ADOPTS WITH AMENDMENTS:

International Fire Code 2018 (IFC 2018)

Part I — Administrative

Part II — General Safety Provisions

Part III — Building and Equipment Design Features

Part IV — Special Occupancies and Operations

Part V — Hazardous Materials

Part VI — Referenced Standards

Part VII — Appendices

Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.

User note:

About this chapter: Chapter 10 provides the general criteria for designing the means of egress established as the primary method for protection of people in buildings by allowing timely relocation or evacuation of building occupants. Both prescriptive and performance language is utilized in this chapter to provide for a basic approach in the determination of a safe exiting system for all occupancies. This chapter addresses all portions of the egress system (exit access,exits and exit discharge) and includes design requirements as well as provisions regulating individual components. The requirements detail the size, arrangement, number and protection of means of egress components. Functional and operational characteristics that will permit the safe use of components without special knowledge or effort are specified.

The means of egress protection requirements work in coordination with other sections of the code, such as protection of vertical openings (see Chapter 7), interior finish (see Chapter 8), fire suppression and detection systems (see Chapter 9) and numerous others, all having an impact on life safety. Sections 1003 through 1030 are duplicated text from Chapter 10 of the International Building Code®; however, the International Fire Code® contains an additional Section 1031 on maintenance of the means of egress system in existing buildings. Retroactive minimum means of egress requirements for existing buildings are found in Chapter 11.

Section 1001 Administration

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1001.1 General

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[BE] 1001.2 Minimum Requirements

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Section 1001 Administration

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1001.1 General

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  1. Proposed (new) buildings or portions thereof approved for construction as set forth in 103.3 of this Code, shall be provided with means of egress and related safeguards as set forth by NFPA 101, Life Safety Code, as adopted this Chapter. (Refer to Table 102.13, CODES REFERENCE GUIDE)
  2. Buildings and structures existing and approved prior the effective date of this Chapter 120-3-3, as set forth in 103.3 of this Code, having means of egress and related safeguards conforming to NFPA 101, Life Safety Code, under which they were approved and constructed shall be considered as complying with this Code. Means of egress and related safeguards in existing buildings constructed without approval, may be considered as complying with this code section if, in the judgment of the authority having jurisdiction, they do not constitute a distinct hazard to life. Where, in the judgment of the authority having jurisdiction, the means of egress or related safeguards provided constitute a distinct hazard to life, the hazardous condition or conditions shall be remedied based on the provisions for existing buildings of the Life Safety Code as adopted by this Chapter 120-3-3.
  3. Exit discharge termination dispersal areas may be utilized where authorized and designed in accordance with 7.7.1.5 of the Life Safety Code, as adopted by Chapter 120-3-3 of the Rules and Regulations of the Safety Fire Commissioner.

1001.2 Overcrowding and Life Safety Hazard Prevention

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Overcrowding or admittance of any person beyond the approved capacity of a building or a portion thereof shall not be allowed. It is the responsibility of the manager and the person in charge of a building, structure, or portion thereof not to allow an overcrowded condition or any condition which constitutes a life safety hazard to exist, and to take prompt action to remedy an overcrowded condition or life safety hazard when evidence of such a condition is noted, or when advised or ordered by the Fire Code Official or his/her representative. (Refer to 107.6)

1001.2.1 Decreases in the Occupant Load

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For authorized decreases in the occupant load approved by the fire code authority having jurisdiction, the actual number of occupants for whom each occupied space, floor or building is designed, although less than those determined by calculation, shall be permitted to be used in the determination of the design occupant load.

1001.2.2 Increases in the Occupant Load

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For approved increases in the occupant load by the fire code authority having jurisdiction, refer to 7.3.1.5 of Subsection 7.3.1 of NFPA 101, Life Safety Code, as adopted by the Rules and Regulations of the Safety Fire Commissioner.

1001.2.3 Overcrowded Condition or Life Safety Hazard Determined

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The fire code official, upon finding any overcrowded conditions or obstructions in aisles, passageways or other means of egress, or upon finding any condition which constitutes a life safety hazard, shall be authorized to cause the event to be stopped until such condition or obstruction is corrected. In addition, a structure, building, room or designated portion thereof shall be deemed overcrowded if the total of occupants exceeds the exit capacity of the structure, building, room or area involved.

Section 1002 Definitions

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[BE] 1002.1 Definitions

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Section 1003 General Means of Egress

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[BE] 1003.1 Applicability

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[BE] 1003.2 Ceiling Height

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[BE] 1003.3 Protruding Objects

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[BE] 1003.3.1 Headroom

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[BE] 1003.3.2 Post-Mounted Objects

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[BE] 1003.3.3 Horizontal Projections

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[BE] 1003.3.4 Clear Width

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[BE] 1003.4 Slip-Resistant Surface

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[BE] 1003.5 Elevation Change

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[BE] 1003.6 Means of Egress Continuity

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[BE] 1003.7 Elevators, Escalators and Moving Walks

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Section 1004 Occupant Load

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[BE] 1004.1 Design Occupant Load

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[BE] 1004.2 Cumulative Occupant Loads

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[BE] 1004.2.1 Intervening Spaces or Accessory Areas

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[BE] 1004.2.2 Adjacent Levels for Mezzanines

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[BE] 1004.2.3 Adjacent Stories

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[BE] 1004.3 Multiple-Function Occupant Load

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[BE] 1004.4 Multiple Occupancies

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[BE] 1004.5 Areas Without Fixed Seating

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[BE] 1004.5.1 Increased Occupant Load

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[BE] 1004.6 Fixed Seating

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[BE] 1004.7 Outdoor Areas

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[BE] 1004.8 Concentrated Business Use Areas

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[BE] 1004.9 Posting of Occupant Load

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Section 1005 Means of Egress Sizing

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[BE] 1005.1 General

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[BE] 1005.2 Minimum Width Based on Component

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[BE] 1005.3 Required Capacity Based on Occupant Load

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[BE] 1005.3.1 Stairways

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[BE] 1005.3.2 Other Egress Components

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[BE] 1005.4 Continuity

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[BE] 1005.5 Distribution of Minimum Width and Required Capacity

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[BE] 1005.6 Egress Convergence

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[BE] 1005.7 Encroachment

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[BE] 1005.7.1 Doors

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[BE] 1005.7.2 Other Projections

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[BE] 1005.7.3 Protruding Objects

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Section 1006 Numbers of Exits and Exit Access Doorways

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[BE] 1006.1 General

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[BE] 1006.2 Egress From Spaces

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[BE] 1006.2.1 Egress Based on Occupant Load and Common Path of Egress Travel Distance

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[BE] 1006.2.1.1 Three or More Exits or Exit Access Doorways

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[BE] 1006.2.2 Egress Based on Use

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[BE] 1006.2.2.1 Boiler, Incinerator and Furnace Rooms

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[BE] 1006.2.2.2 Refrigeration Machinery Rooms

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[BE] 1006.2.2.3 Refrigerated Rooms or Spaces

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[BE] 1006.2.2.4 Group I-4 Means of Egress

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[BE] 1006.2.2.5 Vehicular Ramps

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[BE] 1006.2.2.6 Groups R-3 and R-4

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[BE] 1006.3 Egress From Stories or Occupied Roofs

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[BE] 1006.3.1 Adjacent Story

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[BE] 1006.3.2 Egress Based on Occupant Load

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[BE] 1006.3.3 Single Exits

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[BE] 1006.3.3.1 Mixed Occupancies

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Section 1007 Exit and Exit Access Doorway Configuration

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[BE] 1007.1 General

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[BE] 1007.1.1 Two Exits or Exit Access Doorways

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[BE] 1007.1.1.1 Measurement Point

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[BE] 1007.1.2 Three or More Exits or Exit Access Doorways

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[BE] 1007.1.3 Remoteness of Exit Access Stairways or Ramps

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[BE] 1007.1.3.1 Three or More Exit Access Stairways or Ramps

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Section 1008 Means of Egress Illumination

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[BE] 1008.1 Means of Egress Illumination

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[BE] 1008.2 Illumination Required

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[BE] 1008.2.1 Illumination Level Under Normal Power

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[BE] 1008.2.2 Group I-2

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[BE] 1008.2.3 Exit Discharge

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[BE] 1008.3 Emergency Power for Illumination

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[BE] 1008.3.1 General

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[BE] 1008.3.2 Buildings

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[BE] 1008.3.3 Rooms and Spaces

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[BE] 1008.3.4 Duration

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[BE] 1008.3.5 Illumination Level Under Emergency Power

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Section 1009 Accessible Means of Egress

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[BE] 1009.1 Accessible Means of Egress Required

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[BE] 1009.2 Continuity and Components

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[BE] 1009.2.1 Elevators Required

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[BE] 1009.3 Stairways

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[BE] 1009.3.1 Exit Access Stairways

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[BE] 1009.3.2 Stairway Width

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[BE] 1009.3.3 Area of Refuge

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[BE] 1009.4 Elevators

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[BE] 1009.4.1 Standby Power

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[BE] 1009.4.2 Area of Refuge

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[BE] 1009.5 Platform Lifts

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[BE] 1009.6 Areas of Refuge

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[BE] 1009.6.1 Travel Distance

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[BE] 1009.6.2 Stairway or Elevator Access

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[BE] 1009.6.3 Size

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[BE] 1009.6.4 Separation

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[BE] 1009.6.5 Two-Way Communication

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[BE] 1009.7 Exterior Areas for Assisted Rescue

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[BE] 1009.7.1 Size

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[BE] 1009.7.2 Separation

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[BE] 1009.7.3 Openness

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[BE] 1009.7.4 Stairways

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[BE] 1009.8 Two-Way Communication

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[BE] 1009.8.1 System Requirements

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[BE] 1009.8.2 Directions

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[BE] 1009.9 Signage

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[BE] 1009.10 Directional Signage

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[BE] 1009.11 Instructions

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Section 1010 Doors, Gates and Turnstiles

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[BE] 1010.1 Doors

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[BE] 1010.1.1 Size of Doors

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[BE] 1010.1.1.1 Projections Into Clear Width

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[BE] 1010.1.2 Door Swing

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[BE] 1010.1.2.1 Direction of Swing

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[BE] 1010.1.3 Door Opening Force

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[BE] 1010.1.3.1 Location of Applied Forces

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[BE] 1010.1.4 Special Doors

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[BE] 1010.1.4.1 Revolving Doors

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[BE] 1010.1.4.1.1 Egress Component

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[BE] 1010.1.4.1.2 Other Than Egress Component

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[BE] 1010.1.4.2 Power-Operated Doors

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[BE] 1010.1.4.3 Special-Purpose Horizontal Sliding, Accordion or Folding Doors

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[BE] 1010.1.4.4 Locking Arrangements in Educational Occupancies

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[BE] 1010.1.4.4.1 Remote Operation of Locks

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[BE] 1010.1.4.5 Security Grilles

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[BE] 1010.1.5 Floor Elevation

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[BE] 1010.1.6 Landings at Doors

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[BE] 1010.1.7 Thresholds

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[BE] 1010.1.8 Door Arrangement

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[BE] 1010.1.9 Door Operations

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[BE] 1010.1.9.1 Hardware

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[BE] 1010.1.9.2 Hardware Height

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[BE] 1010.1.9.3 Monitored or Recorded Egress

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[BE] 1010.1.9.4 Locks and Latches

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[BE] 1010.1.9.5 Bolt Locks

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[BE] 1010.1.9.6 Unlatching

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[BE] 1010.1.9.6.1 Closet Doors

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[BE] 1010.1.9.7 Controlled Egress Doors in Groups I-1 and I-2

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[BE] 1010.1.9.8 Delayed Egress

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[BE] 1010.1.9.8.1 Delayed Egress Locking System

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[BE] 1010.1.9.9 Sensor Release of Electrically Locked Egress Doors

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[BE] 1010.1.9.10 Door Hardware Release of Electrically Locked Egress Doors

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[BE] 1010.1.9.11 Locking Arrangements in Buildings Within Correctional Facilities

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[BE] 1010.1.9.12 Stairway Doors

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[BE] 1010.1.10 Panic and Fire Exit Hardware

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[BE] 1010.1.10.1 Installation

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[BE] 1010.1.10.2 Balanced Doors

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[BE] 1010.2 Gates

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[BE] 1010.2.1 Stadiums

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[BE] 1010.3 Turnstiles and Similar Devices

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[BE] 1010.3.1 Capacity

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[BE] 1010.3.1.1 Clear Width

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[BE] 1010.3.2 Security Access Turnstiles

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[BE] 1010.3.3 High Turnstile

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[BE] 1010.3.4 Additional Door

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Section 1011 Stairways

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[BE] 1011.1 General

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[BE] 1011.2 Width and Capacity

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[BE] 1011.3 Headroom

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[BE] 1011.4 Walkline

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[BE] 1011.5 Stair Treads and Risers

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[BE] 1011.5.1 Dimension Reference Surfaces

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[BE] 1011.5.2 Riser Height and Tread Depth

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[BE] 1011.5.3 Winder Treads

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[BE] 1011.5.4 Dimensional Uniformity

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[BE] 1011.5.4.1 Nonuniform Height Risers

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[BE] 1011.5.5 Nosing and Riser Profile

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[BE] 1011.5.5.1 Nosing Projection Size

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[BE] 1011.5.5.2 Nosing Projection Uniformity

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[BE] 1011.5.5.3 Solid Risers

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[BE] 1011.6 Stairway Landings

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[BE] 1011.7 Stairway Construction

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[BE] 1011.7.1 Stairway Walking Surface

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[BE] 1011.7.2 Outdoor Conditions

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[BE] 1011.7.3 Enclosures Under Interior Stairways

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[BE] 1011.7.4 Enclosures Under Exterior Stairways

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[BE] 1011.8 Vertical Rise

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[BE] 1011.9 Curved Stairways

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[BE] 1011.10 Spiral Stairways

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[BE] 1011.11 Handrails

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[BE] 1011.12 Stairway to Roof

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[BE] 1011.12.1 Stairway to Elevator Equipment

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[BE] 1011.12.2 Roof Access

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[BE] 1011.13 Guards

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[BE] 1011.14 Alternating Tread Devices

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[BE] 1011.14.1 Handrails of Alternating Tread Devices

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[BE] 1011.14.2 Treads of Alternating Tread Devices

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[BE] 1011.15 Ships Ladders

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[BE] 1011.15.1 Handrails of Ships Ladders

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[BE] 1011.15.2 Treads of Ships Ladders

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[BE] 1011.16 Ladders

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Section 1012 Ramps

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[BE] 1012.1 Scope

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[BE] 1012.2 Slope

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[BE] 1012.3 Cross Slope

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[BE] 1012.4 Vertical Rise

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[BE] 1012.5 Minimum Dimensions

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[BE] 1012.5.1 Width and Capacity

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[BE] 1012.5.2 Headroom

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[BE] 1012.5.3 Restrictions

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[BE] 1012.6 Landings

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[BE] 1012.6.1 Slope

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[BE] 1012.6.2 Width

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[BE] 1012.6.3 Length

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[BE] 1012.6.4 Change in Direction

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[BE] 1012.6.5 Doorways

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[BE] 1012.7 Ramp Construction

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[BE] 1012.7.1 Ramp Surface

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[BE] 1012.7.2 Outdoor Conditions

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[BE] 1012.8 Handrails

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[BE] 1012.9 Guards

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[BE] 1012.10 Edge Protection

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[BE] 1012.10.1 Curb, Rail, Wall or Barrier

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[BE] 1012.10.2 Extended Floor or Ground Surface

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Section 1013 Exit Signs

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[BE] 1013.1 Where Required

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[BE] 1013.2 Floor-Level Exit Signs in Group R-1

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[BE] 1013.3 Illumination

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[BE] 1013.4 Raised Character and Braille Exit Signs

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[BE] 1013.5 Internally Illuminated Exit Signs

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[BE] 1013.6 Externally Illuminated Exit Signs

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[BE] 1013.6.1 Graphics

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[BE] 1013.6.2 Exit Sign Illumination

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[BE] 1013.6.3 Power Source

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Section 1014 Handrails

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[BE] 1014.1 Where Required

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[BE] 1014.2 Height

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[BE] 1014.3 Handrail Graspability

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[BE] 1014.3.1 Type I

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[BE] 1014.3.2 Type II

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[BE] 1014.4 Continuity

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[BE] 1014.5 Fittings

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[BE] 1014.6 Handrail Extensions

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[BE] 1014.7 Clearance

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[BE] 1014.8 Projections

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[BE] 1014.9 Intermediate Handrails

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Section 1015 Guards

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[BE] 1015.1 General

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[BE] 1015.2 Where Required

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[BE] 1015.2.1 Glazing

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[BE] 1015.3 Height

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[BE] 1015.4 Opening Limitations

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[BE] 1015.5 Screen Porches

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[BE] 1015.6 Mechanical Equipment, Systems and Devices

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[BE] 1015.7 Roof Access

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[BE] 1015.8 Window Openings

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[BE] 1015.8.1 Window Opening Control Devices

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Section 1016 Exit Access

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[BE] 1016.1 General

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[BE] 1016.2 Egress Through Intervening Spaces

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[BE] 1016.2.1 Multiple Tenants

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Section 1017 Exit Access Travel Distance

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[BE] 1017.1 General

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[BE] 1017.2 Limitations

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[BE] 1017.2.1 Exterior Egress Balcony Increase

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[BE] 1017.2.2 Groups F-1 and S-1 Increase

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[BE] 1017.3 Measurement

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[BE] 1017.3.1 Exit Access Stairways and Ramps

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Section 1018 Aisles

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[BE] 1018.1 General

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[BE] 1018.2 Aisles in Assembly Spaces

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[BE] 1018.3 Aisles in Groups B and M

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[BE] 1018.4 Aisle Accessways in Group M

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[BE] 1018.5 Aisles in Other Than Assembly Spaces and Groups B and M

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Section 1019 Exit Access Stairways and Ramps

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[BE] 1019.1 General

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[BE] 1019.2 All Occupancies

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[BE] 1019.3 Occupancies Other Than Groups I-2 and I-3

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[BE] 1019.4 Group I-2 and I-3 Occupancies

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Section 1020 Corridors

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[BE] 1020.1 Construction

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[BE] 1020.1.1 Hoistway Opening Protection

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[BE] 1020.2 Width and Capacity

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[BE] 1020.3 Obstruction

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[BE] 1020.4 Dead Ends

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[BE] 1020.5 Air Movement in Corridors

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[BE] 1020.5.1 Corridor Ceiling

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[BE] 1020.6 Corridor Continuity

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Section 1021 Egress Balconies

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[BE] 1021.1 General

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[BE] 1021.2 Wall Separation

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[BE] 1021.3 Openness

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[BE] 1021.4 Location

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Section 1022 Exits

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[BE] 1022.1 General

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[BE] 1022.2 Exterior Exit Doors

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[BE] 1022.2.1 Detailed Requirements

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[BE] 1022.2.2 Arrangement

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Section 1023 Interior Exit Stairways and Ramps

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[BE] 1023.1 General

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[BE] 1023.2 Construction

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[BE] 1023.3 Termination

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[BE] 1023.3.1 Extension

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[BE] 1023.4 Openings

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[BE] 1023.5 Penetrations

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[BE] 1023.6 Ventilation

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[BE] 1023.7 Interior Exit Stairway and Ramp Exterior Walls

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[BE] 1023.8 Discharge Identification

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[BE] 1023.9 Stairway Identification Signs

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[BE] 1023.9.1 Signage Requirements

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[BE] 1023.10 Elevator Lobby Identification Signs

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[BE] 1023.11 Smokeproof Enclosures

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[BE] 1023.11.1 Termination and Extension

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[BE] 1023.11.2 Enclosure Access

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[BE] 1023.12 Standpipes

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Section 1024 Exit Passageways

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[BE] 1024.1 Exit Passageways

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[BE] 1024.2 Width and Capacity

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[BE] 1024.3 Construction

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[BE] 1024.4 Termination

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[BE] 1024.5 Openings

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[BE] 1024.6 Penetrations

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[BE] 1024.7 Ventilation

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[BE] 1024.8 Standpipes

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Section 1025 Luminous Egress Path Markings

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[BE] 1025.1 General

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[BE] 1025.2 Markings Within Exit Components

AMENDMENT
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[BE] 1025.2.1 Steps

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[BE] 1025.2.2 Landings

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[BE] 1025.2.3 Handrails

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[BE] 1025.2.4 Perimeter Demarcation Lines

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[BE] 1025.2.4.1 Floor-Mounted Demarcation Lines

AMENDMENT
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[BE] 1025.2.4.2 Wall-Mounted Demarcation Lines

AMENDMENT
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[BE] 1025.2.4.3 Transition

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[BE] 1025.2.5 Obstacles

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[BE] 1025.2.6 Doors Within the Exit Path

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[BE] 1025.2.6.1 Emergency Exit Symbol

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[BE] 1025.2.6.2 Door Hardware Markings

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[BE] 1025.2.6.3 Door Frame Markings

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[BE] 1025.3 Uniformity

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[BE] 1025.4 Self-Luminous and Photoluminescent

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[BE] 1025.5 Illumination

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Section 1026 Horizontal Exits

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[BE] 1026.1 Horizontal Exits

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[BE] 1026.2 Separation

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[BE] 1026.3 Opening Protectives

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[BE] 1026.4 Refuge Area

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[BE] 1026.4.1 Capacity

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[BE] 1026.4.2 Number of Exits

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[BE] 1026.5 Standpipes

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Section 1027 Exterior Exit Stairways and Ramps

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[BE] 1027.1 Exterior Exit Stairways and Ramps

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[BE] 1027.2 Use in a Means of Egress

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[BE] 1027.3 Open Side

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[BE] 1027.4 Side Yards

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[BE] 1027.5 Location

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[BE] 1027.6 Exterior Exit Stairway and Ramp Protection

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Section 1028 Exit Discharge

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[BE] 1028.1 General

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[BE] 1028.2 Exit Discharge Width or Capacity

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[BE] 1028.3 Exit Discharge Components

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[BE] 1028.4 Egress Courts

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[BE] 1028.4.1 Width or Capacity

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[BE] 1028.4.2 Construction and Openings

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[BE] 1028.5 Access to a Public Way

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Section 1029 Assembly

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[BE] 1029.1 General

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[BE] 1029.1.1 Bleachers

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[BE] 1029.1.1.1 Spaces Under Grandstands and Bleachers

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[BE] 1029.2 Assembly Main Exit

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[BE] 1029.3 Assembly Other Exits

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[BE] 1029.4 Foyers and Lobbies

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[BE] 1029.5 Interior Balcony and Gallery Means of Egress

AMENDMENT
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[BE] 1029.6 Capacity of Aisle for Assembly

AMENDMENT
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[BE] 1029.6.1 Without Smoke Protection

AMENDMENT
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[BE] 1029.6.2 Smoke-Protected Assembly Seating

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[BE] 1029.6.2.1 Smoke Control

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[BE] 1029.6.2.2 Roof Height

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[BE] 1029.6.2.3 Automatic Sprinklers

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[BE] 1029.6.3 Open-Air Assembly Seating

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[BE] 1029.7 Travel Distance

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[BE] 1029.8 Common Path of Egress Travel

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[BE] 1029.8.1 Path Through Adjacent Row

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[BE] 1029.9 Assembly Aisles Are Required

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[BE] 1029.9.1 Minimum Aisle Width

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[BE] 1029.9.2 Aisle Catchment Area

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[BE] 1029.9.3 Converging Aisles

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[BE] 1029.9.4 Uniform Width and Capacity

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[BE] 1029.9.5 Dead-End Aisles

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[BE] 1029.9.6 Aisle Measurement

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[BE] 1029.9.6.1 Assembly Aisle Obstructions

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[BE] 1029.9.7 Stairways Connecting to Stepped Aisles

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[BE] 1029.9.8 Stairways Connecting to Vomitories

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[BE] 1029.10 Transitions

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[BE] 1029.10.1 Transitions to Stairways That Maintain Stepped Aisle Riser and Tread Dimensions

AMENDMENT
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[BE] 1029.10.2 Transitions to Stairways That Do Not Maintain Stepped Aisle Riser and Tread Dimensions

AMENDMENT
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[BE] 1029.10.2.1 Stairways and Stepped Aisles in a Straight Run

AMENDMENT
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[BE] 1029.10.2.2 Stairways That Change Direction From Stepped Aisles

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[BE] 1029.10.3 Transition Marking

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[BE] 1029.11 Stepped Aisles at Vomitories

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[BE] 1029.11.1 Stepped Aisles That Change Direction at Vomitories

AMENDMENT
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[BE] 1029.11.2 Stepped Aisle Transitions at the Top of Vomitories

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[BE] 1029.12 Construction

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[BE] 1029.12.1 Walking Surface

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[BE] 1029.12.2 Outdoor Conditions

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[BE] 1029.13 Aisle Accessways

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[BE] 1029.13.1 Seating at Tables

AMENDMENT
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[BE] 1029.13.1.1 Aisle Accessway Capacity and Width for Seating at Tables

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[BE] 1029.13.1.2 Seating at Table Aisle Accessway Length

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[BE] 1029.13.2 Clear Width of Aisle Accessways Serving Seating in Rows

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[BE] 1029.13.2.1 Dual Access

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[BE] 1029.13.2.2 Single Access

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[BE] 1029.14 Assembly Aisle Walking Surfaces

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[BE] 1029.14.1 Ramped Aisles

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[BE] 1029.14.1.1 Cross Slope

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[BE] 1029.14.1.2 Landings

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[BE] 1029.14.1.3 Edge Protection

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[BE] 1029.14.2 Stepped Aisles

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[BE] 1029.14.2.1 Treads

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[BE] 1029.14.2.2 Risers

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[BE] 1029.14.2.2.1 Construction Tolerances

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[BE] 1029.14.2.3 Tread Contrasting Marking Stripe

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[BE] 1029.14.2.4 Nosing and Profile

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[BE] 1029.15 Seat Stability

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[BE] 1029.16 Handrails

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[BE] 1029.16.1 Discontinuous Handrails

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[BE] 1029.16.2 Handrail Termination

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[BE] 1029.16.3 Mid-Aisle Termination

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[BE] 1029.16.4 Rails

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[BE] 1029.17 Assembly Guards

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[BE] 1029.17.1 Perimeter Guards

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[BE] 1029.17.2 Cross Aisles

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[BE] 1029.17.3 Sightline-Constrained Guard Heights

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[BE] 1029.17.4 Guards at the End of Aisles

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Section 1030 Emergency Escape and Rescue

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[BE] 1030.1 General

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[BE] 1030.1.1 Operational Constraints and Opening Control Devices

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[BE] 1030.2 Minimum Size

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[BE] 1030.2.1 Minimum Dimensions

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[BE] 1030.3 Maximum Height From Floor

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[BE] 1030.4 Window Wells

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[BE] 1030.4.1 Minimum Size

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[BE] 1030.4.2 Ladders or Steps

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[BE] 1030.5 Bars, Grilles, Covers and Screens

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The means of egress for buildings or portions thereof shall be maintained in accordance with this section.
Required exit accesses, exits and exit discharges shall be continuously maintained free from obstructions or impediments to full instant use in the case of fire or other emergency where the building area served by the means of egress is occupied. An exit or exit passageway shall not be used for any purpose that interferes with a means of egress.
Security devices affecting means of egress shall be subject to approval of the fire code official. Security devices and locking arrangements in the means of egress that restrict, control, or delay egress shall be installed and maintained as required by this chapter.

In Group E occupancies, Group B educational occupancies and Group I-4 occupancies, egress doors from classrooms, offices and other occupied rooms shall be permitted to be provided with locking arrangements designed to keep intruders from entering the room where all of the following conditions are met:

  1. The door shall be capable of being unlocked from outside the room with a key or other approved means.
  2. The door shall be openable from within the room in accordance with Section 1010.1.9.
  3. Modifications shall not be made to existing listed panic hardware, fire door hardware or door closers.
  4. Modifications to fire door assemblies shall be in accordance with NFPA 80.
A means of egress shall be free from obstructions that would prevent its use, including the accumulation of snow and ice.

In Group I-2, the required clear width for aisles, corridors and ramps that are part of the required means of egress shall comply with Section 1020.2. The facility shall have a plan to maintain the required clear width during emergency situations.

Exception: In areas required for bed movement, equipment shall be permitted in the required width where all of the following provisions are met:

  1. The equipment is low hazard and wheeled.
  2. The equipment does not reduce the effective clear width for the means of egress to less than 5 feet (1525 mm).
  3. The equipment is limited to:

    1. 3.1. Equipment and carts in use.
    2. 3.2. Medical emergency equipment.
    3. 3.3. Infection control carts.
    4. 3.4. Patient lift and transportation equipment.
  4. Medical emergency equipment and patient lift and transportation equipment, when not in use, are required to be located on one side of the corridor.
  5. The equipment is limited in number to not more than one per patient sleeping room or patient care room within each smoke compartment.
Exit signs shall be installed and maintained in accordance with the building code that was in effect at the time of construction and the applicable provisions in Section 1104. Decorations, furnishings, equipment or adjacent signage that impairs the visibility of exit signs, creates confusion or prevents identification of the exit shall not be allowed.
Where a door is adjacent to, constructed similar to and can be confused with a means of egress door, that door shall be identified with an approved sign that identifies the room name or use of the room.
Means of egress doors shall be maintained in such a manner as to be distinguishable from the adjacent construction and finishes such that the doors are easily recognizable as doors. Furnishings, decorations or other objects shall not be placed so as to obstruct exits, access thereto, egress therefrom, or visibility thereof. Hangings and draperies shall not be placed over exit doors or otherwise be located to conceal or obstruct an exit. Mirrors shall not be placed on exit doors. Mirrors shall not be placed in or adjacent to any exit in such a manner as to confuse the direction of exit.

Required emergency escape and rescue openings shall be maintained in accordance with the that was code in effect at the time of construction, and both of the following:

  1. Required emergency escape and rescue openings shall be operational from the inside of the room without the use of keys or tools.
  2. Bars, grilles, grates or similar devices are allowed to be placed over emergency escape and rescue openings provided that the minimum net clear opening size complies with the code that was in effect at the time of construction and such devices shall be releasable or removable from the inside without the use of a key, tool or force greater than that which is required for normal operation of the emergency escape and rescue opening.
Two-way communication systems for areas of refuge shall be inspected and tested on a yearly basis to verify that all components are operational. Where required, the tests shall be conducted in the presence of the fire code official. Records of inspection, testing and maintenance shall be maintained.
The floor identification signs required by Sections 1023.9 and 1104.24 shall be maintained in an approved manner.
Emergency lighting shall be maintained in accordance with Section 108 and shall be inspected and tested in accordance with Sections 1031.10.1 and 1031.10.2.
Emergency lighting equipment shall be tested monthly for a duration of not less than 30 seconds. The test shall be performed manually or by an automated self-testing and self-diagnostic routine. Where testing is performed by self-testing and self-diagnostics, a visual inspection of the emergency lighting equipment shall be conducted monthly to identify any equipment displaying a trouble indicator or that has become damaged or otherwise impaired.
Battery-powered emergency lighting equipment shall be tested annually by operating the equipment on battery power for not less than 90 minutes.
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