ADOPTS WITH AMENDMENTS:

International Fire Code 2018 (IFC 2018)

Part I — Administrative

Part II — General Safety Provisions

Part III — Building and Equipment Design Features

Part IV — Special Occupancies and Operations

Part V — Hazardous Materials

Part VI — Referenced Standards

Part VII — Appendices

Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.

User note:

About this chapter: Chapter 20 specifies minimum requirements for the fire-safe operation of airports, heliports and helistops. The principal nonflight operational hazards associated with aviation involve fuel, facilities and operations. Therefore, safe use of flammable and combustible liquids during fueling and maintenance operations is emphasized. Availability of portable Class B:C-rated fire extinguishers for prompt control or suppression of incipient fires is required.

Airports, heliports, helistops and aircraft hangars shall be in accordance with this chapter.
Regulations not specifically contained herein pertaining to airports, aircraft maintenance, aircraft hangars and appurtenant operations shall be in accordance with nationally recognized standards.

For permits to operate aircraft-refueling vehicles, application of flammable or combustible finishes and hot work, see Section 105.6.

Open flames, flame-producing devices and other sources of ignition shall not be permitted in a hangar, except in approved locations or in any location within 50 feet (15 240 mm) of an aircraft-fueling operation.

Smoking shall be prohibited in aircraft-refueling vehicles, aircraft hangars and aircraft operation areas used for cleaning, paint removal, painting operations or fueling. "No Smoking" signs shall be provided in accordance with Section 310.

Exception: Designated and approved smoking areas.

The aircraft operation area (AOA) and related areas shall be kept free from combustible debris at all times.
Fire apparatus access roads shall be provided and maintained in accordance with Chapter 5. Fire apparatus access roads and aircraft parking positions shall be designed in a manner so as to preclude the possibility of fire vehicles traveling under any portion of a parked aircraft.

2003.5 Dispensing of Flammable and Combustible Liquids

AMENDMENT
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2003.5 Dispensing of Flammable and Combustible Liquids

AMENDMENT
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No dispensing, transfer or storage of flammable or combustible liquids shall be permitted inside any building or structure.

Exceptions:
  1. As provided in Chapter 57 of this Code, provided, the provisions are not less protective than the provisions of any applicable Codes and standards adopted by the Rules and Regulations of the Safety Fire Commissioner.
  2. When the procedures used follow the guidelines and requirements set forth in NFPA 410 — Standard for Aircraft Maintenance, adopted by this Chapter 120-3-3.
Combustible materials stored in aircraft hangars shall be stored in approved locations and containers.
Flammable and combustible liquids shall not be dispensed into or removed from a container, tank, vehicle or aircraft except in approved locations.

The application of flammable or Class II combustible liquid finishes is prohibited unless both of the following conditions are met:

  1. The application of the liquid finish is accomplished in an approved location.
  2. The application methods and procedures are in accordance with Chapter 24.
Class IA flammable liquids shall not be used to clean aircraft, aircraft parts or aircraft engines. Cleaning with other flammable and combustible liquids shall be in accordance with Section 5705.3.6.
Sections 2004.4.1 through 2004.4.3 shall apply to spills of flammable and combustible liquids and other hazardous materials. Fuel spill control shall also comply with Section 2006.11.
Activities in the affected area not related to the mitigation of the spill shall cease until the spilled material has been removed or the hazard has been mitigated.
Aircraft or other vehicles shall not be moved through the spill area until the spilled material has been removed or the hazard has been mitigated.
Spills shall be reported, documented and mitigated in accordance with the provisions of this chapter and Section 5003.3.
Aircraft engines shall not be run in aircraft hangars except in approved engine test areas.
Repairing of aircraft requiring the use of open flames, spark-producing devices or the heating of parts above 500°F (260°C) shall only be done outdoors or in an area complying with the provisions of the International Building Code for a Group F-1 occupancy.
Maintenance, repairs, modifications, or construction performed on aircraft not addressed elsewhere in this code shall be conducted in accordance with NFPA 410.
Portable fire extinguishers suitable for flammable or combustible liquid and electrical-type fires shall be provided as specified in Sections 2005.2 through 2005.6 and Section 906. Extinguishers required by this section shall be inspected and maintained in accordance with Section 906.
Vehicles used for towing aircraft shall be equipped with not less than one listed portable fire extinguisher complying with Section 906 and having a minimum rating of 20-B:C.
Welding apparatus shall be equipped with not less than one listed portable fire extinguisher complying with Section 906 and having a minimum rating of 2-A:20-B:C.
Aircraft fuel-servicing tank vehicles shall be equipped with not less than two listed portable fire extinguishers complying with Section 906, each having a minimum rating of 20-B:C. A portable fire extinguisher shall be provided with ready access from either side of the vehicle.
Hydrant fuel-servicing vehicles shall be equipped with not less than one listed portable fire extinguisher complying with Section 906, and having a minimum rating of 20-B:C.

Portable fire extinguishers at fuel-dispensing stations shall be located such that pumps or dispensers are not more than 75 feet (22 860 mm) from one such extinguisher. Fire extinguishers shall be provided as follows:

  1. Where the open-hose discharge capacity of the fueling system is not more than 200 gallons per minute (13 L/s), not less than two listed portable fire extinguishers complying with Section 906 and having a minimum rating of 20-B:C shall be provided.
  2. Where the open-hose discharge capacity of the fueling system is more than 200 gallons per minute (13 L/s) but not more than 350 gallons per minute (22 L/s), not less than one listed wheeled extinguisher complying with Section 906 and having a minimum extinguishing rating of 80-B:C, and a minimum agent capacity of 125 pounds (57 kg), shall be provided.
  3. Where the open-hose discharge capacity of the fueling system is more than 350 gallons per minute (22 L/s), not less than two listed wheeled extinguishers complying with Section 906 and having a minimum rating of 80-B:C each, and a minimum capacity agent of 125 pounds (57 kg) of each, shall be provided.
Access to portable fire extinguishers required by this chapter shall be maintained at all times. Where necessary, provisions shall be made to clear accumulations of snow, ice and other forms of weather-induced obstructions.
Cabinets and enclosed compartments used to house portable fire extinguishers shall be clearly marked with the words FIRE EXTINGUISHER in letters not less than 2 inches (51 mm) high. Cabinets and compartments shall be provided with ready access at all times.
Use of a fire extinguisher under any circumstances shall be immediately reported to the manager of the airport and the fire code official.

2006.1 Aircraft Motor Vehicle Fuel-Dispensing Facilities

AMENDMENT
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2006.1 Aircraft Motor Vehicle Fuel-Dispensing Stations and Airport Fuel Systems

AMENDMENT
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All aircraft motor vehicle fuel-dispensing stations and airport fuel systems shall be in accordance with Chapter 120-3-11 Rules and Regulations of the Safety Fire Commissioner entitled, 'Rules and Regulations for Flammable and Combustible Liquids.

2006.2 Airport Fuel Systems

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2006.3 Construction of Aircraft-Fueling Vehicles and Accessories

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2006.3.1 Transfer Apparatus

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2006.3.1.1 Internal Combustion Type

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2006.3.1.2 Gear Operated

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2006.3.1.3 Vibration Isolation

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2006.3.2 Pumps

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2006.3.3 Dispensing Hoses and Nozzles

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2006.3.4 Protection of Electrical Equipment

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2006.3.5 Venting of Equipment Compartments

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2006.3.6 Accessory Equipment

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2006.3.7 Electrical Bonding Provisions

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2006.3.7.1 Bonding Cables

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2006.3.7.2 Bonding Cable Protection

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2006.3.8 Smoking

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2006.3.9 Smoking Equipment

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2006.4 Operation, Maintenance and Use of Aircraft-Fueling Vehicles

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2006.4.1 Proper Maintenance

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2006.4.2 Vehicle Integrity

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2006.4.3 Removal From Service

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2006.4.4 Operators

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2006.5 Fueling and Defueling

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2006.5.1 Positioning of Aircraft-Fueling Vehicles

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2006.5.1.1 Fueling Vehicle Egress

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2006.5.1.2 Aircraft Vent Openings

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2006.5.1.3 Parking

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2006.5.2 Electrical Bonding

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2006.5.2.1 Conductive Hose

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2006.5.2.2 Bonding Conductors on Transfer Nozzles

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2006.5.2.3 Funnels

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2006.5.3 Training

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2006.5.3.1 Fueling Hazards

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2006.5.3.2 Fire Safety Training

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2006.5.3.2.1 Fire Extinguisher Training

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2006.5.3.2.2 Records

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2006.5.4 Transfer Personnel

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2006.5.5 Fuel Flow Control

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2006.6 Emergency Fuel Shutoff

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2006.6.1 Controls

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2006.6.2 Notification of the Fire Department

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2006.6.3 Determining Cause

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2006.6.4 Testing

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2006.7 Protection of Hoses

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2006.8 Loading and Unloading

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2006.9 Passengers

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2006.10 Sources of Ignition

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2006.11 Fuel Spill Prevention and Procedures

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2006.11.1 Fuel-Service Equipment Maintenance

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2006.11.2 Transporting Fuel Nozzles

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2006.11.3 Drum Fueling

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2006.11.4 Fuel Spill Procedures

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2006.11.5 Notification of the Fire Department

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2006.11.6 Investigation Required

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2006.11.7 Multiple Fuel Delivery Vehicles

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2006.12 Aircraft Engines and Heaters

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2006.13 Vehicle and Equipment Restrictions

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2006.13.1 Overwing Fueling

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2006.14 Electrical Equipment

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2006.14.1 Other Equipment

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2006.15 Open Flames

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2006.15.1 Other Areas

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2006.15.2 Matches and Lighters

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2006.16 Lightning Procedures

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2006.17 Fuel-Transfer Locations

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2006.17.1 Position of Aircraft

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2006.17.2 Fire Equipment Access

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2006.18 Defueling Operations

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2006.19 Maintenance of Aircraft-Fueling Hose

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2006.19.1 Inspections

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2006.19.1.1 Daily Inspection

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2006.19.1.2 Monthly Inspection

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2006.19.2 Damaged Hose

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2006.19.3 Repairing Hose

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2006.19.4 New Hose

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2006.20 Aircraft Fuel-Servicing Vehicles Parking

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2006.20.1 Parking Area Design

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2006.21 Radar Equipment

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2006.21.1 Direction of Radar Beams

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2007.1 General

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2007.1 General

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Helistops and heliports shall be maintained in accordance with Section 2007. Helistops and heliports on buildings or structures shall be constructed in accordance with the International Building Code and the requirements set forth by NFPA 418, Standard for Heliports, adopted by this Chapter 120-3-3.
The touchdown area shall be surrounded on all sides by a clear area having minimum average width at roof level of 15 feet (4572 mm) and not less than 5 feet (1524 mm) at any point. The clear area shall be maintained.
Landing areas on structures shall be maintained so as to confine flammable or Class II combustible liquid spillage to the landing area itself, and provisions shall be made to drain such spillage away from exits or stairways serving the helicopter landing area or from a structure housing such exit or stairway.
Exits and stairways shall be maintained in accordance with Section 412.7 of the International Building Code.
A building with a rooftop helistop or heliport shall be provided with a Class I or III standpipe system extended to the roof level on which the helistop or heliport is located. All portions of the helistop and heliport area shall be within 150 feet (45 720 mm) of a 21/2-inch (63.5 mm) outlet on the standpipe system.
Foam fire-protection capabilities shall be provided for rooftop heliports. Such systems shall be designed, installed and maintained in accordance with the applicable provisions of Sections 903, 904 and 905.
Not less than one portable fire extinguisher having a minimum 80-B:C rating shall be provided for each permanent takeoff and landing area and for the aircraft parking areas. Installation, inspection and maintenance of these extinguishers shall be in accordance with Section 906.
Before operating helicopters from helistops and heliports, approval shall be obtained from the Federal Aviation Administration.
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