ADOPTS WITH AMENDMENTS:

International Building Code 2018 (IBC 2018)

Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.

Appendix O Disaster Resilient Construction

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

Chapter AO1 Scope and Administration

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

Section AO101 Administration

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

AO101.1 Purpose

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The scope of this appendix is to promote enhanced public health, safety and general welfare and to reduce public and private property losses due to hazards and natural disasters associated with flooding, high-winds, and windborne debris above that which is provided in the general provisions of this appendix.

AO101.2 Objectives

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The objectives of this appendix are to:
  1. Protect human life, to minimize property loss and to minimize the expenditures of public money associated with natural weather related disasters, including flooding, tornadoes and other high-wind events.
  2. Establish enhanced design and construction regulations consistent with nationally recognized good practices for the safeguarding of life and property.

AO101.3 Scope

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.

AO101.3.1

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The provisions of this appendix are not mandatory unless specifically referenced in an adopting ordinance of [NAME OF JURISDICTION]. If adopted, the provisions shall apply to all new development and to substantial improvements to existing development.

AO101.3.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The provisions of this appendix supplement the jurisdiction's building and fire codes to provide for enhanced provisions to mitigate the hazard to life and property from natural weather related disasters, including flooding, tornadoes and other high-wind events.

AO101.3.3

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The provisions of this appendix establish design and construction standards for storm shelters.

AO101.4 Violations

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Any violation of a provision of this appendix or failure to comply with a permit of variance issued pursuant to this appendix or any requirement of this appendix shall be handled in accordance with the ordinances of [NAME OF JURISDICTION].

Section AO102 Applicability

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.

AO102.1 General

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This appendix provides enhanced minimum requirements for development of new construction and substantial improvement of existing development above that contained in the International Building Code (IBC).

AO102.1.1

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The provisions of this appendix shall apply to all new construction and additions, and shall apply to substantial alterations in flood hazard areas unless it is technically infeasible or otherwise exempted in Section 3403.2 of the International Building Code.

AO102.1.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Regardless of the category of work being performed, the work shall not cause the structure to become unsafe or adversely affect the performance of the building; shall not cause an existing mechanical or plumbing system to become unsafe, hazardous, insanitary or overloaded; and unless expressly permitted by these provisions, shall not make the building any less compliant with this appendix or to any previously approved alternative arrangements than it was before the work was undertaken.

AO102.1.3

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where there is a conflict between a requirement of the International Building Code and a requirement of this appendix, the requirement of this appendix shall govern. Where there is a conflict between a general requirement of this appendix and a specific requirement of this appendix, the specific requirement shall govern. Where, in any specific case, different sections of this appendix specify different materials, methods of construction or other requirements, the most restrictive shall govern.

AO102.2 Other Laws

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The provisions of this appendix shall not be deemed to nullify any provisions of local, state or federal law.

AO102.3 Referenced Codes and Standards

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The codes and standards referenced in this appendix shall be those that are listed in Chapter AO7 and such codes and standards shall be considered as part of the requirements of this appendix to the prescribed extent of each such reference. Where differences occur between provisions this appendix and referenced codes and standards, the provisions of this appendix shall apply.

Section AO103 Post Disaster Event Inspections Guidelines

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AO103.1 Inspections

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The building official or agents shall inspect buildings and structures to determine the habitability of each with the goal of getting the community back into their residences quickly and safely. Inspections shall always be performed by teams of at least two individuals, also known as disaster assessment teams.

AO103.1.1 Right of Entry

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Unless permitted under the exigent circumstances provisions or from an order from State or Federal Authorities, disaster assessment teams shall confirm the right of entry requirements with the incident commander. Upon approval, the assessment teams shall be authorized to enter the structure or premises at reasonable times to inspect or perform duties as provided by this code, provided that the structure or premises be occupied, that credentials are presented, that entry is requested, and that entry is granted by the owner or person having charge over the structure or premises.

AO103.2 Types of Inspections

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

AO103.2.1 Rapid Evaluation

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Rapid evaluation is performed after a disaster event to determine if a building is apparently safe or obviously unsafe. The evaluation should last 10 to 30 minutes per building and shall be performed by the building official and/or their designated responders. Evaluation shall determine if a detailed evaluation is necessary. Placards are posted on buildings indicating status as one of the following:
  1. INSPECTED
  2. RESTRICTED USE
  3. UNSAFE
See Section AO605 for Placards that may be reproduced for use in the field during evaluations. The jurisdiction shall alter placards to meet the jurisdiction and building department's requirements.

AO103.2.2 Detailed Evaluation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Detailed evaluation is a thorough visual examination of a damaged building performed by a team of two, including an inspector and a design professional. Evaluation should last 30 minutes to 4 hours per building. Evaluation shall determine necessary restrictions on a damaged building's use, the need for an engineering evaluation or to evaluate postings.

AO103.2.3 Engineering Evaluation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
When indicated by the building official as necessary, engineering evaluations shall be completed by a registered design professional hired by the building owner.

AO103.3 Post Disaster Building Safety Evaluation Chart

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
See Figure AO103.3 for Post Disaster Building Safety Evaluation Chart.

Figure AO103.3 Post Disaster Building Safety Evaluation Chart a


  1. (a) When Disaster Strikes by the International Code Council, Inc., Seventh Printing: November 2011, copyright 2007

AO103.4 Evaluation Forms

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
ATC-45 Rapid Evaluation Safety Assessment Form and ATC-45 Detailed Evaluation Safety Assessment Form shall be used by [Name of Jurisdiction]'s Building Official for post disaster inspections. See Section AO605 for copies of the Safety Assessment Forms.

AO103.5 Placement and Removal of Placards

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AO103.5.1 Placement

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Placards are to be posted in a clearly visible location near the main entrance and shall be visible from the public right-of-way. RESTRICTED USE or UNSAFE placards shall be placed at all entrances.

AO103.5.2 Removal

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Placards shall not be removed or replaced, except by the authorized representatives of the local jurisdiction.

Chapter AO2 Definitions

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Section AO201 General

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AO201.1 Scope

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Unless otherwise expressly stated the following words and terms shall, for the purposes of this appendix, have the meanings shown in this chapter.

AO201.2 Terms Defined in Other Codes

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Where terms are not defined in this appendix and are defined in other International Codes, such terms shall have the meanings ascribed to them as in those codes.

AO201.3 Terms Not Defined

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where terms are not defined through the methods authorized by this section, such terms shall have their ordinarily accepted meanings such as the context implies.

Section AO202 Definitions

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
500-YEAR FLOOD. Flood having a 0.2% annual probability of being equaled or exceeded.

ADVISORY BASE FLOOD ELEVATION (ABFE). An advisory base flood elevation (BFE) issued by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) that reflects post-storm conditions and vulnerability to damages from future flooding.

BASE FLOOD. Flood having a 1% chance of being equaled or exceeded in any given year, also referred to as the 100-year flood.

BASE FLOOD ELEVATION (BFE). The elevation of flooding, including wave height, having a 1% chance of being equaled or exceeded in any given year established relative to the National Geodetic Vertical Datum (NGVD), North American Vertical Datum (NAVD) or other datum specified on the Flood Insurance Rate Map (FIRM).

BUILDING OFFICIAL. The officer or other designated authority charged with the administration and enforcement of the International Building Code, or the building official's duly authorized representative.

DESIGN FLOOD. The greater of the following two flood events:
  1. The base flood, affecting those areas identified as special flood hazard areas on the community's FIRM;
  2. The flood corresponding to the area designated as a flood hazard area on a community's flood hazard map or otherwise legally designated.
DESIGN FLOOD ELEVATION (DFE). The elevation of the design flood, including wave height, relative to the datum specified on the community's legally designated flood hazard map. In areas designated as Zone AO, the design flood elevation shall be the elevation of the highest existing grade of the building's perimeter plus the depth number (in feet) specified on the flood hazard map.

FLOOD [DAMAGE]-RESISTANT MATERIAL. Any building product [material, component or system] capable of withstanding direct and prolonged contact with floodwaters without sustaining significant damage.

FLOOD HAZARD MAP. Map delineating flood hazard areas adopted by the authority having jurisdiction.

FLOOD INSURANCE RATE MAP (FIRM). An official map of a community on which the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has delineated both the special flood hazard areas and the risk premium zones applicable to the community.

FREEBOARD. A factor of safety expressed in feet above a flood level for purposes of floodplain management.

FUTURE-CONDITIONS FLOOD. The flood having a 1% chance of being equaled or exceeded in any given year based on future-conditions hydrology. Also known as the 100-year future-conditions flood.

FUTURE-CONDITIONS FLOOD ELEVATION. The flood standard equal to or higher than the Base Flood Elevation. The future-conditions flood elevation is defined as the highest water surface anticipated at any given point during the future-conditions flood.

Chapter AO3 Flood-Resistant Construction

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Forward: This appendix provides three different options for increased freeboard. The jurisdiction may pick only one option that is higher than previously adopted and enforced by the jurisdiction. The National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) minimum standards reference Base Flood Elevation without any freeboard in high risk flood hazard areas. Due to the flood damage prevention updates performed during the Map Modernization initiative that led to flood risks being digitally identified in all 159 Georgia counties, all Georgia NFIP participating communities have freeboard standards that meet or exceed the 1 foot standard used in the State model ordinances for areas where BFEs have been established.

Section AO301 Hazard Identification

AMENDMENT
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AO301.1 Identification of Flood Hazard Areas

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To establish flood hazard areas:
  1. flood hazard map adopted by jurisdiction based on areas of special flood hazard as identified by the Federal Emergency Management Agency in an engineering report entitled "The Flood Insurance Study of [INSERT NAME OF JURISDICTION]," dated [INSERT DATE ISSUANCE], and amended or revised with the accompanying Flood Insurance Rate Map (FIRM) and Flood Boundary and Floodway Map (FBFM) and related supporting data along with any revisions thereto.
  2. FIRM maps provided by the Federal Emergency Management Agency.

Section AO302 Scope

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AO302.1 Flood Loads

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Buildings designed and constructed in flood hazard areas defined in IBC Section 1612.3 shall comply with the following:

AO302.1.1 Flood Hazard Areas Without Base Flood Elevations

AMENDMENT
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In flood hazard areas without base flood or future-conditions flood elevation data, new construction and substantial improvements of existing structures shall have the lowest floor of the lowest enclosed area (including basement) elevated no less than three (3) feet above the highest adjacent grade to the building foundation.

Option A — Flood Elevation

AMENDMENT
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AO302.1.2 Increase to Base Flood Elevation Requirements

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Floors required by ASCE 24 to be built above base flood elevations as follows:

The higher of:
  1. Design flood elevation plus one (1) foot, or
  2. Base flood elevation plus one (1) foot, or
  3. Advisory base flood elevation, or
  4. Future-conditions plus one (1) foot, if known or
  5. 500-year flood, if known

Option B — Flood Elevetion

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

AO302.1.3 Increase to Base Flood Elevation Requirements

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Floors required by ASCE 24 to be built above base flood elevations as follows:

The higher of:
  1. Design flood elevation plus two (2) feet, or
  2. Base flood elevation plus two (2) feet, or
  3. Advisory base flood elevation, or
  4. Future-conditions plus one (1) foot, if known or
  5. 500-year flood, if known

Option C — Flood Elevation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

AO302.1.4 Increase to Base Flood Elevation Requirements

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Floors required by ASCE 24 to be built above base flood elevations as follows:

The higher of:
  1. Design flood elevation plus three (3) feet, or
  2. Base flood elevation plus three (3) feet, or
  3. Advisory base flood elevation, or
  4. Future-conditions plus one (1) foot, if known or
  5. 500-year flood, if known

Section AO303 Flood Damage-Resistant Materials

AMENDMENT
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AO303.1 Flood Damage-Resistant Materials

AMENDMENT
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Flood damage-resistant materials comply with FEMA Technical Bulletin 2, Table 2. Types, Uses, and Classifications of Materials.

AO303.2 Location of Flood Damage-Resistant Materials

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Building components and materials located below the increase to base flood elevation as determined by the local jurisdiction in accordance with AO302.1 shall be flood damage-resistant as defined by Section AO303.1.

AO303.3 Fasteners and Connectors Used for Flood Damage-Resistant Materials

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Fasteners and connectors used for flood damage-resistant materials to be made of stainless steel, hot-dipped zinc-coated galvanized steel, mechanically deposited-zinc coated, silicon bronze or copper. Copper fasteners shall not be permitted for use in conjunction with steel.

Chapter AO4 High-Wind Resistive Construction

AMENDMENT
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Section AO401 General

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AO401.1 Applications

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Buildings, and parts thereof shall be designed to withstand the minimum wind loads and meet the opening protection requirements of IBC Section 1609 as modified in this chapter. Wind Load Option A, B or C shall be selected. Table AO401.1 may be used to assist in the selection of an appropriate Wind Load Option.

Table AO401.1
WIND LOAD OPTIONS:
TARGET PERFORMANCE LEVELS AND DESIGN CRITERIA4
OPTION DESIGN WIND
EVENT
Risk Category II1 Risk Category III1 Risk Category IV1
Target Performance Level2 Min Wind Speed
Vult
Wind-Borne Debris Target Perfor-mance Level2 Min Wind Speed
Vult
Wind-Borne Debris Target Perfor-mance Level2 Min Wind Speed
Vult
Wind-Borne Debris
A EF0 & 1 Tornado — IBC level Hurricane CP3 IBC 1609.3 IBC 1609.2 or ASCE 7 CP3 IBC 1609.3 IBC 1609.2 or ASCE 7 CP3 IBC 1609.3 IBC 1609.2 or ASCE 7
LS Glazing IO5 Glazing
B EF2 Tornado — Cat 3 Hurricane CP3 for EF0-EF1-IBC Hurricane for Risk Cat. III/IV IBC 1609.3 for Risk Cat. III/IV IBC 1609.2 or ASCE 7 LS 145 mph Req'd for glazing per IBC 1609.2 and ASCE 7 IO5 145 mph Exterior Envelope
C EF3 Tornado — Cat 4 Hurricane CP3 for EF0-EF1-IBC Hurricane for Risk Cat. III/IV IBC 1609.3 for Risk Cat. III/IV IBC 1609.2 or ASCE 7 LS 170 mph Req'd for glazing per IBC 1609.2 and ASCE 7 IO5 170 mph Exterior Envelope
Notes:
  1. Risk Category per IBC Section 1604.5
  2. Performance Levels:

    CP: Collapse Prevention
    LS: Life Safety
    IO: Immediate Occupancy
    OB: Operational Building
  3. LS for occupants away from exterior envelope. IO for storm shelters or safe rooms.
  4. See Section AO401 and Section AO403 for additional limitations and criteria.
  5. OB for building or an internal area within a building designed to ICC-500 or FEMA 361.

AO401.2 Limitations

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The following limitations shall apply to the design and construction of buildings with respect to winds.

AO401.2.1 Empirical Masonry

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The empirical masonry provisions in IBC Section 2109 or Chapter 5 of TMS 402/ACI 530/ASCE 5 shall not be permitted to be used for the wind load resisting elements of buildings, or parts of buildings or other structures.

AO401.2.2 Unreinforced (Plain) Masonry

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The unreinforced masonry provisions in IBC Section 2109 or sections 2.2, 3.2 or 8.2 of TMS 402/ACI 530/ASCE 5 shall not be permitted to be used for the wind load resisting elements of buildings, or parts of buildings or other structures.

AO401.2.3 Conventional Light-Frame Construction

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The conventional light-frame constriction provisions in IBC Section 2308 shall not be permitted to be used for the wind load resisting elements of buildings, or parts of buildings or other structures.
Exception: Compliance with AF&PA WFCM shall be permitted subject to the limitations therein and the limitations of this appendix.

Section AO402 Definitions and Notations

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

AO402.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The following terms are defined in Chapter 2 of the International Building Code:

CONVENTIONAL
CONSTRUCTION.
LIGHT-FRAME
MASONRY.
     Unreinforced (plain) masonry.
WIND-BORNE DEBRIS REGION.
WIND SPEED, Vult.

Section AO403 Wind Loads

AMENDMENT
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AO403.1 Wind Directionality Factor

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The directionality factor for Wind Option B and C shall be taken as 1.0.

AO403.2 Exposure

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Wind pressures for Wind Option B and C shall be based on exposure category C or D in accordance with IBC Section1609.4 or ASCE 7.

AO403.3 Enclosure Classification

AMENDMENT
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The enclosure classification shall be determined in accordance with ASCE 7 with the largest door or window on a wall that receives positive external pressure considered as an opening.

AO403.4 Continuous Operation of Risk Category IV Buildings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
When a building or an internal area within a building in Risk Category IV is required to remain operational during a design wind event (target performance level OB), that building or that internal area shall be designed in accordance with ICC-500 or FEMA-361.

Section AO404 Wind Load Option A

AMENDMENT
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AO404.1 Basic Wind Speed

AMENDMENT
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The ultimate design wind speed, Vult, for use in the design of buildings and structures shall be obtained from IBC Section 1609.3.

AO404.2 Debris Hazard and Protection of Openings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Buildings shall be designed for impact resistance in accordance with IBC Section 1609.2 or ASCE 7.

Exception:
  1. For Risk Category III buildings with a Life Safety target performance level for the entire building, the exterior glazing shall be impact resistant or be protected with an impact resistant covering meeting the requirements of ASTM E1996.
  2. For Risk Category IV buildings with an Immediate Occupancy target performance level for the entire building, the exterior glazing shall be impact resistant or be protected with an impact resistant covering meeting the requirements of ASTM E1996 for Enhanced Protection.

Section AO405 Wind Load Option B

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

AO405.1 Basic Wind Speed

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The ultimate design wind speed, Vult, for use in the design of Risk Category I buildings and structures shall be obtained from 0 Section 1609.3. The ultimate design wind speed, Vult, for use in the design of Risk Category II buildings and structures shall be obtained from IBC Figure 1609.3(1). The ultimate design wind speed, Vult, for use in the design of Risk Category III and IV buildings and structures shall be obtained from IBC Figure 1609.3(1) or 135 mph, whichever is greater.

AO405.2 Debris Hazard and Protection of Openings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Buildings shall be designed for impact resistance in accordance with this Section in addition to IBC Section 1609.2 or ASCE 7.

Exception:
  1. For Risk Category IV buildings, all components of the exterior envelope shall be impact resistant or be protected with an impact resistant covering meeting the requirements of ASTM E1996 for Enhanced Protection.

Section AO406 Wind Load Option C

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

AO406.1 Basic Wind Speed

AMENDMENT
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The ultimate design wind speed, Vult, for use in the design of Risk Category I buildings and structures shall be obtained from IBC Section 1609.3. The ultimate design wind speed, Vult, for use in the design of Risk Category II buildings and structures shall be obtained from IBC Figure 1609.3(1). The ultimate design wind speed, Vult, for use in the design of Risk Category III and IV buildings and structures shall be obtained from IBC Figure 1609.3(1) or 170 mph, whichever is greater.

AO406.2 Debris Hazard and Protection of Openings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Buildings shall be designed for impact resistance in accordance with this Section in addition to IBC Section 1609.2 or ASCE 7.

Exception:
  1. For Risk Category IV buildings, all components of the exterior envelope shall be impact resistant or be protected with an impact resistant covering meeting the requirements of ASTM E1996 for Enhanced Protection.

Chapter AO5 Storm Shelters, Safe Rooms and Best Available Refuge Areas

AMENDMENT
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Section AO501 General

AMENDMENT
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AO501.1 General

AMENDMENT
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This section applies to the location and construction of storm shelters and safe rooms when constructed as separate detached buildings or as internal areas within buildings for the purpose of providing safe refuge for storms that produce high winds, such as tornados and hurricanes, and to the selection of best available refuge areas. Storm shelters shall be designed and constructed in accordance with IBC Section 423. Safe rooms shall be designed and constructed in accordance with FEMA 361. Storm shelters, safe rooms, and best available refuge areas shall be located on an accessible route.

Exception: Residential Safe Rooms and safe rooms serving a Business Group B Occupancy and having an occupant load not exceeding 16 persons may be constructed in accordance with FEMA 320.

AO501.2 Occupant Load

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The occupant load for storm shelters and safe rooms shall be determined by ICC 500 and FEMA 361 respectively.

AO501.3 Construction Documents

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Construction documents for buildings containing a storm shelter or safe room shall include the information required in ICC 500 or FEMA 361 respectively. Construction documents for buildings with access to a remote community storm shelter or safe room shall indicate the location of and access to the community storm shelter or safe room. Construction documents for buildings not containing or without access to a remote storm shelter or safe room, shall indicate the best available refuge area.

AO501.4 Signage

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The location(s) of storm shelters, safe rooms or the best available refuge area(s) shall be clearly marked with a permanent sign.

Section AO502 Definitions and Notations

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

AO502.1 Definitions

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The following terms are defined in Chapter 2 of the International Building Code:

DWELLING UNITS.
OCCUPANT LOAD.
STORM SHELTER.

AO502.2 Additional Definitions

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
BEST AVAILABLE REFUGE AREAS. Areas in a building that have been deemed by a registered design professional to likely offer the greatest safety for building occupants during a tornado or hurricane. Because these areas were not specifically designed as storm shelters or safe rooms, their occupants may be injured or killed during a tornado or hurricane. However, people in the best available refuge areas are less likely to be injured or killed than people in other areas of a building.

SAFE ROOM. A building, structure or portions thereof, constructed in accordance with FEMA 361 and designed for use during a severe wind storm event, such as a hurricane or tornado.

Community Safe Room. A safe room not defined as a "Residential Safe Room"

Residential Safe Room. A safe room serving occupants of dwelling units and having an occupant load not exceeding 16 persons.

Section AO503 Best Available Refuge Areas

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

AO503.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Best available refuge area occupants may be injured or killed during a tornado or hurricane. However, people in the best available refuge areas are less likely to be injured or killed than people in other areas of a building.

AO503.2 Occupant Density

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The minimum required floor area per occupant for best available refuge area(s) shall be determined in accordance with ICC 500 Table 501.1.1.

AO503.3 Identification of Best Available Refuge Areas

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Best available refuge areas shall be identified by a registered design professional in accordance with the Wind Hazard Checklist of FEMA 361, Appendix B and FEMA P-431.

Section AO504 Applicability

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

AO504.1 Required Storm Shelters or Safe Rooms

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
  1. All new kindergarten through 12th grade schools with 50 or more occupants in total, per school, shall have a storm shelter or safe room.
  2. All new 911 call stations, emergency operation centers, and fire, rescue, ambulance, and police stations shall have a storm shelter or safe room.

Chapter AO6 Resources

AMENDMENT
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Section AO601 Contacts

AMENDMENT
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Georgia Department of Community Affairs (DCA) Construction Codes

Georgia State Amendments to the State Minimum Standard Codes

dca.ga.gov/local-government-assistance/construction-codes-industrialized-buildings/construction-codes

Phone: 404-679-3118

Georgia Department of Natural Resources (DNR) Floodplain Management

4220 International Parkway, Ste. 101

Atlanta, GA 30354-3902

www.georgiadfirm.com

Phone: 404-675-1757

Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)

www.fema.gov; www.floodsmart.gov

www.fema.gov/rebuild/buildingscience/

FEMA Publications and Technical Bulletins:

(www.fema.gov/library/index.jsp)

(www.fema.gov/plan/prevent/floodplain/techbul.shtm)

Georgia Emergency Management Agency (GEMA)

Georgia Office of Homeland Security

P.O. Box 18055

Atlanta, GA 30316-0055

www.gema.ga.gov

www.ready.ga.gov

Phone: 404-635-7000

Georgia Association of Regional Commissions (GARC)

www.garc.ga.gov

(http://garc.ga.gov/main.php?Regional-Commissions-2)

(for assistance in identifying Flood Hazard Areas)

International Code Council (ICC)

www.iccsafe.org

National Weather Service

www.weather.gov

State Fire Marshal's Office

2 Martin Luther King Jr. Drive

Suite 920 / West Tower

Atlanta, Georgia 30334

www.oci.ga.gov

Phone: 404-656-7087

Section AO602 EMERGENCY INSPECTION KIT b

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
  1. □ Staff's disaster response
    management plan
  2. □ Team contact list
  3. Area maps
  4. □ Official identification
  5. □ Personal identification
  6. □ Inspection forms and placards
  7. □ Communication equipment
  8. □ Clipboard
  9. □ Hard hat
  10. □ Orange safety vest
  11. □ Dust mask
  12. □ Work gloves
  13. □ Steel toe and waterproof boots
  14. □ Whistle
  15. □ First aid kit
  16. □ Latex gloves
  1. □ Safety glasses
  2. □ Sunglasses
  3. □ Pocket knife
  4. □ Matches
  5. □ Antibacterial hand wipes or
    alcohol-based hand sanitizer
  6. □ Insect repellant (w/ Deet or
    Picaridin)
  7. □ Sunscreen (SPF 15 or greater)
  8. □ Camera
  9. □ Black markers
  10. □ Pens & pencils
  11. □ Envelope for expense receipts
  12. □ Compass, GPS unit
  13. □ Backpack, waistpack
  14. □ Flashlight and extra batteries
  15. □ Battery-operated radio
  1. □ Duct tape
  2. □ Staples & stapler
  3. □ Staple gun
  4. □ Calculator
  5. □ Tire repair kit
Remember to grab:
  1. □ Personal identification
  2. □ Rain gear, extra clothing
  3. □ Water bottle
  4. □ Prescription medication
  5. Cell phone and charger
  6. □ Cash for personal expenses
  7. □ Toiletries
  1. (b) Disaster Mitigation: A Guide for Building Departments by the International Code Council, Inc., copyright 2009

Section AO603 SAFETY TIPS a

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
  1. Always travel in teams of at least two people.
  2. Always wear a hard hat, gloves, goggles, safety vest, and dust masks.
  3. Always wear safety shoes capable of protecting the toes and bottom of the foot.
  4. Survey the building exterior completely before entering.
  5. Enter building only if authorized and if deemed safe to do so.
  6. Be alert for falling objects.
  7. In case of fire, injuries or victims, evacuate the area and alert the fire department immediately.
  8. Avoid downed power lines and buildings under them or water surrounding them.
  9. In case of gas leaks, shut off the gas (if possible) and report the leak.
  10. In a flood situation, have a "walking stick."
  1. When Disaster Strikes by the International Code Council, Inc., Seventh Printing: November 2011, copyright 2007

Section AO604 Major Disaster Process

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

A Major Disaster Declaration usually follows these steps:

Generally the local government will issue a local state of emergency

Prior to committing state resources, the Governor will declare a state of emergency in the counties impacted by the event for which assistance is needed.

Generally the locals will submit a preliminary damage assessment to the state and the state will review and determine if state and/or federal assistance is needed. If federal assistance is needed, the state will request FEMA perform a preliminary joint damage assessment. If the Governor determines that the incident is of such severity and magnitude that effective response is beyond the capabilities of the state and the affected local governments then supplementary Federal assistance is requested (next step).

Section AO605 SAMPLE EVALUATION FORMS AND INSPECTION PLACARDS b (following pages)

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Figure AO605.1b


Figure AO605.2b

continue on page 2

Figure AO605.2b(Continued)


Figure AO605.3b


Figure AO605.4b


Figure AO605.5b

Chapter AO7 References

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
REFERENCED STANDARDS

ASCE Standards ASCE/SEI 24-14 Flood Resistant Design and Construction

FEMA P-320, Fourth Edition / December 2014 Taking Shelter From the Storm: Building a Safe Room For Your Home or Small Business, Includes Construction Plans and Cost Estimates

FEMA 361, Third Edition / March 2015 Design and Construction Guidance for Community Safe Rooms

FEMA P-431, Second Edition/October 2009 Tornado Protection: Selecting Refuge Areas in Buildings

FEMA Technical Bulletin 2, Table 2. Types, Uses, and Classifications of Materials


REFERENCED RESOURCES

  1. When Disaster Strikes by the International Code Council, Inc., Seventh Printing: November 2011, copyright 2007
  2. Disaster Mitigation: A Guide for Building Departments by the International Code Council, Inc., copyright 2009
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