Copyright

Preface

Effective Use of the International Plumbing Code

Legislation

Chapter 1 Scope and Administration

Chapter 2 Definitions

Chapter 3 General Regulations

Chapter 4 Fixtures, Faucets and Fixture Fittings

Chapter 5 Water Heaters

Chapter 6 Water Supply and Distribution

Chapter 7 Sanitary Drainage

Chapter 8 Indirect/Special Waste

Chapter 9 Vents

Chapter 10 Traps, Interceptors and Separators

Chapter 11 Storm Drainage

Chapter 12 Special Piping and Storage Systems

Chapter 13 Nonpotable Water Systems

Chapter 14 Subsurface Landscape Irrigation Systems

Chapter 15 Referenced Standards

Appendix A Plumbing Permit Fee Schedule

Appendix B Rates of Rainfall for Various Cities

Appendix C Structural Safety

Appendix D Degree Day and Design Temperatures

Appendix E Sizing of Water Piping System

The provisions of this chapter shall govern the materials, design, construction and installation of storm drainage.
Rainwater from roofs and storm water from paved areas, yards, courts and courtyards shall drain to an approved place of disposal. For one- and two-family dwellings, and where approved, storm water is permitted to discharge onto flat areas, such as streets or lawns, provided that the storm water flows away from the building.
Storm water shall not be drained into sewers intended for sewage only.
The conductors and the building storm drain shall be tested in accordance with Section 312.
The size of a drainage pipe shall not be reduced in the direction of flow.
All connections and changes in direction of the storm drainage system shall be made with approved drainage-type fittings in accordance with Table 706.3. The fittings shall not obstruct or retard flow in the system.
Roofs shall be designed for the maximum possible depth of water that will pond thereon as determined by the relative levels of roof deck and overflow weirs, scuppers, edges or serviceable drains in combination with the deflected structural elements. In determining the maximum possible depth of water, all primary roof drainage means shall be assumed to be blocked. The maximum possible depth of water on the roof shall include the height of the water required above the inlet of the secondary roof drainage means to achieve the required flow rate of the secondary drainage means to accommodate the design rainfall rate as required by Section 1106.
Cleanouts shall be installed in the storm drainage system and shall comply with the provisions of this code for sanitary drainage pipe cleanouts.

Exception: Subsurface drainage system.
Storm drainage systems shall be provided with backwater valves as required for sanitary drainage systems in accordance with Section 715.
The materials and methods utilized for the construction and installation of storm drainage systems shall comply with this section and the applicable provisions of Chapter 7.
Inside storm drainage conductors installed above ground shall conform to one of the standards listed in Table 702.1.
Underground building storm drain pipe shall conform to one of the standards listed in Table 702.2.
Building storm sewer pipe shall conform to one of the standards listed in Table 1102.4.

TABLE 1102.4 BUILDING STORM SEWER PIPE

MATERIAL STANDARD
Acrylonitrile butadiene
styrene (ABS) plastic pipe
ASTM D 2661; ASTM D 2751; ASTM F 628; CSA B181.1; CSA B182.1
Cast-iron pipe ASTM A 74; ASTM A 888; CISPI 301
Concrete pipe ASTM C 14; ASTM C 76;
CSA A257.1M; CSA A257.2M
Copper or copper-alloy
tubing (Type K, L, M or DWV)
ASTM B 75; ASTM B 88; ASTM B 251; ASTM B 306
Polyethylene (PE) plastic pipe ASTM F 2306/F 2306M
Polyvinyl chloride (PVC)
plastic pipe (Type DWV, SDR26, SDR35, SDR41,
PS50 or PS100)
ASTM D 2665; ASTM D 3034; ASTM F 891; CSA B182.4; CSA B181.2; CSA B182.2
Vitrified clay pipe ASTM C 4; ASTM C 700
Stainless steel drainage systems, Type 316L ASME A112.3.1
Subsoil drains shall be openjointed, horizontally split or perforated pipe conforming to one of the standards listed in Table 1102.5.

TABLE 1102.5 SUBSOIL DRAIN PIPE

MATERIAL STANDARD
Cast-iron pipe ASTM A 74; ASTM A 888;
CISPI 301
Polyethylene (PE) plastic pipe ASTM F 405; CSA B182.1;
CSA B182.6; CSA B182.8
Polyvinyl chloride (PVC)
Plastic pipe (type sewer pipe,
SDR35, PS25, PS50 or PS100)
ASTM D 2729; ASTM D 3034,
ASTM F 891; CSA B182.2; CSA
B182.4
Stainless steel drainage systems,
Type 316L
ASME A 112.3.1
Vitrified clay pipe ASTM C 4; ASTM C 700
Roof drains shall conform to ASME A112.6.4 or ASME A112.3.1.
Pipe fittings shall be approved for installation with the piping material installed, and shall conform to the respective pipe standards or one of the standards listed in Table 1102.7. The fittings shall not have ledges, shoulders or reductions capable of retarding or obstructing flow in the piping. Threaded drainage pipe fittings shall be of the recessed drainage type.

TABLE 1102.7 PIPE FITTING

MATERIAL STANDARD
Acrylonitrile butadiene
styrene (ABS) plastic
ASTM D 2661; ASTM D 3311; CSA B181.1
Cast-iron ASME B16.4; ASME B16.12; ASTM A 888; CISPI 301;
ASTM A 74
Coextruded composite ABS
and drain DR-PS in
PS35, PS50, PS100, PS140, PS200
ASTM D 2751
Coextruded composite ABS DWV Schedule 40 IPS pipe (solid or cellular core) ASTM D 2661; ASTM D 3311; ASTM F 628
Coextruded composite PVC DWV Schedule 40 IPS-DR, PS140, PS200 (solid or cellular core) ASTM D 2665; ASTM D 3311; ASTM F 891
Coextruded composite PVC sewer and drain DR-PS in PS35, PS50, PS100, PS140, PS200 ASTM D 3034
Copper or copper alloy ASME B16.15; ASME B16.18; ASME B16.22; ASME B16.23; ASME B16.26; ASME B16.29
Gray iron and ductile iron AWWA C110/A21.10
Malleable iron ASME B16.3
Plastic, general ASTM F 409
Polyethylene (PE) plastic pipe ASTM F 2306/F 2306M
Polyvinyl chloride (PVC)
plastic
ASTM D 2665; ASTM D 3311; ASTM F 1866
Steel ASME B16.9; ASME B16.11; ASME B16.28
Stainless steel drainage systems, Type 316L ASME A112.3.1
Leaders and storm drains connected to a combined sewer shall be trapped. Individual storm water traps shall be installed on the storm water drain branch serving each conductor, or a single trap shall be installed in the main storm drain just before its connection with the combined building sewer or the public sewer. Leaders and storm drains connected to a building storm sewer shall not be required to be trapped.
Storm water traps shall be of the same material as the piping system to which they are attached.
Traps for individual conductors shall be the same size as the horizontal drain to which they are connected.
An accessible cleanout shall be installed on the building side of the trap.
Conductor pipes shall not be used as soil, waste or vent pipes, and soil, waste or vent pipes shall not be used as conductors.
Floor drains shall not be connected to a storm drain.
Roof drains shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. The inside opening for the roof drain shall not be obstructed by the roofing membrane material.
The published roof drain flow rate, based on the head of water above the roof drain, shall be used to size the storm drainage system in accordance with Section 1106. The flow rate used for sizing the storm drainage piping shall be based on the maximum anticipated ponding at the roof drain.
The size of the vertical conductors and leaders, building storm drains, building storm sewers and any horizontal branches of such drains or sewers shall be based on the 100-year hourly rainfall rate indicated in Figure 1106.1 or on other rainfall rates determined from approved local weather data.


For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm.
Source: National Weather Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Washington D.C.


FIGURE 1106.1 100-YEAR, 1-HOUR RAINFALL (INCHES) EASTERN UNITED STATES


For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm.
Source: National Weather Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Washington D.C.


FIGURE 1106.1‒continued 100-YEAR, 1-HOUR RAINFALL (INCHES) CENTRAL UNITED STATES


For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm.
Source: National Weather Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Washington D.C.


FIGURE 1106.1‒continued 100-YEAR, 1-HOUR RAINFALL (INCHES) WESTERN UNITED STATES


For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm.
Source: National Weather Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Washington D.C.


FIGURE 1106.1‒continued 100-YEAR, 1-HOUR RAINFALL (INCHES) ALASKA


For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm.
Source: National Weather Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Washington D.C.


FIGURE 1106.1‒continued 100-YEAR, 1-HOUR RAINFALL (INCHES) HAWAI
Vertical and horizontal storm drain piping shall be sized based on the flow rate through the roof drain. The flow rate in storm drain piping shall not exceed that specified in Table 1106.2.

TABLE 1106.2 STORM DRAIN PIPE SIZING

PIPE SIZE (inches) CAPACITY (gpm)
VERTICAL DRAIN SLOPE OF HORIZONTAL DRAIN
1/16inch per foot 1/8inch per foot 1/4 inch per foot 1/2 inch per foot
2 34 15 22 31 44
3 87 39 55 79 111
4 180 81 115 163 231
5 311 117 165 234 331
6 538 243 344 487 689
8 1,117 505 714 1,010 1,429
10 2,050 927 1,311 1,855 2,623
12 3,272 1,480 2,093 2,960 4,187
15 5,543 2,508 3,546 5,016 7,093

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 gallon per minute = 3.785 L/m.
Vertical leaders shall be sized based on the flow rate from horizontal gutters or the maximum flow rate through roof drains. The flow rate through vertical leaders shall not exceed that specified in Table 1106.3.

TABLE 1106.3 VERTICAL LEADER SIZING

SIZE OF LEADER (inches) CAPACITY
(gpm)
2 30
2 × 2 30
11/2 × 21/2 30
21/2 54
21/2 × 21/2 54
3 92
2 × 4 92
21/2×3 92
4 192
3 × 41/4 192
31/2 × 4 192
5 360
4 × 5 360
41/2 × 41/2 360
6 563
5 × 6 563
51/2 × 51/2 563
8 1208
6 × 8 1208

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 gallon per minute = 3.785 L/m.
In sizing roof drains and storm drainage piping, one-half of the area of any vertical wall that diverts rainwater to the roof shall be added to the projected roof area for inclusion in calculating the required size of vertical conductors, leaders and horizontal storm drainage piping.
Parapet wall roof drainage scupper and overflow scupper location shall comply with the requirements of Section 1503.4 of the International Building Code.
Horizontal gutters shall be sized based on the flow rate from the roof surface. The flow rate in horizontal gutters shall not exceed that specified in Table 1106.6.

TABLE 1106.6 HORIZONTAL GUTTER SIZING

GUTTER DIMENSIONSa
(inches)
SLOPE
(inch per foot)
CAPACITY
(gpm)
11/2 × 21/2 1/4 26
11/2 × 21/2 1/2 40
4 1/8 39
21/4 × 3 1/4 55
21/4 × 3 1/2 87
5 1/8 74
4 × 21/2 1/4 106
3 ×31/2 1/2 156
6 1/8 110
3 × 5 1/4 157
3 × 5 1/2 225
8 1/16 172
8 1/8 247
41/2 × 6 1/4 348
41/2 × 6 1/2 494
10 1/16 331
10 1/8 472
5 × 8 1/4 651
4 × 10 1/2 1055

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 gallon per minute = 3.785 L/m, 1 inch per foot = 83.3 mm/m.
a. Dimensions are width by depth for rectangular shapes. Single dimensions are diameters of a semicircle.
Siphonic roof drains and drainage systems shall be designed in accordance with ASME A112.6.9 and ASPE 45.
Where roof drains are required, secondary (emergency overflow) roof drains or scuppers shall be provided where the roof perimeter construction extends above the roof in such a manner that water will be entrapped if the primary drains allow buildup for any reason. Where primary and secondary roof drains are manufactured as a single assembly, the inlet and outlet for each drain shall be independent.
Secondary roof drain systems shall have the end point of discharge separate from the primary system. Discharge shall be above grade, in a location that would normally be observed by the building occupants or maintenance personnel.
Secondary (emergency) roof drain systems shall be sized in accordance with Section 1106 based on the rainfall rate for which the primary system is sized. Scuppers shall be sized to prevent the depth of ponding water from exceeding that for which the roof was designed as determined by Section 1101.7. Scuppers shall have an opening dimension of not less than 4 inches (102 mm). The flow through the primary system shall not be considered when sizing the secondary roof drain system.
Where the public sewer is a combined system for both sanitary and storm water, the storm sewer shall be connected independently to the public sewer.
The roof of a structure shall be designed for the storage of water where the storm drainage system is engineered for controlled flow. The controlled flow roof drain system shall be an engineered system in accordance with this section and the design, submittal, approval, inspection and testing requirements of Section 316.1. The controlled flow system shall be designed based on the required rainfall rate in accordance with Section 1106.1.
The control devices shall be installed so that the rate of discharge of water per minute shall not exceed the values for continuous flow as indicated in Section 1110.1.
Runoff control shall be by control devices. Control devices shall be protected by strainers.
Not less than two roof drains shall be installed in roof areas 10,000 square feet (929 m2) or less and not less than four roof drains shall be installed in roofs over 10,000 square feet (929 m2) in area.
Subsoil drains shall be open-jointed, horizontally split or perforated pipe conforming to one of the standards listed in Table 1102.5. Such drains shall not be less than 4 inches (102 mm) in diameter. Where the building is subject to backwater, the subsoil drain shall be protected by an accessibly located backwater valve. Subsoil drains shall discharge to a trapped area drain, sump, dry well or approved location above ground. The subsoil sump shall not be required to have either a gas-tight cover or a vent. The sump and pumping system shall comply with Section 1113.1.
Building subdrains located below the public sewer level shall discharge into a sump or receiving tank, the contents of which shall be automatically lifted and discharged into the drainage system as required for building sumps. The sump and pumping equipment shall comply with Section 1113.1.
The sump pump, pit and discharge piping shall conform to Sections 1113.1.1 through 1113.1.4.
The sump pump shall be of a capacity and head appropriate to anticipated use requirements.
The sump pit shall be not less than 18 inches (457 mm) in diameter and not less than 24 inches (610 mm) in depth, unless otherwise approved. The pit shall be accessible and located such that all drainage flows into the pit by gravity. The sump pit shall be constructed of tile, steel, plastic, cast iron, concrete or other approved material, with a removable cover adequate to support anticipated loads in the area of use. The pit floor shall be solid and provide permanent support for the pump.
Electrical service outlets, when required, shall meet the requirements of NFPA 70.
Discharge piping shall meet the requirements of Section 1102.2, 1102.3 or 1102.4 and shall include a gate valve and a full flow check valve. Pipe and fittings shall be the same size as, or larger than, the pump discharge tapping.

Exception: In one- and two-family dwellings, only a check valve shall be required, located on the discharge piping from the pump or ejector.
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