5604.5.1.3 Quantity Limit

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5604.5.1.4 Prohibited Use

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5604.5.1.5 Location

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5604.5.1.6 Number

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5604.5.1.7 Separation Distance

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5604.5.2 Outdoor Magazines

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5604.5.2.1 Separation

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5604.5.2.2 Grouped Magazines

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5604.5.3 Special Requirements for Type 3 Magazines

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5604.5.3.1 Location

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5604.5.3.2 Supervision

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5604.5.3.3 Use

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5604.6 Construction

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5604.6.1 Drainage

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5604.6.2 Heating

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5604.6.3 Lighting

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5604.6.4 Nonsparking Materials

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5604.6.5 Signs and Placards

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5604.6.5.1 Access Road Signs

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5604.6.5.2 Placards

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5604.7 Operation

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5604.7.1 Security

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5604.7.2 Open Flames and Lights

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5604.7.3 Brush

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5604.7.4 Combustible Storage

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5604.7.5 Unpacking and Repacking Explosive Materials

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5604.7.5.1 Storage of Opened Packages

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5604.7.5.2 Nonsparking Tools

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5604.7.5.3 Disposal of Packaging

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5604.7.6 Tools and Equipment

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5604.7.7 Contents

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5604.7.8 Compatibility

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5604.7.9 Stock Rotation

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5604.8 Maintenance

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5604.8.1 Housekeeping

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5604.8.2 Repairs

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5604.8.3 Floors

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5604.9 Inspection

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5604.10 Disposal of Explosive Materials

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5604.10.1 Notification

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5604.10.2 Deteriorated Materials

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5604.10.3 Qualified Person

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5604.10.4 Storage of Misfires

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5604.10.5 Disposal Sites

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5604.10.6 Reuse of Site

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5604.10.7 Personnel Safeguards

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Section 5605 Manufacture, Assembly and Testing of Explosives, Explosive Materials and Fireworks

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5605.1 General

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5605.2 Emergency Planning and Preparedness

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5605.2.1 Hazardous Materials Management Plans and Inventory Statements Required

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5605.2.2 Maintenance of Plans

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5605.2.3 Employee Training

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5605.2.4 Emergency Procedures

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5605.3 Intraplant Separation of Operating Buildings

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5605.4.1 Determination of Net Explosive Weight for Operating Buildings

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5605.4.1.1 Indoor Magazines

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5605.4.1.2 Outdoor Magazines With a Net Explosive Weight Less Than 50 Pounds

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5605.4.1.3 Outdoor Magazines With a Net Explosive Weight Greater Than 50 Pounds

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5605.4.1.4 Net Explosive Weight of Materials Stored in Combination Indoor and Outdoor Magazines

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5605.5 Buildings and Equipment

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5605.5.1 Explosives Dust

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5605.5.1.1 Wet Collector

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5605.5.1.2 Waste Disposal and Maintenance

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5605.5.2 Exhaust Fans

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5605.5.3 Work Stations

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5605.6 Operations

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5605.6.1 Isolation of Operations

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5605.6.2 Static Controls

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5605.6.3 Approved Containers

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5605.6.4 Quantity Limits

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5605.6.4.1 Magazines

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5605.6.5 Waste Disposal

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5605.6.6 Safety Rules

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5605.6.7 Personnel Limits

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5605.6.8 Pyrotechnic and Explosive Composition Quantity Limits

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5605.6.9 Posting Limits

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5605.6.10 Heat Sources

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5605.7 Maintenance

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5605.8 Explosive Materials Testing Sites

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5605.8.1 Protective Clothing and Equipment

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5605.8.2 Site Security

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5605.9 Waste Disposal

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Section 5606 Small Arms Ammunition and Small Arms Ammunition Components

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5606.1 General

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5606.2 Prohibited Storage

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5606.3 Packages

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5606.3.1 Repackaging

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5606.3.2 Damaged Packages

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5606.4 Storage in Group R Occupancies

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5606.4.1 Black Powder

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5606.4.2 Smokeless Propellants

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5606.4.3 Small Arms Primers

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5606.5 Display and Storage in Group M Occupancies

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5606.5.1 Display

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5606.5.1.1 Smokeless Propellant

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5606.5.1.2 Black Powder

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5606.5.1.3 Small Arms Primers

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5606.5.2 Storage

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5606.5.2.1 Smokeless Propellant

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5606.5.2.2 Black Powder

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5606.5.2.3 Small Arms Primers

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Section 5607 Blasting

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5607.1 General

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5607.2 Manufacturer's Instructions

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5607.3 Blasting in Congested Areas

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5607.4 Restricted Hours

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5607.5 Utility Notification

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5607.6 Electric Detonator Precautions

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5607.7 Nonelectric Detonator Precautions

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5607.8 Blasting Area Security

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5607.9 Drill Holes

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5607.10 Removal of Excess Explosive Materials

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5607.11 Initiation Means

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5607.12 Connections

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5607.13 Firing Control

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5607.14 Post-Blast Procedures

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5607.15 Misfires

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5608.1 General

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5608.1 General Provisions

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In addition to the requirements of this Section for the display of fireworks the provisions of O.C.G.A. Title 25, Chapter 2, and Chapter 120-3-22, Rules and Regulations of the Safety Fire Commissioner, shall apply. Where there may be a conflict between a provision of this Section and a provision of the above referenced law or regulation, the provision of the above referenced law or regulation shall apply. Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to prohibit the use of fireworks by railroads or other transportation agencies for the signal purposes or illumination, or the sale or use of blank cartridges for a show or theater, or for signal or ceremonial purposes in athletics or sports or for the use by military organizations.
Prior to issuing permits for a fireworks display, plans for the fireworks display, inspections of the display site and demonstrations of the display operations shall be approved. A plan establishing procedures to follow and actions to be taken in the event that a shell fails to ignite in, or discharge from, a mortar or fails to function over the fallout area or other malfunctions shall be provided to the fire code official.
In addition to the requirements of Section 403, permit applications for outdoor fireworks displays using Division 1.3G fireworks shall include a diagram of the location at which the fireworks display will be conducted, including the site from which fireworks will be discharged; the location of buildings, highways, overhead obstructions and utilities; and the lines behind which the audience will be restrained.
Where the separation distances required in Section 5608.4 and NFPA 1123 are unavailable or cannot be secured, fireworks displays shall be conducted in accordance with NFPA 1126 for proximate audiences. Applications for use of pyrotechnics before a proximate audience shall include plans indicating the required clearances for spectators and combustibles, crowd control measures, smoke control measures and requirements for standby personnel and equipment where provision of such personnel or equipment is required by the fire code official.
Approved fireworks displays shall include only the approved fireworks 1.3G, fireworks 1.4G, fireworks 1.4S and pyrotechnic articles 1.4G, which shall be handled by an approved, competent operator. The approved fireworks shall be arranged, located, discharged and fired in a manner that will not pose a hazard to property or endanger any person.

Spectators, spectator parking areas, and dwellings, buildings or structures shall not be located within the display site.

Exceptions:

  1. This provision shall not apply to pyrotechnic special effects and fireworks displays using Division 1.4G materials before a proximate audience in accordance with NFPA 1126.
  2. This provision shall not apply to unoccupied dwellings, buildings and structures with the approval of the building owner and the fire code official.
The storage of fireworks at the display site shall comply with the requirements of this section and NFPA 1123 or NFPA 1126.
Beginning as soon as fireworks have been delivered to the display site, they shall not be left unattended.
Fireworks shall be kept dry after delivery to the display site.

Shells shall be inspected by the operator or assistants after delivery to the display site. Shells having tears, leaks, broken fuses or signs of having been wet shall be set aside and shall not be fired. Aerial shells shall be checked for proper fit in mortars prior to discharge. Aerial shells that do not fit properly shall not be fired. After the fireworks display, damaged, deteriorated or dud shells shall either be returned to the supplier or destroyed in accordance with the supplier's instructions and Section 5604.10.

Exception: Minor repairs to fuses shall be allowed. For electrically ignited displays, attachment of electric matches and similar tasks shall be allowed.

After delivery to the display site and prior to the fireworks display, all shells shall be separated according to their size and their designation as salutes.

Exception: For electrically fired displays, or displays where all shells are loaded into mortars prior to the show, separation of shells according to their size or their designation as salutes is not required.

Display fireworks, 1.3G, that will be temporarily stored at the site during the fireworks display shall be stored in ready boxes located upwind and not less than 25 feet (7620 mm) from the mortar placement and separated according to their size and their designation as salutes.

Exception: For electrically fired fireworks displays, or fireworks displays where all shells are loaded into mortars prior to the show, separation of shells according to their size, their designation as salutes or for the use of ready boxes is not required.

Mortars for firing fireworks shells shall be installed in accordance with NFPA 1123 and shall be positioned so that shells are propelled away from spectators and over the fallout area. Mortars shall not be angled toward the spectator viewing area. Prior to placement, mortars shall be inspected for defects, such as dents, bent ends, damaged interiors and damaged plugs. Defective mortars shall not be used.
Aerial shells shall be carried to mortars by the shell body. For the purpose of loading mortars, aerial shells shall be held by the thick portion of the fuse and carefully loaded into mortars.
Whenever in the opinion of the fire code official or the operator a hazardous condition exists, the fireworks display shall be discontinued immediately until such time as the dangerous situation is corrected.

After the fireworks display, the firing crew shall conduct an inspection of the fallout area for the purpose of locating unexploded aerial shells or live components. This inspection shall be conducted before public access to the site shall be allowed. Where fireworks are displayed at night and it is not possible to inspect the site thoroughly, the operator or designated assistant shall inspect the entire site at first light.

A report identifying any shells that fail to ignite in, or discharge from, a mortar or fail to function over the fallout area or otherwise malfunction, shall be filed with the fire code official.

Any shells found during the inspection required in Section 5608.9 shall not be handled until not less than 15 minutes have elapsed from the time the shells were fired. The fireworks shall then be doused with water and allowed to remain for not less than 5 additional minutes before being placed in a plastic bucket or fiberboard box. The disposal instructions of the manufacturer as provided by the fireworks supplier shall then be followed in disposing of the fireworks in accordance with Section 5604.10.

5608.11 Retail Display and Sale

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(a) Fireworks as defined in the Official Code of Georgia (O.C.G.A.) Title 25, Chapter 10 in 25-10-1 (a)(1) shall not be made available for sale at retail or wholesale, except as provided in O.C.G.A. 25- 10. (b) Non-explosive sparkling devices as defined in O.C.G.A. 25-10- 1(b) are permitted for retail sales to the public, provided, however, it is unlawful for any such devices to be sold to any person under 18 years of age (O.C.G.A. 25-10- 2(b)(1). In addition, it is unlawful to sell such items to any person by any means other than an in-person, face-to-face sale. Further, such person shall provide proper identification to the seller at the time of such purchase. The term 'proper identification' means any document issued by a governmental agency containing a description of the person, such person's photograph, or both, and giving such person's date of birth and includes without being limited to, a passport, military identification card, driver's license, or an identification card authorized under O.C.G.A. Sections 40- 5-100 through 40-5- 104. (c) In areas where devices are stored or displayed for retail sales, at least one pressurized-water type portable fire extinguisher complying with NFPA 10, as adopted by this Chapter shall be located not more than 20 feet and not closer than 15 feet from the storage or display location. In addition, "NO SMOKING" signs complying with Section 310 shall be conspicuously posted in areas of such storage or display, unless in a building where smoking is clearly marked as prohibited.
Where the display or temporary storage of fireworks 1.4G (consumer fireworks) is allowed by Section 5601.1.3, Exception 4, such display or storage shall comply with the applicable requirements of NFPA 1124.
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